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Accounting Policies of CES Ltd. Company

Jun 30, 2014

1. Company overview

CES LIMITED (Formerly known as Serve All Enterprise Solutions Limited) together with its subsidiaries (Collectively "the Company") is an Information Technology (IT) and Information Technology Enabled Services (ITES) provider, dedicated to serving the midsize market of global enterprises.

2. Significant accounting policies

2.1 Basis of preparation of financial statements

The Consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP") under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards as specified in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Indian Companies Act, 1956. Accounting policies have been consistently applied except where a newly issued accounting standard is initially adopted or a revision to an existing accounting adopted or a revision to an existing accounting standard requires a change in the accounting policy hitherto in use. The management evaluates all recently issued or revised accounting standards on an ongoing basis.

2.1a Principles of Consolidation:

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the following basis:

The consolidated financial statements include the financial statements of CES Limited and its subsidiaries CES USA Inc. (Wholly owned subsidiary), CES Information Technologies Private Limited (70% owned). The financial statements of the parent company and its subsidiaries have been combined on a line by line basis by adding together the book values of all items of assets, liabilities, incomes and expenses after eliminating all intercompany balances/transactions.

Minority interest in the net assets of consolidated subsidiaries is the amount of equity attributable to the minorities at the dates on which investment in a subsidiary is made and the minority''s share of movements in equity since the date of parent subsidiary relationship came into existence.

2.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent assets and liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Examples of such estimates include provisions for doubtful debts, future obligations under employee retirement benefit plans, income taxes, and the useful lives of fixed assets and intangible assets. Management periodically assesses using, external and internal sources, whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. Impairment occurs where the carrying value exceeds the present value of future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and its eventual disposal. The impairment loss to be expensed is determined as the excess of the carrying amount over the higher of the asset''s net sales price or present value as determined above. Contingencies are recorded when it is probable that a liability will be incurred, and the amount can be reasonably estimated. Where no reliable estimate can be made, a disclosure is made as contingent liability. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

2.3 Revenue recognition

Income from software services and products: Revenue from professional services consist primarily of revenue earned from services performed on a "time and material" basis. The related revenue is recognized as and when the services are performed. The Company also performs time bound fixed-price engagements, under which revenue is recognized using the percentage of completion method of accounting. The cumulative impact of any revision in estimates of the percentage of work completed is reflected in the year in which the change becomes known. Provisions for estimated losses on such engagements are made during the year in which a loss becomes probable and can be reasonably estimated.

Revenue from the sale of user licenses for software applications is recognized on transfer of the title in the user license, except in case of multiple element contracts requiring significant implementation services, where revenue is recognized as per the percentage of completion method.

Interest income is recognized using the time proportion method, based on the transactional interest rates.

2.4 Fixed Assets

Tangible assets

Tangible assets are stated at actual cost less accumulated depreciation. The actual cost capitalized includes material cost, freight, installation cost, duties and taxes, finance charges and other incidental expenses incurred during the construction/installation stage.

Intangible assets

Intangible assets are recorded at consideration paid for acquisition and other direct costs that can be directly attributed, or allocated on a reasonable and consistent basis, to creating, producing and making the asset ready for its intended use.

Depreciation

Depreciation on the Tangible Fixed Assets of the Company is provided on Straight line method on pro-rata basis and as per the rates specified in the Schedule XIV of the companies Act, 1956 and there is no change in the method of depreciation during the year. Individual assets acquired for less than Rs. 5,000 are entirely depreciated in the year of acquisition.

The cost of and the accumulated depreciation for fixed assets sold, retired or otherwise disposed off are removed from the stated values and the resulting gains and losses are included in the profit and loss account. Lease payments under operating lease are recognized as an expense in the profit and loss account. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of the fixed assets exceeds its recoverable amount.

2.5 Foreign Currency transactions and translation

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are translated at the rate of exchange at the balance sheet date and resultant gain or loss is recognized in the profit and loss account. Non- monetary assets and liabilities are translated at the rate prevailing on the date of transaction.

