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Accounting Policies of Asian Paints Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2017

for the year ended 31st March, 2017 COMPANY BACKGROUND

Asian Paints Limited (the ‘Company'') is a public limited Company domiciled and incorporated in India under the Indian Companies Act, 1913. The registered office of the Company is located at 6A, Shantinagar, Santacruz East, Mumbai, India.

The Company is engaged in the business of manufacturing, selling and distribution of paints, coatings, products related to home decor, bath fittings and providing related services.

1. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND KEY ACCOUNTING ESTIMATES AND JUDGEMENTS SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES:

1.1. Basis of preparation of financial statements

These financial statements are the separate financial statements of the Company (also called standalone financial statements) prepared in accordance with Indian Accounting Standards (‘Ind AS'') notified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, read together with the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015.

For all periods up to and including the year ended 31st March, 2016, the Company had prepared its financial statements in accordance with Accounting Standards notified under the Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, read together with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 (‘Previous GAAP''). Detailed explanation on how the transition from previous GAAP to Ind AS has affected the Company''s Balance Sheet, financial performance and cash flows is given under Note 31.

These financial statements have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting except for certain financial assets and financial liabilities that are measured at fair values at the end of each reporting period, as stated in the accounting policies set out below. The accounting policies have been applied consistently over all the periods presented in these financial statements.

1.2. Current / Non-Current Classification

Any asset or liability is classified as current if it satisfies any of the following conditions:

i. the asset/liability is expected to be realized/settled in the Company''s normal operating cycle;

ii. the asset is intended for sale or consumption;

iii. the asset/liability is held primarily for the purpose of trading;

iv. the asset/liability is expected to be realized/settled within twelve months after the reporting period;

v. the asset is cash or cash equivalent unless it is restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least twelve months after the reporting date;

vi. in the case of a liability, the Company does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least twelve months after the reporting date.

All other assets and liabilities are classified as non-current.

For the purpose of current/non-current classification of assets and liabilities, the Company has ascertained its normal operating cycle as twelve months. This is based on the nature of services and the time between the acquisition of assets or inventories for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents.

1.3. Summary of Significant accounting policies

a) Business combinations

Business combinations are accounted for using the acquisition method. At the acquisition date, identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed are measured at fair value. For this purpose, the liabilities assumed include contingent liabilities representing present obligation and they are measured at their acquisition date fair values irrespective of the fact that outflow of resources embodying economic benefits is not probable. The consideration transferred is measured at fair value

at acquisition date and includes the fair value of any contingent consideration. However, deferred tax asset or liability and any liability or asset relating to employee benefit arrangements arising from a business combination are measured and recognized in accordance with the requirements of Ind AS 12, ‘Income Taxes'' and Ind AS 19, ‘Employee Benefits'', respectively.

Where the consideration transferred exceeds the fair value of the net identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed, the excess is recorded as goodwill. Alternatively, in case of a bargain purchase wherein the consideration transferred is lower than the fair value of the net identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed, the difference is recorded as a gain in other comprehensive income and accumulated in equity as capital reserve. The costs of acquisition excluding those relating to issue of equity or debt securities are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they are incurred.

In case of business combinations involving entities under common control, the above policy does not apply. Business combinations involving entities under common control are accounted for using the pooling of interests method. The net assets of the transferor entity or business are accounted at their carrying amounts on the date of the acquisition subject to necessary adjustments required to harmonies accounting policies. Any excess or shortfall of the consideration paid over the share capital of transferor entity or business is recognized as capital reserve under equity.

b) Goodwill

Goodwill is an asset representing the future economic benefits arising from other assets acquired in a business combination that are not individually identified and separately recognized. Goodwill is initially measured at cost, being the excess of the consideration transferred over the net identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed, measured in accordance with Ind AS 103, ‘Business Combinations''.

Goodwill is considered to have indefinite useful life and hence is not subject to amortization but tested for impairment at least annually. After initial recognition, goodwill is measured at cost less any accumulated impairment losses.

For the purpose of impairment testing, goodwill acquired in a business combination, is from the acquisition date, allocated to each of the Company''s cash generating units (CGUs) that are expected to benefit from the combination. A CGU is the smallest identifiable group of assets that generates cash inflows that are largely independent of the cash inflows from other assets or group of assets. Each CGU or a combination of CGUs to which goodwill is so allocated represents the lowest level at which goodwill is monitored for internal management purpose and it is not larger than an operating segment of the Company.

A CGU to which goodwill is allocated is tested for impairment annually, and whenever there is an indication that the CGU may be impaired; by comparing the carrying amount of the CGU, including the goodwill, with the recoverable amount of the CGU. If the recoverable amount of the CGU exceeds the carrying amount of the CGU, the CGU and the goodwill allocated to that CGU is regarded as not impaired. If the carrying amount of the CGU exceeds the recoverable amount of the CGU, the Company recognizes an impairment loss by first reducing the carrying amount of any goodwill allocated to the CGU and then to other assets of the CGU pro-rata based on the carrying amount of each asset in the CGU. Any impairment loss on goodwill is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. An impairment loss recognized for goodwill is not reversed in subsequent periods.

On disposal of a CGU to which goodwill is allocated, the goodwill associated with the disposed CGU is included in the carrying amount of the CGU when determining the gain or loss on disposal.

c) Property, Plant and Equipment

Measurement at recognition:

An item of property, plant and equipment that qualifies as an asset is measured on initial recognition at cost. Following initial recognition, items of property, plant and equipment are carried at its cost less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses.

The Company identifies and determines cost of each part of an item of property, plant and equipment separately, if the part has a cost which is significant to the total cost of that item of property, plant and equipment and has useful life that is materially different from that of the remaining item.

The cost of an item of property, plant and equipment comprises of its purchase price including import duties and other non-refundable purchase taxes or levies, directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use and the initial estimate of decommissioning, restoration and similar liabilities, if any. Any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price. Cost includes cost of replacing a part of a plant and equipment if the recognition criteria are met. Expenses directly attributable to new manufacturing facility during its construction period are capitalized if the recognition criteria are met. Expenditure related to plans, designs and drawings of buildings or plant and machinery is capitalized under relevant heads of property, plant and equipment if the recognition criteria are met.

Items such as spare parts, stand-by equipment and servicing equipment that meet the definition of property, plant and equipment are capitalized at cost and depreciated over their useful life. Costs in nature of repairs and maintenance are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss as and when incurred.

Capital work in progress and Capital advances:

Cost of assets not ready for intended use, as on the Balance Sheet date, is shown as capital work in progress. Advances given towards acquisition of fixed assets outstanding at each Balance Sheet date are disclosed as Other Non-Current Assets.

Depreciation:

Depreciation on each part of an item of property, plant and equipment is provided using the Straight Line Method based on the useful life of the asset as estimated by the management and is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss as per the requirement of Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013. The estimate of the useful life of the assets has been assessed based on technical advice which considers the nature of the asset, the usage of the asset, expected physical wear and tear, the operating conditions of the asset, anticipated technological changes, manufacturers warranties and maintenance support, etc. The estimated useful life of items of property, plant and equipment is mentioned below:

Freehold land is not depreciated. Leasehold land and Leasehold improvements are amortized over the period of the lease.

The Company, based on technical assessment made by technical expert and management estimate, depreciates certain items of property plant and equipment (as mentioned below) over estimated useful lives which are different from the useful lives prescribed under Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 (Schedule III). The management believes that these estimated useful lives are realistic and reflect fair approximation of the period over which the assets are likely to be used.

- The useful lives of certain plant and equipment are estimated in the range of 10-20 years. These lives are different from those indicated in Schedule II.

- Scientific research equipment are depreciated over the estimated useful life of 8 years, which is higher than the life prescribed in Schedule II.

- Vehicles are depreciated over the estimated useful life of 5 years, which is lower than the life prescribed in Schedule 11.

- Information Technology hardware are depreciated over the estimated useful life of 4 years, which is higher than the life prescribed in Schedule II.

The useful lives, residual values of each part of an item of property, plant and equipment and the depreciation methods are reviewed at the end of each financial year. If any of these expectations differ from previous estimates, such change is accounted for as a change in an accounting estimate.

Derecognition:

The carrying amount of an item of property, plant and equipment is derecognized on disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected from its use or disposal. The gain or loss arising from the Derecognition of an item of property, plant and equipment is measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the item and is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss when the item is derecognized.

d) Intangible Assets

Measurement at recognition:

Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. Intangible assets arising on acquisition of business are measured at fair value as at date of acquisition. Internally generated intangibles including research cost are not capitalized and the related expenditure is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which the expenditure is incurred. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment loss, if any.

The amortization period and the amortization method for an intangible asset with finite useful life is reviewed at the end of each financial year. If any of these expectations differ from previous estimates, such change is accounted for as a change in an accounting estimate.

Derecognition:

The carrying amount of an intangible asset is derecognized on disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected from its use or disposal. The gain or loss arising from the Derecognition of an intangible asset is measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the intangible asset and is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss when the asset is derecognized.

e) Impairment

Assets that have an indefinite useful life, for example goodwill, are not subject to amortization and are tested for impairment annually and whenever there is an indication that the asset may be impaired.

Assets that are subject to depreciation and amortization and assets representing investments in subsidiary and associate companies are reviewed for impairment, whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that carrying amount may not be recoverable. Such circumstances include, though are not limited to, significant or sustained decline in revenues or earnings and material adverse changes in the economic environment.

An impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of an asset or its cash generating unit (CGU) exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount of an asset is the greater of its fair value less cost to sell and value in use. To calculate value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market rates and the risk specific to the asset. For an asset that does not generate largely independent cash inflows, the recoverable amount is determined for the CGU to which the asset belongs. Fair value less cost to sell is the best estimate of the amount obtainable from the sale of an asset in an arm''s length transaction between knowledgeable, willing parties, less the cost of disposal.

Impairment losses, if any, are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss and included in depreciation and amortization expense. Impairment losses are reversed in the Statement of Profit and Loss only to the extent that the asset''s carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined if no impairment loss had previously been recognized.

f) Revenue

Revenue is recognized when it is probable that economic benefits associated with a transaction flows to the Company in the ordinary course of its activities and the amount of revenue can be measured reliably. Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable, net of returns, trade discounts and volume rebates allowed by the Company.

Revenue includes only the gross inflows of economic benefits, including excise duty, received and receivable by the Company, on its own account. Amounts collected on behalf of third parties such as sales tax and value added tax are excluded from revenue.

Sale of products:

Revenue from sale of products is recognized when the Company transfers all significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer, while the Company retains neither continuing managerial involvement nor effective control over the products sold.

Rendering of services:

Revenue from services is recognized when the stage of completion can be measured reliably. Stage of completion is measured by the services performed till Balance Sheet date as a percentage of total services contracted.

Interest, royalties and dividends:

Interest income is recognized using effective interest method. Royalty income is recognized on an accrual basis in accordance with the substance of the relevant agreement. Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive payment is established.

g) Government grants and subsidies

Recognition and Measurement:

The Company is entitled to subsidies from government in respect of manufacturing units located in specified regions. Such subsidies are measured at amounts receivable from the government which are non-refundable and are recognized as income when there is a reasonable assurance that the Company will comply with all necessary conditions attached to them. Income from subsidies is recognized on a systematic basis over the periods in which the related costs that are intended to be compensated by such subsidies are recognized.

