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Accounting Policies of Bodhtree Consulting Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

A. Use of estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and estimated useful lives of fixed assets. Although these estimates are based upon management's best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in the current and future periods.

b. Revenue Recognition:

Income from Services:

Revenue recognition depends on the arrangements with the customer which are either on "Time and material" or on a " fixed-price" basis.

Revenue from software services performed on a "time and material" basis is recognized as and when services are performed and/or on the basis of man-days/man hours spent as per terms of the contracts.

The Company also performs work under "fixed-price" arrangements, under which customers are billed, based on completion of specified milestones. Revenue from such arrangements is recognized over the life of the contract using the percentage of completion method. The cumulative impact of any revision in estimates of the percentage of work completed is reflected in the year in which the change becomes known. Provision for estimated losses on such engagements is made in the year in which such loss becomes probable and can be reasonably estimated.

Unbilled revenue represents amounts recognized based on services performed in advance of billings in accordance with contract terms and is net of estimated allowances for uncertainties and provision for estimated losses.

Revenues from Annual maintenance contracts are recognised pro-rata over the period of the contract in which the services are rendered.

Reimbursement of expenditure is recognised under revenue along with recognition of sale of service to which it relates.

Revenue is net of volume discounts/price incentives which are estimated and accounted for based on the terms of the contracts and also net of applicable indirect taxes.

Other income:

Income from interest is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and rate applicable in the transaction.

Dividend income is recognised when the Company's right to receive dividend is established.

c. Fixed assets, intangible assets and capital work- in-progress:

Fixed Assets are stated at actual cost, less accumulated depreciation and net of impairment. Cost includes all expenses incurred to bring the assets to its present location and condition. Subsequent expenses on fixed assets after its purchase is capitalised only if such expenses results in an increase in the future benefits from such assets beyond the previous announced standards of performances.

The cost and the accumulated depreciation for fixed assets sold, retired or otherwise disposed-off are removed from the stated values and the resulting gains and losses are included in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Asset under installation or under construction as at Balance sheet date are shown as Capital Work in Progress (CWIP).

Intangible assets are recorded at the consideration paid for acquisition of such assets and are carried at cost less accumulated amortisation and impairment

d. Depreciation & amortisation:

Depreciation on fixed assets (other than freehold land and Capital Work-in-progress) is provided on a straight-line method over their estimated useful lives at the rates as prescribed under Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013.Depreciation is charged on pro-rata basis from the date of capitalisation. Individual assets costing Rs. 5,000 or less are fully depreciated in the year of acquisition.

Amortisation on softwares is provided on a straight-line method over their estimated useful lives at the rates prescribed under Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013. Amortisation is charged on pro-rata basis from the date of capitalisation. The estimated useful life for Software licenses are considered as 3 years as per the Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013. The estimated useful life of the intangible assets and the amortisation period are reviewed at the end of each financial year and the amortisation method is revised to reflect the changed pattern.

e. Impairment of assets:

At each balance sheet date, the Management reviews the carrying amounts of its assets to determine whether there is any indication those assets were impaired. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated in order to determine the extent of impairment loss. Recoverable amount is the higher of an asset's net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows expected from the continuing use of the asset and from its disposal are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects the current market assessment of time value of money and the risk specific to the asset.

When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

f. Investments:

Investments are either classified as current or long-term based on their nature/holding period/ Management's intent at the time of making the investment. Current investments are carried individually at the lower of cost and fair value.

Long-term investments are carried individually at cost less provision made to recognise any diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investment. Cost of investments include acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties. Provision is made to recognise any reduction in the carrying value of long- term investments and any reversal of such reduction is credited to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

g. Foreign currency transactions/translations:

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary foreign currency assets and liabilities are reported at the exchange rate prevailing on the balance sheet date. Exchange differences relating to long term monetary items, arising during the year, as so far as they relate to the acquisition of the depreciable capital asset are added to/deducted from the cost of the asset and depreciated over the balance life of the asset after the commencement of actual production.

h. Retirement and other Employee benefits:

Employee benefits include provident fund, employee's state insurance scheme, gratuity fund and compensated absences.

