Jun 30, 2014
A) Basis of preparation
The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the Notifed accounting standard by Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (Âthe ActÂ). The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis except in case of assets for which provision for impairment is made and revaluation is carried out. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.
b) Use of estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that afect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period end. Although these estimates are based upon managementÂs best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could difer from these estimates.
c) Fixed Assets
Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed assets which takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use are also included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to be put to use.
Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on straight line basis at the rates based on estimated useful life of the asset which is envisaged by schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956, except for leasehold improvements. Leasehold improvements are amortized over a period of lease or useful life whichever is less.
i. The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal / external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.
ii. After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life
f) Intangible Assets
Goodwill is amortized using the straight-line method over a period of ten years.
The Company capitalizes software and related implementation cost where it is reasonably estimated that the software has an enduring useful life. SoftwareÂs including operating system licenses are amortized over their estimated useful life of 6 Â 9 years.
Leases where the lessor efectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased term, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the profit and Loss account on a straight-line basis over the lease term.
Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline, other than temporary, in the value of the investments.
Inventories are valued as lower of cost and net realizable value. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business.
j) Revenue recognition
Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will fow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.
(i) Syndication fees and brokerage income
Syndication fees and brokerage income are accounted on achievements of the milestones as per the mandates / agreements with the clients, where there are no mandates / agreements, as per the terms confirmed and agreed by clients. Non refundable upfront fees received from the clients are accounted as income immediately. In the event of project stipulates performance measures, revenue is considered earned when such performance measures have been completed.
(ii) Income from trading in bonds
Income from trading in bonds is accounted when the risk and rewards of ownership of the bonds are passed to the customer, which is generally on sale of bonds.
(iii) Interest income
Revenue is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.
Revenue is recognized when the shareholdersÂ right to receive payment is established by the balance sheet date.
(v) profit / Loss on sale of investments
profit or loss on sale of investments is determined on the basis of the weighted average cost method.
k) Foreign currency transactions
(i) Initial Recognition
Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.
Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are
carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction; and non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.
(iii) Exchange Diferences
Exchange diferences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting CompanyÂs monetary items at rates diferent from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise. Exchange diferences arising in respect of fixed assets acquired from outside India on or before accounting period commencing after December 7, 2006 are capitalized as a part of fixed asset.
l) Retirement and other employee benefits
Retirement benefits in the form of Provident Fund are a Defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the profit and Loss Account of the year when the contributions to the fund is due. There are no other obligations other than the contribution payable to the fund.
(i) Under Payment of Gratuity Act,1972 ÂGratuity liability is a Defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation on Projected Unit Credit Method made at the end of the financial yearÂ. The Company makes contribution to a scheme administered by the Life Insurance Corporation of India (ÂLICÂ) to discharge the gratuity liability to employees. The Company records its gratuity liability based on an actuarial valuation made by an independent actuary as at year end. Contribution made to the LIC fund and provision made for the funded amounts are expensed in the books of accounts.
(ii) Long term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation. The actuarial valuation is done as per Projected Unit Credit Method.
(iii) All actuarial gains / losses are immediately taken to the profit and Loss account and are not deferred.
m) Income taxes
Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred income taxes refects the impact of current year timing diferences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing diferences of earlier years.
Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are ofset, if a legally enforceable right exists to set of current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities relate to the taxes on income levied by same governing taxation laws. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that
there is reasonable certainty that sufcient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realized against future taxable profits.
At each balance sheet date the Company re-assesses unrecognized deferred tax assets. It recognizes unrecognized deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be that sufcient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.
The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of a deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufcient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realized. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufcient future taxable income will be available.
In case the Company is liable to pay income tax u/s 115JB of Income Tax Act, 1961 (i.e. MAT), the amount of tax paid in excess of normal income tax is recognised as an asset (MAT Credit Entitlement) only if there is convincing evidence for realisation of such asset during the specified period. MAT credit entitlement is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date.
n) Segment Reporting Policies
Identifcation of segments :
The CompanyÂs operating businesses are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products and services provided, with each segment representing a strategic business unit that ofers diferent products and serves diferent markets. The analysis of geographical segments is based on the areas in which major operating divisions of the Company operate.
Allocation of common costs:
Common allocable costs are allocated to each segment according to the relative contribution of each segment to the total common costs.
Includes general corporate income and expense items which are not allocated to any business segment.
The company prepares its segment information in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for preparing and presenting the financial statements of the company as a whole.
o) Earnings Per Share
Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.
For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the efects of all dilutive potential equity shares.
A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to refect the current best estimates.
q) Cash and Bank Balances
Cash and cash equivalents in the balance sheet comprise cash at bank and in hand.
r) Borrowing costs
Borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which these are incurred.
The company has one class of equity shares having a par value of Rs. 1/- each. Each holder of equity shares is entitled to one vote per share. (Refer Note.34). Out of 416,032,740 Equity shares, 346,693,950 Equity shares have been issued for consideration other than cash.
Share allotted as fully paid up pursuant to contract(s) without payment being received in cash(during 5 years immediately preceding June 30,2014).
During the year, Company has allotted Bonus Shares in the proportion of 5 (Five) Equity Share of Rs. 1/- each for every 1 (One) Equity Share of Rs. 1/- each by capitalizing Rs. 34,66,93,950/- out of its Securities Premium Account. In the year ended June 30, 2012, 105,783 equity shares were allotted to Capital First Limited (formerly known as Future Capital Holdings Limited) for consideration other than cash pursuant to Share Transfer agreement dated March 29, 2011.