Home  »  Company  »  Adhunik Metaliks  »  Quotes  »  Accounting Policy
Enter the first few characters of Company and click 'Go'

Accounting Policies of Adhunik Metaliks Ltd. Company

Jun 30, 2015

1. CORPORATE INFORMATION

Adhunik Metaliks Limited (the Company) is a public limited company domiciled in India and incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. Its equity shares are listed on stock exchanges in India. The Company is primarily engaged in the manufacture and sale of steel, both alloy & non alloy.

A) Basis of Preparation

The financial statements of the company have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP). The company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material respects with the accounting standards notified under section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 read together with paragraph 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules 2014. The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis and under the historical cost convention, except in case of fixed assets for which revaluation is carried out. Further, insurance & other claims, on the ground of prudence or uncertainty in realization, are accounted for as and when accepted / received. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of financial statements are consistent with those of previous year, except for the change in accounting policy explained below.

Change in accounting policy

Depreciation on fixed assets:

Till the year ended June 30, 2014, Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, prescribed requirements concerning depreciation of fixed assets. From the current year, Schedule XIV has been replaced by Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013. The applicability of Schedule II has resulted in the following changes related to depreciation of fixed assets. Unless stated otherwise, the impact mentioned for the current year is likely to hold good for future years also.

(a) Useful life/ depreciation rates

Till the year ended June 30, 2014, depreciation rates prescribed under Schedule XIV were treated as minimum rates and the company was not allowed to charge depreciation at lower rates even if such lower rates were justified by the estimated useful life of the asset. Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 prescribes useful life for fixed assets which, in many cases, are different from life prescribed under the erstwhile Schedule XIV. However, Schedule II allows companies to use higher/ lower useful life and residual values if such useful life and residual values can be technically supported and justification for difference is disclosed in the financial statements.

Considering the applicability of Schedule II, the management has re-estimated useful life and residual values of all its fixed assets. The management believes that depreciation rates currently used fairly reflect its estimate of the useful life and residual values of fixed assets, though these rates in certain cases are different from life prescribed under Schedule II.

Had the company continued its earlier policy of charging depreciation based on earlier useful life / life determined by Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 rates as the case may be, loss for the current year would have been higher by Rs, 1,206.03 lacs.

b) Depreciation on assets costing less than Rs, 5,000/-:

Till year ended June 30, 2014, to comply with the requirements of Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, the company was charging 100% depreciation on assets costing less than Rs, 5,000/- in the year of purchase.

However, Schedule II to the Companies Act 2013, applicable from the current year, does not recognize such practice. Hence, to comply with the requirement of Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013, the company has changed its accounting policy for depreciation of assets costing less than Rs, 5,000/-. As per the revised policy, the company is depreciating such assets over their useful life as assessed by the management. The management has decided to apply the revised accounting policy prospectively from accounting periods commencing on or after July 1, 2014.

The change in accounting for depreciation of assets costing less than Rs, 5,000/- did not have any material impact on financial statements of the company for the current year.

B) Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities, at the end of the reporting period and the results from operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on the managements best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets or liabilities in future periods.

C) Tangible Fixed Assets

(i) Tangible Fixed Assets are stated at cost (or revalued amount, as the case may be), less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any. The cost of acquisition comprises of purchase price inclusive of duties (net of CENVAT / VAT), taxes, incidental expenses, erection/commissioning expenses/trial run expenses and borrowing cost, etc. up to the date the asset are ready for intended use. In case of revaluation of tangible fixed assets, the cost as assessed by the approved values is considered in the accounts and the differential amount is credited to revaluation reserve.

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine if there is any indication of impairment based on external / internal factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount which represents the greater of the net selling price of assets and their 'Value in use'. The estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using pre tax discount rates and risks specific to the asset.

(ii) Machinery spares which can be used only in connection with an item of fixed assets and whose use as per technical assessment is expected to be irregular, are capitalized and depreciated over the residual useful life of the respective assets.

(iii) Expenditure on new projects and substantial expansion:

Expenditure directly relating to construction activity are capitalized. Indirect expenditure incurred during construction period are capitalized as part of the indirect construction cost to the extent to which the expenditure are related to construction activity or are incidental thereto. Other indirect expenditure (including borrowing costs) incurred during the construction period which are not related to the construction activity nor are incidental thereto, are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss. Income earned during construction period is deducted from the total of the indirect expenditure.

D) Intangibles

(i) Acquired computer software's and licenses are capitalized on the basis of costs incurred to bring the specific intangibles to its intended use. These costs are amortized on a straight line basis over their estimated useful life of three years.

(ii) Net Present Value paid to the various State Governments for restoration of forest as a pre-condition of granting license for mining in non-broken forest area (Mining Rights) are capitalized and amortized prospectively on a straight line basis over the remaining lease period.

E) Depreciation

(i) Depreciation is provided prorata basis on straight line method at the rates determined based on estimated useful life of tangible assets where applicable, specified in Schedule II to the Act.

(ii) Leasehold Land is amortized over the tenure of respective leases.

(iii) Mining lease and Development is amortized over the tenure of lease or estimated useful life of the mine, whichever is shorter.

(iv) Intangible assets (computer software's) are amortized on straight-line method at the rates determined based on estimated useful life which vary from 2 years to 5 years.

