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Accounting Policies of Cupid Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2014

A) Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements are prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting and in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (''the Act''), and the accounting principles generally accepted in India and comply with the accounting standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 issued by the Central Government, in consultation with the National Advisory Committee on Accounting Standards, to the extent applicable.

The financial statement are prepared and presented in the form set out in Part I and Part II of Revised Schedule VI of the Act, so far as they are applicable thereto.

These financial statements are presented in Indian rupees.

b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements are in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements. The estimates and assumptions used in the accompanying financial statements are based upon management''s evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances as of the date of financial statements which in management''s opinion are prudent and reasonable. Actual results may differ from the estimates used in preparing the accompanying financial statements. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

c) Fixed Tangible Assets / Intangible Assets

Fixed Assets are stated on original cost less accumulated depreciation. The total cost of assets comprises its purchase price, freight, duties, taxes and any other incidental expenses directly attributable to bringing the asset to the working condition for its intended use. Intangible assets are recognized if it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the assets will flow to the Company and cost of the assets can be measured reliably.

d) Depreciation

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on Straight Line Method on a pro-rata basis at the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Act. However computers and computer softwares where provided on WDV method, as the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Act.

Assets costing less than or equal to Rs. 5,000 are treated are company revenue expenditures or else depreciated fully in the year of purchase.

e) Impairment of Assets

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset or a group of assets (cash generating unit) may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset or a group of assets. The recoverable amount of the asset (or where applicable, that of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs) is estimated as the higher of its net selling price and its value in use. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flow expected to arise from the continuing use of the assets and from its disposal at the end of its useful life.

If at the Balance Sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost.

f) Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value. Basis of determination of cost remain as follows :

Items Methodology of Valuation

Raw materials,components, stores Cost is determined on FIFO cost method. Materials and other and spares Trading goods and items held for use in the production of inventories are not Packing Materials written down below cost, if the finished products in which they

will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost.

Work-in-progress and finished Cost includes direct materials and labour and a proportion of goods manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost of finished goods includes provision for excise duty if applicable.

Goods in Transits if any have been valued inclusive of custom duty.

Net relizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

g) Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Sales of goods : Revenue from sale of goods is recognised on transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer. Sales are stated net of trade discount, duties and sales tax as applicable.

Interest incomes : Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis.

Other Incomes : Export incentive, income from investment and other service income are accounted on accrual basis.

h) Investments :

Investments are classified under Non-current and current categories, as applicable are carried at cost of acquisition

i) Foreign Currency Transactions

Initial recognition: Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency which is Indian Rupee, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction. Conversion: Monetary assets and liabilities in foreign currency, which are outstanding as at the year-end, are translated at the year-end at the closing exchange rate and the resultant exchange differences are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Non-monetary foreign currency items are carried at cost.

Exchange Differences: Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting monetary items of the Company at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

j) Retirement and Other Employee Benefits

Short term employee benefits: All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short-term employee benefits. These benefits include short term compensated absences such as paid annual leave. The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees is recognized as an expense during the period. Benefits such as salaries and wages, etc. and the paid or expected cost of the incentives / miscellaneous welfare compensations / bonus / ex-gratia are recognised in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

Long term Post employment employee benefits: Company''s periodical makes contribution to several vital funds and employee benefits insurances schemes its cost has been charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year where such contributions to the respective funds are due or on accrual basis.

Such contribution are to the Employee''s Provident fund Scheme, 1952 govern by regional provident funds commissioner, Maharashtra whereby Company''s employee are obligation towards pension and retirement benefits are covered.

Further the Company''s liability towards gratuity of eligible employees is administered by Life Insurance Corporation of India under its Employees Group Gratuity Scheme and annual premium paid by the Company.

