Home  »  Company  »  Century Enka  »  Quotes  »  Accounting Policy
Enter the first few characters of Company and click 'Go'

Accounting Policies of Century Enka Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2017

1 Company Overview

Century Enka Limited (the Company) is a Public Limited Company incorporated in India having its registered office at Pune, Maharastra, India. The Company is engaged in the manufacturing and selling of ‘Synthetic Yarn’ and related products.

2 Significant Accounting Policies

(a) Statement of Compliance

These financial statements are prepared in accordance with the Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) notified under the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015 as amended by the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards)(Amendment) Rules, 2016, the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 (‘’the Act’’) and guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), as applicable.

The financial statements for the year ended March 31, 2017 are the Company’s first Ind AS financial statements. The date of transition to Ind AS is April 1, 2015. Accordingly, the Company has prepared an opening Ind AS Balance Sheet as on April 1, 2015 and comparative figures for the year ended March 31, 2016 are also in compliance with Ind AS.

The financial statements are authorized for issue by the Board of Directors of the Company at their meeting held on May 10, 2017.

(b) Basis of Preparation and Presentation:

Basis of Preparation

The financial statements have been prepared on a historical cost basis, except for the following assets and liabilities:

(i) Derivative Financial Instruments measured at fair value

(ii) Certain financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value (refer accounting policy regarding financial instruments)

(iii) Employee’s Defined Benefit Plan as per actuarial valuation

Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date under current market conditions, regardless of whether that price is directly observable or estimated using another valuation technique. In determining the fair value of an asset or a liability, the Company takes into account the characteristics of the asset or liability if market participants would take those characteristics into account when pricing the asset or liability at the measurement date.

Functional and Presentation Currency

The financial statements are presented in Indian Rupees, which is the functional currency of the Company and the currency of the primary economic environment in which the Company operates.

Classification of Assets and Liabilities into Current/Non-Current

The Company has ascertained its operating cycle as twelve months for the purpose of Current / Non-Current classification of its Assets and Liabilities.

For the purpose of Balance Sheet, an asset is classified as current if:

(i) It is expected to be realized, or is intended to be sold or consumed, in the normal operating cycle; or

(ii) It is held primarily for the purpose of trading; or

(iii) It is expected to realize the asset within twelve months after the reporting period; or

(iv) The asset is a cash or cash equivalent unless it is restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least twelve months after the reporting period.

All other assets are classified as non-current.

Similarly, a liability is classified as current if:

(i) It is expected to be settled in the normal operating cycle; or

(ii) It is held primarily for the purpose of trading; or

(iii) It is due to be settled within twelve months after the reporting period; or

(iv) The Company does not have an unconditional right to defer the settlement of the liability for at least twelve months after the reporting period. Terms of a liability that could result in its settlement by the issue of equity instruments at the option of the counterparty does not affect this classification.

All other liabilities are classified as non-current.

(c) Property, Plant and Equipment (PPE):

The initial cost of PPE comprises its purchase price, including import duties and non-refundable purchase taxes, and any directly attributable costs of bringing an asset to working condition and location for its intended use, including relevant borrowing costs and any expected costs of decommissioning. Expenditure incurred after the PPE have been put into operation, such as repairs and maintenance, are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which the costs are incurred.

If significant parts of an item of PPE have different useful lives, then they are accounted for as separate items (major components) of PPE.

Material items such as spare parts, stand-by equipment and service equipment are classified as PPE when they meet the definition of PPE as specified in Ind AS 16 - Property, Plant and Equipment.

(d) Expenditure during construction period:

Expenditure/ Income during construction period (including financing cost related to borrowed funds for construction or acquisition of qualifying PPE) is included under Capital Work-in-Progress, and the same is allocated to the respective PPE on the completion of their construction. Advances given towards acquisition or construction of PPE outstanding at each reporting date are disclosed as Capital Advances under “Other non-current Assets"

(e) Depreciation:

Depreciation is the systematic allocation of the depreciable amount of PPE over its useful life and is provided on a straight-line basis over the useful lives as prescribed in Schedule II to the Act or as per technical assessment.

Depreciable amount for PPE is the cost of PPE less its estimated residual value. The useful life of PPE is the period over which PPE is expected to be available for use by the Company, or the number of production or similar units expected to be obtained from the asset by the Company.

In case of certain classes of PPE, the Company uses different useful lives than those prescribed in Schedule II to the Act. The useful lives have been assessed based on technical advice, taking into account the nature of the PPE and the estimated usage of the asset on the basis of management’s best estimation of obtaining economic benefits from those classes of assets.

Depreciation on additions is provided on a pro-rata basis from the month of installation or acquisition and in case of Projects from the date of commencement of commercial production. Depreciation on deductions/disposals is provided on a pro-rata basis up to the month of deduction/disposal.

Residual value for Air Conditioners, Furniture and Fittings, Office Equipment’s, Computers and servers is considered Nil.

(f) Intangible Assets and Amortization:

- Internally generated Intangible Assets: (Research and Development expenditure)

Expenditure pertaining to research is expensed as incurred. Expenditure incurred on development is capitalized if such expenditure leads to creation of an asset, otherwise such expenditure is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

- Intangible Assets acquired separately:

Intangible assets that are acquired separately are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment, if any. The Company determines the amortization period as the period over which the future economic benefits will flow to the Company after taking into account all relevant facts and circumstances. The estimated useful life and amortization method are reviewed periodically, with the effect of any changes in estimate being accounted for on a prospective basis.

(g) Impairment of Non-Financial Assets

At the end of each reporting period, the Company reviews the carrying amounts of non-financial assets to determine whether there is any indication that those assets have suffered an impairment loss. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated in order to determine the extent of the impairment loss (if any). When it is not possible to estimate the recoverable amount of an individual asset, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs. When a reasonable and consistent basis of allocation can be identified, corporate assets are also allocated to individual cash-generating units, or otherwise they are allocated to the smallest group of cash-generating units for which a reasonable and consistent allocation basis can be identified.

Intangible assets with indefinite useful lives and intangible assets not yet available for use are tested for impairment at least annually, and whenever there is an indication that the asset may be impaired.

Recoverable amount is the higher of fair value less costs of disposal and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset for which the estimates of future cash flows have not been adjusted.

If the recoverable amount of an asset (or cash-generating unit) is estimated to be less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount of the asset (or cash-generating unit) is reduced to its recoverable amount. An impairment loss is recognized immediately in Statement of Profit and Loss, unless the relevant asset is carried at a revalued amount, in which case the impairment loss is treated as a revaluation decrease.

When an impairment loss subsequently reverses, the carrying amount of the asset (or a cash-generating unit) is increased to the revised estimate of its recoverable amount, but to the extent that the increased carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset (or cash-generating unit) in prior years. A reversal of an impairment loss is recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss, unless the relevant asset is carried at a revalued amount, in which case the reversal of the impairment loss is treated as a revaluation increase.

(h) Inventories:

Inventories are valued as follows:

- Raw materials, fuel, stores & spare parts and packing materials:

Valued at lower of cost and net realizable value (NRV). However, these items are considered to be realizable at cost, if the finished products, in which they will be used, are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on weighted average basis. The cost of inventory comprises its purchase price, including non-refundable purchase taxes, and any directly attributable costs related to the inventories.

- Work-in- progress (WIP), finished goods, stock-in-trade and trial run inventories:

Valued at lower of cost and NRV. Cost of Finished goods and WIP includes cost of raw materials, direct labor, other direct costs and related production overheads up to the relevant stage of completion. Cost of inventories is computed on weighted average basis.

- Waste / Scrap:

Waste / Scrap and Byproduct inventory is valued at NRV.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

(i) Borrowing Costs:

General and specific borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalized as part of the cost of such asset till such time the asset is ready for its intended use and borrowing costs are being incurred. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

Borrowing cost includes interest expense, amortization of discounts, hedge related cost incurred in connection with foreign currency borrowings, ancillary costs incurred in connection with borrowing of funds and exchange difference arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the Interest cost.

Investment income earned on the temporary investment of specific borrowings pending their expenditure on qualifying assets is deducted from the borrowing costs eligible for capitalization.

