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Accounting Policies of CAT Technologies Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2014

Basis for preparation of Financial Statements

These Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. These Financial Statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the accounting standards notified under Section 211(3C) [Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended from time to time] and the other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

All Assets and Liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as the case may be, as per the Company''s normal operative cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule VI of the Companies Act, 1956. Since the Company is in the business of Medical Transcription, Training, Software Development and consulting services, the Company has determined its operative cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current - noncurrent classification of Assets and Liabilities.

Preparation of the financial statements, in conformity with generally accepted principles, requires the use of estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities as at the Balance Sheet date, reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the year and disclosure of contingent liabilities as at that date. The estimates and the assumptions used in these financial statements are purely based upon the management''s evaluation of relevant facts and circumstances as of the date of the financial statements.

1.1. Tangible Assets

Tangible Assets are stated at acquisition cost, net of accumulated depreciation along with accumulated impairment losses. Cost comprises of the purchase price and other attributable direct & indirect expenses like inward freight, expenses, taxes and duties etc., and cost of borrowings till the date of capitalization.

Subsequent expenditures related to an item of fixed asset are added to its book value only if they increase the future benefits from the existing asset beyond items previously assessed standard of performance.

Gains or Losses arising from the retirement or disposal of fixed assets which are carried at cost are recognized in the statement of Profit and Loss Account.

Depreciation for the year has been provided on Straight-Line Method as per the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 and the same is consistent with the method followed by the Company in the previous years.

1.2. Intangible Assets

Intangible Assets are stated at acquisition cost, net of accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Intangible assets are amortised on straight line basis over their estimated life on the decision of the management. The amortization period and the amortization method are reviewed by the management at each financial year end. If the expected period of usage is significantly different from the previous estimates, the amortization period is changed accordingly based on the management decision.

Gains or losses arising from the retirement or disposal of an intangible asset are determined as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognized as income or expense as the case may be, in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.3. Borrowing Costs

General and specific borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets, that necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use of operation or sale, are added to the cost of the respective assets. All other borrowing costs are recognized as financial costs in Statement of Profit and Loss for the period in which they are incurred.

1.4. Impairment of Assets

Assessment is done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an asset (tangible and intangible) may be impaired. Assets, which are impaired by disuse or obsolescence, are segregated from the concerned asset category and shown as deletions in the Fixed Assets (schedule) and appropriate provision, is made for the difference between the net carrying cost, and the net realizable value in respect of the dismissed or deleted assets.

1.5. Investments

Investments that are readily reaslisable and are intended to be held for not more than one year, from the date of such investments, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments. Current investments are carried at cost or fair value, whichever is lower. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, suitable provision for diminution in value is made to recognize the decline, other than temporary, in the value of the relevant investments, individually.

1.6. Work In Process

Work In process is valued as sum of Direct expenses and other expenses allocable to the project.

1.7. Sundry Debtors and Advances

Sundry Debtors and Advances are considered at the realizable value. Specific debts and advances identified as irrecoverable and doubtful are written off or provided for respectively and the same are suitably considered in the Statement of Profit & Loss for the year.

1.8. Cash and Cash Equivalents

In the Financial Statements, cash and cash equivalents include cash in hand, cash at banks and fixed deposits with banks.

1.9. Foreign Currency Translation

Transactions effected during the year in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of respective transactions. Assets and Liabilities related to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the year-end are translated at contract rates, which are covered by foreign exchange contracts and at applicable year-end rate in other cases. Realized gains/losses, particularly in respect of Commercial Debts realized by way of foreign exchange transactions other than those relating to fixed assets, are considered appropriately in the Statement of Profit & Loss. Gain/Loss on transaction of long-term liabilities incurred to acquire fixed assets is treated as an adjustment to the carrying cost of the respective fixed assets.

1.10. Revenue Recognition

Revenue from software development on fixed-price and fixed -time frame contract, where there is no uncertainty as to measurement or collectability , revenue consideration is recognized as per the percentage of completion method.

2.11. Employee Benefits

Gratuity & Leave Encashment: Liability in respect of gratuity and leave encashment benefit on retirement is accounted for as and when paid. Hence no provision has been made.

1.12. Current and Deferred Tax

1.12.1 Current Tax: Tax expense for the period, comprising of current tax and deferred tax, are included in the determination of the net profit or loss for the year. Provision for Current tax is made for the amount expected to be paid in respect of the taxable income for the year in accordance with the taxation laws.

1.12.2 Deferred Tax: Deferred Tax is recognized on timing differences; being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and is capable of reversal in subsequent periods, subject to consideration of prudence.

