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Accounting Policies of Asian Hotels (East) Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2017

1. Company Overview and Significant Accounting Policies

1.1 Company overview

Asian Hotels (East) Limited is a Public Limited Company listed with Bombay Stock Exchange and National Stock Exchange and is primarily engaged in the Hotel business through "Hyatt Regency Kolkata" a five-star Hotel situated in the city of Kolkata.

1.2. Basis of preparation of financial statements

These financial statements are prepared in accordance with Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis except for certain financial instruments which are measured at fair values, and the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 (''Act'') (to the extent notified). The Ind AS are prescribed under Section 133 of the Act read with Rule 3 of the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015 and Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules, 2016.

The Company has adopted all the Ind AS standards and the adoption was carried out in accordance with Ind AS 101, First time adoption of Indian Accounting Standards. The transition was carried out from Indian Accounting Principles generally accepted in India as prescribed under Section 133 of the Act, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 (IGAAP), which was the previous GAAP.

These financial statements are the first financial statements of the company under Ind AS. Reconciliations and descriptions of the effect of the transition has been summarized in note 2.1.

Accounting policies have been consistently applied except where a newly issued accounting standard is initially adopted ora revision to an existing accounting standard requires a change in the accounting policy hitherto in use.

1.3 Functional & Presentation Currency

These Financial statements are presented in Indian Rupees (INR) which is also the company''s functional currency.

1.4 Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Ind AS requires management to make estimates, judgments and assumptions. These estimates, judgments and assumptions affect the application of accounting policies and the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period. Although these estimates are based on the management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets or liabilities in future periods. Changes in estimates are reflected in the financial statements in the period in which changes are made and, if material, their effects are disclosed in the notes to the financial statements.

1.5 Significant Accounting Policies

a. Property Plant & Equipment:

Under the previous Indian GAAP, property plant and equipment were carried in the balance sheet on the basis of historical cost. The company has regarded the same as deemed cost and presented same values in Ind-AS compliant financials.

Property, Plant and equipment are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Such cost includes the cost of replacing part of the plant and equipment and borrowing costs for long-term construction projects if the recognition criteria are met. When significant parts of plant and equipment are required to be replaced at intervals, the Company depreciates them separately based on their specific useful lives. Likewise, when a major inspection is performed, its cost is recognized in the carrying amount of the plant and equipment as a replacement if the recognition criteria are satisfied. All other repair and maintenance costs are recognized in profit or loss as incurred. The present value of the expected cost for the decommissioning of an asset after its use is included in the cost of the respective asset if the recognition criteria for a provision are met.

Depreciation on fixed assets is calculated on a straight-line basis using the rates based on the useful lives of the assets as prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013. If the asset is purchased on or before the 15th of month depreciation is charged from the month of purchase, otherwise depreciation is charged from the month following the month of purchase. No depreciation is charged for the quarter on the assets sold/discarded during the year.

b. Investments in Subsidiaries

Subsidiaries are entities controlled by the Company. The Company controls an entity when it is exposed to, or has rights to, variable returns from its involvement with the entity and has the ability to affect those returns through its power over the entity.

The Company''s investment in the equity shares of its subsidiaries are recognized at cost. The company has elected to apply previous GAAP carrying amount of its equity investment in subsidiaries as deemed cost as on the date of transition to Ind AS. However, the debt instruments in subsidiaries are recognized at fair value.

c. Inventories

Inventories are measured at lower of cost and net realizable value. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less the estimated cost of completion & selling expenses.

d. Financial Instruments

A financial instrument is any contract that gives rise to a financial asset of one entity and a financial liability or equity instrument of another entity.

Financial Assets

Initial recognition and measurement

All financial assets are recognized initially at fair value plus, in the case of financial assets not recorded at fair value through profit or loss, transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition of the financial asset.

Subsequent measurement

For the purposes of subsequent measurement, financial assets are classified in three categories:

(i) Financial Asset at amortized cost

(ii) Financial Asset At Fair value through other comprehensive income

(iii) Financial Asset at Fair value through profit and loss Financial Asset at amortized cost

A Financial Asset1 is measured at the amortized cost if both the following conditions are met:

a) The asset is held within a business model whose objective is to hold assets for collecting contractual cash flows, and

b) Contractual terms of the asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest (SPPI) on the principal amount outstanding.

After initial measurement, such financial assets are subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest rate (EIR) method. Amortized cost is calculated by taking into account any discount or premium on acquisition and fees or costs that are an integral part of the EIR. The EIR amortization is included in finance income in the statement of profit or loss.

Financial Asset at Fair value through OCI

A Financial Asset1 is classified as at the FVTOCI if both of the following criteria are met:

a) The objective of the business model is achieved both by collecting contractual cash flows and selling the financial assets, and

b) The asset''s contractual cash flows represent SPPI.

Financial Asset included within the FVTOCI category are measured initially as well as at each reporting date at fair value. Fair value movements are recognized in the other comprehensive income (OCI).

Financial Asset at fair value through profit or loss

FVTPL is a residual category for Financial Assets. Any financial asset, which does not meet the criteria for categorization as at amortized cost or as FVTOCI, is classified as at FVTPL.

In addition, the company may elect to designate a Financial asset, which otherwise meets amortized cost or FVTOCI criteria, as at FVTPL. However, such election is allowed only if doing so reduces or eliminates a measurement or recognition inconsistency (referred to as accounting mismatch).