The Company has received refundable government loans at below-market rate of interest which are accounted in accordance with the recognition and measurement principles of Ind AS 109, ‘Financial Instruments''. The benefit of below-market rate of interest is measured as the difference between the initial carrying value of loan determined in accordance with Ind AS 109 and the proceeds received. It is recognized as income when there is a reasonable assurance that the Company will comply with all necessary conditions attached to the loans. Income from such benefit is recognized on a systematic basis over the period of the loan during which the Company recognizes interest expense corresponding to such loans.

Presentation:

Income from subsidies are presented on gross basis under Revenue from Operations. Income arising from below-market rate of interest loans are presented on gross basis under Other Income.

h) Inventory

Raw materials, work-in-progress, finished goods, packing materials, stores, spares, components, consumables and stock-in-trade are carried at the lower of cost and net realizable value. However, materials and other items held for use in production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished goods in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. The comparison of cost and net realizable value is made on an item-by item basis.

In determining the cost of raw materials, packing materials, stock-in-trade, stores, spares, components and consumables, weighted average cost method is used. Cost of inventory comprises all costs of purchase, duties, taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from tax authorities) and all other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to their present location and condition.

Cost of finished goods and work-in-progress includes the cost of raw materials, packing materials, an appropriate share of fixed and variable production overheads, excise duty as applicable and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Fixed production overheads are allocated on the basis of normal capacity of production facilities.

i) Financial Instruments

A financial instrument is any contract that gives rise to a financial asset of one entity and a financial liability or equity instrument of another entity.

Financial Assets

Initial recognition and measurement:

The Company recognizes a financial asset in its Balance Sheet when it becomes party to the contractual provisions of the instrument. All financial assets are recognized initially at fair value, plus in the case of financial assets not recorded at fair value through profit or loss (FVTPL), transaction costs that are attributable to the acquisition of the financial asset.

Where the fair value of a financial asset at initial recognition is different from its transaction price, the difference between the fair value and the transaction price is recognized as a gain or loss in the Statement of Profit and Loss at initial recognition if the fair value is determined through a quoted market price in an active market for an identical asset (i.e. level 1 input) or through a valuation technique that uses data from observable markets (i.e. level 2 input).

In case the fair value is not determined using a level 1 or level 2 input as mentioned above, the difference between the fair value and transaction price is deferred appropriately and recognized as a gain or loss in the Statement of Profit and Loss only to the extent that such gain or loss arises due to a change in factor that market participants take into account when pricing the financial asset.

However, trade receivables that do not contain a significant financing component are measured at transaction price. Subsequent measurement:

For subsequent measurement, the Company classifies a financial asset in accordance with the below criteria:

i. The Company''s business model for managing the financial asset and

ii. The contractual cash flow characteristics of the financial asset.

Based on the above criteria, the Company classifies its financial assets into the following categories:

i. Financial assets measured at amortized cost

ii. Financial assets measured at fair value through other comprehensive income (FVTOCI)

iii. Financial assets measured at fair value through profit or loss (FVTPL)

i. Financial assets measured at amortized cost:

A financial asset is measured at the amortized cost if both the following conditions are met:

a) The Company''s business model objective for managing the financial asset is to hold financial assets in order to collect contractual cash flows, and

b) The contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

This category applies to cash and bank balances, trade receivables, loans and other financial assets of the Company (Refer Note 29 for further details). Such financial assets are subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method.

Under the effective interest method, the future cash receipts are exactly discounted to the initial recognition value using the effective interest rate. The cumulative amortization using the effective interest method of the difference between the initial recognition amount and the maturity amount is added to the initial recognition value (net of principal repayments, if any) of the financial asset over the relevant period of the financial asset to arrive at the amortized cost at each reporting date. The corresponding effect of the amortization under effective interest method is recognized as interest income over the relevant period of the financial asset. The same is included under other income in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

The amortized cost of a financial asset is also adjusted for loss allowance, if any.

ii. Financial assets measured at FVTOCI:

A financial asset is measured at FVTOCI if both of the following conditions are met:

a) The Company''s business model objective for managing the financial asset is achieved both by collecting contractual cash flows and selling the financial assets, and

b) The contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

This category applies to certain investments in debt instruments (Refer Note 29 for further details). Such financial assets are subsequently measured at fair value at each reporting date. Fair value changes are recognized in the Other Comprehensive Income (OCI). However, the Company recognizes interest income and impairment losses and its reversals in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

On Derecognition of such financial assets, cumulative gain or loss previously recognized in OCI is reclassified from equity to Statement of Profit and Loss.

Further, the Company, through an irrevocable election at initial recognition, has measured certain investments in equity instruments at FVTOCI (Refer Note 29 for further details). The Company has made such election on an instrument by instrument basis. These equity instruments are neither held for trading nor are contingent consideration recognized under a business combination. Pursuant to such irrevocable election, subsequent changes in the fair value of such equity instruments are recognized in OCI. However, the Company recognizes dividend income from such instruments in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

On Derecognition of such financial assets, cumulative gain or loss previously recognized in OCI is not reclassified from the equity to Statement of Profit and Loss. However, the Company may transfer such cumulative gain or loss into retained earnings within equity.

iii. Financial assets measured at FVTPL:

A financial asset is measured at FVTPL unless it is measured at amortized cost or at FVTOCI as explained above. This is a residual category applied to all other investments of the Company excluding investments in subsidiary and associate companies (Refer Note 29 for further details). Such financial assets are subsequently measured at fair value at each reporting date. Fair value changes are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Derecognition:

A financial asset (or, where applicable, a part of a financial asset or part of a group of similar financial assets) is derecognized (i.e. removed from the Company''s Balance Sheet) when any of the following occurs:

i. The contractual rights to cash flows from the financial asset expires;

ii. The Company transfers its contractual rights to receive cash flows of the financial asset and has substantially transferred all the risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset;

iii. The Company retains the contractual rights to receive cash flows but assumes a contractual obligation to pay the cash flows without material delay to one or more recipients under a ‘pass-through'' arrangement (thereby substantially transferring all the risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset);

iv. The Company neither transfers nor retains substantially all risk and rewards of ownership and does not retain control over the financial asset.

In cases where Company has neither transferred nor retained substantially all of the risks and rewards of the financial asset, but retains control of the financial asset, the Company continues to recognize such financial asset to the extent of its continuing involvement in the financial asset. In that case, the Company also recognizes an associated liability. The financial asset and the associated liability are measured on a basis that reflects the rights and obligations that the Company has retained.

On Derecognition of a financial asset, (except as mentioned in ii above for financial assets measured at FVTOCI), the difference between the carrying amount and the consideration received is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Impairment of financial assets:

The Company applies expected credit losses (ECL) model for measurement and recognition of loss allowance on the following:

i. Trade receivables and lease receivables

ii. Financial assets measured at amortized cost (other than trade receivables and lease receivables)

iii. Financial assets measured at fair value through other comprehensive income (FVTOCI)

In case of trade receivables and lease receivables, the Company follows a simplified approach wherein an amount equal to lifetime ECL is measured and recognized as loss allowance.

In case of other assets (listed as ii and iii above), the Company determines if there has been a significant increase in credit risk of the financial asset since initial recognition. If the credit risk of such assets has not increased significantly, an amount equal to 12-month ECL is measured and recognized as loss allowance. However, if credit risk has increased significantly, an amount equal to lifetime ECL is measured and recognized as loss allowance.

Subsequently, if the credit quality of the financial asset improves such that there is no longer a significant increase in credit risk since initial recognition, the Company reverts to recognizing impairment loss allowance based on 12-month ECL.

ECL is the difference between all contractual cash flows that are due to the Company in accordance with the contract and all the cash flows that the entity expects to receive (i.e., all cash shortfalls), discounted at the original effective interest rate.

Lifetime ECL are the expected credit losses resulting from all possible default events over the expected life of a financial asset. 12-month ECL are a portion of the lifetime ECL which result from default events that are possible within 12 months from the reporting date.

ECL are measured in a manner that they reflect unbiased and probability weighted amounts determined by a range of outcomes, taking into account the time value of money and other reasonable information available as a result of past events, current conditions and forecasts of future economic conditions.

As a practical expedient, the Company uses a provision matrix to measure lifetime ECL on its portfolio of trade receivables. The provision matrix is prepared based on historically observed default rates over the expected life of trade receivables and is adjusted for forward-looking estimates. At each reporting date, the historically observed default rates and changes in the forward-looking estimates are updated.

ECL impairment loss allowance (or reversal) recognized during the period is recognized as income/ expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss under the head ‘Other expenses''.

Financial Liabilities

Initial recognition and measurement:

The Company recognizes a financial liability in its Balance Sheet when it becomes party to the contractual provisions of the instrument. All financial liabilities are recognized initially at fair value minus, in the case of financial liabilities not recorded at fair value through profit or loss (FVTPL), transaction costs that are attributable to the acquisition of the financial liability.

Where the fair value of a financial liability at initial recognition is different from its transaction price, the difference between the fair value and the transaction price is recognized as a gain or loss in the Statement of Profit and Loss at initial recognition if the fair value is determined through a quoted market price in an active market for an identical asset (i.e. level 1 input) or through a valuation technique that uses data from observable markets (i.e. level 2 input).

In case the fair value is not determined using a level 1 or level 2 input as mentioned above, the difference between the fair value and transaction price is deferred appropriately and recognized as a gain or loss in the Statement of Profit and Loss only to the extent that such gain or loss arises due to a change in factor that market participants take into account when pricing the financial liability.

Subsequent measurement:

All financial liabilities of the Company are subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method (Refer Note 29 for further details).

Under the effective interest method, the future cash payments are exactly discounted to the initial recognition value using the effective interest rate. The cumulative amortization using the effective interest method of the difference between the initial recognition amount and the maturity amount is added to the initial recognition value (net of principal repayments, if any) of the financial liability over the relevant period of the financial liability to arrive at the amortized cost at each reporting date. The corresponding effect of the amortization under effective interest method is recognized as interest expense over the relevant period of the financial liability. The same is included under finance cost in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Derecognition:

A financial liability is derecognized when the obligation under the liability is discharged or cancelled or expires. When an existing financial liability is replaced by another from the same lender on substantially different terms, or the terms of an existing liability are substantially modified, such an exchange or modification is treated as the Derecognition of the original liability and the recognition of a new liability. The difference between the carrying amount of the financial liability derecognized and the consideration paid is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

j) Derivative financial instruments and Hedge accounting

The Company enters into derivative financial contracts in the nature of forward currency contracts with external parties to hedge its foreign currency risks relating to foreign currency denominated financial liabilities measured at amortized cost. The Company formally establishes a hedge relationship between such forward currency contracts (‘hedging instrument'') and recognized financial liabilities (‘hedged item'') through a formal documentation at the inception of the hedge relationship in line with the Company''s Risk Management objective and strategy.

The hedge relationship so designated is accounted for in accordance with the accounting principles prescribed for a fair value hedge under Ind AS 109, ‘Financial Instruments''.