Integral Operations:

Monetary assets and Liabilities are translated at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of balance sheet. Non-monetary items are translated at the historical rate. The items in the statement of profit and loss are translated at the average exchange rate during the period. The differences arising out of the transaction are recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

Non-integral Operations:

Assets and liabilities are translated at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of the balance sheet. The items in the statement of profit and loss are translated at the average exchange rate during the period. The differences arising out of the translation are transferred to translation reserve.

2.6 Taxes on Income

Tax expense for the year comprises of current tax and deferred tax.

Income taxes are computed using the tax effect accounting method, where taxes are accrued in the same period in which the related revenue and expenses arise. A provision is made for income tax annually based on the tax liability computed, after considering tax allowances and exemptions. Provisions are recorded when it is estimated that a liability due to disallowances or other matters is probable.

The differences that result between the profit considered for income taxes and the profit as per the financial statements are identified, and thereafter a deferred tax asset or deferred tax liability is recorded for timing differences, namely the differences that originate in one accounting period and reverse in another, based on the tax effect of the aggregate amount being considered. The tax effect is calculated on the accumulated timing differences at the end of the accounting period based on prevailing enacted or substantially enacted regulations. Deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty that they will be realized and are reviewed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each balance sheet date.

2.7 Earnings per share

In determining earnings per share, the Company considers the net profit after tax and includes the post tax effect of any extra-ordinary / exceptional item is considered. The number of shares used in computing basic earnings per share is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period. The number of shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises the weighted average shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share, and also the weighted average number of equity shares that could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. The diluted potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable, had the shares been actually issued at fair value (i.e. the average market value of the outstanding shares). Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as of the beginning of the period, unless issued at a later date.

2.8 Retirement benefits to employees

Gratuity

The Company provides for gratuity, a defined benefit retirement plan covering eligible employees, based on actuarial valuation made by an independent actuary as at the balance sheet date. In accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972, the gratuity plan provides a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employees'' salary and the tenure of employment.

Provident Fund/ESI

Contributions to defined Schemes such as Provident Fund/ESI are charged as incurred on accrual basis. Eligible employees receive benefits from a provident fund, which is a defined contribution plan. Aggregate contributions along with interest thereon are paid at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment. Both the employee and the Company make monthly contributions to the government administered authority.

2.9 Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset (including goodwill) may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. For an asset that does not generate largely independent cash inflows, the recoverable amount is determined for the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the profit and loss account. If at the Balance Sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount. An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the carrying amount of asset does not exceed the net book value that would have been determined; if no impairment loss had been recognized.

2.10 Segment Accounting Polices

(a) Segment Assets and Liabilities:

The assets of the Company are used interchangeably between segments, and hence the assets and liabilities of the Company are currently treated as inseparable.

(b) Segment Revenue and Expense:

The Revenue and direct cost(including the payroll cost of all the employees and consultants which can be attributed to the revenue), excepting the unallocable costs like personnel cost for the supporting services, depreciation, operating expenditure, interest income on deposits, provision for contingencies and income tax, are directly attributed to the respective segments.

2.11 Provision and Contingent liabilities

The Company creates a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made. Provisions for onerous contracts, i.e. contracts where the expected unavoidable costs of meeting the obligations under the contract exceed the economic benefits expected to be received under it are recognised when it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle a present obligation as a result of an obligating event, based on a reliable estimate of such obligation.


Jun 30, 2013

1. Company overview

CES LIMITED (Formerly Known as Serve All Enterprise Solutions Limited) (The "Company") is an Information Technology (IT) and Information Technology Enabled Services (ITES) provider, dedicated to serving the midsize market of global enterprises.