Equity Instruments

All the equity investments in scope of Ind AS 109 are measured at fair value. For equity instruments, the company may make an irrevocable election to present subsequent changes in the fair value in other comprehensive income. The Company makes such election on an instrument by-instrument basis. The classification is made on initial recognition and is irrevocable if the Company decides to classify an equity instrument as at FVTOCI, then all fair value changes on the instrument, excluding dividends, are recognized in the OCI.

Derecognition of Financial asset

A financial asset (or, where applicable, a part of a financial asset or part of a group of similar financial assets) is primarily derecognized when:

- The rights to receive cash flows from the asset have expired, or

- The company has transferred its rights to receive cash flows from the asset or has assumed an obligation to pay the received cash flows in full without material delay to a third party under a pass-through'' arrangement; and either

(a) the Company has transferred substantially all the risks and rewards of the asset, or

(b) the Company has neither transferred nor retained substantially all the risks and rewards of the asset, but has transferred control of the asset.

Impairment of financial assets

In accordance with Ind AS 109, the Company applies expected credit loss (ECL) model for measurement and recognition of impairment loss on the following financial assets and credit risk exposure:

a) Financial assets that are debt instruments, and are measured at amortized cost e.g., loans, debt securities, deposits, trade receivables and bank balance.

b) Financial assets that are debt instruments and are measured as at FVTOCI.

c) Lease receivables under Ind AS 17.

d) Trade receivables or any contractual right to receive cash or another financial asset that result from transactions that are within the scope of Ind AS 11 and Ind AS 18 (referred to as contractual revenue receivables'')

e) Loan commitments which are not measured as at FVTPL

f) Financial guarantee contracts which are not measured as at FVTPL

For recognition of impairment loss on other financial assets and risk exposure, the Company determines that whether there has been a significant increase in the credit risk since initial recognition. If credit risk has not increased significantly, 12-month ECL is used to provide for impairment loss. However, if credit risk has increased significantly, lifetime ECL is used. If, in a subsequent period, credit quality of the instrument improves such that there is no longer a significant increase in credit risk since initial recognition, then the entity reverts to recognizing impairment loss allowance based on 12-month ECL.

Lifetime ECL are the expected credit losses resulting from all possible default events over the expected life of a financial instrument.

Financial Liabilities

Initial recognition and measurement

All financial liabilities are recognized initially at fair value and, in the case of loans and borrowings and payables, net of directly attributable transaction costs. For financial liabilities maturing within one year from the balance sheet date, the carrying amount approximate fair value due to the short maturity of these instruments.

Subsequent Measurement

Financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss

Financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss include financial liabilities held for trading and financial liabilities designated upon initial recognition as at fair value through profit or loss. Financial liabilities are classified as held for trading if they are incurred for the purpose of repurchasing in the near term. Gains or losses on liabilities held for trading are recognized in the profit or loss.

Financial Liabilities at amortized cost

After initial recognition, interest-bearing loans and borrowings are subsequently measured at amortized cost using the EIR method. Gains and losses are recognized in profit or loss when the liabilities are derecognized as well as through the EIR amortization process. Amortized cost is calculated by taking into account any discount or premium on acquisition and fees or costs that are an integral part of the EIR. The EIR amortization is included as finance costs in the statement of profit and loss.

e. Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and Cash Equivalent in balance sheet comprise cash at banks and on hand and short - term deposits with an original maturity of three months or less, which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value.

f. Provisions, Contingent liabilities

Provisions are recognized when the company has a present obligation (legal or constructive) as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. The expense relating to a provision is presented in the statement of profit and loss.

If the effect of the time value of money is material, provisions are discounted using a current pre-tax rate that reflects, when appropriate, the risks specific to the liability. When discounting is used, the increase in the provision due to the passage of time is recognized as a finance cost.

A contingent liability is disclosed in case of;

- a present obligation arising from past events, when it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation;

- a present obligation arising from past events, when no reliable estimate is possible;

- a possible obligation arising from past events, unless the probability of outflow of resources is remote.

Provisions, contingent liabilities, contingent assets and commitments are reviewed at each balance sheet date.

g. Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow and the revenue can be reliably measured, regardless of when the payment is being made. Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable, taking into account contractually defined terms of payment and excluding taxes or duties collected on behalf of the government.

h. Other Income

Other income is comprised primarily of interest income, dividend income, gain on sale of investments and exchange gain/loss on translation of assets and liabilities. For all debt instruments measured either at amortized cost or at fair value through other comprehensive income, interest income is recognized using the effective interest rate (EIR). Dividend income is recognized when right to receive payment is established.

i. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use are capitalized as part of the cost of the asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period in which they occur. Borrowing costs consist of interest and other costs that an entity incurs in connection with the borrowing of funds. Borrowing cost also includes exchange differences to the extent regarded as an adjustment to the borrowing costs.

j. Income taxes

Income tax expense comprises current and deferred income tax. Income tax expense is recognized in net profit in the statement of profit and loss except to the extent that it relates to items recognized directly in equity, in which case it is recognized in other comprehensive income. Current income tax for current and prior periods is recognized at the amount expected to be paid to or recovered from the tax authorities, using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date.

Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are recognized for all temporary differences arising between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts in the financial statements. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each reporting date and are reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that the related tax benefit will be realized.

Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are measured using tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date and are expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect of changes in tax rates on deferred income tax assets and liabilities is recognized as income or expense in the period that includes the enactment or the substantive enactment date. A deferred income tax asset is recognized to the extent that it is probable that future taxable profit will be available against which the deductible temporary differences and tax losses can be utilized. The company offsets current tax assets and current tax liabilities, where it has a legally enforceable right to set off the recognized amounts and where it intends either to settle on a net basis, or to realize the asset and settle the liability simultaneously.

k. Earnings per share

Basic Earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to the equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Partly paid equity shares are treated as fraction of equity shares to the extent that they are entitled to participate in dividends relative to a fully paid equity shares during the reporting period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for events such as bonus issue, bonus element in a right issue, share split, and reverse share split (consolidation of shares) that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earning per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to Equity Shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

I. Leases

The determination of whether an arrangement is (or contains) a lease is based on the substance of the arrangement at the inception of the lease. The arrangement is, or contains, a lease if fulfillment of the arrangement is dependent on the use of a specific asset or assets and the arrangement conveys a right to use the asset or assets, even if that right is not explicitly specified in an arrangement. For arrangements entered into prior to 1 April 2014, the Company has determined whether the arrangement contain lease on the basis of facts and circumstances existing on the date of transition.

Company as a lessee

A lease is classified at the inception date as a finance lease or an operating lease. A lease that transfers substantially all the risks and rewards incidental to ownership to the Company is classified as a finance lease. Finance leases are capitalized at the commencement of the lease at the inception date fair value of the leased property or, if lower, at the present value of the minimum lease payments. Lease payments are apportioned between finance charges and reduction of the lease liability so as to achieve a constant rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability. Finance charges are recognized in finance costs in the statement of profit and loss, unless they are directly attributable to qualifying assets, in which case they are capitalized in accordance with the

Company''s general policy on the borrowing cost. A leased asset is depreciated over the useful life of the asset. However, if there is no reasonable certainty that the Company will obtain ownership by the end of the lease term, the asset is depreciated over the shorter of the estimated useful life of the asset and the lease term. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term,

m. Fair Value Measurement

The fair value of an asset or a liability is measured using the assumptions that market participants would use when pricing the asset or liability, assuming that market participants act in their economic best interest. A fair value measurement of a non-financial asset takes into account a market participant''s ability to generate economic benefits by using the asset in its highest and best use or by selling it to another market participant that would use the asset in its highest and best use. The Company uses valuation techniques that are appropriate in the circumstances and for which sufficient data are available to measure fair value, maximizing the use of relevant observable inputs and minimizing the use of unobservable inputs,

n. Employee benefits

Provident Fund: Retirement benefit in the form of provident fund is a defined contribution scheme. The Company has no obligation, other than the contribution payable to the provident fund. The Company recognizes contribution payable to the provident fund scheme as an expense, when an employee renders the related service.

Gratuity & Leave Encashment (Unfunded): Provision for gratuity and leave encashment are based on actuarial valuation as on the date of the Balance Sheet. The valuation is done by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method. Remeasurements, comprising of actuarial gains and losses, the effect of the asset ceiling, excluding amounts included in net interest on the net defined benefit liability and the return on plan assets are recognized immediately in the balance sheet with a corresponding debit or credit to retained earnings through OCI in the period in which they occur. Remeasurements are not reclassified to profit or loss in subsequent periods.

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months rendering services are classified as short term employee benefits. Benefits such as salaries, wages, short-term compensated absences, performance incentives etc., and the expected cost of bonus, ex-gratiaare recognized during the period in which the employee renders related service, o. Foreign Currencies Transactions and balances

Transactions in foreign currencies are initially recorded by the Company at their functional currency spot rates at the date the transaction first qualifies for recognition. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are translated at the functional currency spot rates of exchange at the reporting date.

Exchange differences arising on settlement or translation of monetary items are recognized in profit or loss.

Non-monetary items that are measured in terms of historical cost in a foreign currency are translated using the exchange rates at the dates of the initial transactions. Non-monetary items measured at fair value in a foreign currency are translated using the exchange rates at the date when the fair value is determined. The gain or loss arising on translation of non-monetary items measured at fair value is treated in line with the recognition of the gain or loss on the change in fair value of the item (i.e., translation differences on items whose fair value gain or loss is recognized in OCI or profit or loss are also recognized in OCI or profit or loss, respectively),

p. Dividend

Final dividend on shares is recorded as a liability on the date of approval by the shareholders and interim dividends are recorded as a liability on the date of declaration by the Company''s Board of Directors.


Mar 31, 2014

1. Corporate Overview

Asian Hotels (East) Limited is a Public Limited Company listed with Bombay Stock Exchange and National Stock Exchange and is primarily engaged in the Hotel business through "Hyatt Regency Kolkata" a five-star Hotel situated in the city of Kolkata.

2. Basis of preparation

The financial statements have been prepared to comply with all material respects with the mandatory Accounting Standards (AS) notified under section 211(3C) of the Companies Act, 1956 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis.

The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of financial statements are consistent with those of previous year, except for the change in accounting policy explained below, if any.

a. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities, at the end of the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on the management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets or liabilities in future periods.

b. Tangible Fixed Assets

Tangible Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction or at revalued amounts, net of impairment loss if any, less depreciation/amortization. Cost represents the direct expenses incurred on acquisition/construction of the assets and the relative share of indirect expenses relating to construction allocated in proportion to the direct costs involved.

c. Depreciation

Depreciation on fixed assets is calculated on a straight-line basis using the rates arrived at based on the useful lives estimated by the management, or those prescribed under the Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, whichever is higher. If the asset is purchased on or before the 15th of month depreciation is charged from the month of purchase, otherwise depreciation is charged from the month following the month of purchase. No depreciation is charged for the quarter on the assets sold/ discarded during the year.

d. Impairment of Tangible Assets

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date, if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset''s net selling price and value in use. Value in use is determined for assets or group of assets which are capable of generating independent cash flows i.e. cash generating units.

e. Investments

Investments, which are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments.

