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Accounting Policies of Agio Paper & Industries Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

I Basis of Accounting

The financial statements have been prepared on mercantile basis of accounting in accordance with the historical cost convention and in compliance with mandatory accounting standards as notified in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of Companies Act, 2013.

II Fixed Assets, Depreciation & Amortization:

a) Fixed asset are stated at cost including expenses incurred up to the date of their installation/commissioning as reduced by accumulated depreciation/impairment provided in the accounts. Capital work-in-progress is stated at cost.

b) Machinery spares which can be used only in connection with an item of fixed assets and whose use as per technical assessment is expected to be irregular are capitalised and depreciated over the residual life of the respective assets.

c) Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on depreciable value of assets using straight-line method on the basis of useful life specified in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.

d) Leasehold lands are amortized over the lease period.

III Intangible Assets

Cost incurred on intangible assets, resulting in future economic benefits are capitalized as intangible assets and amortized on a straight-line method beginning from the date of capitalization over a period of 3-5 years.

IV Impairment of Assets:

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the Statement of Profit & Loss of the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting periods is adjusted if there has been a change in the estimate of the recoverable amount.

V Inventories :

a) Finished Goods (including goods in transit) and work-in-process are valued at cost or net realizable value, whichever is lower.

b) Raw material and stores are valued at cost or net realizable value, whichever is lower.

c) Cost comprises of all cost of purchase, cost of conversion and other cost incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and conditions. Cost formula used is weighted average cost.

d) Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in ordinary course of business less estimated cost of completion and estimated cost necessary to make the sale.

e) Materials and other items held for use in the production of Inventories are not written down below the costs of the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost.

f) Provision is made for obsolete and slow moving stocks where necessary.

VI Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing cost that is attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets is capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to set ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

VII Foreign Currency Transaction :

Foreign currency transactions are recorded on the basis of exchange rate prevailing at the date of the transactions. Any gain or loss on settlement of monetary items denominated in foreign currencies transactions during the year or at the time of translation at the year end rates is recognized in the statement of profit & loss.

Exchange difference arising on long term foreign currency monetary items has been accounted in accordance with option granted vide notification no. GSR 225(E) dated 31.03.2009 issued by the Ministry of Corporate affairs wherein exchange difference arising on restatement of long term foreign currency monetary items (other than for acquisition of depreciable capital assets) have been recognized over the shorter of the maturity period of monetary items or 31st March 2011. The unrecognized amount is reflected as foreign currency translation reserve as part of reserve and surplus.

VIII Recognition of Income & Expenditure :

a) Sales revenue is recognised on transfer of the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods to the buyer and is stated at net of trade discount, rebates and return.

b) Other income and expenditure are accounted for on accrual basis.

IX Employee Benefits:

a) Short Term Employees Benefits:

The undiscounted amount of short term employee benefit expected to be paid in exchange for the services render by the employee is recognized during the period when the employee render the service. This benefit includes salary, wages, short term compensation and payment under VRS.

b) Long Term Employee Benefits:

i Defined Contribution Scheme: The benefit includes contribution to provident fund schemes and ESIC (Employee State Insurance Corporation). The contribution is recognized during the period in which the employee renders service.

ii Defined Benefit Scheme: For defined benefit scheme the cost of providing benefit is determined using the projected unit credit method with actuarial valuation being carried out at each balance sheet date. The retirement benefit obligation recognized in the balance sheet represents value of defined benefit obligation. Actuarial gains and losses are recognized in full during the period in which they occur.

iii Other Long Term Benefit: Long term compensated absence is provided for on the basis of actuarial valuation, using the projected unit credit method as at the date of balance sheet.

X Research and Development :

Research costs are expensed as and when incurred. The development expenses on cost of internal projects is also expensed as incurred, unless they meet asset recognition criteria as defined in AS-26 "Intangible Assets".

XI Accounting for Taxes on Income

Provision for taxation comprises of current tax and deferred tax. The deferred tax charge or credit is recognised, using subsequently enacted tax rates for timing differences between book and tax profits.

