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Accounting Policies of Canara Bank Company

Mar 31, 2015

[1] (a) Basis of Preparation:

The accounts are prepared under the historical cost convention and conform to the statutory provisions and prevailing practices, except as otherwise stated.

(b) Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, expenses, income and disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements. Management believes that these estimates and assumptions are reasonable and prudent. However, actual results could differ from estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized in current and future periods.

[2] Foreign Currency Translation / Conversion of Foreign Currencies

2.1 Foreign currency monetary items are initially recorded at a notional rate. Foreign currency monetary items are restated at the rate published by Foreign Exchange Dealers'' Association of India (FEDAI) at the end of each quarter. Exchange difference arising on restatement of such items at the quarterly rates is recognised in Profit and Loss Account.

2.2 Transactions and balances of foreign branches are classified as non-integral foreign operations. Such transactions and balances are consolidated by the bank on a quarterly basis.

Assets and Liabilities (both monetary and non- monetary as well as contingent liabilities) are translated at the closing spot rate of exchange announced by Foreign Exchange Dealers'' Association of India (FEDAI) as at the end of each quarter. Income and Expenditure items of the foreign branches are translated at the quarterly average rate published by FEDAI in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS) 11- "The effect of Changes in Foreign Exchange rates" issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) and as per the guidelines of Reserve Bank of India (RBI) regarding the compliance of the said standard.

The resultant exchange gain/loss is credited / debited to Foreign Currency Translation Reserve.

2.3 Forward Exchange Contracts

Premium or discount arising at the inception of all forward exchange contracts are amortized as expense or income over the life of the contract. Profit/ Losses arising on cancellation of forward exchange contracts, together with unamortized premium or discount, if any, is recognized on the date of termination. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognized in the Profit & Loss account in the reporting period in which the exchange rates change.

2.4 Contingent liability in respect of outstanding forward exchange contracts, guarantees, acceptances, endorsements and other obligations are stated in the balance sheet at the closing rates published by FEDAI.

[3] Investments

3.1. Classification of investments is made as per the guidelines of the RBI. The entire investment portfolio of the bank is classified under three categories viz. ''Held to Maturity'' (HTM), ''Available for Sale'' (AFS) and ''Held for Trading'' (HFT). Such classification is decided at the time of acquisition of securities.

Investments are disclosed in the Balance Sheet under six classifications viz: (a) Government securities (b) Other approved securities (c) Shares

(d) Debentures & Bonds (e) Subsidiaries and Joint Ventures & Associates and (f) Others.

3.2. In determining the acquisition cost of investment:

(a) Cost such as brokerage, commission etc., relating to securities at the time of purchase are charged to Profit & Loss Account.

(b) Broken period interest on debt instruments up to the date of acquisition / disposal is treated as revenue.

3.3 The valuation of Investments is done in accordance with the guidelines issued by the RBI as under:

a) HELD TO MATURITY

Investments under Held to Maturity category are carried at acquisition cost, net of amortisation, if any. The excess of acquisition cost, if any, over the face value is amortized over the remaining period of maturity.

Investments in Subsidiaries and Joint Ventures & Associates are valued at carrying cost. Any diminution in the value other than temporary in nature is fully provided for.

Investment in sponsored Regional Rural Banks (RRB) and other Trustee Shares are valued at carrying cost.

Investment in units of Venture Capital Funds (VCFs) made after 23.08.2006 are classified under HTM category for initial period of three years and valued at cost.

b) AVAILABLE FOR SALE

Investments classified under this category are mark to market on quarterly basis and valued as per Reserve Bank of India guidelines at the market rates available on the last day of each quarter (Balance Sheet date) from trades/quotes on the stock exchanges, prices/yields declared by the Fixed Income Money Market and Derivatives Association of India (FIMMDA). Unquoted securities are also valued as per the Reserve Bank of India guidelines.

The net depreciation under each category/ classification is fully provided for whereas the net appreciation, if any, is ignored. The book value of the individual securities does not undergo any change after these are valued at mark to market basis.

Units of Venture Capital Funds (VCF) transferred from HTM category after a period of three years (Refer paragraph 3.3(a) are valued at NAV as per the audited financial statements of Venture Capital Funds. In case such audited financial statements are not available continuously for 18 months as on the date of valuation, units are valued at Re. 1 per VCF.

c) HELD FOR TRADING

Investments classified under this category are valued at rates based on market quotations, price/ yields declared by FIMMDA on a weekly basis.

The net depreciation under each security held is fully provided for whereas the net appreciation, if any, is ignored. The book value of the individual securities do not undergo any change after marked to market.

3.4. Transfer of scrips from one category to another is carried on the following basis:

(a) HTM to AFS/HFT category at acquisition price/ book value. In case the investments under HTM category are placed at premium originally the transfer is made at amortised cost.

(b) AFS/HFT to HTM category at lower of the book value or market value.

(c) AFS to HFT category or vice versa, at the carrying value. The accumulated depreciation, if any, to be transferred to the provision for depreciation against HFT securities and vice versa.

3.5. Non performing Investments Security Receipts issued by Securitisation / Reconstruction Company (SC/RC) in respect of financial assets sold by the Bank to the SC/RC are valued at the lower of the redemption value of the Security Receipt and the Net Book Value of the financial asset. The Investment is carried in the books at the price determined as above until its sale or realisation and on such sale or realisation, loss or gain is dealt with as below:.

(a) If sale is at a price below Net Book Value (NBV), the shortfall is recognised as per Reserve Bank of India guidelines.

(b) If the sale is for a value higher than NBV, the excess provision is not reversed but utilized to meet shortfall/loss on account of sale of other financial assets to SC/RC.

3.6. Securities included in any of three categories where interest/principal is in arrears for a specified period, are classified as Non performing Investment. Interest Income on such securities is not reckoned and appropriate depreciation/ provision in value of Investments is made. Deprecation in respect of such Non Performing Investments is not set off against appreciation in other performing securities.

3.7. Profit on sale of Investments

Profit on sale of Investments in respect of "Available for Sale" and "Held for Trading" categories is recognized in Profit & Loss Account.

Profit on sale of Investments in respect of "Held to Maturity" category is first taken to the Profit & Loss Account and an equivalent amount of Profit is appropriated to the Capital Reserve (net of taxes and amount required to be transferred to Statutory Reserve).

Loss on sale of Investments in all the three categories is recognized in Profit & Loss Account.

3.8. Accounting for Repo/Reverse Repo and Liquidity Adjustment Facility (LAF)

The securities purchased/sold with an agreement to repurchase on the agreed terms under Repo / Reverse Repo (other than LAF) are recognized as borrowing / lending.

The securities purchased/sold under LAF with RBI are debited/credited to Investment account and reversed on maturity.

[4] Derivative contracts

The Bank deals in Interest Rate Swaps and Currency Derivatives. The Interest Rate Derivatives dealt by the Bank are Rupee Interest Rate Swaps, Cross Currency Interest Rate Swaps and Forward Rate Agreements. Currency Derivatives dealt by the Bank are Options and Currency Swaps.

Such derivative contracts are valued as under:

a. Derivative contracts dealt for trading are valued on mark to market basis, net depreciation is recognized while net appreciation is ignored.

b. Derivative contracts undertaken for hedging are:

i. Derivative contracts designated as hedges are not marked to market unless their underlying asset is marked to market.

ii. Income / Expenditure is recognized on accrual basis for Hedging swaps.

[5] Advances

5.1 Advances are classified as performing and non-performing assets in accordance with the prudential norms issued by RBI.

5.2 Advances are classified into Standard, Sub Standard, Doubtful and Loss assets borrower wise.

5.3 Provisions for domestic advances are made for performing/non - performing advances in accordance with the RBI Guidelines.

5.4 Provisions for performing/ non-performing advances with foreign branches are made as per local regulations / regulations of host country according to the norms prescribed by RBI, whichever is more stringent.

5.5 Advances stated in the Balance Sheet are net of provisions made for Non Performing Assets, claims received from Credit Guarantee Institutions and rediscount.

5.6 Partial recoveries in Non Performing Advances are apportioned first towards charges and interest, thereafter towards principal with the exception of non performing advances involving compromise settlements/ "Loan Past Due" advances, the recoveries are first adjusted towards principal.

