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Accounting Policies of Digjam Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1.1 Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis under the historical cost convention, in accordance, in material respects, with the generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 ("the Act") read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Act/Companies Act, 1956, as applicable.

The Financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention except for categories of fixed assets acquired before 1 July, 1998 that are carried at revalued amounts. The Accounting Policies adopted in the preparation of then financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year except for change in the Accounting Policy for Depreciation as more fully described in Note No. 2.4.

2.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP required the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates as are recognised in the periods in which the results are known/materialise.

2.3 Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation/amortisation and Impairment losses, if any. Cost is inclusive of freight, duties, taxes, incidental expenses related to acquisition/installation, adjusted for revaluation, if any.

Fixed assets acquired and put to use for project purposes are capitalized when the project is ready for intended use and all costs and revenues till then are capitalized with the project cost. Projects under which tangible fixed assets are not yet ready for their intended use are carried as capital-work-in-progress at cost comprising direct cost, related incidental expenses and attributable interest.

2.4 Depreciation and Amortisation

Depreciation on tangible fixed assets has been charged under Straight Line Method as per the useful life prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013. Depreciation in respect of increase in value of assets due to revaluation is provided on Straight Line Method over the remaining life of assets as estimated by the valuers.

Amortisation in respect of intangible assets is provided on straight line basis over the period of underlying contract or estimated period of its economic life.

2.5 Impairment of Assets

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date for any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognised wherever the carrying amount of the assets exceeds the recoverable amount. The impairment loss is charged to the Statement of Profit & Loss in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. An impairment loss recognised in prior accounting periods is reversed if there has been change in the estimate of the recoverable amount.

2.6 Investments

Long Term investments are stated at cost less provision for diminution in value other than temporary, if any.

2.7 Inventories

Inventories include stock-in-transit/bonded warehouses and with others for manufacturing/processing/replacement. Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value, cost is determined on the weighted average method. Finished goods and process stock include cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

2.8 Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Sale of goods: Revenue is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer (on despatch to the buyer) and are reported net of turnover/trade discounts, returns and claims Income from Services: Revenue is recognized on accrual basis.

Dividend income on investments is accounted for when the right to receive the payment is established.

Interest income is accounted on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and applicable interest rate. Others: Wherever it is not possible to determine the quantum of accrual with reasonable certainty, e.g. Insurance & other claims, these continue to be accounted for on cash basis.

2.9 Employee Benefits

Contributions to Provident Fund and Superannuation Fund, which are defined contribution schemes, are made to a government administered Provident Fund and to recognised trust respectively, and are charged to the statement of Profit and Loss as incurred. The Company has no further obligations beyond its contributions to these funds.

Provision for gratuity, under a LIC administered fund, and compensated absences, which are in the nature of defined benefit plans, are provided based on actuarial valuations based on projected unit credit method, as at the balance sheet date.

Termination benefits are recognized as expense as and when incurred.

2.10 Borrowing Cost

Borrowing cost relating to (i) funds borrowed for acquisition/construction of qualifying assets are capitalised upto the date the assets are put to use, and (ii) funds borrowed for other purposes are charged to the statement of Profit and Loss.

2.11 Research & Development Expenditure

Research and Development expenses of revenue nature are charged to the statement of Profit and Loss under respective heads of account and capital expenditure is added to the cost of Fixed Assets in the year in which it is incurred.

2.12 Leases

Leases where the lessor retains substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of the leased asset, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as expense in the statement of Profit and Loss as per the terms of the lease.

2.13 Taxation

Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the applicable tax rates and the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961 and other applicable tax laws.

Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences, being the differences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognised for timing differences of items other than unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses only to the extent that reasonable certainty exists that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which these can be realised. However, if there are unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses and items relating to capital losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realise the assets. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset if such items relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing tax laws and the Company has a legally enforceable right for such set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date for their realisability.

2.14 Government Grants

Where the grant or subsidy relates to an asset, its value is deducted in arriving at the carrying amount of the related asset. Project capital subsidy is credited to Capital Reserve. Other government grants or subsidies including export incentives are credited to the statement of Profit and Loss or deducted from related expenses.

