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Accounting Policies of Allcargo Logistics Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1. Significant accounting policies

The accounting policies set out below have been applied consistently to the periods presented in these financial statements.

1 Basis of preparation of financial statements

The financial statements have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in India (''Indian GAAP'') and comply with the Accounting standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 which continue to apply under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 read with rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 (''the Act''), to the extent notified and applicable. The financial statements are presented in India rupees rounded off to the nearest lakhs.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in Schedule III to the Act. Based on the nature of the services and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as twelve months for the purpose of current or non-current classification of assets and liabilities.

2 Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements. Management believes that the estimates made in the preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

3 Fixed assets and depreciation/amortisation

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation / amortisation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises of purchase price and any attributable cost such as duties, freight, borrowing costs, erection and commissioning expenses incurred in bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

Until 31 March 2012, in respect of accounting period commencing on or after 07 December 2006 and ended on or before 31 March 2011, further extended to period ending on or before 31 March 2012 and subsequently extended till period ended on or before 31 March 2020, consequent to the insertion of paragraph 46 of AS-11 ''The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates'', notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, (as more fully explained in note 2.14), the cost of depreciable capital assets includes foreign exchange differences arising on translation of long term foreign currency monetary items as at the balance sheet date in so far as they relate to the acquisition of such assets.

Further, with effect from 01 April 2012, pursuant to the notification dated 29 December, 2011, issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs inserting the paragraph 46A of the AS - 11 ''The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates'', notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, the Company opted to record, from the year ended 31 March 2013 foreign exchange transaction for all long term monetary liabilities, as per paragraph 46 A of AS -11.

Till the previous year ended 31 March 2014, depreciation on fixed assets (include investment property), except leasehold improvements was provided on straight line method in the manner and rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act 1956.

Pursuant to the Act being effective from 1 April 2014, the Company has revised the depreciation rates on fixed assets, except for certain class of assets categorised under "Heavy Equipment" and "Office Equipment", as per the useful life specified in Part ''C'' of Schedule II of the Act. Consequently, depreciation charge for the year ended 31 March 2015 is higher by RS. 1,191 lakhs due to change in the estimated useful life of certain assets. Further, an amount of RS. 302 lakhs has been adjusted against the opening balance of Retained Earnings, net of deferred tax of RS. 144 lakhs on the same as on 1 April 2014, in respect of the residual value of assets wherein the remaining useful life has become ''nil''.

For class of assets categorised under "Heavy Equipment" and "Office Equipment", based on internal assessment, the management believes that these assets have useful lives of 12 and 2 years, which are lower and different from the useful lives as prescribed under Part C of Schedule II of the Act.

4 Intangible assets and amortisation

Intangible assets comprises of goodwill on amalgamation in the nature of merger (which has been fully amortised during the previous year ended 31 March 2014) and computer software and are recognised when the asset is identifiable, is within the control of the Company, it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the asset will flow to the Company and cost of the asset can be reliably measured. Acquired intangible assets are recorded at the consideration paid for acquisition. Intangible assets of computer software are amortised on a straight-line basis over six years, which in management''s estimate represents the period during which economic benefits will be derived from their use.

5 Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost.

6 Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year from the date of acquisition are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long- term investments. However, part of long-term investments which is expected to be realised within 12 months after the reporting date is also presented under ''current assets'' as "current portion of long-term investment" in consonance with the current/ non-current classification scheme of Schedule III to the Act. Long-term investments (including current portion thereof) are carried at cost less any other-than-temporary diminution in value, determined separately for each individual investment.

Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value. The comparison of cost and fair value is done separately in respect of each category of investments. Any reduction in the carrying amount and any reversals of such reductions are charged or credited to the statement of profit and loss.

7 Inventories

Inventories of stores and spares are valued at cost or net realisable value whichever is lower. The cost is determined on first in first out basis and includes all charges incurred for bringing the inventories to their present condition and location.

8 Investment property

Investment in land or buildings that are not intended to be occupied substantially for use by, or in operations of the Company or held for rental purpose is classified as investment property. It is measured at cost on initial recognition. Cost includes expenditure that is directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of the investment property. Any gain or loss on disposal of an investment property (calculated as the difference between the net proceeds from disposal and the carrying amount of the property) is recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

9 Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are treated as direct cost and are considered as part of cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. Capitalisation of borrowing costs is suspended in the period during which the active development is delayed beyond reasonable time due to other than temporary interruption. All other borrowing costs are charged to the statement of profit and loss as incurred.

10 Employee benefits

(a) Short-term employee benefits

Employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of availing employee services are classified as short-term employee benefits. These benefits include salaries and wages, bonus and ex-gratia. The undiscounted amount of short term employee benefits such as salaries and wages, bonus and ex-gratia to be paid in exchange of employee services are recognised in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

(b) Post employment benefits

Defined contribution plans:

A defined contribution plan is a post-employment benefit plan under which an entity pays specified contributions to a separate entity and has no obligation to pay any further amounts. The Company makes specified monthly contributions towards Provident Fund and Employees State Insurance Corporation (''ESIC''). The Company''s contribution is recognised as an expense in the statement of profit and loss during the period in which employee renders the related service.

Defined benefit plans:

The Company''s gratuity benefit scheme is a defined benefit plan. The Company''s net obligation in respect of a defined benefit plan is calculated by estimating the amount of future benefit that employees have earned in return for their service in the current and prior periods; that benefit is discounted to determine its present value, and the fair value of any plan assets is deducted.

The present value of the obligation under such defined benefit plan is determined based on actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit Method, which recognizes each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to build up the final obligation.

The obligation is measured at the present value of the estimated future cash flows. The discount rates used for determining the present value of the obligation under defined benefit plan, are based on the market yields on Government securities as at the balance sheet date.

When the calculation results in a benefit to the Company, the recognised asset is limited to the net total of any unrecognised actuarial losses and past service costs and the present value of any future refunds from the plan or reductions in future contributions to the plan.

Actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the statement of profit and loss.

(c) Other long-term employment benefits

Compensated absences:

Compensated absences which are not expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related services are recognised as a liability at the present value of the defined benefit obligation at the balance sheet date as determined by an independent actuary based on projected unit credit method. The discount rates used for determining the present value of the obligation under other long- term employment benefits plan, are based on the market yields on Government securities as at the balance sheet date.

11 Employee''s Stock Options Plan

In respect of stock options granted pursuant to the Company''s Employee Stock Option Scheme (''ESOS''), the intrinsic value of the options (excess of market price of the share over the exercise price of the option) is treated as discount and accounted as employee compensation cost over the vesting period in accordance with SEBI (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999 as amended from time to time.

