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Accounting Policies of Camphor & Allied Products Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

A. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

(i) The financial statements are prepared on the basis of historical cost convention, and on the accounting principles of a going concern.

(ii) Accounting Policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent and in consonance with the applicable Accounting Standards prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 to the extent applicable.

(iii) All expenses and income to the extent ascertainable with reasonable certainty are accounted for on accrual basis.

b. USE OF ESTIMATES:

The presentation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affects the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements and reported amounts of revenue and expenses for that year. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively.

c. REVENUE RECOGNITION:

Revenue from sale of products is recognized when the risks and rewards of ownership are passed on to the Customers, which is generally on dispatch of goods. Sales are stated inclusive of Excise duty but exclusive of discounts, returns and sales tax / VAT.

Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis. Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive the dividend is established

d. FIXED ASSETS:

(i) Fixed assets are capitalised at cost inclusive of freight, duties, taxes and all incidental expenses related thereto and net of Cenvat credit.

(ii) Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation.

e. DEPRECIATION / AMORTISATION:

(i) Premium on leasehold land is being amortized over the period of lease.

(ii) Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on the Straight Line Method (S.L.M.) by writing off 95% of the cost of the assets over the 'Useful Life' of the assets in accordance with the provisions of Section 123(2) read with part C of Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013.

(iii) Continuous Process Plant as defined in the said Schedule has been considered on technical assessment and depreciation provided accordingly.

f. INVESTMENTS:

Long term investments are valued at cost with an appropriate provision for diminution being other than temporary.

g. INVENTORIES:

Inventories are valued on the following basis:

a. Raw material, Components, Stores & Spares are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. However, items of raw material are considered to be realizable at cost if finished products, in which they will be used, are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on monthly weighted average.

b. Finished Goods (inclusive of Excise Duty):

i. Principal products are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

ii. By-Products are valued at net realizable value.

c. Process stock is valued at cost and in cases where the net realizable value of the ultimate product is lower than the cost of production, necessary adjustments in the cost of process stock is made.

d. Costs of Finished Goods & Process Stock are determined using the absorption costing principles and determined on yearly weighted average. Costs include cost of conversion and other costs and excise duty as applicable incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location & condition.

h. ACCOUNTING FOR TAXES ON INCOME:

Provision for current tax is made on the basis of the estimated taxable income for the current accounting year in accordance with the provisions as per Income-Tax Act, 1961.

The deferred tax for timing differences between book profits and tax profits for the year is accounted for using the tax rules and laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted as of the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets arising from timing differences are recognised to the extent there is a reasonable certainty that these would be realized in future and are reviewed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each balance sheet date.

Tax credit is recognized in respect of Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in terms of Section 115JAA of the Income Tax Act, 1961 based on convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax within the statutory time frame and the same is reviewed at each balance sheet date.

i. BORROWING COST:

Borrowing Costs attributable to acquisition and construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as a part of the cost of such asset up to the date when such asset is ready for its intended use. Other Borrowing costs are charged to Profit & Loss Account.

j. TRANSACTIONS IN FOREIGN CURRENCY:

Transactions in Foreign currency are recorded at the rate of exchange in force at the date of the transactions. Foreign currency assets and liabilities are stated at the rate of ex-change prevailing at the year end and resulted gains / losses are recognized in the profit & loss account except in case of long term borrowings, where they relate to acquisition of fixed assets, in which case they are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets. Premium / Discount in respect of Forward Foreign Exchange contracts is recognized over the life of the contract.

k. FINANCIAL DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS OTHER THAN FORWARD FOREIGN EXCHANGE CONTRACTS:

The Company enters into interest rate swap contracts that is not in the nature of forward contracts designated under AS 11, to hedge its risks with respect to interest rate exposure arising using foreign currency loan. In accordance with the ICAI announcement, at every year end, all outstanding derivative contracts are fair valued on a mark-to-market basis and any loss on valuation is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss, on each contract basis. Any gain on mark-to-market valuation on respective contracts is not recognized by the Company, keeping in view the principle of prudence as enunciated in AS 1, 'Disclosure of Accounting Policies'. Any reduction to fair value and any reversal of such reductions are included in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year.

l. RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT EXPENDITURE:

Revenue Expenditure is charged to the Profit & Loss account and Capital Expenditure is treated as addition to Fixed Assets.

m. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS:

Short Term Employee Benefits- All employee benefits payable within twelve months of rendering the service are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

Post Employment / Retirement Benefits

Defined Contribution plans:

Company's contributions paid / payable during the year to Provident and Family pension Funds, Super annuation fund (wherever opted) and ESIC are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account.

Defined Benefits plans:

Gratuity liability under the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 is provided for on the basis of the actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year.

Short term compensated absences are provided for based on estimates. Long term compensated absences are provided for based on Actuarial Valuation.

Actuarial gains/ losses are immediately taken to profit and loss account and are not deferred.

n. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS:

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that any asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the carrying value of such assets is reduced to its recoverable amount and the amount of such impairment loss is charged to profit and loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is any indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, then such loss is reversed and the asset is restated to that effect.

o. PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS:

Provisions are recognized for liabilities that can be measured only by using a substantial degree of estimation, if

a) the company has a present obligation as a result of a past event,

b) the probable outflow of resources is expected to settle the obligation and

c) the amount of the obligation can be reliably estimated.

Where some or all of the expenditure required to settle a provision is expected to be reimbursed by another party, such reimbursement is recognized to the extent of provision or contingent liability as the case may be, only when it is virtually certain that the reimbursement will be received.

Contingent liability is disclosed in the case of

a) a present obligation arising from the a past event, when it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation.

b) a possible obligation, unless the probability of outflow of resources is remote.

Contingent assets are not recognised or disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2014

A. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

(i) The financial statements are prepared on the basis of historical cost convention, and on the accounting principles of a going concern.

(ii) Accounting Policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent and in consonance with the applicable Accounting Standards prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 to the extent applicable.

(iii) All expenses and income to the extent ascertainable with reasonable certainty are accounted for on accrual basis.

b. USE OF ESTIMATES:

The presentation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affects the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements and reported amounts of revenue and expenses for that year. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively.

c. REVENUE RECOGNITION:

Revenue from sale of products is recognized when the risks and rewards of ownership are passed on to the Customers, which is generally on dispatch of goods. Sales are stated inclusive of Excise duty but exclusive of discounts, returns and sales tax / VAT.

Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis. Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive the dividend is established

d. FIXED ASSETS:

(i) Fixed assets are capitalised at cost inclusive of freight, duties, taxes and all incidental expenses related thereto and net of Cenvat credit.

(ii) Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation.

e. DEPRECIATION / AMORTISATION:

(i) Premium on leasehold land is being amortized over the period of lease.

(ii) Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on Straight Line Method at the rates and in the manner as specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

(iii) Continuous Process Plant as defined in the said Schedule has been considered on technical assessment and depreciation provided accordingly.

f. INVESTMENTS:

Long term investments are valued at cost with an appropriate provision for diminution being other than temporary.

g. INVENTORIES:

Inventories are valued on the following basis:

a. Raw material, Components, Stores & Spares are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. However, items of raw material are considered to be realizable at cost if finished products, in which they will be used, are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on monthly weighted average.

b. Finished Goods (inclusive of Excise Duty):

i. Principal products are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. ii. By-Products are valued at net realizable value.

c. Process stock is valued at cost and in cases where the net realizable value of the ultimate product is lower than the cost of production, necessary adjustments in the cost of process stock is made.

d. Costs of Finished Goods & Process Stock are determined using the absorption costing principles and determined on yearly weighted average. Costs include cost of conversion and other costs and excise duty as applicable incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location & condition.

h. ACCOUNTING FOR TAXES ON INCOME:

Provision for current tax is made on the basis of the estimated taxable income for the current accounting year in accordance with the provisions as per Income-Tax Act, 1961.

