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Accounting Policies of DCM Shriram Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2016

I. Accounting convention

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention. These statements have been prepared in accordance with the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 as applicable.

ii. Fixed assets and depreciation

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost of acquisition or construction is inclusive of freight, duties, taxes and incidental expenses and interest on loans attributable to the acquisition of assets up to the date of commissioning of assets. Capital subsidy received against specific assets is reduced from the value of relevant fixed assets.

The Company is following straight line method of depreciation in respect of buildings, plant and machinery and written down value method in respect of other assets.

Depreciation on all tangible fixed assets except plant and equipments is provided on the basis of useful life prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013. For plant and equipments, depreciation is provided on the basis of useful life/residual value determined by the management based on a technical evaluation considering nature of asset, past experience, estimated usage of the asset, vendor''s advise etc., as given below:

iii. Foreign currency transactions and derivatives

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded on initial recognition at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction.

Monetary items (i.e. receivables, payables, loans etc.) denominated in foreign currency are reported using the closing exchange rate on each balance sheet date.

The exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting these items at rates different from rates at which these were initially recorded/reported in previous financial statements are recognized as income/expense in the period in which they arise except that the exchange differences arising till the commissioning of fixed assets, relating to borrowed funds and liabilities in foreign currency for acquisition of the fixed assets are adjusted to the cost of fixed assets.

In case of forward exchange contracts, the premium or discount arising at the inception of such contracts is amortised as income or expense over the life of the contract. Further, exchange difference on such contracts i.e. difference between the exchange rate at the reporting/settlement date and the exchange rate on the date of inception of contract/the last reporting date, is recognized as income/ expense for the period except that the exchange differences, including premium or discount on forward exchange contracts, arising till the commissioning of fixed assets, relating to borrowed funds and liabilities in foreign currency for acquisition of the fixed assets are adjusted to the cost of fixed assets.

iv. Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost or net realisable value. The basis for determining cost (which also includes taxes and duties wherever applicable) for different categories of inventory are as under:

Stores and spares, raw materials and stock-in-trade - Weighted average rate

Work-in-Progress and finished goods - Direct cost plus appropriate share of overheads after giving credit for other income and certain expenses like ex-gratia and gratuity.

By-products are valued at estimated net realisable value.

v. Revenue recognition

a) Sales are recognized, net of returns and trade discounts, on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer, which generally coincides with dispatch to customers. Sales include excise duty but exclude sales tax and value added tax.

b) Under the retention pricing scheme, the Government of India reimburses to the fertiliser industry, the difference between the retention price based on the cost of production and selling price (as realised from the farmers) as fixed by the Government from time to time, in the form of subsidy. The effect of variation in input costs/expenses on retention price yet to be notified is accounted for by the Company as income for the year based on its assessment of ultimate collection with reasonable degree of certainty at the time of accrual.

vi. Investments

Long term investments are stated at cost unless there is a permanent fall in value thereof. Current investments are stated at cost or net realisable value whichever is less.

vii. Employee benefits

Company''s contributions paid/payable during the year to provident fund, superannuation fund and employees'' state insurance corporation are recognised in the statement of profit and loss. For the Provident Fund Trust administered by the Company, it is liable to meet the shortfall, if any, in payment of interest at the rates declared by the Central Government, and such liability is recognised in the year of shortfall.

Provisions for gratuity and compensated absences determined on an actuarial basis at the end of the year are charged to revenue each year. The Company makes contribution to the LIC for Employees Gratuity Scheme in respect of employees of one of the division.

viii. Research and development

The revenue expenditure on research and development is charged as an expense in the year in which it is incurred. Capital expenditure is included in fixed assets.

ix. Income-tax

The Income-tax liability is provided in accordance with the provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax is recognised, subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences, between taxable income and accounting income. Deferred tax assets on unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses are recognised on virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

3. In accordance with past practice, the Company has taken revenue credits aggregating Rs.8.58 Crores (2014-15 - Rs. 123.83 Crores) for urea subsidy claims , which are pending notification/final acceptance by ''Fertiliser Industry Coordination Committee'' (FICC), Government of India, in pursuance of the Retention Price Scheme administered for nitrogenous fertilisers. Necessary adjustments to revenue credits so accrued will be made on issuance of notification by FICC, Government of India.

