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Accounting Policies of Dishman Pharmaceuticals & Chemicals Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1.10 Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rule 2014 and relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 ("the 2013 Act"). The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year, unless otherwise stated.

1.20 Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialise.

1.30 Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost (e.g. on FIFO / weighted average basis) and the net realisable value after providing for obsolescence and other losses, where considered necessary. Cost includes all charges in bringing the goods to the point of sale, including octroi and other levies, transit insurance and receiving charges. Work-in-progress and finished goods include appropriate proportion of overheads and, where applicable, excise duty.

1.40 Depreciation and amortisation

Depreciation has been provided on straight line method and in the manner specified in Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013. Depreciation is not recorded on capital work-in-progress until construction and installation are complete and asset is ready for its intended use. Capital work - in - progress includes capital advances.

In accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act 2013, effective from 1st April 2014, the company has reassessed the remaining useful life of its Fixed Assets as prescribed by Schedule II to the Act or actual useful life of assets, whichever is lower. In case of the asset, whose life has expired, the carrying value, net of residual value of Rs. 110.69 Lacs as at 1st April 2014 has been adjusted to the Retained Earnings and in other cases, the carrying value has been depreciated over the remaining of the revised life of the assets and recognized in the statement of Profit & Loss.

1.50 Revenue recognition

"Sale of Goods :"Sales are recognised, net of returns and trade discounts, on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer, which generally coincides with the delivery of goods to customers. Sales include excise duty but exclude sales tax and value added tax.""Income from Services :"Revenues from contracts priced on a time and material basis are recognised when services are rendered and related costs are incurred.""Other Income :"Interest income is accounted on accrual basis. Dividend income is accounted for when the right to receive it is established."

1.60 Fixed assets (Tangible/Intangible)

"Fixed assets, except for certain assets which has been stated at revalue amount, are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation / amortisation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of fixed assets comprises its purchase price net of any trade discounts and rebates, any import duties and other taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from the tax authorities), any directly attributable expenditure on making the asset ready for its intended use, other incidental expenses and interest on borrowings attributable to acquisition of qualifying fixed assets up to the date the asset is ready for its intended use. The Company has adopted the provisions of para 46 / 46A of AS 11 The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates, accordingly, exchange differences arising on restatement / settlement of long-term foreign currency borrowings relating to acquisition of depreciable fixed assets are adjusted to the cost of the respective assets and depreciated over the remaining useful life of such assets. Machinery spares which can be used only in connection with an item of fixed asset and whose use is expected to be irregular are capitalised and depreciated over the useful life of the principal item of the relevant assets. Subsequent expenditure on fixed assets after its purchase / completion is capitalised only if such expenditure results in an increase in the future benefits from such asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.""Fixed assets acquired and put to use for project purpose are capitalised and depreciation thereon is included in the project cost till commissioning of the project is ready for its intended use. ""Capital work in progress :"Projects under which tangible fixed assets are not yet ready for their intended use are carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental expenses and attributable interest."

1.70 Foreign currency transactions and translations

"Transactions in foreign currencies entered into by the Company are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction or at rates that closely approximate the rate at the date of the transaction.""Foreign currency monetary items of the Company, outstanding at the balance sheet date are restated at the year-end rates. Non-monetary items of the Company are carried at historical cost.""Exchange difference on long-term foreign currency monetary items: The exchange differences arising on settlement / restatement of long-term foreign currency monetary items are capitalised as part of the depreciable fixed assets to which the monetary item relates and depreciated over the remaining useful life of such assets. If such monetary items do not relate to acquisition of depreciable fixed assets, the exchange difference is amortised over the maturity period / upto the date of settlement of such monetary items, whichever is earlier, and charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss. The unamortised exchange difference is carried under Reserves and surplus in the Balance Sheet as "Foreign currency monetary item translation difference account". "

1.80 Investments

Long-term investments (excluding investment properties), are carried individually at cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Current investments are carried individually, at the lower of cost and fair value. Cost of investments include acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

1.90 Employee benefits

Employee benefits include provident fund, superannuation fund, employee state insurance scheme, gratuity fund, compensated absences, long service awards and post-employment medical benefits.

