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Accounting Policies of Atul Auto Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2016

1 NATURE OF OPERATIONS

ATUL AUTO LIMITED (the company) is a public company domiciled in India, incorporated on 18-06-1986. Its shares are listed on two stock exchanges in India - Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and National Stock Exchange (NSE). The Company manufactures and sales Auto Rickshaws in domestic and overseas market.

2 BASIS OF PREPARATION

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the standards specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 ("Act"), read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Act. The financial statements have been prepared under historical cost convention on an accrual basis except in case of assets for which provision for impairment is made. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and except for the changes in accounting policy discussed below, are consistent with those used in the previous year.

2.1 Summary of Significant Accounting Polices

(a) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period reported. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized in accordance with the requirements of the respective accounting standard.

(b) Inventories

Inventories are valued as follows:

Raw materials, components, stores and spares are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost of raw materials, components and stores and spares is determined on a moving average basis.

Work-in-progress and finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost includes direct materials and labor and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty. Cost is determined on a weighted average basis.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

(c) Events occurring after balance date

Material events occurring after the date of balance sheet are recognized and are dealt with appropriately in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and as provided in AS-5

(d) Depreciation

Depreciation is provided using the Straight Line Method

according to useful lives of assets as provided in schedule

II of the Companies Act, 2013. Depreciation for assets

purchases/sold during period is proportionately charged.

Useful lives of assets estimated by management (years)

Factory Buildings 30

Other Buildings 60

Plant and equipments 15

Furniture and fixtures 10

Office Equipment 5

Vehicles 8

Computer end user device 3

Computer server 6

Windmill 22

(e) Intangible assets Product Development Cost

Product Development Cost incurred on new vehicles platforms, variants on existing platforms and new vehicles aggregates are recognized as intangible assets and are included under fixed assets. These amounts are amortized over sixty months from the commencement of commercial production i.e. from June 1, 2009.

SAP Implementation Charges

Expenses incurred for implementation of SAP are recognized as intangible assets and are included under fixed assets. The amounts are amortized over sixty months from the implementation of SAP i.e. from January 1, 2012.

Research and development costs

Research costs are expensed as incurred. Development expenditure incurred on an individual project is recognized as an intangible asset when the company can demonstrate all the following:

i. The technical feasibility of completing the intangible asset so that it will be available for use or sale

ii. Its intention to complete the asset

iii. Its ability to use or sell the asset

iv. How the asset will generate future economic benefits

v. The availability of adequate resources to complete the development and to use or sell the asset

vi. The ability to measure reliably the expenditure attributable to the intangible asset during development.

Following the initial recognition of the development expenditure as an asset, the cost model is applied requiring the asset to be carried at cost less any accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses. Amortization of the asset begins when development is complete and the asset is available for use. It is amortized on a straight line basis over the period of expected future benefit from the related project, i.e., the estimated useful life of ten years. Amortization is recognized in the statement of Profit and loss. During the period of development, the asset is tested for impairment annually.

(f) Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will fow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Sale of Goods

Revenue is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer, usually on delivery of the goods or acceptance of title of the goods. Excise Duty included in the amount of turnover (gross) are deducted from turnover (gross) for disclosure of net turnover in the statement of Profit & Loss

Interest

Revenue is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

Dividends

Revenue is recognized when the company''s right to receive payment is established by the balance sheet date.

Generation of Electricity

Revenue from power generation is recognized on accrual basis as per the terms of power sale agreement.

Others

Other income is accounted for on accrual basis except where the receipt of income is uncertain.

(g) Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use, net of CENVAT recoverable.

(h) Foreign currency transactions (i) Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

(ii) Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are retranslated using the exchange rate prevailing at the reporting date. Non-monetary items, which are measured in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency, are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. Non-monetary items, which are measured at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency, are translated using the exchange rate at the date when such value was determined.

(iii) Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting monetary items of company at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

(i) Investments

Investments, which are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long- term investments.

On initial recognition, all investments are measured at cost. The cost comprises purchase price and directly attributable acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties. If an investment is acquired, or partly acquired, by the issue of shares or other securities, the acquisition cost is the fair value of the securities issued. If an investment is acquired in exchange for another asset, the acquisition is determined by reference to the fair value of the asset given up or by reference to the fair value of the investment acquired, whichever is more clearly evident.

Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the statement of Profit and loss.

(j) Employee Benefits Gratuity

The Gratuity Liability is defend benefit obligation. The company has created Employees Group Gratuity Fund which has taken a Group Gratuity Insurance Policy from Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC). Premium on above policy as intimated by LIC is charged to the Profit & Loss Account. The adequacy of balances available is compared with actuarial valuation obtained at the period end. Shortfall, if any, is provided for in the statement of Profit & Loss.

Provident Fund

Retirement benefit in the form of provident fund is a defend contribution scheme. The company has no obligation, other than the contribution payable to the provident fund. The company recognizes contribution payable to the provident fund scheme as an expenditure, when an employee renders the related service. If the contribution payable to the scheme for service received before the balance sheet date exceeds the contribution already paid, the deficit payable to the scheme is recognized as a liability after deducting the contribution already paid. If the contribution already paid exceeds the contribution due for services received before the balance sheet date, then excess is recognized as an asset to the extent that the pre payment will lead to, for example, a reduction in future payment or a cash refund.

Leave Salary

The Company provides for the encashment of leave or leave with pay subject to certain rules. The employees are entitled to accumulate leave subject to certain limits, for future encashment. The liability is provided based on the number of days of unutilized leave at each balance sheet date.

(k) Borrowing Cost

Borrowing cost includes interest and amortization of ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings.

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

(l) Segment Reporting

The company is engaged mainly in the business of automobile products. These, in the context of Accounting Standard 17 on Segment Reporting, as specified in the Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006, are considered to constitute one single primary segment. Further, there is no reportable secondary segment i.e. Geographical segment.