Deferred tax assets arising on account of carry forward losses and unabsorbed depreciation are recognised only when there is virtual certainty of realization of such assets. Other deferred tax assets are recognised to the extent there is reasonable certainty of realization in future.

Tax Credit for Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) is recognized when there is convincing evidence of its realisability against future normal tax liability.

XII Leases

For assets acquired under operating lease, rentals payable are charged to statement of profit and loss on a straight line basis over a lease term.

For assets acquired under finance lease, the assets are capitalized at lower of their respective fair value and present value of minimum lease payments after discounting them at an appropriate discount rate.

XIII Earning Per Share:

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit / Loss for the year attributable to Equity Shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive equity share.

XIV Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

A Provision is recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of amount of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Disclosure for contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. No provision is recognized or disclosure for contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation and the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote. Contingent Assets is neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2014

I Basis of Accounting

The financial statements have been prepared on mercantile basis of accounting in accordance with the historical cost convention and in compliance with mandatory accounting standards notified in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of Companies Act, 1956.

II Fixed Assets, Depreciation & Amortization:

a) Fixed asset are stated at cost including expenses incurred up to the date of their installation/commissioning as reduced by accumulated depreciation/impairment provided in the accounts. Capital work-in-progress is stated at cost.

b) Machinery spares which can be used only in connection with an item of fixed assets and whose use as per technical assessment is expected to be irregular are capitalised and depreciated over the residual life of the respective assets.

c) Depreciation on assets is provided on straight-line method at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.Assets individually costing Rs.5,000/- or less depreciated at 100% within the period of one year from the date of use.

d) Leasehold lands are amortized over the lease period.

III Intangible Assets

Cost incurred on intangible assets, resulting in future economic benefits are capitalized as intangible assets and amortized on a straight-line method beginning from the date of capitalization over a period of 3-5 years.

IV Impairment of Assets:

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the Statement of Profit & Loss of the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting periods is adjusted if there has been a change in the estimate of the recoverable amount.

V Inventories :

a) Finished Goods (including goods in transit) and work-in-process are valued at cost or net realizable value, whichever is lower.

b) Raw material and stores are valued at cost or net realizable value, whichever is lower.

c) Cost comprises of all cost of purchase, cost of conversion and other cost incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and conditions. Cost formula used is weighted average cost.

d) Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in ordinary course of business less estimated cost of completion and estimated cost necessary to make the sale.

e) Materials and other items held for use in the production of Inventories are not written down below the costs of the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost.

f) Provision is made for obsolete and slow moving stocks where necessary.

VI Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing cost that is attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets is capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to set ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

VII Foreign Currency Transaction :

Foreign currency transactions are recorded on the basis of exchange rate prevailing at the date of the transactions. Any gain or loss on settlement of monetary items denominated in foreign currencies transactions during the year or at the time of translation at the year end rates is recognized in the statement of profit & loss. Exchange difference arising on long term foreign currency monetary items has been accounted in accordance with option granted vide notification no. GSR 225(E) dated 31.03.2009 issued by the Ministry of Corporate affairs wherein exchange difference arising on restatement of long term foreign currency monetary items (other than for acquisition of depreciable capital assets) have been recognized over the shorter of the maturity period of monetary items or 31st March 2011. The unrecognized amount is reflected as foreign currency translation reserve as part of reserve and surplus.

VIII Recognition of Income & Expenditure :

a) Sales revenue is recognised on transfer of the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods to the buyer and is stated at net of trade discount, rebates and return.

b) Other income and expenditure are accounted for on accrual basis.

