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Accounting Policies of Bombay Rayon Fashions Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1. Basis of preparation of financial Statements

The financial statements of the company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP). The company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material respects with the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant provision of Companies Act, 2013. The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis and under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of financial statement are consistent with those of previous year.

2. Revenue Recognition

a. Domestic sales are accounted for on dispatch of goods to customers. Gross Sales are net of sales returns and Excise Duty.

b. Export sales are accounted for on the basis of dates of Bill of Lading. Gross Sales are inclusive of incentives/benefits, and net of sales returns.

c. Revenue from Job work is recognized when services are rendered.

3. Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition less depreciation. Cost includes taxes, duties, freight, installation and other direct or allocated expenses up to the date of commercial production and net of CENVAT credit and Subsidy received, if any.

4. Depreciation on Fixed Assets

Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided based on the useful life of the assets in the manner prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013, except where the useful life has been revised as per appropriate report obtained for certain assets for the purpose of determining the useful life.

Depreciation on fixed assets added /disposed off during the year is provided on pro-rata basis.

5. Impairment of Assets

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the profit & loss account as and when an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

6. Expenditure during construction period

The expenditure incurred and attributable interest & financing costs incurred prior to commencement of commercial production including Trial Run Expenses in respect of new project & substantial expansion of existing facilities are capitalized to the respective assets.

7. Investments

Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and quoted / fair value, computed category wise. Long Term Investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long-term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management.

8. Foreign Currency

a. Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transactions or that approximates the actual rate. The realized exchange gains/ losses are recognized in the Profit & Loss account. All foreign currency current assets and liabilities are translated in rupees at the rates prevailing on the date of balance sheet.

b. In respect of branches, which are integral foreign operations, all transactions are translated at average rates. Branch monetary assets and liabilities are restated at the rates prevailing on the date of balance sheet.

9. Employee Benefits

a. Short Term Employee Benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the profit and loss account of the year in which the related service is rendered.

b. Post employment benefits are recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss account for the year in which the employee has rendered services. The defined benefit obligation is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation on projected unit cost method.

c. Long Term employee benefits are recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss account for the year in which the employee has rendered services. The liabilities on account of leave encashment have been provided on basis of an actuarial valuation on projected unit cost method.

10. Taxation

a. Provision for current tax is made with reference to taxable income computed for the accounting period, for which the financial statements are prepared by applying the tax rates as applicable.

b. Deferred tax is recognised subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Such deferred tax is quantified using the tax rates and laws enacted or substantively enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized and carried forward to extent that there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

11. Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

12. Government Grants:

Grants and subsidies from the government are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the grant/subsidy will be received and all attaching conditions will be complied with. When the grant or subsidy relates to an expense item, it is netted off with the relevant expense. Where the grant or subsidy relates to an asset, its value is deducted in arriving at the carrying amount of the related asset.

13. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes to the accounts. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

14. Segmental Reporting:

The Company is mainly engaged in the business of manufacturing of textiles consisting of yarn, fabrics and garments. Considering the nature of business and financial reporting of the Company, the Company has only one segment viz; textile as reportable segment. The Company operates in Local & Export segments geographically. The sale for both is separately given, but due to the nature of business the assets/liabilities and expenses for these activities cannot be bifurcated separately.

The Company is also engaged in power generation through coal and windmills & manufacturing of buttons, however the same are not considered as reportable segment in accordance with AS- 17.


Mar 31, 2014

1. Basis of preparation of financial Statements

The financial statements of the company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP). The company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material respects with the accounting standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis and under the historical cost basis.

2. Revenue Recognition

a. Domestic sales are accounted for on dispatch of goods to customers. Gross Sales are net of sales returns and Excise Duty.

b. Export sales are accounted for on the basis of dates of Bill of Lading. Gross Sales are inclusive of incentives/benefits, and net of sales returns.

c. Revenue from Job work is recognized when services are rendered.

3. Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition less depreciation. Cost includes taxes, duties, freight, installation and other direct or allocated expenses up to the date of commercial production and net of CENVAT credit and subsidy received, if any.

