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Accounting Policies of AIA Engineering Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1) Basis of Accounting:

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. Theses financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, read with rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant Provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 ("the Act"). All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule III to the 2013 Act.

2) Use of Estimates:

The presentation of the Financial Statements in conformity with the Generally Accepted Accounting policies require, the management to make estimates and assumptions that affects the reported amount of Assets and Liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period and disclosure of contingent liabilities. Such estimation and assumptions are based on management''s evaluation of relevant facts and circumstances as on date of Financial Statements. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

3) Revenue Recognition:

Revenue is stated net of rebate and trade discount and excludes Central Sales Tax and State Value Added Tax. With regard to sale of products, income is reported when practically all risks and rights connected with the ownership have been transferred to the buyers. This usually occurs upon dispatch, after the price has been determined.

Export Benefits are accounted / recognized on accrual basis.

Dividend on Financial Instruments is recognized as and when realized. Interest is recognized on accrual basis.

4) Fixed Assets:

Tangible Fixed Assets acquired by the Company are reported at acquisition value, with deductions for accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. The acquisition value includes the purchase price (excluding refundable taxes) and expenses directly attributable to assets to bring it to the factory and in the working condition for its intended use. Where the construction or development of any such asset requiring a substantial period of time to set up for its intended use, is funded by borrowings if any, the corresponding borrowing cost are capitalized up to the date when the asset is ready for its intended use.

Intangible Assets are reported at acquisition value with deductions for accumulated amortization and any impairment losses.

Capital work in progress includes cost of assets at sites and construction expenditure.

5) Depreciation:

Depreciation has been provided on Fixed Assets on Straight Line Method as per useful lives specified in Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013 as amended from time to time.

Amortization of intangible assets takes place on a Straight Line basis over the assets anticipated useful life. The useful life is determined based on the period of the underline contract and the period of time over which the intangible assets is expected to be used.

Software is amortized over a period of 6 years. Patents are amortized over a period of 20 years on straight line basis as the benefits are generally available to the company for more than 10 years. Goodwill is amortized over a period of 5 Years. No amortization is provided for in case of Leasehold Land on Perpetual Lease.

6) Impairment of Assets:

The carrying value of assets of the Company''s cash generating units are reviewed for impairment annually or more often if there is an indication of decline in value. If any indication of such impairment exists, the recoverable amounts of those assets are estimated and impairment loss is recognized, if the carrying amount of those assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use, Value in use is arrived at by discounting the estimated future cash flows to their present value based on appropriate discount factor. Net Selling price is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated cost of completion and to make the sales.

7) Investments:

Investments are classified as Long Term and Current Investments. Long Term Investments are valued at cost less provision for diminution other than temporary, in value, if any. Current Investments are valued at cost or fair value whichever is lower.

8) Inventories:

Inventories of Raw Materials and Stores are valued at cost or net realizable value whichever is lower after considering the credit of VAT and Cenvat. Stock in transit and Stock lying at third party premises are valued at cost.

Inventories of Work in Process are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value.

Inventories of Finished Goods are valued at cost or net realizable value whichever is lower. Cost of Finished Goods and Work-in- Progress are determined using the absorption costing principles. Costs include the cost of materials consumed, labour and a systematic allocation of variable and fixed production overheads, Excise duties at the applicable rates are also included in the cost of Finished Goods.

Cost of raw materials, stores and spares are determined on weighted average basis.

Excess / Shortages, if any, arising on physical verification are absorbed in the respective consumption Accounts.

9) Employee Benefit:

(a) Short Term

Short Term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount expected to be paid over the period of services rendered by the employees to the company.

(b) Long Term

The Company has both defined contribution and defined benefit plans, of which some have assets in approved funds. These plans are financed by the Company in the case of defined contribution plans.

Defined Contribution Plans

These are plans in which the Company pays pre-defined amounts to separate funds and does not have any legal or informal obligation to pay additional sums. These comprise of contributions to Employees Provident Fund. The Company''s payments to the defined contribution plans are reported as expenses during the period in which the employee performs the services that the payment covers.

Defined Benefit Plans

Expenses for defined benefit gratuity payment plans are calculated as at the balance sheet date by independent actuaries in the manner that distributes expenses over the employees working life. These commitments are valued at the present value of the expected future payments, with consideration for calculated future salary increases, using a discounted rate corresponding to the interest rate estimated by the actuary having regard to the interest rate on Government Bonds with a remaining term i.e. almost equivalent to the average balance working period of employees.

Other Employee Benefit

Compensated absences which accrue to employees which can be carried to future periods but are expected to be encashed or availed in twelve months immediately following the year end are reported as expenses during the year in which the employees perform the services that the benefit covers and the liabilities are reported at the undiscounted amount of the benefits after deducting amounts already paid.

10) Central Excise Duty:

Excise duty is accounted on the basis of payments made in respect of goods cleared.

11) Foreign Currency Transactions:

Transactions in foreign currencies are translated to the reporting currency based on the exchange rate on the date of the transaction. Exchange differences arising on settlement thereof during the year are recognized as income or expenses in the Profit and Loss Account, except it pertains to Fixed asset, where in such difference adjusted to Carrying amount of Fixed Asset. In addition, exchange difference on Long Term Liability, where they relate to acquisition of fixed assets, in which case they are adjusted to carrying cost of such assets. In case of items which are covered by forward exchange contracts, the difference between the year-end rate and rate on the date of the contract is recognized as exchange difference and the premium paid on forward contracts is recognized over the life of the contract.

Cash and bank balances, receivables and liabilities (monetary items) in foreign currencies as at the year end are translated at closing-date rates, and unrealized translation differences are included in the Profit and Loss Account.

