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Accounting Policies of Bharti Infratel Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2016

1. Corporate Information

Bharti Infratel Limited (''the Company'' or ''BIL'') incorporated on November 30, 2006 with the object of, inter-alia, setting up, operating and maintaining wireless communication towers. The Company received the certificate of commencement of business on April 10, 2007 from the Registrar of Companies. The Registered office of the Company is situated at Bharti Crescent, 1, Nelson Mandela Road, Vasant Kunj, Phase - II, New Delhi -110070.

The Company has entered into a joint venture agreement with Vodafone India Limited and Aditya Birla Telecom Limited to provide passive infrastructure services in 15 telecom circles of India and formed Indus Towers Limited (''Indus'') for such purpose. The Company and Vodafone India Limited are holding approximately 42% each in Indus and the balance 16% is held by Aditya Birla Telecom Limited. The Company''s shares are publically traded on National Stock Exchange and BSE India.

The wholly owned subsidiary, Bharti Infratel Services Limited, has been incorporated on June 4, 2013 with the object of providing operation and management services of all kinds in the field of telecom infrastructure (both active and passive), telecom equipments, wireless communication towers, either on its own or in alliance with any other Person/Body/Bodies Corporate incorporated in India or abroad. The company was evaluating various business opportunities, but due to various reasons remained inoperative since incorporation. In view of this, Board of Directors at their meeting held on March 29, 2016 have agreed to initiate the process of striking off the name of the Company from the Register of Registrar of Companies under Fast Track Exit Mode.

A wholly owned subsidiary, Smartx Services Limited, has been incorporated on September 21, 2015 with the object of transmission through Optic Fibre Cables and setting up Wi-Fi hotspots for providing services to telecom operators and others on sharing basis.

2. Basis of Preparation

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP). The Company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material respects with the accounting standards notified under section 133 of the Companies Act 2013 (the ''Act''), read together with paragraph 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis except in case of assets for which fair valuation is carried out. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of financial statements are consistent with those of previous year except as mentioned in para 2.1 (r) below.

2.1 Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

a. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements is in conformity with Indian GAAP and requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

b. Tangible Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition, except for assets acquired under Scheme of Arrangement (refer note 41), which are stated at fair values at the date of acquisition as per Schemes net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. The cost comprises cost of acquisition, including taxes and duties (net of CENVAT credit), freight and other incidental expenses related to acquisition and installation.

Site restoration cost obligations arising from site acquisition are capitalised when it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate of the amount can be made.

Subsequent expenditure related to an item of fixed asset is added to its book value only if it increases the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. All other expenses on existing fixed assets, including day-to-day repair and maintenance expenditure are charged to the statement of profit and loss for the year during which such expenses are incurred.

Gains or losses arising from de-recognition of fixed assets are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognised in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is derecognised.

c. Depreciation on Tangible Fixed Assets

Depreciation on tangible assets is calculated on a straight-line basis using the rates arrived at based on the useful lives estimated by the management. The Company has used the following lives to provide depreciation on its tangible assets:

The existing useful lives of tangible assets are different from the useful lives as prescribed under Part C of Schedule II to the Act, and the Company believes that this is the best estimate on the basis of technical evaluation and actual usage period.

The existing realisable values of certain tangible assets are different from 5% as prescribed under Part C of Schedule II to the Act, and the Company believes that this is the best estimate on the basis of actual realisation.

The site restoration cost obligation capitalised as part of plant and machinery is depreciated over the useful life of the related asset.

Also, refer note 44 below.

d. Intangible Assets and Amortisation Expense

Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortisation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Software is capitalised at the amounts paid to acquire the respective license for use and is amortised over the period of licence, generally not exceeding three years.

Amortisation is recognised in statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful economic lives of intangible assets from the date they are available for use. The amortisation period and the amortisation method are reviewed at each balance sheet date. If the expected useful life of the asset is significantly different from previous estimates, the amortisation period is changed accordingly.

