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Accounting Policies of Allied Digital Services Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2016

- 40,18,801 Equity Shares of face value '' 5 per share allotted during the year at a premium of ''10 per share to the promoters of the company. (P.Y. Nil)

(c) Rights, Preferences and restrictions related to equity shares

The company has only one class of equity shares having par value of '' 5 per share. Each holder of equity shares is entitled to one vote per share.

The Company Stock Options Plans which are summarized as under:

(i) Stock Option Scheme (2010)

The Company by a Special Resolution passed at Annual General Meeting held on 29th September 2010 approved the Employee Stock Option Scheme under section 79A of the Companies Act 1956 to be read along with SEBI (Employee Stock Option and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999 whereby 30,00,000 options convertible into Equity Shares of '' 5/- each to be granted to eligible employees of the Company. This stock option scheme is titled as ''”ESOP 2010”. Out of the same 4,87,500 options have been granted during the financial year 2012-13. Of these 1,87,500 options have lapsed as the employees holding the staid number of grants have left the organization during FY 2015-16.

(e) Issue of Shares other than Cash

Details of Shares allotted as fully paid up by way of bonus shares.

The Company allotted 13,22,300 equity shares of '' 10 each as fully paid-up bonus shares by capitalization of reserves in 1999-2000.

The Company allotted 71,05,605 equity shares of '' 10 each as fully paid-up bonus shares by capitalization of reserves in 2006-2007.

(f) Buy- Back of Equity Shares

The Board of Directors of the Company in their meeting held on February 18, 2011 had resolved to buyback (“Buyback”) its fully paid-up equity shares of the face value of Rs, 5/- each (Equity Shares) from the existing Equity Share owners of the Company, other than Promoters of the Company. This Buy back was to be made from the stock exchange in accordance with the provisions of Sections 77A, 77AA, 77B and other applicable provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (“the Act”) and Securities and Exchange Board of India (Buy Back of Securities) Regulation, 1998 (“the Regulation”) and the relevant provisions of Memorandum of Association and Articles of Association of the Company. The maximum price at which this buy back was to be executed was not to exceed Rs, 140/- per Equity Share (“Maximum Buyback Price”) payable in cash, and the maximum amount allocated for the Total Buy Back was Rs, 2,800 Lakhs (“Offer size”). The Date of Opening of the buyback was April 25, 2011 and last Date for the Buyback was February 17, 2012. No buy back of shares was made by the Company during the year under consideration.

During the financial year 2011-2012 , the Company has bought back 5,97,075 Equity Shares for a Total Consideration of Rs, 324.87 Lakhs. The Bought back shares have been duly extinguished by the Company.

* Carrying amount of Fixed Assets whose remaining useful life as at 01st April 2014 was NIL, is adjusted net of tax Rs, 433.50 lakh in FY 2014-15 (FY 2015-16: Rs, Nil) as per schedule II of companies Act 2013.

** Sundry Debtors amounting to Rs, 229.42 crores outstanding for over 5 years, considered bad and doubtful by the management, have been written off.

(i) Details of Security Offered to Banks for Working Capital Facilities

Following securities have been offered to various banks with the first charge with State Bank of India and pari pasu charged with Standard Charttered Bank and Barclays Bank

(a) Mortgage of Gala no 4, Bldg No 3, Sector III, MIDC Mahape, Navi Mumbai

(b) Mortgage of Gala no 3, Bldg No 3, Sector III, MIDC Mahape, Navi Mumbai

(c ) Mortgage of Gala no 301,302,305,306.307,308, Bldg No 3, Sector III, MIDC Mahape, Navi Mumbai

(d) Mortgage of Building No.4, Sector 1, MBP, MIDC, Mahape, Navi Mumbai

(e) Mortgage of office at Earnest House, 13 Floor, Nariman Point, Mumbai

(f) Hypothecation Charge on Current Assets

(g) Personal Guarantee of directors Mr. Prakash D Shah and Mr. Nitin D Shah

(h) Mortgage of Gala no 7, Bldg No 3, Plot No MBP 2, Mahape, Navi Mumbai

(i) Hypothecation Charge on Movable assets except Vehicles

The Company has not received any instruction from suppliers regarding their status under the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Act, 2006 and hence, disclosures if any, relating to amounts unpaid as at the year end, together with interest payable, as required under the said Act, have not been given.