12 Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognised to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured. The amount recognised as revenue is exclusive of service tax / sales tax / VAT and is net of discounts.

Multimodal transport income:

Export revenue is recognised on sailing of vessel and import revenue is recognised upon rendering of related services.

Container freight station income:

Income from Container Handling is recognised as related services are performed.

Income from Ground Rent is recognised for the period the container is lying in the Container Freight Station. However, in case of long standing containers, the income is accounted on accrual basis to the extent of its recoverability.

Contract logistic income:

Contract logistic service charges and management fees are recognised as and when the service is performed as per the contractual terms.

Project and equipment income:

Revenue for project division includes rendering of end to end logistics services comprising of activities related to consolidation of cargo, transportation, freight forwarding and customs clearance services. Income from project division is recognised when the outcome of the service contract can be estimated reliably; contract revenue and costs are recognised as income and expense when the related activities are performed, measured by reference of the contract activity at the reporting date. When it is probable that total contract costs will exceed total contract revenue, the expected loss is recognised as an expense immediately.

Equipment division earns revenue from hiring of cranes, trailers and other fleets. Income from hiring of fleets is recognised on the basis of actual usage of the Company''s fleets, per the contractual terms.

Others:

Reimbursement of cost is netted off with the relevant expenses incurred, since the same are incurred on behalf of the customers.

Interest income is recognised on time proportion basis.

Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive dividend is established.

Profit/loss on sale of current investments is computed with reference to their average cost.

13 Taxation

Income tax expense comprises current income tax and deferred tax charge or credit.

Current tax provision is made annually based on the tax liability computed in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

The deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period) and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a virtual certainty of realisation of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonably/virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realised.

Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) credit is recognised as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in the Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. The said asset is created by way of a credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income Tax during the specified period.

14 Foreign currency transactions

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the spot rates on the date of the respective transactions. Exchange differences arising on foreign exchange transactions settled during the year are recognised in the statement of profit and loss for the year.

The Central Government has vide its notification dated 31 March 2009 amended AS - 11, ''The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates'', notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, to the extent it relates to the recognition of losses or gains arising on restatement of long-term foreign currency monetary items in respect of accounting periods commencing on or after 07 December 2006 and ended on or before 31 March 2011. This notification has being further extended to period ended on or before 31 March 2012 and subsequently extended till period ended on or before 31 March 2020.

As stipulated in the notification, the Company has exercised the option to adopt the following policy irrevocably and retrospectively for accounting periods commencing from 01 April 2007.

Further, with effect from 01 April 2012, pursuant to the notification dated 29 December 2011, issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs inserting the paragraph 46A of the AS - 11 ''The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates'', notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, the Company opted to record, from the year ended 31 March 2013 foreign exchange transaction for all long term monetary liabilities, as per paragraph 46 A of AS -11.

Long-term monetary assets and liabilities, other than those which form part of the Company''s net investment in non-integral foreign operations, denominated in foreign currency as at the balance sheet date are translated at the exchange rate prevailing on the balance sheet date and the net exchange gain / loss on such conversion, if any, is:

a) adjusted to the cost of the asset, where the long-term foreign currency monetary items relate to the acquisition of a depreciable capital asset (whether purchased within or outside India), and depreciated over the balance life of the assets; or

b) accumulated in ''Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account'' (FCMITDA) and amortised over the balance period of long-term monetary asset / under (a) above.

Other monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies as at the balance sheet date are translated at the closing exchange rates on that date; the resultant exchange differences are recognised in the statement of profit and loss. Non-monetary asset such as investments in equity shares, etc. are carried forward in the balance sheet at costs.

15 Operating lease

Lease rentals in respect of assets acquired on operating leases are recognised in the statement of profit and loss on a straight line basis over the lease term.

Assets given by the Company under operating lease are included in fixed assets. Lease income from operating leases is recognised in the statement of profit and loss on a straight line basis over the lease term unless another systematic basis is more representative of the time pattern in which benefit derived from the leased asset is diminished. Costs, including depreciation, incurred in earning the lease income are recognised as expenses. Initial direct costs incurred specifically for an operating lease are deferred and recognised in the statement of profit and loss over the lease term in proportion to the recognition of lease income.

16 Earnings per share (EPS)

The Basic EPS is computed by dividing the net profit attributable to the equity shareholders for the year by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the reporting year. Diluted EPS is computed by dividing the net profit attributable to the equity shareholders for the year by the weighted average number of equity and dilutive equity equivalent shares outstanding during the year, except where the results would be anti-dilutive.

17 Provisions and contingent liabilities

The Company creates a provision where there is present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible or a present obligation that may, but probably will not require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made. Contingent assets are not recognised in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2014

1. Company overview

Allcargo Logistics Limited (''the Company'') was incorporated on August 18, 1993 and is a leading multinational company engaged in providing integrated logistics solutions and offers specialised logistics services across Multimodal Transport Operations, Inland Container Depot, Container Freight Station Operations, Third Party Logistics Operations and Project and Engineering Solutions. The Company is listed on Bombay Stock Exchange Limited and National Stock Exchange of India Limited.

During the year, pursuant to the scheme of amalgamation as sanctioned by the Honourable High Court of Bombay, MHTC Logistics Private Limited (a wholly owned subsidiary) has been amalgamated into the Company (refer note 46) with effect from April 01, 2012.

2. Significant accounting policies

The accounting policies set out below have been applied consistently to the periods presented in these financial statements, except as explained in the note 3 in respect of changes in accounting polices made in the previous year ended March 31, 2013.

2.1 Basis of preparation of financial statements

The financial statements have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in India (''Indian GAAP'') and comply with the Accounting standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 issued by the Central Government under Section 211 (3C) of the Companies Act, 1956 read with the General Circular 15 / 2013 dated September 13, 2013 of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs in respect of Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, in consultation with the National Advisory Committee on Accounting Standards (''NACAS'') and relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (''the Act''), to the extent applicable. The financial statements are presented in India rupees rounded off to the nearest Lakhs.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of the services and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as twelve months for the purpose of current or non-current classification of assets and liabilities.

2.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements. Management believes that the estimates made in the preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

2.3 Fixed assets and depreciation/amortization

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation / amortization and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises of purchase price and any attributable cost such as duties, freight, borrowing costs, erection and commissioning expenses incurred in bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

Until March 31, 2012, in respect of accounting period commencing on or after December 07, 2006 and ended on or before March 31, 2011, further extended to period ending on or before March 31, 2012 and subsequently extended till period ended on or before March 31, 2020, consequent to the insertion of paragraph 46 of AS-11 ''The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates'', notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, (as more fully explained in note 2.13), the cost of depreciable capital assets includes foreign exchange differences arising on translation of long term foreign currency monetary items as at the balance sheet date in so far as they relate to the acquisition of such assets.