Gains or losses arising from de-recognition of intangible assets are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognised in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is derecognised.

e. Leases

Where the Company is lessee

Finance leases, which effectively transfer to the Company substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to ownership of the leased asset, are capitalised at the inception of the lease term at the lower of the fair value of the leased asset and present value of minimum lease payments. Lease payments are apportioned between the finance charges and reduction of the lease liability so as to achieve a constant rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability. Finance charges are recognised as finance costs in the statement of profit and loss.

A leased asset is depreciated on a straight-line basis over the useful life of the asset. However, if there is no reasonable certainty that the Company will obtain the ownership by the end of the lease term, the capitalised asset is depreciated on a straight-line basis over the shorter of the estimated useful life of the asset and the lease term.

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased item are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognised as an expense in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the non-cancellable lease term.

Where the Company is lessor

Leases in which the Company does not transfer substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the asset are classified as operating leases. Assets subject to operating leases are included in fixed assets. Lease income on an operating lease is recognised in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the non-cancellable lease term. Costs, including depreciation, are recognised as an expense in the statement of profit and loss.

f. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs include interest, amortisation of ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost.

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalised as part of the cost of the respective asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

g. Impairment of Tangible and Intangible Assets

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recognised for the amount by which the assets'' carrying amount exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of the assets'' fair value less costs to sell and value in use. Impairment losses are recognised in the statement of profit and loss under the caption depreciation and amortisation expense.

For the purpose of assessing impairment, assets are grouped at the lowest levels for which there are separately identifiable cash flows (cash generating units).

h. Investments

Investments, which are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as non-current investments.

Current investments are carried in the financial statements at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Non-current investments are carried at cost, except for investment in Indus, which is stated at fair value as per the Scheme of Arrangement (refer note 43). However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognise a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the statement of profit and loss.

i. Revenue Recognition and Receivables

Revenue is recognised to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Revenues

Revenues include revenue from the use of sites and energy charges received from customers. Revenue is recognised as and when services are rendered. If the payment terms in the service agreements include fixed escalations, the effect of such increases is recognised on a straight-line basis over the fixed, non-cancellable term of the agreement, as applicable.

Unbilled receivables represent revenues recognised from the last invoice raised to customer to the year end. These are billed in subsequent periods based on the terms of agreement with the customers. The Company collects service tax on behalf of the Government of India and therefore, it is not an economic benefit flowing to the Company. Hence it is excluded from revenue.

Interest

Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate. Interest income is included under the head "other income" in the statement of profit and loss.

Dividend

Dividend income is recognised when the Company''s right to receive dividend is established by the reporting date.

Provision for doubtful debts

As per the policy, the Company provides for amount outstanding for more than 105 days from the invoice date in case of site sharing operators other than from Bharti Airtel Limited (Parent Company) or in specific cases where management is of the view that the amounts for certain customers are not recoverable.

j. Foreign Currency Transactions and Balances

Initial recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are retranslated using the exchange rate prevailing at the reporting date. Non- monetary items, which are measured in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency, are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. Non-monetary items, which are measured at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency, are translated using the exchange rate at the date when such value was determined.

Exchange differences

Exchange differences arising on settlement of monetary items or on restatement of the Company''s monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are taken to the statement of profit and loss.

k. Retirement and Other Employee Benefits

Short term employee benefits are recognised in the year during which the services have been rendered.

All employees of the Company are entitled to receive benefits under the provident fund, which is a defined contribution plan. Contribution to provident fund is recognised as and when the services are rendered. Both the employee and the employer make monthly contributions to the plan at a predetermined rate of the employees'' basic salary. These contributions are made to the fund administered and managed by the Government of India. In addition, some employees of the Company are covered under the employees'' state insurance schemes, which are also defined contribution schemes recognised and administered by the Government of India.

The Company''s contributions to both these schemes are expensed in the statement of profit and loss. The Company has no further obligations under these plans beyond its monthly contributions.