Of the above, Rs, 182.03 lakh Related to Provident Fund and Rs, 14.11 lakh Related to ESIC pertains to Financial Years 2013-14 and 2014-15 which has not been paid by the company.

On account of the severe Financial crunch faced by the Company, regular delays have been noted in making the payment towards the Contributions payable by the Company on account of Employee Benefits and Profession Tax.

Note 1:

1) Transfer of Capital Work in Progress to the respective Heads of Assets (if any) during the year under consideration is as per the representations made and certified by the Management.

2) Intellectual Property Right (IPR) are in process of being developed further but as represented by the Management the amount capitalized by them during the year under consideration represents the Employee Cost attributable to the development of these IPR.. As per the representation made by the Management these IPR''s in its current form can be put to use or sold to its customers. The management has informed that the active utility life of this IPR is 10 years from the date it was first put to use This is the fourth year of the utilization of these IPR''s.

During the year under review, it was represented that the Company is in process of developing 6 Intellectual Property Rights

(IPR) the details of which are as under:

1. ADITAS :- This is a large software product, now being extensively deployed to all our customers worldwide. This is an ITSM (IT service Management) platform that orchestrates IT service management for all kinds of devices and applications within the enterprise. This platform competes with world leaders such as BMC Remedy, Service Now and IBM. Tivoli. It is available as on-premise as well as cloud model. This platform has mobile applications, dashboards and multiple integration points and scales to automation of business processes. This is a cornerstone of Allied now, and is the center of our offerings. It went through three phases of development in two years, and further roadmap is planned for one more year at minimum.

2. WOTS :- This is a work order tracking system. The solution provides end to end logistics management and discrete assembly of products in warehouses. This solution was developed for US customers, and now has great potential to sell for customers who are into warehousing and order fulfillment. It integrates seamlessly with SAP

3. YOUNIFY :- Younify is developed as an internet portal, one of the most unique kind of portal development capabilities that we have. It showcases our powerful content management and web site development capabilities. This internet integrates all our internal HR processes and is used by all employees in India. We have extended the portal to community portals, which is one of the unique in the world, and adds great value to facility management products.

4. SFA :- This is a comprehensive sales force automation tool. Which starts from lead management to deal closure. It has mobile application too to track workforce and their day to day activities. The key feature is also that it integrates with vouvher management, and timesheet to track sales force performance and their travel costs. Commission management is under development.

5. Mobile Workforce Management :- A unique workforce management application useful for field force across the globe. This application runs on android and can run also on apple devices. The application also has central command center with GPS tracking for tracking, interaction with field force and intelligent work scheduling.

6. AWS :- Automobile warranty system is one of kind application, which tracks all interaction between the end customer, dealer and the manufacturer. Two customers in the US are already using this application. Very few vendors have such a focused application on parts warranty management. This application can be easily leveraged for other parts management industry apart from automobile warranty.

It has been represented by the Company that once these IPR''s have been developed and put to use they are likely to yield considerable revenue. As these IPR''s are in the state of development and have not contributed to the earnings of the company the same have been capitalized under the head of IPR. The useful life of these IPR''s as represented before us is that of 10 years.


Mar 31, 2015

1) Corporate information

Allied Digital Services Limited (referred to as "ADSL" or the "Company") is renowned as a leading Global IT Transformation Architect, having its operations pan India, USA, Australia, Europe and Middle east Asia with an impeccable track record for designing, developing, deploying and delivering end-to-end IT infrastructure services. It provides wide range of information technology and consultancy services including Infrastructure Services, End user IT Support, IT asset life cycle, enterprise applications and integrated solutions.

The Company's registered office is in Mumbai and has presence in pan India, and it has Subsidiary companies in USA, Singapore and Australia.

a) Basis of preparation

The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accounting Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. These financial statements have been prepared to comply with the in all material aspects with the Accounting Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and referred to Sec 129 & 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, of India. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

b) Principles of Consolidation

The financial statements of the subsidiary companies used for the publishing of the consolidated results are drawn up to the same reporting date as of the Company.

