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Accounting Policies of Alembic Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2017

1 Company Overview and Significant Accounting Policies:

1.1 Description of Business

The company is a public limited company domiciled in India and is incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act applicable in India. Its shares are listed on two recognized stock exchanges in India. The registered office of the company is located at Alembic Road, Vadodara 390003, Gujarat. The company is dealing in API Business and Real Estate Business.

1.2 Basis of Preparation of Financial Statement

The Financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) as prescribed under Section I33 of the Act to be read with Rule 3 of the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 20I5 and Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules, 20I6.

For all periods up to and including the year ended 3Ist March, 20I6 the Company prepared its financial statements in accordance with Indian IGAAP Including accounting standard specified under section I33 of the Companies Act, 20I3 read with rule 7 of Companies (Accounts) Rules, 20I5. The financial statements of the year ended 3Ist March, 20I7 are the first Financial Statements of the Company prepared in accordance with Ind As based on the permissible options and exemptions available to the Company in terms of Ind AS I0I "First time adoption of Indian Accounting Standards" in Note No I.I.4(III) Reconciliations and descriptions of the effect of the transition have been summarized in Note No I.I.4(III). Accounting Policies have been consistently applied except where a newly issued accounting standard is initially adopted or a revision to an existing accounting policy hitherto in use.

1.3 Composition of Financial Statements

The financial statements are drawn up in INR, the functional currency of the company, and in accordance with IND AS presentation. The financial statements comprise:

- Balance Sheet

- Statement of Profit and Loss

- Statement of Cash Flow

- Statement of Changes in Equity

- Notes to Financial Statements

1.4 Significant Accounting Policies and other explanatory notes

1 Significant Accounting Policies

a) Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the company and the revenue can be reliably measured, regardless of when the payment is being made. Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable, taking into account contractually defined terms of payment and excluding taxes or duties collected on behalf of the government.

Sales are disclosed inclusive of excise duty, but net of sales return, service tax, value added tax and CST Revenue from the sale of goods is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer, usually on delivery of the goods. Revenue from the sale of goods is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable, net of returns and allowances, trade discounts and volume rebates. Income from operations includes revenue earned on account of job work income and rent income which is accounted as per the terms agreed with the customers, Export benefits available under prevalent schemes are accounted to the extent considered receivable.

Revenue from Real Estate Projects is recognized based on sold areas as per the percentage completion method. The stage of completion is determined as per the proportion of the cost of construction and development actually incurred till reporting date and the total estimated cost of construction and development of the project. The total estimated cost of the project are estimated based on the technical and other estimates of saleable areas, costs, etc. The estimates costs are revised periodically by the management. The effect of such changes to estimates is recognized in the period such changes are determined.

b) Foreign Currency Transaction

Transactions in foreign currencies are initially recorded by the Company at the rate of exchange prevailing on the date of the transaction.

Monetary assets and monetary liabilities denominated in foreign currencies remaining unsettled at the end of the year are converted at the exchange rate prevailing on the reporting date.

Differences arising on settlement or conversion of monetary items are recognized in statement of profit or loss.

Foreign exchange differences regarded as an adjustment to borrowing costs are presented in the statement of profit and loss, within finance costs. All other foreign exchange gains and losses are presented in the statement of profit and loss on a net basis within other gains/(losses).

c) Employee Benefits

i) Defined Benefit Obligation Plans:

- Gratuity

The Company operates a defined benefit gratuity plan which requires contributions to be made to a separately administered fund by the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) and HDFC Standard Life Insurance.

The cost of providing benefits under the defined benefit plan is determined using the projected unit credit method The service cost and the net interest cost are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss. Actuarial gains and losses arise due to re-measurement as result of the actual experience and the assumed parameters and changes in the assumptions used for valuation are recognized in the Other Comprehensive Income (OCI).

- Provident Fund

The Company''s contribution to provident fund, administered through a Company managed trust, is recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

- Leave Liability

The Company has a policy to allow accumulation of leave by employees up to certain days. The excess leave will either be encashed or funded by the Company to LIC for and on behalf of employees. Accordingly, the excess leave liability is discharged by the Company upon such funding to LIC. Remaining accumulated leave liability (other than sick leave) as at the year end is provided as per actuarial valuation.

The cost of providing benefits under the defined benefit plan is determined using the projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains and losses arise due to difference in the actual experience and the assumed parameters and also due to changes in the assumptions used for valuation. The Company recognizes these actuarial gains and losses in the statement of Profit and Loss, as income or expense.

- Sick Leave

Accumulated sick leave is provided for at actual in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

ii) Defined Contribution Plan

Superannuation fund is administered by the HDFC Standard Life Insurance Company Ltd. The contribution to Superannuation fund, Contribution to pension fund, ESIC and Labour Welfare Fund are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss.

d) Property, Plant and Equipment

Property, plant and equipment are recorded at cost of acquisition / construction less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises of the purchase price net of creditable Cenvat, Service Tax and Value Added Tax, if any, and any attributable cost of bringing the assets to its working condition for its intended use.

Components of an asset are separated where their value is significant in relation to the total value of the asset and where those components have different useful lives to the remainder of the asset.

Where a component is replaced or restored, the carrying amount of the old component will be derecognized and value of new component / restoration cost will be added. Where the carrying value of the derecognized/replaced component is not known a best estimate will be determined by reference to the current cost.

Assets with a gross cost of Rs. 50 lacs and above will be considered for componentization. Of those assets, for the purpose of determining a ''significant'' component of an asset, components with a value of 20% and more in relation to the overall value of the asset will be considered and then only if the component has a significant different useful life for depreciation purposes so as to result in depreciation charges that differ materially from the depreciation charges had the asset not been compensated.

e) Investment Properties

Property that is held for long-term rental yields or for capital appreciation or both is classified as investment property. Investment property is measured initially at its cost, including related transaction costs and where applicable borrowing costs. Subsequent expenditure is capitalized to the asset''s carrying amount only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the expenditure will flow to the company and the cost of the item can be measured reliably. All other repairs and maintenance costs are expensed when incurred. When part of an investment property is replaced, the carrying amount of the replaced part is derecognized. Investment properties are depreciated using the straight-line method over their estimated useful lives. Though the company measures investment property using cost based measurement, the fair value of investment property is disclosed in the notes. Fair values are determined based on an annual evaluation performed by external independent value applying reasonable valuation standard.

f) Depreciation / Amortization on Property, Plant & Equipment and Investment Properties

Depreciation on property, plant & equipment and investment properties is provided on Straight Line Basis as per the useful life prescribed in schedule II of the Companies Act 20I3. Depreciation on these assets have been provided on the net restated book value prospectively over the remaining useful life as per Schedule II of Companies Act. 20I3.

