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Accounting Policies of Automobile Corporation Of Goa Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2017

Notes forming part of the Financial Statements

Notes to Financial Statements

1. Background and operations

Automobile Corporation of Goa Ltd. (ACGL)was incorporated on September, 1980 as a Public Limited Company under the Companies Act 1956. The Company was jointly promoted by EDC Limited (a Government of Goa Undertaking) and Tata Motors Limited.

The Company is engaged in manufacture of pressed parts, components, sub assemblies for various range of automobiles and manufacture Bus Bodies and components thereof.

The financial statements for the year ended 31st March, 2017 were approved by the Board of Directors and authorized for issue on 8th May, 2017.

2. Significant accounting policies

a. Statement of compliance

In accordance with the notification issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, the Company has adopted Indian Accounting Standards (referred to as "Ind AS") notified under the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015 with effect from 1stApril, 2016. Previous period numbers in the financial statements have been restated to Ind AS. In accordance with Ind AS 101 First-time Adoption of Indian Accounting Standard, the Company has presented a reconciliation from the presentation of financial statements under Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 ("Previous GAAP") to Ind AS of Shareholders'' equity as at 31stMarch, 2016 and 1stApril, 2015 and of the comprehensive net income for the period ended 31st March, 2016.

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with Ind AS as notified under the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015 read with section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013.

b. Basis of preparation

These financial statements have been prepared on historical cost basis except for certain financial instruments measured at fair value. Historical cost is generally based on the fair value of consideration given in exchange for goods and services. Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. These financial statements are presented in Indian Rupees (INR) and all values are rounded to nearest Rupees, except when otherwise indicated.

c. Use of estimates and judgments

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Ind AS requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions, that affect the application of accounting policies and the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, income, expenses and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of these financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses for the years presented. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

Estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed at each balance sheet date. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognized in the period in which the estimate is revised and future periods affected.

Key sources of estimation of uncertainty at the date of the financial statements, which may cause a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities within the next financial year , in respect of useful lives of property, plant and equipment, valuation of deferred tax assets and provisions and contingencies.

Useful lives of property, plant and equipment.

The Company reviews the useful life of property, plant and equipment at the end of each reporting period. This reassessment may result in change in depreciation expense in future periods.

Valuation of deferred tax assets

The Company reviews the carrying amount of deferred tax asset at the end of each reporting period. The policy for the same has been explained under note 2h.

Provisions and contingencies

A provision is recognized where the Company has a present obligation as a result of a past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits and compensated absences) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not recognized in the financial statements.

d. Revenue recognition

The Company recognizes revenues on the sale of products, net of discounts and sales incentives, when the products are delivered to the customer, which is when risks and rewards of ownership pass to the customer and no significant uncertainty as to measurability or collectability exists. Sale of products is presented gross of excise duty which is shown under expenditure and net of other indirect taxes.

e. Product Warranties.

The estimated liability for product warranties is recorded when product is sold. These estimates are established using historical information on the nature, frequency and average cost of warranty claims and management''s estimates regarding possible future incidences based on actions on product failures. The timing of outflows will vary as and when warranty claim will arise, being typically 18 to 24 months from the date of sale.

f. Provisions and contingencies

A provision is recognized where the Company has a legal and constructive obligation as a result of a past event, for which it is probable that cash outflow will be required and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A Contingent liability is disclosed when the Company has a possible or present obligation where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle it.

g. Foreign currency

The functional currency of the Company is Indian rupee (INR).

Income and expenses in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Foreign currency denominated assets and liabilities are translated at the exchange rates prevailing on the balance sheet date and exchange gains and losses arising on settlement and restatement are recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

h. Income taxes

Income tax expense comprises current and deferred taxes. Income tax expense is recognized in the income statement except when they relate to items that are recognized outside profit or loss (whether in other comprehensive income), in which case tax is also recognized outside profit or loss.

Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the applicable tax rates and the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961 and other applicable tax laws. Deferred tax is recognized, on temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities in the financial statements and the corresponding tax bases used in the computation of taxable profit.

Deferred tax assets are recognized if there is reasonable certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income to realize such assets.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured based on the tax rates that are expected to apply in the period when asset is realized or the liability is settled, based on tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date.

i. Inventories

Items of inventory are valued on the basis given below;

i. Raw Material, Bought out components, Stores and Spares: at cost or net realizable value, whichever is lower. Cost is determined by the weighted average method.

ii. Work in progress and Finished goods: at cost or net realizable value, whichever is lower. Cost is determined on the basis of absorption costing.

iii. Scrap : at net realizable value j. Property, plant and equipment

Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost of acquisition or construction less depreciation. All cost relating to the acquisition and installation of Property, plant and equipment are capitalized and include financing cost relating to borrowed funds attributable to construction or acquisition of fixed assets, up to=OOOOO the date the asset is ready for intended use and further adjusted for exchange differences relating to long-term foreign currency borrowings, where applicable, attributable to depreciable capital asset.

Depreciation is provided on the Straight Line Method (SLM) over the estimated useful lives of the assets considering the nature, estimated usage, operating conditions, past history of replacement, anticipated technological changes, manufacturers'' warranties and maintenance support. Taking into account these factors, the Company have decided to retain the useful life hitherto adopted for various categories of fixed assets, which are different from those prescribed in Schedule II of the Act as under:

TyDe of Asset

Estimated useful life

Buildings

28 to 59 years

Plant and Equipment

8 to 20 years

Furniture and fixtures

15 years

Vehicles

8 to 10 years

Computers

6 years

Depreciation is not recorded on capital work-in-progress until construction and installation are complete and the asset is ready for its intended use.

k. Intangible assets

Intangible assets in the nature of computer software are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Computer software are amortized over 4 years being their estimated useful life on straight line methods.

l. Impairment of tangible and intangible assets

Property, plant and equipment and intangible assets with finite life are evaluated for recoverability whenever there is any indication that their carrying amounts may not be recoverable. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount (i.e. higher of the fair value less cost to sell and the value-in-use) is determined on an individual asset basis unless the asset does not generate cash flows that are largely independent of those from other assets. In such cases, the recoverable amount is determined for the cash generating unit (CGU) to which the asset belongs.

