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Accounting Policies of Aimco Pesticides Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1.1 Basis of accounting

The financial statements are prepared and presented in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (GAAP), and comply in all material respects with the applicable Accounting Standards prescribed under section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 ("the Act") read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and other relevant provisions of the Act. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis. All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company's normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule III to the Act. Based on the nature of products and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current - non-current classification of assets and liabilities.

2.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities as of the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses for the year. Management believes that the estimates used in the preparation of financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Actual results may differ from the estimates. Estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in the current and future periods.

2.3 Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are carried at the cost of acquisition or construction less accumulated depreciation. The cost of fixed assets includes non-refundable taxes, duties, freight and other incidental expenses related to the acquisition, installation and bringing the assets to its working conditions for its intended use. Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of those fixed assets which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use, are capitalised.

2.4 Depreciation and amortisation

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided using the straight-line method at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule II to the Act. Depreciation is calculated on a pro-rata basis from the date of installation till the date the assets are sold or disposed of. Individual assets costing less than Rs. 5,000/ - are depreciated in full in the year of acquisition.

Leasehold land is amortized over the period of lease.

2.5 Impairment of Fixed Assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset.

If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of amortized historical cost.

2.6 Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as Non-current investments. Non-current investments are carried at cost less any other-than-temporary diminution in value, determined separately for each individual investment. The reduction in the carrying amount is reversed when there is a rise in the value of the investment or if the reasons for the reduction no longer exist.

Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and fair value. The comparison of cost and fair value is done separately in respect of each category of investment.

2.7 Inventories

Items of Inventory are valued on the principle laid down by Accounting Standard 2 on "Valuation of Inventories" on the basis given below:

i) Raw materials, Packing Materials, Stores and Spares

At lower of cost (determined on

FIFO basis)

or net realisable value;

ii) Finished Goods and Work in progress

: At cost plus all manufacturing overheads OR Net realisable value, whichever is less. Cost includes direct materials, labour, a proportion of manufacturing overheads, based on normal operating capacity.

iii) Excise Duty is included in valuation of Finished Goods.

iv) Materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost.

2.8 Employee benefits

Defined contribution plan

A defined contribution plan is a post-employment benefit plan under which an entity pays fixed contributions into a separate entity and will have no legal or constructive obligation to pay further amounts. Obligations for contributions to recognized provident funds and approved superannuation schemes which are defined contribution plans are recognized as an employee benefit expense in the statement of profit and loss as and when the services are received from the employees.

Defined benefit plans

A defined benefit plan is a post-employment benefit plan other than a defined contribution plan. The Company's net obligation in respect of gratuity plan, which is a defined benefit plan, and certain other defined benefit plans is calculated separately for each plan by estimating the amount of future benefit that employees have earned in return for their service in the current and prior periods; that benefit is discounted to determine its present value. Any unrecognized past service costs and the fair value of any plan assets are deducted. The discount rate is the yield at the reporting date on risk free government bonds that have maturity dates approximating the terms of the Company's obligations and that are denominated in the same currency in which the benefits are expected to be paid. The calculation is performed annually by a qualified actuary using the projected unit credit method.

Retirement and other employee benefits:

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits. Benefits such as salaries, wages, and paid annual leave, bonus, leave travel assistance, medical allowance, contribution to provident fund and superannuation etc. are recognized as actual amounts due in the period in which the employee renders the related services.

(i) Retirement benefits in the form of Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the statement of profit and loss for the year when the contribution to the fund accrues. There are no obligations other than the contribution payable to the recognized Provident Fund.

(ii) Gratuity liability is a defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation on projected unit credit method made at the end of each financial year.

(iii) Other Long - term employee benefit viz. leave encashment is recognised as an expenses in the Statement of Profit and Loss as and when it accrues. The Company determines the liability using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuation carried out as at the balance sheet date. The Actuarial gains and losses in respect of such benefit are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

2.9 Foreign currency transactions and balances

Foreign currency transactions are recorded using the exchange rates prevailing on the dates of the respective transactions. Exchange differences arising on foreign currency transactions settled during the year are recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies as at the balance sheet date are translated using the foreign exchange rates as at the balance sheet date. The resultant exchange differences are recognised in the statement of profit and loss. Non-monetary assets and liabilities are not translated.

