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Accounting Policies of Crimson Metal Engineering Company Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2014

1.a) CRIMSON METAL ENGINEARING COMPANY LIMITED is a Public Limited company. The company incorporated under companies'' act 1956 vides RC number L27105TN1985PLCO11566 issued by Register of companies (ROC) Tamilnadu. Its share is listed on stock exchanges in India. The Company is engaged in the manufacturing and selling of Black Pipe (ERW Pipe & G I Pipe) The factory is situated in Pipdic Industrial Estate, Sedarapet Puducherry – 605111.

b) The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting in India (Indian GAAP). The company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material respects with the Accounting Standards as notified by Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial Statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis except in case of Land (freehold and leasehold).

1.1 Summary of significant accounting policies

a. Change in Presentation of financial statement:

During the year ended 31st march 2013, the revised schedule VI notified under the Companies Act1956, has become applicable to the company, for preparation and presentation of its financial statements. The adoption of revised Schedule VI does not impact recognition and measurement principals followed for preparation of financial statements, however it has significant impact on presentation and disclosures made in the financial statements. The company has also reclassified the previous year figures in accordance with the requirement applicable in the current year.

b. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statement are prepared under historical cost conversion,in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in Indian and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

c. Use of estimates.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contigent liabilities, at the end of the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon the management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates. Uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets or liabilities in future periods.

d. Tangible fixed assets.

Fixed assets, acquired are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. The cost comprises purchase price, borrowing costs if capitalization criteria are met and directly attributable of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use. Any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.

Subsequent expenditure related to an item of fixed assets is added to its book value only if it increases the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard performance. All other expenses on existing fixed assets, including day to day repair and maintenance expenditure and cost of replacing parts, are charged to the statement of profit and loss for the period during which such expenses are incurred.

e. Depreciation on tangible fixed assets

Depreciation on fixed assets is calculated pro rata from the date of addition using Straight Line Method (SLM) based upon the useful lives estimated by the management or those prescribed under the Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

f. Borrowing costs

Borrowing cost includes interest. Borrowing costs directly attribute to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

g. Inventories

Raw materials, components, store and spares are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost of raw materials, components and stores and spares is determined on a weighted average basis.

Work in progress and finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost includes direct materials and labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the site.

h. Revenue Recognition

Revenue from sale of products is recognized when practically all significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have been passed to the buyer, usually on delivery of the goods. The Company collects central sales taxes and value added taxes (VAT) on behalf of the government and, therefore, these are not economic benefits following to the Company. Hence, they are excluded from revenue. Excise duty deducted from revenue (gross) is the amount that is included in the revenue (gross) and not the entire amount of liability arising during the year. This usually occurs upon dispatch and collection of the receivable is reasonably certain.

Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis, taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate. Interest income is included under the head ''other income'' in the statement of profit and loss.

i. Employee Benefits

Liability for employee benefits, both short and long term, which are due as per the terms of employment, are recorded in accordance with Accounting Standard -15(Revised) "Employee Benefits" notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules,2006.

a. In respect of Gratuity, the Company offers a non contributory defined benefit plan to its employees. Year end accrued liabilities of gratuity payable to employees are provided for Rs.5,11,035/- based on the liability as estimated by the management. This policy is not in accordance with the Revised Accounting Standard AS-15 "Employees Benefits".

b. Contribution to Provident Fund and other recognized fund is charged to profit and loss account.

c. Provision for Leave Encashment is not made as per Revised Accounting Standard AS-15 "Employees Benefits".

j. Income Taxes

Current Tax

Current tax is determined in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred Tax

Deferred tax resulting from "timing difference" between taxable and accounting income is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that are enacted or substantively enacted as on the balance sheet date. Deferred tax asset is recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a virtual certainty that the assets will be realized in future.

k. Segment reporting

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the Company. The company primarily operates in single business segment which is Steel Tube (Skelp, Black pipe and GI pipe), and accordingly there are no primary segments to be reported as per Accounting Standard 17 "Segment Reporting".

l. Earning per share

Basic earnings per equity share is computed by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to the equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the reporting period .

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity share holders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

m. Foreign currency transactions

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency on the date of the transaction.

Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction and non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

Exchange Difference

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting company''s monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

n. Custom & Excise Duty

Excise Duty on finished goods lying at the factory is accounted at point of sale or dispatch. Custom Duty on imported material lying in bonded warehouse is accounted for at the time of bonding materials.

o. Provisions

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. These estimates are reviewed at each reporting date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

p. Contingent Liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognised because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The Company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the final statement.

q. Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purpose of cash flow statement comprises cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

r. Measurement of EBITDA

As permitted by the Guidance Note on the Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956, the company has elected to present earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the statement of profit and loss. The company measures EBITDA on the basis of profit/ (loss) from continuing operations. In its measurement, the company does not include depreciation and amortization expense, finance cost and tax expense.


Mar 31, 2013

A. Change in Presentation of financial statement:

During the year ended 31st march 2012, the revised schedule VI notified under the Companies Act1956, has become applicable to the company, for preparation and presentation of its financial statements. The adoption of revised Schedule VI does not impact recognition and measurement principals followed for preparation of financial statements, however it has significant impact on presentation and disclosures made in the financial statements. The company has also reclassified the previous year figures in accordance with the requirement applicable in the current year.

b. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statement are prepared under historical cost conversion,in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in Indian and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

c. Use of estimates.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities, at the end of the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon the management''s best knowledge of

current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates. Uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets or liabilities in future periods.

d. Tangible fixed assets.

Fixed assets, acquired are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. The cost comprises purchase price, borrowing costs if capitalization criteria are met and directly attributable of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use. Any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.

Subsequent expenditure related to an item of fixed assets is added to its book value only if it increases the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard performance. All other expenses on existing fixed assets, including day to day repair and maintenance expenditure and cost of replacing parts, are charged to the statement of profit and loss for the period during which such expenses are incurred.

e. Depreciation on tangible fixed assets

Depreciation on fixed assets is calculated pro rata from the date of addition using Straight Line Method (SLM) based upon the useful lives estimated by the management or those prescribed under the Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

f. Borrowing costs

Borrowing cost includes interest. Borrowing costs directly attribute to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

g. Inventories

Raw materials, components, store and spares are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost of raw materials, components and stores and spares is determined on a weighted average basis.

Work in progress and finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost includes direct materials and labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the site.

h. Revenue Recognition

Revenue from sale of products is recognized when practically all significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have been passed to the buyer, usually on delivery of the goods. The Company collects central sales taxes and value added taxes (VAT) on behalf of the government and, therefore, these are not economic benefits following to the Company. Hence, they are excluded from revenue. Excise duty deducted from revenue (gross) is the amount that is included in the revenue (gross) and not the entire amount of liability arising during the year. This usually occurs upon dispatch and collection of the receivable is reasonably certain.

Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis, taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate. Interest income is included under the head ''other income'' in the statement of profit and loss.

i. Employee Benefits

Liability for employee benefits, both short and long term, which are due as per the terms of employment, are recorded in accordance with Accounting Standard -15(Revised) "Employee Benefits" notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules,2006.

a. In respect of Gratuity, the Company offers a non contributory defined benefit plan to its employees. Year end accrued liabilities of gratuity payable to employees are provided for Rs.4,87,800/- based on the liability as estimated by the management. This policy is not in accordance with the Revised Accounting Standard AS-15 "Employees Benefits".

b. Contribution to Provident Fund and other recognized fund is charged to profit and loss account.

c. Provision for Leave Encashment is not made as per Revised Accounting Standard AS-15 "Employees Benefits".

j. Income Taxes Current Tax

Current tax is determined in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred Tax

Deferred tax resulting from "timing difference" between taxable and accounting income is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that are enacted or substantively enacted as on the balance sheet date. Deferred tax asset is recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a virtual certainty that the assets will be realized in future.

k. Segment reporting

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the Company. The company primarily operates in single business segment which is Steel Tube (Skelp, Black pipe and GI pipe), and accordingly there are no primary segments to be reported as per Accounting Standard 17 "Segment Reporting".

l. Earnings per share

Basic earnings per equity share is computed by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to the equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the reporting period .

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity share holders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

m. Foreign currency transactions

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency on the date of the transaction.

Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction and non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

Exchange Difference

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting company''s monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

n. Custom & Excise Duty

Excise Duty on finished goods lying at the factory is accounted at point of sale or dispatch. Custom Duty on imported material lying in bonded warehouse is accounted for at the time of bonding materials.

o. Provisions

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. These estimates are reviewed at each reporting date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

p. Contingent Liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The Company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the final statement.

q. Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purpose of cash flow statement comprises cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

r. Measurement of EBITDA

As permitted by the Guidance Note on the Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956, the company has elected to present earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the statement of profit and loss. The company measures EBITDA on the basis of profit/ (loss) from continuing operations. In its measurement, the company does not include depreciation and amortization expense, finance cost and tax expense.