The Company provides for Gratuity obligations through a defined benefit retirement plan covering all employees. The cost of providing benefits under this plan is determined on the basis of actuarial valuation at each reporting period end. Actuarial valuation is carried out using the projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in full in the year in which they occur in the statement of profit and loss.

The Company provides other benefits in the form of compensated absences and long term service awards. The employees of the Company are entitled to compensated absences based on the unavailed leave balance. The Company records liability based on actuarial valuation computed under projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains / losses are immediately taken to the statement of profit and loss and are not deferred. The Company presents the entire leave encashment liability as a current liability in the balance sheet, since the Company does not have an unconditional right to defer its settlement for more than 12 months after the reporting date.

Under the long term service award plan, a lump sum payment is made to an employee on completion of specified years of service. The Company records the liability based on actuarial valuation computed under projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains / losses are immediately taken to the statement of profit and loss and are not deferred.

I. Income Taxes

Tax expense comprises current and deferred tax. Current income-tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Income-tax Act, 1961 enacted in India and tax laws prevailing in the respective tax jurisdiction where the Company operates. The tax rates and tax laws used to compute the amount are those that are enacted at the reporting date. Current income tax relating to items recognised directly in equity is recognised in equity and not in the statement of profit and loss.

Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of timing differences between taxable income and accounting income originating during the current year and reversal of timing differences for the earlier years. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the reporting date. Deferred income tax relating to items recognised directly in equity is recognised in equity and not in the statement of profit and loss.

Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all taxable timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognised for deductible timing differences only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realised against future taxable profits.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each reporting date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realised. Any such write down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset, if a legally enforceable right exists to set-off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities relate to the same taxable entity and the same taxation authority.

m. Employee Stock/Cash Option Plan

Employees of the Company receive remuneration in the form of share based payment transactions, whereby employees render services as consideration for options to buy equity instruments (equity-settled transactions).

In accordance with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Share Based Employee Benefits) Regulations, 2014, and the Guidance Note on Accounting for Employee Share-based Payments, the cost of equity-settled transactions is measured using the Black-Scholes / Lattice Valuation option pricing model and the fair value is recognised as an expense over the period in which the options vest, on a straight line basis, together with a corresponding increase in the "Stock options outstanding account" in reserves. The cumulative expense recognised for equity- settled transactions at each reporting date until the vesting date reflects the extent to which the vesting period has expired and the Company''s best estimate of the number of options to buy equity instruments that will ultimately vest. The expense or credit recognised in the statement of profit and loss for a year represents the movement in cumulative expense recognised as at the beginning and end of that year and is recognised in employee benefits expense.

Where the terms of an equity-settled transaction award are modified, the minimum expense recognised is the expense as if the terms had not been modified, if the original terms of the award are met. An additional expense is recognised for any modification that increases the total fair value of the share-based payment transaction, or is otherwise beneficial to the employee as measured at the date of modification.

For cash-settled share-based payments, a liability is recognised for the services acquired, measured initially at the fair value of the liability. At the end of each reporting period until the liability is settled, and at the date of settlement, the fair value of the liability is remeasured, with any changes in fair value recognised in the statement of profit and loss for the year with a corresponding change in liabilities.

n. Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

o. Provisions

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. These estimates are reviewed at each reporting date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

p. Contingent Liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognised because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognised because it cannot be measured reliably. The Company does not recognise a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

q. Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and on hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

r. Corporate Social Responsibility Expenditure

Pursuant to the requirements of section 135 of the Act and rules thereon and guidance note on "Accounting for expenditure on Corporate Social Responsibility activities" issued by ICAI, with effect from April 1, 2015, CSR expenditure is recognised as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which it is incurred.

During previous year, CSR expenditure was accounted for as an appropriation to the Statement of Profit and Loss, pursuant to FAQs on accounting of CSR, as issued by ICAI earlier.

The impact of change in accounting policy is not material in relation to these financial statements and therefore, the same has not been disclosed.


