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Accounting Policies of CESC Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2017

(a) Basis of Accounting

The financial statements have been prepared on the historical cost convention except for the following :

(a) Tangible assets and investments in certain subsidiaries are carried at fair value and treated as deemed cost as on transition date.

(b) certain financial assets and liabilities (including derivative instruments) is measured at fair value.

(c) defined benefit plans - plan assets measured at fair value.

(b) Use of estimate

As required under the provision of Ind AS for preparation of financial statements in conformity thereof, the management has made judgements, estimates and assumptions that affect the application of accounting policies and the reported amount of assets, liabilities, income and expenses. Actual results may differ from these estimates. Estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on a periodic basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognized in the period in which the estimates are revised and in any future periods affected.

(c) Property, plant and equipment Tangible Assets and Depreciation

Tangible Assets have been adjusted for the effect of valuation made by an approved external valuer at the fair value after necessary adjustment for depreciation / amortisation and treated as deemed cost. Subsequent acquisition of these assets, are stated at cost of acquisition together with any incidental expenses related to acquisition and appropriate borrowing costs. An impairment loss is recognized where applicable, when the carrying value of tangible assets of cash generating unit exceed its market value or value in use, whichever is higher.

In terms of applicable Regulations under the Electricity Act, 2003, depreciation on tangible assets other than freehold land is provided on straight line method on a prorata basis at the rates specified therein, the basis of which is considered by the West Bengal Electricity Regulatory Commission (Commission) in determining the tariff for the year of the Company. Leasehold land is amortized over the unexpired period of the lease. Additional charge of depreciation for the year on increase in value arising from fair valuation is recouped from Surplus contained in Retained Earnings.

(d ) Investment properties

Property that is held for long term rental yields and that is not occupied by the Company is classified as investment property. Carrying amount as per previous GAAP has been considered as deemed cost as at transition date.

(e) Intangible Asset and amortisation

Intangible assets comprising computer software, brands and mining rights, expected to provide future enduring economic benefits are stated at cost of acquisition / implementation / development less accumulated amortisation, which is as per previous GAAP and considered as deemed cost as on transition date . The present value of the expected cost of restoration of the coal mine is included in its cost. An impairment loss is recognized where applicable, when the carrying value of intangible assets of cash generating unit exceed its market value or value in use, whichever is higher.

Amortisation cost of intangible assets, comprising computer software related expenditure, are amortised in three years over its estimated useful life and those relating to brands in twenty years, based on useful life assessed by an independent valuer. Mining rights are also amortised over the estimated useful life of the assets of twenty years based on management’s internal assessment.

(f) Lease

A lease is classified as a finance or an operating lease as applicable.

Finance lease

Finance leases are capitalised along with the present value of the minimum lease payments at the lease’s inception and disclosed as leased property. Minimum lease payments made under finance leases are apportioned between the finance expense and the reduction of the outstanding liability.

Operating lease

Lease payments under operating leases are recognised as an income on a straight line basis in the Statement of Profit and Loss over the lease term except where the lease payments are structured to increase in line with expected general inflation. The respective leased assets are included in the Balance Sheet based on their nature.

Lease payments under operating leases are recognised as an expense on a straight line basis in the Statement of Profit and Loss over the lease term except where the lease payments are structured to increase in line with expected general inflation.

(g) Financial asset

The financial assets are classified in the following categories :

1) financial assets measured at amortised cost.

2) financial assets measured at fair value through profit and loss.

The classification of financial assets depends on the Company’s business model for managing financial assets and the contractual terms of the cash flow.

At initial recognition, the financial assets are measured at its fair value plus transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition of the financial asset. Transaction costs of financial assets carried at fair value through profit or loss are expensed in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Financial assets measured at amortised cost

Assets that are held for collection of contractual cash flows where those cash flows represent solely payments of principal and interest are measured at amortised cost. After initial measurement, such financial assets are subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest rate method. The losses arising from impairment are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Financial instruments measured at fair value through profit and loss (FVTPL)

Financial instruments included within fair value through profit and loss category are measured initially as well as at each reporting period at fair value plus transaction costs as applicable. Fair value movements are recorded in Statement of Profit and Loss.

Impairment of financial assets

The Company assesses on a forward looking basis the expected credit losses associated with its assets carried at amortised cost. The impairment methodology applied depends on whether there has been a significant increase in credit risk (Refer Note 42).

For trade receivables the simplified approach of expected lifetime losses has been recognised from initial recognition of the receivables as required by Ind AS 109 Financial Instruments.

(h) Investments

Investment in subsidiaries , associates and joint venture are carried at deemed cost at transition date and are tested for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recognized for the amount by which the assets carrying amount exceeds its recoverable amount. Investments in mutual funds are measured at fair value through profit and loss.

(i) Inventories

Inventories of stores and fuel are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost is calculated on weighted average basis and comprises expenditure incurred in the normal course of business in bringing such inventories to their location and condition.

Obsolete, slow moving and defective inventories are identified at the time of physical verification of inventories and where necessary, adjustment is made for such items.

(j) Foreign Currency Transactions

The Company’s financial statements are presented in INR which is also the functional currency of the Company.

Transactions in foreign currency are accounted for at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transactions. Transactions remaining unsettled are translated at the exchange rate prevailing at the end of the financial year. Exchange gain or loss arising on settlement / translation is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. The outstanding loans repayable in foreign currency are restated at the year-end exchange rate. Exchange gain or loss arising in respect of such restatement is accounted for as a regulatory income or expense with recognition of the said amount as refundable or recoverable, which will be taken into consideration in determining the Company’s future tariff in respect of the amount settled duly considering as appropriate, the impact of the contracts entered into for managing risks thereunder.

(k) Cash and cash equivalents

For the purpose of presentation in the Statement of Cash Flows, cash and cash equivalent includes cash, cheques and draft on hand, balances with banks which are unrestricted for withdrawal/usages and highly liquid financial investments that are readily convertible to known amount of cash which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value. Bank overdrafts are shown within borrowings in current liabilities in the balance sheet.

(l) Financial liabilities

Financial liabilities are measured at amortised cost using the effective interest rate method.

(m) Derivatives

The Company uses derivative financial instruments such as forward currency contracts, interest rate swaps to hedge its foreign currency risks and interest rate risks respectively. Such derivative financial instruments are recognised at fair value. Derivatives are carried as financial assets when the fair value is positive and as financial liabilities when the fair value is negative. Gains or losses arising from such fair valuation of derivatives is recognised as regulatory income or expense through Statement of Profit and Loss and would be considered in determining the Company’s future tariff.

(n) Commitment for Financial Obligations

Cost of commitment for borrowings of subsidiaries/associates are recognised as a liability at the time such commitment is issued. The liability is initially measured at fair value and subsequently at the amount initially recognised less cumulative amortisation.

(o) Revenue from Operations

Revenue to be earned from sale of electricity is regulated based on parameters set out in tariff regulations issued from time to time. Earnings from sale of electricity are net of discount for prompt payment of bills and do not include electricity duty payable to the State Government.