Recognition and measurement of fair value hedge:

Hedging instrument is initially recognized at fair value on the date on which a derivative contract is entered into and is subsequently measured at fair value at each reporting date. Gain or loss arising from changes in the fair value of hedging instrument is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Hedging instrument is recognized as a financial asset in the Balance Sheet if it’s fair value as at reporting date is positive as compared to carrying value and as a financial liability if it’s fair value as at reporting date is negative as compared to carrying value.

Hedged item (recognized financial liability) is initially recognized at fair value on the date of entering into contractual obligation and is subsequently measured at amortized cost. The hedging gain or loss on the hedged item is adjusted to the carrying value of the hedged item as per the effective interest method and the corresponding effect is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Derecognition:

On Derecognition of the hedged item, the unamortized fair value of the hedging instrument adjusted to the hedged item, is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

k) Fair Value

The Company measures financial instruments at fair value in accordance with the accounting policies mentioned above. Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The fair value measurement is based on the presumption that the transaction to sell the asset or transfer the liability takes place either:

- In the principal market for the asset or liability, or

- In the absence of a principal market, in the most advantageous market for the asset or liability

All assets and liabilities for which fair value is measured or disclosed in the financial statements are categorized within the fair value hierarchy that categorizes into three levels, described as follows, the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure value. The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1 inputs) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3 inputs).

Level 1 — quoted (unadjusted) market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities

Level 2 — inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly

Level 3 — inputs that are unobservable for the asset or liability

For assets and liabilities that are recognized in the financial statements at fair value on a recurring basis, the Company determines whether transfers have occurred between levels in the hierarchy by re-assessing categorization at the end of each reporting period and discloses the same.

l) Investment in Subsidiary and Associate Companies

The Company has elected to recognize its investments in subsidiary and associate companies at cost in accordance with the option available in Ind AS 27, ‘Separate Financial Statements''. The details of such investments are given in Note 4. Impairment policy applicable on such investments is explained in note 1.3(e) above.

m) Foreign Currency Translation Initial Recognition:

On initial recognition, transactions in foreign currencies entered into by the Company are recorded in the functional currency (i.e. Indian Rupees), by applying to the foreign currency amount, the spot exchange rate between the functional currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction. Exchange differences arising on foreign exchange transactions settled during the year are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Measurement of foreign currency items at reporting date:

Foreign currency monetary items of the Company are translated at the closing exchange rates. Non-monetary items that are measured at historical cost in a foreign currency, are translated using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. Non-monetary items that are measured at fair value in a foreign currency, are translated using the exchange rates at the date when the fair value is measured.

Exchange differences arising out of these translations are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. n) Income Taxes

Tax expense is the aggregate amount included in the determination of profit or loss for the period in respect of current tax and deferred tax.

Current tax:

Current tax is the amount of income taxes payable in respect of taxable profit for a period. Taxable profit differs from ‘profit before tax'' as reported in the Statement of Profit and Loss because of items of income or expense that are taxable or deductible in other years and items that are never taxable or deductible under the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Current tax is measured using tax rates that have been enacted by the end of reporting period for the amounts expected to be recovered from or paid to the taxation authorities.

Deferred tax:

Deferred tax is recognized on temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities in the financial statements and the corresponding tax bases used in the computation of taxable profit under Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax liabilities are generally recognized for all taxable temporary differences. However, in case of temporary differences that arise from initial recognition of assets or liabilities in a transaction (other than business combination) that affect neither the taxable profit nor the accounting profit, deferred tax liabilities are not recognized. Also, for temporary differences if any that may arise from initial recognition of goodwill, deferred tax liabilities are not recognized.

Deferred tax assets are generally recognized for all deductible temporary differences to the extent it is probable that taxable profits will be available against which those deductible temporary difference can be utilized. In case of temporary differences that arise from initial recognition of assets or liabilities in a transaction (other than business combination) that affect neither the taxable profit nor the accounting profit, deferred tax assets are not recognized.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at the end of each reporting period and reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profits will be available to allow the benefits of part or all of such deferred tax assets to be utilized.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured at the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date and are expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled.

Presentation of current and deferred tax:

Current and deferred tax are recognized as income or an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except when they relate to items that are recognized in Other Comprehensive Income, in which case, the current and deferred tax income/ expense are recognized in Other Comprehensive Income.

The Company offsets current tax assets and current tax liabilities, where it has a legally enforceable right to set off the recognized amounts and where it intends either to settle on a net basis, or to realize the asset and settle the liability simultaneously. In case of deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities, the same are offset if the Company has a legally enforceable right to set off corresponding current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities relate to income taxes levied by the same tax authority on the Company.

o) Provisions and Contingencies

The Company recognizes provisions when a present obligation (legal or constructive) as a result of a past event exists and it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle such obligation and the amount of such obligation can be reliably estimated.

If the effect of time value of money is material, provisions are discounted using a current pre-tax rate that reflects, when appropriate, the risks specific to the liability. When discounting is used, the increase in the provision due to the passage of time is recognized as a finance cost.

A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not require an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits or the amount of such obligation cannot be measured reliably. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which likelihood of outflow of resources embodying economic benefits is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

p) Measurement of EBITDA

The Company has opted to present Earnings Before Interest (finance cost), Tax, Depreciation and Amortization (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the Statement of Profit and Loss for the period. The Company measures EBITDA based on profit/(loss) from continuing operations.

q) Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and Cash equivalents for the purpose of Cash Flow Statement comprise cash and cheques in hand, bank balances, demand deposits with banks where the original maturity is three months or less and other short term highly liquid investments.

r) Employee Benefits

Short Term Employee Benefits:

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits and they are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related service. The Company recognizes the undiscounted amount of short term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for services rendered as a liability (accrued expense) after deducting any amount already paid.

Post-Employment Benefits:

I. Defined Contribution plans:

Defined contribution plans are employee state insurance scheme and Government administered pension fund scheme for all applicable employees and superannuation scheme for eligible employees.

Recognition and measurement of defined contribution plans:

The Company recognizes contribution payable to a defined contribution plan as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss when the employees render services to the Company during the reporting period. If the contributions payable for services received from employees before the reporting date exceeds the contributions already paid, the deficit payable is recognized as a liability after deducting the contribution already paid. If the contribution already paid exceeds the contribution due for services received before the reporting date, the excess is recognized as an asset to the extent that the prepayment will lead to, for example, a reduction in future payments or a cash refund.

II. Defined Benefit plans:

i) Provident Fund scheme:

The Company makes specified monthly contributions towards Employee Provident Fund scheme to a separate trust administered by the Company. The minimum interest payable by the trust to the beneficiaries is being notified by the Government every year. The Company has an obligation to make good the shortfall, if any, between the return on investments of the trust and the notified interest rate.

ii) Gratuity scheme:

The Company operates a defined benefit gratuity plan for employees. The Company contributes to a separate entity (a fund), towards meeting the Gratuity obligation.

iii) Pension Scheme:

The Company operates a defined benefit pension plan for certain specified employees and is payable upon the employee satisfying certain conditions, as approved by the Board of Directors.

iv) Post-Retirement Medical benefit plan:

The Company operates a defined post-retirement medical benefit plan for certain specified employees and is payable upon the employee satisfying certain conditions.

Recognition and measurement of Defined Benefit plans:

The cost of providing defined benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit method with actuarial valuations being carried out at each reporting date. The defined benefit obligations recognized in the Balance Sheet represent the present value of the defined benefit obligations as reduced by the fair value of plan assets, if applicable. Any defined benefit asset (negative defined benefit obligations resulting from this calculation) is recognized representing the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the plan.

All expenses represented by current service cost, past service cost, if any, and net interest on the defined benefit liability / (asset) are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Remeasurements of the net defined benefit liability / (asset) comprising actuarial gains and losses and the return on the plan assets (excluding amounts included in net interest on the net defined benefit liability/asset), are recognized in Other Comprehensive Income. Such remeasurements are not reclassified to the Statement of Profit and Loss in the subsequent periods.

The Company presents the above liability/(asset) as current and non-current in the Balance Sheet as per actuarial valuation by the independent actuary; however, the entire liability towards gratuity is considered as current as the Company will contribute this amount to the gratuity fund within the next twelve months.

Other Long Term Employee Benefits:

Entitlements to annual leave and sick leave are recognized when they accrue to employees. Sick leave can only be availed while annual leave can either be availed or encashed subject to a restriction on the maximum number of accumulation of leave. The Company determines the liability for such accumulated leaves using the Projected Accrued Benefit method with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date.

s) Lease Accounting

Leases are classified as finance leases whenever the terms of the lease transfer substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership to the lessee. All other leases are classified as operating leases.

In respect of assets taken on operating lease, lease rentals are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss on straight line basis over the lease term unless

(1) another systematic basis is more representative of the time pattern in which the benefit is derived from the leased asset; or

(2) the payments to the less or are structured to increase in the line with expected general inflation to compensate for the less or’s expected inflationary cost increases

t) Research and Development

Expenditure on research is recognized as an expense when it is incurred. Expenditure on development which does not meet the criteria for recognition as an intangible asset is recognized as an expense when it is incurred.

Items of property, plant and equipment and acquired Intangible Assets utilized for Research and Development are capitalized and depreciated in accordance with the policies stated for Property, Plant and Equipment and Intangible Assets.

u) Borrowing Cost

Borrowing cost includes interest, amortization of ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost.

Borrowing costs, if any, directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized, if any. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period in which they occur.

v) Segment Reporting

Operating segments are reported in a manner consistent with the internal reporting provided to the Chief Operating Decision Maker (CODM) of the Company. The CODM is responsible for allocating resources and assessing performance of the operating segments of the Company.

w) Events after Reporting date

Where events occurring after the Balance Sheet date provide evidence of conditions that existed at the end of the reporting period, the impact of such events is adjusted within the financial statements. Otherwise, events after the Balance Sheet date of material size or nature are only disclosed.

x) Non-Current Assets held for sale

The Company classifies non-current assets as held for sale if their carrying amounts will be recovered principally through a sale rather than through continuing use of the assets and actions required to complete such sale indicate that it is unlikely that significant changes to the plan to sell will be made or that the decision to sell will be withdrawn. Also, such assets are classified as held for sale only if the management expects to complete the sale within one year from the date of classification.

Non-current assets classified as held for sale are measured at the lower of their carrying amount and the fair value less cost to sell. Non-current assets are not depreciated or amortized.

y) Recent Accounting pronouncements

Standards issued but not yet effective

In March 2017, the Ministry of Corporate Affairs issued the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) (Amendments) Rules, 2017, notifying amendment to Ind AS 7, ‘Statement of cash flows''. This amendment is in accordance with the recent amendments made by International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) to IAS 7, ‘Statement of cash flows''. The amendment is applicable to the Company from April 1, 2017.

Amendments to Ind AS 7

The amendments to Ind AS 7 requires the entities to provide disclosures that enable users of financial statements to evaluate changes in liabilities arising from financing activities, including both changes arising from cash flows and non-cash changes, suggesting inclusion of a reconciliation between the opening and closing balances in the Balance Sheet for liabilities arising from financing activities, to meet the disclosure requirement.

