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Accounting Policies of Bliss GVS Pharma Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2016

1. Background :

The Company is a Public limited Company, incorporated under the Companies Act, 1956, having its registered office in Mumbai, Maharashtra and is listed on Bombay Stock Exchange Ltd and the National Stock Exchange of India Ltd. The Company is engaged in manufacturing, marketing, trading and export of pharmaceutical products. The Company has its own manufacturing facility at Palghar.

2. Statement of Significant accounting policies :

1. METHOD OF ACCOUNTING:

a) Basis of Preparation:-

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting and in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India to comply with the accounting standards specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013. ("the Act") read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 (as amended) and other relevant provisions of the Act. ("Indian GAAP")

The financial statements are prepared and presented in the form set out in Schedule III of the Act, so far as they are applicable thereto. All assets and liabilities have been classified as current / noncurrent as per the Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule III of the Companies Act, 2013. Based on the nature of services and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as twelve months for the purpose of current / noncurrent classification of assets and liabilities.

The accounting policies adopted in preparation of these financial statements are consistent with those of the previous year.

b) Use of Estimates:-

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements. The estimates and assumptions used in the accompanying financial statements are based upon management''s evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances as of the date of financial statements, which in management''s opinion are prudent and reasonable. Actual results may differ from the estimates used in preparing the accompanying financial statements. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in current and future periods.

2. FIXED ASSETS AND DEPRECIATION/ AMORTISATION:

i) TANGIBLE ASSETS: -

Tangible Assets are stated at their original cost (net of CENVAT where applicable) including freight, duties, customs and other incidental expenses relating to acquisition and installation. Interest and other finance charges paid on loans for the acquisition of tangible qualifying assets are apportioned to the cost of fixed assets till they are ready for use.

Expenditure incurred during the period of construction is carried as capital work-in-progress and on completion the costs are allocated to the respective fixed assets.

When an asset is scrapped or otherwise disposed of, the cost and related depreciation are removed from the books of account and resultant profit (including capital profit) or loss, if any, is reflected in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Depreciation on tangible assets is provided on straight line method over the useful life of asset prescribed in Part C of Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013 in order to reflect the actual usages of the assets.

Individual assets acquired for less than '' 5,000 are entirely depreciated in the year of acquisition. Depreciation is charged on pro-rata basis for the assets purchased/sold during the year.

ii) INTANGIBLE ASSETS: -

All Intangible Assets are measured at cost and amortized so as to reflect the pattern in which the assets economic benefits are consumed. Brands are amortized over the estimated period of benefit, not exceeding five years. Software capitalized is mortised over useful life of three to five years equally commencing from the year in which, the software is put to use.

iii) IMPAIRMENT:-

The carrying value of assets/ cash generating units at each balance sheet date, are reviewed for impairment. If any indication of such impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognized, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount.

The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in used arrived at by discounting the future cash flow to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor.

3. INVESTMENTS:-

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments.

''Non-current Investments'' are carried at acquisition / amortized cost. A provision is made for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of investment.

''Current Investments'' are carried at the lower of cost or fair value on an individual basis.

4. INVENTORIES: -

Raw Material inventory is valued at cost.

Inventories of finished goods and work in progress are valued at cost or net realizable value, whichever is lower. Cost of raw materials includes all costs of purchase, conversion and other direct attributable costs (net of CENVAT and VAT setoff), incurred for bringing the items to their present location and condition and is determined using the weighted average cost method. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished goods in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost.

Cost is determined on the moving weighted average method. Finished goods and Work in Progress is computed based on respective moving weighted average price of procured material and appropriate share of labour and other manufacturing overheads. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

5. FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS: -

a) Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction. Foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities are translated at year-end exchange rates. Exchange difference arising on settlement of transactions and translation of monetary items are recognized as income or expense in the year in which they arise.

b) The Company uses foreign currency forward contracts to hedge its risk associated with the foreign currency fluctuations relating to firm commitments. Pursuant to the announcement made by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) regarding "Accounting for Derivatives", forward exchange contracts classified as derivatives are marked to market on a portfolio basis at the balance sheet date. The resultant net losses after considering the offsetting effect on the underlying hedge items are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss on the principle of prudence. The resultant net gains, if any, on such derivatives are not recognized in financial statements.

c) In respect of forward exchange contracts covered under AS 11, "The effect of changes in foreign exchange rates", any premium or discount rising at the inception of a forward exchange contract is recognized as income or expense over the life of the contract. Gains or losses on cancellation / settlement of forward exchange contracts are recognized as income or expense.

d) Exchange Differences arising on monetary item that, in substance, forms part of the Company''s net investment in a non-integral foreign operations is accumulated in the foreign currency translation reserve until the disposal of the investment. On disposal, the cumulative amount of the exchange differences which have been deferred and which relate to that investment are recognized as income or expenses.

