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Accounting Policies of Britannia Industries Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

(a) Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting to comply in all material aspects with the applicable accounting principles in India, the mandatory Accounting Standards ('AS') as prescribed under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 ('the Act'), read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014, the relevant provisions of the Act, the guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India ('SEBI') and the Companies Act, 1956 to the extent relevant.

(b) use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements, in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in India, requires that the Management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

(c) Fixed assets Tangible assets

Tangible assets are stated at their cost of acquisition or construction less accumulated depreciation. Cost includes inward freight, duties, taxes and expenses incidental to acquisition and installation or construction, net of CENVAT and VAT credit, where applicable.

The cost of the fixed assets not ready for their intended use before such date, are disclosed as capital work-in- progress.

Intangible assets

Intangible assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated amortisation.

(d) Depreciation and amortisation

Depreciation in respect of all the assets is provided on straight line method over the useful lives of assets estimated by the Company. Depreciation for assets purchased / sold during the period is proportionately charged. Intangible assets are amortised over their respective individual estimated useful lives on a straight line basis, commencing from the date the asset is available to the Company for its use. The Company estimates the useful life of fixed assets as follows:

Assets classification useful life

Plant and equipment * 7.5 - 15 years

Furniture and fixtures 10 years

Motor vehicles 8 years

Computer software 6 years

Office equipment 3-5 years

Buildings 60 years

Leasehold land Lease period

Moulders, cutters and 1 year spare parts *

* The Company believes the useful lives as given above best represent the useful life of these assets based on internal assessment where necessary, which is different from the useful lives as prescribed under Part C of Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013.

(e) Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset, including intangible, may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost. An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the carrying amount of asset does not exceed the net book value that would have been determined, if no impairment loss had been recognised.

(f) Leases

Assets acquired under lease where the Company has substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance lease. Such leases are capitalised at the inception of lease at lower of the fair value and present value of minimum lease payments. Assets taken on finance lease are depreciated over their estimated useful life or the lease term whichever is lower.

Assets acquired under lease where the significant portion of risks and rewards of ownership are retained by the lessor are classified as operating lease. Lease rentals are charged to the statement of profit and loss on accrual basis.

(g) Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost (including prime cost, excise duty and other overheads incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition) and estimated net realisable value, after providing for obsolescence, where appropriate. The comparison of cost and net realisable value is made on an item-by-item basis. The net realisable value of materials in process is determined with reference to the selling prices of related finished goods. Raw materials, packing materials and other supplies held for use in production of inventories are not written down below cost except in cases where material prices have declined, and it is estimated that the cost of the finished products will exceed their net realisable value.

The provision for inventory obsolescence is assessed regularly based on estimated usage and shelf life of products.

Raw materials, packing materials and stores and spares are valued at cost computed on moving weighted average basis. The cost includes purchase price, inward freight and other incidental expenses net of CENVAT and VAT credit, where applicable.

Work-in-progress is valued at input material cost plus conversion cost as applicable.

Stock-in-trade is valued at the lower of net realisable value and cost (including prime cost and other overheads incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition), computed on a moving weighted average basis.

Finished goods are valued at lower of net realisable value and prime cost, excise duty and other overheads incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

(h) Trade receivables and loans and advances

Trade receivables and loans and advances are stated after making adequate provision for doubtful receivables and loans and advances.

(i) Investments

Long-term investments are stated at cost. A provision for diminution is made to recognise a decline, other than temporary, in the value of long-term investments.

Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value for each investment individually.

(j) Revenue recognition

Revenue from sale of goods and sale of scrap is recognised on transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer. The amount recognised as sale is exclusive of sales tax and net of trade discounts and sales returns. Sales are presented both gross and net of excise duty.

Income from royalty is accounted based on contractual agreements.

Dividend income is accounted for in the year in which the right to receive the same is established.

Interest on investments and deposits is booked on a time-proportion basis taking into account the amounts invested and the rate of interest.

(k) Foreign currency transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at exchange rates prevailing on the respective dates of the relevant transactions. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are restated at the exchange rates prevailing at the balance sheet date. The gains or losses resulting from such transactions are adjusted to the statement of profit and loss. Non-monetary assets and non-monetary liabilities denominated in foreign currency and measured at fair value / net realisable value are translated at the exchange rate prevalent at the date when the fair value / net realisable value was determined. Non-monetary assets and non-monetary liabilities denominated in foreign currency and measured at historical cost are translated at the exchange rate prevalent on the date of transaction.

The Company uses foreign exchange forward contracts to cover its exposure towards movements in foreign exchange rates. The use of foreign exchange forward contracts reduces the risk of fluctuations in exchange rate movements for the Company. The Company does not use the foreign exchange forward contract for trading or speculative purposes.

Premium or discount arising at the inception of the forward contracts against the underlying assets is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on forward contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the reporting period in which the exchange rates change.

(l) Derivative contracts

Based on the principle of prudence as provided in Accounting Standard 1 - "Disclosure of Accounting Policies", the Company assesses losses, if any, by marking to market all its outstanding derivative contracts [other than those accounted under Accounting Standard 11 - "Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates" (Refer point (k) above)] at the balance sheet date and provides for such losses. The net gain, if any, based on the said evaluation is not accounted for in line with the ICAI notification issued in March 2008 in relation to such transactions.

(m) Taxes on income

Income-tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the year determined in accordance with the Income-tax laws) and deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the year). Deferred tax in respect of timing differences which originate during the tax holiday period but reverse after the tax holiday period is recognised in the year in which the timing differences originate. For this purpose the timing differences, which originate first are considered to reverse first. The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent where there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward business loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a virtual certainty of realisation of such assets.

Deferred tax assets / liabilities are reviewed at each balance sheet date and written-down or written-up to reflect the amount that is reasonably / virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realised.

The Company offsets, the current tax assets and liabilities (on a year on year basis) and deferred tax assets and liabilities, where it has a legally enforceable right and where it intends to settle such assets and liabilities on a net basis.