F) Foreign Currency Transactions

i) Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

ii) Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the exchange rate prevailing at the reporting date. Non-monetary items, which are measured in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency, are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. Non-monetary items, which are measured at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency, are reported using the exchange rate at the date when such value was determined.

iii) Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting of such monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year or reported in previous financial statements are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

iv) Forward Exchange Contracts not intended for trading or speculation purposes

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contracts is amortized as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognized as income or as expense for the year.

G) Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline 'other than temporary' in the value of the investments.

H) Inventories

(i) Raw materials, stores and spares and trading goods are valued at lower of cost computed on moving weighted average basis and net realizable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost.

(ii) Finished goods, work in progress and by products are valued at the lower of cost computed on weighted average basis and net realizable value. Cost includes direct materials and labor and a part of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty.

(iii) The Closing stock of materials inter-transferred from one unit to another is valued at cost of the transferor unit or net realizable value, whichever is lower.

(iv) Net realizable value mentioned above is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less estimated costs of completion and estimated cost necessary to make the sale.

I) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs relating to the acquisition / construction of qualifying assets are capitalized until the time all substantial activities necessary to prepare the qualifying assets for their intended use are complete. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

J) Excise Duty and Custom Duty

Excise duty is accounted for at the point of manufacture of goods and accordingly is considered for valuation of finished goods stock lying in the factories as on the balance sheet date. Similarly, customs duty on imported materials in transit / lying in bonded warehouse is accounted for at the time of import / bonding of materials.

K) Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

L) Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Sale of Goods

Revenue from sale of goods is recognized when all the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer, which generally coincides with delivery. Sales are net of returns, claims, trade discounts, Sales Tax and VAT etc. Export turnover includes related export benefits.

Sale of Services

Revenue is recognized when it is earned and no significant uncertainty exists as to its realization or collection.

Interest Income

Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate.

Dividends

Dividends are recognized when the shareholders right to receive payment is established by the balance sheet date.

M) Retirement and other Employee Benefits

i) Retirement benefit in the form of Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year when the contributions to the respective fund is due. The Company has no obligation other than the contribution payable to respective fund.

ii) Gratuity liability is a defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation, as per projected unit credit method made at the balance sheet date.

iii) Short term compensated absences are provided for based on estimates. Long term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation, as per projected unit credit method.

iv) Actuarial gains/losses are immediately taken to the Statement of Profit and Loss and are not deferred.

N) Stock Compensation Expenses

Measurement and disclosure of the employee share-based payment plans is done in accordance with SEBI (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999 and the Guidance Note on Accounting for Employee Share - based Payments, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. The Company accounts for stock compensation expenses based on the fair value of the options granted, determined on the date of grant. Compensation cost is amortized over the vesting period of the option on straight line basis. The accounting value of the options outstanding net of the Deferred Compensation Expenses is reflected as Employee Stock Options Outstanding.

O) Taxation

(i) Tax expense comprises of Current and Deferred Tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the provisions of the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961.

(ii) Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the period and reversal of timing differences of earlier years. Deferred tax is measured using income tax rates enacted or substantively enacted at the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward losses, all deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realized against future taxable profits.

(iii) The carrying amounts of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonable certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realized. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonable certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

(iv) Minimum Alternative tax (MAT) credit is recognized as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. In the year in which the MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognized as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in guidance note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the Statement of Profit and Loss and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes-down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period.

P) Segment Reporting

Identification of Segments

The Company has identified Iron & Steel products as its sole operating segment and the same has been treated as primary segment. The Company's secondary geographical segments have been identified based on the location of customers and then demarcated into Indian and overseas revenue earnings.

Q) Leases

(i) Finance Lease

Assets acquired under finance leases, which effectively transfer to the Company substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to the ownership of the leased items, are capitalized at the lower of the fair value and present value of the minimum lease payments after discounting them at an interest rate implicit in the lease at the inception of the lease term and disclosed as leased assets. Lease payments are apportioned between the finance charges and reduction of the lease liability so as to achieve a constant rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability. Finance charges are charged directly to expenses account.

Leased assets capitalized are depreciated over the shorter of the estimated useful life of the asset or the lease term.

(ii) Operating Lease

Leases where the less or effectively retains substantially all the risks and rewards incidental to the ownership of the leased assets are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss on straight line basis over the lease term.

R) Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents as indicated in cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

S) Impairment of Assets

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date to determine if there is any indication of impairment based on external/internal factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount which represents the greater of the net selling price and value in use of the respective assets. The estimated future cash flows considered for determining the value in use, are discounted to their present value at the pre tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and risks specific to the asset.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the assets over its remaining useful life.

T) Derivative instruments

In accordance with the ICAI announcement, derivative contracts, other than foreign currency forward contracts covered under Accounting Standard 11, are marked to market on a portfolio basis, and the net loss, if any, after considering the offsetting effect of gain on the underlying hedged item, is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss. Net gain, if any, after considering the offsetting effect of loss on the underlying hedged item, is ignored.

U) Provision

A provision is recognized when the company has a present obligation as a result of past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

V) Contingent Liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non- occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. The company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

W) Measurement of EBITDA

As permitted by the Guidance Note on Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956, the Company has elected to present earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the Statement of Profit and Loss. The Company measures EBITDA on the basis of profit/ (loss) for the year excluding depreciation & amortization expenses, finance cost and tax expenses.


