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Accounting Policies of ASM Technologies Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

A) Basis of preparation

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on accrual basis, except for certain financial instruments which are measured at fair value. These financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the accounting standards notified under Section 211(3C) [Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended] and the other relevant provisions ofthe Companies Act, 1956.

b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires the management of the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to the contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expense during the year. Example of such estimates include provision for doubtful receivables, employee benefits, provision for income taxes, accounting for contract costs expected to be incurred, the useful lives of depreciable fixed assets and provision for impairment.

c) FixedAssets

Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation / amortisation. Costs include all expenses incurred to bring the asset to its present location and condition.

d) Depreciation / Amortisation

Depreciation is provided on straight-line method at the rates specified in schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013. Depreciation for the assets purchased/sold during the year is proportionately charged. Individual assets acquired for less than Rs. 5,000/- are entirely depreciated in the year of acquisition.

e) Leases

Assets taken on lease by the Company in its capacity as lessee, where the Company has substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance lease. Such a lease is capitalised at the inception of the lease at lower of the fair value or the present value of the minimum lease payments and a liability is recognised for an equivalent amount. Each lease rental paid is allocated between the liability and the interest cost so as to obtain a constant periodic rate of interest on the outstanding liability for each year.

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor, are recognised as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis

f) Impairment

At each balance sheet date, the management reviews the carrying amounts of its assets included in each cash generating unit to determine whether there is any indication that those assets were impaired. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated in order to determine the extent of impairment loss. Recoverable amount is the higher of an asset's net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows expected from the continuing use of the asset and from its disposal are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects the current market assessments of time value of money and the risks specific to the asset.

Reversal of impairment loss is recognised immediately as income in the statement of profit and loss.

g) Investments

Long-term investments and current maturities of long-term investments are stated at cost, less provision for other than temporary diminution in value. Current investments, except for current maturities of long-term investments, comprising investments in mutual funds are stated at the lower of cost and fair value.

h) Employee benefits

(i) Post-employment benefit plans

Contributions to defined contribution retirement benefit schemes are recognised as an expense when employees have rendered services entitling them to such benefits. For defined benefit schemes, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each balance sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in full in the statement of profit and loss for the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested, or amortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the balance sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, and as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the scheme.

(ii) Other employee benefits

The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees is recognised during the period when the employee renders the service. These benefits include compensated absences such as paid annual leave, overseas social security contributions and performance incentives. Compensated absences which are not expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related services are recognised as an actuarially determined liability at the present value of the defined benefit obligation at the balance sheet date.

i) Revenue recognition

Revenue from contracts priced on a time and material basis are recognised when services are rendered and related costs are incurred.

Revenue from turnkey contracts, which are generally time bound fixed price contracts, are recognised over the life of the contract using the proportionate completion method, with contract costs determining the degree of completion. Foreseeable losses on such contracts are recognised when probable.

Revenue from sale of software licenses are recognised upon delivery where there is no customisation required. In case of customisation the same is recognised over the life of the contract using the proportionate completion method.

Revenue is reported net of discounts.

Dividend is recorded when the right to receive payment is established. Interest income is recognised on time proportionbasis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

j) Taxation

Current income tax expense comprises taxes on income from operations in India and in foreign jurisdictions. Income tax payable in India is determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961. Tax expense relating to foreign operations is determined in accordance with tax laws applicable in countries where such operations are domiciled.

Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws in India, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of adjustment of future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company and its Indian subsidiaries will pay normal income tax after the tax holiday period. Accordingly, MAT is recognised as an asset in the balance sheet when the asset can be measured reliably and it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with the assets will fructify.

Deferred tax expense or benefit is recognised on timing differences being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and is likely to reverse in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date.

In the event of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realise such assets. In other situations, deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realise these assets.

Advance taxes and provisions for current income taxes are presented in the balance sheet after off-setting advance tax paid and income tax provision arising in the same tax jurisdiction for relevant tax paying units and where the Company is able to and intends to settle the asset and liability on a net basis.

The Company offsets deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities if it has a legally enforceable right and these relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing taxation laws.

k) Foreign currency transactions

Income and expense in foreign currencies are converted at exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities other than net investments in non-integral foreign operations are translated atthe exchange rate prevailing on the balance sheet date and the exchange gains or losses are recognised in the statement of profit and loss. Exchange difference arising on a monetary item that, in substance, forms part of an enterprise's net investments in a non-integral foreign operation are accumulated in a foreign currency translation reserve.