If the recoverable amount of an asset (or CGU) is estimated to be less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount of the asset (or CGU) is reduced to its recoverable amount. An impairment loss is recognized in the statement of profit or loss.

m. Financial instruments

Classification, initial recognition and measurement

A financial instrument is any contract that gives rise to a financial asset of one entity and a financial liability or equity instrument of another entity.

Financial instruments are recognized on the balance sheet when the Company becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instrument.

Initially, a financial instrument is recognized at its fair value. Transaction costs directly attributable to the acquisition or issue of financial instruments are recognized in determining the carrying amount, if it is not classified as at fair value through profit or loss. Subsequently, financial instruments are measured according to the category in which they are classified.

Financial assets held at amortized cost

Financial assets that have contractual terms that give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal outstanding and that are held within a business model whose objective is to hold such assets in order to collect such contractual cash flows are classified in this category. Subsequently, these are measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method less any impairment losses.

These include trade receivables, balances with banks, short-term deposits with banks, other financial assets and investments with fixed or determinable payments.

Financial liabilities

Financial liabilities are measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method.

n. Impairment of financial assets held at amortized cost

(i) Financial assets (other than at fair value)

The Company assesses at each date of balance sheet whether a financial asset or a group of financial assets is impaired. Ind AS 109 requires expected credit losses to be measured through a loss allowance. The Company recognizes lifetime expected losses for all contract assets and / or all trade receivables that do not constitute a financing transaction. For all other financial assets, expected credit losses are measured at an amount equal to the 12 month expected credit losses or at an amount equal to the life time expected credit losses if the credit risk on the financial asset has increased significantly since initial recognition.

o. Employee benefits

i. Defined benefits plans Gratuity

The Company has an obligation towards gratuity, a defined benefit retirement plan covering eligible employee''s. The plan provides for a lump-sum payment to vested employee''s at retirement, death while in employment or on termination of employment of an amount equivalent to 15 to 30 days salary payable for each completed year of service. Vesting occurs upon completion of five years of service. The Company has obtained group gratuity policy with Life Insurance Corporation of India, HDFC Standard Life Insurance Company Limited and Bajaj Allianz Life Insurance Company Limited. The Company accounts for the liability for gratuity benefits payable in future based on an independent actuarial valuation, carried out as at the year end.

Remeasurement gains and losses

Remeasurement comprising actuarial gains and losses, the effect of the asset ceiling and the return on assets (excluding interest) relating to retirement benefit plans, are recognized directly in other comprehensive income in the period in which they arise. Remeasurement recorded in other comprehensive income is not reclassified to income statement.

Measurement date.

The measurement date of retirement plans is 31st March.

ii. Defined contribution plan

(a) Superannuation

The Company has a Superannuation plan (defined contribution plan). The Company maintains separate irrevocable trust for employee''s covered and entitled to benefits. The Company has obtained insurance policy with Life Insurance Corporation of India. The Company contributes 15% of eligible employee''s salary to the trust every year. The Company recognizes such contributions as an expense when incurred. The Company has no further obligation beyond this contribution.

(b) Provident fund

In accordance with Indian law, eligible employee''s of the Company are entitled to receive benefits in respect of provident fund, a defined contribution plan, in which both employee''s and the Company make monthly contributions at a specified percentage of the covered employee''''s salary (currently 12% of employee''s salary). The contributions, as specified under the law, are paid to the provident fund trust. Contributions towards Pension fund is paid to the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner at specified percentage of the covered employee''s salary on monthly basis.

Contribution defined to contribution plan is recognized as an expense when employees have rendered services entitling them to such benefits.

iii. Other long - term employee benefits Compensated absences

The Company provides for the encashment of leave or leave with pay subject to certain rules. The employee''s are entitled to accumulate leave subject to certain limits, for future encashment. The Liability is provided based on the number of days of unutilized leave at each balance sheet date on the basis of an independent actuarial valuation, carried out as at the year end.

p. Borrowing Cost

Borrowing cost that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for the intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

q. Leases

Assets acquired on leases where significant portion of risks and rewards incidental to ownership are retained by the lessors are classified as operating lease. Lease rentals are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss on accrual basis.

r. Segmental Reporting

The Company operates in the following two segments:

Pressing Division

Bus body building Division

These are the reportable segments of the Company


Mar 31, 2015

A) Basis of preparation of financial statements:

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards Specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rule 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act,2013 (" the 2013 Act") / Companies Act,1956 ("the 1956 Act"), as applicable. The financial statements have been prepared on the accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year except for change in the accounting policy for depreciation as more fully described in Note no.42

b) Management estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in India requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) as of the date of the financial statements and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ from these estimates.

c) Inventories:

Items of inventory are valued on the basis given below:

i. Raw material, Boughtout Components, Stores and Spares : at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Cost is determined by the Weighted Average Method.

ii. Work in progress and Finished goods : at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Cost is determined on the basis of absorption costing.

iii. Scrap: at net realisable value.

d) Depreciation and Amortisation:

Depreciable amount for assets is the cost of an asset, or other amount substituted for cost, less its estimated residual value. Depreciation on tangible fixed assets has been provided on the straight-line method as per the useful lives of the assets as assessed as under based on technical advice, taking into account the nature of the asset, the estimated usage of the asset, the operating conditions of the asset, past history of replacement, anticipated technological changes, manufacturers warranties and maintenance support, etc.:

The assets whose assessed useful life is different from those prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 is as under :

Buildings 28 to 59 years

Plant and Equipments 10 to 20 years

Furniture and fixtures 15 years

Vehicles 8 to 10 years

Computers 6 years

Leasehold land is amortised over the duration of the lease.

