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Accounting Policies of Blue Star Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2017

1 Corporate Information

Blue Star Limited ("The Company") is into the business of central air conditioning, commercial refrigeration and water purifiers. The Company is also into distribution and maintenance of imported professional electronics and industrial systems. The Company is a public company domiciled in India and is incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act applicable in India. Its shares are listed on two recognized stock exchanges in India. The registered office of the Company is located at Kasturi Buildings, M T Advani Chowk, Jamshedji Tata Road, Churchgate, Mumbai - 400020, Maharashtra. During the previous year, Blue Star Infotech Limited (BSIL) and Blue Star Infotech Business Intelligence & Analytics Private Limited (BSIBIA) were amalgamated with the Company w.e.f April 1, 2015. BSIL and BSIBIA were mainly engaged in the Information technology and software services business. The Company has subsequently sold its IT Business as explained in note 33 to the financial statements w.e.f January 1, 2016.

The financial statements of the Company were authorized for issue in accordance with a resolution of the Directors on May 9, 2017.

2 Significant Accounting Policies

2.1 Basis of preparation

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) notified under the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015.

For all periods up to and including the year ended March 31, 2016, the Company prepared its financial statements in accordance with the accounting standards notified under the section 133 of the Companies Act 2013, read together with paragraph 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 (Indian GAAP). These financial statements for the year ended March 31, 2017 are the first such statements the Company has prepared in accordance with Ind AS.

Refer to note 44 for information on first time adoption of Ind AS.

The financial statements have been prepared on a historical cost basis, except for the following assets and liabilities which have been measured at fair value or revalued amount :

- Derivative financial instruments,

- Certain other financial assets and liabilities which have been measured at fair value (refer accounting policy regarding financial instruments).

The financial statements are presented in INR and all values are rounded to the nearest Lakhs (''00,000), except when otherwise indicated.

2.2 Summary of significant accounting policies

a. Business combination

Business combinations are accounted for using the acquisition method. The cost of an acquisition is measured as aggregate of the consideration transferred, measured at acquisition date fair value and the amount of any non-controlling interests in the acquiree. For each business combination, the Company elects whether to measure the non-controlling interests in the acquiree at fair value or at proportionate share of the acquiree''s identifiable net assets. Acquisition-related costs are expensed as incurred.

At the acquisition date, the identifiable assets acquired and the liabilities assumed are recognized at their acquisition date fair values. For this purpose, the liabilities assumed include contingent liabilities representing present obligation and they are measured at their acquisition fair values irrespective of the fact that outflow of resources embodying the economic benefits is not probable. However, the following assets and liabilities acquired in a business combination are measured at the basis indicated below:

- Deferred tax assets or liabilities, and the assets or liabilities related to employee benefit arrangements are recognized and measured in accordance with Ind AS 12 - Income Tax and Ind AS 19 - Employee Benefits respectively.

- Assets (or disposal groups) that are classified as held for sale in accordance with Ind AS 105 Non-current Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations are measured in accordance with that standard.

When the Company acquires a business, it assesses the financial assets and liabilities assumed for appropriate classification and designation in accordance with the contractual terms, economic circumstances and pertinent conditions as at the acquisition date. This includes the separation of embedded derivatives in host contracts by the acquiree.

If the business combination is achieved in stages, any previously held equity interest is re-measured at its acquisition date fair value and any resulting gain or loss is recognized in profit or loss or OCI, as appropriate.

Any contingent consideration to be transferred by the acquirer is recognized at fair value at the acquisition date. Contingent consideration classified as an asset or liability that is a financial instrument and within the scope of Ind AS 109 - Financial Instruments, is measured at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in profit or loss. If the contingent consideration is not within the scope of Ind AS 109, it is measured in accordance with the appropriate Ind AS. Contingent consideration that is classified as equity is not re-measured at subsequent reporting dates and its subsequent settlement is accounted for within equity.

Goodwill is initially measured at cost, being the excess of aggregate of the consideration transferred and the amount recognized for non-controlling interests, and any previous interest held, over net identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed. If the fair value of the net assets acquired is in excess of the aggregate consideration transferred, the Company re-assesses whether it has correctly identified all of the assets acquired and all of the liabilities assumed and reviews the procedures used to measure the amounts to be recognized at the acquisition date. If the reassessment still results in an excess of the fair value of net assets acquired over the aggregate consideration transferred, then the gain is recognized in OCI and accumulated in equity as capital reserve. However, if there is no clear evidence of bargain purchase, the entity recognizes the gain directly in equity as capital reserve, without routing the same through OCI.

After initial recognition, goodwill is measured at cost less any accumulated impairment losses. For the purpose of impairment testing, goodwill acquired in a business combination is, from the acquisition date, allocated to each of the Company''s cash-generating units that are expected to benefit from the combination, irrespective of whether other assets or liabilities of the acquiree are assigned to those units.

A cash generating unit to which goodwill has been allocated is tested for impairment annually, or more frequently when there is an indication that the unit may be impaired. If the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit is less than its carrying amount, the impairment loss is allocated first to reduce the carrying amount of any goodwill allocated to the unit and then to the other assets of the unit pro rata based on the carrying amount of each asset in the unit. Any impairment loss for goodwill is recognized in profit or loss. An impairment loss recognized for goodwill is not reversed in subsequent periods.

Where goodwill has been allocated to a cash-generating unit and part of the operation within that unit is disposed of, goodwill associated with the disposed operation is included in the carrying amount of the operation when determining gain or loss on disposal. Goodwill disposed in these circumstances is measured based on the relative values of the disposed operation and the portion of the cash-generating unit retained.

If the initial accounting for a business combination is incomplete by the end of the reporting period in which the combination occurs, the Company reports provisional amounts for the items for which the accounting is incomplete. Those provisional amounts are adjusted through goodwill during the measurement period, or additional assets or liabilities are recognized, to reflect new information obtained about facts and circumstances that existed at the acquisition date that, if known, would have affected the amounts recognized at that date. These adjustments are called as measurement period adjustments. The measurement period does not exceed one year from the acquisition.

Common control transactions

Common control business combinations include transactions, such as transfer of subsidiaries or business, between entities within the Company.

Business combinations involving entities or business under common control are accounted for using the pooling of interests method. Under pooling of interest method, the assets and liabilities of the combining entities are reflected at their carrying amounts, the only adjustments that are made are to harmonize accounting policies.

Financial information in the financial statements in respect of prior periods are restated as if the business combination had occurred from the beginning of the preceding period in the financial statements, irrespective of the actual date of the combination. However, if business combination had occurred after that date, the prior period information is restated only from that date.

The difference, if any, between the amount recorded as share capital issued plus any additional consideration in the form of cash or other assets and the amount of share capital of the transferor is transferred to capital reserve and presented separately from other capital reserves with disclosure of its nature and purpose in the notes.

b. Investment in associates, joint ventures and subsidiaries

The Company accounts for its investment in subsidiaries, joint ventures and associates at cost in accordance with Ind AS 27 - ''Separate Financial Statements''.

c. Current versus non-current classification

The Company presents assets and liabilities in the balance sheet based on current/non-current classification. An asset is treated as current when it is:

- Expected to be realized or intended to be sold or consumed in the normal operating cycle

- Held primarily for the purpose of trading

- Expected to be realized within twelve months after the reporting period, or

- Cash or cash equivalent unless restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least twelve months after the reporting period

All other assets are classified as non-current.

A liability is treated as current when :

- It is expected to be settled in the normal operating cycle

- It is held primarily for the purpose of trading

- It is due to be settled within twelve months after the reporting period, or

- There is no unconditional right to defer the settlement of the liability for at least twelve months after the reporting period

The Company classifies all other liabilities as non-current.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are classified as non-current assets and liabilities.

The operating cycle is the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents. The Company has identified twelve months as its operating cycle.

d Foreign currencies

The Company''s financial statements is presented in INR, which is also its functional currency.

Transactions in foreign currencies are initially recorded by the Company at its functional currency spot rates at the date the transaction first qualifies for recognition

Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are translated at the functional currency spot rates of exchange at the reporting date.

Non-monetary items that are measured in terms of historical cost in a foreign currency are translated using the exchange rates at the dates of the initial transactions. Non-monetary items measured at fair value in a foreign currency are translated using the exchange rates at the date when the fair value is determined. The gain or loss arising on translation of non-monetary items measured at fair value is treated in line with the recognition of gain or loss on the change in fair value of the item (i.e., translation differences on items whose fair value gain or loss is recognized in OCI or profit or loss are also recognized in OCI or profit or loss, respectively).

e Fair Value Measurement

The Company measures financial instruments, such as, derivatives at fair value at each balance sheet date.

Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The fair value measurement is based on the presumption that the transaction to sell the asset or transfer the liability takes place either:

- In the principal market for the asset or liability, or

- In the absence of a principal market, in the most advantageous market for the asset or liability The principal or the most advantageous market must be accessible by the Company.

The fair value of an asset or a liability is measured using the assumptions that market participants would use when pricing the asset or liability, assuming that market participants act in their economic best interest.

A fair value measurement of a non-financial asset takes into account a market participant''s ability to generate economic benefits by using the asset in its highest and best use or by selling it to another market participant that would use the asset in its highest and best use.

The Company uses valuation techniques that are appropriate in the circumstances and for which sufficient data is available to measure fair value, maximizing the use of relevant observable inputs and minimizing the use of unobservable inputs.

All assets and liabilities for which fair value is measured or disclosed in the financial statements are categorized within the fair value hierarchy, described as follows, based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement as a whole:

- Level 1 - Quoted (unadjusted) market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities

- Level 2 - Valuation techniques for which the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement is directly or indirectly observable

- Level 3 - Valuation techniques for which the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement is unobservable

For assets and liabilities that are recognized in the financial statements on a recurring basis, the Company determines whether transfers have occurred between levels in the hierarchy by re-assessing categorization (based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement as a whole) at the end of each reporting period. For the purpose of fair value disclosures, the Company has determined classes of assets and liabilities on the basis of the nature, characteristics and risks of the asset or liability and the level of the fair value hierarchy as explained above.

f Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured, regardless of when the payment is being made. Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable, taking into account contractually defined terms of payment and excluding taxes or duties collected on behalf of the government. The Company has concluded that it is the principal in all of its revenue arrangements since it is the primary obligor in all the revenue arrangements as it has pricing latitude and is also exposed to inventory and credit risks.

Based on the clarifications on Ind AS 18 issued by the ICAI, the Company has assumed that recovery of excise duty flows to the Company on its own account. This is for the reason that it is a liability of the manufacturer which forms part of the cost of production, irrespective of whether the goods are sold or not. Since the recovery of excise duty flows to the Company on its own account, revenue includes excise duty.

