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Accounting Policies of Ashoka Refineries Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

A. Basis of Preparation:-

The financial statement have been prepared under the historical cost conventional accrual basis of accounting, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in India requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of asset and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period actual results could differ from these estimates. Differences between actual result and estimates are recognized in periods in which the results are known /materialized. Or comply with the accounting standard referred to in the Companies Act, 2013.

Some of the more important Accounting policies which have been applied are summarized below:-

1. FIXED ASSETS:-

A. Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition and valued at Historical cost. Related pre operational expenses form part of the value of assets capitalized less Depreciation.

B. Directly identified expenses are being capitalized. All other allocable expenses during the period of construction for the project are being capitalized proportionately on the basis of the value of assets on date of production.

2. DEPRECIATION:-

i. Depreciation on depreciable assets has been provided in the books of accounts, as per the rates prescribed in schedule II of the companies Act, 2013 as per Straight Line Method.

ii Depreciation on additions to and deductions from fixed assets is being provided on pro-rata basis from /to the date of acquisition/disposal.

3. RECOGNITION OF INCOME AND EXPENDITURE:-

i. Mercantile method of accounting is employed. However where the amount is immaterial / negligible and / or establishment of accrual / Determination of amount is not possible, no entries are made for the accruals.

ii. Interest on allotment/call/refund money is accounted for on cash basis.

4. CONTIGENT LIABILITIES: -

Contingent liability is generally not accounted for in the accounts. Liabilities in respect of show cause notices received are considered as contingent liabilities only when they are converted into demand and contested by the company.

5. INVENTORIES:

Stock of raw material, stores, finished goods, spares are valued at cost or net realizable value, and whichever is less. Net realizable value is calculated on the basis of average price of April i.e. to the year-end. The cost of inventories of Raw Material is computed ton average cost basis. Finished goods stocks are valued at the cost of raw material consumed and direct cost related to production excluding depreciation.

6. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EXPENDITURE:

Revenue expenditure is charged to the Profit & Loss A/c and capital expenditure is added to the costs of Fixed Assets in the year in which it is incurred and depreciation thereon is provided as per the rates prescribed in Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013.

7. BORROWING COST:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

8. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS:

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is normally charged to Profit & Loss account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

9. TAXES ON INCOME: -

Current Tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the period. Differed tax is recognized subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of deferred tax assets, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and capable of reversal in one or more subsequent period.

10. INVESTMENT:-

Long term investments are carried out at cost less any other temporary diminution in value, determined on the specific identification basis.

Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and fair value.

Profit & Loss on sale of investment is determined on specific identification basis.

11. FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTION:-

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded in Rupees by applying the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. Transactions remaining unsettled are translated at the rate of exchange ruling at the end of the year. Exchange gain or loss arising on settlement, translation is recognized in the profit & loss a/c.

12. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS:-

a. Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contribution is charged to the Profit & Loss A/c of the year when the contributions to the Government Funds is due.

b. Gratuity Liability is defined benefit obligations and are provided for on the basis of following formula:- Last drawn Salary * 15/26 * No. of Completed year of Services

The above calculation is done only for those employees who have completed continuous five year of services. However, the above calculation of Gratuity is not as per Actuary Valuation

c. Short Term Compensated absences are provided for based on estimates. Long Term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation.

Actuarial gains / losses are immediate taken to the profit & loss account and are not deferred.

13. ACCOUNTING FOR TAXES ON INCOME:-

(a) Current tax is determined as the tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year and is computed in accordance with relevant tax regulations.

(b) Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for future tax consequences attributable to the timing differences that result between taxable profit and the profit as per the financial statement. Deferred tax assets & liabilities are measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantially enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty for its realization.

(c) The taxable income of the company being lower than the book profits under the provision of the income tax act 1961. The company is liable to pay Minimum Alternate tax (MAT) on its income.

(d) Considering the future profitability & taxable position in the subsequent years the company has recognized MAT Credit as an asset by crediting the provision for income tax.