IX Employee Benefits:

a) Short Term Employees Benefits:

The undiscounted amount of short term employee benefit expected to be paid in exchange for the services render by the employee is recognized during the period when the employee render the service. This benefit includes salary, wages, short term compensation and payment under VRS.

b) Long Term Employee Benefits:

I Defined Contribution Scheme: The benefit includes contribution to provident fund schemes and ESIC (Employee State Insurance Corporation). The contribution is recognized during the period in which the employee renders service.

ii Defined Benefit Scheme: For defined benefit scheme the cost of providing benefit is determined using the projected unit credit method with actuarial valuation being carried out at each balance sheet date. The retirement benefit obligation recognized in the balance sheet represents value of defined benefit obligation. Actuarial gains and losses are recognized in full during the period in which they occur. iii Other Long Term Benefit: Long term compensated absence is provided for on the basis of actuarial valuation, using the projected unit credit method as at the date of balance sheet.

X Research and Development :

Research costs are expensed as and when incurred. The development expenses on cost of internal projects is also expensed as incurred, unless they meet asset recognition criteria as defined in AS-26 "Intangible Assets".

XI Accounting for Taxes on Income

Provision for taxation comprises of current tax and deferred tax. The deferred tax charge or credit is recognised, using subsequently enacted tax rates for timing differences between book and tax profits. Deferred tax assets arising on account of carry forward losses and unabsorbed depreciation are recognised only when there is virtual certainty of realization of such assets. Other deferred tax assets are recognised to the extent there is reasonable certainty of realization in future.

Tax Credit for Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) is recognized when there is convincing evidence of its realisability against future normal tax liability.

XII Leases

For assets acquired under operating lease, rentals payable are charged to statement of profit and loss on a straight line basis over a lease term.

For assets acquired under finance lease, the assets are capitalized at lower of their respective fair value and present value of minimum lease payments after discounting them at an appropriate discount rate.

XIII Earning Per Share:

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit / Loss for the year attributable to Equity Shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive equity share.

XIV Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

A Provision is recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of amount of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Disclosure for contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. No provision is recognized or disclosure for contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation and the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote. Contingent Assets is neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2011

(a) Accounting Concept:

The financial statements have been prepared on mercantile basis of accounting in accordance with the historical cost convention and in compliance with mandatory accounting standards notified in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of Companies Act, 1956.

(b) Fixed Assets, Depreciation & Amortization:

i) Fixed asset are stated at cost including expenses incurred up to the date of their installation/commissioning as reduced by accumulated depreciation/impairment provided in the accounts. Capital work-in-progress is stated at cost.

ii) Machinery spares which can be used only in connection with an item of fixed assets and whose use as per technical assessment is expected to be irregular are capitalised and depreciated over the residual life of the respective assets.

iii) Depreciation on assets is provided on straight-line method at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.Assets individually costing Rs.5,000/- or less depreciated at 100% within the period of one year from the date of use.

iv) Leasehold lands are amortized over the lease period.

(c) Intangible Assets

Cost incurred on intangible assets, resulting in future economic benefits are capitalized as intangible assets and amortized on a straight-line method beginning from the date of capitalization.

(d) Impairment of Assets:

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the profit & loss account of the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting periods is adjusted if there has been a change in the estimate of the recoverable amount.

(e) Inventories :

i) Finished Goods (including goods in transit) and work-in-process are valued at cost or net realizable value, whichever is lower.

ii) Raw material and stores are valued at cost or net realizable value, whichever is lower.

iii) Cost comprises of all cost of purchase, cost of conversion and other cost incurred in bringing the inventory to their present location and conditions. Cost formula used is weighted average cost.

iv) Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in ordinary course of business less estimated cost of completion and estimated cost necessary to make the sale.

v) Materials and other items held for use in the production of Inventories are not written down below the costs of the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost.

vi) Provision is made for obsolete and slow moving stocks where necessary.

(f) Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing cost that is attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets is capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to set ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

(g) Foreign Currency Transaction :

Foreign currency transactions are recorded on the basis of exchange rate prevailing at the date of the transactions. Any gain or loss on settlement of monetary items denominated in foreign currencies transactions during the year or at the time of translation at the year end rates is recognized in the profit & loss account.