Premium or discount on foreign exchange forward and currency option contracts are amortised and recognised in the statement of profit and loss over the period of the contract. Foreign exchange forward and currency option contracts outstanding at the balance sheet date, other than designated cash flow hedges, are stated at fair values and any gains or losses are recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

l) Provisions, Contingent liabilities and Contingent assets

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not recognised in the financial statements. A contingent asset is neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

m) Cash and cash equivalents

The Company considers all highly liquid financial instruments, which are readily convertible into known amount of cashthat are subject to an insignificant risk of change in value and having original maturities of three months or less from the date ofpurchase, to be cash equivalents.


Mar 31, 2014

1. CORPORATE INFORMATION

ASM Technologies Limited., established in 1992, is a pioneer in providing world Class Consulting Services in Enterprise Solutions for the Packaged ERP Products and in Enterprise Product Development for SMB Segment and in Technology Solutions covering Embedded Systems and System Software to its Global Clientele.

ASM offers a broad spectrum of enterprise services such as configuration, implementation, customization, end-user training and documentation, Post Implementation Support & Maintenance across leading commercial off-the-shelf products like SAP, Oracle Applications, PeopleSoft, JDED wards and Microsoft Enterprise products. ASM has been providing consulting Services (Product Engineering, Development, Product Support, Porting, Testing and Test Automation) to its Global Clientele in the Embedded Software and System Software space.

ASM has been running ODCs both in India and Overseas successfully for its International Clients providing cost effective Onsite, Offsite and Offshore Services through a team of experienced Engineers and Consultants with extensive technical and Domain expertise, which reinforces its ability to provide solutions to Client needs.

2. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

a) Basis of preparation

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on accrual basis, except for certain financial instruments which are measured at fair value. These financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the accounting standards notified under Section 211(3C) [Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended] and the other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires the management of the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to the contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expense during the year. Example of such estimates include provision for doubtful receivables, employee benefits, provision for income taxes, accounting for contract costs expected to be incurred, the useful lives of depreciable fixed assets and provision for impairment.

c) Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation / amortisation. Costs include all expenses incurred to bring the asset to its present location and condition.

d) Depreciation / Amortisation

Depreciation is provided on straight-line method at the rates specified in schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation for the assets purchased/sold during the year is proportionately charged. Individual assets acquired for less than Rs. 5,000/- are entirely depreciated in the year of acquisition.

e) Leases

Assets taken on lease by the Company in its capacity as lessee, where the Company has substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance lease. Such a lease is capitalized at the inception of the lease at lower of the fair value or the present value of the minimum lease payments and a liability is recognised for an equivalent amount. Each lease rental paid is allocated between the liability and the interest cost so as to obtain a constant periodic rate of interest on the outstanding liability for each year.

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor, are recognised as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis

f) Impairment

At each balance sheet date, the management reviews the carrying amounts of its assets included in each cash generating unit to determine whether there is any indication that those assets were impaired. If any such indication exists, there coverable amount of the asset is estimated in order to determine the extent of impairment loss. Recoverable amount is the higher of an asset''s net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows expected from the continuing use of the asset and from its disposal are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects the current market assessments of time value of money and the risks specific to the asset.

Reversal of impairment loss is recognised immediately as income in the statement of profit and loss.

g) Investments

Long-term investments and current maturities of long-term investments are stated at cost, less provision for other than temporary diminution in value. Current investments, except for current maturities of long-term investments, comprising investments in mutual funds are stated at the lower of cost and fair value.

h) Employee benefits

(i) Post-employment benefit plans

Contributions to defined contribution retirement benefit schemes are recognised as an expense when employees have rendered services entitling them to such benefits. For defined benefit schemes, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each balance sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in full in the statement of profit and loss for the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested, or amortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the balance sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, and as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the scheme. (ii) Other employee benefits

The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees is recognised during the period when the employee renders the service. These benefits include compensated absences such as paid annual leave, overseas social security contributions and performance incentives. Compensated absences which are not expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related services are recognised as an actuarially determined liability at the present value of the defined benefit obligation at the balance sheet date.

i) Revenue recognition

Revenue from contracts priced on a time and material basis are recognised when services are rendered and related costs are incurred.