14. CASH FLOW STATEMENT:-

The cash flow statement is prepared as per the Indirect method prescribed under "Accounting Standard - 3" Cash Flow Statement issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

15. INTANGIBLE ASSETS:-

Cost incurred on intangible assets, resulting in future economic benefits are capitalized as intangible assets and amortized on equated basis over the estimated useful life of such assets.


Mar 31, 2014

A. Basis of Preparation :-

The financial statement have bee Prepared under the historical cost conventional accrual basis of accounting, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted m India requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of asset and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingentliabliities as at the date of financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period actual results could differ from these estimates Differences between actual result and estimates are recognized in periods in which the with the accounting standard referred to in sec. 211(3c0 of the companies Act, 1956.

some of the more important accounting policies which have been applied are summarized below:-

1. FIXED ASSETS:-

A. Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition and valued at Historical cost Related pre operational expenses form part of the value of assets capitalized less Depreciation.

B. directly indentified expenses are being capitalized. All other allocable expenses during the period of construction for the project are being capitalized proportionately on the basis of the value of assets on date of production.

2. DEPRECIATION:- i. Depreciation on depreciable assets has been provided in the books of accounts, as per the rates prescribed in schedule XIV of the companies Act,1956 as per straight line Method.

ii Depreciation on additions to and deductions from fixed assets is being provided on pro-rata basis from /to the date of acquisition/disposal.

3. RECOGNITION OF INCOME AND EXPENDITURE:-

i. Mercantile method of accounting is employed. However where the amount is immaterial / negligible and / or establishment of accrual / Determination of amount is not possible, no entries are made for the accruals.

ii. Interest on allotment/call/refund money is accounted for on cash basis

4. CONTIGENT LIABILITIES

Contingent liability is generally not accounted for in the accounts. Liabilities in respect of show cause notices received are considered as contingent liabilities only when they are converted into demand and contested by the company.

5. INVENTORIES:

Stock of raw material, stores, finished goods, spares are valued at cost or net realizable value, and whichever is less. Net realizable value is calculated on the basis of average price of April i.e. to the year-end. The cost of inventories of Raw Material is computed ton average cost basis. Finished goods stocks are valued at the cost of raw material consumed and direct cost related to production excluding depreciation.

6. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EXPENDITURE:

Revenue expenditure is charged to the Profit & Loss A/c and capital expenditure is added to the costs of Fixed Assets in the year in which it is incurred and depreciation thereon is provided as per the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

7. BORROWING COST:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

8. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS:

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is normally charged to Profit & Loss account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

9. TAXES ON INCOME: -

Current Tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in ,respect of taxable income for the period. Differed tax is recognized subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of deferred tax assets, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and capable of reversal in one or more subsequent period.

10. INVESTMENT:-

Long term investments are carried out at cost less any other temporary diminution in value, determined on the specific identification basis.

Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and fair value.

Profit & Loss on sale of investment is determined on specific identification basis.

11. FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTION:-

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded in Rupees by applying the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. Transactions remaining unsettled are translated at the rate of exchange ruling at the end of the year. Exchange gain or loss arising on settlement, translation is recognized in the profit & loss a/c.

12. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

a. Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contribution is carged to the Profit & Loss A/c of the year when the contributions to the Government Funds is due.

b.Gratuity Liability is defined benefit obligations and are provided for on the basis or following formula:- Last drawn Salary * 15/26 * No. of Completed year of Services The above calculation is done only for those employees who have completed continuous five year of services. However, the above calculation of Gratuity is not as per Actuary Valuation

c. Short Term Compensated absences are provided for based on estimates. Long lerm compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation.

a. Actuarial gains / losses are immediate taken to the profit & loss account and are not deferred.

13. ACCOUNTING FOR TAXES ON INCOME:-

(a) Current tax is determined as the tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year ana is computed in accordance with relevant tax regulations.