"Defined contribution plans" The Company's contribution to provident fund , employee state insurance scheme and superannuation fund are considered as defined contribution plans and are charged as an expense based on the amount of contribution required to be made and when services are rendered by the employees.""

"Defined benefit plans" For defined benefit plans in the form of gratuity fund and post-employment medical benefits, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each balance sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested and otherwise is amortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to past service cost, plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the schemes."

"Short-term employee benefits"' The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees are recognised during the year when the employees render the service. These benefits include performance incentive and compensated absences which are expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related service. ""The cost of short-term compensated absences is accounted as under :"(a) in case of accumulated compensated absences, when employees render the services that increase their entitlement of future compensated absences; and"(b) in case of non-accumulating compensated absences, when the absences occur."

"Long-term employee benefits" Compensated absences which are not expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related service are recognised as a liability at the present value of the defined benefit obligation as at the balance sheet date less the fair value of the plan assets out of which the obligations are expected to be settled. "

2.00 Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs include interest, amortisation of ancillary costs incurred and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost. Costs in connection with the borrowing of funds to the extent not directly related to the acquisition of qualifying assets are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss over the tenure of the loan. Borrowing costs, allocated to and utilised for qualifying assets, pertaining to the period from commencement of activities relating to construction / development of the qualifying asset upto the date of capitalisation of such asset are added to the cost of the assets. Capitalisation of borrowing costs is suspended and charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss during extended periods when active development activity on the qualifying assets is interrupted.

2.10 Taxes on income

"Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.""Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives future economic benefits in the form of adjustment to future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax. Accordingly, MAT is recognised as an asset in the Balance Sheet when it is highly probable that future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company." Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences, being the differences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognised for timing differences of items other than unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses only to the extent that reasonable certainty exists that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which these can be realised. However, if there are unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realise the assets. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset if such items relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing tax laws and the Company has a legally enforceable right for such set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date for their reliability.

2.20 Research and development expenses

Revenue expenditure pertaining to research is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss. Development costs of products are also charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss unless a product's technical feasibility has been established, in which case such expenditure is capitalised. The amount capitalised comprises expenditure that can be directly attributed or allocated on a reasonable and consistent basis to creating, producing and making the asset ready for its intended use. Fixed assets utilised for research and development are capitalised and depreciated in accordance with the policies stated for Fixed Assets.

2.30 Impairment of assets

Consideration is given at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment of the carrying amount of the Company's each class of the fixed assets. If any indication exists, an asset's recoverable amount is estimated. An impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor.

2.40 Provisions and contingencies

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the Notes. Contingent assets are not recognised in the financial statements.

2.50 Operating Cycle

Based on the nature of products / activities of the Company and the normal time between acquisition of assets and their realisation in cash or cash equivalents, the Company has determined its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of classification of its assets and liabilities as current and non-current.

2.60 Segment reporting

The Company identifies primary segments based on the dominant source, nature of risks and returns and the internal organisation and management structure. The operating segments are the segments for which separate financial information is available and for which operating profit / loss amounts are evaluated regularly by the executive Management in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance.


Mar 31, 2014

1.10 Basis of accounting and preparation of fnancial statements

The fnancial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards notifed under Section 211(3C) of the Companies Act, 1956 ("the 1956 Act") (which continue to be applicable in respect of Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 ("the 2013 Act") in terms of General Circular 15/2013 dated 13th September, 2013 of the Ministry of Corporate Afairs) and the relevant provisions of the 1956 Act/ 2013 Act, as applicable. The fnancial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention.

1.20 Use of estimates

The preparation of the fnancial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the fnancial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could difer due to these estimates and the diferences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialise.