6. REVENUE RECOGNITION: -

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Sales of Goods:-

a) Revenue from sale of goods is recognized on transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer as per the terms of sale. Revenue are recorded at net of duties and sales tax and trade discounts.

Sales of Services:-

b) Income from job work is recognized on completion and is included in sales.

Other Income:-

c) Income in respect of export benefits is recognized to the extent the Company is reasonably certain of its ultimate realization.

d) Income in respect of insurance claims is recognized to the extent the Company is reasonably certain of its ultimate realization.

e) Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive the payment is established. Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and rate applicable.

7. EXPENSES:-

Expenses are accounted for on accrual basis.

8. RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT:-

Equipment purchased and cost of construction of assets used for research and development is capitalized when commissioned and included in the fixed assets. Revenue expenditure on research and development is charged in the period in which it is incurred.

9. LEASES:-

a) Leases where the less or effectively retains substantially all the risk and benefits of ownership of the leased terms are classified as operating lease.

b) Lease income of operating leases is recognized in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease period.

10. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS: -

a) Short Term Employee benefits:-

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short- term employee benefits. The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees is recognized as an expense during the period. Benefits such as salaries and wages, etc. and the expected cost of the bonus / ex-gratia are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

b) Defined contribution plan:-

The Company has a statutory scheme of Provident Fund with the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner and contributions of the Company are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss on accrual basis.

c) Defined benefit Plan:-Gratuity:-

The Company''s liability towards gratuity to its employees is covered by a group gratuity policy with an insurance company. The Gratuity Plan provides a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee''s salary and the tenure of employment. The contribution paid / payable to insurance company is debited to the Statement of Profit and Loss on accrual basis. Liability towards gratuity is provided on the basis of an actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit method and debited to the Statement of Profit and Loss on accrual basis. Charge to the statement of Profit and Loss includes premium paid, current service cost, interest cost, expected return on plan assets and gain/loss in actuarial valuation during the year net of fund value of plan asset as on the balance sheet date.

Compensated Absences:-

Accumulated Compensated absences which are expected to be availed or encased beyond 12 months from the end of the year are treated as other long term employee benefits. The Company''s liability is actuarially determined (using the projected unit credit method) at the end of the year. Actuarial losses or gains are recognized in the statement of profit and loss account in the year in which they arise.

Termination Benefits:-

Termination benefits are recognized in the statement of profit and loss as and when incurred.

11. BORROWING COSTS :-

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalized as part of cost of such asset till such time as the asset is ready for its intended use. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred. Arrangement Fees in respect of Long Term Borrowings are mortised over the period of loan.

12. TAXES ON INCOME: -

Tax Expense comprises of current and deferred tax.

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year.

Deferred tax is recognized, subject to consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable incomes and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. Deferred tax assets arising on account of unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward of tax losses are recognized only to the extent that there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date.

At each balance sheet date the Company re-assesses unrecognized deferred tax assets. It recognizes unrecognized deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

13. PROVISION & CONTINGENCIES:-

As provisions are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and there is a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation.

Contingent Liabilities are disclosed when there is a possible obligation arising from past events, the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or nonoccurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company or a present obligation that arises from past events where it is either not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or a reliable estimate of the amount cannot be made.

Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

14. CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS:-

Cash and cash equivalents for the purpose of Cash Flow Statements include cash in hand, demand deposits with banks, other short-term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.

15. EARNINGS PER SHARE:-

Basic and diluted earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

E) The rights, preferences and restrictions attaching to each class of shares including restrictions on the distribution of dividends and the repayment of capital

The Company has only one class of Equity Shares having a par value of Rs, 1/- per share. Each Shareholder is eligible for one vote per share held. The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of the shareholders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting, except in case of interim dividend. In the event of liquidation of the Company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive any of the remaining assets of the Company, in proportion to the number of equity shares held by them. The Board of Directors in their meeting held on May 24, 2016 proposed a dividend of Rs, 0.50/- per share. (Previous Year- Rs, 0.50/- per share)

F) There are no shares reserved for issue under options and contracts/ arrangements/ commitments.

Note :- Exchange differences relating to long term loans to subsidiaries which are in substance net investments in subsidiaries/ step down subsidiaries which are in the nature of net investments in non- integral foreign operations.

1 The current maturities of Term Loan in Foreign Currency of Rs, 1,665.50 Lakhs is disclosed in other current liabilities (Note 10) (Previous Year Rs, 4,403 Lakhs including current maturities of Rs, 2,830.50 Lakhs). The loan carries interest rate of 335 basis points above LIBOR, is secured against 51% shares of Bliss GVS Healthcare Ltd and 100% shares of Bliss GVS Clinic Healthcare Pte Ltd, pari passu charge on current and fixed assets of the Company and the Company''s fixed deposits with First Rand Bank. The loan is repayable from December 2013 in 12 Quarterly installments.