(b) Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for future tax consequences attributable to the timing differences that resuit between taxable profit and the profit as per the financial statement. Deferred tax assets & liabilities are measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantially enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty tor its realization.

(c) The taxable income of the company being lower than the book profits under the provision of the income tax act 1961. The company is liable to pay Minimum Alternate tax (MAT) on its income.

(d) Considering the future profitability & taxable position in the subsequent years the company has recognized MAT Credit as an asset by crediting the provision for income tax.

14. CASH FLOW STATEMENT:-

The cash flow statement is prepared as per the Indirect method prescribed under Accounting Standard - 3" Cash Flow Statement issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

15. INTANGIBLE ASSETS:-

Cost incurred on intangible assets, resulting in future economic benefits are capitalized as intangible assets and amortized on equated basis over the estimated useful life of such assets.


Mar 31, 2013

1. ACCOUNTING CONVENTION

(a) The financial Statement is prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles In India.

(b) Accrual method of accounting is followed with regard to income & expenses

2 RECOGNITION OF INCOME AND EXPENDITURE

Mercantile method of accounting is employed unless otherwise specifically stated elsewhere in this schedule. However where the amount is Immaterial / Negligible and / or establishment of accrual / determination of amount is not possible no enrrtes arc made for the accruals.

3. CONTINGENT LIABtUTTFS

Contingent Liabilities are generally not accounted for in the accounts Liabilities in respect ol show cause nutices received arc cunsldered as ccntingent liabilities only when they are converted into demand and contested by the company.

4. EMPLOYEE BENEFIT

a. Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the Profit & Loss A/c of the year when the contributions to the Government Funds is due.

b. Gratuity Liability and pension liability are defined benefit obligations and are provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year,

c. Short Term Compensated absences are provided for based on estimates. Long Term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation

d. Actuarial gains/losses art immediate taken to the profit & loss account and are not deferred.

e. Payments made under the Voluntary Retirement Scheme are charged to the profit & loss account over a five year period.

5. INVESTMENTS:-

Loog term investments are carried al cusL less provision, if any tor permanent diminution in valu of such investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value.

6. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EXPENDITURE

Revenue expenditure is charged to the Profit and Loss AC and capital expenditure is added to the cost of Fixed Assets in the year in which it is incurred and depreciation thereon is provided as per the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

7. BORROWING COST

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or instruction of qualifying or coition of qualifying asset, are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A Qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowings costs are charged to revenue,

8. GOVERNMENT GRANTS

The grants are treated as Capital Reserve (and treated as a part of Shareholders funds), which can be neither distributed as dividend nor as deferred income.

9. USE OF ESTIMATES

The presentation of financial statement requires estimated and assumption to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statement and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimate are recognized in the period in the period in which the results are known/materialized.

10 SEGMENT REPORTING

a) Business Segment: - The Company has considered Business Segment as the primary segment to disclose. However during the Year, Company has no specific Business Activities, hence no Segment is reported.

b) Geographical Segment: - The Company sells its products wiUun India. The condition prevailing in India being uniform No. separate geographical segment disclosure is considered necessary.

11. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is normally charged to Profit & Loss account in the vear in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

12 ACCOUNTING FOR TAXES ON INCOME

a Current tax is determined as the tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year and is computed in accordance with relevant tax regulations.

b. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for future tax consequence attributable to the timing differences That result between taxable profit and die profit as per the financial statement. Deferred tax assets & liabilities are measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantial enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. Deterred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty for its realization.

c. Considering the future profitability & taxable position in the subsequent years the comply has recognized MAT Credit as an assets by crediting the provision for income tax & including the same under Loans & advances in accordance with the Guidance note on "Accounting for Credit available in respect of MAT under Income Tax Att 1961" issued by the institute of Chartered Accountant of India.

