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Accounting Policies of City Online Services Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2014

A) Basis of preparation of financial statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention in accordance with the Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) to comply in all material aspects with the Accounting Standards notified under Section 211(3C) (which continues to be applicable in terms of General circular 15/2013 dated September 13, 2013 of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs in respect of Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013) and other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 .The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting principles (Indian GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported year. Examples of such estimates include future obligations under employee retirement benefit plans, provision for doubtful receivables, employee benefits, provision for income taxes, useful life of depreciable fixed assets and provision for impairment. Future results could differ due to changes in these estimates and the difference between the actual result and the estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known/materialize.

c) Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized on accrual basis to the extent it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Income from the services is recognized when the services are rendered in accordance with the terms agreed.

Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

d) Fixed Assets:

Tangible Assets:

Tangible fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost includes any directly attributable costs incurred to bring the assets for its intended use.

Subsequent expenditure related to an item of fixed assets is added to its book value only if it increases the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

e) Depreciation

Depreciation is provided on assets which are put to use during the year using Straight Line Method over the useful lives of assets estimated by the Management. Depreciation for assets purchased/sold during a period is proportionately charged.

Individual Fixed Assets costing Rs.5,000 and below are fully depreciated in the year of purchase.

f) Leases

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vests with the less or, are recognized as operating lease. Lease rentals under operating lease are recognized in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

g) Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost includes all expenses incurred to bring the inventory to its present location and condition. Cost is determined on a weighted average basis.

h) Foreign currency Transactions

Transactions in foreign currencies are translated at the exchange rates prevailing on the dates of transactions and the exchange gains/losses on settlements during the year, are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are translated at the rates prevailing on the date of Balance sheet. Exchange gains/losses including those relating to fixed assets are dealt with in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

i) Investments

Investments are classified into Current and Long Term Investments based on the Management's intention at the time of purchase. Long Term investments are carried at cost less provision for diminution in value, if any which is other than temporary in the value of such investments. Any reduction in carrying amount and any reversals of such reductions are charged or credited to the Statement of profit and loss.

j) Employee Benefits

The estimated liability for employee benefits, both short and long term, for present and past services which are due as per the terms of employment are recorded in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS) 15 "Employee Benefits". A brief description of the employee benefits are as follows:

Gratuity:

In accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972, The Company has an obligation towards gratuity, a defined retirement benefit plan ('the Gratuity Plan') covering all eligible employees. The Gratuity Plan provides a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee's salary and the tenure of employment with the Company.

Vesting occurs on completion of five years of service. The liabilities with regard to the Gratuity Plan are determined by an independent actuarial valuation at each Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses arising from experience adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they arise.

Provident Fund:

All eligible employees of the Company are entitled to receive benefits under the Provident Fund, a defined contribution plan to which both the employee and employer make monthly contributions at a determined percentage of the covered employee's salary. The Company has no further obligations under the provident fund plan beyond its monthly contributions.

k) Earnings Per Share

The Company reports basic and diluted earnings per share in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS) 20, Earnings Per Share. Basic earnings per equity share is computed by dividing the net profit for the year attributable to the Equity Shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing net profits for the year, adjusted for the effects of dilutive potential equity shares, attributable to the Equity Shareholders by the weighted average number of the equity shares and dilutive potential equity shares outstanding during the year except where the results are anti dilutive. Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as of the beginning of the period / year, unless issued at a later date.

1) Taxation

Current Tax is the amount of tax payable on taxable income for the period determined in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax expense or benefit is recognized on timing differences being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and is likely to reverse in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as on the balance sheet date.

In the event of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realize such assets. In other situations, deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainly that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realize these assets.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset if such items relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing tax laws and the Company has a legally enforceable right for such set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for their realisability.

m) Impairment of Assets

The management assesses the carrying amount of assets at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment, if any such indication exists; the recoverable amount of the assets is estimated. An impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying value of an asset or its cash generating unit exceeds the recoverable amount.