However, sales tax/value added tax (VAT) is not received by the Company on its own account. Rather, it is tax collected on value added to the commodity by the seller on behalf of the government. Accordingly, it is excluded from revenue.

The specific recognition criteria described below must also be met before revenue is recognized.

Revenue from construction contracts

Revenue from construction contracts is recognized by applying percentage of completion method after providing for foreseeable losses, if any. Percentage of completion is determined as a proportion of the cost incurred up to the reporting date to the total estimated cost to complete. Foreseeable losses, if any, on the contracts is recognized as an expense in the period in which it is foreseen, irrespective of the stage of completion of the contract. While determining the amount of foreseeable loss, all elements of cost and related incidental income not included in contract revenue is taken into consideration. Contract is reflected at cost that are expected to be recoverable till such time the outcome of the contract cannot be ascertained reliably and at realizable value thereafter. Claims are accounted as income in the year of acceptance by customer.

Revenue earned in excess of billing has been reflected under "Other Financial Assets" and billing in excess of contract revenue is reflected under "Other Current Liabilities" in the balance sheet. Contract Work-in-Progress is stated at cost till such time as the outcome of the project cannot be ascertained reliably and has been reflected under "Other Current Assets".

Revenue from sale of goods

Revenue from sale of goods is recognized, when all significant risks and rewards are transferred to the buyer, which is generally on dispatch of goods. It also includes excise duty and price variations based on the contractual agreements and excludes value added tax/sales tax. It is measured at fair value of consideration received or receivable, net of returns and allowances, trade discounts and volume rebates. The Company provides normal warranty provisions on all its products sold, in line with the industry practice. A liability is recognized at the time the product is sold.

Rendering of services

Revenue from software development/sale of services with respect to time and material contracts get recognized as related costs are incurred and services are performed in accordance with the terms of specific contracts.

Revenue from fixed price contracts relating to software development get recognized based on the milestones achieved as specified in the contracts and for interim stages, until the next milestone is achieved, on the basis of proportionate completion method. Provisions for estimated losses on incomplete contracts have been recorded in the period in which such losses become probable based on the current estimates.

Revenue from annual maintenance contracts are recognized pro-rata over the period of the contract.

Commission income is recognized as and when terms of the contracts get fulfilled.

Other items of revenue

Interest income - For all debt instruments measured either at amortized cost or at fair value through other comprehensive income, interest income is recorded using the effective interest rate (EIR). EIR is the rate that exactly discounts the estimated future cash payments or receipts over the expected life of the financial instrument or a shorter period, where appropriate, to the gross carrying amount of the financial asset or to the amortized cost of a financial liability. When calculating the effective interest rate, the Company estimates expected cash flows by considering all the contractual terms of the financial instrument (for example, prepayment, extension, call and similar options) but does not consider the expected credit losses. Interest income is included in finance income in the statement of profit and loss.

Export incentives - Export incentive receivable is accrued when the right to receive credit is established and there is no significant uncertainty regarding the ultimate collection.

Dividend income - Dividend income is accounted when the right to receive the same is established, which is generally when shareholders approve the dividend.

Rental income - Rental income arising from operating leases on investment properties is accounted on a straight-line basis over the lease terms and is included in revenue in the statement of profit or loss due to its operating nature.

g Government Grant

Government grants are recognized where there is a reasonable assurance that the grant will be received and all attached conditions will be complied with. When the grant relates to an expense item, it is recognized as income on a systematic basis over the period that the related costs, for which it is intended to compensate, are expensed. When the grant relates to an asset, it is recognized as income in equal amounts over the expected useful life of the related asset.

h Taxes

Current income tax

Current income tax assets and liabilities are measured at the amount expected to be recovered from or paid to the taxation authorities. The tax rates and tax laws used to compute the amount are those that are enacted or substantively enacted, at the reporting date in the countries where the Company operates and generates taxable income. Current income tax relating to items recognized outside profit or loss are recognized as a part of these items (either in other comprehensive income or in equity). Current tax items are recognized in correlation to the underlying transaction either in OCI or directly in equity. The management periodically evaluates positions taken in the tax returns with respect to situations in which applicable tax regulations are subject to interpretation and establishes provisions where appropriate.

Deferred tax

Deferred tax is provided using the balance sheet method on temporary differences between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts for financial reporting purposes at the reporting date.

Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for all taxable temporary differences, except:

- When the deferred tax liability arises from the initial recognition of goodwill or an asset or liability in a transaction that is not a business combination and, at the time of the transaction, affects neither the accounting profit nor taxable profit or loss.

Deferred tax assets are recognized for all deductible temporary differences, the carry forward of unused tax credits and any unused tax losses. Deferred tax assets are recognized to the extent that it is probable that taxable profit will be available against which the deductible temporary differences, and the carry forward of unused tax credits and unused tax losses can be utilized, except;

- When the deferred tax asset relating to the deductible temporary difference arises from the initial recognition of an asset or liability in a transaction that is not a business combination and, at the time of the transaction, affects neither the accounting profit nor taxable profit or loss

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at each reporting date and reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profit will be available to allow all or part of the deferred tax asset to be utilized. Unrecognized deferred tax assets are re-assessed at each reporting date and are recognized to the extent that it has become probable that future taxable profits will allow the deferred tax asset to be recovered.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply in the year when the asset is realized or the liability is settled, based on tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the reporting date.

Deferred tax relating to items recognized outside profit or loss are recognized as a part of these items (either in other comprehensive income or in equity). Deferred tax items are recognized in correlation to the underlying transaction either in OCI or directly in equity.

Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset if a legally enforceable right exists to set off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred taxes relate to the same taxable entity and the same taxation authority. Tax benefits acquired as part of a business combination, but not satisfying the criteria for separate recognition at that date, are recognized subsequently if new information about facts and circumstances change. Acquired deferred tax benefits recognized within the measurement period reduce goodwill related to that acquisition if they result from new information obtained about facts and circumstances existing at the acquisition date. If the carrying amount of goodwill is zero, any remaining deferred tax benefits are recognized in OCI/capital reserve depending on the principle explained for bargain purchase gains. All other acquired tax benefits realized are recognized in profit or loss.

Minimum alternate tax (MAT) paid in a year is charged to the statement of profit and loss as current tax. The Company recognizes MAT credit available as an asset only to the extent that there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period, i.e., the period for which MAT credit is allowed to be carried forward. The said asset is created by way of credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as "MAT Credit Entitlement." The company reviews the "MAT credit entitlement" asset at each reporting date and writes down the asset to the extent the Company does not have convincing evidence that it will pay normal tax during the specified period. MAT is considered as a deferred tax item.

Sales/value added taxes paid on acquisition of assets or on incurring expenses. Expenses and assets are recognized net of the amount of sales/value added taxes paid, except:

- When the tax incurred on a purchase of assets or services is not recoverable from the taxation authority, in which case, the tax paid is recognized as part of the cost of acquisition of the asset or as part of the expense item, as applicable

- When receivables and payables are stated with the amount of tax included

The net amount of tax recoverable from, or payable to, the taxation authority is included as part of receivables or payables in the balance sheet.

i Non-current assets held for sale/distribution to owners and discontinued operations

The Company classifies non-current assets and disposal groups as held for sale/distribution to owners if their carrying amounts will be recovered principally through a sale/distribution rather than through continuing use. Actions required to complete the sale/distribution should indicate that it is unlikely that significant changes to the sale/distribution will be made or that the decision to sell/distribute will be withdrawn. Management must be committed to the sale/ distribution expected within one year from the date of classification.

For these purposes, sale transactions include exchanges of non-current assets for other non-current assets when the exchange has a commercial substance. The criteria for held for sale/distribution classification is regarded met only when the assets or disposal group is available for immediate sale/distribution in its present condition, subject only to terms that are usual and customary for sales/distribution of such assets (or disposal groups), its sale/distribution is highly probable; and it will genuinely be sold and not abandoned. The Company treats sale/distribution of the asset or disposal group to be highly probable when:

- The appropriate level of management is committed to a plan to sell the asset (or disposal group),

- An active programme to locate a buyer and complete the plan has been initiated (if applicable),

- The asset (or disposal group) is being actively marketed for sale at a price that is reasonable in relation to its current fair value,

- The sale is expected to qualify for recognition as a completed sale within one year from the date of classification, and

- Actions required to complete the plan indicate that it is unlikely that significant changes to the plan will be made or that the plan will be withdrawn.

Non-current assets held for sale/for distribution to owners and disposal groups are measured at the lower of their carrying amount and the fair value less costs to sell/distribute. Assets and liabilities classified as held for sale/ distribution are presented separately in the balance sheet.

Property, plant and equipment and intangible assets once classified as held for sale/distribution to owners are not depreciated or amortized.

A disposal group qualifies as discontinued operation if it is a component of an entity that either has been disposed off, or is classified as held for sale, and:

- Represents a separate major line of business or geographical area of operations,

- Is part of a single co-ordinated plan to dispose of a separate major line of business or geographical area of operations, or

- Is a subsidiary acquired exclusively with a view to resale

Discontinued operations are excluded from the results of continuing operations and are presented as a single amount as profit or loss after tax from discontinued operations in the statement of profit and loss.

j Property, plant and equipment

Capital work in progress, property, plant and equipment is stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Such cost includes the cost of replacing part of the plant and equipment and borrowing costs for long-term construction projects if the recognition criteria are met. When significant parts of plant and equipment are required to be replaced at intervals, the Company depreciates them separately based on their specific useful lives. Likewise, when a major inspection is performed, its cost is recognized in the carrying amount of the plant and equipment as a replacement if the recognition criteria are satisfied. All other repair and maintenance costs are recognized in profit or loss as incurred.

Leasehold land is depreciated on a straight line basis. All other assets are depreciated to the residual values on the written-down value basis over the estimated useful lives. Freehold land is not depreciated. Estimated useful lives of the assets are as follows:

The useful life of plant and machinery has been estimated as 20 years. These lives are higher than those indicated in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.

The Company, based on technical assessment made by technical expert and management estimate, depreciates certain items of property, plant and equipment over estimated useful lives which are different from the useful life prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013. The management believes that these estimated useful lives are realistic and reflect fair approximation of the period over which the assets are likely to be used.

An item of property, plant and equipment and any significant part initially recognized is derecognised upon disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected from its use or disposal. Any gain or loss arising on derecognition of the asset (calculated as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset) is included in the income statement when the asset is derecognised.