2.15 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Contingent liabilities, if any, are not recognized in the accounts but are disclosed by way of notes. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

2.16 Foreign Currency Transactions and Forward Contracts

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate prevailing at time of transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies and outstanding at the year-end are translated at year-end rates. Exchange differences arising on settlement of monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded are recognized as income or expense in the Statement of Profit & Loss for the year in which they arise. Premium/discount on forward exchange contracts, which are not intended for trading or speculation purposes, are amortised over the period of the contracts if such contracts relate to monetary items as at the balance sheet date. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such forward exchange contract is recognised as income or expense in the period in which such cancellation or renewal is made.

2.17 Segment reporting

The Company identifies primary segments based on dominant source, nature of risks and returns and the internal organisation and management structure. The operating segments are the segments for which separate financial information is available and for which operating profit/loss amounts are evaluated regularly by the Executive Management in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance.

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in line with accounting policies of the company. Segment revenue, segment expenses, segment assets and segment liabilities have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment.

2.18 Operating Cycle

Based on the nature of products/activities of the Company and the normal time between acquisition of assets and their realization in cash or cash equivalents, the Company has determined its operating cycle as twelve months for the purpose of classification of assets and liabilities as current and non-current.


Mar 31, 2014

1.1 Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis under the historical cost convention, (except in case of certain fixed assets which are re-valued, in accordance, in material respects, with the generally accepted accounting principles in India), the applicable Accounting Standards as notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006 ("AS") and provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 ("the Act") (which continue to be applicable in respect of Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 in terms of General Circular 15/2013 dated 13th September, 2013 of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs), as adopted consistently by the Company. The Company follows mercantile system of accounting and recognises significant items of income and expenditure on accrual basis. Where it is not possible to determine the quantum of accrual with reasonable certainty e.g. insurance and other claims, refund of custom/excise duty etc., these continue to be accounted for on settlement basis.

1.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

1.3 Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation/amortisation and Impairment losses, if any. Cost is inclusive of freight, duties, taxes, incidental expenses related to acquisition/installation, adjusted for revaluation, if any.

1.4 Depreciation and Amortisation

Depreciation has been charged under Straight Line Method in accordance with the rates and manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act,1956. Depreciation in respect of increase in value of assets due to revaluation is provided on Straight Line Method over the remaining life of assets as estimated by the valuers.

Amortisation in respect of intangible assets is provided on straight line basis over the period of underlying contract or estimated period of its economic life.

1.5 Impairment of Assets

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of the same exceeds its recoverable amount. An impairment is charged to the statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognised in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of the recoverable amount.

1.6 Investments

Long Term investments are stated at cost less provision for diminution in value other than temporary, if any.

1.7 Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost or net realisable value, except waste, scrap and by-products valued at net realisable value. Cost is determined on weighted average basis. Finished goods and process stock include cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to the present location and condition.

1.8 Revenue Recognition

Sales are recognised on transfer of significant risks and rewards of the ownership of the goods to the buyer and are reported net of turnover/trade discounts, returns and claims. Revenue from job work or services are accounted as and when incurred.

Dividend income on investments is accounted for when the right to receive the payment is established.

Interest income is accounted on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and applicable interest rate.

1.9 Employee Benefits

Contributions to Provident Fund and Superannuation Fund, which are defined contribution schemes, are made to a government administered Provident Fund and to recognised trust respectively, and are charged to the statement of Profit and Loss as incurred. The Company has no further obligations beyond its contributions to these funds.

Provision for gratuity, under a LIC administered fund, and compensated absences, which are in the nature of defined benefit plans, are provided based on actuarial valuations based on projected unit credit method, as at the balance sheet date.

1.10 Borrowing Cost

Borrowing cost relating to (i) funds borrowed for acquisition/construction of qualifying assets are capitalised upto the date the assets are put to use, and (ii) funds borrowed for other purposes are charged to the statement of Profit and Loss.

1.11 Research & Development Expenditure

Research and Development expenses of revenue nature are charged to the statement of Profit and Loss under respective heads of account and capital expenditure is added to the cost of Fixed Assets in the year in which it is incurred.