2.10 Forward Exchange Contracts

The premium or discount on such contracts is amortized as income or expense over the life of the contract. The exchange difference measured by the change in exchange rate between the inception date of the contract and the balance sheet date is recognised in the statement of profit and loss. Any gain / loss on cancellation / maturity of such contract is recognised as income / expense of the period.

2.11Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

i) Sale of goods:

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised when significant risks and rewards in respect of ownership of goods are transferred. Revenue from sales of goods is recognized upon its delivery to stockiest / customers by clearing and forwarding agents of the Company. Revenue from export sales is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of products are transferred to the customers, which is based upon the terms of the applicable contract.

Revenue from product sales is stated exclusive of returns, sales tax, value added tax and trade discounts but includes excise duty.

ii) Export incentives:

Benefit on account of entitlement to import goods free of duty under the 'Duty Entitlement Pass Book under Duty Exemption Scheme' is accounted in the year of exports. Incentive in the form of duty drawback is accounted for when the right to receive the same is established and when there is no significant uncertainty regarding the ultimate collection of export proceeds.

Export benefit in the form of duty saved on cost of material purchased is recognised as reduction from material consumption when the advance licence is used for the import of material and there is no significant uncertainty regarding the fulfillment of export obligation attached to it. The amount of duty saved is treated as contingent liability and disclosed as such till the export obligation is met.

iii) Interest income:

Income from interest on deposits, loans and interest bearing securities is recognised on the time proportionate method.

iv) Lease rental income:

Income from operating lease is recognised as rental as per the lease agreement over the period of lease.

2.12 Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are capitalized for the period until the asset is ready for its intended use. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are recognised as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

2.13 Research and Development Costs

Research and Development Costs in the nature of revenue expenses are charged as an expense in the year in which they are incurred and are reflected under the appropriate heads of account.

Research and Development Costs being Capital Expenditure is reflected under the appropriate heads of fixed asset.

2.14 Leases

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor are recognised as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis.

2.15 Provisions and contingencies Provisions:

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; when it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

Contingent Liability:

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably.

The Company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

Contingent liabilities disclosed for:-

(i) possible obligations which will be confirmed only by future events not wholly within the control of the Company, or

(ii) Present obligations arising from past events where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or a reliable estimate of the amount of obligation cannot be made.

Contingent assets are not recognized in the financial statements, since this may result in recognition of income that may never be realized.

2.16 Taxes on income

Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax charge or credit.

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable to the taxation authorities in respect of taxable income for the period.

Deferred tax charge or credit reflects the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period. The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantially enacted by the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset, if a legally enforceable right exists to set off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities relate to the taxes on income levied by same governing taxation laws.

Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a virtual certainty of realisation of such assets.

All deferred tax asset are reviewed at each balance sheet date and is written-down or written-up to reflect the amount that is reasonably / virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realised.

The Company recognises credit for Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) only when and to the extent there is a convincing evidence that the same would be set off during the specified period. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income Tax during the specified period.

2.17 Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

2.18 Cash flow statement

Cash flows statement is prepared using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

2.19 Cash and Cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents consist of cash and cash on deposit with banks. The Company considers all liquid financial instruments, which are readily convertible into cash and have original maturities of three months or less from the date of purchase, to be cash equivalents.


Mar 31, 2014

1.1 Basis of accounting

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared and presented in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India and comply in all material respects with the applicable Accounting Standards notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of products and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current - non-current classification of assets and liabilities.

2.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities as of the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses for the year. Management believes that the estimates used in the preparation of financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Actual results may differ from the estimates. Estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in the current and future periods.