Jun 30, 2014

A) Basis of Preparation

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP). The Company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material respects with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 read with General Circular 8/2014 dated 4 April 2014, issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs. The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis and under the historical cost convention, except in case of fixed assets for which revaluation is carried out. Further, insurance & other claims, on the ground of prudence or uncertainty in realisation, are accounted for as and when accepted / received. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of Financial Statements are consistent with those used in the previous year.

B) Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities, at the end of the reporting period and the results from operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on the management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets or liabilities in future periods.

C) Tangible Fixed Assets

(i) Tangible Fixed Assets are stated at cost (or revalued amount, as the case may be), less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any. The cost of acquisition comprises of purchase price inclusive of duties (net of CENVAT / VAT), taxes, incidental expenses, erection/commissioning expenses/trial run expenses and borrowing cost, etc. up to the date the assets are ready for intended use.

In case of revaluation of tangible fixed assets, the cost as assessed by the approved valuers is considered in the accounts and the differential amount is credited to revaluation reserve.

(ii) Machinery spares which can be used only in connection with an item of fixed assets and whose use as per technical assessment is expected to be irregular, are capitalized and depreciated over the residual useful life of the respective assets.

(iii) Expenditure on new projects and substantial expansion:

Expenditure directly relating to construction activity are capitalized. Indirect expenditure incurred during construction period are capitalized as part of the indirect construction cost to the extent to which the expenditure are related to construction activity or are incidental thereto. Other indirect expenditure (including borrowing costs) incurred during the construction period which are not related to the construction activity nor are incidental thereto, are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss. Income earned during construction period is deducted from the total of the indirect expenditure.

D) Depreciation

(i) The classification of Plant and Machinery into continuous and non-continuous process is done as per technical certification and depreciation thereon is provided accordingly.

(ii) Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on Straight Line Method (SLM) at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 except in case of road, boundary wall, drains and culverts on which depreciation has been provided @ 6.67% p.a. as compared to Schedule XIV rate of 3.34% p.a.

(iii) Leasehold land is amortised on a straight line method over the period of respective leases.

(iv) Depreciation on fixed assets added / disposed off during the period, is provided on pro-rata basis with reference to the month of addition / disposal.

(v) Discarded Fixed Assets awaiting disposal are valued at estimated realisable value and disclosed separately.

(vi) Depreciation on Insurance Spares / standby equipments is provided over the remaining useful life of the respective mother assets.

E) Intangibles

(i) Acquired computer softwares and licenses are capitalized on the basis of costs incurred to bring the specific intangibles to its intended use. These costs are amortized on a straight line basis over their estimated useful life of three years.

(ii) Net Present Value paid to the various State Governments for restoration of forest as a pre-condition of granting license for mining in non-broken forest area (Mining Rights) are capitalized and amortized prospectively on a straight line basis over the remaining lease period.

F) Foreign Currency Transactions

(i) Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

(ii) Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the exchange rate prevailing at the reporting date. Non-monetary items, which are measured in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency, are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. Non-monetary items, which are measured at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency, are reported using the exchange rate at the date when such value was determined.

(iii) Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting of such monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year or reported in previous financial statements are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

(iv) Forward Exchange Contracts not intended for trading or speculation purposes

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contracts is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognized as income or as expense for the year.

G) Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognise a decline ''other than temporary'' in the value of the investments.

H) Inventories

(i) Raw materials, stores and spares and trading goods are valued at lower of cost computed on moving weighted average basis and net realisable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost.

(ii) Finished goods, work in progress and by products are valued at the lower of cost computed on weighted average basis and net realizable value. Cost includes direct materials and labour and a part of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty.

(iii) The Closing stock of materials inter-transferred from one unit to another is valued at cost of the transferor unit or net realizable value, whichever is lower.

(iv) Net realizable value mentioned above is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less estimated costs of completion and estimated cost necessary to make the sale.

I) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs relating to the acquisition / construction of qualifying assets are capitalized until the time all substantial activities necessary to prepare the qualifying assets for their intended use are complete. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

J) Excise Duty and Custom Duty

Excise duty is accounted for at the point of manufacture of goods and accordingly is considered for valuation of finished goods stock lying in the factories as on the balance sheet date. Similarly, customs duty on imported materials in transit / lying in bonded warehouse is accounted for at the time of import / bonding of materials.

K) Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

L) Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognised to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Sale of Goods

Revenue from sale of goods is recognized when all the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer, which generally coincides with delivery. Sales are net of returns, claims, trade discounts, Sales Tax and VAT etc. export turnover includes related export benefits.

Sale of Services

Revenue is recognised when it is earned and no significant uncertanity exists as to its realisation or collection Interest Income

Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate. Dividends

Dividends are recognized when the shareholders'' right to receive payment is established by the balance sheet date.

M) Retirement and other Employee Benefits

(i) Retirement benefit in the form of Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year when the contributions to the respective fund is due. The Company has no obligation other than the contribution payable to respective fund.

(ii) Gratuity liability is a defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation, as per projected unit credit method made at the balance sheet date.

(iii) Short term compensated absences are provided for based on estimates. Long term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation, as per projected unit credit method.

(iv) Actuarial gains/losses are immediately taken to the Statement of Profit and Loss and are not deferred.

N) Stock Compensation Expenses

Measurement and disclosure of the employee share-based payment plans is done in accordance with SEBI (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999 and the Guidance Note on Accounting for Employee Share - based Payments, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. The Company accounts for stock compensation expenses based on the fair value of the options granted, determined on the date of grant. Compensation cost is amortised over the vesting period of the option on straight line basis. The accounting value of the options outstanding net of the Deferred Compensation Expenses is reflected as Employee Stock Options Outstanding.

