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Accounting Policies of Bhandari Hosiery Exports Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2016

NOTE1- CORPORATE INFORMATION

Bhandari Hosiery Exports Limited is a public limited Company incorporated under the provisions of Companies Act, 1956. The Company''s CIN is L17115PB1993PLC013930 and the Company''s Registered Office is situated in Punjab at Bhandari House, Village Meharban, Rahon Road, Ludhiana. The Company is listed at BSE Limited (BSE). The Company does not have any subsidiary Company. The Company is into Textiles and is a garment manufacturing company having vertical production facility to produce High Fashion Knitted Garments. With more than 19 years experience and state of that art manufacturing facilities, Bhandari Hosiery manufactures garments of leading international and overseas brands and some overseas retail chains..in the international market, we have a presence in around 18 countries including quality conscious markets like USA,, Canada,, UK and European Uniion..

The company is engaged in fabrics and in the manufacture and export of knitted hosiery garments such as T- Shirts,, Pull Overs,, Sweat Shirts,, Bermudas,, Pollo Shirts,, Track Suits,, Payajamas,, Lowers,, Ladies Knitted Tops with embroidery and prints etc. and manufacture , processing and trading of dyed and and undid fabrics at domestic and international levels. The Company conform to International standards in Human Recourses Practices and adopt Eco-friendly standards in production.

NOTE 2-ACCOUNTING POLICIES

2.1 ACCOUNTING POLICIES

(a) Basis of Accounting :

The accounts of the Company are prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India and the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 .

(b) Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements of the company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP). The Company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material respects with the Companies (Accounts) Rules 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013. The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis and under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of financial statements are consistent with those of previous year. The company has reclassified the previous year figures in accordance with the requirements applicable in the current year wherever required..

(c) Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires the management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) as on the date of the financial statements and the reported income and expenses during the reporting period. The estimates and assumptions used in the financial statements are based upon the Management''s evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances as on the date of financial statements. Management believes that the estimates used in the preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results may vary from these estimates.

(d) Revenue Recognition:

(i) Sale is recognized on dispatch of goods and returns if any made by the parties.

(ii) Claims and Benefits: Insurance and other claims are accounted for to the extent realized, as the ultimate collection thereof is uncertain at the time of raising the claim.

(iii) Opening Stock, Purchases, Sales and Closing stock are stated at net value excluding VAT. Any amount payable/ receivable towards VAT is shown in the Balance Sheet under the head Current Liabilities/ Current Assets.

(f) Fixed Assets:

Fixed Assets are stated at historical cost less accumulated depreciation.

(g) Depreciation:

Depreciation is systematically allocated over the useful life of an asset as specified in Schedule II of Companies Act, 2013.

(h) Inventories:

Stores and spares and raw material are valued at Cost.

Semi Finished Goods are valued at cost of materials and labour together with relevant factory overheads or net realizable value, whichever, is less.

Finished goods are valued at cost or net realizable value, whichever is less. Cost includes materials, direct labour and allocable overheads.

(i) Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that takes necessarily substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

.(j) Foreign Currency Conversion/Translation

(i) The export sales are converted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of custom clearance of export bills. The fluctuations in the exchange rates are accounted for as and when the payment is received and the amount is credited/ debited to the respective Sale Account.

(ii) In respect of export bills remaining unrealized at the yearend against which the payments received in the subsequent years the difference arising thereon is recognized as difference in exchange rates under the head misc. income/expenses.

.The total sales are inclusive of export incentives and rebate & discounts received and Rebate of Rs. 332746/-(Previous Year Rs. 574716/-) has been shown separately under Other Expenses in Statement of Profit and Loss.

Following cases are lying pending in appeal against different appellate authorities.

Nature of the case Authority Period Amount (in lacs) Status

Income tax Assessment ITAT Appeal A Y 2008-09 2.96 Pending

2.3 (a) Sales tax/ VAT liability has been provided for as per the return filed. According to our view there is no other liability in addition to the liability provided but in case any additional liability arises at the time of assessment, the same shall be provided at that time.

(b) Provision for Income Tax has been made in the Statement of Profit & Loss on the basis of actual tax liability under MAT as per the Income Tax Act, 1961.

2.4 Legal cases by and against Company

There are no legal cases pending or initiated against the Company. Following cases were filed by the Company against some parties and are pending:

2.5 Interest on FDRs is accounted for on accrual basis and the same has been accounted for under the head other Income. Other Income also includes Rent Received.

