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Accounting Policies of Divi's Laboratories Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

Aggregate number of bonus shares issued during the period of five years immediately preceding the reporting date

On 2nd August 2009, the company issued 6,48,47,975 equity shares of Rs. 2/- each as fully paid bonus shares by capitalisation of general reserve and other free reserves.

Terms/rights attached to equity shares :

The company has only one class of equity shares having a par value of Rs.2/- per share. Each holder of equity shares is entitled to one vote per share. The company declares and pays dividends in Indian rupees. The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of the shareholders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting.

During the year ended 31st March 2015, the amount of per share dividend recognised as distributions to equity shareholders is Rs. 20/- (31 st March 2014 : Rs. 20/-)

In the event of liquidation of the company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the company, after distribution of all preferential amounts. The distribution will be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the shareholders.

A. BASIS OF PREPARATION :

The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis in compliance with all material aspects of the Accounting Standards specified under section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013("the Act"), read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014, other relevant provisions of the Act, other pronouncements of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and also the guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year. The financial statements are presented in Indian rupees rounded off to the nearest lakh.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the company's normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in Schedule III of the Act. Based on the nature of products and time between acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current/non-current classification of assets and liabilities.

B. USE OF ESTIMATES :

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses for the year. Although these estimates are based upon management's best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates. Difference between actual results and estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known / materialised.

C. TANGIBLE ASSETS AND DEPRECIATION :

i. Tangible fixed assets are stated at historical cost less accumulated depreciation thereon and impairment losses, if any. Historical cost is inclusive of freight, duties and installation expenses and expenditure during construction where applicable and net of CENVAT and Value Added Tax credit availed against Tax or cess paid on such items.

ii. Depreciation is provided on straight line basis so as to write off the depreciable amount of the asset over the useful lives specified in Schedule II of the Act. The useful life of the assets are periodically reviewed and re-determined based on technical evaluation and expected use and the unamortized depreciable amount is charged over the remaining useful life of such assets.

iii. Depreciation on Fixed Assets used for the Project under construction is included under Expenditure during construction period Pending Capitalisation.

iv. Expenditure directly relating to construction activity is capitalised. Indirect expenditure is capitalised to the extent those relate to the construction activity or is incidental thereto. Income earned during the construction period is deducted from the total expenditure relating to construction activity.

D. INTANGIBLE ASSETS AND AMORTISATION :

Intangible assets are stated at historical cost less accumulated amortisation thereon and impairment losses, if any. These assets are amortised over a period of 3 years, which is based on their estimated useful lives.

E. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS :

The company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of amortised historical cost.

F. INVESTMENTS :

i. I nvestments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments.

ii. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on individual investment basis.

iii. Long-term investments are carried at cost of acquisition. Provision is made for decline, other than temporary, in the value of investments.

iv. On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the statement of profit and loss.

G. INVENTORIES :

Raw materials, stores and spares are valued at lower of cost, calculated on weighted average basis, and net realisable value. Items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished product in which these will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost.

Finished goods and work-in-progress are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost includes materials, labour and a proportion of appropriate overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty. Cost is determined on a weighted average basis

Trading goods are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, reduced by the estimated costs of completion and costs to effect the sale.

Obsolete, defective and unserviceable inventories are duly provided for.

H. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT :

Revenue Expenditure incurred for Research and Development is written off in the same year. Capital expenditure on Research and Development is shown as additions to Fixed Assets.

I. EXCISE DUTY :

Excise Duties recovered are included in "Gross Sales". Excise duty on sales is shown as an item of expense and deducted from Gross Sales. The value of closing stock of finished goods includes excise duty paid / payable on such stocks wherever applicable.

J. FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS :

i. Initial Recognition: Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

ii. Conversion: Foreign currency monetary items are reported at year-end rates. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

iii. Exchange difference: Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting monetary items of Company at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expense in the year in which they arise.

iv. Forward exchange contracts not intended for trading purpose: In case of forward exchange contracts, difference between forward rate and the exchange rate on the date of transaction is recognised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognised as income or as expense for the year.

K. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS :

i. Short-Term Benefits :

Short Term Employee Benefits are charged off to the Statement of Profit and Loss at the undiscounted amount in the year in which the services have been rendered.

ii. Long-Term Benefits :

a. The Contributions to Provident Fund and Employee State Insurance Schemes, which are defined contribution schemes, to the relevant funds administered and managed by the Central Government of India, are charged off to the Statement of Profit and Loss as and when incurred. The Company has no further obligations under these plans beyond its monthly contributions.

b. Gratuity :

The Company makes contribution to a scheme administered by the Life Insurance Corporation of India ('LIC') to discharge gratuity liabilities to the employees. The shortfall between the accumulated funds available with LIC and liability as determined on the basis of an actuarial valuation is provided for at the year-end. The actuarial gains / losses are immediately taken to the Statement of profit and loss.