5.7 In case of financial assets sold to SC/ RC, the valuation, income recognition is being done as per RBI guidelines.

(6) Fixed Assets

6.1 The premises of the Bank include freehold and leasehold properties. Land and Buildings are capitalised based on conveyance / letters of allotment / agreement to lease, deposit made on long term leasehold properties and / or physical possession of the property.

6.2. Premises and other Fixed Assets are stated at historical cost except wherever revalued. The appreciation on revaluation, if any, is credited to the ''Revaluation Reserve'' Account. Depreciation / Amortization attributable to the enhanced value is transferred from Revaluation Reserve to the credit of Depreciation in the Profit and Loss Account.

[7] Depreciation

7.1. Fixed Assets excluding Computers are depreciated under Written Down Value Method at the rates determined by the management on the basis of estimated useful life of the respective assets. As per the guidelines of RBI, depreciation on Computers including ATMs is charged at 33.33% on Straight-Line Method.

7.2. Premium paid on leasehold properties is charged off over the lease period.

7.3. Depreciation on additions to fixed assets is charged for the full year irrespective of the date of acquisition. No depreciation is provided for in the year of sale/disposal.

[8] Impairment of Assets

An assessment is made at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset is impaired. If any such indication exists, an estimate of the recoverable amount is made and impairment loss, if any, is provided for.

[9] Revenue Recognition

9.1. Income and expenditure are generally accounted on accrual basis, except the following:

a) Interest on Non-Performing advances and non performing investments is recognized as per norms laid down by Reserve Bank of India.

b) Interest on overdue bills, Commission (other than Government business), Exchange, Brokerage and rent on lockers are accounted on realization.

c) Dividend Income is recognized when the right to receive the same is established.

d) In case of suit filed accounts, related legal and other expenses incurred are charged to Profit & Loss Account and on recovery the same are accounted as Income.

(10) Employee Benefits

10.1 Defined Contribution Plans

Defined Contribution Plans such as Provident / Pension fund are recognized as an expense and charged to Profit & Loss account.

10.2 Defined Benefit Plans

a) Gratuity: The employee Gratuity Fund Scheme is funded by the Bank and managed by a separate trust who in turn manages their funds as per guidelines. The present value of the Banks obligation under Gratuity is recognized on actuarial basis as at the year end and the fair value of the Plan assets is reduced from the gross obligation to recognize the obligation on a net basis.

b) Pension: The employee Pension Fund Scheme is funded by the Bank and managed by a separate trust. The present value of the Banks obligations under Pension is recognized on the basis as at the year end and the fair value of the Plan assets is reduced from the gross obligation to recognize the obligation on a net basis.

c) Amortization: The additional liability/expenditure arising consequent upon the reopening of Pension Option to the employees of the bank and enhancement in gratuity limit pursuant to amendment to Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 has been amortized equally over a period of five years beginning with the financial year 2010-11.

10.3 The privilege leave is considered a long term benefit and is recognized based on independent actuarial valuation on ''Projected Unit Credit method'' at each Balance Sheet date.

(11) Provision for Taxation

a) Provision for tax is made for both Current and & Deferred Taxes.

b) Deferred Tax assets and liabilities arising on account of timing differences and which are capable of reversal in subsequent periods are recognized using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the balance sheet date.

c) Deferred tax assets are not recognized unless there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income would be available against which such deferred tax assets can be recognized.

(12) Net Profit

12.1 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

I. In conformity with AS 29, "Provisions, Contingent Liabilities & Contingent Assets" issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants Of India, the bank recognizes provision only when :

a. it has a present obligation as a result of past event.

b. it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation, and

c. when a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made.

II. No provision is recognized for:

a. Any possible obligation that arises from past events and the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the bank.

b. It is not probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation or

c. A reliable estimate of the amount of obligation cannot be made. Such obligations are recorded as Contingent Liabilities. These are assessed at regular intervals and only that part of the obligation for which the outflow of resources embodying economic benefits is probable, is provided for, except in the extremely rare circumstances where no reliable estimate can be made.

III. Contingent Assets are not recognized in the financial Statements.

12.2 Net Profit

The Net Profit in the Profit & Loss Account is after:-

a) Provision for depreciation on Investments.

b) Provision for Taxation.

c) Provision on loan losses

d) Provision on Standard Assets.

e) Provision for Non Performing Investments.

f) Other usual & necessary Items.

[13] Earning per share:

The Bank reports basic and diluted Earnings Per Share in accordance with AS 20. Basic Earnings Per Share is computed by dividing the net profit after tax by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding for the Year.


Mar 31, 2014

[1](a) Basis of Preparation:

The accounts are prepared under the historical cost convention and conform to the statutory provisions and prevailing practices, except as otherwise stated.

(b) Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, expenses, income and disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements. Management believes that these estimates and assumptions are reasonable and prudent. However, actual results could differ from estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in current and future periods.

[2] Foreign Currency Translation / Conversion of Foreign Currencies

2.1 Foreign currency transactions are recorded on initial recognition at the notional rate. As at the Balance Sheet date, foreign currency monetary items are reported at closing rates.

2.2 Transactions and balances of foreign branches are classified as non-integral foreign operations. Such transactions and balances are consolidated by the bank on quarterly basis. Assets and Liabilities (both monetary and non monetary as well as contingent liabilities) are translated at the closing spot rate of exchange announced by Foreign Exchange Dealers'' Association of India (FEDAI) as at the end of each quarter and Income and Expenditure items of the foreign branches are translated at the quarterly average rate published by FEDAI in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS) 11 - "The effect of Changes in Foreign Exchange rates" issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) and as per the guidelines of Reserve Bank of India (RBI) regarding the compliance of the said standard. The resultant exchange gain/loss is credited/ debited to Foreign Currency Translation Reserve.

2.2 Income and Expenditure items are accounted for at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transactions.

2.3 Forward Exchange Contracts

Premium or discount arising at the inception of all forward exchange contracts are amortized as expense or income over the life of the contract. Profit/Losses arising on cancellation of forward exchange contracts, together with unamortized premium or discount, if any, is recognized on the date of cancellation. Exchange differences on forward contracts are recognized in the Profit & Loss account in the reporting period in which the exchange rates change.

2.4 Contingent liability in respect of outstanding forward exchange contracts, guarantees, acceptances, endorsements and other obligations are stated in the balance sheet at the closing rates announced by FEDAI.

[3] Investments

3.1. Classification of investments is made as per the guidelines of the RBI. The entire investment portfolio of the bank is classified under three categories viz. ''Held to Maturity'', ''Available for sale'' and ''Held for Trading'', which is decided at the time of acquisition of securities. Transfer of scrips, if any, from one category to another is done at the lowest of acquisition cost/book value/market value on the date of transfer and the depreciation, if any, on such transfer is fully provided for.

Investments are disclosed in the Balance Sheet under six classifi cations viz: (a) Government securities (b) Other approved securities (c) Shares (d) Debentures & Bonds (e) Subsidiaries and Joint Ventures & Associates and (f) Others.

3.2. The valuation of Investments is done in accordance with the guidelines issued by the RBI as under:

a) HELD TO MATURITY

Investments under Held to Maturity category are carried at acquisition cost, net of amortisation, if any. The excess of acquisition cost, if any, over the face value is amortized over the remaining period of maturity.

Investments in Subsidiaries and Joint Ventures & Associates are valued at carrying cost. Any diminution in the value other than temporary in nature is fully provided for.

Investment in sponsored Regional Rural Banks (RRB) and other Trustee Shares are carried at cost. Investment in units of Venture Capital Funds (VCFs) made after 23.08.2006 are classified under HTM category for initial period of three years and valued at cost.

Profit on sale of Investments in this category is first taken to the Profit and Loss Account and thereafter appropriated to the Capital Reserve Account net of taxes and Statutory Reserve. No amortisation is effected for securities sold during the year. Loss on sale is recognized in the Profit and Loss Account.

b) AVAILABLE FOR SALE

The individual securities under ''Available for Sale'' category are marked to market.

Central Government Securities and State Government Securities are valued at market prices as per prices declared by Fixed Income Money Market and Derivatives Association of India (FIMMDA).