(m) Leases

Leases, where the less or effectively retain substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased item, are classified as operating lease. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the statement of Profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

(n) Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net Profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Partly paid equity shares are treated as a fraction of an equity share to the extent that they are entitled to participate in dividends relative to a fully paid equity share during the reporting period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for events such as bonus issue, bonus element in a rights issue, share split, and reverse share split (consolidation of shares) that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net Profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

(o) Income Taxes

Tax expense comprises current and deferred tax. Current income-tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Income- tax Act, 1961 enacted in India and tax laws prevailing in the respective tax jurisdictions where the company operates. The tax rates and tax laws used to compute the amount are those that are enacted or substantively enacted, at the reporting date. Current income tax relating to items recognized directly in equity is recognized in equity and not in the statement of Profit and loss.

Deferred income taxes effect the impact of timing differences between taxable income and accounting income originating during the current year and reversal of timing differences for the earlier years. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the reporting date. Deferred income tax relating to items recognized directly in equity is recognized in equity and not in the statement of Profit and loss.

Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for all taxable timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible timing differences only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. In situations where the company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realized against future taxable Profits.

In the situations where the company is entitled to a tax holiday under the Income-tax Act, 1961 enacted in India or tax laws prevailing in the respective tax jurisdictions where it operates, no deferred tax (asset or liability) is recognized in respect of timing differences which reverse during the tax holiday period, to the extent the company''s gross total income is subject to the deduction during the tax holiday period.

Deferred tax in respect of timing differences which reverse after the tax holiday period is recognized in the year in which the timing differences originate. However, the company restricts recognition of deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. For recognition of deferred taxes, the timing differences which originate first are considered to reverse first.

At each reporting date, the company re-assesses unrecognized deferred tax assets. It recognizes unrecognized deferred tax asset to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each reporting date. The company writes-down the carrying amount of deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realized. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available

Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset, if a legally enforceable right exists to set-of current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred tax assets and deferred taxes relate to the same taxable entity and the same taxation authority.

Minimum alternate tax (MAT) paid in a year is charged to the statement of Profit and loss as current tax. The company recognizes MAT credit available as an asset only to the extent that there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period, i.e., the period for which MAT credit is allowed to be carried forward. In the year in which the company recognizes MAT credit as an asset in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Credit Available in respect of Minimum Alternative Tax under the Income-tax Act, 1961, the said asset is created by way of credit to the statement of Profit and loss and shown as "MAT Credit Entitlement." The company reviews the "MAT credit entitlement" asset at each reporting date and writes down the asset to the extent the company does not have convincing evidence that it will pay normal tax during the specified period.

(p) Impairment of tangible and intangible assets

The company assesses at each reporting date whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. If any indication exists, or when annual impairment testing for an asset is required, the company estimates the asset''s recoverable amount. An asset''s recoverable amount is the higher of an asset''s or cash-generating units (CGU) net selling price and its value in use. The recoverable amount is determined for an individual asset, unless the asset does not generate cash inflows that are largely independent of those from other assets or groups of assets. Where the carrying amount of an asset or CGU exceeds its recoverable amount, the asset is considered impaired and is written down to its recoverable amount. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash fows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that effects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset. In determining net selling price, recent market transactions are taken into account, if available. If no such transactions can be identified, an appropriate valuation model is used.

The company bases its impairment calculation on detailed budgets and forecast calculations which are prepared separately for each of the company''s cash- generating units to which the individual assets are allocated. These budgets and forecast calculations are generally covering a period of five years. For longer periods, a long term growth rate is calculated and applied to project future cash fows after the fifth year.

Impairment losses of continuing operations, including impairment on inventories, are recognized in the statement of Profit and loss, except for previously revalued tangible fixed assets, where the revaluation was taken to revaluation reserve. In this case, the impairment is also recognized in the revaluation reserve up to the amount of any previous revaluation.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

An assessment is made at each reporting date as to whether there is any indication that previously recognized impairment losses may no longer exist or may have decreased. If such indication exists, the company estimates the asset''s or cash-generating unit''s recoverable amount. A previously recognized impairment loss is reversed only if there has been a change in the assumptions used to determine the asset''s recoverable amount since the last impairment loss was recognized.

The reversal is limited so that the carrying amount of the asset does not exceed its recoverable amount, nor exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined, net of depreciation, had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in prior years. Such reversal is recognized in the statement of Profit and loss unless the asset is carried at a revalued amount, in which case the reversal is treated as a revaluation increase.

(q) Government grants and subsidies

Grants and subsidies from the government are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that (i) the company will comply with the conditions attached to them, and (ii) the grant/subsidy will be received.

When the grant or subsidy relates to revenue, it is recognized as income on a systematic basis in the statement of Profit and loss over the periods necessary to match them with the related costs, which they are intended to compensate. Where the grant relates to an asset, it is recognized as deferred income and released to income in equal amounts over the expected useful life of the related asset.

Where the company receives non-monetary grants, the asset is accounted for on the basis of its acquisition cost. In case a non-monetary asset is given free of cost, it is recognized at a nominal value.

Government grants of the nature of promoters'' contribution are credited to capital reserve and treated as a part of the shareholders'' funds.

(r) Provisions

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outfow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provision are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

Where the company expects some or all of a provision to be reimbursed, for example under an insurance contract, the reimbursement is recognized as a separate asset but only when the reimbursement is virtually certain. The expense relating to any provision is presented in the statement of Profit and loss net of any reimbursement.

Product Warranty Provisions

The estimated liability for product warranties is recorded when products are sold. These estimates are established using historical information on the nature, frequency and average cost of warranty claims and management estimates regarding possible future incidence based on corrective actions on product failures. The estimate of such warranty-related costs is revised annually.