Leave Encashment : The Company records its un availed leave liability based on actuarial valuation using projected unit credit method.

c. Actuarial gains / losses arising during the year are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

iii. Terminal Benefits are recognised as an expense as and when incurred.

L. TAXES ON INCOME :

i. Tax expense is the aggregate of current year income tax, deferred income tax charged or credited to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

ii. Current Year Income Tax :

The Provision for taxation is based on assessable profits of the company as determined under the Income Tax Act, 1961. The Company also provides for such disallowances made on completion of assessment pending appeals, as considered appropriate depending on the merits of each case.

iii. Deferred Income Tax :

Deferred Income Taxes are recognised for the future tax consequences attributable to timing differences between the financial statement determination of income and their recognition for tax purposes. The effect of a change in tax rates on deferred tax assets and liabilities is recognised in income using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. In situations where the company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realised against future taxable profits.

In the situations where the company is entitled to tax holiday under the Income tax Act, 1961 no deferred tax is recognised in respect of timing differences which reverse during the tax holiday period, to the extent company's gross total income is subject to the deduction during the tax holiday period. Deferred tax in respect of timing differences which reverse after the tax holiday period is recognised in the year in which timing difference originate.

Unrecognised deferred tax assets of earlieryears are reassessed and recognised to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be that future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of a deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realised. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonable certainty or virtual certainty, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

iv. Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) Credit :

MAT credit is recognised, as an Asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified year. In the year in which the Minimum Alternate tax (MAT) credit becomes eligible to be recognised as an asset in accordance with the recommendation contained in Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the Statement of profit and loss and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income Tax during the specified period.

M. EXPORT BENEFITS :

Export benefits on account of duty drawback and export promotion schemes are accrued and accounted in the year of export, and are included in other operating revenue. Other benefits in the form of advance authorisation for imports are accounted for on purchase of imported materials.

N. REVENUE RECOGNITION :

Revenue is recognised to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

i. SALES:

Revenue from sales is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to the customers which is based upon the terms of the applicable contract.

Revenue from product sales is stated exclusive of returns, sales tax and applicable trade discounts and allowances.

ii. Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

iii. Dividend on shares held by the company is recognised when the right of the company to receive the same is established.

iv. Service income is recognised as per the terms of the contracts with customers when the related services are performed or the agreed milestones are achieved.

O. BORROWING COSTS :

Borrowing cost includes interest, ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost.

Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of Fixed Assets which necessarily take a Substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use, incurred till the time of commencement of commercial production or their intended use are capitalised. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

P. SEGMENT REPORTING :

Segments are identified in line with AS 17 "Segment Reporting", taking into consideration the internal organisation and management structure as well as the differential risk and returns of the segment.

a. Identification of reportable segments :

(i) Business Segments :

The company is engaged in manufacturing and sale of Active Pharma Ingredients and Intermediates which is considered the Primary reportable business segment.

(ii) Geographical Segments :

Revenue is segregated into two segments namely India (Sales to customers with in India) and other countries (Sales to customers outside India) on the basis of geographical location of customers for the purpose of reporting geographical segments.

b. In accordance with Accounting Standard 17 - Segment Reporting, segment information has been provided in the Consolidated Financial Statements of the Company and therefore no separate disclosure on segment information is given in these standalone financial statements.

Q. LEASES :

Lease of assets under which all the risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Lease payments under operating leases are recognised as an expense on a straight line basis over the period of lease.

R. PROPOSED / INTERIM DIVIDEND :

Dividends, if any, as recommended by the directors are accounted in the books of account, pending approval at the Annual General Meeting.

S. EARNINGS PER SHARE :

i. The basic earnings per share (EPS) is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

ii. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

T. PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS :

Provisions, involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement, are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities, which are possible or present obligations that may but probably will not require outflow of resources, are not recognised but are disclosed in the explanatory information to the financial statements. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

U. CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS :

Cash and cash equivalents for the purpose of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand, demand deposits with banks and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.


Mar 31, 2014

A. BASIS OF PREPARATION :

The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis to comply in all material respects with the notified Accounting Standards by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006(as amended), other pronouncements of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and also the guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year. The financial statements are presented in Indian rupees rounded off to the nearest lakh.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of products and time between acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current/non- current classification of assets and liabilities.