1.30 Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost (e.g. on FIFO / weighted average basis) and the net realisable value after providing for obsolescence and other losses, where considered necessary. Cost includes all charges in bringing the goods to the point of sale, including octroi and other levies, transit insurance and receiving charges. Work-in-progress and fnished goods include appropriate proportion of overheads and, where applicable, excise duty.

1.40 Depreciation and amortisation

All tangible fxed assets, except freehold land, leasehold land and capital work in progress, are depreciated on a straight line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

Intangibles Assets including Intellectual Property Rights in the nature of production processes, software and patents are amortized over a period of 5 years starting from the year after the year of incurring expenditure / commercialization. The value of these intangible assets is reviewed at each balance sheet date to assess the probability of continuing future benefts. If there is any indication that the value of such assets is impaired, the resulting impairment loss is recognized in the fnancial statements.

1.50 Revenue recognition

Sale of Goods

Sales are recognised, net of returns and trade discounts, on transfer of signifcant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer, which generally coincides with the delivery of goods to customers. Sales include excise duty but exclude sales tax and value added tax.

Income from Services

Revenues from contracts priced on a time and material basis are recognised when services are rendered and related costs are incurred.

Other Income

Interest income is accounted on accrual basis. Dividend income is accounted for when the right to receive it is established.

1.60 Fixed assets (Tangible/Intangible)

Fixed assets, except for certain assets which has been stated at revalued amount, are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation / amortisation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of fxed assets comprises its purchase price net of any trade discounts and rebates, any import duties and other taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from the tax authorities), any directly attributable expenditure on making the asset ready for its intended use, other incidental expenses and interest on borrowings attributable to acquisition of qualifying fxed assets up to the date the asset is ready for its intended use. The Company has adopted the provisions of para 46 / 46A of AS 11 The Efects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates, accordingly, exchange diferences arising on restatement / settlement of long-term foreign currency borrowings relating to acquisition of depreciable fxed assets are adjusted to the cost of the respective assets and depreciated over the remaining useful life of such assets. Machinery spares which can be used only in connection with an item of fxed asset and whose use is expected to be irregular are capitalised and depreciated over the useful life of the principal item of the relevant assets. Subsequent expenditure on fxed assets after its purchase / completion is capitalised only if such expenditure results in an increase in the future benefts from such asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

Fixed assets acquired and put to use for project purpose are capitalised and depreciation thereon is included in the project cost till commissioning of the project is ready for its intended use.

Capital work in progress

Projects under which tangible fxed assets are not yet ready for their intended use are carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental expenses and attributable interest.

1.70 Foreign currency transactions and translations

Transactions in foreign currencies entered into by the Company are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction or at rates that closely approximate the rate at the date of the transaction.

Foreign currency monetary items of the Company, outstanding at the balance sheet date are restated at the year-end rates. Non-monetary items of the Company are carried at historical cost.

Exchange diference on long-term foreign currency monetary items:

The exchange diferences arising on settlement / restatement of long-term foreign currency monetary items are capitalised as part of the depreciable fxed assets to which the monetary item relates and depreciated over the remaining useful life of such assets. If such monetary items do not relate to acquisition of depreciable fxed assets, the exchange diference is amortised over the maturity period / upto the date of settlement of such monetary items, whichever is earlier, and charged to the Statement of Proft and Loss. The unamortised exchange diference is carried under Reserves and surplus in the Balance Sheet as "Foreign currency monetary item translation diference account".

1.80 Investments

Long-term investments are carried individually at cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Current investments are carried individually, at the lower of cost and fair value. Cost of investments include acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

1.90 Employee benefts

Employee benefts include provident fund, superannuation fund, employee state insurance scheme, gratuity fund, compensated absences, long service awards and post-employment medical benefts.

Defned contribution plans

The Company''s contribution to provident fund, employee state insurance scheme and superannuation fund are considered as defned contribution plans and are charged as an expense based on the amount of contribution required to be made and when services are rendered by the employees.