In addition certain employee benefits insurances schemes whereby Company''s uncertain risk cost is covered by annual premium paid are been paid by the Company have been charged on accrual basis.

k) Leases

Any applicable assets taken under leases, where the company assumes substantially all the risks and rewards of Ownership are classified as Finance Leases. Such assets are capitalized at the inception of the lease at the lower of fair value or the present value of minimum lease payments and a liability is created for an equivalent amount. Each lease rental paid is allocated between the liability and the interest cost, so as to obtain a constant periodic rate of interest on outstanding liability for each period.

Assets taken under leases, where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased term, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight- line basis over the lease term as applicable.

l) Taxation

Income-tax expense if any comprises current tax, deferred tax charge or credit, minimum alternative tax (MAT).

Current tax: Provision for current tax is made for the tax liability payable on taxable income after considering tax allowances, deductions and exemptions determined in accordance with the prevailing tax laws.

Deferred tax: Deferred tax liability or asset is recognized for timing differences between the profits/losses offered for income tax and profits/losses as per the financial statements. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the current ongoing tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax asset is recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax asset is recognized only if there is a virtual certainty of realization of such asset. Deferred tax asset is reviewed as at each Balance Sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonably/virtually certain to be realized.

Minimum alternative tax: Minimum alternative tax (MAT) obligation in accordance with the tax laws, which give rise to future economic benefits in the form of adjustment of future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal tax during the specified period. Accordingly, it is recognized as an asset in the Balance Sheet when it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company and the asset can be measured reliably.

m) Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs if any to the extent related/attributable to the acquisition/construction of assets that takes substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use are capitalized along with the respective fixed asset up to the date such asset is ready for use. Other borrowing costs are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

n) Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

Diluted earnings per share are calculated after adjusting effects of potential equity shares (PES). PES are those shares which will convert into equity shares at a later stage. Profit / loss is adjusted by the expenses incurred on such PES. Adjusted profit/loss is divided by the weighted average number of ordinary plus potential equity shares.

o) Provisions and Contingencies

A provision is recognised when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to their present values and are determined based on management estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current management estimates.

Contingent liabilities are disclosed in respect of possible obligations that have arisen from past events and the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non- occurrence of future events not wholly within the control of the Company.

When there is an obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

p) Exports Benefits

Consumption of raw material is arrived after deducting export benefits accrued such as refund of duly and duly draw back as per exim policy in the year of such exports.


Mar 31, 2013

A) Basic of Preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements are prepared and presented underthe historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting and in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (''the Act''), and the accounting principles generally accepted in India and comply with the accounting standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 issued by the Central Government, in consultation with the National Advisory Committee on Accounting Standards, to the extent applicable.

The financial statement are prepared and presented in the form set out in Part I and Part II of Revised Schedule VI of the Act, so far as they are applicable thereto. These financial statements are presented in Indian rupees.

b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements are in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements. The estimates and assumptions used in the accompanying financial statements are based upon management''s evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances as of the date of financial statements which in management''s opinion are prudent and reasonable. Actual results may differ from the estimates used in preparing the accompanying financial statements. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

c) Fixed Tangible Assets / Intangible Assets

Fixed Assets are stated on original cost less accumulated depreciation. The total cost of assets comprises its purchase price, freight, duties, taxes and any other incidental expenses directly attributable to bringing the asset to the working condition for its intended use. Intangible assets are recognized if it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the assets will flow to the Company and cost of the assets can be measured reliably.

d) Depreciation

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on Straight Line Method on a pro-rata basis at the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Act. However computers and computer softwares where provided on WD V method, as the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Act. Assets costing less than or equal to Rs. 5,000 are treated are company revenue expenditures or else depreciated fully in the year of purchase.

e) Impairment of Assets

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset or a group of assets (cash generating unit) may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset or a group of assets. The recoverable amount of the asset (or where applicable, that of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs) is estimated as the higher of its net selling price and its value in use. If such recoverable amount of the asset orthe recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flow expected to arise from the continuing use of the assets and from its disposal at the end of its useful life. If at the Balance Sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost.

f) Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost or net relizable value. Basis of determination of cost remain as follows:

g) Revenue Recognition !