Further, with effect from April 01, 2012, pursuant to the notification dated December 29, 2011, issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs inserting the paragraph 46A of the AS 11 ''The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates'', notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, the Company opted to record, from the year ended March 31, 2013 foreign exchange transaction for all long term monetary liabilities, as per paragraph 46 A of AS -11 (Refer note 3).

Depreciation on fixed assets (including investment property) except leasehold improvements is provided on straight line method in the manner and rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Act. Depreciation is charged on a pro-rata basis for assets purchased / sold during the year.

Assets costing less than Rs. 5,000 are fully depreciated in the year of acquisition.

Leasehold improvements are amortised over the primary period of lease.

Advance paid / expenditure incurred on acquisition / construction of fixed assets of assets which are not ready for their intended use at each balance sheet date are disclosed under loans and advances on capital account or capital work in progress respectively.

2.4 Intangible assets and amortization

Intangible assets comprises of goodwill on amalgamation in the nature of merger and computer software and are recognised when the asset is identifiable, is within the control of the Company, it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the asset will flow to the Company and cost of the asset can be reliably measured. Acquired intangible assets are recorded at the consideration paid for acquisition. Intangible assets of computer software are amortised on a straight-line basis over six years, which in management''s estimate represents the period during which economic benefits will be derived from their use.

2.5 Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the statement of Profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost.

2.6 Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year from the date of acquisition are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long- term investments. However, part of long term investments which is expected to be realised within 12 months after the reporting date is also presented under ''current assets'' as "current portion of long term investment” in consonance with the current/ non- current classification scheme of revised Schedule VI. Long term investments (including current portion thereof) are carried at cost less any other-than-temporary diminution in value, determined separately for each individual investment.

Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value. The comparison of cost and fair value is done separately in respect of each category of investments. Any reduction in the carrying amount and any reversals of such reductions are charged or credited to the statement of Profit and loss.

2.7 Investment property

Investment in land or buildings that are not intended to be occupied substantially for use by, or in operations of the company or held for rental purpose is classified as investment property. It is measured at cost on initial recognition. Cost includes expenditure that is directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of the investment property. Any gain or loss on disposal of an investment property (calculated as the difference between the net proceeds from disposal and the carrying amount of the property) is recognized in statement of Profit and loss.

2.8 Inventories

Inventories of stores and spares are valued at cost or net realisable value whichever is lower. The cost is determined on first in first out basis and includes all charges incurred for bringing the inventories to their present condition and location.

2.9 Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are treated as direct cost and are considered as part of cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. Capitalisation of borrowing costs is suspended in the period during which the active development is delayed beyond reasonable time due to other than temporary interruption. All other borrowing costs are charged to the statement of Profit and loss as incurred.

2.10 Employee benefits

(a) Short term employee benefits

Employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of availing employee services are classified as short- term employee benefits. These benefits include salaries and wages, bonus and ex-gratia. The undiscounted amount of short term employee benefits such as salaries and wages, bonus and ex-gratia to be paid in exchange of employee services are recognised in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

(b) Post employment benefits

Defined contribution plans:

A defined contribution plan is a post-employment benefit plan under which an entity pays Specified contributions to a separate entity and has no obligation to pay any further amounts. The company makes Specified monthly contributions towards Provident Fund and Employees State Insurance Corporation (''ESIC''). The Company''s contribution is recognised as an expense in the statement of Profit and loss during the period in which employee renders the related service.

Defined benefit plan:

The Company''s gratuity benefit scheme is a defined benefit plan. The Company''s net obligation in respect of a defined benefit plan is calculated by estimating the amount of future benefit that employees have earned in return for their service in the current and prior periods; that benefit is discounted to determine its present value, and the fair value of any plan assets is deducted.

The present value of the obligation under such defined benefit plan is determined based on actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit Method, which recognizes each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to build up the fnal obligation.

The obligation is measured at the present value of the estimated future cash flows. The discount rates used for determining the present value of the obligation under defined benefit plan, are based on the market yields on Government securities as at the balance sheet date.

When the calculation results in a benefit to the Company, the recognized asset is limited to the net total of any unrecognized actuarial losses and past service costs and the present value of any future refunds from the plan or reductions in future contributions to the plan.

Actuarial gains and losses are recognized immediately in the statement of Profit and loss.

(c) Other long term employment benefits

Compensated absences:

Compensated absences which are not expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related services are recognised as a liability at the present value of the defined benefit obligation at the balance sheet date as determined by an independent actuary based on projected unit credit method. The discount rates used for determining the present value of the obligation under other long term employment benefits plan, are based on the market yields on Government securities as at the balance sheet date.

2.11 Employee''s Stock Options Plan

In respect of stock options granted pursuant to the Company''s Employee Stock Option Scheme (''ESOS''), the intrinsic value of the options (excess of market price of the share over the exercise price of the option) is treated as discount and accounted as employee compensation cost over the vesting period in accordance with SEBI (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999 as amended from time to time.

2.12 Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Multimodal transport income:

Export revenue is recognised on sailing of vessel and import revenue is recognised upon rendering of related services.

Container freight station income:

Income from Container Handling is recognized as related services are performed.

Income from Ground Rent is recognized for the period the container is lying in the Container Freight Station. However, in case of long standing containers, the Income is accounted on accrual basis to the extent of its recoverability.

Third party logistics income:

Third party logistics service charges and management fees are recognised as and when the service is performed as per the contractual terms.

Project and equipment income:

Revenue for project division includes rendering of end to end logistics services comprising of activities related to consolidation of cargo, transportation, freight forwarding and customs clearance services. Income from Project division is recognised when the outcome of the service contract can be estimated reliably; contract revenue and costs are recognised as income and expense when the related activities are performed, measured by reference of the contract activity at the reporting date. When it is probable that total contract costs will exceed total contract revenue, the expected loss is recognised as an expense immediately.

Equipment division earns revenue from hiring of cranes, trailers and other feets. Income from transportation of goods is recognized on completion of the delivery of goods/containers. Income from hiring of feets is recognized on the basis of actual usage of the Company''s feets, per the contractual terms.

Others:

Reimbursement of cost is netted off with the relevant expenses incurred, since the same are incurred on behalf of the customers.

Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis.

Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive dividend is established.

Profit/loss on sale of current investments is computed with reference to their average cost.

2.13 Taxation

Income tax expense comprises current income tax and deferred tax charge or credit.