On initial recognition, all investments are measured at cost. The cost comprises purchase price and directly attributable acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties. If an investment is acquired, or partly acquired, by the issue of shares or other securities, the acquisition cost is the fair value of the securities issued. If an investment is acquired in exchange for another asset, the acquisition is determined by reference to the fair value of the asset given up or by reference to the fair value of the investment acquired, whichever is more clearly evident.

Current investments are carried in the financial statements at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

f. Inventories

Inventory is valued at cost or net realizable value, whichever is lower. Net realizable value is the estimated realizable value in the normal course of business less the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

Operating equipment in circulation is valued at weighted average cost less estimated diminution in value on account of usage.

Shares held as Stock- in -trade are valued at cost or market value whichever is lower.

g. Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

i. Revenue from rendering of hospitality services is recognized when the related services are performed and billed to the customer.

Ii. Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

iii. Dividend income from investments is recognized when the Company''s right to receive payment is established.

iv. Income from hiring of vehicles is recognized on accrual basis on the basis of agreed rate.

h. Foreign Currency Transaction

Initial recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are retranslated using the exchange rate prevailing at the reporting date. Non-monetary items, which are measured in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency, are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. Non-monetary items, which are measured at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency, are translated using the exchange rate at the date when such value was determined.

Exchange differences

Exchange differences are recognized as income or as expenses in the period in which they arise.

Income in Foreign Exchange

The bills for services rendered are raised in Indian Rupees. The payment received in foreign currency against these bills is credited and accounted for at the rate / rates prevalent on the date of receipt of payment. The gains / losses arising out of fluctuation in the exchange rates are accounted for on realization.

Expenses remittable in foreign exchange

These are charged based on invoices (including for earlier years) as approved and accepted by the appropriate authorities as applicable.

i. Retirement and other employee benefits

Provision for gratuity and leave encashment are based on actuarial valuation as on the date of the Balance Sheet. The valuation is done by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method.

All employees are covered under contributory provident fund benefit of a contribution of 12% of salary. It is a defined contribution scheme and the contribution is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due. There are no obligations other than the contributions payable to the respective fund.

j. Income Taxes

Ta x expense comprises current and deferred tax. Current income-tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Income-tax Act, 1961 enacted in India and tax laws prevailing in the respective tax jurisdictions where the Company operates. The tax rates and tax laws used to compute the amount are those that are enacted or substantively enacted, at the reporting date. Current income tax relating to items recognized directly in equity is recognized in equity and not in the statement of profit and loss.

Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of timing differences between taxable income and accounting income originating during the current year and reversal of timing differences for the earlier years. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the reporting date. Deferred income tax relating to items recognized directly in equity is recognized in equity and not in the statement of profit and loss.

Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for all taxable timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible timing differences only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset, if a legally enforceable right exists to set-off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred tax assets and deferred taxes relate to the same taxable entity and the same taxation authority .

Minimum alternate tax (MAT) paid in a year is charged to the statement of profit and loss as current tax. The Company recognizes MAT credit available as an asset only to the extent that there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period, i.e., the period for which MAT credit is allowed to be carried forward. In the year in which the Company recognizes MAT credit as an asset in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Credit Available in respect of Minimum Alternative Ta x under the Income-tax Act, 1961, the said asset is created by way of credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as "MAT Credit Entitlement." The Company reviews the "MAT credit entitlement" asset at each reporting date and writes down the asset to the extent the Company does not have convincing evidence that it will pay normal tax during the specified period.

k. Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Partly paid equity shares are treated as a fraction of an equity share to the extent that they are entitled to participate in dividends relative to a fully paid equity share during the reporting period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for events such as bonus issue, bonus element in a rights issue, share split, and reverse share split (consolidation of shares) that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

l. Provisions

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. These estimates are reviewed at each reporting date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

m. Contingent Liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non- occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The Company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

n. Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash flow statement comprises cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

o. Dividend

Dividend recommended by the Board of Directors, if any, is provided for in the accounts pending shareholders'' approval.


Mar 31, 2013

A. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities, at the end of the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on the management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets or liabilities in future periods.

b. Tangible Fixed Assets

Tangible Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction or at revalued amounts, net of impairment loss if any, less depreciation/amortization. Cost represents the direct expenses incurred on acquisition/construction of the assets and the relative share of indirect expenses relating to construction allocated in proportion to the direct costs involved.

c. Depreciation

Depreciation on fixed assets is calculated on a straight-line basis using the rates arrived at based on the useful lives estimated by the management, or those prescribed under the Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, whichever is higher. If the asset is purchased on or before the 15th of month depreciation is charged from the month of purchase, otherwise depreciation is charged from the month following the month of purchase. No depreciation is charged for the quarter on the assets sold/ discarded during the year.

d. Impairment of Tangible Assets

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date, if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset''s net selling price and value in use. Value in use is determined for assets or group of assets which are capable of generating independent cash flows i.e. cash generating units.

e. Investments

Investments, which are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments.

On initial recognition, all investments are measured at cost. The cost comprises purchase price and directly attributable acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties. If an investment is acquired, or partly acquired, by the issue of shares or other securities, the acquisition cost is the fair value of the securities issued. If an investment is acquired in exchange for another asset, the acquisition is determined by reference to the fair value of the asset given up or by reference to the fair value of the investment acquired, whichever is more clearly evident.

Current investments are carried in the financial statements at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporar y in the value of the investments.

