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Accounting Policies of Bartronics India Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

A. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements:

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on accrual basis and in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in India and the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Act, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014.

b. Use of Estimates:

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires that management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

c. Fixed Assets:

A. Tangible Assets:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost (net of duties and taxes) less depreciation. Cost includes installation and expenditure during construction, import duties, freight, insurance and incidental expenses directly attributable to the Fixed Assets. Fixed Assets costing less than Rs.5,000 are fully depreciated in the year of purchase. Assessment for indication of any impairment of Fixed Asset is made at the year-end and impairment loss, if any, is recognized immediately. Depreciation is provided on Straight Line Method as per the rates and in the manner provided in the Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013.

B. Intangible Assets:

Intangible Assets are stated at cost less amortization. Intangible Assets are amortized over their estimated useful lives on a straight line basis using following rate of depreciation.

Intellectual Property Rights 15.83% (6 Years)

Software 15.83% (6 Years)

d. Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalized as part of the cost of such asset. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantially period of time i.e., more than 12 months to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

e. Impairment of Assets:

At each balance sheet date, the Management reviews the carrying amounts of its assets to determine whether there is any indication that those assets were impaired. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated in order to determine the extent of impairment loss. Recoverable amount is the higher of an asset''s net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows expected from the continuing use of asset and from its disposal are discounted to their present value using a pre tax discount rate that reflects the current market assessments of time value of money and the risks specific to the asset. Reversal of impairment loss recognized in prior years if any is recorded when there is an indication that the impairment losses recognized for the asset no longer exist or have decreased. However, the increase in carrying amount of an asset due to reversal of an impairment loss is recognized to the extent it does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined (net of depreciation) had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in the prior years.

f. Investments:

Long-term Investments are stated at cost less diminution in the value of investments that is other than temporary. Current investments are valued at lower of cost and fair value.

g. Inventories:

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. The method of arriving at cost of various categories of inventories is as below:

a) Raw Materials First in First Out Method

b) Finished Goods Direct Material cost plus and Stock in appropriate overheads Progress

h. Income Taxes:

Current income tax expense comprises taxes on income from operations in India and in foreign jurisdictions. Income tax payable in India is determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961. Tax expense relating to foreign operations is determined in accordance with tax laws applicable in countries where such operations are domiciled.

Deferred Tax assets and liabilities are measured using current applicable tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which the temporary differences are expected to be received or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in the profit and loss account in the period of enactment of the change.

Deferred tax assets are recognized and carried forward to the extent that there is a reasonable/virtual certainty, as applicable, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance to the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of adjustment of future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax after the tax holiday period. Accordingly, MAT is recognized as an asset in the balance sheet when it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company and the asset can be measured reliably.

i. Employee Benefits:

The estimated liability for employee benefits for present and past services which are due as per the terms of employment are determined in accordance with the requirements of Accounting Standard (AS) 15 "Employee Benefits" issued by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006. A brief description of the employee benefits are as follows:

A. Gratuity - The Company has an obligation towards gratuity, a defined retiring plan covering all eligible employees. The plan provides for lump sum payment in accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 to vested employees on retirement, death while in employment or on separation. Vesting occurs on completion of five years of service. The liability is determined and charged to profit and loss account on the basis of valuation by independent actuary.

B. Provident Fund - This is a defined contribution plan of the Government of India under which both the employer and employee contribute monthly at a pre-determined rate (currently up to 12 % of employee salary) and the Company has no further obligation.

j. Revenue Recognition:

A. Export Sales:

Revenue from Sale of Export of Software is recognized upon transmission of software to customers through electronic form, when significant risks and rewards relating to the ownership of products are transferred to the customers by Company.

B. Manufactured Sales:

Revenue from Sale of Manufactured Goods is recognized upon dispatch of goods to customer, when significant risks and rewards relating to ownership of products are transferred to the customers by the Company.

Gross Sales are inclusive of Excise duty.

C. Trading Sales:

Revenue from Trading sales are recognized upon transmission of software to customer through electronic data transfer or by endorsement of bill of lading as the case may be, when significant risks and rewards relating to ownership of products are transferred to the customers by the company.

D. Service Income:

Annual Maintenance Contract and Service Income are recognized on a time proportion basis.

k. Foreign Currency Translation and

Foreign Currency Transactions:

A. Wholly Owned Foreign Subsidiaries:

Wholly Owned Foreign Subsidiaries are classified as integral operations. All foreign currency monetary items outstanding at the year-end are translated at the year-end exchange rates. The resulting exchange gains and losses are recognized in the profit & loss account.