Minimum Alternative Tax ('MAT') credit is recognised as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income-tax during the specified period. In the year in which the MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognised as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in the guidance note issued by Institute of Chartered Accountants of India ('ICAI'), the said asset is created by way of a credit to the statement of profit and loss. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT credit entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal income-tax during the specified period.

(n) Employee benefits

(i) Short-term employee benefits

All employee benefits falling due wholly within twelve months of rendering the services are classified as short-term employee benefits, which include benefits like salaries, wages, short-term compensated absences and performance incentives and are recognised as expenses in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

(ii) Post-employment benefits

Contributions to defined contribution schemes such as Provident Fund, Pension Fund, etc., are recognised as expenses in the period in which the employee renders the related service. In respect of certain employees, Provident Fund contributions are made to a Trust administered by the Company The interest rate payable to the members of the Trust shall not be lower than the statutory rate of interest declared by the Central Government under the Employees' Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 and shortfall, if any, shall be made good by the Company. In respect of contributions made to government administered Provident Fund, the Company has no further obligations beyond its monthly contributions. The Company also provides for post-employment defined benefit in the form of gratuity and medical benefits. The cost of providing benefit is determined using the projected unit credit method, with actuarial valuation being carried out at each balance sheet date.

The Britannia Industries Limited Covenanted Staff Pension Fund Trust ('BILCSPF') and Britannia Industries Limited Officers' Pension Fund Trust ('BILOPF') were established by the Company to administer pension schemes for its employees. These trusts are managed by the Trustees. The Pension Scheme is applicable to all the managers and officers of the Company who have been employed up to the date of 15 September 2005 and any manager or officer employed after that date, if he has opted for the membership of the Scheme. The Company makes a contribution of 15% of basic salary in respect of the members, each month to the trusts. On retirement, subject to the vesting conditions as per the rules of the trust, the member becomes eligible for pension, which is paid from annuity purchased in the name of the member by the trusts.

(iii) Other long-term employee benefits

All employee benefits (other than post-employment benefits and termination benefits) which do not fall due wholly within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related services are determined based on actuarial valuation carried out at each balance sheet date. Provision for compensated absences is based on actuarial valuation carried out as at 1 January every year.

(iv) Voluntary retirement scheme benefits

Voluntary retirement scheme benefits are recognised as an expense in the year they are incurred.

(o) Employee share based payments

The Company measures compensation cost relating to employee stock options using the intrinsic value method. Compensation expense, if any, is amortised over the vesting period of the option on a straight line basis.

(p) Provisions and contingent liabilities

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events, for which it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are reviewed regularly and are adjusted where necessary to reflect the current best estimate of the obligation. When the Company expects a provision to be reimbursed, the reimbursement is recognised as a separate asset only when reimbursement is virtually certain.

A disclosure for contingent liabilities is made where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may probably not require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible or a present obligation where the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

Provision for onerous contracts, i.e. contracts where the expected unavoidable cost of meeting the obligations under the contract exceed the economic benefits expected to be received under it, are recognised when it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle a present obligation as a result of an obligating event based on a reliable estimate of such obligation.

(q) Earnings per share

Basic Earnings Per Share ('EPS') is computed by dividing the net profit attributable to the equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and also the weighted average number of equity shares that could have been issued upon conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as of the beginning of the year, unless issued at a later date. In computing diluted earnings per share, only potential equity shares that are dilutive and that either reduces earnings per share or increases loss per share are included. The number of shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted retrospectively for all periods presented for the share splits.

(r) Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using indirect method, whereby net profits before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from regular revenue generating (operating activities), investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated.

(s) Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of those fixed assets which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use are capitalised. Other borrowing costs are accounted as an expense in the statement of profit and loss.

(t) Capital subsidy

Capital subsidy related to depreciable fixed assets is treated as deferred income and recognised in the statement of profit and loss on a systematic basis over the useful life of the asset.

(u) Government grants related to revenue

Government grants related to revenue are recognised in the statement of profit and loss on a systematic basis over the periods to which they relate.

(v) Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents includes cash on hand, demand deposits with banks, other short-term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.


Mar 31, 2014

(a) Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting to comply in all material aspects with the applicable accounting principles in India, the mandatory Accounting Standards (''AS'') prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006, the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (''the Act''), the guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (''SEBI'') and the Companies Act, 2013 to the extent relevant.

(b) Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements, in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in India, requires that the Management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

(c) Fixed assets

Tangible assets

Tangible assets are stated at their cost of acquisition or construction less accumulated depreciation. Cost includes inward freight, duties, taxes and expenses incidental to acquisition and installation or construction, net of CENVAT and VAT credit, where applicable.

The cost of the fixed assets not ready for their intended use before such date, are disclosed as capital work-in- progress.

Intangible assets

Intangible assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated amortisation.

(d) Depreciation and amortisation

Depreciation in respect of all the assets is provided on straight line method. The rates of depreciation prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Act are considered as minimum rates. If the Management''s estimate of the useful life of a fixed asset at the time of the acquisition of the asset or of the remaining useful life on a subsequent review is shorter than envisaged in the aforesaid schedule, depreciation is provided at a higher rate based on the

Management''s estimate of the useful life / remaining useful life.

Vehicles acquired on finance lease are depreciated over a period of five years.

Computers (part of office equipments) are depreciated over a period of four years.

Computer software is fully depreciated over a period of six years, based on the review of useful life of such assets.

Assets costing individually up to Rs. 5,000/- are fully depreciated in the year of addition.

Leasehold land is amortised over the period of primary lease.

(e) Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset, including intangible, may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is refilected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost. An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the carrying amount of asset does not exceed the net book value that would have been determined, if no impairment loss had been recognised.

(f) Leases

Assets acquired under lease where the Company has substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance lease. Such leases are capitalised at the inception of lease at lower of the fair value and present value of minimum lease payments. Assets taken on finance lease are depreciated over their estimated useful life or the lease term whichever is lower.