Mar 31, 2013

A. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements is in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (Indian GAAP) and requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

b. Tangible fixed assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition, except for assets acquired under the Scheme of Arrangement from Bharti Airtel Limited (refer note 44), which are stated at fair values as per the Scheme, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. The cost comprises cost of acquisition, including taxes and duties (net of CENVAT credit), freight and other incidental expenses related to acquisition and installation.

Site restoration cost obligations are capitalized when it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate of the amount can be made.

Subsequent expenditure related to an item of fixed asset is added to its book value only if it increases the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. All other expenses on existing fixed assets, including day-to-day repair and maintenance expenditure are charged to the statement of profit and loss for the period during which such expenses are incurred.

Gains or losses arising from de-recognition of fixed assets are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognized in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is derecognised.

c. Depreciation on tangible fixed assets

Depreciation on fixed assets is calculated on a straight-line basis using the rates arrived at based on the useful lives estimated by the management, or those prescribed under the Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, whichever is higher. The Company has used the following rates to provide depreciation on its fixed assets:

The site restoration cost obligation capitalized as part of plant and machinery is depreciated over the period of the useful life of the related asset.

d. Intangible assets

Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Software is capitalized at the amounts paid to acquire the respective license for use and is amortized over the period of licence, generally not exceeding three years.

Amortization is recognized in statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful economic lives of intangible assets from the date they are available for use. The amortization period and the amortization method are reviewed at each balance sheet date. If the expected useful life of the asset is significantly different from previous estimates, the amortization period is changed accordingly.

Gains or losses arising from de-recognition of intangible assets are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognized in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is derecognised.

e. Leases

Where the Company is Lessee

Finance leases, which effectively transfer to the Company substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to ownership of the leased asset, are capitalized at the inception of the lease term at the lower of the fair value of the leased asset and present value of minimum lease payments. Lease payments are apportioned between the finance charges and reduction of the lease liability so as to achieve a constant rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability. Finance charges are recognized as finance costs in the statement of profit and loss.

A leased asset is depreciated on a straight-line basis over the useful life of the asset or the useful life envisaged in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, whichever is lower. However, if there is no reasonable certainty that the Company will obtain the ownership by the end of the lease term, the capitalized asset is depreciated on a straight-line basis over the shorter of the estimated useful life of the asset, the lease term or the useful life envisaged in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased item are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss on a straight- line basis over the non-cancellable lease term.

Where the Company is Lessor

Leases in which the Company does not transfer substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the asset are classified as operating leases. Assets subject to operating leases are included in fixed assets. Lease income on an operating lease is recognized in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the non-cancellable lease term. Costs, including depreciation, are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss.

f. Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs include interest, amortization of ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost.

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

g. Impairment of tangible and intangible assets

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recognized for the amount by which the assets'' carrying amount exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of the assets'' fair value less costs to sell and value in use. Impairment losses are recognized in the statement of profit and loss under the caption depreciation and amortization expense.

For the purpose of assessing impairment, assets are grouped at the lowest levels for which there are separately identifiable cash flows (cash generating units).

h. Investments

Investments, which are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as non-current investments.

Current investments are carried in the financial statements at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Non-current investments are carried at cost, except for investment in Bharti Infratel Ventures Limited (BIVL), which is stated at fair value as per the BIVL Scheme of Arrangement (refer note 42). However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the statement of profit and loss.

i. Revenue recognition and receivables

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Revenues

Revenues include revenue from the use of sites and energy charges received from customers. Revenue is recognized as and when services are rendered. If the payment terms in the service agreements include fixed escalations, the effect of such increases is recognized on a straight-line basis over the fixed, non-cancellable term of the agreement, as applicable.

Unbilled receivables represent revenues recognized from the last invoice raised to customer to the period end. These are billed in subsequent periods based on the terms of agreement with the customers. The Company collects service tax on behalf of the Government of India and therefore, it is not an economic benefit flowing to the Company. Hence it is excluded from revenue.

Interest

Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate. Interest income is included under the head "other income" in the statement of profit and loss.

Dividends

Dividend income is recognized when the Company''s right to receive dividend is established by the reporting date.