Current tax provision is made annually based on the tax liability computed in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

The deferred tax charge or credit (refecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period) and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future; however; where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is a virtual certainty of realization of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date and written down or written up to refect the amount that is reasonably/virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realized.

Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) credit is recognized as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in the Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. The said asset is created by way of a credit to the Profit and loss account and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income Tax during the Specified period.

2.14 Foreign currency transactions

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the spot rates on the date of the respective transactions. Exchange differences arising on foreign exchange transactions settled during the year are recognized in the Profit and loss account of the year.

The Central Government has vide its notification dated March 31, 2009 amended AS 11, ''The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates'', notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, to the extent it relates to the recognition of losses or gains arising on restatement of long-term foreign currency monetary items in respect of accounting periods commencing on or after December 07, 2006 and ended on or before March 31, 2011. This notification has being further extended to period ended on or before March 31, 2012 and subsequently extended till period ended on or before March 31, 2020.

As stipulated in the notification, the Company has exercised the option to adopt the following policy irrevocably and retrospectively for accounting periods commencing from April 01, 2007.

Further, with effect from April 01, 2012, pursuant to the notification dated December 29, 2011, issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs inserting the paragraph 46A of the AS 11 ''The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates'', notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, the Company opted to record, from the current period foreign exchange transaction for all long term monetary liabilities, as per paragraph 46 A of AS -11.

Long term monetary assets and liabilities, other than those which form part of the Company''s net investment in non- integral foreign operations, denominated in foreign currency as at the balance sheet date are translated at the exchange rate prevailing on the balance sheet date and the net exchange gain / loss on such conversion, if any, is:

a) adjusted to the cost of the asset, where the long-term foreign currency monetary items relate to the acquisition of a depreciable capital asset (whether purchased within or outside India), and depreciated over the balance life of the assets and;

b) accumulated in ''Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account'' (FCMITDA) and amortised over the balance period of long-term monetary asset under (a) above.

Other monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies as at the balance sheet date are translated at the closing exchange rates on that date; the resultant exchange differences are recognized in the statement of Profit and loss. Non-monetary asset such as investments in equity shares, etc. are carried forward in the balance sheet at costs.

2.15 Operating lease

Lease rentals in respect of assets acquired on operating leases are recognised in the statement of Profit and loss on a straight line basis over the lease term.

Assets given by the Company under operating lease are included in fixed assets. Lease income from operating leases is recognised in the statement of Profit and loss on a straight line basis over the lease term unless another systematic basis is more representative of the time pattern in which benefit derived from the leased asset is diminished. Costs, including depreciation, incurred in earning the lease income are recognised as expenses. Initial direct costs incurred specifcally for an operating lease are deferred and recognised in the statement of Profit and loss over the lease term in proportion to the recognition of lease income.

2.16 Earnings per share (EPS)

The Basic EPS is computed by dividing the net Profit attributable to the equity shareholders for the year by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the reporting year. Diluted EPS is computed by dividing the net Profit attributable to the equity shareholders for the year by the weighted average number of equity and dilutive equity equivalent shares outstanding during the year, except where the results would be anti-dilutive.

2.17 Provisions and contingent liabilities

The Company creates a provision where there is present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible or a present obligation that may, but probably will not require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made. Contingent assets are not recognised in the financial statements.

3. Changes in accounting policies

Exchange differences on long term foreign currency monetary items

Pursuant to the notification dated December 29, 2011, issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs inserting the paragraph 46A of the AS 11 ''The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates'', notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, the Company opted to record, from the previous period foreign exchange transaction for all long term monetary liabilities, as per paragraph 46 A of AS -11. As a result, exchange difference on long term monetary liabilities arising subsequent to April 01, 2012 is restated as per paragraph 46A.

The change has resulted in increase of depreciation of Rs. 91 Lakhs, reduction in the finance charge of Rs. 820 Lakhs and increase in Profit after tax of Rs. 747 Lakhs for the previous year.

The above adjustment includes interest reversal ofRs. 820 Lakhs and incremental depreciation ofRs. 28 Lakhs for the earlier period ended March 31, 2012.

ii) Rights, preferences and restrictions attached to equity shares

The Company has a single class of equity shares. Accordingly, all equity shares rank equally with regard to dividends and share in the Company''s residual assets. The equity shares are entitled to receive dividend as declared from time to time . During the year ended March 31, 2014, the Company has proposed fnal dividend of Rs. 1.50 per equity share (previous year: dividend of Rs. 1.50 per equity share). The voting rights of an equity shareholder on a poll (not on show of hands) are in proportion to its share of the paid-up equity capital of the Company. On winding up of the Company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive the residual assets of the Company,remaining after distribution of all preferential amounts in proportion to the number of equity shares held.

Employee stock options

Terms attached to stock options granted to employees are described in note 44 regarding employee share based payments.

v) Aggregate number of bonus shares issued, shares issued for consideration other than cash and shares bought back during the period of five years immediately preceding the reporting date :

During the five-year period ended March 31, 2014 (March 31, 2013)

(i) 17,302 (previous year: 19,767) equity shares of Rs. 2 each, fully paid up have been alloted as bonus shares by capitalisation of general reserve and securities premium account.

(ii) 86,265 (previous year: 91,850) equity shares of Rs. 2 each under Employee Stock Option Plan for which only exercise price has been recovered in cash.

(iii) During the previous year, the Company has bought back and extinguished 4,136,449 equity shares at an average price of Rs. 139.69 per equity share for an aggregate amount of Rs. 5,817 Lakhs (Refer note 47).


Mar 31, 2013

The accounting policies set out below have been applied consistently to the periods presented in these fnancial statements except as explained in the note 3 on changes in accounting policies.

1.1 Basis of preparation of fnancial statements

The fnancial statements are prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting and in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (''the Act''), and the accounting principles generally accepted in India and comply with the Accounting Standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 issued by the Central Government, in consultation with the National Advisory Committee on Accounting Standards, to the extent applicable. The fnancial statements are presented in Indian rupees rounded off to the nearest lakhs.

This is the frst year of application of the revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956 for the preparation of the fnancial statements of the Company. The revised Schedule VI introduces some signifcant conceptual changes as well as new disclosures. These include classifcation of all assets and liabilities into current and non-current. The previous period fgures have also undergone a major reclassifcation to comply with the requirements of the revised Schedule VI.

Current / Non-current classifcation

The Revised Schedule VI to the Act requires assets and liabilities to be classifed into current and non-current. assets

An asset is classifed as current when it satisfes any of the following criteria:

(a) it is expected to be realised in, or is intended for sale or consumption in, the entity''s normal operating cycle;

(b) it is held primarily for the purpose of being traded;

(c) it is expected to be realised within twelve months after the balance sheet date; or

(d) it is cash or a cash equivalent unless it is restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least twelve months after the balance sheet date.