Investments in foreign currency (non-monetary items) are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

Derivative instruments and hedge accounting

The Company strictly uses foreign currency forward contracts / Interest Rate Swap to hedge its risks associated with foreign currency / Interest Rate fluctuations relating to certain forecasted transactions. Effective 30th September, 2013, the Company designates these as cash flow hedges applying the recognition and measurement principles set out in the Accounting Standard 30 "Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurements" (AS 30), to the extent it does not conflict with Accounting Standards specified under section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, read with rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014.

Foreign currency forward contract / Interest Rate Swap derivative instruments are initially measured at fair value and are re- measured at subsequent reporting dates. Changes in the fair value of these derivatives that are designated and effective as hedges of future cash flows are recognized directly in Hedging Reserve (under Reserves and Surplus) and the ineffective portion is recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

The accumulated gains / losses on the derivatives accounted in Hedging Reserve are transferred to the Statement of Profit and Loss in the same period in which gains / losses on the underlying item hedged are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Hedge accounting is discontinued when the hedging instrument expires or is sold, terminated, or exercised, or no longer qualifies for hedge accounting. When hedge accounting is discontinued for a cash flow hedge, the net gain or loss will remain in Hedging Reserve and be reclassified to the Statement of Profit and Loss in the same period or periods during which the formerly hedged transaction is reported in the Statement of Profit and Loss. If a hedged transaction is no longer expected to occur, the net cumulative gains / losses recognized in Hedging Reserve is transferred to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

12) Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing costs are recognized in the period to which they relate, regardless of how the funds have been utilized, except where it relates to the financing of construction or development of assets requiring a substantial period of time to prepare for their intended use. Interest on borrowings if any is capitalized up to the date when the asset is ready for its intended use. The amount of interest capitalized for the period is determined by applying the interest rate applicable to appropriate borrowings.

13) Earning per Share:

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net Profit After Tax for the year attributable to Equity Shareholders of the Company by the weighted average number of Equity Shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earning per Share is calculated by dividing net profit attributable to equity Shareholders (after adjustment for diluted earnings) by average number of weighted equity shares outstanding during the year.

14) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets :

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding long term benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes to the Financial Statements. A contingent asset is neither recognized nor disclosed.

15) Product Warranty Expenses :

Product warranty expenses are determined based on Company''s historical experience and estimates are accrued in the year of Sale.

16) Taxation on Income :

(a) Provision for Current Tax is made as per the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

(b) Deferred Tax resulting from "timing differences that are temporary in nature" between accounting and taxable profit is accounted for, using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. The deferred tax asset is recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable or virtual certainty, as the case may be, that the asset will be realized in future.

17) Cash Flow Statement :

The Cash Flow Statement is prepared by the "Indirect Method" set out in Accounting Standard 3 on "Cash Flow Statements" and presents the cash flows by operating, investing and financing activities of the Company.

Cash and Cash equivalents presented in the Cash Flow Statement consist of cash on hand, Balances with Schedule Bank and Short term highly liquid financial instruments which are readily convertible into cash and have original maturities of three months or less from date of purchase.


Mar 31, 2014

1) Basis of Accounting :

The Financial Statements are prepared as per historical cost convention and in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India, the provisions of the Companies Act 1956, read with General Circular No:15/2013 dated 13th September, 2013, issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs in respect of Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 and the applicable Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006. All Income and Expenditures having material bearing on the Financial Statements are recognized on accrual basis.

2) Use of Estimates:

The presentation of the Financial Statements in conformity with the Generally Accepted Accounting policies require, the management to make estimates and assumptions that affects the reported amount of Assets and Liabilities on the date of the Financial Statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period and disclosure of contingent liabilities. Such estimation and assumptions are based on management''s evaluation of relevant facts and circumstances as on date of Financial Statements. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

3) Revenue Recognition :

Revenue is stated net of rebate and trade discount and excludes Central Sales Tax and State Value Added Tax. With regard to sale of products, income is reported when practically all risks and rights connected with the ownership have been transferred to the buyers. This usually occurs upon dispatch, after the price has been determined.

Export Benefits are accounted / recognized on accrual basis.

Dividend on Financial Instruments is recognized as and when realized. Interest is recognized on accrual basis.

4) Fixed Assets :

Tangible Fixed Assets acquired by the Company are reported at acquisition value, with deductions for accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. The acquisition value includes the purchase price (excluding refundable taxes), and expenses directly attributable to assets to bring it to the factory and in the working condition for its intended use. Where the construction or development of any such asset requiring a substantial period of time to set up for its intended use, is funded by borrowings if any, the corresponding borrowing cost are capitalized up to the date when the asset is ready for its intended use. The amount of benefits of Status Holder Incentive Scheme (SHIS) utilized against Capital Expenditure are reduced from the cost of Fixed Assets.

Intangible Assets are reported at acquisition value with deductions for accumulated amortization and any impairment losses.

Capital work in progress includes cost of Assets at sites and construction expenditure.

5) Depreciation :

Depreciation has been provided on Fixed Assets on Straight Line Method as per the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 as amended from time to time.

Amortization of Intangible Assets takes place on a Straight Line basis over the Assets anticipated useful life. The useful life is determined based on the period of the underline contract and the period of time over which the Intangible Assets is expected to be used.

Software is amortized over a period of 6 years. Patents are amortized over a period of 20 years on Straight Line basis as the benefits are generally available to the Company for more than 10 years. Goodwill is amortized over a period of 5 Years. No amortization is provided for in case of Leasehold Land on Perpetual Lease.