4. Segment reporting

A. Business segments:

Based on the guiding principles given in Accounting Standard AS-17 "Segment Reporting", the Company''s business segments include: Fertilisers (manufacturing of urea), Chloro-Vinyl (manufacturing of poly-vinyl chloride, carbide and chlor alkali products), Shriram Farm Solutions (trading of di-ammonium phosphate, muriate of potash, super phosphate, other fertilisers, seeds and pesticides). Sugar (manufacturing of sugar products and co-generation of Power), Bioseed (production of hybrid seeds). Others (UPVC window systems. Cement, Rural retail and plaster of paris). Sale of power from the power generation facilities set up for the business segments is included in their respective results.

B. Geographical segments:

Since the Company''s activities/ operations are primarily within the country and considering the nature of products/ services it deals in, the risks and returns are same and as such there is only one geographical segment.

C. Segment accounting policies:

In addition to the significant accounting policies applicable to the business segments as set out in note 1 above, the accounting policies in relation to segment accounting are as under:

a) Segment revenue and expenses:

Joint revenue and joint expenses of segments are allocated amongst them on a reasonable basis. All other segment revenue and expenses are directly attributable to the segments.

b) Segment assets and liabilities:

Segment assets include all operating assets used by a segment and consist principally of operating cash, debtors, inventories and fixed assets, net of allowances and provisions, which are reported as direct offsets in the balance sheet. Segment liabilities include all operating liabilities and consist principally of creditors and accrued liabilities. Segment assets and liabilities do not include deferred income taxes. While most of the assets/ liabilities can be directly attributed to individual segment, the carrying amount of certain assets/ liabilities pertaining to two or more segments are allocated to the segments on a reasonable basis.

c) Inter segment sales:

Inter segment sales between operating segments are accounted for at market price. These transactions are eliminated in consolidation.

12. Employee share based payments

The Company has an Employees Stock Purchase Scheme (''Scheme'') which is administered through DSCL Employees Benefits Trust based on acquisition of shares from the market to provide equity based incentives to employees. Under the Scheme, the Company has granted shares to employees with specified lock in period. The expenses on the Scheme is accounted for at intrinsic value i.e. excess of market price on the date of grant over the exercise price of the shares granted and is amortized on a straight line basis over the lock-in period, if any.


Mar 31, 2015

I. Accounting convention

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention. These statements have been prepared in accordance with the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013/ Companies Act, 1956, as applicable.

ii. Fixed assets and depreciation

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost of acquisition or construction is inclusive of freight, duties, taxes and incidental expenses and interest on loans attributable to the acquisition of assets up to the date of commissioning of assets. Capital subsidy received against specific assets is reduced from the value of relevant fixed assets.

The Company is following straight line method of depreciation in respect of buildings, plant and machinery and written down value method in respect of other assets.

Depreciation on tangible fixed assets has been provided as per useful life specified in schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013, except in the case of following assets where the life of the assets has been assessed based on past history, technical evaluation and the nature of the asset as under:

Catalyst tubes 7.6 years

Cell units 9.5 years

Brine sludge lagoon 5.7 years

Depreciation is calculated on a pro-rata basis from the date of additions, except in case of assets costing upto Rs 5000/- each, where each such asset is fully depreciated in the year of purchase.

Depreciation/amortization on intangibles is provided on straight line method as follows:

- Technical know-how 10 years

- Brand 10 years

- Software 5 years

On assets sold, discarded etc. during the year, depreciation is provided upto the date of sale/discard.

iii. Foreign currency transactions and derivatives

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded on initial recognition at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction.