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the following basis:

i. The financial statements of the Company and its subsidiary companies have been combined on the line by line basis by adding together like item of assets, liabilities, income and expenses. Inter-Company balances and transactions and unrealized profits or losses have been fully eliminated.

ii. The excess of cost to the Parent Company of its investments in subsidiary companies over its share of the equity of the subsidiary companies at the dates on which the investment in subsidiary companies are made, is recognized as 'Goodwill' being an asset in the consolidated financial statements. Alternatively, where the share of equity in the subsidiary companies as on the date of investment is in excess of cost of investment of the Company, it is recognized as 'Capital Reserve' and shown under the head 'Reserves and Surplus', in the consolidated financial statements.

iii. Minority interest in the net assets of the consolidated subsidiaries consists of the amount of the equity attributable to the minority shareholders at the dates on which investments are made by the Company in the subsidiary companies and further movements in their share in the equity, subsequent to the dates of investments.

iv. Interest in a jointly controlled entity is reported using proportionate consolidation.

c) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires the management of the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to the contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the year. Examples of such estimates include provisions for doubtful debts, employee benefits, provision for income taxes, accounting for contract costs expected to be incurred to complete software development and the useful lives of depreciable fixed assets.

d) Tangible fixed assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Costs include all expenses incurred to bring the assets to its present location and condition. Subsequent expenditure related to fixed assets is capitalized only if such expenditure results in an increase in the future benefits from such assets beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

e) Intangible assets

Intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortisation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of an intangible asset comprises its development cost/purchase price, including any import duties and other taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from the taxing authorities), and any directly attributable expenditure on making the asset ready for its intended use and net of any trade discounts and rebates. Subsequent expenditure on an intangible asset after its purchase / completion is recognised as an expense when incurred unless it is probable that such expenditure will enable the asset to generate future economic benefits in excess of its originally assessed standards of performance and such expenditure can be measured and attributed to the asset reliably, in which case such expenditure is added to the cost of the asset.

f) Depreciation and amortization

Depreciation has been provided based on estimated useful life assigned to each asset in accordance with Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013:

Depreciation is charged only from the date the asset concerned is put to use by the Company.

Intangible assets are amortized over the estimate useful life.

The depreciation has been charged using straight line Method over the estimated life of assets of three to seven years in case of Allied Digital Services LLC.

a) Leases

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor, are recognized as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the profit and loss account on pro-rata basis over the period of the lease.

b) Impairment

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of the assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss, if any, is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. Reversal of impairment losses recognised in the prior years is recorded when there is an indication that the impairment losses recognised for the assets no longer exist or have decreased.

c) Investments

Investments, which are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments.

Investments are recorded at cost on the date of purchase, which includes acquisition charges such as brokerage, stamp duty, taxes, etc. Current Investments are tested at lower of cost and net realisable value. Long term investments are stated at cost after deducting provisions made, if any, for other than temporary diminution in the value.

Profit or Loss on sale of Investments is determined on specific identification basis.

d) Employee benefits

(i) Post-retirement benefit plans

Payments to the defined retirement benefit schemes are recognized as expenses when employees have rendered services entitling them to contributions.

In accordance to the applicable Indian Laws and as per the Accounting Standard 15 (Revised) for "Accounting for Employees Benefit", the Company with effect from April 1, 2006 provides for gratuity for its eligible employees. The Actuarial Gains or Losses are charged to the Profit and Loss Account for the period in which they occur.

(ii) Employees defined contribution plans

The Company makes Provident Fund contributions to defined contribution plans for qualifying employees. Under the schemes, the Company is required to contribute a specified percentage of the payroll costs to fund the benefits. This contribution is made to the Government's Provident Fund.

e) Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognised to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and can be reliably measured.

Revenues from contracts priced on a time and material basis are recognised when services are rendered and related costs are incurred.

Revenues from maintenance contracts are recognised on pro-rata basis over the period of the contract.

Service revenue is considered on acceptance of the contract and is accrued over the period of the contract, net of all taxes, local levies and other discounts & rebates.

Sales in case of supply of goods are recognized when the goods are invoiced or dispatched to the customers and are recorded exclusive of VAT, CST, other local levies and other discounts and rebates.

Revenue from sale of software licenses are recognized upon delivery where there is no customization required. In case of sale of customized software the same is recognized on the basis of achieving the various milestones attached with the customization, net of all taxes, local levies and other discounts & rebates.

Interest income is accounted on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate. Dividends income is accounted when the right to receive it is established.

f) Taxation

Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax.

Provision for current tax is made on the basis of estimated taxable income of the current accounting year in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Current tax assets and current tax liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off the recognised amounts and there is an intention to settle the asset and the liability on a net basis.