2 Term Loans from bank

a) Includes loan of Rs, 612.53 Lakhs for Plot no 12 (Previous Year Rs, 736.74 Lakhs) including current maturities of Rs, 128.64 Lakhs (Previous Year- Rs, 128.64 Lakhs) for Company''s Palghar Land bearing interest of Base rate 2.55%p.a.and is secured by the said Land and building thereon, along with the Property of Company''s Research and Development Centre and Plant and Machinery at R&D Centre which is repayable from December 2013 in 75 equal monthly installments.

b) Includes loan of Rs, 846.52 Lakhs for Plot no 1,2,3 (Previous Year - Rs, 986.69 Lakhs) including current maturities of Rs, 146.34 Lakhs (Previous Year - Rs, 146.34 Lakhs) and adjacent open space for new plant bearing interest of Base rate 2.80% and is secured by Land and Building at Plot 1,2,3 which is repayable from November 2014 in 82 equal installments


Mar 31, 2015

1. BASIS OF ACCOUNTING:

a) The financial statements have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention and on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India. These financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the accounting standards specified under section 133 of the Companies Act, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 as amended and other relevant provisions of the Companies Act 2013.

b) All assets and liabilities have been classified as current / noncurrent as per the Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule III of the Companies Act, 2013. Based on the nature of products and services and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the company has ascertained its operating cycle as twelve months for the purpose of current / noncurrent classification of assets and liabilities.

c) The accounting policies adopted in preparation of these financial statements are consistent with those of the previous year.

2. USE OF ESTIMATES: The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements. The estimates and assumptions used in the accompanying financial statements are based upon management''s evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances as of the date of financial statements, which in management''s opinion are prudent and reasonable. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

3. FIXED TANGIBLE AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS:

i) TANGIBLE ASSETS: -

Tangible assets are stated at their original cost (net of CENVAT where applicable) including freight, duties, customs and other incidental expenses relating to acquisition and installation. Interest and other finance charges paid on loans for the acquisition of tangible qualifying assets are apportioned to the cost of fixed assets till they are ready for use.

Expenditure incurred during the period of construction is carried as capital work-in-progress and on completion the costs are allocated to the respective fixed assets.

When an asset is scrapped or otherwise disposed of, the cost and related depreciation are removed from the books of account and resultant profit (including capital profit) or loss, if any, is reflected in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Depreciation on tangible assets is provided on straight line method over the useful life of asset prescribed in Part C of schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013 in order to reflect the actual usages of the assets.

Individual assets acquired for less than Rs. 5,000 are entirely depreciated in the year of acquisition. Depreciation is charged on pro-rata basis for the assets purchased/sold during the year

ii) INTANGIBLE ASSETS: -

All Intangible Assets are measured at cost and amortized so as to reflect the pattern in which the assets'' economic benefits are consumed. Brands are amortized over the estimated period of benefit, not exceeding five years. Software capitalised is amortised over useful life of three to five years equally commencing from the year in which, the software is put to use.

iii) IMPAIRMENT:-

The carrying amount of cash generating units/assets is reviewed at balance sheet date to determine whether there is any impairment. If any such indication exists the recoverable amount is estimated as the higher of net realisable price and value in use. An impairment loss, is recognised wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset''s net selling price and value in use.

4. INVESTMENTS:-

''Non-current Investments'' are carried at acquisition /amortized cost. A provision if any is made for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of investment.

''Current Investments'' are carried at the lower of cost or fair value on an individual basis.

5. INVENTORIES: -

Cost of materials includes all costs of purchase, conversion and other direct attributable costs (net of CENVAT and VAT set-off), incurred for bringing the items to their present location and condition and is determined using the weighted average cost method.

Work in process and finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

Cost is determined on the basis of direct cost comprising raw and packing material, direct labour and an appropriate portion of direct production overheads.

6. FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTION: -

a) Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction. Foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities are translated at year-end exchange rates. Exchange difference arising on settlement of transactions and translation of monetary items are recognised as income or expense in the year in which they arise.

b) The Company uses foreign currency forward contracts to hedge its risk associated with the foreign currency fluctuations relating to firm commitments. Pursuant to the announcement made by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) regarding "Accounting for Derivatives", forward exchange contracts classified as derivatives are marked to market on a portfolio basis at the balance sheet date. The resultant net losses after considering the offsetting effect on the underlying hedge items are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on the principle of prudence. The resultant net gains, if any, on such derivatives are not recognised in financial statements.

c) In respect of forward exchange contracts covered under AS 11, "The effect of changes in foreign exchange rates", any premium or discount rising at the inception of a forward exchange contract is recognized as income or expense over the life of the contract. Gains or losses on cancellation / settlement of forward exchange contracts are recognised as income or expense.