O) Taxation

(i) Tax expense comprises of Current and Deferred Tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the provisions of the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961.

(ii) Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the period and reversal of timing differences of earlier years. Deferred tax is measured using income tax rates enacted or substantively enacted at the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realised against future taxable profits.

(iii) The carrying amounts of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonable certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realized. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonable certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

(iv) Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) credit is recognised as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. In the year in which the MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognised as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in guidance note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the Statement of Profit and Loss and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period.

P) Segment Reporting Identification of Segments

The Company has identified Iron & Steel products as its sole operating segment and the same has been treated as primary segment. The Company''s secondary geographical segments have been identified based on the location of customers and then demarcated into Indian and overseas revenue earnings.

Q) Leases

(i) Finance Lease

Assets acquired under finance leases, which effectively transfer to the Company substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to the ownership of the leased items, are capitalized at the lower of the fair value and present value of the minimum lease payments after discounting them at an interest rate implicit in the lease at the inception of the lease term and disclosed as leased assets. Lease payments are apportioned between the finance charges and reduction of the lease liability so as to achieve a constant rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability. Finance charges are charged directly to expense account.

Leased assets capitalized are depreciated over the shorter of the estimated useful life of the asset or the lease term.

(ii) Operating Lease

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and rewards incidental to the ownership of the leased assets are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss on straight line basis over the lease term.

R) Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents as indicated in cash flow statement comprises of cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

S) Impairment of Assets

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date to determine if there is any indication of impairment based on external/internal factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount which represents the greater of the net selling price and ''Value in use'' of the repective assets. The estimated future cash flows considered for determining the value in use, are discounted to their present value at the pre tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and risks specific to the asset.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the assets over its remaining useful life.

T) Derivative Instruments

In accordance with the ICAI announcement, derivative contracts, other than foreign currency forward contracts covered under Accounting Standard 11, are marked to market on a portfolio basis, and the net loss, if any, after considering the offsetting effect of gain on the underlying hedged item, is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss. Net gain, if any, after considering the offsetting effect of loss on the underlying hedged item, is ignored.

U) Provision

A provision is recognized when the company has a present obligation as a result of past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

V) Contingent Liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. The company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

W) Measurement of EBITDA

As permitted by the Guidance Note on Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956, the Company has elected to present earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the Statement of Profit and Loss. The Company measures EBITDA on the basis of profit/ (loss) for the year excluding depreciation & amortisation expenses, finance costs and tax expenses.


Jun 30, 2013

A) Basis of Preparation

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the accounting standards notified under the Companies Accounting Standards Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis, except in case of fixed assets for which revaluation is carried out. Further, insurance & other claims, on the ground of prudence or uncertainty in realisation, are accounted for as and when accepted / received. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of Financial Statements are consistent with those used in the previous year. All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non current as per the Companies normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956.

B) Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon the management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

C) Tangible Fixed Assets :

(i) Tangible Fixed Assets are stated at cost (or revalued amount, as the case may be), less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any. The cost of acquisition comprises of purchase price inclusive of duties (net of CENVAT / VAT), taxes, incidental expenses, erection/commissioning expenses/trial run expenses and borrowing cost, etc. up to the date the asset are ready for intended use. In case of revaluation of tangible fixed assets, the cost as assessed by the approved valuers is considered in the accounts and the differential amount is credited to revaluation reserve.

(ii) Machinery spares which can be used only in connection with an item of fixed assets and whose use as per technical assessment is expected to be irregular, are capitalized and depreciated over the residual useful life of the respective assets.

(iii) Expenditure on new projects and substantial expansion:

Expenditure directly relating to construction activity are capitalized. Indirect expenditure incurred during construction period are capitalized as part of the indirect construction cost to the extent to which the expenditure are related to construction activity or are incidental thereto. Other indirect expenditure (including borrowing costs) incurred during the construction period which are not related to the construction activity nor are incidental thereto, are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss. Income earned during construction period is deducted from the total of the indirect expenditure.

D) Depreciation :

(i) The classification of Plant and Machinery into continuous and non-continuous process is done as per technical certification and depreciation thereon is provided accordingly.

(ii) Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on Straight Line Method (SLM) at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 except in case of road, boundary wall, drains and culverts on which depreciation has been provided @ 6.67% p.a. as compared to Schedule XIV rate of 3.34% p.a.

(iii) Leasehold land is amortised on a straight line method over the period of respective leases.

(iv) Depreciation on fixed assets added / disposed off during the period, is provided on pro-rata basis with reference to the month of addition / disposal.

(v) Discarded Fixed Assets awaiting disposal are valued at estimated realisable value and disclosed separately.

(vi) Depreciation on Insurance Spares / standby equipments is provided over the remaining useful life of the respective mother assets.

E) Intangibles

(i) Acquired computer softwares and licenses are capitalized on the basis of costs incurred to bring the specific intangibles to its intended use. These costs are amortized on a straight line basis over their estimated useful life of three years.

(ii) Net Present Value paid to the various State Governments for restoration of forest as a pre-condition of granting license for mining in non-broken forest area (Mining Rights) are capitalized and amortized prospectively on a straight line basis over the remaining lease period.