The residual values, useful lives and methods of depreciation of property, plant and equipment are reviewed at each financial year end and adjusted prospectively, if appropriate.

k Investment Properties

Investment properties are measured initially at cost, including transaction costs. Subsequent to initial recognition, investment properties are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment loss, if any. The cost includes the cost of replacing parts and borrowing costs for long-term construction projects if the recognition criteria are met. When significant parts of the investment property are required to be replaced at intervals, the Company depreciates them separately based on their specific useful lives. All other repair and maintenance costs are recognized in profit or loss as incurred.

The Company depreciates building component of investment property over 60 years on written down value basis from the date of original purchase which is as prescribed under the schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013. Though the Company measures investment property using cost based measurement, the fair value of investment property is disclosed in the notes. Fair values are determined based on an annual evaluation performed by an accredited external independent valuer applying a valuation model recommended by the International Valuation Standards Committee.

Investment properties are derecognised either when they have been disposed of or when they are permanently withdrawn from use and no future economic benefit is expected from their disposal. The difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset is recognized in profit or loss in the period of derecognition.

l Intangible assets

Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. The cost of intangible assets acquired in a business combination is their fair value at the date of acquisition. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less any accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses. Internally generated intangibles, excluding capitalized development costs, are not capitalized and the related expenditure is reflected in profit or loss in the period in which the expenditure is incurred.

Intangible assets with finite lives are amortized over the useful economic life and assessed for impairment whenever there is an indication that the intangible asset may be impaired. The amortization period and the amortization method for an intangible asset with a finite useful life are reviewed at least at the end of each reporting period. Changes in the expected useful life or the expected pattern of consumption of future economic benefits embodied in the asset are considered to modify the amortization period or method, as appropriate, and are treated as changes in accounting estimates. The amortization expense on intangible assets with finite lives is recognized in the statement of profit and loss unless such expenditure forms part of carrying value of another asset.

Gains or losses arising from de-recognition of an intangible asset are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognized in the statement of profit or loss when the asset is derecognized.

Research and development costs

Research costs are expensed as incurred. Development expenditures on an individual project are recognized as an intangible asset when the Company can demonstrate:

- The technical feasibility of completing the intangible asset so that the asset will be available for use or sale

- Its intention to complete and its ability and intention to use or sell the asset

- How the asset will generate future economic benefits

- The availability of resources to complete the asset

- The ability to measure reliably the expenditure during development

Following initial recognition of the development expenditure as an asset, the asset is carried at cost less any accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses. Amortization of the asset begins when development is complete and the asset is available for use. It is amortized over the period of expected future benefit. Amortization expense is recognized in the statement of profit and loss unless such expenditure forms part of carrying value of another asset.

During the period of development, the asset is tested for impairment annually.

Other intangible assets

m Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized as part of the cost of the asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period in which they occur. Borrowing costs consist of interest and other costs that an entity incurs in connection with the borrowing of funds. Borrowing cost also includes exchange differences to the extent regarded as an adjustment to the borrowing costs.

n Leases

Company as a lessee

A lease is classified at the inception date as a finance lease or an operating lease. A lease that transfers substantially all the risks and rewards incidental to ownership to the Company is classified as a finance lease.

Finance leases are capitalized at the commencement of the lease at the inception date fair value of the leased property or, if lower, at the present value of the minimum lease payments. Lease payments are apportioned between finance charges and reduction of the lease liability so as to achieve a constant rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability. Finance charges are recognized in finance costs in the statement of profit and loss, unless they are directly attributable to qualifying assets, in which case they are capitalized in accordance with the Company''s general policy on the borrowing costs.

A leased asset is depreciated over the useful life of the asset. However, if there is no reasonable certainty that the Company will obtain ownership by the end of the lease term, the asset is depreciated over the shorter of the estimated useful life of the asset and the lease term.

Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term

Company as a lessor

Leases in which the Company does not transfer substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of an asset are classified as operating leases. Rental income from operating lease is recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the relevant lease. Initial direct costs incurred in negotiating and arranging an operating lease are added to the carrying amount of the leased asset and recognized over the lease term on the same basis as rental income.

o Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value.

Costs incurred in bringing each product to its present location and condition are accounted for as follows:

- Raw materials: cost includes cost of purchase and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Cost is determined on weighted average basis.

- Finished goods and work in progress: cost includes cost of direct materials and labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on the normal operating capacity, but exclude borrowing costs. Cost is determined on weighted average basis.

- Traded goods: cost includes cost of purchase and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Cost is determined on weighted average basis.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

p Impairment of non-financial assets

The Company assesses, at each reporting date, whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. If any indication exists, or when annual impairment testing for an asset is required, the Company estimates the asset''s recoverable amount. An asset''s recoverable amount is the higher of an asset''s or cash-generating unit''s (CGU) fair value less costs of disposal and its value in use. Recoverable amount is determined for an individual asset, unless the asset does not generate cash inflows that are largely independent of those from other assets or groups of assets. When the carrying amount of an asset or CGU exceeds its recoverable amount, the asset is considered impaired and is written down to its recoverable amount.

In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset. In determining fair value less costs of disposal, recent market transactions are taken into account. If no such transactions can be identified, an appropriate valuation model is used. These calculations are corroborated by valuation multiples, quoted share prices for publicly traded companies or other available fair value indicators.

Impairment losses of continuing operations, including impairment on inventories, are recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

For assets excluding goodwill, an assessment is made at each reporting date to determine whether there is an indication that previously recognized impairment losses no longer exist or have decreased. If such indication exists, the Company estimates the asset''s or CGU''s recoverable amount. A previously recognized impairment loss is reversed only if there has been a change in the assumptions used to determine the asset''s recoverable amount since the last impairment loss was recognized. The reversal is limited so that the carrying amount of the asset does not exceed its recoverable amount, nor exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined, net of depreciation, had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in prior years. Such reversal is recognized in the statement of profit or loss unless the asset is carried at a revalued amount, in which case, the reversal is treated as a revaluation increase. Goodwill is tested for impairment annually and when circumstances indicate that the carrying value may be impaired. Impairment is determined for goodwill by assessing the recoverable amount of each CGU (or Company of CGUs) to which the goodwill relates. When the recoverable amount of the CGU is less than its carrying amount, an impairment loss is recognized. Impairment losses relating to goodwill cannot be reversed in future periods.

q Provisions and contingencies General

Provisions are recognized when the Company has a present obligation (legal or constructive) as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. When the Company expects some or all of a provision to be reimbursed, for example, under an insurance contract, the reimbursement is recognized as a separate asset, but only when the reimbursement is virtually certain. The expense relating to a provision is presented in the statement of profit and loss net of any reimbursement.

If the effect of the time value of money is material, provisions are discounted using a current pre-tax rate that reflects, when appropriate, the risks specific to the liability. When discounting is used, the increase in the provision due to the passage of time is recognized as a finance cost.

Warranty provisions

Provisions for warranty-related costs are recognized when the product is sold or service provided to the customer. Initial recognition is based on historical experience. The initial estimate of warranty-related costs is revised annually.

Other Litigation claims

Provision for litigation related obligation represents liabilities that are expected to materialize in respect of matters in appeal.

Onerous contracts

A provision for onerous contracts is measured at the present value of the lower expected costs of terminating the contract and the expected cost of continuing with the contract. Before a provision is established, the Company recognizes impairment on the assets with the contract.

Contingencies

Contingent liability is disclosed in the case of:

- a present obligation arising from past events, when it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation;

- a present obligation arising from past events, when no reliable estimate is possible;

- a possible obligation arising from past events, unless the probability of outflow of resources is remote.

A contingent asset is disclosed where an inflow of economic benefits is probable.

Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date.

r. Retirement and other employee benefits

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months are classified as short term employee benefits. Benefits such as salaries, wages, short-term compensated absences, performance incentives etc. and the expected cost of bonus, ex-gratia are recognized during the period in which the employee renders related service.

Payments to defined contribution retirement benefit plans are recognized as an expense when employees have rendered the service entitling them to the contribution.

The Company makes contribution towards provident fund which is administered by the trustees. The Rules of the Company''s Provident Fund administered by a trust, require that if the Board of the Trustees are unable to pay interest at the rate declared by the Government under Para 60 of the Employees Provident Fund Scheme, 1972 for the reason that the return on investment is less for any other reason, then the deficiency shall be made good by the Company making interest shortfall a defined benefit plan. Accordingly, the company obtains an actuarial valuation to establish that there is no deficiency as at the balance sheet date. Hence, the liability is restricted to monthly contributions only.

The Company operates a defined benefit gratuity plan in India.

The cost of providing benefits under the defined benefit plan is determined using the projected unit credit method. Remeasurements, comprising of actuarial gains and losses, the effect of the asset ceiling, excluding amounts included in net interest on the net defined benefit liability and the return on plan assets (excluding amounts included in net interest on the net defined benefit liability), are recognised immediately in the balance sheet with a corresponding debit or credit to the retained earnings through OCI in the period in which they occur. Remeasurements are not reclassified to profit or loss in subsequent periods.

Past service costs are recognized in profit or loss on the earlier of:

- The date of the plan amendment or curtailment, and

- The date that the Company recognizes related restructuring costs

Net interest is calculated by applying the discount rate to the net defined benefit liability or asset. The Company recognizes the following changes in the net defined benefit obligation as an expense in the consolidated statement of profit and loss:

- Service costs comprising current service costs, past-service costs, gains and losses on curtailments and non-routine settlements; and

- Net interest expense or income

Long-term employee benefits:

Compensated absences which are not expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related services are recognized as a liability at the present value of the defined benefit obligation at the balance sheet date.

Voluntary Retirement Scheme (VRS):

VRS payouts are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

s. Share-based payments

Employees (including senior executives) of the Company receive remuneration in the form of share-based payments, whereby employees render services as consideration for equity instruments (equity-settled transactions).

Equity-settled transactions

The cost of equity-settled transactions is determined by the fair value at the date when the grant is made using an appropriate valuation model.

That cost is recognized, together with a corresponding increase in share-based payment (SBP) reserves in equity, over the period in which the performance and/or service conditions are fulfilled in employee benefits expense. The cumulative expense recognized for equity-settled transactions at each reporting date until the vesting date reflects the extent to which the vesting period has expired and the Company''s best estimate of the number of equity instruments that will ultimately vest. The statement of profit and loss expense or credit for a period represents the movement in cumulative expense recognized as at the beginning and end of that period and is recognized as an employee benefits expense.