2.1 Basis of preparation of financial statements

The financial statements are prepared in accordance with Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP") under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards as specified in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Indian Companies Act, 1956. Accounting policies have been consistently applied except where a newly issued accounting standard is initially adopted or a revision to an existing accounting adopted or a revision to an existing accounting standard requires a change in the accounting policy hitherto in use. The management evaluates all recently issued or revised accounting standards on an ongoing basis.

2.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent assets and liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Examples of such estimates include provisions for doubtful debts, future obligations under employee retirement benefit plans, income taxes, and the useful lives of fixed assets and intangible assets.

Management periodically assesses using, external and internal sources, whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. Impairment occurs where the carrying value exceeds the present value of future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and its eventual disposal. The impairment loss to be expensed is determined as the excess of the carrying amount over the higher of the asset''s net sales price or present value as determined above. Contingencies are recorded when it is probable that a liability will be incurred, and the amount can be reasonably estimated. Where no reliable estimate can be made, a disclosure is made as contingent liability. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

2.3 Revenue recognition

Income from software services and products: Revenue from professional services consist primarily of revenue earned from services performed on a "time and material" basis. The related revenue is recognized as and when the services are performed. The Company also performs time bound fixed-price engagements, under which revenue is recognized using the percentage of completion method of accounting. The cumulative impact of any revision in estimates of the percentage of work completed is reflected in the year in which the change becomes known. Provisions for estimated losses on such engagements are made during the year in which a loss becomes probable and can be reasonably estimated.

Amounts received or billed in advance of services performed are recorded as advance from customers/unearned revenue. Unbilled revenue, included in debtors, represents amounts recognized based on services performed in advance of billing in accordance with contract terms. Unearned revenue is calculated on the basis of the unutilized period of time at the Balance Sheet and represents revenue which is expected to be earned in future periods in respect of internet, e-mail services, electronic data interchange and web hosting services.

Revenue from the sale of user licenses for software applications is recognized on transfer of the title in the user license, except in case of multiple element contracts requiring significant implementation services, where revenue is recognized as per the percentage of completion method.

Revenues are stated net of discounts and include expenses billed to the customers. Interest income is recognized using the time proportion method, based on the transactional interest rates.

2.4 Fixed Assets

Tangible assets

Tangible assets are stated at actual cost less accumulated depreciation. The actual cost capitalized includes material cost, freight, installation cost, duties and taxes, finance charges and other incidental expenses incurred during the construction/installation stage.

Intangible assets

Intangible assets are recorded at consideration paid for acquisition and other direct costs that can be directly attributed, or allocated on a reasonable and consistent basis, to creating, producing and making the asset ready for its intended use.

Depreciation

Depreciation on the Tangible Fixed Assets of the Company is provided on Straight line method as per Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 are considered as the minimum rate. Individual assets acquired for less than Rs. 5,000 are entirely depreciated in the year of acquisition.

The cost of and the accumulated depreciation for fixed assets sold, retired or otherwise disposed off are removed from the stated values and the resulting gains and losses are included in the profit and loss account. Lease payments under operating lease are recognized as an expense in the profit and loss account. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of the fixed assets exceeds its recoverable amount.

2.5 Foreign Currency transactions and translation

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are translated at the rate of exchange at the balance sheet date and resultant gain or loss is recognized in the profit and loss account. Non-monetary assets and liabilities are translated at the rate prevailing on the date of transaction.

2.6 Taxes on Income

Tax expense for the year comprises of current tax and deferred tax.

Income taxes are computed using the tax effect accounting method, where taxes are accrued in the same period in which the related revenue and expenses arise. A provision is made for income tax annually based on the tax liability computed, after considering tax allowances and exemptions. Provisions are recorded when it is estimated that a liability due to disallowances or other matters is probable. Minimum alternate tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of adjustments of future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal tax after the tax holiday period. Accordingly, it is recognized as an asset in the balance sheet when it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company and the asset can be measured reliably.