Revenue from turnkey contracts, which are generally time bound fixed price contracts, are recognised over the life of the contract using the proportionate completion method, with contract costs determining the degree of completion.

Foreseeable losses on such contracts are recognised when probable.

Revenue from sale of software licenses are recognised upon delivery where there is no customisation required. In case of customisation the same is recognised over the life of the contract using the proportionate completion method.

Revenue is reported net of discounts.

Dividend is recorded when the right to receive payment is established. Interest income is recognised on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

j) Taxation

Current income tax expense comprises taxes on income from operations in India and in foreign jurisdictions. Income tax payable in India is determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961. Tax expense relating to foreign operations is determined in accordance with tax laws applicable in countries where such operations are domiciled.

Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws in India, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of adjustment of future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company and its Indian subsidiaries will pay normal income tax after the tax holiday period. Accordingly, MAT is recognised as an asset in the balance sheet when the asset can be measured reliably and it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with the assets will fructify.

Deferred tax expense or benefit is recognised on timing differences being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and is likely to reverse in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date.

In the event of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realize such assets. In other situations, deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realize these assets.

Advance taxes and provisions for current income taxes are presented in the balance sheet after off-setting advance tax paid and income tax provision arising in the same tax jurisdiction for relevant tax paying units and where the Company is able to and intends to settle the asset and liability on a net basis.

The Company offsets deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities if it has a legally enforceable right and these relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing taxation laws.

k) Foreign currency transactions

Income and expense in foreign currencies are converted at exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities other than net investments in non-integral foreign operations are translated at the exchange rate prevailing on the balance sheet date and the exchange gains or losses are recognised in the statement of profit and loss. Exchange difference arising on a monetary item that, in substance, forms part of an enterprise''s net investments in a non-integral foreign operation are accumulated in a foreign currency translation reserve. Premium or discount on foreign exchange forward and currency option contracts are amortised and recognised in the statement of profit and loss over the period of the contract. Foreign exchange forward and currency option contracts outstanding at the balance sheet date, other than designated cash flow hedges, are stated at fair values and any gains or losses are recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

l) Provisions, Contingent liabilities and Contingent assets

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not recognised in the financial statements. A contingent asset is neitherrecognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

m) Cash and cash equivalents

The Company considers all highly liquid financial instruments, which are readily convertible into known amount of cash that are subject to an insignificant risk of change in value and having original maturities of three months or less from the date of purchase, to be cash equivalents.


Mar 31, 2013

1.1 Basis of Preparation of financial statements: The consolidated financial statements have been prepared using the accrual method based on the historical cost convention.

The consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with the principles and procedures laid out by the accounting standard on Consolidated Financial Statements issued by the ICAI.

1.2 Income: Sales include sale of software and Software services. Revenue from sale of software is recognized wherever the sale has been completed with the passing of the title and billed to the clients as per the specific contracts. Revenue from sale of software services is recognized on the basis of percentage of completion method. Other income mainly consisting of reimbursement of expenses and the same is accounted on accrual basis. Cost and earnings in excess of billings are classified as unbilled revenue while billing in excess of cost and earnings is classified as unearned revenue.

1.3 Expenditure: Expenses are accounted on accrual basis and provision for known liabilities or loss made in the same year.

1.4 Fixed Assets: Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation. Capital-work-in progress comprises outstanding advances paid to acquire fixed assets and cost of fixed assets that are not yet ready for their intended use at the reporting date. Goodwill arising on consolidation or acquisition is not amortized but is tested for impairment.

1.5 Depreciation: Depreciation is provided on straight-line method at the rates specified in schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation for the assets purchased/sold during the year is proportionately charged. Individual assets acquired for less than Rs. 5,000/- are entirely depreciated in the year of acquisition. In Pinnacle Talent Inc, depreciation on Computer and Software is provided on straight-line method at 20%. In Advanced Synergic Pte Ltd depreciation is provided at 100% for Computers and 33.33 % for the Office Equipments. In ESR depreciation on Computer and Software is provided on straight-line method at 20% and the Goodwill is amortized over a period of 15 Years.

1.6 The Gratuity Benefit payable to employees of the company as provided in the books of accounts is based on Actuarial Valuation. Table below shows present value of defined benefit obligation:

1.7 Foreign currency transactions: In case of sales made to clients outside India, income is accounted on the basis of exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. Adjustments are made for any change in sales proceeds on conversion into Indian currency upon actual receipt. Expenditure in foreign currency is accounted at the conversion rate prevalent when such expen diture is incurred. Debtors and Creditors are stated at exchange rate prevailing on the date of Balance Sheet.

