Home  »  Company  »  AVT Natural Prod  »  Quotes  »  Accounting Policy
Enter the first few characters of Company and click 'Go'

Accounting Policies of AVT Natural Products Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1) ACCOUNTING CONVENTION:

The financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis under the historical cost convention on accrual basis of accounting in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles Accounting Standards notified under section 133 of the Companies Act 2013 read with rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014.

2) FIXED ASSETS :

a) Fixed Assets are stated at historical cost less depreciation. Cost includes, taxes and duties (but does not include taxes and duties for which CENVAT / VAT credit is available), freight and other direct or allocated expenses during construction period, net of any income earned. Assets acquired on hire purchase are capitalised at principal value.

b) Amount of provisional consideration paid on land acquired under registered lease-cum-sale agreement for twenty one years; with option to the Company to convert the lease into absolute sale at the expiry of the lease; subject to fulfilment of the terms and conditions specified and payment of additional consideration, if any, to be fixed at that time, is capitalised and included, without being amortised over the period of lease.

c) (i) Buildings and structures constructed on land acquired under lease-cum-sale agreement with option to convert the lease

into absolute sale at the expiry of the lease are depreciated in the normal way and such assets on other lease-hold land are amortised over the period of lease.

(ii) Tangible Fixed Assets at Tiptur and Decaffeination / Instant Tea Plant at Vazhakulam are depreciated on Written Down Value Method by adopting the useful life specified in Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013. Other Assets are depreciated on Straight Line Method by adopting the useful life specified in Schedule II of the Companies Act 2013 except for continuous process plant of marigold and spices which has been charged over 15 years based on technical evaluation. Assets costing individually less than Rs.5000/- are depreciated at 100% in the year of purchase. Depreciation for assets purchased / sold during a period is proportionately charged.

(iii) Intangible assets are amortized over their respective individual estimated useful lives on a straight line basis, commencing from the date the asset is available to the Company for its use. Depreciation and amortization methods, useful lives and residual values are reviewed periodically, including at each financial year end.

3) IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS:

The Company reviews the carrying amounts of its assets for any possible impairment at each balance sheet date.

An impairment loss is recognized when the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount and the impairment loss, if any, is recognized in the Statement of Profit & Loss.

4) INVESTMENTS:

Long term Investments are stated at cost. Decline in value of long term investments, other than temporary, is provided for. Current Investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value.

5) INVENTORIES :

Inventories are valued at lower of cost on weighted average basis and net realisable value, after providing for obsolescence wherever considered necessary. Cost includes taxes and duties (other than duties and taxes for which CENVAT / VAT credit is available), freight and other direct expenses.

6) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS:

Gratuity liability, which is a defined benefit scheme and provision for leave encashment is accrued and provided for on the basis of independent actuarial valuation based on projected unit credit method made at the end of each financial year. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in the Statement of profit and loss and are not deferred.

Retirement benefits in the form of Provident Fund, Family Pension Fund and Superannuation Schemes, which are defined contribution schemes, are charged to the Statement of profit and loss of the year when the contribution to the respective funds accrue.

7) REVENUE RECOGNITION:

Revenue is recognised on their accrual and when no significant uncertainty on measurability or collectability exists. Expenditure is accounted for on their accrual.

Sale of Goods:

Revenue is recognised when all the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have been passed on to the buyer, usually on delivery of goods. The Company collects sales taxes and value added taxes (VAT) on behalf of the government and, therefore, these are not economic benefits flowing to the Company. Hence, they are excluded from revenue.

Interest:

Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate. Interest income is included under the head "other income" in the statement of profit and loss.

Dividends:

Dividend income is recognized when the Company's right to receive dividend is established by the reporting date.

8) FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTION:

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the rates of exchange in force at the time the transactions are effected. Monetary items denominated in foreign currency and outstanding at the Balance Sheet date are converted at the year end exchange rates and the resultant loss or gain other than for acquisition of fixed assets, is dealt with in the Profit and Loss Account. The Company uses foreign exchange forward contracts to hedge its exposure to movements in foreign exchange rates and the resultant gain or loss is dealt with in the Profit and Loss Account. Premium or discount on forward contracts is amortised over the life of such contract and is recognized as income or expense in the Profit and Loss account. Exchange differences arising on settlement / translation of long term monetary items utilized for acquisition of Fixed Assets are adjusted to carrying cost of Fixed Assets.