2.3 Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are carried at the cost of acquisition or construction less accumulated depreciation. The cost of fixed assets includes non-refundable taxes, duties, freight and other incidental expenses related to the acquisition and installation of the respective assets. Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of those fixed assets which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use are capitalised.

2.4 Depreciation and amortisation

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided using the straight-line method at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation is calculated on a pro-rata basis from the date of installation till the date the assets are sold or disposed of. Individual assets costing less than Rs. 5,000/- are depreciated in full in the year of acquisition.

Leasehold land is amortized over the period of lease.

2.5 Impairment of Fixed Assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may

be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of amortized historical cost.

2.6 Inventories

Items of Inventory are valued on the principle laid down by Accounting Standard 2 on "Valuation of Inventories" on the basis given below:

i) Raw materials, Packing Materials, Stores and Spares :

At lower of cost (determined on FIFO basis) or net realisable value;

ii) Finished Goods and Work in progress :

At cost plus all manufacturing overheads OR Net realisable value, whichever is less. Cost includes direct materials, labour, a proportion of manufacturing overheads, based on normal operating capacity and excise duty.

iii) Excise Duty is included in valuation of Finished Goods.

iv) Materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost.

2.7 Employee benefits Defined contribution plan

A defined contribution plan is a post-employment benefit plan under which an entity pays fixed contributions into a separate entity and will have no legal or constructive obligation to pay further amounts. Obligations for contributions to recognized provident funds and approved superannuation schemes which are defined contribution plans are recognized as an employee benefit expense in the statement of profit and loss as and when the services are received from the employees.

Defined benefit plans

A defined benefit plan is a post-employment benefit plan other than a defined contribution plan. The Company''s net obligation in respect of gratuity plan, which is a defined benefit plan, and certain other defined benefit plans is calculated separately for each plan by estimating the amount of future benefit that employees have earned in return for their service in the current and prior periods; that benefit is discounted to determine its present value. Any unrecognized past service costs and the fair value of any plan assets are deducted. The discount rate is the yield at the reporting date on risk free government bonds that have maturity dates approximating the terms of the Company''s obligations and that are denominated in the same currency in which the benefits are expected to be paid. The calculation is performed annually by a qualified actuary using the projected unit credit method.

Retirement and other employee benefits:

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits. Benefits such as salaries, wages, and paid annual leave, bonus, leave

travel assistance, medical allowance, contribution to provident fund and superannuation etc. are recognized as actual amounts due in the period in which the employee renders the related services.

(i) Retirement benefits in the form of Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the statement of profit and loss for the year when the contribution to the fund accrues. There are no obligations other than the contribution payable to the recognized Provident Fund.

(ii) Gratuity liability is a defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation on projected unit credit method made at the end of each financial year.

(iii) Other Long - term employee benefit viz. leave encashment is recognised as an expenses in the Statement of Profit and Loss as and when it accrues. The Company determines the liability using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuation carried out as at the balance sheet date. The Actuarial gains and losses in respect of such benefit are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

2.8 Foreign currency transactions and balances

Foreign currency transactions are recorded using the exchange rates prevailing on the dates of the respective transactions. Exchange differences arising on foreign currency transactions settled during the year are recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies as at the balance sheet date are translated using the foreign exchange rates as at the balance sheet date. The resultant exchange differences are recognised in the statement of profit and loss. Non-monetary assets and liabilities are not translated.

2.9 Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

i) Sale of goods:

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised when significant risks and rewards in respect of ownership of goods are transferred. Revenue from sales of goods is recognized upon its delivery to stockiest / customers by clearing and forwarding agents of the Company. Revenue from export sales is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of products are transferred to the customers, which is based upon the terms of the applicable contract.

Revenue from product sales is stated exclusive of returns, sales tax, value added tax and trade discounts but includes excise duty.

ii) Export incentives:

Benefit on account of entitlement to import goods free of duty under the ''Duty Entitlement Pass Book under Duty Exemption Scheme'' is accounted in the year of exports. Incentive in the form of duty drawback is accounted for when the right to receive the same is established and when there is no significant uncertainty regarding the ultimate collection of export proceeds.