On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

f. Inventories

Inventory is valued at cost or net realizable value, whichever is lower. Net realizable value is the estimated realizable value in the normal course of business less the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

Operating equipment in circulation is valued at weighted average cost less estimated diminution in value on account of usage.

Shares held as Stock- in -trade are valued at cost or market value whichever is lower.

g. Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

i. Revenue from rendering of hospitality services is recognized when the related services are performed and billed to the customer.

ii. Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

iii. Dividend income from investments is recognized when the Company''s right to receive payment is established.

iv. Income from hiring of vehicles is recognized on accrual basis on the basis of agreed rate.

h. Foreign Currency Transaction

Initial recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are retranslated using the exchange rate prevailing at the reporting date. Non-monetary items, which are measured in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency, are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. Non-monetary items, which are measured at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency, are translated using the exchange rate at the date when such value was determined.

Exchange differences

Exchange differences are recognized as income or as expenses in the period in which they arise.

Income in Foreign Exchange

The bills for services rendered are raised in Indian Rupees. The payment received in foreign currency against these bills is credited and accounted for at the rate / rates prevalent on the date of receipt of payment. The gains / losses arising out of fluctuation in the exchange rates are accounted for on realization.

Expenses remittable in foreign exchange

These are charged based on invoices (including for earlier years) as approved and accepted by the appropriate authorities as applicable.

i. Retirement and other employee benefits

Provision for gratuity and leave encashment are based on actuarial valuation as on the date of the Balance Sheet. The valuation is done by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method.

All employees are covered under contributory provident fund benefit of a contribution of 12% of salary. It is a defined contribution scheme and the contribution is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due. There are no obligations other than the contributions payable to the respective fund.

j. Income Taxes

Ta x expense comprises current and deferred tax. Current income-tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Income-tax Act, 1961 enacted in India and tax laws prevailing in the respective tax jurisdictions where the Company operates. The tax rates and tax laws used to compute the amount are those that are enacted or substantively enacted, at the reporting date. Current income tax relating to items recognized directly in equity is recognized in equity and not in the statement of profit and loss.

Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of timing differences between taxable income and accounting income originating during the current year and reversal of timing differences for the earlier years. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the reporting date. Deferred income tax relating to items recognized directly in equity is recognized in equity and not in the statement of profit and loss.

Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for all taxable timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible timing differences only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset, if a legally enforceable right exists to set-off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred tax assets and deferred taxes relate to the same taxable entity and the same taxation authority .

Minimum alternate tax (MAT) paid in a year is charged to the statement of profit and loss as current tax. The Company recognizes MAT credit available as an asset only to the extent that there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period, i.e., the period for which MAT credit is allowed to be carried forward. In the year in which the Company recognizes MAT credit as an asset in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Credit Available in respect of Minimum Alternative Tax under the Income-tax Act, 1961, the said asset is created by way of credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as "MAT Credit Entitlement." The Company reviews the "MAT credit entitlement" asset at each reporting date and writes down the asset to the extent the Company does not have convincing evidence that it will pay normal tax during the specified period.

k. Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Partly paid equity shares are treated as a fraction of an equity share to the extent that they are entitled to participate in dividends relative to a fully paid equity share during the reporting period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for events such as bonus issue, bonus element in a rights issue, share split, and reverse share split (consolidation of shares) that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

l. Provisions

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. These estimates are reviewed at each reporting date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

m. Contingent Liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non- occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The Company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

n. Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash flow statement comprises cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

o. Dividend

Dividend recommended by the Board of Directors, if any, is provided for in the accounts pending shareholders'' approval.


Mar 31, 2012

A. Presentation and disclosure of Financial Statements

During the year ended 31st March 2012, the revised Schedule VI notified under the Companies Act, 1956 has become applicable to the Company, for the preparation and presentation of its financial statements. The adoption of revised Schedule VI does not impact recognition and measurement principles followed for the preparation of financial statements. However, it has significant impact on preparation and disclosures made in the financial statements. The Company has also reclassified the previous year figures in accordance with the requirements applicable in the current year.

b. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities, at the end of the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on the management's best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets or liabilities in future periods.

c. Tangible Fixed Assets

Tangible Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction or at revalued amounts, net of impairment loss if any, less depreciation/amortization. Cost represents the direct expenses incurred on acquisition/construction of the assets and the relative share of indirect expenses relating to construction allocated in proportion to the direct costs involved.

d. Depreciation

Depreciation on fixed assets is calculated on a straight-line basis using the rates arrived at based on the useful lives estimated by the management, or those prescribed under the Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, whichever is higher. If the asset is purchased on or before the 15th of month depreciation is charged from the month of purchase, otherwise depreciation is charged from the month following the month of purchase. No depreciation is charged for the quarter on the assets sold/ discarded during the year.

e. Impairment of Tangible Assets

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date, if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset's net selling price and value in use. Value in use is determined for assets or group of assets which are capable of generating independent cash flows i.e. cash generating units.

f. Investments

Investments, which are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments.

On initial recognition, all investments are measured at cost. The cost comprises purchase price and directly attributable acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties. If an investment is acquired, or partly acquired, by the issue of shares or other securities, the acquisition cost is the fair value of the securities issued. If an investment is acquired in exchange for another asset, the acquisition is determined by reference to the fair value of the asset given up or by reference to the fair value of the investment acquired, whichever is more clearly evident.

Current investments are carried in the financial statements at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

g. Inventories

Inventory is valued at cost or net realizable value, whichever is lower. Net realizable value is the estimated realizable value in the normal course of business less the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

Operating equipment in circulation is valued at weighted average cost less estimated diminution in value on account of usage.