B. Foreign Branch:

Assets (other than Fixed Assets) and Liabilities of the foreign branch are translated into Indian Rupees at the exchange rate prevailing as at the Balance Sheet date. Fixed Assets are carried at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. Revenue and Expenses are translated into Indian Rupees at yearly average rates.

c. Other Foreign Currency Transactions:

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at year end are restated at the exchange rate on the date of the Balance Sheet date. Non-monetary items denominated in foreign currencies are carried at cost. Exchange differences on settlement or restatement are adjusted in the Profit and Loss account.

l. Leases:

The Company''s significant leasing arrangements are in respect of operating leases for premises and equipments. The leasing arrangements range from 11 months to 5 years generally and are usually cancellable / renewable by mutual consent on agreed terms. The aggregate lease rents payable and receivable are charged as rent or recognised as income, in the Profit and Loss Account.

m. Earnings Per Share:

Basic earnings per equity share ("EPS") is calculated by dividing the Net Profit/ (Loss) after Tax for the year attributable to the equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding for the year.

Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit or loss after tax for the year referred to above adjusted for any attributable change in expenses or income that would result from the conversion of the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year as adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares, except where the results are anti dilutive.

n. Provisions and Contingent Liabilities:

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimates required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not provided for but disclosed in the notes to the financial statements.

o. Redemption Premium:

Premium payable on redemption of Foreign Currency Convertible Bonds (''FCCB'') is charged to Securities Premium Account over the life of the Bond.


Sep 30, 2013

A. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements:

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on accrual basis and in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in India and accounting standards specified in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 notified by the Central Government in terms of section 211 (3C) of the Companies Act, 1956.

b. Use of Estimates:

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires that management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

c. Fixed Assets:

A. Tangible Assets:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost (net of duties and taxes) less depreciation. Cost includes installation and expenditure during construction, import duties, freight, insurance and incidental expenses directly attributable to the Fixed Assets. Fixed Assets costing less than Rs.5,000 are fully depreciated in the year of purchase. Assessment for indication of any impairment of Fixed Asset is made at the year-end and impairment loss, if any, is recognized immediately. Depreciation is provided pro-rata on Straight Line Method as per the rates and in the manner provided in the Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956, except for the following fixed assets where the rates applied are higher than the rates provided in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956:-

d. Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalized as part of the cost of such asset. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantially period of time i.e., more than 12 months to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

e. Impairment of Assets:

At each balance sheet date, the Management

reviews the carrying amounts of its assets to determine whether there is any indication that those assets were impaired. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated in order to determine the extent of impairment loss. Recoverable amount is the higher of an asset''s net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows expected from the continuing use of asset and from its disposal are discounted to their present value using a pre tax discount rate that reflects the current market assessments of time value of money and the risks specific to the asset.

Reversal of impairment loss recognized in prior years if any is recorded when there is an indication that the impairment losses recognized for the asset no longer exist or have decreased. However, the increase in carrying amount of an asset due to reversal of an impairment loss is recognized to the extent it does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined (net of depreciation) had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in the prior years.

f. Investments:

Long-term Investments are stated at cost less diminution in the value of investments that is other than temporary. Current investments are valued at lower of cost and fair value.

h. Income Taxes:

Current income tax expense comprises taxes on income from operations in India and in foreign jurisdictions. Income tax payable in India is determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961. Tax expense relating to foreign operations is determined in accordance with tax laws applicable in countries where such operations are domiciled.

Deferred Tax assets and liabilities are measured using current applicable tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which the temporary differences are expected to be received or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in the profit and loss account in the period of enactment of the change.

Deferred tax assets are recognized and carried forward to the extent that there is a reasonable/virtual certainty, as applicable, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance to the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of adjustment of future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax after the tax holiday period. Accordingly, MAT is recognized as an asset in the balance sheet when it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company and the asset can be measured reliably.

i. Employee Benefits:

The estimated liability for employee benefits for present and past services which are due as per the terms of employment are determined in accordance with the requirements of Accounting Standard (AS) 15 "Employee Benefits" issued by the Companies (Accounting Standards)

Rules, 2006. A brief description of the employee benefits are as follows:

A. Gratuity - The Company has an obligation towards gratuity, a defined retiring plan covering all eligible employees. The plan provides for lump sum payment in accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 to vested employees on retirement, death while in employment or on separation. Vesting occurs on completion of five years of service. The liability is determined and charged to profit and loss account on the basis of valuation by independent actuary.