Defned beneft plans

For defned beneft plans in the form of gratuity fund and post-employment medical benefts, the cost of providing benefts is determined using the Projected Unit Credit method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each balance sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in the Statement of Proft and Loss in the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefts are already vested and otherwise is amortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefts become vested. The retirement beneft obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defned beneft obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to past service cost, plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the schemes.

Short-term employee benefts

The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefts expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees are recognised during the year when the employees render the service. These benefts include performance incentive and compensated absences which are expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related service.

The cost of short-term compensated absences is accounted as under :

(a) in case of accumulated compensated absences, when employees render the services that increase their entitlement of future compensated absences; and

(b) in case of non-accumulating compensated absences, when the absences occur.

Long-term employee benefts

Compensated absences which are not expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related service are recognised as a liability at the present value of the defned beneft obligation as at the balance sheet date less the fair value of the plan assets out of which the obligations are expected to be settled.

2.00 Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs include interest, amortisation of ancillary costs incurred and exchange diferences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost. Costs in connection with the borrowing of funds to the extent not directly related to the acquisition of qualifying assets are charged to the Statement of Proft and Loss over the tenure of the loan. Borrowing costs, allocated to and utilised for qualifying assets, pertaining to the period from commencement of activities relating to construction / development of the qualifying asset upto the date of capitalisation of such asset are added to the cost of the assets. Capitalisation of borrowing costs is suspended and charged to the Statement of Proft and Loss during extended periods when active development activity on the qualifying assets is interrupted.

2.10 Taxes on income

Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives future economic benefts in the form of adjustment to future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax. Accordingly, MAT is recognised as an asset in the Balance Sheet when it is highly probable that future economic beneft associated with it will fow to the Company.

Deferred tax is recognised on timing diferences, being the diferences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all timing diferences. Deferred tax assets are recognised for timing diferences of items other than unabosrbed depreciation and carry forward losses only to the extent that reasonable certainty exists that sufcient future taxable income will be available against which these can be realised. However, if there are unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty that there will be sufcient future taxable income available to realise the assets. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are ofset if such items relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing tax laws and the Company has a legally enforceable right for such set of. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date for their realisability.

2.20 Research and development expenses

Revenue expenditure pertaining to research is charged to the Statement of Proft and Loss. Development costs of products are also charged to the Statement of Proft and Loss unless a product''s technical feasibility has been established, in which case such expenditure is capitalised. The amount capitalised comprises expenditure that can be directly attributed or allocated on a reasonable and consistent basis to creating, producing and making the asset ready for its intended use. Fixed assets utilised for research and development are capitalised and depreciated in accordance with the policies stated for Fixed Assets.

2.30 Impairment of assets

The carrying values of assets / cash generating units at each balance sheet date are reviewed for impairment. If any indication of impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognised, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash fows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the Statement of Proft and Loss, except in case of revalued assets.

2.40 Provisions and contingencies

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outfow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefts) are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to refect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the Notes. Contingent assets are not recognised in the fnancial statements.

2.50 Operating Cycle

Based on the nature of products / activities of the Company and the normal time between acquisition of assets and their realisation in cash or cash equivalents, the Company has determined its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of classifcation of its assets and liabilities as current and non-current.

2.60 Segment reporting

The Company identifes primary segments based on the dominant source, nature of risks and returns and the internal organisation and management structure. The operating segments are the segments for which separate fnancial information is available and for which operating proft / loss amounts are evaluated regularly by the executive Management in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance.

2.61 Employee beneft plans

a) Defned Beneft Plans

i) Actuarial gains and losses in respect of defned beneft plans are recognised in the statement of proft and loss.

ii) The Company has an obligation towards gratuity, a defned beneft obligation. The Company makes lump sum payment to vested employees an amount based on 15 days last drawn basic salary including dearness allowance (if any) for each completed year of service or part thereof in excess of six months. Vesting occurs upon completion of fve years of service.