Service and non-market performance conditions are not taken into account while determining the grant date fair value of awards, but the likelihood of the conditions being met is assessed as part of the Company''s best estimate of the number of equity instruments that will ultimately vest. Market performance conditions are reflected within the grant date fair value. Any other conditions attached to an award, but without an associated service requirement, are considered to be non-vesting conditions. Non-vesting conditions are reflected in the fair value of an award and lead to an immediate expensing of an award unless there are also service and/or performance conditions.

No expense is recognized for awards that do not ultimately vest because non-market performance and/or service conditions have not been met. Where awards include a market or non-vesting condition, the transactions are treated as vested irrespective of whether the market or non-vesting condition is satisfied, provided that all other performance and/or service conditions are satisfied.

When the terms of an equity-settled award are modified, the minimum expense recognized is the expense had the terms had not been modified, if the original terms of the award are met. An additional expense is recognized for any modification that increases the total fair value of the share-based payment transaction, or is otherwise beneficial to the employee as measured at the date of modification. Where an award is cancelled by the entity or by the counterparty, any remaining element of the fair value of the award is expensed immediately through profit or loss. The dilutive effect of outstanding options is reflected as additional share dilution in the computation of diluted earnings per share.

t. Financial instruments

A financial instrument is any contract that gives rise to a financial asset of one entity and a financial liability or equity instrument of another entity.

Financial assets

Initial recognition and measurement

All financial assets are recognized initially at fair value plus, in the case of financial assets not recorded at fair value through profit or loss, transaction costs that are attributable to the acquisition of the financial asset. Purchases or sales of financial assets that require delivery of assets within a time frame established by regulation or convention in the market place (regular way trades) are recognised on the trade date, i.e., the date that the Company commits to purchase or sell the asset.

Subsequent measurement

For purposes of subsequent measurement, financial assets are classified in following categories:

- Debt instruments at amortized cost

- Debt instruments, derivatives and equity instruments at ''fair value through profit or loss'' (FVTPL)

Debt instruments at amortized cost

A ''debt instrument'' is measured at the amortized cost if both the following conditions are met:

a) The asset is held within a business model whose objective is to hold assets for collecting contractual cash flows, and

b) Contractual terms of the asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

This category is the most relevant to the Company. After initial measurement, such financial assets are subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest rate (EIR) method. Amortized cost is calculated by taking into account any discount or premium on acquisition and fees or costs that are an integral part of the EIR. The EIR amortization is included in finance income in the profit or loss. The losses arising from impairment are recognized in the profit or loss. This category generally applies to trade and other receivables.

Debt instrument at FVTPL

FVTPL is a residual category for debt instruments. Any debt instrument, which does not meet the criteria for categorization as at amortized cost is classified as at FVTPL.

Debt instruments included within the FVTPL category are measured at fair value with all changes recognized in the Profit or Loss.

Derecognition

A financial asset (or, where applicable, a part of a financial asset or part of a Company of similar financial assets) is primarily derecognized (i.e. removed from the Company''s consolidated balance sheet) when:

- The rights to receive cash flows from the asset have expired, or

- The Company has transferred its rights to receive cash flows from the asset or has assumed an obligation to pay the received cash flows in full without material delay to a third party under a ''pass-through'' arrangement; and either (a) the Company has transferred substantially all the risks and rewards of the asset, or (b) the Company has neither transferred nor retained substantially all the risks and rewards of the asset, but has transferred control of the asset.

When the Company has transferred its rights to receive cash flows from an asset or has entered into a pass-through arrangement, it evaluates if and to what extent it has retained the risks and rewards of ownership. When it has neither transferred nor retained substantially all of the risks and rewards of the asset, nor transferred control of the asset, the Company continues to recognize the transferred asset to the extent of the Company''s continuing involvement. In that case, the Company also recognizes an associated liability. The transferred asset and the associated liability are measured on a basis that reflects the rights and obligations that the Company has retained.

Continuing involvement that takes the form of a guarantee over the transferred asset is measured at the lower of the original carrying amount of the asset and the maximum amount of consideration that the Company could be required to repay.

Impairment of financial assets

In accordance with Ind AS 109, the Company applies ''expected credit loss'' (ECL) model for measurement and recognition of impairment loss on the following financial assets and credit risk exposure:

a) Financial assets that are debt instruments, and are measured at amortized cost e.g., loans, debt securities, deposits, trade receivables and bank balance

b) Trade receivables or any contractual right to receive cash (including revenue earned in excess of billing) or another financial asset that result from transactions that are within the scope of Ind AS 11 and Ind AS 18

The Company follows ''simplified approach'' for recognition of impairment loss allowance on trade receivables or contract revenue receivables (including Revenue earned in excess of billing).

The application of simplified approach does not require the Company to track changes in credit risk. Rather, it recognizes impairment loss allowance based on lifetime ECLs at each reporting date, right from its initial recognition. For recognition of impairment loss on other financial assets and risk exposure, the Company determines that whether there has been a significant increase in the credit risk since initial recognition. If credit risk has not increased significantly, twelve month ECL is used to provide for impairment loss. However, if credit risk has increased significantly, lifetime ECL is used. If, in a subsequent period, credit quality of the instrument improves such that there is no longer a significant increase in credit risk since initial recognition, then the entity reverts to recognizing impairment loss allowance based on twelve month ECL.

Lifetime ECL are the expected credit losses resulting from all possible default events over the expected life of a financial instrument. The twelve month ECL is a portion of the lifetime ECL which results from default events that are possible within twelve months after the reporting date.

ECL is the difference between all contractual cash flows that are due to the Company in accordance with the contract and all the cash flows that the entity expects to receive (i.e., net of all cash shortfalls), discounted at the original EIR. When estimating the cash flows, an entity is required to consider:

- All contractual terms of the financial instrument (including prepayment, extension, call and similar options) over the expected life of the financial instrument. However, in rare cases when the expected life of the financial instrument cannot be estimated reliably, then the entity is required to use the remaining contractual term of the financial instrument

- Cash flows from the sale of collateral held or other credit enhancements that are integral to the contractual terms.

As a practical expedient, the Company uses a provision matrix to determine impairment loss allowance on portfolio of its trade receivables. The provision matrix is based on its historically observed default rates over the expected life of the trade receivables and is adjusted for forward-looking estimates. At every reporting date, the historically observed default rates are updated and changes in the forward-looking estimates are analyzed.

- Financial assets measured as at amortized cost, contractual revenue receivables and lease receivables: ECL is presented as an allowance, i.e., as an integral part of the measurement of those assets in the balance sheet. The allowance reduces the net carrying amount. Until the asset meets write-off criteria, the Company does not reduce impairment allowance from the gross carrying amount.

- For assessing increase in credit risk and impairment loss, the Company combines financial instruments on the basis of shared credit risk characteristics with the objective of facilitating an analysis that is designed to enable significant increases in credit risk to be identified on a timely basis.

The Company does not have any purchased or originated credit-impaired financial assets, i.e., financial assets which are credit impaired on purchase/origination.

Financial liabilities

Initial recognition and measurement

Financial liabilities are classified, at initial recognition, as financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss, loans and borrowings, payables, or as derivatives designated as hedging instruments in an effective hedge, as appropriate. All financial liabilities are recognized initially at fair value and, in the case of loans and borrowings and payables, net of directly attributable transaction costs.

The Company''s financial liabilities include trade and other payables, loans and borrowings including bank overdrafts, financial guarantee contracts and derivative financial instruments.

Subsequent measurement

The measurement of financial liabilities depends on their classification, as described below:

Financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss

Financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss include financial liabilities held for trading and financial liabilities designated upon initial recognition as at fair value through profit or loss. Financial liabilities are classified as held for trading if they are incurred for the purpose of repurchasing in the near term. This category also includes derivative financial instruments entered into by the Company that are not designated as hedging instruments in hedge relationships as defined by Ind AS 109. Separated embedded derivatives are also classified as held for trading unless they are designated as effective hedging instruments.

Gains or losses on liabilities held for trading are recognized in the profit or loss.

Financial liabilities designated upon initial recognition at fair value through profit or loss are designated as such at the initial date of recognition, and only if the criteria in Ind AS 109 are satisfied.

Loans and borrowings

This is the category most relevant to the Company. After initial recognition, interest-bearing loans and borrowings are subsequently measured at amortized cost using the EIR method. Gains and losses are recognized in profit or loss when the liabilities are derecognized as well as through the EIR amortization process.

Amortized cost is calculated by taking into account any discount or premium on acquisition and fees or costs that are an integral part of the EIR. The EIR amortization is included as finance costs in the statement of profit and loss.

This category generally applies to borrowings.

Financial guarantee contracts

Financial guarantee contracts issued by the Company are those contracts that require a payment to be made to reimburse the holder for a loss it incurs because the specified debtor fails to make a payment when due in accordance with the terms of a debt instrument. Financial guarantee contracts are recognized initially as a liability at fair value, adjusted for transaction costs that are directly attributable to the issuance of the guarantee. Subsequently, the liability is measured at the higher of the amount of loss allowance determined as per impairment requirements of Ind AS 109 and the amount recognized less cumulative amortization.

Derecognition

A financial liability is derecognised when the obligation under the liability is discharged or cancelled or expires. When an existing financial liability is replaced by another from the same lender on substantially different terms, or the terms of an existing liability are substantially modified, such an exchange or modification is treated as the derecognition of the original liability and the recognition of a new liability. The difference in the respective carrying amounts is recognized in the statement of profit or loss.

Offsetting of financial instruments

Financial assets and financial liabilities are offset and the net amount is reported in the consolidated balance sheet if there is a currently enforceable legal right to offset the recognized amounts and there is an intention to settle on a net basis, to realize the assets and settle the liabilities simultaneously.

Derivative financial instruments

The company enters into derivative contracts to hedge foreign currency/price risk on unexecuted firm com


Mar 31, 2015

Change in accounting policy

(I) Depreciation on fixed assets

Till the year ended 31 March 2014, Schedule XIV of Companies Act, 1956, prescribed requirements concerning depreciation of fixed assets. From the current year, Schedule XIV has been replaced by Schedule II to the Companies Act 2013. The applicability of Schedule II has resulted in the following changes related to depreciation of fixed assets. Unless stated otherwise, the impact mentioned for the current year is likely to hold good for future years also.

i. Useful lives/depreciation rates

Till the year ended 31 March 2014, depreciation rates prescribed under schedule XIV were treated as minimum rates and the Company was not allowed to charge depreciation at lower rates even if such lower rates were justified by the estimated useful life of the asset. Schedule II to the Companies Act 2013 prescribes useful lives for fixed assets which, in many cases are different from lives prescribed under the erstwhile Schedule XIV. However, Schedule II allows companies to use higher/lower useful lives and residual values if such useful lives and residual values can be technically supported and justification for difference is disclosed in the financial statements.