(j) Government Grants and Subsidies:

Government grants are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a systematic basis over the periods in which the Company recognizes the related costs for which the grants are intended to compensate.

Government grants are not recognized until there is reasonable assurance that the Company will comply with the conditions attached to them and that the grants will be received.

(k) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provisions are recognized when the Company has a present obligation (legal or constructive) as a result of a past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources, that can be reliably estimated, will be required to settle such an obligation.

I f the effect of the time value of money is material, provisions are determined by discounting the expected future cash flows to net present value using an appropriate pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and, where appropriate, the risks specific to the liability. Unwinding of the discount is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss as a finance cost. Provisions are reviewed at each reporting date and are adjusted to reflect the current best estimate.

A present obligation that arises from past events where it is either not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle or a reliable estimate of the amount cannot be made, is disclosed as a contingent liability. Contingent liabilities are also disclosed when there is a possible obligation arising from past events, the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non -occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company.

Claims against the Company where the possibility of any outflow of resources in settlement is remote, are not disclosed as contingent liabilities.

Contingent assets are not recognized in financial statements since this may result in the recognition of income that may never be realized. However, when the realization of income is virtually certain, then the related asset is not a contingent asset and is recognized .

(l) Revenue Recognition:

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the amount can be reliably measured.

Sale of goods: Revenue is measured at the fair value of consideration received or receivable taking into account the amount of discounts, volume rebates, outgoing sales taxes and are recognized when all significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods sold are transferred to buyer and there is no managerial involvement and effective control over goods.

other Income:

- Dividend Income is accounted for when the right to receive the income is established.

- Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding on effective interest rate.

- Difference between the sale price and carrying value of investment is recognized as profit or loss on sale / redemption on investment on trade date of transaction.

(m) Lease:

Leases are classified as finance leases whenever the terms of the lease transfer substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership to the lessee. All other leases are classified as Operating Leases.

operating Lease: Lease rentals are charged or recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term, except where the payment are structured to increase in line with expected general inflation to compensate for the expected inflationary cost increase.

Finance Lease: Assets held under finance leases are recognized as assets of the Company at their fair value at the inception of the lease or, if lower, at the present value of the minimum lease payments. The corresponding liability to the less or is included in the Balance Sheet as a finance lease obligation. Lease payments are apportioned between finance charges and reduction of the lease obligation so as to achieve a constant rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability. Finance charges are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss, unless they are directly attributable to qualifying assets, in which case they are capitalized in accordance with the Company’s policy on borrowing costs.

(n) Employee benefits:

Defined benefit plan

For defined benefit plans, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the projected unit credit method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at the end of each annual reporting period. Re-measurement, comprising actuarial gains and losses, the effect of the changes to the asset ceiling (if applicable) and the return on plan assets (excluding net interest), is reflected immediately in the Balance Sheet with a charge or credit recognized in Other Comprehensive Income (OCI) in the period in which they occur. Re-measurement recognized in OCI is reflected immediately in retained earnings and will not be reclassified to Statement of Profit and Loss. Past service cost is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period of a plan amendment. Net interest is calculated by applying the discount rate at the beginning of the period to the net defined benefit liability or asset. Defined benefit costs are categorized as follows:

- Service cost (including current service cost, past service cost, as well as gains and losses on curtailments and settlements);

- Net interest expense or income; and

- Remeasurement

The present value of the defined benefit plan liability is calculated using a discount rate which is determined by reference to market yields at the end of the reporting period on government bonds.

The defined benefit obligation recognized in the Balance Sheet represents the actual deficit or surplus in the Company’s defined benefit plans. Any surplus resulting from this calculation is limited to the present value of any economic benefits available in the form of refunds from the plans or reductions in future contributions to the plans.

Defined contribution plan

Superannuation:

The company has Defined Contribution Plan for Post Employment benefits in the form of Superannuation schemes for eligible employees. The scheme is administered through Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) and Trust which is administered by the Trustees. In respect of this scheme, the Company has no further obligation beyond its contributions.

Employee’s Family Pension

The Company has Defined Contribution Plan for Post Employment benefits in the form of family pension for eligible employees, which is administered by the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner. Company has no further obligation beyond its contributions.

Provident Fund

Contribution towards provident fund for certain employees is made to the regulatory authorities, where the Company has no further obligations. Such benefits are classified as Defined Contribution Scheme as the Company does not carry any further obligations, apart from the contributions made on a monthly basis.

I n respect of certain employees, Provident Fund contributions are made to the Trust set up and administered by the Company. If the board of trustees are unable to pay interest at the rate declared by the government under Para 60 of the Employees provident fund scheme, 1972 for the reason that the return on investment is less or for any other reason, then the deficiency shall be made good by the Company making interest shortfall a defined benefit plan. Accordingly, the Company obtains actuarial valuation and having regard to the assets of the fund and the return on investments, the Company does not expect any deficiency as at the year end. If there is a deficiency as at any Balance Sheet date, then, the same will be recognized in the Statement of Profit or Loss / Other Comprehensive Income in the year in which it arises.

Short-term and other long-term employee benefits

Liabilities for wages, salaries and bonus (as per the payment of bonus Act, 1965) including non-monetary benefits that are expected to be settled wholly within 12 months after the end of the period in which the employees and workmen render the related service are recognized in respect of employee’s services up to the end of the reporting period and are measured at the amount expected to be paid when the liabilities are settled.

Compensated Absences

The Accumulated compensated absences, which are expected to be availed or encased within 12 months from the end of the year are treated as short term employee benefits. The obligation towards the same is measured at the expected cost of accumulating compensated absences as the additional amount expected to be paid as a result of the unused entitlement as at the year end.

Accumulated compensated absences, which are expected to be availed or encashed beyond 12 months from the end of the year are treated as other long-term employee benefits. The company’s liability is actuarially determined (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of each year. Actuarial losses/gains are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they arise.

(o) Income Tax:

Income Tax expenses comprise current tax and deferred tax charge or credit.

Current Tax is measured on the basis of estimated taxable income for the current accounting period in accordance with the applicable tax rates and the provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961 and other applicable tax laws.

Deferred tax is provided, on all temporary differences at the reporting date between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts for financial reporting purposes. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured at the tax rates that are expected to be applied to the temporary differences when they reverse, based on the laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the reporting date. Tax relating to items recognized directly in equity or OCI is recognized in equity or OCI and not in the Statement Profit and Loss.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset if there is a legally enforceable right to offset current tax liabilities and assets, and they relate to income taxes levied by the same tax authority.

A deferred tax asset is recognized to the extent that it is probable that future taxable profits will be available against which the temporary difference can be utilized. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each reporting date and are reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable.

(p) Earnings Per Share:

The basic Earnings Per Share (“EPS”) is computed by dividing the net profit / (loss) after tax for the year attributable to the equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, net profit/(loss) after tax for the year attributable to the equity shareholders and the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

(q) Foreign Currency transactions:

I n preparing the financial statements of the Company, transactions in currencies other than the Company’s functional currency (i.e. foreign currencies) are recognized at the rates of exchange prevailing at the dates of the transactions. At the end of each reporting period, monetary items denominated in foreign currencies are translated at the rates prevailing at that date. Non-monetary items carried at fair value that are denominated in foreign currencies are translated at the rates prevailing at the date when the fair value was determined. Non-monetary items that are measured in terms of historical cost in a foreign currency are translated using the exchange rate as at the date of initial transactions.

Exchange differences on monetary items are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they arise except for:

exchange differences on foreign currency borrowings relating to assets under construction for future productive use, which are included in the cost of those assets when they are regarded as an adjustment to interest costs on those foreign currency borrowings.

(r) Financial Instruments:

Financial assets and financial liabilities are recognized when a Company becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instruments. Initial Recognition:

Financial assets and financial liabilities are initially measured at fair value. Transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or issue of financial assets and financial liabilities (other than financial assets and financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss and ancillary costs related to borrowings) are added to or deducted from the fair value of the financial assets or financial liabilities, as appropriate, on initial recognition. Transaction costs directly attributable to the acquisition of financial assets or financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss are recognized immediately in Statement of Profit and Loss.