6) Impairment of Assets:

The carrying value of Assets of the Company''s cash generating units are reviewed for impairment annually or more often if there is an indication of decline in value. If any indication of such impairment exists, the recoverable amounts of those Assets are estimated and impairment loss is recognized, if the carrying amount of those Assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use, Value in use is arrived at by discounting the estimated future cash flows to their present value based on appropriate discount factor. Net Selling price is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated cost of completion and to make the sales.

7) Investments :

Investments are classified as Long Term & Current Investments. Long Term Investments are valued at cost less provision for diminution other than temporary, in value, if any. Current Investments are valued at cost or fair value whichever is lower.

8) Inventories :

Inventories of Raw Materials and Stores are valued at cost or net realizable value whichever is lower after considering the credit of VAT and Cenvat. Stock in transit and Stock lying at third party premises are valued at cost.

Inventories of Work in Progress are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value.

Inventories of Finished Goods are valued at cost or net realizable value whichever is lower. Cost of Finished Goods and Work-in- Progress are determined using the absorption costing principles. Costs include the cost of materials consumed, labour and a systematic allocation of variable and fixed production overheads, Excise duties at the applicable rates are also included in the cost of Finished Goods.

Cost of raw materials, stores and spares are determined on weighted average basis.

Excess / Shortages, if any, arising on physical verification are absorbed in the respective consumption Accounts.

9) Employee Benefits :

(a) Short Term

Short Term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount expected to be paid over the period of services rendered by the employees to the Company.

(b) Long Term

The Company has both defined contribution and defined benefit plans, of which some have assets in approved funds. These plans are financed by the Company in the case of defined contribution plans.

Defined Contribution Plans

These are plans in which the Company pays pre-defined amounts to separate funds and does not have any legal or informal obligation to pay additional sums. These comprise of contributions to Employees Provident Fund. The Company''s payments to the defined contribution plans are reported as expenses during the period in which the employee performs the services that the payment covers.

Defined Benefit Plans

Expenses for defined benefit gratuity payment plans are calculated as at the Balance Sheet date by independent actuaries in the manner that distributes expenses over the employees working life. These commitments are valued at the present value of the expected future payments, with consideration for calculated future salary increases, using a discounted rate corresponding to the interest rate estimated by the actuary having regard to the interest rate on Government Bonds with a remaining term i.e. almost equivalent to the average balance working period of employees.

Other Employee Benefit

Compensated absences which accrue to employees which can be carried to future periods but are expected to be encashed or availed in twelve months immediately following the year end are reported as expenses during the year in which the employees perform the services that the benefit covers and the liabilities are reported at the undiscounted amount of the benefits after deducting amounts already paid.

10) Central Excise Duty :

Excise duty is accounted on the basis of payments made in respect of goods cleared.

11) a) Foreign Currency Transactions :

Transactions in foreign currencies are translated to the reporting currency based on the exchange rate on the date of the transaction. Exchange differences arising on settlement thereof during the year are recognized as income or expenses in the Profit and Loss Account, except it pertains to Fixed Asset, where in such difference adjusted to Carrying amount of Fixed Asset. In addition, exchange difference on Long Term Liability, where they relate to acquisition of Fixed Assets, in which case they are adjusted to carrying cost of such assets. In case of items which are covered by forward exchange contracts, the difference between the year-end rate and rate on the date of the contract is recognized as exchange difference and the premium paid on forward contracts is recognized over the life of the contract.

Cash and bank balances, receivables and liabilities (monetary items) in foreign currencies as at the year end are translated at closing-date rates, and unrealized translation differences are included in the Profit and Loss Account.

Investments in foreign currency (non-monetary items) are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

b) Derivative instruments and hedge accounting

The Company strictly uses foreign currency forward contracts / Interest Rate Swap to hedge its risks associated with foreign currency / Interest Rate fluctuations relating to certain forecasted transactions/current transactions. Effective from 30th September, 2013, the Company designates these as cash flow hedges applying the recognition and measurement principles set out in the Accounting Standard 30 "Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurements"(AS 30), to the extend it does not conflict with accounting standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules 2006.

Foreign currency forward contract / Interest Rate Swap derivative instruments are initially measured at fair value and are re-measured at subsequent reporting dates. Changes in the fair value of these derivatives that are designated and effective as hedges of future cash flows are recognized directly in Hedging Reserve (under Reserves and Surplus) and the ineffective portion is recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

The accumulated Gains / Losses on the derivatives accounted in Hedging Reserve are transferred to the Statement of Profit and Loss in the same period in which Gains / Losses on the underlying item hedged are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Hedge accounting is discontinued when the hedging instrument expires or is sold, terminated, or exercised, or no longer qualifies for hedge accounting. When hedge accounting is discontinued for a cash flow hedge, the net gain or loss will remain in Hedging Reserve and be reclassified to the Statement of Profit and Loss in the same period or periods during which the formerly hedged transaction is reported in the Statement of Profit and Loss. If a hedged transaction is no longer expected to occur, the net cumulative Gains / Losses recognized in Hedging Reserve is transferred to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

12) Borrowing Cost :

Borrowing costs are recognized in the period to which they relate, regardless of how the funds have been utilized, except where it relates to the financing of construction or development of assets requiring a substantial period of time to prepare for their intended use. Interest on borrowings if any is capitalized upto the date when the asset is ready for its intended use. The amount of interest capitalized for the period is determined by applying the interest rate applicable to appropriate borrowings.

13) Earning per Share :

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net Profit After Tax for the year attributable to Equity Shareholders of the Company by the weighted average number of Equity Shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earning per Share is calculated by dividing net profit attributable to equity Shareholders (after adjustment for diluted earnings) by average number of weighted equity shares outstanding during the year.

14) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets :

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding long term benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes to the Financial Statements. A contingent asset is neither recognized nor disclosed.