Other approved securities are valued by applying the YTM method by marking it up by 25 basis points above the yields of Central Government securities of equivalent maturity put out by FIMMDA.

Non SLR securities such as Debentures / Bonds (other than Debentures / Bonds which are in the nature of advance) are valued at market prices, if available, and if not, are valued applying YTM method by marking it up by additional basis points based on credit rating above the yields of Central Government Securities of equivalent maturity as put out by FIMMDA and the methodology suggested by FIMMDA.

Preference Shares are valued at lower of YTM rates / redemption values.

Quoted Shares are valued at market prices.

Unquoted Shares are valued at break up value ascertained from the latest Balance Sheet not earlier than one year or otherwise at Rs.1/- per Company.

Treasury Bills, Commercial Papers and certificates of deposits are valued at carrying cost.

Units of Mutual Funds are valued at market rate or repurchase price or net asset value in that order depending on their availability.

Units of Venture Capital Funds (VCFs) made after 23.08.2006 are classified under HTM category for initial period of three years and valued at cost. After period of three years from the date of disbursement, it will be shifted to AFS and marked-to-market as per RBI guidelines.

Securities are valued scrip wise and depreciation/ appreciation under each sub category is aggregated.

Based on the above valuation, net appreciation if any, in each sub category is ignored while the net depreciation is fully provided for.

c) HELD FOR TRADING

The individual securities under Held for Trading category are valued periodically as per RBI guidelines, at market prices as available from the trades / quotes or as per prices declared by FIMMDA. In respect of each classification under this category, net depreciation is provided for and net appreciation is ignored.

3.3. In determining the acquisition cost of investment:

a) Cost such as brokerage, commission etc., relating to securities at the time of purchase are charged to Profit & Loss Account.

b) Broken period interest on debt instruments up to the date of acquisition / disposal is treated as revenue.

c) Cost of investments is based on the weighted average cost method.

3.4. Security Receipts issued by Securitisation / Reconstruction Company (SC/RC) in respect of financial assets sold by the Bank to the SC/RC are valued at the lower of the redemption value of the Security Receipt and the Net Book Value of the financial asset. The Investment is carried in the books at the price determined as above and the sale/realisation, if any, is reduced from investment and the net book value is shown.

The valuation, classification and other norms applicable to Investment in Non SLR securities prescribed by RBI is applied to Bank''s investment in Security Receipts issued by SC/RC.

3.5. Non-Performing Investments (NPI) are identified as stated below, as per the guidelines issued by RBI:

a) Securities / Preference Shares where interest / fixed dividend / installment (including maturity proceeds) is due and remains unpaid for more than 90 days.

b) Equity Shares valued at Re.1 per company, where the latest Balance Sheet is not available or the Net worth of the Company is negative.

c) If any credit facility availed by the issuer from the Bank is a non performing advance, investment in any of the securities issued by the same issuer is also treated as NPI.

3.6. Accounting for Repo/Reverse Repo and Liquidity Adjustment Facility (LAF)

a) The securities purchased/sold with an agreement to repurchase on the agreed terms under Repo / Reverse Repo (other than LAF) are accounted as borrowing/lending.

b) The securities purchased/sold under LAF with RBI are debited/credited to Investment account and reversed on maturity.

[4] Derivative contracts

The Bank deals in Interest Rate Swaps and Currency Derivatives. The Interest Rate Derivatives dealt by the Bank are Rupee Interest Rate Swaps, Cross Currency Interest Rate Swaps and Forward Rate Agreements. Currency Derivatives dealt by the Bank are Options and Currency Swaps.

Based on RBI guidelines

a. Derivatives used for trading are marked to market and net depreciation is recognized while net appreciation is ignored.

b. Derivatives used for hedging are

i. marked to market in case where the underlying Assets / Liabilities are marked to market.

ii. Income / Expenditure is accounted on accrual basis for Hedging swaps.

[5] Advances

5.1 Advances are classified as performing and non-performing assets in accordance with the prudential norms issued by RBI.

5.2 Advances are classified into Standard, Sub Standard, Doubtful and Loss assets borrower wise.

5.3 Provisions for domestic advances are made for performing / non - performing advances in accordance with the RBI Guidelines.

5.4 Provisions for performing / non-performing advances with foreign branches are made as per local regulations / regulations of host country according to the norms prescribed by RBI, whichever is more stringent.

5.5 Advances stated in the Balance Sheet are net of provisions made for Non Performing Assets, claims received from Credit Guarantee Institutions and rediscount.

5.6 Partial recoveries in Non Performing Advances are apportioned first towards charges and interest, there after towards principal with the exception of non performing advances involving compromise settlements / "Loan Past Due" advances, the recoveries are first adjusted towards principal.

5.7 In case of financial assets sold to SC/RC, the valuation, income recognition is being done as per RBI guidelines.

(6) Fixed Assets

6.1. The premises of the Bank include freehold and leasehold properties. Land and Buildings are capitalised based on conveyance / letters of allotment / agreement to lease, deposit made on long term leasehold properties and / or physical possession of the property.

6.2. Premises and other Fixed Assets are stated at historical cost except wherever re valued. The appreciation on revaluation, if any, is credited to the ''Revaluation Reserve'' Account. Depreciation / Amortization attributable to the enhanced value is transferred from Revaluation Reserve to the credit of Depreciation in the Profit and Loss Account

(7) Depreciation

7.1. Fixed Assets excluding Computers are depreciated under Written Down Value Method at the rates determined by the management on the basis of estimated useful life of the respective assets. As per the guidelines of RBI, depreciation on Computers including ATMs is charged at 33.33% on Straight-Line Method.

7.2. Premium paid on leasehold properties is charged off over the lease period.

7.3. Depreciation on Assets given on Lease is charged on Written Down Value Method as per Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 after adjusting Capital recovery.

7.4. Depreciation on additions to fixed/leased assets is charged for the full year irrespective of the date of acquisition. No depreciation is provided for in the year of sale/disposal.

(8) Impairment of Assets

An assessment is made at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset is impaired. If any such indication exists, an estimate of the recoverable amount is made and impairment loss, if any, is provided for.

(9) Revenue Recognition

9.1. Income and expenditure are generally accounted on accrual basis, except the following:

a) Interest on Non-Performing advances and non performing investments is recognized as per norms laid down by Reserve Bank of India

b) Interest on overdue bills, Commission (other than Government business), Exchange, Brokerage and rent on lockers are accounted on realization.

c) Dividend is accounted when the right to receive the same is established.

d) In case of suit filed accounts, related legal and other expenses incurred are charged to Profit & Loss Account and on recovery the same are accounted as Income.

(10) Employee Benefits

10.1 Defined Contribution Plans

Defined Contribution Plans such as Provident / Pension fund are recognized as an expense and charged to Profit & Loss account.

10.2 Defined Benefit Plans

a) Gratuity: The employee Gratuity Fund Scheme is funded by the Bank and managed by a separate trust who in turn manage their funds as per guidelines. The present value of the Bank''s obligations under Gratuity is recognized on the basis as at an year end and the fair value of the Plan assets is reduced from the gross obligations to recognize the obligations on a net basis.

b) Pension: The employee Pension Fund Scheme is funded by the Bank and managed by a separate trust. The present value of the Banks obligations under Pension is recognized on the basis as at an year end and the fair value of the Plan assets is reduced from the gross obligations to recognize the obligations on a net basis.

c) Amortization: The additional liability/expenditure arising consequent upon the reopening of Pension Option to the employees of the bank and enhancement in gratuity limit pursuant to amendment to Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 is being amortized equally over a period of f ve years beginning with the financial year 2010-11.

10.3 The privilege leave is considered a long term benefit and is recognized based on independent actuarial valuation on ''projected Unit credit method'' at each Balance Sheet date.

(11) Provision for Taxation

a) Provision for tax is made for both Current and Deferred Taxes.

b) Deferred Tax assets and liabilities arising on account of timing differences and which are capable of reversal in subsequent periods are recognized using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the balance sheet date.

c) Deferred tax assets are not recognized unless there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets will be recognized.

(12) Net Profit

12.1 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

I. In conformity with AS 29, "Provisions, Contingent Liabilities & Contingent Assets" issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants Of India, the bank recognized provision only when:

a) it has a present obligation as a result of past event.

b) it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation, and

c) When a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made.