Classification and Subsequent Measurement: Financial Assets

The Company classifies financial assets as subsequently measured at amortized cost, fair value through other comprehensive income (“FVOCI”) or fair value through profit or loss (“FVTPL’) on the basis of following:

- the entity’s business model for managing the financial assets and

- the contractual cash flow characteristics of the financial asset.

Amortized Cost:

A financial asset shall be classified and measured at amortized cost if both of the following conditions are met:

- the financial asset is held within a business model whose objective is to hold financial assets in order to collect contractual cash flows and

- the contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

Fair Value through OCI:

A financial asset shall be classified and measured at fair value through OCI if both of the following conditions are met:

- the financial asset is held within a business model whose objective is achieved by both collecting contractual cash flows and selling financial assets and

- the contractual terms of the financial asset give rise on specified dates to cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding.

Where the Company has elected to present the fair value gain on equity instruments in other comprehensive income, there is no subsequent classification of fair value gain or losses to profit and loss account. Dividend from such instruments is recognized in profit and loss account as other income where right to receive is established.

Fair Value through Profit or Loss:

A financial asset shall be classified and measured at fair value through profit or loss unless it is measured at amortized cost or at fair value through OCI.

All recognized financial assets are subsequently measured in their entirety at either amortized cost or fair value, depending on the classification of the financial assets.

Classification and Subsequent Measurement: Financial liabilities

Financial liabilities are classified as either financial liabilities at FVTPL or ‘other financial liabilities.

Financial Liabilities at FVTPL:

Financial liabilities are classified as at FVTPL when the financial liability is held for trading or are designated upon initial recognition as FVTPL:

Gains or Losses on liabilities held for trading are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Other Financial Liabilities:

Other financial liabilities (including borrowings and trade and other payables) are subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method.

Impairment of financial assets:

Financial assets, other than those at FVTPL, are assessed for indicators of impairment at the end of each reporting period. The Company recognizes a loss allowance for expected credit losses on financial asset. In case of trade receivables, the Company follows the simplified approach permitted by Ind AS 109 - Financial Instruments for recognition of impairment loss allowance. The application of simplified approach does not require the Company to track changes in credit risk. The Company calculates the expected credit losses on trade receivables using a provision matrix on the basis of its historical credit loss experience.

Derecognition of financial assets:

The Company derecognizes a financial asset when the contractual rights to the cash flows from the asset expire, or when it transfers the financial asset and substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of the asset to another party. If the Company neither transfers nor retains substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership and continues to control the transferred asset, the Company recognizes its retained interest in the asset and an associated liability for amounts it may have to pay. If the Company retains substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of a transferred financial asset, the Company continues to recognize the financial asset and also recognizes a collateralized borrowing for the proceeds received.

On derecognition of a financial asset, other than investments classified as FVOCI, in its entirety, the difference between the asset’s carrying amount and the sum of the consideration received and receivable and the cumulative gain or loss that had been recognized in other comprehensive income and accumulated in equity is recognized in profit or loss if such gain or loss would have otherwise been recognized in profit or loss on disposal of that financial asset.

On derecognition of equity investments classified as FVOCI, accumulated gains or loss recognized in OCI is transferred to retained earnings.

(s) Financial liabilities and equity instruments:

Classification as debt or equity

Debt and equity instruments issued by the Company are classified as either financial liabilities or as equity in accordance with the substance of the contractual arrangements and the definitions of a financial liability and an equity instrument.

Equity instruments

An equity instrument is any contract that evidences a residual interest in the assets of an entity after deducting all of its liabilities. Equity instruments issued by a Company are recognized at the proceeds received.

(t) Derivative financial instruments:

The Company enters into derivative financial instruments viz. foreign exchange forward contracts to manage foreign exchange risks. The Company does not hold derivative financial instruments for speculative purposes.

Derivatives are initially recognized at fair value at the date the derivative contracts are entered into and are subsequently premeasured to their fair value at the end of each reporting period. The resulting gain or loss is recognized in statement of profit and loss immediately.

(u) Cash and cash equivalents:

Cash and cash equivalents in the Balance Sheet comprise cash at bank, Cheques and Cash in hand and short-term deposits with banks that are readily convertible into cash which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value and are held for the purpose of meeting short-term cash commitments.

Critical accounting judgments and key sources of estimation uncertainty:

The preparation of the Company’s financial statements requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities, and the accompanying disclosures, and the disclosure of contingent liabilities. Uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in outcomes that require a material adjustment to the carrying amount of assets or liabilities affected in future periods.

Key assumptions:

The key assumptions concerning the future and other key sources of estimation uncertainty at the reporting date, that have a significant risk of causing a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities within the next financial year, are described below. The Company based its assumptions and estimates on parameters available when the financial statements were prepared. Existing circumstances and assumptions about future developments, however, may change due to market changes or circumstances arising that are beyond the control of the Company. Such changes are reflected in the assumptions when they occur.

(i) Useful Lives of Property, Plant & Equipment:

The Company uses its technical expertise along with historical and industry trends for determining the economic life of an asset/ component of an asset. The useful lives are reviewed by management periodically and revised, if appropriate. In case of a revision, the unamortized depreciable amount is charged over the remaining useful life of the assets.

(ii) Fair value measurement of financial instruments:

When the fair values of financial assets and financial liabilities recorded in the balance sheet cannot be measured based on quoted prices in active markets, their fair value is measured using valuation techniques including the Discounted Cash Flow model. The inputs to these models are taken from observable markets where possible, but where this is not feasible, a degree of judgment is required in establishing fair values. Judgments include considerations of inputs such as liquidity risk, credit risk and volatility.

(iii) Defined benefit plans:

The cost of the defined benefit gratuity plan and the present value of the gratuity obligation are determined using actuarial valuations. An actuarial valuation involves making various assumptions that may differ from actual developments in the future. These include the determination of the discount rate, future salary increases and mortality rates. Due to the complexities involved in the valuation and its long-term nature, a defined benefit obligation is highly sensitive to changes in these assumptions. All assumptions are reviewed at each reporting date.

(vi) Impairment of Assets:

The Company has used certain judgments and estimations to estimate future projections and discount rates to compute value in use of cash generating unit and to access impairment. In case of certain assets independent external valuation has been carried out to compute recoverable values of these assets.


Mar 31, 2015

(a) Basis of Preparation

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis, except for certain tangible assets which are being carried at revalued amounts. Pursuant to Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014, till the Standards of Accounting or any addendum thereto are prescribed by Central Goverment in consultation and recommendation of the National Financial Reporting Authority, the existing Accounting Standards notified under the Companies Act, 1956 shall continue to apply. Consequnetly, these financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the accounting standards notified under Section 211(3C) [Companies (Accounting Standards), 2006, as amended] and other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013.

All the assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per Company''s operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013. Based on the nature of products and the time between acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current and non-current classification of assets and liabilities.

(b) Revenue Recognition

Sale of goods: Revenue from sales is recognised when the substantial risks and rewards of ownership in the goods are transferred to the buyer as per the terms of the contract and are recognised net of returns, trade discounts, rebates, value added tax/sales tax and excise duties.

Other Income:

Interest: Interest income is recognised on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable. Dividend: Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive dividend is established.

(c) Tangible Assets

1. Tangible Assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction (net of Cenvat Credit / Value Added Tax) except in case of certain assets which have been revalued, at its revalued amount, less accumulated depreciation and amortisation. All costs relating to the acquisition and installation of assets are capitalised and include borrowing costs directly attributable to their construction or acquisition, upto the date the respective asset is put to use.

2. Machine spares which are specific to a particular item of assets and whose use is expected to be irregular are capitalised.