B. Provident Fund - This is a defined contribution plan of the Government of India under which both the employer and employee contribute monthly at a pre- determined rate (currently up to 12 % of employee salary) and the Company has no further obligation.

j. Revenue Recognition: A. Export Sales:

Revenue from Sale of Export of Software is recognized upon transmission of software to customers through electronic form, when significant risks and rewards relating to the ownership of products are transferred to the customers by Company.

B. Manufactured Sales:

Revenue from Sale of Manufactured Goods is recognized upon dispatch of goods to customer, when significant risks and rewards relating to ownership of products are transferred to the customers by the Company. Gross Sales are inclusive of Excise duty.

C. Trading Sales:

Revenue from Trading sales are

recognized upon transmission of software to customer through electronic data transfer or by endorsement of bill of lading as the case may be, when significant risks and rewards relating to ownership of products are transferred to the customers by the company.

D. Service Income:

Annual Maintenance Contract and Service Income are recognized on a time proportion basis.

k. Foreign Currency Translation and

Foreign Currency Transactions:

A. Wholly Owned Foreign Subsidiaries:

Wholly Owned Foreign Subsidiaries are classified as integral operations. All foreign currency monetary items outstanding at the year-end are translated at the year-end exchange rates. The resulting exchange gains and losses are recognized in the profit & loss account.

B. Foreign Branch:

Assets (other than Fixed Assets) and Liabilities of the foreign branch are translated into Indian Rupees at the exchange rate prevailing as at the Balance Sheet date. Fixed Assets are carried at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. Revenue and Expenses are translated into Indian Rupees at yearly average rates.

c. Other Foreign Currency Transactions:

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at year end are restated at the exchange rate on the date of the Balance Sheet date. Non-monetary items denominated in foreign currencies are carried at cost. Exchange differences on settlement or restatement are adjusted in the Profit and Loss account.

l. Leases:

The Company''s significant leasing arrangements are in respect of operating leases for premises and equipments. The leasing arrangements range from 11 months to 5 years generally and are usually cancellable / renewable by mutual consent on agreed terms. The aggregate lease rents payable and receivable are charged as rent or recognised as income, in the Profit and Loss Account.

m. Earnings Per Share:

Basic earnings per equity share ("EPS") is calculated by dividing the Net Profit/ (Loss) after Tax for the year attributable to the equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding for the year.

Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit or loss after tax for the year referred to above adjusted for any attributable change in expenses or income that would result from the conversion of the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year as adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares, except where the results are anti dilutive.

n. Provisions and Contingent Liabilities:

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimates required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not provided for but disclosed in the notes to the financial statements.

o. Redemption Premium:

Premium payable on redemption of Foreign Currency Convertible Bonds (''FCCB'') is charged to Securities Premium Account over the life of the Bond.

i) Loans repayable on demand includes an amount of Rs. 21300.39 lakhs (30.09.2012:Rs. 17123.69 lakhs) represents working capital loans from banks are inter alia secured by way of pari passu first charge on current assets and pari passu second charge on fixed assets both present and future. Further these loans are secured by personal guarantee and properties of Mr.A.B.S.Reddy.Unsecured Loan is the short term advance received from the subsidiary Bartronics Asia Pte Ltd. Interest on W. Capital Loans are provided on the last known rates as the Banks have not provided the Statement of Account of each W.Capital loan. The figures are as per the books of accounts and not reconciled as statement of accounts for certain banks have not been provided.


Mar 31, 2011

1. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements:

The fnancial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention on accrual basis and in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India (GAAP) and accounting standards specifed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 notifed by the Central Government in terms of Section 211 (3C) of the Companies Act, 1956.

2. Use of Estimates:

The preparation of the fnancial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the fnancial statements and the reported amounts of income and expenses during the reported period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Changes in estimates are refected in the fnancial statements in the period in which changes are made and if material, their effects are disclosed in the fnancial statements.