7. REVENUE RECOGNITION: -

a) Revenue from sale of goods is recognized on transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer as per the terms of sale. Sales are stated net of duties and sales tax.

b) Income from job work is recognised on completion and is included in sales.

c) Income in respect of interest, insurance claims, export benefits etc is recognised to the extent the company is reasonably certain of its ultimate realisation.

d) Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive dividend is established.

8. EXPENSES:-

a) Expenses are accounted for on accrual basis.

b) Provisions are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event, and it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and there is a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation.

9. RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT:-

Equipment purchased and cost of construction of assets used for research and development is capitalised when commissioned and included in the fixed assets. Revenue expenditure on research and development is charged in the period in which it is incurred under the natural heads of expenditure.

10. LEASES:-

a) Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased term, are classified as operating lease.

b) Lease income of operating leases is recognized in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease period.

11. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS: -

a) Short Term Employee benefits:

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short-term employee benefits. These benefits include short term compensated absences such as paid annual leave. The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees is recognized as an expense during the period. Benefits such as salaries and wages, etc. and the expected cost of the bonus / ex-gratia are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

b) Defined contribution Plan:

The Company has a statutory scheme of Provident Fund with the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner and contributions of the company are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss on accrual basis.

c) Defined benefit Plan:

The Company''s liability towards gratuity to its employees is covered by a group gratuity policy with an insurance company. The Gratuity Plan provides a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee''s salary and the tenure of employment. The contribution paid /payable to insurance company is debited to the Statement of Profit and Loss on accrual basis. Liability towards gratuity is provided on the basis of an actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit method and debited to the Statement of Profit and Loss on accrual basis. Charge to the statement of Profit and Loss includes premium paid, current service cost, interest cost, expected return on plan assets and gain/ loss in actuarial valuation during the year net of fund value of plan asset as on the balance sheet date.

12. BORROWING COSTS :-

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalised as part of cost of such asset till such time as the asset is ready for its intended use. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are recognised as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

Arrangement Fees in respect of long Term Borrowings are amortised over the period of loan.

13. TAXES ON INCOME: -

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year under the Income Tax Act 1961.

Deferred tax is recognised, subject to consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets arising on account of unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward of tax losses are recognised only to the extent that there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. Other Deferred tax assets are recognized only when there is reasonable certainty of their realization.

14. CONTINGENCIES:-

Contingent liabilities are disclosed when there is a possible obligation arising from past events, the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company or a present obligation that arises from past events where it is either not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or a reliable estimate of the amount cannot be made.

The company does not recognize a contingent Liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

15. CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS:-

Cash and cash equivalents for the purpose of Cash Flow Statements include cash in hand, demand deposits with banks, other short- term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.

16. EARNINGS PER SHARE:-

Basic and diluted earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.


Mar 31, 2014

1. METHOD OF ACCOUNTING:

a) The financial statements are prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting and in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (''the Act''), read with the General Circular 15/2013 dated September 13, 2013 of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs in respect of section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 and the accounting principles generally accepted in India (Indian GAAP) and comply with the accounting standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, to the extent applicable.

b) The financial statements are prepared and presented in the form set out in Revised Schedule VI of the Act, so far as they are applicable thereto. All assets and liabilities have been classified as current / noncurrent as per the Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Revised Schedule VI of the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of services and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the company has ascertained its operating cycle as twelve months for the purpose of current / noncurrent classification of assets and liabilities.

c) USE OF ESTIMATES: The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements. The estimates and assumptions used in the accompanying financial statements are based upon management''s evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances as of the date of financial statements, which in management''s opinion are prudent and reasonable. Actual results may differ from the estimates used in preparing the accompanying financial statements. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

2. FIXED TANGIBLE AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS:

i) TANGIBLE ASSETS:

a) Tangible fixed assets are carried at cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation. Cost includes all incidental expenses related to acquisition and installation. Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed asset, which takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use are also included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to be put to use.

When an asset is scrapped or otherwise disposed of, the cost and related depreciation are removed from the books of account and resultant profit (including capital profit) or loss, if any, is reflected in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

b) Depreciation on the assets is calculated on straight-line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

c) Individual assets acquired for less than Rs. 5,000 are entirely depreciated in the year of acquisition. Depreciation is charged on pro- rata basis for the assets purchased/sold during the year

ii) INTANGIBLE ASSETS:

All Intangible Assets are measured at cost and amortized so as to reflect the pattern in which the assets economic benefits are consumed. Brands are amortized over the estimated period of benefit, not exceeding five years. Software capitalised is amortised over useful life of three to five years equally commencing from the year in which, the software is put to use.

iii) IMPAIRMENT:

The carrying amount of cash generating units/assets is reviewed at balance sheet date to determine whether there is any impairment. If any such indication exists the recoverable amount is estimated as the higher of net realisable price and value in use. An impairment loss, if any is recognised wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset''s net selling price and value in use.