Assets acquired under lease where the significant portion of risks and rewards of ownership are retained by the lessor are classified as operating lease. Lease rentals are charged to the statement of profit and loss on accrual basis.

(g) Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost (including prime cost, excise duty and other overheads incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition) and estimated net realisable value, after providing for obsolescence, where appropriate. The comparison of cost and net realisable value is made on an item-by-item basis. The net realisable value of materials in process is determined with reference to the selling prices of related finished goods. Raw materials, packing materials and other supplies held for use in production of inventories are not written down below cost except in cases where material prices have declined, and it is estimated that the cost of the finished products will exceed their net realisable value.

The provision for inventory obsolescence is assessed regularly based on estimated usage and shelf life of products.

Raw materials, packing materials and stores and spares are valued at cost computed on moving weighted average basis. The cost includes purchase price, inward freight and other incidental expenses net of CENVAT and VAT credit, where applicable.

Work-in-progress is valued at input material cost plus conversion cost as applicable.

Finished goods are valued at lower of net realisable value and prime cost, excise duty and other overheads incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

(h) Trade receivables and loans and advances

Trade receivables and loans and advances are stated after making adequate provision for doubtful receivables and loans and advances.

(i) Investments

Long-term investments are stated at cost. A provision for diminution is made to recognise a decline, other than temporary, in the value of long-term investments.

Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value for each investment individually.

(j) Revenue recognition

Revenue from sale of goods and sale of scrap is recognised on transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer. The amount recognised as sale is exclusive of sales tax and net of trade discounts and sales returns. Sales are presented both gross and net of excise duty.

Income from royalty is accounted based on contractual agreements.

Dividend income is accounted for in the year in which the right to receive the same is established.

Interest on investments and deposits is booked on a time-proportion basis taking into account the amounts invested and the rate of interest.

(k) Foreign currency transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at exchange rates prevailing on the respective dates of the relevant transactions. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are restated at the exchange rates prevailing at the balance sheet date. The gains or losses resulting from such transactions are adjusted to the statement of profit and loss. Non-monetary assets and non-monetary liabilities denominated in foreign currency and measured at fair value / net realisable value are translated at the exchange rate prevalent at the date when the fair value / net realisable value was determined. Non-monetary assets and non-monetary liabilities denominated in foreign currency and measured at historical cost are translated at the exchange rate prevalent on the date of transaction.

The Company uses foreign exchange forward contracts to cover its exposure towards movements in foreign exchange rates. The use of foreign exchange forward contracts reduces the risk of fluctuations in exchange rate movements for the Company. The Company does not use the foreign exchange forward contract for trading or speculative purposes.

Premium or discount arising at the inception of the forward contracts against the underlying assets is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on forward contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the reporting period in which the exchange rates change. (l) Derivative contracts

Based on the principle of prudence as provided in Accounting Standard 1- "Disclosure of Accounting Policies", the Company assesses losses, if any, by marking to market all its outstanding derivative contracts [other than those accounted under Accounting Standard 11 "Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates" (Refer point (k) above)] at the balance sheet date and provides for such losses. The net gain, if any, based on the said evaluation is not accounted for in line with the ICAI notification issued in March 2008 in relation to such transactions.

(m) Taxes on income

Income-tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the year determined in accordance with the Income-tax laws) and deferred tax charge or credit (refilecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the year). Deferred tax in respect of timing differences which originate during the tax holiday period but reverse after the tax holiday period is recognised in the year in which the timing differences originate. For this purpose the timing differences, which originate first are considered to reverse first. The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent where there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward business loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a virtual certainty of realisation of such assets.

Deferred tax assets / liabilities are reviewed as at each balance sheet date and written-down or written-up to refilect the amount that is reasonably / virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realised.

The Company offsets, the current tax assets and liabilities (on a year on year basis) and deferred tax assets and liabilities, where it has a legally enforceable right and where it intends to settle such assets and liabilities on a net basis.

Minimum Alternative Tax (''MAT'') credit is recognised as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income-tax during the specified period. In the year in which the MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognised as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in the guidance note issued by Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (''ICAI''), the said asset is created by way of a credit to the statement of profit and loss. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT credit entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal income-tax during the specified period.

(n) Employee benefits

(i) Short-term employee benefits

All employee benefits falling due wholly within twelve months of rendering the services are classified as short-term employee benefits, which include benefits like salaries, wages, short-term compensated absences and performance incentives and are recognised as expenses in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

(ii) Post-employment benefits

Contributions to defined contribution schemes such as Provident Fund, Pension Fund etc., are recognised as expenses in the period in which the employee renders the related service. In respect of certain employees, Provident Fund contributions are made to a Trust administered by the Company. The interest rate payable to the members of the Trust shall not be lower than the statutory rate of interest declared by the Central Government under the Employees'' Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 and shortfall, if any, shall be made good by the Company. In respect of contributions made to government administered Provident Fund, the Company has no further obligations beyond its monthly contributions. The Company also provides for post-employment defined benefit in the form of gratuity and medical benefits. The cost of providing benefit is determined using the projected unit credit method, with actuarial valuation being carried out at each balance sheet date.

The Britannia Industries Limited Covenanted Staff Pension Fund Trust (''BILCSPF'') and Britannia Industries Limited Officers'' Pension Fund Trust (''BILOPF'') were established by the Company to administer pension schemes for its employees. These trusts are managed by the Trustees. The Pension Scheme is applicable to all the managers and officers of the Company who have been employed up to the date of 15 September 2005 and any manager or officer employed after that date, if he has opted for the membership of the Scheme. The Company makes a contribution of 15% of basic salary in respect of the members, each month to the trusts. On retirement, subject to the vesting conditions as per the rules of the trust, the member becomes eligible for pension, which is paid from annuity purchased in the name of the member by the trusts.

(iii) Other long-term employee benefits

All employee benefits (other than post-employment benefits and termination benefits) which do not fall due wholly within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related services are determined based on actuarial valuation carried out at each balance sheet date. Provision for compensated absences is based on actuarial valuation carried out as at 1st January every year.