Shares held as Stock- in - trade are valued at cost or market value whichever is lower.

h. Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

i. Revenue from rendering of hospitality services is recognized when the related services are performed and billed to the customer.

ii. Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

iii. Dividend income from investments is recognized when the Company's right to receive payment is established.

iv. Income from hiring of vehicles is recognized on accrual basis on the basis of agreed rate.

i. Foreign Currency Transaction Initial recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are retranslated using the exchange rate prevailing at the reporting date. Non-monetary items, which are measured in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency, are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. Non-monetary items, which are measured at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency, are translated using the exchange rate at the date when such value was determined.

Exchange differences

Exchange differences are recognized as income or as expenses in the period in which they arise.

Income in Foreign Exchange

The bills for services rendered are raised in Indian Rupees. The payment received in foreign currency against these bills is credited and accounted for at the rate / rates prevalent on the date of receipt of payment. The gains / losses arising out of fluctuation in the exchange rates are accounted for on realization.

Expenses remittable in foreign exchange

These are charged based on invoices (including for earlier years) as approved and accepted by the appropriate authorities as applicable.

j. Retirement and other employee benefits

Provision for gratuity and leave encashment are based on actuarial valuation as on the date of the Balance Sheet. The valuation is done by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method.

All employees are covered under contributory provident fund benefit of a contribution of 12% of salary. It is a defined contribution scheme and the contribution is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due. There are no obligations other than the contributions payable to the respective fund.

k. Income Taxes

Tax expense comprises current and deferred tax. Current income-tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Income-tax Act, 1961 enacted in India and tax laws prevailing in the respective tax jurisdictions where the Company operates. The tax rates and tax laws used to compute the amount are those that are enacted or substantively enacted, at the reporting date. Current income tax relating to items recognized directly in equity is recognized in equity and not in the statement of profit and loss.

Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of timing differences between taxable income and accounting income originating during the current year and reversal of timing differences for the earlier years. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the reporting date. Deferred income tax relating to items recognized directly in equity is recognized in equity and not in the statement of profit and loss.

Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for all taxable timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible timing differences only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset, if a legally enforceable right exists to set-off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred tax assets and deferred taxes relate to the same taxable entity and the same taxation authority.

Minimum alternate tax (MAT) paid in a year is charged to the statement of profit and loss as current tax. The Company recognizes MAT credit available as an asset only to the extent that there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period, i.e., the period for which MAT credit is allowed to be carried forward. In the year in which the Company recognizes MAT credit as an asset in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Credit Available in respect of Minimum Alternative Tax under the Income-tax Act, 1961, the said asset is created by way of credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as "MAT Credit Entitlement. The Company reviews the "MAT credit entitlement asset at each reporting date and writes down the asset to the extent the Company does not have convincing evidence that it will pay normal tax during the specified period.

l. Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Partly paid equity shares are treated as a fraction of an equity share to the extent that they are entitled to participate in dividends relative to a fully paid equity share during the reporting period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for events such as bonus issue, bonus element in a rights issue, share split, and reverse share split (consolidation of shares) that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

m. Provisions

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. These estimates are reviewed at each reporting date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

n. Contingent Liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non- occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The Company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

o. Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash flow statement comprises cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

p. Dividend

Dividend recommended by the Board of Directors, if any, is provided for in the accounts pending shareholders' approval.


Mar 31, 2011

A. Basis of Accounting

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the Accounting Standards notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 under the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

b. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements is in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requiring management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management’s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from the estimates.

c. Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

i. Revenue from rendering of hospitality services is recognized when the related services are performed and billed to the customer.

ii. Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

iii. Dividend income from investments is recognized when the Company’s right to receive payment is established.

iv. Income from hiring of vehicles is recognized on accrual basis on the basis of agreed rate.

d. Income in Foreign Exchange

The bills for services rendered are raised in Indian Rupees. The payment received in foreign currency against these bills is credited and accounted for at the rate / rates prevalent on the date of receipt of payment. The gains / losses arising out of fluctuation in the exchange rates are accounted for on realization.

e. Expenses remittable in foreign exchange

These are charged based on invoices (including for earlier years) as approved and accepted by the appropriate authorities as applicable.

f. Foreign Exchange Transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing at the time of the transaction, while those remaining unsettled at the year-end are translated at the year-end rates resulting in exchange differences being recognized as income /expenses (net).

Foreign Currency balances at the year-end are converted at the year-end rate of exchange except those covered by forward exchange contracts in respect of foreign currency loans, which are converted at the contracted forward rates.

g. Employee Benefits

i. Provision for gratuity and leave encashment are based on actuarial valuation as on the date of the Balance Sheet. The valuation is done by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method.

ii. All employees are covered under contributory provident fund benefit of a contribution of 12% of salary. It is a defined contribution scheme and the contribution is charged to the Profit and Loss Account of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due. There are no obligations other than the contributions payable to the respective fund.

h. Taxation

i. Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Ta x Act. Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

ii. Deferred Ta x is provided during the year, using the liability method on all temporary differences at the Balance Sheet date between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts for financial reporting purposes in accordance with mandatory Accounting Standard (AS-22).

iii. Deferred Ta x asset is recognized only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient taxable profit will be available against which such deferred tax asset can be realized.

iv. Deferred Ta x asset and liability are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply to the period when the asset is realized or the liability is settled, based on tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the Balance Sheet date.