3 Losses arising from the retirement of and gains or losses arising from disposal of assets which are carried at cost are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(d) Depreciation

1 Depreciation has been provided as under:

a) For assets existing on 1st April, 2014 the carrying amount will be amortised over the remaining useful lives on straight line method as prescribed in the Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013

b) For the assets added after the 1st April, 2014

i) On Building, Plant and Machinery, Furniture & Fittings, Office equipments and Vehicles

* On Straight Line Method at the useful lives prescribed inSchedule II to the Companies Act, 2013

ii) On Revalued Assets

* On Straight Line Method at the useful lives prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013

* The additional charge of depreciation on account of revaluation is withdrawn from Revaluation Reserve and credited to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

2 Leasehold land is amortized over the period of lease.

3 Residual values for Air Conditioners, Furniture and Fittings, Office Equipments, Computers and servers are considered Nil.

4 Depreciation on assets added/disposed off during the year has been provided on prorata basis with reference to the month of addition/disposal.

(e) Foreign Currency Translations

All transactions in foreign currency, are recorded at the rates of exchange prevailing on the dates when the relevant transactions take place. Monetary assets and liabilities in foreign currency, outstanding at the close of the year, are converted in Indian currency at the appropriate rates of exchange prevailing on the date of the Balance Sheet. Resultant gain or loss, except to the extent it relates to Long Term monetary items, is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the year. Gain or loss relating to Long Term foreign currency monetary items for financing acquisition of depreciable capital assets, is adjusted to the acquisition cost of such asset and depreciated over its remaining useful life.

At the reporting date, non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

Forward Exchange Contracts:

The premium or discount arising at the inception of the forward exchange contracts entered into to hedge an existing asset / liability, is amortized as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of Profit and Loss in the reporting period in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such forward exchange contracts is recognised as income or expense for the period.

Forward exchange contracts outstanding as at the year end on account of firm commitment / highly probable forecast transactions are marked to market and the losses, if any, are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss and gains, if any,are ignored in accordance with the announcement of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India on ''Accounting for Derivatives''.

(f) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of the assets, upto the date the assets are ready for their intended use. All other borrowing costs are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they are incurred.

(g) inventories

Inventories are stated at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is determined using the weighted average method. The cost of finished goods and Stock-in-process comprises raw materials, direct labour, other direct costs and related production overheads upto the relevant stage of completion. Stock-in-trade are valued at cost of purchase. Byproducts and waste are valued at Net Realisable Value. Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

(h) investments

Investments that are readily realisable and are intended to be held for not more than one year from the date, on which such investments are made are classified as current investments. All the other investments are classified as Long Term investments. Current investments are carried at cost or fair value, whichever is lower. Long Term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution is made to recognise a decline, other than temporary, in the value of the investments, such reduction being determined and made for each investment individually.

(i) Employee Benefits

Superannuation:

The Company has Defined Contribution Plan for Post Employment benefits in the form of Superannuation schemes for eligible employees. The scheme is administered through Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) and Trust which is administered by the Trustees. In respect of this scheme, the Company has no further obligation beyond its contributions.

employee''s Family Pension:

The Company has Defined Contribution Plan for Post Employment benefits in the form of family pension for eligible employees, which is administered by the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner. Company has no further obligation beyond its contributions.

Provident Fund:

Contribution towards provident fund for certain employees is made to the regulatory authorities, where the Company has no further obligations. Such benefits are classified as Defined Contribution Scheme as the Company does not carry any further obligations, apart from the contributions made on a monthly basis. In respect of certain employees, Provident Fund contributions are made to the Trust set up and administered by the Company. The Company''s liability is actuarialy determined (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of the year and any shortfall in the fund size maintained by the Trust set up by the Company is additionally provided for. Actuarial losses, if any, are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they arise.

Gratuity:

The Company provides for gratuity, a defined benefit plan (the Gratuity Plan) covering eligible employees in accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972. The Gratuity Plan provides a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee''s salary and the tenure of employment. The Company''s liability is actuarially determined (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of each year. Actuarial losses / gains are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they arise.

compensated Absences:

Accumulated compensated absences, which are expected to be availed or encashed within 12 months from the end of the year are treated as short term employee benefits. The obligation towards the same is measured at the expected cost of accumulating compensated absences as the additional amount expected to be paid as a result of the unused entitlement as at the year end.

Accumulated compensated absences, which are expected to be availed or encashed beyond 12 months from the end of the year are treated as other Long Term employee benefits. The Company''s liability is actuarially determined (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of each year.

Actuarial losses/gains are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they arise.

(j) Current and Deferred Tax

Tax expense for the period, comprising Current Tax and Deferred Tax are included in the determination of the net profit or loss for the period.

Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the taxation laws prevailing in India.

Deferred tax is recognised for all the timing differences, subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of deferred tax assets. Deferred tax assets are recognised and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

Deferred Tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. At each Balance Sheet date, the Company re-assesses unrecognised deferred tax assets, if any.

(k) Cash and Cash Equivalents

In the cash flow statement, cash and cash equivalents includes cash on hand, demand deposits with banks, other Short Term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.

(l) Research and Development

Revenue expenditure on research and development is charged as an expense in the year in which it is incurred under respective heads of accounts.

Expenditure which results in the creation of capital assets is capitalised and depreciation is provided on such assets as applicable.

(m) impairment of Assets

Assessment is done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that a tangible asset may be impaired. For the purpose of assessing impairment, the smallest identifiable group of assets that generates cash inflows from continuing use that are largely independent of the cash inflows from other assets or groups of assets, is considered as a cash generating unit. If any such indication exists, an estimate of the recoverable amount of the asset/cash generating unit is made.

Assets whose carrying value exceeds their recoverable amount are written down to the recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is higher of an asset’s or cash generating unit’s net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of an asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life. Assessment is also done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in prior accounting periods may no longer exist or may have decreased.

(n) Provisions and contingent Liabilities Provisions:

Provisions are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event and it is probable that an outflow of benefits will be required to settle the obligation and there is a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation.

contingent liabilities:

Contingent liabilities are disclosed when there is a possible obligation arising from past events, the existence of which will be confirmed only on the occurrence or non occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company or a present obligation that arises from past events where it is either not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle or a reliable estimate of the amount cannot be made.

(o) earnings Per share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period and for all periods presented is adjusted for the events, such as bonus share, other than conversion of potential equity share, that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources.

For the purpose of calculating, diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.


Mar 31, 2014

(a) Basis of Preparation

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis, except for certain tangible assets which are being carried at revalued amounts. Pursuant to circular 15/2013 dated 13.09.2013 read with circular 08/2014 dated 04.04.2014,issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs till the Standards of Accounting or any addendum thereto are prescribed by Central Government in consultation with and recommendation by the National Financial Reporting Authority, the existing Accounting Standards notifed under the Companies Act, 1956 shall continue to apply.Consequently,these financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the accounting standards notifed under Section 211(3C) [Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended] and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

All the assets and liabilities have been classifed as current or non-current as per Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of products and the time between acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current and non-current classifcation of assets and liabilities.

(b) Revenue Recognition

Sale of goods: Revenue from sales is recognised when the substantial risks and rewards of ownership in the goods are transferred to the buyer as per the terms of the contract and are recognised net of returns,trade discounts, rebates, value added tax/sales tax and excise duties.

Other Income:

Interest: Interest income is recognised on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

Dividend: Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive dividend is established.

(c) Tangible Assets

1. Tangible Assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction (net of Cenvat Credit / Value Added Tax) except in case of certain assets which have been revalued, at its revalued amount, less accumulated depreciation and amortization. All costs relating to the acquisition and installation of assets are capitalised and include borrowing costs directly attributable to their construction or acquisition, upto the date the respective asset is put to use.

2. Machine spares which are Specific to a particular item of assets and whose use is expected to be irregular are capitalised.

3. Losses arising from the retirement of and gains or losses arising from disposal of assets which are carried at cost are recognised in the Statement of profit and Loss.

(d) Depreciation

1. Depreciation has been provided as under:

a) On Plant and Machinery commissioned upto 31st March,1997 (except revalued) and additions/extensions thereto

On Written Down Value Method at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

b) On Plant and Machinery commissioned after 31st March, 1997

On Straight Line Method at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, except Computers and Air Conditioners, for which the useful life has been assessed as 5 years and the residual values are considered at Nil.

c) On Revalued Assets

1. On Straight Line method at the rates considered applicable by the valuer as below:

a) Leasehold Land amortized at the rate between 1% to 1.2%

b) Building at the rate between 2% to 2.3%

c) Plant and Machinery at the rate between 5% to 5.28%

2. The additional charge of depreciation on account of revaluation is withdrawn from Revaluation Reserve and credited to the Statement of profit and Loss.

d) On Buildings and Vehicles

- On Straight Line method at the rates applicable at the time of additions as per Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

e) On Furniture, Fittings and office Equipments

- On Straight Line Method with the useful life assessed as under : (i) Furniture and Fittings - 10 Years (ii) office Equipments - 5 Years Further, the residual values are considered at Nil, for all these assets .