The Company is evaluating the requirements of the amendment and the effect on the financial statements is being evaluated.

1.4. Key accounting estimates and judgments

The preparation of the Company''s financial statements requires the management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities, and the accompanying disclosures, and the disclosure of contingent liabilities. Uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in outcomes that require a material adjustment to the carrying amount of assets or liabilities affected in future periods.

Critical accounting estimates and assumptions

The key assumptions concerning the future and other key sources of estimation uncertainty at the reporting date, that have a significant risk of causing a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities within the next financial year, are described below:

a. Income taxes

The Company''s tax jurisdiction is India. Significant judgments are involved in estimating budgeted profits for the purpose of paying advance tax, determining the provision for income taxes, including amount expected to be paid/recovered for uncertain tax positions (Refer Note 18).

b. Business combinations and Intangible Assets

Business combinations are accounted for using Ind AS 103, Business Combinations. Ind AS 103 requires the identifiable intangible assets and contingent consideration to be fair valued in order to ascertain the net fair value of identifiable assets, liabilities and contingent liabilities of the acquiree. Significant estimates are required to be made in determining the value of contingent consideration and intangible assets. These valuations are conducted by independent valuation experts.

c. Property, Plant and Equipment

Property, Plant and Equipment represent a significant proportion of the asset base of the Company. The charge in respect of periodic depreciation is derived after determining an estimate of an asset''s expected useful life and the expected residual value at the end of its life. The useful lives and residual values of Company''s assets are determined by the management at the time the asset is acquired and reviewed periodically, including at each financial year end. The lives are based on historical experience with similar assets as well as anticipation of future events, which may impact their life, such as changes in technical or commercial obsolescence arising from changes or improvements in production or from a change in market demand of the product or service output of the asset.

d. Impairment of Goodwill

Goodwill is tested for impairment on an annual basis and whenever there is an indication that the recoverable amount of a cash generating unit is less than its carrying amount based on a number of factors including operating results, business plans, future cash flows and economic conditions. The recoverable amount of cash generating units is determined based on higher of value-in-use and fair value less cost to sell. The goodwill impairment test is performed at the level of the cash-generating unit or groups of cash-generating units which are benefitting from the synergies of the acquisition and which represents the lowest level at which goodwill is monitored for internal management purposes.

Market related information and estimates are used to determine the recoverable amount. Key assumptions on which management has based its determination of recoverable amount include estimated long term growth rates, weighted average cost of capital and estimated operating margins. Cash flow projections take into account past experience and represent management''s best estimate about future developments.

e. Defined Benefit Obligation

The costs of providing pensions and other post-employment benefits are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss in accordance with Ind AS 19 ‘Employee benefits'' over the period during which benefit is derived from the employees'' services. The costs are assessed on the basis of assumptions selected by the management. These assumptions include salary escalation rate, discount rates, expected rate of return on assets and mortality rates. The same is disclosed in Note 40, ‘Employee benefits''.

f. Fair value measurement of Financial Instruments

When the fair values of financials assets and financial liabilities recorded in the Balance Sheet cannot be measured based on quoted prices in active markets, their fair value is measured using valuation techniques, including the discounted cash flow model, which involve various judgments and assumptions.

The recoverable amount of this CGU for impairment testing is determined based on value-in-use calculations which uses cash flow projections based on financial budgets approved by management covering a seven-year period, as the Company believes this to be the most appropriate timescale for reviewing and considering annual performance before applying a fixed terminal value multiple to the final cash flows. Cash flows beyond the seven-year period were extrapolated using estimate rates stated below.

As at 31st March, 2017, 31st March, 2016 and 1st April, 2015, goodwill in respect of Bath Fittings Business was not impaired.

Discount rates- Management estimates discount rates using pre-tax rates that reflect current market assessments of the risks specific to the CGU, taking into consideration the time value of money and individual risks of the underlying assets that have not been incorporated in the cash flow estimates. The discount rate calculation is based on the specific circumstances of the Company and its operating segments and is derived from its weighted average cost of capital (WACC).

Growth rates- The growth rates are based on industry growth forecasts. Management determines the budgeted growth rates based on past performance and its expectations on market development. The weighted average growth rates used were consistent with industry reports.

(i) The Company intends to dispose of plant and equipment as it no longer intends to utilize in the next 12 months. It was previously used in its manufacturing facility at Bhandup. A search for a buyer is underway. No impairment loss was recognized on reclassification of the plant & equipment as held for sale and the Company expects the fair value less cost to sell to be higher than carrying amount.

(ii) As at 01st April, 2015, the Company intended to sell tinting systems as it no longer planned to utilize then in the next 12 months. It was previously given on operating lease to dealers. No impairment loss was recognized on reclassification of tinting systems as held for sale. The same was sold during the year 2015-16.

(iii) As at 01st April, 2015, the Company intended to dispose of freehold land as it no longer had plans to utilize the same in the next 12 months. It was previously held for setting up a manufacturing plant. No impairment loss was recognized on reclassification of the freehold land as held for sale. The same was sold during the year 2015-16.

b) Terms/rights attached to equity shares

The Company has only one class of shares referred to as equity shares having a par value of '' 1 per share. Each holder of equity shares is entitled to one vote per share. The Company declares and pays dividends in Indian Rupees. Payment of dividend is also made in foreign currency to shareholders outside India. The final dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of the shareholders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting.

@ As per the records of the Company, including its register of members

As per the Companies Act, 2013, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the Company, after distribution of all preferential amounts in the event of liquidation of the Company. However no such preferential amounts exist currently. The distribution will be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the shareholders.

The Board of Directors at its meeting held on 25th October, 2016 declared an interim dividend of '' 2.65 (Rupees two and paise sixty five only) per equity share of the face value of '' 1 each. The Board of Directors at its meeting held on 11th May, 2017 have recommended a payment of final dividend of '' 5.65 (Rupees five and paise sixty five only) per equity share of the face value of '' 1 each for the financial year ended 31st March, 2017. In addition, the Board of Directors have recommended a one-time special dividend of '' 2 (Rupees two only) per equity share of the face value of '' 1 each for celebrating 75 years of Excellence at Asian Paints. If approved, the total dividend (interim and final dividend) for the financial year 2016-17 will be '' 8.3 per equity share of the face value of '' 1 each ('' 7.50 per equity share of the face value of '' 1 each was paid as total dividend for the previous year), while the total dividend along with special dividend amounts to '' 10.30 (Rupees ten and paise thirty only) per equity share of the face value of '' 1 each.

Description of nature and purpose of each reserve

General Reserve - General reserve is created from time to time by way of transfer profits from retained earnings for appropriation purposes. General reserve is created by a transfer from one component of equity to another and is not an item of other comprehensive income.

Capital Reserve - Capital reserve was created on merger of ‘Pentasia Chemicals Ltd'' with the Company, pursuant to scheme of Rehabilitation-cum-Merger sanctioned by Board of Industrial and Financial Reconstruction in the financial year 1995-96.

Capital Redemption Reserve - This reserve was created for redemption of


Mar 31, 2015

1.1. Basis of preparation of financial statements

(a) Basis of Accounting:

The financial statements have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in India (''Indian GAAP'') and comply with the Accounting standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 which continue to apply under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, (''the Act'') read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, to the extent applicable.

(b) Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the period.

(c) Current/Non Current Classification:

Any asset or liability is classified as current if it satisfies any of the following conditions:

i. it is expected to be realized or settled or is intended for sale or consumption in the Company''s normal operating cycle;

ii. it is expected to be realized or settled within twelve months from the reporting date;

iii. in the case of an asset,

- it is held primarily for the purpose of being traded; or

- it is cash or cash equivalent unless it is restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least twelve months after the reporting date;

iv. in the case of a liability, the Company does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least twelve months from the reporting date.

All other assets and liabilities are classified as non-current.

For the purpose of current/non-current classification of assets and liabilities, the Company has ascertained its normal operating cycle as twelve months. This is based on the nature of services and the time between the acquisition of assets or inventories for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents.

1.2. Tangible and Intangible Assets

(a) Tangible Fixed Assets

Tangible fixed assets are carried at the cost of acquisition or construction, less accumulated depreciation/ accumulated impairment. The cost of fixed assets comprises of its purchase price, including import duties and other non-refundable taxes or levies and any directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Expenses directly attributable to new manufacturing facility during its construction period are capitalized. Know-how related to plans, designs and drawings of buildings or plant and machinery is capitalized under relevant tangible asset heads. Profit or Loss on disposal of tangible assets is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Tangible Fixed assets held for disposal are stated at the lower of their net book value and net realisable value and are disclosed separately under ''Other Current Assets''. Any expected loss is recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(b) Intangible Assets

Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. Intangible assets arising on acquisition of business are measured at fair value as at date of acquisition. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment loss, if any. Profit or Loss on disposal of intangible assets is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(c) Capital Work in Progress & Capital Advances

Cost of Assets not ready for intended use, as on the balance sheet date, is shown as capital work in progress. Advances given towards acquisition of fixed assets outstanding at each balance sheet date are disclosed as Long Term Loans & Advances.

(d) Depreciation and Amortisation

Depreciation on tangible fixed assets is provided using the Straight Line Method based on the useful life of the assets as estimated by the management and is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss as per the requirement of Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013. The estimate of the useful life of the assets has been assessed based on technical advice which considered the nature of the asset, the usage of the asset, expected physical wear and tear, the operating conditions of the asset, anticipated technological changes, manufacturers warranties and maintenance support, etc.

Depreciation on tinting systems leased to dealers, is provided under Straight Line Method over the estimated useful life of nine years as per technical evaluation.

Leasehold land and Leasehold improvements are amortized over the primary period of lease.

Intangible Assets are amortised on a Straight Line basis over the estimated useful economic life. Purchase cost, user license fees and consultancy fees for major software are amortized over a period of four years. Acquired Trademark is amortised over a period of five years. Acquired Goodwill is amortised over a period of ten years.

Estimated useful life of each acquired Brand is assessed separately for the purpose of amortisation. Brand acquired pursuant to acquisition of bath fittings business is amortised over a period of two years.

(e) Impairment

At Balance Sheet date, an assessment is done to determine whether there is any indication of impairment in the carrying amount of the Company''s assets. If any such indication exists, the asset''s recoverable amount is estimated. An impairment loss is recognised whenever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount.

An assessment is also done at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in prior accounting periods may no longer exist or may have decreased. If any such indication exists, the asset''s recoverable amount is estimated. The carrying amount of the fixed asset is increased to the revised estimate of its recoverable amount but so that the increased carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognised for the asset in prior years. A reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the year.

After recognition of impairment loss or reversal of impairment loss as applicable, the depreciation charge for the fixed asset is adjusted in future periods to allocate the asset''s revised carrying amount, less its residual value (if any), on straight line basis over its remaining useful life.

1.3. Revenue Recognition

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised on transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer. The amount recognised as sale is exclusive of sales tax/ VAT and is net of returns and discounts. Sales are stated gross of excise duty as well as net of excise duty (on goods manufactured and outsourced), excise duty being the amount included in the amount of gross turnover. The excise duty related to the difference between the closing stock and opening stock is recognised separately as part of changes in inventories of finished goods, work-in-progress and stock-in-trade.