Exchange difference arising on long term foreign currency monetary items has been accounted in accordance with option granted vide notification no. GSR 225(E) dated 31.03.2009 issued by the Ministry of Corporate affairs wherein exchange difference arising on restatement of long term foreign currency monetary items (other than for acquisition of depreciable capital assets) have been recognized over the shorter of the maturity period of monetary items or 31st March, 2011. The unrecognized amount is reflected as foreign currency translation reserve as part of reserve and surplus account.

(h) Recognition of Income & Expenditure :

i) Sales revenue is recognised on transfer of the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods to the buyer and is stated at net of trade discount, rebates and return but inclusive of excise duty, sales tax and cess. However, consignment sales are net of sales tax.

ii) Other income and expenditure are accounted for on accrual basis. (i) Excise Duty:

Excise Duty, Cess & Education Cess payable on finished goods is accounted for on clearance of goods from the factory. (J) Employee Benefits:

i) Short Term Employees Benefits:

The undiscounted amount of short term employee benefit expected to be paid in exchange for the services render by the employee is recognized during the period when the employee render the service. This benefit includes salary, wages, short term compensatory absence and bonus.

ii) Long Term Employee Benefits:

i) Defined Contribution Scheme: The benefit includes contribution to provident fund schemes and ESIC (Employee State Insurance Corporation). The contribution is recognized during the period in which the employee renders service.

ii) Defined Benefit Scheme: For defined benefit scheme the cost of providing benefit is determining using the projected unit credit method with actuarial valuation being carried out at each balance sheet date. The retirement benefit obligation recognized in the balance sheet represents value of defined benefit obligation. Actuarial gains and losses are recognized in full during the period in which they occur.

iii) Other Long Term Benefit: Long term compensated absence is provided for on the basis of actuarial valuation, using the projected unit credit method as at the date of balance sheet.

(k) Research and Development:

Research costs are expensed as and when incurred. The development expenses on cost of internal projects is also expensed as incurred, unless they meet asset recognition criteria as defined in AS-26 "Intangible Assets".

(I) Accounting for Taxes on Income:

Provision for taxation comprises of current tax and deferred tax. The deferred tax charge or credit is recognised, using subsequently enacted tax rates for timing differences between book and tax profits.

Deferred tax assets arising on account of carry forward losses and unabsorbed depreciation are recognised only when there is virtual certainty of realization of such assets. Other deferred tax assets are recognised to the extent there is reasonable certainty of realization in future.

Tax Credit for Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) is recognized when there is convincing evidence of its readability against future tax liability.

(m) Leases

i) For assets acquired under operating lease, rentals payable are charged to profit and loss account on a straight line basis over a lease term.

ii) For assets acquired under finance lease, the assets are capitalized at lower of their respective fair value and present value of minimum lease payments after discounting them at an appropriate discount rate.

(n) Earning Per Share:

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit for the year attributable to Equity Shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive equity shares.

(o) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

A Provision is recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of amount of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Disclosure for contingent liability Is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. No provision is recognized or disclosure for contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation and the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote. Contingent Assets is neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2010

(a) Accounting Concept:

The financial statements have been prepared on mercantile basis of accounting in accordance with the historical cost convention and in compliance with mandatory accounting standards notified in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of Companies Act, 1956.

(b) Fixed Assets, Depreciation & Amortization:

i) Fixed asset are stated at cost including expenses incurred up to the date of their installation/commissioning as reduced by accumulated depreciation/impairment provided in the accounts. Capital work-in-progress is stated at cost.

ii) Machinery spares which can be used only in connection with an item of fixed assets and whose use as per technical assessment is expected to be irregular are capitalised and depreciated over the residual life of the respective assets.

iii) Depreciation on assets is provided on straight-line method at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

iv) Leasehold lands are amortized over the lease period.

(c) Intangible Assets

Cost incurred on intangible assets, resulting in future economic benefits are capitalized as intangible assets and amortized on a straight-line method beginning from the date of capitalization.