F) Foreign Currency Transactions : i) Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

ii) Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the exchange rate prevailing at the reporting date. Non-monetary items, which are measured in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency, are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. Non-monetary items, which are measured at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency, are reported using the exchange rate at the date when such value was determined.

iii) Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting of such monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year or reported in previous financial statements are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

iv) Forward Exchange Contracts not intended for trading or speculation purposes:

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contracts is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognized as income or as expense for the year.

G) Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognise a decline ''other than temporary'' in the value of the investments.

H) Inventories

(i) Raw materials, stores and spares and trading goods are valued at lower of cost computed on moving weighted average basis and net realisable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost.

(ii) Finished goods, work in progress and by products are valued at the lower of cost computed on weighted average basis and net realizable value. Cost includes direct materials and labour and a part of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty.

(iii) The Closing stock of materials inter-transferred from one unit to another is valued at cost of the transferor unit or net realizable value, whichever is lower.

(iv) Net realizable value mentioned above is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less estimated costs of completion and estimated cost necessary to make the sale.

I) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs relating to the acquisition / construction of qualifying assets are capitalized until the time all substantial activities necessary to prepare the qualifying assets for their intended use are complete. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

J) Excise Duty and Custom Duty

Excise duty is accounted for at the point of manufacture of goods and accordingly is considered for valuation of finished goods stock lying in the factories as on the balance sheet date. Similarly, customs duty on imported materials in transit / lying in bonded warehouse is accounted for at the time of import / bonding of materials.

K) Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

L) Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognised to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Sale of Goods

Revenue from sale of goods is recognized when all the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer, which generally coincides with delivery. Sales are net of returns, claims, trade discounts, Sales Tax and VAT etc. Export turnover includes related export benefits.

Interest Income

Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate.

Dividends

Dividends are recognized when the shareholders'' right to receive payment is established by the balance sheet date.

M) Retirement and other Employee Benefits

i) Retirement benefit in the form of Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year when the contributions to the respective fund is due. The Company has no obligation other than the contribution payable to respective fund.

ii) Gratuity liability is a defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation, as per projected unit credit method made at the balance sheet date.

iii) Short term compensated absences are provided for based on estimates. Long term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation, as per projected unit credit method.

iv) Actuarial gains/losses are immediately taken to the Statement of Profit and Loss and are not deferred.

N) Stock Compensation Expenses

Measurement and disclosure of the employee share-based payment plans is done in accordance with SEBI (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999 and the Guidance Note on Accounting for Employee Share - based Payments, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. The Company accounts for stock compensation expenses based on the fair value of the options granted, determined on the date of grant. Compensation cost is amortised over the vesting period of the option on straight line basis. The accounting value of the options outstanding net of the Deferred Compensation Expenses is reflected as Employee Stock Options Outstanding.

O) Taxation

(i) Tax expense comprises of Current and Deferred Tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the provisions of the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961.

(ii) Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the period and reversal of timing differences of earlier years. Deferred tax is measured using income tax rates enacted or substantively enacted at the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realised against future taxable profits.

(iii) The carrying amounts of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonable certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realized. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonable certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

(iv) Minimum Alternative tax (MAT) credit is recognised as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. In the year in which the MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognised as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the Statement of Profit and Loss and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period.

P) Segment Reporting

Identification of Segments

The Company has identified Iron & Steel products as its sole operating segment and the same has been treated as primary segment. The Company''s secondary geographical segments have been identified based on the location of customers and then demarcated into Indian and overseas revenue earnings.

Q) Leases

(i) Finance Lease :

Assets acquired under finance leases, which effectively transfer to the Company substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to the ownership of the leased items, are capitalized at the lower of the fair value and present value of the minimum lease payments after discounting them at an interest rate implicit in the lease at the inception of the lease term and disclosed as leased assets. Lease payments are apportioned between the finance charges and reduction of the lease liability so as to achieve a constant rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability. Finance charges are charged directly to expenses account.

Leased assets capitalized are depreciated over the shorter of the estimated useful life of the asset or the lease term.

(ii) Operating Lease:

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and rewards incidental to the ownership of the leased assets are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss on straight line basis over the lease term.

R) Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents as indicated in cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

S) Impairment of Assets

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date to determine if there is any indication of impairment based on external/internal factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount which represents the greater of the net selling price and ''Value in use'' of the repective assets. The estimated future cash flows considered for determining the value in use, are discounted to their present value at the pre tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and risks specific to the asset.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the assets over its remaining useful life.

T) Derivative instruments

In accordance with the ICAI announcement, derivative contracts, other than foreign currency forward contracts covered under Accounting Standard 11, are marked to market on a portfolio basis, and the net loss, if any, after considering the offsetting effect of gain on the underlying hedged item, is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss. Net gain, if any, after considering the offsetting effect of loss on the underlying hedged item, is ignored.

U) Provision

A provision is recognized when the company has a present obligation as a result of past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

V) Contingent Liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. The company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

W) Measurement of EBITDA

As permitted by the Guidance Note on Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956, the Company has elected to present earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the Statement of Profit and Loss. The Company measures EBITDA on the basis of profit/ (loss) for the year excluding depreciation & amortisation expenses, finance cost and tax expenses.