Monetary items (i.e. receivables, payables, loans etc.) denominated in foreign currency are reported using the closing exchange rate on each balance sheet date.

The exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting these items at rates different from rates at which these were initially recorded/reported in previous financial statements are recognized as income/expense in the period in which they arise except that the exchange differences arising till the commissioning of fixed assets, relating to borrowed funds and liabilities in foreign currency for acquisition of the fixed assets are adjusted to the cost of fixed assets.

In case of forward exchange contracts, the premium or discount arising at the inception of such contracts is amortised as income or expense over the life of the contract. Further, exchange difference on such contracts i.e. difference between the exchange rate at the reporting/settlement date and the exchange rate on the date of inception of contract/the last reporting date, is recognized as income/ expense for the period except that the exchange differences, including premium or discount on forward exchange contracts, arising till the commissioning of fixed assets, relating to borrowed funds and liabilities in foreign currency for acquisition of the fixed assets are adjusted to the cost of fixed assets.

iv. Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost or net realisable value. The basis for determining cost (which also includes taxes and duties wherever applicable) for different categories of inventory are as under:

Stores and spares, raw materials and stock-in-trade - Weighted average rate

Work-in-Progress and finished goods

Direct cost plus appropriate share of overheads after giving credit for other income and certain expenses like ex-gratia and gratuity.

By-products are valued at estimated net realisable value.

v. Revenue recognition

a) Sales are recognized, net of returns and trade discounts, on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer, which generally coincides with dispatch to customers. Sales include excise duty but exclude sales tax and value added tax.

b) Under the retention pricing scheme, the Government of India reimburses to the fertiliser industry, the difference between the retention price based on the cost of production and selling price (as realised from the farmers) as fixed by the Government from time to time, in the form of subsidy. The effect of variation in input costs/expenses on retention price yet to be notified is accounted for by the Company as income for the year based on its assessment of ultimate collection with reasonable degree of certainty at the time of accrual.

vi. Investments

Long term investments are stated at cost unless there is a permanent fall in value thereof. Current investments are stated at cost or net realisable value whichever is less.

vii. Employee benefits

Company''s contributions paid/payable during the year to provident fund, superannuation fund and employees'' state insurance corporation are recognised in the statement of profit and loss. For the Provident Fund Trust administered by the Company, it is liable to meet the shortfall, if any, in payment of interest at the rates declared by the Central Government, and such liability is recognised in the year of shortfall.

Provisions for gratuity and compensated absences determined on an actuarial basis at the end of the year are charged to revenue each year. The Company makes contribution to the LIC for Employees Gratuity Scheme in respect of employees of one of the divisions.

viii. Research and development

The revenue expenditure on research and development is charged as an expense in the year in which it is incurred. Capital expenditure is included in fixed assets.

ix. Income-tax

The Income-tax liability is provided in accordance with the provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax is recognised, subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences, between taxable income and accounting income. Deferred tax assets on unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses are recognised on virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.


Mar 31, 2014

I. Accounting convention

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention. These statements have been prepared in accordance with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) which continue to be applicable in respect of section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 and relevant presentational requirements of the Companies Act, 1956.

ii. Fixed assets and depreciation

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost of acquisition or construction is inclusive of freight, duties, taxes and incidental expenses and interest on loans attributable to the acquisition of assets up to the date of commissioning of assets. Capital subsidy received against specific assets is reduced from the value of relevant fixed assets.

The Company is following straight line method of depreciation in respect of buildings, plant and machinery and written down value method in respect of other assets.

Depreciation is provided at the rates as specified in schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, except in the case of following assets where depreciation is provided at rates indicated against each asset:

Depreciation Rate

Catalyst tubes 12.50%

Cell units 10.00%

Certain other plant and machinery items 16.67%

Office and other equipments 25.00%

Depreciation is calculated on a pro-rata basis from the date of additions, except in the case of assets costing upto Rs.5000 each, where each such asset is fully depreciated in the year of purchase.