15) Product Warranty Expenses :

Product warranty expenses are determined based on Company''s historical experience and estimates are accrued in the year of Sale.

16) Taxation on Income :

(a) Provision for Current Tax is made as per the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

(b) Deferred Tax resulting from "timing differences that are temporary in nature" between accounting and taxable profit is accounted for, using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. The deferred tax asset is recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable or virtual certainty, as the case may be, that the asset will be realized in future.

17) Cash Flow Statement :

The Cash Flow Statement is prepared by the "Indirect Method" set out in Accounting Standard 3 on "Cash Flow Statements" and presents the cash flows by operating, investing and financing activities of the Company.

Cash and Cash equivalents presented in the Cash Flow Statement consist of cash on hand, Balances with Schedule Bank and Short term highly liquid financial instruments which are readily convertible into cash and have original maturities of three months or less from date of purchase.


Mar 31, 2013

1) Basis of Accounting:

The Financial Statements are prepared as per historical cost convention and in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India, the provisions of the Companies Act 1956, and the applicable Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006. All Income and Expenditures having material bearing on the Financial Statements are recognized on accrual basis.

2) Use of Estimates:

The presentation of the Financial Statements in conformity with the Generally Accepted Accounting policies requires, the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of Assets and Liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period and disclosure of contingent liabilities. Such estimation and assumptions are based on management''s evaluation of relevant facts and circumstances as on date of Financial Statements. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

3) Revenue Recognisation:

Revenue is stated net of rebate and trade discount and excludes Central Sales Tax and State Value Added Tax. With regard to sale of products, income is reported when practically all risks and rights connected with the ownership have been transferred to the buyers. This usually occurs upon dispatch, after the price has been determined.

Export Benefits are accounted / recognized on accrual basis.

Dividend on Financial Instruments are recognized as and when realized. Interest is recognized on accrual basis.

4) Fixed Assets:

Tangible Fixed Assets acquired by the Company are reported at acquisition value, with deductions for accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. The acquisition value includes the purchase price (excluding refundable taxes), and expenses directly attributable to assets to bring it to the factory and in the working condition for its intended use. Where the construction or development of any such asset requiring a substantial period of time to set up for its intended use, is funded by borrowings if any, the corresponding borrowing cost are capitalized up to the date when the asset is ready for its intended use.

Intangible Assets are reported at acquisition value with deductions for accumulated amortization and any impairment losses. Capital work in progress includes cost of assets at sites and construction expenditure.

5) Depreciation:

Depreciation has been provided on Fixed Assets on Straight Line Method as per the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 as amended from time to time.

Amortization of intangible assets takes place on a Straight Line basis over the assets anticipated useful life. The useful life is determined based on the period of the underline contract and the period of time over which the intangible assets is expected to be used.

Software is amortized over a period of 6 years. Patents are amortized over a period of 20 years on straight line basis as the benefits are generally available to the company for more than 10 years.

6) Impairment of Assets:

The carrying value of assets of the Company''s cash generating units are reviewed for impairment annually or more often if there is an indication of decline in value. If any indication of such impairment exists, the recoverable amounts of those assets are estimated and impairment loss is recognized, if the carrying amount of those assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the estimated future cash flows to their present value based on appropriate discount factor. Net Selling price is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated cost of completion and to make the sales.

7) Investments:

Investments are classified as Long Term & Current Investments. Long Term Investments are valued at cost less provision for diminution other than temporary, in value, if any. Current Investments are valued at cost or fair value whichever is lower.

8) Inventories:

Inventories of Raw Materials and Stores are valued at cost or net realizable value whichever is lower after considering the credit of VAT and Cenvat. Stock in transit and Stock lying at third party premises are valued at cost.

Inventories of Work in Process are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value.

Inventories of Finished Goods are valued at cost or net realizable value whichever is lower. Cost of Finished Goods and Work-in- Progress are determined using the absorption costing principles. Costs include the cost of materials consumed, labour and a systematic allocation of variable and fixed production overheads, Excise duties at the applicable rates are also included in the cost of Finished Goods.

Cost of raw materials, stores and spares are determined on weighted average basis.

Excess / Shortages , if any , arising on physical verification are absorbed in the respective consumption Accounts.

9) Employee Benefit:

(a) Short Term

Short Term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount expected to be paid over the period of services rendered by the employees to the company.

(b) Long Term

The Company has both defined contribution and defined benefit plans, of which some have assets in approved funds. These plans are financed by the Company in the case of defined contribution plans.

Defined Contribution Plans

These are plans in which the Company pays pre-defined amounts to separate funds and does not have any legal or informal obligation to pay additional sums. These comprise of contributions to Employees Provident Fund. The Company''s payments to the defined contribution plans are reported as expenses during the period in which the employee perform the services that the payment covers.

Defined Benefit Plans

Expenses for defined benefit gratuity payment plans are calculated as at the balance sheet date by independent actuaries in the manner that distributes expenses over the employees working life. These commitments are valued at the present value of the expected future payments, with consideration for calculated future salary increases, using a discounted rate corresponding to the interest rate estimated by the actuary having regard to the interest rate on Government Bonds with a remaining term i.e. almost equivalent to the average balance working period of employees.

Other Employee Benefit

Compensated absences which accrue to employees which can be carried to future periods but are expected to be encashed or availed in twelve months immediately following the year end are reported as expenses during the year in which the employees perform the services that the benefit covers and the liabilities are reported at the undiscounted amount of the benefits after deducting amounts already paid.

10) Central Excise Duty:

Excise duty is accounted on the basis of payments made in respect of goods cleared.

11) Foreign Currency Transactions:

Transactions in foreign currencies are translated to the reporting currency based on the exchange rate on the date of the transaction. Exchange differences arising on settlement thereof during the year are recognized as income or expenses in the Profit and Loss Account.