Property, Plant & Equipment of real estate division of company is depreciated considering its useful life of three years.

g) Capital Work-in-Progress

Projects under construction wherein assets are not ready for use in the manner as intended by the management are shown as Capital Work-In-Progress.

h) Leases

i) As a lessee

Leases in which a significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership are not transferred to the company as lessee are classified as operating leases. Payments made under operating leases are charge to profit / loss accounts as are structured to increase in line with expected general inflation to compensate for the lessor''s expected inflationary cost increases.

ii) As a lessor

Lease income from operating leases where the company is a lessor is recognized in income on transaction value as the lease receipts are structured to increase in line with expected general Inflation to compensate for the expected inflationary cost increases. The respective leased assets are included in the balance sheet as investment property

i) Fair value Measurement

A fair value measurement of a non-financial asset takes into account a market participant''s ability to generate economic benefits by using the asset in its highest and best use or by selling it to another market participant that would use the asset in its highest and best use.

The Company uses valuation techniques that are appropriate in the circumstances and for which sufficient data are available to measure fair value, maximizing the use of relevant observable inputs and minimizing the use of unobservable inputs. j) Impairments of Non-Current Assets

Non-financial assets are evaluated for recoverability whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that their carrying amounts may not be recoverable. For the purpose of impairment testing, the recoverable amount (i.e. the higher of the fair value less cost to sell and the value-in-use) is determined on an individual asset basis unless the asset does not generate cash flows that are largely independent of those from other assets. In such cases, the recoverable amount is determined for the CGU to which the asset belongs.

If such assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized in the statement of profit and loss is measured by the amount by which the carrying value of the assets exceeds the estimated recoverable amount of the asset. An impairment loss is reversed in the statement of profit and loss if there has been a change in the estimates used to determine the recoverable amount. The carrying amount of the asset is increased to its revised recoverable amount, provided that this amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined (net of any accumulated amortization or depreciation) had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in prior years.

k) Inventories

All Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value.

Raw materials, Stores and Spares & Packing Material are valued at lower of cost determined on weighted average basis and net realizable value.

Work in process is valued at cost plus appropriate share of labour and manufacturing overheads.

Finished Goods are valued at cost plus appropriate share of labor, manufacturing overheads and excise duty thereon. Construction work in progress is valued at cost and net realizable value whichever is lower. The cost is determined considering proportionate, cost of a) value of land b) direct construction cost, c) development expenses and d) attributable indirect expenses.

l) Trade Receivables

Trade receivables are carried at original invoice amount less any provisions for doubtful debts. Provisions are made where there is evidence of a risk of non-payment, taking into account ageing, previous experience and general economic conditions. When a trade receivable is determined to be uncollectable it is written off, firstly against any provision available and then to Statement of Profit and Loss Accounts.

m) Cash and Cash Equivalent

Cash and cash equivalents include cash at bank and cash in hand and highly liquid interest-bearing securities with maturities of three months or less from the date of inception/acquisition.

In the cash-flow statement, cash and cash equivalents are shown net of bank overdrafts, which are included as current borrowings in liabilities on the balance sheet.

n) Borrowing Costs

Borrowings are initially recognized at fair value, net of transaction costs incurred. Borrowings are subsequently measured at amortized cost. Any difference between the proceeds (net of transaction costs) and the redemption amount is recognized in profit or loss over the period of the borrowings using the effective interest method.

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized as part of the cost of the asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period in which they occur. Borrowing costs consist of interest and other costs that an entity incurs in connection with the borrowing of funds. Borrowing cost also includes exchange differences to the extent regarded as an adjustment to the borrowing costs.

o) Taxation

i) Current Income Tax

Income tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred tax. Income tax expense is recognized in the statement of profit and loss except to the extent that it relates to items recognized directly in equity/OCI, in which case it is recognized in other comprehensive income. Current income tax for current and prior periods is recognized at the amount expected to be paid to or recovered from the tax authorities, using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted on the reporting date.

The company offsets current tax assets and current tax liabilities, where it has a legally enforceable right to set off the recognized amounts and where it intends either to settle on a net basis, or to realize the asset and settle the liability simultaneously

ii) Deferred Tax

Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are recognized for all temporary differences arising between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts in the financial statements. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each reporting date and are reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that the related tax benefit will be realized. The benefit of credit against the payment made towards Minimum Alternate Tax for the earlier years is available in accordance with the provisions of the section II5J (AA) of income tax act I96I over the period of subsequent I5 assessment year and it is recognized to the extent of deferred tax liability in view of the certainty involved of its realization against reversal of deferred tax liability. p) Financial Instruments

The Company recognizes financial assets and financial liabilities when it becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instrument.

a) Financial Assets

i) Initial Recognition and Measurement

All financial assets are recognized initially at fair value plus, in the case of financial assets not recorded at fair value through profit or loss, transaction costs that are attributable to the acquisition of the financial asset. Purchases or sales of financial assets that require delivery of assets within a time frame established by regulation or convention in the market place (regular way trades) are recognized on the trade date i.e, the date that the Company commits to purchase or sell the asset.

ii) Subsequent Measurement

For purposes of subsequent measurement, financial assets are classified in three categories:

a Financials Assets at Amortized Cost:

A financial asset is subsequently measured at amortized cost if it is held within a business model whose objective is to hold the asset in order to collect contractual cash flows and the contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

After initial measurement, debt instruments at amortized cost are subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest rate method, less impairment, if any. b Financial Assets at Fair Value Through Other Comprehensive Income

A financial asset is subsequently measured at fair value through other comprehensive income if it is held within a business model whose objective is achieved by both collecting contractual cash flows and selling financial assets and the contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

The Company has made an irrevocable election for its investments which are classified as equity instruments to present the subsequent changes in fair value in other comprehensive income based on its business model.

c Financial Assets at Fair Value Through Profit or Loss

Financial assets which are not classified in any of the above categories are subsequently fair valued through profit or loss.

iii) De-recognition:

The company derecognizes a financial asset when the contractual rights to the cash flows from the financial asset expire or it transfers the financial asset and the transfer qualifies for de-recognition under Ind. AS I09.

iv) Impairment:

The Company recognizes loss allowances using the Expected Credit Loss (ECL) model for the financial assets which are not fair valued through Profit and Loss / OCI. Loss allowance for trade receivables with no significant financing component is measured at an amount equal to lifetime ECL. For all other financial assets, expected credit losses are measured at an amount equal to the I2-month ECL, unless there has been a significant increase in credit risk from initial recognition in which case those are measured at lifetime ECL. The amount of expected credit losses (or reversal) that is required to adjust the loss allowance at the reporting date to the amount that is required to be recognized is treated as an impairment gain or loss in Statement of profit and loss.

b) Financial Liabilities:

i) Initial Recognition and Measurement

The Company''s financial liabilities include trade and other payables, loans and borrowings including bank overdrafts, financial guarantee contracts and derivative financial instruments.