1.12 Leases

Leases where the lessor retains substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of the leased asset, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as expense in the statement of Profit and Loss as per the terms of the lease.

1.13 Taxation

Tax liability is estimated considering the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences; being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. On prudent basis, deferred tax asset is recognised and carried forward only when there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

1.14 Government Grants

Where the grant or subsidy relates to an asset, its value is deducted in arriving at the carrying amount of the related asset. Project capital subsidy is credited to Capital Reserve. Other government grants or subsidies including export incentives are credited to the statement of Profit and Loss or deducted from related expenses.

1.15 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

1.16 Foreign Currency Transactions and Forward Contracts

Foreign currency transactions, on initial recognition, are recorded by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. At each balance sheet date, foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate and non- monetary items carried at historical cost denominated in foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise. Premium paid/received on a foreign currency forward contract is recognised as income/expenditure over the life of the contract.

1.17 Segment reporting

The Company identifies primary segments based on dominant source, nature of risks and returns and the internal organisation and management structure. The operating segments are the segments for which separate financial information is available and for which operating profit/loss amounts are evaluated regularly by the Executive Management in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance.

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in line with accounting policies of the company. Segment revenue, segment expenses, segment assets and segment liabilities have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment.


Mar 31, 2013

1.1 Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis under the historical cost convention, (except in case of certain fixed assets which are re-valued, in accordance, in material respects, with the generally accepted accounting principles in India), the applicable Accounting Standards as notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006 ("AS") and provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, as adopted consistently by the Company.

The Company follows mercantile system of accounting and recognises significant items of income and expenditure on accrual basis. Where it is not possible to determine the quantum of accrual with reasonable certainty e.g. insurance and other claims, refund of custom/excise duty etc., these continue to be accounted for on settlement basis.

1.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

1.3 Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost is inclusive of freight, duties, taxes, incidental expenses related to acquisition/installation, adjusted for revaluation, if any.

1.4 Depreciation and Amortisation

Depreciation is charged under Straight Line Method in accordance with the rates and manner specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act,1956. Depreciation in respect of increase in value of assets due to revaluation is provided on Straight Line Method over the remaining life of assets as estimated by the valuers.

Amortisation in respect of intangible assets is provided on straight line basis over the period of underlying contract or estimated period of its economic life.

1.5 Impairment of Assets

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of the same exceeds its recoverable amount. An impairment is charged to the Profit and Loss Account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognised in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of the recoverable amount.

1.6 Investments

Long Term investments are stated at cost less provision for diminution in value other than temporary, if any.

1.7 Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost or net realisable value, except waste, scrap and by-products valued at net realisable value. Cost is determined on weighted average basis. Finished goods and process stock include cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to the present location and condition.

1.8 Revenue Recognition

Sales are recognised on transfer of significant risks and rewards of the ownership of the goods to the buyer and are reported net of turnover/trade discounts, returns and claims. Revenue from job work or services are accounted as and when incurred. Dividend income on investments is accounted for when the right to receive the payment is established.

Interest income is accounted on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and applicable interest rate.

1.9 Employee Benefits

Contributions to Provident Fund and Superannuation Fund, which are defined contribution schemes, are made to a government administered Provident Fund and to recognised trust respectively, and are charged to the Profit and Loss account as incurred. The Company has no further obligations beyond its contributions to these funds.

Provision for gratuity, under a LIC administered fund, and leave encashment, which are in the nature of defined benefit plans, are provided based on actuarial valuations based on projected unit credit method, as at the balance sheet date.

1.10 Borrowing cost

Borrowing cost relating to (i) funds borrowed for acquisition/construction of qualifying assets are capitalised upto the date the assets are put to use, and (ii) funds borrowed for other purposes are charged to Profit and Loss Account.

1.11 Research & Development Expenditure

Research and Development expenses of revenue nature are charged to the Profit and Loss Account under respective heads of account and Capital expenditure is added to the cost of Fixed Assets in the year in which it is incurred.

1.12 Leases

Leases where the lessor retains substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of the leased asset, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as expense in the Profit and Loss account as per the terms of the lease.