(iv) Voluntary retirement scheme benefits

Voluntary retirement scheme benefits are recognised as an expense in the year they are incurred.

(o) Employee share based payments

The Company measures compensation cost relating to employee stock options using the intrinsic value method. Compensation expense, if any, is amortised over the vesting period of the option on a straight line basis.

(p) Provisions and contingent liabilities

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events, for which it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are reviewed regularly and are adjusted where necessary to refilect the current best estimate of the obligation. When the Company expects a provision to be reimbursed, the reimbursement is recognised as a separate asset only when reimbursement is virtually certain.

A disclosure for contingent liabilities is made where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may probably not require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible or a present obligation where the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

Provision for onerous contracts, i.e. contracts where the expected unavoidable cost of meeting the obligations under the contract exceed the economic benefits expected to be received under it, are recognised when it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle a present obligation as a result of an obligating event based on a reliable estimate of such obligation.

(q) Earnings per share

Basic Earnings Per Share (''EPS'') is computed by dividing the net profit attributable to the equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and also the weighted average number of equity shares that could have been issued upon conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as of the beginning of the year, unless issued at a later date. In computing diluted earnings per share, only potential equity shares that are dilutive and that either reduces earnings per share or increases loss per share are included. The number of shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted retrospectively for all periods presented for the share splits.

(r) Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using indirect method, whereby net profits before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from regular revenue generating (operating activities), investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated.

(s) Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of those fixed assets which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use are capitalised. Other borrowing costs are accounted as an expense in the statement of profit and loss.

(t) Capital subsidy

Capital subsidy related to depreciable fixed assets is treated as deferred income and recognised in the statement of profit and loss on a systematic basis over the useful life of the asset.

(u) Government grants related to revenue

Government grants related to revenue are recognised in the statement of profit and loss on a systematic basis over the periods to which they relate.

(v) Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents includes cash in hand, demand deposits with banks, other short-term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.


Mar 31, 2013

(a) Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting to comply in all material aspects with the applicable accounting principles in India, the mandatory Accounting Standards (''AS'') prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006, the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (''the Act'') and the guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (''SEBI'').

(b) Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements, in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in India, requires that the Management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

(c) Fixed assets Tangible assets

Tangible assets are stated at their cost of acquisition or construction less accumulated depreciation. Cost includes inward freight, duties, taxes and expenses incidental to acquisition and installation or construction, net of CENVAT and VAT credit, where applicable.

The cost of the fixed assets not ready for their intended use before such date, are disclosed as capital work-in- progress.

Intangible assets

Intangible assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated amortisation.

(d) Depreciation and amortisation

Depreciation in respect of all the assets is provided on straight line method. The rates of depreciation prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Act are considered as minimum rates. If the Management''s estimate of the useful life of a fixed asset at the time of the acquisition of the asset or of the remaining useful life on a subsequent review is shorter than envisaged in the aforesaid schedule, depreciation is provided at a higher rate based on the Management''s estimate of the useful life / remaining useful life.

Vehicles acquired on finance lease are depreciated over a period of 5 years.

With effect from 1 April 2010, the Management has revised the estimated useful life for computers (part of office equipments) to four years (from six years used earlier), based on a review of useful life of such assets.

Computer softwares are fully depreciated over a period of six years, based on the review of useful life of such assets.

Assets costing individually upto Rs. 5,000/- are fully depreciated in the year of addition.

Leasehold land is amortised over the period of primary lease.

(e) Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset, including intangible, may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost. An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the carrying amount of asset does not exceed the net book value that would have been determined, if no impairment loss had been recognised.

(f) Leases

Assets acquired under lease where the Company has substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance lease. Such leases are capitalised at the inception of lease at lower of the fair value and present value of minimum lease payments. Assets taken on finance lease are depreciated over their estimated useful life or the lease term whichever is lower.

Assets acquired under lease where the significant portion of risks and rewards of ownership are retained by the lessor are classified as operating lease. Lease rentals are charged to the statement of profit and loss on accrual basis.

(g) Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost (including prime cost, excise duty and other overheads incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition) and estimated net realisable value, after providing for obsolescence, where appropriate. The comparison of cost and net realisable value is made on an item-by-item basis. The net realisable value of materials in process is determined with reference to the selling prices of related finished goods. Raw materials, packing materials and other supplies held for use in production of inventories are not written-down below cost except in cases where material prices have declined, and it is estimated that the cost of the finished products will exceed their net realisable value.

The provision for inventory obsolescence is assessed regularly based on estimated usage and shelf life of products.

Raw materials, packing materials and stores and spares are valued at cost computed on monthly moving weighted average basis. The cost includes purchase price, inward freight and other incidental expenses net of CENVAT and VAT credit, where applicable.

Work-in-progress is valued at input material cost plus conversion cost as applicable.

Finished goods are valued at lower of net realisable value and prime cost, excise duty and other overheads incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

(h) Trade receivables and loans and advances

Trade receivables and loans and advances are stated after making adequate provision for doubtful receivables and loans and advances.

(i) Investments

Long-term investments are stated at cost. A provision for diminution is made to recognise a decline, other than temporary, in the value of long-term investments.

Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value for each investment individually.

(j) Revenue recognition

Revenue from sale of goods and sale of scrap is recognised on transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer. The amount recognised as sale is exclusive of sales tax and net of trade discounts and sales returns. Sales are presented both gross and net of excise duty.

Income from royalty is accounted based on contractual agreements.

Dividend income is accounted for in the year in which the right to receive the same is established.

Interest on investments is booked on a time-proportion basis taking into account the amounts invested and the rate of interest.

(k) Foreign currency transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at exchange rates prevailing on the respective dates of the relevant transactions. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are restated at the exchange rates prevailing at the balance sheet date. The gains or losses resulting from such transactions are adjusted to the statement of profit and loss. Non-monetary assets and non-monetary liabilities denominated in foreign currency and measured at fair value / net realisable value are translated at the exchange rate prevalent at the date when the fair value / net realisable value was determined. Non-monetary assets and non-monetary liabilities denominated in foreign currency and measured at historical cost are translated at the exchange rate prevalent on the date of transaction.