4. Depreciation on Fixed Assets

Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on ''Straight Line Method'' at rates prescribed in Schedule - XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Depreciation on fixed assets added /disposed off during the year is provided on pro-rata basis.

5. Impairment of Assets

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the profit & loss account as and when an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

6. Expenditure during construction period

The expenditure incurred and attributable interest & financing costs incurred prior to commencement of commercial production including Trial Run Expenses in respect of new project & substantial expansion of existing facilities are capitalized to the respective assets.

7. Investments

Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and quoted / fair value, computed category wise. Long Term Investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long-term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management.

8. Foreign Currency

a. Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transactions or that approximates the actual rate. The realized exchange gains/ losses are recognized in the Profit & Loss account. All foreign currency current assets and liabilities are translated in rupees at the rates prevailing on the date of balance sheet.

b. In respect of branches, which are integral foreign operations, all transactions are translated at average rates. Branch monetary assets and liabilities are re-stated at the rates prevailing on the date of balance sheet.

9. Employee Benefits

a. Short Term Employee Benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the profit and loss account of the year in which the related service is rendered.

b. Post employment benefits are recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss account for the year in which the employee has rendered services. The defined benefit obligation is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation on projected unit cost method.

c. Long Term employee benefits are recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss account for the year in which the employee has rendered services. The liabilities on account of leave encashment have been provided on basis of an actuarial valuation on projected unit cost method.

10. Taxation

a. Provision for current tax is made with reference to taxable income computed for the accounting period, for which the financial statements are prepared by applying the tax rates as applicable.

b. Deferred tax is recognized subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Such deferred tax is quantified using the tax rates and laws enacted or substantively enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized and carried forward to extent that there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

11. Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

12. Government Grants:

Grants and subsidies from the government are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the grant/subsidy will be received and all attaching conditions will be complied with. When the grant or subsidy relates to an expense item, it is netted off with the relevant expense. Where the grant or subsidy relates to an asset, its value is deducted in arriving at the carrying amount of the related asset.

13. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes to the accounts. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

14. Segmental Reporting:

The Company is mainly engaged in the business of manufacturing of textiles consisting of yarn, fabrics and garments. Considering the nature of business and financial reporting of the Company, the Company has only one segment viz; textile as reportable segment. The Company operates in Local & Export segments geographically. The sale for both is separately given, but due to the nature of business the assets/liabilities and expenses for these activities cannot be bifurcated separately.

The Company is also engaged in power generation through coal and windmills & manufacturing of buttons, however the same are not considered as reportable segment in accordance with AS-17.


Mar 31, 2013

1. Basis of preparation of financial Statements

The company follows the mercantile system of accounting and recognizes income and expenditure on accrual basis. The accounts are prepared on historical cost basis as a going concern and are consistent with generally accepted accounting principles.

2. Revenue Recognition

a. Domestic sales are accounted for on dispatch of goods to customers. Gross Sales are net of sales returns and Excise Duty.

b. Export sales are accounted for on the basis of dates of Bill of Lading. Gross Sales are inclusive of incentives/benefits, exchange rate difference realized during the year and net of sales returns.

c. Revenue from Job work is recognized when services are rendered.

3. Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition less depreciation. Cost includes taxes, duties, freight, installation and other direct or allocated expenses up to the date of commercial production and net of CENVAT credit and Subsidy received, if any.

4. Depreciation on Fixed Assets

Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on ''Straight Line Method'' at rates prescribed in Schedule - XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Depreciation on fixed assets added /disposed off during the year is provided on prorata basis.

5. Impairment of Assets

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the profit & loss account as and when an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

6. Expenditure during construction period

The expenditure incurred and attributable interest & financing costs incurred prior to commencement of commercial production including Trial Run Expenses in respect of new project & substantial expansion of existing facilities are capitalized to the respective assets.

7. Investments

Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and quoted / fair value, computed category wise. Long Term Investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long-term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management.

8. Foreign Currency

a. Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transactions or that approximates the actual rate. The realized exchange gains/ losses are recognized in the Profit & Loss account. All foreign currency current assets and liabilities are translated in rupees at the rates prevailing on the date of balance sheet.

b. In respect of branches, which are integral foreign operations, all transactions are translated at average rates. Branch monetary assets and liabilities are restated at the rates prevailing on the date of balance sheet.