II. No provision is recognized for

a) Any possible obligation that arises from past events and the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the bank.

b) It is not probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation or

c) A reliable estimate of the amount of obligation cannot be made.

Such obligations are recorded as Contingent Liabilities. These are assessed at regular intervals and only that part of the obligation for which the outflow of resources embodying economic benefits is probable, is provided for, except in the extremely rare circumstances where no reliable estimate can be made.

III. Contingent Assets are not recognized in the financial statements.

12.2 Net Profit

The Net Profit in the Profit & Loss Account is after-

a) Provision for depreciation on Investments.

b) Provision for Taxation.

c) Provision on loan losses

d) Provision on Standard Assets.

e) Provision for Non Performing Investments.

f) Other usual & unnecessary Items.

(13) Earning per share:

The Bank reports basic and diluted Earnings Per Share in accordance with AS 20. Basic Earnings Per Share is computed by dividing the net profit after tax by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding for the Year.


Mar 31, 2013

[1](a) Basis of Preparation:

The accounts are prepared under the historical cost convention and conform to the statutory provisions and prevailing practices, except as otherwise stated.

(b) Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, expenses, income and disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements. Management believes that these estimates and assumptions are reasonable and prudent. However, actual results could differ from estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in current and future periods.

[2] Foreign Currency Translation / Conversion of Foreign Currencies

2.1. Transactions and balances of foreign branches are classified as non-integral foreign operations. Assets and Liabilities (both monetary and non-monetary as well as contingent liabilities) are translated at the closing spot rate of exchange announced by Foreign Exchange Dealers'' Association of India (FEDAI) and Income and Expenditure items of the foreign branches are translated at the quarterly average rate published by FEDAI in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS) 11 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) and as per the guidelines of Reserve Bank of India (RBI). The resultant exchange gain/loss is credited / debited to Foreign Currency Translation Reserve.

2.2. Foreign currency transactions of Indian branches have been classified as integral foreign operations. Assets and Liabilities in foreign currency, Forward Exchange Contracts, Guarantees, Acceptances, Endorsements and Obligations are evaluated at the closing spot rate / forward rate for the residual maturity of the contract in accordance with AS 11 issued by ICAI and as per the guidelines of RBI.

Income and Expenditure items are accounted for at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transactions.

2.3 Forward Exchange Contracts

Premium or discount arising at the inception of all forward exchange contracts are amortized as expense or income over the life of the contract. Profit / Losses arising on premature termination of forward exchange contracts, together with unamortized premium or discount, if any, is recognized on the date of termination. Contingent liability in respect of outstanding forward exchange contracts, guarantees, acceptances, endorsements and other obligations are calculated at the closing FEDAI rates.

[3] Investments

3.1. Classification of investments is made as per the guidelines of the RBI. The entire investment portfolio of the bank is classified under three categories viz. ''Held to Maturity'', ''Available for sale'' and ''Held for Trading'', which is decided at the time of acquisition of securities. Transfer of scrips, if any, from one category to another is done at the lowest of acquisition cost / book value / market value on the date of transfer and the depreciation, if any, on such transfer is fully provided for.

Investments are disclosed in the Balance Sheet under six classifications viz: (a) Government securities (b) Other approved securities (c) Shares (d) Debentures & Bonds (e) Subsidiaries and Joint Ventures & Associates and (f) Others.

3.2. The valuation of Investments is done in accordance with the guidelines issued by the RBI as under:

a) HELD TO MATURITY

Investments under Held to Maturity category are carried at acquisition cost, net of amortisation, if any. The excess of acquisition cost, if any, over the face value is amortized over the remaining period of maturity.

Investments in Subsidiaries and Joint Ventures & Associates are valued at carrying cost. Any diminution in the value other than temporary in nature is fully provided for.

Investment in sponsored Regional Rural Banks (RRB) and other Trustee Shares are carried at cost.

Investment in units of Venture Capital Funds (VCFs) made after 23.08.2006 are classified under HTM category for initial period of three years and valued at cost.

Profit on sale of Investments in this category is first taken to the Profit and Loss Account and thereafter appropriated to the Capital Reserve Account net of taxes and Statutory Reserve. No amortisation is effected for securities sold during the year. Loss on sale is recognized in the Profit and Loss Account.

b) AVAILABLE FOR SALE

The individual securities under ''Available for Sale'' category are marked to market.

Central Government Securities and State Government securities are valued at market prices as per prices declared by Fixed Income Money Market and Derivatives Association of India (FIMMDA).

Other approved securities are valued by applying the YTM method by marking it up by 25 basis points above the yields of Central Government securities of equivalent maturity put out by FIMMDA.

Non SLR securities such as Debentures / Bonds (other than Debentures / Bonds which are in the nature of advance) are valued at market prices, if available, and if not, are valued applying YTM method by marking it up by additional basis points based on credit rating above the yields of Central Government Securities of equivalent maturity as put out by FIMMDA and the methodology suggested by FIMMDA.

Preference Shares are valued at lower of YTM rates / redemption values.

Quoted Shares are valued at market prices.

Unquoted Shares are valued at break up value ascertained from the latest Balance Sheet not earlier than one year or otherwise at Rs.1 per Company

Treasury Bills, Commercial Papers and certificates of deposits are valued at carrying cost.

Units of Mutual Funds are valued at market rate or repurchase price or net asset value in that order depending on their availability

Units of Venture Capital Funds (VCFs) made after 23.08.2006 are classified under HTM category for initial period of three years and valued at cost. After period of three years from the date of disbursement, it will be shifted to AFS and marked- to-market as per RBI guidelines.

Securities are valued scrip wise and depreciation/ appreciation under each sub category is aggregated.

Based on the above valuation, net appreciation if any, in each sub category is ignored while the net depreciation is fully provided for.

c) HELD FOR TRADING

The individual securities under Held for Trading category are valued periodically as per RBI guidelines, at market prices as available from the trades/quotes or as per prices declared by FIMMDA. In respect of each classification under this category, net depreciation is provided for and net appreciation is ignored.

3.3. In determining the acquisition cost of investment:

(a) Cost such as brokerage, commission etc., relating to securities at the time of purchase are charged to Profit & Loss Account.

(b) Broken period interest on debt instruments up to the date of acquisition / disposal is treated as revenue.

(c) Cost of investments is based on the weighted average cost method.

3.4. Security Receipts issued by Securitisation / Reconstruction Company (SC/RC) in respect of financial assets sold by the Bank to the SC/RC are valued at the lower of the redemption value of the Security Receipt and the Net Book Value of the financial asset. The Investment is carried in the books at the price determined as above and the sale/realisation, if any, is reduced from investment and the net book value is shown.

The valuation, classification and other norms applicable to Investment in Non-SLR securities prescribed by RBI is applied to Bank''s investment in Security Receipts issued by SC/RC.

3.5. Non-Performing Investments (NPI) are identified as stated below, as per the guidelines issued by RBI:

(a) Securities/Preference Shares where interest / fixed dividend / instalment (including maturity proceeds) is due and remains unpaid for more than 90 days.

(b) Equity Shares valued at Re.1 per company, where the latest Balance Sheet is not available or the Net worth of the Company is negative.

(c) If any credit facility availed by the issuer from the Bank is a non-performing advance, investment in any of the securities issued by the same issuer is also treated as NPI.

3.6. Accounting for Repo/Reverse Repo and Liquidity Adjustment Facility (LAF)

(a) The securities purchased/sold with an agreement to repurchase on the agreed terms under Repo / Reverse Repo (other than LAF) are accounted as borrowing/lending.

(b) The securities purchased/sold under LAF with RBI are debited/credited to Investment account and reversed on maturity.

(4) Derivative contracts

The Bank deals in Interest Rate Swaps and Currency Derivatives. The Interest Rate Derivatives dealt by the Bank are Rupee Interest Rate Swaps, Cross Currency Interest Rate Swaps and Forward Rate Agreements. Currency Derivatives dealt by the Bank are Options and Currency Swaps.

Based on RBI guidelines

a. Derivatives used for trading are marked to market and net depreciation is recognized while net appreciation is ignored.

b. Derivatives used for hedging are

i. marked to market in case where the underlying Assets / Liabilities are marked to market.

ii. Income / Expenditure is accounted on accrual basis for Hedging swaps.