Depreciation/amortisation on intangibles is provided on straight line method as follows:

* Technical know-how is amortised over its estimated economic useful life of 10 years.

* Brand is amortised over a period of 10 years.

* Software is amortised over a period of 5 years.

On assets sold, discarded, etc. during the year, depreciation is provided upto the date of sale/ discard

iii. Foreign currency transactions and derivatives

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded on initial recognition at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction.

Monetary items (i.e. receivables, payables, loans etc.) denominated in foreign currency are reported using the closing exchange rate on each balance sheet date.

The exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting these items at rates different from rates at which these were initially recorded/reported in previous financial statements are recognized as income/expense in the period in which they arise except that the exchange differences arising till the commissioning of fixed assets, relating to borrowed funds and liabilities in foreign currency for acquisition of the fixed assets are adjusted to the cost of fixed assets.

In case of forward exchange contracts, the premium or discount arising at the inception of such contracts is amortised as income or expense over the life of the contract. Further, exchange difference on such contracts i.e. difference between the exchange rate at the reporting/settlement date and the exchange rate on the date of inception of contract/the last reporting date, is recognized as income/ expense for the period except that the exchange differences, including premium or discount on forward exchange contracts, arising till the commissioning of fixed assets, relating to borrowed funds and liabilities in foreign currency for acquisition of the fixed assets are adjusted to the cost of fixed assets.

iv. Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost or net realisable value. The basis for determining cost (which also includes taxes and duties wherever applicable) for different categories of inventory are as under:

Stores and spares, raw materials and stock-in-trade - Weighted average rate

Work-in-Progress and finished goods - Direct cost plus appropriate share of overheads after giving credit for other income and certain expenses like ex-gratia and gratuity.

By-products are valued at estimated net realisable value.

v. Revenue recognition

a) Revenue in respect of sale of products is recognised at the point of despatch to customer.

b) Under the retention pricing scheme, the Government of India reimburses to the fertiliser industry, the difference between the retention price based on the cost of production and selling price (as realised from the farmers) as fixed by the Government from time to time, in the form of subsidy. The effect of variation in input costs/expenses on retention price yet to be notified is accounted for by the Company as income for the year based on its assessment of ultimate collection with reasonable degree of certainty at the time of accrual.

vi. Investments

Long term investments are stated at cost unless there is a permanent fall in value thereof. Current investments are stated at cost or net realisable value whichever is less.

vii. Employee benefits

Company's contributions paid/payable during the year to provident fund, superannuation fund and employees' state insurance corporation are recognised in the statement of profit and loss. For the Provident Fund Trust administered by the Company, it is liable to meet the shortfall, if any, in payment of interest at the rates declared by the Central Government, and such liability is recognised in the year of shortfall.

Provisions for gratuity and compensated absences determined on an actuarial basis at the end of the year are charged to revenue each year. The Company makes contribution to the LIC for Employees Gratuity Scheme in respect of employees of one of the divisions.

viii. Research and development

The revenue expenditure on research and development is charged as an expense in the year in which it is incurred. Capital expenditure is included in fixed assets.

ix. Income-tax

The Income-tax liability is provided in accordance with the provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax is recognised, subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences, between taxable income and accounting income. Deferred tax assets on unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses are recognised on virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.


Mar 31, 2013

(i) Accounting convention

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention. These statements have been prepared in accordance with the Accounting Standards and relevant presentational requirements of the Companies Act, 1956.

(ii) Fixed assets and depreciation

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost of acquisition or construction is inclusive of freight, duties, taxes and incidental expenses and interest on loans attributable to the acquisition of assets up to the date of commissioning of assets. Capital subsidy received against specific assets is reduced from the value of relevant fixed assets.

The Company is following the straight line method of depreciation in respect of buildings, plant and machinery and written down value method in respect of other assets.

Depreciation is provided at the rates as specified in schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, except in the case of following assets where depreciation is provided at rates indicated against each asset:

Depreciation is calculated on a pro-rata basis from the date of additions, except in the case of assets costing upto Rs.5000 each, where each such asset is fully depreciated in the year of purchase.