3. Fixed Assets:

A. Tangible Assets:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost (net of duties and taxes) less accumulated depreciation. Cost includes installation and expenditure during construction, import duties, freight, insurance and incidental expenses directly attributable to the Fixed Assets. Fixed Assets costing less than Rs.5,000 are fully depreciated in the year of purchase. Assessment for indication of any impairment of Fixed Asset is made at the year-end and impairment loss, if any, is recognized immediately. Depreciation is provided pro-rata on Straight Line Method as per the rates and in the manner provided in the Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956, except for the following fixed assets where the rates applied are higher than the rates provided in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956:-

4. Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalized as part of the cost of such asset. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time i.e., more than 12 months to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are recognised as expense in the Profit and Loss account.

5. Impairment of Assets:

At each balance sheet date, Management reviews the carrying amounts of its assets to determine whether there is any indication that those assets were impaired. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated in order to determine the extent of impairment loss. Recoverable amount is the higher of an asset's net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash fows expected from the continuing use of asset and from its disposal are discounted to their present value using a pre tax discount rate that refects the current market assessments of time value of money and the risks specifc to the asset.

Reversal of impairment loss recognized in prior years if any is recorded when there is an indication that the impairment losses recognized for the asset no longer exist or have decreased. However, the increase in carrying amount of an asset due to reversal of an impairment loss is recognized to the extent it does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined (net of depreciation) had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in the prior years.

6. Investments:

Long-term Investments are carried at cost less diminution which is other than temporay in value of investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value.

8. Income Taxes:

The current income tax charge is determined in accordance with the relevant tax regulations applicable to the Company. Deferred tax charge or credits are recognised for the future tax consequences attributable to timing differences that result between the Profit / (loss) offered for income taxes and the Profit as per the fnancial statements.

Deferred tax in respect of timing difference which originate during the tax holiday period but reverse after the tax holiday period is recognised in the year in which the timing differences originate. For this purpose the timing differences which originate frst are considered to reverse frst. The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future; however, when there is a brought forward loss or unabsorbed depreciation under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty of realisation of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each Balance Sheet date and written down or written up to refect the amount that is reasonably / virtually certain to be realised. The Company offsets, on a year on year basis, the current tax assets and liabilities, where it has a legally enforceable right and intends to settle such assets and liabilities on a net basis.

Defined benefit plans

The Company accounts its liability for future gratuity benefits based on actuarial valuation, as at the Balance Sheet date, determined every year using the Projected Unit Credit method. Actuarial gains and losses are charged to the Profit and Loss account in the period in which they arise. Obligation under the defned benefit plan is measured at the present value of the estimated future cash fow using a discount rate that is determined by reference to the prevailing market yields at the Balance Sheet date on Indian Government Bonds where the currency and terms of the Indian Government Bonds are consistent with the currency and estimated term of the defned benefit obligation.

Compensated absences

The Company accounts for its liability towards compensated absences based on actuarial valuation done as at the Balance Sheet date by an independent actuary using the Projected Unit Credit method. The liability includes the long term component accounted on a discounted basis and the short term component which is accounted for on an undiscounted basis.

10. Revenue Recognition:

A. Export Sales:

Revenue from Sale of Export of Software is recognized upon transmission of software to customers through electronic form, when significant risks and rewards relating to the ownership of products are transferred to the customers by Company.

B. Manufactured Sales:

Revenue from Sale of Manufactured Goods is recognized upon dispatch of goods to customer, when significant risks and rewards relating to ownership of products are transferred to the customers by the Company. Gross Sales are inclusive of Excise duty.

C. Trading Sales:

Revenue from Trading sales are recognized upon transmission of software to customer through electronic data transfer or by endorsement of bill of lading as the case may be, when significant risks and rewards relating to ownership of products are transferred to the customers by the Company.

D. Service Income:

Revenue from services consist primarily of revenue earned from services performed on a "time and material" basis. The related revenue is recongised as and when the services are rendered and related costs are incurred and when there is no significant uncertainity in realising the same.

11. Foreign currency transactions and translations:

A. Wholly Owned Foreign Subsidiaries:

Wholly Owned Foreign Subsidiaries are classifed as integral operations. All foreign currency monetary items outstanding at the year-end are translated at the year-end exchange rates. The resulting exchange gains and losses are recognized in the Profit & loss account.

B. Foreign Branch:

Assets (other than Fixed Assets) and Liabilities of the foreign branch are translated into Indian Rupees at the exchange rate prevailing as at the Balance Sheet date. Fixed Assets are carried at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. Revenue and Expenses are translated into Indian Rupees at yearly average rates.