Contributions in respect of Employees Provident Fund and Employee State Insurance which are defined contribution schemes, are made to a fund administered and managed by the Government of India and are charged as incurred on accrual basis to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

The Company also provides for other retirement benefits in the form of gratuity. The Company accounts for its liability towards Gratuity based on actuarial valuation made by an independent actuary as at the balance sheet date based on projected unit credit method.

The employees of the Company are entitled to compensated absences.The employees can carry- forward a portion of the unutilised accrued compensated absence and utilise it in future periods or receive cash compensation at retirement or termination of employment for the unutilised accrued compensated absence. The Company records an obligation for compensated absences in the period in which the employee renders the services that increase this entitlement. The Company measures the expected cost of compensated absence as at the balance sheet date.

Actuarial gains / losses are immediately taken to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

3. Income Tax:

Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961 enacted in India. Deferred income taxes reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Deferred tax resulting from 'timing differences' between book and taxable profit is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as on balance sheet date. The deferred tax asset is recognized only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty that the future taxable profit will be available against which the deferred tax asset can be realized. Deferred tax assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses are recognized if there is virtual certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realize such losses.

Minimum alternative tax (MAT) paid in accordance to the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of adjustment of future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax after setting off of brought forward losses. Accordingly, MAT is recognised as an asset in the balance sheet when it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with it will fow to the Company and the asset can be measured

reliably. The company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that company will pay normal income tax during the specified period.

j. Cash flow statement:

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments.

Cash and cash equivalents presented in the cash flow statement consist of cash on hand and unencumbered highly liquid cash bank balances.

k. Provisions:

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

l. Earnings Per Share:

The company reports basic Earnings per share (EPS) in accordance with Accounting Standard 20 on "Earnings per share". Basic EPS is computed by dividing the net Profit or Loss for the year attributable to equity share holders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

m. Segmenting Reporting:

The Company is primarily engaged in the business of Software development. The primary segment of the company is Software which in the context of Accounting Standard 17 on "Segment Reporting" constitutes reportable segment.

n. Cash and Cash Equivalents:

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

o. Borrowing costs:

Borrowing costs attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets, as defined in Accounting Standard 16 on "Borrowing Costs" are capitalized as part of the cost of such asset up to the date when the asset is ready for its intended use. Other borrowing costs are expensed out when incurred.

p. Contingent Liabilities:

A contingent Liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The Company does not recognize contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.




Mar 31, 2014

I) Basis of Preperation:

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India (ilndian GAAPT) and comply in all material respects with the mandatory Accounting Standards (iAST) prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006, the provisions of the Companies Act,2013 (to the extent notified), the Companies Act, 1956 (to the extent applicable), and guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). Accounting Policies have been consistently applied except where a newly issued accounting standard is initially adopted or revision to an existing accounting standard requires a change in the accounting policy hitherto in use.

ii) Operating Cycle:

All assets and liabilities have been classified as Current and Non-Current as per the company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule VI of the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of products and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of Current and Non-Current classification of Assets and Liabilities.

iii) Revenue Recognition:

Income from Services:

Revenue recognition depends on the arrangements with the customer which are either on "Time and material" or on a" fixed-price" basis.

Revenue from software services performed on a "time and material" basis is recognized as and when services are performed and/or on the basis of man-days/man hours spent as per terms of the contracts.

The Company also performs work under " fixed-price" arrangements, under which customers are billed, based on completion of specified milestones. Revenue from such arrangements is recognized over the life of the contract using the percentage of completion method. The cumulative impact of any revision in estimates of the percentage of work completed is reflected in the year in which the change becomes known. Provision for estimated losses on such engagements is made in the year in which such loss becomes probable and can be reasonably estimated.

Unbilled revenue represents amounts recognized based on services performed in advance of billings in accordance with contract terms and is net of estimated allowances for uncertainties and provision for estimated losses.

Revenues from Annual maintenance contracts are recognised pro-rata over the period of the contract in which the services are rendered.

Reimbursement of expenditure is recognised under revenue along with recognition of sale of service to which it relates.

Revenue is net of volume discounts/price incentives which are estimated and accounted for based on the terms of the contracts and also net of applicable indirect taxes.

iv) Use of estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and estimated useful lives of fixed assets. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in the current and future periods.

v) Other income:

Income from interest is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and rate applicable in the transaction.