The deferred tax for timing differences between the book and tax profits for the year is accounted for, using the tax rates and laws that have been substantively enacted as of the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets arising from timing differences are recognised to the extent there is reasonable certainty that these would be realised in future.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date. The Company writes down the carrying amount of a deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realised. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain, that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

In case of unabsorbed losses and unabsorbed depreciation, all deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realised against future taxable profit. At each Balance Sheet date the Company reassesses the unrecognised deferred tax assets.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) credit is recognised as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. In the year in which the MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognised as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in Guidance Note issued by the ICAI, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the Statement of Profit and Loss and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each Balance Sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that the Company will pay normal Income Tax during the specified period.

g) Foreign Currency Transactions

The transactions in foreign currencies on revenue accounts are stated at the rate of exchange prevailing on the date of transaction. The difference on account of fluctuation in the rate of exchange prevailing on the date of transaction and the date of realization is treated as revenue / expenditure.

Differences on translation of Current Assets and Current Liabilities remaining unsettled at the year end are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account except those relating to acquisition of fixed assets which are adjusted in the cost of the assets.

h) Employee Stock Option Scheme

In accordance with the Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme Guidelines, 1999 issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India ("SEBI"), the Company is following the Intrinsic Value Method of ESOP cost whereby the excess of Fair Market Value of the shares of the Company one day prior to the date of issue of the shares over the price at which they are issued is recognised as employee compensation cost. This cost is amortized on straight-line basis over the period of vesting of the Option.

However, during the year there were no Options exercised and vested hence no expenses have been provided on account of Employee Stock Options Cost (Previous Year: Nil).

i) Inventories

Inventories are carried at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost is determined on a first in first out basis. Purchased goods in transit are carried at cost. Stores and spare parts are carried at cost less provision for obsolescence.


Mar 31, 2014

A) Basis of preparation

The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accounting Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. These financial statements have been prepared to comply with the in all material aspects with the accounting standards under section 211(3C) [Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended] and the other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

b) use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires the management of the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to the contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the year. Examples of such estimates include provisions for doubtful debts, employee benefits, provision for income taxes, accounting for contract costs expected to be incurred to complete software development and the useful lives of depreciable fixed assets.

c) Tangible fixed assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Costs include all expenses incurred to bring the assets to its present location and condition. Subsequent expenditure related to fixed assets is capitalized only if such expenditure results in an increase in the future benefits from such assets beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

d) Intangible assets

Intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortisation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of an intangible asset comprises its development cost/purchase price, including any import duties and other taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from the taxing authorities), and any directly attributable expenditure on making the asset ready for its intended use and net of any trade discounts and rebates. Subsequent expenditure on an intangible asset after its purchase / completion is recognised as an expense when incurred unless it is probable that such expenditure will enable the asset to generate future economic benefits in excess of its originally assessed standards of performance and such expenditure can be measured and attributed to the asset reliably, in which case such expenditure is added to the cost of the asset.

e) depreciation and amortization

Depreciation other than on capital work-in-progress is charged so as to write-off the cost of assets, on the following basis:

Type of Asset Method Rate

Leasehold Land Straight line 1.63%

Freehold & Leasehold Buildings Straight line 1.63%

Furniture and Fixtures Straight line 6.33%

Computers and IT Equipment''s Straight line 16.21%

Motor Vehicles Straight line 9.5%

Office Equipment''s Straight line 4.75%

Civil and Plumbing Work Straight line 1.63%

Depreciation is charged only from the date the asset concerned is put to use by the Company. Fixed Assets individually costing Rs. 5,000/- or less have been fully depreciated in the year of purchase.

Intangible assets are amortize over the estimate useful life.

f) Leases

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor, are recognised as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the profit and loss account on pro-rata basis over the period of the lease.

g) Impairment

At each Balance Sheet date, the management reviews the carrying amounts of its assets included in each cash generating unit to determine whether there is any indication that those assets were impaired. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is re-estimated in order to determine the extent of impairment loss. Any deviation in the value of such asset is recognized in the Profit and Loss Account. Recoverable amount is the higher of an asset''s net selling price and value in use.

h) Investments

Long-term investments are stated at cost, less provision for other than temporary diminution in value. Current investments comprising investments in mutual funds are stated at the lower of cost and fair value, determined on a portfolio basis.

Profit or Loss on sale of Investments is determined on specific identification basis.

i) Employee benefits

(i) post-retirement benefit plans

Payments to the defined retirement benefit schemes are recognized as expenses when employees have rendered services entitling them to contributions.