1.13 Taxation

Tax liability is estimated considering the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. On prudent basis, Deferred tax asset is recognised and carried forward only when there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

1.14 Government grants

Where the grant or subsidy relates to an asset, its value is deducted in arriving at the carrying amount of the related asset. Project capital subsidy is credited to Capital Reserve. Other government grants or subsidies including export incentives are credited to Profit and Loss account or deducted from related expenses.

1.15 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

1.16 Foreign Currency Transactions and Forward Contracts

Foreign currency transactions, on initial recognition, are recorded by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. At each balance sheet date, foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate and non- monetary items carried at historical cost denominated in foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise. Premium paid/received on a foreign currency forward contract is recognised as income/expenditure over the life of the contract.


Mar 31, 2012

1.1 Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis under the historical cost convention, (except in case of certain fixed assets which are re-valued, in accordance, in material respects, with the generally accepted accounting principles in India), the applicable Accounting Standards as notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006 ("AS") and provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, as adopted consistently by the Company.

The Company follows mercantile system of accounting and recognises significant items of income and expenditure on accrual basis. Where it is not possible to determine the quantum of accrual with reasonable certainty e.g. insurance and other claims, refund of custom/excise duty etc., these continue to be accounted for on settlement basis.

1.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management's best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

1.3 Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost is inclusive of freight, duties, taxes, incidental expenses related to acquisition/installation, adjusted for revaluation, if any.

1.4 Depreciation and Amortisation

Depreciation is charged under Straight Line Method in accordance with the rates and manner specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation in respect of increase in value of assets due to revaluation is provided on Straight Line Method over the remaining life of assets as estimated by the valuers.

Amortisation in respect of intangible assets is provided on straight line basis over the period of underlying contract or estimated period of its economic life.

1.5 Impairment of Assets

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of the same exceeds its recoverable amount. An impairment is charged to the Profit and Loss Account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognised in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of the recoverable amount.

1.6 Investments

Long Term investments are stated at cost less provision for diminution in value other than temporary, if any.

1.7 Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost or net realisable value, except waste, scrap and by-products valued at net realisable value. Cost is determined on weighted average basis. Finished goods and process stock include cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to the present location and condition.

1.8 Revenue Recognition

Sales are recognised on transfer of significant risks and rewards of the ownership of the goods to the buyer and are reported net of turnover/trade discounts, returns and claims. Revenue from job work or services are accounted as and when incurred. Dividend income on investments is accounted for when the right to receive the payment is established.

Interest income is accounted on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and applicable interest rate.

1.9 Employee Benefits

Contributions to Provident Fund and Superannuation Fund, which are defined contribution schemes, are made to a government administered Provident Fund and an LIC administered fund respectively, and are charged to the Profit and Loss account as incurred. The Company has no further obligations beyond its monthly contributions to these funds.

Provision for gratuity, under a LIC administered fund, and leave encashment, which are in the nature of defined benefit plans, are provided based on actuarial valuations based on projected unit credit method, as at the balance sheet date.

1.10 Borrowing cost

Borrowing cost relating to (i) funds borrowed for acquisition/construction of qualifying assets are capitalised upto the date the assets are put to use, and (ii) funds borrowed for other purposes are charged to Profit and Loss Account.

1.11 Research & Development Expenditure

Research and Development expenses of revenue nature are charged to the Profit and Loss Account under respective heads of account and Capital expenditure is added to the cost of Fixed Assets in the year in which it is incurred.

1.12 Leases

Leases where the lessor retains substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of the leased term, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as expense in the Profit and Loss account as per the terms of the lease.

1.13 Taxation

Tax liability is estimated considering the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. On prudent basis, Deferred tax asset recognised and carried forward to the extent only when there is reasonable certainty that the assets will be adjusted in future.

1.14 Government grants

Where the grant or subsidy relates to an asset, its value is deducted in arriving at the carrying amount of the related asset. Project capital subsidy is credited to Capital Reserve. Other government grants or subsidies including export incentives are credited to Profit and Loss account or deducted from related expenses.

1.15 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

1.16 Foreign Currency Transactions and Forward Contracts

Foreign currency transactions, on initial recognition, are recorded by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. At each balance sheet date, foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate and non-monetary, carried at historical cost denominated in foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

Premium paid/received on a foreign currency forward contract is recognised as income/expenditure over the life of the contract.