The Company receives contribution from consumers in accordance with the Regulation that is being used to construct or acquire items of property, plant and equipment in order to connect the consumer to the Company’s distribution network. The Company recognises revenue in respect for such contributions so received from consumers connected to the distribution network during the financial year.

Income from meter rent is accounted for as per the approved rates.

(p) Other Income

Income from investments and deposits etc. is accounted for on accrual basis inclusive of related tax deducted at source, where applicable. Delayed Payment Surcharge as a general practice is determined and recognised on a receipt of overdue payment from consumer. Interest income arising from financial assets is accounted for using amortised cost method.

(q) Employee Benefits

Contributions to Provident Fund and Contributory Pension Fund are accounted for on accrual basis. Provident Fund contributions are made to a fund administered through duly constituted approved independent trust. The interest rate payable to the members of the trust shall not be lower than the statutory rate of interest declared by the Central Government under the Employees’ Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 and deficiency, if any, is made good by the Company, impact of which is ascertained by way of actuarial valuation as at the year end. The Company, as per its schemes, extend employee benefits current and/or post retirement, which are accounted for on accrual basis and includes actuarial valuation as at the Balance Sheet date in respect of gratuity, leave encashment and certain other retiral benefits, to the extent applicable, made by independent actuary. Actuarial gains and losses, where applicable, are recognised through Other Comprehensive Income. Compensation in respect of voluntary retirement scheme is charged off to revenue.

(r) Finance Costs

Finance Costs comprise interest expenses, applicable gain / loss on foreign currency borrowings in appropriate cases and other borrowing costs. Such Finance Costs attributable to acquisition and / or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as a part of cost of such assets upto the date, where such assets are ready for their intended use. The balance Finance Costs is charged off to revenue. Finance Costs in case of foreign currency borrowings is accounted for as appropriate, duly considering the impact of the contracts entered into for managing risks thereof. Interest expense arising from financial liabilities is accounted for in effective interest rate method.

(s) Taxes

Current tax represents the amount payable based on computation of tax as per prevailing taxation laws under the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Provision for deferred taxation is made using liability method on temporary difference arising between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts in the financial statements using tax rates (and laws) that have been enacted or substantially enacted by the end of the reporting period and are expected to apply when the related deferred tax asset is realised or the deferred tax liability is settled. Deferred Tax Assets are recognized subject to the consideration of prudence and are periodically reviewed to reassess realization thereof. Deferred Tax Liability or Asset will give rise to actual tax payable or recoverable at the time of reversal thereof. Since tax on profits forms part of chargeable expenditure under the applicable regulations, deferred tax liability or asset is recoverable or payable through future tariff. Hence, recognition of deferred tax asset or liability is made with corresponding provision of liability or asset, as applicable.

(t) Regulatory deferral account balances

The Company is a rate regulated entity and has elected to adopt Ind AS 114, Regulatory Deferral Accounts. Expenses/Income recognized as Regulatory Income/Expenses in the Statement of Profit and Loss to the extent recoverable or payable in subsequent periods based on the Company’s understanding of the provision of the applicable regulations framed by the West Bengal Electricity Regulatory Commission (WBERC) and/or their pronouncements/orders, with corresponding balances shown in the Balance Sheet as Regulatory Deferral Account balances. Regulatory Deferral Account balances are adjusted from the year in which these crystalise.


Mar 31, 2015

(a) Accounting Convention

Pursuant to section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 till the standard of accounting or any addendum thereto prescribed by Central Government in consultation and recommendation ofthe National Financial Reporting Authority, the existing Accounting Standards notified under Companies Act, 1956 shall continue to apply. Consequently, these financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with Accounting Standards notified under section 211(3C) [Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended] and other provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 and the regulations under the Electricity Act, 2003 to the extent applicable. A summary of important accounting policies which have been applied consistently are set out below.

(b) BasisofAccounting

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under historical cost convention, except for certain tangible assets which are being carried at revalued amount.

(c) Tangible Assets

Tangible Assets other than furniture and vehicles acquired upto 31st March, 2005, have been adjusted for the effect of valuation made by an approved external valuer at the then current replacement cost after necessary adjustment for depreciation / amortisation. Subsequent acquisition of these assets, furniture and vehicles are stated at cost of acquisition together with any incidental expenses related to acquisition and appropriate borrowing costs. In case of a project, cost also includes pre-operative expenses and where applicable, expenses during trial run after netting off of revenue earned during trial run and income arising from temporary use of funds pending utilisation. An impairment loss is recognized where applicable, when the carrying value of tangible assets of cash generating unit exceed its market value or value in use, whichever is higher.

(d) Intangible Assets

Intangible assets comprising computer software and brands/trademarks, expected to provide future enduring economic benefits are stated at cost of acquisition / implementation / development less accumulated amortisation. An impairment loss is recognized where applicable, when the carrying value of intangible assets of cash generating unit exceed its market value or value in use, whichever is higher.

(e) Depreciation and Amortisation

In terms of applicable Regulations under the Electricity Act, 2003, depreciation on tangible assets other than freehold land is provided on straight line method on a prorata basis at the rates specified therein, the basis of which is considered by the West Bengal Electricity Regulatory Commission (Commission) in determining the tariff for the year ofthe Company. Additional charge of depreciation for the year on increase in value arising from revaluation is recouped from Revaluation Reserve. Leasehold land is amortized over the unexpired period of the lease.

Cost of intangible assets, comprising computer software related expenditure, are amortised in three years and those relating to brands/trademarks in twenty years, based on useful life assessed by an independent valuer.

(f) Leasing

Lease rentals in respect of assets taken under operating lease are charged to revenue.

(g) Investments

Current Investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value and Non Current Investments are stated at cost. Provision is made where there is a decline, other than temporary, in the value of Non Current Investments.

(h) Inventories

Inventories of stores and spares and fuel are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost is calculated on weighted average basis and comprises expenditure incurred in the normal course of business in bringing such inventories to their location and condition. Obsolete, slow moving and defective inventories are identified at the time of physical verification of inventories and where necessary, adjustment is made for such items.

(i) Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are accounted for at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transactions. Transactions remaining unsettled are translated at the exchange rate prevailing at the end of the financial year. Exchange gain or loss arising on settlement / translation is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss . The outstanding loans repayable in foreign currency are restated at the year-end exchange rate. Exchange gain or loss arising in respect of such restatement is accounted for as an income or expense with recognition of the said amount as refundable or recoverable, which will be taken into consideration in determining the Company''s future tariff in respect of the amount settled duly considering as appropriate, the impact of the contracts entered into for managing risks thereunder.

(j) Revenue from Operations

Earnings from sale of electricity are net of discount for prompt payment of bills and do not include electricity duty payable to the State Government. They also include, as per established practice, consistently followed by the Company in the past, estimated sums recoverable from / adjustable on consumers'' account, calculated on the basis of rates approved / specified by the appropriate authorities which are reflected in the subsequent bills. In terms of the applicable regulations and tariff determination process followed by the Commission, advance against depreciation forms part of tariff. Such advance against depreciation of a year is adjusted against earning from sale of electricity for inclusion of the samein subsequent years, based on due consideration by the authorities in the tariff determination process.