The differences that result between the profit considered for income taxes and the profit as per the financial statements are identified, and thereafter a deferred tax asset or deferred tax liability is recorded for timing differences, namely the differences that originate in one accounting period and reverse in another, based on the tax effect of the aggregate amount being considered. The tax effect is calculated on the accumulated timing differences at the end of the accounting period based on prevailing enacted or substantially enacted regulations. Deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty that they will be realized and are reviewed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each balance sheet date.

2.7 Earnings per share

In determining earnings per share, the Company considers the net profit after tax and includes the post tax effect of any extra-ordinary / exceptional item is considered. The number of shares used in computing basic earnings per share is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period. The number of shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises the weighted average shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share, and also the weighted average number of equity shares that could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. The diluted potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable, had the shares been actually issued at fair value (i.e. the average market value of the outstanding shares). Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as of the beginning of the period, unless issued at a later date.

2.8 Retirement benefits to employees

Gratuity

The Company provides for gratuity, a defined benefit retirement plan covering eligible employees, based on actuarial valuation made by an independent actuary as at the balance sheet date. In accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972, the gratuity plan provides a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employees'' salary and the tenure of employment.

Provident Fund/ESI

Contributions to defined Schemes such as Provident Fund/ESI are charged as incurred on accrual basis. Eligible employees receive benefits from a provident fund, which is a defined contribution plan. Aggregate contributions along with interest thereon are paid at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment. Both the employee and the Company make monthly contributions to the government administered authority.

2.9 Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset (including goodwill) may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. For an asset that does not generate largely independent cash inflows, the recoverable amount is determined for the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount.

The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the profit and loss account. If at the Balance Sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount. An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the carrying amount of asset does not exceed the net book value that would have been determined; if no impairment loss had been recognized.

2.10 Segment Accounting Polices

(a) Segment Assets and Liabilities:

The assets of the Company are used interchangeably between segments, and hence the assets and liabilities of the Company are currently treated as inseparable.

(b) Segment Revenue and Expense:

The Revenue and direct cost, excepting the un allocable costs like personnel cost for the supporting services, depreciation, operating expenditure, interest income on deposits, provision for contingencies and income tax, are directly attributed to the respective segments.

2.11 Provision and Contingent liabilities

The Company creates a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made. Provisions for onerous contracts, i.e. contracts where the expected unavoidable costs of meeting the obligations under the contract exceed the economic benefits expected to be received under it are recognised when it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle a present obligation as a result of an obligating event, based on a reliable estimate of such obligation.


Jun 30, 2012

1.1 Basis of preparation of financial statements

The financial statements are prepared in accordance with Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP") under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards as specified in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Indian Companies Act, 1956. Accounting policies have been consistently applied except where a newly issued accounting standard is initially adopted or a revision to an existing accounting adopted or a revision to an existing accounting standard requires a change in the accounting policy hitherto in use. The management evaluates all recently issued or revised accounting standards on an ongoing basis.

1.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent assets and liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Examples of such estimates include provisions for doubtful debts, future obligations under employee retirement benefit plans, income taxes, and the useful lives of fixed assets and intangible assets. Management periodically assesses using, external and internal sources, whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. Impairment occurs where the carrying value exceeds the present value of future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and its eventual disposal.

The impairment loss to be expensed is determined as the excess of the carrying amount over the higher of the asset''s net sales price or present value as determined above. Contingencies are recorded when it is probable that a liability will be incurred, and the amount can be reasonably estimated. Where no reliable estimate can be made, a disclosure is made as contingent liability. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

1.3 Revenue recognition

Income from software services and products: Revenue from professional services consist primarily of revenue earned from services performed on a "time and material" basis. The related revenue is recognized as and when the services are performed. The Company also performs time bound fixed-price engagements, under which revenue is recognized using the percentage of completion method of accounting. The cumulative impact of any revision in estimates of the percentage of work completed is reflected in the year in which the change becomes known. Provisions for estimated losses on such engagements are made during the year in which a loss becomes probable and can be reasonably estimated.