After Sales Service Provisions

The estimated liability for after sales service is recorded when products are sold. The estimate of such after sales service related costs is revised annually.

(s) Contingent liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outfow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

(t) Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash fow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short- term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.


Mar 31, 2015

(a) Change in Accounting Policy

i Depreciation on fixed assets

Till the year ended March 31, 2014, Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, prescribed requirements concerning depreciation of fixed assets. From the current year, Schedule XIV has been replaced by Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013. The applicability of Schedule II has resulted in the following changes related to depreciation of fixed assets. Unless stated otherwise, the impact mentioned for the current year is likely to hold good for future years also.

ii Useful lives/ depreciation rates

Till the year ended March 31, 2014 depreciation rates prescribed under Schedule XIV were treated as minimum rates and the company was not allowed to charge depreciation at lower rates even if such lower rates were justified by the estimated useful life of the asset. Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 prescribes useful lives for fixed assets which, in many cases, are different from lives prescribed under the erstwhile Schedule XIV. However, Schedule II allows companies to use higher/ lower useful lives and residual values if such useful lives and residual values can be technically supported and justification for difference is disclosed in the financial statements.

Considering the applicability of Schedule II, the management has re-estimated useful lives and residual values of all its fixed assets. The management believes that depreciation rates currently used fairly reflect its estimate of the useful lives and residual values of fixed assets, though these rates in certain cases are different from lives prescribed under Schedule II. Hence, this change in accounting policy did not have any material impact on financial statements of the company.

(b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period reported. actual results could differ form those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised in accordance with the requirements of the respective accounting standard.

(c) Inventories

Inventories are valued as follows:

i Raw materials, components, stores and spares are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost of raw materials, components and stores and spares is determined on a moving average basis.

ii Work-in-progress and finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost includes direct materials and labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty. Cost is determined on a weighted average basis.

iii Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

(d) Events occurring after Balance Sheet date

Material events occurring after the date of balance sheet are recognized and are dealt with appropriately in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and as provided in AS-5

(e) Depreciation

i Depreciation is provided using the Straight Line Method according to useful life of assets as provided in schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013 :

ii Effective from April 1, 2014, the company has charged

depreciation on the remaining useful life of the assets as per the requirement of Schedule -II of the Act. In respect of the assets completing its useful life, an amount of Rs. 78,98,374/- (Rs. 119,65,374/- being WDV of assets

completing its useful life and Rs. -40,67,000/- being deferred tax reversal thereon) has been adjusted against opening balance of the retained earnings in accordance with the transitional provision provided in Note 7(b) of the Schedule II of the act.

iii Useful lives of assets estimated by management (years) a Factory Buildings 30

b Other Buildings 60 c Plant and equipments 15 d Furniture and fixtures 10 e Office Equipment 5 f Vehicles 8

g Computer end user devise 3 h Computer server 6 i Windmill 22

(f) Intangible assets

i Product Development Cost

Product Development Cost incurred on new vehicles platforms, variants on existing platforms and new vehicles aggregates are recognized as intangible assets and are included under fixed assets. These amounts are amortized over sixty months from the commencement of commercial production i.e. from June 1, 2009.

ii SAP Implementation Charges

Expenses incurred for implementation of SAP are recognized as intangible assets and are included under fixed assets. The amounts are amortized over sixty months from the implementation of SAP i.e. from January 1,2012.

iii Research and development costs

Research costs are expensed as incurred. Development expenditure incurred on an individual project is recognized as an intangible asset when the company can demonstrate all the following:

- The technical feasibility of completing the intangible asset so that it will be available for use or sale

- Its intention to complete the asset

- Its ability to use or sell the asset

- How the asset will generate future economic benefits

- The availability of adequate resources to complete the development and to use or sell the asset

- The ability to measure reliably the expenditure attributable to the intangible asset during development.

Following the initial recognition of the development expenditure as an asset, the cost model is applied requiring the asset to be carried at cost less any accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses. Amortization of the asset begins when development is complete and the asset is available for use. It is amortized on a straight line basis over the period of expected future benefit from the related project, i.e., the estimated useful life of ten years. Amortization is recognized in the statement of profit and loss. During the period of development, the asset is tested for impairment annually.

(g) Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

i Sales of Goods

Revenue is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer, usually on delivery of the goods or acceptance of title of the goods. Excise Duty included in the amount of turnover (gross) are deducted from turnover (gross) for disclosure of net turnover in the statement of Profit & Loss

ii Interest

Revenue is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

iii Dividends

Revenue is recognised when the company's right to receive payment is established by the balance sheet date.

iv Generation of Electricity

Revenue from power generation is recognised on accrual basis as per the terms of power sale agreement.

v Others

Other income is accounted for on accrual basis except where the receipt of income is uncertain.

(h) Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use, net of CENVAT recoverable. Financing costs relating to construction of fixed assets are also included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to be put to use. Financing costs not relating to construction of fixed assets are charged to the income statements.

(i) Foreign currency transactions

i Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

ii Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are retranslated using the exchange rate prevailing at the reporting date. Non-monetary items, which are measured in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency, are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. Non-monetary items, which are measured at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency, are translated using the exchange rate at the date when such value was determined.

iii Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting monetary items of company at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

(j) Investments

Investments, which are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments.

On initial recognition, all investments are measured at cost. The cost comprises purchase price and directly attributable acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties. If an investment is acquired, or partly acquired, by the issue of shares or other securities, the acquisition cost is the fair value of the securities issued. If an investment is acquired in exchange for another asset, the acquisition is determined by reference to the fair value of the asset given up or by reference to the fair value of the investment acquired, whichever is more clearly evident."

Current investments are carried in the financial statements at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the statement of profit and loss.