The deferred tax for timing differences between book profits and tax profits for the year is accounted for using the tax rules and laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted as of the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets arising from timing differences are recognised to the extent there is a reasonable certainty that these would be realized in future and are reviewed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each balance sheet date.

Tax credit is recognized in respect of Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in terms of Section 115JAA of the Income Tax Act, 1961 based on convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax within the statutory time frame and the same is reviewed at each balance sheet date.

i. BORROWING COST:

Borrowing Costs attributable to acquisition and construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as a part of the cost of such asset up to the date when such asset is ready for its intended use. Other Borrowing costs are charged to Profit & Loss Account.

j. TRANSACTIONS IN FOREIGN CURRENCY:

Transactions in Foreign currency are recorded at the rate of exchange in force at the date of the transactions. Foreign currency assets and liabilities are stated at the rate of ex-change prevailing at the year end and resulted gains / losses are recognized in the profit & loss account except in case of long term borrowings, where they relate to acquisition of fixed assets, in which case they are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets. Premium / Discount in respect of Forward Foreign Exchange contracts is recognized over the life of the contract.

k. FINANCIAL DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS OTHER THAN FORWARD FOREIGN EXCHANGE CONTRACTS:

The Company enters into interest rate swap contracts that is not in the nature of forward contracts designated under AS 11, to hedge its risks with respect to interest rate exposure arising using foreign currency loan. In accordance with the ICAI announcement, at every year end, all outstanding derivative contracts are fair valued on a mark-to-market basis and any loss on valuation is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss, on each contract basis. Any gain on mark-to-market valuation on respective contracts is not recognized by the Company, keeping in view the principle of prudence as enunciated in AS 1, ''Disclosure of Accounting Policies''. Any reduction to fair value and any reversal of such reductions are included in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year.

l. RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT EXPENDITURE:

Revenue Expenditure is charged to the Profit & Loss account and Capital Expenditure is treated as addition to Fixed Assets.

m. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS:

Short Term Employee Benefits- All employee benefits payable within twelve months of rendering the service are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

Post Employment / Retirement Benefits

Defined Contribution plans:

Company''s contributions paid / payable during the year to Provident and Family pension Funds, Super annuation fund (wherever opted) and ESIC are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account.

Defined Benefits plans:

Gratuity liability under the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 is provided for on the basis of the actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year.

Short term compensated absences are provided for based on estimates. Long term compensated absences are provided for based on Actuarial Valuation.

Actuarial gains/ losses are immediately taken to profit and loss account and are not deferred.

n. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS:

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that any asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the carrying value of such assets is reduced to its recoverable amount and the amount of such impairment loss is charged to profit and loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is any indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, then such loss is reversed and the asset is restated to that effect.

o. PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS:

Provisions are recognized for liabilities that can be measured only by using a substantial degree of estimation, if

a) the company has a present obligation as a result of a past event,

b) the probable outflow of resources is expected to settle the obligation and c) the amount of the obligation can be reliably estimated.

Where some or all of the expenditure required to settle a provision is expected to be reimbursed by another party, such reimbursement is recognized to the extent of provision or contingent liability as the case may be, only when it is virtually certain that the reimbursement will be received.

Contingent liability is disclosed in the case of

a) a present obligation arising from the a past event, when it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation.

b) a possible obligation, unless the probability of outflow of resources is remote. Contingent assets are not recognised or disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2013

A. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

(i) The financial statements are prepared on the basis of historical cost convention, and on the accounting principles of a going concern.

(ii) Accounting Policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent and in consonance with the applicable Accounting Standards prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 to the extent applicable.