C. Other Foreign Currency Transactions:

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at year end are restated at the exchange rate on the date of the Balance Sheet date. Non-monetary items denominated in foreign currencies are carried at cost. Exchange differences on settlement or restatement are adjusted in the Profit and Loss account.

12. Leases:

The Company's significant leasing arrangements are in respect of operating leases for premises and equipments. The leasing arrangements range from 11 months to 5 years generally and are usually cancellable / renewable by mutual consent on agreed terms. The aggregate lease rents payable and receivable are charged as rent or recognised as income, in the Profit and Loss Account.

13. Earnings Per Share:

Basic earnings per equity share ("EPS") is computed by dividing the Net Profit/ (Loss) after Tax for the year attributable to the equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding for the year.

Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the Net Profit/(Loss) after Tax for the year referred to above adjusted for any attributable change in expenses or income that would result from the conversion of the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year as adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares, except where the results are anti dilutive.

14. Provisions and Contingent Liabilities:

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outfow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimates required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to refect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not provided for but disclosed in the notes to the fnancial statements.

15. Redemption Premium:

Premium payable on redemption of Foreign Currency Convertible Bonds ('FCCB') is charged to Securities Premium Account over the life of the Bond.


Mar 31, 2010

1.Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements:

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on accrual basis and in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in India and accounting standards specified in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 notified by the Central Government in terms of section 211 (3C) of the Companies Act, 1956.

2. Use of Estimates:

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires that management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

3. Fixed Assets:

A. Tangible Assets:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost (net of duties and taxes) less depreciation. Cost includes installation and expenditure during construction, import duties, freight, insurance and incidental expenses directly attributable to the Fixed Assets. Frixed Assets costing less than Rs.5,000 are fully depreciated in the year of purchase. Assessment for indication of any impairment of Fixed Asset is made at the year-end and impairment loss, if any, is recognized immediately. Depreciation is provided pro-rata on Straight Line Method as per the rates and in the manner provided in the Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956, except for the following fixed assets where the rates applied are higher than the rates provided in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956:-

"Plant & Machinery 7.42%

Electrical Installations 7.42%

B. Intangible Assets:

Intangible Assets are stated at cost less amortization. Intangible Assets are amortized over their estimated useful lives on a straight line basis using following rate of depreciation.

Intellectual Property Rights 10.00%

Software 16.67%

4. Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalized as part of the cost of such asset. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time i.e., more than 12 months to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

5. Impairment of Assets:

At each balance sheet date, the Management reviews the carrying amounts of its assets to determine whether there is any indication that those assets were impaired. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated in order to determine the extent of impairment loss. Recoverable amount is the higher of an assets net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows expected from the continuing use of asset and from its disposal are discounted to their present value using a pre tax discount rate that reflects the current market assessments of time value of money and the risks specific to the asset.

Reversal of impairment loss recognized in prior years if any is recorded when there is an indication that the impairment losses recognized for the asset no longer exist or have decreased. However, the increase in carrying amount of an asset due to reversal of an impairment loss is recognized to the extent it does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined (net of depreciation) had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in the prior years.

6. Investments:

Long-term Investments are stated at cost less diminution in the value of investments that is other than temporary. Current investments are valued at lower of cost and fair value.

7. Inventories:

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. The method of arriving at cost of various categories of inventories is as below:

a) Raw Materials First in First Out Method

b) Finished Goods and Work-In-Process Direct Material cost plus appropriate overheads

8. Income Taxes:

Current income tax expense comprises taxes on income from operations in India and in foreign, jurisdictions. Income tax payable in India is determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961. Tax expense relating to foreign operations is determined in accordance with tax laws applicable in countries where such operations are domiciled.

Deferred Tax assets and liabilities are measured using current applicable tax rates, expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which the temporary differences are expected to be received or setded. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recogni2ed in the profit and loss account in the period of enactment of the change.

Deferred tax assets are recognized and carried forward to the extent that there is a reasonable/virtual certainty, as applicable, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance to the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of adjustment of future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax after the tax holiday period. Accordingly, MAT is recognized as an asset in the balance sheet when it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Companv and the asset can be measured reliably.