Dividend income is recognised when the Company''s right to receive dividend is established.

vi) Fixed assets, intangible assets and capital work- in-progress:

Fixed Assets are stated at actual cost, less accumulated depreciation and net of impairment. Cost includes all expenses incurred to bring the assets to its present location and condition. Subsequent expenses on fixed assets after its purchase is capitalised only if such expenses results in an increase in the future benefits from such assets beyond the previous announced standards of performances.

The cost and the accumulated depreciation for fixed assets sold, retired or otherwise disposed-off are removed from the stated values and the resulting gains and losses are included in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Asset under installation or under construction as at Balance sheet date are shown as Capital Work in Progress (CWIP).

Intangible assets

Intangible assets are recorded at the consideration paid for acquisition of such assets and are carried at cost less accumulated amortisation and impairment

vii) Depreciation & amortisation:

Depreciation on fixed assets (other than freehold land and Capital Work-in-progress) is provided on a straight-line method overtheir estimated useful lives at the rates as prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation is charged on pro-rata basis from the date of capitalisation. Individual assets costingRs 5,000 or less are fully depreciated in the year of acquisition.

Amortisation on softwares is provided on a straight-line method over their estimated useful lives at the rates which are higher than the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Amortisation is charged on pro-rata basis from the date of capitalisation. The estimated useful life for Software licenses are to be considered as 3 years. The estimated useful life of the intangible assets and the amortisation period are reviewed at the end of each financial year and the amortisation method is revised to reflect the changed pattern.

viii) lmpairmentof assets

At each balance sheet date, the Management reviews the carrying amounts of its assets to determine whether there is any indication those assets were impaired. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated in order to determine the extent of impairment loss. Recoverable amount is the higher of an asset''s net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows expected from the continuing use of the asset and from its disposal are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount

rate that reflects the current market assessment of time value of money and the risk specific to the asset.

When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

ix) Investments:

Investments are either classified as current or long- term based on their nature/holding period/ Management''s intent at the time of making the investment. Current investments are carried individually at the lowerofcostandfairvalue.

Long-term investments are carried individually at cost less provision made to recognise any diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investment. Cost of investments include acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties. Provision is made to recognise any reduction in the carrying value of long- term investments and any reversal of such reduction is credited to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

x) Foreign currency transactions/translations

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary foreign currency assets and liabilities are reported at the exchange rate prevailing on the balance sheet date. Exchange differences relating to long term monetary items, arising during the year, as so far as they relate to the acquisition of the depreciable capital asset are added to/deducted from the cost of the asset and depreciated overthe balance life of the asset afterthe commencement of actual production.

xi) Employee benefits

Employee benefits include provident fund, employee''s state insurance scheme, gratuity fund and compensated absences.

Defined contribution plans

Contributions in respect of Employees Provident Fund and Employee State Insurance which are defined contribution schemes, are made to a fund administered and managed by the Government of India and are charged as incurred on accrual basis to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Defined benefit plans

The Company also provides for other retirement benefits in the form of gratuity. The Company accounts for its liability towards Gratuity based on actuarial valuation made by an independent actuary as at the balance sheet date based on projected unit credit method. Compensated absences

The employees of the Company are entitled to compensated absences. The employees can carry-forward a portion of the unutilised accrued compensated absence and utilise it in future periods or receive cash compensation at retirement or termination of employment for the unutilised accrued compensated absence. The Company records an obligation for compensated absences in the period in which the employee renders the services that increase this entitlement. The Company measures the expected cost of compensated absence as at the balance sheet date.

Other short-term employee benefits

Other short term employee benefits, includes performance incentives expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees are recognised during the period when the employee renders service.

xii) Income Tax:

Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961 enacted in India. Deferred income taxes reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Minimum alternative tax (MAT) paid in accordance to the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic bene?ts in the form of adjustment of future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax after setting off of brought forward losses. Accordingly, MAT is recognised as an asset in the balance sheet when it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with it will now to the Company and the asset can be measured reliably.

xiii) Cash flow statement:

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments.