(iii) All expenses and income to the extent ascertainable with reasonable certainty are accounted for on accrual basis.

b. USE OF ESTIMATES:

The presentation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affects the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements and reported amounts of revenue and expenses for that year. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively.

c. REVENUE RECOGNITION:

Revenue from sale of products is recognized when the risks and rewards of ownership are passed on to the Customers, which is generally on dispatch of goods. Sales are stated inclusive of Excise duty but exclusive of discounts, returns and sales tax / VAT.

Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis. Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive the dividend is established.

d. FIXED ASSETS:

(i) Fixed assets are capitalised at cost inclusive of freight, duties, taxes and all incidental expenses related thereto and net of Cenvat credit.

(ii) Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation.

e. DEPRECIATION / AMORTISATION:

(i) Premium on leasehold land is being amortized over the period of lease.

(ii) Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on Straight Line Method at the rates and in the manner as specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

(iii) Continuous Process Plant as defined in the said Schedule has been considered on technical assessment and depreciation provided accordingly.

f. INVESTMENTS:

Long term investments are valued at cost with an appropriate provision for diminution being other then temporary.

g. INVENTORIES:

Inventories are valued on the following basis:

a. Raw material, Components, Stores & Spares are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. However, items of raw material are considered to be realizable at cost if finished products, in which they will be used, are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on monthly weighted average.

b. Finished Goods (inclusive of Excise Duty):

i. Principal products are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. ii. By-Products are valued at net realizable value.

c. Process stock is valued at cost and in cases where the net realizable value of the ultimate product is lower than the cost of production, necessary adjustments in the cost of process stock is made.

d. Cost of Finished Goods & Process Stock are determined using the absorption costing principles and determined on yearly weighted average. Costs include cost of conversion and other costs and excise duty as applicable incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location & condition.

h. ACCOUNTING FOR TAXES ON INCOME:

Provision for current tax is made on the basis of the estimated taxable income for the current accounting year in accordance with the provisions as per Income-Tax Act, 1961.

The deferred tax for timing differences between book profits and tax profits for the year is accounted for using the tax rules and laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted as of the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets arising from timing differences are recognised to the extent there is a reasonable certainty that these would be realized in future and are reviewed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each balance sheet date.

Tax credit is recognised in respect of Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in terms of Section 115JAA of the Income Tax Act, 1961 based on convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax within the statutory time frame and the same is reviewed at each balance sheet date.

i. BORROWING COST:

Borrowing Costs attributable to acquisition and construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as a part of the cost of such asset up to the date when such asset is ready for its intended use. Other Borrowing costs are charged to Profit & Loss Account.

j. TRANSACTIONS IN FOREIGN CURRENCY:

Transactions in Foreign currency are recorded at the rate of exchange in force at the date of the transactions. Foreign currency assets and liabilities are stated at the rate of ex-change prevailing at the year end and resulted gains / losses are recognized in the profit & loss account except in case of long term borrowings, where they relate to acquisition of fixed assets, in which case they are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets. Premium / Discount in respect of Forward Foreign Exchange contracts is recognized over the life of the contract.

k. FINANCIAL DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS OTHER THAN FORWARD FOREIGN EXCHANGE CONTRACTS:

The Company enters into interest rate swap contracts that is not in the nature of forward contracts designated under AS 11, to hedge its risks with respect to interest rate exposure arising using foreign currency loan. In accordance with the ICAI announcement, at every year end, all outstanding derivative contracts are fair valued on a mark-to-market basis and any loss on valuation is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss, on each contract basis. Any gain on mark-to-market valuation on respective contracts is not recognized by the Company, keeping in view the principle of prudence as enunciated in AS 1, Disclosure of Accounting Policies''. Any reduction to fair value and any reversal of such reductions are included in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year.

l. RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT EXPENDITURE:

Revenue Expenditure is charged to the Profit & Loss account and Capital Expenditure is treated as addition to Fixed Assets.

m. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS:

Short Term Employee Benefits- All employee benefits payable within twelve months of rendering the service are recognised in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

Post Employment / Retirement Benefits

Define Contribution plans:

Company''s contributions paid / payable during the year to Provident and Family pension Funds, Super annuation fund (wherever opted) and ESIC are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account.