Export benefit in the form of duty saved on cost of material purchased is recognised as reduction from material consumption when the advance licence is used for the import of material and there is no significant uncertainty regarding the fulfillment of export obligation attached to it. The amount of duty saved is treated as contingent liability and disclosed as such till the export obligation is met.

iii) Interest income:

Income from interest on deposits, loans and interest bearing securities is recognised on the time proportionate method.

iv) Lease rental income:

Income from operating lease is recognised as rental as per the lease agreement over the period of lease.

2.10 Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are capitalized for the period until the asset is ready for its intended use. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are recognised as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

2.11 Research and Development Costs

Research and Development Costs in the nature of revenue expenses are charged as an expense in the year in which they are incurred and are reflected under the appropriate heads of account.

Research and Development Costs being Capital Expenditure is reflected under the appropriate heads of fixed asset.

2.12 Leases

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor are recognised as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis.

2.13 Provisions and contingencies Provisions:

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; when it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates..

Contingent Liability:

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The Company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

Contingent liabilities disclosed for:-

(i) possible obligations which will be confirmed only by future events not wholly within the control of the Company, or

(ii) Present obligations arising from past events where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or a reliable estimate of the amount of obligation cannot be made.

Contingent assets are not recognized in the financial statements, since this may result in recognition of income that may never be realized.

2.14 Taxes on income

Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax charge or credit.

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable to the taxation authorities in respect of taxable income for the period.

Deferred tax charge or credit reflects the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period. The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantially enacted by the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset, if a legally enforceable right exists to set off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities relate to the taxes on income levied by same governing taxation laws.

Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a virtual certainty of realisation of such assets.

All deferred tax asset are reviewed at each balance sheet date and is written-down or written-up to reflect the amount that is reasonably / virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realised.

The Company recognises credit for Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) only when and to the extent there is a convincing evidence that the same would be set off during the specified period. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income Tax during the specified period.

2.15 Forward Exchange Contracts :

The Company uses foreign exchange forward contracts and foreign currency options contracts to mitigate its risk of changes in foreign currency exchange rates and does not use them for trading or speculative purposes.

The premium or discount on such contracts is amortized as income or expense over the life of the contract. The exchange difference measured by the change in exchange rate between the inception date of the contract and the balance sheet date is recognised in the statement of profit and loss. Any gain / loss on cancellation / maturity of such contract is recognised as income / expense of the period.

2.16 Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

2.17 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The Company considers all highly liquid financial instruments, which are readily convertible into cash and have original maturities of three months or less from the date of purchase, to be cash equivalents. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

2.18 Cash and Cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents consist of cash and cash on deposit with banks. The Company considers all liquid financial instruments, which are readily convertible into cash and have original maturities of three months or less from the date of purchase, to be cash equivalents.

Notes :

Terms/rights attached to equity shares

(i) The Company has only one class of share referred to as equity shares having a par value of Rs. 10. Each holder of equity share is entitled to one vote per share.

(ii) The Company declares and pays dividends in Indian rupees. The dividend proposed by the Board of directors is subject to the approval of the shareholders in the Annual General Meeting.

(iii) In the event of liquidation of the Company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the Company, after distribution of all preferential amount. The distribution will be proportionate to the number of equity shares held by the share holders.

(iv) There is no change in issued and paid up share capital during the year.

(v) Details of shareholder holding more than 5% shares:

(i) Vehicle loan is secured by hypothecation of specified vehicle.The loan is repayable in 35 monthly installments starting from 01/03/14 and last installment falling due on 01/01/17.

(ii) Other loan is secured by first pari passu charge and second charge on the fixed assets of the Company and first charge on Hyderabad property.

(iii) Fixed Deposits from public and shareholders carry interest @ 11% p.a. and are repayable after 2 and 3 years from the date of deposit.