The Company uses foreign exchange forward contracts to cover its exposure towards movements in foreign exchange rates. The use of foreign exchange forward contracts reduces the risk of fluctuations in exchange movements for the Company. The Company does not use the foreign exchange forward contract for trading or speculative purposes.

Premium or discount arising at the inception of the forward contracts against the underlying assets is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on forward contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the reporting period in which the exchange rates change.

(l) Derivative contracts

Based on the principle of prudence as provided in Accounting Standard 1 - "Disclosure of Accounting Policies", the Company assesses losses, if any, by marking to market all its outstanding derivative contracts [other than those accounted under Accounting Standard 11 - "The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates" (Refer point (k) above)] at the balance sheet date and provides for such losses. The net gain, if any, based on the said evaluation is not accounted for in line with the ICAI notification issued in March 2008 in relation to such transactions.

(m) Taxes on income

Income-tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the year determined in accordance with the Income-tax laws) and deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the year). Deferred tax in respect of timing differences which originate during the tax holiday period but reverse after the tax holiday period is recognised in the year in which the timing differences originate. For this purpose the timing differences, which originate first are considered to reverse first. The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent where there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward business loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a virtual certainty of realisation of such assets.

Deferred tax assets / liabilities are reviewed as at each balance sheet date and written-down or written-up to reflect the amount that is reasonably / virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realised.

The Company offsets, the current tax assets and liabilities (on a year on year basis) and deferred tax assets and liabilities, where it has a legally enforceable right and where it intends to settle such assets and liabilities on a net basis.

Minimum Alternative Tax (''MAT'') credit is recognised as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income-tax during the specified period. In the year in which the MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognised as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in the guidance note issued by Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (''ICAI''), the said asset is created by way of a credit to the statement of profit and loss. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT credit entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal income-tax during the specified period.

(n) Employee benefits

(i) Short-term employee benefits

All employee benefits falling due wholly within twelve months of rendering the services are classified as short-term employee benefits, which include benefits like salaries, wages, short-term compensated absences and performance incentives and are recognised as expenses in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

(ii) Post-employment benefits

Contributions to defined contribution schemes such as Provident Fund, Pension Fund, etc., are recognised as expenses in the period in which the employee renders the related service. In respect of certain employees, Provident Fund contributions are made to a Trust administered by the Company. The interest rate payable to the members of the Trust shall not be lower than the statutory rate of interest declared by the Central Government under the Employees'' Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 and shortfall, if any, shall be made good by the Company. In respect of contributions made to government administered Provident Fund, the Company has no further obligations beyond its monthly contributions. The Company also provides for post-employment defined benefit in the form of gratuity and medical benefits. The cost of providing benefit is determined using the projected unit credit method, with actuarial valuation being carried out at each balance sheet date.

The Britannia Industries Limited Covenanted Staff Pension Fund Trust (''BILCSPF'') and Britannia Industries Limited Officers'' Pension Fund Trust (''BILOPF'') were established by the Company to administer pension schemes for its employees. These trusts are managed by the Trustees. The Pension Scheme is applicable to all the managers and officers of the Company who have been employed up to the date of 15 September 2005 and any manager or officer employed after that date, if he has opted for the membership of the Scheme. The Company makes a contribution of 15% of salary in respect of the members, each month to the trusts.

On retirement, subject to the vesting conditions as per the rules of the trust, the member becomes eligible for pension, which is paid from annuity purchased in the name of the member by the trusts.

(iii) Other long-term employee benefits

All employee benefits (other than post-employment benefits and termination benefits) which do not fall due wholly within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related services are determined based on actuarial valuation carried out at each balance sheet date. Provision for long-term compensated absences is based on actuarial valuation carried out as at 1st January every year.

(iv) Voluntary retirement scheme benefits

Voluntary retirement scheme benefits are recognised as an expense in the year they are incurred.

(o) Employee share based payments

The Company measures compensation cost relating to employee stock options using the intrinsic value method. Compensation expense, if any, is amortised over the vesting period of the option on a straight line basis.

(p) Provisions and contingent liabilities

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events, for which it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are reviewed regularly and are adjusted where necessary to reflect the current best estimate of the obligation. When the Company expects a provision to be reimbursed, the reimbursement is recognised as a separate asset only when reimbursement is virtually certain.

A disclosure for contingent liabilities is made where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may probably not require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible or a present obligation where the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

Provision for onerous contracts, i.e. contracts where the expected unavoidable cost of meeting the obligations under the contract exceed the economic benefits expected to be received under it, are recognised when it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle a present obligation as a result of an obligating event based on a reliable estimate of such obligation.

(q) Earnings per share

Basic Earnings Per Share (''EPS'') is computed by dividing the net profit attributable to the equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit after tax by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and also the weighted average number of equity shares that could have been issued upon conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as of the beginning of the year, unless issued at a later date. In computing diluted earnings per share, only potential equity shares that are dilutive and that either reduces earnings per share or increases loss per share are included. The number of shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted retrospectively for all periods presented for the share splits.

(r) Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using indirect method, whereby net profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from regular revenue generating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated. (s) Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of those fixed assets which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use are capitalised. Other borrowing costs are accounted as an expense in the statement of profit and loss.

(t) Capital subsidy

Capital subsidy related to depreciable fixed assets is treated as deferred income and recognised in the statement of profit and loss on a systematic basis over the useful life of the asset.

(u) Government grants related to revenue

Government grants related to revenue are recognised in the statement of profit and loss on a systematic basis over the periods to which they relate.


Mar 31, 2012

(a) Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting to comply in all material aspects with the applicable accounting principles in India, the mandatory Accounting Standards ('AS') prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006, the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 ('the Act') and the guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India ('SEBI').