Current assets include the current portion of non-current fnancial asstes.All other assets are classifed as non- current.

liabilities

A liability is classifed as current when it satisfes any of the following criteria:

(a) it is expected to be settled in the entity''s normal operating cycle;

(b) it is held primarily for the purpose of being traded;

(c) it is due to be settled within twelve months after the balance sheet date; or

(d) the Company does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least twelve months after the balance sheet date. Terms of a liability that could, at the option of the counterpart, result in its settlement by the issue of equity instruments do not affect its classifcation.

Current liabilities include current portion of non-current fnancial liabilities. All other liabilities are classifed as non- current.

Operating cycle

Based on the nature of services and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as twelve months for the purpose of current/non current classifcation of assets and liabilities.

1.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of fnancial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the fnancial statements. Management believes that the estimates made in the preparation of the fnancial statements are prudent and reasonable. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

1.3 Fixed assets and depreciation/amortization

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation / amortization and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises of purchase price and any attributable cost such as duties, freight, borrowing costs, erection and commissioning expenses incurred in bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

Until March 31, 2012, in respect of accounting period commencing on or after 07 December 2006 and ending on or before March 31, 2011, further extended to period ending on or before March 31, 2012 and subsequently extended till period ending on or before March 31, 2020, consequent to the insertion of paragraph 46 of AS-11 ''The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates'', notifed under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, (as more fully explained in note 2.13), the cost of depreciable capital assets includes foreign exchange differences arising on translation of long term foreign currency monetary items as at the balance sheet date in so far as they relate to the acquisition of such assets.

Further, with effect from April 01, 2012, pursuant to the notifcation dated 29 December, 2011, issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs inserting the paragraph 46A of the AS 11 ''The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates'', notifed under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, the Company opted to record, from the current year foreign exchange transaction for all long term monetary liabilities, as per paragraph 46 A of AS -11 (Refer Note 3).

Depreciation on fxed assets (including investment property) except leasehold improvements is provided on straight line method in the manner and rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Act. Depreciation is charged on a pro-rata basis for assets purchased / sold during the year.

Assets costing less than Rs. 5,000 are fully depreciated in the year of acquisition.

Leasehold improvements are amortized over the primary period of lease.

Capital work-in-progress includes the cost of fxed assets that are not ready to use at the balance sheet date and advances paid to acquire fxed assets on or before the balance sheet date.

1.4 Intangible assets and amortization

Intangible assets comprises of computer software and are recognised when the asset is identifable, is within the control of the Company, it is probable that the future economic benefts that are attributable to the asset will fow to the Company and cost of the asset can be reliably measured. Acquired intangible assets are recorded at the consideration paid for acquisition. Intangible assets are amortized on a straight-line basis over six years, which in management''s estimate represents the period during which economic benefts will be derived from their use.

1.5 Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash fows are discounted to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the statement of proft and loss . If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is refected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost.

1.6 Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year from the date of acquisition are classifed as current investments. All other investments are classifed as long- term investments. However, part of long term investments which is expected to be realised within 12 months after the reporting date is also presented under '' current assets'' as "current portion of long term investment" in consonance with the current/ non-current classifcation scheme of revised Schedule VI.

Long term investments (including current portion thereof ) are carried at cost less any other-than-temporary diminution in value, determined separately for each individual investment.

Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value. The comparison of cost and fair value is done separately in respect of each category of investments. Any reduction in the carrying amount and any reversals of such reductions are charged or credited to the statement of proft and loss.

1.7 Investment Property

Investment in land or buildings that are not intended to be occupied substantially for use by, or in operations of the company or held for rental purpose is classifed as investment property. It is measured at cost on initial recognition. Cost includes expenditure that is directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of the investment property. Any gain or loss on disposal of an investment property (calculated as the difference between the net proceeds from disposal and the carrying amount of the property) is recognized in statement of proft and loss.

1.8 Inventories

Inventories of Stores and Spares are valued at cost or net realisable value whichever is lower. The cost is determined on frst in frst out basis and includes all charges incurred for bringing the inventories to their present condition and location.

1.9 Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are treated as direct cost and are considered as part of cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. Capitalisation of borrowing costs is suspended in the period during which the active development is delayed beyond reasonable time due to other than temporary interruption. All other borrowing costs are charged to the statement of proft and loss as incurred.

1.10 Employee benefts

(a) Short term employee benefts

Employee benefts payable wholly within twelve months of availing employee services are classifed as short- term employee benefts. These benefts include salaries and wages, bonus and ex-gratia. The undiscounted amount of short term employee benefts such as salaries and wages, bonus and ex-gratia to be paid in exchange of employee services are recognised in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

(b) Post employment benefts

Defned contribution plans:

A defned contribution plan is a post-employment beneft plan under which an entity pays specifed contributions to a separate entity and has no obligation to pay any further amounts. The company makes specifed monthly contributions towards Provident Fund and Employees State Insurance Corporation (''ESIC''). The Company''s contribution is recognised as an expense in the statement of proft and loss during the period in which employee renders the related service.

Defned beneft plan:

The Company''s gratuity beneft scheme is a defned beneft plan. The Company''s net obligation in respect of a defned beneft plan is calculated by estimating the amount of future beneft that employees have earned in return for their service in the current and prior periods; that beneft is discounted to determine its present value, and the fair value of any plan assets is deducted.

The present value of the obligation under such defned beneft plan is determined based on actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit Method, which recognizes each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee beneft entitlement and measures each unit separately to build up the fnal obligation.

The obligation is measured at the present value of the estimated future cash fows. The discount rates used for determining the present value of the obligation under defned beneft plan, are based on the market yields on Government securities as at the balance sheet date.

When the calculation results in a beneft to the Company, the recognized asset is limited to the net total of any unrecognized actuarial losses and past service costs and the present value of any future refunds from the plan or reductions in future contributions to the plan.

Actuarial gains and losses are recognized immediately in the statement of proft and loss.

(c) Other long term employment benefts

Compensated absences:

Compensated absences which are not expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related services are recognised as a liability at the present value of the defned beneft obligation at the balance sheet date as determined by an independent actuary based on projected unit credit method. The discount rates used for determining the present value of the obligation under other long term employment benefts plan, are based on the market yields on Government securities as at the balance sheet date.