Define Benefits plans:

Gratuity liability under the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 is provided for on the basis of the actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year.

Short term compensated absences are provided for based on estimates. Long term compensated absences are provided for based on Actuarial Valuation.

Actuarial gains/ losses are immediately taken to profit and loss account and are not deferred.

n. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS:

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that any asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the carrying value of such assets is reduced to its recoverable amount and the amount of such impairment loss is charged to profit and loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is any indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, then such loss is reversed and the asset is restated to that effect.

o. PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS:

Provisions are recognized for liabilities that can be measured only by using a substantial degree of estimation, if

a) the company has a present obligation as a result of a past event,

b) the probable outflow of resources is expected to settle the obligation and

c) the amount of the obligation can be reliably estimated. Where some or all of the expenditure required to settle a provision is expected to be reimbursed by another party, such reimbursement is recognized to the extent of provision or contingent liability as the case may be, only when it is virtually certain that the reimbursement will be received.

Contingent liability is disclosed in the case of

a) a present obligation arising from the a past event, when it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation.

b) a possible obligation, unless the probability of outflow of resources is remote.

Contingent assets are not recognised or disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2012

A. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

(i) The financial statements are prepared on the basis of historical cost convention, and on the accounting principles of a going concern.

(ii) Accounting Policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent and in consonance with the applicable Accounting Standards prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 to the extent applicable.

(iii) All expenses and income to the extent ascertainable with reasonable certainty are accounted for on accrual basis.

b. USE OF ESTIMATES:

The presentation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affects the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements and reported amounts of revenue and expenses for that year. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively.

c. REVENUE RECOGNITION:

Revenue from sale of products is recognized when the risks and rewards of ownership are passed on to the Customers, which is generally on dispatch of goods. Sales are stated inclusive of Excise duty but exclusive of discounts, returns and sales tax / VAT.

Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis. Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive the dividend is established

d. FIXED ASSETS:

(i) Fixed assets are capitalised at cost inclusive of freight, duties, taxes and all incidental expenses related thereto and net of Cenvat credit.

(ii) Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation.

e. DEPRECIATION / AMORTISATION:

(i) Premium on leasehold land is being amortized over the period of lease.

(ii) Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on Straight Line Method at the rates and in the manner as specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

(iii) Continuous Process Plant as defined in the said Schedule has been considered on technical assessment and depreciation provided accordingly.

f. INVESTMENTS:

Long term investments are valued at cost with an appropriate provision for diminution being other then temporary.

g. INVENTORIES:

Inventories are valued on the following basis:

a. Raw material, Components, Stores & Spares are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. However, items of raw material are considered to be realizable at cost if finished products, in which they will be used, are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on monthly weighted average.

b. Finished Goods (inclusive of Excise Duty):

i. Principal products are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

ii. By-Products are valued at net realizable value.

c. Process stock is valued at cost and in cases where the net realizable value of the ultimate product is lower than the cost of production, necessary adjustments in the cost of process stock is made.

d. Cost of Finished Goods & Process Stock are determined using the absorption costing principles and determined on yearly weighted average. Costs include cost of conversion and other costs and excise duty as applicable incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location & condition.

h. ACCOUNTING FOR TAXES ON INCOME:

Provision for current tax is made on the basis of the estimated taxable income for the current accounting year in accordance with the provisions as per Income-Tax Act, 1961.

The deferred tax for timing differences between book profits and tax profits for the year is accounted for using the tax rules and laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted as of the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets arising from timing differences are recognised to the extent there is a reasonable certainty that these would be realized in future and are reviewed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each balance sheet date.