i. Fixed Assets and Depreciation

i. Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction or at revalued amounts, net of impairment loss if any, less depreciation/amortization. Cost represents the direct expenses incurred on acquisition/construction of the assets and the relative share of indirect expenses relating to construction allocated in proportion to the direct costs involved.

ii. Depreciation

a. Depreciation as per straight line method has been charged in the accounts.

b. The charge is on the basis of rates as prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 pro rata from the month of purchase. If the asset is purchased on or before the 15th of month depreciation is charged from the month of purchase, otherwise depreciation is charged from the month following the month of purchase.

c. No depreciation is charged on the assets sold/ discarded during the year.

j. Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are valued at the lower of cost and fair value. Changes in the carrying amount of current investments are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account. Long-term investments are valued at cost, less any provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments; decline, if any, is charged to the Profit and Loss Account. Cost comprises cost of acquisition and related expenses such as brokerage and stamp duties.

k. Inventory

i. Inventory is valued at cost or net realizable value, whichever is lower. Net realizable value is the estimated realizable value in the normal course of business less the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

ii. Operating equipment in circulation is valued at weighted average cost less estimated diminution in value on account of usage.

iii. Shares held as Stock- in -trade are valued at cost or market value whichever is lower.

l. Impairment

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset’s net selling price and value in use. Value in use is determined for assets or group of assets which are capable of generating independent cash flows i.e. cash generating units.

m. Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

n. Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents in the cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and cash/ cheques in hand and short-term deposits with Banks.

0. Dividend

Dividend recommended by the Board of Directors is provided for in the accounts pending shareholders approval.

p. Provisions and Contingent liabilities

Provisions are recognized for present obligations of uncertain timing or amount arising as a result of a past event where a reliable estimate can be made and it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation. Possible obligations, whose existence will only be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain events, are also disclosed as contingent liabilities unless the probability of outflow of resources embodying economic benefit is remote.


Mar 31, 2010

A. Basis of Accounting

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the Accounting Standards notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 under the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

b. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements is in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requiring management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon managements best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from the estimates.

c. Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

i. Revenue from rendering of hospitality services is recognized when the related services are performed and billed to the customer.

ii. Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

iii. Dividend income from investments is recognized when the Companys right to receive payment is established.

iv. Income from hiring of vehicles is recognized on accrual basis on the basis of agreed rate.

d. Income in Foreign Exchange

The bills for services rendered are raised in Indian Rupees. The payment received in foreign currency against these bills is credited and accounted for at the rate / rates prevalent on the date of receipt of payment. The gains / losses arising out of fluctuation in the exchange rates are accounted for on realization.

e. Expenses remittable in foreign exchange

These are charged based on invoices (including for earlier years) as approved and accepted by the appropriate authorities as applicable.

f. Foreign Exchange Transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing at the time of the transaction, while those remaining unsettled at the year-end are translated at the year-end rates resulting in exchange differences being recognized as income /expenses (net).

Foreign Currency balances at the year-end are converted at the year-end rate of exchange except those covered by forward cover contracts in respect of foreign currency loans, which are converted at the contracted forward rates.

g. Employee Benefits

i. Provision for gratuity and leave encashment are based on actuarial valuation as on the date of the Balance Sheet.

ii. All employees are covered under contributory provident fund benefit of a contribution of 12% of salary. It is a defined contribution scheme and the contribution is charged to the Profit and Loss Account of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due. There are no obligations other than the contributions payable to the respective fund.

h. Taxation

i. Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act. Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

ii. Deferred Tax is provided during the year, using the liability method on all temporary differences at the Balance Sheet date between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts for financial reporting purposes in accordance with mandatory Accounting Standard (AS-22).

iii. Deferred Tax asset is recognized only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient taxable profit will be available against which such deferred tax asset can be realized.

iv. Deferred Tax asset and liability are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply to the period when the asset is realized or the liability is settled, based on tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the Balance Sheet date.

i. Fixed Assets and Depreciation

i. Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction or at revalued amounts, net of impairment loss if any, less depreciation/ amortization. Cost represents the direct expenses incurred on acquisition /construction of the assets and the relative share of indirect expenses relating to construction allocated in proportion to the direct costs involved.

ii. Depreciation

a. Depreciation as per straight line method has been charged in the accounts.

b. The charge is on the basis of rates as prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 pro rata from the month of purchase. If the asset is purchased on or before the 15th of month depreciation is charged from the month of purchase, otherwise depreciation is charged from the month following the month of purchase.

c. No depreciation is charged on the assets sold/ discarded during the year.

j. Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments or short-term investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are valued at the lower of cost and fair value. Changes in the carrying -amount of current investments are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account. Long-term investments are valued at cost, less any provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments; decline, if any, is charged to the Profit and Loss Account. Cost comprises cost of acquisition and related expenses such as brokerage and stamp duties.

k. Inventory

i. Inventory is valued at cost or net realizable value, whichever is lower.

ii. Operating equipment in circulation is valued at weighted average cost less estimated diminution in value on account of usage.

iii. Shares held as Stock- in -trade are valued at cost or market value whichever is lower.

I. Impairment

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the Company measures its Value in use on the basis of undiscounted cash flows of next five years projections estimated based on current prices.

m. Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

n. Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents in the cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and cash/ cheques in hand and short-term deposits with Banks less short-term advances from Banks.

o. Dividend

Dividend proposed on equity shares, if any, is accounted for pending approval at the Annual General Meeting.

p. Provisions and Contingent liabilities

Provisions are recognized for present obligations of uncertain timing or amount arising as a result of a past event where a reliable estimate can be made and it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation. Possible obligations, whose existence will only be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain events, are also disclosed as contingent liabilities unless the probability of outflow of resources embodying economic benefit is remote.