Intangible assets are amortised over their estimated useful life on straight line method as follows:

Computer Software 4 years

e) Revenue recognition:

Revenue (income) is recognised when no significant uncertainty as to measurability or collectability exists.

f) Fixed Assets:

Fixed assets are carried at cost of acquisition or construction and include amounts added on revaluation, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss.

g) Foreign Currency Transactions :

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the original rates of exchange in force at the time the transactions are effected. At the year-end, monetary items denominated in foreign currency are reported using the closing rates of exchange. Exchange differences arising thereon and on realization / payments of foreign exchange are accounted as income or expense in the relevant year.

h) Government Grants:

Grants related to specific Fixed Assets are disclosed as a deduction from the value of concerned Assets. Grants related to revenue are credited to the statement of Profit and Loss Account. Grants in the nature of promoter's contribution are treated as Capital Reserve.

i) Investments :

Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value. Long term (Non - current) investments are carried at cost. However when there is a decline, other than temporary, the carrying amount is reduced to recognise the decline.

j) Employee Benefits:

i) Gratuity

The Company has an obligation towards gratuity, a defined benefit retirement plan covering eligible employees. The plan provides for lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death while in employment or on termination of employment of an amount equivalent to 15 to 30 days salary payable for each completed year of service. Vesting occurs upon completion of five years of service. The company has obtained group gratuity policy with Life Insurance Corporation of India The company accounts for the liability for gratuity benefits payable in future based on an independent actuarial valuation, carried out as at the year end.

ii) Superannuation

The company has a Superannuation plan (defined contribution plan) .The Company maintains separate irrevocable trust for employees covered and entitled to benefits. The company has obtained insurance policy with Life Insurance Corporation of India. The company contributes 15% of eligible employee's salary to the trust every year. The company recognizes such contributions as an expense when incurred. The company has no further obligation beyond this contribution.

iii) Provident Fund

The eligible employees of the Company are entitled to receive benefits under the provident fund, a defined contribution plan, in which both employees and the company make monthly contributions at a specified percentage of the covered employee's salary (currently 12% of employee's salary ).The contributions as specified under the law are paid to the provident fund trust. Contribution towards Pension fund is paid to the Regional Provident fund commissioner at specified percentage of the covered employee's salary on monthly basis.

iv) Compensated absences

The company provides for the encashment of leave or leave with pay subject to certain rules. The employees are entitled to accumulate leave subject to certain limits, for future encashment. The liability is provided based on the number of days of unutilized leave at each balance sheet date on the basis of an independent actuarial valuation, carried out as at the year end.

v) Actuarial gains and losses

The actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the statement of profit and loss.

k) Borrowing costs:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

l) Segment reporting:

The following accounting policies have been followed for segment reporting:

Segment Revenue includes Revenue from operations and other income directly identifiable with/ allocable to the segment.

Expenses that are directly identifiable with / allocable to segments are considered for determining the Segment Results. The expenses which relate to the Company as a whole and not allocable to segments are included under Unallocable expenses.

Segment assets and liabilities include those directly identifiable with the respective segments. Unallocable corporate assets and liabilities represent the assets and liabilities that relate to the Company as a whole and not allocable to any segment. Unallocated assets mainly comprise Cash and Bank balances. Unallocable liabilities include Deferred tax, Secured loans, Provision for tax (net of advance payment of taxes) and Other liabilities.

m) Leases:

Assets acquired on leases where significant portions of the risks and rewards incidental to ownership are retained by the lessors are classified as operating leases. Lease rentals are charged to the Statement of profit & loss account on accrual basis. Rentals received on assets given on operating leases are recognised as income in the statement of profit and loss on straight-line basis over the period of the lease as per the terms of agreement.

n) Taxes on Income:

Tax expense comprise both current tax and deferred tax at the applicable enacted/ substantively enacted rates. Current tax represents the amount of income tax payable / recoverable in respect of taxable income / loss for the reporting period. Deferred tax represents the effect of timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the reporting period that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses are recognised if there is virtual certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realise such losses.

o) Intangible Assets:

Intangible assets are stated at cost less accumulated amortisation.

p) Impairment of assets:

Impairment loss is provided to the extent the carrying amount of assets exceeds their recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is the higher of an asset's net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and from it's disposal at the end of it's useful life. Net selling price is the amount obtainable from the sale of the asset in an arm's length transaction between knowledgeable, willing parties, less the cost of disposal.

q) Provisions and contingencies:

A provision is recognised where the Company has a legal and constructive obligation as a result of a past event, for which it is probable that cash outflow will be required and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A Contingent liability is disclosed when the Company has a possible or present obligation where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle it. Contingent assets are neither recognised nor disclosed.

r) Product Warranty Expenses:

The estimated liability for product warranties is recorded when products are sold. These estimates are established using historical information on the nature, frequency and average cost of warranty claims.

s) Accounting of Cenvat Credit:

Cenvat credit is accounted as per actual credit availed in the Excise records, on receipt of materials.


Mar 31, 2014

A) Basis of preparation of financial statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention and in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under Section 211(3C) of the Companies Act,1956 ("the 1956 Act") (which continue to be applicable in respect of Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (" the 2013 Act") in terms of General Circular 15/2013 dated 13 September, 2013 of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs) and the relevant provisions of the 1956 Act/2013 Act, as applicable.

b) Management estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in India requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) as of the date of the financial statements and the reported income and expenses during the reported period. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ from these estimates.

c) Fixed Assets:

Fixed assets are carried at cost of acquisition or construction and include amounts added on revaluation, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss.

d) Depreciation/Amortisation:

1. In respect of fixed assets revalued, depreciation is provided on the basis of useful life of assets as estimated by the external values or that calculated on original cost whichever is higher.