(d) Impairment of Assets:

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the profit & loss account of the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting periods is adjusted if there has been a change in the estimate of the recoverable amount.

(e) Inventories:

i) Finished Goods (including goods in transit) and work-in-process are valued at cost or net realizable value, whichever is lower.

ii) Raw material and stores are valued at cost or net realizable value, whichever is lower.

iii) Cost comprises of all cost of purchase, cost of conversion and other cost incurred in bringing the inventory to their present location and conditions. Cost formula used is weighted average cost.

(f) Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing cost that is attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets is capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to set ready for its intended use. At) other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

(g) Foreign Currency Transaction:

Foreign currency transactions are recorded on the basis of exchange rate prevailing at the date of the transactions. Any gain or loss on settlement of monetary items denominated in foreign currencies transactions during the year or at the time of translation at the year end rates is recognized in the profit & loss account.

Exchange difference arising on long term foreign currency monetary items has been accounted in accordance with option granted vide notification no. GSR 225(E) dated 31.03.2009 issued by the Ministry of Corporate affairs wherein exchange difference arising on restatement of long term foreign currency monetary items (other than for acquisition of depreciable capital assets) have been recognized over the shorter of the maturity period of monetary items or 31 st March 2011. The unrecognized amount is reflected as foreign currency translation reserve as part of reserve and surplus account.

(h) Recognition of Income & Expenditure :

i) Sales revenue is recognised on transfer of the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods to the buyer and is stated at net of trade discount, rebates and return but inclusive of excise duty, sales tax and cess. However, consignment sales are net of sales tax.

ii) Other income and expenditure are accounted for on accrual basis.

(i) Excise Duty:

Excise Duty, Cess & Education Cess payable on finished goods is accounted for on clearance of goods from the factory.

(J) Employee Benefits:

i) Short Term Employees Benefits:

The undiscounted amount of short term employee benefit expected to be paid in exchange for the services render by the employee is recognized during the period when the employee render the service. This benefit includes salary, wages, short term compensatory absence and bonus.

ii) Long Term Employee Benefits:

i) Defined Contribution Scheme: The benefit includes contribution to provident fund schemes and ESIC (Employee State Insurance orporation). The contribution is recognized during the period in which theemployee renders service.

ii) Defined Benefit Scheme: For defined benefit scheme the cost of providing benefit is determining using the projected unit credit method with actuarial valuation being carried out at each balance sheet date. The retirement benefit obligation recognized in the balance sheet represents value of defined benefit obligation. Actuarial gains and losses are recognized in full during the period in which they occur.

iii) Other Long Term Benefit: Long term compensated absence is provided for on the basis of actuarial valuation, using the projected

unit credit method as at the date of balance sheet.

(k) Research and Development:

Research costs are expensed as and when incurred. The development expenses on cost of internal projects is also expensed as incurred, unless they meet asset recognition criteria as defined in AS-26 "Intangible Assets".

(l) Accounting for Taxes on Income:

Provision for taxation comprises of current tax and deferred tax. The deferred tax charge or credit is recognised, using subsequently enacted tax rates for timing differences between book and tax profits.

Deferred tax assets arising on account of carry forward losses and unabsorbed depreciation are recognised only when there is virtual certainty of realization of such assets. Other deferred tax assets are recognised to the extent there is reasonable certainty of realization in future.

Tax Credit for Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) is recognized when there is convincing evidence of its readability against future tax liability.

(m) Leases

i) For assets acquired under operating lease, rentals payable are charged to profit and loss account on a straight line basis over a lease term.

ii) For assets acquired under finance lease, the assets are capitalized at lower of their respective fair value and present value of minimum lease payments after discounting them at an appropriate discount rate.

(n) Earning Per Share:

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit for the year attributable to Equity Shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive equity shares.

(o) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

A Provision is recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of amount of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Disclosure for contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. No provision is recognized or disclosure for contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation and the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote. Contingent Assets is neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

 
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