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to | the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured. j

Sales of goods: Revenue from sale of goods is recognised on transfer of all significant risks ; and rewards of ownership to the buyer. Sales are stated net of trade discount, duties and sales I tax as applicable. j Interest incomes: Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis.

Other Incomes: Export incentive, income from investment and other service income are accounted on accrual basis.

h) Investments: :

Investments are classified under Non-current and current categories, as applicable are carried at cost of acquisition

Foreign Currency Transactions

Initial recognition: Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency which ; is Indian Rupee, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the I reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction. j Conversion: Monetary assets and liabilities in foreign currency, which are outstanding as at : the year-end, are translated at the year-end at the closing exchange rate and the resultant I exchange differences are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Non-monetary foreign j currency items are carried at cost. :

Exchange Differences: Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting monetary items of the Company at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised : as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise. j

j) Retirement and Other Employee Benefits j

Short term employee benefits: All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of ¦ rendering the service are classified as short-term employee benefits. These benefits include ! short term compensated absences such as paid annual leave. The undiscounted amount of j short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by : employees is recognized as an expense during the period. Benefits such as salaries and ! wages, etc. and the paid or expected cost of the incentives / miscellaneous welfare j compensations / bonus / ex-gratia are recognised in the period in which the employee renders : the related service. J

Long term Post employment employee benefits: Company''s periodical makes contribution to j several vital funds and employee benefits insurances schemes its cost has been charged to : the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year where such contributions to the respective funds ! are due or on accrual basis. Such contribution are to the Employee''s Provident fund Scheme, 1952 govern by regional provident funds commissioner, Maharashtra whereby Company''s employee are obligation towards pension and retirement benefits are covered.

Furtherthe Company''s liability towards gratuity of eligible employees is administered by Life Insurance Corporation of India under its Employees Group Gratuity Scheme and annual premium paid by the Company.

In addition certain employee benefits insurances schemes whereby Company''s uncertain risk cost is covered by annual premium paid are been paid by the Company have been charged on accrual basis.

k) Leases

Any applicable assets taken under leases, where the company assumes substantially all the risks and rewards of Ownership are classified as Finance Leases. Such assets are capitalized at the inception of the lease at the lower of fair value or the present value of minimum lease payments and a liability is created for an equivalent amount. Each lease rental paid is allocated between the liability and the interest cost, so as to obtain a constant periodic rate of interest on outstanding liability for each period.

Assets taken under leases, where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased term, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis overthe lease term as applicable.

I) Taxation

Income-tax expense if any comprises current tax, deferred tax charge or credit, minimum alternative tax (MAT).

Current tax: Provision for current tax is made for the tax liability payable on taxable income after considering tax allowances, deductions and exemptions determined in accordance with the prevailing tax laws.

Deferred tax: Deferred tax liability or asset is recognized for timing differences between the profits/losses offered for income tax and profits/losses as per the financial statements. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the current ongoing tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax asset is recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss undertaxation laws, deferred tax asset is recognized only if there is a virtual certainty of realization of such asset. Deferred tax asset is reviewed as at each Balance Sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonably/virtually certain to be realized. Minimum alternative tax: Minimum alternative tax (MAT) obligation in accordance with the tax laws, which give rise to future economic benefits in the form of adjustment of future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal tax during the specified period. Accordingly, it is recognized as an asset in the Balance Sheet when it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company and the asset can be measured reliably.

m) Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs if any to the extent related/attributable to the acquisition/construction of assets that takes substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use are capitalized along with the respective fixed asset up to the date such asset is ready for use. Other borrowing costs are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

n) Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss forthe period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

Diluted earnings per share are calculated after adjusting effects of potential equity shares (PES). PES are those shares which will convert into equity shares at a later stage. Profit / loss is adjusted by the expenses incurred on such PES. Adjusted profit/loss is divided by the weighted average number of ordinary plus potential equity shares.

o) Provisions and Contingencies

A provision is recognised when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to their present values and are determined based on management estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current management estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in respect of possible obligations that have arisen from past events and the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of future events not wholly within the control of the Company.