Financial liabilities are classified, at initial recognition, as at fair value through profit and loss or as those measured at amortized cost.

ii) Subsequent Measurement

The subsequent measurement of financial liabilities depends on their classification as follows:

a Financial liabilities at fair value through profit and loss

Financial liabilities at fair value through profit and loss include financial liabilities held for trading. The Company has not designated any financial liabilities upon initial recognition at fair value through profit and loss.

b Financial Liabilities Measured at Amortized Cost

After initial recognition, interest bearing loans and borrowings are subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest rate method except for those designated in an effective hedging relationship.

iii) De-recognition

A financial liability (or a part of a financial liability) is derecognized from the company''s balance sheet when the obligation specified in the contract is discharged or cancelled or expires. q) Provision and Contingent Liabilities & Assets

i) Provisions

Provisions are recognized when the Company has a present obligation (legal or constructive) as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. When the Company expects some or all of a provision to be reimbursed, for example, under an insurance contract, the reimbursement is recognized as a separate asset, but only when the reimbursement is virtually certain. The expense relating to a provision is presented in the statement of profit and loss net of any reimbursement.

ii) Contingent Liabilities

Contingent liability is disclosed for (i) Possible obligations which will be confirmed only by the future events not wholly within the control of the company or (ii) Present obligations arising from past events where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation cannot be made.

iii) Contingent Assets

Contingent Assets are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes to the financial statements. r) Earning Per Share

Basic earnings per equity share are computed by dividing the net profit attributable to the equity holders of the company by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per equity share is computed by dividing the net profit attributable to the equity holders of the company by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per equity share and also the weighted average number of equity shares that could have been issued upon conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. The dilutive potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable had the equity shares been actually issued at fair value (i.e. the average market value of the outstanding equity shares). Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as of the beginning of the period, unless issued at a later date. Dilutive potential equity shares are determined independently for each period presented.

The number of equity shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted retrospectively for all periods presented for any share splits and bonus shares issues including for changes effected prior to the approval of the financial statements by the Board of Directors.

II Key Accounting Judgments, Estimates and Assumptions

In preparing these financial statements, management has made judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the application of accounting policies and the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, income and expense. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

Estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Any change in these estimates and assumptions will generally be reflected in the financial statements in current period or prospectively, unless they are required to be treated retrospectively under relevant accounting standards.

III First Time Adoption

Fair valuation of Equity Investments

Under the previous IGAAP investments in equity instruments and mutual funds were classified as long-term investments or current investments based on the intended holding period and reliability. Long-term investments were carried at cost less provision for other than temporary decline in the value of such investments. Current investments were carried at lower of cost and fair value.

Under Ind AS, these investments are required to be measured at fair value. Fair value changes with respect to investments in equity instruments designated as FVTPL, The resulting fair value changes of these investments have been recognized in retained earnings as at the date of transition. Rs. 0.77 Lacs as at Ist April 20I5 and subsequently in the profit or loss for the year ended 3I March 20I6.

Fair value changes with respect to investments in equity instruments designated as FVOCI have been recognized in FVOCI

- Equity investments reserve as at the date of transition and subsequently as part of the other comprehensive income for the year ended 3I March 20I6. This increased reserves by Rs. 3,72I.25 Lacs as atI April 20I5.

Fair value changes with respect to investments in equity instruments designated as FVOCI have been recognized in FVOCI

- Debt investments reserve as at the date of transition and subsequently as part of the other comprehensive income for the year ended 3I March 20I6. This increased reserves by Rs. 590.86 Lacs as atI April 20I5.

Deferred Tax

Deferred tax have been recognized on the adjustments made on transition to Ind AS.

Property, Plant and Equipment

On transition to Ind AS, the company has elected to continue with the carrying value of all of its property, plant and equipment recognized as at I April 20I5 measured as per the previous IGAAP and use that carrying value as the deemed cost of the property, plant and equipment.

Investment Properties

On transition to Ind AS, the company has elected to continue with the carrying value of all of its investment properties recognized as at I April 20I5 measured as per the previous IGAAP and use that carrying value as the deemed cost of investment properties.

Re-measurements of Post-Employment Benefit Obligations

Under Ind AS, re-measurements i.e. actuarial gains and losses and the return on plan assets, are recognized in other comprehensive income instead of profit or loss. Under the previous IGAAP, these re-measurements were forming part of the profit or loss for the year. As a result of this change, the profit for the year ended March 3I, 20I6 increase by Rs. 0.62 Lacs. There is no impact on the total equity as at 3I March 20I6.

Excise Duty

Under the previous IGAAP revenue from sale of products was presented exclusive of excise duty. Under Ind AS, revenue from sale of goods is presented inclusive of excise duty. The excise duty paid is presented on the face of the statement of profit and loss as part of expenses. This change has resulted in an increase in total revenue and total expenses for the year ended 3I March 20I6 by Rs. 69I.07 Lacs. There is no impact on the total equity and profit.

Security Deposits

Under the previous IGAAP interest free lease security deposits (that are refundable in cash on completion of the lease term) are recorded at their transaction value. Under Ind AS, all financial Liability/Assets are required to be recognized at fair value. Accordingly, the company has fair valued these security deposits under Ind AS. Difference between the fair value and transaction value of the security deposit has been recognized as Deferred Rental Income/ Deferred Expense. Consequent to this change, the amount of security deposits (liability) decreased by Rs. 44.93 lacs and security deposits (Asset) decreased by Rs. 0.38 Lacs as at 3I March 20I6. The Deferred Rental Income (liability) increased by Rs. 44.93 Lacs as at 3I March 20I6 (I April 20I5 Rs. 53.24 Lacs) and the Deferred Expense (Asset) increased by Rs. 0.38 Lacs (Ist April, 20I5 Rs. 0.64 Lacs). Other Comprehensive Income

Under Ind AS, all items of income and expense recognized in a period should be included in profit or loss for the period, unless a standard requires or permits otherwise. Items of income and expense that are not recognized in profit or loss but are shown in the statement of profit and loss as ''other comprehensive income'' includes re-measurements of defined benefit plans and fair value gains or (losses) on FVOCI Equity Instruments and on FVOCI Debt Instruments. The concept of other comprehensive income did not exist under previous IGAAP

On transition to Ind As, the company has elected to measure investment in associates at deemed cost. The deemed cost for such investment is Rs. I,I00 Lacs, the carrying value of Investment as per previous IGAAP

III (1) Statement of Reconciliations between the IGAAP and Ind AS Reconciliations:

The following reconciliations provides the effect of transition to Ind AS from IGAAP in accordance with Ind AS I0I

(i) Equity as at Ist April, 20I5 and 3Ist March, 20I6

(ii) Net Profit for the year ended 3Ist March, 20I6

Explanations for reconciliation of Balance Sheet as previously reported under IGAAP to Ind AS A a) Investments in Equity instruments not held for trading are carried at fair value through OCI in Ind AS.

b) Investments in Debt instruments not held for trading are carried at fair value through OCI in Ind AS.