13 CASH FLOW STATEMENT

The cash Sow statement is prepared as per the Indirect method prescribed under "Accounting Standard - 3" Cash Flow Statement issued by the Institute of Chartered Accounts of India.

14 FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSCACTION

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded in Rupees by applying the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. Transactions remaining fettled are translated at the rate of exchange ruling at the end of the year. Exchange gain or Joss arising on settlement, transcation is recognized in the profit & loss a/c.


Mar 31, 2012

1. ACCOUNTING CONVENTION

(a) The Financial Statement is prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles In India.

(b) Accrual method of accounting is followed with regard to income & expenses.

2. RECOGNITION OF INCOME AND EXPENDITURE

Mercantile method of accounting is employed unless otherwise specifically stated elsewhere in this schedule. However where the amount is Immaterial/Negligible and/or establishment of accrual/determination of amount is not possible, no entries are made for the accruals.

3. CONTINGENT LIABILITIES

Contingent Liabilities are generally not accounted for in the accounts. Liabilities in respect of show cause notices received are considered as contingent liabilities only when they are converted into demand and contested by the company.

4. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS:

a. Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the Profit & Loss A/c of the year when the contributions to the Government Funds is due.

b. Gratuity Liability and pension liability are defined benefit obligations and are provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year.

c. Short Term Compensated absences are provided for based on estimates. Long Term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation.

d. Actuarial gains/losses are immediate taken to the profit & loss account and are not deferred.

e. Payments made under the Voluntary Retirement Scheme are charged to the profit & loss account over a five year period.

5. INVESTMENTS:-

Long term investments are carried at cost less provision, if any for permanent diminution in value of such investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value.

6. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EXPENDITURE

Revenue expenditure is charged to the Profit and Loss A/C and capital expenditure is added to the cost of Fixed Assets in the year in which it is incurred and depreciation thereon is provided as per the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

7. BORROWING COST

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowings costs are charged to revenue.

8. GOVERNMENT GRANTS

The grants are treated as Capital Reserve (and treated as a part of Shareholders funds), which can be neither distributed as dividend nor as deferred income.

9. USE OF ESTIMATES

The presentation of financial statements requires estimates and assumption to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statement and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known/materialized.

10. SEGMENT REPORTING

a) Business Segment:- The company has considered business segment as the primary segment to disclose. The company is engaged in the manufacture of Cargo Handling Activity, which is the context of AS-17 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India is considered the only business segment.

b) Geographical Segment: - The Company sells its products within India. The condition prevailing in India being uniform No. separate geographical segment disclosure is considered necessary.

11. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is normally charged to Profit & Loss account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount

12. ACCOUNTING FOR TAXES ON INCOME

a Current tax is determined as the tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year and is computed in accordance with relevant tax regulations.

b. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for future tax consequences attributable to the timing differences that result between taxable profit and the profit as per the financial statement. Deferred tax assets & liabilities are measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantially enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty for its realization.

c. Considering the future profitability & taxable position in the subsequent years the company has recognized MAT Credit as an assets by crediting the provision for income tax & including the same under Loans & advances in accordance with the Guidance note on "Accounting for Credit available in respect of MAT under Income Tax Act 1961" issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountant of India.

13. CASH FLOW STATEMENT

The cash flow statement is prepared as per the Indirect method prescribed under "Accounting Standard - 3" Cash Flow Statement issued by the Institute of Chartered Accounts of India.

14. FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTION

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded in Rupees by applying the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. Transactions remaining unsettled are translated at the rate of exchange ruling at the end of the year. Exchange gain or loss arising on settlement, translation is recognized in the profit & loss a/c.


Mar 31, 2011

1. ACCOUNTING CONVENTION

(a) The Financial Statement is prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles In India.

(b) Accrual method of accounting is followed with regard to income & expenses

2. RECOGNITION OF INCOME AND EXPENDITURE

Mercantile method of accounting is employed unless otherwise specifically stated elsewhere in this schedule. However where the amount is Immaterial / Negligible and / or establishment of accrual / determination of amount is not possible, no entries are made for the accruals.