Mar 31, 2011

A. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis under the historical cost convention, except in case of certain fixed assets which are re-valued, in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles and provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 as adopted consistently by the Company.

The Company follows mercantile system of accounting and recognises significant items of income and expenditure on accrual basis. Whenever it is not possible to determine the quantum of all accruals with reasonable certainty e.g. insurance and other claims, refund of duties etc., these continue to be accounted for on settlement basis.

b. Sales

Sales are reported net of turnover/trade discounts, returns and claims. Rebate/discount other than usual allowances accounted for as and when incurred.

c. Fixed Assets

Tangible and intangible assets are stated at cost of acquisition inclusive of freight, duties, taxes, roll over charges of forward contracts on foreign currency loans & incidental expenses related to acquisition/installation, adjusted by revaluation of Land, Building and Plant & Machineries in 1997-98.

d. Impairment of Assets

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of the same exceeds its recoverable amount. An impairment is charged to the Profit and Loss Account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognised in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of the recoverable amount.

e. Depreciation and Amortisation

Depreciation, including on assets acquired under finance lease after January 1, 2002, charged under Straight Line Method in accordance with the rates and manner specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act,1956.

Depreciation in respect of increase in value of assets due to revaluation is provided on Straight Line Method over the remaining life of assets as estimated by the valuers.

Amortisation in respect of intangible assets is provided on straight line basis over the period of underlying contract or estimated period of its economic life.

f. Foreign Currency Translation

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies normally recorded at exchange rate prevailing at time of transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at the year end and not covered by forward exchange contracts translated at year end rates and those covered by forward exchange contracts translated at rate at the date of transaction as increased or decreased by the proportionate difference between the forward rate and exchange rate on the date of transaction, such difference having been recognised over the life of the contract.

Any income or expenses on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on translation are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account.

Fixed assets of foreign offices translated at the original rates consistent with the historical cost concept. Revenue items of foreign offices translated at the average rate of exchange prevailing during the year and resultant net effect considered in the Profit and Loss account.

g. Treatment of Expenditure during construction period

Expenditure during construction/erection period allocated to the respective assets on completion of such construction or erection. Interest on borrowings as allocated by management for new/expansion projects calculated in proportion to the purpose for which such funds are allocated and capitalised accordingly.

h. Investments

Long Term investments are stated at cost less provision for diminution in value other than temporary, if any.

j. Valuation of Inventories

Inventories valued at lower of cost or net realisable value, except waste, scrap & by-products valued at net realisable value. Cost computed on weighted average basis. Finished goods & Process stock include cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to the present location and condition.

k. Borrowing cost

Borrowing cost relating to (i) funds borrowed for acquisition of fixed assets are capitalised upto the date the assets are put to use, and (ii) funds borrowed for other purposes are charged to Profit & Loss Account.

l. Taxation

Tax liability estimated considering the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred tax recognised on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. On prudent basis, Deferred tax asset recognised and carried forward to the extent only when there is reasonable certainty that the assets will be adjusted in future.

m. Inter Divisional Transfers

Transfer of Fixed Assets made at cost and others at realisable value.

n. Employee Benefits

Contributions to Provident Fund and Superannuation Fund, which are defined contribution schemes, are made to a government administered Provident Fund and an LIC administered fund respectively, and are charged to the Profit and Loss account as incurred. The Company has no further obligations beyond its monthly contributions to these funds.

Provision for gratuity, under a LIC administered fund, and leave encashment, which are in the nature of defined benefit plans, are provided based on valuations, as at the balance sheet date, made by independent actuaries.

Termination benefits are recognised as expense as and when incurred.

p. Research & Development Expenditure

Research and Development expenses of revenue nature are charged to the Profit & Loss Account under respective heads of account and Capital expenditure is added to the cost of Fixed Assets in the year in which it is incurred.

q. Leases

Lease rentals are expensed with reference to lease terms.

r. Government grants

Project capital subsidy credited to capital reserve & other government grants including export incentives credited to Profit and Loss account or deducted from related expenses.

s. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Sep 30, 2010

A. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis under the historical cost convention, except in case of certain fixed assets which are re-valued, in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles and provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 as adopted consistently by the Company.

