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Accounting Policies of Ashish Polyplast Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

A Basis of preparation of financial statements and revenue recognition :-

1 The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles and the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 as adopted consistently by the company.

2 Accounting policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent with generally accepted accounting principles followed by the company.

3 Sale of goods is recognised on transfer of significant risk and rewards of ownership which is generally on shipment and dispatch to customers. Sale is exclusive of excise duty and other levies wherever applicable. Other revenue/ cost are recognised on accrual basis.

B Fixed Assets & Depreciation / Amortisation : -

1 Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction net of Excise, Value Added Tax less accumulated depreciation. All cost, till commencement of commercial production is capitalized.

2 Depeciation is systematical allocated over the useful life of tangible assets as specified in part C of schedule II of Companies Act 2013. Intangible assets (except goodwill) are amortized equally over five years. Goodwill is tested for impairment annually.

3 Pursuant to accounting standard 28" Impairment of Assets" issued by the ICAI, The Company has a system to review the carrying cost of all the assets vis-a-vis recoverable value and impairment loss, if any is charged to Profit and Loss account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting periods is reversed if there has been a change in estimate of recoverable amount.

C Foreign Currency Transactions: -

Transactions denominated in foreign currency are normally recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of the transactions. Monetary items denominated in foreign currency remaining unsettled at the year-end are restated at the exchange rate prevailing at the end of the year. Gains and losses on foreign exchange transactions other than those relating to fixed assets are charged to profit & loss account. Premium paid on forward contract has been recognized over the life of the contract. Any profit or loss on cancellation or renewal of such forward exchange contract is recognised as income or expenditure for the period.

D Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value except by products which is valued at estimated realizable value. In determining the cost of raw Material, stores spares, and other material the first in first out (FIFO) method is used. Finished goods and work in progress include material cost, labour and factory overheads and excise duty, if applicable.

E Employee Retirement Benefit :-

1 Long Term Employee Benefits:

Defined Contribution Plans:

The company has Defined Contribution plans for post employment benefits namely Provident Fund. Under the Provident Fund Plan, the Company contributes to a Government administered provident fund on behalf of its employees and has no further obligation beyond making its contribution.

The company's contributions to the above funds are charged to profit and loss account every year.

2 Defined Benefit Plans:

The company has a Defined Benefit plan namely Gratuity. For Leave Encashment Benefits the leave wages are payable to all eligible employees at the rate of daily salary/wages for each day of accumulated leave and are paid during the financial year itself. Therefore no liability is accrued at the end of the financial year for leave benefits as per practice followed by the company year to year. Liability for Defined Benefit Plan - Gratuity is provided on the basis of valuations, as at the balance sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary. The actuarial method used by independent actuary for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit Method.

Actuarial gains and losses, which comprised experience adjustment and the effect of changes in actuarial assumptions, are recognized immediately in the Profit and Loss Account.

F Lease Rent

Lease rentals are expensed with reference to lease terms and other considerations.

G Taxation

Taxation expense comprises current tax and deferred tax charge or credit. Provision for income tax is made on the basis of the assessable income at the tax rate applicable to the relevant assessment year. Advance tax and tax deducted at source are adjusted against provision for taxation and balance, if any, are shown in the balance sheet under respective heads

H Deferred Taxation

Deferred tax resulting from timing differences between book and tax profit is accounted for under the liability method at the current rate of Income tax to the extent that the timing differences are expected to crystallize as deferred tax charge/ benefit in the profit and loss a/c and as deferred tax Assets/Liability in the Balance-Sheet.

I Borrowing Cost

Borrowing cost that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily take substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing cost are charged to Revenue.

J Excise Duty

1 Excise duty payable is accounted based on removal of goods.

2 The amount of cenvat credits in respect of materials consumed for sales is deducted from cost of material consumed

K Use of Estimates

In preparing Company's financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in India, management is required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period:; actual results could differ from those estimates.

L Impairment of Assets

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the profit & Loss account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

M Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes, Contingent assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial Tatements.

N Related Party Transaction

Parties are considered to be related if at any time during the year; one party has the ability to control the other party or to exercise significant influence over the other party in making financial and / or operating decision.

o Earning Per Share (EPS)

The earning considered in ascertaining the company's EPS comprises the net profit for the period after tax attributed to equity shareholders. The number of shares used in computing basic EPS is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year.

P Government Grants

Grants received against specific fixed assets are adjusted to the cost of the assets and those in the nature of promoter's contribution are credited to capital reserve. Revenue grants are recognized in the profit and loss account in accordance with the related schemes and in the period in which these are accrued and it is reasonably certain that the ultimate collection will be made.