2. Depreciation on other fixed assets has been provided in the accounts at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 as under:

i. Sheet Metal Divisions (Honda, Bhuimpal, Jejuri) : On Written Down Value Method in respect of buildings/furniture and fixtures vehicles and on Straight Line Method in respect of plant and machinery.

ii. Bus Body Division: On straight line method.

3. Cost of leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease.

e) Impairment Loss:

Impairment loss is provided to the extent the carrying amount of assets exceeds their recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is the higher of an asset''s net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and from it''s disposal at the end of it''s useful life. Net selling price is the amount obtainable from the sale of the asset in an arm''s length transaction between knowledgeable, willing parties, less the cost of disposal.

f) Intangible Assets

Intangible assets are stated at cost less accumulated amortisation. Computer software is amortised over a period of four years.

g) Investments:

Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value. Long term (Non - current) investments are carried at cost. However when there is a decline, other than temporary, the carrying amount is reduced to recognise the decline.

h) Inventories:

Items of inventory are valued on the basis given below:

i. Raw material, Bought out Components, Stores and Spares : at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Cost is determined by the Weighted Average Method.

ii. Work in progress and Finished goods : at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Cost is determined on the basis of absorption costing.

iii. Scrap: at net realisable value.

i) Employee Benefits:

i) Gratuity

The Company has an obligation towards gratuity, a defined benefit retirement plan covering eligible employees. The plan provides for lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death while in employment or on termination of employment of an amount equivalent to 15 to 30 days salary payable for each completed year of service. Vesting occurs upon completion of five years of service. The company has obtained group gratuity policy with Life Insurance Corporation of India The company accounts for the liability for gratuity benefits payable in future based on an independent actuarial valuation, carried out as at the year end.

ii) Superannuation

The company has a Superannuation plan (defined contribution plan) .The Company maintains separate irrevocable trust for employees covered and entitled to benefits. The company has obtained insurance policy with Life Insurance Corporation of India. The company contributes 15% of eligible employee''s salary to the trust every year. The company recognizes such contributions as an expense when incurred. The company has no further obligation beyond this contribution.

iii) Provident Fund

The eligible employees of the Company are entitled to receive benefits under the provident fund, a defined contribution plan, in which both employees and the company make monthly contributions at a specified percentage of the covered employee''s salary (currently 12% of employee''s salary ).The contributions as specified under the law are paid to the provident fund trust. Contribution towards Pension fund is paid to the Regional Provident fund commissioner at specified percentage of the covered employee''s salary on monthly basis.

iv) Compensated absences

The company provides for the encashment of leave or leave with pay subject to certain rules. The employees are entitled to accumulate leave subject to certain limits, for future encashment. The liability is provided based on the number of days of unutilized leave at each balance sheet date on the basis of an independent actuarial valuation, carried out as at the year end.

v) Actuarial gains and losses

The actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the statement of profit and loss.

j) Accounting of Convert Credit:

Convert credit is accounted as per actual credit availed in the Excise records, on receipt of materials.

k) Foreign Currency Transactions:

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the original rates of exchange in force at the time the transactions are affected. At the year-end, monetary items denominated in foreign currency are reported using the closing rates of exchange. Exchange differences arising thereon and on realisation / payments of foreign exchange are accounted as income or expense in the relevant year.

I) Revenue recognition:

Revenue (income) is recognised when no significant uncertainty as to measurability or collectability exists.

m) Borrowing costs:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

n) Leases

Assets acquired on leases where significant portions of the risks and rewards incidental to ownership are retained by the lessors are classified as operating leases. Lease rentals are charged to the Statement of profit & loss account on accrual basis. Rentals received on assets given on operating leases are recognised as income in the statement of profit and loss on straight-line basis over the period of the lease as per the terms of agreement.

o) Segment accounting

The following accounting policies have been followed for segment reporting:

Segment Revenue includes Revenue from operations and other income directly identifiable with/ allocable to the segment. Expenses that are directly identifiable with / allocable to segments are considered for determining the Segment Results. The expenses which relate to the Company as a whole and not allocable to segments are included under Unallocable expenses. Segment assets and liabilities include those directly identifiable with the respective segments. Unallowable corporate assets and liabilities represent the assets and liabilities that relate to the Company as a whole and not allocable to any segment. Unallocated assets mainly comprise Cash and Bank balances. Unallowable liabilities include Deferred tax, Secured loans, Provision for tax (net of advance payment of taxes) and Other liabilities.

p) Taxes on Income:

Tax expense comprise both current tax and deferred tax at the applicable enacted/ substantively enacted rates. Current tax represents the amount of income tax payable / recoverable in respect of taxable income / loss for the reporting period. Deferred tax represents the effect of timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the reporting period that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

Deferred tax assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses are recongnised if there is virtual certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realise such losses.

q) Product Warranty Expenses

The estimated liability for product warranties is recorded when products are sold. These estimates are established using historical information on the nature, frequency and average cost of warranty claims.

r) Provisions and contingencies:

A provision is recognised where the Company has a legal and constructive obligation as a result of a past event, for which it is probable that cash outflow will be required and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A Contingent liability is disclosed when the Company has a possible or present obligation where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle it. Contingent assets are neither recognised nor disclosed.

s) Government Grants:

Grants related to specific Fixed Assets are disclosed as a deduction from the value of concerned Assets. Grants related to revenue are credited to the statement of Profit and Loss Account. Grants in the nature of promoter''s contribution are treated as Capital Reserve.


Mar 31, 2013

A) Basis of preparation of financial statements:

The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention and in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

b) Management estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in India requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) as of the date of the financial statements and the reported income and expenses during the reported period. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ from these estimates.

c) Fixed Assets:

Fixed assets are carried at cost of acquisition or construction and include amounts added on revaluation, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss.

d) Depreciation/Amortisation:

1. In respect of fixed assets revalued, depreciation is provided on the basis of useful life of assets as estimated by the external valuers or that calculated on original cost whichever is higher.