B a) Other financial Asset and Liability value considering amortized cost

b) Regrouping of financial Asset at amortized cost C Change in Fair value of Investments held for trading routed through Profit and Loss in Ind AS.

D Other Equity:

a) Adjustments reflect final dividend (including corporate dividend tax), declared and approved post reporting period.

b) Adjustment includes impact of fair value of Current financial Investments held for trading.

c) As per Ind AS I9 Employee Benefits, actuarial gains and losses are recognized in other comprehensive income.

E Deferred Tax Liabilities (net) in relation to Investment in Debt and Equity instruments not held for trading.

F Provisions: Adjustments reflect dividend (including corporate dividend tax), declared and approved post reporting period.

III.I.ii Reconciliations Statement of profit and loss as previously reported under IGAAP to Ind AS for the year ended 31st March 2016

Explanations for reconciliation of Statement of Profit and Loss as previously reported under IGAAP to Ind AS G a) Reflect impact of financial asset and liability consider at amortized cost.

b) Effect of investment held for trading valued at fair value routed through Profit and Loss accounts

c) Revenue from operation shown including excise duty and other regrouping.

H As per Ind AS I9 Employee Benefits, actuarial gains and losses are recognized in other comprehensive income and not reclassified to profit and Loss in a subsequent period.

I Tax component on acturial gains and losses and Fair valuation of Investments held for trading which is transferred to other comprehensive income under Ind AS.

J Previous IGAAP are regrouped as per requirement of Ind AS.

III.I.iii Impact of Ind AS adoption on the statement of Cash Flow for the year ended 31st March 2016 The transaction from previous IGAAP to Ind AS has not affected the cash flows of the company.

(e) The rights, preferences and restrictions including restrictions on the distribution of dividends and the repayment of capital;

The company is having only one class of shares i.e. Equity carrying a nominal value of Rs. 2/- per share.

Every holder of the equity share of the Company is entitled to one vote per share held.

In the event of liquidation of the Company, the equity shareholders will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the Company after the distribution / repayment of all creditors. The distribution to the equity shareholders will be in proportion of the number of shares held by each shareholder

The Company declares and pays dividend as approved by the shareholders at the Annual General Meeting

During the year ended 3Ist March, 20I7 an amount of Rs. 0.I5 of dividend per equity share was paid for financial year 20I5-I6.

(g) Shares allotted as fully paid up (During 5 year proceeding 31st March, 2017)

In the year 20I3-I4, The Company has allotted I3, 35, I5, 9I4 Equity Shares as fully paid up bonus shares by capitalization of General Reserves Rs. 2,670.32 lacs

D CSR

As per section I35 of the Companies Act, 20I3, a company, meeting the applicability threshold, needs to spend at least 2% of its average net profit for the immediately preceding three financial years on corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities. A CSR Committee has been formed by the Company as per the Act. The company spent Rs. 24.44 Lacs on various projects during the year, refer Annexure - B (points no 5) in the Board''s Report

H Details of Hypothecation of Asset

Inventory and Debtors are hypothecated as security for working capital borrowings.

I As per information / documents available with the Company, there are no amounts payable to Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises.

Hence information as per requirement of section 22 of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises Development Act, 2006, is not given.

J SEBI (Listing Obligation & Disclosure Requirements) Regulation 2015

Disclosures as required under Regulation 34 (3) read with schedule V of the SEBI (Listing Obligation & Disclosure Requirements) Regulation 20I5 have not been given as there are no such transactions with any such party.

K Information on Dividend for the year ended 31st March, 2017

Dividends proposed or declared after the balance sheet date but before the financial statements have been approved by the Board of Director for issue are not recognized as a liability at the balance sheet date. The Board of Director recommended final dividend of Rs. 0.20/- per equity shares for the financial ended on 3Ist March, 20I7. The payment is subject to approval of share holder in ensuing Annual General Meeting of the Company. (Previous year Rs. 0.I5 per equity shares)

L Disclosure on Specified Bank Notes (SBNs)

During the year, the Company had specified bank notes (i.e. as provided in the notification no S.O. 3407 (E) dated 8th November, 20I6 issued by the Government of the India or other denomination note as defined in the MCA notification G.S.R 308 (E) dated 3Ist March 20I6 the denomination wise SBNs and other notes as per the notification is given below.

Q Segment Reporting

Primary Segment

The Company has identified "API" and "Real Estate" as the primary reportable segment.


Mar 31, 2016

FORMING PART OF THE BALANCE SHEET

(e) The rights, preferences and restrictions including restrictions on the distribution of dividends and the repayment of capital;

The company is having only one class of shares i.e Equity carrying a nominal value of Rs. 2/- per share.

Every holder of the equity share of the Company is entitled to one vote per share held.

In the event of liquidation of the Company, the equity shareholders will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the Company after the distribution / repayment of all creditors. The distribution to the equity shareholders will be in proportion of the number of shares held by each shareholder.

The Company declares and pays dividend on the equity shares in Indian Rupees. Dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to approval of the shareholders at the ensuing Annual General Meeting.

During the year ended 31st March, 2016 an amount of Rs,0.15 ( PY. Rs. 0.15) of dividend per equity share was proposed for the equity shareholders. The proposed dividend for the year 2015-16 will be accounted after the approval at Annual General Meeting (in view of the recent amendment made in the Accounting Standards w.e.f 30.03.2016 by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs).

(g) Shares allotted as fully paid up (During 5 Years preceding 31st March, 2016)

In the year 2013-14. The company has allotted 13,35,15,914 Equity Shares as fully paid up bonus shares by capitalization of General Reserves Rs. 2,670.32 Lacs.

Capital Reserve

In the previous year, the company has converted part of Land as Stock in Trade, the conversion has been done at fair market value of Rs. I,594 lacs for the land based on report from approved valuer. The revaluation surplus has been credited to the capital reserve account. Accordingly the said land has been part of Work in Process Real Estate and shown as reduction from fixed assets.