(k) Employee Benefits

i Gratuity

The Gratuity Liability is defined benefit obligation. The company has created Employees Group Gratuity Fund which has taken a Group Gratuity Insurance Policy from Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC). Premium on above policy as intimated by LIC is charged to the Profit & Loss Account. The adequacy of balances available is compared with actuarial valuation obtained at the period end. Shortfall, if any, is provided for in the statement of Profit & Loss.

ii Provident Fund

Retirement benefit in the form of provident fund is a defined contribution scheme. The company has no obligation, other than the contribution payable to the provident fund. The company recognizes contribution payable to the provident fund scheme as an expenditure, when an employee renders the related service. If the contribution payable to the scheme for service received before the balance sheet date exceeds the contribution already paid, the deficit payable to the scheme is recognized as a liability after deducting the contribution already paid. If the contribution already paid exceeds the contribution due for services received before the balance sheet date, then excess is recognized as an asset to the

extent that the pre payment will lead to, for example, a reduction in future payment or a cash refund.

iii Leave Salary

The Company provides for the encashment of leave or leave with pay subject to certain rules. The employees are entitled to accumulate leave subject to certain limits, for future encashment. The liability is provided based on the number of days of unutilised leave at each balance sheet date.

(l) Borrowing Cost

Borrowing cost includes interest and amortization of ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings.

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

(m) Segment Reporting

The company is engaged mainly in the business of automobile products. These, in the context of Accounting Standard 17 on Segment Reporting, as specified in the Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006, are considered to constitute one single primary segment. Further, there is no reportable secondary segment i.e. Geographical segment.

(n) Leases

Leases, where the lessor effectively retain substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased item, are classified as operating lease. Operating lease payments are recognised as an expense in the statement of Profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

(o) Earning Per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Partly paid equity shares are treated as a fraction of an equity share to the extent that they are entitled to participate in dividends relative to a fully paid equity share during the reporting period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for events such

as bonus issue, bonus element in a rights issue, share split, and reverse share split (consolidation of shares) that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

(p) Income Taxes

Tax expense comprises current and deferred tax. Current income-tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Income- tax Act, 1961 enacted in India and tax laws prevailing in the respective tax jurisdictions where the company operates. The tax rates and tax laws used to compute the amount are those that are enacted or substantively enacted, at the reporting date. Current income tax relating to items recognized directly in equity is recognized in equity and not in the statement of profit and loss.

Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of timing differences between taxable income and accounting income originating during the current year and reversal of timing differences for the earlier years. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the reporting date. Deferred income tax relating to items recognized directly in equity is recognized in equity and not in the statement of profit and loss.

Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for all taxable timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible timing differences only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. In situations where the company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realized against future taxable profits.

In the situations where the company is entitled to a tax holiday under the Income-tax Act, 1961 enacted in India or tax laws prevailing in the respective tax jurisdictions where it operates, no deferred tax (asset or liability) is recognized in respect of timing differences which reverse

during the tax holiday period, to the extent the company's gross total income is subject to the deduction during the tax holiday period. Deferred tax in respect of timing differences which reverse after the tax holiday period is recognized in the year in which the timing differences originate. However, the company restricts recognition of deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. For recognition of deferred taxes, the timing differences which originate first are considered to reverse first.

At each reporting date, the company re-assesses unrecognized deferred tax assets. It recognizes unrecognized deferred tax asset to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each reporting date. The company writes-down the carrying amount of deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realized. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available

Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset, if a legally enforceable right exists to set-off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred tax assets and deferred taxes relate to the same taxable entity and the same taxation authority.

Minimum alternate tax (MAT) paid in a year is charged to the statement of profit and loss as current tax. The company recognizes MAT credit available as an asset only to the extent that there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period, i.e., the period for which MAT credit is allowed to be carried forward. In the year in which the company recognizes MAT credit as an asset in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Credit Available in respect of Minimum Alternative Tax under the Income- tax Act, 1961, the said asset is created by way of credit

to the statement of profit and loss and shown as "MAT Credit Entitlement." The company reviews the "MAT credit entitlement" asset at each reporting date and writes down the asset to the extent the company does not have convincing evidence that it will pay normal tax during the specified period.

(q) Impairment of tangible and intangible assets

The company assesses at each reporting date whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. If any indication exists, or when annual impairment testing for an asset is required, the company estimates the asset's recoverable amount. An asset's recoverable amount is the higher of an asset's or cash-generating unit's (CGU) net selling price and its value in use. The recoverable amount is determined for an individual asset, unless the asset does not generate cash inflows that are largely independent of those from other assets or groups of assets. Where the carrying amount of an asset or CGU exceeds its recoverable amount, the asset is considered impaired and is written down to its recoverable amount. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset. In determining net selling price, recent market transactions are taken into account, if available. If no such transactions can be identified, an appropriate valuation model is used.

The company bases its impairment calculation on detailed budgets and forecast calculations which are prepared separately for each of the company's cash-generating units to which the individual assets are allocated. These budgets and forecast calculations are generally covering a period of five years. For longer periods, a long term growth rate is calculated and applied to project future cash flows after the fifth year.

An assessment is made at each reporting date as to whether there is any indication that previously recognized impairment losses may no longer exist or may have decreased. If such indication exists, the company estimates the asset's or cash-generating unit's recoverable amount. A previously recognized impairment loss is reversed only if there has been a change in the assumptions used to determine the asset's recoverable amount since the last impairment loss was recognized. The reversal is limited so that the carrying amount of the asset does not exceed its recoverable amount, nor

exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined, net of depreciation, had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in prior years. Such reversal is recognized in the statement of profit and loss unless the asset is carried at a revalued amount, in which case the reversal is treated as a revaluation increase.