2. Depreciation on other fixed assets has been provided in the accounts at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 as under:

i. Sheet Metal Divisions (Honda, Bhuimpal, Jejuri) : On Written Down Value Method in respect of buildings,

furniture and fixtures and vehicles and on Straight Line Method in respect of plant and machinery. ii. Bus Body Division: On straight line method.

3. Cost of leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease.

e) Impairment Loss:

Impairment loss is provided to the extent the carrying amount of assets exceeds their recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is the higher of an asset''s net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and from it''s disposal at the end of it''s useful life. Net selling price is the amount obtainable from the sale of the asset in an arm''s length transaction between knowledgeable, willing parties, less the cost of disposal.

f) Intangible Assets

Intangible assets are stated at cost less accumulated amortisation. Computer software is amortised over a period of four years.

g) Investments :

Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value. Long term (Non - current) investments are carried at cost. However when there is a decline, other than temporary, the carrying amount is reduced to recognise the decline.

h) Inventories:

Items of inventory are valued on the basis given below:

i. Raw material, Boughtout Components, Stores and Spares : at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Cost is determined by the Weighted Average Method.

ii. Work in progress and Finished goods : at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Cost is determined on the basis of absorption costing.

iii. Scrap : at net realisable value.

i) Employee Benefits:

i) Gratuity

The Company has an obligation towards gratuity, a defined benefit retirement plan covering eligible employees. The plan provides for lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death while in employment or on termination of employment of an amount equivalent to 15 to 30 days salary payable for each completed year of service. Vesting occurs upon completion of five years of service. The company has obtained group gratuity policy with Life Insurance Corporation of India. The company accounts for the liability for gratuity benefits payable in future based on an independent actuarial valuation, carried out as at the year end.

ii) Superannuation

The company has a Superannuation plan (defined contribution plan) .The Company maintains separate irrevocable trust for employees covered and entitled to benefits. The company has obtained insurance policy with Life Insurance Corporation of India. The company contributes 15% of eligible employee''s salary to the trust every year. The company recognizes such contributions as an expense when incurred. The company has no further obligation beyond this contribution

iii) Provident Fund

The eligible employees of the Company are entitled to receive benefits under the provident fund, a defined contribution plan, in which both employees and the company make monthly contributions at a specified percentage of the covered employee''s salary ( currently 12% of employee''s salary ).The contributions as specified under the law are paid to the provident fund trust. Contribution towards Pension fund is paid to the Regional Provident fund commissioner at specified percentage of the covered employee''s salary on monthly basis.

iv) Compensated absences

The company provides for the encashment of leave or leave with pay subject to certain rules. The employees are entitled to accumulate leave subject to certain limits, for future encashment. The liability is provided based on the number of days of unutilized leave at each balance sheet date on the basis of an independent actuarial valuation, carried out as at the year end.

v) Actuarial gains and losses

The actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the statement of profit and loss.

j) Accounting of Cenvat Credit:

Cenvat credit is accounted as per actual credit availed in the Excise records, on receipt of materials.

k) Foreign Currency Transactions :

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the original rates of exchange in force at the time the transactions are effected. At the year-end, monetary items denominated in foreign currency are reported using the closing rates of exchange. Exchange differences arising thereon and on realisation / payments of foreign exchange are accounted as income or expense in the relevant year.

l) Revenue recognition:

Revenue (income) is recognised when no significant uncertainty as to measurability or collectibility exists.

m) Borrowing costs:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

n) Leases:

Assets acquired on leases where significant portions of the risks and rewards incidental to ownership are retained by the lessors are classified as operating leases. Lease rentals are charged to the Statement of profit & loss on accrual basis. Rentals received on assets given on operating leases are recognised as income in the statement of profit and loss on straight-line basis over the period of the lease as per the terms of agreement.

o) Segment accounting :

The following accounting policies have been followed for segment reporting:

Segment Revenue includes Revenue from operation and other income directly identifiable with/allocable to segment.

Expenses that are directly identifiable with / allocable to segments are considered for determining the Segment Results. The expenses which relate to the Company as a whole and not allocable to segments are included under Unallocable expenses. Segment assets and liabilities include those directly identifiable with the respective segments. Unallocable corporate assets and liabilities represent the assets and liabilities that relate to the Company as a whole and not allocable to any segment. Unallocated assets mainly comprise Cash and Bank balances. Unallocable liabilities include Deferred tax, Secured loans, Provision for tax ( net of advance payment of taxes) and Other liabilities

p) Taxes on Income:

Tax expense comprise both current tax and deferred tax at the applicable enacted/ substantively enacted rates. Current tax represents the amount of income tax payable / recoverable in respect of taxable income / loss for the reporting period. Deferred tax represents the effect of timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the reporting period that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

Deferred tax assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses are recongnised if there is virtual certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realise such losses.

q) Product Warranty Expenses:

The estimated liability for product warranties is recorded when products are sold. These estimates are established using historical information on the nature, frequency and average cost of warranty claims.

r) Provisions and contingencies:

A provision is recognised where the Company has a legal and constructive obligation as a result of a past event, for which it is probable that cash outflow will be required and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A Contingent liability is disclosed when the Company has a possible or present obligation where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle it. Contingent assets are neither recognised nor disclosed.

s) Government Grants:

Grants related to specific Fixed Assets are disclosed as a deduction from the value of concerned Assets. Grants related to revenue are credited to the statement of Profit and Loss Account. Grants in the nature of promoter''s contribution are treated as Capital Reserve.


Mar 31, 2012

A) Basis of preparation of financial statements:

The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention and in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

b) Management estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in India requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) as of the date of the financial statements and the reported income and expenses during the reported period. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ from these estimates.

c) Fixed Assets:

Fixed assets are carried at cost of acquisition or construction and include amounts added on revaluation, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss.

d) Depreciation/ Amortisation:

1. In respect of fixed assets revalued, depreciation is provided on the basis of useful life of assets as estimated by the external valuers or that calculated on original cost whichever is higher.