2. Leasehold land is amortized over the period of lease.

3. Except for items for which 100% depreciation rates are applicable, depreciation on assets added/disposed off during the year has been provided on prorata basis with reference to the month of addition/disposal.

(e) Foreign Currency Translations

All transactions in foreign currency, are recorded at the rates of exchange prevailing on the dates when the relevant transactions take place.Monetary assets and liabilities in foreign currency, outstanding at the close of the year, are converted in Indian currency at the appropriate rates of exchange prevailing on the date of the Balance Sheet. Resultant gain or loss, except to the extent it relates to Long Term monetary items, is recognised in the Statement of profit and Loss for the year. Gain or loss relating to Long Term foreign currency monetary items for fnancing acquisition of depreciable capital assets, is adjusted to the acquisition cost of such asset and depreciated over its remaining useful life.

At the reporting date, non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

Forward Exchange Contracts:

The premium or discount arising at the inception of the forward exchange contracts entered into to hedge an existing asset / liability, is amortized as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and Loss in the reporting period in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such forward exchange contracts is recognised as income or expense for the period.

Forward exchange contracts outstanding as at the year end on account of firm commitment / highly probable forecast transactions are marked to market and the losses, if any, are recognised in the Statement of profit and Loss and gains, if any,are ignored in accordance with the announcement of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India on ''Accounting for Derivatives''.

(f) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of the assets, upto the date the assets are ready for their intended use. All other borrowing costs are recognised in the Statement of profit and Loss in the year in which they are incurred.

(g) Inventories

Inventories are stated at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is determined using the weighted average method. The cost of fnished goods and Stock-in-process comprises raw materials, direct labour, other direct costs and related production overheads upto the relevant stage of completion. Stock-in-trade are valued at cost of purchase. Byproducts and waste are valued at Net Realisable Value. Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

(h) Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and are intended to be held for not more than one year from the date, on which such investments are made are classifed as current investments. All the other investments are classifed as Long Term investments. Current investments are carried at cost or fair value, whichever is lower. Long Term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution is made to recognise a decline, other than temporary, in the value of the investments, such reduction being determined and made for each investment individually.

(i) Employee benefits

Superannuation:

The company has Defined Contribution Plan for Post Employment benefits in the form of Superannuation schemes for eligible employees. The scheme is administered through Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) and Trust which is administered by the Trustees. In respect of this scheme, the Company has no further obligation beyond its contributions.

Employee''s Family Pension:

The Company has Defined Contribution Plan for Post Employment benefits in the form of family pension for eligible employees, which is administered by the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner. Company has no further obligation beyond its contributions.

Provident Fund:

Contribution towards provident fund for certain employees is made to the regulatory authorities, where the Company has no further obligations. Such benefits are classifed as Defined Contribution Scheme as the Company does not carry any further obligations, apart from the contributions made on a monthly basis. In respect of certain employees, Provident Fund contributions are made to the Trust set up and administered by the Company. The Company''s liability is actuarialy determined (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of the year and any shortfall in the fund size maintained by the Trust set up by the Company is additionally provided for. Actuarial losses, if any, are recognised in the Statement of profit and Loss in the year in which they arise.

Gratuity:

The Company provides for gratuity, a Defined benefit plan (the Gratuity Plan) covering eligible employees in accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972. The Gratuity Plan provides a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee''s salary and the tenure of employment. The Company''s liability is actuarially determined (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of each year. Actuarial losses / gains are recognised in the Statement of profit and Loss in the year in which they arise.

Compensated Absences:

Accumulated compensated absences, which are expected to be availed or encashed within 12 months from the end of the year are treated as short term employee benefits. The obligation towards the same is measured at the expected cost of accumulating compensated absences as the additional amount expected to be paid as a result of the unused entitlement as at the year end.

Accumulated compensated absences, which are expected to be availed or encashed beyond 12 months from the end of the year are treated as other Long Term employee benefits. The company''s liability is actuarially determined (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of each year.

Actuarial losses/gains are recognised in the Statement of profit and Loss in the year in which they arise.

(j) Current and Deferred Tax

Tax expense for the period, comprising Current Tax and Deferred Tax are included in the determination of the net profit or loss for the period.

Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the taxation laws prevailing in India.

Deferred tax is recognised for all the timing differences, subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of deferred tax assets. Deferred tax assets are recognised and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty that suffcient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

Deferred Tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. At each Balance Sheet date, the company re-assesses unrecognised deferred tax assets, if any.

(k) Cash and Cash Equivalents

In the cash fow statement, cash and cash equivalents includes cash on hand, demand deposits with banks, other Short Term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.

(l) Research and Development

Revenue expenditure on research and development is charged as an expense in the year in which it is incurred under respective heads of accounts.

Expenditure which results in the creation of capital assets is capitalised and depreciation is provided on such assets as applicable.

(m) Impairment of Assets

Assessment is done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that a tangible asset may be impaired. For the purpose of assessing impairment, the smallest identifable group of assets that generates cash inflows from continuing use that are largely independent of the cash inflows from other assets or groups of assets, is considered as a cash generating unit. If any such indication exists, an estimate of the recoverable amount of the asset/cash generating unit is made.

Assets whose carrying value exceeds their recoverable amount are written down to the recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is higher of an asset''s or cash generating unit''s net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of an asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life. Assessment is also done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in prior accounting periods may no longer exist or may have decreased.

(n) Provisions and Contingent Liabilities

Provisions:

Provisions are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event and it is probable that an outflow of benefits will be required to settle the obligation and there is a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation.

Contingent Liabilities:

Contingent liabilities are disclosed when there is a possible obligation arising from past events, the existence of which will be confirmed only on the occurrence or non occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company or a present obligation that arises from past events where it is either not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle or a reliable estimate of the amount cannot be made.

(o) Earnings Per share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period and for all periods presented is adjusted for the events, such as bonus share, other than conversion of potential equity share, that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources.

For the purpose of calculating, diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.


Mar 31, 2013

(a) Basis of Preparation

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on accrual basis, except for certain tangible assets which are being carried at revalued amounts. These financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the accounting standards notified under Section 211 (3C) [Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended] and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

All the assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of the products and the time between the acquisition of the assets for processing and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current and non-current classification of assets and liabilities.

(b) Revenue Recognition

Sale of goods: Sales are recognised when the substantial risks and rewards of ownership in the goods are transferred to the buyer as per the terms of the contract and are recognised net of trade discounts, rebates, sales taxes and excise duties.

Other Income: -

Interest: Interest income is recognised on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable. Dividend: Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive dividend is established.

(c) Tangible Assets

1. Tangible Assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction (net of Cenvat Credit / Value Added Tax) except in case of certain tangible assets which have been revalued, at its revalued amount, less accumulated depreciation and amortization. All costs relating to the acquisition and installation of tangible assets are capitalised and include borrowing costs directly attributable to construction or acquisition of tangible assets, upto the date the asset is put to use.

2. Machine spares which are specific to a particular item of tangible assets and whose use is expected to be irregular are capitalised.

3 Losses arising from the retirement of and gains or losses arising from disposal of tangible assets which are carried at cost are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(d) Depreciation

1. Depreciation has been provided as under:

2. Leasehold land is amortized over the period of lease.

3. Except for items for which 100% depreciation rates are applicable, depreciation on assets added/disposed off during the year has been provided on prorata basis with reference to the month of addition/disposal.