3. INVESTMENTS:

Investments are classified under Non-current and Current categories.

Non-current Investments'' are carried at acquisition /amortized cost. A provision is made for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of investment. Current Investments'' are carried at the lower of cost or fair value on an individual basis.

4. INVENTORIES:

Cost of raw materials includes all costs of purchase, conversion and other direct attributable costs (net of CENVAT and VAT set-of), incurred for bringing the items to their present location and condition and is determined using the weighted average cost method.

Work in process and finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

Cost is determined on the basis of direct cost comprising raw material, direct labour and an appropriate portion of direct production overheads.

Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

5. FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTION:

a) Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction. Foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities are translated at year-end exchange rates. Exchange difference arising on settlement of transactions and translation of monetary items are recognised as income or expense in the year in which they arise.

b) The Company uses foreign currency forward contracts to hedge its risk associated with the foreign currency fluctuations relating to firm commitments. Pursuant to the announcement made by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) regarding "Accounting for Derivatives", forward exchange contracts classified as derivatives are marked to market on a portfolio basis at the balance sheet date. The resultant net losses after considering the offsetting effect on the underlying hedge items are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on the principle of prudence. The resultant net gains, if any, on such derivatives are not recognised in financial statements.

c) In respect of forward exchange contracts covered under AS 11, "The effect of changes in foreign exchange rates", any premium or discount rising at the inception of a forward exchange contract is recognized as income or expense over the life of the contract. Gains or losses on cancellation / settlement of forward exchange contracts are recognised as income or expense.

6. REVENUE RECOGNITION:

a) Revenue from sale of goods is recognized on transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer as per the terms of sale. Sales are stated net of duties and sales tax.

b) Income from job work is recognised on completion and is included in sales.

c) Income in respect of interest, insurance claims, export benefits etc is recognised to the extent the company is reasonably certain of its ultimate realisation.

d) Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive dividend is established.

7. LEASES

a) Lease income of operating leases is recognized in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease period.

8. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS:

a) Short Term Employee benefits:

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short-term employee benefits. These benefits include short term compensated absences such as paid annual leave. The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees is recognized as an expense during the period. Benefits such as salaries and wages, etc. and the expected cost of the bonus / ex-gratia are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

b) Defined contribution Plan:

The Company has a statutory scheme of Provident Fund with the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner and contributions of the company are charged to the Statement of Proft and Loss on accrual basis.

c) Defined benefit Plan:

The Company''s liability towards gratuity to its employees is covered by a group gratuity policy with an insurance company. The Gratuity Plan provides a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee''s salary and the tenure of employment. The contribution paid /payable to insurance company is debited to the Statement of Profit and Loss on accrual basis. Liability towards gratuity is provided on the basis of an actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit method and debited to the Statement of Profit and Loss on accrual basis. Charge to the statement of Profit and Loss includes premium paid, current service cost, interest cost, expected return on plan assets and gain/loss in actuarial valuation during the year net of fund value of plan asset as on the balance sheet date.

9. BORROWING COSTS :

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalised as part of cost of such asset till such time as the asset is ready for its intended use. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are recognised as an expense in the period in which they are incurred. Arrangement Fees in respect of long Term Borrowings are amortised over the period of loan.

10. TAXES ON INCOME:

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year. Deferred tax is recognised, subject to consideration of prudence, on timing diferences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. Deferred tax assets arising on account of unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward of tax losses are recognised only to the extent that there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

At each balance sheet date the Company re-assesses unrecognized deferred tax assets. It recognizes unrecognized deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

11. CONTINGENT LIABILITES:

Contingent liabilities are disclosed by way of note to the financial statements, after careful evaluation by the management of the facts and legal aspects of the matter involved.

Contingent liabilities with probable present obligation are provided based on the current estimates.

12. CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS:

Cash and cash equivalents for the purpose of Cash Flow Statements include cash in hand, demand deposits with banks, other short- term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.

13. EARNINGS PER SHARE:

Basic and diluted earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.


Mar 31, 2013

1. METHOD OF ACCOUNTING:

a) The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention as a going concern and on accrual basis in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India, the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies Act, 1956 and the relevant provisions of the said Act.

b) All assets & liabilities have been classified as current & non - current as per the Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule VI of the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of activities undertaken by the Company and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current - non- current classification of assets & liabilities.

c) USE OF ESTIMATES :

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Differences between actual results and estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known/materialised.

2. TANGIBLE ASSETS: -

a) All Fixed assets are carried at cost less depreciation. The cost comprises of acquisition cost and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to the condition for its intended use.

b) Depreciation on the assets is calculated on straight-line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

c) Individual assets acquired for less than Rs. 5,000 are entirely depreciated in the year of acquisition. Depreciation is charged on pro-rata basis for the assets purchased during the year.

d) Carrying amount of cash generating units/assets are reviewed at balance sheet date to determine whether there is any impairment. If any such indication exists the recoverable amount is estimated as the higher of net realisable price and value in use. Impairment loss, if any, is recognised whenever carrying amount exceeds the recoverable amount.