Depreciation (amortisation) on intangibles is provided on straight line method as follows:

- Technical know-how is amortised over its estimated economic useful life of 10 years.

- Brand is amortised over a period of 10 years.

- Software is amortised over a period of 5 years.

On assets sold, discarded, etc. during the year, depreciation is provided upto the date of sale/ discard.

(iii) Foreign currency transactions and derivatives

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded on initial recognition at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction.

Monetary items (i.e. receivables, payables, loans etc.) denominated in foreign currency are reported using the closing exchange rate on each balance sheet date.

The exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting these items at rates different from rates at which these were initially recorded/reported in previous financial statements are recognized as income/expense in the period in which they arise except that the exchange differences arising till the commissioning of fixed assets, relating to borrowed funds and liabilities in foreign currency for acquisition of the fixed assets are adjusted to the cost of fixed assets.

In case of forward exchange contracts, the premium or discount arising at the inception of such contracts is amortised as income or expense over the life of the contract. Further, exchange difference on such contracts i.e. difference between the exchange rate at the reporting/settlement date and the exchange rate on the date of inception of contract/the last reporting date, is recognized as income/ expense for the period except that the exchange differences, including premium or discount on forward exchange contracts, arising till the commissioning of fixed assets, relating to borrowed funds and liabilities in foreign currency for acquisition of the fixed assets are adjusted to the cost of fixed assets.

(iv) Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost or net realisable value. The basis for determining cost (which also includes taxes and duties wherever applicable) for different categories of inventory are as under: Stores & spares, raw materials - Weighted average rate. and stock-in-trade

Work-in-Progress stocks and finished goods - Direct cost plus appropriate share of overheads after giving credit for other income and excluding certain expenses like ex-gratia and gratuity.

By-products are valued at estimated net realisable value.

(v) Revenue recognition

a) Revenue in respect of sale of products is recognised at the point of despatch to customer.

b) Under the retention pricing scheme, the Government of India reimburses to the fertiliser industry, the difference between the retention price based on the cost of production and selling price (as realised from the farmers) as fixed by the Government from time to time, in the form of subsidy. The effect of variation in input costs/expenses on retention price yet to be notified is accounted for by the Company as income for the year based on its assessment of ultimate collection with reasonable degree of certainty at the time of accrual.

(vi) Investments

Long term investments are stated at cost unless there is a permanent fall in value thereof. Current investments are stated at cost or net realisable value whichever is less.

(vii) Employee benefits

Company''s contributions paid/payable during the year to provident fund, superannuation fund and employees'' state insurance corporation are recognised in the statement of profit and loss. For the Provident Fund Trust administered by the Company, the Company is liable to meet the shortfall, if any, in payment of interest at the rates declared by the Central Government, and such liability is recognised in the year of shortfall.

Provisions for gratuity and compensated absences determined on an actuarial basis at the end of the year are charged to revenue each year. The Company makes contribution to the LIC for Employees Gratuity Scheme in respect of employees of one of the units.

(viii) Research and development

The revenue expenditure on research and development is charged as an expense in the year in which it is incurred. Capital expenditure is included in fixed assets.

(ix) Income-tax

The Income-tax liability is provided in accordance with the provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961. Deferred tax is recognised, subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences, between taxable income and accounting income. Deferred tax assets on unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses are recognised on virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.


Mar 31, 2012

(i) Accounting convention

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention. These statements have been prepared in accordance with the Accounting Standards and relevant presentational requirements of the Companies Act, 1956.

(ii) Fixed assets and depreciation

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost of acquisition or construction is inclusive of freight, duties, taxes and incidental expenses and interest on loans attributable to the acquisition of assets up to the date of commissioning of assets. Capital subsidy received against specific assets is reduced from the value of relevant fixed assets.

The Company is following the straight line method of depreciation in respect of buildings, plant and machinery and written down value method in respect of other assets.