In accordance to the applicable Indian Laws and as per the Accounting Standard 15 (Revised) for "Accounting for Employees Benefit", the Company with effect from April 1, 2006 provides for gratuity for its eligible employees. The Actuarial Gains or Losses are charged to the Profit and Loss Account for the period in which they occur.

(ii) Employees defined contribution plans

The Company makes Provident Fund contributions to defined contribution plans for qualifying employees. Under the schemes, the Company is required to contribute a specified percentage of the payroll costs to fund the benefits. This contribution is made to the Government''s Provident Fund.

j) Revenue recognition

Revenues from contracts priced on a time and material basis are recognised when services are rendered and related costs are incurred.

Revenues from maintenance contracts are recognised on pro-rata basis over the period of the contract.

Service revenue is considered on acceptance of the contract and is accrued over the period of the contract, net of all taxes, local levies and other discounts & rebates.

Sales in case of supply of goods are recognized when the goods are invoiced or dispatched to the customers and are recorded exclusive of VAT, CST, other local levies and other discounts and rebates.

Revenue from sale of software licenses are recognized upon delivery where there is no customization required. In case of sale of customized software the same is recognized on the basis of achieving the various milestones attached with the customization, net of all taxes, local levies and other discounts & rebates.

Interest income is accounted on accrual basis. Dividends income is accounted when the right to receive it is established.

k) Taxation

Current income tax expense comprises taxes on income from operations in India.

Income tax payable in India is determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax expense or benefit is recognised on timing differences; being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in the subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws prevailing as on the date of the Balance Sheet.

In the event of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognised to the extent that there is virtual certainty that sufficient taxable income will be available in future to realise such assets.

Provisions for income taxes are presented in the balance sheet after offsetting Advance Taxes paid and TDS deductions for the respective assessment years.

The Company offsets deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities, if it has a legally enforceable right and these relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing taxation laws.

MAT credit is recognized as an asset only when and to the extent there are adequate and satisfying reasons that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT credit entitlement to the extent that there is no satisfying reason to the effect that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period.

l) Foreign Currency Transactions

The transactions in foreign currencies on revenue accounts are stated at the rate of exchange prevailing on the date of transaction. The difference on account of fluctuation in the rate of exchange prevailing on the date of transaction and the date of realization is treated as revenue / expenditure.

Differences on translation of Current Assets and Current Liabilities remaining unsettled at the year end are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account except those relating to acquisition of fixed assets which are adjusted in the cost of the assets.

m) Employee stock Option scheme

In accordance with the Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme Guidelines, 1999 issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India ("SEBI"), the Company is following the Intrinsic Value Method of ESOP cost whereby the excess of Fair Market Value of the shares of the Company one day prior to the date of issue of the shares over the price at which they are issued is recognised as employee compensation cost. This cost is amortized on straight-line basis over the period of vesting of the Option.

However, during the year there were no Options vested below the Fair Market Value of the Shares hence no expenses have been provided on account of Employee Stock Options Cost (Previous Year: Nil).

n) Inventories

Inventories are carried at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost is determined on a first in first out basis. Purchased goods in transit are carried at cost. Stores and spare parts are carried at cost less provision for obsolescence.


Mar 31, 2012

A) Basis of preparation

The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accounting Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. These financial statements have been prepared to comply with the in all material aspects with the accounting standards under section 211(3C) [Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended] and the other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires the management of the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to the contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the year. Examples of such estimates include provisions for doubtful debts, employee benefits, provision for income taxes, accounting for contract costs expected to be incurred to complete software development and the useful lives of depreciable fixed assets.

c) Tangible fixed assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Costs include all expenses incurred to bring the assets to its present location and condition. Subsequent expenditure related to fixed assets is capitalized only if such expenditure results in an increase in the future benefits from such assets beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

d) Intangible assets

Intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment losses, if any. The cost of an intangible asset comprises its development cost/purchase price, including any import duties and other taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from the taxing authorities), and any directly attributable expenditure on making the asset ready for its intended use and net of any trade discounts and rebates. Subsequent expenditure on an intangible asset after its purchase / completion is recognized as an expense when incurred unless it is probable that such expenditure will enable the asset to generate future economic benefits in excess of its originally assessed standards of performance and such expenditure can be measured and attributed to the asset reliably, in which case such expenditure is added to the cost of the asset.

e) Depreciation and amortization

Depreciation other than on capital work-in-progress is charged so as to write-off the cost of assets, on the following basis:

Depreciation is charged only from the date the asset concerned is put to use by the Company. Fixed Assets individually costing Rs. 5,000/- or less have been fully depreciated in the year of purchase.