Cash and cash equivalents presented in the cash flow statement consist of cash on hand and unencumbered highly liquid cash bank balances.

xiv) Provisions:

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

xv) Earnings Per Share:

The company reports basic Earnings per share (EPS) in accordance with Accounting Standard 20 on iEarnings per shares. Basic EPS is computed by dividing the net Profit or Loss for the year attributable to equity share holders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

xvi) Segmenting Reporting:

The Company is primarily engaged in the business of Software development. The primary segment of the company is Software which in the context of Accounting Standard 17 on iSegment Reporting- constitutes reportable segment.

xvii) Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

xviii) Prior period items

All items of income/expenditure pertaining to prior period, which are material, are accounted through iprior period adjustments-.

xix) Borrowing costs:

Borrowing costs attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets, as defined in Accounting Standard 16 on i Borrowing Costs- are capitalized as part of the cost of such asset up to the date when the asset is ready for its intended use. Other borrowing costs are expensed as incurred.

xx) Contingent Liabilities

A contingent Liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The Company does not recognize contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

The Company has only one class of equity shares having a par value of''. 10 per share. Each Shareholder is eligible for one vote per share. The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of shareholders, except in case of interim dividend. In the event of liquidation, the equity shareholders are eligible to receive the remaining assets of the Company, after distribution of all preferential amounts, in proportion of their shareholding.


Mar 31, 2013

1. Basis of Accounting

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting and in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (''GAAP'') in India and comply with the accounting standards prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, to the extent applicable and in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, as adopted consistently by the Company.

2. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires the management of the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the period. Examples of such estimates include provisions for doubtful debts, provision for income taxes, retirement benefits, the useful lives of fixed assets and intangible assets. Actual results could differ from such estimates.

3. Cash Flow Statement

''Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

4. Prior Period Items

The following Prior Period Items have been accounted for in the currentfinancial year:

Software Technical Fee (Expense) -Rs. 3,97,080/-

PriorYearTaxes (Expense) -Rs. 18,970/-

Reversal of Provisions (Income) -Rs. 11,521/-

5. Exceptional Items

The following have been categorised as exceptional items during the financial year:

Prior Period Items -Rs. 4,04,529

Loss on Sale of Fixed Assets - Rs. 41,34,857

Impairment Loss - Rs. 38,62,684

Provision for Diminution in Value of Investment - Rs. 37,32,169

6. Revenue Recognition

Revenue from software development is recognised based on software developed and billed to clients. Interest Income is recognised on accrual basis.

7. Fixed Assets & Depreciation

Fixed Assets are accounted at cost of acquisition inclusive of other related expenses on such acquisition. They are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on a pro- rata basis using straight-line method at rates as per Schedule XIV to the Companies Act 1956.

8. Foreign Exchange Transactions

Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Exchange fluctuations arising on payment or realization are dealt with in the Profit and Loss Account. Monetary Items like Current Assets and Current Liabilities are restated at the year-end closing rate as applicable and any differences arising thereof have been dealt with in the Profit and Loss Account to the extent it pertains to the current year.

An amount of Rs. 56,14,122/- has been recognised as foreign exchange gain during the year.

9. Investments

All Investments are long term Investments. Long term Investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution is made to recognize a decline, which is other than temporary.

For the following Investment, provision for diminution in Value of Investment has been made during the year as the management is of the opinion that the fall in the value of Investment is other than temporary Many Features INC : Rs. 22,47,169/- HypersoftTechnologies : Rs. 14,85,000/-

10. Employee Benefits

Defined Contribution schemes

Payments to defined contribution post - retirement benefit schemes such as PF and ESI are charged as an expense as they fall due.

Defined Benefit schemes

The liability for gratuity and leave encashment is being provided for on the basis of the actuary valuation as at theyearend.

11. Borrowing Cost

Borrowing Cost includes Interest, processing charges and other ancillary cost. Borrowing Costis recognised on an accrual basis irrespective of whetherthe same is due for payment or not.


Mar 31, 2012

1. Basis of Accounting

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting and in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ('GAAP') in India and comply with the accounting standards prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, to the extent applicable and in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, as adopted consistently by the Company.

2. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires the management of the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the period. Examples of such estimates include provisions for doubtful debts, provision for income taxes, retirement benefits, the useful lives of fixed assets and intangible assets. Actual results could differ from such estimates.

3. Revenue Recognition

Revenue from software development is recognized based on software developed and billed to clients.