Considering the applicability of Schedule II, the management has re-estimated useful lives & residual values of all its fixed assets. The management believes that depreciation rates currently used fairly reflect its estimate of the useful lives and residual values of fixed assets, though these rates in certain cases are different from lives prescribed under Schedule II. Hence, this change in accounting policy did not have material impact on financial statements of the company.

(a) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

(b) Tangible fixed assets and Capital WIP

Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed assets which takes substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use are also included in the cost of the assets to the extent these relate to the period up to the date such assets are ready to be put to use.

Expenditure (including interest) incurred during the construction period is included in Capital work-in-progress and the same is allocated to respective fixed assets on completion of the construction.

(c) Depreciation on tangible fixed assets

Cost of Leasehold land is amortized on a straight line basis over the period of lease

Depreciation on fixed assets is calculated on written down value basis using the rates arrived at based on useful lives estimated by the management. The company has used the following useful lives to provide depreciation on its fixed assets.

Useful lives estimated by the management (years)

Factory buildings 30

Other buildings 60

Roads 5

Temporary structure 3

Plant & Machinery 20

Furniture and fixtures 1 0

Office equipment 5

Vehicles 8

Computer - Desktop, Laptops 3

Computer - Servers and Networks 6

Leasehold Improvements 6 or the life based on lease period, whichever is less

The management has estimated, supported by independent assessment by professionals, the useful lives of the following classes of assets.

The useful life of plant and machinery has been estimated as 20 years. These lives are higher than those indicated in schedule II.

(d) Intangible assets

Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses, if any.

Research and Development Cost:

Research costs are expensed as incurred. Development expenditure incurred on an individual project is recognized as an intangible asset when the recognition criteria are met. Development expenditure capitalized is amortized over the period of expected future sales from the related project not exceeding ten years.

Amortization of Intangible fixed assets:

- Software is amortized on written down value of assets effectively over a period 6 years.

- Technical knowhow is amortized on straight line basis over a period of 6 years.

(e) Impairment

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date to assess if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset''s net selling price and its value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and risks specific to the asset.

(f) Leases

Where the Company is the lessee:

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased item, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

(g) Government grants and subsidies

Grants and subsidies from the government are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the grant/ subsidy will be received and all attaching conditions will be complied with.

Capital subsidy received from the government is credited to capital reserve and treated as part of the shareholders'' funds.

(h) Investments

All investments intended to be held for more than one year from the date of the purchase are classified as Long term investments. Long-term investments are carried at cost. A provision for diminution in value is made to recognise a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments. Current investments are carried in the financial statements at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis.

(i) Inventories

Inventories are valued as follows:

(i) Raw materials, stores and components are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on a weighted average basis.

(ii) Contract Work-in-Progress is stated at cost till such time as the outcome of the project cannot be ascertained reliably.

(iii) Work-In-Progress and Finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

Cost includes direct materials and labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty. Cost is determined on a weighted average basis.

(iv) Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

(j) Revenue Recognition

(i) Revenue from long - term contracts, where the outcome can be estimated reliably, is recognized under the percentage of completion method by reference to the stage of completion of the contract activity. The stage of completion is measured by calculating the proportion that costs incurred to date bear to the estimated total costs of a contract. The total costs of contracts are estimated based on technical and other estimates. When the current estimate of total costs and revenue is a loss, provision is made for the entire loss on the contract irrespective of the amount of work done.

(ii) Contract revenue earned in excess of billing has been reflected under "Other Current Assets" and billing in excess of contract revenue is reflected under "Other Current Liabilities" in the balance sheet.

(iii) Annual Maintenance contracts: Revenues from annual maintenance contracts are recognized pro-rata over the period of the contract.

(iv) Revenue from sale of goods is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer, which is generally on dispatch of goods. Sales taxes and Value added taxes (VAT) are excluded from revenue. Excise duty deducted from revenue (gross) is the amount that is included in the revenue (gross) and not the entire amount of liability arising during the year.

(v) Commission income is recognized as and when the terms of the contracts are fulfilled.

(vi) Claims recoverable are accrued only to the extent it is probable that they will result in revenue and they are capable of being reliably measured.

(vii) Export incentive receivable is accrued for when the right to receive the credit is established and there is no significant uncertainty regarding the ultimate collection.

(viii) Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive dividend is established.

(ix) Interest income is recognized on accrual basis.

(k) Foreign Exchange Transactions

(i) Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

(ii) Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are restated at the exchange rate prevailing on the balance sheet date. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

(iii) Exchange difference

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting such monetary items of the Company at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

(iv) Forward Exchange Contracts entered into to hedge foreign currency risk of an existing Asset/Liabilities

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contracts is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognised as income or as expense for the year.

(v) Exchange difference arising on financing activities is reflected under the head ''finance costs'' as Exchange difference on Borrowing (net).

(l) Retirement and other Employee Benefits

(i) Defined Contribution Plan

The Company''s liability towards Superannuation scheme administered through the Trusts maintained by the Company, are considered as Defined Contribution Plan. The Company''s contributions paid/payable towards this defined contribution plan is recognised as expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss during the period in which the employee renders the related service. There are no other obligations other than the contributions payable to the Trust.

(ii) Defined Benefit Plan Provident Fund:

Eligible employees receive benefit from a provident fund, which is a defined benefit plan. Both the employee and the Company make monthly contribution to the provident fund plan equal to a specified percentage of the covered employee''s salary. The Company contributes a part of the contributions to the Blue Star Employees Provident Fund. The trust invests in specific designated instruments as permitted by the statute. The remaining portion is contributed to the government administered pension fund. The rate at which the annual interest is payable to the beneficiaries by the trust is being administered by the government. The Company has an obligation to make good the shortfall, if any, between the return from the investments of the trust and the notified interest rate.

Gratuity:

Company''s liability towards gratuity is considered as a Defined Benefit Plan. The present value of the obligations towards Gratuity and additional gratuity are determined based on actuarial valuation using the projected unit credit method at the end of each financial year. The obligation is measured at the present value of estimated future cash flows using a discount rate that is determined by reference to market yields on Government securities at the balance sheet date, and adjusted for salary escalations and attrition rate. Actuarial gains and losses are recognized in full in the period in which they occur in the statement of profit and loss.

(iii) Other Employee Benefits:

Accumulated leave, which is expected to be utilized within the next 12 months, is treated as short-term employee benefit.

Short term compensated absences are provided for based on estimates. Long term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation at the year end. The actuarial valuation is done as per projected unit credit method.

Actuarial gains/losses are taken to the statement of profit and loss. The Company presents the entire leave as a Current Liability in the balance sheet, since it does not have an unconditional right to defer its settlement for 12 months after the reporting period.

(iv) Voluntary Retirement Scheme

The cost incurred under the Voluntary Retirement Scheme is charged to the statement of Profit and loss in the month of separation of the employee.

(m) Employee stock compensation cost

Employees (including senior executives) of the company receive remuneration in the form of share based payment transactions, whereby employees render services as consideration for equity instruments (equity-settled transactions). In accordance with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Share Based Employee Benefits) Regulations, 2014 and the Guidance Note on Accounting for Employee Share-based Payments, the cost of equity-settled transactions is measured using the intrinsic value method. The cumulative expense recognized for equity-settled transactions at each reporting date until the vesting date reflects the extent to which the vesting period has expired and the company''s best estimate of the number of equity instruments that will ultimately vest. The expense or credit recognized in the statement of profit and loss for a period represents the movement in cumulative expense recognized as at the beginning and end of that period and is recognized in employee benefits expense.

(n) Excise Duty

Excise duty on direct sales by the manufacturing units is reduced from the sales.

Excise Duty liability on closing stock of finished goods lying at the manufacturing units is accounted based on the estimated duty payable as at the close of the year.

(o) Taxes on Income

Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Income-tax Act, 1961 enacted in India. Deferred income taxes reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset, if a legally enforceable right exists to set off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities relate to the taxes on income levied by same governing taxation laws. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. In situation where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward losses, all deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realised against future taxable profits.

At each balance sheet date, the Company re-assesses unrecognised deferred tax assets. It recognises deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain, as the case may be that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of a deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realised. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

Minimum alternate tax (MAT) paid in a year is charged to the statement of profit and loss as current tax. The company recognizes MAT credit available as an asset only to the extent that there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period, i.e., the period for which MAT credit is allowed to be carried forward. The said asset is created by way of credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as

"MAT Credit Entitlement." The Company reviews the "MAT credit entitlement" asset at each reporting date and writes down the asset to the extent the Company does not have convincing evidence that it will pay normal tax during the specified period.

(p) Segment Reporting Policies

(i) Identification of segments :

The Company''s operating businesses are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products and services provided, with each segment representing a strategic business unit that offers different products and serves different markets.

Allocation of common costs/assets & liabilities:

Common allocable costs/assets and liabilities are consistently allocated amongst the segments on appropriate basis.

(ii) Unallocated items:

Includes general corporate income and expense items which are not allocated to any business segment.

(iii) Segment Policies:

The Company prepares its segment information in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for preparing and presenting the financial statements of the company as a whole.

(q) Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

(r) Provisions

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

(s) Contingent Liability

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognised because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognised because it cannot be measured reliably. The Company does not recognise a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

(t) Cash and Cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

(u) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.


Mar 31, 2014

(a) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

(b) Tangible fixed assets and Capital WIP

Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed assets which takes substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use are also included in the cost of the assets to the extent these relate to the period up to the date such assets are ready to be put to use.

Expenditure (including interest) incurred during the construction period is included in Capital work-in-progress and the same is allocated to respective fixed assets on completion of the construction.

(c) Depreciation on tangible fixed assets

Depreciation is charged on all assets at rates applicable under Schedule XIV of Companies Act, 1956, on written down value of assets.

Cost of leasehold land is amortised on a straight line basis over the period of lease.

(d) Impairment

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date to assess if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset''s net selling price and its value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and risks specific to the asset.

(e) Intangible assets

Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortisation and accumulated impairment losses, if any.

Research and Development Cost:

Research costs are expensed as incurred. Development expenditure incurred on an individual project is recognized as an intangible asset when the recognition criteria are met. Development expenditure capitalised is amortised over the period of expected future sales from the related project not exceeding ten years.

Amortization of Intangible fixed assets:

- Software is amortised on written down value of assets effectively over a period 6 years.

- Technical know how is amortised on straight line basis over a period of 6 years.

(f) Leases

Where the Company is the lessee:

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased item, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

(g) Government grants and subsidies

Grants and subsidies from the government are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the grant/subsidy will be received and all attaching conditions will be complied with.