Amounts received or billed in advance of services performed are recorded as advance from customers/unearned revenue. Unbilled revenue, included in debtors, represents amounts recognized based on services performed in advance of billing in accordance with contract terms. Unearned revenue is calculated on the basis of the unutilized period of time at the Balance Sheet and represents revenue which is expected to be earned in future periods in respect of internet, e-mail services, electronic data interchange and web hosting services.

Revenue from the sale of user licenses for software applications is recognized on transfer of the title in the user license, except in case of multiple element contracts requiring significant implementation services, where revenue is recognized as per the percentage of completion method.

Revenues are stated net of discounts and include expenses billed to the customers. Interest income is recognized using the time proportion method, based on the transactional interest rates.

1.4 Fixed Assets Tangible assets

Tangible assets are stated at actual cost less accumulated depreciation. The actual cost capitalized includes material cost, freight, installation cost, duties and taxes, finance charges and other incidental expenses incurred during the construction/installation stage.

Intangible assets

Intangible assets are recorded at consideration paid for acquisition and other direct costs that can be directly attributed, or allocated on a reasonable and consistent basis, to creating, producing and making the asset ready for its intended use.

Depreciation

Depreciation on the Tangible Fixed Assets of the Company is provided on Straight line method as per Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 are considered as the minimum rate. Individual assets acquired for less than Rs. 5,000 are entirely depreciated in the year of acquisition.

The cost of and the accumulated depreciation for fixed assets sold, retired or otherwise disposed off are removed from the stated values and the resulting gains and losses are included in the profit and loss account. Lease payments under operating lease are recognised as an expense in the profit and loss account. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of the fixed assets exceeds its recoverable amount.

1.5 Foreign Currency transactions and translation

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are translated at the rate of exchange at the balance sheet date and resultant gain or loss is recognized in the profit and loss account. Non-monetary assets and liabilities are translated at the rate prevailing on the date of transaction.

1.6 Taxes on Income

Tax expense for the year comprises of current tax, deferred tax.

Income taxes are computed using the tax effect accounting method, where taxes are accrued in the same period in which the related revenue and expenses arise. A provision is made for income tax annually based on the tax liability computed, after considering tax allowances and exemptions. Provisions are recorded when it is estimated that a liability due to disallowances or other matters is probable. Minimum alternate tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of adjustments of future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal tax after the tax holiday period. Accordingly, it is recognized as an asset in the balance sheet when it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company and the asset can be measured reliably.

The differences that result between the profit considered for income taxes and the profit as per the financial statements are identified, and thereafter a deferred tax asset or deferred tax liability is recorded for timing differences, namely the differences that originate in one accounting period and reverse in another, based on the tax effect of the aggregate amount being considered. The tax effect is calculated on the accumulated timing differences at the end of the accounting period based on prevailing enacted or substantially enacted regulations. Deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty that they will be realized and are reviewed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each balance sheet date.

1.7 Earnings per share

In determining earnings per share, the Company considers the net profit after tax and includes the post tax effect of any extra-ordinary / exceptional item is considered. The number of shares used in computing basic earnings per share is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period. The number of shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises the weighted average shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share, and also the weighted average number of equity shares that could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. The diluted potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable, had the shares been actually issued at fair value (i.e. the average market value of the outstanding shares). Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as of the beginning of the period, unless issued at a later date.

1.8 Retirement benefits to employees Gratuity

The Company provides for gratuity, a defined benefit retirement plan covering eligible employees, based on actuarial valuation made by an independent actuary as at the balance sheet date. In accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972, the gratuity plan provides a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employees'' salary and the tenure of employment.

Provident Fund/ESI

Contributions to defined Schemes such as Provident Fund/ESI are charged as incurred on accrual basis. Eligible employees receive benefits from a provident fund, which is a defined contribution plan. Aggregate contributions along with interest thereon are paid at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment. Both the employee and the Company make monthly contributions to the government administered authority.