1.11 Employee''s Stock Options Plan

In respect of stock options granted pursuant to the Company''s Employee Stock Option Scheme (''ESOS''), the intrinsic value of the options (excess of market price of the share over the exercise price of the option) is treated as discount and accounted as employee compensation cost over the vesting period in accordance with SEBI (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999 as amended from time to time.

1.12 revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefts will fow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Multimodal Transport Income:

Export revenue is recognised on sailing of vessel and import revenue is recognised upon rendering of related services.

Container freight station Income:

Income from Container Handling is recognized as related services are performed.

Income from Ground Rent is recognized for the period the container is lying in the Container Freight Station. However, in case of long standing containers, the Income is accounted on accrual basis to the extent of its recoverability.

Third Party Logistics Income:

Third Party Logistics service charges and management fees are recognised as and when the service is performed as per the contractual terms.

Project and equipment income:

Revenue for project division includes rendering of end to end logistics services comprising of activities related to consolidation of cargo, transportation, freight forwarding and customs clearance services. Income from Project division is recognised when the outcome of the service contract can be estimated reliably; contract revenue and costs are recognised as income and expense when the related activities are performed, measured by reference of the contract activity at the reporting date. When it is probable that total contract costs will exceed total contract revenue, the expected loss is recognised as an expense immediately.

Equipment division earns revenue from hiring of cranes , trailers and other feets. Income from transportation of goods is recognized on completion of the delivery of goods/containers. Income from hiring of feets is recognized on the basis of actual usage of the Company''s feets, per the contractual terms.

Others:

Reimbursement of cost is netted off with the relevant expenses incurred, since the same are incurred on behalf of the customers.

Interest in come is recognized on time proportion basis.

Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive dividend is established.

Proft/loss on sale of current investments is computed with reference to their average cost.

1.13 taxation

Income tax expense comprises current income tax and deferred tax charge or credit.

Current tax provision is made annually based on the tax liability computed in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

The deferred tax charge or credit (refecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period) and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future; however; where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is a virtual certainty of realization of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date and written down or written up to refect the amount that is reasonably/virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realized.

Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) credit is recognized as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in the Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. The said asset is created by way of a credit to the proft and loss account and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income Tax during the specifed period.

1.14 Foreign currency transactions

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the spot rates on the date of the respective transactions. Exchange differences arising on foreign exchange transactions settled during the year are recognized in the proft and loss account of the year.

The Central Government has vide its notifcation dated 31 March 2009 amended AS 11, ''The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates'', notifed under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, to the extent it relates to the recognition of losses or gains arising on restatement of long-term foreign currency monetary items in respect of accounting periods commencing on or after 07 December 2006 and ending on or before 31 March 2011. This notifcation has being further extended to period ending on or before March 31, 2012 and subsequently extended till period ending on or before March 31, 2020.

As stipulated in the notifcation, the Company has exercised the option to adopt the following policy irrevocably and retrospectively for accounting periods commencing from April 01, 2007.

Further, with effect from April 01, 2012, pursuant to the notifcation dated 29 December 2011, issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs inserting the paragraph 46A of the AS 11 ''The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates'', notifed under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, the Company opted to record, from the current period foreign exchange transaction for all long term monetary liabilities, as per paragraph 46 A of AS -11.

Long term monetary assets and liabilities, other than those which form part of the Company''s net investment in non-integral foreign operations, denominated in foreign currency as at the balance sheet date are translated at the exchange rate prevailing on the balance sheet date and the net exchange gain / loss on such conversion, if any, is:

a) adjusted to the cost of the asset, where the long-term foreign currency monetary items relate to the acquisition of a depreciable capital asset (whether purchased within or outside India), and depreciated over the balance life of the assets and;

b) accumulated in ''Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account'' (FCMITDA) and amortised over the balance period of long-term monetary asset / under (a) above.

Other monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies as at the balance sheet date are translated at the closing exchange rates on that date; the resultant exchange differences are recognized in the proft and loss account. Non-monetary asset such as investments in equity shares, etc. are carried forward in the balance sheet at costs.

1.15 Operating lease

Lease rentals in respect of assets acquired on operating leases are recognised in the statement of proft and loss on a straight line basis over the lease term.

Assets given by the Company under operating lease are included in fxed assets. Lease income from operating leases is recognised in the statement of proft and loss on a straight line basis over the lease term unless another systematic basis is more representative of the time pattern in which beneft derived from the leased asset is diminished. Costs, including depreciation, incurred in earning the lease income are recognised as expenses. Initial direct costs incurred specifcally for an operating lease are deferred and recognised in the statement of proft and loss over the lease term in proportion to the recognition of lease income.

1.16 Earnings per share (EPS)

The Basic EPS is computed by dividing the net proft attributable to the equity shareholders for the year by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the reporting year. Diluted EPS is computed by dividing the net proft attributable to the equity shareholders for the year by the weighted average number of equity and dilutive equity equivalent shares outstanding during the year, except where the results would be anti-dilutive.

1.17 Provisions and contingent liabilities

The Company creates a provision where there is present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outfow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible or a present obligation that may, but probably will not require an outfow of resources. When there is a possible obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outfow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made. Contingent assets are not recognised in the fnancial statements.


Mar 31, 2012

1.1 Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements are prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting and in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 ('the Act'), and the accounting principles generally accepted in India and comply with the accounting standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 issued by the Central Government, in consultation with the National Advisory Committee on Accounting Standards, to the extent applicable.

1.2 Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in India requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements. Management believes that the estimates made in the preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in current and future periods.

1.3 Fixed Assets and Depreciation/Amortization

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation / amortization and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises of purchase price and any attributable cost such as duties, freight, borrowing costs, erection and commissioning expenses incurred in bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

In respect of accounting period commencing on or after December 7, 2006 and ending on or before March 31, 2011, further extended to period ending on or before March 31, 2012 and subsequently extended till period ending on or before March 31, 2020, consequent to the insertion of Para 46 of AS - 11 'The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates', notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, (as more fully explained in Schedule 20.12), the cost of depreciable capital assets includes foreign exchange differences arising on translation of long term foreign currency monetary items as at the Balance Sheet date in so far as they relate to the acquisition of such assets.

A depreciation on fixed assets except leasehold improvements is provided on straight line method in the manner and rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Act. Depreciation is charged on a pro - rata basis for assets purchased / sold during the year.

Assets costing less than Rs. 5,000/- are fully depreciated in the year of acquisition.

Leasehold improvements are amortized over the primary period of lease.

Capital work - in - progress includes the cost of fixed assets that are not ready to use at the Balance Sheet date and advances paid to acquire fixed assets on or before the Balance Sheet date.