2.6 Impairment of Assets:- An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. Impairment losses, if any, are recognized in accordance with the Accounting Standard 28 issued in this regard by The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

No material Impairment of Assets has been identified by the Company and as such no provision is required as per Accounting Standards (AS 28) issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

2.7 Party''s balances (under Debtors, Creditors and Advances) as at the year end are subject to confirmation. However Company has a perpetual system of reconciling the accounts with its suppliers & customers during the year.

2.8 In the opinion of the Board, current assets, loans and advances have a value in the ordinary course of business at least equal to that stated in the Balance Sheet.

2.9 Segment Reporting

The Company is mainly engaged in the business of manufacturing of textiles consisting of fabric and garments. Considering the nature of the business and financial reporting of the company, the company has only one segment viz textiles as reportable segment . The company operates in domestic and export segment geographically .The sales for both is separately given .But due to the nature of business the assets / liabilities and expenses for these activities can not be bifurcated separately. Domestic Sales consist sales made in different parts of India. Export Sales consist exports made to Germany, Switzerland, USA, U.K., Netherland,, Dubai and other countries of European Union (EU). The Export sales and Domestic sales are as under


Mar 31, 2015

(a) Basis of Accounting :

The accounts of the Company are prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India and the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 .

(b) Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements of the company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP). The Company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material respects with the Companies (Accounts) Rules 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013. The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis and under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of financial statements are consistent with those of previous year. The company has reclassified the previous year figures in accordance with the requirements applicable in the current year wherever required..

(c) Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires the management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) as on the date of the financial statements and the reported income and expenses during the reporting period. The estimates and assumptions used in the financial statements are based upon the Management's evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances as on the date of financial statements. Management believes that the estimates used in the preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results may vary from these estimates.

(d) Revenue Recognition:

(i) Sale is recognized on dispatch of goods and returns if any made by the parties.

(ii) Claims and Benefits: Insurance and other claims are accounted for to the extent realized, as the ultimate collection thereof is uncertain at the time of raising the claim.

(iii) Opening Stock, Purchases, Sales and Closing stock are stated at net value excluding VAT. Any amount payable/ receivable towards VAT is shown in the Balance Sheet under the head Current Liabilities/ Current Assets.

(e) Retirement Benefits:

a. Short term Short term employee benefit are charged off at the undiscounted amount in the year in benefits which the related service is rendered.

b. Long term post Post retirement benefits comprise of Provident fund and gratuity which are accounted retirement for as follows:

i Provident fund This is a defined contribution plan , and contributions made to the fund are charged to revenue. The company has no further obligation for future provident fund benefits other than monthly contribution.

ii Gratuity fund This is a defined benefit plan . The liability of the company is determined based on the actuarial valuation using projected unit credit method . Actuarial gains and losses are recognized in full in the Statement of profit and loss for the period in which they occur. The retirement benefit obligation recognized in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as per Actuarial Valuation.

iii Leave with Provisions for leave with wages are made on the basis of leave accrued to the wages employee during the year.

(f) Fixed Assets:

Fixed Assets are stated at historical cost less accumulated depreciation. The company has capitalized all costs relating to acquisition and installation of fixed assets including interest during construction periods and trail run expenses. During the year, borrowing costs amounting to Rs. 11746060/- is capitalized under the head Plant and Machinery..

(g) Depreciation:

Depreciation is systematically allocated over the useful life of an asset as specified in Schedule II of Companies Act, 2013.

(h) Inventories:

Stores and spares and raw material are valued at Cost.

Semi Finished Goods are valued at cost of materials and labour together with relevant factory overheads or net realizable value, whichever, is less.

Finished goods are valued at cost or net realizable value, whichever is less. Cost includes materials, direct labour and allocable overheads.

(i) Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that takes necessarily substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

(j) Foreign Currency Conversion/Translation

(i) The export sales are converted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of custom clearance of export bills. The fluctuations in the exchange rates are accounted for as and when the payment is received and the amount is credited/ debited to the respective Sale Account.

(ii) In respect of export bills remaining unrealized at the year end against which the payments received in the subsequent years the difference arising thereon is recognized as difference in exchange rates under the head misc. income/expenses.

(iii) The total sales are inclusive of export incentives and rebate & discounts received and Rebate of Rs. 574716/- (Previous Year Rs. 15745033/-) has been shown separately under Other Expenses in Statement of Profit and Loss.


Mar 31, 2014

(a) Basis of Accounting :

The accounts of the Company are prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention and comply with the mandatory accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the disclosure requirements of Schedule VI (REVISED) to the Companies Act, 1956.