Income from meter rent is accounted for as per the approved rates.

(k) Other Income

Income from investments and deposits etc. is accounted for on accrual basis inclusive of related tax deducted at source, where applicable.

(l) Employee Benefits

Contributions to Provident Fund and Contributory Pension Fund are accounted for on accrual basis. Provident Fund contributions are made to a fund administered through duly constituted approved independent trust. The interest rate payable to the members of the trust shall not be lower than the statutory rate of interest declared by the Central Government under the Employees'' Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 and deficiency, if any, is made good by the Company, impact of which is ascertained by way of actuarial valuation as at the year end. The Company, as per its schemes, extend employee benefits current and/or post retirement, which are accounted for on accrual basis and includes actuarial valuation as at the Balance Sheet date in respect of gratuity, leave encashment and certain other retiral benefits, to the extent applicable, made by independent actuary. Actuarial gains and losses, where applicable, are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Compensation in respect of voluntary retirement scheme is charged offto revenue.

(m) Miscellaneous expenditure to the extent not written off or adjusted

The erstwhile governing statute for the Company, viz., the Electricity (Supply) Act, 1948 (ESA), provided for amortisation of preliminary expenses and certain capital issue expenses over the unexpired period of licence. The Company, as per the consistently applied accounting policy continues with such amortisation of expenditure incurred upto the year 2004-05. Thereafter, pursuant to repeal of ESA, such expenditures are charged off to revenue.

(n) Finance Costs

Finance Costs comprise interest expenses, applicable gain / loss on foreign currency borrowings in appropriate cases and other borrowing costs. Such Finance Costs attributable to acquisition and / or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as a part of cost of such assets upto the date, where such assets are ready for their intended use. The balance Finance Costs is charged off to revenue. Finance Costs in case of foreign currency borrowings is accounted for as appropriate, duly considering the impact of the contracts entered into for managing risks therefor.

(o) Taxes on Income

Current tax represents the amount payable based on computation oftax as per prevailing taxation laws under the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Provision for deferred taxation is made using liability method at the current rates of taxation on all timing differences to the extent it is probable that a liability or asset will crystallize. Deferred Tax Assets are recognized subject to the consideration of prudence and are periodically reviewed to reassess realization thereof. Deferred Tax Liability or Asset will give rise to actual tax payable or recoverable at the time of reversal thereof. Since tax on profits forms part of chargeable expenditure under the applicable regulations, deferred tax liability or asset is recoverable or payable through future tariff. Hence, recognition of deferred tax asset or liability is made with corresponding provision of liability or asset, as applicable.

(g) Terms /rights attached to equity shares :

The Company has only one class of equity shares having a par value ofRs. 10 per share fully paid up. Holders of Equity Shares are entitled to one vote per share. During the year ended 31st March, 2015 the amount of dividend per share recommended by the Board of Directors as distributions to equity shareholders is Rs. 9 (31.03.2014 - Rs. 8 ) subject to declaration at the ensuing Annual General Meeting by the members. In the event of liquidation of the Company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive sale proceeds from remaining assets of the Company after distribution of all preferential amounts. The distribution will be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the shareholders.

(B) Nature of Security :

Out of the Term Loans in (A) above, loans amounting to :

(a) Rs. 3436.40 crore (31.03.2014 - Rs. 3071.48 crore) are secured, ranking pari passu inter se, by equitable mortgage/hypothecation of the fixed assets of the Company including its land, buildings and any other constructions thereon, plant and machinery, etc. as a first charge and, as a second charge, by hypothecation of the Company''s current assets comprising stock of stores, coal and other consumables, book debts, monies receivable and bank balances. However, creation of the said mortgage security in respect of five Rupee Loans (Previous year ten Rupee Loans and one Foreign Currency Loan) aggregating Rs. 907.50 crore (31.03.2014 - Rs. 1470.59 crore) is in process. User rights in respect of a freehold land having a book value of Rs. 62.55 crore (31.03.2014 - Rs. 62.55 crore) have been offered as security for financial assistance availed of by a subsidiary company to its lenders; and

(b) Rs. 656.91 (31.03.2014 - Rs. 382.56 crore) are secured, ranking pari passu inter se, by hypothecation ofthe movable fixed assets and current assets of the Company by way of a charge subservient to the charge of the first and second charge holders on the said assets.

C. Nature of Security

Overdraft facilities from bank in (A) above are secured, ranking pari passu inter se, by hypothecation of the Company''s current assets comprising stock of stores, coal and other consumables, book debts, monies receivable and bank balances as a first charge and, as a second charge, by equitable mortgage / hypothecation of fixed assets of the Company including its land, buildings and any other construction thereon, where exists plant and machinery etc. However, creation of the said mortgage security in respect of overdraft facilities from banks aggregating Rs. 467 crore (31.03.2014 - Rs. 190 crore) is in process.

NOTE - 9 TRADE PAYABLES

Trade payables include Rs. 5.53 crore ( 31.3.2014 - Rs. 3.10 crore) due to Micro and Small Enterprises, as defined in the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Act, 2006, based on information available with the Company.

Rs. Nil (31.3.2014 - Rs. 0.00 crore), Rs. 0.08 crore (31.3.2014 - Rs. 0.17 crore) and Rs. 0.64 crore ( 31.03.2014 - Rs. 0.57 crore ) representing interest due on amount outstanding as at the year end, interest accrued and due for the period of delay in making payment during the year and interest accrued and remaining unpaid at the year end respectively.

NOTE - 23 CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND COMMITMENTS (TO THE EXTENT NOT PROVIDED FOR)

(a) Claims against the Company not acknowledged as debts:

The West Bengal Taxation Tribunal had held meter rentals received by the Company from consumers to be deemed sales under the provisions of the Bengal Finance (Sales Tax) Act, 1941 and that sales tax was payable on such rentals. Based on such findings the Commercial Taxes Directorate assessed Rs. 0.69 crore as sales tax on meter rentals received during the year ended 31st March, 1993 and raised a demand of Rs. 0.36 crore on account of interest. Against the above demand, the Company had deposited a sum ofRs. 0.75 crore with the sales tax authorities and obtained a stay against the balance demand from the Deputy Commissioner of Commercial Taxes. The sales tax authorities also indicated their intention to levy such sales tax on meter rentals for the subsequent years as well, against which, the Company filed a writ petition in the Calcutta High Court and prayed for an interim order, inter alia, restraining the sales tax authorities from proceeding with the assessment for the subsequent years till disposal of the appeal. An interim order has been issued by the High Court permitting the sales tax authorities to carry out assessments but restraining them from serving any assessment order on the Company. The disposal ofthe case is still pending.