(5) Advances

5.1 Advances are classified as performing and non- performing assets and provisions are made in accordance with the prudential norms prescribed by RBI.

5.2 Advances are stated net of write off, provision for non-performing assets, claims received from credit guarantee institutions and re-discount.

5.3 In case of financial assets sold to the SC / RC, if the sale is at a price below the Net Book Value (NBV), the shortfall is debited to the Profit & Loss Account. If the sale is for a value higher than the NBV, the excess provision shall not be reversed but will utilized to meet the shortfall/loss on account of sale of other non-performing financial assets.

(6) Fixed Assets

6.1. The premises of the Bank include freehold and leasehold properties. Land and Buildings are capitalised based on conveyance / letters of allotment / agreement to lease, deposit made on long term leasehold properties and / or physical possession of the property.

6.2. Premises and other Fixed Assets are stated at historical cost except wherever revalued. The appreciation on revaluation, if any, is credited to the ''Revaluation Reserve'' Account. Depreciation / Amortization attributable to the enhanced value is transferred from Revaluation Reserve to the credit of Depreciation in the Profit and Loss Account.

(7) Depreciation

7.1. Fixed Assets excluding Computers are depreciated under Written Down Value Method at the rates determined by the management on the basis of estimated useful life of the respective assets. As per the guidelines of RBI, depreciation on Computers is charged at 33.33% on Straight-Line Method.

7.2. Premium paid on leasehold properties is charged off over the lease period.

7.3. Depreciation on Assets given on Lease is charged on Written Down Value Method as per Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 after adjusting Capital recovery.

7.4. Depreciation on additions to fixed/leased assets is charged for the full year irrespective of the date of acquisition. No depreciation is provided for in the year of sale/disposal.

(8) Impairment of Assets

Impairment losses on Fixed Assets, if any, are recognized in Profit & Loss Account in accordance with AS 28 issued by ICAI.

(9) Revenue Recognition

9.1. Income and expenditure are generally accounted on accrual basis.

9.2. In the case of Non-Performing Assets including Investments, income is recognised to the extent of realisation, in accordance with the prudential norms prescribed by RBI. In respect of "Loans Past Due" accounts, recoveries are appropriated first towards principal.

9.3. Commission, Exchange, Brokerage and Locker Rent are accounted for as income on receipt basis.

9.4. Interest income on tax refund is accounted based on the assessment orders passed.

(10) Employee Benefits

10.1 Defined benefit schemes

The liabilities towards Gratuity and Pension are recognized based on independent actuarial valuation on ''Projected Unit credit Method'' at each Balance Sheet date. These liabilities are funded by the Bank and are managed by separate trusts.

10.2 Long - term employee Benefit

The Privilege leave is considered a long term benefit and is recognized based on independent actuarial valuation on ''Projected Unit credit Method'' at each Balance Sheet date.

10.3 Defined contribution schemes Contributions to defined contribution schemes are recognized on the basis of the amount paid or payable for the period during which services are rendered by the employees.

(11) Taxation

Provision for Income Tax is made after due consideration of the judicial pronouncements and legal opinion. Disputed taxes, not provided for, are included under "Contingent Liabilities".

Tax expenses for the year comprise of Current Tax and Deferred Tax. Deferred Tax recognizes, subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of Deferred Tax Assets, timing differences being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

(12) Net Profit

12.1 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

The Bank recognizes provisions only when it has a present obligation as a result of a past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and when a reasonable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made.

Contingent Assets are not recognized since this may result in the recognition of Income that may never be realized.

12.2 Net Profit is arrived at after accounting for the following "Provisions and Contingencies":

- Depreciation on Investments

- Provision for Income Tax and Wealth Tax

- Provision for loan losses

- Write off of certain Non-Performing Advances / Investments

- Provision for Standard Assets

- Other usual and necessary provisions

- Transfer to contingencies

(13) Earning per share:

The Bank reports basic and diluted Earnings Per Share in accordance with AS 20. Basic Earnings Per Share is computed by dividing the net profit after tax by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding for the Year.


Mar 31, 2012

[1] Accounting Convention

The accounts are prepared under the historical cost convention and conform to the statutory provisions and prevailing practices, except as otherwise stated.

[2] Foreign Currency Translation / Conversion of Foreign Currencies

2.1. In respect of Foreign Branches, Assets and Liabilities (both monetary and non-monetary as well as contingent liabilities) are translated at the closing spot rate of exchange announced by Foreign Exchange Dealers' Association of India (FEDAI) and Income and Expenditure items of the foreign branches are translated at the quarterly average closing rate published by FEDAI in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS) 11 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) and as per the guidelines of Reserve Bank of India (RBI). The resultant exchange gain/loss is credited/debited to Foreign Currency Translation Reserve.

2.2. In respect of Domestic Branches, Assets and Liabilities in foreign currency, Forward Exchange Contracts, Guarantees, Acceptances, Endorsements and Obligations are evaluated at the closing spot rate / forward rate for the residual maturity of the contract in accordance with AS 11 issued by ICAI and as per the guide lines of RBI.

Income and Expenditure items are accounted for at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transactions.

The gain or loss on such evaluation of outstanding Forward Exchange Contracts is taken to Profit & Loss Account.

[3] Investments

3.1. Classification of investments is made as per the guidelines of the RBI. The entire investment portfolio of the bank is classified under three categories viz. 'Held to Maturity', 'Available for sale' and 'Held for Trading', which is decided at the time of acquisition of securities. Transfer of scrips, if any, from one category to another is done at the lowest of acquisition cost / book value / market value on the date of transfer and the depreciation, if any, on such transfer is fully provided for. Investments are disclosed in the Balance Sheet under six classifications viz: (a) Government securities (b) Other approved securities (c) Shares (d) Debentures & Bonds (e) Subsidiaries, Joint Ventures & Associates and (f) Others.

3.2. The valuation of Investments is done in accordance with the guidelines issued by the RBI as under:

a) HELDTO MATURITY

Investments under Held to Maturity category are carried at acquisition cost, net of amortisation, if any. The excess of acquisition cost, if any, over the face value is amortized over the remaining period of maturity.

Investments in Subsidiaries, Joint Ventures and Associates are valued at carrying cost. Any diminution in the value other than temporary in nature is fully provided for.

Investment in sponsored Regional Rural Banks (RRB) and other Trustee Shares are carried at cost.

Profit on sale of Investments in this category is first taken to the Profit and Loss Account and thereafter appropriated to the Capital Reserve Account net of taxes and Statutory Reserve. No amortisation is effected for securities sold during the year. Loss on sale is recognized in the Profit and Loss Account.

b) AVAILABLE FOR SALE

The individual securities under Available for Sale' category are marked to market.

Central Government Securities are valued at market prices as per prices declared by Fixed Income Money Market and Derivatives Association of India (FIMMDA).

State Government securities and other approved securities are valued by applying the YTM method by marking it up by 25 basis points above the yields of Central Government securities of equivalent maturity put out by FIMMDA.

Non SLR securities such as Debentures / Bonds (other than Debentures / Bonds which are in the nature of advance) are valued at market prices, if available, and if not, are valued applying YTM method by marking it up by additional basis points based on credit rating above the yields of Central Government Securities of equivalent maturity as put out by FIMMDA and the methodology suggested by FIMMDA.

Preference Shares are valued at lower of YTM rates / redemption values.

Quoted Shares are valued at market prices.

Unquoted Shares are valued at break up value ascertained from the latest Balance Sheet not earlier than one year or otherwise at Re 1 per Company.

Treasury Bills and Commercial Papers are valued at carrying cost.

Units of Mutual Funds are valued at market rate or repurchase price or net asset value in that order depending on their availability.

Securities are valued scrip wise and depreciation /appreciation Under each sub category is aggregated.

Based on the above valuation, net appreciation if any, in each sub category is ignored while the net depreciation is fully provided for.

c) HELDFORTRADING

The individual securities under Held for Trading category are valued periodically as per RBI guidelines, at market prices as available from the trades/quotes or as per prices declared by FIMMDA. In respect of each classification under this category, net depreciation is provided for and net appreciation is ignored.

3.3 Cost such as brokerage, commission etc., relating to securities at the time of purchase are charged to Profit

& Loss Account.