Mar 31, 2014

A Basis of preparation of financial statements and revenue recognition:-

1 The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 as adopted consistently by the company.

2 Accounting policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent with generally accepted accounting principles followed by the company.

3 Sale of goods is recognised on transfer of significant risk and rewards of ownership which is generally on shipment and dispatch to customers. Sale is exclusive of excise duty and other levies wherever applicable. Other revenue/ cost are recognised on accrual basis.

B Fixed Assets & Depreciation / Amortisation: -

1 Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction net of Excise, Value Added Tax less accumulated depreciation. All cost, till commencement of commercial production is capitalized.

2 Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on the straight Line Method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act 1956. Intangible assets (except goodwill) are amortized equally over five years. Goodwill is tested for impairment annually.

3 Pursuant to accounting standard 28 " Impairment of Assets" issued by the ICAI, The Company has a system to review the carrying cost of all the assets vis-à-vis recoverable value and impairment loss, if any is charged to Profit and Loss account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting periods is reversed if there has been a change in estimate of recoverable amount.

C Foreign Currency Transactions: -

Transactions denominated in foreign currency are normally recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of the transactions. Monetary items denominated in foreign currency remaining unsettled at the year-end are restated at the exchange rate prevailing at the end of the year. Gains and losses on foreign exchange transactions other than those relating to fixed assets are charged to profit & loss account. Premium paid on forward contract has been recognized over the life of the contract. Any profit or loss on cancellation or renewal of such forward exchange contract is recognised as income or expenditure for the period.

D Inventories :-

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value except by products which is valued at estimated realizable value. In determining the cost of raw Material, stores spares, and other material the first in first out (FIFO) method is used. Finished goods and work in progress include material cost, labour and factory overheads and excise duty, if applicable.

E Employee Retirement Benefit :-

1 Long Term Employee Benefits: Defined Contribution Plans: The company has Defined Contribution plans for post employment benefits namely Provident Fund.

Under the Provident Fund Plan, the Company contributes to a Government administered provident fund on behalf of its employees and has no further obligation beyond making its contribution. The company''s contributions to the above funds are charged to profit and loss account every year.

2 Defined Benefit Plans: The company has a Defined Benefit plan namely Gratuity. For Leave Encashment Benefits the leave wages are payable to all eligible employees at the rate of daily salary/wages for each day of accumulated leave and are paid during the financial year itself. Therefore no liability is accrued at the end of the financial year for leave benefits as per practice followed by the company year to year. Liability for Defined Benefit Plan – Gratuity is provided on the basis of valuations, as at the balance sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary. The actuarial method used by independent actuary for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit Method.

Actuarial gains and losses, which comprised experience adjustment and the effect of changes in actuarial assumptions, are recognized immediately in the Profit and Loss Account.

F Lease Rent:-

Lease rentals are expensed with reference to lease terms and other considerations.

G Taxation:-

Taxation expense comprises current tax and deferred tax charge or credit. Provision for income tax is made on the basis of the assessable income at the tax rate applicable to the relevant assessment year. Advance tax and tax deducted at source are adjusted against provision for taxation and balance, if any, are shown in the balance sheet under respective heads

H Deferred Taxation

Deferred tax resulting from timing differences between book and tax profit is accounted for under the liability method at the current rate of Income tax to the extent that the timing differences are expected to crystallize as deferred tax charge/ benefit in the profit and loss a/c and as deferred tax Assets/Liability in the Balance-Sheet.

I Borrowing Cost

Borrowing cost that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily take substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing cost are charged to Revenue.

J Excise Duty

1 Excise duty payable is accounted based on removal of goods.

2 The amount of cenvat credits in respect of materials consumed for sales is deducted from cost of material consumed

K Use of Estimates

In preparing Company''s financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in India, management is required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period:; actual results could differ from those estimates.

L Impairment of Assets

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the profit & Loss account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

M Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes, Contingent assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

N Related Party Transaction

Parties are considered to be related if at any time during the year; one party has the ability to control the other party or to exercise significant influence over the other party in making financial and / or operating decision.

O Earning Per Share (EPS)

The earning considered in ascertaining the company''s EPS comprises the net profit for the period after tax attributed to equity shareholders. The number of shares used in computing basic EPS is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year.

P Government Grants

Grants received against specific fixed assets are adjusted to the cost of the assets and those in the nature of promoter''s contribution are credited to capital reserve. Revenue grants are recognized in the profit and loss account in accordance with the related schemes and in the period in which these are accrued and it is reasonably certain that the ultimate collection will be made.