(e) Foreign Currency Translations

All transactions in foreign currency, are recorded at the rates of exchange prevailing on the dates when the relevant transactions take place. Monetary assets and liabilities in foreign currency, outstanding at the close of the year, are converted in Indian currency at the appropriate rates of exchange prevailing on the date of the Balance Sheet. Resultant gain or loss, except to the extent it relates to long- term monetary items, is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the year. Gain or loss relating to long-term foreign currency monetary items for financing acquisition of depreciable capital assets, is adjusted to the acquisition cost of such asset and depreciated over its remaining useful life.

At the reporting date, non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

Forward Exchange Contracts:

The premium or discount arising at the inception of the forward exchange contracts entered into to hedge an existing asset / liability, is amortized as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such a contract is recognised in the statement of Profit and Loss in the reporting period in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such a forward exchange contract are recognised as income or expense for the period.

Forward exchange contracts outstanding as at the year end on account of firm commitment / highly probable forecast transactions are marked to market and the losses, if any, are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss and gains are ignored in accordance with the announcement of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India on ''Accounting for Derivatives''.

(f) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of the assets, upto the date the asset is ready for their intended use. All other borrowing costs are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they are incurred.

(g) Inventories

Inventories are stated at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is determined using the weighted average method. The cost of finished goods and Stock-in-process comprises raw materials, direct labour, other direct costs and related production overheads upto the relevant stage of completion. Stock-in-trade are valued at cost of purchase. Byproducts and waste are valued at Net Realisable Value. Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

(h) Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and are intended to be held for not more than one year from the date, on which such investments are made are classified as current investments. All the other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at cost or fair value, whichever is lower. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution is made to recognise a decline, other than temporary, in the value of the investments, such reduction being determined and made for each investment individually,

(i) Employee Benefits Superannuation:

The company has Defined Contribution Plans for Post Employment benefits in the form of Superannuation scheme for eligible employees. The scheme is administered through Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) and Trust which is administered by the Trustees. In respect of this scheme, the Company has no further obligation beyond its contributions.

Employee''s Family Pension:

The Company has Defined Contribution Plan for Post Employment benefits in the form of family pension for eligible employees, which is administered by the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner. Company has no further obligation beyond its contributions.

Provident Fund:

Contribution towards provident fund for certain employees is made to the regulatory authorities, where the Company has no further obligations. Such benefits are classified as Defined Contribution Schemes as the Company does not carry any further obligations, apart from the contributions made on a monthly basis.

In respect of certain employees, Provident Fund contributions are made to the Trust administered by the Company. The Company''s liability is actuarially determined (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of the year and any shortfall in the fund size maintained by the Trust set up by the Company is additionally provided for. Actuarial losses, if any, are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they arise.

Gratuity:

The Company provides for gratuity, a defined benefit plan (the Gratuity Plan) covering eligible employees in accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972. The Gratuity Plan provides a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee''s salary and the tenure of employment. The Company''s liability is actuarially determined (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of each year. Actuarial losses / gains are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they arise.

Compensated Absences:

Accumulated compensated absences, which are expected to be availed or encashed within 12 months from the end of the year are treated as short term employee benefits. The obligation towards the same is measured at the expected cost of accumulating compensated absences as the additional amount expected to be paid as a result of the unused entitlement as at the year end.

Accumulated compensated absences, which are expected to be availed or encashed beyond 12 months from the end of the year are treated as other long-term employee benefits. The company''s liability is actuarially determined (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of each year.

Actuarial losses/gains are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they arise.

(j) Current and Deferred Tax

Tax expense for the period, comprising Current Tax and Deferred Tax are included in the determination of the net profit or loss for the period.

Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the taxation laws prevailing in India.

Deferred tax is recognised for all the timing differences, subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of deferred tax assets. Deferred tax assets are recognised and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

Deferred Tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. At each Balance Sheet date, the company re-assesses unrecognised deferred tax assets, if any.

(k) Cash and Cash Equivalents

In the cash flow statement, cash and cash equivalents includes cash on hand, demand deposits with banks, other short-term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.

(I) Research and Development

Revenue expenditure on research and development is charged as an expense in the year in which it is incurred under respective heads of accounts.

Expenditure which results in the creation of capital assets is capitalised and depreciation is provided on such assets as applicable.

(m) Impairment of Assets

Assessment is done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an tangible asset may be impaired. For the purpose of assessing impairment, the smallest identifiable group of assets that generates cash inflows from continuing use that are largely independent of the cash inflows from other assets or groups of assets, is considered as a cash generating unit. If any such indication exists, an estimate of the recoverable amount of the asset/cash generating unit is made.

Assets whose carrying value exceeds their recoverable amount are written down to the recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is higher of an asset''s or cash generating unit''s net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of an asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life. Assessment is also done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in prior accounting periods may no longer exist or may have decreased.

(n) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions:

Provisions are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of benefits will be required to settle the obligation and there is a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation.

Contingent Liabilities:

Contingent liabilities are disclosed when there is a possible obligation arising from past events, the existence of which will be confirmed only the occurrence or non occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the company or a present obligation that arises from past events where it is either not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle or a reliable estimate of the amount cannot be made.

(o) Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period and for all periods presented is adjusted for the events, such as bonus share, other than conversion of potential equity share, that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources. For the purpose of calculating, diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.


Mar 31, 2012

(a) Basis of Preparation

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on accrual basis, except for certain tangible assets which are being carried at revalued amounts. These financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the accounting standards notified under Section 211 (3C) [Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended] and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

All the assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per Company's normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of the products and the time between the acquisition of the assets for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current - non current classification of assets and liabilities.

(b) Revenue Recognition

Sale of goods: Sales are recognized when the substantial risks and rewards of ownership in the goods are transferred to the buyer as per the terms of the contract and are recognized net of trade discounts, rebates, sales taxes and excise duties.

Other Income:

Interest: Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

Dividend: Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive dividend is established.

(c) Tangible Assets

1. Tangible Assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction (net of Convert Credit / Value Added Tax) except in case of certain tangible assets which have been revalued, at its revalued amount, less accumulated depreciation and amortization. All costs relating to the acquisition and installation of tangible assets are capitalized and include borrowing costs directly attributable to construction or acquisition of tangible assets, up to the date the asset is put to use.

2. Machine spares which are specific to a particular item of tangible assets and whose use is expected to be irregular are capitalized.

3. Losses arising from the retirement of and gains or losses arising from disposal of tangible assets which are carried at cost are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(d) Foreign Currency Translations

All transactions in foreign currency, are recorded at the rates of exchange prevailing on the dates when the relevant transactions take place.

Monetary assets and liabilities in foreign currency, outstanding at the close of the year, are converted in Indian currency at the appropriate rates of exchange prevailing on the date of the Balance Sheet. Resultant gain or loss, except to the extent it relates to long term monetary items, is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the year. Gain or loss relating to long term foreign currency monetary items for financing acquisition of depreciable capital assets, is adjusted to the acquisition cost of such asset and depreciated over its remaining useful life.

At the reporting date, non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

Forward Exchange Contracts

The premium or discount arising at the inception of the forward exchange contracts entered into to hedge an existing asset /liability, is amortized as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such a contract is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the reporting period in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such a forward exchange contract are recognized as income or expense for the period.

Forward exchange contracts outstanding as at the year end on account of firm commitment/ highly probable forecast transactions are marked to market and the losses, if any, are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss and gains are ignored in accordance with the announcement of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India on 'Accounting for Derivatives'.

(e) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of the assets, up to the date the asset is ready for their intended use. All other borrowing costs are recognized in Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they are incurred.

(f) Inventories

Inventories are stated at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost is determined using the weighted average method. The cost of finished goods and Stock-in-Process comprises raw materials, direct labor, other direct costs and related production overheads up to the relevant stage of completion. Purchased finished goods are valued at cost of purchase. Byproducts and waste are valued at cost. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

(g) Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and are intended to be held for not more than one year from the date ,on which such investment are made are classified as current investments. All the other investments are classified as long term investments. Current investments are carried at cost or fair value, whichever is lower. Long term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution is made to recognize a decline, other than temporary, in the value of the investments, such reduction being determined and made for each investment individually.

(h) Employee Benefits

The company has Defined Contribution Plans for Post employment benefits in the form of Superannuation scheme for eligible employees. The scheme is administered through Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) and Trust which is administered by the Trustees. In respect of this scheme, the Company has no further obligation beyond its contributions.