Intangible assets are amortize over the estimate useful life

f) Leases

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor, are recognized as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognized in the profit and loss account on pro-rata basis over the period of the lease.

g) Impairment

At each Balance Sheet date, the management reviews the carrying amounts of its assets included in each cash generating unit to determine whether there is any indication that those assets were impaired. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is re-estimated in order to determine the extent of impairment loss. Any deviation in the value of such asset is recognized in the Profit and Loss Account. Recoverable amount is the higher of an asset's net selling price and value in use.

h) Investments

Long-term investments are stated at cost, less provision for other than temporary diminution in value. Current investments comprising investments in mutual funds are stated at the lower of cost and fair value, determined on a portfolio basis.

Profit or Loss on sale of Investments is determined on specific identification basis.

i) Employee benefits

(i) Post-retirement benefit plans

Payments to the defined retirement benefit schemes are recognized as expenses when employees have rendered services entitling them to contributions.

In accordance to the applicable Indian Laws and as per the Accounting Standard 15 (Revised) for "Accounting for Employees Benefit", the Company with effect from April 1, 2006 provides for gratuity for its eligible employees. The Actuarial Gains or Losses are charged to the Profit and Loss Account for the period in which they occur.

(ii) Employees defined contribution plans

The Company makes Provident Fund contributions to defined contribution plans for qualifying employees. Under the schemes, the Company is required to contribute a specified percentage of the payroll costs to fund the benefits. This contribution is made to the Government's Provident Fund.

j) Revenue recognition

Revenues from contracts priced on a time and material basis are recognized when services are rendered and related costs are incurred.

Revenues from maintenance contracts are recognized on pro-rata basis over the period of the contract. Service revenue is considered on acceptance of the contract and is accrued over the period of the contract, net of all taxes, local levies and other discounts & rebates.

Sales in case of supply of goods are recognized when the goods are invoiced or dispatched to the customers and are recorded exclusive of VAT, CST, other local levies and other discounts and rebates.

Revenue from sale of software licenses are recognized upon delivery where there is no customization required. In case of sale of customized software the same is recognized on the basis of achieving the various milestones attached with the customization, net of all taxes, local levies and other discounts & rebates.

Interest income is accounted on accrual basis. Dividends income is accounted when the right to receive it is established. k) Taxation

Current income tax expense comprises taxes on income from operations in India.

Income tax payable in India is determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax expense or benefit is recognized on timing differences; being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in the subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws prevailing as on the date of the Balance Sheet.

In the event of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognized to the extent that there is virtual certainty that sufficient taxable income will be available in future to realize such assets.

Provisions for income taxes are presented in the balance sheet after offsetting Advance Taxes paid and TDS deductions for the respective assessment years.

The Company offsets deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities, if it has a legally enforceable right and these relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing taxation laws.

MAT credit is recognized as an asset only when and to the extent there are adequate and satisfying reasons that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT credit entitlement to the extent that there is no satisfying reason to the effect that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period.

l) Foreign Currency Transactions

The transactions in foreign currencies on revenue accounts are stated at the rate of exchange prevailing on the date of transaction. The difference on account of fluctuation in the rate of exchange prevailing on the date of transaction and the date of realization is treated as revenue / expenditure.

Differences on translation of Current Assets and Current Liabilities remaining unsettled at the year end are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account except those relating to acquisition of fixed assets which are adjusted in the cost of the assets.

m) Employee Stock Option Scheme

In accordance with the Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme Guidelines, 1999 issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India ("SEBI"), the Company is following the Intrinsic Value Method of ESOP cost whereby the excess of Fair Market Value of the shares of the Company one day prior to the date of issue of the shares over the price at which they are issued is recognised as employee compensation cost. This cost is amortized on straight-line basis over the period of vesting of the Option. However, during the year there were no Options vested below the Fair Market Value of the Shares hence no expenses have been provided on account of Employee Stock Options Cost (Previous Year: Nil).

n) Inventories

Inventories are carried at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost is determined on a first in first out basis. Purchased goods in transit are carried at cost. Stores and spare parts are carried at cost less provision for obsolescence.