1.8 Trade investments are investments made to enhance the Group''s business interest. Investments are carried at cost, Provision for diminution in the value of long term investments is made if such decline is considered other than the temporary.

1.9 In accordance with the Accounting Standard 20 (AS-20) "Earning per share" issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, basic earnings per share is computed using the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year.

1.10 Tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the year determined in accordance with the income tax law) and deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the year). Provision for current tax is in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.


Mar 31, 2012

1.1. The accounts of the company have been prepared using the accrual method based on the historical cost convention.

1.2. Income: Sales include sale of software and Software services. Revenue from sale of software is recognized wherever the sale has been completed with the passing of the title and billed to the clients as per the specific contracts. Revenue from sale of software services is recognized on the basis of percentage of completion method. Miscellaneous income mainly consisting of reimbursement of expenses is accounted on accrual basis.

1.3. Expenditure: Expenses are accounted on accrual basis and provision for known liabilities or loss made in the same year.

1.4. Fixed Assets: Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation. Capital-work-in progress comprises outstanding advances paid to acquire fixed assets and cost of fixed assets that are not yet ready for their intended use at the reporting date. Goodwill arising on consolidation or acquisition is not amortized but is tested for impairment.

1.5. Depreciation: Depreciation is provided on straight-line method at the rates specified in schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation for the assets purchased/sold during the year is proportionately charged. Individual assets acquired for less than Rs. 5,000/- are entirely depreciated in the year of acquisition.

1.6. Foreign currency transactions: In case of sales made to clients outside India, income is accounted on the basis of the exchange rate prevailing at the end of the previous month of sale. Adjustments are made for any change in sales proceeds on conversion into Indian currency upon actual receipt. Expenditure in foreign currency is accounted at the conversion rate prevailing at the end of the previous month of expenditure is incurred. Debtors and Creditors are stated at exchange rate prevailing on the date of Balance Sheet.


Mar 31, 2011

1. The accounts of the company have been prepared using the accrual method based on the historical cost convention.

2. Income: Sales include sale of software and Software services. Revenue from sale of software is recognized wherever the sale has been completed with the passing of the title and billed to the clients as per the specific contracts. Revenue from sale of software services is recognized on the basis of percentage of completion method. Miscellaneous income mainly consisting of reimbursement of expenses and the same is accounted on accrual basis.

3. Expenditure: Expenses are accounted on accrual basis and provision for known liabilities or loss made in the same year.

4. Fixed Assets: Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation. Capital-work-in progress comprises outstanding advances paid to acquire fixed assets and cost of fixed assets that are not yet ready for their intended use at the reporting date. Goodwill arising on consolidation or acquisition is not amortized but is tested for impairment.

5. Depreciation: Depreciation is provided on straight-line method at the rates specified in schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation for the assets purchased/sold during the year is proportionately charged. Individual assets acquired for less than Rs. 5,000/- are entirely depreciated in the year of acquisition.

6. The companys contribution to the Gratuity has been provided based on best estimation.

7. Foreign currency transactions: In case of sales made to clients outside India, income is accounted on the basis of the exchange rate prevailing at the end of the previous month of sale. Adjustments are made for any change in sales proceeds on conversion into Indian currency upon actual receipt. Expenditure in foreign currency is accounted at the conversion rate prevailing at the end of the previous month of expenditure is incurred. Debtors and Creditors are stated at exchange rate prevailing on the date of Balance Sheet.


Mar 31, 2010

1. The accounts of the company have been prepared using the accrual method based on the historical cost convention.

2. Income: Sales include sale of software and Software services. Revenue from sale of software is recognized wherever the sale has been completed with the passing of the title and billed to the clients as per the specific contracts. Revenue from sale of software services is recognized on the basis of percentage of completion method. Miscellaneous income mainly consisting of reimbursement of expenses and the same is accounted on accrual basis.

3. Expenditure: Expenses are accounted on accrual basis and provision for known liabilities or loss made in the same year.

4. Fixed Assets: Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation.

5. Depreciation: Depreciation is provided on straight-line method at the rates specified in schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation for the assets purchased/sold during the year is proportionately charged. Individual assets acquired for less than Rs. 5,000/- are entirely depreciated in the year of acquisition.

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