Revenue from service is recognized as per the completed service contract method.

Processing income is recognized on accrual basis as per the contractual arrangements.

Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive payment is established.

Interest income is recognised on the time proportion basis.

1.4. Lease Accounting

Assets taken on operating lease:

Lease rentals on assets taken on operating lease are recognised as expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss on straight line basis.

Assets given on operating lease:

The Company has provided tinting systems to dealers on an operating lease basis. Lease rentals are accounted on accrual basis in accordance with the respective lease agreements.

1.5.Inventory

(a) Raw materials, work-in-progress, finished goods, packing materials, stores, spares, components, consumables and stock-in-trade are carried at the lower of cost and net realisable value. The comparison of cost and net realisable value is made on an item-by- item basis. Damaged, unserviceable and inert stocks are valued at net realizable value.

(b) In determining the cost of raw materials, packing materials, stock-in-trade, stores, spares, components and consumables, weighted average cost method is used. Cost of inventory comprises all costs of purchase, duties, taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from tax authorities) and all other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to their present location and condition.

(c) Cost of finished goods and work-in-progress includes the cost of raw materials, packing materials, an appropriate share of fixed and variable production overheads, excise duty as applicable and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Fixed production overheads are allocated on the basis of normal capacity of production facilities.

1.6. Investments

Investments are classified into current and long-term investments. Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year from the date of acquisition are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. However, that part of long term investments which are expected to be realized within twelve months from Balance Sheet date is also presented under "Current Investments" under "Current portion of long term investments" in consonance with the current / non-current classification of Schedule III of the Act.

Current investments are stated at the lower of cost and fair value. The comparison of cost and fair value is done separately in respect of each category of investments.

Long-term investments are stated at cost. A provision for diminution in the value of long-term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management. Reversal of such provision for diminution is made when there is a rise in the value of long- term investments, or if the reasons for the decline no longer exist.

On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.7. Transactions in Foreign Currency

(a) Initial recognition:

Transactions in foreign currencies entered into by the Company are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Exchange differences arising on foreign exchange transactions settled during the year are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(b) Measurement of foreign currency items at the Balance Sheet date:

Foreign currency monetary items of the Company are restated at the closing exchange rates. Non-monetary items are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Exchange differences arising out of these translations are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(c) Forward exchange contracts:

The Company enters into forward exchange contracts to hedge against its foreign currency exposures relating to the underlying transactions and firm commitments. The Company does not enter into any derivative instruments for trading or speculative purposes.

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contract is amortized and recognized as an expense/income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which the exchange rates change. Any Profit or Loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such forward exchange contract is also recognized as income or expense for the period.

1.8. Trade receivables

Trade receivables are stated after writing off debts considered as bad. Adequate provision is made for debts considered doubtful. Discounts due, yet to be quantified at the customer level are included under Other Current Liabilities.

1.9. Employee Benefits

A. Short Term Employee Benefits:

AH employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits and they are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related service. The Company recognizes the undiscounted amount of short term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for services rendered as a liability (accrued expense) after deducting any amount already paid.

B. Post-employment benefits:

(a) Defined contribution plans

Defined contribution plans are employee state insurance scheme and Government administered pension fund scheme for all applicable employees and superannuation scheme for eligible employees. The Company''s contribution to defined contribution plans are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the financial year to which they relate.

(b) Defined benefit plans

(i) Provident fund scheme

The Company makes specified monthly contributions towards Employee Provident Fund scheme to a separate trust administered by the Company. The minimum interest payable by the trust to the beneficiaries is being notified by the Government every year. The Company has an obligation to make good the shortfall, if any, between the return on investments of the trust and the notified interest rate.

(ii) Gratuity scheme

The Company operates a defined benefit gratuity plan for employees. The Company contributes to a separate entity (a fund), towards meeting the Gratuity obligation.

(iii) Pension scheme

The Company operates a defined benefit pension plan for certain specified employees and is payable upon the employee satisfying certain conditions, as approved by the Board of Directors.

(iv) Post Retirement Medical benefit plan

The Company operates a defined post retirement medical benefit plan for certain specified employees and payable upon the employee satisfying certain conditions.

The cost of providing defined benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit method with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Past service cost is recognized immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested, else is amortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the amended benefits become vested. Actuarial gains and losses in respect of the defined benefit plans are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they arise.

The defined benefit obligations recognized in the Balance Sheet represent the present value of the defined benefit obligations as reduced by the fair value of plan assets, if applicable. Any defined benefit asset (negative defined benefit obligations resulting from this calculation) is recognized representing the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the plan.

The Company presents the above liabilities as current and non-current in the balance sheet as per actuarial valuation by the independent actuary; however, the entire liability towards gratuity is considered as current as the Company will contribute this amount to the gratuity fund within the next twelve months.

(c) Other long term employee benefits

Entitlements to annual leave and sick leave are recognized when they accrue to employees. Sick leave can only be availed while annual leave can either be availed or encashed subject to a restriction on the maximum number of accumulation of leave. The Company determines the liability for such accumulated leaves using the Projected Accrued Benefit method with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date.

The Company presents this liability as current and non-current in the balance sheet as per actuarial valuation by the independent actuary.

1.10. Research and Development

Research and Development expenditure of a revenue nature is expensed out under the respective heads of account in the year in which it is incurred.

Fixed assets utilized for research and development are capitalized and depreciated in accordance with the policies stated for Tangible Fixed Assets and Intangible Assets.

1.11. Provision for Taxation

Tax expense comprises of current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961) and deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period).

The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date.

Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a virtual certainty of realisation of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each Balance Sheet date to reassess realisation.

1.12. Provisions and Contingencies

The Company creates a provision when there exists a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

1.13. Earnings Per Share

The Basic and Diluted Earnings Per Share ("EPS") is computed by dividing the profit after tax for the year by weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

1.14. Proposed Dividend

Dividend recommended by the Board of Directors is provided for in the accounts, pending approval at the Annual General Meeting.

1.15. Borrowing Cost

Borrowing cost includes interest, amortization of ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost.

Borrowing costs, if any, directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

1.16. Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purpose of Cash Flow Statement comprise cash and cheques in hand, bank balances, demand deposits with banks and other short term highly liquid investments where the original maturity is three months or less.

1.17. Government Grants and Subsidies

The Company is entitled to subsidy from government authorities in respect of manufacturing units located in specified regions:

- Grants in the nature of subsidy which are non- refundable are credited to the Statement of Profit and Loss, on accrual basis, where there is reasonable assurance that the Company will comply with all the necessary conditions attached to them.

- Grants in the nature of subsidy which are refundable are shown as Liabilities in the Balance Sheet.

1.18. Measurement of EBITDA

The Company has opted to present earnings before interest (finance cost), tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the Statement of Profit and Loss for the year. The Company measures EBITDA on the basis of profit/(loss) from continuing operations.

1.19.Segment Reporting

Segments are identified having regard to the dominant source and nature of risks and returns and internal organization and management structure. The Company has considered business segments as the primary segments for disclosure. The business segments are ''Paints'' and ''Home Improvement''.

The Company does not have any geographical segment.


Mar 31, 2013

1.1. BASIS OF PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(a) Basis of Accounting

The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India and presented under the historical cost convention on accrual basis of accounting to comply with the accounting standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and with the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

(b) Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the period.

(c) Current/Non Current Classification

Any asset or liability is classified as current if it satisfies any of the following conditions:

i. it is expected to be realized or settled or is intended for sale or consumption in the company''s normal operating cycle;

ii. it is expected to be realized or settled within twelve months from the reporting date;

iii. in the case of an asset,

- it is held primarily for the purpose of being traded; or

- it is cash or cash equivalent unless it is restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least twelve months after the reporting date

iv. in the case of a liability, the company does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least twelve months from the reporting date.

All other assets and liabilities are classified as non-current.

For the purpose of current / non-current classification of assets and liabilities, the company has ascertained its normal operating cycle as 12 months. This is based on the nature of services and the time between the acquisition of assets or inventories for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents.

1.2. TANGIBLE AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS

(a) Tangible Fixed Assets

Tangible fixed assets are carried at the cost of acquisition or construction, less accumulated depreciation. The cost of fixed assets includes taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from tax authorities), duties, freight and other directly attributable costs related to the acquisition or construction of the respective assets. Expenses directly attributable to new manufacturing facility during its construction period are capitalized. Know-how related to plans, designs and drawings of buildings or plant and machinery is capitalized under relevant asset heads. Profit or Loss on disposal of tangible assets is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(b) Intangible Assets

Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment loss, if any. Profit or Loss on disposal of intangible assets is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(c) Depreciation and Amortisation

Depreciation on all fixed assets is provided under Straight Line Method. The rates of depreciation prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 are considered as the minimum rates. If the management''s estimate of the useful life of a fixed asset at the time of acquisition of the asset or of the remaining useful life on a subsequent review is shorter than that envisaged in the aforesaid schedule, depreciation is provided at a higher rate based on the management''s estimate of the useful life/remaining useful life. Pursuant to this policy, depreciation on following assets have been provided at rates which are higher than the corresponding rates prescribed in Schedule XIV.

For Phthalic Anhydride and Pentaerythritol plants, depreciation is provided on all eligible plant and machinery at rates applicable for continuous process plants.

Depreciation on tinting systems except computers leased to dealers, is provided under Straight Line Method over the estimated useful life of nine years as per technical evaluation. Depreciation on computers given on lease is provided under straight line method and at rates specified under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Assets costing less than Rs. 5,000 are fully charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year of acquisition. Leasehold land and leasehold improvements are amortised over the primary period of lease.

Purchase cost, user license fees and consultancy fees for major software are amortised over a period of four years. Acquired Trade mark is amortised over a period of five years.

(d) Impairment

At Balance Sheet date, an assessment is done to determine whether there is any indication of impairment in the carrying amount of the Company''s assets. If any such indication exists, the asset''s recoverable amount is estimated. An impairment loss is recognised whenever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount.

An assessment is also done at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in prior accounting periods may no longer exist or may have decreased. If any such indication exists the asset''s recoverable amount is estimated. The carrying amount of the fixed asset is increased to the revised estimate of its recoverable amount but so that the increased carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognised for the asset in prior years. A reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the statement of Profit and Loss for the year.

After recognition of impairment loss or reversal of impairment loss as applicable, the depreciation charge for the fixed asset is adjusted in future periods to allocate the asset''s revised carrying amount, less its residual value (if any), on straight line basis over its remaining useful life.

1.3. REVENUE RECOGNITION

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised on transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer. The amount recognised as sale is exclusive of sales tax/VAT and are net of returns. Sales are stated gross of excise duty as well as net of excise duty; excise duty being the amount included in the amount of gross turnover. The excise duty related to the difference between the closing stock and opening stock is recognised separately as part of changes in inventories of finished goods, work in progress and stock in trade.

Revenue from service is recognised on rendering of services to customers.

Processing income is recognised on accrual basis as per contractual arrangements.

Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive payment is established.

Interest income is recognised on the time proportion basis.

1.4. LEASE ACCOUNTING

Assets taken on operating lease

Lease rentals on assets taken on operating lease are recognised as expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss on an accrual basis over the lease term.