Impairment losses of continuing operations, including impairment on inventories, are recognized in the statement of profit and loss, except for previously revalued tangible fixed assets, where the revaluation was taken to revaluation reserve. In this case, the impairment is also recognized in the revaluation reserve up to the amount of any previous revaluation.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

(r) Government grants and subsidies

Grants and subsidies from the government are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that (i) the company will comply with the conditions attached to them, and (ii) the grant/subsidy will be received.

When the grant or subsidy relates to revenue, it is recognized as income on a systematic basis in the statement of profit and loss over the periods necessary to match them with the related costs, which they are intended to compensate. Where the grant relates to an asset, it is recognized as deferred income and released to income in equal amounts over the expected useful life of the related asset.

Where the company receives non-monetary grants, the asset is accounted for on the basis of its acquisition cost. In case a non-monetary asset is given free of cost, it is recognized at a nominal value.

Government grants of the nature of promoters' contribution are credited to capital reserve and treated as a part of the shareholders' funds.

(s) Provisions

A provision is recognised when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provision are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best

estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

Where the company expects some or all of a provision to be reimbursed, for example under an insurance contract, the reimbursement is recognized as a separate asset but only when the reimbursement is virtually certain. The expense relating to any provision is presented in the statement of profit and loss net of any reimbursement.

i Product Warranty Provisions

The estimated liability for product warranties is recorded when products are sold. These estimates are established using historical information on the nature, frequency and average cost of warranty claims and management estimates regarding possible future incidence based on corrective actions on product failures. The estimate of such warranty-related costs is revised annually.

ii After Sales Service Provisions

The estimated liability for after sales service is recorded when products are sold. The estimate of such after sales service related costs is revised annually.

(t) Contingent liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

(u) Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short- term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.


Mar 31, 2014

[a] Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that afect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period reported. Actual results could difer form those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised in accordance with the requirements of the respective accounting standard.

[b] Inventories

Inventories are valued as follows: Raw materials, components, stores and spares Lower of cost and net realizable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the fnished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on a FIFO basis. Cost includes relevant cost of bringing those material at their present location and condition.

Work-in-progress and fnished goods Lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost includes Direct Materials and Labour and a proportion of Manufacturing Overheads based on normal operating capacity or actual production whichever is less. Cost of fnished goods includes excise duty.

Net Realizable Value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

[c] Events occurring after Balance Sheet date

Material events occurring after the date of balance sheet are recognized and are dealt with appropriately in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and as provided in AS-5

[d] Depreciation

Depreciation is provided using the Straight Line Method as per the rates prescribed under schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 except in case of :

Leasehold Land - amortised over the period of the lease.

Intangible Asset - Amortised over a period of 5 years as estimated by the management.

[e] Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will fow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Sales of Goods

Revenue is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer. Excise Duty included in the amount of turnover (gross) are deducted from turnover (gross) for disclosure of net turnover in the P&L account.

Interest

Revenue is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

Dividends

Revenue is recognised when the company''s right to receive payment is established by the balance sheet date.

[f] Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use, net of CENVAT recoverable. Financing costs relating to construction of fixed assets are also included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to be put to use. Financing costs not relating to construction of fixed assets are charged to the income statements.

[g] Foreign currency transactions

(i) Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

(ii) Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate.

(iii) Exchange Diferences Exchange diferences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting monetary items of company at rates diferent from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

[h] Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classifed as long-term investments. Current Investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long term investments are carried at cost, less provision for diminution in value other than temporary.

[i] Employee benefits

Gratuity

The Gratuity Liability is Defined benefit obligation. The company has created Employees Group Gratuity Fund which has taken a Group Gratuity Insurance Policy from Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC). Premium on above policy as intimated by LIC is charged to the Profit & Loss Account. The adequacy of balances available is compared with actuarial valuation obtained at the period end. Shortfall, if any, is provided for in the Profit & Loss Account.

Provident Fund

Retirement benefits in the form of Provident fund is a Defined contribution scheme in which both employees and the Company make monthly contributions at a specified percentage of the covered employees'' salary (currently 12% of employees'' salary). The contribution are charged to the Profit and loss account of the year when the contribution to the respective funds are due.

Leave Salary

The Company provides for the encashment of leave or leave with pay subject to certain rules. The employees are entitled to accumulate leave subject to certain limits, for future encashment. The liability is provided based on the number of days of unutilised leave at each balance sheet date.

[j] Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalised as part of the cost of that asset. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

[k] Segment Reporting

The company is engaged mainly in the business of automobile products. These, in the context of Accounting Standard 17 on Segment Reporting, as specified in the Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006, are considered to constitute one single primary segment. Further, there is no reportable secondary segment i.e. Geographical segment.

[l] Earning Per Share

Basic earning per share are calculated by dividing the net Profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Partly paid equity shares are treated as a fraction of an equity share to the extent that they were entitled to participate in dividends relative to a fully paid equity share during the reporting period.

[m] Income Taxes

Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax is recognised, on timing diferences, being the diference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

[n] Intangible assets

Product Development Cost

Product Development Cost incurred on new vehicles platforms, variants on existing platforms and new vehicles aggregates are recognized as intangible assets and are included under fixed assets. These amounts are amortized over sixty months from the commencement of commercial production i.e. from June 1, 2009.

SAP Implementation Charges

Expenses incurred for implementation of SAP are recognized as intangible assets and are included under fixed assets. The amounts are amortized over sixty months from the implementation of SAP i.e. from Januaray 1, 2012

[o] Impairment

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there are impairment indicators. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets net selling price and value in use.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

A previously recognised impairment loss is increased or decreased based on reassessment of recoverable amount, which is carried out if the change is significant. However the carrying value after reversal is not increased beyond the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usual depreciation if there was no impairment.

[p] Provisions

A provision is recognised when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provision are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to refect the current best estimates.