9) BORROWING COSTS :

Borrowing costs attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying asset is capitalized as part of such assets. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue. A qualifying assets is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale.

10) TAXES ON INCOME:

Provision for Income-tax is made for both current and deferred tax. Provision for current income tax is made on the assessable income at the tax rate applicable to the relevant assessment year. Deferred tax is accounted for by computing the tax effect of the timing difference which arise during the year and reverse out in the subsequent periods. Deferred tax is calculated at the tax rates substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is a virtual certainty that they will be realized.

11) GOVERNMENT GRANTS:

Subsidies from Government in respect of fixed assets are deducted from the cost of respective assets as and when they accrue. Subsidies related to revenue are recognised in the profit and loss statement to match them with the related costs which they are intended to compensate.

12) RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT:

Expenditure on research phase is recognised as an expense as and when it is incurred.

Expenditure on development phase is recognized as intangible assets if it is identifiable, capable of being controlled and from which future economic benefits are expected to flow to the enterprise. Intangible assets are stated at cost net of tax/duty credits availed, if any, less accumulated amortisation and cumulative impairment.

13) EARNINGS PER SHARE:

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting the preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity share holders outstanding during the period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for events such as bonus issue, bonus element in a right issue, share split, and reverse share split (consolidation of shares) that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

14) PROVISIONS & CONTINGENT LIABILITY:

Provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. These estimates are reviewed at each reporting date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

Contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. Contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The Company does not recognise contingent liability but discloses its existence in financial statements.

Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed.

15) CASH FLOW STATEMENT:

Cash Flow Statement is prepared segregating the cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities. Cash flow from operating activities is reported using indirect method. Under the indirect method, the net profit is adjusted for the effects of




Mar 31, 2013

1) ACCOUNTING CONVENTION:

The financial statements have been prepared on the historical cost convention in accordance with die normally accepted accounting principles and comply in all material aspects with the notified accounting standards by Companies Accounting Standards Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

2) FIXED ASSETS:

a) Fixed Assets are stated at historical cost less depreciation. Cost includes, taxes and duties (but does not include taxes and duties for which CENVAT / VAT credit is available), freight and other direct or allocated expenses during construction period, net ot any income earned. Assets acquired on hire purchase are capitalised at principal value.

b) Amount of provisional consideration paid on land acquired under registered lease-cum-sale agreement for twenty one years; with option to the Company to convert the lease into absolute sale at the expity of tire lease; subject to fulfilment of the terms and conditions specified and payment of additional consideration, if any, to be fixed at that time, is capitalised and included, without being amortised over the period of lease.

c) (i) Buildings and structures constructed on land acquired under lease-cum- sale agreement with option to convert die lease into absolute sale at the expiry ot die lease are depreciated in die normal way and such assets on other lease-hold land are amortised over die penod of lease.

(ii) Assets at Tiptur, Pandhurna, and Decaffeinarion Plant at Vazhakulam are depreciated on written-down-value method and assets at other locations are depreciated on Straight-line method, at die rates specified in Schedule XIV to die Companies Act, 1956. ‘

(iii) Depreciation is provided at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to die Companies Act, 1956 on written down value method. Assets costing individually less than Rs.5,000/- are depreciated at 100%. On additions to and deductions from Fixed Assets, depreciation is provided on pro-rata basis.

Amortisation on intangible assets is charged equally over the estimated useful life of die asset, not exceeding five years, commencing from the year of commercialisation. The useful life is estimated based on die evaluation ot future economic benefits expected to flow from such assets.

3) IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS :

The Company reviews the carrying amounts of its assets for any possible impairment at each balance sheet date. An impairment loss is recognized when the earning amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount and the impairment loss, if any, is recognized in the Statement of Profit & I .oss.

4) INVESTMENTS:

Long term Investments are stated at cost. Decline in value of long term investments, other than temporary, is provided for. Current Investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value.

5) INVENTORIES:

Inventories are valued at lower of cost on weighted average basis and net realisable value, after providing for obsolescence wherever considered necessary. Cost includes taxes and duties (other than duties and taxes for which CENVAT / VAT credit is available), freight and other direct expenses.

6) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS :

Gratuity liability, which is a defined benefit scheme and provision for leave encashment is accrued and provided for on the basis of independent actuarial valuation based on projected unit credit method made at the end of each financial year. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in the Statement of profit and loss and are not deferred. Retirement benefits in the form of Provident Fund, Family Pension Fund and Superannuation Schemes, which are defined contribution schemes, are charged to the Statement of profit and loss of the year when the contribution to the respectiTe funds accrue.

7) REVENUE RECOGNITION :

Revenue is recognised on their accrual and when no significant uncertainty'' on measurability or collectability exists. Expenditure is accounted for on dieir accrual.

Sale of Goods:

Revenue is recognised when all the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have been passed on to die buyer, usually on delivery of goods. The Company collects sales taxes and value added taxes (VAT) on behalf of the government and, therefore, these are not economic benefits flowing to die Company. I lence, diev are excluded from re enue.

Interest:

Interest income is recognised on a rime proportion basis taking into account die amount outstanding and die applicable interest rate. Interest income is included under the head "odier income" in die statement of profit and loss.

Dividends:

Dividend income is recognized when die Company''s right to receive dividend is established by die reporting date.

8) FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTION:

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the rates of exchange in force at the time the transactions are effected. Monetary items denominated in foreign currency and outstanding at the Balance Sheet date are converted at the year end exchange rates and the resultant loss or gain other than for acquisition of fixed assets, is dealt with in the Profit and Ixiss Account. The Company uses foreign exchange forward contracts to hedge its exposure to movements in foreign exchange rates and the resultant gain or loss is dealt with in the Profit and Ixiss Account. Premium or discount on forward contracts is amortised over the life of such contract and is recognized as income or expense in the Profit and Loss account. Exchange differences arising on settlement / translation of long term monetary items utilized for acquisition of Fixed Assets are adjusted to carrying cost of Fixed Assets.

9) BORROWING COSTS:

Borrowing costs attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying asset is capitalized as part of such assets. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale.

10) TAXES ON INCOME:

Provision for Income-tax is made for both current and deferred tax. Provision for current income tax is made on the assessable income at the tax rate applicable to the relevant assessment year. Deferred tax is accounted for by computing the tax effect of the timing difference which arise during the year and reverse out in the subsequent periods. Deferred tax is calculated at the tax rates substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is a virtual certainty that they will be realized.

11) GOVERNMENT GRANTS:

Subsidies from government in respect of fixed assets are deducted from the cost of respective assets as and when they accrue. Subsidies related to revenue are recognised in the profit and loss statement to match them with the related costs which they are intended to compensate.

12) RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT:

Expenditure on research phase is recognised as an expense as and when it is incurred.

FjXpenditure on development phase is recognized as intangible assets if it is identifiable, capable of being controlled and from which future economic benefits are expected to flow to the enterprise. Intangible assets are stated at cost net of tax/duty credits availed, if any, less accumulated amortisation and cumulative impairment.

13) EARNINGS PER SHARE:

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting the preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity share holders outstanding during the period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for events such as bonus issue, bonus element in a right issue, share split, and reverse share split (consolidation of shares) that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

14) PROVISIONS & CONTINGENT LIABILITY:

Provision is recognised when the company has a present obligation as a result of past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. These estimates are reviewed at each reporting date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

Contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. Contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The Company does not recognise contingent liability but discloses its existence in financial statements.

Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed.

15) CASH FLOW STATEMENT:

Cash Flow Statement is prepared segregating the cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities. Cash flow from operating activities is reported using indirect method. Under the Indirect method, the net profit is adjusted for the effects of

a) Transactions of a non-cash nature.

b) Any deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments and

c) Items of income or expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows.

Cash and cash equivalents (including bank balances) are reflected as such in Cash Flow Statement.


Mar 31, 2012

1) ACCOUNTING CONVENTION:

The financial statements have been prepared on the historical cost convention in accordance with the normally accepted accounting principles and comply in all material aspects with the notified accounting standards by Companies Accounting Standards Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act , 1956.

2) FIXED ASSETS:

a) Fixed Assets are stated at historical cost less depreciation. Cost includes, taxes and duties (but does not include taxes and duties for which CENVAT / VAT credit is available), freight and other direct or allocated expenses during construction period, net of any income earned. Assets acquired on hire purchase are capitalised at principal value.

b) Amount of provisional consideration paid on land acquired under registered lease-cum-sale agreement for twenty one years; with option to the Company to convert the lease into absolute sale at the expiry of the lease; subject to fulfilment of the terms and conditions specified and payment of additional consideration, if any, to be fixed at that time, is capitalised and included, without being amortised over the period of lease.

c) (i) Buildings and structures constructed on land acquired under lease-cum- sale agreement with option to convert the lease into absolute sale at the expiry of the lease are depreciated in the normal way and such assets on other lease-hold land are amortised over the period of lease.