When there is an obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, provision or disclosure is made.


Mar 31, 2012

A) Basic of Preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements are prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting and in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (''the Act''), and the accounting principles generally accepted in India and comply with the accounting standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 issued by the Central Government, in consultation with the National Advisory Committee on Accounting Standards, to the extent applicable.

The financial statement are prepared and presented in the form set out in Part I and Part II of Revised Schedule VI of the Act, so far as they are applicable thereto.

These financial statements are presented in Indian rupees.

b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements are in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements. The estimates and assumptions used in the accompanying financial statements are based upon management''s evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances as of the date of financial statements which in management''s opinion are prudent and reasonable. Actual results may differ from the estimates used in preparing the accompanying financial statements. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

c) Fixed Tangible Assets / intangible Assets

Fixed Assets are stated on original cost less accumulated depreciation. The total cost of assets comprises its purchase price, freight, duties, taxes and any other incidental expenses directly attributable to bringing the asset to the working condition for its intended use. Intangible assets are recognized if it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the assets will flow to the Company and cost of the assets can be measured reliably.

d) Depreciation

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on Straight Line Method on a pro-rata basis at the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Act. However computers and computer softwares where provided on WDV method, as the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Act. Assets costing less than or equal to Rs. 5,000 are treated are company revenue expenditures or else depreciated fully in the year of purchase.

e) Impairment of Assets

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset or a group of assets (cash generating unit) may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset or a group of assets. The recoverable amount of the asset (or where applicable, that of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs) is estimated as the higher of its net selling price and its value in use. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flow expected to arise from the continuing use of the assets and from its disposal at the end of its useful life.

If at the Balance Sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost.

f) Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost or net relizable value. Basis of determination of cost remain as follows:

g) Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Sales of goods: Revenue from sale of goods is recognised on transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer. Sales are stated net of trade discount, duties and sales tax as applicable.

Interest incomes: Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis.

Other Incomes: Export incentive, income from investment and other service income are accounted on accrual basis.

h) Investments:

Investments are classified under Non-current and current categories, as applicable are carried at cost of acquisition

i) Foreign Currency Transactions

initial recognition : Foreign currency transaction are recorded in reporting currency which is Indian Rupee, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchnage rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

Convversion / Monetary assets and liabilities in foreign currency, which are outstanding as at the year-end, are translated at the year-end at the closing exchange rate and the resultant exchange differences are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Non-monetary foreign currency items are carried at cost.

Exchange Differences: Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting monetary items of the Company at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise, j) Retirement and Other Employee Benefits.

Short term employee benefits: All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short-term employee benefits. These benefits include short term compensated absences such as paid annual leave. The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees is recognized as an expense during the period. Benefits such as welfare compensation / bonus / ex-gratia are recognised in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

Long term Post employment employee benefits : Company periodical makes contribution to several vital funds and employee benefits insurances schemes its cost has been charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year where such contributions to the respective funds are due or on accrual basis.

Such contribution are to the Employee''s Provident fund Scheme, 1952 govern by regional provident funds commissioner, Maharashtra whereby Company''s employee obligation towards pension and retirement benefits are covered.

Further the Company''s liability towards gratuity of eligible employees is administered by Life Insurance Corporation of India under its Employees Group Gratuity Scheme and annual premium paid by the Company. ''

In addition certain employee benefits insurances schemes whereby Company''s uncertain risk cost is covered by annual premium paid are been paid by the Company have been charged on accrual basis, k) Leases

Any applicable assets taken under leases, where the company assumes substantially all the risks and rewards of Ownership are classified as Finance Leases. Such assets are capitalized at the inception of the lease at the lower of fair value or the present value of minimum lease payments and a liability is created for an equivalent amount. Each lease rental paid is allocated between the liability and the interest cost, so as to obtain a constant periodic rate of interest on outstanding liability for each period.