(b) Commitments of the Company on account of estimated amount of contracts remaining to be executed on capital account and the same towards borrowing / financing obligations of subsidiaries and a body corporate from banks, not provided for amounting to Rs. 162.57 crore (31.03.2014 : Rs. 161.89 crore), Rs.1597.48 crore ( 31.03.2014 : Rs. 150 crore) and Rs. 104.59 crore (31.03.2014 : Rs. 132.08 crore) respectively. (Also refer note 38)

(c) Other money for which the Company is contingently liable :

(i) Municipal Tax : Rs. Nil (31.03.2014 : Rs. 1.12 crore) in respect of certain properties, the rates of which are disputed by the Company.

(ii) Income tax matters : Rs. 12.74 crore (31.03.2014 : Nil) (iii) Other matters : Rs. 20.50 crore (31.03.2014 : Nil) (refer note 34)

(d) The Company has ongoing commitment to extend support and provide equity to the subsidiaries, in respect of various projects and otherwise (where, in certain cases there are restriction on transfer of investments).

The future cash outflow in respect of above cannot be ascertained at this stage.

(e) For commitment relating to leasing arrangement, refer note 35.

(c) Earnings from sale of electricity are determined in accordance with the relevant orders ofthe Commission, where appropriate, giving due effect to the required adjustments which include a sum of Rs. 207.74 crore (previous year: Rs. (0.95) crore) in respect of the cost of electrical energy purchased, fuel and related costs and also those relating to revenue account, based on the Company''s understanding ofthe applicable regulatory provisions on this count, after giving effect ofthe impact arising from applicable orders in this regard for earlier years and the net impact ofthe said adjustments has been included in Other long term liabilities, to the extent applicable. The accurate quantification and disposal of the matters are being given effect to, from time to time, on receipt of necessary direction from the appropriate authorities. The said earnings are also net of discount for prompt payment of bills allowed to consumers on a net basis from month to month and advance against depreciation amounting to Rs. 65.66 crore (previous year: Rs. 62.41 crore) and Rs. 82.68 crore (previous year: Rs. 62.67 crore) respectively.

(B) Employee Benefits

The Company makes contributions for provident fund and pension (including for superannuation) towards retirement benefit plans for eligible employees. Under the said plans, the Company is required to contribute a specified percentage of the employees'' salaries to fund the benefits. During the year, based on applicable rates, the Company has recognised Rs. 56.23 crore (previous year : Rs. 46.21 crore) on this account in the Statement of Profit and Loss. The Company also makes annual contribution to independent trust, who in turn, invests in the Employees Group Gratuity Scheme of eligible agencies for qualifying employees. Liabilities at the year-end for gratuity, leave encashment and other retiral benefits including medical have been determined on the basis of actuarial valuation carried out by an independent actuary, based on the method prescribed in Accounting Standard 15 - "Employee Benefits" ofthe Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006.

The estimates of future salary increase considered in the actuarial valuation takes into account factors like inflation, seniority, promotion and other relevant factors . The expected return on plan assets is based on actuarial expectation of the average long term rate of return expected on investments of the funds during the estimated terms of the obligations. The contribution expected to be made by the Company for the year ending 31st March, 2016 is not readily ascertainable and therefore not disclosed.

(k) Miscellaneous expenses in (j) above include research and development expense ofRs. 1.31 crore (previous year: Rs. 1.14 crore) and adjustment of Rs. 16.26 crore (previous year - Rs. 29.91 crore) on account of withdrawal of provision relating to non-executive directors'' commission, not being payable.


Mar 31, 2014

(a) Accounting Convention

Pursuant to circular 15^013 dated 13.09.2013 read with circular 08/2014 dated 04.04.2014, till the Standards of Accounting or any addendum thereto are prescribed by Central Government in consultation and recommendation of the National Financial Reporting Authority, the existing Accounting Standards notified under the Companies Act, 1956 shall continue to apply. Consequently, these financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the accounting standards notified under Section 211(3C) Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended and the other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and the Regulations under the Electricity Act, 2003, to the extent applicable. A summary of important accounting policies which have been applied consistently are set out below.

(b) Basis of Accounting

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention, modified by revaluation of certain fixed assets as stated in item V below.

(c) Tangible Assets

Tangible Assets other than furniture and vehicles acquired upto 31st March, 2005, have been adjusted for the effect of valuation made by an approved external valuer at the then current replacement cost after necessary adjustment for depreciation / amortisation. Subsequent acquisition of these assets, furniture and vehicles are stated at cost of acquisition together with any incidental expenses related to acquisition and appropriate borrowing costs. In case of a project, cost also includes pre-operative expenses and where applicable, expenses during trial run after netting off of revenue earned during trial run and income arising from temporary use of funds pending utilisation. An impairment loss is recognized where applicable, when the carrying value of tangible assets of cash generating unit exceed its market value or value in use, whichever is higher.

(d) Intangible Assets

Intangible assets comprising computer software and brands/trademarks, expected to provide future enduring economic benefits are stated at cost of acquisition / implementation / development less accumulated amortisation. An impairment loss is recognized where applicable, when the carrying value of intangible assets of cash generating unit exceed its market value or value in use, whichever is higher.

(e) Depreciation and Amortisation

In terms of applicable Regulations under the Electricity Act, 2003, depreciation on tangible assets other than freehold land is provided on straight line method on a prorata basis at the rates specified therein, the basis of which is considered by the West Bengal Electricity Regulatory Commission (Commission) in determining the tariff for the year of the Company. Additional charge of depreciation for the year on increase in value arising from revaluation is recouped from Revaluation Reserve. Leasehold land is amortized over the unexpired period of the lease.

Cost of intangible assets, comprising computer software related expenditure, are amortised in three years and those relating to brands/trademarks in twenty years, based on useful life assessed by an independent valuer.

(f) Leasing

Lease rentals in respect of assets taken under operating lease are charged to revenue.

(g) Investments

Current Investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value and Non Current Investments are stated at cost.Provision is made where there is a decline, other than temporary, in the value of Non Current Investment.

(h) Inventories

Inventories of stores and spares and fuel are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost is calculated on weighted average basis and comprises expenditure incurred in the normal course of business in bringing such inventories to their location and condition. Obsolete, slow moving and defective inventories are identified at the time of physical verification of inventories and where necessary, adjustment is made for such items.

(i) Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are accounted for at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transactions. Transactions remaining unsettled are translated at the exchange rate prevailing at the end of the financial year. Exchange gain or loss arising on settlement / translation is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss . The outstanding loans repayable in foreign currency are restated at the year-end exchange rate. Exchange gain or loss arising in respect of such restatement is accounted for as an income or expense with recognition of the said amount as refundable or recoverable, which will be taken into consideration in determining the Company''s future tariff in respect of the amount settled duly considering as appropriate, the impact of the contracts entered into for managing risks thereunder.

