After selecting the property you want to buy, you need to apply for a home loan in banks or housing finance companies. Once the banks or the housing finance companies approve your home loan you have to provide banks with a security against your home loan.
Generally, the first mortgage of the property that is the title deed has to be provided to the bank as security against the loan. Banks or housing finance companies ensure that the property is free from any concern that could adversely affect the property.
Mostly, the banks or housing finance companies asks the borrowers for down payments which becomes the borrower's contribution in the creation of the asset. If you are able to put a lump sum amount as down payments then it will reduce the loan amount that you are required to take from the banks or housing finance companies.
Suppose, you are buying a house that costs you Rs. 40 lakh and if you make a down payment of Rs. 15 lakh then you have to take a home loan of Rs 25. lakh from the bank. However, you need to be financially sound to make such a hefty down payment.
Some banks or housing finance companies ask for collateral security also. It could be your life insurance policies, the surrender value of which is set at a percentage to the home loan. Other security collateral can be pledge of shares or securities as well as investments investments like National Saving Certificates (NSC) or Kisan Vikas Patra (KVP).
Click here to read 5 ways to choose the best home loan.
As you have to submit the title deeds and other valuable documents to the banks or housing finance companies as security, it is better if you keep photocopies of the documents before submitting them. You can use the photocopies for reference in future.