(b) Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements, in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in India, requires that the Management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

(c) Fixed assets

Tangible assets

Tangible assets are stated at their cost of acquisition or construction less accumulated depreciation. Cost includes inward freight, duties, taxes and expenses incidental to acquisition and installation or construction, net of CENVAT and VAT credit, where applicable.

The cost of the fixed assets not ready for their intended use before such date, are disclosed as capital work-in- progress.

Intangible assets

Intangible assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated amortisation.

(d) Depreciation and amortisation

Depreciation in respect of all the assets is provided on straight line method. The rates of depreciation prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Act are considered as minimum rates. If the Management's estimate of the useful life of a fixed asset at the time of the acquisition of the asset or of the remaining useful life on a subsequent review is shorter than envisaged in the aforesaid schedule, depreciation is provided at a higher rate based on the Management's estimate of the useful life / remaining useful life.

Vehicles acquired on finance lease are depreciated over a period of 5 years.

With effect from 1 April 2010, the Management has revised the estimated useful life for computers (part of office equipments) to four years (from six years used earlier), based on a review of useful life of such assets.

Computer softwares are fully depreciated over a period of six years, based on the review of useful life of such assets.

Assets costing individually upto Rs. 5,000/- are fully depreciated in the year of addition.

Leasehold land is amortised over the period of primary lease.

(e) Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset, including intangible, may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost. An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the carrying amount of asset does not exceed the net book value that would have been determined, if no impairment loss had been recognised.

(f) Leases

Assets acquired under lease where the Company has substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance lease. Such leases are capitalised at the inception of lease at lower of the fair value and present value of minimum lease payments. Assets taken on finance lease are depreciated over their estimated useful life or the lease term whichever is lower.

Assets acquired under lease where the significant portion of risks and rewards of ownership are retained by the lessor are classified as operating lease. Lease rentals are charged to the statement of profit and loss on accrual basis.

(g) Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost (including prime cost, excise duty and other overheads incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition) and estimated net realisable value, after providing for obsolescence, where appropriate. The comparison of cost and net realisable value is made on an item-by-item basis. The net realisable value of materials in process is determined with reference to the selling prices of related finished goods. Raw materials, packing materials and other supplies held for use in production of inventories are not written down below cost except in cases where material prices have declined, and it is estimated that the cost of the finished products will exceed their net realisable value.

The provision for inventory obsolescence is assessed regularly based on estimated usage and shelf life of products.

Raw materials, packing materials and stores and spares are valued at cost computed on monthly moving weighted average basis. The cost includes purchase price, inward freight and other incidental expenses net of CENVAT and VAT credit, where applicable.

Work-in-progress is valued at input material cost plus conversion cost as applicable.

Finished goods are valued at lower of net realisable value and prime cost, excise duty and other overheads incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

(h) Trade receivables and loans and advances

Trade receivables and loans and advances are stated after making adequate provision for doubtful receivables and loans and advances.

(i) Investments

Long-term investments are stated at cost. A provision for diminution is made to recognise a decline, other than temporary, in the value of long-term investments.

Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value for each investment individually.

(j) Revenue recognition

Revenue from sale of goods and sale of scrap is recognised on transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer. The amount recognised as sale is exclusive of sales tax and net of trade discounts and sales returns. Sales are presented both gross and net of excise duty.

Income from royalty is accounted based on contractual agreements.

Dividend income is accounted for in the year in which the right to receive the same is established.

Interest on investments is booked on a time-proportion basis taking into account the amounts invested and the rate of interest.

(k) Foreign currency transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at exchange rates prevailing on the respective dates of the relevant transactions. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are restated at the exchange rates prevailing at the balance sheet date. The gains or losses resulting from such transactions are adjusted to the statement of profit and loss. Non-monetary assets and non-monetary liabilities denominated in foreign currency and measured at fair value / net realisable value are translated at the exchange rate prevalent at the date when the fair value / net realisable value was determined. Non-monetary assets and non-monetary liabilities denominated in foreign currency and measured at historical cost are translated at the exchange rate prevalent on the date of transaction.

The Company uses foreign exchange forward contracts to cover its exposure towards movements in foreign exchange rates. The use of foreign exchange forward contracts reduces the risk of fluctuations in exchange movements for the Company. The Company does not use the foreign exchange forward contract for trading or speculative purposes.

Premium or discount arising at the inception of the forward contracts against the underlying assets is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on forward contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the reporting period in which the exchange rates change.

(l) Derivative contracts

Based on the principle of prudence as provided in Accounting Standard 1 - "Disclosure of Accounting Policies", the Company assesses losses, if any, by marking to market all its outstanding derivative contracts [other than those accounted under Accounting Standard 11 - "Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates" (Refer point (k) above)] at the balance sheet date and provides for such losses. The net gain, if any, based on the said evaluation is not accounted for in line with the ICAI notification issued in March 2008 in relation to such transactions.

(m) Taxes on income

Income-tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the year determined in accordance with the Income-tax laws) and deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the year). Deferred tax in respect of timing differences which originate during the tax holiday period but reverse after the tax holiday period is recognised in the year in which the timing differences originate. For this purpose the timing differences, which originate first are considered to reverse first. The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent where there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward business loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a virtual certainty of realisation of such assets.

Deferred tax assets / liabilities are reviewed as at each balance sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonably / virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realised.

The Company offsets, the current tax assets and liabilities (on a year on year basis) and deferred tax assets and liabilities, where it has a legally enforceable right and where it intends to settle such assets and liabilities on a net basis.

Minimum Alternative Tax ('MAT') credit is recognised as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income-tax during the specified period. In the year in which the MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognised as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in the guidance note issued by Institute of Chartered Accountants of India ('ICAI'), the said asset is created by way of a credit to the statement of profit and loss. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT credit entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal income-tax during the specified period.