Notes:

1 Sales proceeds are deducted from gross cost where cost is unascertainable

2 Buildings: include Rs,2,500/- (Rs. 2,500/-) being cost of bonds of Morning Star Co-Op. Housing Society Ltd.

3 No Depreciation has been claimed on assets to the extent of Convert claimed

4 Certain office premises which were earlier used for Company own operations, have now been given on lease, as the Company does not have immediate usage of these premises in view of demerger and down size operations of its plant. These office premises continue to be included in the fixed assets of the Company

5 ** Of the above Rs. 4.48 lacs (Rs. 6.28 lacs) has been transferred to Cost of Construction in the statement of Profit and Loss


Mar 31, 2015

A) Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements:

The Financial Statements of the Company have been prepared and presented in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) under the Historical Cost Convention on an accrual basis of accounting. The Company has prepared Financial Statements to comply in all material respects with the Accounting Standards specified under section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 read with rule 7 of Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014.

The Accounting Policies adopted in the preparation in Financial Statements are consistent with those of previous year.

The Company has elected to present earning before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the Statement of the Profit and Loss.

b) Use of Estimates and Judgements:

In preparation of the Financial Statements, in conformity with Indian GAAP the management is required to make judgements, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of the Financial Statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses for the year. Although these estimates are based on the management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty of these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes different from the estimates. Estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in the current and future periods.

c) Fixed Assets:

Fixed Assets are recorded at cost of acquisition / construction less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises of the purchase price net of Cenvat, Service Tax and Value Added Tax and any attributable cost of bringing the assets to its working condition for its intended use.

Certain Fixed Assets have been revalued and have been restated at a net book value including the net increase / decrease in the original net value of the assets as per the approved scheme of arrangement.

d) Depreciation / Amortisation:

Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on Straight Line Basis as per the useful life prescribed in Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013, except for certain assets that have been revalued and restated. Depreciation on these assets has been provided on the net restated books value prospectively over the remaining useful life as per Schedule II of Companies Act, 2013.

Fixed assets pertaining to Real Estate division of company are depreciated considering its useful life of three years.

e) Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing Costs directly attributable to the acquisition and construction of an asset which takes a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets until such time the asset is ready for its intended use.

All other borrowing costs are recognised in the statement of Profit and Loss in the period they are incurred.

f) Investments:

Investments are classified into Current and Long Term Investments. Current Investments are valued at lower of cost and fair value. Long Term Investments are stated at cost less provision, if any, for decline other than temporary in their value.

g) Inventories:

All Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

Raw Materials, Stores and Spares & Packing Material are valued at lower of cost determined on weighted average basis and net realisable value.

Work in process is valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

Finished Goods are valued at lower of cost including excise payable thereon and net realisable value.

Traded Goods are valued at lower of Purchase price and net realisable value.

Slow moving Raw Materials, Stores & Spares are valued at estimated net realizable value.

Construction work in progress is valued at cost and net realisable value whichever is lower. The cost is determined considering proportionate costs of a) value of land, b) direct construction cost, c) development expenses and d) attributable indirect expenses.

h) Revenue from Operations:

Revenue is recognised to the extent that it is probable that the ecomonic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliabily measured.

Revenue is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of the ownership of the goods have been passed to the buyer. Sales are disclosed inclusive of excise duty, but net of sales return, service tax, value added tax and CST.

Income from operations includes revenue earned on account of job work income and rent income which is accounted as per the terms agreed with the customers.

Export benefits available under prevalent schemes are accounted to the extent considered receivable.

Revenue from Real Estate Projects is recognized based on sold areas as per the percentage completion method. The stage of completion is determined as per the proportion of the cost of construction and development actually incurred till reporting date and the total estimated cost of construction and development of the project. The total estimated cost of the project are estimated based on the technical and other estimates of saleable areas, costs, etc. The estimates costs are revised periodically by the management. The effect of such changes to estimates is recognized in the period such changes are determined.

i) Foreign Exchange Transactions:

Foreign Currency transactions are initially recorded at the rate of exchange prevailing on the date of transaction Monetary assets and liabilities related to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the end of the year are converted at year end exchange rates.

The difference in conversion of monetary assets & liabilities and realized gains & losses on foreign exchange transaction are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

j) Employee benefits:

Defined Contribution plan

Contribution to pension fund, Superannuation payable as per superannuation scheme is provided by payment to superannuation trust fund, administered by ICICI Prudential Life Insurance Company Ltd. and ESIC and labour welfare fund are recognised as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Defined Benefit plan

The Company''s contribution to provident fund, administered through a Company managed trust, is recognised as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

The gratuity liability, actuarially valued, is funded through the scheme administered by the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) and HDFC Standard Life Insurance and the amounts paid / provided under the scheme are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss

Accumulated leave liability (other than sick leave) as at the year end is provided as per actuarial valuation. Accumulated sick leave is provided for at actuals in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

k) Taxes on Income:

Provision for taxation comprises of Current Tax and Deferred Tax. Current Tax provision has been made on the basis of reliefs and deductions available under the Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred Tax resulting from "timing differences" between taxable and accounting income is accounted in accordance with Accounting Standard 22 (AS-22) ''Accounting for taxes on income" notified under the Companies (Accounts ) Rules, 2014, using the tax rates and laws that are enacted or substantively enacted as on the balance sheet date. The Deferred Tax Asset is recognised and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future. However, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward losses under taxation laws, Deferred Tax Assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty of realisation of such assets. Deferred Tax Assets are reviewed as at each Balance sheet date to reassess its realisation.

The benefit of credit against the payment made towards MAT for the earlier years is available in accordance with the provisions of section II5J (AA) of Income Tax Act, 1961 over a period of subsequent 10 assessment year and same will be accounted for when actually realised.

l) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provisions are recognised only when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and when a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made. Contingent liability is disclosed for (i) Possible obligations which will be confirmed only by the future events not wholly within the control of the company or (ii) Present obligations arising from past events where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can not be made. Contingent Assets are not recognised in the financial statements.

m) Impairment of assets:

In accordance with Accounting Standard 28 (AS 28) on ''Impairment of Assets'' where there is an indication of impairment of the Company''s assets, the carrying amounts of the Company''s assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date to determine whether there is any impairment. The recoverable amount of the assets (or where applicable that of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs) is estimated at the higher of its net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the assets and from its disposal at the end of its useful life. An impairment loss is recognised whenever the carrying amount of an asset or a cash-generating unit exceeds its recoverable amount. Impairment loss is recognized in the Statement of the Profit and Loss. If at the Balance Sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the lower of recoverable amount and the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss being recognised.

n) Earning per share:

Basic and diluted earnings per share are computed by dividing the net profit after tax attributable to equity shareholders for the year, with the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.