Jun 30, 2012

A) Basis of Preparation

The Financial Statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) and comply in all material respects with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The Financial Statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis except in respect of fixed assets for which revaluation is carried out. Further, insurance & other claims, on the ground of prudence or uncertainty in realisation, are accounted for as and when accepted / received. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of Financial Statements are consistent with those used in the previous year except for the changes explained below:

Presentation and disclosure of financial statements

During the fifteen months period ended 30th June 2012, the revised Schedule VI notified under the Companies Act 1956, has become applicable to the Company, for preparation and presentation of its financial statements. The adoption of revised Schedule VI does not impact recognition and measurement principles followed for preparation of financial statements. However, it has significant impact on the presentation and disclosures made in the financial statements. The company has also reclassified the previous year figures in accordance with the requirements of the Revised Schdule VI, applicable in the current period.

Dividend on Investment in subsidiary companies

Till the year ended 31st March 2011, the Company, in accordance with the pre - revised Schedule VI requirement , was recognising dividend declared by the subsidiary companies after the reporting date in the current year's statement of profit and loss if such dividend pertained to the period ending on or before the reporting date. The revised schedule VI , applicable for financial years commencing on or after 1 April 2011, does not contain this requirement. Hence, to comply with Accounting Standard 9 Revenue Recognition, the company has changed its accounting policy for recognition of dividend income from subsidiary companies. In accordance with the revised policy , the company recognises dividend as income only when the right to receive the same is established by the reporting date. However, there is no impact of such change in the accounting policy on the current period's financial statements as no such dividend has been declared by the subsidiary companies pertaining to the period ended on or before 30th June 2012.

B) Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon the management's best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

C) Tangible Fixed Assets :

(i) Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition inclusive of duties (net of CENVAT / VAT), taxes, incidental expenses, erection/commissioning expenses and interest, etc. up to the date the asset is ready to be put to use. In case of revaluation of fixed assets, the cost as assessed by the valuer is considered in the accounts and the differential amount is transferred to revaluation reserve.

(ii) Machinery spares which can be used only in connection with an item of fixed assets and whose use as per technical assessment is expected to be irregular, are capitalized and depreciated over the residual useful life of the respective assets.

(iii) Expenditure on new projects and substantial expansion:

Expenditure directly relating to construction activity are capitalized. Indirect expenditure incurred during construction period are capitalized as part of the indirect construction cost to the extent to which the expenditure are related to construction activity or are incidental thereto. Other indirect expenditure (including borrowing costs) incurred during the construction period which are not related to the construction activity nor are incidental thereto, are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss. Income earned during construction period is deducted from the total of the indirect expenditure.

D) Depreciation :

(i) The classification of Plant and Machinery into continuous and non-continuous process is done as per technical certification and depreciation thereon is provided accordingly.

(ii) Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on Straight Line Method (SLM) at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 except in case of road, boundary wall, drains and culverts on which depreciation has been provided @ 6.67% p.a. as compared to Schedule XIV rate of 3.34% p.a.

(iii) Leasehold land is amortised on a straight line method over the period of respective leases.

(iv) Depreciation on fixed assets added / disposed off during the period, is provided on pro-rata basis with reference to the month of addition / disposal.

(v) Discarded Fixed Assets awaiting disposal are valued at estimated realisable value and disclosed separately.

(vi) Depreciation on Insurance Spares / standby equipments is provided over the remaining useful life of the respective mother assets.

E) Intangibles

(i) Acquired computer softwares and licenses are capitalized on the basis of costs incurred to bring the specific intangibles to its intended use. These costs are amortized on a straight line basis over their estimated useful life of three years.

(ii) Net Present Value paid to the various State Governments for restoration of forest as a pre-condition of granting license for mining in non- broken forest area (Mining Rights) are capitalized and amortized prospectively on a straight line basis over the remaining lease period.

F) Foreign Currency Transactions :

i) Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

ii) Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the exchange rate prevailing at the reporting date. Non-monetary items, which are measured in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency, are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. Non-monetary items, which are measured at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency, are reported using the exchange rate at the date when such value was determined.

iii) Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting of such monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year or reported in previous financial statements are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

iv) Forward Exchange Contracts not intended for trading or speculation purposes:

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contracts is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognized as income or as expense for the year.

G) Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognise a decline 'other than temporary' in the value of the investments.

H) Inventories

(i) Raw materials, stores and spares and trading goods are valued at lower of cost computed on moving weighted average basis and net realisable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost.

(ii) Finished goods, work in progress and by products are valued at the lower of cost computed on weighted average basis and net realizable value. Cost includes direct materials and labour and a part of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty.

(iii) The Closing stock of materials inter-transferred from one unit to another is valued at cost of the transferor unit or net realizable value, whichever is lower.

(iv) Net realizable value mentioned above is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less estimated costs of completion and estimated cost necessary to make the sale.

I) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs relating to the acquisition / construction of qualifying assets are capitalized until the time all substantial activities necessary to prepare the qualifying assets for their intended use are complete. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

J) Excise Duty & Custom Duty

Excise duty is accounted for at the point of manufacture of goods and accordingly is considered for valuation of finished goods stock lying in the factories as on the balance sheet date. Similarly, customs duty on imported materials in transit / lying in bonded warehouse is accounted for at the time of import / bonding of materials.

K) Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

L) Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognised to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Sale of Goods

Revenue from sale of goods is recognized when all the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer, which generally coincides with delivery. Sales are net of returns, claims, trade discounts, Sales Tax and VAT etc. Export turnover includes related export benefits.

Interest Income

Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate.

Dividends

Dividends are recognized when the shareholders' right to receive payment is established by the balance sheet date.