3. INTANGIBLE ASSETS: -

All Intangible Assets are measured at cost and amortized so as to reflect the pattern in which the assets economic benefits are consumed. Brands are amortized over the estimated period of benefit, not exceeding five years. Software capitalised is amortised over useful life of three to five years equally commencing from the year in which, the software is installed.

4. INVESTMENTS:-

Long term investments are stated at cost. Provision, if any, is made for permanent diminution in the value of investments. Current investments are stated at cost or fair value whichever is lower.

5. INVENTORIES: -

Raw materials, stores and spares are valued at cost (net of CENVAT and VAT set-off), determined on Weighted Average Basis.

Work in process and finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is determined on the basis of direct cost comprising raw material, direct labour and an appropriate portion of direct production overheads.

6. FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTION: -

a) Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction. Foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities are translated at year-end exchange rates. Exchange difference arising on settlement of transactions and translation of monetary items are recognised as income or expense in the year in which they arise.

b) In respect of forward exchange contracts the difference between the forward rate and the exchange rate at the inception of the contract is recognised as income or expense over the period of the contract.

c) Gains or losses on cancellation / settlement of forward exchange contracts are recognised as income or expense.

7. REVENUE RECOGNITION: -

a) Sale of products and services are recognised when the significant risk and rewards are transferred as per the terms of sale. Income from job work is recognised on completion and is included in sales.

b) Income in respect of interest, insurance claims, export benefits etc is recognised to the extent the company is reasonably certain of its ultimate realisation.

8. LEASES: -

a) Lease income of operating leases is recognized in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease period.

9. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS: -

a) Short Term Employee benefits:

All short term employee benefit plans such as salaries, wages, bonus, special awards and medical benefits which fall due within 12 months of the period in which the employee renders the related services which entitles him to avail such benefits are recognised on an undiscounted basis and charged to the profit & loss account.

b) Defined contribution Plan:

The Company has a statutory scheme of Provident Fund with the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner and contributions of the company are charged to the profit & loss account on accrual basis.

c) Defined benefit Plan:

The Company''s liability towards gratuity to its employees is covered by a group gratuity policy with an insurance company. The contribution paid /payable to insurance company is debited to Profit & Loss Account on accrual basis. Liability towards gratuity is provided on the basis of an actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit method and debited to Profit & Loss Account on accrual basis. Charge to the Profit and Loss Account includes premium paid, current service cost, interest cost, expected return on plan assets and gain/loss in actuarial valuation during the year net of fund value of plan asset as on the balance sheet date.

10. BORROWING COSTS:-

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalised as part of cost of such asset till such time as the asset is ready for its intended use. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are recognised as an expense in the period in which they are incurred. Arrangement Fees in respect of long Term Borrowings are amortised over the period of loan.

11. TAXES ON INCOME: -

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year. Deferred tax is recognised, subject to consideration of prudence, on timing difference, being the difference between taxable incomes and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more year. Deferred tax assets arising on account of unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward of tax losses are recognized only to the extent that there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future tax income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

12. CONTINGENT LIABILITES: -

Contingent liabilities with possible present obligation are disclosed under Notes to Accounts. Contingent liabilities with probable present obligation are provided based on the current estimates.


Mar 31, 2012

1. Method of Accounting:

a) The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention as a going concern and on accrual basis in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India, the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies Act, 1956 and the relevant provisions of the said Act.

b) All assets & liabilities have been classified as current & non-current as per the Company's normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule VI of the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of activities undertaken by the Company and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current - non-current classification of assets& liabilities.

2. FIXED ASSETS: -

a) All Fixed assets are carried at cost less depreciation. The cost comprises of acquisition cost and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to the condition for its intended use.

b) Depreciation on the assets is calculated on straight- line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

c) Individual assets acquired for less than Rs.5,000 are entirely depreciated in the year of acquisition. Depreciation is charged on pro-rata basis for the assets purchased during the year

d) Carrying amount of cash generating units/assets are reviewed at balance sheet date to determine whether there is any impairment. If any such indication exists the recoverable amount is estimated as the higher of net realisable price and value in use. Impairment loss, if any, is recognised whenever carrying amount exceeds the recoverable amount

3. INTANGIBLE ASSETS: -

All Intangible Assets are measured at cost and amortized so as to reflect the pattern in which the assets economic benefits are consumed. Brands are amortized over the estimated period of benefit, not exceeding five years. Software capitalised is amortised over useful life of three to five years equally commencing from the year in which, the software is installed.

4. INVESTMENTS:-

Long term investments are stated at cost. Provision, if any, is made for permanent diminution in the value of investments. Current investments are stated at cost or fair value whichever is lower.