(j) Revenue from Operations

Earnings from sale of electricity are net of discount for prompt payment of bills and do not include electricity duty payable to the State Government. They also include, as per established practice, consistently followed by the Company in the past, estimated sums recoverable from / adjustable on consumers'' account, calculated on the basis of rates approved / specified by the appropriate authorities which are reflected in the subsequent bills. In terms of the applicable regulations and tariff determination process followed by the Commission, advance against depreciation forms part of tariff. Such advance against depreciation of a year is adjusted against earning from sale of electricity for inclusion of the same in subsequent years, based on due consideration by the authorities in the tariff determination process.

Income from meter rent is accounted for as per the approved rates.

(k) Other Income

Income from investments and deposits etc. is accounted for on accrual basis inclusive of related tax deducted at source, where applicable.

(I) Employee Benefits

Contributions to Provident Fund and Contributory Pension Fund are accounted for on accrual basis. Provident Fund contributions are made to a fund administered through duly constituted approved independent trust. The interest rate payable to the members of the trust shall not be lower than the statutory rate of interest declared by the Central Government under the Employees'' Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 and deficiency, if any, is made good by the Company, impact of which is ascertained by way of actuarial valuation as at the year end. The Company, as per its schemes, extend employee benefits current and/or post retirement, which are accounted for on accrual basis and includes actuarial valuation as at the Balance Sheet date in respect of gratuity, leave encashment and certain other retiral benefits, to the extent applicable, made by independent actuary. Actuarial gains and losses, where applicable, are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Compensation in respect of voluntary retirement scheme is charged off to revenue.

(m) Miscellaneous expenditure to the extent not written off or adjusted

The erstwhile governing statute for the Company, viz., the Electricity (Supply) Act, 1948 (ESA), provided for amortisation of preliminary expenses and certain capital issue expenses over the unexpired period of licence. The Company, as per the consistently applied accounting policy continues with such amortisation of expenditure incurred upto the year 2004-05. Thereafter, pursuant to repeal of ESA, such expenditures are charged off to revenue.

(n) Finance Costs

Finance Costs comprise interest expenses, applicable gain / loss on foreign currency borrowings in appropriate cases and other borrowing costs. Such Finance Costs attributable to acquisition and / or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as a part of cost of such assets upto the date, where such assets are ready for their intended use. The balance Finance Costs is charged off to revenue. Finance Costs in case of foreign currency borrowings is accounted for as appropriate, duly considering the impact of the contracts entered into for managing risks therefor.

(o) Taxes on Income

Current tax represents the amount payable based on computation of tax as per prevailing taxation laws under the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Provision for deferred taxation is made using liability method at the current rates of taxation on all timing differences to the extent it is probable that a liability or asset will crystallize. Deferred Tax Assets are recognized subject to the consideration of prudence and are periodically reviewed to reassess realization thereof. Deferred Tax Liability or Asset will give rise to actual tax payable or recoverable at the time of reversal thereof. Since tax on profits forms part of chargeable expenditure under the applicable regulations, deferred tax liability or asset is recoverable or payable through future tariff. Hence, recognition of deferred tax asset or liability is made with corresponding provision of liability or asset, as applicable.


Mar 31, 2013

(a) Accounting Convention

These financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the applicable accounting principles in India, including Accounting Standards notified u/s 211 (3C) of the Companies Act, 1956 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and the Regulations under the Electricity Act, 2003, to the extent applicable. A summary of important accounting policies which have been applied consistently are set out below.

(b) Basis of Accounting

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention, modified by revaluation of certain fixed assets as stated in item ''c'' below.

(c) Tangible Assets

Tangible Assets other than furniture and vehicles acquired upto 31st March, 2005, have been adjusted for the effect of valuation made by an approved external valuer at the then current replacement cost after necessary adjustment for depreciation / amortisation. Subsequent acquisition of these assets, furniture and vehicles are stated at cost of acquisition together with any incidental expenses related to acquisition and appropriate borrowing costs. In case of a project, cost also includes pre-operative expenses and where applicable, expenses during trial run after netting off of revenue earned during trial run and income arising from temporary use of funds pending utilisation. An impairment loss is recognized where applicable, when the carrying value of tangible assets of cash generating unit exceed its market value or value in use, whichever is higher.

(d) Intangible Assets

Intangible assets comprising computer software and brands/trademarks, expected to provide future enduring economic benefits are stated at cost of acquisition / implementation / development less accumulated amortisation. An impairment loss is recognized where applicable, when the carrying value of intangible assets of cash generating unit exceed its market value or value in use, whichever is higher.

(e) Depreciation and Amortisation

In terms of applicable Regulations under the Electricity Act, 2003, depreciation on tangible assets other than freehold land is provided on straight line method on a prorata basis at the rates specified therein, the basis of which is considered by the West Bengal Electricity Regulatory Commission (Commission) in determining the tariff for the year of the Company. Additional charge of depreciation for the year on increase in value arising from revaluation is recouped from Revaluation Reserve. Leasehold land is amortized over the unexpired period of the lease.

Cost of intangible assets , comprising computer software related expenditure, are amortised in three years and those relating to brands/trademarks in twenty years, based on useful life assessed by an independent valuer.

(f) Leasing

Lease rentals in respect of assets taken under operating lease are charged to revenue.

(g) Investments

Current Investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value and Non Current Investments are stated at cost. Provision is made where there is a decline, other than temporary, in the value of Non Current Investment.

(h) Inventories

Inventories of stores and spares and fuel are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost is calculated on weighted average basis and comprises expenditure incurred in the normal course of business in bringing such inventories to their location and condition. Obsolete, slow moving and defective inventories are identified at the time of physical verification of inventories and where necessary, adjustment is made for such items.

(i) Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are accounted for at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transactions. Transactions remaining unsettled are translated at the exchange rate prevailing at the end of the financial year. Exchange gain or loss arising on settlement / translation is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss . The outstanding loans repayable in foreign currency are restated at the year-end exchange rate. Exchange gain or loss arising in respect of such restatement is accounted for as an income or expense with recognition of the said amount as refundable or recoverable, which will be taken into consideration in determining the Company''s future tariff in respect of the amount settled duly considering as appropriate, the impact of the contracts entered into for managing risks thereunder.

(j) Revenue from Operations

Earnings from sale of electricity are net of discount for prompt payment of bills and do not include electricity duty payable to the State Government. They also include, as per established practice, consistently followed by the Company in the past, estimated sums recoverable from / adjustable on consumers'' account, calculated on the basis of rates approved / specified by the appropriate authorities which are reflected in the subsequent bills. In terms of the applicable regulations and tariff determination process followed by the Commission, advance against depreciation forms part of tariff. Such advance against depreciation of a year is adjusted against earning from sale of electricity for inclusion of the same in subsequent years, based on due consideration by the authorities in the tariff determination process.

Income from meter rent is accounted for as per the approved rates.

Delayed payment surcharge, as a general practice, is determined and recognised on receipt of overdue payment from consumers.

(k) Other Income

Income from investments and deposits etc. is accounted for on accrual basis inclusive of related tax deducted at source, where applicable.