Loan from a company is secured by a first mortgage on all the Company''s immoveable properties both present and future, located at Lote Parshuram and first charge by way of hypothecation of all the Company''s movables (save and except book debts) including moveable machinery, machinery spares, tools and accessories, both present and future.

Note:

The Company has not received any information from it''s vendors regarding their status under Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Act, 2006 and hence disclosure, if any, required under the said Act has not been made.

The security deposit paid includes sum of Rs. 70,02,068 (Previous year Rs. 70,02,068) paid by way of a Rent deposit to a firm wherein some of the directors are also partners.

Note 2 Other non-current assets

Note: The balance in Margin money account with a bank is subject to confirmation and consequent reconciliation, if any.


Mar 31, 2013

1.1 Basis of accounting

"The financial statements of the Company have been prepared and presented in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India and comply in all material respects with the applicable Accounting Standards notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis, All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of products and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current – non-current classification of assets and liabilities.

1.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities as of the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses for the year. Management believes that the estimates used in the preparation of financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Actual results may differ from the estimates. Estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in the current and future periods.

1.3 Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are carried at the cost of acquisition or construction less accumulated depreciation. The cost of fixed assets includes non-refundable taxes, duties, freight and other incidental expenses related to the acquisition and installation of the respective assets. Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of those fixed assets which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use are capitalised.

1.4 Depreciation and amortisation

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided using the straight-line method at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation is calculated on a pro-rata basis from the date of installation till the date the assets are sold or disposed. Individual assets costing less than Rs. 5,000/- are depreciated in full in the year of acquisition Leasehold land is amortized over the period of lease.

1.5 Impairment of Fixed Assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of amortized historical cost.

1.6 Inventories

Items of Inventory are valued on the principle laid down by Accounting Standard 2 on "Valuation of Inventories" on the basis given below:

i) Raw materials, Packing Materials, Stores and Spares : At lower of cost (determined on FIFO basis) or net realisable value;

ii) Finished Goods and Work in progress

At cost plus all manufacturing overheads OR Net realisable value, whichever is less. Cost includes direct materials, labour, a proportion of manufacturing overheads, based on normal operating capacity and excise duty.

iii) Excise Duty is included in valuation of Finished Goods.

iv) Materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost.

1.7 Employee benefits

Defined contribution plan

A defined contribution plan is a post-employment benefit plan under which an entity pays fixed contributions into a separate entity and will have no legal or constructive obligation to pay further amounts. Obligations for contributions to recognized provident funds and approved superannuation schemes which are defined contribution plans are recognized as an employee benefit expense in the statement of profit and loss as and when the services are received from the employees.

Defined benefit plans

A defined benefit plan is a post-employment benefit plan other than a defined contribution plan. The Company''s net obligation in respect of gratuity plan, which is a defined benefit plan, and certain other defined benefit plans is calculated separately for each plan by estimating the amount of future benefit that employees have earned in return for their service in the current and prior periods; that benefit is discounted to determine its present value. Any unrecognized past service costs and the fair value of any plan assets are deducted. The discount rate is the yield at the reporting date on risk free government bonds that have maturity dates approximating the terms of the Company''s obligations and that are denominated in the same currency in which the benefits are expected to be paid. The calculation is performed annually by a qualified actuary using the projected unit credit method.

Retirement and other employee benefits:

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits. Benefits such as salaries, wages, and performance incentive paid annual leave, bonus, leave travel assistance, medical allowance, contribution to provident fund and superannuation etc. recognized as actual amounts due in period in which the employee renders the related services.

(i) Retirement benefits in the form of Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the statement of profit and loss for the year when the contribution to the fund accrues. There are no obligations other than the contribution payable to the recognized Provident Fund.

(ii) Retirement benefits in the form of Superannuation Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contribution is charged to the statement of profit and loss for the year when the contribution accrues. There are no obligations other than the contribution payable to the Superannuation Fund Trust. The scheme is funded with Insurance Company in the form of a qualifying insurance policy.

(iii) Gratuity liability is a defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation on projected unit credit method made at the end of each financial year.