Mar 31, 2014

A) Basis of Accounting

The Financial Statements are prepared as per historical cost convention and on accrual basis and are in confirmity with the Accounting Standards (AS) as notified under Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

b) Use of Estimates

The preparation of Financial Statements in conformity with generally accepted Accounting Principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of Assets and Liabilities, Income and Expenditure and disclosure of Contingent Liabilities at the date of the Financial Statements. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual result could differ from these estimates.

c) Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are recorded at cost of acquisition / construction less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises of the purchase price net of Cenvat, Service Tax and Value Added Tax and any attributable cost of bringing the assets to its working condition for its intended use.

Certain fixed assets of the Company have been revalued and have been restated at a net book value including the net increase / decrease in the original net value of the assets as per the approved Scheme of Arrangement.

Borrowing Cost directly attributable to acquisition / construction of fixed asset which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use are capitalised.

d) Depreciation / Amortisation

Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on Straight Line Method at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act,1956 except for certain assets that have been revalued and restated. Depreciation on these assets has been provided on the net restated book value prospectively over the remaining original specified life.

e) Investments

Investments are classified into Current and Long Term Investments. Current Investments are valued at lower of cost and fair value.Long Term Investments are stated at cost less provision, if any, for decline other than temporary, in their value.

f) Inventories

All Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

Raw Materials, Stores and Spares & packing material are valued at lower of cost determined on weighted average basis and net realisable value.

Work in process is valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

Finished Goods are valued at lower of cost including excise payable thereon and net realisable value.

Raw Materials, Stores & Spares which are slow moving valued at estimated net realizable value.

Construction work in progress is valued at cost and net realisable value whichever is lower. The cost is determined considering proportionate costs of a) value of land, b) direct construction cost, c) development expenses and attributable indirect expenses.

g) Revenue and Income from Operations.

Sale of products are recognised when risk and rewards of ownership of the products are passed on to the customers, which is generally on the despatch of goods. Sales are inclusive of excise duty, but net of sales return, Service Tax & Value Added Tax & CST

Export sales are recognised on the date of bill of lading / Arway bill.

Income from operations includes revenue earned, as per the terms agreed with the customers.

Revenue from Real Estate Projects is recognised based on sold areas as per the percentage completion method. The stage of completion is determined as per the proportion of the cost of construction and development actually incurred till reporting date and the total estimated cost of construction and development of the project. The total estimated cost of the project are estimated based on the techincal and other estimates of saleable areas, costs etc. The revenue from the Real Estate project is recongnised when 40% of the stage of completion is reached and the outcome of the project can reliably be estimated.

h) Foreign Exchange Transactions

Foreign Exchange Transcations are intially recorded at the rate of exchange prevailing on the date of transaction.

Monetary assets and liabilities related to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the end of the year are converted at year end exchange rates.

The difference in conversion of monetary assets & liabilities and realized gains & losses on foreign exchange transaction are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

i) Employee benefits

Defined Contribution plan

Contribution to pension fund, Superannuation payable as per superannuation scheme is provided by payment to superannuation trust fund, administered by the ICICI Prudential Life Insurance Co.Ltd, ESIC and labour welfare fund are recognised as an expense in the statement of profit and loss.

Defined Benefit plan

The Company''s contribution to provident fund, administered through a Company managed trust, is recognised as an expense in the statement of profit and loss.

The gratuity liability, actuarially valued, is funded through the scheme administered by the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) and HDFC Standard Life Insurance Co. Ltd and the amounts paid / provided under the scheme are charged to statement of profit and loss.

Accumulated leave liability (other than sick leave) as at the year end is provided as per actuarial valuation. Accumulated sick leave is provided for at actuals in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

j) Taxes on Income

Provision for taxation comprises of Current Tax and Deferred Tax. Current Tax provision has been made on the basis of reliefs and deductions available under the Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred tax resulting from "timing differences" between taxable and accounting income is accounted in accordance with Accounting Standard 22 (AS-22) "Accounting for taxes on income" notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, using the tax rates and laws that are enacted or substantively enacted as on the balance sheet date. The deferred tax asset is recognised and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future. However, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward losses under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty of realisation of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each Balance sheet date to reassess its realisation.

The benefit of credit against the payment made towards MAT for the earlier years is available in accordance with the provisions of section 115J (AA) of income tax act 1961 over a period of subsequent 10 assessment year and same will be accounted for when actually arised

k) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions are recognised only when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and when a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made. Contingent liability is disclosed for (i) Possible obligations which will be confirmed only by the future events not wholly within the control of the company or (ii) Present obligations arising from past events where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can not be made. Contingent Assets are not recognised in the financial statements.

l) Measurement of EBITDA

The Company has elected to present earning before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the statement of the profit and loss.

m) Impairment of assets

In accordance with Accounting Standard 28 (AS 28) on ''Impairment of assets'' where there is an indication of impairment of the Company''s assets, the carrying amounts of the Company''s assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any impairment. The recoverable amount of the assets (or where applicable that of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs) is estimated at the higher of its net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the assets and from its disposal at the end of its useful life. An impairment loss is recognised whenever the carrying amount of an asset or a cash-generating unit exceeds its recoverable amount. Impairment loss is recognized in the statement of profit and loss. If at the Balance Sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the lower of recoverable amount and the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss being recognised.

n) Earning per share

Basic and diluted earnings per share are computed by dividing the net profit after tax attributable to equity shareholders for the year, with the weighted number of equity shares outstanding during the year.


Mar 31, 2013

A) Basis of Accounting :

The Financial Statements are prepared as per historical cost convention and on accrual basis and are in conformity with mandatory Accounting Standards and relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

b) Use of Estimates :

The preparation of Financial Statements in conformity with generally accepted Accounting Principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of Assets and Liabilities, Income and Expenditures and disclosure of Contingent Liabilities at the date of the Financial Statements. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual result could differ from these estimates.

c) Fixed Assets :

Fixed Assets are recorded at cost of acquisition / construction less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises of the purchase price net of Cenvat, Service Tax and Value Added Tax and any attributable cost of bringing the assets to its working condition for its intended use.

Certain fixed assets of the Company have been revalued and have been restated at a net book value including the net increase / decrease in the original net value of the assets as per the approved Scheme of Arrangement

Borrowing Cost directly attributable to acquisition / construction of fixed asset which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use are capitalised.

d) Depreciation / Amortisation :

Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on Straight Line Method at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act,1956 except for certain assets that have been revalued and restated. Depreciation on these assets has been provided on the net restated book value prospectively over the remaining original specified life.

e) Investments :

Investments are classified into Current and Long Term Investments. Current Investments are valued at lower of cost and fair value. Long Term Investments are stated at cost less provision, if any, for decline other than temporary in their value.

f) Inventories:

All Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

Raw Materials, Stores and Spares & packing material are valued at lower of cost determined on weighted average basis and net realisable value.