3. CONTINGENT LIABILITIES

Contingent Liabilities are generally not accounted for in the accounts. Liabilities in respect of show cause notices received are considered as contingent liabilities only when they are converted into demand and contested by the company.

4 EMPLOYEE BENEFITS:

a. Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the Profit & Loss A/c of the year when the contributions to the Government Funds is due.

b. Gratuity Liability and pension liability are defined benefit obligations and are provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year.

c. Short Term Compensated absences are provided for based on estimates. Long Term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation.

d. Actuarial gains / losses are immediate taken to the profit & loss account and are not deferred.

e. Payments made under the Voluntary Retirement Scheme are charged to the profit & loss account over a five year period,

5. INVESTMENTS:-

Long term investments are carried at cost less provision, if any for permanent diminution in value of such investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value.

6. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EXPENDITURE

Revenue expenditure is charged to the Profit and Loss A/C and capital expenditure is added to the cost of Fixed Assets in the year in which it is incurred and depreciation thereon is provided as per the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

7. BORROWING COST

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowings costs are charged to revenue.

8. GOVERNMENT GRANTS

The grants are treated as Capital Reserve (and treated as a part of Shareholders funds), which can be neither distributed as dividend nor as deferred income.

9. USE OF ESTIMATES

The presentation of financial statements requires estimates and assumption to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statement and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

10 SEGMENT REPORTING

a Business Segment:- The company has considered business segment as the

primary segment to disclose. The company is engaged in the manufacture of Cargo Handling Activity, which is the context of AS-17 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India is considered the only business segment.

b) Geographical Segment: - The Company sells its products within India. The condition prevailing in India being uniform No. separate geographical segment disclosure is considered necessary.

11. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is normally charged to Profit & Loss account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount

12 ACCOUNTING FOR TAXES ON INCOME

a Current tax is determined as the tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year and is computed in accordance with relevant tax regulations.

b. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for future tax consequences attributable to the timing differences that result between taxable profit and the profit as per the financial statement. Deferred tax assets & liabilities are measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantially enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty for its realization.

c. Considering the future profitability & taxable position in the subsequent years the company has recognized MAT Credit as an assets by crediting the provision for income tax & including the same under Loans & advances in accordance with the Guidance note on "Accounting for Credit available in respect of MAT under Income Tax Act 1961" issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountant of India.

13 CASH FLOW STATEMENT

The cash flow statement is prepared as per the Indirect method prescribed under "Accounting Standard - 3" Cash Flow Statement issued by the Institute of Chartered Accounts of India.

14 FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTION

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded in Rupees by applying the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. Transactions remaining unsettled are translated at the rate of exchange ruling at the end of the year. Exchange gain or loss arising on settlement, translation is recognized in the profit & loss a/c.


Mar 31, 2010

1. ACCOUNTING CONVENTION

(a) The Financial Statement is prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles In India.

(b) Accrual method of accounting is followed with regard to income & expenses

2. RECOGNITION OF INCOME AND EXPENDITURE

Mercantile method of accounting is employed unless otherwise specifically stated I elsewhere in this schedule. However where the amount is Immaterial / Negligible 1 and / or establishment of accrual / determination of amount is not possible, no entries are made for the accruals.

3. CONTINGENT LIABILITIES

Contingent Liabilities are generally not accounted for in the accounts. Liabilities in respect of show cause notices received are considered as contingent liabilities only when they are converted into demand and contested by the company.

4 EMPLOYEE BENEFITS:

a. Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the Profit & Loss A/c of the year when the contributions to the Government Funds is due.

b. Gratuity Liability and pension liability are defined benefit obligations and are provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year.

c. Short Term Compensated absences are provided for based on estimates. Long Term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation.

d. Acturial gains / losses are immediate taken to the profit & loss account and are not deferred.

e. Payments made under the Voluntary Retirement Scheme are charged to the profit & loss account over a five year period.