(b) Presentation and disclosure of Financial Statements

For the year ended 31 March 2014, the revised Schedule VI notified under the Companies Act, 1956, has become applicable to the Company, for preparation and presentation of its Financial Statements. The adoption of revised Schedule VI does not impact recognition and measurement principles followed for preparation of financial statements. However, it has significant impact on presentation and disclosures made in the financial statements. The company has also reclassified the previous year figures in accordance with the requirements applicable in the current year.

(c) Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires the management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) as on the date of the financial statements and the reported income and expenses during the reporting period. The estimates and assumptions used in the financial statements are based upon the Management''s evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances as on the date of financial statements. Management believes that the estimates used in the preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results may vary from these estimates.

(d) Revenue Recognition:

(i) Sale is recognized on despatch of goods and returns if any made by the parties.

(ii) Claims and Benefits: Insurance and other claims are accounted for to the extent realized, as the ultimate collection thereof is uncertain at the time of raising the claim.

(iii) Opening Stock, Purchases, Sales and Closing stock are stated at net value excluding VAT. Any amount payable/ receivable towards VAT is shown in the Balance Sheet under the head Current Liabilities/ Current Assets.

(e) Retirement Benefits:

a. Short term benefits Short term employee benefit are charged off at the undiscounted amount in the year in which the related service is rendered.

b. Long term post retirement Post retirement benefits comprise of Provident fund and gratuity which are accounted for as follows:

i Provident fund This is a defined contribution plan , and contributions made to the fund are charged to revenue. The company has no further obligation for future provident fund benefits other than monthly contribution.

ii Gratuity fund This is a defined benefit plan.The liability of the company is determined based on the actuarial valuation using projected unit credit method . Actuarial gains and losses are recognized in full in the Statement of profit and loss for the period in which they occur. The retirement benefit obligation recognized in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as per Actuarial Valuation.

iii Leave with wages Provisions for leave with wages are made on the basis of leave accrued to the employee during the year.

(f) Fixed Assets:

Fixed Assets are stated at historical cost less accumulated depreciation. The company has capitalized all costs relating to acquisition and installation of fixed assets. No borrowing Costs have been capitalized during the year.

(g) Depreciation:

Depreciation for the year is provided on straight-line method at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

(h) Inventories:

Stores and spares and raw material are valued at Cost.

Semi Finished Goods are valued at cost of materials and labour together with relevant factory overheads or net realizable value, whichever, is less.

Finished goods are valued at cost or net realizable value, whichever is less. Cost includes materials, direct labour and allocable overheads.

(i) Foreign Currency Conversion/Translation

(i) The export sales are converted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of custom clearance of export bills. The fluctuations in the exchange rates are accounted for as and when the payment is received and the amount is credited/ debited to the respective Sale Account.

(ii) In respect of export bills remaining unrealized at the year end against which the payments received in the subsequent years the difference arising thereon is recognized as difference in exchange rates under the head misc. income/expenses.

(iii) The total sales are inclusive of export incentives and rebate & discounts and rebate of Rs. 15745033/- (Previous Year Rs. 13851731/-) has been shown separately under selling expenses in Statement of Profit and Loss..


Mar 31, 2013

(a) Basis of Accounting :

The accounts of the Company are prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention and comply with the mandatory accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the disclosure requirements of Schedule VI (REVISED) to the Companies Act, 1956.

(b) Presentation and disclosure of Financial Statements

For the year ended 31 March 2013, the revised Schedule VI notified under the Companies Act, 1956, has become applicable to the Company, for preparation and presentation of its Financial Statements. The adoption of revised Schedule VI does not impact recognition and measurement principles followed for preparation of financial statements. However, it has significant impact on presentation and disclosures made in the financial statements. The company has also reclassified the previous year figures in accordance with the requirements applicable in the current year.

(c) Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires the management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) as on the date of the financial statements and the reported income and expenses during the reporting period. The estimates and assumptions used in the financial statements are based upon the Management''s evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances as on the date of financial statements. Management believes that the estimates used in the preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results may vary from these estimates.

(d) Revenue Recognition:

(i) Sale is recognized on despatch of goods and returns if any made by the parties.

(ii) Claims and Benefits: Insurance and other claims are accounted for to the extent realized, as the ultimate collection thereof is uncertain at the time of raising the claim.

(iii) Opening Stock, Purchases, Sales and Closing stock are stated at net value excluding VAT. Any amount payable/ receivable towards VAT is shown in the Balance Sheet under the head Current Liabilities/ Current Assets.