Work in process is valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

Finished Goods is valued at lower of cost including excise payable thereon and net realisable value.

Slow moving, Raw Materials, Stores & Spares are valued at estimated net realizable value.

Construction work in progress is valued at cost and net realisable value whichever is lower. The cost is determined considering proportionate costs of a) value of land, b) direct construction cost, c) development expenses and attributable indirect expenses.

g) Sales and Income from Operations :

Sale of products are recognised when risk and rewards of ownership of the products are passed on to the customers, which is generally on the despatch of goods. Sales are inclusive of excise duty, but net of sales return, Service Tax & Value Added Tax &CST

Export sales are recognised on the date of bill of lading / Airway bill.

Income from operations includes revenue earned, as per the terms agreed with the customers.

Revenue from Real Estate Projects is recognised based on sold areas as per the percentage completion method. The stage of completion is determined as per the proportion of the cost of construction and development actually incurred till reporting date and the total estimated cost of construction and development of the project. The total estimated cost of the project are estimated based on the technical and other estimates of salable areas, costs, etc.

The revenue from the Real Estate project will be recongnised when 40% of the stage of completion is reached and the outcome of the project can reliably be estimated.

h) Foreign Exchange Transactions :

Foreign Currency transactions are initially recorded at the rate of exchange prevailing on the date of transaction

Monetary assets and liabilities related to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the end of the year are converted at year end exchange rates.

The difference in conversion of monetary assets & liabilities and realized gains & losses on foreign exchange transaction are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

i) Employee benefits :

Defined Contribution plan

Contribution to pension fund, Superannuation payable as per superannuation scheme is provided by payment to superannuation trust fund, administered by the ICICI Prudential Life Insurance Co. Ltd, ESIC and labour welfare fund are recognised as an expense in the statement of profit and loss.

Defined Benefit plan

The Company''s contribution to provident fund, administered through a Company managed trust, is recognised as an expense in the statement of profit and loss.

The gratuity liability, actuarial valued, is funded through the scheme administered by the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC), and the amounts paid / provided under the scheme are charged to statement of profit and loss

Accumulated leave liability (other than sick leave) as at the year end is provided as per actuarial valuation. Accumulated sick leave is provided for at actuals in the statement of profit and loss.

j) Taxes on Income :

Income tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the year determined in accordance with the income tax law).

Deferred Tax asset & liabilities are recognised as per accounting standard -22 on accounting for Taxes on Income, issued pursuant to the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 by the Central Government.

k) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets :

Provisions are recognised only when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and when a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made. Contingent liability is disclosed for (i) Possible obligations which will be confirmed only by the future events not wholly within the control of the company or (ii) Present obligations arising from past events where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can not be made. Contingent Assets are not recognised in the financial statements.

l) Measurement of EBITDA :

The Company has elected to present earning before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the statement of the profit and loss.


Mar 31, 2012

A) Basis of Accounting

The accounts are prepared as per historical cost convention and on accrual basis and are in conformity with mandatory Accounting Standards and relevant provisions of the Companies Act, I956.

b) Use of Estimates

The preparation of Financial Statements in conformity with generally accepted Accounting Principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of Assets and Liabilities, Income and Expenditures and disclosure of Contingent Liabilities at the date of the Financial Statements. Although these estimates are based upon management's best knowledge of current events and actions, actual result could differ from these estimates.

c) Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are recorded at cost of acquisition / construction less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises of the purchase price net of Cenvat, Service Tax and Value Added Tax and any attributable cost of bringing the assets to its working condition for its intended use.

Certain fixed assets of the Company have been revalued and have been restated at a net book value including the net increase / decrease in the original net value of the assets as per the approved Scheme of Arrangement

Borrowing Cost directly attributable to acquisition / construction of fixed asset which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use are capitalized.

d) Depreciation / Amortization

Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on Straight Line Method at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act,I956 except for certain assets that have been revalued and restated. Depreciation on these assets has been provided on the net restated book value prospectively over the remaining original specified life.

e) Investments

Investments are classified into Current and Long Term Investments. Current Investments are valued at lower of cost and fair market value. Long Term Investments are stated at cost less provision, if any, for decline other than temporary in their value.

f) Inventories:

All Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

Raw Materials, Stores and Spares & packing material are valued at lower of cost determined on weighted average basis and net realizable value.

Work in process is valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

Finished Goods is valued at lower of cost including excise payable thereon and net realizable value.

Slow moving, Raw Materials, Stores & Spares are valued at estimated net realizable value.

Project work in progress is valued at cost which is determined based on fair value of land on conversion and direct construction and development expenses and attributable indirect expenses.

g) Sales and Income from Operations.

Sale of products are recognized when risk and rewards of ownership of the products are passed on to the customers, which is generally on the dispatch of goods. Sales are inclusive of excise duty, but net of sales return, Service Tax & Value Added Tax & CST.

Export sales are recognized on the date of bill of lading / Airway bill.

Income from operations includes revenue earned, as per the terms agreed with the customers.

Revenue from Real Estate Projects is recognized based on sold areas as per the percentage completion method. The stage of completion is determined as per the proportion of the cost of construction and development actually incurred till reporting date and the total estimated cost of construction and development of the project. The total estimated cost of the project are estimated based on the technical and other estimates of salable areas, costs, etc. The revenue from the Real Estate project will be recognized when 40% of the stage of completion is reached and the outcome of the project can reliably be estimated.

h) Foreign Exchange Transactions

Monetary assets and liabilities related to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the end of the year are converted at year end exchange rates.

The difference in conversion of monetary assets & liabilities and realized gains & losses on foreign exchange transaction are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account.

i) Employee benefits

The gratuity liability is funded through the scheme administered by the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC), and the amounts paid / provided under the scheme are charged to Profit and Loss account.

Superannuation payable as per superannuation scheme is provided by payment to superannuation trust fund, administered by the ICICI Prudential Life Insurance Co.Ltd.

Accumulated leave liability as at the year end is provided as per actuarial valuation.

j) Taxes on Income

Income tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the year determined in accordance with the income tax law).

Deferred Tax asset & liabilities are recognized as per accounting standard -22 on accounting for Taxes on Income, issued pursuant to the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 by the Central Government.

k) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions are recognized only when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and when a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made. Contingent liability is disclosed for (i) Possible obligations which will be confirmed only by the future events not wholly within the control of the company or (ii) Present obligations arising from past events where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation cannot be made. Contingent Assets are not recognized in the financial statements.

l) Measurement of EBITDA

The Company has elected to present earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the statement of the profit and loss.