(ii) Assets at Tiptur, Pandhurna, and Decaffeination Plant at Vazhakulam are depreciated on written-down-value method and assets at other locations are depreciated on Straight-line method, at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

(iii) Depreciation is provided at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act,1956 on written down value method. Assets costing individually less than Rs.5,000/- are depreciated at 100%. On additions to and deductions from Fixed Assets, depreciation is provided on pro-rata basis.

Amortisation on intangible assets is charged equally over the estimated useful life of the asset, not exceeding five years, commencing from the year of commercialisation. The useful life is estimated based on the evaluation of future economic benefits expected to flow from such assets.

3) IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS :

The Company reviews the carrying amounts of its assets for any possible impairment at each balance sheet date. An impairment loss is recognized when the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount and the impairment loss, if any, is recognized in the Statement of Profit & Loss.

4) INVESTMENTS:

Long term Investments are stated at cost. Decline in value of long term investments, other than temporary, is provided for. Current Investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value.

5) INVENTORIES :

Inventories are valued at lower of cost on weighted average basis and net realisable value, after providing for obsolescence wherever considered necessary. Cost includes taxes and duties (other than duties and taxes for which CENVAT / VAT credit is available), freight and other direct expenses.

6) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS :

Gratuity liability, which is a defined benefit scheme and provision for leave encashment is accrued and provided for on the basis of independent actuarial valuation based on projected unit credit method made at the end of each financial year. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in the Statement of profit and loss and are not deferred. Retirement benefits in the form of Provident Fund, Family Pension Fund and Superannuation Schemes, which are defined contribution schemes, are charged to the Statement of profit and loss of the year when the contribution to the respective funds accrue.

7) REVENUE RECOGNITION :

Revenue is recognised on their accrual and when no significant uncertainty on measurability or collectability exists. Expenditure is accounted for on their accrual.

Sale of Goods:

Revenue is recognised when all the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have been passed on to the buyer, usually on delivery of goods. The Company collects sales taxes and value added taxes (VAT) on behalf of the government and, therefore, these are not economic benefits flowing to the Company. Hence, they are excluded from revenue.

Interest:

Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate. Interest income is included under the head "other income" in the statement of profit and loss.

Dividends:

Dividend income is recognized when the Company's right to receive dividend is established by the reporting date.

8) FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTION:

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the rates of exchange in force at the time the transactions are effected. Monetary items denominated in foreign currency and outstanding at the Balance Sheet date are converted at the year end exchange rates and the resultant loss or gain other than for acquisition of fixed assets, is dealt with in the Profit and Loss Account. The Company uses foreign exchange forward contracts to hedge its exposure to movements in foreign exchange rates and the resultant gain or loss is dealt with in the Profit and Loss Account . Premium or discount on forward contracts is amortised over the life of such contract and is recognized as income or expense in the Profit and Loss account. Exchange differences arising on settlement / translation of long term monetary items utilized for acquisition of Fixed Assets are adjusted to carrying cost of Fixed Assets.

9) BORROWING COSTS:

Borrowing costs attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying asset is capitalized as part of such assets. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale.

10) TAXES ON INCOME:

Provision for Income-tax is made for both current and deferred tax. Provision for current income tax is made on the assessable income at the tax rate applicable to the relevant assessment year. Deferred tax is accounted for by computing the tax effect of the timing difference which arise during the year and reverse out in the subsequent periods. Deferred tax is calculated at the tax rates substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is a virtual certainty that they will be realized.

11) GOVERNMENT GRANTS:

Subsidies from government in respect of fixed assets are deducted from the cost of respective assets as and when they accrue. Subsidies related to revenue are recognised in the profit and loss statement to match them with the related costs which they are intended to compensate.

12) RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT:

Expenditure on research phase is recognised as an expense as and when it is incurred.

Expenditure on development phase is recognized as intangible assets if it is identifiable, capable of being controlled and from which future economic benefits are expected to flow to the enterprise. Intangible assets are stated at cost net of tax/duty credits availed, if any, less accumulated amortisation and cumulative impairment.