(I) Employee Benefits

Contributions to Provident Fund and Contributory Pension Fund are accounted for on accrual basis. Provident Fund contributions are made to a fund administered through duly constituted approved independent trust. The interest rate payable to the members of the trust shall not be lower than the statutory rate of interest declared by the Central Government under the Employees'' Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 and deficiency, if any, is made good by the Company, impact of which is ascertained by way of actuarial valuation as at the year end. The Company, as per its schemes, extend employee benefits current and/or post retirement, which are accounted for on accrual basis and includes actuarial valuation as at the Balance Sheet date in respect of gratuity, leave encashment and certain other retiral benefits, to the extent applicable, made by independent actuary. Actuarial gains and losses, where applicable, are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Compensation in respect of voluntary retirement scheme is charged off to revenue.

(m) Miscellaneous expenditure to the extent not written off or adjusted

The erstwhile governing statute for the Company, viz., the Electricity (Supply) Act, 1948 (ESA), provided for amortisation of preliminary expenses and certain capital issue expenses over the unexpired period of licence. The Company, as per the consistently applied accounting policy continues with such amortisation of expenditure incurred upto the year 2004-05. Thereafter, pursuant to repeal of ESA, such expenditures are charged off to revenue.

(n) Finance Costs

Finance Costs comprise interest expenses, applicable gain / loss on foreign currency borrowings in appropriate cases and other borrowing costs. Such Finance Costs attributable to acquisition and/or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as a part of cost of such assets upto the date, where such assets are ready for their intended use. The balance Finance Costs is charged off to revenue. Finance Costs in case of foreign currency borrowings is accounted for as appropriate, duly considering the impact of the contracts entered into for managing risks therefor.

(o) Taxes on Income

Current tax represents the amount payable based on computation of tax as per prevailing taxation laws under the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Provision for deferred taxation is made using liability method at the current rates of taxation on all timing differences to the extent it is probable that a liability or asset will crystallize. Deferred Tax Assets are recognized subject to the consideration of prudence and are periodically reviewed to reassess realization thereof. Deferred Tax Liability or Asset will give rise to actual tax payable or recoverable at the time of reversal thereof. Since tax on profits forms part of chargeable expenditure under the applicable regulations, deferred tax liability or asset is recoverable or payable through future tariff. Hence, recognition of deferred tax asset or liability is made with corresponding provision of liability or asset, as applicable.


Mar 31, 2012

(a) Accounting Convention

These financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the applicable accounting principles in India, including Accounting Standards notified u/s 211(3C) of the Companies Act, 1956 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and the Regulations under the Electricity Act, 2003, to the extent applicable. A summary of important accounting policies which have been applied consistently are set out below. During the year ended 31st March 2012 the Revised Schedule VI notified under the Companies Act, 1956, has been applicable for preparation and presentation of its financial statements and the same have been prepared in accordance with the relevant presentation requirement of the aforesaid Revised Schedule VI notified under Companies Act, 1956, with neccessary re-classification for previous year's figures.

(b) Basis of Accounting

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention, modified by revaluation of certain fixed assets as stated in item 'C below.

(c) Tangible Assets

Tangible Assets other than furniture and vehicles acquired upto 31 March 2005, have been adjusted for the effect of valuation made by an approved external valuer at the then current replacement cost after necessary adjustment for depreciation. Subsequent acquisition of these assets, furniture and vehicles are stated at cost of acquisition together with any incidental expenses related to acqusition and appropriate borrowing costs. In case of a project, cost also includes pre-operative expenses and where applicable, expenses during trial run after netting off of revenue earned during trial run and income arising from temporary use of funds pending utilisation. An impairment loss is recognized where applicable, when the carrying value of tangible assets of cash generating unit exceed its market value or value in use, whichever is higher.

(d) Intangible Assets

Intangible Assets comprising software and brands/trademarks, expected to provide future enduring economic benefits are stated at cost of acquisition / implementation / development less accumulated amortisation. An impairment loss is recognized where applicable, when the carrying value of intangible assets of cash generating unit exceed its market value or value in use, whichever is higher.

(e) Depreciation and Amortisation

In terms of applicable Regulations under the Electricity Act, 2003, depreciation on tangible assets other than freehold land is provided on straight line method on a proata basis at the rates specified therein, the basis of which is considered by the West Bengal Electricity Regulatory Commission (Commission) in determining the tariff for the year of the Company. Additional charge of depreciation for the year on increase in value arising from revaluation is recouped from Revaluation Reserve. Leasehold land is amortised over the unexpired period of the lease.

Cost of intangible assets, comprising software related expenditure, are amortised in three years and those relating to brands/trademarks in twenty years, based on useful life assessed by an independent valuer.

(f) Leasing

Lease rentals in respect of assets taken under operating lease are charged to revenue.

(g) Investments

Current Investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value and Non-Current Investments are stated at cost. Provision is made where there is a decline, other than temporary, in the value of Non-Current Investment.

(h) Inventories

Inventories of stores and spare parts and fuel are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost is calculated on weighted average basis and comprises of expenditure incurred in the normal course of business in bringing such inventories to their location and condition. Obsolete, slow moving and defective inventories are identified at the time of physical verification of inventories and where neccessary, adjustment is made for such items.

(i) Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are accounted for at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transactions. Transactions remaining unsettled are translated at the exchange rate prevailing at the end of the financial year. Exchange gain or loss arising on settlement / translation is recognized in the Profit and Loss Statement. The outstanding loans repayable in foreign currency are restated at the year end exchange rate. Exchange gain or loss arising in respect of such restatement is accounted for as an income or expense with recognition of the said amount as refundable or recoverable, which will be taken into consideration in determining the Company's future tariff in respect of the amount settled. Foreign currency loans, availed of on a fully hedged basis in Indian Rupee and where as per the terms of the underlying contracts no exchange fluctuation is on the Company's account, are accounted for in the currencies in which such loans have been fully hedged.

G) Revenue from Operations

Earnings from sale of electricity are net of discount for prompt payment of bills and do not include electricity duty payable to the State Government. They also include, as per established practice, consistently followed by the Company in the past, estimated sums recoverable from / adjustable on consumers' account, calculated on the basis of rates approved / specified by the appropriate authorities which are reflected in the subsequent bills. In terms of the applicable regulations and tariff determination process followed by the Commission, advance against depreciation forms part of tariff. Such advance against depreciation of a year is adjusted against earning from sale of electricity for inclusion of the same in subsequent years, based on due consideration by the authorities in the tariff determination process.

Income from hire of meters is accounted for as per the approved rates.

Delayed payment surcharge, as a general practice, is determined and recognised on receipt of overdue payment from consumers.

(k) Other Income

Income from investments and deposits etc. is accounted for on accrual basis inclusive of related tax deducted at source, where applicable.