3.4. Broken period interest on debt instruments up to the Date of acquisition/disposal is treated as revenue.

3.5. Security Receipts issued by Securitisation/Reconstruction Company (SC/RC) in respect of financial assets sold by the Bank to the SC/RC are valued at the lower of the redemption value of the Security Receipt and the Net Book Value of the financial asset. The Investment is carried in the books at the price determined as above and the sale/realisation, if any, is reduced from investment and the net book value is shown.

The valuation, classification and other norms applicable to Investment in Non-SLR securities prescribed by RBI is applied to Bank's investment in Security Receipts issued by SC/RC.

3.6. Non-Performing Investments (NPI) are identified as stated below, as per the guide lines issued by RBI:

[a] Securities/Preference Shares where interest / fixed dividend /instalment (including maturity proceeds) is due and remains unpaid for more than 90 days.

[b] Equity Shares valued at Re.l per company, where the latest Balance Sheet is not available or the Net worth of the Company is negative.

[c] If any credit facility availed by the issuer from the Bank is a non-performing advance, investment in any of the securities issued by the same issuer is also treated as NPI.

3.7 Accounting for Repo/Reverse Repo and Liquidity Adjustment Facility (LAF)

[a] The securities purchased/sold with an agreement to repurchase on the agreed terms under Repo / Reverse Repo (other than LAF) are accounted as borrowing/lending.

[b] The securities purchased/sold under LAF with RBI are debited/credited to Investment account and reversed on maturity.

[4] Derivative contracts

The Bank deals in Interest Rate Swaps and Currency Derivatives. The Interest Rate Derivatives dealt by the Bank are Rupee Interest Rate Swaps, Cross Currency Interest Rate Swaps and Forward Rate Agreements. Currency Derivatives dealt by the Bank are Options and Currency Swaps.

Based on RBI guidelines

a. Derivatives used for trading are marked to market and net depreciation is recognized while net appreciation is ignored.

b. Derivatives used for hedging are

i. Marked to market in case where the underlying Assets/Liabilities are marked to market.

ii. Income / Expenditure is accounted on accrual basis for Hedging swaps.

[5] Advances

5.1 Advances are classified as performing and non- performing assets and provisions are made in accordance with the prudential norms prescribed by RBI.

5.2 Advances are stated net of write off, provision for non-performing assets, claims received from credit guarantee institutions and re-discount.

5.3 In case of financial assets sold to the SC / RC, if the sale is at a price below the Net Book Value (NBV), the shortfall is debited to the Profit & Loss Account. If the sale is for a value higher than the NBV, the excess provision held in the account is not reversed but held till redemption of the Security Receipt, wherever applicable.

[6] Fixed Assets

6.1. The premises of the Bank include freehold and leasehold properties. Land and Buildings are capitalised based on conveyance / letters of allotment / agreement to lease, deposit made on long term leasehold properties and / or physical possession of the property.

6.2. Premises and other Fixed Assets are stated at historical cost except wherever revalued. The appreciation on revaluation, if any, is credited to the 'Revaluation Reserve' Account. Depreciation / Amortization attributable to the enhanced value is transferred from Revaluation Reserve to the credit of Depreciation in the Profit and Loss Account.

[7] Depreciation

7.1. Fixed Assets excluding Computers are depreciated under Written Down Value Method at the rates determined by the management on the basis of estimated useful life of the respective assets. As per the guidelines of RBI, depreciation on Computers is charged at33.33%on Straight-Line Method.

7.2. Premium paid on leasehold properties is charged off over the lease period.

7.3. Depreciation on Assets given on Lease is charged on Written Down Value Method as per Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956afteradjustingCapital recovery.

7.4. Depreciation on additions to fixed/leased assets is charged for the full year irrespective of the date of acquisition. No depreciation is provided for in the year of sale/disposal.

[8] Impairment of Assets

Impairment losses on Fixed Assets, if any, are recognized in Profits Loss Account in accordance with AS 28 issued by ICAI.

[9] Revenue Recognition

9.1. Income and expenditure are generally accounted on accrual basis.

9.2. In the case of Non-Performing Assets including Investments, income is recognised to the extent of realisation, in accordance with the prudential norms prescribed by RBI. In respect of "Loans Past Due" accounts, recoveries are appropriated first towards principal.

9.3. Commission, Exchange, Brokerage, Dividends and Locker Rent are accounted for as income on receipt basis.

9.4. Interest income on tax refund is accounted based on the assessment orders passed.

[10] Employee Benefits

Provision for Pension, Gratuity and Privilege Leave is made based On the actuarial valuation at the year-end as per the AS -15(Revised) Issued by ICAI. Net actuarial gains/losses are recognized in Profit & Loss Account.

[11] Taxation

Provision for Income Tax is made after due consideration of the judicial pronouncements and legal opinion. Disputed taxes, not provided for, are included under "Contingent Liabilities".

Tax expenses for the year comprise of Current Tax and Deferred Tax. Deferred Tax recognizes, subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of Deferred Tax Assets, timing differences being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

[12] Net Profit

12.1 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

The Bank recognizes provisions only when it has a present obligation as a result of a past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and when a reasonable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made.

Contingent Assets are not recognized since this may result in the recognition of Income that may never be realized.

12.2 Net Profit is arrived at after accounting for the following "Provisions and Contingencies":

- Depreciation on Investments

- Provision for Income Tax and Wealth Tax

- Provision for loan losses

- Write off of certain Non-Performing Advances / Investments

- Provision for Standard Assets

- Other usual and necessary provisions

- Transfer to contingencies


Mar 31, 2011

[1] Accounting Convention

The accounts are prepared under the Historical cost convention and conform to the statutory provisions and prevailing practices, except as otherwise stated.

[2] Foreign Currency Translation / Conversion of Foreign Currencies

2.1. In respect of Foreign Branches, Assets and Liabilities are translated at the closing spot rate of exchange announced by FEDAI and Income and Expenditure items of the foreign branches are translated at the quarterly average closing rate published by FEDAI in accordance with Accounting Standard 11 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and as per the guidelines of Reserve Bank of India. The resultant exchange gains, if any, are taken to Foreign Currency Translation Reserve and loss, if any, net of reserves, is taken to Profit & Loss Account.

2.2. In respect of Domestic Branches, Assets and Liabilities in foreign currency, Forward Exchange Contracts, Guarantees, Acceptances, Endorsements and Obligations are evaluated at the closing spot rate / forward rateforthe residual maturity of the contract in accordance with Accounting Standard 11 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and as perthe guidelines of Reserve Bank of India.

Income and Expenditure items are accounted for at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transactions.

The gain or loss on such evaluation of outstanding Forward Exchange Contracts is taken to Profit & Loss Account.

[3] Investments

3.1. Classification of investments is made as per the guidelines of the Reserve Bank of India. The entire investment portfolio of the bank is classified under three categories viz. Held to Maturity, Available for sale and Held for Trading, which is decided at the time of acquisition of securities. Transfer of scrips, if any, from one category to another is done at the lowest of acquisition cost/book value/market value on the date of transfer a nd the depreciation, if a ny, on such transfer is fully provided for.

Investments are disclosed in the Balance Sheet under six classifications viz: (a) Government securities, (b) Other approved securities, (c) Shares, (d) Debentures & Bonds, (e) Subsidiaries / Joint Ventures and (f) Others.

3.2. The valuation of Investments is done in accordance with the guidelines issued by the Reserve Bank of ndia asunder:

a) HELD TO MATURITY

Investments under Held to Maturity category are carried at acquisition cost, net of amortization, if any. The excess of acquisition cost, if any, over the face value is amortized over the remaining period of maturity.

Investments in Subsidiaries and Joint Ventures are valued at carrying cost. Any diminution in the value otherthan temporary in nature isfuIly provided for.

Investment in RRBs and other Trustee Shares are carried at cost.

Profit on sale of Investments in this category is first taken to the Profit and Loss Account and thereafter appropriated to the Capital Reserve Account net of taxes and Statutory Reserve. No amortisation is effected for securities sold during the year. Loss on sale is recognized in the Profit and LossAccount.

b) AVAILABLE FOR SALE

The individual securities under Available For Sale category a re marked to market.