Provision for doubtfuL debts

The Company provides for amounts outstanding for more than 105 days from the invoice date in case of site sharing debtors other than from the parent company or in specific cases where management is of the view that the amounts for certain customers are not recoverable.

j. Foreign currency transactions and balances

InitiaL recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are retranslated using the exchange rate prevailing at the reporting date. Non- monetary items, which are measured in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency, are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. Non-monetary items, which are measured at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency, are translated using the exchange rate at the date when such value was determined.

Exchange differences

Exchange differences arising on settlement of monetary items or on restatement of the Company''s monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the period, or reported in previous financial statements, are taken to the statement of profit and loss.

k. Retirement and other employee benefits

Short term employee benefits are recognized in the period during which the services have been rendered.

All employees of the Company are entitled to receive benefits under the provident fund, which is a defined contribution plan. Contribution to provident fund is recognized as and when the services are rendered. Both the employee and the employer make monthly contributions to the plan at a predetermined rate of the employees'' basic salary. These contributions are made to the fund administered and managed by the Government of India. In addition, some employees of the Company are covered under the employees'' state insurance schemes, which are also defined contribution schemes recognized and administered by the Government of India.

The Company''s contributions to both these schemes are expensed in the statement of profit and loss. The Company has no further obligations under these plans beyond its monthly contributions.

The Company provides for Gratuity obligations through a defined benefit retirement plan covering all employees. The cost of providing benefits under this plan is determined on the basis of actuarial valuation at each reporting period end. Actuarial valuation is carried out using the projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains and losses are recognized in full in the period in which they occur in the statement of profit and loss.

The Company also provides other benefits in the form of deferred compensation and compensated absences. The employees of the Company are entitled to compensated absences based on the unavailed leave balance as well as other long term benefits. The Company records liability based on actuarial valuation computed under projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains / losses are immediately taken to the statement of profit and loss and are not deferred. The Company presents the entire leave encashment liability as a current liability in the balance sheet, since the Company does not have an unconditional right to defer its settlement for more than 12 months after the reporting date.

l. Income taxes

Tax expense comprises current and deferred tax.

Current income-tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Income-tax Act, 1961 enacted in India and tax laws prevailing in the respective tax jurisdiction where the Company operates. The tax rates and tax laws used to compute the amount are those that are enacted at the reporting date. Current income tax relating to items recognized directly in equity is recognized in equity and not in the statement of profit and loss.

Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of timing differences between taxable income and accounting income originating during the current year and reversal of timing differences for the earlier years. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the reporting date. Deferred income tax relating to items recognized directly in equity is recognized in equity and not in the statement of profit and loss.

Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for all taxable timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible timing differences only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realized against future taxable profits.

At each reporting date, the Company re-assesses unrecognized deferred tax assets. It recognizes unrecognized deferred tax asset to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each reporting date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realized. Any such write down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset, if a legally enforceable right exists to set-off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities relate to the same taxable entity and the same taxation authority.

Minimum alternate tax (MAT) paid in a year is charged to statement of the profit and loss as current tax. The Company recognizes MAT credit available as an asset only to the extent that there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period, ie. the period for which MAT credit is allowed to be carried forward. In the year in which the Company recognizes mAt credit as an asset in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Credit Available in respect of Minimum Alternative Tax under the Income-tax Act, 1961, the said asset is created by way of credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as "MAT Credit Entitlement". The Company reviews the "MAT credit entitlement" asset at each reporting date and writes down the asset to the extent the Company does not have convincing evidence that it will pay normal tax during the specified period.

m. Employee stock compensation cost

Employees of the Company receive remuneration in the form of share based payment transactions, whereby employees render services as consideration for options to buy equity instruments (equity-settled transactions).