5. INVESTMENTS:-

Long term investments are carried at cost less provision, if any for permanent diminution in value of such investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value.

6. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EXPENDITURE

Revenue expenditure is charged to the Profit and Loss A/C and capital expenditure is added to the cost of Fixed Assets in the year in which it is incurred and depreciation thereon is provided as per the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

7. BORROWING COST

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowings costs are charged to revenue.

8. GOVERNMENT GRANTS

The grants are treated as Capital Reserve (and treated as a part of Shareholders funds), which can be neither distributed as dividend nor as deferred income.

9. USE OF ESTIMATES

The presentation of financial statements requires estimates and assumption to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statement and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

10 SEGMENT REPORTING

a Business Segment:- The company has considered business segment as the primary segment to disclose. The company is engaged in the manufacture of Cargo Handling Activity, which is the context of AS-17 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India is considered the only business segment.

b) Geographical Segment :- The company sell its products within India. The condition prevailing in India being uniform No. separate geographical segment disclosure is considered necessary.

11. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is normally charged to Profit & Loss account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount

b. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for future tax consequences attributable to the timing differences that result between taxable profit and the profit as per the financial statement. Deferred tax assets & liabilities are measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantially enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty for its realization.

c. Considering the future profitability & taxable position in the subsequent years the company has recognized MAT Credit as an assets by crediting the provision for income tax & including the same under Loans & advances in accordance with the Guidences note on " Accounting for Credit available in respect of MAT under Income Tax Act 1961" issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountant of India.

13 CASH FLOW STATEMENT

The cash flow statement is prepared as per the Indirect method prescribed under II "Accounting Standard - 3" Cash Flow Statement issued by the Institute of Chartered Accounts of India.

14. FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTION

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded in Rupees by applying the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. Transactions remaining unsettled are translated at the rate of exchange ruling at the end of the year. Exchange gain or loss arising on settlement, translation is recognized in the profit & loss a/c.




Mar 31, 2009

1. ACCOUNTING CONVENTION

The Financial Statement are prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles with the mandatory accounting standards issued by The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the relevant presentation requirement of the Companies Act, 1956.

2. RECOGNITION OF INCOME AND EXPENDITURE

Mercantile method of accounting is employed unless otherwise specifically stated elsewhere in this schedule. However where the amount is Immaterial / Negligible and / or establishment of accrual / determination of amount is not possible, no entries are made for the accruals.

3. CONTINGENT LIABILITIES

Contingent Liabilities are generally not accounted for in the accounts. Liabilities in respect of show cause notices received are considered as contingent liabilities only when they are converted into demand and contested by the company.

4 EMPLOYEE BENEFITS:

a. Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contribution are charged to the Profit & Loss A/c of the year when the contributions to the Government Funds is due.

b. Gratuity Liability and pension liability are defined benefit obligations and are provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year.

c. Short Term Compensated absences are provided for based on estimates. Long Term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation.

d. Acturial gains / losses are immediate taken to the profit & loss account and are not deferred.

e. Payments made under the Voluntary Retirement Scheme are charged to the profit & loss account over a five year period.

5. INVESTMENTS -

Long term investments are carried at cost less provision, if any for permanent diminution in value of such investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value.

6. TAXES ON INCOME :-

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the years. Deferred tax is recognised, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainly of realisation of such assets, other deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty of realisation in future.

7 RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EXPENDITURE

Revenue expenditure is charged to the Profit and Loss A/C and capital expenditure is added to the cost of Fixed Assets in the year in which it is incurred and depreciation thereon is provided as per the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

8. BORROWING COST

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowings costs are charged to revenue.

9. GOVERNMENT GRANTS

The grants are treated as Capital Reserve (and treated as a part of Shareholders funds), which can be neither distributed as dividend nor as deferred income.

 
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