Other Long – term employee benefit viz. leave encashment is recognised as an expenses in the Statement of Profit and Loss as and when it accrues. The Company determines the liability using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuation carried out as at the balance sheet date. The Actuarial gains and losses in respect of such benefit are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.8 Foreign currency transactions and balances

Foreign currency transactions are recorded using the exchange rates prevailing on the dates of the respective transactions. Exchange differences arising on foreign currency transactions settled during the year are recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies as at the balance sheet date are translated using the foreign exchange rates as at the balance sheet date. The resultant exchange differences are recognised in the statement of profit and loss. Non-monetary assets and liabilities are not translated.

1.9 Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

i) Sale of goods:

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised when significant risks and rewards in respect of ownership of goods are transferred. Revenue from sales of goods is recognized upon its delivery to stockiest / customers by clearing and forwarding agents of the Company. Revenue from export sales is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of products are transferred to the customers, which is based upon the terms of the applicable contract.

Revenue from product sales is stated exclusive of returns, sales tax, value added tax and trade discounts but includes excise duty.

ii) Export incentives:

Benefit on account of entitlement to import goods free of duty under the ''Duty Entitlement Pass Book under Duty Exemption Scheme'' is accounted in the year of exports. Incentive in the form of duty drawback is accounted for when the right to receive the same is established and when there is no significant uncertainty regarding the ultimate collection of export proceeds.

iii) Interest income:

Income from interest on deposits, loans and interest bearing securities is recognised on the time proportionate method.

iv) Lease rental income:

Income from operating lease is recognised as rental as per the lease agreement over the period of lease.

1.10 Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are capitalized for the period until the asset is ready for its intended use. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are recognised as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

1.11 Research and Development Costs

Research and Development Costs in the nature of revenue expenses are charged as an expense in the year in which they are incurred and are reflected under the appropriate heads of account.

Research and Development Costs being Capital Expenditure is reflected under the appropriate heads of fixed asset.

1.12 Leases

The lease arrangement is classified as either a finance lease or an operating lease, at the inception of the lease, based on the substance of the lease arrangement.

Finance leases:

A finance lease is recognized as an asset and a liability at the commencement of the lease, at the lower of the fair value of the asset and the present value of the minimum lease payments. Initial direct costs, if any, are also capitalized and, subsequent to initial recognition, the asset is accounted for in accordance with the accounting policy applicable to that asset. Minimum lease payments made under finance leases are apportioned between the finance expense and the reduction of the outstanding liability. The finance expense is allocated to each period during the lease term so as to produce a constant periodic rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability.

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor are recognised as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis.

1.13 Provisions and contingencies

Provisions:

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; when it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

Contingent Liability:

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The Company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

Contingent liabilities disclosed for:-

(i) possible obligations which will be confirmed only by future events not wholly within the control of the Company, or

(ii) Present obligations arising from past events where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or a reliable estimate of the amount of obligation cannot be made.

Contingent assets are not recognized in the financial statements, since this may result in recognition of income that may never be realized.

1.14 Taxes on income

Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax charge or credit.

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable to the taxation authorities in respect of taxable income for the period.

Deferred tax charge or credit reflects the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period. The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantially enacted by the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset, if a legally enforceable right exists to set off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities relate to the taxes on income levied by same governing taxation laws.

Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a virtual certainty of realisation of such assets.

All deferred tax asset are reviewed at each balance sheet date and is written-down or written-up to reflect the amount that is reasonably / virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realised.

The Company recognises credit for Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) only when and to the extent there is a convincing evidence that the same would be set off during the specified period. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income Tax during the specified period.

1.15 "Forward Exchange Contracts :"

The Company uses foreign exchange forward contracts and option contracts (derivatives) to mitigate its risk of changes in foreign currency exchange rates and does not use them for trading or speculative purposes.