1.9 Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset (including goodwill) may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. For an asset that does not generate largely independent cash inflows, the recoverable amount is determined for the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the profit and loss account. If at the Balance Sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount. An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the carrying amount of asset does not exceed the net book value that would have been determined; if no impairment loss had been recognized.

1.10 Segment Accounting Polices

(a) Segment Assets and Liabilities:

The assets of the Company are used interchangeably between segments, and hence the assets and liabilities of the Company are currently treated as inseparable.

(b) Segment Revenue and Expense:

The Revenue and direct cost, excepting the un allocable costs like personnel cost for the supporting services, depreciation, operating expenditure, interest income on deposits, provision for contingencies and income tax, are directly attributed to the respective segments.

1.11 Provision and Contingent liabilities

The Company creates a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made. Provisions for onerous contracts, i.e. contracts where the expected unavoidable costs of meeting the obligations under the contract exceed the economic benefits expected to be received under it are recognised when it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle a present obligation as a result of an obligating event, based on a reliable estimate of such obligation.


Jun 30, 2011

1. Company overview

Serve All Enterprise Solutions Limited (The "Company") is an Information Technology (IT) and Information Technology Enabled Services (ITES) provider, dedicated to serving the midsize market of global enterprises.

2. Significant accounting policies

2.1 Basis of preparation of financial statements

The financial statements are prepared in accordance with Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP") under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards as specified in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Indian Companies Act, 1956. Accounting policies have been consistently applied except where a newly issued accounting standard is initially adopted or a revision to an existing accounting adopted or a revision to an existing accounting standard requires a change in the accounting policy hitherto in use. The management evaluates all recently issued or revised accounting standards on an ongoing basis.

2.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent assets and liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Examples of such estimates include provisions for doubtful debts, future obligations under employee retirement benefit plans, income taxes, and the useful lives of fixed assets and intangible assets. Management periodically assesses using, external and internal sources,

whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. Impairment occurs where the carrying value exceeds the present value of future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and its eventual disposal. The impairment loss to be expensed is determined as the excess of the carrying amount over the higher of the asset's net sales price or present value as determined above. Contingencies are recorded when it is probable that a liability will be incurred, and the amount can be reasonably estimated. Where no reliable estimate can be made, a disclosure is made as contingent liability. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

2.3 Revenue recognition

Income from software services and products: Revenue from professional services consist primarily of revenue earned from services performed on a "time and material" basis. The related revenue is recognized as and when the services are performed. The Company also performs time bound fixed-price engagements, under which revenue is recognized using the percentage of completion method of accounting. The cumulative impact of any revision in estimates of the percentage of work completed is reflected in the year in which the change becomes known. Provisions for estimated losses on such engagements are made during the year in which a loss becomes probable and can be reasonably estimated.

Amounts received or billed in advance of services performed are recorded as advance from customers/unearned revenue. Unbilled revenue, included in debtors, represents amounts recognized based on services performed in advance of billing in accordance with contract terms. Unearned revenue is calculated on the basis of the unutilized period of time at the Balance Sheet and represents revenue which is expected to be earned in future periods in respect of internet, e- mail services, electronic data interchange and web hosting services.

Revenue from the sale of user licenses for software applications is recognized on transfer of the title in the user license, except in case of multiple element contracts requiring significant implementation services, where revenue is recognized as per the percentage of completion method.

Revenues are stated net of discounts and include expenses billed to the customers. interest income is recognized using the time proportion method, based on the transactional interest rates.

2.4 Fixed Assets

Tangible assets

Tangible assets are stated at actual cost less accumulated depreciation. The actual cost capitalized includes material cost, freight, installation cost, duties and taxes, finance charges and other incidental expenses incurred during the construction/installation stage.

Intangible assets

Intangible assets are recorded at consideration paid for acquisition and other direct costs that can be directly attributed, or allocated on a reasonable and consistent basis, to creating, producing and making the asset ready for its intended use.