Mar 31, 2013

1.1 Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

1.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual result and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

1.3 Inventories

Raw materials, packing materials, stores, spares and consumables are valued at lower of cost (net of refundable taxes and duties) or net realizable value. The cost of these items of inventory comprises of cost of purchase and other incidental costs incurred to bring the inventories to their present location and condition. Work in progress and finished goods are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value. The cost of work in process and finished goods includes cost of conversion and other costs incurred to bring the inventories to their present location and condition. Cost of inventories is determined on weighted average basis. Excise Duty in respect of finished goods lying in factory premises are provided for and included in valuation of inventory in case of non EOU units. Custom duty is accounted as and when goods are cleared from the bonded warehouse.

1.4 Depreciation and amortisation

All tangible fixed assets, except freehold land, leasehold land and capital work in progress, are depreciated on a straight line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies'' Act, 1956. Intangibles Assets including Intellectual Property Rights in the nature of production processes, software and patents are amortized over a period of 5 years starting from the year after the year of incurring expenditure / commercialization. The value of these intangible assets is reviewed at each balance sheet date to assess the probability of continuing future benefits. If there is any indication that the value of such assets is impaired, the resulting impairment loss is recognized in the financial statements.

1.5 Revenue recognition

Revenue from domestic sales is accounted on dispatch of products to customers.Revenue from export sales is recognized on shipment/ air lift of products. Exports sales include exchange rate difference arising on realization of revenue.Income from Contract Research is recognized under Percentage Completion Method basis as per contractual terms.Interest income is accrued on a time basis, by reference to the principal outstanding and at the effective interest rate applicable.

1.6 Tangible fixed assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition / construction except for certain fixed assets which have been stated at revalued amounts, less accumulated depreciation, amortization and impairment loss (if any). Cost comprises of purchase price, import duties and other non-refundable taxes or levies and any directly attributable cost to bring the assets ready for its intended use. Exchange difference, if any, in respect of long term liabilities incurred to acquire fixed assets is adjusted to the carrying cost of fixed assets. Direct expenses, as well as pro rata identifiable indirect expenses on projects during the year of construction are capitalized.Capital assets (including expenditure incurred during the construction period) under erection / installation are stated in the Balance Sheet as ''Capital Work in Progress.”

1.7 Intangible assets

Intangible assets are stated at cost of acquisition / cost incurred less accumulated amortization.

1.8 Foreign currency transactions and translations

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction.Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at the year end are restated at the year end rates. Non monetary foreign currency items are carried at cost.Exchange differences arising on settlement or restatement of long term foreign currency monetary items, in so far as they relate to acquisition of depreciable capital assets are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets and depreciated over the balance life of the assets and in other cases, are accumulated in ''Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account'' and amortized over the balance period of such long term asset / liability but not beyond March 31, 2020 by recognition as income or expense in each of such periods. An asset or liability is designated as a long term foreign currency monetary item, if the asset or liability is expressed in a foreign currency and has a term of 12 months or more at the date of origination of the asset or liability.

1.9 Investments

Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and fair value computed category wise. Long term investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long term investments is made, only if, in the opinion of the management, such a decline is regarded as being other than temporary.

1.10 Employee benefits

Short-term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the profit and loss account of the year in which the related service is rendered. Post employment benefits are recognized as an expense in the profit and loss account for the year in which the employee has rendered services. The expense is recognized at the present value of the amount payable towards contributions. The present value is determined using the market yields of government bonds, at the balance sheet date, at the discounting rate. Other long-term employee benefits are recognized as an expense in the profit and loss account for the period in which the employee has rendered services. Estimated liability on account of long-term benefits is discounted to the current value, using the yield on government bonds, as on the date of balance sheet, at the discounting rate. Actuarial gains and losses in respect of post employment and other long-term benefits are charged to the profit and loss account.