Central Government Securities are valued at market prices as per prices declared by Fixed Income Money Market and Derivatives Association of India (FIMMDA).

State Government securities and other approved securities are valued by applying the YTM method by marking it up by 25 basis points above the yields of Central Government securities of equivalent maturity put out by FIMMDA.

Non SLR securities such as Debentures / Bonds (other than Debentures / Bonds which are in the nature of advance) are valued at market prices, if available, and if not, are valued applying YTM method by marking it up by additional basis points based on credit rating above the yields of Central Government Securities of equivalent maturity as put out by FIMMDA and the methodology suggested by FIMMDA.

Preference Shares are valued at YTM rates / redemption values, whichever is lower.

Quoted Shares a re valued at market prices.

Unquoted Shares are valued at break up value ascertained from the latest Balance Sheet not earlier than one year or otherwise at Re 1 per Company.

Treasury Bills and Commercial Papers are valued at carrying cost.

Units of Mutual Funds are valued at market rate or repurchase price or net asset value in that order depending on their availability.

Securities are valued script wise, and depreciation/ appreciation undereach sub category is aggregated.

Based on the above valuation, net appreciation if any in each sub category is ignored while the net depreciation isfully provided.

c) HELDFORTRADINC

The individual securities under Held For Trading category are valued periodically as per RBI guidelines, at market prices as available from the trades/quotes or as per prices declared by FIMMDA. In respect of each classification under this category, net depreciation is provided and net appreciation is ignored.

3.3. Costs such as brokerage, commission etc., relating to securities atthetime of purchase are charged to Profit & LossAccount.

3.4. Broken period interest on debt instruments up to the date of acquisition/disposal istreated as revenue.

3.5. Security Receipts issued by Securitisation / Reconstruction Company (SC/RC) in respect of financial assets sold by the Bank to the SC/RC are valued at the lower of the redemption value of the Security Receipt and the Net Book Value of the financial asset. The Investment is carried in the books at the price determined as above and the sale/realization if any, is reduced from investment and the net book value is shown.

The valuation, classification and other norms applicable to Investment in Non-SLR securities prescribed by RBI is applied to Banks investment in Security Receipts issued bySC/RC.

3.6. Non-Performing Investments (NPI) are identified as stated below, as per the guidelines issued by Reserve Bankof India.

[a] Securities/Preference Shares where interest / fixed dividend /instalment (including maturity proceeds) is due and remains unpaid for more than 90 days.

[b] Equity Shares valued at Rs.1 per company where the latest Balance Sheet is not available orthe Net worth of the Company is negative.

[c] If any credit facility availed by the issuer from the Bank is a non-performing advance, Investment in any of the securities issued by the same issuer is alsotreatedasNPI.

[4] Derivative Contracts

The Bank deals in Interest Rate Swaps and Currency Derivatives. The Interest Rate Derivatives dealt by the Bank are Rupee Interest Rate Swaps, Cross Currency nterest Rate Swaps and Forward Rate Agreements. Currency Derivatives dealt by the Bank are Options and Currency Swaps.

Based on Reserve Bankof India guidelines:

a. Derivatives used fortrading are marked to market and net depreciation is recognized while net appreciation is ignored.

b. Derivatives usedforhedgingare

i. Marked to market in case where the underlying Assets / Lia bi I ities a re ma rked to ma rket.

ii. Income/Expenditure is accounted on accrual basis forHedgingswaps.

[5] Advances

5.1 Advances are classified as performing and non-performing assets and provisions are made in accordance with the prudential norms prescribed by Reserve Bankof India.

5.2 Advances are stated net of write off, provision for non-performing assets, claims received from Credit Guarantee institutions and re-discount.

5.3 In case of financial assets sold to the Securitization / Reconstruction Company, ifthesaleisata price below the Net Book Value (NBV), the shortfall is debited to the Profit & Loss Account. If the sale is for a value higherthan the NBV, the excess provision held in the account is not reversed but held till redemption of the Security Receipt, wherever applicable.

[6] Fixed Assets

6.1. The premises of the Bank include freehold and teasehold properties. Land and Buildings are capitalised based on conveyance/letters of allotment/ agreement to lease, deposit made on long term leasehold properties and /or physical possession of the property.

6.2. Premises and other Fixed Assets are stated at historical cost except wherever revalued. The appreciation on revaluation, if any, is credited to the Revaluation Reserve Account. Depreciation / Amortization attributable to the enhanced value is transferred from Revaluation Reserve to the credit of Depreciation intheProfitand LossAccount

[7] Depreciation

7.1. Fixed Assets excluding Computers are depreciated under Written Down Value Method at the rates determined by the management on the basis of estimated useful life of the respective assets. As per the guidelines of Reserve Bank of India, depreciation on Computers is charged at 33.33% on Straight-Line Method.

7.2. Premium paid on leasehold properties is charged off overthe lease period.

7.3. Depreciation on Assets given on Lease is charged on Written Down Value Method as per Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 after adjusting Capita recovery.

7.4. Depreciation on additions to fixed/leased assets is charged for the full year irrespective of the date of acquisition. No depreciation is provided in the year of sale/disposal.

[8] Impairment of Assets:

Impairment losses on Fixed Assets, if any, are recognized in Profit & Loss Account in accordance with Accounting Standard AS-28 issued by the institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

[9] Revenue Recognition

9.1. Income and expenditure are generally accounted on accrual basis.

9.2. In the case of Non-Performing Assets including investments, income is recognised to the extent of realization, in accordance with the prudential norms prescribed by Reserve Bank of India. In respect of "Loans Past Due" accounts, recoveries are appropriated first towards principal.

9.3. Commission, Exchange, Brokerage, Dividends and Locker Rent are accounted for as income on receipt basis.

9.4. Interest Income on Tax Refund is accounted based on the assessment orders passed.

[10] Employee Benefits

Provision for Pension, Gratuity, Privilege Leave and Sick Leave is made based on the actuarial valuation at the year-end as perthe Accounting Standard -15(Revised) issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of ndia. Net Actuarial gains and losses are recognized duringtheyear.

[11] Taxation

Provision for Income Tax is made after due consideration of the judicial pronouncements and legal opinion. Disputed taxes, not provided for are included underTontingent Liabilities".

Tax expenses for the year comprise of current Tax and Deferred Tax. Deferred Tax recognizes, subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of Deferred Tax Assets, timing differences being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in oneormoresubsequent periods.

[12] Net Profit

12.1 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

The Bank recognizes provisions only when it has a present obligation as a result of a past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and when a reasonable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made.

Contingent Assets are not recognized since this may result in the recognition of Income that may never be realized.

12.2 Net Profit is arrived at after accounting for the following "Provisions and Contingencies":

- Depreciation on Investments.

- Provision for IncomeTaxand Wealth Tax.

- Provision for loan losses.

- Write-off of certain Non-Performing Advances / investments.

- Provision for Standard Assets.

- Otherusual and necessary provisions.

- Transfer to contingencies.


Mar 31, 2010

[1] Accounting Convention

The accounts are prepared under the Historical cost convention and conform to the statutory provisions and prevailing practices, except as otherwise stated.

[2] Foreign Currency Translation / Conversion of Foreign Currencies

2.1. In respect of Foreign Branches, Assets and Liabilities are translated at the closing spot rate of exchange announced by FEDAI and Income and Expenditure items of the foreign branches are translated at the quarterly average closing rate published by FEDAI in accordance with Accounting Standard 11 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and as per the guidelines of Reserve Bank of India. The resultant exchange gains, if any, are taken to Foreign Currency Translation Reserve and loss, if any, net of reserves, is ta ken to Profit & Loss Accou nt.

2.2. In respect of Domestic Branches, Assets and Liabilities in foreign currency, Forward Exchange Contracts, Guarantees, Acceptances, Endorsements and Obligations are evaluated at the closing spot rate / forward rate for the residual maturity of the contract in accordance with Accounting Standard 11 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and as perthe guidelines of Reserve Bank of India.

Income and Expenditure items are accounted for at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transactions.

The gain or loss on such evaluation of outstanding Forward Exchange Contracts is taken to Profit & Loss Account.