(n) Employee benefits

(i) Short-term employee benefits

All employee benefits falling due wholly within twelve months of rendering the services are classified as short-term employee benefits, which include benefits like salaries, wages, short-term compensated absences and performance incentives and are recognised as expenses in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

(ii) Post-employment benefits

Contributions to defined contribution schemes such as Provident Fund, Pension Fund, etc., are recognised as expenses in the period in which the employee renders the related service. In respect of certain employees, Provident Fund contributions are made to a Trust administered by the Company. The interest rate payable to the members of the Trust shall not be lower than the statutory rate of interest declared by the Central Government under the Employees' Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 and shortfall, if any, shall be made good by the Company. In respect of contributions made to government administered Provident Fund, the Company has no further obligations beyond its monthly contributions. The Company also provides for post-employment defined benefit in the form of gratuity and medical benefits. The cost of providing benefit is determined using the projected unit credit method, with actuarial valuation being carried out at each balance sheet date.

The Britannia Industries Limited Covenanted Staff Pension Fund Trust ('BILCSPF') and Britannia Industries Limited Officers' Pension Fund Trust ('BILOPF') were established by the Company to administer pension schemes for its employees. These trusts are managed by the Trustees. The Pension Scheme is applicable to all the managers and officers of the Company who have been employed up to the date of 15 September 2005 and any manager or officer employed after that date, if he has opted for the membership of the Scheme. The Company makes a contribution of 15% of salary in respect of the members, each month to the trusts. On retirement, subject to the vesting conditions as per the rules of the trust, the member becomes eligible for pension, which is paid from annuity purchased in the name of the member by the trusts.

(iii) Other long-term employee benefits

All employee benefits (other than post-employment benefits and termination benefits) which do not fall due wholly within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related services are determined based on actuarial valuation carried out at each balance sheet date. Provision for long-term compensated absences is based on actuarial valuation carried out as at 1st January every year.

(iv) Voluntary retirement scheme benefits

Voluntary retirement scheme benefits are recognised as an expense in the year they are incurred.

(o) Employee share based payments

The Company measures compensation cost relating to employee stock options using the intrinsic value method. Compensation expense, if any, is amortised over the vesting period of the option on a straight line basis.

(p) Provisions and contingent liabilities

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events, for which it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are reviewed regularly and are adjusted where necessary to reflect the current best estimate of the obligation. When the Company expects a provision to be reimbursed, the reimbursement is recognised as a separate asset only when reimbursement is virtually certain.

A disclosure for contingent liabilities is made where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may probably not require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible or a present obligation where the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

Provision for onerous contracts, i.e. contracts where the expected unavoidable cost of meeting the obligations under the contract exceed the economic benefits expected to be received under it, are recognised when it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle a present obligation as a result of an obligating event based on a reliable estimate of such obligation.

(q) Earnings per share

Basic Earnings Per Share ('EPS') is computed by dividing the net profit attributable to the equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit after tax by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and also the weighted average number of equity shares that could have been issued upon conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as of the beginning of the year, unless issued at a later date. In computing diluted earnings per share, only potential equity shares that are dilutive and that either reduces earnings per share or increases loss per share are included. The number of shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted retrospectively for all periods presented for the share splits.

(r) Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using indirect method, whereby net profits before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from regular revenue generating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated.

(s) Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of those fixed assets which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use are capitalised. Other borrowing costs are accounted as an expense in the statement of profit and loss.


Mar 31, 2010

(a) Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting to comply in all material aspects with the applicable accounting principles in India, the applicable Accounting Standards notified u/s 211(3C) of the Companies Act, 1956 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

(b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements, in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, requires that the management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

(c) Fixed assets

Tangible assets

Tangible assets are stated at their original cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost includes inward freight, duties, taxes and expenses incidental to acquisition and installation, net of CENVAT and VAT credit, where applicable.

Intangible assets

Intangible assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated amortisation.

(d) Depreciation and amortisation

Depreciation in respect of all the assets acquired upto 30 June 1984 is provided on written down value method. For additions on or after 1 July 1984, straight line method has been used. Depreciation rates are estimated by the Company and are as specified in the amended Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956, except relating to vehicles which are depreciated over a period of five years. Assets costing individually upto Rs. 5 are fully depreciated in the year of addition. Computer software is amortised over a period of six years.

Leasehold land is amortised over the period of primary lease.

The assets identified and retired based on technical evaluation and held for disposal are stated at lower of net book value and estimated net realisable value.

(e) Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset, including intangible, may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the Profit and Loss Account.

(f) Leases »

Assets acquired under lease where the Company has substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance lease. Such leases are capitalised at the inception of lease at lower of the fair value and present value of minimum lease payments. Assets taken on finance lease are depreciated over its estimated useful life or the lease term whichever is lower.

Assets acquired under lease where the significant portion of risks and rewards of ownership are retained by the lessor are classified as operating lease. Lease rentals are charged to Profit and Loss Account on accrual basis.

(g) Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and estimated net realisable value, after providing for obsolescence, where appropriate.

Raw materials, packing material and stores and spares are valued at cost computed on moving weighted average basis. The cost includes purchase price, inward freight and other incidental expenses net of CENVAT and VAT credit, where applicable.

Materials in process is valued at input material cost plus conversion cost as applicable.

Finished goods are valued at lower of net realisable value and prime cost, excise duty and other overheads incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

(h) Sundry debtors and Loans and advances

Sundry debtors and Loans and advances are stated after making adequate provision for doubtful debts and advances.

(i) Investments

Long term investments are stated at cost. A provision for diminution is made to recognise a decline, other than temporary, in the value of long term investments.

Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value.

(j) Revenue recognition

Sales are recognised when goods are supplied and are recorded net of trade discounts, rebates, sales tax, VAT and excise duties (on goods manufactured and outsourced).

Income from royalty and services is accounted based on contractual agreements.

Dividend income is accounted for in the year in which the right to receive the same is established.

Interest on investments is booked on a time-proportion basis taking into account the amounts invested and the rate of interest.

(k) Commodity hedging contracts

The realised gain or loss in respect of commodity hedging contracts, the pricing period of which has expired during the year are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account.