1.4 Intangible Assets and Amortization

Intangible assets comprises of computer software and are recognized when the asset is identifiable, is within the control of the Company, it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the asset will flow to the Company and cost of the asset can be reliably measured. Acquired intangible assets are recorded at the consideration paid for acquisition. Intangible assets are amortized on a straight - line basis over a maximum period of six years, which in management's estimate represents the period during which economic benefits will be derived from their use.

1.5 Impairment of Assets

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the Profit and Loss Account. If at the Balance Sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost.

1.6 Investments

Long term investments are carried at cost. Provision for diminution is made to recognize a decline, other than temporary in value of investments and is determined separately for each individual investment. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value, computed separately in respect of each category of investment.

1.7 Inventories

Inventories of Spares and Consumables are valued at cost or net realizable value whichever is lower. The cost is determined on first in first out basis and includes all charges incurred for bringing the inventories to their present condition and location.

1.8 Borrowing Costs

Borrowing Costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are treated as direct cost and are considered as part of cost of such assets.

A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. Capitalization of borrowing costs is suspended in the period during which the active development is delayed beyond reasonable time due to other than temporary interruption. All other borrowing costs are charged to the Profit and Loss Account as incurred.

1.9 Employee Benefits

(a) Short Term Employee Benefits

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short - term employee benefits. Benefits such as salaries and wages, leave salary etc. and the expected cost of ex - gratia are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

(b) Post Employment Benefits

Defined Contribution Plans:

The Company makes specified monthly contributions towards Employee Provident Fund and Employees State Insurance Corporation ('ESIC'). The Company's contribution paid / payable under the schemes is recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss Account during the period in which the employee renders the related service.

Defined Benefit Plan:

The Company's gratuity benefit scheme is a defined benefit plan. The Company's net obligation in respect of the gratuity benefit scheme is calculated by estimating the amount of future benefit that employees have earned in return for their service in the current and prior periods; that benefit is discounted to determine its present value, and the fair value of any plan assets is deducted.

The present value of the obligation under such defined benefit plan is determined based on actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit Method, which recognizes each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to build up the final obligation.

The obligation is measured at the present value of the estimated future cash flows. The discount rates used for determining the present value of the obligation under defined benefit plan, are based on the market yields on Government securities as at the Balance Sheet date.

When the calculation results in a benefit to the Company, the recognized asset is limited to the net total of any unrecognized actuarial losses and past service costs and the present value of any future refunds from the plan or reductions in future contributions to the plan.

Actuarial gains and losses are recognized immediately in the Profit and Loss Account.

(c) Long Term Employment Benefits

The Company's net obligation in respect of long - term employment benefits is the amount of future benefit that employees have earned in return for their service in the current and prior periods. The obligation is calculated using the Projected Unit Credit Method and is discounted to its present value and the fair value of any related assets is deducted. The discount rates used for determining the present value of the obligation under defined benefit plan, are based on the market yields on Government securities as at the Balance Sheet date.

1.10 Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

i) Multimodal Transport Income:

Export revenue is recognized on sailing of vessel and import revenue is recognized upon rendering of related services.

ii) Container Freight Station Income:

Income from Container Handling is recognized as related services are performed.

Income from Ground Rent is recognized for the period the container is lying in the Container Freight Station. However, in case of long standing containers, the Income is accounted on accrual basis to the extent of its recoverability.

iii) Warehouse/Third Party Logistics Income:

Warehouse/Third Party Logistics service charges and management fees are recognized as and when the service is performed as per the contractual terms. The rental income receivable under operating leases is recognized in profit or loss on a straight - line basis over the term of the lease.

iv) Project and Equipment Income:

Revenue for Project division includes rendering of end to end logistics services comprising of activities related to consolidation of cargo, transportation, freight forwarding and customs clearance services. Income from Project division is recognized when the outcome of the service contract can be estimated reliably; contract revenue and costs are recognized as income and expense when the related activities are performed, measured by reference of the contract activity at the reporting date. When it is probable that total contract costs will exceed total contract revenue, the expected loss is recognized as an expense immediately.

Equipment Division mainly comprises of revenue earned from hiring of cranes , trailers and other fleets. Income from transportation of goods is recognized on completion of the delivery of goods/containers. Income from hiring of fleets is recognized on the basis of actual usage of the Company's fleets, per the contractual terms.

v) Others:

Reimbursement of cost is netted off with the relevant expenses incurred, since the same are incurred on behalf of the customers.

Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis.

Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive dividend is established.

Profit/Loss on sale of current investment is computed with reference to their average cost.

1.11 Taxation

Income tax expense comprises current income tax and deferred tax charge or credit.

Current tax provision is made annually based on the tax liability computed in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

The deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period) and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future; however; where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is a virtual certainty of realization of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonably/virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realized.

Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) credit is recognized as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in the Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. The said asset is created by way of a credit to the Profit and Loss Account and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each Balance Sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income Tax during the specified period.

1.12 Foreign Currency Transactions

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the spot rates on the date of the respective transactions. Exchange differences arising on foreign exchange transactions settled during the year are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account of the year.

The Central Government has vide its notification dated March 31, 2009 amended AS 11, 'The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates', notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, to the extent it relates to the recognition of losses or gains arising on restatement of long - term foreign currency monetary items in respect of accounting periods commencing on or after December 7, 2006 and ending on or before March 31, 2011. This notification has being further extended to period ending on or before March 31, 2012 and subsequently extended till period ending on or before March 31, 2020.

As stipulated in the notification, the Company has exercised the option to adopt the following policy irrevocably and retrospectively for accounting periods commencing from April 1, 2007.

Long term monetary assets and liabilities, other than those which form part of the Company's net investment in non - integral foreign operations, denominated in foreign currency as at the Balance Sheet date are translated at the exchange rate prevailing on the Balance Sheet date and the net exchange gain / loss on such conversion, if any, is:

(a) adjusted to the cost of the asset, where the long - term foreign currency monetary items relate to the acquisition of a depreciable capital asset (whether purchased within or outside India), and depreciated over the balance life of the assets and;

(b) accumulated in "Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account' (FCMITDA) and amortized over the balance period of long - term monetary asset / liability but not beyond March 31, 2012, in cases other than those falling under (a) above.

Other monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies as at the Balance Sheet date are translated at the closing exchange rates on that date; the resultant exchange differences are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account. Non - monetary asset such as investments in equity shares, etc. are carried forward in the Balance Sheet at costs.

1.13 Operating Lease

Tease rentals in respect of assets acquired on operating leases are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account on a straight line basis over the lease term.