[3] Investments

3.1. Classification of investments is made as per the guidelines of the Reserve Bank of India. The entire investment portfolio of the bank is classified under three categories viz. Held to Maturity, Available for sale and Held for Trading, which is decided at the time of acquisition of securities. Transfer of scrips, if any, from one category to another is done at the lowest of acquisition cost/book value/market value on the date of transfer and the depreciation, if any, on such transfer is fully provided for.

Investments are disclosed in the Balance Sheet under six classifications viz-, (a) Government securities, (b) Other approved securities, (c) Shares, (d) Debentures & Bonds, (e) Subsidiaries / Joint Ventures and (f) Others.

3.2. The valuation of Investments is done in accordance with the guidelines issued by the Reserve Bank of India as under-.

a) HELD TO MATURITY

Investments under Held to Maturity category are carried at acquisition cost, net of amortization, if any. The excess of acquisition cost, if any, over the face value is amortized over the remaining period of maturity.

Investments in Subsidiaries and Joint Ventures are valued at carrying cost. Any diminution in the value other than temporary in nature is fully provided for.

Investment in RRBs and other Trustee Shares are carried at cost.

Profit on sale of Investments in this category is first taken to the Profit and Loss Account and thereafter appropriated to the Capital Reserve Account net of taxes and Statutory Reserve. No amortisation is effected for securities sold during the year. Loss on sale is recognized in the Profit and Loss Account.

b) AVAILABLE FOR SALE

The individual securities under Available For Sale category are marked to market.

Central Government Securities are valued at market prices as per prices declared by Fixed Income Money Market and Derivatives Association of India (FIMMDA).

State Government securities and other approved securities a re valued by applying the YTM method by marking it up by 25 basis points above the yields of Central Government securities of equivalent maturity put out by FIMMDA.

Non SLR securities such as Debentures / Bonds (other than Debentures / Bonds which are in the nature of advance) are valued at market prices, if available, and if not, are valued applying YTM method by marking it up by additional basis points based on credit rating above the yields of Central Government Securities of equivalent maturity as put out by FIMMDA and the methodology suggested by FIMMDA.

Preference Shares are valued at YTM rates / redemption values, whichever is lower.

Quoted Sharesare valued at market prices.

Unquoted Shares are valued at break up value ascertained from the latest Balance Sheet not earlier than one year or otherwise at Re 1 per Company.

Treasury Bills and Commercial Papers are valued at carrying cost.

Units of Mutual Funds are valued at market rate or repurchase price or net asset value in that order depending on their availability.

Securities are valued script wise, and depreciation/ appreciation undereach subcategory isaggregated.

Based on the above valuation, net appreciation if any in each sub category is ignored while the net depreciation isfully provided.

c) HELDFORTRADING

The individual securities under Held For Trading category are valued periodically as per RBI guidelines, at market prices as available from the trades/quotes or as per prices declared by FIMMDA. In respect of each classification under this category, net depreciation is provided and net appreciation is ignored.

3.3. Costs such as brokerage, commission etc., relating to securities at the time of purchase are charged to Profit & Loss Account.

3.4. Broken period interest on debt instruments up to the date of acquisition/disposal is treated as revenue.

3.5. Security Receipts issued by Securitisation / Reconstruction Company (SC/RC) in respect of financial assets sold by the Bank to the SC/RC are valued at the lower of the redemption value of the Security Receipt and the Net Book Value of the financial asset. The Investment is carried in the books at the price determined as above and the sale/realization if any, is reduced from investment and the net book vali/e is shown.

The valuation, classification and other norms applicable to Investment in Non-SLR securities prescribed by RBI is applied to Banks investment in Security Receipts issued by SC/RC.

3.6. Non-Performing Investments (NPI) are identified as stated below, as per the guidelines issued by Reserve Bankoflndia.

[a] Securities/Preference Shares where interest / fixed dividend /instalment (including maturity proceeds) is due and remains unpaid for more than 90 days.

[b] Equity Shares valued at Re.l per company, where the latest Balance Sheet is not available or the Net worth of the Company is negative."

[c] If any credit facility availed by the issuer from the Bank is a non-performing advance, Investment in any of the securities issued by the same issuer is alsotreatedasNPI.

[4] Derivative Contracts

The Bank deals in Interest Rate Swaps and Currency Derivatives. The Interest Rate Derivatives dealt by the Bank are Rupee Interest Rate Swaps, Cross Currency Interest Rate Swaps and Forward Rate Agreements. Currency Derivatives dealt by the Bank are Options and Currency Swaps.

Based on Reserve Bankoflndia guidelines:

a. Derivatives used fortrading are marked to market and net depreciation is recognized while net appreciation is ignored.

b. Derivatives used for hedging are

i. Marked to market in case where the underlying Assets/Liabilities are marked to market.

ii. Income/Expenditure is accounted on accrual basis forHedgingswaps.

[5] Advances

5.1 Advances are classified as performing and non-performing assets and provisions are made in accordance with the prudential norms prescribed by Reserve Bankoflndia.

5.2 Advances are stated net of write off, provision for non-performing assets, claims received from Credit Guarantee institutions and re-discount.

5.3 In case of financial assets sold to the Securitization / Reconstruction Company, if the sale is at a price below the Net Book value (NBV), the shortfall is debited to the Profit & Loss Account. If the sale is for a value higher than the NBV, the excess provision held in the account is not reversed but held till redemption of the Security Receipt, wherever applicable.

[6] Fixed Assets

6.1. The premises of the Bank include freehold and leasehold properties. Land and Buildings are capitalised based on conveyance / letters of allotment/ agreement to lease, deposit made on long term leasehold properties and / or physical possession of the property.

6.2. Premises and other Fixed Assets are stated at historical cost except wherever revalued. The appreciation on revaluation, if any, is credited to the Revaluation Reserve Account. Depreciation / Amortization attributable to the enhanced value is transferred from Revaluation Reserve to the credit of Depreciation in the Profit and Loss Account.

[7] Depreciation

7.1. Fixed Assets excluding Computers are depreciated under Written Down Value Method at the rates determined by the management on the basis of estimated useful life of the respective assets. As per the guidelines of Reserve Bank of India, depreciation on Computers is charged at 33.33% on Straight-Line Method.

7.2. Premium paid on leasehold properties is charged off overthe lease period.

7.3. Depreciation on Assets given on Lease is charged on Written Down Value Method as per Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 after adjusting Capital recovery.

7.4. Depreciation on additions to fixed/leased assets is charged for the full year irrespective of the date of acquisition. No depreciation is provided intheyearof sale/disposal.

[8] Impairment of Assets:

Impairment losses on Fixed Assets, if any, are recognized in Profit & Loss Account in accordance with Accounting Standard AS-28 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

[9] Revenue Recognition

9.1. Income and expenditure are generally accounted on accrual basis.

9.2. In the case of Non-Performing Assets including Investments, income is recognised to the extent of realization, in accordance with the prudential norms prescribed by Reserve Bank of India. In respect of "Loans Past Due" accounts, recoveries are appropriated firsttowards principal.

9.3. Commission, Exchange, Brokerage, Dividends and Locker Rent are accounted for as income on receipt basis.

9.4. Interest Income on Tax Refund is accounted based on the assessment orders passed.

[10] Employee Benefits

Provision for Pension, Gratuity, Privilege Leave and Sick Leave is made based on the actuarial valuation at the year-end as per the Accounting Standard -15(Revised) issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. Net Actuarial gains and losses are recognized duringtheyear.

[11] Taxation

Provision for Income Tax is made after due consideration of the judicial pronouncements and legal opinion. Disputed taxes, not provided for are included underTontingent Liabilities".

Tax expenses for the year comprise of current Tax and Deferred Tax. Deferred Tax recognizes, subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of Deferred Tax Assets, timing differences being the difference between taxable income and accounting incomethat originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

[12] Net Profit

12.1 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

The Bank recognizes provisions only when it has a present obligation as a result of a past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and when a reasonable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made.

Contingent Assets are not recognized since this may result in the recognition of Incomethat may never be realized.

12.2 Net Profit is arrived at after accounting for the following "Provisions and Contingencies":

- Depreciation on Investments.

- Provision for IncomeTax and Wealth Tax.

- Provision for loan losses.

- Write-off ef certain Non-Performing Advances / Investments.

- Provision for Standard Assets.

- Other usual and necessary provisions.

- Transfer to contingencies.

 
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