- Tax credit is recognised in respect of Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in terms of Section 115JAA of the Income Tax Act, 1961 based on convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax within the statutory time frame and the same is reviewed at each balance sheet date.

i. BORROWING COST:

Borrowing Costs attributable to acquisition and construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as a part of the cost of such asset up to the date when such asset is ready for its intended use. Other Borrowing costs are charged to Profit & Loss Account.

j. TRANSACTIONS IN FOREIGN CURRENCY:

Transactions in Foreign currency are recorded at the rate of exchange in force at the date of the transactions. Foreign currency assets and liabilities are stated at the rate of ex-change prevailing at the year end and resulted gains / losses are recognized in the profit & loss account except in case of long term borrowings, where they relate to acquisition of fixed assets, in which case they are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets. Premium / Discount in respect of Forward Foreign Exchange contracts is recognized over the life of the contract.

k. FINANCIAL DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS OTHER THAN FORWARD FOREIGN EXCHANGE CONTRACTS:

In respect of derivative instruments. other than forward foreign exchange contracts, premium paid, gains / losses on settlement and losses on restatement are recognized in statement of profit and loss as and when they arise except in cases where they relate to acquisition or construction of fixed assets, in which case, they are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets.

l. RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT EXPENDITURE:

Revenue Expenditure is charged to the Profit & Loss account and Capital Expenditure is treated as addition to Fixed Assets.

m. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS:

Short Term Employee Benefits-

All employee benefits payable within twelve months of rendering the service are recognised in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

Post Employment / Retirement Benefits

Define Contribution plans:

Company's contributions paid / payable during the year to Provident and Family pension Funds, Super annuation fund (wherever opted) and ESIC are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account.

Define Benefits plans:

Gratuity liability under the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 is provided for on the basis of the actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year.

Short term compensated absences are provided for based on estimates. Long term compensated absences are provided for based on Actuarial Valuation.

Actuarial gains/ losses are immediately taken to profit and loss account and are not deferred.

n. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS:

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that any asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the carrying value of such assets is reduced to its recoverable amount and the amount of such impairment loss is charged to profit and loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is any indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, then such loss is reversed and the asset is restated to that effect.

o. PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS:

Provisions are recognized for liabilities that can be measured only by using a substantial degree of estimation, if

a) the company has a present obligation as a result of a past event,

b) the probable outflow of resources is expected to settle the obligation and

c) the amount of the obligation can be reliably estimated.

Where some or all of the expenditure required to settle a provision is expected to be reimbursed by another party, such reimbursement is recognized to the extent of provision or contingent liability as the case may be, only when it is virtually certain that the reimbursement will be received.

Contingent liability is disclosed in the case of

a) a present obligation arising from the a past event, when it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation.

b) a possible obligation, unless the probability of outflow of resources is remote.

contingent assets are not recognised or disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2011

A. GENERAL:

(i) The financial statements are prepared on the basis of historical cost convention, and on the accounting principles of a going concern.

(ii) Accounting Policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent and in consonance with the applicable Accounting Standards prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 to the extent applicable.

(iii) All expenses and income to the extent ascertainable with reasonable certainty are accounted for on accrual basis.

b. USE OF ESTIMATES:

The presentation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affects the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements and reported amounts of revenue and expenses for that year. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively.

c. REVENUE RECOGNITION:

Revenue from sale of products is recognized when the risks and rewards of ownership are passed on to the Customers, which is generally on dispatch of goods. Sales are stated inclusive of Excise duty but exclusive of discounts, returns and sales tax / VAT.

Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis. Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive the dividend is established

d. FIXED ASSETS:

(i) Fixed assets are capitalised at cost inclusive of freight, duties, taxes and all incidental expenses related thereto and net of Cenvat credit.

(ii) Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation.

e. DEPRECIATION / AMORTISATION:

(i) Premium on leasehold land is being amortized over the period of lease.