Jun 30, 2009

1. (i) Basis of Accounting

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the Accounting Standards notified by Companies Accounting Standards Rules, 2006 under the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

(ii) Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon managements best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from the estimates.

(iii) Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.



SCHEDULES ANNEXED TO AND FORMING PART OF THE BALANCE SHEET AS AT 30TH SEPTEMBER, 2009 AND PROFIT AND LOSS ACCOUNT FOR THE EIGHTEEN MONTH PERIOD ENDED ON THAT DATE

(a) Revenue from rendering of hospitality services is recognized when the related services are performed and billed to the customer.

(b) Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

(c) Dividend income from investments is recognized when the Companys right to receive payment is established.

(d) Income from generation of electricity is recognized when the actual generated units are transferred and billed to the buyer.

(e) Income from hiring of vehicles is recognized on accrual basis on the basis of agreed rate.

(iv) Income in Foreign Exchange

The bills for services rendered are raised in Indian Rupees. The payment received in foreign currency against these bills, is credited and accounted for at the rate / rates prevalent on the date of receipt of payment. The gains / losses arising out of fluctuation in the exchange rates are accounted for on realization.

(v) Interest on Income Tax Refunds / Demands

It is accounted for as income in the period/year when granted and as tax expense when determined by the Department.

(vi) Claims Recoverable

Claims recoverable are accrued only to the extent as admitted by the parties subject to Note 20 regarding certain claim relating to stamp duty on certain land.

(vii) Expenses remittable in foreign exchange

These are charged based on invoices (including for earlier years) as approved and accepted by the appropriate authorities as applicable.

2. (i) Foreign Exchange Transaction

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing at the time of the transaction, while those remaining unsettled at the period/year end are translated at the period/year end rates resulting in exchange differences being recognized as income /expense (net).

(ii) Foreign Currency Balances

Foreign Currency balances at the period/year end have been converted at the period/ year end rate of exchange except those covered by forward cover contracts in respect of foreign currency loans, which are converted at the contracted forward rates.

3. Employee Benefits

(i) Provision for gratuity and leave encashment are based on actuarial valuation as on the date of the Balance Sheet.

(ii) All employees are covered under contributory provident fund benefit of a contribution of 12% of salary. It is a defined contribution scheme and the contribution is charged to Profit and Loss Account of the period/year when the contributions to the respective funds are due. There are no obligations other than the contributions payable to the respective fund.

4. Taxation

(i) Tax expense comprises of current, deferred and fringe benefit tax. Current income tax and fringe benefit tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred income taxes reflects the impact of current period/year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the period/year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

(ii) Deferred Tax is provided during the period/year, using the liability method on all temporary differences at the Balance Sheet date between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts for financial reporting purposes in accordance with Accounting Standard 22 (AS-22).

(iii) Deferred Tax asset is recognized only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient taxable profit will be available against which such deferred tax asset can be realized.

(iv) Deferred Tax asset and liability are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply to the period when the asset is realized or the liability is settled, based on tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or substantially enacted at the Balance Sheet date.

5. Fixed Assets and Depreciation

(a) Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction or at revalued amounts, net of impairment loss if any, less depreciation/ amortisation. Cost represents the direct expenses incurred on acquisition /construction of the assets and the relative share of indirect expenses relating to construction allocated in proportion to the direct costs involved.

(b) Depreciation

(i) Depreciation as per straight line method has been charged in the accounts based on circular no 1/86 of the Department of Company Affairs;

(ii) On the assets acquired on or after 2.4.87 at the rates as prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 pro rata from the month of purchase. If purchased before or on 15th of the month, depreciation is charged from the month of purchase otherwise depreciation is charged from the month following the month of purchase.

(iii) On the assets prior to 2.4.87 at the rates computed in the respective years of acquisition of those assets on the basis of rates specified by the Income Tax Act, 1961 and the rules made thereunder in terms of Section 205(2) (b) of the Companies Act, 1956 without making any adjustment in respect of excess depreciation provided for in the earlier years amounting to Rs.244.16 Lakhs.

(iv) Depreciation on leasehold improvements is being charged equally over the period of the lease.

(v) Depreciation on the increased amount of assets due to revaluation is computed on the basis of residual life of the assets as estimated by the valuer on straight line method and charged to Revaluation Reserve Account.

(vi) No depreciation is charged on the assets sold/ discarded during the period/ year.

(vii) The period in respect of leases of leasehold lands is either perpetual or for substantially long term and hence no depreciation has been charged on the premiums paid.

6. Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments or short term investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are valued at the lower of cost and fair value. Changes in the carrying amount of current investments are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account. Long-term investments are valued at cost, less any provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments; decline, if any, is charged to the Profit and Loss Account. Cost comprises cost of acquisition and related expenses such as brokerage and stamp duties.

7. Inventory

(a) Inventory is valued at cost or net realizable value whichever is lower.

(b) Operating equipment in circulation is valued at weighted average cost less estimated diminution in value on account of usage.

8. Impairment

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the Company measures its value in use on the basis of undiscounted cash flows of next five years projections estimated based on current prices.

9. Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period/year.

10. Provisions

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

11. Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents in the cash flow comprise of cash at bank and cash/cheques in hand and short term deposits with banks less short term advances from banks.

12. Dividend

Dividend proposed on equity shares, if any, is accounted for pending approval at the Annual General Meeting.

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