(e) Retirement Benefits:

a. Short term Short term employee benefit are charged off at the undiscounted amount in the year in benefits which the related service is rendered.

b. Long term post Post retirement benefits comprise of Provident fund and gratuity which are accounted retirement for as follows:

i Provident fund This is a defined contribution plan , and contributions made to the fund are charged to revenue. The company has no further obligation for future provident fund benefits other than monthly contribution.

ii Gratuity fund This is a defined benefit plan . The liability of the company is determined based on the actuarial valuation using projected unit credit method . Actuarial gains and losses are recognized in full in the Statement of profit and loss for the period in which they occur. The retirement benefit obligation recognized in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as per Actuarial Valuation.

iii Leave with Provisions for leave with wages are made on the basis of leave accrued to the wages employee during the year.

(f) Fixed Assets:

Fixed Assets are stated at historical cost less accumulated depreciation. The company has capitalized all costs relating to acquisition and installation of fixed assets. No borrowing Costs have been capitalized during the year.

(g) Depreciation:

Depreciation for the year is provided on straight-line method at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

(h) Inventories:

Stores and spares and raw material are valued at Cost.

Semi Finished Goods are valued at cost of materials and labour together with relevant factory overheads or net realizable value, whichever, is less.

Finished goods are valued at cost or net realizable value, whichever is less. Cost includes materials, direct labour and allocable overheads.

(i) Foreign Currency Conversion/Translation

(i) The export sales are converted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of custom clearance of export bills. The fluctuations in the exchange rates are accounted for as and when the payment is received and the amount is credited/ debited to the respective Sale Account.

(ii) In respect of export bills remaining unrealized at the year end against which the payments received in the subsequent years the difference arising thereon is recognized as difference in exchange rates under the head misc. income/expenses.

(iii) The total sales are inclusive of export incentives and rebate & discounts and rebate of Rs. 13,851,731/- (Previous Year Rs. 16,159,642/-) has been shown separately under selling expenses in Statement of Profit and Loss..


Mar 31, 2012

(a) (i) Basis of Accounting :

The accounts of the Company are prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention and comply with the mandatory accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the disclosure requirements of Schedule VI (REVISED) to the Companies Act, 1956.

(a) (ii) Presentation and disclosure of Financial Statements

For the year ended 31 March 2012, the revised Schedule VI notified under the Companies Act, 1956, has become applicable to the Company, for preparation and presentation of its Financial Statements. The adoption of revised Schedule VI does not impact recognition and measurement principles followed for preparation of financial statements. However, it has significant impact on presentation and disclosures made in the financial statements. The company has also reclassified the previous year figures in accordance with the requirements applicable in the current year.

(a) (iii) Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires the management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) as on the date of the financial statements and the reported income and expenses during the reporting period. The estimates and assumptions used in the financial statements are based upon the Management's evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances as on the date of financial statements. Management believes that the estimates used in the preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results may vary from these estimates.

(b) Revenue Recognition:

(i) Sale is recognized on despatch of goods and returns if any made by the parties.

(ii) Claims and Benefits: Insurance and other claims are accounted for to the extent realized, as the ultimate collection thereof is uncertain at the time of raising the claim.

(iii) Opening Stock, Purchases, Sales and Closing stock are stated at net value excluding VAT. Any amount payable/ receivable towards VAT is shown in the Balance Sheet under the head Current Liabilities/ Current Assets.

(d) Fixed Assets:

Fixed Assets are stated at historical cost less accumulated depreciation. The company has capitalized all costs relating to acquisition and installation of fixed assets. No borrowing Costs have been capitalized during the year.

(e) Depreciation:

Depreciation for the year is provided on straight-line method at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

(f) Inventories:

Stores and spares and raw material are valued at Cost.

Semi Finished Goods are valued at cost of materials and labour together with relevant factory overheads or net realizable value, whichever, is less.

Finished goods are valued at cost or net realizable value, whichever is less. Cost includes materials, direct labour and allocable overheads.

(g) Foreign Currency Conversion/Translation

(i) The export sales are converted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of custom clearance of export bills. The fluctuations in the exchange rates are accounted for as and when the payment is received and the amount is credited/ debited to the respective Sale Account.

(ii) In respect of export bills remaining unrealized at the year end against which the payments received in the subsequent years the difference arising thereon is recognized as difference in exchange rates under the head misc. income/expenses.

(iii) The total sales are inclusive of export incentives and rebate & discounts and rebate of Rs.16,159,642/- (Previous Year Rs. 16,468,663/-) has been shown separately under selling expenses in Statement of Profit and Loss..


Mar 31, 2011

(a) Basis of Accounting :

The accounts of the Company are prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention and comply with the mandatory accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the disclosure requirements of Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956.

(b) Revenue Recognition:

(i) Sale is recognized on despatch of goods and returns if any made by the parties.