Depreciation is provided at the rates as specified in schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, except in the case of following assets where depreciation is provided at rates indicated against each asset:

Depreciation is calculated on a pro-rata basis from the date of additions, except in the case of assets costing upto Rs.5000 each, where each such asset is fully depreciated in the year of purchase. Depreciation (amortisation) on intangibles is provided on straight line method as follows:

- Technical know-how is amortised over its estimated economic useful life of 10 years.

- Brand is amortised over a period of 10 years.

- Software is amortised over a period of 5 years.

On assets sold, discarded, etc. during the year, depreciation is provided upto the date of sale/ discard.

(iii) Foreign currency transactions and derivatives

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded on initial recognition at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction.

Monetary items (i.e. receivables, payables, loans etc.) denominated in foreign currency are reported using the closing exchange rate on each balance sheet date.

The exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting these items at rates different from rates at which these were initially recorded/reported in previous financial statements are recognized as income/expense in the period in which they arise except that the exchange differences arising till the commissioning of fixed assets, relating to borrowed funds and liabilities in foreign currency for acquisition of the fixed assets are adjusted to the cost of fixed assets.

In case of forward exchange contracts, the premium or discount arising at the inception of such contracts, is amortised as income or expense over the life of the contract. Further, exchange difference on such contracts i.e. difference between the exchange rate at the reporting/settlement date and the exchange rate on the date of inception of contract/the last reporting date, is recognized as income/ expense for the period except that the exchange differences, including premium or discount on forward exchange contracts, arising till the commissioning of fixed assets, relating to borrowed funds and liabilities in foreign currency for acquisition of the fixed assets are adjusted to the cost of fixed assets.

(iv) Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost or net realisable value. The bases for determining cost (which also includes taxes and duties wherever applicable) for different categories of inventory are as under: Stores & spares, raw materials - Weighted average rate.

and Stock-in-trade

Process stocks and finished goods

- Direct cost plus appropriate share of overheads after giving credit for other income and excluding certain expenses like ex-gratia and gratuity.

By-products are valued at estimated net realisable value.

(v) Revenue recognition

a) Revenue in respect of sale of products is recognised at the point of despatch to customer.

b) Under the retention pricing scheme, the Government of India reimburses to the fertiliser industry, the difference between the retention price based on the cost of production and selling price (as realised from the farmers) as fixed by the Government from time to time, in the form of subsidy. The effect of variation in input costs/expenses on retention price yet to be notified is accounted for by the Company as income for the year based on its assessment of ultimate collection with reasonable degree of certainty at the time of accrual.

(vi) Investments

Long term investments are stated at cost unless there is a permanent fall in value thereof. Current investments are stated at cost or net realisable value whichever is less.

(vii) Employee benefits

Company's contributions paid/payable during the year to provident fund, superannuation fund and employees' state insurance corporation are recognised in the profit and loss account. For the Provident Fund Trust administered by the Company, the Company is liable to meet the shortfall, if any, in payment of interest at the rates declared by the Central Government, and such liability is recognised in the year of shortfall.

Provisions for gratuity and compensated absences determined on an actuarial basis at the end of the year are charged to revenue each year. The Company makes contribution to the LIC for Employees Gratuity Scheme in respect of employees of one of the units.

(viii) Research and development

The revenue expenditure on research and development is charged as an expense in the year in which it is incurred. Capital expenditure is included in fixed assets.

(ix) Income-tax

The Income-tax liability is provided in accordance with the provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961. Deferred tax is recognised, subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences, between taxable income and accounting income. Deferred tax assets on unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses are recognised on virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.


Mar 31, 2010

(i) Accounting convention

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention. These statements have been prepared in accordance with applicable mandatory Accounting Standards and relevant presentational requirements of the Companies Act, 1956.

(ii) Fixed assets and depreciation

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost of acquisition or construction is inclusive of freight, duties, taxes and incidental expenses and interest on loans attributable to the acquisition of assets up to the date of commissioning of assets. Capital subsidy received against specific assets is reduced from the value of relevant fixed assets.