(l) Foreign currency transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at exchange rates prevailing on the respective dates of the relevant transactions. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are restated at exchange rates prevailing at the Balance Sheet date. The gains or losses resulting from such transactions are adjusted to the Profit and Loss Account. Non-monetary assets and non-monetary liabilities denominated in foreign currency and measured at fair value/net realisable value are translated at the exchange rate prevalent at the date when the fair value/net realisable value was determined. Non-monetary assets and non-monetary liabilities denominated in foreign currency and measured at historical cost are translated at the exchange rate prevalent at the date of transaction.

The Company uses foreign exchange forward contracts to cover its exposure to movements in foreign exchange rates. The use of foreign exchange forward contracts reduces the risk of fluctuations in exchange movements for the Company. The Company does not use the foreign exchange forward contract for trading or speculative purposes.

Premium or Discount arising at the inception of forward contracts against the underlying assets are amortised as expense or income over the life of contract. Exchange differences on forward contracts are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account in the reporting period in which the exchange rates change.

(m) Taxes on income

(i) Current taxation

Provision for current tax is made based on the tax liability computed after considering tax allowances and exemptions.

(ii) Fringe benefit tax

Fringe benefit tax was determined at current applicable rates on expense falling within the ambit of Fringe benefit as defined under the Income Tax Act, 1961 till the previous year. With effect from 1 April 2009 Fringe benefit tax is not required to be borne by the Company on account of change in legislature.

(iii) Deferred taxation

Deferred income tax is provided on all timing differences at the Balance Sheet date between the tax basis of assets and liabilities and their carrying amount for financial reporting purpose. Deferred tax asset or liability is recognised only for those timing differences that originate during the tax holiday period but reverse after the tax holiday period.

Deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a reasonable or virtual certainty, as may be applicable, that sufficient future taxable income will be available, against which they can be realised. The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable income will be available to allow all or part of the deferred tax asset to be utilised.

(iv) Minimum alternative tax

Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) paid under Section 115JB of the Income Tax Act, 1961 is considered as current tax for the year in which it arises. MAT Credit (Excess of MAT paid over the income tax computed under the normal provisions of income tax) is treated as an asset and is shown under the head Loans and Advances in the year in which it becomes eligible to be recognised as an asset as discussed in paragraph 11 of the Guidance Note on Accounting for Credit available in respect of Minimum Alternative Tax under the Income Tax Act, 1961.

(n) Employee benefits

(i) Short term employee benefits

All employee benefits falling due wholly within twelve months of rendering the services are classified as short term employee benefits, which include benefits like salaries, wages, short term compensated absences and performance incentives and are recognised as expenses in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

(ii) Post-employment benefits

Contributions to defined contribution schemes such as Provident Fund, Pension Fund etc., are recognised as expenses in the period in which the employee renders the related service. In respect of certain employees, Provident Fund contributions are made to a Trust administered by the Company. The interest rate payable to the members of the Trust shall not be lower than the statutory rate of interest declared by the Central Government under the Employees Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 and shortfall, if any, shall be made good by the Company. In respect of contributions made to government administered Provident Fund, the Company has no further obligations beyond its monthly contributions. The Company also provides for post employment defined benefit in the form of gratuity and medical benefits. The cost of providing benefit is determined using the projected unit credit method, with actuarial valuation being carried out at each Balance Sheet date.

The Britannia Industries Limited Covenanted Staff Pension Fund Trust (BILCSPF) and Britannia Industries Limited Officers Pension Fund Trust (BILOPF) were established by the Company to administer pension schemes for its employees. These trusts are managed by the trustees. The Pension scheme is applicable to all the managers and officers of the Company who have been employed up to the date of 15 September 2005 and any manager or officer employed after that date, if he has opted for the membership of the scheme. The Company makes a contribution of 15% of salary in respect of the members each month to the trusts. On retirement, subject to the vesting conditions as per the rules of the Trust, the member becomes eligible for pension, which is paid from annuity purchased in the name of the member by the trusts. [Refer note 28]

(iii) Other Long Term Employee Benefits

All employee benefits (other than post-employment benefits and termination benefits) which do not fall due wholly within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related services are determined based on actuarial valuation carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Provision for Long term compensated absences is based on actuarial valuation carried out as at 1st January every year.

(iv) Termination Benefits

Compensation in respect of payments made before 31 March 2006 under the Companys Voluntary Retirement Schemes (VRS) and terminal compensation benefit is amortised over a period of 60 months from the month of such payments. The payments made on or after i April 2006 are amortised equally to ensure that the amount is not carried forward beyond 31 March 2010. The unamortised amount is recognised as Miscellaneous Expenditure (to the extent not written off or adjusted).

(o) Employee share based payments

The Company measures compensation cost relating to employee stock options using the intrinsic value method. Compensation expense, if any, is amortised over the vesting period of the option on a straight line basis.

(p) Provisions and contingent liabilities

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events, for which it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are reviewed regularly and are adjusted where necessary to reflect the current best estimate of the obligation. When the Company expects a provision to be reimbursed, the reimbursement is recognised as a separate asset only when reimbursement is virtually certain.

A disclosure for contingent liabilities is made where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may probably not require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible or a present obligation where the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

(q) Derivative contracts

Based on the principle of prudence as provided in AS 1 - "Disclosure of accounting policies", the Company assesses losses, if any, by marking to market all its outstanding derivative contracts [other than those accounted under AS 11 - "Effects of changes in foreign exchange rates" (Refer point (1) above) and commodity hedging contracts referred under point (k) above] at the Balance Sheet date and provides for such losses. The net gain, if any, based on the said evaluation is not accounted for in line with the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) notification issued in March 2008 in relation to such transactions.

(r) Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit attributable to the equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit after tax by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and also the weighted average number of equity shares that could have been issued upon conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as of the beginning of the period, unless issued at a later date. In computing diluted earnings per share, only potential equity shares that are dilutive and that either reduces earnings per share or increases loss per share are included.

 
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