B. USE OF ESTIMATES :

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses for the year. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates. Difference between actual results and estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known / materialised.

C. FIXED ASSETS AND DEPRECIATION :

i. Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition including freight, duties and installation expenses and expenditure during construction where applicable and net of CENVAT and Value Added Tax credit availed against Ta x or cess paid on such items.

ii. Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided under Straight Line Method at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

iii. Depreciation is provided at one hundred per cent for assets costing less than Rs.5,000/- iv. Depreciation on Fixed Assets used for the Project under construction is included under Expenditure during construction period Pending Capitalisation.

v. Expenditure directly relating to construction activity is capitalised. Indirect expenditure is capitalised to the extent those relate to the construction activity or is incidental thereto. Income earned during the construction period is deducted from the total expenditure relating to construction activity.

D. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS :

The company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of amortised historical cost.

E. INVESTMENTS :

i. Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments.

ii. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on individual investment basis.

iii. Long-term investments are carried at cost of acquisition. Provision is made for decline, other than temporary, in the value of investments.

iv. On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the statement of profit and loss.

F. INVENTORIES :

Raw materials, stores and spares are valued at lower of cost, calculated on weighted average basis, and net realisable value. Items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished product in which these will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost.

Finished goods and work-in-progress are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost includes materials, labour and a proportion of appropriate overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty. Cost is determined on a weighted average basis.

Trading goods are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, reduced by the estimated costs of completion and costs to effect the sale.

Obsolete, defective and unserviceable inventories are duly provided for.

G. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT :

Revenue Expenditure incurred for Research and Development is written off in the same year. Capital expenditure on Research and Development is shown as additions to Fixed Assets.

H. EXCISE DUTY :

Excise Duties recovered are included in "Gross Sales". Excise duty on sales is shown as an item of expense and deducted from Gross Sales. The value of closing stock of finished goods includes excise duty paid / payable on such stocks wherever applicable.

I. FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS :

i. Initial Recognition: Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

ii. Conversion: Foreign currency monetary items are reported at year-end rates. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

iii. Exchange difference: Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting monetary items of Company at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expense in the year in which they arise.

iv. Forward exchange contracts not intended for trading purpose: In case of forward exchange contracts, difference between forward rate and the exchange rate on the date of transaction is recognised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognised as income or as expense for the year.

J. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS :

i. Short-Term Benefits :

Short Term Employee Benefits are charged off to the Statement of Profit and Loss at the undiscounted amount in the year in which the services have been rendered.

ii. Long-Term Benefits :

a. The Contributions to Provident Fund and Employee State Insurance Schemes, which are defined contribution schemes, to the relevant funds administered and managed by the Central Government of India, are charged off to the Statement of Profit and Loss as and when incurred. The Company has no further obligations under these plans beyond its monthly contributions.

b. Gratuity :

The Company makes contribution to a scheme administered by the Life Insurance Corporation of India (''LIC'') to discharge gratuity liabilities to the employees. Annual contribution to the fund as determined by the LIC is expensed in the year of contribution. The shortfall between the accumulated funds available

with LIC and liability as determined on the basis of an actuarial valuation is provided for at the year- end. The actuarial gains / losses are immediately taken to the Statement of profit and loss.

Leave Encashment : The Company records its unavailed leave liability based on actuarial valuation using projected unit credit method.

c. Actuarial gains / losses arising during the year are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

iii. Terminal Benefits are recognised as an expense as and when incurred.

K. TAXES ON INCOME :

i. Tax expense is the aggregate of current year income tax, deferred income tax charged or credited to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

ii. Current Year Income Ta x :

The Provision for taxation is based on assessable profits of the company as determined under the Income Tax Act, 1961. The Company also provides for such disallowances made on completion of assessment pending appeals, as considered appropriate depending on the merits of each case.

iii. Deferred Income Ta x :

Deferred Income Taxes are recognised for the future tax consequences attributable to timing differences between the financial statement determination of income and their recognition for tax purposes. The effect of a change in tax rates on deferred tax assets and liabilities is recognised in income using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. In situations where the company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realised against future taxable profits.

In the situations where the company is entitled to tax holiday under the Income tax Act, 1961 no deferred tax is recognised in respect of timing differences which reverse during the tax holiday period, to the extent company''s gross total income is subject to the deduction during the tax holiday period. Deferred tax in respect of timing differences which reverse after the tax holiday period is recognised in the year in which timing difference originate.