Employee's Family Pension:

The Company has Defined Contribution Plan for Post Employment benefits in the form of family pension for eligible employees, which is administered by the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner. Company has no further obligation beyond its contributions.

Provident Fund:

Contribution towards provident fund for certain employees is made to the regulatory authorities, where the Company has no further obligations. Such benefits are classified as Defined Contribution Schemes as the Company does not carry any further obligations, apart from the contributions made on a monthly basis.

In respect of certain employees, Provident Fund contributions are made to the Trust administered by the Company. The Company's liability is actuarially determined (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of the year and any shortfall in the fund size maintained by the Trust set up by the Company is additionally provided for. Actuarial losses, if any, are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they arise.

Gratuity:

The Company provides for gratuity, a defined benefit plan (the Gratuity Plan) covering eligible employees in accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972, which are administered through Life-Insurance Corporation (LIC) and a trust which is administered by the trustees. Certain employees are eligible for benefits higher than the limits given under the said Act. The Gratuity Plan provides a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death, or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee's salary and the tenure of employment.

The Company's liability is actuarially determined (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of each year.

Actuarial losses/gains are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they arise.

Compensated Absences:

Accumulated compensated absences, which are expected to be availed or encased within 12 months from the end of the year are treated as short term employees benefit. The obligation towards the same is measured at the expected cost of accumulating compensated absences as the additional amount expected to be paid as a result of the unused entitlement as at the year end.

Accumulated compensated absences, which are expected to be availed or encased beyond 12 months from the end of the year are treated as other long term employees benefits. The company's liability is actuarially determined (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of each year.

Actuarial losses/gains are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they arise.

(i) Current and Deferred Tax

Tax expense for the period, comprising Current Tax and Deferred Tax are Included In the determination of the net profit or loss for the period. Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the taxation laws prevailing in India.

Deferred tax is recognized for all the timing differences, subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of deferred tax assets. Deferred tax assets are recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

Deferred Tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. At each Balance Sheet date, the company re-assesses unrecognized deferred tax assets, if any.

(j) Cash and Cash Equivalents

In the cash flow statement, cash and cash equivalents includes cash on hand, demand deposits with banks, other short-term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.

(k) Research and Development

Revenue expenditure on research and development is charged as an expense in the year in which it is incurred under respective heads of accounts. Expenditure which results in the creation of capital assets is capitalized and depreciation is provided on such assets as applicable.

(l) Impairment of Assets

Assessment is done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that a tangible asset may be impaired. For the purpose of assessing impairment, the smallest identifiable group of assets that generates cash inflows from continuing use that are largely independent Of the cash inflows from other assets or groups of assets, is considered as a cash generating unit. If any such indication exists, an estimate of the recoverable amount of the asset/cash generating unit is made.

Assets whose carrying value exceeds their recoverable amount are written down to the recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is higher of an asset's or cash generating unit's net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of an asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life. Assessment is also done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an impairment loss recognized for an asset in prior accounting periods may no longer exist or may have decreased.

(m) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets Provisions:

Provisions are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of benefits will be required to settle the obligation and there is a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation.

Contingent Liabilities:

Contingent liabilities are disclosed when there is a possible obligation arising from past events, the existence of which will be confirmed only on the occurrence or non occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the company or a present obligation that arises from past events where it is either not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle or a reliable estimate of the amount cannot be made.

(n) Earning Per Share

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period and for all periods presented is adjusted for the events, such as bonus share, other than conversion of potential equity share, that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources. For the purpose of calculating, diluted earning per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.


Mar 31, 2011

(a) Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements are prepared on an accrual basis of accounting and in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India and provisions of the Companies Act ,1956 read with the Companies ( Accounting Standards) Rules,2006

(b) Revenue Recognition

1. Sales are recognised on despatch to customers and are net of returns,discount and sales tax .

2. Other Income and Expenditure are recognised and accounted on accrual basis.

(c) Fixed Assets

1. Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction (net of Cenvat Credit / Value Added Tax) except in case of certain fixed assets which have been revalued, at its revalued amount, less accumulated depreciation and amortisation. All costs relating to the acquisition and installation of fixed assets are capitalised and include borrowing costs directly attributable to construction or acquisition of fixed assets, upto the date the asset is put to use. Also refer Note -1(e) below.

2. Machine spares which are specific to a particular item of fixed assets and whose use is expected to be irregular are capitalised.

(d) Depreciation

1. Depreciation has been provided as under:

a) On Plant & Machinery commissioned upto 31st March,1997 - On Written Down Value Method at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the (except revalued) and additions/ extensions thereto. Companies Act, 1956.

b) On Plant & Machinery commissioned after 31st March, 1997 - On Straight Line Method at the rates prescribed in Schedule.XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, except Computers and Air Conditioners, for which the useful life has been assessed as 5 years and the residual values are considered at Nil.

c) On Revalued Assets - 1. On Straight Line method at the rate considered applicable by the valuer as below:

a) Leasehold Land amortised at the rate between 1% to 1.2% b) Building at the rate between 2% to 2.3% c) Plant & Machinery at the rate between 5% to 5.28% 2. The additional charge of depreciaton on account of revaluation is withdrawn from Revaluation Reserve and Credited to the Profit and Loss Account.

d) On Buildings and Vehicles - On Straight Line method at the rates applicable at the time of additions as per Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

e) On Furniture, Fittings and Office Equipments - On Straight Line Method with the useful life assessed as under :

(i) Furniture & Fittings - 10 Years. (ii) Office Equipments - 5 Years Further, the residual values are considered at Nil, for all these assets.

2. Leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease.

3. Except for items for which 100% depreciation rates are applicable, depreciation on assets added/disposed of during the year has been provided on prorata basis with reference to the month of addition/disposal.

(e) Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Foreign Currency Assets and Liabilities are stated at the exchange rates prevailing at the date of Balance Sheet and at forward contract rates wherever so covered. The resulting gain or loss is appropriately recognised in the Profit and Loss Account except for the exchange difference arising on the reporting of long term foreign currency monetary items relating to fixed assets where the same is adjusted to the fixed assets in accordance with the Notification No.G.S.R 225 (E) issued by Ministry of Corporate Affairs on March 31,2009

(f) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying fixed assets are capitalised as part of the cost of the assets, upto the date the asset is put to use. Other borrowing costs are charged to the Profit and Loss Account in the year in which they are incurred.

(g) Inventories

Raw Materials are valued at weighted average cost , Stocks in process are valued at manufacturing cost based on weighted average cost of raw materials and overheads up to relevant stage of completion, Finished goods are valued at cost of production. Purchased finished goods are valued at cost of purchase. By-products and waste are valued at cost. Any item of inventory is valued at Net Realisable Value,if the same is less than cost.

(h) Investments

Current investments are valued at lower of cost or fair value. Long term investments are stated at cost less diminution, if any, in value.

(i) Employee Benefits

A. Defined Contribution Plans-: Superannuation:

The company has Defined Contribution Plans for Post employment benefits in the form of Superannuation Fund for certain class of employees as per the scheme, administered through Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) and Trust which is administered by the Trustees. Company has no further obligation beyond its contributions.

Employees Family Pension:

The Company has Defined Contribution Plan for Post Employment benefits in the form of family pension for all eligible employees, which is administered by the regional provident fund commissioner. Company has no further obligation beyond its contributions.

Provident Fund:

In respect of certain employees, Provident Fund contribution are made to the trust administered by the trustees. The interest rate payable to the members of the trust shall not be lower than the statutory rate of interest declared by the Central Government under Employees Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provision Act,1952. Shortfall, if any, shall be made good by the Company. The remaining contributions are made to the Government administered Provident Fund towards which the Company has no further obligations beyond its monthly contributions.

The Company makes contribution to State Plan namely Employees State Insurance Fund and has no further obligation beyond its Contribution.

The Companys contribution to above funds are charged to Profit and Loss Account as incurred.