Mar 31, 2012

A Basis of preparation of financial statements and revenue recognition :-

1 The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 as adopted consistently by the company.

2 Accounting policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent with generally accepted accounting principles followed by the company.

3 Sale of goods is recognised on transfer of significant risk and rewards of ownership which is generally on shipment and dispatch to customers. Sale is exclusive of excise duty and other levies wherever applicable. Other revenue/ cost are recognised on accrual basis.

B Fixed Assets & Depreciation / Amortisation : -

1 Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction net of Excise, Value Added Tax less accumulated depreciation. All cost, till commencement of commercial production is capitalized.

2 Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on the straight Line Method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act 1956. Intangible assets (except goodwill) are amortized equally over five years. Goodwill is tested for impairment annually.

3 Pursuant to accounting standard 28 " Impairment of Assets" issued by the ICAl, The Company has a system to review the carrying cost of all the assets vis-a-vis recoverable value and impairment loss, if any is charged to Profit and Loss account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting periods is reversed if there has been a change in estimate of recoverable amount.

C Foreign Currency Transactions: -

Transactions denominated in foreign currency are normally recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of the transactions. Monetary items denominated in foreign currency remaining unsettled at the year-end are restated at the exchange rate prevailing at the end of the year. Gains and losses on foreign exchange transactions other than those relating to fixed assets are charged to profit & loss account. Premium paid on forward contract has been recognized over the life of the contract. Any profit or loss on cancellation or renewal of such forward exchange contract is recognised as income or expenditure for the period.

D Inventories :-

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value except by products which is valued at estimated realizable value. In determining the cost of raw Material, stores spares, and other material the first in first out (FIFO) method is used. Finished goods and work in progress include material cost, labour and factory overheads and excise duty, if applicable.

E Employee Retirement Benefit :-

1 Long Term Employee Benefits : Defined Contribution Plans :

The company has Defined Contribution plans for post employment benefits namely Provident Fund. Under the Provident Fund Plan, the Company contributes to a Government administered provident fund on behalf of its employees and has no further obligation beyond making its contribution.

The company's contributions to the above funds are charged to profit and loss account every year.

2 Defined Benefit Plans :

The company has a Defined Benefit plan namely Gratuity. For Leave Encashment Benefits the leave wages are payable to all eligible employees at the rate of daily salary/wages for each day of accumulated leave and are paid during the financial year itself. Therefore no liability is accrued at the end of the financial year for leave benefits as per practice followed by the company year to year.

Liability for Defined Benefit Plan - Gratuity is provided on the basis of valuations, as at the balance sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary. The actuarial method used by independent actuary for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit Method. Actuarial gains and losses, which comprised experience adjustment and the effect of changes in actuarial assumptions, are recognized immediately in the Profit and Loss Account.

F Lease Rent :-

Lease rentals are expensed with reference to lease terms and other considerations.

G Taxation :-

Taxation expense comprises current tax and deferred tax charge or credit. Provision for income tax is made on the basis of the assessable income at the tax rate applicable to the relevant assessment year. Advance tax and tax deducted at source are adjusted against provision for taxation and balance, if any, are shown in the balance sheet under respective heads.

H Deferred Taxation :-

Deferred tax resulting from timing differences between book and tax profit is accounted for under the liability method at the current rate of Income tax to the extent that the timing differences are expected to crystallize as deferred tax charge/ benefit in the profit and loss a/c and as deferred tax Assets/Liability in the Balance-Sheet.

I Borrowing Cost :-

Borrowing cost that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily take substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing cost are charged to Revenue.

J Excise Duty:-

1 Excise duty payable is accounted based on removal of goods.

2 The amount of cenvat credits in respect of materials consumed for sales is deducted from cost of material consumed

K Use of Estimates : -

In preparing Company's financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in India, management is required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period:; actual results could differ from those estimates.

L Impairment of Assets :-

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the profit & Loss account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

M Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets :-

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes, Contingent assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

N Related Party Transaction :-

Parties are considered to be related if at any time during the year; one party has the ability to control the other party or to exercise significant influence over the other party in making financial and / or operating decision.

0 Earning Per Share (EPS) :-

The earning considered in ascertaining the company's EPS comprises the net profit for the period after tax attributed to equity shareholders. The number of shares used in computing basic EPS is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year.

P Government Grants :-

Grants received against specific fixed assets are adjusted to the cost of the assets and those in the nature of promoter's contribution are credited to capital reserve. Revenue grants are recognized in the profit and loss account in accordance with the related schemes and in the period in which these are accrued and it is reasonably certain that the ultimate collection will be made.