(ii) Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on Straight Line Method at the rates and in the manner as specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

(iii) Continuous Process Plant' as defined in the said Schedule, has been considered on technical assessment and depreciation provided accordingly.

f. INVESTMENTS:

Long term investments are valued at cost with an appropriate provision for diminution being other then temporary.

g. INVENTORIES:

Inventories are valued on the following basis:

a. Raw material, Components, Stores & Spares are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. However, items of raw material are considered to be realizable at cost if finished products, in which they will be used, are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on monthly weighted average.

b. Finished Goods (inclusive of Excise Duty):

i. Principal products are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

ii. By-Products are valued at net realizable value.

c. Process stock is valued at cost and in cases where the net realizable value of the ultimate product is lower than the cost of production, necessary adjustments in the cost of process stock is made.

d. Cost of Finished Goods & Process Stock are determined using the absorption costing principles and determined on yearly weighted average. Costs include cost of conversion and other costs and excise duty as applicable incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location & condition.

h. ACCOUNTING FOR TAXES ON INCOME:

Provision for current tax is made on the basis of the estimated taxable income for the current accounting year in accordance with the provisions as per Income-Tax Act, 1961.

The deferred tax for timing differences between book profits and tax profits for the year is accounted for using the tax rules and laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted as of the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets arising from timing differences are recognised to the extent there is a reasonable certainty that these would be realized in future and are reviewed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each balance sheet date.

i. BORROWING COST:

Borrowing Costs attributable to acquisition and construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as a part of the cost of such asset up to the date when such asset is ready for its intended use. Other Borrowing costs are charged to Profit & Loss Account.

j. TRANSACTIONS IN FOREIGN CURRENCY:

Transactions in Foreign currency are recorded at the rate of exchange in force at the date of the transactions. Foreign currency assets and liabilities are stated at the rate of ex-change prevailing at the year end and resulted gains / losses are recognized in the profit & loss account. Premium / Discount in respect of Forward Foreign Exchange contracts is recognized over the life of the contract.

k. RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT EXPENDITURE:

Revenue Expenditure is charged to the Profit & Loss account and Capital Expenditure is treated as addition to Fixed Assets.

l. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS:

Define Contribution plans:

Company's contributions paid / payable during the year to Provident and Family pension Funds, Super annuation fund (wherever opted) and ESIC are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account.

Define Benefits plans:

Gratuity liability under the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 is provided for on the basis of the actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year.

Short term compensated absences are provided for based on estimates. Long term compensated absences are provided for based on Actuarial Valuation.

Actuarial gains/ losses are immediately taken to profit and loss account and are not deferred.

m. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS:

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that any asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the carrying value of such assets is reduced to its recoverable amount and the amount of such impairment loss is charged to profit and loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is any indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, then such loss is reversed and the asset is restated to that effect.

n. PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS:

Provisions are recognized for liabilities that can be measured only by using a substantial degree of estimation, if

a) the company has a present obligation as a result of a past event,

b) the probable outflow of resources is expected to settle the obligation and c the amount of the obligation can be reliably estimated.

Where some or all of the expenditure required to settle a provision is expected to be reimbursed by another party, such reimbursement is recognized to the extent of provision or contingent liability as the case may be, only when it is virtually certain that the reimbursement will be received.

Contingent liability is disclosed in the case of

a) a present obligation arising from the a past event, when it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation.

b) a possible obligation, unless the probability of outflow of resources is remote. Contingent assets are not recognised or disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2010

A. GENERAL:

(i) The financial statements are prepared on the basis of historical cost convention, and on the accounting principles of a going concern.

(ii) Accounting Policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent and in consonance with the applicable Accounting Standards prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 to the extent applicable.

(iii) All expenses and income to the extent ascertainable with reasonable certainty are accounted for on accrual basis.

b. USE OF ESTIMATES:

The presentation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affects the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements and reported amounts of revenue and expenses for that year. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively.

c. REVENUE RECOGNITION:

Revenue from sale of products is recognized when the risks and rewards of ownership are passed on to the Customers, which is generally on dispatch of goods. Sales are stated inclusive of Excise duty but exclusive of discounts, returns and sales tax / VAT.

Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis. Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive the dividend is established

d. FIXED ASSETS:

(i) Fixed assets are capitalised at cost inclusive of freight, duties, taxes and all incidental expenses related thereto and net of Cenvat credit.

(ii) Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation.

e. DEPRECIATION / AMORTISATION:

(i) Premium on leasehold land is being amortized over the period of lease.

(ii) Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on Straight Line Method at the rates and in the manner as specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

(iii) Continuous Process Plant as defined in the said Schedule, has been considered on technical assessment and depreciation provided accordingly.

f. INVESTMENTS:

Long term investments are valued at cost with an appropriate provision for diminution being other then temporary.

g. INVENTORIES:

Inventories are valued on the following basis:

a. Raw material, Components, Stores & Spares are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. However, items of raw material are considered to be realizable at cost if finished products in which they will be used, are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on weighted average.

b. Finished Goods (inclusive of Excise Duty):

i. Principal products are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

ii. By-Products are valued at net realizable value.

c. Process stock is valued at cost and in cases where the net realizable value of the ultimate product is lower than the cost of production, necessary adjustments in the cost of process stock is made.

d. Cost of Finished Goods & Process Stock are determined using the absorption costing principles. Costs includes cost of conversion and other costs and excise duty as applicable incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location & condition.

h. ACCOUNTING FOR TAXES ON INCOME:

Provision for current tax is made on the basis of the estimated taxable income for the current accounting year in accordance with the provisions as per Income-Tax Act, 1961.

The deferred tax for timing differences between book profits and tax profits for the year is accounted for using the tax rules and laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted as of the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets arising from timing differences are recognised to the extent there is a reasonable certainty that these would be realized in future and are reviewed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each balance sheet date.

i. BORROWING COST:

Borrowing Costs attributable to acquisition and construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as a part of the cost of such asset up to the date when such asset is ready for its intended use. Other Borrowing costs are charged to Profit & Loss Account.

j. TRANSACTIONS IN FOREIGN CURRENCY:

Transactions in Foreign currency are recorded at the rate of exchange in force at the date of the transactions. Foreign currency assets and liabilities are stated at the rate of ex-change prevailing at the year end and resulted gains / losses are recognized in the profit & loss account. Premium / Discount in respect of Forward Foreign Exchange contracts is recognized over the life of the contract.

k. RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT EXPENDITURE:

Revenue Expenditure is charged to the Profit & Loss account and Capital Expenditure is treated as addition to Fixed Assets.

l. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS:

Define Contribution plans :

Companys contributions paid / payable during the year to Provident and Family pension Funds, Super annuation fund (wherever opted) and ESIC are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account.

Define Benefits plans :

Gratuity liability under the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 is provided for on the basis of the actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year.

Short term compensated absences are provided for based on estimates. Long term compensated absences are provided for based on Actuarial Valuation.

Actuarial gains/ losses are immediately taken to profit and loss account and are not deferred.

m. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS:

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that any asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the carrying value of such assets is reduced to its recoverable amount and the amount of such impairment loss is charged to profit and loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is any indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, then such loss is reversed and the asset is restated to that effect.

n. PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS:

Provisions are recognized for liabilities that can be measured only by using a substantial degree of estimation, if

a) the company has a present obligation as a result of a past event,

b) the probable outflow of resources is expected to settle the obligation and

c) the amount of the obligation can be reliably estimated.

Where some or all of the expenditure required to settle a provLion is expected to be reimbursed by another party, such reimbursement is recognized to the exter of provision or contingent liability as the case may be, only when it is virtually certain that the rf mbursement will be received.

Contingent liability is disclosed in the case of

a) a present obligation arising from the a past event, when it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation.

b) a possible obligation, unless the probability of outflow of resources is remote.

Contingent assets are not recognised or disclosed in the financial statements.

 
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