4. Fixed Assets & Depreciation

Fixed Assets are accounted at cost of acquisition inclusive of other related expenses on such acquisition. They are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation.

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on a pro-rata basis using straight-line method at rates as per Schedule XIV to the Companies Act 1956.

5. Investments

All Investments are long term Investments. Long term Investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution is made to recognize a decline, which is other than temporary.

6. Foreign Exchange Transactions

Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Exchange fluctuations arising on payment or realization are dealt with in the Profit & Loss Account.

Monetary Items like Current Assets and Current Liabilities are restated at the year-end closing rate as applicable and any differences arising thereof have been dealt with in the Profit & Loss Account to the extent it pertains to the current year.

7. Borrowing Costs

Interest and other borrowing costs attributable to qualifying assets are capitalized. Other interest and borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

8. Leases

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased asset are classified as operating leases. All leases are operating leases. Operating lease charges are recognized as an expense in the Profit & Loss account over the lease term.

9. Employee Benefits

Defined Contribution schemes

Payments to defined contribution post - retirement benefit schemes such as PF and ESI are charged as an expense as they fall due.

Defined Benefit schemes

The liability for gratuity and leave encashment is being provided for on the basis of the actuary valuation as at the year end.

10. Taxation

Income tax comprises current tax and deferred tax. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences of timing differences, subject to the consideration of prudence. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date.

11. Impairment

At each Balance Sheet date, the Company reviews the carrying amounts of its fixed assets to determine whether there is any indication that those assets suffered an impairment loss. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated in order to determine the extent of impairment loss. Recoverable amount is determined:

a) In case of individual asset, at the higher of an asset's net selling price and value in use.

b) In case of a cash generating unit, a group of assets that generates identified and independent cash flows; at higher of the CGU's net selling price and the value in use.

Reversal of impairment loss is recognized immediately as income in the Profit & Loss account. Value in use is determined at the present value of estimated future cash flows from continuing use of an asset and from its disposal of its value in use.

12. Earnings Per Share

The earnings considered in ascertaining the Company's EPS comprises the net profit after tax attributable to equity shareholders. The number of shares used in computing Basic EPS is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

13. Provisions & Contingencies

The company creates a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of an obligating event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the outflow. A disclosure of contingent liability will be made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require outflow of resources. No disclosure will be made if the possibility of outflow is remote.


Mar 31, 2010

1. Basis of Accounting

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting and in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India and comply with the accounting standards prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, to the extent applicable and in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, as adopted consistently by the Company.

2. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires the management of the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the period. Examples of such estimates include provisions for doubtful debts, provision for income taxes, retirement benefits, the useful lives of fixed assets and intangible assets. Actual results could differ from such estimates.

3. Revenue Recognition

Revenue from software development is recognised based on software developed and billed to clients.

4. Fixed Assets & Depreciation

Fixed Assets are accounted at cost of acquisition inclusive of other related expenses on such acquisition. They are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation.

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on a pro-rata basis using straight-line method at rates as per Schedule XIV to the Companies Act 1956.

5. Investments

All Investments are long term Investments. Long term Investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution is made to recognize a decline, which is other than temporary.

6. Foreign Exchange Transactions

Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Exchange fluctuations arising on payment or realization are dealt with in the Profit and Loss Account.

Monetary Items like Current Assets and Current Liabilities are restated at the year-end closing rate as applicable and any differences arising thereof have been dealt with in the Profit and Loss Account to the extent it pertains to the current year.

7. Borrowing Costs

Interest and other borrowing costs attributable to qualifying assets are capitalized. Other interest and borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

8. Leases

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased asset are classified as operating leases. All leases are operating leases. Operating lease charges are recognized as an expense in the profit and loss account over the lease term.

9. Employee Benefits

Defined Contribution schemes

Payments to defined contribution post - retirement benefit schemes such as PF and ESI are charged as an expense as they fall due.

Defined Benefit schemes

The liability for gratuity and leave encashment is being provided for on the basis of the actuary valuation as at the year end.

10. Taxation

Income tax comprises current tax and deferred tax. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences of timing differences, subject to the consideration of prudence. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date.