Capital subsidy received from the government is credited to capital reserve and treated as part of the shareholders'' funds.

(h) Investments

All investments intended to be held for more than one year from the date of the purchase are classified as Long term investments. Long-term investments are carried at cost. A provision for diminution in value is made to recognise a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments. Current investments are carried in the financial statements at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis.

(i) Inventories

Inventories are valued as follows:

(i) Raw materials, stores and components are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on a weighted average basis.

(ii) Contract Work-in-Progress is stated at cost till such time as the outcome of the project cannot be ascertained reliably.

(iii) Work-In-Progress and Finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

Cost includes direct materials and labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty. Cost is determined on a weighted average basis.

(iv) Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

(j) Revenue Recognition

(i) Revenue from long-term contracts, where the outcome can be estimated reliably, is recognized under the percentage of completion method by reference to the stage of completion of the contract activity. The stage of completion is measured by calculating the proportion that costs incurred to date bear to the estimated total costs of a contract. The total costs of contracts are estimated based on technical and other estimates. When the current estimate of total costs and revenue is a loss, provision is made for the entire loss on the contract irrespective of the amount of work done.

(ii) Contract revenue earned in excess of billing has been reflected under "Other Current Assets" and billing in excess of contract revenue is reflected under "Other Current Liabilities" in the balance sheet.

(iii) Annual Maintenance contracts: Revenues from annual maintenance contracts are recognized pro-rata over the period of the contract.

(iv) Revenue from sale of goods is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer, which is generally on dispatch of goods. Sales taxes and Value added taxes ( VAT) are excluded from revenue. Excise duty deducted from revenue (gross) is the amount that is included in the revenue (gross) and not the entire amount of liability arising during the year.

(v) Commission income is recognized as and when the terms of the contracts are fulfilled. (vi) Claims recoverable are accrued only to the extent it is probable that they will result in revenue and they are capable of being reliably measured.

(vii) Export incentive receivable is accrued for when the right to receive the credit is established and there is no significant uncertainty regarding the ultimate collection.

(viii) Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive dividend is established.

(ix) Interest income is recognized on accrual basis.

(k) Foreign Exchange Transactions

(i) Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

(ii) Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are restated at the exchange rate prevailing on the balance sheet date. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

(iii) Exchange difference

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting such monetary items of the Company at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

(iv) Forward Exchange Contracts entered into to hedge foreign currency risk of an existing Asset/Liabilities

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contracts is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognised as income or as expense for the year.

(v) Exchange difference arising on financing activities is reflected under the head ''finance costs'' as Exchange difference on Borrowing (net).

(l) Retirement and other Employee Benefits

(i) Defined Contribution Plan

The Company''s liability towards Superannuation scheme administered through the Trusts maintained by the Company, are considered as defined contribution plan. The Company''s contributions paid/payable towards this defined contribution plan is recognised as expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss during the period in which the employee renders the related service. There are no other obligations other than the contributions payable to the Trust.

(ii) Defined Benefit Plan

Provident Fund:

Eligible employees receive benefit from a provident fund, which is a defined benefit plan. Both the employee and the Company make monthly contribution to the provident fund plan equal to a specified percentage of the covered employee''s salary. The Company contributes a part of the contributions to the Blue Star Employees'' Provident Fund. The trust invests in specific designated instruments as permitted by the statute. The remaining portion is contributed to the government administered pension fund. The rate at which the annual interest is payable to the beneficiaries by the trust is being administered by the government. The Company has an obligation to make good the shortfall, if any, between the return from the investments of the trust and the notified interest rate.

Gratuity:

Company''s liability towards gratuity is considered as a defined benefit plan. The present value of the obligations towards Gratuity and additional gratuity are determined based on actuarial valuation using the projected unit credit method at the end of each financial year. The obligation is measured at the present value of estimated future cash flows using a discount rate that is determined by reference to market yields on Government securities at the balance sheet date, and adjusted for salary escalations and attrition rate. Actuarial gains and losses are recognized in full in the period in which they occur in the statement of profit and loss.

(iii) Other Employee Benefits:

Accumulated leave, which is expected to be utilized within the next 12 months, is treated as short-term employee benefit.

Short term compensated absences are provided for based on estimates. Long term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation at the year end. The actuarial valuation is done as per projected unit credit method.

Actuarial gains/losses are taken to the statement of profit and loss. The Company presents the entire leave as a Current Liability in the balance sheet, since it does not have an unconditional right to defer its settlement for 12 months after the reporting period.

(iv) Voluntary Retirement Scheme

The cost incurred under the Voluntary Retirement Scheme is charged to the statement of profit and loss in the month of separation of the employee.

(m) Excise Duty

Excise duty on direct sales by the manufacturing units is reduced from the sales.

Excise Duty liability on closing stock of finished goods lying at the manufacturing units is accounted based on the estimated duty payable as at the close of the year.

(n) Taxes on Income

Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Income-tax Act, 1961 enacted in India. Deferred income taxes reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset, if a legally enforceable right exists to set off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities relate to the taxes on income levied by same governing taxation laws. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. In situation where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realised against future taxable profits.

At each balance sheet date, the Company re-assesses unrecognised deferred tax assets. It recognises deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain, as the case may be that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of a deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realised. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

Minimum alternate tax (MAT) paid in a year is charged to the statement of profit and loss as current tax. The company recognizes MAT credit available as an asset only to the extent that there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period, i.e., the period for which MAT credit is allowed to be carried forward. The said asset is created by way of credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as "MAT Credit Entitlement." The Company reviews the "MAT credit entitlement" asset at each reporting date and writes down the asset to the extent the Company does not have convincing evidence that it will pay normal tax during the specified period.

(o) Segment Reporting Policies

(i) Identification of segments :

The Company''s operating businesses are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products and services provided, with each segment representing a strategic business unit that offers different products and serves different markets.

Allocation of common costs/assets & liabilities:

Common allocable costs/assets and liabilities are consistently allocated amongst the segments on appropriate basis.

(ii) Unallocated items:

Includes general corporate income and expense items which are not allocated to any business segment

(iii) Segment Policies:

The Company prepares its segment information in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for preparing and presenting the financial statements of the company as a whole.

(p) Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

(q) Provisions

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

(r) Contingent Liability

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognised because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognised because it cannot be measured reliably. The Company does not recognise a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

(s) Cash and Cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

(t) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.


Mar 31, 2013

(a) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

(b) Tangible fixed assets and Capital WIP

Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed assets which takes substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use are also included in the cost of the assets to the extent these relate to the period up to the date such assets are ready to be put to use.

Expenditure (including interest) incurred during the construction period is included in Capital work-in-progress and the same is allocated to respective fixed assets on completion of the construction.

(c) Depreciation on tangible fixed assets

Depreciation is charged on all assets at rates applicable under Schedule XIV of Companies Act, 1956, on written down value of assets.

Cost of leasehold land is amortised on a straight line basis over the period of lease.

(d) Impairment

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date to assess if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset''s net selling price and its value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and risks specific to the asset.

(e) Intangible assets

Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortisation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Research and Development Cost:

Research costs are expensed as incurred. Development expenditure incurred on an individual project is recognized as an intangible asset when the recognition criteria are met. Development expenditure capitalised is amortised over the period of expected future sales from the related project not exceeding ten years.

Amortization of Intangible fixed assets:

- Softwares are amortised on written down value of assets effectively over a period 6 years.

- Technical knowhow is amortised on straight line basis over a period of 6 years.

(f) Leases

Where the Company is the lessee

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased item, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

(g) Government grants and subsidies

Grants and subsidies from the government are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the grant/subsidy will be received and all attaching conditions will be complied with.

Capital subsidy received from the government is credited to capital reserve and treated as part of the shareholders'' funds.

(h) Investments

All investments intended to be held for more than one year from the date of the purchase are classified as Long term investments. Long-term investments are carried at cost. A provision for diminution in value is made to recognise a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments. Current investments are carried in the financial statements at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis.

(i) Inventories

Inventories are valued as follows:

(i) Raw materials, stores and components are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on a weighted average basis.

(ii) Contract Work-in-Progress is stated at cost till such time as the outcome of the project cannot be ascertained reliably.

(iii) Work-In-Progress and Finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

Cost includes direct materials and labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty. Cost is determined on a weighted average basis.

(iv) Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

(j) Revenue Recognition

(i) Revenue from long - term contracts, where the outcome can be estimated reliably, is recognized under the percentage of completion method by reference to the stage of completion of the contract activity. The stage of completion is measured by calculating the proportion that costs incurred to date bear to the estimated total costs of a contract. The total costs of contracts are estimated based on technical and other estimates. When the current estimate of total costs and revenue is a loss, provision is made for the entire loss on the contract irrespective of the amount of work done.

(ii) Contract revenue earned in excess of billing has been reflected under "Other Current Assets" and billing in excess of contract revenue is reflected under "Other Current Liabilities" in the balance sheet.

(iii) Annual Maintenance contracts: Revenues from annual maintenance contracts are recognized pro-rata over the period of the contract.

(iv) Revenue from sale of goods is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer, which is generally on dispatch of goods. Sales taxes and Value added taxes (VAT) are excluded from revenue. Excise duty deducted from revenue (gross) is the amount that is included in the revenue (gross) and not the entire amount of liability arising during the year.

(v) Commission income is recognized as and when the terms of the contracts are fulfilled.

(vi) Claims recoverable are accrued only to the extent admitted by the parties.

(vii) Export incentive receivable is accrued for when the right to receive the credit is established and there is no significant uncertainty regarding the ultimate collection.

(viii) Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive dividend is established.

(ix) Interest income is recognized on accrual basis.

(k) Foreign Exchange Transactions

(i) Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

(ii) Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are restated at the exchange rate prevailing on the balance sheet date. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

(iii) Exchange difference

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting such monetary items of the Company at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

(iv) Forward Exchange Contracts entered into to hedge foreign currency risk of an existing Asset/Liabilities The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contracts is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognised as income or as expense for the year.

(v) Exchange difference arising on financing activities is reflected under the head ''finance costs'' as "Exchange difference on Borrowing (net)".

(l) Retirement and other Employee Benefits

(i) Defined Contribution Plan

The Company''s liability towards Superannuation scheme administered through the Trusts maintained by the Company, are considered as Defined Contribution Plan. The Company''s contributions paid/payable towards this defined contribution plan is recognised as expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss during the period in which the employee renders the related service. There are no other obligations other than the contributions payable to the Trust.