(ii) Claims and Benefits: Insurance and other claims are accounted for to the extent realized, as the ultimate collection thereof is uncertain at the time of raising the claim.

(iii) Opening Stock, Purchases, Sales and Closing stock are stated at net value excluding VAT. Any amount payable/ receivable towards VAT is shown in the Balance Sheet under the head Current Liabilities/ Current Assets.

(c) Retirement Benefits:

a.Short term Short term employee benefit are charged off at the benefits undiscounted amount in the year in which the related service is rendered.

b.Long term post Post retirement benefits comprise of Provident retirement fund and gratuity which are accounted for as follows:

i Provident fund This is a defined contribution plan , and contributions made to the fund are charged to revenue. The company has no further obligation for future provident fund benefits other than monthly contribution.

ii Gratuity fund This is a defined benefit plan . The liability of the company is determined based on the actuarial valuation using projected unit credit method . Actuarial gains and losses are recognized in full in the profit and loss account for the period in which they occur . The retirement benefit obligation recognized in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as per Actuarial Valuation.

iii Leave with Provisions for leave with wages are made on the wages basis of leave accrued to the employee during the year.

(d) Fixed Assets:

Fixed Assets are stated at historical cost less accumulated depreciation. The company has capitalized all costs relating to acquisition and installation of fixed assets. No borrowing Costs have been capitalized during the year.

(e) Depreciation:

Depreciation for the year is provided on straight-line method at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

(f) Inventories:

Stores and spares and raw material are valued at Cost.

Semi Finished Goods are valued at cost of materials and labour together with relevant factory overheads or net realizable value, whichever, is less.

Finished goods are valued at cost or net realizable value, whichever is less. Cost includes materials, direct labour and allocable overheads.

(g) Foreign Currency Conversion/Translation

(i) The export sales are converted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of custom clearance of export bills. The fluctuations in the exchange rates are accounted for as and when the payment is received and the amount is credited/ debited to the respective Sale Account.

(ii) In respect of export bills remaining unrealized at the year end against which the payments received in the subsequent years the difference arising thereon is recognized as difference in exchange rates under the head misc. income/expenses.

(iii) The total sales are inclusive of export incentives and rebate & discounts and rebate of Rs.16,468,663/- (Previous Year Rs. 21,826,232/-) has been shown separately under selling expenses in Profit and Loss account.


Mar 31, 2010

(a) Basis of Accounting :

The accounts of the Company are prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention and comply with the mandatory accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the disclosure requirements of Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956.

(b) Revenue Recognition:

(i) Sale is recognized on despatch of goods and returns if any made by the parties.

(ii) Claims and Benefits: Insurance and other claims are accounted for to the extent realized, as the ultimate collection thereof is uncertain at the time of raising the claim.

(iii) Opening Stock, Purchases, Sales and Closing stock are stated at net value excluding VAT. Any amount payable/ receivable towards VAT is shown in the Balance Sheet under the head Current Liabilities/ Current Assets.

(c) Retirement Benefits:

(i) Gratuity: Provision for gratuity liability to employees is made on the basis of accrued liability calculated under the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972, as per Actuarial valuation.

(ii) Provident Fund: Contribution to Provident Fund is made in accordance with the provisions of the Employees Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952.

(iii) Leave with Wages: Provisions for leave with wages is made on the basis of leaves accrued to the employees during the year.

(d) Fixed Assets:

Fixed Assets are stated at historical cost less accumulated depreciation. The company has capitalized all costs relating to acquisition and installation of fixed assets. No borrowing Costs have been capitalized during the year.

(e) Depreciation:

Depreciation for the year is provided on straight-line method at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

(f) Investments :

Investments of the company in unquoted shares are valued at NIL because of their negative intrinsic value.

(g) Inventories:

Stores and spares and raw material are valued at Cost.

Semi Finished Goods are valued at cost of materials and labour together with relevant factory overheads or net realizable value, whichever, is less.

Finished goods are valued at cost or net realizable value, whichever is less. Cost includes materials, direct labour and allocable overheads.

(h) Foreign Currency Conversion/Translation

(i) The export sales are converted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of custom clearance of export bills. The fluctuations in the exchange rates are accounted for as and when the payment is received and the amount is credited/ debited to the respective Sale Account.

(ii) In respect of export bills remaining unrealized at the year end against which the payments received in the subsequent years the difference arising thereon is recognized as difference in exchange rates under the head misc. income/expenses.

(iii) The total sales are inclusive of export incentives and rebate & discounts and rebate of Rs.21093904/- allowed has been shown separately under selling expenses in Profit and Loss account.

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