11. Impairment

At each Balance Sheet date, the Company reviews the carrying amounts of its fixed assets to determine whether there is any indication that those assets suffered an impairment loss. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated in order to determine the extent of impairment loss. Recoverable amount is the higher of an assets net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows expected from the continuing use of the asset and from its disposal are discounted to their present value using a pre-discount rate that reflects the current market assessments of time value of money and the risks specific to the asset.

Reversal of impairment loss is recognized immediately as income in the profit and loss account.

12. Earnings Per Share

The earnings considered in ascertaining the Companys EPS comprises the net profit after tax attributable to equity shareholders. The number of shares used in computing Basic EPS is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

13. Provisions & Contingencies

The company creates a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of an obligating event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the outflow. A disclosure of contingent liability will be made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require outflow of resources. No disclosure will be made if the possibility of outflow is remote.


Mar 31, 2006

1. System of Accounting

(i) Financial Statements are based on Historical Cost

(ii) The company generally follows the mercantile system of accounting and recognises income and expenditure on an accrual basis except those with significant uncertainties.

2. Revenue Recognition

Revenue from software development is recognised based on software developed and billed to clients.

3. Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are accounted at cost of acquisition inclusive of other related expenses on such acquisition. Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on a pro-rata basis using straight-line method at rates as per Schedule XIV to the Companies Act 1956.

4. Investments

All Investments are long term Investments. Investments have been valued at cost, in accordance with AS-13 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

5. Foreign Exchange Transactions

All transactions involving foreign exchange have been accounted for in accordance with AS-11 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.


Mar 31, 2005

1. System of Accounting

(i) Financial Statements are based on Historical Cost

(ii) The company generally follows the mercantile system of accounting and recognises income and expenditure on an accrual basis except those with significant uncertainties.

2. Revenue Recognition

Revenue from software development is recognised based on software developed and billed to clients.

3. Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are accounted at cost of acquisition inclusive of other related expenses on such acquisition. Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on a pro-rata basis using straight-line method at rates as per Schedule XIV to the Companies Act 1956.

4. Investments

All Investments are long term Investments. Investments have been valued at cost, in accordance with AS-13 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

5. Foreign Exchange Transactions

All transactions involving foreign exchange have been accounted for in accordance with AS-11 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.


Mar 31, 2004

1. System of Accounting

(i) Financial Statements are based on Historical Cost

(ii) The company generally follows the mercantile system of accounting and recognises income and expenditure on an accrual basis except those with significant uncertainties.

2. Revenue Recognition

Revenue from software development is recognised based on software developed and billed to clients. Software which is in different stages of development and which is not yet billed is shown as work-in-progress. Value of work-in-progress is arrived at based on number of man-hours spent and other directly relatable expenses.

3. Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are accounted at cost of acquisition inclusive of other related expenses on such acquisition. Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on a pro-rata basis using straight-line method at rates as per Schedule XIV to the Companies Act 1956.

4. Investments

All Investments are long term Investments. Investments have been valued at cost, in accordance with AS-13 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. Depletion in long-term investment is written off to the extent of depletion as per the judgement of the Directors.

5. Prior Period Items

Income and Expenditure pertaining to prior period wherever material is disclosed separately in accordance with AS-5 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

6. Foreign Exchange Transactions

All transactions involving foreign exchange have been accounted for in accordance with AS-11 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.


Mar 31, 2003

1. System of Accounting

(i) Financial Statements are based on Historical Cost

(ii) The company generally follows the mercantile system of accounting and recognises income and expenditure on an accrual basis except those with significant uncertainties.

2. Revenue Recognition

Revenue from software development is recognised based on software developed and billed to clients. Software which is in different stages of development and which is not yet billed is shown as work-in-progress. Value of work-in-progress is arrived at based on number of man-hours spent and other directly relatable expenses.

3. Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are accounted at cost of acquisition inclusive of other related expenses on such acquisition. Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on a pro- rata basis using straight-line method at rates as per Schedule XIV to the Companies Act 1956.

4. Investments

All Investments are long term Investments. Investments have been valued at cost, in accordance with AS-13 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. Depletion in long-term investment is written off to the extent of depletion as per the judgement of the Directors.

5. Prior Period Items

Income and Expenditure pertaining to prior period wherever material is disclosed separately in accordance with AS-5 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

6. Foreign Exchange Transactions

All transactions involving foreign exchange have been accounted for in accordance with AS-11 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.



 
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