B. Defined Benefit Plans: Gratuity:

The Company has a defined benefit plan for Post - employment benefit in the form of gratuity for all employees which are administered through Life- Insurance Corporation (LIC) and a trust which is administered by the trustees. Liability for above defined benefit plan is provided on the basis of actuarial valuation, as at the Balance Sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary. The actuarial method used for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit method.

Compensated Absences:

Liability for Compensated Absences is provided on the basis of valuation, as at the Balance Sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary.The Actuarial valuation method used for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit method. Under this method, the Defined Benefit Obligation is calculated taking into account pattern of availment of leave whilst in service and qualifying salary on the date of availment of leave. In respect of encashment of leave, the Defined Benefit obligation is calculated taking into account all type of the decrement and qualifying salary projected up to the assumed date of encashment.

The Actuarial gains and losses arising during the year are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account of the year without resorting to any amortisation.

C. Termination Benefits-:

AS 15 (revised 2005) provides for deferment of the termination benefits. Accordingly, the compensation paid to employees under the Voluntary Retirement Scheme has been amortised over a pay back period or up to March 31st 2010 which ever is earlier.

(j) Direct Taxes

(i) Provision for current tax is made and retained in the accounts on the basis of estimated tax liability as per the applicable provisions of the Income Tax Act , 1961 and considering assessment orders and decisions of appellate authorities in the Companys case.

(ii) Deferred Tax for timing differences between tax profits and book profits is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the Balance Sheet date. Deferred Tax assets are recognised to the extent there is reasonable certainty that these assets can be realised in future.

(k) Indirect Taxes

The liabilities are provided or considered as contingent depending upon the merit of each case and/or on receiving the actual demand from the department.

(l) Research and Development

Revenue expenditure on research and development is charged as an expense in the year in which it is incurred under respective heads of accounts. Expenditure which result in the creation of capital assets is capitalised and depreciation is provided on such assets as applicable.


Mar 31, 2010

(a) Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The fi nancial statement are prepared on an accrual basis of accounting and in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India and provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 read with the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006

(b) Revenue Recognition

1. Sales are recognised on despatch to customers and are net of returns, discount and sales tax.

2. Other Income and Expenditure are recognised and accounted on accrual basis.

(c) Fixed Assets

1. Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction (net of Cenvat Credit/Value Added Tax) except in case of certain fi xed assets which have been revalued, at its revalued amount, less accumulated depreciation and amortisation. All costs relating to the acquisition and installation of fi xed assets are capitalised and include borrowing costs directly attributable to construction or acquisition of fi xed assets, upto the date the asset is put to use. Also refer Note -1(e) below.

2 Machine spares which are specifi c to a particular item of fi xed assets and whose use is expected to be irregular are capitalised.

(d) Depreciation

1. Depreciation has been provided as under:

a) On Plant & Machinery commissioned upto – On Written Down Value Method at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to 31st March,1997 (except revalued) and additions/extensions the Companies Act, 1956 thereto.

b) On Plant & Machinery commissioned after 31st March, 1997 – On Straight Line Method at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the

Companies Act, 1956 except. Computers and Air Conditioners, for which the useful life has been assessed as 5 years and the residual values are considered at Nil

c) On Revalued Assets – 1. On Straight Line method at the rate considered applicable by the valuer as below:

a) Leasehold Land amortised at the rate between 1% to 1.2%

b) Building at the rate between 2% to 2.3%

c) Plant & Machinery at the rate between 5% to 5.28%

2. The additional charge of depreciaton on account of revaluation is withdrawn from Revaluation Reserve and Credited to the Profi t and Loss Account.

d) On Buildings and Vehicles – On Straight Line method at the rates applicable at the time of additions as per Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

e) On Furniture, Fittings and Offi ce Equipments On Straight Line Method with the useful life assessed as under:

(i) Furniture & Fittings - 10 Years.

(ii) Offi ce Equipments - 5 Years Further, the residual values are considered at Nil, for all these assets.

2. Leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease.

3. Except for items for which 100% depreciation rates are applicable, depreciation on assets added/disposed of during the year has been provided on prorata basis with reference to month of addition/disposal.

(e) Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Foreign Currency Assets and Liabilities are stated at the exchange rates prevailing at the date of Balance Sheet and at forward contract rates wherever so covered. The resulting gain or loss is appropriately recognised in the Profi t and Loss Account except for the exchange difference arising on the reporting of long term foreign currency monetary items relating to fi xed assets where the same is adjusted to fi xed assets in accordance with the Notifi cation No.G.S.R 225 (E) issued by Ministry of Corporate Affairs on March 31, 2009

(f) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying fi xed assets are captialised as part of the cost of the assets, upto the date the asset is put to use. Other borrowing costs are charged to the Profi t and Loss Account in the year in which they are incurred.

(g) Inventories

Raw Materials are valued at weighted average cost, Stocks in process are valued at manufacturing cost based on weighted average cost of raw materials and overheads up to relevant stage of completion, Finished goods are valued at cost of production. Purchased fi nished goods are valued at cost of purchase. Byproducts and waste are valued at cost. Any item of inventory is valued at Net Realisable Value, if the same is less than cost.

(h) Investments

Current investments are valued at lower of cost or fair value. Long term investments are stated at cost less permanent diminution, if any, in value.

(i) Employee Benefi ts

A. Defi ned Contribution Plans-:

Superannuation:

The company has Defi ned Contribution Plans for Post employment benefi ts in the form of Superannuation Fund for certain class of employees as per the scheme, administered through Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) and Trust which is administered by the Trustees. Company has no further obligation beyond its contributions.

Employee’s Family Pension:

The Company has Defi ned Contribution Plan for Post Employment benefi ts in the form of family pension for all eligible employees, which is administered by the regional provident fund commissioner. Company has no further obligation beyond its contributions.

Provident Fund:

In respect of certain employees, Provident Fund contribution are made to trust administered by the trustees. The interest rate payable to the members of the trust shall not be lower than the statutory rate of interest declared by the Central Government under Employee’s Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provision Act,1952. Shortfall, if any, shall be made good by the Company. The remaining contributions are made to Government administered Provident Fund towards which the Company has no further obligations beyond its monthly contributions.

The Company makes contribution to State Plan namely Employee’s State Insurance Fund and has no further obligation beyond its Contribution. The Company’s contribution to above funds are charged to Profi t and Loss Account as incurred.

B. Defi ned Benefi t Plans-: Gratuity :

The Company has a defi ned benefi t plan for Post – employment benefi t in the form of gratuity for all employees which are administered through Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) and a trust which is administered by the trustees. Liability for above defi ned benefi t plan is provided on the basis of actuarial valuation, as at the Balance Sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary. The actuarial method used for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit method.

Compensated Absences:

Liability for Compensated Absences is provided on the basis of valuation, as at the Balance Sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary.The Actuarial valuation method used for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit method Under this method, the Defi ned Benefi t Obligation is calculated taking into account pattern of availment of leave whilst in service and qualifying salary on the date of availment of leave. In respect of encashment of leave, the Defi ned Benefi t obligation is calculated taking into account all type of the decrement and qualifying salary projected up to the assumed date of encashment. The Actuarial gains and losses arising during the year are recognised in the Profi t and Loss Account of the year without resorting to any amortisation.

C. Termination Benefi ts

AS 15 (revised 2005) provides for deferment of the termination benefi ts , Accordingly, the compensation paid to employees under the Voluntary Retirement Scheme has been amortised over a pay back period or up to March 31st 2010 which ever is earlier.

(j) Direct Taxes

(i) Provision for current tax is made and retained in the accounts on the basis of estimated tax liability as per the applicable provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961 and considering assessment orders and decisions of appellate authorities in the Company’s case.

(ii) Deferred Tax for timing differences between tax profi ts and book profi ts is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the Balance Sheet date. Deferred Tax assets are recognised to the extent there is reasonable certainty that these assets can be realised in future.

(k) Indirect Taxes

The liabilities are provided or considered as contingent depending upon the merit of each case and/or on receiving the actual demand from the department

(l) Research and Development

Revenue expenditure on research and development is charged as an expense in the year in which it is incurred under respective heads of accounts. Expenditure which result in the creation of capital assets is capitalised and depreciation is provided on such assets as applicable.

Find IFSC