Depreciation

Depreciation on the Tangible Fixed Assets of the Company is provided on Straight line method as per Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 are considered as the minimum rate. Individual assets acquired for less than Rs. 5,000 are entirely depreciated in the year of acquisition.

The cost of and the accumulated depreciation for fixed assets sold, retired or otherwise disposed off are removed from the stated values and the resulting gains and losses are included in the profit and loss account. Lease payments under operating lease are recognised as an expense in the profit and loss account. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of the fixed assets exceeds its recoverable amount.

2.5 Foreign Currency transactions and translation

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are translated at the rate of exchange at the balance sheet date and resultant gain or loss is recognized in the profit and loss account. Non-monetary assets and liabilities are translated at the rate prevailing on the date of transaction.

2.6 Taxes on Income

Tax expense for the year comprises of current tax, deferred tax.

Income taxes are computed using the tax effect accounting method, where taxes are accrued in the same period in which the related revenue and expenses arise. A provision is made for income tax annually based on the tax liability computed, after considering tax allowances and exemptions. Provisions are recorded when it is estimated that a liability due to disallowances or other matters is probable. Minimum alternate tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of adjustments of future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal tax after the tax holiday period. Accordingly, it is recognized as an asset in the balance sheet when it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company and the asset can be measured reliably.

The differences that result between the profit considered for income taxes and the profit as per the financial statements are identified, and thereafter a deferred tax asset or deferred tax liability is recorded for timing differences, namely the differences that originate in one accounting period and reverse in another, based on the tax effect of the aggregate amount being considered. The tax effect is calculated on the accumulated timing differences at the end of the accounting period based on prevailing enacted or substantially enacted regulations. Deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty that they will be realized and are reviewed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each balance sheet date.

2.7 Earnings per share

In determining earnings per share, the Company considers the net profit after tax and includes the post tax effect of any extra-ordinary / exceptional item is considered. The number of shares used in computing basic earnings per share is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period. The number of shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises the weighted average shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share, and also the weighted average number of equity shares that could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. The diluted potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable, had the shares been actually issued at fair value (i.e. the average market value of the outstanding shares).

dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as of the beginning of the period, unless issued at a later date.

2.8 Retirement benefits to employees

Gratuity

The Company provides for gratuity, a defined benefit retirement plan covering eligible employees, based on actuarial valuation made by an independent actuary as at the balance sheet date. In accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972, the gratuity plan provides a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employees' salary and the tenure of employment.

Provident Fund/ESI

Contributions to defined Schemes such as Provident Fund/ESI are charged as incurred on accrual basis. Eligible employees receive benefits from a provident fund, which is a defined contribution plan. Aggregate contributions along with interest thereon are paid at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment. Both the employee and the Company make monthly contributions to the government administered authority.

2.9 Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset (including goodwill) may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. For an asset that does not generate largely independent cash inflows, the recoverable amount is determined for the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the profit and loss account. If at the Balance Sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount. An impairment loss is reversed only to the exxtent that the carrying amount of asset does not exceed the net book value that would have been determined; if no impairment loss had been recognized.

2.10 Segment Accounting Polices

(a) Segment Assets and Liabilities:

The assets of the Company are used interchangeably between segments, and hence the assets and liabilities of the Company are currently treated as inseparable.

(b) Segment Revenue and Expense:

The Revenue and direct cost, excepting the unallocable costs like personnel cost for the supporting services, depreciation, operating expenditure, interest income on deposits, provision for contingencies and income tax, are directly attributed to the respective segments.

2.11 Provision and Contingent liabilities

The Company creates a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made. Provisions for onerous contracts, i.e. contracts where the expected unavoidable costs of meeting the obligations under the contract exceed the economic benefits expected to be received under it are recognised when it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle a present obligation as a result of an obligating event, based on a reliable estimate of such obligation.

 
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