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Accounting Policies of Bheema Cements Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2012

I. BASIS OF PREPARATION:

The financial statements are prepared and presented under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with the accounting principles and generally accepted in India and comply with mandatory Accounting Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India to the extent applicable and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, except in respect of mineral deposits and rights which are recorded at estimated realizable value.

II. USE OF ESTIMATES:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses for the period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in the current and future periods.

III. FIXED ASSETS:

Fixed Assets are stated at acquisition cost (net of taxes which are claimed as input credits) less depreciation. Capital work-in-progress is stated at Cost. Cost includes installation and expenditure during construction period including interest on borrowings till the date of capitalization. The mineral deposits and mining rights are stated at the estimated realizable value, based on a valuation by an independent valuer.

Depreciation on fixed assets other than those mentioned hereunder has been calculated using the straight-line method at the rates arrived on the basis of useful lives of the assets as estimated by the Management. Assets costing less than Rs. 0.05 are depreciated fully in the year of acquisition.

Depreciation on the mineral deposits and mineral rights has been provided, based on the estimated present value of the consumption over the remaining estimated useful period, at an equated amount of the total consumption so arrived at.

IV. INVENTORIES:

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost of inventories comprises all costs of purchase, costs of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. The costs of Stores and Spares and Raw materials are arrived on FIFO basis.

V. INVESTMENTS

Investments are classified into Long Term and are carried at cost. Provision for diminution, if any, in the value of each Long Term Investment is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in nature in the opinion of the management.

VI. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS:

The Company contributes to the funds administered by the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner towards Provident Fund. Contributions payable to an approved Gratuity Fund (a defined benefit plan), determined by an independent actuary at the Balance Sheet date, are charged to the Profit & Loss Account. Provision for leave encashment cost is made on the basis of actuarial valuation at the Balance Sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary.

VI. FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS:

Foreign currency transactions are recorded using the exchange rates prevailing on the dates of the respective transactions. Exchange differences arising on the foreign currency transactions settled during the year are recognized in the profit & Loss A/c except that the exchange differences related to acquisition of fixed assets from a country outside India are adjusted in the carrying amount of the related fixed assets.

VIII. REVENUE RECOGNITION:

i) All income and expenditure are accounted on accrual basis, except otherwise stated.

ii) In respect of derivative contracts, gain/loss is recognized on actual settlement of respective contracts.

Internal Consumption of the Company's end product, which is other wise marketable, is accounted for at a transfer price and is included under sales.

IX. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS:

An Asset is treated as Impaired when the carrying of cost of Assets exceeds its receivable value. An impairment loss is charged for when the asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss received in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

X. PROVISION, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS:

Provisions involving Substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

XI. DEFERRED INCOME TAXES:

Deferred Tax charge or credit reflects that tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period. The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liability or asset are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantial enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred Tax assets recognized only to that extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future, however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward losses, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty of realization of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonable/virtual certainty (as the case may be) to be realized.


Mar 31, 2011

1. BASIS OF PREPARATION:

The financial statements are prepared and presented under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with the accounting principles and generally accepted in India and comply with mandatory Accounting Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India to the extent applicable and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, except in respect of mineral deposits and rights which are recorded at estimated realizable value.

2. USE OF ESTIMATES:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses for the period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in the current and future periods.

3. FIXED ASSETS:

Fixed Assets are stated at acquisition cost (net of taxes which are claimed as input credits) less depreciation. Capital work-in-progress is stated at Cost. Cost includes installation and expenditure during construction period including interest on borrowings till the date of capitalization. The mineral deposits and mining rights are stated at the estimated realizable value, based on a valuation by an independent valuer.

Depreciation on fixed assets other than those mentioned hereunder has been calculated using the straight-line method at the rates arrived on the basis of useful lives of the assets as estimated by the Management. Assets costing less than Rs. 5.00 are depreciated fully in the year of acquisition.

Depreciation on the mineral deposits and mineral rights has been provided, based on the estimated present value of the consumption over the remaining estimated useful period, at an equated amount of the total consumption so arrived at.

Management estimates the useful life of various assets as follows:

Factory Buildings Owned 28 years

Non-factory Buildings 58 years

Plant & Machinery, Electrical Equipment 26 years

Furniture, Fixtures and Office Equipment 15 years

Vehicles 10 years

Computer Equipment 6 years

Mineral Deposits 13/15/20 years

Mining Rights 13/15/20 years

4. INVENTORIES:

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost of inventories comprises all costs of purchase, costs of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. The costs of Stores and Spares and Raw materials are arrived on FIFO basis.

5. INVESTMENTS:

Investments are classified into Long Term and are carried at cost. Provision for diminution, if any, in the value of each Long Term Investment is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in nature in the opinion of the management.

6. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS:

The Company contributes to the funds administered by the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner towards Provident Fund. Contributions payable to an approved Gratuity Fund (a defined benefit plan), determined by an independent actuary at the Balance Sheet date, are charged to the Profit & Loss Account. Provision for leave encashment cost is made on the basis of actuarial valuation at the Balance Sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary.

7. FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS:

Foreign currency transactions are recorded using the exchange rates prevailing on the dates of the respective transactions. Exchange differences arising on the foreign currency transactions settled during the year are recognized in the profit & Loss A/c except that the exchange differences related to acquisition of fixed assets from a country outside India are adjusted in the carrying amount of the related fixed assets.

8. REVENUE RECOGNITION:

i) All income and expenditure are accounted on accrual basis, except other wise stated.

ii) In respect of derivative contracts, gain/loss is recognized on actual settlement of respective contracts.

Internal Consumption of the Company's end product, which is other wise marketable, is accounted for at a transfer price and is included under sales.

9. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS:

An Asset is treated as Impaired when the carrying of cost of Assets exceeds its receivable value. An impairment loss is charged for when the asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss received in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

10. PROVISION, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS:

Provisions involving Substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

11. DEFERRED INCOME TAXES:

Deferred Tax charge or credit reflects that tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period. The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liability or asset are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantial enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred Tax assets recognized only to that extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future, however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward losses, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty of realization of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonable/virtual certainty (as the case may be) to be realized


Mar 31, 2010

1. BASIS OF PREPARATION:

The financial statements are prepared and presented under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with the accounting principles and generally accepted in India and comply with mandatory Accounting Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India to the extent applicable and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, except in respect of mineral deposits and rights which are recorded at estimated realizable value.

2. USE OF ESTIMATES:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses for the period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in the current and future periods.

3. FIXED ASSETS:

Fixed Assets are stated at acquisition cost (net of MODVAT) less depreciation. Capital work-in-progress is stated at Cost. Cost includes installation and expenditure during construction period including interest on borrowings till the date of capitalization. The mineral deposits and mining rights are stated at the estimated realizable value, based on a valuation by an independent valuer.

Depreciation on fixed assets other than those mentioned hereunder has been calculated using the straight-line method at the rates arrived on the basis of useful lives of the assets as estimated by the Management. Assets costing less than Rs. 5.00 are depreciated fully in the year of acquisition.

Depreciation on the mineral deposits and mineral rights has been provided, based on the estimated present value of the consumption over the remaining estimated useful period, at an equated amount of the total consumption so arrived at.

Depreciation on the 4.5MW wind farms has been provided at the rates specified in the Schedule-XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 at the appropriate rate on the basis of Straight Line Method.

Management estimates the useful life of various assets as follows:

Factory Buildings Owned 28 years

Non-factory Buildings 58 years

Plant & Machinery, Electrical Equipment 26 years

Furniture, Fixtures and Office Equipment 15 years

Vehicles 10 years

Computer Equipment 6 years

Mineral Deposits 13/15/20 years

Mining Rights 13/15/20 years

4. INVENTORIES:

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost of inventories comprises all cost of purchase, cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. The costs of Stores and Spares and Raw materials are arrived on FIFO basis.

5. INVESTMENTS

Investments are classified into Long Term and are carried at cost. Provision for diminution, if any, in the value of each Long Term Investment is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in nature in the opinion of the management.

6. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS:

The Company contributes to the funds administered by the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner towards Provident Fund. Contributions payable to an approved Gratuity Fund (a defined benefit plan), determined by an independent actuary at the Balance Sheet date, are charged to the Profit & Loss Account. Provision for leave encashment cost is made on the basis of actuarial valuation at the Balance Sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary.

7. FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS:

Foreign currency transactions are recorded using the exchange rates prevailing on the dates of the respective transactions. Exchange differences arising on the foreign currency transactions settled during the year are recognized in the profit & Loss A/c except that the exchange differences related to acquisition of fixed assets from a country outside India are adjusted in the carrying amount of the related fixed assets.

8. REVENUE RECOGNITION:

i) All income and expenditure are accounted on accrual basis, except otherwise stated.

ii) In respect of derivative contracts, gain/loss is recognized on actual settlement of respective contracts.

Internal Consumption of the Companys end product, which is otherwise marketable, is accounted for at a transfer price and is included under sales.

9. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS:

An Asset is treated as Impaired when the carrying of cost of Assets exceeds its receivable value. An impairment loss is charged for when the asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss received in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

10. PROVISION, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS:

Provisions involving Substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

11. DEFERRED INCOME TAXES:

Deferred Tax charge or credit reflects that tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period. The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liability or asset are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantial enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred Tax assets recognized only to that extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future, however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward losses, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty of realization of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonable/virtual certainty (as the case may be) to be realized