2. Depreciation on other fixed assets has been provided in the accounts at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 as under:

i. Sheet Metal Divisions (Honda, Bhuimpal, Jejuri) : On Written Down Value Method in respect of buildings, furniture and fixtures and vehicles and on Straight Line Method in respect of plant and machinery.

ii. Bus Body Division: On straight line method.

3. Cost of leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease.

e) Impairment Loss:

Impairment loss is provided to the extent the carrying amount of assets exceeds their recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is the higher of an asset's net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and from it's disposal at the end of it's useful life. Net selling price is the amount obtainable from the sale of the asset in an arm's length transaction between knowledgeable, willing parties, less the cost of disposal.

f) Intangible Assets

Intangible assets are stated at cost less accumulated amortisation. Computer software is amortised over a period of four years.

g) Investments :

Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value. Long term (Non - current) investments are carried at cost. However when there is a decline, other than temporary, the carrying amount is reduced to recognise the decline.

h) Inventories:

Items of inventory are valued on the basis given below:

i. Raw material, Boughtout Components, Stores and Spares : at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Cost is determined by the Weighted Average Method.

ii. Work in progress and Finished goods : at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Cost is determined on the basis of absorption costing.

iii. Scrap : at net realisable value.

i) Employee Benefits:

i) Gratuity

The Company has an obligation towards gratuity, a defined benefit retirement plan covering eligible employees. The plan provides for lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death while in employment or on termination of employment of an amount equivalent to 15 to 30 days salary payable for each completed year of service. Vesting occurs upon completion of five years of service. The company has obtained group gratuity policy with Life Insurance Corporation of India. The company accounts for the liability for gratuity benefits payable in future based on an independent actuarial valuation, carried out as at the year end.

ii) Superannuation

The company has a Superannuation plan (defined contribution plan) .The Company maintains separate irrevocable trust for employees covered and entitled to benefits. The company has obtained insurance policy with Life Insurance Corporation of India. The company contributes 15% of eligible employee's salary to the trust every year. The company recognizes such contributions as an expense when incurred. The company has no further obligation beyond this contribution

iii) Provident Fund

The eligible employees of the Company are entitled to receive benefits under the provident fund, a defined contribution plan, in which both employees and the company make monthly contributions at a specified percentage of the covered employee's salary ( currently 12% of employee's salary ).The contributions as specified under the law are paid to the provident fund trust. Contribution towards Pension fund is paid to the Regional Provident fund commissioner at specified percentage of the covered employee's salary on monthly basis.

iv) Compensated absences

The company provides for the encashment of leave or leave with pay subject to certain rules. The employees are entitled to accumulate leave subject to certain limits, for future encashment. The liability is provided based on the number of days of unutilized leave at each balance sheet date on the basis of an independent actuarial valuation, carried out as at the year end.

v) Actuarial gains and losses

The actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the statement of profit and loss.

j) Accounting of Cenvat Credit:

Cenvat credit is accounted as per actual credit availed in the Excise records, on receipt of materials.

k) Foreign Currency Transactions :

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the original rates of exchange in force at the time the transactions are effected. At the year-end, monetary items denominated in foreign currency are reported using the closing rates of exchange. Exchange differences arising thereon and on realisation / payments of foreign exchange are accounted as income or expense in the relevant year.

l) Revenue recognition:

Revenue (income) is recognised when no significant uncertainty as to measurability or collectibility exists.

m) Borrowing costs:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

n) Leases:

Assets acquired on leases where significant portions of the risks and rewards incidental to ownership are retained by the lessors are classified as operating leases. Lease rentals are charged to the Statement of profit & loss on accrual basis. Rentals received on assets given on operating leases are recognised as income in the statement of profit and loss on straight-line basis over the period of the lease as per the terms of agreement.

o) Segment accounting :

The following accounting policies have been followed for segment reporting:

Segment Revenue includes Revenue from operation and other income directly identifiable with/allocable to segment.

Expenses that are directly identifiable with / allocable to segments are considered for determining the Segment Results. The expenses which relate to the Company as a whole and not allocable to segments are included under Unallocable expenses. Segment assets and liabilities include those directly identifiable with the respective segments. Unallocable corporate assets and liabilities represent the assets and liabilities that relate to the Company as a whole and not allocable to any segment. Unallocated assets mainly comprise Cash and Bank balances. Unallocable liabilities include Deferred tax, Secured loans, Provision for tax ( net of advance payment of taxes) and Other liabilities

p) Taxes on Income:

Tax expense comprise both current tax and deferred tax at the applicable enacted/ substantively enacted rates. Current tax represents the amount of income tax payable / recoverable in respect of taxable income / loss for the reporting period. Deferred tax represents the effect of timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the reporting period that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

q) Product Warranty Expenses:

The estimated liability for product warranties is recorded when products are sold. These estimates are established using historical information on the nature, frequency and average cost of warranty claims.

r) Provisions and contingencies:

A provision is recognised where the Company has a legal and constructive obligation as a result of a past event, for which it is probable that cash outflow will be required and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A Contingent liability is disclosed when the Company has a possible or present obligation where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle it. Contingent assets are neither recognised nor disclosed.

s) Government Grants:

Grants related to specific Fixed Assets are disclosed as a deduction from the value of concerned Assets. Grants related to revenue are credited to the statement of Profit and Loss. Grants in the nature of promoter's contribution are treated as Capital Reserve.


Mar 31, 2011

A) Basis of preparation of financial statements

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention on the accrual basis of accounting and in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in India.

b) Management estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in India requires the M ana g ement t o make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) as of the date of the financial statements and the reported income and expenses during the reported period. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ from these estimates.

c) Fixed Assets :

Fixed assets are carried at cost of acquisition or construction and include amounts added on revaluation, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss.

d) Depreciation / Amortisation :

1. In respect of fixed assets revalued, depreciation is provided on the basis of useful life of assets as estimated by the external valuers or that calculated on original cost whichever is higher.