Assets taken under leases, where the lessor effectively retains substntially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased term, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term as applicable.

I) Taxation

Income-tax expense if any comprises current tax, deferred tax charge or credit, minimum alternative tax (MAT).

Current tax: Provision for current tax is made for the tax liability payable on taxable income after considering tax allowances, deductions and exemptions determined in accordance with the prevailing tax laws.

Deferred tax: Deferred tax liability or asset is recognized for timing differences between the profits/losses offered for income tax and profits/losses as per the financial statements. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the current ongoing tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax asset is recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss undertaxation laws, deferred tax asset is recognized only if there is a virtual certainty of realization of such asset. Deferred tax asset is reviewed as at each Balance Sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonably/virtually certain to be realized.

Minimum alternative tax : Minimum alternative tax (MAT) obligation in accordance with the tax laws, which give rise to future economic benefits in the form of adjustment of future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal tax during the specified period. Accordingly, it is recognized as an asset in the Balance Sheet when it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company and the asset can be measured reliably, m) Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs if any to the extent related / attributable to the acquisition / construction of assets that takes substaintial period of time to get ready for their intended use are capitalized along with the respective fixed asset up to the date such asset is ready for use. Other borrowing costs are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss, n) Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

Diluted earnings per share are calculated after adjusting affects of potential equity shares (PES). PES are those shares which will convert into equity share at a later stage. Profit / loss is adjusted by the expenses incurred on such PES. Adjusted profit/loss is divided by the weighted average number of ordinary plus potential equity shares,

o) Provisios and Contingencies

A provision is recognised when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to their present values and are determined based on management estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current management estimates.

Contigent liabilities are disclosed in respect of possible oligations that have arisen from past events and the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurence or non-occurrence of future events not wholly within the control of the Company.

When there is an abligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.


Mar 31, 2010

A. Accounting convention:-

The financial statements are prepared on the accrual basis under the historical cost convention, in accordance with applicable Accounting Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

B.Fixed assets and depreciation: -

B. Fixed assets are stated at original cost less accumulated depreciation. Original cost includes certain incidental costs related to acquisition and installation. Depreciation is provided on the straight-line mehod except computers where it is provided on WDV method, at the rates specified in schedule XIV to the Companies Act 1956. Depreciation on addition / deletion is ! j calculated on pro- rata basis with reference to the month of addition/ deletion.

C. Investment:-

Investments are stated at cost of acquisition.

D. Valuation of Inventory:-

Consumables, stores and spare parts are valued at cost. Finished goods, raw materials, packing materials and work -in -process are valued at the lower of cost or net realisable value. Cost of finished goods and work -in -process includes an appropriate portion of manufacturing overheads.

E. Revenue:-

Revenue from sale of product is recognised when the products are dispatched against orders from customers in accordance with the contract terms. Sales are stated net of rebates and discounts.

F. Gratuity:-

The Companys liability towards gratuity of eligible employees is administered by Life Insurance Corporation of India under its Employees Group Gratuity Scheme and the annual premium paid by the Company in this regard is charged to the profit and loss account.

G. Foreign currency transaction:-

Foreign currency transactions are accounted at the actual realisation during the year. All monetary foreign currency balances are converted at the exchange rates prevailing at the date of the balance sheet. All exchange differences other than those relating to the acquisition of fixed assets from outside India are dealt with in the profit and loss account. Exchange gains : or losses relating to fixed assets acquired from outside India are adjusted in the cost of the respective fixed assets.

H. Earnings per shares:-

Basic earnings per share is computed using the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed using the weighted average number of equity and dilutive equivalents shares outstanding during the year except where result could be anti dilutive.

I. Income taxes:-

Income tax expense comprises current tax and deferred tax charge or release. The deferred tax charge or credit is recognised using the current enacted tax rates. Deferred tax assets arising from unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward losses are recognised only if there is virtual certainty of realisation of such amounts. Other deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainty of realisation in future. Such assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date to reassess the realisation.

 
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