9. Employee Benefits:

The estimated liability for employee benefits for present and past services which are due as per the terms of employment are determined in accordance with the requirements of Accounting Standard (AS) 15 "Employee Benefits" issued by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006. A brief description of the employee benefits are as follows:

A. Gratuity - The Company has an obligation towards gratuity, a defined retiring plan covering all eligible employees. The plan provides for lump sum payment in accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 to vested employees on retirement, death while in employment or on separation. Vesting occurs on completion of five years of service. The liability is determined and charged to profit and loss account on the basis of valuation by independent actuary.

B. Provident Fund - This is a defined contribution plan of the Government of India under which both the employer and employee contribute monthly at a pre-determined rate (currently up to 12 % of employee salary) and the Company has no further obligation.

10. Revenue Recognition:

A. Export Sales:

Revenue from Sale of Export of Software is recognized upon transmission of software to customers through electronic form, when significant risks and rewards relating to the ownership of products are transferred to the customers by Company.

B. Manufactured Sales:

Revenue from Sale of Manufactured Goods is recognized upon dispatch of goods to customer, when significant risks and rewards relating to ownership of products are transferred to the customers by the Company. Gross Sales are inclusive of Excise duty.

C. Trading Sales:

Revenue from Trading sales are recognized upon transmission of software to customer through electronic data transfer or by endorsement of bill of lading as the case may be, when significant risks and rewards i , relating to ownership of products are transferred to the customers by the company.

D. Service Income:

Annual Maintenance Contract and Service Income are recognized on a time proportion basis.

11. Foreign Currency Translation and Foreign Currency Transactions:

A. Wholly Owned Foreign Subsidiaries:

Wholly Owned Foreign Subsidiaries are classified as integral operations. All foreign currency monetary items outstanding at the year-end are translated at the year-end exchange rates. Income and Expenses are translated at the average monthly rates. The resulting exchange gains and losses are recognized in the profit & loss account.

B. Foreign Branch:

Assets (other than Fixed Assets) and liabilities of the foreign branch are translated into Indian Rupees at the exchange rate prevailing as at the Balance Sheet date. Fixed Assets are carried at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. Revenue and Expenses are translated into Indian Rupees at daily average rates.

C. Other Foreign Currency Transactions:

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at year end are restated at the exchange rate on the date of the Balance Sheet date. Non-monetary items denominated in foreign currencies are carried at cost. Exchange differences on setdement or restatement are adjusted in the Profit and Loss account. Premium or discount on forward contracts is amortized over the life of such contract and is recognized as income or expense in the Profit and Loss account. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal or retirement of forward contract is recognized in Profit and Loss account.

12. Leases:

The Companys significant leasing arrangements are in respect of operating leases for premises and equipments. The leasing, arrangements range from 11 months to 5 years generally and are usually cancellable / renewable by mutual consent on agreed terms. The aggregate lease rents payable and receivable are charged as rent or recognised as income, in the Profit and Loss Account.

13. Earnings Per Share:

Basic earnings per equity share ("EPS") is calculated by dividing the Net Profit/ (Loss) after Tax for the year attributable to the equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding for the year.

Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit or loss after tax for the year referred to above adjusted for any attributable change in expenses or income that would result from the conversion of the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year as adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares, except where the results are and dilutive.

14. Provisions and Contingent Liabilities:

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to setde the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimates required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not provided for but disclosed in the notes to the financial statements.

15. Redemption Premium:

Premium payable on redemption of Foreign Currency Convertible Bonds CFCCB1) is charged to Securities Premium Account over the life of the Bond.


Mar 31, 2003

1. METHOD OF ACCOUNTING :

1.1 The financial statements are prepared on a going concern basis with historical costs.

1.2 The company generally recognizes income and expenditure on an accrual basis.

2. FIXED ASSETS

2.1 Fixed Assets are stated cost less depreciation. Cost of Fixed Assets is inclusive of freight, duty, taxes and incidental expenses thereto wherever applicable.

3. DEPRECIATION

3.1 Written down value method of depreciation is adopted on all existing assets on the basis and at the rates prescribed by schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

4. INVENTORIES

4.1 Inventories are valued at cost inclusive of customs duty and other landing costs in respect of imported goods.

5. MISCELLANEOUS EXPENDITURE

5.1 Preliminary expenses are amortized over a period of 10 years.

6. DEFERRED EXPENDITURE

6.1 Deferred Software Expenditure is amortized over a period of 5 years beginning from the year of incurrence.

6.2 Deferred Marketing Expenditure is amortized over a period of 5 years commencing from the year of incurrence.

 
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