13) EARNINGS PER SHARE:

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting the preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity share holders outstanding during the period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for events such as bonus issue, bonus element in a right issue, share split, and reverse share split (consolidation of shares) that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

14) PROVISIONS & CONTINGENT LIABILITY:

Provision is recognised when the company has a present obligation as a result of past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. These estimates are reviewed at each reporting date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

Contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. Contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The Company does not recognise contingent liability but discloses its existence in financial statements.


Mar 31, 2011

1) ACCOUNTING CONVENTION:

The financial statements have been prepared on the historical cost convention in accordance with the normally accepted accounting principles and comply in all material aspects with the notified accounting standards by Companies Accounting Standards Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act ,1956.

2) FIXED ASSETS:

a) Fixed Assets are stated at historical cost less depreciation. Cost includes, taxes and duties (but does not includes taxes and duties for which CENVAT/VAT credit is available), freight and other direct or allocated expenses during construction period, net of any income earned. Assets acquired on hire purchase are capitalised at principal value.

b) Amount of provisional consideration paid on land acquired under registered lease-cum-sale agreement for twenty one years; with option to the Company to convert the lease into absolute sale at the expiry of the lease; subject to fulfilment of the terms and conditions specified and payment of additional consideration, if any, to be fixed at that time, is capitalised and included, without being amortised over the period of lease.

c) (i) Buildings and structures constructed on land acquired under lease-cum-sale agreement with option to convert the lease into absolute sale at the expiry of the lease are depreciated in the normal way and such assets on other lease-hold land are amortised over the period of lease.

(ii) Assets at Tiptur, Pandhurna and Decaffeination Plant at Vazhakulam are depreciated on written-down-value method and assets at other locations are depreciated on Straight-line method, at the rates specified in Schedule XTV to the Companies Act, 1956.

(iii) Depreciation is provided at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 on written-down-value method. Assets costing individually less than Rs. 5,000/- are depreciated at 100%. On additions to and deductions from Fixed Assets, depreciation is provided on pro-rata basis.

Amortisation on intangible assets is charged equally over the estimated useful life of the asset, not exceeding five years, commencing from the year of commercialisation. The useful life is estimated based on the evaluation of future economic benefits expected to flow from such assets.

3) IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS :

The Company reviews the carrying amounts of its assets for any possible impairment at each balance sheet date. An impairment loss is recognized when the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount and the impairment loss, if any, is recognized in the Profit and Loss Account.

4) INVESTMENTS:

Long term Investments are stated at cost. Decline in value of long term investments, other than temporary, is provided for. Current Investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value.

5) INVENTORIES:

Inventories are valued at lower of cost on weighted average basis and net realisable value, after providing for obsolescence wherever considered necessary. Cost includes taxes and duties (other than duties and taxes for which CENVAT / VAT credit is available), freight and other direct expenses.

6) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS:

Gratuity liability, which is a defined benefit scheme and provision for leave encashment is accrued and provided for on the basis of independent actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year. Actuarial gains and losses are recognized in the Profit and Loss account and are not deferred. Retirement benefits in the form of Provident Fund, Family Pension Fund and Superannuation Schemes, which are defined contribution schemes, are charged to the Profit and Loss Account of the year when the contribution to the respective funds accrue.

7) REVENUE RECOGNITION:

Revenue is recognised on their accrual and when no significant uncertainty on measurability or collectability exists. Expenditure is accounted for on their accrual.

8) FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTION:

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the rates of exchange in force at the time the transactions are effected. Monetary items denominated in foreign currency and outstanding at the Balance Sheet date are converted at the year end exchange rates and the resultant loss or gain other than for acquisition of fixed assets, is dealt with in the Profit and Loss Account. The Company uses foreign exchange forward contracts to hedge its exposure to movements in foreign exchange rates and the resultant gain or loss is dealt with in the Profit and Loss Account. Premium or discount on forward contracts is amortised over the life of such contract and is recognized as income or expense in the Profit and Loss account. Exchange differences arising on setdement / translation of long term monitory items utilized for acquisition of Fixed Assets are adjusted to carrying cost of Fixed Assets.

9) BORROWING COSTS:

Borrowing costs attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of such assets. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue. A qualifying assets is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale.