M) Retirement and other Employee Benefits

i) Retirement benefit in the form of Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year when the contributions to the respective fund is due. The Company has no obligation other than the contribution payable to respective fund.

ii) Gratuity liability is a defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation, as per projected unit credit method made at the balance sheet date.

iii) Short term compensated absences are provided for based on estimates. Long term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation, as per projected unit credit method.

iv) Actuarial gains/losses are immediately taken to the Statement of Profit and Loss and are not deferred.

N) Taxation

i) Tax expense comprises of Current and Deferred Tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the provisions of the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961.

ii) Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the period and reversal of timing differences of earlier years. Deferred tax is measured using income tax rates enacted or substantively enacted at the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realised against future taxable profits.

iii) The carrying amounts of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonable certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realized. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonable certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

iv) Minimum Alternative tax (MAT) credit is recognised as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. In the year in which the MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognised as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in guidance note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the Statement of Profit and Loss and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period.

O) Segment Reporting

Identification of Segments

The Company has identified Iron & Steel products as its sole operating segment and the same has been treated as primary segment. The Company's secondary geographical segments have been identified based on the location of customers and then demarcated into Indian and overseas revenue earnings.

P) Leases

i) Finance Lease :

Assets acquired under finance leases, which effectively transfer to the Company substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to the ownership of the leased items, are capitalized at the lower of the fair value and present value of the minimum lease payments after discounting them at an interest rate implicit in the lease at the inception of the lease term and disclosed as leased assets. Lease payments are apportioned between the finance charges and reduction of the lease liability so as to achieve a constant rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability. Finance charges are charged directly to expenses account.

Leased assets capitalized are depreciated over the shorter of the estimated useful life of the asset or the lease term.

ii) Operating Lease:

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and rewards incidental to the ownership of the leased assets are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss on straight line basis over the lease term.

Q) Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents as indicated in cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

R) Impairment of Assets

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date to determine if there is any indication of impairment based on external/internal factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount which represents the greater of the net selling price and 'Value in use' of the repective assets. The estimated future cash flows considered for determining the value in use, are discounted to their present value at the pre tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and risks specific to the asset.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the assets over its remaining useful life.

S) Derivative instruments

In accordance with the ICAI announcement, derivative contracts, other than foreign currency forward contracts covered under Accounting Standard 11, are marked to market on a portfolio basis, and the net loss, if any, after considering the offsetting effect of gain on the underlying hedged item, is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss. Net gain, if any, after considering the offsetting effect of loss on the underlying hedged item, is ignored.

T) Provision

A provision is recognized when the company has a present obligation as a result of past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

U) Contingent Liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. The company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

V) Measurement of EBITDA

As permitted by the Guidance Note on Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956, the Company has elected to present earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the Statement of Profit and Loss.


Mar 31, 2011

I) Basis of preparation of Accounts :

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the Accounting Standards notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis. Except otherwise mentioned, the accounting policies applied by the Company are consistent with those used in previous year.

II) Use of Estimates :

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon the management's best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

III) Revenue Recognition :

a) Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

b) Revenue from sale of goods is recognized upon passage title to the customers which generally coincides with delivery. Excise Duty deducted from turnover (gross) is the amount that is included in the amount of turnover (gross) and not the entire amount of liability arisen during the year. Sales exclude sales tax collected from customers.

c) Insurance and other claims, to the extent considered recoverable, are accounted for in the year of claim. However, claims and refunds whose recovery cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty, are accounted for on acceptance basis.

d) Interest is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

e) Dividends are recognized when the shareholders' right to receive payment is established by the balance sheet date. Dividends from subsidiaries are however, recognized even if the same are declared after the balance sheet date but pertain to the period on or before the date of balance sheet as per the requirement of Schedule VI of the Companies Act, 1956.

IV) Fixed Assets :

a) Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation/ amortization and impairment if any. Cost comprises the purchase price inclusive of duties (net of Cenvat & VAT), taxes, incidental expenses, erection/commissioning expenses, etc. upto the date the asset is ready for its intended use.

b) Machinery spares which can be used only in connection with an item of fixed assets and whose use as per technical assessment is expected to be irregular, are capitalized and depreciated over the residual useful life of the respective assets.

c) Expenditure on new projects and substantial expansion:

Expenditure directly relating to construction activity are capitalized. Indirect expenditure incurred during construction period are capitalized as part of the indirect construction cost to the extent to which the expenditure are related to construction activity or are incidental thereto. Other indirect expenditure (including borrowing costs) incurred during the construction period which are not related to the construction activity nor are incidental thereto are charged to the Profit & Loss Account. Income earned during construction period is deducted from the total of the indirect expenditure.

All direct capital expenditure on expansion are capitalized. As regards indirect expenditure on expansion, only that portion is capitalized which represents the marginal increase in such expenditure involved as a result of capital expansion. Both direct and indirect expenditure are capitalized only if they increase the value of the asset beyond its original standard of performance.

V) Depreciation:

a) The classification of Plant and Machinery into continuous and non-continuous process is done as per technical certification and depreciation thereon is provided accordingly.

b) Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on Straight Line Method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 or at rates determined on the basis of the useful life of the assets estimated by the management, whichever is

c) Depreciation includes the amount written off in respect of leasehold land over the respective lease period.

d) Depreciation on fixed assets added / disposed off during the year, is provided on pro-rata basis with reference to the month of addition / disposal.

e) Discarded Fixed Assets awaiting disposal are valued at estimated realisable value and disclosed separately.

f) Depreciation on Insurance Spares / standby equipments is provided over the useful life of the respective mother assets.