9. Employee Benefits

a. Short Term Employee Benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the profit and loss account of the year in which the related service is rendered.

b. Post employment benefits are recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss account for the year in which the employee has rendered services. The defined benefit obligation is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation on projected unit cost method.

c. Long Term employee benefits are recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss account for the year in which the employee has rendered services. The liabilities on account of leave encashment have been provided on basis of an actuarial valuation on projected unit cost method.

10. Taxation

a. Provision for current tax is made with reference to taxable income computed for the accounting period, for which the financial statements are prepared by applying the tax rates as applicable.

b. Deferred tax is recognised subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Such deferred tax is quantified using the tax rates and laws enacted or substantively enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized and carried forward to extent that there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

11. Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

12. Government Grants:

Grants and subsidies from the government are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the grant/subsidy will be received and all attaching conditions will be complied with. When the grant or subsidy relates to an expense item, it is netted off with the relevant expense. Where the grant or subsidy relates to an asset, its value is deducted in arriving at the carrying amount of the related asset.

13. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes to the accounts. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

14. Segmental Reporting:

The Company is mainly engaged in the business of manufacturing of textiles consisting of yarn, fabrics and garments. Considering the nature of business and financial reporting of the Company, the Company has only one segment viz; textile as reportable segment. The Company operates in Local & Export segments geographically. The sale for both is separately given, but due to the nature of business the assets/liabilities and expenses for these activities cannot be bifurcated separately.

The Company is also engaged in power generation through coal and windmills & manufacturing of buttons, however the same are not considered as reportable segment in accordance with AS-17.


Mar 31, 2012

1. Basis of preparation of f inanciai Statements

The company follows the mercantile system of accounting and recognizes income and expenditure on accrual basis. The accounts are prepared on historical cost basis as a going concern and are consistent with generally accepted accounting principles.

2. Revenue Recognition

a. Domestic sales are accounted for on dispatch of goods to customers. Gross Sales are net of sales returns.

b. Export sales are accounted for on the basis of dates of Bill of Lading. Gross Sales are inclusive of incentives/benefits, exchange rate difference realized during the year and net of sales returns.

c. Revenue from Job work is recognized when services are rendered.

3. Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition less depreciation. Cost includes taxes, duties, freight, installation and other direct or allocated expenses up to the date of commercial production and net of CENVAT credit and Subsidy received, if any.

4. Depreciation on Fixed Assets

Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on 'Straight Line Method' at rates prescribed in Schedule - XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Depreciation on fixed assets added /disposed off during the year is provided on prorata basis.

5. Impairment of Assets

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the profit & loss account as and when an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

6. Expenditure during construction period

The expenditure incurred and attributable interest & financing costs incurred prior to commencement of commercial production including Trial Run Expenses in respect of new project & substantial expansion of existing facilities are capitalized to the respective assets.

7. Investments

Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and quoted / fair value, computed category wise. Long Term Investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long-term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management.

8. Foreign Currency

a. Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transactions or that approximates the actual rate. The realized exchange gains/ losses are recognized in the Profit & Loss account. All foreign currency current assets and liabilities are translated in rupees at the rates prevailing on the date of balance sheet.

b. In respect of branches, which are integral foreign operations, all transactions are translated at average rates. Branch monetary assets and liabilities are restated at the rates prevailing on the date of balance sheet.

9. Employee Benefits

i. Short Term Employee Benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the profit and loss account of the year in which the related service is rendered.

ii. Post employment benefits are recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss account for the year in which the employee has rendered services. The expense is recognized based upon the premium amount determined by Life insurance Corporation (LIC) and State Bank Of India Group Gratuity Scheme in case of covered employees. The employees that are not yet covered in the above Group Gratuity Scheme, provision for the same has been made on estimated basis by the management.

iii. Long Term employee benefits are recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss account for the year in which the employee has rendered services. The liabilities on account of leave encashment have been provided on estimated basis by management.