[q] Product Warranty Expenses

The estimated liability for product warranties is recorded when products are sold. These estimates are established using historical information on the nature, frequency and average cost of warranty claims and management estimates regarding possible future incidence based on corrective actions on product failures. However any risk covered by insurance policy premium paid on such policy are charged to revenue in the year in which it is incurred.


Mar 31, 2013

(a) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period reported. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized in accordance with the requirements of the respective accounting standard.

(b) Inventories

Inventories are valued as follows:

Raw materials, components, stores and spares

Lower of cost and net realizable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on a FIFO basis. Cost includes relevant cost of bringing those material at their present location and condition.

Work-in-progress and finished goods

Lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost includes Direct Materials and Labour and a proportion of Manufacturing Overheads based on normal operating capacity or actual production whichever is less. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty.

Net Realizable Value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

(c) Events occurring after balance date

Material events occurring after the date of balance sheet are recognized and are dealt with appropriately in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and as provided in AS-5

(d) Depreciation

Depreciation is provided using the Straight Line Method as per the rates prescribed under schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 except in case of :

Leasehold Land - amortized over the period of the lease.

Intangible Asset - Amortized over a period of 5 years as estimated by the management.

(e) Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Sales of Goods

Revenue is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer. Excise Duty included in the amount of turnover (gross) are deducted from turnover (gross) for disclosure of net turnover in the P&L account.

Interest

Revenue is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

Dividends

Revenue is recognized when the company''s right to receive payment is established by the balance sheet date.

(f) Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use, net of CENVAT recoverable. Financing costs relating to construction of fixed assets are also included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to be put to use. Financing costs not relating to construction of fixed assets are charged to the income statements.

(g) Foreign currency transactions

(i) Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

(ii) Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate.

(iii) Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting monetary items of company at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

(h) Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current Investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long term investments are carried at cost, less provision for diminution in value other than temporary.

(i) Employee Benefits Gratuity

The Gratuity Liability is defined benefit obligation. The company has created Employees Group Gratuity Fund which has taken a Group Gratuity Insurance Policy from Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC). Premium on above policy as intimated by LIC is charged to the Profit & Loss Account. The adequacy of balances available is compared with actuarial valuation obtained at the period end. Shortfall, if any, is provided for in the Profit & Loss Account.

Provident Fund

Retirement benefits in the form of Provident fund are a defined contribution scheme in which both employees and the Company make monthly contributions at a specified percentage of the covered employees'' salary (currently 12% of employees'' salary). The contribution is charged to the profit and loss account of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due.

Leave Salary

The Company provides for the encashment of leave or leave with pay subject to certain rules. The employees are entitled to accumulate leave subject to certain limits, for future encashment. The liability is provided based on the number of days of unutilized leave at each balance sheet date.

(j) Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalized as part of the cost of that asset. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

(k) Segment Reporting

The company is engaged mainly in the business of automobile products. These, in the context of Accounting Standard 17 on Segment Reporting, as specified in the Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006, are considered to constitute one single primary segment. Further, there is no reportable secondary segment i.e. Geographical segment.

(l) Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Partly paid equity shares are treated as a fraction of an equity share to the extent that they were entitled to participate in dividends relative to a fully paid equity share during the reporting period.

(m) Income Taxes

Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax is recognized, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

(n) Intangible assets

Product Development Cost

Product Development Cost incurred on new vehicles platforms, variants on existing platforms and new vehicles aggregates are recognized as intangible assets and are included under fixed assets. These amounts are amortized over sixty months from the commencement of commercial production i.e. from June 1, 2009.

SAP Implementation Charges

Expenses incurred for implementation of SAP are recognized as intangible assets and are included under fixed assets. The amounts are amortized over sixty months from the implementation of SAP i.e. from January 1, 2012

(o) Impairment

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there are impairment indicators. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset''s net selling price and value in use.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

A previously recognized impairment loss is increased or decreased based on reassessment of recoverable amount, which is carried out if the change is significant. However the carrying value after reversal is not increased beyond the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usual depreciation if there was no impairment.

(p) Provisions

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

(q) Product Warranty Expenses

The estimated liability for product warranties is recorded when products are sold. These estimates are established using historical information on the nature, frequency and average cost of warranty claims and management estimates regarding possible future incidence based on corrective actions on product failures. However any risk covered by insurance policy premium paid on such policy are charged to revenue in the year in which it is incurred.


Mar 31, 2012

(a) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period reported. actual results could differ form those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised in accordance with the requirements of the respective accounting standard.

(b) Inventories

Inventories are valued as follows:

Raw materials. components, stores and spares

Lower of cost and net realizable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on a FIFO basis. Cost includes relevant cost of bringing those material at their present location and condition.

Work-in-proaress and finished goods

Lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost includes Direct Materials and Labour and a proportion of Manufacturing Overheads based on normal operating capacity or actual production whichever is less. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty.

Net Realizable Value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

(c) Events occurring after balance date

Material events occurring after the date of balance sheet are recognized and are dealt with appropriately in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and as provided in AS-5

(d) Depreciation

Depreciation is provided using the Straight Line Method as per the rates prescribed under schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 except in case of :

Leasehold Land - amortised over the period of the lease.

Intangible Asset - Amortised over a period of 5 years as estimated by the management.

(e) Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Sales of Goods

Revenue is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer. Excise Duty included in the amount of turnover (gross) are deducted from turnover (gross) for disclosure of net turnover in the P&L account.

Interest

Revenue is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

Dividends

Revenue is recognised when the company's right to receive payment is established by the balance sheet date.

(f) Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use, net of CENVAT recoverable. Financing costs relating to construction of fixed assets are also included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to be put to use. Financing costs not relating to construction of fixed assets are charged to the income statements.

(g) Foreign currency transactions

(i) Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

(ii) Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate.