Cash and bank balances, receivables and liabilities (monetary items) in foreign currencies as at the year end are translated at closing-date rates, and unrealized translation differences are included in the Profit and Loss Account.

Investments in foreign currency (non-monetary items) are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

The Company enters into derivative contracts strictly for hedging purposes and not for trading or speculation. Derivative transactions are being considered as off balance sheet date transactions and accordingly the gains/ losses arising there from are recognized under respective heads of accounts as and when the settlement takes place with the terms of the respective contracts.

12) Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing costs are recognized in the period to which they relate, regardless of how the funds have been utilized, except where it relates to the financing of construction or development of assets requiring a substantial period of time to prepare for their intended use. Interest on borrowings if any is capitalized up to the date when the asset is ready for its intended use. The amount of interest capitalized for the period is determined by applying the interest rate applicable to appropriate borrowings.

13) Earning per Share:

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit after tax for the year attributable to Equity Shareholders of the Company by the weighted average number of Equity Shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earning per Share is calculated by dividing net profit attributable to equity Shareholders (after adjustment for diluted earnings) by average number of weighted equity shares outstanding during the year.

14) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding long term benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes to the Financial Statements. A contingent asset is neither recognized nor disclosed.

15) Product Warranty Expenses:

Product warranty expenses are determined based on Company''s historical experience and estimates are accrued in the year of Sale.

16) Taxation on Income:

(a) Provision for Current Tax is made as per the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

(b) Deferred Tax resulting from "timing differences that are temporary in nature" between accounting and taxable profit is accounted for, using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. The deferred tax asset is recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable or virtual certainty, as the case may be, that the asset will be realised in future.

17) Cash Flow Statement:

The Cash Flow Statement is prepared by the "indirect method" set out in Accounting Standard 3 on "Cash Flow Statements" and presents the cash flows by operating, investing and financing activities of the Company.

Cash and Cash equivalents presented in the Cash Flow Statement consist of cash on hand and Short term highly liquid financial instruments which are readily convertible into cash and have original maturities of three months or less from date of purchase.


Mar 31, 2012

1) Basis of Accounting :

The Financial Statements are prepared as per historical cost convention and in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India, the provisions of the Companies Act 1956, and the applicable Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006. All Income and Expenditures having material bearing on the Financial Statements are recognised on accrual basis.

2) Use of Estimates:

The presentation of the Financial Statements in conformity with the Generally Accepted Accounting policies requires, the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of Assets and Liabilities, Revenues and Expenses and disclosure of contingent liabilities. Such estimation and assumptions are based on management's evaluation of relevant facts and circumstances as on date of Financial Statements. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known / materialised.

3) Revenue Recognisation :

Sales are stated net of rebate and trade discount and excludes Central Sales Tax and State Value Added Tax. With regard to sale of products, income is reported when practically all risks and rights connected with the ownership have been transferred to the buyers. This usually occurs upon dispatch, after the price has been determined.

Export Benefits are accounted / recognised on accrual basis.

Dividend on Financial Instruments are recognised as and when realised. Interest on deposits is recognised on accrual basis.

4) Fixed Assets :

Tangible Fixed Assets acquired by the Company are reported at acquisition value, with deductions for accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. The acquisition value includes the purchase price (excluding refundable taxes), and expenses directly attributable to assets to bring it to the factory and in the working condition for its intended use. Where the construction or development of any such asset requiring a substantial period of time to set up for its intended use, is funded by borrowings if any, the corresponding borrowing cost are capitalised up to the date when the asset is ready for its intended use.

Intangible Assets are reported at acquisition value with deductions for accumulated amortisation and any impairment losses.

Capital work in progress includes cost of assets at sites and construction expenditure.

5) Depreciation :

Depreciation has been provided on Fixed Assets on Straight Line Method as per the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 as amended from time to time.

Amortisation of intangible assets takes place on a Straight Line basis over the assets anticipated useful life. The useful life is determined based on the period of the underline contract and the period of time over which the intangible assets is expected to be used.

Software is amortised over a period of 6 years. Patents are amortised over a period of 20 years on straight line basis as the benefits are generally available to the company for more than 10 years.

6) Impairment of Assets:

The carrying value of assets of the Company's cash generating units are reviewed for impairment annually or more often if there is an indication of decline in value. If any indication of such impairment exists, the recoverable amounts of those assets are estimated and impairment loss is recognised, if the carrying amount of those assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the estimated future cash flows to their present value based on appropriate discount factor. Net Selling price is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated cost of completion and to make the sales.

7) Investments :

Investments are classified as Long Term & Current Investments. Long Term Investments are valued at cost less provision for diminution other than temporary, in value, if any. Current Investments are valued at cost or fair value whichever is lower.

8) Inventories :

Inventories of Raw Materials and Stores are valued at cost or net realisable value whichever is lower after considering the credit of VAT and Cenvat. Stock in transit and Stock lying at third party premises are valued at cost.

Inventories of Work in Process are valued at lower of cost or net realisable value.

Inventories of Finished Goods are valued at cost or net realisable value whichever is lower. Cost of Finished Goods and Work-in- Process are determined using the absorption costing principles. Costs include the cost of materials consumed, labour and a systematic allocation of variable and fixed production overheads, Excise duties at the applicable rates are also included in the cost of Finished Goods.

Cost of raw materials, stores and spares are determined on weighted average basis.

9) Employee Benefit :

(a) Short Term

Short Term employee benefits are recognised as an expense at the undiscounted amount expected to be paid over the period of services rendered by the employees to the company.