10. Taxation

a. Provision for current tax is made with reference to taxable income computed for the accounting period, for which the financial statements are prepared by applying the tax rates as applicable.

b. Deferred tax is recognised subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Such deferred tax is quantified using the tax rates and laws enacted or substantively enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized and carried forward to extent that there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

11. Borrowing Cost;

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

12. Government Grants:

Grants and subsidies from the government are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the grant/subsidy will be received and all attaching conditions will be complied with. When the grant or subsidy relates to an expense item, it is netted off with the relevant expense. Where the grant or subsidy relates to an asset, its value is deducted in arriving at the carrying amount of the related asset.

13. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes to the accounts. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

14. Segmental Reporting:

The Company is mainly engaged in the business of manufacturing of textiles consisting of yarn, fabrics and garments. Considering the nature of business and financial reporting of the Company, the Company has only one segment viz; textile as reportable segment. The Company operates in Local & Export segments geographically. The sale for both is separately given, but due to the nature of business the assets/liabilities and expenses for these activities cannot be bifurcated separately.

The Company is also engaged in power generation through windmills & manufacturing of buttons, however the same are not considered as reportable segment in accordance with AS-17.


Mar 31, 2011

(I) BASIS OF PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS:

The Company follows the mercantile system of accounting and recognises income and expenditure on accrual basis. The accounts are prepared on historical cost basis as a going concern and are consistent with generally accepted accounting principles.

(II) SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

a) Revenue Recognition

(i) Domestic sales are accounted for on dispatch of goods to customers. Gross Sales are net of sales returns

(ii) Export sales are accounted for on the basis of dates of Bill of Lading. Gross Sales are inclusive of incentives/ benefits and net of sales returns

b) Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition less depreciation. Cost includes taxes, duties, freight, installation and other direct or allocated expenses up to the date of commercial production and net of CENVAT credit and Subsidy received, if any.

c) Depreciation

(i) Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on 'Straight Line Method' at rates prescribed in Schedule - XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

(ii) Depreciation on fixed assets added /disposed off during the year is provided on prorata basis.

d) Impairment of Assets

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceed its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the Profit and Loss Account as and when an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

e) Expenditure during construction period

The expenditure incurred and attributable interest & financing costs incurred prior to commencement of commercial production including Trial Run Expenses in respect of new project & substantial expansion of existing facilities are capitalised.

f) Investments

Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and quoted / fair value, computed category wise. Long Term Investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long-term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management.

g) Inventories

Inventories are valued as under :-

Raw Materials At Cost

Work-in-Process At Cost

Finished Goods At lower of cost or net realisable value

Stores and Spare Parts At Cost

Cost of Work in Process and Manufactured Goods includes material, labour & other appropriate overheads wherever applicable.

h) Foreign Currency Transactions

(i) Transaction in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction or at the exchange rate under related forward exchange contracts. The realized exchange gains/ losses are recognized in the Profits Loss account. All foreign currency current assets/liabilities are translated in rupees at the rates prevailing on the date of balance sheet.

(ii) In respect of branches, which are integral foreign operations, all transactions are translated at monthly average rates. Branch monetary assets and liabilities are restated at the rates prevailing on the date of balance sheet.

i) Employee benefits

(i) Short Term Employee Benefit are recoginsed as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the profit and loss account of the year in which the related service is rendered.

(ii) Post employment benefits are recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss account for the year in which the employee has rendered services. The expense is recognized based upon the premium amount determined by Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) and State Bank of India Group Gratuity Scheme in case of covered employees. The employees which are not yet covered in the above Group Gratuity Scheme, provision for the same has been made on estimated basis by the management.

(iii) Long Term employee benefits are recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss account for the year in which the employee has rendered services. The liabilities on account of leave encashment have been provided on the basis of actuarial valuation, using projected unit credit method, as at the balance sheet date.

j) Taxation

(i) Provision for current tax is made with reference to taxable income computed for the accounting period, for which the financial statements are prepared by applying the tax rates as applicable.