2.12.3 Minimum Alternative Tax: MAT credit is recognized as an asset only to the extent that there is possible evidence that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. Such asset is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and the carrying amount of the MAT credit asset is written down to the extent there is no longer possible evidence to the effect that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified year.

1.13. Provisions and Contingent Liabilities

1.13.1. provisions: provisions are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and there is a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation. provisions are measured at the best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation at the Balance Sheet date and are not discounted to its present value.

1.13.2. Contingent Liabilities: Contingent liabilities are disclosed when there is a possible obligation arising from past events, the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the company or a present obligation that arises from past events where it is either not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle or a reliable estimate of the amount cannot be made, is termed as a contingent liability.

1.14. Leases

Leases in which a significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership are retained by the lessor are classified as operative leases. The company''s significant leasing arrangements are in respect of operating leases of office premises. The leasing arrangements are for a period ranging between one year to three years generally and are either renewable or cancelable by mutual consent and on agreed terms. payments made under operating leases are charged in the Statement of Profit and Loss Account.

1.15. Segment Reporting

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for the Company. Revenue and expenses have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment.

1.16. Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Earnings considered in ascertaining the Company''s earnings per share is the net profit for the period after applicable taxes for the period. The weighted average value of equity shares considered for EPS is Rs.10/- per equity share.


Mar 31, 2013

Basis for preparation of Financial Statements

These Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. These Financial Statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the accounting standards notified under Section 211(3C) [Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended from time to time] and the other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

All Assets and Liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as the case may be, as per the Company’s normal operative cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule VI of the Companies Act, 1956. Since the Company is in the business of Medical Transcription, Training, Software Development and consulting services, the Company has determined its operative cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current - noncurrent classification of Assets and Liabilities.

The Preparation of the financial statements, in conformity with generally accepted principles, requires the use of estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities as at the Balance Sheet date, reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the year and disclosure of contingent liabilities as at that date. The estimates and the assumptions used in these financial statements are purely based upon the management’s evaluation of relevant facts and circumstances as of the date of the financial statements.

1.1. Tangible Assets

Tangible Assets are stated at acquisition cost, net of accumulated depreciation along with accumulated impairment losses. Cost comprises of the purchase price and other attributable direct & indirect expenses like inward freight, expenses, taxes and duties etc., and cost of borrowings till the date of capitalization.

Subsequent expenditures related to an item of fixed asset are added to its book value only if they increase the future benefits from the existing asset beyond items previously assessed standard of performance.

Gains or Losses arising from the retirement or disposal of fixed assets which are carried at cost are recognized in the statement of Profit and Loss Account.

Depreciation for the year has been provided on Straight-Line Method as per the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 and the same is consistent with the method followed by the Company in the previous years.

1.2. Intangible Assets

Intangible Assets are stated at acquisition cost, net of accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Intangible assets are amortised on straight line basis over their estimated life on the decision of the management. The amortization period and the amortization method are reviewed by the management at each financial year end. If the expected period of usage is significantly different from the previous estimates, the amortization period is changed accordingly based on the management decision.

Gains or losses arising from the retirement or disposal of an intangible asset are determined as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognized as income or expense as the case may be, in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.3. Borrowing Costs

General and specific borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets, that necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use of operation or sale, are added to the cost of the respective assets. All other borrowing costs are recognized as financial costs in Statement of Profit and Loss for the period in which they are incurred.

1.4. Impairment of Assets

Assessment is done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an asset (tangible and intangible) may be impaired. Assets, which are impaired by disuse or obsolescence, are segregated from the concerned asset category and shown as deletions in the Fixed Assets (schedule) and appropriate provision, is made for the difference between the net carrying cost, and the net realizable value in respect of the dismissed or deleted assets.

1.5. Investments

Investments that are readily reaslisable and are intended to be held for not more than one year, from the date of such investments, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments. Current investments are carried at cost or fair value, whichever is lower. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, suitable provision for diminution in value is made to recognize the decline, other than temporary, in the value of the relevant investments, individually.

1.6. Work In Process

Work In Process is valued as sum of Direct expenses and other expenses allocable to the project.

1.7. Sundry Debtors and Advances

Sundry Debtors and Advances are considered at the realizable value. Specific debts and advances identified as irrecoverable and doubtful are written off or provided for respectively and the same are suitably considered in the Statement of Profit & Loss for the year.

1.8. Cash and Cash Equivalents

In the Financial Statements, cash and cash equivalents include cash in hand, cash at banks and fixed deposits with banks.