(b) Long Term

The Company has both defined contribution and defined benefit plans, of which some have assets in approved funds. These plans are financed by the Company in the case of defined contribution plans.

(c) Defined Contribution Plans

These are plans in which the Company pays pre-defined amounts to separate funds and does not have any legal or informal obligation to pay additional sums. These comprise of contributions to Employees Provident Fund. The Company's payments to the defined contribution plans are reported as expenses during the period in which the employee perform the services that the payment covers.

(d) Defined Benefit Plans

Expenses for defined benefit gratuity payment plans are calculated as at the balance sheet date by independent actuaries in the manner that distributes expenses over the employees working life. These commitments are valued at the present value of the expected future payments, with consideration for calculated future salary increases, using a discounted rate corresponding to the interest rate estimated by the actuary having regard to the interest rate on Government Bonds with a remaining term i.e. almost equivalent to the average balance working period of employees.

(e) Other Employee Benefit

Compensated absences which accrue to employees which can be carried to future periods but are expected to be encashed or availed in twelve months immediately following the year end are reported as expenses during the year in which the employees perform the services that the benefit covers and the liabilities are reported at the undiscounted amount of the benefits after deducting amounts already paid.

10) Central Excise Duty :

Excise duty is accounted on the basis of payments made in respect of goods cleared.

11) Foreign Currency Transactions :

Transactions in foreign currencies are translated to the reporting currency based on the exchange rate on the date of the transaction. Exchange differences arising on settlement thereof during the year are recognised as income or expenses in the Profit and Loss Account.

Cash and bank balances, receivables and liabilities (monetary items) in foreign currencies as at the year end are translated at closing-date rates, and unrealised translation differences are included in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Investments in foreign currency (non-monetary items) are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

The Company enters into derivative contracts strictly for hedging purposes and not for trading or speculation. Derivative transactions are being considered as off balance sheet date transactions and accordingly the gains/ losses arising there from are recognised under respective heads of accounts as and when the settlement takes place with the terms of the respective contracts.

12) Borrowing Cost :

Borrowing costs are recognised in the period to which they relate, regardless of how the funds have been utilised, except where it relates to the financing of construction or development of assets requiring a substantial period of time to prepare for their intended future use. Interest on borrowings if any is capitalised upto the date when the asset is ready for its intended use. The amount of interest capitalised for the period is determined by applying the interest rate applicable to appropriate borrowings.

13) Earning per Share :

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit after tax for the year attributable to Equity Shareholders of the Company by the weighted average number of Equity Shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earning per Share is calculated by dividing net profit attributable to equity Shareholders (after adjustment for diluted earnings) by average number of weighted equity shares outstanding during the year.

14) Provisions and Contingencies :

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding long term benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes to the Financial Statements. A contingent asset is neither recognised nor disclosed.

15) Product Warranty Expenses :

Product warranty expenses are determined based on Company's historical experience and estimates are accrued in the year of Sale.

16) Taxation on Income :

(a) Provision for Current Tax is made as per the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

(b) Deferred Tax resulting from "timing differences that are temporary in nature" between accounting and taxable profit is accounted for, using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. The deferred tax asset is recognised and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable or virtual certainty, as the case may be, that the asset will be realised in future.

17) Cash Flow Statement :

The Cash Flow Statement is prepared by the "indirect method" set out in Accounting Standard 3 on "Cash Flow Statements" and presents the cash flows by operating, investing and financing activities of the Company.

Cash and Cash equivalents presented in the Cash Flow Statement consist of cash on hand and Short term highly liquid financial instruments which are readily convertible into cash and have original maturities of three months or less from date of purchase.


Mar 31, 2011

1) Basis of Accounting :

The Financial Statements are prepared as per historical cost convention and in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India, the provisions of the Companies Act 1956, and the applicable Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006. All Income and Expenditures having material bearing on the Financial Statements are recognized on accrual basis.

2) Use of Estimates :

The presentation of the Financial Statements in conformity with the Generally Accepted Accounting policies requires, the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of Assets and Liabilities, Revenues and Expenses and disclosure of contingent liabilities. Such estimation and assumptions are based on management's evaluation of relevant facts and circumstances as on date of Financial Statements. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

3) Revenue Recognisation :

Sales are stated net of rebate and trade discount and excludes Central Sales Tax and State Value Added Tax. With regard to sale of products, income is reported when practically all risks and rights connected with the ownership have been transferred to the buyers. This usually occurs upon dispatch, after the price has been determined.

Export Benefits (Pass Book Credit) are accounted / recognized as and when utilized / sold by the Company.

Dividend on Financial Instruments are recognized as and when realized. Interest on deposits is recognized on accrual basis.

4) Fixed Assets :

Tangible Fixed Assets acquired by the Company are reported at acquisition value, with deductions for accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. The acquisition value includes the purchase price (excluding refundable taxes), and expenses directly attributable to assets to bring it to the factory and in the working condition for its intended use. Where the construction or development of any such asset requiring a substantial period of time to set up for its intended use, is funded by borrowings if any, the corresponding borrowing cost are capitalized up to the date when the asset is ready for its intended use.

Intangible Assets are reported at acquisition value with deductions for accumulated amortization and any impairment losses.

Capital work in progress includes cost of assets at sites and construction expenditure.

5) Depreciation :

Depreciation has been provided on Fixed Assets on Straight Line Method as per the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 as amended from time to time.

Amortization of intangible assets takes place on a Straight Line basis over the assets anticipated useful life. The useful life is determined based on the period of the underline contract and the period of time over which the intangible assets is expected to be used.