(ii) Deferred tax is recognised subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Such deferred tax is quantified using the tax rates and laws enacted or substantively enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised and carried forward to extent that there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

k) Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

I) Government Grants

Grants and subsidies from the government are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the grant/subsidy will be received and all attaching conditions will be complied with.When the grant or subsidy relates to an expense item, it is netted off with the relevant expense. Where the grant or subsidy relates to an asset, its value is deducted in arriving at the carrying amount of the related asset.

m) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

(2) (a) Term Loans from Banks are secured by first charge on all Fixed Assets except specific assets and second charge on curret assets, of the Company.

(b) Working capital loans from Banks are secured by Hypothecation of all current assets and second charge on Fixed Asset:. except specific assets, of the Company.

(c) The Vehicle Loans from the Banks & Others are secured by Hypothecation of specified Vehicles against which the finance is obtained.


Mar 31, 2010

(I) BASIS OF PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS:

The Company follows the mercantile system of accounting and recognises income and expenditure on accrual basis. The accounts are prepared on historical cost basis as a going concern and are consistent with generally accepted accounting principles.

a) Revenue Recognition

i) Domestic sales are accounted for on despatch of goods to customers.

Gross Sales are net of sales returns. ii) Export sales are accounted for on the basis of dates of Bill of Lading.

Gross Sales are inclusive of incentives / benefits and net of sales returns.

b) Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition less depreciation. Cost includes taxes, duties, freight, installation and other direct or allocated expenses up to the date of commercial production and net of CENVAT credit and Subsidy received, if any.

c) Depreciation

i) Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on Straight Line Method at rates prescribed in Schedule - XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

ii) Depreciation on fixed assets added /disposed off during the year is provided on prorata basis.

d) Impairment of Assets

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceed its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the Profit and Loss Account as and when an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

e) Expenditure during construction period

The expenditure incurred and attributable interest & financing costs incurred prior to commencement of commercial production including Trial Run Expenses in respect of new project & substantial expansion of existing facilities are capitalised.

f) Investments

Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and quoted/ fair value, computed category wise. Long Term Investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long-term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management.

g) Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost or net realisable value. Cost is determined on moving weighted average basis, Cost of Work in Process and Manufactured Goods includes material, labour & other appropriate overheads wherever applicable.

h) Foreign Currency Transactions

Transaction in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction or at the exchange rate under related forward exchange contracts. The realized exchange gains/losses are recognized in the Profit & Loss account. All foreign currency current assets/liabilities are translated in rupees at the rates prevailing on the date of balance sheet. Exchange fluctuations for Loans in foreign currency for acquisition of Capital Assets are added / substracted out of the value of the assets.

i) Employee benefits

Gratuity and leave encashment

The Companys gratuity scheme with insurer is a defined benefit plan. The Companys net obligation in respect of the gratuity benefit scheme is calculated by estimating the amount of future benefit that employees have earned in return

for their service in the current and prior periods; that benefit is discounted to determine its present value, and the fair value of any plan assets is deducted. The present value of the obligation under such defined benefit plan is determined based on actuarial valuation by an independent actuary using the Projected Unit Credit Method, which recognizes each period of service as giving rise to additional unit of employee benefit entitlement and measures each unit seperately to build up the final obligation. The obligation is measured at the present value of the estimated future cash flows. The discount rates used for determining ihe present value of the obligation under defined benefit plan are based on the market yields on Government Securities as at the Balance Sheet date. When the calculation results in a benefit to the Company, The recognised asset is limited to the net total of any unrecognised actuarial losses and past service costs and the present value of any future refunds from the plan or reductions in future contributions to the plan. Actuarial gains and losses are recognized immediately in the Profit and Loss account.

Provision for leave encashment cost has been made based on actuarial valuation by an independent actuary at balance sheet date.

Provident fund

All employees of the Company receive benefits from a provident fund, which is a defined contribution retirement plan in which the Company and its employees, contribute at a determined rate. Monthly contributions payable to the provident fund are charged to the profit and loss account as incurred.

j) Taxation

i) Provision for current tax is made with reference to taxable income computed for the accounting period, for which the financial statements are prepared by applying the tax rates as applicable.

ii) Deferred tax is recognised subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Such deferred tax is quantified using the tax rates and laws enacted or substantively enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised and carried forward to extent that there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

k) Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

 
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