Mar 31, 2012

1.1 Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention on the "Accrual Concept" of accountancy in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in India and comply with the accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India to the extent applicable and with the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

1.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual result and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

1.3 Inventories

Raw materials, packing materials, stores, spares and consumables are valued at lower of cost (net of refundable taxes and duties) or net realizable value. The cost of these items of inventory comprises of cost of purchase and other incidental costs incurred to bring the inventories to their present location and condition. Work in progress and finished goods are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value. The cost of work in process and finished goods includes cost of conversion and other costs incurred to bring the inventories to their present location and condition. Cost of inventories is determined on weighted average basis. Excise Duty in respect of finished goods lying in factory premises are provided for and included in valuation of inventory in case of non EOU units. Custom duty is accounted as and when goods are cleared from the bonded warehouse.

1.4 Depreciation and amortisation

All tangible fixed assets, except freehold land, leasehold land and capital work in progress, are depreciated on a straight line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies' Act, 1956. Leasehold land shall be written off in the year in which the respective lease period expires. Intangibles Assets including Intellectual Property Rights in the nature of production processes, software and patents are amortized over a period of 5 years starting from the year after the year of incurring expenditure / commercialization. The value of these intangible assets is reviewed at each balance sheet date to assess the probability of continuing future benefits. If there is any indication that the value of such assets is impaired, the resulting impairment loss is recognized in the financial statements.

1.5 Revenue recognition

Revenue from domestic sales is accounted on dispatch of products to customers.Revenue from export sales is recognized on shipment/ air lift of products. Income from Contract Research is recognized under Percentage Completion Method basis as per contractual terms.Interest income is accrued on a time basis, by reference to the principal outstanding and at the effective interest rate applicable.Dividend income from investments is recognized when the shareholders' rights to receive payment have been established.

1.6 Tangible fixed assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition / construction except for certain fixed assets which have been stated at revalued amounts, less accumulated depreciation, amortization and impairment loss (if any). Cost comprises of purchase price, import duties and other non-refundable taxes or levies and any directly attributable cost to bring the assets ready for its intended use. Exchange difference, if any, in respect of long term liabilities incurred to acquire fixed assets is adjusted to the carrying cost of fixed assets. Direct expenses, as well as pro rata identifiable indirect expenses on projects during the year of construction are capitalized.Capital assets (including expenditure incurred during the construction period) under erection / installation are stated in the Balance Sheet as "Capital Work in Progress."

1.7 Intangible assets

Intangible assets are stated at cost of acquisition / cost incurred less accumulated amortization.

1.8 Foreign currency transactions and translations

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction.Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at the year end are restated at the year end rates. Non monetary foreign currency items are carried at cost.Exchange differences arising on settlement or restatement of long term foreign currency monetary items, in so far as they relate to acquisition of depreciable capital assets are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets and depreciated over the balance life of the assets and in other cases, are accumulated in 'Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account' and amortized over the balance period of such long term asset / liability but not beyond March 31, 2020 by recognition as income or expense in each of such periods. An asset or liability is designated as a long term foreign currency monetary item, if the asset or liability is expressed in a foreign currency and has a term of 12 months or more at the date of origination of the asset or liability. Exchange differences on other monetary items denominated in foreign currencies are recognized in the profit and loss account.

1.9 Investments

Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and fair value. Long term investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long term investments is made, only if, in the opinion of the management, such a decline is regarded as being other than temporary.

2.00 Employee benefits

Short-term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the profit and loss account of the year in which the related service is rendered. Post employment benefits are recognized as an expense in the profit and loss account for the year in which the employee has rendered services. The expense is recognized at the present value of the amount payable towards contributions. The present value is determined using the market yields of government bonds, at the balance sheet date, at the discounting rate. Other long-term employee benefits are recognized as an expense in the profit and loss account for the period in which the employee has rendered services. Estimated liability on account of long-term benefits is discounted to the current value, using the yield on government bonds, as on the date of balance sheet, at the discounting rate. Actuarial gains and losses in respect of post employment and other long-term benefits are charged to the profit and loss account.

2.1 Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying fixed assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. All other borrowing costs are recognized as expense in the period in which they are incurred.