In accordance with the SEBI (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999 and the Guidance Note on Accounting for Employee Share-based Payments, the cost of equity-settled transactions is measured using the Black Scholes / Lattice Valuation option pricing model and the fair value is recognized as an expense over the period in which the options vest, on a straight line basis, together with a corresponding increase in the "Stock options outstanding account" in reserves. The cumulative expense recognized for equity-settled transactions at each reporting date until the vesting date reflects the extent to which the vesting period has expired and the Company''s best estimate of the number of options to buy equity instruments that will ultimately vest. The expense or credit recognized in the statement of profit and loss for a period represents the movement in cumulative expense recognized as at the beginning and end of that period and is recognized in employee benefits expense.

Where the terms of an equity-settled transaction award are modified, the minimum expense recognized is the expense as if the terms had not been modified, if the original terms of the award are met. An additional expense is recognized for any modification that increases the total fair value of the share-based payment transaction, or is otherwise beneficial to the employee as measured at the date of modification.

n. Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

o. Provisions

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. These estimates are reviewed at each reporting date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

p. Contingent liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The Company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

q. Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

r. Measurement of EBITDA

As permitted by the Guidance Note on the Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956, the Company has elected to present earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the statement of profit and loss. In its measurement, the Company does not include depreciation and amortization expense, finance costs and tax expense.


Mar 31, 2009

1. BASIS OF PREPARATION

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects in respects with the Notified accounting standards by Companies Accounting Standards Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis except in case of assets for which provision for impairment is made and revaluation is carried out. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

2. USE OF ESTIMATES

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period end. Although these estimates are based upon management's best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

3. FIXED ASSETS

Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition except for assets acquired under the Scheme of Arrangement from Bharti Alrtel Limited, which are stated at fair values as per the Scheme (refer Note 2(b) to Schedule 17, and subsequent improvements thereto, including taxes & duties (net of cenvat credit), freight and other incidental expenses related to acquisition and installation. Capital work-in- progress stated at cost.

Site restoration cost obligations are capitalized when it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate of the amount can be made.

4. DEPRECIATION

Depreciation is provided using Straight Line Method as per the useful lives of assets; or at the rates prescribed under schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956, whichever is higher, as follows:

Useful lives

Office Equipment 5 years/2 years

Computer 3 years

Vehicles 5 years

Furniture and Fixtures 5 years

Plant & Machinery 3 to 20 Years

Leasehold Land Period of lease

Leasehold Improvement Period of Lease or Useful life whichever is less



The site restoration cost obligation capitalized is depreciated over the period of the useful life of the related asset.

Fixed Assets costing up to Rs 5 thousand are being fully depreciated within one year from the date of acquisition.

5. REVENUE RECOGNITION AND RECEIVABLES

Services Revenue '

Service revenue includes revenue from use of sites and reimbursement of energy charges, rent, security and maintenance charges. Revenue for use of sites are recognised as and when services are rendered. If the payment terms in the service agreements include fixed escalations, the effect of such increases is recognised on a straight line basis over the fixed, non-cancellable term of the agreement, as applicable.

Investing and other Activities

Income on account of interest and other activities are recognised on an accrual basis. Dividends are accounted for when the right to receive the payment is established.

Provision for doubtful debts

The Company provides for amounts outstanding for more than 90 days in case of site sharing debtors other than Group debtors or in specific cases where management is of the view that the amounts for certain customers are not recoverable.

6. INVESTMENT

Current Investments are valued at lower of cost and fair market value determined on individual basis.

Long term Investments are valued at cost. Provision is made for diminution in value to recognise a decline, if any, other than that of temporary nature.

7. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS Short Term Employee Benefits

Short term employee benefits are recognised in the period during which the services have been rendered.

Long Term Employee Benefits

a) Defined Contribution plan

Provident Fund and employees' state insurance schemes

All employees of the Company are entitled to receive benefits under the Provident Fund, which is a defined contribution plan. Both the employee and the employer make monthly contributions to the plan at a predetermined rate (presently 12%) of the employees' basic salary. These contributions are made to the fund administered and managed by the Government of India.