(iii) Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting monetary items of company at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

(h) Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long- term investments. Current Investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long term investments are carried at cost, less provision for diminution in value other than temporary.

(i) Employee Benefits Gratuity

The Gratuity Liability is defined benefit obligation. The company has created Employees Group Gratuity Fund which has taken a Group Gratuity Insurance Policy from Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC). Premium on above policy as intimated by LIC is charged to the Profit & Loss Account. The adequacy of balances available is compared with actuarial valuation obtained at the period end. Shortfall, if any, is provided for in the Profit & Loss Account.

Provident Fund

Retirement benefits in the form of Provident fund is a defined contribution scheme in which both employees and the Company make monthly contributions at a specified percentage of the covered employees' salary (currently 12% of employees' salary). The contributions are charged to the profit and loss account of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due.

Leave Salary

The Company provides for the encashment of leave or leave with pay subject to certain rules. The employees are entitled to accumulate leave subject to certain limits, for future encashment. The liability is provided based on the number of days of unutilised leave at each balance sheet date.

(j) Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalised as part of the cost of that asset. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

(k) Segment Reporting

The company is engaged mainly in the business of automobile products. These, in the context of Accounting Standard 17 on Segment Reporting, as specified in the Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006, are considered to constitute one single primary segment. Further, there is no reportable secondary segment i.e. Geographical segment.

(l) Earning Per Share

Basic earning per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Partly paid equity shares are treated as a fraction of an equity share to the extent that they were entitled to participate in dividends relative to a fully paid equity share during the reporting period.

(m) Income Taxes

Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax is recognised, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

(n) Intangible assets

Product Development Cost

Product Development Cost incurred on new vehicles platforms, variants on existing platforms and new vehicles aggregates are recognized as intangible assets and are included under fixed assets. These amounts are amortized over sixty months from the commencement of commercial production i.e. from June 1, 2009.

SAP Implementation Charges

Expenses incurred for implementation of SAP are recognized as intangible assets and are included under fixed assets. The amounts are amortized over sixty months from the implementation of SAP i.e. from January 1, 2012

(o) Impairment

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there are impairment indicators. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset's net selling price and value in use.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

A previously recognised impairment loss is increased or decreased based on reassessment of recoverable amount, which is carried out if the change is significant. However the carrying value after reversal is not increased beyond the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usual depreciation if there was no impairment.

(p) Provisions

A provision is recognised when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provision are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

(q) Product Warranty Expenses

The estimated liability for product warranties is recorded when products are sold. These estimates are established using historical information on the nature, frequency and average cost of warranty claims and management estimates regarding possible future incidence based on corrective actions on product failures. However any risk covered by insurance policy premium paid on such policy are charged to revenue in the year in which it is incurred.


Mar 31, 2011

(a) Basis of Preparation

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the standards notified under The Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared under historical cost convention on an accrual basis except in case of assets for which provision for impairment is made. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and except for the changes in accounting policy discussed more fully below, are consistent with those used in the previous year.

(b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period reported. Actual results could differ from those estimated. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised in accordance with the requirements of the respective accounting standard.

(c) Inventories

Inventories are valued as follows:

Raw materials, components, stores and spares

Lower of cost or net realizable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on a FIFO basis. Cost includes relevant cost of bringing those material at their present location and condition.

Work-in-progress and finished goods

Lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost includes Direct Materials and Labour and a proportion of Manufacturing Overheads based on normal operating capacity or actual production whichever is less. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty.

Net Realizable Value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

(d) Events occurring after the balance sheet date

Material events occurring after the date of balance sheet are recognized and are dealt with appropriately in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and as provided in AS-5

(e) Depreciation

Depreciation is provided using the Straight Line Method as per the rates prescribed under schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 except in case of :

Leasehold Land - Amortised over the period of the lease.

Intangible Asset - Amortised over a period of 5 years as estimated by the management.

(f) Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Sales of Goods

Revenue is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer. Excise Duty included in the amount of turnover (gross) are deducted from turnover (gross) for disclosure of net turnover in the P&L account.

Interest

Revenue is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

Dividends

Revenue is recognised when the companys right to receive payment is established by the balance sheet date.

(g) Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use, net of CENVAT recoverable. Financing costs relating to construction of fixed assets are also included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to be put to use. Financing costs not relating to construction of fixed assets are charged to the income statements.

(h) Foreign currency transactions

(i) Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

(ii) Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate.

(iii) Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting monetary items

of company at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expense in the year in which they arise.

(i) Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current Investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long term investments are carried at cost, less provision for diminution in value other than temporary.

(j) Employee Benefits

Gratuity

The Gratuity Liability is defined benefit obligation. The company has created Employees Group Gratuity Fund which has taken a Group Gratuity Insurance Policy from Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC). Premium on above policy as intimated by LIC is charged to the Profit & Loss Account. The adequacy of balances available is compared with actuarial valuation obtained at the period end. Shortfall, if any, is provided for in the Profit & Loss Account.

Provident Fund

Retirement benefits in the form of Provident fund is a defined contribution scheme in which both employees and the Company make monthly contributions at a specified percentage of the covered employees salary (currently 12% of employees salary). The contribution are charged to the profit and loss account of the year when the contribution to the respective funds are due.

Leave Salary

The Company provides for the encashment of leave or leave with pay subject to certain rules. The employees are entitled to accumulate leave subject to certain limits, for future encashment. The liability is provided based on the number of days of unutilised leave at each balance sheet date.

(k) Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalised as part of the cost of that asset. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

(l) Segment Reporting

The company is engaged mainly in the business of automobile products. These, in the context of Accounting Standard 17 on Segment Reporting, as specified in the Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006, are considered to constitute one single primary segment. Further, there is no reportable secondary segment i.e. Geographical segment.

(m) Earning Per Share

Basic earning per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Partly paid equity shares are treated as a fraction of an equity share to the extent that

they were entitled to participate in dividends relative to a fully paid equity share during the reporting period.