2.2 Taxes on income

Tax expenses for a year comprise of current tax and deferred tax. Provision for current tax is determined based on assessable profits of the Company as determined under the Income Tax Act, 1961. Provision for deferred tax is determined based on the effect of timing difference between the assessable profits under the Income Tax Act and the profits as per the Profit and Loss Account. Deferred tax assets, other than those from carry forward losses and unabsorbed depreciation, are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. Deferred tax assets arising from carry forward losses and unabsorbed depreciation, are recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

2.3 Research and development expenses

Research and development costs incurred for development of products are charged to revenue as incurred, except for development costs relating to the design and testing of new or improved materials, products or processes which are recognized as intangible assets to the extent that it is expected that such assets will generate future economic benefits. Research and development expenditure of capital nature is added to fixed assets. The carrying value of development costs is reviewed for impairment annually when the asset is not yet in use, and otherwise when events and change in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. Expenditure on development of the production process of molecules is treated as capital work in progress and amortized over the period of life of each product once the commercial exploitation of the respective product starts / put to use.

2.4 Impairment of assets

Consideration is given at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment of the carrying amount of the Company's each class of the fixed assets. If any indication exists, an asset's recoverable amount is estimated. An impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor.

2.5 Provisions and contingencies

Provisions are recognized for when the Company has at present, legal or contractual obligation as a result of past events, only if it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required and if the amount involved can be measured reliably. Contingent liabilities being a possible obligation as a result of past events, the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non occurrence of one or more future events not wholly in the control of the Company, are not recognized in the accounts. The nature of such liabilities and an estimate of its financial effect are disclosed in the Notes to Financial Statements. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

2.6 Derivative contracts

In respect of derivate contracts, premium paid, gains or losses on settlement and provision for losses for cash flow hedges are recognized in the profit and loss account.


Mar 31, 2011

1. Accounting Convention

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention on the "Accrual Concept" of accountancy in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in India and comply with the accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India to the extent applicable and with the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

2. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual result and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

3. Tangible Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition / construction except for certain fixed assets which have been stated at revalued amounts, less accumulated depreciation, amortization and impairment loss (if any). Cost comprises of purchase price, import duties and other non-refundable taxes or levies and any directly attributable cost to bring the assets ready for its intended use. Exchange difference, if any, in respect of long term liabilities incurred to acquire fixed assets is adjusted to the carrying cost of fixed assets.

Direct expenses, as well as pro rata identifiable indirect expenses on projects during the year of construction are capitalized. Capital assets (including expenditure incurred during the construction period) under erection / installation are stated in the Balance Sheet as "Capital Work in Progress."

4. Intangible Assets

Intangible assets are stated at cost of acquisition / cost incurred less accumulated amortization.

5. Depreciation / Amortization

All tangible fixed assets, except freehold land, leasehold land and capital work in progress, are depreciated on a straight line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Leasehold land shall be written off in the year in which the respective lease period expires. Intangibles Assets including Intellectual Property Rights in the nature of production processes, software and patents are amortized over a period of 5 years starting from the year after the year of incurring expenditure / commercialization. The value of these intangible assets is reviewed at each balance sheet date to assess the probability of continuing future benefits. If there is any indication that the value of such assets is impaired, the resulting impairment loss is recognized in the financial statements.

6. Impairment of Assets

Consideration is given at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment of the carrying amount of the companys each class of the fixed assets. If any indication exists, an assets recoverable amount is estimated. An impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor.

7. Investments

Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and fair value computed category wise. Long term investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long term investments is made, only if, in the opinion of the management, such a decline is regarded as being other than temporary.

8. Inventories

Raw materials, packing materials, stores, spares and consumables are valued at lower of cost (net of refundable taxes and duties) or net realizable value. The cost of these items of inventory comprises of cost of purchase and other incidental costs incurred to bring the inventories to their present location and condition. Work in progress and finished goods are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value. The cost of work in process and finished goods includes cost of conversion and other costs incurred to bring the inventories to their present location and condition.