2. Depreciation on other fixed assets has been provided in the accounts at the rates and in the manner specified in schedule XIV to the Companies Act. 1956 as under:

i. Sheet Metal Divisions (Honda, Bhuimpal, Jejuri) : On Written Down Value Method in respect of buildings, furniture and fixtures and vehicles and on Straight Line Method in respect of plant and machinery.

ii. Bus Body Division : On straight line method.

3. Cost of leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease.

e) Impairment Loss :

Impairment loss is provided to the extent the carrying amount of assets exceeds their recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is the higher of an assets net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life. Net selling price is the amount obtainable from the sale of the asset in an arms length transaction between knowledgeable, willing parties, less the cost of disposal.

f) Intangible Assets

Intangible assets are stated at cost less accumulated amortisation. Computer software is amortised over a period of four years.

g) Investments :

Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value. Long Term investments are carried at cost. However when there is a decline, other than temporary, the carrying amount is reduced to recognise the decline

h) Inventories :

Items of inventory are valued on the basis given below :

i) Raw material : at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Cost determined by the Weighted Average Method.

ii) Components, Stores and Spares : at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Cost is determined by the Weighted Average Method.

iii) Work in process and Finished goods : at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Cost is determined on the basis of absorption costing.

iv) Scrap : at net realisable value.

i) Employee Benefits :

i) Gratuity

The Company has an obligation towards gratuity, a defined benefit retirement plan covering eligible employees. The plan provides for lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death while in employment or on termination of employment of an amount equivalent to 15 to 30 days salary payable for each completed year of service. Vesting occurs upon completion of five years of service. The company has obtained insurance policy with Life Insurance Corporation of India. The company accounts for the liability for gratuity benefits payable in future based on an independent actuarial valuation, carried out as at the year end.

ii) Superannuation

The company has a Superannuation plan (defined contribution plan). The company maintains separate irrevocable trust for employees covered and entitled to benefits. The company has obtained insurance policy with Life Insurance Corporation of India. The company contribute 15% eligible employees salary to the trust every year. The company recognizes such contributions as an expense when incurred. The company has no further obligation beyond this contribution.

iii) Provident Fund

The eligible employees of the Company are entitled to receive benefits under the provident fund, a defined contribution plan, in which both employees and the company make monthly contributions at a specified percentage of the covered employees salary (currently 12% of employees salary). The contributions as specified under the law are paid to the provident fund trust.

Contribution towards Pension fund is paid to the Regional Provident fund commissioner at specified percentage of the covered employees salary on monthly basis.

iv) Compensated absences

The company provides for the encashment of leave or leave with pay subject to certain rules. The employees are entitled to accumulate

leave subject to certain limits, for future encashment. The liability is provided based on the number of days of unutilized leave at each balance sheet date on the basis of an independent actuarial valuation, carried out as at the year end.

v) Actuarial gains and losses

The actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the statement of profit and loss.

j) Accounting of Cenvat Credit :

Cenvat credit is accounted as per actual credit availed in the Excise records, on receipt of materials.

k) Foreign Currency Transactions :

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the original rates of exchange in force at the time the transactions are effected. At the year end, monetary items denominated in foreign currency are reported using the closing rates of exchange. Exchange differences arising thereon and on realisation / payments of foreign exchange are accounted as income or expense in the relevant year.

l) Revenue recognition :

Revenue (income) is recognised when no significant uncertainly as to measurability or collectibility exists.

m) Borrowing costs :

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

n) Leases

Assets acquired on leases where significant portions of the risk and reward incidental to ownership are retained by the lessors are classified as operating leases. Lease rentals are charged to the profit & loss account on accrual basis. Rentals received on assets given on operating leases are recognised as income in the profit and loss account on straight-line basis over the period of the lease as per the terms of agreement.

o) SEGMENTAL ACCOUNTING

The following accounting polices have been followed for segment reporting :

Segment Revenue includes Sales and other income directly identifiable with / allocable to the segment.

Expenses that are directly identifiable with / allocable to segments are considered for determining the Segment Results. The expenses which relate to the Company as a whole and not allocable to segments are included under Unallocable expenses. Segment assets and liabilities include those directly identifiable with the respective segments. Unallocable corporate assets and liabilities represent the assets and liabilities that relate to the Company as a whole and not allocable to any segment. Unallocated assets mainly comprise Cash and Bank balances. Unallocable liabilities include Deferred tax. Secured loans, Provision for tax (net of advance payment of taxes) and Other

p) Fringe Benefit Tax :

Provision for Fringe Benefit Tax is made in accordance with Chapter XII-H of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

q) Taxes on Income :

Tax expense comprise both current tax and deferred tax at the applicable enacted / substantively enacted rates. Current tax represents the amount of income tax payable / recoverable in respect of taxable income / loss for the reporting period. Deferred tax represents the effect of timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the reporting period that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

r) Product Warranty Expenses

The estimated liability for product warranties is recorded when products are sold. These estimates are established using historical information on the nature, frequency and average cost of warranty claims.

s) Provisions and contingencies :

A provision is recognised where the Company has a legal and constructive obligation as a result of a past event, for which it is probable that cash outflow will be required and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A Contingent liability is disclosed when the Company has a possible or present obligation where it is not probable that an out flow of resources will be required to settle it. Contingent assets are neither recognised nor disclosed.

t) Government Grants :

Grants related to specific Fixed Assets are disclosed as a deduction from the value of concerned Assets. Grants related to revenue are credited to the Profit and Loss Account. Grants in the nature of promoters contribution are treated as Capital Reserve.