The Company is following the straight line method of depreciation in respect of buildings, plant and machinery and written down value method in respect of other assets.

Depreciation is provided at the rates as specified in schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, except in the case of following assets where depreciation is provided at rates indicated against each asset:

Depreciation is calculated on a pro-rata basis from the date of additions, except in the case of assets costing upto Rs.5000 each, where each such asset is fully depreciated in the year of purchase.

Depreciation (amortisation) on intangibles is provided on straight line method as follows:

- Technical know-how is amortised over its estimated economic useful life of 10 years.

- Brand is amortised over a period of 10 years.

- Software is amortised over a period of 5 years.

On assets sold, discarded, etc. during the year, depreciation is provided upto the date of sale/ discard.

(iii) Foreign currency transactions and derivatives

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded on initial recognition at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of transaction.

Monetary items (i.e. receivables, payables, loans etc.) denominated in foreign currency are reported using the closing exchange rate on each balance sheet date.

The exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting these items at rates different from rates at which these were initially recorded/reported in previous financial statements are recognized as income/expense in the period in which they arise except that the exchange differences arising till the commissioning of fixed assets, relating to borrowed funds and liabilities in foreign currency for acquisition of the fixed assets are adjusted to the cost of fixed assets.

In case of forward exchange contracts, the premium or discount arising at the inception of such contracts, is amortised as income or expense over the life of the contract. Further, exchange difference on such contracts i.e. difference between the exchange rate at the reporting/settlement date and the exchange rate on the date of inception of contract/the last reporting date, is recognized as income/ expense for the period except that the exchange differences, including premium or discount on forward exchange contracts, arising till the commissioning of fixed assets, relating to borrowed funds and liabilities in foreign currency for acquisition of the fixed assets are adjusted to the cost of fixed assets.

(iv) Inventories

Stores and spares are valued at cost or under. Stock-in-trade is valued at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. The bases of determining cost (which also includes taxes and duties wherever applicable) for different categories of inventory are as follows:-

Stores, spares and raw materials - Weighted average rate. Stock-in-trade

Process stocks and finished goods - Direct cost plus appropriate share of overheads after giving credit for other income and excluding certain expenses like ex-gratia and gratuity.

By-products - At estimated realisable value

(v) Revenue recognition

a) Revenue in respect of sale of products is recognised at the point of despatch to customer.

b) Under the retention pricing scheme, the Government of India reimburses to the fertiliser industry, the difference between the retention price based on the cost of production and selling price (as realised from the farmers) as fixed by the Government from time to time, in the form of subsidy. The effect of variation in input costs/expenses on retention price yet to be notified is accounted for by the Company as income for the year based on its assessment of ultimate collection with reasonable degree of certainty at the time of accrual.

c) The Company accrues concession/subsidy on traded Phosphatic and Potassic fertilisers pending notification by Government of India, based on its assessment of ultimate collection thereof with reasonable degree of certainty.

(vi) Investments

Long term investments are stated at cost unless there is a permanent fall in value thereof. Current investments are stated at cost or net realisable value whichever is less.

(vii) Employee benefits

Companys contributions paid/payable during the year to provident fund, superannuation fund and employees state insurance corporation are recognised in the profit and loss account. For the Provident Fund Trust administered by the Company, the Company is liable to meet the shortfall, if any, in payment of interest at the rates declared by the Central Government, and such liability is recognised in the year of shortfall.

Provisions for gratuity and compensated absences determined on an actuarial basis at the end of the year are charged to revenue each year.

(viii) Research and development

The revenue expenditure on research and development is charged as an expense in the year in which it is incurred. Capital expenditure is included in fixed assets.

(ix) Income-tax

The Income-tax liability is provided in accordance with the provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax is recognised, subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences, between taxable income and accounting income. Deferred tax assets on unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses are recognised on virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

 
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