The Company's contributions to the scheme is expensed in the Profit and Loss Account. The Company has no further obligations under these plans beyond its monthly contributions,



b) Defined Benefit plan

Leave Encashment

The Company provides for the liability of unveiled earned leave as per the actuarial valuation at year end as per Projected Unit Credit Method.

Gratuity

The Company provides for gratuity obligations through a defined benefit retirement plan (the "Gratuity Plan') covering all employees. The Gratuity Plan provides a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement or termination of employment based on the respective employee salary and years of employment with the Company. The Company provides for the Gratuity Plan based on actuarial valuations in accordance with Accounting Standard 15 (revised), "Employee Benefits "

c) Short term compensated absences are provided for based on estimates.

d) Actuarial gains and losses are recognized as and when incurred.

8.LEASES

a) Where the Company is the lessor

Service agreements in respect of tower assets are in the nature of operating leases and such service revenue is recognized in the Profit and Loss Account on a straight-line basis over the lease term. If the payment term include fixed escalation clause in non-cancelable lease, the effect of such increase is recognised on a straight line basis.

b) Where the Company is the lessee

Lease Rentals with respect to assets taken on 'Operating Lease' are charged to the Profit and Loss Account on a straight-line basis over the lease term. If the payment term include fixed escalation clause in non-cancellable lease, the effect of such increase is recognised on a straight line basis.

Leases which effectively transfer to the Company substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to ownership of the leased item are classified as finance lease. Assets acquired on 'Finance Lease' which transfer risk and rewards of ownership to the Company are capitalized as assets by the Company at the lower of fair value of the leased property or the present value of the minimum lease payments or where applicable, estimated fair value of such assets.

c) Initial direct costs are expensed in the Profit and Loss Account at the inception of the lease.

9, FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSLATION

Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction; and non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on restatement of the Company's monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

10. TAXATION

Current Income tax and fringe benefit tax is measured at the amount expected to be. paid to the tax authorities in accordance with Indian Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date, Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. In situations where the company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realised against future taxable profits. Unrecognised deferred tax assets of earlier period are re-assessed and recognised to the extent that it has become reasonably certain that future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

Minimum Alternative tax (MAT) credit is recognised as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. In the year in which the MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognized as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the profit and loss account and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income Tax during the specified period.

11. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

Assets that are subject to amortization are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recognized for the amount by which the assets' carrying amount exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of the assets' fair value less costs to sell and value in use.

For the purpose of assessing impairment, assets are grouped at the lowest levels for which there are separately identifiable cash flows (cash generating units).

12. EARNING PER SHARE

The earnings considered in ascertaining the Company's Earnings per Share CEPS') comprise the net profit after tax. The number of shares used in computing basic EPS is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year. The diluted EPS is calculated on the same basis as basic EPS, after adjusting for the effects of potential dilutive equity shares unless impact is and dilutive.

13. CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

Cash and Cash equivalents in the Balance Sheet comprise cash in hand and at bank.

14. SEGMENT REPORTING

The Company's operating businesses are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products and services provided, with each segment representing a strategic business unit that offers different products and serves different markets. The analysis of geographical segments Is based on the areas in which major operating divisions of the Company operate,

15. PROVISIONS

Provisions are recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is more likely than not that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

16. BORROWING COST

Borrowing cost attributable to the acquisition or construction of a qualifying asset is capitalised as part of the cost of that asset. Other borrowing costs are recognised as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

17. ASSET RETIREMENT OBLIGATIONS (ARO)

Provision for ARO is based on past experience and technical estimates.

18. EMPLOYEE STOCK OPTIONS OUTSTANDING

Employee Stock options outstanding are valued using Lattice valuation option ~ pricing model and the fair value is recognised as an expense over the period in which the options vest, on a straight line basis.

During the year ended March 31, 2009, the Company has, based on reconciliation with Bharti Airtel Limited, transferred in/out certain assets and accounted these in accordance with the Scheme, resulting into net reduction in the fair value of net assets and genera! reserve of the Company by Rs 126,830 thousand, respectively. This reconciliation has no impact on the profits for the year ended March 31, 2009.

 
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