(n) Income Taxes

Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax is recognised, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

(o) Intangible assets

Product Development Cost

Product Development Cost incurred on new vehicles platforms, variants on existing platforms and new vehicles aggregates are recognized as intangible assets and are included under fixed assets. These amounts are amortized over sixty months from the commencement of commercial production i.e. from June 1, 2009.

(p) Impairment

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there are impairment indicator. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets net selling price and value in use.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

A previously recognised impairment loss is increased or decreased based on reassessment of recoverable amount, which is carried out if the change is significant. However the carrying value after reversal is not increased beyond the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usual depreciation if there was no impairment.

(q) Provisions

A provision is recognised when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provision are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

(r) Product Warranty Expenses

The estimated liability for product warranties is recorded when products are sold. These estimates are established using historical information on the nature, frequency and average cost of warranty claims and management estimates regarding possible future incidence based on corrective actions on product failures. However any risk covered by insurance policy premium paid on such policy are charged to revenue in the year in which it is incurred.


Mar 31, 2010

(a) Basis of Preparation

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the standards notified under The Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared under historical cost convention on an accrual basis except in case of assets for which provision for impairment is made. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and except for the changes in accounting policy discussed more fully below, are consistent with those used in the previous year.

(b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period reported. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised in accordance with the requirements of the respective accounting standard.

(c) Inventories

Inventories are valued as follows:

Raw materials, components, stores and spares

Lower of cost and net realizable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determ -ined on a FIFO basis. Cost includes relevant cost of bringing those material at their present location and condition.

Work in progress and finished goods

Lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost includes Direct Materials and Labour and a proportion of Manufacturing Overheads based on normal operating capacity or actual production whichever is less. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty. Net Realizable Value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

(d) Events occurring after balance date

Material events occurring after the date of balance sheet are recognized and are dealt with app- ropriately in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and as provided in AS-5

(e) Depreciation

Depreciation is provided using the Straight Line Method as per the at the rates prescribed under schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 except in case of :

Leasehold Land - amortised over the period of the lease

Intengible Asset - Amortised over a period of 5 years as estimated by the management.

(f) Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Sales of Goods

Revenue is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer. Excise Duty included in the amount of turnover (gross) are deducted form turnover (gross) for disclosure of net turnover in the P&L account.

Interest

Revenue is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable

Dividends

Revenue is recognised when the shareholders right to receive payment is established by the balance sheet date. Dividend form subsidiaries is recognised even if same are declared after the balance sheet date but pertains to period on or before the date of balance sheet as per the requirement of schedule VI of the Companies Act, 1956.

(g) Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use, net of CENVAT recoverable. Financing costs relating to construction of fixed assets are also included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to be put to use. Financing costs not relating to construction of fixed assets are charged to the income statements.

(h) Foreign currency transactions

(i) Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

(ii) Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate.

(ii) Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting monetary items of company at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

(i) Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current Investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long term investments are carried at cost, less provision for diminution in value other than temporary.

(j) Employee Benefits

Gratuity

The Gratuity Liability is defined benefit obligation. The company has created Employees Group Gratuity Fund which has taken a Group Gratuity Insurance Policy from Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC). Premium on above policy as intimated by LIC is charged to the Profit & Loss Account. The adequacy of balances available is compared with actuarial valuation obtained at the period end. Shortfall, if any, is provided for in the Profit & Loss Account.

Provident Fund

Retirement benefits in the form of Provident fund is a defined contribution scheme in which both employees and the Company make monthly contributions at a specified percentage of the covered employees salary (currently 12% of employees salary). The contribution are charged to the profit and loss account of the year when the contribution to the respective funds are due.

The Company provides for the encashment of leave or leave with pay subject to certain rules. The employees are entitled to accumulate leave subject to certain limits, for future encashment. The liability is provided based on the number of days of unutilised leave at each balance sheet date. (k) Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalised as part of the cost of that asset. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

(l) Segment Reporting

The company is engaged mainly in the business of automobile products. These, in the context of Accounting Standard 17 on Segment Reporting, as specified in the Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006, are considered to constitute one single primary segment. Further, there is no reportable secondary segment i.e. Geographical segment.

(m) Earning Per Share

Basic earning per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Partly paid equity shares are treated as a fraction of an equity share to the extent that they were entitled to participate in dividends relative to a fully paid equity share during the reporting period.

(n) Income Taxes

Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax is recognised, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

(o) Intangible assets

Product Development Cost

Product Development Cost incurred on new vehicles platforms, variants on existing platforms and new vehicles aggregates are recognized as intangible assets and are included under fixed assets. These amounts are amortized over sixty months from the commencement of commercial production i.e. from June 1, 2009.

(p) Impairment

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there are impairment indicators. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets net selling price and value in use.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

A previously recognised impairment loss is increased or decreased based on reassessment of recoverable amount, which is carried out if the change is significant. However the carrying value after reversal is not increased beyond the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usual depreciation if there was no impairment.

(q) Provisions

A provision is recognised when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provision are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

(r) Product Warranty Expenses

The estimated liability for product warranties is recorded when products are sold. These estimates are established using historical information on the nature, frequency and average cost of warranty claims and management estimates regarding possible future incidence based on corrective actions on product failures.

However any risk covered by insurance policy premium paid on such policy are charged to revenue in the year in which it is incurred.

Provision for Litigation

Rs.3,06,69,142/- shown as advances receivable in cash or kind or for value to be received under Loans and Advances unsecured, considered good includes an amount of Rs.2,91,59,496/- due from a supplier against whom suit for recovery of above dues and damages have been filed. Same is pending before court. The supplier has also filed suit against the company for Rs.11,17,29,796/-. The company has not made any provision on account of this.

 
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