VI) Intangibles

a) Acquired computer softwares and licenses are capitalized on the basis of costs incurred to bring the specific intangibles to its intended use. These costs are amortized on a straight line basis over their estimated useful life of three years.

b) Net Present Value paid to the various State Governments for restoration of forest as a pre-condition of granting license for mining in non-broken forest area are capitalized and amortized on a straight line basis over the lease period of the said mines prospectively.

VII. Foreign Currency Transactions

a) Initial Recognition:

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

b) Conversion:

Foreign currency monetary items at the year end are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of transaction; and non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

c) Exchange differences :

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting of such monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year or reported in previous financial statements are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

d) Forward Exchange Contracts not intended for trading or speculation purposes:

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contracts is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognized as income or as expense for the year.

VIII. Fixed Assets acquired under Lease

a) Finance Lease :

Assets acquired under finance leases, which effectively transfer to the Company substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to the ownership of the leased items, are capitalized at the lower of the fair value and present value of the minimum lease payments after discounting them at an interest rate implicit in the lease at the inception of the lease term and disclosed as leased assets. Lease payments are apportioned between the finance charges and reduction of the lease liability so as to achieve a constant rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability. Finance charges are charged directly to expenses account.

Leased assets capitalized are depreciated over the shorter of the estimated useful life of the asset or the lease term.

b) Operating Lease:

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and rewards incidental to the ownership of the leased assets are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the profit and loss account on straight line basis over the lease term.

IX. Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as Long-Term investments. Current Investments are stated at lower of cost or market rate on individual investment basis. Long Term Investments are considered at cost, unless there is other than temporary decline in value thereof, in which case adequate provision is made for diminution in the value of Investments.

X. Inventories

Inventories are valued as follows:

a) Raw materials, stores and spares, packing materials and trading goods are valued at lower of cost computed on moving weighted average basis and net realisable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost.

b) Finished goods, work in progress and by products are valued at the lower of cost computed on weighted average basis and net realizable value. Cost includes direct materials and labour and a part of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty.

c) The Closing stock of materials inter-transferred from one unit to another is valued at cost of the transferor unit or net realizable value, whichever is lower.

d) Net realizable value mentioned above is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less estimated costs of completion and estimated cost necessary to make the sale.

e) The recovery of ferro chrome and silico manganese from slag generated at the plant during the manufacturing operation is accounted for on ascertainment of quantity thereof, since it is not feasible to determine the quantum till the re-processing of such slag.

XI. Cash and Cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash flow statement comprises of cash in hand (including cheques / drafts in hand) and at bank as well as short-term investments (fixed deposits with banks and post office) with an original maturity of three months or less.

XII. Excise and Custom Duty

Excise Duty is accounted for at the point of manufacture of goods and accordingly, is considered for valuation of finished goods stock lying in the factories as on the balance sheet date. Similarly, custom duty on imported materials in transit / lying in bonded warehouse is accounted for at the time of import / bonding of materials.

XIII. Employee Benefits

a) Retirement benefit in the form of Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and is charged to the Profit and Loss Account of the year when the contributions to the respective fund is due. The Company has no obligation other than the contribution payable to respective fund.

b) Gratuity liability is a defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation on Projected Unit Credit method made at the end of each financial year.

c) Short term compensated absences are provided for based on estimates. Long term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation done as per Projected Unit Credit method.

d) Actuarial gains/losses are immediately taken to profit & loss account and are not deferred.

XIV. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized until the time all substantial activities necessary to prepare the qualifying assets for their intended use are complete. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

XV. Provisions

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

Provisions made in terms of Accounting Standard 29 are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are viewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best management estimates.

XVI. Taxation

a) Tax expense comprises of Current and Deferred Tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the provisions of the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961.

b) Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years. Deferred tax is measured using income tax rates enacted or substantively enacted at the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed

depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realised against future taxable profits.

c) The carrying amounts of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonable certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realized. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonable certain or virtually certain, as the case may be that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

d) Minimum Alternative tax (MAT) credit is recognised as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. In the year in which the MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognised as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in guidance note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the profit and loss account and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period.

XVII. Impairment of Assets

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date to determine if there is any indication of impairment based on external/internal factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount which represents the greater of the net selling price and 'Value in use' of the assets. The estimated future cash flows considered for determining the value in use, are discounted to their present value at the pre tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and risks specific to the asset.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the assets over its remaining useful life.

XVIII. Derivative Instrument :

As per ICAI announcement, accounting for derivative contracts, other than those covered under Accounting Standard -11 are marked to market on a portfolio basis and the net loss after considering the offsetting effects of the underlying hedge item, is charged to the profit and loss account. Net gains are ignored as a matter of prudence.

XIX. Segment Reporting :

The Company has identified Iron & Steel products as its sole operating segment and the same has been treated as primary segment. The Company's secondary geographical segments have been identified based on the location of customers and then demarcated into Indian and overseas revenue earnings.

The company prepares its segment information in conformity with the accounting policy adopted for preparing and presenting the financial statement of the company as a whole.

XX. Earnings per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

XXI. Contingencies

Liabilities, which are material and whose future outcome cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty, are treated as contingent and disclosed by way of notes on accounts.











 
Subscribe now to get personal finance updates in your inbox!