Mar 31, 2012

A. Change in Presentation of financial statement:

During the year ended 31st march 2012, the revised schedule VI notified under the Companies Act1956, has become applicable to the company, for preparation and presentation of its financial statements. The adoption of revised Schedule VI does not impact recognition and measurement principals followed for preparation of financial statements, however it has significant impact on presentation and disclosures made in the financial statements. The company has also reclassified the previous year figures in accordance with the requirement applicable in the current year.

b. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statement are prepared under historical cost conversion,in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in Indian and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

c. Use of estimates.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contigent liabilities, at the end of the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon the management's best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates. Uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets or liabilities in future periods.

d. Tangible fixed assets.

Fixed assets, acquired are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. The cost comprises purchase price, borrowing costs if capitalization criteria are met and directly attributable of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use. Any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.

Subsequent expenditure related to an item of fixed assets is added to its book value only if it increases the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard performance. All other expenses on existing fixed assets, including day to day repair and maintenance expenditure and cost of replacing parts, are charged to the statement of profit and loss for the period during which such expenses are incurred.

e. Depreciation on tangible fixed assets

Depreciation on fixed assets is calculated pro rata from the date of addition using Straight Line Method (SLM) based upon the useful lives estimated by the management or those prescribed under the Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

f. Borrowing costs

Borrowing cost includes interest. Borrowing costs directly attribute to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

g. Inventories

Raw materials, components, store and spares are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost of raw materials, components and stores and spares is determined on a weighted average basis.

Work in progress and finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost includes direct materials and labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the site.

h. Revenue Recognition

Revenue from sale of products is recognized when practically all significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have been passed to the buyer, usually on delivery of the goods. The Company collects central sales taxes and value added taxes (VAT) on behalf of the government and, therefore, these are not economic benefits following to the Company. Hence, they are excluded from revenue. Excise duty deducted from revenue (gross) is the amount that is included in the revenue (gross) and not the entire amount of liability arising during the year. This usually occurs upon dispatch and collection of the receivable is reasonably certain.

Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis, taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate. Interest income is included under the head 'other income' in the statement of profit and loss.

i. Employee Benefits

Liability for employee benefits, both short and long term, which are due as per the terms of employment, are recorded in accordance with Accounting Standard -15(Revised) "Employee Benefits" notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules,2006.

a. In respect of Gratuity, the Company offers a non contributory defined benefit plan to its employees. Year end accrued liabilities of gratuity payable to employees are provided for Rs 3,82,800/ - based on the liability as estimated by the management. This policy is not in accordance with the Revised Accounting Standard AS-15 "Employees Benefits".

b. Contribution to Provident Fund and other recognized fund is charged to profit and loss account.

c. Provision for Leave Encashment is not made as per Revised Accounting Standard AS-15 "Employees Benefits".

j. Income Taxes

Current Tax

Current tax is determined in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred Tax

Deferred tax resulting from "timing difference" between taxable and accounting income is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that are enacted or substantively enacted as on the balance sheet date. Deferred tax asset is recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a virtual certainty that the assets will be realized in future.

k. Segment reporting

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the Company. The company primarily operates in single business segment which is Steel Tube (Skelp, Black pipe and GI pipe), and accordingly there are no primary segments to be reported as per Accounting Standard 17 "Segment Reporting".

l. Earning per share

Basic earnings per equity share is computed by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to the equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the reporting period .

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity share holders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

m. Foreign currency transactions

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency on the date of the transaction.

Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction and non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

Exchange Difference

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting company's monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

n. Custom & Excise Duty

Excise Duty on finished goods lying at the factory is accounted at point of sale or dispatch. Custom Duty on imported material lying in bonded warehouse is accounted for at the time of bonding materials.

o. Provisions

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. These estimates are reviewed at each reporting date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

p. Contingent Liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be

confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognised because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The Company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the final statement.

q. Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purpose of cash flow statement comprises cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

r. Measurement of EBITDA

As permitted by the Guidance Note on the Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956, the company has elected to present earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the statement of profit and loss. The company measures EBITDA on the basis of profit/ (loss) from continuing operations. In its measurement, the company does not include depreciation and amortization expense, finance cost and tax expense.

 
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