6) Impairment of Assets :

The carrying value of assets of the Company's cash generating units are reviewed for impairment annually or more often if there is an indication of decline in value. If any indication of such impairment exists, the recoverable amounts of those assets are estimated and impairment loss is recognized, if the carrying amount of those assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the estimated future cash flows to their present value based on appropriate discount factor. Net Selling price is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated cost of completion and to make the sales.

7) Investments :

Investments are classified as Long Term & Current Investments. Long Term Investments are valued at cost less provision for diminution other than temporary, in value, if any. Current Investments are valued at cost or fair value whichever is lower.

8) Inventories :

Inventories of Raw Materials and Stores are valued at cost or net realizable value whichever is lower after considering the credit of VAT and Cenvat and stock in transit and stock lying at third party Premises are valued at cost.

Inventories of Work in Process are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value.

Inventories of Finished Goods are valued at cost or net realizable value whichever is lower. Cost of Finished Goods and Work-in- Progress are determined using the absorption costing principles. Costs include the cost of materials consumed, labour and a systematic allocation of variable and fixed production overheads, Excise duties at the applicable rates are also included in the cost of Finished Goods.

9) Employee Benefit :

(a) Short Term

Short Term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount expected to be paid over the period of services rendered by the employees to the company.

(b) Long Term

The Company has both defined contribution and defined benefit plans, of which some have assets in approved funds. These plans are financed by the Company in the case of defined contribution plans.

(c) Defined Contribution Plans

These are plans in which the Company pays pre-defined amounts to separate funds and does not have any legal or informal obligation to pay additional sums. These comprise of contributions to Employees Provident Fund. The Company's payments to the defined contribution plans are reported as expenses during the period in which the employee perform the services that the payment covers.

(d) Defined Benefit Plans

Expenses for defined benefit gratuity payment plans are calculated as at the balance sheet date by independent actuaries in the manner that distributes expenses over the employees working life. These commitments are valued at the present value of the expected future payments, with consideration for calculated future salary increases, using a discounted rate corresponding to the interest rate estimated by the actuary having regard to the interest rate on Government Bonds with a remaining term i.e. almost equivalent to the average balance working period of employees.

(e) Other Employee Benefit

Compensated absences which accrue to employees which can be carried to future periods but are expected to be encashed or availed in twelve months immediately following the year end are reported as expenses during the year in which the employees perform the services that the benefit covers and the liabilities are reported at the undiscounted amount of the benefits after deducting amounts already paid.

10) Central Excise Duty :

Excise duty is accounted on the basis of payments made in respect of goods cleared.

11) Foreign Currency Transactions :

Transactions in foreign currencies are translated to the reporting currency based on the exchange rate on the date of the transaction. Exchange differences arising on settlement thereof during the year are recognized as income or expenses in the Profit and Loss Account.

Cash and bank balances, receivables and liabilities (monetary items) in foreign currencies as at the year end are translated at closing-date rates, and unrealized translation differences are included in the Profit and Loss Account.

Investments in foreign currency (non-monetary items) are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

The Company enters into derivative contracts strictly for hedging purposes and not for trading or speculation. Derivative transactions are being considered as off balance sheet date transactions and accordingly the gains/ losses arising there from are recognized under respective heads of accounts as and when the settlement takes place with the terms of the respective contracts.

12) Borrowing Cost :

Borrowing costs are recognized in the period to which they relate, regardless of how the funds have been utilized, except where it relates to the financing of construction or development of assets requiring a substantial period of time to prepare for their intended future use. Interest on borrowings if any is capitalized upto the date when the asset is ready for its intended use. The amount of interest capitalized for the period is determined by applying the interest rate applicable to appropriate borrowings.

13) Earning per Share :

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit after tax for the year attributable to Equity Shareholders of the Company by the weighted average number of Equity Shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earning per Share is calculated by dividing net profit attributable to equity Shareholders (after adjustment for diluted earnings) by average number of weighted equity shares outstanding during the year.

14) Provisions and Contingencies :

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding long term benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes to the Financial Statements. A contingent asset is neither recognized nor disclosed.

15) Product Warranty Expenses :

Product warranty expenses are determined based on Company's historical experience and estimates are accrued in the year of Sale.

16) Taxation on Income :

(a) Provision for Current Tax is made as per the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

(b) Deferred Tax resulting from "timing differences that are temporary in nature" between accounting and taxable profit is accounted for, using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. The deferred tax asset is recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable or virtual certainty, as the case may be, that the asset will be realised in future.

17) Cash Flow Statement :

The Cash Flow Statement is prepared by the "indirect method" set out in Accounting Standard 3 on "Cash Flow Statements" and presents the cash flows by operating, investing and financing activities of the Company.

Cash and Cash equivalents presented in the Cash Flow Statement consist of cash on hand and demand deposits with banks.












Mar 31, 2010

1) Basis of Accounting :

The Financial Statements are prepared as per historical cost convention and in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India, the provisions of the Companies Act 1956, and the applicable Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006. All Income and Expenditures having material bearing on the Financial Statements are recognized on accrual basis.

2) Use of Estimates:

The presentation of the Financial Statements in conformity with the Generally Accepted Accounting policies requires, the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of Assets and Liabilities, Revenues and Expenses and disclosure of contingent liabilities. Such estimation and assumptions are based on managements evaluation of relevant facts and circumstances as on date of Financial Statements. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

3) Revenue Recognisation :

Sales are stated net of rebate and trade discount and excludes Central Sales Tax and State Value Added Tax. With regard to sale of products, income is reported when practically all risks and rights connected with the ownership have been transferred to the buyers. This usually occurs upon dispatch, after the price has been determined.

Export Benefits (Pass Book Credit) are accounted / recognized as and when utilized by the Company.

Dividend on Financial Instruments are recognized as and when realized. Interest on deposits is recognized on accrual basis.