Mar 31, 2011

(A) Basis of preparation of financial statements and revenue recognition :-

i.) The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 as adopted consistently by the company.

ii.) Accounting policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent with generally accepted accounting principles followed by the company.

iii.) Sale of goods is recognised on transfer of significant risk and rewards of ownership which is generally on shipment and dispatch to customers. Sale is inclusive of excise duty and other levies wherever applicable. Other revenue/ cost are recognised on accrual basis.

(B) Fixed Assets & Depreciation / Amortisation : -

i.) Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction net of Excise, Value Added Tax less accumulated depreciation. All cost, till commencement of commercial production is capitalized.

ii.) Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on the straight Line Method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act 1956. Intangible assets (except goodwill) are amortized equally over five years. Goodwill is tested for impairment annually.

iii.) Pursuant to accounting standard 28 "Impairment of Assets" issued by the ICAI, The Company has a system to review the carrying cost of all the assets vis-a-vis recoverable value and impairment loss, if any is charged to Profit and Loss account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting periods is reversed if there has been a change in estimate of recoverable amount.

(C) Foreign Currency Transactions : -

Transactions denominated in foreign currency are normally recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of the transactions. Monetary items denominated in foreign currency remaining unsettled at the year-end are restated at the exchange rate prevailing at the end of the year. Gains and losses on foreign exchange transactions other than those relating to fixed assets are charged to profit & loss account. Premium paid on forward contract has been recognized over the life of the contract. Any profit or loss on cancellation or renewal of such forward exchange contract is recognised as income or expenditure for the period.

(D) Inventories :-

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value except by products which is valued at estimated realizable value. In determining the cost of raw Material, stores spares, and other material the first in first out (FIFO) method is used. Finished goods and work in progress include material cost, labour and factory overheads and excise duty, if applicable.

(E) Employee Retirement Benefit :-

I) Long Term Employee Benefits :

Defined Contribution Plans:

The company has Defined Contribution plans for post employment benefits namely Provident Fund. Under the Provident Fund Plan, the Company contributes to a Government administered provident fund on behalf of its employees and has no further obligation beyond making its contribution.

The company's contributions to the above funds are charged to profit and loss account every year.

ii) Defined Benefit Plans :

The company has a Defined Benefit plan namely Gratuity. For Leave Encashment Benefits the leave wages are payable to all eligible employees at the rate of daily salary/wages for each day of accumulated leave and are paid during the financial year itself. Therefore no liability is accrued at the end of the financial year for leave benefits as per practice followed by the company year to year.

Liability for Defined Benefit Plan - Gratuity is provided on the basis of valuations, as at the balance sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary. The actuarial method used by independent actuary for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit Method. Actuarial gains and losses, which comprised experience adjustment and the effect of changes in actuarial assumptions, are recognized immediately in the Profit and Loss Account.

(F) Lease Rent :-

Lease rentals are expensed with reference to lease terms and other considerations.

(G) Taxation :-

Taxation expense comprises current tax and deferred tax charge or credit. Provision for income tax is made on the basis of the assessable income at the tax rate applicable to the relevant assessment year. Advance tax and tax deducted at source are adjusted against provision for taxation and balance, if any, are shown in the balance sheet under respective heads.

(H) Deferred Taxation

Deferred tax resulting from timing differences between book and tax profit is accounted for under the liability method at the current rate of Income tax to the extent that the liming differences are expected to crystallize as deferred tax charge/ benefit in the profit and loss a/c and as deferred tax Assets/Liability in the Balance-Sheet.

(I) Borrowing Cost

Borrowing cost that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to Revenue.

(J) Excise Duty

i) Excise duty payable is accounted based on removal of goods.

ii) The amount of cenvat credits in respect of materials consumed for sales is deducted from cost of material consumed.

(K) Use of Estimates

In preparing Company's financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in India, management is required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period:; actual results could differ from those estimates.

(L) Impairment of Assets

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the profit & Loss account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

(M) Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes, Contingent assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

(N) Related Party Transaction

Parties are considered to be related if at any time during the year; one party has the ability to control the other party or to exercise significant influence over the other party in making financial and / or operating decision.

(O) Earning Per Share (EPS)

The earning considered in ascertaining the company's EPS comprises the net profit for the period after tax attributed to equity shareholders. The number of shares used in computing basic EPS is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year.

(P) Government Grants

Grants received against specific fixed assets are adjusted to the cost of the assets and those in the nature of promoter's contribution are credited to capital reserve. Revenue grants are recognized in the profit and loss account in accordance with the related schemes and in the period in which these are accrued and it is reasonably certain that the ultimate collection will be made.