1.9. Foreign Currency Translation

Transactions effected during the year in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of respective transactions. Assets and Liabilities related to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the year-end are translated at contract rates, which are covered by foreign exchange contracts and at applicable year-end rate in other cases. Realized gains/losses, particularly in respect of Commercial Debts realized by way of foreign exchange transactions other than those relating to fixed assets, are considered appropriately in the Statement of Profit & Loss. Gain/Loss on transaction of long-term liabilities incurred to acquire fixed assets is treated as an adjustment to the carrying cost of the respective fixed assets.

1.10. Revenue Recognition

Revenue from software development on fixed-price and fixed -time frame contract, where there is no uncertainty as to measurement or collectability , revenue consideration is recognized as per the percentage of completion method.

1.11. Employee Benefits

Gratuity & Leave Encashment: Liability in respect of gratuity and leave encashment benefit on retirement is accounted for as and when paid. Hence no provision has been made.

1.12. Current and Deferred Tax

1.12.1 Current Tax:

Tax expense for the period, comprising of current tax and deferred tax, are included in the determination of the net profit or loss for the year. Provision for Current tax is made for the amount expected to be paid in respect of the taxable income for the year in accordance with the taxation laws.

1.12.2 Deferred Tax:

Deferred Tax is recognized on timing differences; being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and is capable of reversal in subsequent periods, subject to consideration of prudence.

1.12.3 Minimum Alternative Tax:

MAT credit is recognized as an asset only to the extent that there is possible evidence that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. Such asset is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and the carrying amount of the MAT credit asset is written down to the extent there is no longer possible evidence to the effect that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified year.

1.13. Provisions and Contingent Liabilities

1.13.1. Provisions:

Provisions are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and there is a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are measured at the best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation at the Balance Sheet date and are not discounted to its present value.

1.13.2. Contingent Liabilities:

Contingent liabilities are disclosed when there is a possible obligation arising from past events, the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the company or a present obligation that arises from past events where it is either not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle or a reliable estimate of the amount cannot be made, is termed as a contingent liability.

1.14. Leases

Leases in which a significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership are retained by the lessor are classified as operative leases. The company’s significant leasing arrangements are in respect of operating leases of office premises. The leasing arrangements are for a period ranging between one year to three years generally and are either renewable or cancelable by mutual consent and on agreed terms. Payments made under operating leases are charged in the Statement of Profit and Loss Account.

1.15. Segment Reporting

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for the Company. Revenue and expenses have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment.

1.16. Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Earnings considered in ascertaining the Company’s earnings per share is the net profit for the period after applicable taxes for the period. The weighted average value of equity shares considered for EPS is Rs.10/- per equity share.


Mar 31, 2012

Basis for preparation of Financial Statements

These Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. These Financial Statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the accounting standards notified under Section 211(3C) [Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended from time to time] and the other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

All Assets and Liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as the case may be, as per the Company''s normal operative cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule VI of the Companies Act, 1956. Since the Company is in the business of Medical Transcription, Training, Software Development and consulting services, the Company has determined its operative cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current - noncurrent classification of Assets and Liabilities.

The preparation of the financial statements, in conformity with generally accepted principles, requires the use of estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities as at the Balance Sheet date, reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the year and disclosure of contingent liabilities as at that date. The estimates and the assumptions used in these financial statements are purely based upon the management''s evaluation of relevant facts and circumstances as of the date of the financial statements.

1.1. Tangible Assets

Tangible Assets are stated at acquisition cost, net of accumulated depreciation along with accumulated impairment losses. Cost comprises of the purchase price and other attributable indirect expenses including cost of borrowings till the date of capitalization. In the case of assets involving material investment and substantial lead time for their set up, those assets are valued at cost including inward freight, expenses, taxes and duties etc, as applicable.

Subsequent expenditures related to an item of fixed asset are added to its book value only if they increase the future benefits from the existing asset beyond items previously assessed standard of performance.

Gains or Losses arising from the retirement or disposal of fixed assets which are carried at cost are recognized in the statement of Profit and Loss Account.

Depreciation for the year has been provided on Straight-Line Method as per the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 and the same is consistent with the method followed by the Company in the previous years.

1.2. Intangible Assets

Intangible Assets are stated at acquisition cost, net of accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Intangible assets are amortised on a straight line basis over their estimated period based on the decision of the management. The amortization period and the amortization method are reviewed by the management at each financial year end. If the expected period of usage is significantly different from the previous estimates, the amortization period is changed accordingly based on the management decision.

Gains or losses arising from the retirement or disposal of an intangible asset are determined as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognized as income or expense as the case may be, in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.3. Borrowing Costs

General and specific borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets, that necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use of operation or sale, are added to the cost of the respective assets. All other borrowing costs are recognized as financial costs in Statement of Profit and Loss for the period in which they are incurred.