4) Fixed Assets :

Tangible Fixed Assets acquired by the Company are reported at acquisition value, with deductions for accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. The acquisition value includes the purchase price (excluding refundable taxes) and expenses directly attributable to assets to bring it to the factory and in the working condition for its intended use. Where the construction or development of any such asset requiring a substantial period of time to set up for its intended use, is funded by borrowings if any, the corresponding borrowing cost are capitalized up to the date when the asset is ready for its intended use.

Intangible Assets are reported at acquisition value with deductions for accumulated amortization and any impairment losses.

Capital work in progress includes cost of assets at sites, construction expenditure and advances made for acquisition of capital assets.

5) Depreciation :

Depreciation has been provided on Fixed Assets on Straight Line Method as per the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 as amended from time to time.

Amortization of intangible assets takes place on a Straight Line basis over the assets anticipated useful life. The useful life is determined based on the period of the underline contract and the period of time over which the intangible assets is expected to be used.

Goodwill is amortized over a period of 5 years.

6) Impairment of Assets: *

The carrying value of assets of the Companys cash generating units are reviewed for impairment annually or more often if there is an indication of decline in value. If any indication of such impairment exists, the recoverable amounts of those assets are estimated and impairment loss is recognized, if the carrying amount of those assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the estimated future cash flows to their present value based on appropriate discount factor. Net Selling price is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated cost of completion and to make the sales.

7) Investments :

Investments are classified as Long Term & Current Investments. Long Term Investments are valued at cost less provision for diminution other than temporary, in value, if any. Current Investments are valued at cost or fair value whichever is lower.

8) Inventories :

Inventories of Raw Materials and Stores are valued at cost or net realizable value whichever is lower after considering the credit of VAT and Cenvat and stock in transit and stock lying at third party premises are valued at cost.

Inventories of Work in Process are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value.

Inventories of Finished Goods are valued at cost or net realizable value whichever is lower. Cost of Finished Goods and Work-in-Progress are determined using the absorption costing principles. Costs include the cost of materials consumed, labour and a systematic allocation of variable and fixed production overheads, Excise duties at the applicable rates are also included in the cost of Finished Goods.

9) Employee Benefit :

Mi Short Tor11

Short Term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount expected to be paid over the period of services rendered by the employees to the Company.


The Company has both defined contribution and defined benefit plans, of which some have assets in approved funds. These plans are financed by the Company in the case of defined contribution plans.

These are plans in which the Company pays pre-defined amounts to separate funds and does not have any legal or informal obligation to pay additional sums. These comprise of contributions to Employees Provident Fund. The Companys payments to the defined contribution plans are reported as expenses during the period in which the employee perform the services that the payment covers.

(d) Defined Ienetit lh.ns

Expenses for defined benefit gratuity payment plans are calculated as at the balance sheet date by independent actuaries in the manner that distributes expenses over the employees working life. These commitments are valued at the present value of the expected future payments, with consideration for calculated future salary increases, using a discounted rate corresponding to the interest rate estimated by the actuary having regard to the interest rate on Government Bonds with a remaining term i.e. almost equivalent to the average balance working period of employees.

(e) Other hmpiovee Benefit

Compensated absences which accrue to employees and which can be carried to future periods but are expected to be encashed or availed in twelve months immediately following the year end are reported as expenses during the year in which the employees perform the services that the benefit covers and the liabilities are reported at the undiscounted amount of the bensfits after deducting amounts already paid.

Excise duty is accounted on the basis of both, payments made in respect of goods cleared as also provision made for goods lying in bonded warehouses.

Ms i -:iic sun v i;r r. m i ta/i-,1. non- Transactions in foreign currencies are translated to the reporting currency based on the exchange rate on the date of the transaction. Exchange differences arising on settlement thereof during the year are recognized as income or expenses in the Profit and Loss Account.

Cash and bank balances, receivables and liabilities (monetary items) in foreign currencies as at the year end are translated at closing-date rates and unrealized translation differences are included in the Profit and Loss Account.

Investments in foreign currency (non-monetary items) are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

The Company enters into derivative contracts strictly for hedging purposes and not for trading or speculation. Derivative transactions are being considered as off balance sheet date transactions and accordingly the gains/ losses arising there from are recognized under respective heads of accounts as and when the settlement takes place with the terms of the respective contracts.

12) Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing costs are recognized in the period to which they relate, regardless of how the funds have been utilized, except where it relates to the financing of construction or development of assets requiring a substantial period of time to prepare for their intended future use. Interest on borrowings if any is capitalized upto the date when the asset is ready for its intended use. The amount of interest capitalized for the period is determined by applying the interest rate applicable to appropriate borrowings.

13) Earning per Share :

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit after tax for the year attributable to Equity Shareholders of the Company by the weighted average number of Equity Shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earning per Share is calculated by dividing net profit attributable to equity Shareholders (after adjustment for diluted earnings) by average number of weighted equity shares outstanding during the year.

14) Provisions and Contingencies :

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding long term benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes to the Financial Statements. A contingent asset is neither recognized nor disclosed.

15) Product Warranty Expenses :

Product warranty expenses are determined based on Companys historical experience and estimates are accrued in the year of Sale.

16) Taxation on Income :

(a) Provision for Current Tax is made as per the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

(b) Deferred Tax resulting from "timing differences that are temporary in nature" between accounting and taxable profit is accounted for, using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. The deferred tax asset is recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable or virtual certainty, as the case may be, that the asset will be realised in future.

17) Cash Flow Statement:

The Cash Flow Statement is prepared by the "indirect method" set out in Accounting Standard 3 on "Cash Flow Statements" and presents the cash flows by operating, investing and financing activities of the Company.

 
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