(ii) Defined Benefit Plan Provident Fund:

Eligible employees receive benefit from a provident fund, which is a defined benefit plan. Both the employee and the Company make monthly contribution to the provident fund plan equal to a specified percentage of the covered employee''s salary. The Company contributes a part of the contributions to the Blue Star Employees Provident Fund. The trust invests in specific designated instruments as permitted by the statute. The remaining portion is contributed to the government administered pension fund.

The rate at which the annual interest is payable to the beneficiaries by the trust is being administered by the government. The Company has an obligation to make good the shortfall, if any, between the return from the investments of the trust and the notified interest rate.

Gratuity:

Company''s liability towards gratuity is considered as a Defined Benefit Plan. The present value of the obligations towards Gratuity and additional gratuity are determined based on actuarial valuation using the projected unit credit method at the end of each financial year. The obligation is measured at the present value of estimated future cash flows using a discount rate that is determined by reference to market yields on Government securities at the balance sheet date, and adjusted for salary escalations and attrition rate. Actuarial gains and losses are recognized in full in the period in which they occur in the statement of profit and loss.

(iii) Other Employee Benefits:

Accumulated leave, which is expected to be utilized within the next 12 months, is treated as short-term employee benefit.

Short term compensated absences are provided for based on estimates. Long term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation at the year end. The actuarial valuation is done as per projected unit credit method.

Actuarial gains/losses are taken to the statement of profit and loss. The Company presents the entire leave as a Current Liability in the balance sheet, since it does not have an unconditional right to defer its settlement for 12 months after the reporting period.

(iv) Voluntary Retirement Scheme

The cost incurred under the Voluntary Retirement Scheme is charged to the statement of Profit and loss in the month of separation of the employee.

(m) Excise Duty

Excise duty on direct sales by the manufacturing units is reduced from the sales.

Excise Duty liability on closing stock of finished goods lying at the manufacturing units is accounted based on the estimated duty payable as at the close of the year.

(n) Taxes on Income

Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Income-tax Act, 1961 enacted in India. Deferred income taxes reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset, if a legally enforceable right exists to set off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities relate to the taxes on income levied by same governing taxation laws. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. In situation where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realised against future taxable profits.

At each balance sheet date, the Company re-assesses unrecognised deferred tax assets. It recognises deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain, as the case may be that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of a deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realised. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

Minimum alternate tax (MAT) paid in a year is charged to the statement of profit and loss as current tax. The company recognizes MAT credit available as an asset only to the extent that there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period, i.e., the period for which MAT credit is allowed to be carried forward. The said asset is created by way of credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as "MAT Credit Entitlement." The Company reviews the "MAT credit entitlement" asset at each reporting date and writes down the asset to the extent the Company does not have convincing evidence that it will pay normal tax during the specified period.

(o) Segment Reporting Policies

(i) Identification of segments :

The Company''s operating businesses are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products and services provided, with each segment representing a strategic business unit that offers different products and serves different markets.

Allocation of common costs/assets & liabilities:

Common allocable costs/assets and liabilities are consistently allocated amongst the segments on appropriate basis.

(ii) Unallocated items:

Includes general corporate income and expense items which are not allocated to any business segment.

(iii) Segment Policies:

The Company prepares its segment information in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for preparing and presenting the financial statements of the company as a whole.

(p) Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

(q) Provisions

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

(r) Contingent Liability

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognised because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognised because it cannot be measured reliably. The Company does not recognise a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

(s) Cash and Cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

(t) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.


Mar 31, 2012

(a) Presentation and disclosure of financial statements

During the year ended 31 March 2012, the revised Schedule VI notified under the Companies Act 1956, has become applicable to the company, for preparation and presentation of its financial statements. The adoption of revised Schedule VI does not impact recognition and measurement principles. However, it has significant impact on presentation and disclosures made in the financial statements. The company has also reclassified the previous year figures in accordance with the requirements applicable in the current year.

(b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management's best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

(c) Tangible fixed assets and Capital WIP

Fixed assets are stated at cost (or revalued amounts, as the case may be), less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed assets which takes substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use are also included in the cost of the assets to the extent these relate to the period up to the date such assets are ready to be put to use.

Expenditure (including interest) incurred during the construction period is included in Capital W.I.P. and the same is allocated to respective fixed assets on completion of the construction.

Gains or losses arising from derecognition of fixed assets are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognized in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is derecognized.

(d) Depreciation on tangible fixed assets

Depreciation is charged on all assets at rates applicable under Schedule XIV of Companies Act, 1956, on written down value of assets.

Cost of leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease.

(e) Impairment

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date to assess if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset's net selling price and its value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and risks specific to the asset.

(f) Intangible assets

Intangible assets acquired seperately are measured on initial recognition at cost. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortisation and accumulated impairment losses, if any.

Research and Development Cost:

Research costs are expensed as incurred. Development expenditure incurred on an individual project is recognized as an intangible asset when the recognition criteria are met. Development expenditure capitalised is amortised over the period of expected future sales from the related project not exceeding future sales.

Amortisation of Intangible fixed assets:

- Softwares are amortised on written down value of assets effectively over a period 6 years.

- Technical knowhow are amortised on straight line basis over a period of 6 years.

(g) Leases

Where the Company is the lessee

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased item, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss account on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

(h) Government grants and subsidies

Grants and subsidies from the government are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the grant/ subsidy will be received and all attaching conditions will be complied with capital subsidy received from the government are credited to capital reserve and treated as part of the shareholders' funds.

(i) Investments

All investments intended to be held for more than one year from the date of the purchase are classified as Long term investments. Long-term investments are carried at cost. A provision for diminution in value is made to recognise a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments. Current investments are carried in the financial statements at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis.

(j) Inventories

Inventories are valued as follows:

(i) Raw materials, stores and components are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on a weighted average basis.

(ii) Contract Work-in-Progress is stated at cost till such time as the outcome of the project cannot be ascertained reliably.

(iii) Work-In-Progress and Finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

Cost includes direct materials and labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty. Cost is determined on a weighted average basis.

(iv) Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

(k) Revenue Recognition

(i) Revenue from long - term contracts, where the outcome can be estimated reliably, is recognized under the percentage of completion method by reference to the stage of completion of the contract activity. The stage of completion is measured by calculating the proportion that costs incurred to date bear to the estimated total costs of a contract. The total costs of contracts are estimated based on technical and other estimates. When the current estimate of total costs and revenue is a loss, provision is made for the entire loss on the contract irrespective of the amount of work done.

(ii) Contract revenue earned in excess of billing has been reflected under "Other Current Assets" and billing in excess of contract revenue is reflected under "Current Liabilities" in the balance sheet.

(iii) Annual Maintenance contracts: Revenues from annual maintenance contracts are recognised pro-rata over the period of the contract as and when services are rendered.

(iv) Revenue from sale of goods is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer, which is generally on dispatch of goods. The company collects sales taxes and value added taxes (VAT) on behalf of the government and, therefore, these are not economic benefits flowing to the company. Hence, they are excluded from revenue. Excise duty deducted from revenue (gross) is the amount that is included in the revenue (gross) and not the entire amount of liability arising during the year.

(v) Commission income is recognised as and when the terms of the contracts are fulfilled.

(vi) Claims recoverable are accrued only to the extent admitted by the parties.

(vii) Export benefits are accrued only after the claims are lodged with the appropriate authorities, due to uncertainty involved in collecting necessary support documents from customers, banks etc.

(viii) Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive dividend is established.

(ix) Interest income is recognised on accrual basis.

(l) Foreign Exchange Transactions

(i) Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

(ii) Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are restated at the exchange rate prevailing on the balance sheet date. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

(iii) Exchange difference

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting such monetary items of the company at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

(iv) Forward Exchange Contracts not intended for trading or speculation purposes

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contracts is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognised as income or as expense for the year. (m) Retirement and other Employee Benefits

(i) Defined Contribution Plan

The Company's liability towards Excluded Employee's Provident Fund and Superannuation scheme administered through the Trusts maintained by the Company, are considered as Defined Contribution Plans.The Company's contributions paid/payable towards these defined contribution plans are recognised as expense in the Profit and Loss Account during the period in which the employee renders the related service. There are no other obligations other than the contributions payable to the Trusts.

(ii) Defined Benefit Plan

Provident Fund:

In respect of certain employees covered by the Employee's Provident fund, the contribution towards shortfall in interest rate payable as per statue and the earnings of the Provident Fund Trust is considered as Defined Benefit Plans and debited to Profit & loss account.

Gratuity:

Company's liability towards gratuity is considered as a Defined Benefit Plan. The present value of the obligations towards Gratuity and additional gratuity are determined based on actuarial valuation using the projected unit credit method. The obligation is measured at the present value of estimated future cash flows using a discount rate that is determined by reference to market yields on Government securities at the balance sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognized in full in the period in which they occur in the statement of profit and loss.

(iii) Other long term benefits:

Accumulated leave, which is expected to be utilized within the next 12 months, is treated as short-term employee benefit. Short term compensated absences are provided for based on estimates. Long term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation at the year end. The actuarial valuation is done as per projected unit credit method.

Actuarial gains/losses are taken to the statement of profit and loss and are not deferred. The Company presents the entire leave as a Current Liability in the balance sheet, since it does not have an unconditional right to defer its settlement for 12 months after the reporting period.

(iv) Voluntary Retirement Scheme

Payments made under the Voluntary Retirement Scheme are charged to the Profit and loss Account in the same year.

(n) Excise Duty

Excise duty on direct sales by the manufacturing units is reduced from the sales.

Excise Duty liability on closing stock of finished goods lying at the manufacturing units is accounted based on the estimated duty payable as at the close of the year.

(o) Taxes on Income

Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Income-tax Act, 1961 enacted in India. Deferred income taxes reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset, if a legally enforceable right exists to set off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities relate to the taxes on income levied by same governing taxation laws. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. In situation where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainity supported by convincing evidence that they can be realised against future taxable profits.

At each balance sheet date the Company re-assesses unrecognised deferred tax assets. It recognises deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain , as the case may be that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date. The company writes-down the carrying amount of a deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realised. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

(p) Segment Reporting Policies

(i) Identification of segments :

The Company's operating businesses are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products and services provided, with each segment representing a strategic business unit that offers different products and serves different markets.

(ii) Allocation of common costs/ assets & liabilities: Common allocable costs/assets and liabilites are consistently allocated amongst the segments on appropriate basis.

(iii) Unallocated items: Includes general corporate income and expense items which are not allocated to any business segment.

(iv) Segment Policies: The Company prepares its segment information in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for preparing and presenting the financial statements of the company as a whole.