Mar 31, 2010

1) Basis of Preparation

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention and as per the requirements of the Companies Act, 1956.

2) Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires the management of the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to the contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the year. Examples of such estimates include provisions for doubtful debts, employee benefits, provision for income taxes, accounting for contract costs expected to be incurred to complete software development and the useful lives of depreciable fixed assets.

3) Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation. Costs include all expenses incurred to bring the assets to its present location and condition. Financing cost related to acquisition of Fixed Assets are also included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to put to use.

5) Leases

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor, are recognised as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the profit and loss account on pro-rata basis over the period of the lease.

6) Impairment

At each Balance Sheet date, the management reviews the carrying amounts of its assets included in each cash generating unit to determine whether there is any indication that those assets were impaired. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is re-estimated in order to determine the extent of impairment loss. Any deviation in the value of such asset is recognized in the Profit and Loss Account. Recoverable amount is the higher of an asset’s net selling price and value in use.

7) Investments

Long-term investments are stated at cost, less provision for other than temporary diminution in value. Current investments comprising investments in mutual funds are stated at the lower of cost and fair value, determined on a portfolio basis.

Profit or Loss on sale of Investment is determined on the specific identification basis.

8) Employee Benefits

(i) Post Retirement Benefit Plans

Payments to the defined retirement benefit schemes are recognized as expenses when employees have rendered services entitling them to contributions.

In accordance to the applicable Indian Laws and as per the Accounting Standard 15 (Revised) for "Accounting for Employees Benefit", the Company with effect from April 1, 2006 provides for gratuity for its eligible employees. The Actuarial Gains or Losses are charged to the Profit and Loss Account for the period in which they occur.

(ii) Employees Defined Contribution Plans

The Company makes Provident Fund contributions to defined contribution plans for qualifying employees. Under the schemes, the Company is required to contribute a specified percentage of the payroll costs to fund the benefits. This contribution is made to the Government’s Provident Fund.

9) Revenue Recognition

Revenues from contracts priced on a time and material basis are recognised when services are rendered and related costs are incurred.

Sales in case of supply of goods are recognized when the goods are invoiced or dispatched to the customers and are recorded exclusive of VAT, CST, other local levies and other discounts and rebates.

Revenue from sale of software licenses are recognized upon delivery where there is no customization required. In case of sale of customized software the same is recognized on the basis of achieving the various milestones attached with the customization, net of all taxes, local levies and other discounts & rebates.

Service revenue is considered on acceptance of the contract and is accrued over the period of the contract, net of all taxes, local levies and other discounts & rebates.

Dividends are recorded when the right to receive payment is established.

Interest income is recognised on time proportion basis.

10) Taxation

Current income tax expense comprises taxes on income from operations in India.

Income tax payable in India is determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax expense or benefit is recognised on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in the subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws prevailing as on the date of the Balance Sheet.

In the event of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognised to the extent that there is virtual certainty that sufficient taxable income will be available in future to realise such assets.

Provisions for income taxes are presented in the balance sheet after offsetting Advance Taxes paid and TDS deductions for the respective assessment years.

The Company offsets deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities, if it has a legally enforceable right and these relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing taxation laws.

11) Foreign Currency Transactions

The transactions in Foreign Currencies on revenue accounts are stated at the rate of exchange prevailing on the date of transaction. The difference on account of fluctuation in the rate of exchange prevailing on the date of transaction and the date of realization is treated as revenue / expenditure.

Differences on translation of Current Assets and Current Liabilities remaining unsettled at the year end are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account except those relating to acquisition of fixed assets which are adjusted in the cost of the assets.

12) Employee Stock Option Scheme

In accordance with the Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme Guidelines, 1999 issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (“SEBI”), the Company is following the Intrinsic Value Method of ESOP cost whereby the excess of Fair Market Value of the shares of the Company one day prior to the date of issue of the shares over the price at which they are issued is recognised as employee compensation cost. This cost is amortized on straight-line basis over the period of vesting of the Option.

However, during the year, there were no Options vested below the Fair Market Value of the Shares hence no expenses have been provided on account of Employee Stock Options Cost (Previous Year: Nil).

13) Inventories

Inventories are carried at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost is determined on a first in first out basis. Purchased goods in transit are carried at cost. Stores and spare parts are carried at cost less provision for obsolescence.

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