The Company follows mercantile system of accounting and recognises significant items of income and expenditure on accrual basis. Whenever it is not possible to determine the quantum of accrual with reasonable certainty e.g. insurance and other claims, refund of custom/excise duty etc., these continue to be accounted for on settlement basis.

b. Sales

Sales are reported net of turnover/trade discounts, returns and claims. Rebate/discount other than usual allowances accounted for as and when incurred.

c. Fixed Assets

Tangible and intangible assets are stated at cost of acquisition inclusive of freight, duties, taxes, roll over charges of forward contracts on foreign currency loans & incidental expenses related to acquisition/installation, adjusted by revaluation of Land, Building and Plant & Machineries in 1997-98.

d. Impairment of Assets

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of the same exceeds its recoverable amount. An impairment is charged to the Profit and Loss Account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognised in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of the recoverable .amount.

e. Depreciation and Amortisation

Depreciation, including on assets acquired under finance lease after January 1, 2002, charged under Straight Line Method in accordance with the rates and manner specified in Schedule XIV of the CompaniesAct,1956.

Depreciation in respect of increase in value of assets due to revaluation is provided on Straight Line Method over the remaining life of assets as estimated by the valuers.

Amortisation in respect of intangible assets Is provided on straight line basis over the period of underlying contract or estimated period of its economic life.

f. Foreign Currency Translation

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies normally recorded at exchange rate prevailing at time of transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at the year end and not covered by forward exchange contracts translated at year end rates and those covered by forward exchange contracts translated at rate at the date of transaction as increased or decreased by the proportionate difference between the forward rate and exchange rate on the date of transaction, such difference having been recognised over the life of the contract.

Any income or expenses on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on translation are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account.

Fixed assets of foreign offices translated at the original rates consistent with the historical cost concept. Revenue items of foreign offices translated at the average rate of exchange prevailing during the year and resultant net effect considered in the Profit and Loss Account.

g. Treatment of Expenditure during construction period

Expenditure during construction/erection period allocated to the respective assets on completion of such construction or erection. Interest on borrowings as allocated by management for new/expansion projects calculated in proportion to the purpose for which such funds are allocated and capitalised accordingly.

h. Investments

Long Term investments are stated at cost less provision for diminution In value other than temporary, if any.

j. Valuation of Inventories

Inventories valued at lower of cost or net realisable value, except waste, scrap & by-products valued at net realisable value. Cost computed on weighted average basis. Finished goods & Process stock include cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to the present location and condition.

k. Borrowing cost

Borrowing cost relating to (i)funds borrowed for acquisition of fixed assets are capitalised upto the date the assets are put to use, and (ii) funds borrowed for other purposes are charged to Profit & Loss Account.

I. Taxation

Tax liability estimated considering the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred tax recognised on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and * are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. On prudent basis, Deferred tax asset recognised and carried forward to the extent only when there is reasonable certainty that the assets will be adjusted in future.

m. Inter Divisional transfers

Transfer of Fixed Assets made at cost and others at realisable value.

n. Employee Benefits

Contributions to Provide/it Fund and Superannuation Fund, which are defined contribution schemes, are made to a government administered Provident Fund and an LIC administered fund respectively, and are charged to the Profit and Loss account as incurred. The Company has no further obligations beyond its monthly contributions to these funds. Provision for gratuity, under a LIC administeredfund, and leave encashment, which are in the nature of defined benefit plans, are provided based on valuations, as at the balance sheet date, made by independent actuaries. Termination benefits are recognised as expense as and when incurred.

p. Research & Development Expenditure

Research and Development expenses of revenue nature are charged to the Profit & Loss Account under respective heads of account and Capital expenditure is added to the cost of Fixed Assets in the year in which it is incurred.

q. Leases

Lease rentals are expensed with reference to lease terms.

r. Government grants

Project capital subsidy credited to capital reserve & other government grants .including. export incentives credited to Profit and Loss Account or deducted from related expenses.

s. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as aresult of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

 
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