5. INVENTORIES:-

Raw materials, stores and spares are valued at cost (net of CENVAT and VAT set-off), determined on FIFO basis.

Work in process and finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is determined on the basis of direct cost comprising raw material, direct labour and an appropriate portion of direct production overheads.

6. FOREIGN CURRENCYTRANSACTION: -

a) Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction. Foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities are translated at year-end exchange rates. Exchange difference arising on settlement of transactions and translation of monetary items are recognised as income or expense in the year in which they arise.

b) In respect of forward exchange contracts the difference between the forward rate and the exchange rate at the inception of the contract is recognised as income or expense over the period of the contract.

c) Gains or losses on cancellation / settlement of forward exchange contracts are recognised as income or expense.

7. REVENUE RECOGNITION: -

a) Sale of products and services are recognized when the products are shipped or services rendered. Income from job work is recognised on completion and is included in sales.

b) Income in respect of overdue interest, insurance claims, export benefits etc is recognised to the extent the company is reasonably certain of its ultimate realisation.

8. LEASES

a) Lease income on an operating lease is recognized in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease period.

9. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS: -

a) Short Term Employee benefits:

All short term employee benefit plans such as salaries, wages, bonus, special awards and medical benefits which fall due within 12 months of the period in which the employee renders the related services which entitles him to avail such benefits are recognised on an undiscounted basis and charged to the profit & loss account.

b) Defined contribution Plan:

The Company has a statutory scheme of Provident Fund with the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner and contributions of the company are charged to the profit & loss account on accrual basis.

c) Defined benefit Plan:

The Company's liability towards gratuity to its employees is covered by a group gratuity policy with an insurance company. The contribution paid /payable to insurance company is debited to Profit & Loss Account on accrual basis. Liability towards gratuity is provided on the basis of an actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit method and debited to Profit & Loss Account on accrual basis. Charge to the Profit and Loss Account includes premium paid, current service cost, interest cost, expected return on plan assets and gain/loss in actuarial valuation during the year net of fund value of plan asset as on the balance sheet date.

10. BORROWING COSTS :-

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalised as part of cost of such asset till such time as the asset is ready for its intended use. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are recognised as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

11. TAXES ON INCOME:-

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year. Deferred tax is recognised, subject to consideration of prudence, on timing difference, being the difference between taxable incomes and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more year. Deferred tax assets arising on account of unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward of tax losses are recognized only to the extent that there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future tax income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

12. CONTINGENT LIABILITIES:-

Contingent liabilities with possible present obligation are disclosed under Notes to Accounts. Contingent liabilities with probable present obligation are provided based on the current estimates.


Mar 31, 2011

1. ACCOUNTING CONVENTION: -

The accompanying financial statements are prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India ("GAAP") and the Accounting Standard notified under the Companies Act, 1956. The Company follows the accrual method of accounting, except where otherwise stated, and the historical cost convention.

2. FIXED ASSETS: -

a) All Fixed assets are carried at cost less depreciation.

b) Depreciation on the assets is calculated on straight-line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

c) Carrying amount of cash generating units/assets are reviewed at balance sheet date to determine whether there is any impairment. If any such indication exists the recoverable amount is estimated as the higher of net realisable price and value in use. Impairment loss, if any, is recognised whenever carrying amount exceeds the recoverable amount

3. INTANGIBLE ASSETS: -

All Intangible Assets are measured at cost and amortized so as to reflect the pattern in which the assets economic benefits are consumed. Brands are amortized over the estimated period of benefit, not exceeding five years.

4. INVESTMENTS:-

Long term investments are stated at cost. Provision, if any, is made for permanent diminution in the value of investments. Current investments are stated at cost or fair value whichever is lower.

5. INVENTORIES: -

Raw materials, stores and spares are valued at cost (net of CENVAT and VAT set-off), determined on FIFO basis.

Work in process and finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is determined on the basis of direct cost comprising raw material, direct labour and an appropriate portion of direct production overheads.

6. FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTION: -

a) Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction. Foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities are translated at year-end exchange rates. Exchange difference arising on settlement of transactions and translation of monetary items are recognised as income or expense in the year in which they arise.

b) In respect of forward exchange contracts the difference between the forward rate and the exchange rate at the inception of the contract is recognised as income or expense over the period of the contract.

c) Gains or losses on cancellation / settlement of forward exchange contracts are recognised as income or expense.

7. REVENUE RECOGNITION: -

d) Sale of products and services are recognized when the products are shipped or services rendered. Income from job work is recognised on completion and is included in sales.

e) Income in respect of overdue interest, insurance claims, export benefits etc is recognised to the extent the company is reasonably certain of its ultimate realisation.

8. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS: -

a) Short Term Employee benefits:

All short term employee benefit plans such as salaries, wages, bonus, special awards and medical benefits which fall due within 12 months of the period in which the employee renders the related services which entitles him to avail such benefits are recognised on an undiscounted basis and charged to the profit & loss account.

b) Defined contribution Plan:

The Company has a statutory scheme of Provident Fund with the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner and contributions of the company are charged to the profit & loss account on accrual basis.

c) Defined benefit Plan:

The Companys liability towards gratuity to its employees is covered by a group gratuity policy with an insurance company. The contribution paid/payable to insurance company is debited to Profit & Loss Account on accrual basis. Liability towards gratuity is provided on the basis of an actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit method and debited to Profit & Loss Account on accrual basis. Charge to the Profit and Loss Account includes premium paid, current service cost, interest cost, expected return on plan assets and gain/loss in actuarial valuation during the year net of fund value of plan asset as on the balance sheet date.

9. BORROWING COSTS :- Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalised as part of cost of such asset till such time as the asset is ready for its intended use. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are recognised as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

10. TAXES ON INCOME: -

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year. Deferred tax is recognised, subject to consideration of prudence, on timing difference, being the difference between taxable incomes and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more year. Deferred tax assets arising on account of unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward of tax losses are recognized only to the extent that there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future tax income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

11. CONTINGENT LIABILITES: -

Contingent liabilities with possible present obligation are disclosed under Notes to Accounts. Contingent liabilities with probable present obligation are provided based on the current estimates.


Mar 31, 2010

1. ACCOUNTING CONVENTION: -

The accompanying financial statements are prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India ("GAAP"). The Company follows the accrual method of accounting, except where otherwise stated, and the historical cost convention.

2. FIXED ASSETS: -

a) All Fixed assets are carried at cost less depreciation.

b) Depreciation on the assets is calculated on straight-line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in schedule XIV to the CompaniesAct, 1956.

c) Carrying amount of cash generating units/assets are reviewed at balance sheet date to determine whether there is any impairment. If any such indication exists the recoverable amount is estimated as the higher of net realisable price and value in use. Impairment loss, if any, is recognised whenever carrying amount exceeds the recoverable amount.

3. INTANGIBLE ASSETS: -

All Intangible Assets are measured at cost and amortized so as to reflect the pattern in which the assets economic benefits are consumed. Brands are amortized overthe estimated period of benefit, not exceeding five years.

4. INVESTMENTS:-

Long term investments are stated at cost. Provision, if any, is made for permanent diminution in the value of investments. Current investments are stated at cost or fair value whichever is lower.

5. INVENTORIES: -

Raw materials, stores and spares are valued at cost (net of CENVAT and sales tax set-off), determined on FIFO basis.

Work in process and finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is determined on the basis of direct cost comprising raw material, direct labour and an appropriate portion of direct production overheads.

6. FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTION: -

a) Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction. Foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities are translated at year-end exchange rates. Exchange difference arising on settlement of transactions and translation of monetary items are recognised as income or expense in the year in which they arise.

b) In respect of forward exchange contracts the difference between the forward rate and the exchange rate at the inception of the contract is recognised as income or expense over the period of the contract.

c) Gains or losses on cancellation / settlement of forward exchange contracts are recognised as income or expense.

7. REVENUE RECOGNITION. -

d) Sale of products and services are recognized when the products are shipped or services rendered. Income from job work is included in sales.

e) Income in respect of overdue interest, insurance claims, export benefits etc is recognised to the extent the company is reasonably certain of its ultimate realisation.

8. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS: -

a) Short Term Employee benefits:

All short term employee benefit plans such as salaries, wages, bonus, special awards and medical benefits which fall due within 12 months of the period in which the employee renders the related services which entitles him to avail such benefits are recognised on an undiscounted basis and charged to the profit & loss account.

b) Defined contribution Plan:

The Company has a statutory scheme of Provident Fund with the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner and contribution of the company is charged to the profit & loss account on accrual basis.

c) Defined benefit Plan:

The Companys liability towards gratuity to its employees is covered by a group gratuity policy with an insurance company. The contribution paid /payable to insurance company is debited to Profit & Loss Account on accrual basis. Liability towards gratuity is provided on the basis of an actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit method and debited to Profit & Loss Account on accrual basis. Charge to the Profit and Loss Account includes premium paid, current service cost, interest cost, expected return on plan assets and gain/loss in actuarial valuation during the year net of fund value of plan asset as on the balance sheet date.

9. BORROWING COSTS :-

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalised as part of cost of such asset till such time as the asset is ready for its intended use. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are recognised as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

10. TAXES ON INCOME: -

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year. Deferred tax is recognised, subject to consideration of prudence, on timing difference, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more year. Deferred tax assets arising on account of unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward of tax losses are recognized only to the extent that there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future tax income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

11. CONTINGENT LIABILITES:-

Contingent liabilities with possible present obligation are disclosed under Notes to Accounts. Contingent liabilities with probable present obligation are provided based on the current estimates.



 
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