(q) Earning per share

Basic & Diluted earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

(r) Provisions

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

(s) Contingent Liability

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognised because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognised because it cannot be measured reliabily. The Company does not recognise a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

(t) Cash and Cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

(u) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.


Mar 31, 2011

1. Basis of preparation

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the notified Accounting Standard by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis except in case of assets for which provision for impairment is made and revaluation is carried out. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

2. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon managements best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

3. Fixed Assets and Capital W.I.P.

a. Fixed assets are stated at cost (or revalued amounts, as the case may be), less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed assets which takes substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use are also included in the cost of the assets to the extent these relate to the period up to the date such assets are ready to be put to use.

b. Expenditure (including interest) incurred during the construction period is included in Capital W.I.P. and the same is allocated to respective fixed assets on completion of the construction.

4. Depreciation/Amortisation

a. Depreciation is charged on all assets at rates applicable under Schedule XIV of Companies Act, 1956, on written down value of assets.

b. Cost of leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease.

c. Intangible Assets -

- Softwares are amortised on written down value of assets effectively over a period of 6 years.

- Technical knowhow are amortised on straight line basis over a period of 6 years.

5. Impairment

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date to assess if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets net selling price and its value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and risks specific to the asset.

6. Intangible assets

Research and Development Cost:

Research costs are expensed as incurred. Development expenditure incurred on an individual project is recognized as an intangible asset when the recognition criteria are met. Development expenditure capitalised is amortised over the period of expected future sales from the related project not exceeding future sales.

7. Leases

Where the Company is the lessee

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased item, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss account on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

8. Government grants and subsidies

Grants and subsidies from the government are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the grant/subsidy will be received and all attaching conditions will be complied with.

Capital subsidy received from the government are credited to capital reserve and treated as part of the shareholders funds.

9. Investments

All investments are held for more than one year and classified as Long term investments. Long-term investments are carried at cost. A provision for diminution in value is made to recognise a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

10. Inventories

Inventories are valued as follows:

i) Raw materials, stores and components lower of cost and net realizable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on a weighted average basis.

ii) Contract Work-in-Progress is stated at cost till such time as the outcome of the job cannot be ascertained reliably and at realisable value thereafter.

iii) Work-in-Progress and Finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

Cost includes direct materials and labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty. Cost is determined on a weighted average basis.

iv) Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

11. Revenue Recognition

a. Revenue from long-term contracts, where the outcome can be estimated reliably, is recognized under the percentage of completion method by reference to the stage of completion of the contract activity. The stage of completion is measured by calculating the proportion that costs incurred to date bear to the estimated total costs of a contract. The total costs of contracts are estimated based on technical and other estimates. When the current estimate of total costs and revenue is a loss, provision is made for the entire loss on the contract irrespective of the amount of work done.

Contract revenue earned in excess of billing has been reflected under "Other Current Assets" and billing in excess of contract revenue is reflected under "Current Liabilities" in the balance sheet.

b. Annual maintenance contracts:

Revenues from annual maintenance contracts are recognised pro-rata over the period of the contract as and when services are rendered

c. Revenue from sale of goods is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer, which is generally on dispatch of goods. Sales are stated net of taxes(Excise duty and VAT) and trade discounts.

d. Commission income is recognised as and when the terms of the contracts are fulfilled.

f. Claims recoverable are accrued only to the extent admitted by the parties.

g. Export benefits are accrued only after the claims are lodged with the appropriate authorities, due to uncertainty involved in collecting necessary support documents from customers, banks etc.

h. Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive dividend is established.

i. Interest income is recognised on accrual basis.

12. Foreign Exchange Transactions

a. Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

b. Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are restated at the exchange rate prevailing on the balance sheet date. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

c. Exchange difference

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting such monetary items of the company at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

d. Forward Exchange Contracts not intended for trading or speculation purposes

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contracts is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognised as income or as expense for the year.

13. Retirement and other Employee Benefits

a. Defined Contribution Plan

The Companys liability towards Employees Provident Fund and Superannuation scheme administered through the Trusts maintained by the Company, are considered as Defined Contribution Plans. The Companys contributions paid/payable towards these defined contribution plans are recognised as expense in the Profit and Loss Account during the period in which the employee renders the related service. There are no other obligations other than the contributions payable to theTrusts.

b. Defined Benefit Plan Provident Fund:

In respect of certain employees covered by the Exempted Provident Fund, the contribution towards shortfall in interest rate payable as per statue and the earnings of the Provident Fund Trust is considered as Defined Benefit Plans and debited to Profit & Loss Account.

Gratuity:

Companys liabilities towards Gratuity are considered as Defined Benefit Plans. The present value of the obligations towards gratuity and additional gratuity are determined based on actuarial valuation using the projected unit credit method. The obligation is measured at the present value of estimated future cash flows using a discount rate that is determined by reference to market yields on Government securities at the balance sheet date.

c. Other long term benefits

Short term compensated absences are provided for based on estimates. Long term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation at the year end. The actuarial valuation is done as per projected unit credit method

Actuarial gains/losses are taken to profit and loss account and are not deferred.

d. Voluntary Retirement Scheme

Payments made under the Voluntary Retirement Scheme are charged to the Profit and Loss Account in the same year.

14. Excise Duty

Excise duty on direct sales by the manufacturing units is reduced from the sales.

Excise Duty liability on closing stock of finished goods lying at the manufacturing units is accounted based on the estimated duty payable as at the close of the year.

15. Taxes on Income

Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Income-tax Act, 1961 enacted in India. Deferred income taxes reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset, if a legally enforceable right exists to set off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities relate to the taxes on income levied by same governing taxation laws. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

At each balance sheet date the Company re-assesses unrecognised deferred tax assets. It recognises deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date. The company writes-down the carrying amount of a deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realised. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

16. Segment Reporting Policies

a. Identification of segments :

The Companys operating businesses are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products and services provided, with each segment representing a strategic business unit that offers different products and serves different markets.

b. Allocation of common costs/assets & liabilities :

Common allocable costs/assets and liabilites are consistently allocated amongst the segments on appropriate basis.

c. Unallocated items :

Includes general corporate income and expense items which are not allocated to any business segment.

d. Segment Policies:

The Company prepares its segment information in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for preparing and presenting the financial statements of the company as a whole.

17. Earning per share

Basic & Diluted earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

18. Provisions

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

19. Cash and Cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.


Mar 31, 2010

1. Basis of pre pa ration

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the notified Accounting Standard by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis except In case of assets for which provision for Impairment Is made and revaluation Is can-led out The accounting policies have been consistency applied by the Company and except for the changes in accounting policy discussed more fully below, are consistent with those used in the previous year.

2. Use of est] mates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon managements best knowledge of current events and actions, actual

results could differ from these estimates.

3. Fixed Assets and Capital W.I .P.

a. Fixed assets are stated at cost (or revalued amounts, as the case may be), less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses If any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its Intended use. Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed assets which takes substantial period of time to get ready for their Intended use are also Included in the cost of the assets to the extent these relate to the period up to the date such assets are ready to be put to use.

b. Expenditure {including interest) incurred during the construction period is included in Capital W.I.R and the same is allocated to respective fixed assets on completion of the construction.

4. Dep red at ion /Amortisation

Depreciation Is charged on all assets at rates applicable under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956, an written down value of assets, Cost of leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease.

Intangible Assets -

Softwares are amortised at the rate applicable to computers under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act 1956, on written down value of assets effectively amortised over a period of 6 years.

Technical knowhow are amortised on straight line basis over a period of 6 years.

5« Impairment

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date to assess if there is any indication of Impairment based on Internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount Is the greater of the assets net selling price and res value in use. The value in use Is arrived at by estimating the future cash flows which are likely to be generated from the use of the assets, discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

6* Intangible assets

Research and Development Cost

All revenue expenses pertaining to Research and Development are charged to profit and loss account in trie year in which they are incurred and development expenditure of a capital nature is capitalised as fixed assets.

7. Leases

Where the Company Is the lessee

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased item, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss account on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

8. Government grants and subsidies

Grants and subsidies from the government are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the grant/subsidy will be received and all attaching conditions will be compiled with.

When the grant or subsidy relates to an expense item, it is recognized as income over the periods necessary to match them on a systematic basis to the costs, which it is intended to compensate.

9. Investments

All investments are held for more than one year and classified as Long term investments. Long-term investments are carded at cost A provision for diminution In value is made to recognise a decline other than temporary In the value of the investments.

10. Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

I) Saw materials, stores and components are valued at weighted average rate and are net of Value Added Tax/

CENVAT input credit and after providing for requisite diminution In the value due to obsolescence.

II) Contract Work-in-Progress is stated at cost till such time as the outcome of the job cannot be ascertained reliably and at realisable value diereafter.

lII) Work-in-Progress and Finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

Cost includes direct materials and labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost of finished goods Includes excise duty. Cost Is determined on a weighted average basis.

fv) Net realizable value Is the estimated selling price In the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

v) Changes In Accounting Policies:

Consequent to Implementation of SAP, the Company changed its poTicyfor valuation of Inventories at marketing units from flrst-in-First-out (FIFO) basis to weighted average rates.The management believes that such change will result in a more appropriate presentation of these assets. Consequent to such change in the method, the Impact on the Inventory valuation as per the previous method and on the profit for the period ended Is not material.

11. Revenue Recognition

a. Revenue from long - term contracts, where the outcome can be estimated reliably, is recognized under the percentage of completion method by reference to the stage of completion of the contract activity.The stage of completion Is measured by calculating the proportion that costs Incurred to date bear to the estimated total costs of a contract.The total costs of contracts are estimated based on technical and other estimates. When the current estimate of total costs and revenue is a loss, provision is made for the entire loss on the contract irrespective of the amount of work done.

Contract revenue earned in excess of billing has been reflected under Other Current Assets* and billing in excess of contract revenue is reflected under "Current Liabilities* in the balance sheet

h, Annual Maintenance Contracts:

The revenue from maintenance contracts is recognised on accrual basis and advance received in respect of future period is accounted for as unexpired service revenue.

c. Revenue from safe of goods Es recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer. Sales are stated net of taxes (Excise duty and VAO and trade discounts.

d. Commission income is recognised as and when the terms of the contracts are fulfilled.

e. Claims recoverable are accrued only to the extent admitted by the parties.

f. Export benefits are accrued only after the claims are fodged with the appropriate authorities, due to uncertainty

involved in collecting necessary support documents from customers, banks etc.

g. Dividend Income is recognised when the right to receive dividend is established. h. Interest income is recognised on accrual basis.

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