1.4. Impairment of Assets

Assessment is done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an asset (tangible and intangible) may be impaired. Assets, which are impaired by disuse or obsolescence, are segregated from the concerned asset category and shown as deletions in the Fixed Assets (schedule) and appropriate provision, is made for the difference between the net carrying cost, and the net realizable value in respect of the dismissed or deleted assets.

1.5. Investments

Investments that are readily reaslisable and are intended to be held for not more than one year, from the date of such investments, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments. Current investments are carried at cost or fair value, whichever is lower. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, suitable provision for diminution in value is made to recognize the decline, other than temporary, in the value of the relevant investments, individually.

1.6. Work In Process

Work In Process is valued as sum of Direct expenses and other expenses allocable to the project.

1.7. Sundry Debtors and Advances

Sundry Debtors and Advances are considered at the realizable value. Specific debts and advances identified as irrecoverable and doubtful are written off or provided for respectively and the same are suitably considered in the Statement of Profit and Loss Account for the year.

1.8. Cash and Cash Equivalents

In the Financial Statements, cash and cash equivalents include cash in hand, cash at banks and fixed deposits with banks.

1.9. Foreign Currency Translation

Transactions effected during the year in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of respective transactions. Assets and Liabilities related to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the year-end are translated at contract rates, which are covered by foreign exchange contracts and at applicable year-end rate in other cases. Realized gains/losses, particularly in respect of Commercial Debts realized by way of foreign exchange transactions other than those relating to fixed assets, are considered appropriately in the Statement of Profit and Loss Account. Gain/Loss on transaction of long-term liabilities incurred to acquire fixed assets is treated as an adjustment to the carrying cost of the respective fixed assets.

1.10. Revenue Recognition

Revenue from software development on fixed-price and fixed -time frame contract, where there is no uncertainty as to measurement or collectability , revenue consideration is recognized as per the percentage of completion method.

1.11. Employee Benefits

Gratuity & Leave Encashment: Liability in respect of gratuity and leave encashment benefit on retirement is accounted for as and when paid. Hence no provision has been made.

1.12. Current and Deferred Tax

1.12.1 Current Tax: Tax expense for the period, comprising of current tax and deferred tax, are included in the determination of the net profit or loss for the year. Provision for Current tax is made for the amount expected to be paid in respect of the taxable income for the year in accordance with the taxation laws.

1.12.2 Deferred Tax: Deferred Tax is recognized on timing differences; being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and is capable of reversal in subsequent periods, subject to consideration of prudence.

1.12.3 Minimum Alternative Tax: MAT credit is recognized as an asset only to the extent that there is possible evidence that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. Such asset is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and the carrying amount of the MAT credit asset is written down to the extent there is no longer possible evidence to the effect that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified year.

1.13. Provisions and Contingent Liabilities

1.13.1. Provisions: Provisions are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and there is a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are measured at the best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation at the Balance Sheet date and are not discounted to its present value.

1.13.2. Contingent Liabilities: Contingent liabilities are disclosed when there is a possible obligation arising from past events, the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the company or a present obligation that arises from past events where it is either not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle or a reliable estimate of the amount cannot be made, is termed as a contingent liability.

1.14. Leases

Leases in which a significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership are retained by the lessor are classified as operative leases. The company''s significant leasing arrangements are in respect of operating leases of office premises. The leasing arrangements are for a period ranging between one year to three years generally and are either renewable or cancelable by mutual consent and on agreed terms. Payments made under operating leases are charged in the Statement of Profit and Loss Account.

1.15. Segment Reporting

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for the Company. Revenue and expenses have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment.

1.16. Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Earnings considered in ascertaining the Company''s earnings per share is the net profit for the period after applicable taxes for the period. The weighted average value of equity shares considered for EPS is Rs.10/- per equity share.


Mar 31, 2010

1. GENERAL

a) The accounts have been prepared on historical cost basis ignoring changes, if any, in the purchasing power of money and on accounting principles of going concern.

b) All revenues and expenses are accounted on accrual basis, except to the extent stated other wise.

c) Accounting policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent and in consonanc with generally accepted accounting principles.

2. FIXED ASSETS

a) Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition as reduced by accumulated depreciation.

b) The Cost of assets includes direct/indirect and incidental cost incurred to bring them into their present location and condition.

3. DEPRECIATION

a) Depreciation on fixed assets except intangible asset (Software) has been provided on Straight Line Method on prorata basis at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 except assets not put to use.

b) Depreciation on intangible asset (Software) is charged at the rate of 33.33% by taking the useful life as three years.

4. GOODWILL

The Purchased goodwill has to be written off over a period of 5 years.

5. PRELIMINARY AND PUBLIC ISSUE EXPENSES

Preliminary Expenditure and Public issue expenses are written off over a period of ten years.

 
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