(I) Employee Benefits

Contributions to Provident Fund and contributory Pension Fund are accounted for on accrual basis. Provident Fund contributions are made to a fund administered through duly constituted approved independent trust. The interest rate payable to the members of the trust shall not be lower than the statutory rate of interest declared by the Central Government under the Employees Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 and deficiency, if any, is made good by the Company, impact of which is ascertained by way of actuarial valuation as at the year end. The Company, as per its schemes, extend employee benefits current and/or post retirement, which are accounted for on accrual basis and includes actuarial valuation as at the balance sheet date in respect of gratuity, leave encashment and certain other retiral benefits, to the extent applicable, made by independent actuary. Actuarial gains and losses, where applicable, are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Compensation in respect of voluntary retirement scheme is charged off to revenue.

(m) Miscellaneous expenditure to the extent not written off or adjusted

The erstwhile governing statute for the Company, viz., the Electricity (Supply) Act, 1948 (ESA), provided for amortisation of preliminary expenses and certain capital issue expenses over the unexpired period of licence. The Company, as per the consistently applied accounting policy continues with such amortisation of expenditure incurred upto the year 2004-05. Thereafter, pursuant to repeal of ESA, such expenditures are charged off to revenue.

(n) Finance Costs

Finance Costs comprise interest expenses, applicable gain / loss on foreign currency borrowings in appropriate cases and other borrowing costs. Such Finance Costs attributable to acquisition and / or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as a part of cost of such assets upto the date, where such assets are ready for their intended use. The balance Finance Costs is charged off to revenue.

(o) Taxes on Income

Current tax represents the amount payable based on computation of tax as per prevailing taxation laws under the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Provision for deferred taxation is made using liability method at the current rates of taxation on all timing differences to the extent it is probable that a liability or asset will crystallize. Deferred tax assets are recognized subject to the consideration of prudence and are periodically reviewed to reassess realization thereof. Deferred tax liability or asset will give rise to actual tax payable or recoverable at the time of reversal thereof. Since tax on profits forms part of chargeable expenditure under the applicable regulations, deferred tax liability or asset is recoverable or payable through future tariff. Hence, recognition of deferred tax asset or liability is made with corresponding provision of liablity or asset, as applicable.


Mar 31, 2011

(a) Accounting Convention

These financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the applicable accounting principles in India, including standards notified u/s 211 (3C) of the Companies Act, 1956 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and the Regulations under the Electricity Act, 2003, to the extent applicable. A summary of important accounting policies which have been applied consistently are set out below. The financial statements have also been prepared in accordance with relevant presentational requirements of the Companies Act, 1956 of India.

(b) Basis of Accounting

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention, modified by revaluation of certain fixed assets as stated in item 2C and Note 4 below.

(c) Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets other than furniture and vehicles acquired upto 31 March 2005, have been adjusted for the effect of valuation made by an approved external valuer at the then current replacement cost after necessary adjustment for depreciation. Subsequent acquisition of these assets, furniture and vehicles are stated at cost of acquisition together with any incidental expenses related to acquisition and appropriate borrowing costs. In case of a project, cost also includes pre-operative expenses and where applicable, expenses during trial run after netting off of revenue earned during trial run and income arising from temporary use of funds pending utilisation An impairment loss is recognized where applicable, when the carrying value of fixed assets of cash generating unit exceed its market value or value in use, whichever is higher. Capital Works in Progress include advances made in respect of capital expenditure. Intangible assets comprising software and trademarks, expected to provide future enduring economic benefits are stated at cost of acquisition / implementation / development less accumulated amortisation.

(d) Depreciation

In terms of applicable Regulations under the Electricity Act, 2003, depreciation on fixed assets other than freehold land is provided on straight line method on a prorata basis at the rates specified therein, the basis of which is considered by the West Bengal Electricity Regulatory Commission (Commission) in determining the tariff for the year of the Company. Additional charge of depreciation for the year on increase in value arising from revaluation is recouped from Revaluation Reserve. Leasehold land is amortized over the unexpired period of the lease.

Cost of intangible assets, comprising software related expenditure, are amortised in three years and those relating to trademarks in twenty years, based on useful life assessed by an independent valuer.

(e) Leasing

Lease rentals in respect of assets taken under operating lease are charged to revenue.

(f) Investments

Current Investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value and Long Term Investments are stated at cost. Provision is made where there is a decline, other than temporary, in the value of long term investment.

(g) Inventories

Inventories of stores and spare parts and fuel are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost is calculated on weighted average basis and comprises of expenditure incurred in the normal course of business in bringing such inventories to their location and condition. Obsolete, slow moving and defective inventories are identified at the time of physical verification of inventories and where necessary, adjustment is made for such items. (h) Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are accounted for at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transactions. Transactions remaining unsettled are translated at the exchange rate prevailing at the end of the financial year. Exchange gain or loss arising on settlement / translation is recognized in the Profit and Loss Account. The outstanding loans repayable in foreign currency are restated at the year-end exchange rate. Exchange gain or loss arising in respect of such restatement is accounted for as an income or expense with recognition of the said amount as refundable or recoverable, which will be taken into consideration in determining the Companys future tariff in respect of the amount settled. Foreign currency loans, availed of on a fully hedged basis in Indian Rupee and where as per the terms of the underlying contracts no exchange fluctuation is on the Companys account, are accounted for in the currencies in which such loans have been fully hedged.

(i) Sales

Earnings from sale of electricity are net of discount for prompt payment of bills and do not include electricity duty payable to the State Government. They also include, as per established practice, consistently followed by the Company in the past, estimated sums recoverable from / adjustable on consumers account, calculated on the basis of rates approved / specified by the appropriate authorities which are reflected in the subsequent bills. In terms of the applicable regulations and tariff determination process followed by the Commission, advance against depreciation forms part of tariff. Such advance against depreciation of a year is adjusted against earning from sale of electricity for inclusion of the same in subsequent years, based on due consideration by the authorities in the tariff determination process.

0) Other Income

Income from hire of meters is accounted for as per the approved rates. Income from investments and deposits etc. is accounted for on accrual basis inclusive of related tax deducted at source, where applicable. Delayed payment surcharge, as a general practice, is determined and recognised on receipt of overdue payment from consumers.

(k) Employee Benefits

Contributions to Provident Fund and contributory Pension Fund are accounted for on accrual basis. Provident Fund contributions are made to a fund administered through duly constituted approved independent trust. The interest rate payable to the members of the trust shall not be lower than the statutory rate of interest declared by the Central Government under the Employees Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 and deficiency, if any, is made good by the Company. The Company, as per its schemes, extend employee benefits (current and/or post retirement), which are accounted for on accrual basis and includes actuarial valuation as at the balance sheet date in respect of gratuity, leave encashment and certain medical benefits, to the extent applicable, made by independent actuary. Actuarial gains and losses, where applicable, are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account. Compensation in respect of voluntary retirement scheme is charged off to revenue.

(I) Miscellaneous expenditure to the extent not written off or adjusted

The erstwhile governing statute for the Company, viz., the Electricity (Supply) Act, 1948 (ESA), provided for amortisation of preliminary expenses and certain capital issue expenses over the unexpired period of licence. The Company, as per the consistently applied accounting policy continues with such amortisation of expenditure incurred upto the year 2004-05. Thereafter, pursuant to repeal of ESA, such expenditures are charged off to revenue.