The premium or discount on foreign exchange forward contracts is amortized as income or expense over the life of the contract. The exchange difference is calculated and recorded in accordance with AS-11. The exchange difference on such a forward exchange contract is calculated as the difference of the foreign currency amount of the contract translated at the exchange rate at the reporting date, or the settlement date where the transaction is settled during the reporting period and the corresponding foreign currency amount translated at the later of the date of inception of the forward exchange contract and the last reporting date. Such exchange differences are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the reporting period in which the exchange rates change. The changes in the fair value of foreign currency option contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss as they arise.

1.16 Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

1.17 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The Company considers all highly liquid financial instruments, which are readily convertible into cash and have original maturities of three months or less from the date of purchase, to be cash equivalents. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

1.18 Cash and Cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents consist of cash and cash on deposit with banks. The Company considers all liquid financial instruments, which are readily convertible into cash and have original maturities of three months or less from the date of purchase, to be cash equivalents.


Mar 31, 2010

A. The Company maintains accounts on historical cost basis.

b. The Company follows the accrual method of accounting and all claims, receivables and liabilities are provided on that basis. The accrued incomes where they are of doubtful nature or uncertain of realization are not accounted.

c. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the period. Management believes that the estimates used in the preparation of financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Actual results may differ from the estimates.

d. Fixed assets are recorded at cost of acquisition including incidental & installation expenses.

e. Depreciation is provided on the Straight Line Method at rates provided by Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Leasehold land is amortized over the period of lease.

f. All expenditure during the acquisition period of fixed assets, are accumulated and shown under the head Capital Work In Progress until the fixed asset is put to commercial use.

g. Inventories are valued as under:

i) Raw materials, Packing Materials, Stores and Spares : At lower of cost or net realisable value (Cost arrived at on FIFO basis)

ii) Finished Goods and Work in progress At cost plus all manufacturing overheads OR net realisable value which ever is less

iii) Excise Duty is included in valuation of Finished Goods.

h. Employees Benefits

i) Short - term employee benefits

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short-term employee benefits. Benefits such as salaries, wages, performance incentives etc. are recognised at actual amounts due in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

ii) Post - employment benefits

- Defined Contribution Plans :- Payments made to defined contribution plans such as Provident Fund are charged as an expense as they fall due.

- Defined Benefit Plans:- The cost of providing benefit i.e. gratuity is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuation carried out as at the balance sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the Profit and Loss Account.

iii) Other Long - Term employee benefits

Other Long - Term employee benefit viz. leave encashment is recognised as an expenses in the profit and loss account as and when it accrues The company determines the liability using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuation carried out as at the balance sheet date. The Actuarial gains and losses in respect of such benefit are charged to the profit and loss account.

i. Research and Development Costs in the nature of revenue expenses are charged as an expense in the year in which they are incurred and are reflected under the appropriate heads of account. Research and Development Costs being Capital Expenditure is reflected under the appropriate head of fixed asset.

j. Monetary Current assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency outstanding at the end of the year are valued at the rates prevalent on that date.

k. Duty free imports of raw materials under Advance License Scheme and benefit under Duty Entitlement Pass Book as per the Import and Export policy are matched with the exports made and the benefit/ obligation is accounted as "Incentives on Exports"

I. Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable to the taxation authorities in respect of taxable income for the period. Deferred tax is recognized, subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing difference being differences between taxable and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets are not recognized on unabsorbed depreciation and carried forward of losses unless there is a virtual certainty that sufficient taxable profit will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

m. The company reports basic and diluted earnings per share (EPS) in accordance with Accounting Standard - 20. The Basic EPS has been computed by dividing the income available to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the accounting year. The diluted EPS have been computed using the weighted average number of equity shares and dilutive potential equity shares outstanding at the end of the year.

n. The Company reviews the carrying values of tangible and intangible assets for any possible impairment at each balance sheet date. Impairment loss, if any, is recognized in the year in which impairment takes place.

o. Provisions are recognized in the accounts in respect of present probable obligations, the amount of which can be reliably estimated. Contingent Liabilities are disclosed in respect of possible obligations that arise from past events but their existence is confirmed by the occurrence or non occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company.

 
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