Assets given on operating lease

The Company has provided tinting systems to dealers on an operating lease basis. Lease rentals are accounted on accrual basis in accordance with the respective lease agreements.

1.5. INVENTORY

(a) Raw materials, work in progress, finished goods, packing materials, stores, spares, components, consumables and stock-in trade are carried at the lower of cost and net realisable value. The comparison of cost and net realisable value is made on an item-by-item basis. Damaged, unserviceable and inert stocks are suitably written down/provided for.

(b) In determining cost of raw materials, packing materials, stock-in trade, stores, spares, components and consumables, weighted average cost method is used. Cost of inventory comprises all costs of purchase, duties, taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from tax authorities) and all other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to their present location and condition.

(c) Cost of finished goods and work-in-progress includes the cost of raw materials, packing materials, an appropriate share of fixed and variable production overheads, excise duty as applicable and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Fixed production overheads are allocated on the basis of normal capacity of production facilities.

1.6. INVESTMENTS

Investments are classified into current and long-term investments. Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year from the date of acquisition are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments.

Current investments are stated at the lower of cost and fair value. The comparison of cost and fair value is done separately in respect of each category of investments.

Long-term investments are stated at cost. A provision for diminution in the value of long-term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management.

On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.7. TRANSACTIONS IN FOREIGN CURRENCY

(a) Initial recognition

Transactions in foreign currencies entered into by the Company are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Exchange differences arising on foreign exchange transactions settled during the year are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(b) Measurement of foreign currency items at the Balance Sheet date

Foreign currency monetary items of the Company are restated at the closing exchange rates. Non-monetary items are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Exchange differences arising out of these translations are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(c) Forward exchange contracts

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contract is amortized and recognized as an expense/income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which the exchange rates change. Any Profit or Loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such forward exchange contract is also recognized as income or expense for the period.

1.8. TRADE RECEIVABLES

Trade receivables are stated after writing off debts considered as bad. Adequate provision is made for debts considered doubtful. Discounts due, yet to be quantified at the customer level are included under Other Current Liabilities.

1.9. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

A. Short Term Employee Benefits

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits and they are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related service. The Company recognizes the undiscounted amount of short term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for services rendered as a liability (accrued expense) after deducting any amount already paid.

B. Post-employment benefits

(a) Defined contribution plans

Defined contribution plans are Employee State Insurance Scheme and Government administered Pension Fund Scheme for all applicable employees and Superannuation Scheme for eligible employees. The Company''s contribution to defined contribution plans are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the financial year to which they relate.

(b) Defined benefit plans

(i) Provident Fund Scheme

The Company makes specified monthly contributions towards Employee

Provident Fund scheme to a separate trust administered by the Company. The minimum interest payable by the trust to the beneficiaries is being notified by the Government every year. The Company has an obligation to make good the shortfall, if any, between the return on investments of the trust and the notified interest rate.

(ii) Gratuity Scheme

The Company operates a defined benefit gratuity plan for employees. The Company contributes to a separate entity (a fund), towards meeting the Gratuity obligation.

(iii) Pension Scheme

The Company operates a defined benefit pension plan for certain specified employees and is payable upon the employee satisfying certain conditions, as approved by the Board of Directors.

(iv) Post Retirement Medical Benefit Plan

The Company operates a defined post retirement medical benefit plan for certain specified employees and is payable upon the employee satisfying certain conditions.

The cost of providing defined benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit method with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Past service cost is recognized immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested, else is amortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the amended benefits become vested.

The defined benefit obligations recognized in the Balance sheet represent the present value of the defined benefit obligations as adjusted for unrecognized actuarial gains and losses and unrecognized past service costs and as reduced by the fair value of plan assets, if applicable. Any defined benefit asset (negative defined benefit obligations resulting from this calculation) is recognized representing the unrecognized past service cost plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the plan.

The company presents the above liabilities as current and non-current in the balance sheet as per actuarial valuation by the independent actuary; however, the entire liability towards gratuity is considered as current as the company will contribute this amount to the gratuity fund within the next 12 months.

(c) Other long term employee benefits

Entitlements to annual leave and sick leave are recognized when they accrue to employees. Sick leave can only be availed while annual leave can either be availed or encashed subject to a restriction on the maximum number of accumulation of leave. The Company determines the liability for such accumulated leaves using the Projected Accrued Benefit method with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date.

The company presents this liability as current and non-current in the balance sheet as per actuarial valuation by the independent actuary.

1.10. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

Research expense is recognized as an expense as and when it is incurred.

Expenditure incurred on fixed assets used for research and development is capitalized and depreciated in accordance with the depreciation policy of the Company and is disclosed separately.

1.11. PROVISION FOR TAXATION

Tax expense comprises of current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961) and deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period).

The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date.

Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a virtual certainty of realisation of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each Balance Sheet date to reassess realisation.

1.12. PROVISIONS AND CONTINGENCIES

The Company creates a provision when there exists a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

1.13. EARNINGS PER SHARE

The Basic and Diluted Earnings Per Share ("EPS") is computed by dividing the net profit after tax for the year by weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

1.14. PROPOSED DIVIDEND

Dividend recommended by the Board of directors is provided for in the accounts, pending approval at the Annual General Meeting.

1.15. BORROWING COST

Borrowing cost includes Interest, amortization of ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost.

Borrowing costs, if any, directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

1.16. CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

Cash and cash equivalents include cash & cheques in hand, bank balances, demand deposits with banks and other short-term highly liquid investments where the original maturity is three months or less.

1.17. GOVERNMENT GRANTS AND SUBSIDIES

The Company is entitled to subsidy from government authorities in respect of manufacturing units located in specified regions:

- Grants in the nature of subsidy which are non- refundable are credited to the Statement of Profit and Loss on accrual basis.

- Grants in the nature of subsidy which are refundable are shown as Liabilities in the Balance Sheet.

1.18. MEASUREMENT OF EBITDA

The Company has elected to present earnings before interest (finance costs), tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the Statement of Profit and Loss for the year. The Company measures EBITDA on the basis of profit/(loss) from continuing operations.


Mar 31, 2012

1.1. Basis of preparation of financial statements

(a) Basis of Accounting:

The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India and presented under the historical cost convention on accrual basis of accounting to comply with the accounting standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and with the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

(b) Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the period.

(c) Presentation and disclosures in financial statements:

For the year ended 31st March, 2012, the revised Schedule VI notified under the Companies Act, 1956, is applicable to the Company, for presentation and disclosures in financial statements. The Company has reclassified the previous year's figures in accordance with the revised Schedule VI as applicable in the current year.

1.2. Tangible and Intangible Assets

(a) Tangible Fixed Assets

Tangible fixed assets are carried at the cost of acquisition or construction, less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment. The cost of fixed assets includes taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from tax authorities), duties, freight and other directly attributable costs related to the acquisition or construction of the respective assets. Expenses directly attributable to new manufacturing facility during its construction period are capitalized. Know-how related to plans, designs and drawings of buildings or plant and machinery is capitalized under relevant asset heads. Profit or Loss on disposal of tangible assets is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(b) Intangible Assets

Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment loss, if any. Profit or Loss on disposal of intangible assets is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(c) Depreciation and Amortisation:

Depreciation on all fixed assets is provided under Straight Line Method. The rates of depreciation prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 are considered as the minimum rates. If the management's estimate of the useful life of a fixed asset at the time of acquisition of the asset or of the remaining useful life on a subsequent review is shorter than that envisaged in the aforesaid schedule, depreciation is provided at a higher rate based on the management's estimate of the useful life/remaining useful life. Pursuant to this policy, depreciation on following assets have been provided at rates which are higher than the corresponding rates prescribed in Schedule XIV.

Information Technology Assets : 4 years

Scientific Research equipment : 8 years

Furniture and Fixtures : 8 years

Office equipment and Vehicles : 5 years

Godowns, Office and Roads situated within factory premises : 30 years

For Phthalic Anhydride and Pentaerythritol plants, depreciation is provided on all eligible plant and machinery at rates applicable for continuous process plants and for other plant and equipment depreciation is provided on triple shift basis.

Depreciation on tinting systems except computers leased to dealers, is provided under Straight Line Method over the estimated useful life of nine years as per technical evaluation. Depreciation on computers given on lease is provided under straight line method and at rates specified under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Assets costing less than Rs 5,000/- are fully charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year of acquisition. Leasehold land and leasehold improvements are amortised over the primary period of lease.

Purchase cost, user license fees and consultancy fees for major software are amortised over a period of four years. Acquired Trade mark is amortised over a period of five years.

(d) Impairment

At Balance Sheet date, an assessment is done to determine whether there is any indication of impairment in the carrying amount of the Company's assets. If any such indication exists, the asset's recoverable amount is estimated. An impairment loss is recognised whenever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount.

An assessment is also done at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in prior accounting periods may no longer exist or may have decreased. If any such indication exists, the asset's recoverable amount is estimated. The carrying amount of the fixed asset is increased to the revised estimate of its recoverable amount but so that the increased carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognised for the asset in prior years. A reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the statement of Profit and Loss for the year. After recognition of impairment loss or reversal of impairment loss as applicable, the depreciation charge for the fixed asset is adjusted in future periods to allocate the asset's revised carrying amount, less its residual value (if any), on straight line basis over its remaining useful life.

1.3. Revenue Recognition

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised on transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer. The amount recognised as sale is exclusive of sales tax/VAT and are net of returns. Sales are stated gross of excise duty as well as net of excise duty; excise duty being the amount included in the amount of gross turnover. The excise duty related to the difference between the closing stock and opening stock is recognised separately as part of changes in inventories of finished goods, work in progress and stock-in-trade.

Revenue from service is recognised on rendering of services to customers.

Processing income is recognised on accrual basis as per contractual arrangements.

Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive payment is established.

Interest income is recognised on the time proportion basis.

1.4. Lease Accounting

Assets taken on operating lease:

Lease rentals on assets taken on operating lease are recognised as expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss on an accrual basis over the lease term.

Assets given on operating lease:

The Company has provided tinting systems to dealers on an operating lease basis. Lease rentals are accounted on accrual basis in accordance with the respective lease agreements.

1.5. Inventory

(a) Raw materials, work-in-progress, finished goods, packing materials, stores, spares, components; consumables and stock-in-trade are carried at the lower of cost and net realisable value. The comparison of cost and net realisable value is made on an item-by-item basis. Damaged, unserviceable and inert stocks are suitably written down/provided for.

(b) In determining cost of raw materials, packing materials, stock-in-trade, stores, components, spares and consumables, weighted average cost method is used. Cost of inventory comprises all costs of purchase, duties, taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from tax authorities) and all other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to their present location and condition.

(c) Cost of finished goods and work-in-progress includes the cost of raw materials, packing materials, an appropriate share of fixed and variable production overheads, excise duty as applicable and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Fixed production overheads are allocated on the basis of normal capacity of production facilities.

1.6. Investments

Non-current investments are carried at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of non-current investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management.

Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value. The comparison of cost and fair value is done separately in respect of each category of investments.

On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the Statement of Profit and Loss. Profit or loss on sale of investments is determined on a first-in-first-out (FIFO) basis.