Mar 31, 2011

A) Basis of Accounting

The accounts are prepared as per historical cost convention and on accrual basis and are in confirmity with mandatory Accounting Standards and relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

b) Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are recorded at cost of acquisition / construction less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises of the purchase price net of Cenvat, Service Tax and Value Added Tax and any attributable cost of bringing the assets to its working condition for its intended use.

Fixed Assets of the Vadodara undertaking of the Company have been revalued during the year and have been restated at a net book value including the net increase / decrease in the original net value of the assets as per the approved Scheme of Arrangement

Borrowing Cost directly attributable to acquisition / construction of fixed asset which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use are capitalised.

c) Depreciation / Amortisation

Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on Straight Line Method at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act,1956 except for the assets of the Vadodara undertaking that have been revalued and restated. Depreciation on these assets has been provided on the net restated book value prospectively over the remaining original specified life.

Leasehold Land is amortized over the period of Lease. Depreciation on Research and Development Equipments :. Acquired upto 31.03.2003 @ 100% and Acquired from 01.04.2003 on Straight Line Method at the rate prescribed in schedule XIV of the Companies Act,1956.

d) Investments

Investments are classified into Current and Long Term Investments. Current Investments are valued at lower of cost and fair market value. Long Term Investments are stated at cost less provision, if any, for decline other than temporary in their value.

Investment in Subsidiary company are stated at cost of acquisition.

e) Inventories

All Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

Raw Materials, Stores and Spares & packing material are valued at lower of cost determined on weighted average basis and net realisable value.

Work in process is valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

Finished Goods is valued at lower of cost including excise payable thereon and net realisable value.

Slow moving, Raw Materials, Stores & Spares are valued at estimated net realizable value.

Land converted into Stock in Trade for the real estate business of the Company has been valued at fair market value as on 10th January, 2011 duly certified by approved valuer.

f) Sales and Income from Operations

Sale of products are recognised when risk and rewards of ownership of the products are passed on to the customers, which is generally on the despatch of goods. Sales are inclusive of excise duty, but net of sales return, Service Tax & Value Added Tax & CST.

Export sales are recognized on the date of bill of lading / Airway bill.

Income from operations includes revenue earned, as per the terms agreed with the customers.

g) R & D Expenses

All revenue expenses related to R & D including expenses in relation to development of product/ processes and expenses incurred in relation to compliances are charged to the profit & loss account in the year in which it is incurred.

h) Foreign Exchange Transactions

Monetary assets and liabilities related to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the end of the year are translated at year end exchange rates.

The difference in translation of monetary assets & liabilities and realized gains & losses on foreign exchange transaction are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account.

In respect of transactions covered by forward contracts, the difference between the contract rate and the rate on the date of the transactions is charged to Profit and Loss Account over the contract period.

i) Employee benefits

The gratuity liability is funded through the scheme administered by the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC), and the amounts paid / provided under the scheme are charged to Profit and Loss account.

Superannuation payable as per superannuation scheme is provided by payment to superannuation trust fund, administered by the ICICI Prudential Life Insurance Co.Ltd.

Accumulated leave liability as at the year end is provided as per actuarial valuation.

j) Taxes on Income

Income tax expense comprises current tax (i.e amount of tax for the year determined in accordance with the Income tax law).

Deferred Tax asset & liabilities are recognised as per accounting standard -22 on accounting for Taxes on Income, issued by Institute of Chartered Accountant of India.

k) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions are recognised only when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and when a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made. Contingent liability is disclosed for (i) Possible obligations which will be confirmed only by the future events not wholly within the control of the company or (ii) Present obligations arising from past events where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can not be made. Contingent Assets are not recognised in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2010

A. Basis of Accounting

The accounts are prepared as per historical cost convention and on accrual basis and are in confirmity with mandatory Accounting Standards and relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

B. Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are recorded at cost of acquisition / construction less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises of the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the assets to its working condition for its intended use, but excluding Cenvat/Service tax/Value Added Tax credit availed

Borrowing Cost directly attributable to acquisition / contruction of fixed asset which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use are capitalised.

C. Depreciation / Amortisation

Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on Straight Line Method at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act,1956

Leasehold Land is amortized over the period of Lease. Depreciation on Research and Development Equipments. Acquired upto 31.03.2003 @ 100% Acquired from 01.04.2003 on Straight Line Method at the rate prescribed in schedule XIV of the Companies Act,1956.

D. Investments

Investments are classified into Current and Long Term Investments. Current Investments are valued at lower of cost and fair market value. Long Term Investments are stated at cost less provision, if any, for decline other than temporary in their value. Investment in Subsidiary company are stated at cost of acquisition.

E. Inventories

All Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

Raw Materials, Stores and Spares & Packing Material are valued at lower of cost determined on weighted average basis

and net realisable value.

Work in process is valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

Finished Goods is valued at lower of cost including excise payable thereon and net realisable value.

Slow moving, Raw Materials, Stores & Spares are valued at estimated net realizable value.

F. Sales and Income from Operations

Sale of products are recognised when risk and rewards of ownership of the products are passed on to the customers, which is generally on the despatch of goods. Sales are inclusive of excise duty, but net of sales return, Service Tax, CST & Value Added Tax.

Export sales are recognized on the date of bill of lading / Airway bill.

Income from operations includes revenue earned, as per the terms agreed with the customers, from development of

products and assignment of patent rights of Alembic I P.

G. R & D Expenses

All revenue expenses related to R & D including expenses in relation to development of product/ processes and expenses incurred in relation to compliances with international regulatory authorities in obtaining of Abbreviated New Drug Applications (ANDA) are charged to the Profit & Loss Account in the year in which it is incurred.

H. Foreign Exchange Transactions

Monetary assets and liabilities related to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the end of the year are translated at year end exchange rates.

The difference in translation of monetary assets & liabilities and realized gains & losses on foreign exchange transaction are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account.

In respect of transactions covered by forward contracts, the difference between the contract rate and the rate on the date of the transactions is charged to Profit and Loss Account over the contract period.

I. Employee benefits

The gratuity liability is funded through the scheme administered by the Life Insurance Corporation of India, and the amounts paid / provided under the scheme are charged to Profit and Loss account.

Superannuation payable as per superannuation scheme is provided by payment to superannuation trust fund, administered by the ICICI Prudential Life Insurance Co.Ltd.

Accumulated leave liability as at the year end is provided as per actuarial valuation.

J. Deferred tax

Deferred Tax asset & liabilities are recognised as per Accounting Standard -22 on accounting for Taxes on Income, issued by Institute of Chartered Accountant of India.

K. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions are recognised only when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and when a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made. Contingent liability is disclosed for (i) Possible obligations which will be confirmed only by the future events not wholly within the control of the company or (ii) Present obligations arising from past events where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can not be made. Contingent Assets are not recognised in the financial statements.

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