10) TAXES ON INCOME:

Provision for Income-tax is made for both current and deferred tax. Provision for current income tax is made on the assessable income at the tax rate applicable to the relevant assessment year. Deferred tax is accounted for by computing the tax effect of the timing difference which arise during the year and reverse out in the subsequent periods. Deferred tax is calculated at the tax rates substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is a virtual certainty that they will be realized.

11) GOVERNMENT GRANTS:

Subsidies from government in respect of fixed assets are deducted from the cost of respective assets as and when they accrue.

Subsidies related to revenue are recognised in the profit and loss statement to match them with the related costs which they are intended to compensate.

12) RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT:

Expenditure on research phase is recognised as an expense as and when it is incurred.

Expenditure on development phase is recognized as intangible assets if it is identifiable, capable of being controlled and from which future economic benefits are expected to flow to the enterprise. Intangible assets are stated at cost net of tax/duty credits availed, if any, less accumulated amortisation and cumulative impairment


Mar 31, 2010

1) ACCOUNTING CONVENTION:

The financial statements have been prepared on the historical cost convention in accordance with the normally accepted accounting principles and comply in all material aspects with the notified accounting standards by Companies Accounting Standards Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act ,1956.

2) FIXED ASSETS:

a) Fixed Assets are stated at historical cost less depreciation. Assets acquired on hire purchase are capitalised at principal value.

b) Amount of provisional consideration paid on land acquired under registered lease-cum-sale agreement for twenty one years; with option to the Company to convert the lease into absolute sale at the expiry of the lease; subject to fulfilment of the terms and conditions specified and payment of additional consideration, if any, to be fixed at that time, is capitalised and included, without being amortised over the period of lease.

c) (i) Buildings and structures constructed on land acquired under lease-cum- sale agreement with option to convert the lease into absolute sale at the expiry of the lease are depreciated in the normal way and such assets on other lease-hold land are amortised over the period of lease.

(ii) Assets at Tiptur, Pandhurna, Bydagi and Decaffeination Plant at Vazhakulam are depreciated on written-down-value method and assets at other locations are depreciated on Straight-line method, at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

(iii) Depreciation on additions to and deductions from Fixed Assets is provided on pro-rata basis.

3) IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS :

The Company reviews the carrying amounts of its assets for any possible impairment at each balance sheet date. An impairment loss is recognized when the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount and the impairment loss, if any, is recognized in the Profit and Loss Account.

4) INVESTMENTS:

Long Term Investments are stated at cost. Decline in value of Long term investments, other than temporary, is provided for.

5) INVENTORIES :

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value, after providing for obsolescence wherever necessary.

6) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS :

Gratuity Liability, which is a defined benefit scheme and provision for leave encashment is accrued and provided for on the basis of independent actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year. Actuarial gains and losses are recognized in the Profit and Loss account and are not deferred.Retirement benefits in the form of Provident Fund, Family Pension Fund and Superannuation Schemes, which are defined contribution schemes, are charged to the Profit and Loss Account of the year when the contribution to the respective funds accrue.

7) REVENUE RECOGNITION :

Revenue is recognised and expenditure is accounted for on their accrual.

8) FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTION:

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the rates of exchange in force at the time the transactions are effected. Monetary items denominated in foreign currency and outstanding at the Balance Sheet date are converted at the year end exchange rates and the resultant loss or gain other than for acquisition of fixed assets, is dealt with in the Profit and Loss Account. The Company uses foreign exchange forward contracts to hedge its exposure to movements in foreign exchange rates and the resultant gain or loss is dealt with in the Profit and Loss Account . Premium or discount on forward contracts is amortised over the life of such contract and is recognized as income or expense in the Profit and Loss account. Exchange differences arising on settlement / translation of long term monitory items utilized for acquisition of Fixed Assets are adjusted to carrying cost of Fixed Assets.

9) BORROWING COSTS:

Borrowing costs attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of such assets. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue. A qualifying assets is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale.

10) TAXES ON INCOME:

Provision for Income-tax is made for both current and deferred tax. Provision for current income tax is made on the assessable income at the tax rate applicable to the relevant assessment year. Deferred tax is accounted for by computing the tax effect of the timing difference which arise during the year and reverse out in the subsequent periods. Deferred tax is calculated at the tax rates substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is a virtual certainty that they will be realized.

 
Subscribe now to get personal finance updates in your inbox!