1.7. Transactions in Foreign Currency

(a) Initial recognition:

Transactions in foreign currencies entered into by the Company are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction.

(b) Measurement of foreign currency items at the Balance Sheet date:

Foreign currency monetary items of the Company are restated at the closing exchange rates. Non-monetary items are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Exchange differences arising out of these translations are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(c) Forward exchange contracts:

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contract is amortized and recognised as an expense/income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which the exchange rates change. Any Profit or Loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such forward exchange contract is also recognised as income or expense for the period.

1.8. Trade receivables

Trade receivables are stated after writing off debts considered as bad. Adequate provision is made for debts considered doubtful. Discounts due, yet to be quantified at the customer level are included under the head of provision for expenses in Other Current Liabilities.

1.9. Employee Benefits

A. Short Term Employee Benefits:

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits and they are recognised in the period in which the employee renders the related service. The Company recognises the undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for services rendered as a liability (accrued expense) after deducting any amount already paid.

B. Post-employment benefits:

(a) Defined contribution plans

Defined contribution plans are Employee State Insurance scheme and Government administered Pension Fund scheme for all employees and Superannuation scheme for eligible employees. The Company's contribution to defined contribution plans are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the financial year to which they relate.

(b) Defined benefit plans

(i) Provident Fund scheme

The Company makes specified monthly contributions towards Employee Provident Fund scheme to a separate trust administered by the Company. The minimum interest payable by the trust to the beneficiaries is being notified by the Government every year. The Company has an obligation to make good the shortfall, if any, between the return on investments of the trust and the notified interest rate.

(ii) Gratuity scheme

The Company operates a defined benefit gratuity plan for employees. The Company contributes to a separate entity (a fund), towards meeting the Gratuity obligation.

(iii) Pension scheme

The Company operates a defined benefit pension plan for certain specified employees and is payable upon the employee satisfying certain conditions, as approved by the Board of Directors.

The Company presents this liability as current and non-current in the balance sheet as per actuarial valuations and certificate issued by the independent actuary.

(iv) Post Retirement Medical benefit plan

The Company operates a defined post retirement medical benefit plan for certain specified employees and is payable upon the employee satisfying certain conditions.

The cost of providing defined benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit method with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested, else is amortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the amended benefits become vested.

The defined benefit obligations recognised in the Balance sheet represent the present value of the defined benefit obligations as adjusted for unrecognised actuarial gains and losses and unrecognised past service costs, and as reduced by the fair value of plan assets, if applicable. Any defined benefit asset (negative defined benefit obligations resulting from this calculation) is recognised representing the unrecognised past service cost plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the plan.

The Company presents the above liabilities as current and non-current in the balance sheet as per actuarial valuations and certificate issued by the independent actuary; however, the entire liability towards gratuity is considered as current as the Company will contribute this amount to the gratuity fund within the next 12 months.

C. Other long-term employee benefits

Entitlements to annual leave and sick leave are recognised when they accrue to employees. Sick leave can only be availed while annual leave can either be availed or encashed subject to a restriction on the maximum number of accumulation of leave. The Company determines the liability for such accumulated leaves using the Projected Accrued Benefit method with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date.

The Company presents this liability as current and non-current in the Balance Sheet as per actuarial valuations and certificate issued by the independent actuary.

1.10. Research and Development

(a) Capital expenditure is shown separately under respective heads of fixed assets.

(b) Revenue expenses including depreciation are charged to statement of Profit and Loss under the respective heads of expenses.

1.11. Provision for Taxation

Tax expense comprises of current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961) and deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period).

The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date.

Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a virtual certainty of realisation of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each Balance Sheet date to reassess realisation.

1.12. Provisions and Contingencies

The Company creates a provision when there exists a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

1.13. Earnings Per Share

The Basic and Diluted Earnings Per Share ("EPS") is computed by dividing the net profit after tax for the year by weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

1.14. Proposed Dividend

Dividend recommended by the Board of directors is provided for in the accounts, pending approval at the Annual General Meeting.

1.15. Borrowing Cost

Borrowing cost includes Interest, amortisation of ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost.

Borrowing costs, if any, directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalised. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

1.16. Measurement of EBITDA

The Company has elected to present earnings before interest (finance cost), tax, depreciation and amortisation (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the Statement of Profit and Loss for the year. The Company measures EBITDA on the basis of profit/(loss) from continuing operations.

c) Terms/rights attached to Equity Shares

The Company has only one class of shares referred to as equity shares having a par value of Rs 10/- per share. Each holder of equity shares is entitled to one vote per share. The Company declares and pays dividends in Indian Rupees. Payment of dividend is also made in foreign currency to shareholders outside India. The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of the shareholders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting, except in the case of interim dividend.

The Board of Directors at its meeting held on 21st October, 2011 declared an interim dividend of Rs 9.50 (Rupees nine and paise fifty only) per equity share of Rs 10/- each. A final dividend of Rs 30.50 (Rupees thirty and paise fifty only) per share has been recommended by the Board of Directors at its meeting held on 8th May, 2012, subject to the approval by the shareholders at the ensuing Annual General Meeting. If approved, the total dividend (interim and final dividend) for the financial year 2011-12 will be Rs 40.00 per equity share; Rs 32/- per equity share was paid as dividend for the previous year. The total dividend appropriation for the year ended 31st March, 2012 amounted to Rs 445.93 crores including corporate dividend tax of Rs 62.24 crores. (Previous year Rs 357.05 crores including corporate dividend tax of Rs 50.11 crores).

As per the Companies Act, 1956, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the Company, after distribution of all preferential amounts in the event of liquidation of the Company. However no such preferential amounts exist currently. The distribution will be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the shareholders.

# Interest free Term loan from the Pradeshiya Industrial Corporation of U.P. Limited (PICUP) under Sales Tax Deferment Scheme of Government of U.P. is secured by a first charge on the Company's immovable properties pertaining to the paint plant at Kasna and by way of hypothecation of all movable properties at the above location. This interest free loan has a deferment period of 10 years and is repayable in 9 yearly installments starting from May, 2007 as per repayment schedule. Out of the total sales tax deferment loan of Rs 30.60 crores the Company has already repaid Rs 13.59 crores till 31st March, 2012 and balance amount of Rs 17.01 crores is repayable in next 4 years upto May, 2015.

## Sales tax deferment - State of Andhra Pradesh represents interest free loan availed under the Sales tax deferment Scheme of the Government of Andhra Pradesh. This interest free loan has a deferment period of 14 years and is repayables in 9 yearly installments starting from April, 2012 as per repayment schedule. The accumulated sales tax deferment loan till 31st March, 2012 is Rs 40.70 crore.

The Company is also eligible to avail interest free loan in respect of 50% of VAT paid within Haryana on the sale of goods produced at Rohtak plant for a period of 7 financial years beginning from April, 2010. For the period ended 31st March, 2011 the Company has received the eligibility certificate from the Government of Haryana sanctioning an interest free loan of Rs 3.40 crores on 2nd April, 2012, but the same is yet to be disbursed by them. For the year ended 31st March, 2012, the Company is in the process of making necessary application to the Government of Haryana for the issue of eligibility certificate.

@ Default in terms of repayment of principal and interest - NIL.


Mar 31, 2011

(a) Basis of Accounting:

The financial statements have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention on accrual basis of accounting to comply with the accounting standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and with the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

(b) Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements.

2. Fixed Assets

(a) Fixed assets are carried at the cost of acquisition or construction, less accumulated depreciation. The cost of fxed assets includes taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from tax authorities), duties, freight and other directly attributable costs related to the acquisition or construction of the respective assets. Interest on borrowed funds directly attributable to the qualifying assets up to the period such assets are put to use, is included in the cost.

(b) Know-how related to plans, designs and drawings of buildings or plant and machinery is capitalised under relevant asset heads.

(c) Depreciation on all fixed assets is provided under Straight Line Method. The rates of depreciation prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 are considered as the minimum rates. If the managements estimate of the useful life of a fixed asset at the time of acquisition of the asset or of the remaining useful life on a subsequent review is shorter than that envisaged in the aforesaid schedule, depreciation is provided at a higher rate based on the managements estimate of the useful life/remaining useful life. Pursuant to this policy, depreciation on following category of assets has been provided at rates which are higher than the corresponding rates prescribed in Schedule XIV.

Information Technology Assets : 4 years

Scientific Research equipment : 8 years

Furniture and Fixtures : 8 years

Office equipment and Vehicles : 5 years

Godowns, Office and Roads situated within factory premises : 30 years

For Phthalic Anhydride and Pentaerythritol plants, depreciation is provided on all eligible plant and machinery at rates applicable for continuous process plants and for other plant and machinery depreciation is provided on triple shifit basis.

Depreciation on tinting systems except computers, leased to dealers is provided under Straight Line Method over the estimated useful life of nine years as per technical evaluation. Depreciation on computers given on lease is provided under Straight Line Method and at rates specified under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Assets costing less than ^ 5,000 are fully charged to the profit and loss account in the year of acquisition. Leasehold land and leasehold improvements are amortised over the primary period of lease.

Purchase cost, user licence fees and consultancy fees for major sofitware are amortised over a period of four years. Acquired Trade mark is amortised over a period of five years.

(d) At Balance Sheet date, an assessment is done to determine whether there is any indication of impairment in the carrying amount of the Companys fixed assets. If any such indication exists, the assets recoverable amount is estimated. An impairment loss is recognised whenever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount.

An assessment is also done at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in prior accounting periods may no longer exist or may have decreased. If any such indication exists the assets recoverable amount is estimated. The carrying amount of the fixed asset is increased to the revised estimate of its recoverable amount so that the increased carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognised for the asset in prior years. A reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the Profit and Loss Account.

After recognition of impairment loss or reversal of impairment loss as applicable, the depreciation charge for the asset is adjusted in future periods to allocate the assets revised carrying amount, less its residual value (if any), on straight line basis over its remaining useful life.

3. Revenue Recognition

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised on transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer. The amount recognised as sale is exclusive of sales tax/VAT and are net of returns. Sales are stated gross of excise duty as well as net of excise duty; excise duty being the amount included in the amount of gross turnover. The excise duty related to the difference between the closing stock and opening stock is recognised separately as part of ‘material cost.

Revenue from service is recognised on rendering of services to customers.

Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive payment is established.

Interest income is recognised on the time proportion basis.

4. Lease Accounting

Assets taken on operating lease:

Lease rentals on assets taken on operating lease are recognised as expense in the Profit and Loss Account on an accrual basis over the lease term.

Assets given on operating lease:

The Company has provided tinting systems to dealers on an operating lease basis. Lease rentals are accounted on accrual basis in accordance with the respective lease agreements.

5. Inventory

(a) Raw materials, work-in-progress, finished goods, packing materials, stores, spares, traded Items and consumables are carried at the lower of cost and net realisable value. The comparison of cost and net realisable value is made on an Item-by-Item basis. Damaged, unserviceable and inert stocks are suitably written down/ provided for.

(b) In determining cost of raw materials, packing materials, traded Items, stores, spares and consumables, weighted average cost method is used. Cost of inventory comprises all costs of purchase, duties, taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from tax authorities) and all other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to their present location and condition.