Mar 31, 2010

(A) Basis of preparation of financial statements and revenue recognition :-

i.) The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 as adopted consistently by the company.

ii.) Accounting policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent with generally accepted accounting principles followed by the company.

iii.) Sale of goods is recognised on transfer of significant risk and rewards of ownership which is generally on shipment and dispatch to customers. Sale is inclusive of excise duty and other levies wherever applicable. Other revenue/ cost are recognised on accrual basis.

(B) Fixed Assets & Depreciation / Amortisation : -

i.) Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction net of Excise, Value Added Tax less accumulated depreciation. All cost, till commencement of commercial production is capitalized.

ii.) Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on the straight Line Method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act 1956. Intangible assets (except goodwill) are amortized equally over five years. Goodwill is tested for impairment annually.

iii.) Pursuant to accounting standard 28 " Impairment of Assets" issued by the ICAI, The Company has a system to review the carrying cost of all the assets vis-a-vis recoverable value and impairment loss, if any is charged to Profit and Loss account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired.The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting periods is reversed if there has been a change in estimate of recoverable amount.

(C) Foreign Currency Transactions : -

Transactions denominated in foreign currency are normally recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of the transactions. Monetary items denominated in foreign currency remaining unsettled at the year-end are restated at the exchange rate prevailing at the end of the year. Gains and losses on foreign exchange transactions other than those relating to fixed assets are charged to profit & loss account. Premium paid on forward contract has been recognized over the life of the contract. Any profit or loss on cancellation or renewal of such forward exchange contract is recognised as income or expenditure for the period.

(D) Inventories :-

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value except by products which is valued at estimated realizable value. In determining the cost of raw Material, stores spares, and other material the first in first out (FIFO) method is used. Finished goods and work in progress include material cost, labour and factory overheads and excise duty, if applicable.

(E) Employee Retirement Benefit :-

I) Long Term Employee Benefits : Defined Contribution Plans :

The company has Defined Contribution plans for post employment benefits namely Provident Fund. Under the Provident Fund Plan, the Company contributes to a Government administered provident fund on behalf of its employees and has no further obligation beyond making its contribution. The companys contributions to the above funds are charged to profit and loss account every year. ii) Defined Benefit Plans :

The company has a Defined Benefit plan namely Gratuity. For Leave Encashment Benefits the leave wages are payable to all eligible employees at the rate of daily salary/wages for each day of accumulated leave and are paid during the financial year itself. Therefore no liability is accrued at the end of the financial year for leave benefits as per practice followed by the company year to year.

Liability for Defined Benefit Plan - Gratuity is provided on the basis of valuations, as at the balance sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary. The actuarial method used by independent actuary for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit Method. Actuarial gains and losses, which comprised experience adjustment and the effect of changes in actuarial assumptions, are recognized immediately in the Profit and Losr Account.

(F) Lease Rent :-

Lease rentals are expensed with reference to lease terms and other considerations.

(G) Taxation :-

Taxation expense comprises current tax and deferred tax charge or credit. Provision for income tax is made on the basis of the assessable income at the tax rate applicable to the relevant assessment year. Advance tax and tax deducted at source are adjusted against provision for taxation and balance, if any, are shown in the balance sheet under respective heads.

(H) Deferred Taxation

Deferred tax resulting from timing differences between book and tax profit is accounted for under the liability method at the current rate of Income tax to the extent that the timing differences are expected to crystallize as deferred tax charge/ benefit in the profit and loss a/c and as deferred tax Assets/Liability in the Balance-Sheet.

(I) Borrowing Cost

Borrowing cost that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to Revenue.

(J) Excise Duty

i) xcise duty payable is accounted based on removal of goods.

ii) The amount of cenvat credits in respect of materials consumed for sales is deducted from cost of material consumed.

(K) Use of Estimates

In preparing Companys financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in India, management is required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period:; actual results could differ from those estimates.

(L) Impairment of Assets

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the profit & Loss account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

(M) Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes, Contingent assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

(N) Related Party Transaction

Parties are considered to be related if at any time during the year; one party has the ability to control the other party or to exercise significant influence over the other party in making financial and / or operating decision.

(O) Earning Per Share (EPS)

The earning considered in ascertaining the companys EPS comprises the net profit for the period after tax attributed to equity shareholders. The number of shares used in computing basic EPS is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year.

(P) Government Grants

Grants received against specific fixed assets are adjusted to the cost of the assets and those in the nature of promoters contribution are credited to capital reserve. Revenue grants are recognized in the profit and loss account in accordance with the related schemes and in the period in which these are accrued and it is reasonably certain that the ultimate collection will be made. 3. GENERAL: f Accounting policies not specifically referred to are consistent with generally accepted accounting practices.

 
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