Mar 31, 2010

A) Basis of preparation of financial statements

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention on the accrual basis of accounting and in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in India.

b> Management estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in India requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) as of the date of the financial statements and the reported income and expenses during the reported period.The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financialstatements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ from these estimates.

c) Fixed Assets:

Fixed assets are carried at cost of acquisition or construction and include amounts added on revaluation, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss.

d) Depreciation/Amortisation:

1. In respect of fixed assets revalued, depreciation is provided on the basis of useful life of assets as estimated by the external valuers or that calculated on original cost whichever is higher.

2. Depreciation on other fixed assets has been provided in the accounts at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 as under:

i. Sheet Metal Divisions (Honda, Bhuimpal, Jejuri) : On Written Down Value Method in respect of buildings, furniture and fixtures and vehicles and on Straight Line Method in respect of plant and machinery.

ii. Bus Body Division: On straight line method.

3. Cost of leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease.

e> Impairment Loss:

Impairment loss is provided to the extent the carrying amount of assets exceeds their recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is the higher of an assets net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life. Net selling price is the amount obtainable from the sale of the asset in an arms length transaction between knowledgeable, willing parties, less the cost of disposal.

f) Intangible Assets

Intangible assets are stated ar cost less accumulated amortisation. Computer software is amortised over a period of four years.

g) Investments:

Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value. Long Term investments are carried at cost However when there is a decline, other than temporary, the carrying amount is reduced to recognise the decline.

h) Inventories:

Items of inventory are valued on the basis given below: •

i. Raw material :at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Cost is determined by the Weighted Average Method.

ii. Components, Stores and Spares: at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Cost is determined by the Weighted Average Method (Refer note 27 of Schedule 14)

iii. Work in process and Finished goods: at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Cost is determined on the basis of absorption costing.

iv. Scrap: at net realisable value.

i) Employee Benefits:

i) Gratuity

The Company has an obligation towards gratuity, a defined benefit retirement plan covering eligible employees. The plan provides for lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death while in employment or on termination of employment of an amount equivalent to 15 to 30 days salary payable for each completed year of service. Vesting occurs upon completion of five years of service. The company has obtained insurance policy with Life Insurance Corporation of India The company accounts for the Bability for gratuity benefits payable in future based on an independent actuarial valuation, carried out as at the year end.

ii) Superannuation

The company has a Superannuation plan (defined contribution plan) .The Company maintains separate irrevocable trust for employees covered and entitled to benefits. The company has obtained insurance policy with Life Insurance Corporation of India. The company contributes 15% of eligible employees salary to the trust every year. The company recognizes such contributions as an expense when incurred. The company has no further obligation beyond this contribution

iii) Provident Fund

The eligible, employees of the Company are entitled to receive benefits under the provident fund, a defined contribution plan, in which both employees and the company make monthly contributions ai a specified percentage of the covered employees salary ( currently 12% of employees salary ).The contributions as specified under the law are paid to the provident fund trust. Contribution towards Pension fund is paid to the Regional Provident fund commissioner at specified percentage of the covered employees salary on monthly basis.

iv) Compensated absences

The company provides for the encashment of leave or leave with pay subject to certain rules. The employees are entitled to accumulate leave subject to certain limits, for future encashment. The liability is provided based on the number of days of unutilized leave at each balance sheet date on the basis of an independent actuarial valuation, carried out as at the year end.

v) Actuarial gains and tosses

The actuarial gains ond losses are recognised immediately in the statement of profit and loss.

j> Accounting of Cenvat Credit:

Cenvat credit is accounted as per actual credit availed in the Excise records, on receipt of materials.

k) Foreign Currency Transactions:

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the original rates of exchange in force at the time the transactions are effected. At the year-end, monetary items denominated in foreign currency are reported using the closing rates of exchange. Exchange differences arising thereon and on realisation / payments of foreign exchange are accounted as income or expense in the relevant year.

l> Revenue recognition:

Revenue (income) is recognised when no significant uncertainty as to measurability or collectibility exists.

m) Borrowing costs:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

n) Leases

Assets acquired on leases where significant portions of the risks and rewards incidental to ownership are retained by the lessors are classified as operating leases. Lease rentals are charged to the profit & loss account on accrual basis.

Rentals received on assets given on operating leases are recognised as income in the profit and loss account on straight-line basis over the period of the lease as per the terms of agreement.

o> SEGMENTAL ACCOUNTING

The following accounting policies have been followed for segment reporting:

Segment Revenue includes Sales and other income directly identifiable with / allocable to the segment.

Expenses that are directly identifiable with / allocable to segments are considered for determining the Segment Results. The expenses which relate to the Company as a whole and not allocable to segments are included under Unallocable expenses.

Segment assets and liabilities include those directly identifiable with the respective segments. Unallocable corporate assets and liabilities represent the assets and liabilities that relate to the Company as a whole and not allocable to any segment. Unallocated assets mainly comprise Cash and Bank balances.

Unallocable liabilities include Deferred tax. Secured loans. Provision for tax (net of advance payment of taxes) and Other liabilities.

o) Fringe Benefit Tax:

Provision for Fringe Benefit Tax is made in accordance with Chapter Xll-H of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

p) Taxes on Income:

Tax expense comprise both current tax and deferred tax at the applicable enacted/ substantively enacted rates. Current tax represents the amount of income tax payable / recoverable in respect of taxable income / loss for the reporting period. Deferred tax represents the effect of timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the reporting period that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

q) Product Warranty Expenses

The estimated liability for product warranties is recorded when products are sold. These estimates are established using historical information on the nature, frequency and average cost of warranty claims.

r) Provisions and contingencies:

A provision is recognised where the Company has a legal and constructive obligation as a result of a past event, for which it is probable that cash outflow will be required and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A Contingent liability is disclosed when the Company has a possible or present obligation where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle it. Contingent assets are neither recognised nor disclosed.

s) Government Grants:

Grants related to specific Fixed Assets are disclosed as a deduction from the value of concerned Assets. Grants related to revenue are credited to the Profit and Loss Account. Grants in the nature of promoters contribution are treated as Capital Reserve.

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