(c) Cost of finished goods and work-in-process includes the cost of raw materials, packing materials, an appropriate share of fixed and variable production overheads, excise duty as applicable and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Fixed production overheads are allocated on the basis of normal capacity of production facilities.

6. Investments

Long term investments are carried at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long-term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value. The comparison of cost and fair value is done separately in respect of each category of investments.

Profit or loss on sale of investments is determined on a first-in-first-out (FIFO) basis.

7. Transactions in Foreign Currency

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Exchange differences arising on foreign currency transactions settled during the year are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account of the year.

Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies, which are outstanding as at the year end are translated at the closing exchange rate and the resultant exchange differences are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account.

The premium or discount on forward exchange contracts is recognised over the period of the contracts in the Profit and Loss Account.

8. Sundry Debtors

Sundry debtors are stated After writing off debts considered as bad. Adequate provision is made for debts considered doubtful. Discounts due, yet to be quantified at the customer level are included under the head ‘Current Liabilities and Provisions.

9. Employee Benefits

A. Short Term Employee Benefits:

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short-term employee benefits and they are recognised in the period in which the employee renders the related service. The Company recognises the undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for services rendered as a liability (accrued expense) After deducting any amount already paid.

B. Post-employment benefits:

(a) Defined contribution plans

Defined contribution plans are Provident Fund scheme, Employee State Insurance scheme and Government administered Pension Fund scheme for all employees and Superannuation scheme for eligible employees. The Companys contribution to defined contribution plans are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account in the financial year to which they relate.

The Company makes specified monthly contributions towards employee provident fund to a Trust administered by the Company. The interest payable by the trust to the beneficiaries every year is being notified by the Government. The Company has an obligation to make good the shortfall, if any, between the return on investments of the trust and the notified interest rate.

(b) Defined benefit plans

(i) Defined benefit gratuity plan

The Company operates a defined benefit gratuity plan for employees. The Company contributes to a separate entity (a fund), towards meeting the Gratuity obligation.

(ii) Defined benefit pension plan

The Company operates a defined benefit pension plan for certain specified employees and is payable upon the employee satisfying certain conditions, as approved by the Board of Directors.

(iii) Defined Post Retirement Medical benefit plan

The Company operates a defined post retirement medical benefit plan for certain specified employees and is payable upon the employee satisfying certain conditions.

The cost of providing defined benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit method with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested, else is amortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the amended benefits become vested.

The defined benefit obligations recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised actuarial gains and losses and unrecognised past service costs, and as reduced by the fair value of plan assets, if applicable. Any defined benefit asset (negative defined benefit obligations resulting from this calculation) is recognised representing the unrecognised past service cost plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the plan.

C. Other long term employee benefits

Entitlements to annual leave and sick leave are recognised when they accrue to employees. Sick leave can only be availed while annual leave can either be availed or encashed subject to a restriction on the maximum number of accumulation of leave. The Company determines the liability for such accumulated leaves using the Projected Accrued Benefit method with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date.

10. Research and Development

(a) Capital expenditure is shown separately under respective heads of fixed assets.

(b) Revenue expenses including depreciation are charged to Profit and Loss account under the respective heads of expenses.

11. Provision for Taxation

Tax expense comprises of current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961) and deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period).

The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date.

Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a virtual certainty of realisation of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each Balance Sheet date to reassess realisation.

12. Provisions and Contingencies

The Company creates a provision when there exists a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

13. Earnings Per Share

The Basic and Diluted Earnings Per Share ("EPS") is computed by dividing the net profit After tax for the year by weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

14. Proposed Dividend

Dividend recommended by the Board of directors is provided for in the accounts, pending approval at the Annual General Meeting.


Mar 31, 2010

(a) Basis of Accounting:

The financial statements have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention on accrual basis of accounting to comply with the accounting standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and with the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

(b) Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) in India requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements.

2. Fixed Assets:

(a) Fixed assets are carried at the cost of acquisition or construction, less accumulated depreciation. The cost of fixed assets includes taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from tax authorities), duties, freight and other incidental expenses related to the acquisition and installation of the respective assets. Interest on borrowed funds directly attributable to the qualifying assets up to the period such assets are put to use, is included in the cost.

(b) Know-how related to plans, designs and drawings of buildings or plant and machinery is capitalised under relevant asset heads.

(c) Depreciation on all fixed assets is provided under Straight Line Method. The rates of depreciation prescribed in schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 are considered as the minimum rates. If the managements estimate of the useful life of a fixed asset at the time of acquisition of the asset or of the remaining useful life on a subsequent review is shorter than that envisaged in the aforesaid schedule, depreciation is provided at a higher rate based on the managements estimate of the useful life/remaining useful life. Pursuant to this policy, depreciation on following assets has been provided at rates which are higher than the corresponding rates prescribed in Schedule XIV.

Information Technology Assets : 4 years

Scientific Research equipment : 8 years

Furniture and Fixtures : 8 years

Office equipment and Vehicles : 5 years

For Phthalic Anhydride and Pentaerythritol plants, depreciation is provided on all eligible plant and machinery at rates applicable for continuous process plants and for other eligible plant and machinery depreciation is provided on triple shift basis.

Depreciation on tinting systems except computers leased to dealers is provided under Straight

Line Method over the estimated useful life of nine years as per technical evaluation. Depreciation on computers given on lease is provided under straight line method and at rates specified under

Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Assets costing less than Rs. 5,000 are fully charged to the profit and loss account in the year of acquisition. Leasehold land and leasehold improvements are amortised over the primary period of lease.

Purchase cost, user licence fees and consultancy fees for major software are amortised over a period of four years. Acquired Trade mark is amortised over a period of five years.

(d) At Balance Sheet date, an assessment is done to determine whether there is any indication of impairment in the carrying amount of the Companys fixed assets. If any such indication exists, the assets recoverable amount is estimated. An impairment loss is recognised whenever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount.

An assessment is also done at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in prior accounting periods may no longer exist or may have decreased. If any such indication exists the assets recoverable amount is estimated. The carrying amount of the fixed asset is increased to the revised estimate of its recoverable amount so that the increased carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognised for the asset in prior years. A reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the Profit and Loss Account.

After recognition of impairment loss or reversal of impairment loss as applicable, the depreciation charge for the asset is adjusted in future periods to allocate the assets revised carrying amount, less its residual value (if any), on straight line basis over its remaining useful life.

3. Revenue Recognition:

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised on transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer which is on dispatch of goods. The amount recognised as sale is exclusive of sales tax/VAT and are net of returns. Sales are stated gross of excise duty as well as net of excise duty; excise duty being the amount included in the amount of gross turnover. The excise duty related to the difference between the closing stock and opening stock is recognised separately as part of material cost.

Revenue from service is recognised on rendering of services to customers. Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive payment is established. Interest income is recognised on the time proportion basis.

4. Lease Accounting:

Assets taken on operating lease:

Lease rentals on assets taken on operating lease are recognised as expense in the Profit and Loss Account on an accrual basis over the lease term.

Assets given on operating lease:

The Company has provided tinting systems to dealers on an operating lease basis. Lease rentals are accounted on accrual basis in accordance with the respective lease agreements.

5. Inventory:

(a) Raw materials, work in progress, finished goods, packing materials, stores, spares, traded items and consumables are carried at the lower of cost and net realisable value. The comparison of cost and net realisable value is made on an item-by-item basis. Damaged, unserviceable and inert stocks are suitably depreciated.

(b) In determining cost of raw materials, packing materials, traded items, stores, spares and consumables, weighted average cost method is used. Cost of inventory comprises all costs of purchase, duties, taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from tax authorities) and all other costs incurred in bringing the inventory to their present location and condition.

(c) Cost of finished goods and work-in-process includes the cost of raw materials, packing materials, an appropriate share of fixed and variable production overheads, excise duty as applicable and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Fixed production overheads are allocated on the basis of normal capacity of production facilities.

6. Investments:

Long term investments are carried at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value. The comparison of cost and fair value is done separately in respect of each category of investments. Profit and loss on sale of investments is determined on a first-in-first-out (FIFO) basis.

7. Transactions in Foreign Exchange:

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Exchange differences arising on foreign exchange transactions settled during the year are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account of the year.

Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies, which are outstanding as at the year end are translated at the closing exchange rate and the resultant exchange differences are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account.

The premium or discount on forward exchange contracts is recognized over the period of the contracts in the Profit and Loss Account.

8. Sundry Debtors:

Sundry debtors are stated after writing off debts considered as bad. Adequate provision is made for debts considered doubtful. Discounts due, yet to be quantified at the customer level are included under the head Current Liabilities and Provisions.

9. Employee Benefits:

A. Short Term Employee Benefits:

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits and they are recognised in the period in which the employee renders the related service. The Company recognises the undiscounted amount of short term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for services rendered as a liability (accrued expense) after deducting any amount already paid.

B. Post-employment benefits:

(a) Defined contribution plans

Defined contribution plans are Provident Fund scheme, employee state insurance scheme and Government administered Pension Fund scheme for all employees and superannuation scheme for eligible employees. The Companys contribution to defined contribution plans are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account in the financial year to which they relate. The Company makes specified monthly contributions towards employee provident fund to a Trust administered by the Company. The interest payable by the trust to the beneficiaries every year is being notified by the Government. The Company has an obligation to make good the shortfall, if any, between the return on investments of the trust and the notified interest rate.

(b) Defined benefit plans

(i) Defined benefit gratuity plan

The Company operates a defined benefit gratuity plan for employees. The Company contributes to a separate entity (a fund), towards meeting the Gratuity obligation.

(ii) Defined benefit pension plan

The Company operates a defined benefit pension plan for certain specified employees and is payable upon the employee satisfying certain conditions, as approved by the Board of Directors.

(iii) Defined Post Retirement Medical benefit plan

The Company operates a defined post retirement medical benefit plan for certain specified employees and is payable upon the employee satisfying certain conditions.

The cost of providing defined benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit method with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested, else is amortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the amended benefits become vested. The defined benefit obligations recognised in the Balance sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised actuarial gains and losses and unrecognised past service costs, and as reduced by the fair value of plan assets, if applicable. Any defined benefit asset (negative defined benefit obligations resulting from this calculation) is recognised representing the unrecognised past service cost plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the plan. C. Other long term employee benefits

Entitlements to-annual leave and sick leave are recognised when they accrue to employees. Sick leave can only be availed while annual leave can either be availed or encashed subject to a restriction on the maximum number of accumulation of leave. The Company determines the liability for such accumulated leaves using the Projected Accrued Benefit method with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date.

10. Research and Development:

(a) Capital expenditure is shown separately under respective heads of fixed assets.

(b) Revenue expenses including depreciation are charged to Profit and Loss account under the respective heads of expenses.

11. Provision for Taxation:

Tax expense comprises of current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961) and deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period).

The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date.

Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a virtual certainty of realisation of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each Balance Sheet date to reassess realisation.

12. Provisions and Contingencies:

The Company creates a provision when there exists a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

13. Earnings Per Share:

The Basic and Diluted Earnings Per Share ("EPS") is computed by dividing the net profit after tax for the year by weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

14. Proposed Dividend:

Dividend recommended by the Board of directors is provided for in the accounts, pending approval at the Annual General Meeting.

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