(m) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing Costs attributable to acquisition and / or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as a part of cost of such assets upto the date where such assets are ready for their intended use. Other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

(n) Taxes on Income

Current tax represents the amount payable based on computation of tax as per prevailing taxation laws under the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Provision for deferred taxation is made using liability method at the current rates of taxation on all timing differences to the extent it is probable that a liability or asset will crystallize. Deferred tax assets are recognized subject to the consideration of prudence and are periodically reviewed to reassess realization thereof. Deferred Tax liability or asset will give rise to actual tax payable or recoverable at the time of reversal thereof. Since tax on profits forms part of chargeable expenditure under the applicable regulations, deferred tax liability or asset is recoverable or payable through future tariff. Hence, recognition of deferred tax asset or liability is made with corresponding provision of liability or asset, as applicable.


Mar 31, 2010

(a) Accounting Convention

These financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the applicable accounting principles in India, including standards notified u/s 211 (3C) of the Companies Act, 1956 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and the Regulations under the Electricity Act, 2003, to the extent applicable. A summary of important accounting policies which have been applied consistently are set out below. The financial statements have also been prepared in accordance with relevant presentational requirements of the Companies Act, 1956 of India.

(b) Basis of Accounting

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention, modified by revaluation of certain fixed assets as stated in item 2C and Note 4 below.

(c) Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets other than furniture and vehicles acquired upto 31 March 2005, have been adjusted for the effect of valuation made by an approved external valuer at the then current replacement cost after necessary adjustment for depreciation. Subsequent acquisition of these assets and furniture and vehicles are stated at cost of acquisition together with any incidental expenses related to acquisition and appropriate borrowing costs. In case of a project, cost also includes pre-operative expenses and where applicable, expenses during trial run after netting off of revenue earned during trial run and income arising from temporary use of funds pending utilisation An impairment loss is recognized where applicable, when the carrying value of fixed assets of cash generating unit exceed its market value or value in use, whichever is higher. Capital Works in progress include advances made in respect of capital expenditure. Intangible assets comprising software and trademarks, expected to provide future enduring economic benefits are stated at cost of acquisition / implementation / development less accumulated amortisation.

(d) Depreciation /Amortisation

In terms of applicable Regulations under the Electricity Act, 2003, depreciation on fixed assets other than freehold land is provided on straight line method on a prorata basis at the rates specified therein, the basis of which is considered by the West Bengal Electricity Regulatory Commission (Commission) in determining the tariff for the year of the Company. Additional charge of depreciation for the year on increase in value arising from revaluation is recouped from Revaluation Reserve. Leasehold land is amortized over the unexpired period of the lease.

Intangible assets, comprising software related expenditure, are amortised in three years and those relating to Trademarks in twenty years, based on useful life assessed by an independent valuer.

(e) Leasing

Lease rentals in respect of assets taken under operating lease are charged to revenue.

(f) Investments

Current Investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value and Long Term Investments are stated at cost. Provision is made where there is a decline, other than temporary, in the value of long term investment.

(g) Inventories

Inventories of stores and spares and fuel are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost is calculated on weighted average basis and comprises of expenditure incurred in the normal course of business in bringing such inventories to their location and condition. Obsolete, slow moving and defective inventories are identified at the time of physical verification of inventories and where necessary, adjustment is made for such items.

(h) Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are accounted for at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transactions. Transactions remaining unsettled are translated at the exchange rate prevailing at the end of the financial year. Exchange gain or loss arising on settlement / translation is recognized in the Profit and Loss Account. The outstanding loans repayable in foreign currency are restated at the year-end exchange rate. Exchange gain or loss arising in respect of such restatement is accounted for as an income or expense with recognition of the said amount as refundable or recoverable, which will be taken into consideration in determining the Companys future tariff in respect of the amount settled. Foreign currency loans, availed of on a fully hedged basis and where as per the terms of the underlying contracts no exchange fluctuation is on the Companys account, are accounted for in the currencies in which such loans have been fully hedged.

(i) Sales

Earnings from sale of electricity are net of discount for prompt payment of bills and do not include electricity duty payable to the State Government. They also include, as per established practice, consistently followed by the Company in the past, estimated sums recoverable from / adjustable on consumers account, calculated on the basis of rates approved / specified by the appropriate authorities which are reflected in the subsequent bills. In terms of the applicable regulations and tariff determination process followed by the Commission, advance against depreciation forms part of tariff. Such advance against depreciation of a year is adjusted against earning from sale of electricity for inclusion of the same in subsequent years, based on due consideration by the authorities in the tariff determination process.

0) Other Income

Income from hire of meters is accounted for as per the approved rates. Income from investments and deposits etc. are accounted for on accrual basis inclusive of related tax deducted at source, where applicable. Delayed payment surcharge, as a general practice, is determined and recognised on receipt of overdue payment from consumers.

(k) Employee Benefits

Contributions to Provident Fund and contributory Pension Fund are accounted for on accrual basis. Provident Fund contributions are made to a fund administered through duly constituted approved independent trust. The interest rate payable to the members of the trust shall not be lower than the statutory rate of interest declared by the Central Government under the Employees Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 and shortfall, if any, is made good by the Company. The Company, as per its schemes, extend employee benefits current and/or post retirement, which are accounted for on accrual basis and includes actuarial valuation as at the balance sheet date in respect of gratuity, leave encashment and certain medical benefits, to the extent applicable, made by independent actuary. Actuarial gains and losses, where applicable, are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account. Compensation paid during the year in respect of voluntary retirement scheme has been charged off to revenue.

(I) Miscellaneous expenditure to the extent not written off or adjusted

The erstwhile governing statute for the Company, viz., the Electricity (Supply) Act, 1948 (ESA), provided for amortisation of preliminary expenses and certain capital issue expenses over the unexpired period of licence. The Company, as per the consistently applied accounting policy continues with such amortisation of expenditure incurred upto the year 2004-05. Thereafter, pursuant to repeal of ESA, such expenditures are charged off to revenue.

(m) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing Costs attributable to acquisition and / or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as a part of cost of such assets upto the date where such assets are ready for their intended use. Other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

(n) Taxes on Income

Current tax represents the amount payable based on computation of tax as per prevailing taxation laws under the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Provision for deferred taxation is made using liability method at the current rates of taxation on all timing differences to the extent it is probable that a liability or asset will crystallize. Deferred tax assets are recognized subject to the consideration of prudence and are periodically reviewed to reassess realization thereof. Carry forward unabsorbed depreciation as per assessment orders / returns filed has been recognised to the extent of deferred tax liability. Deferred Tax liability or asset will give rise to actual tax payable or recoverable at the time of reversal thereof. Since tax on profits forms part of chargeable expenditure under the applicable regulations, deferred tax liability or asset is recoverable or payable through future tariff. Hence, recognition of deferred tax asset or liability is made with corresponding provision of liability or asset, as applicable.

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