Assets given by the Company under operating lease are included in fixed assets. Lease income from operating leases is recognized in the statement of profit and loss on a straight line basis over the lease term unless another systematic basis is more representative of the time pattern in which benefit derived from the leased asset is diminished. Costs, including depreciation, incurred in earning the lease income are recognised as expenses. Initial direct costs incurred specifically for an operating lease are deferred and recognized in the statement of profit and loss over the lease term in proportion to the recognition of lease income.

1.14 Earnings Per Share (EPS)

The Basic EPS is computed by dividing the net profit attributable to the equity shareholders for the year by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the reporting year. Diluted EPS is computed by dividing the net profit attributable to the equity shareholders for the year by the weighted average number of equity and dilutive equity equivalent shares outstanding during the year, except where the results would be anti - dilutive.

1.15 Provisions and Contingent Liabilities

The Company creates a provision where there is present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible or a present obligation that may, but probably will not require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made. Contingent assets are not recognized in the financial statements.

1.16 Employee Stock Option Scheme

In respect of stock options granted pursuant to the Company's Employee Stock Option Scheme ('ESOS'), the intrinsic value of the options (excess of market price of the share over the exercise price of the option) is treated as discount and accounted as employee compensation cost over the vesting period in accordance with SEBI (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999 as amended from time to time.


Dec 31, 2010

1. Accounting Conventions:

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting, in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India, the accounting standards notified by Companies Accounting Standard Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

2. Fixed Assets:

2.1 Fixed assets are recorded at cost less accummulated depreciation.

2.2 Cost includes purchase price and any attributable cost of bringingthe assetto its applicable use.

3. Asset Impairment:

The Company reviews the carrying values of tangible and intangible assets for any possible impairment at each Balance Sheet date. An impairment loss is recognised when the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use,the estimated future cash flows of the asset are discounted to their present value at an appropriate discount rate. Reversal of impairment losses recognised in prior years is recorded when there is an indication that the impairment losses recognised for the asset no longer exist or have decreased. The amount of reversal will be limited to recording the asset at the carrying amount that would have been determined (net of depreciation) had the impairment loss not been recognised for that asset in prior years.

4. Depreciation:

4.1 Leasehold land is amortised equally overthe period ofthe lease.

4.2 Depreciation on fixed assets including assets created on land and office premises under lease is provided on straight line method at the rates provided in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Renewal of leases is assumed consistent with past practice.

4.3 Fixed assets costing Rs.5 thousand or less are fully depreciated in the year of acquisition.

5. Investments:

5.1 Long Term Investments are carried at cost. Provision for dimunition, if any, in the value of each long term investment is made to recognise a decline other than of a temporary nature. The fair value of a long term investment is ascertained with reference to its market value, the investees assets and results and the expected cash flows from the investment.

5.2 Current Investments are carried at lower of cost orfair value.

5.3 Profit/loss on sale of investments is computed with reference to their average cost.

6. Inventories:

Inventories of Spares and Consumables are valued at cost or net realisable value whichever is lower. Cost includes all charges incurred for bringingthe inventories to theirpresent condition and location.

7. Expenditure During Construction Period:

Expenditure during construction period is included under Capital Work in Progress and the same is allocated to the respective fixed assets on completion of construction.

8. Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition/ construction ofthe underlying fixed assets are capitalised as a part ofthe respective asset uptothe date ofthe acquisition/completion of construction.

9. Revenue Recognition:

9.1 Multimodal Transport Income and Multimodal Transport Expenses are recognized on the basis of sailing of vessels and completion of transport as per contractual terms.

9.2 Income from Container Freight Station Operations relating to export containers is accounted on an accrual basis. Container Freight Station ground rent charge on Import Stuffed Containers is accounted to the extent of recoverability from carriers of containers. Import cargo handling charges are accounted on clearance.

9.3 Revenue and expenses for sale of abandoned cargo are recognized when auctioned.Surplus, if any, out of auctions is credited to a separate accountAuction Surplus" and is shown under Current Liabilities. Unclaimed Auction Surplus outstandingfor more than one year is written back as income in the subsequent financial year.

9.4 Income of Project & Engineering Solutions is recognized as per contractual terms.

10. Employees Retirement Benefit:

10.1 Retirement benefits in the form of Provident Fund and Family Pension Fund which are defined contribution schemes are charged to the Profit and Loss Account of the year when the contributions to the respective funds accrue.

10.2 Gratuity liability which is a defined benefit scheme is accrued and provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation madeattheendof each financial year.

10.3 The expected cost of accumulated compensated absences is determined on the basis of actuarial valuation and such liability is provided in the accounts.

11. Employees Stock Options Plan:

The Accounting value of stock options representing the excess of the market price over the exercise price of the options granted under "Employees Stock Options Scheme" of the Company is amortised on straight-line basis over the vesting period as " Deferred Employees Compensation" in accordance with SEBI (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999 as amended from time to time.

12. Taxes on Income:

Current Tax is the amount of tax payable on the assessable income for the year determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income TaxAct, 1961.

Deferred Tax is recognised on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that orignate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets on unabsorbed tax losses and tax depreciation are recognized only when there is virtual certainty of their realisation and on other items when there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. The tax effect is calculated on the accumulated timing differences at the year end based on the tax rate and laws enacted or substantially enacted on the balance sheet date.

Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) credit is recognized as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in the Guidance Note issued by the Institute ofChartered Accountants of India. The said asset is created by way of a credit to the profit and loss account and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income Tax during the specified period.

13. Foreign Currency Transactions:

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are translated at the year end exchange rates. Exchange gains/losses are recognized in the profit and loss account. Non Monetary foreign currency items like investment in foreign subsidiaries are carried at cost and expressed in Indian currency at the rate of exchange prevailing at the time of the original transaction.

Forward exchange contracts outstanding as at the period end on account of firm commitment/higly probable forecast transaction are marked to market and the resultant gain/loss is dealt in the profit and loss account.

14. Leases:

Lease rentals in respect of operating lease arrangements are charged to profit and loss account. Initial direct costs in respect of lease are expensed in the year in which such costs are incurred. Expenditures incurred on improvements to leasehold premises are classified into Capital and Revenue. Capital expenditures are classified under Fixed assets and Revenue expenditures are debited to profit and loss account.

15. Segment Reporting:

The Accounting Policies adopted for segment reporting are in line with Accounting Policies of the Company. Segment assets include all operating assets used by the business segments and consist principally of fixed assets and current assets. Segment liabilities include the operating liabilities that result from the operating activities of the business. Segment assets and liabilities that cannot be allocated between the segments are shown as part of unallocated corporate assets and liabilities respectively. Income/Expenses relatingtothe enterprise as awhole and not allocable on a reasonable basis to business segments, are reflected as unallocated corporate income/expenses.



 
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