Cost of inventories is determined on "Weighted Average" basis. Excise Duty in respect of finished goods lying in factory premises are provided for and included in valuation of inventory in case of non EOU units. Custom duty is accounted as and when goods are cleared from the bonded warehouse.

9. Revenue Recognition

Revenue from domestic sales is accounted on dispatch of products to customers.

Revenue from export sales is recognized on shipment/ air lift of products. Exports sales include exchange rate difference arising on realization of revenue. Income from Contract Research is recognized under Percentage Completion Method basis as per contractual terms. Interest income is accrued on a time basis, by reference to the principal outstanding and at the effective interest rate applicable.

Dividend income from investments is recognized when the shareholders rights to receive payment have been established.

10. Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction.

Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at the year end are restated at the year end rates. Non monetary foreign currency items are carried at cost.

Exchange differences arising on settlement or restatement of long term foreign currency monetary items, in so far as they relate to acquisition of depreciable capital assets are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets and depreciated over the balance life of the assets and in other cases, are accumulated in Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account and amortized over the balance period of such long term asset / liability but not beyond March 31, 2011 by recognition as income or expense in each of such periods. An asset or liability is designated as a long term foreign currency monetary item, if the asset or liability is expressed in a foreign currency and has a term of 12 months or more at the date of origination of the asset or liability.

Exchange differences on other monetary items denominated in foreign currencies are recognized in the profit and loss account.

11. Redemption Premium on Foreign Currency Convertible Bonds

Premium payable on redemption of Foreign Currency Convertible Bonds outstanding as at the balance sheet date is provided on time basis by adjusting against the Securities Premium Account. Any changes to the premium payable on account of conversion of bonds into equity shares are adjusted in the Share Premium Account.

12. Employee Benefits

Short-term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the profit and loss account of the year in which the related service is rendered.

Post employment benefits are recognized as an expense in the profit and loss account for the year in which the employee has rendered services. The expense is recognized at the present value of the amount payable towards contributions. The present value is determined using the market yields of government bonds, at the balance sheet date, at the discounting rate.

Other long-term employee benefits are recognized as an expense in the profit and loss account for the period in which the employee has rendered services. Estimated liability on account of long-term benefits is discounted to the current value, using the yield on government bonds, as on the date of balance sheet, at the discounting rate.

Actuarial gains and losses in respect of post employment and other long-term benefits are charged to the profit and loss account.

13. Research and Development Costs

Research and development costs incurred for development of products are charged to revenue as incurred, except for development costs relating to the design and testing of new or improved materials, products or processes which are recognized as intangible assets to the extent that it is expected that such assets will generate future economic benefits. Research and development expenditure of capital nature is added to fixed assets.

The carrying value of development costs is reviewed for impairment annually when the asset is not yet in use, and otherwise when events and change in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable.

Expenditure on development of the production process of molecules is treated as capital work in progress and amortized over the period of life of each product once the commercial exploitation of the respective product starts / put to use

14. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying fixed assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. All other borrowing costs are recognized as expense in the period in which they are incurred.

15. Financial Derivates and Hedging Transactions

In respect of derivate contracts, premium paid, gains or losses on settlement and provision for losses for cash flow hedges are recognized in the profit and loss account.

16. Provision for Tax

Tax expenses for a year comprise of current tax and deferred tax. Provision for current tax is determined based on assessable profits of the Company as determined under the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Provision for deferred tax is determined based on the effect of timing difference between the assessable profits under the Income Tax Act and the profits as per the Profit and Loss Account. Deferred tax assets, other than those from carry forward losses and unabsorbed depreciation, are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. Deferred tax assets arising from carry forward losses and unabsorbed depreciation, are recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

17. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions are recognized for when the Company has at present, legal or contractual obligation as a result of past events, only if it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required and if the amount involved can be measured reliably.

Contingent liabilities being a possible obligation as a result of past events, the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non occurrence of one or more future events not wholly in the control of the Company, are not recognized in the accounts. The nature of such liabilities and an estimate of its financial effect are disclosed in the Notes to Financial Statements.

Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

 
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