The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset's net selling price and value in use, which is determined, based on the estimated future cash flow discounted to their present values. An impairment loss of an asset is reversed if, and only if, the reversal can be related objectively to an event occurring after such loss was recognized. The carrying amount of an asset will be increased to its revised recoverable amount, provided such amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in prior years.

n) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent assets

A provision is recognized if, as a result of past event, the Company has a present legal obligation that can be estimated reliably, and it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation. Provisions are determined by the best estimate of the outflow of economic benefits required to settle the obligation at the reporting date.

A disclosure for Contingent liabilities is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation where it is not probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required or a reliable estimate cannot be made. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2013

1. Corporate Information:

City Online Services Limited ('the Company') is domiciled in India and incorporated under the provisions of The Companies Act, 1956. The company is engaged in the business of providing internet and intranet; data centre solutions, custom Wi-Fi solutions and managed services.

Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported year. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

a) Basis of preparation of financial statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of The Companies Act, 1956.The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

b) Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized on accrual basis to the extent it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured. Income from the services is recognized when the services are rendered in accordance with the terms agreed.

c) Depreciation

Depreciation is provided on assets which are put to use during the year using Straight Line Method on pro-rata basis in accordance with the schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Individual Fixed Assets costing Rs.5,000 and below are fully depreciated in the year of purchase.

d) Inventories

Inventories are (valued at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost includes all expenses incurred to bring the inventory to its present location and condition. Cost is determined on a weighted average basis.

e) Valuation of Fixed Assets:

Tangible Assets:

Tangible fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost includes any directly attributable costs incurred to bring the assets for its intended use.

Subsequent expenditure related to an item of fixed assets is added to its book value only if it increases the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

f) Foreign currency Transactions

Transactions in foreign currencies are translated at the exchange rates prevailing on the dates of transactions and the exchange gains/losses on settlements during the year, are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are translated at the rates prevailing on the date of Balance sheet. Exchange gains/losses including those relating to fixed assets are dealt with in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

g) Investments

Investments are classified as Long Term and Current Investments. Long Term investments are carried at cost less provision for diminution in value, if any which is other than temporary in the value of such investments. Any reduction in carrying amount and any reversals of such reductions are charged or credited to the Statement of profit and loss. '¦ '' '

h) Employee Benefits

The estimated liability for employee benefits, both short and long term, for present and past services which are due as per the terms of employment are recorded in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS) 15 "Employee Benefits". A brief description of the employee benefits are as follows:

Gratuity:

The Company has an obligation towards gratuity, a defined retirement benefit plan covering all eligible employees. The plan provides for lump sum payment in accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 to vested employees on retirement, death while in employment or on separation. Vesting occurs on completion of five years of service. The Company accounts for the liability for future Gratuity benefits on the basis of an independent actuarial valuation.

Provident Fund:

All eligible employees of the Company are entitled to receive benefits under the Provident Fund, a defined contribution plan to which both the employee and employer contribute monthly at a determined rate and the Company has no further obligation.

i) Earnings Per Share

The Company reports basic and diluted earnings per share in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS) 20, Earnings Per Share. Basic earnings per equity share are computed by dividing the net profit for the year attributable to the Equity Shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

j) Taxation

Current Tax is the amount of tax payable on taxable income for the period determined in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred Tax - Deferred tax resulting from "timing differences" between book profit and taxable profit is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted as on the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is a virtual certainty that such assets will be realized in future. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset if such items relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing tax laws and the Company has a legally enforceable right for such set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for their realisability.

k) Impairment of Assets

The carrying amount of assets is reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment, if any such indication exists; the recoverable amount of the assets is estimated. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset's net selling price and value in use, which is determined, based on the estimated future cash flow discounted to their present values An impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of an asset or its cash-generating unit exceeds its recoverable amount. Impairment loss is reversed if there has been a change in the estimates used to determine the recoverable amount.

1) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent assets

The company recognizes provisions when there is present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits and reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for Contingent liabilities is made in the notes on accounts when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation where it is not probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required or a reliable estimate cannot be made. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.