Unrecognised deferred tax assets of earlier years are reassessed and recognised to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be that future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at each balance sheet date. The Company writes- down the carrying amount of a deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realised. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonable certainty or virtual certainty, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

iv. Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) Credit :

MAT credit is recognised, as an Asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified year. In the year in which the Minimum Alternative tax (MAT) credit becomes eligible to be recognised as an asset in accordance with the recommendation contained in Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the Statement of profit and loss and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income Tax during the specified period.

L. EXPORT BENEFITS :

Export benefits on account of duty drawback and export promotion schemes are accrued and accounted in the year of export, and are included in other operating revenue. Other benefits in the form of advance authorisation for imports are accounted for on purchase of imported materials.

M.REVENUE RECOGNITION :

Revenue is recognised to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

i. SALES :

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised when significant risks and rewards in respect of ownership of products are transferred to the customers. Revenue from domestic sales is recognised on delivery of products to customers from the factories of the company. Revenue from export sales is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to the customers which is based upon the terms of the applicable contract.

Revenue from product sales is stated exclusive of returns, sales tax and applicable trade discounts and allowances.

ii. Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

iii. Dividend on shares held by the company is recognised when the right of the company to receive the same is established.

iv. Service income is recognised as per the terms of the contracts with customers when the related services are performed or the agreed milestones are achieved.

N. BORROWING COSTS :

Borrowing cost includes interest, ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost.

Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of Fixed Assets which necessarily take a Substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use, incurred till the time of commencement of commercial production or their intended use are capitalised. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

O. LEASES :

Lease of assets under which all the risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Lease payments under operating leases are recognised as an expense on a straight line basis over the period of lease.

P. PROPOSED / INTERIM DIVIDEND :

Dividends, if any, as recommended by the directors are accounted in the books of account, pending approval at the Annual General Meeting.

Q. EARNINGS PER SHARE :

i. The basic earnings per share (EPS) is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

ii. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

R. PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS :

Provisions, involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement, are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities, which are possible or present obligations that may but probably will not require outflow of resources, are not recognised but are disclosed in the explanatory information to the financial statements. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

S. CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS :

Cash and cash equivalents for the purpose of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand, demand deposits with banks and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.


Mar 31, 2013

A. BASIS OF PREPARATION :

The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis in all material respects with the notified Accounting Standards by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006(as amended), other pronouncements of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year. The financial statements are presented in Indian rupees rounded off to the nearest lakh.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of products and time between acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current/non-current classification of assets and liabilities.

B. USE OF ESTIMATES :

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses for the year. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates. Difference between actual results and estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known / materialised.

C. FIXED ASSETS AND DEPRECIATION :

i. Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition including freight, duties and installation expenses and expenditure during construction where applicable and net of CENVAT and Value Added Tax credit availed against Tax or cess paid on such items.

ii. Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided under Straight Line Method at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

iii. Depreciation is provided at one hundred per cent for assets costing less than Rs.5,000/-

iv. Depreciation on Fixed Assets used for the Project under construction is included under Expenditure during construction period Pending Capitalisation.

v. Expenditure directly relating to construction activity is capitalised. Indirect expenditure is capitalised to the extent those relate to the construction activity or is incidental thereto. Income earned during the construction period is deducted from the total expenditure relating to construction activity.

D. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS :

The company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of amortised historical cost.

E. INVESTMENTS :

i. Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments.

ii. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on individual investment basis.

iii. Long-term investments are carried at cost of acquisition. Provision is made for decline, other than temporary, in the value of investments.

iv. On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the statement of profit and loss.

F. INVENTORIES :

Raw materials, stores and spares are valued at lower of cost, calculated on weighted average basis, and net realisable value. Items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished product in which these will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost.

Finished goods and work-in-progress are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost includes materials, labour and a proportion of appropriate overheads based on normal operating capacity. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty. Cost is determined on a weighted average basis.

Trading goods are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, reduced by the estimated costs of completion and costs to effect the sale.

G. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT :

Revenue Expenditure incurred for Research and Development is written off in the same year. Capital expenditure on Research and Development is shown as additions to Fixed Assets.

H. EXCISE DUTY :

Excise Duties recovered are included in "Gross Sales". Excise duty on sales is shown as an item of expense and deducted from Gross Sales. The value of closing stock of finished goods includes excise duty paid / payable on such stocks wherever applicable.

I. EMPLOYEE STOCK OPTION SCHEME :

In accordance with the Securities and Exchange Board of India guidelines, the excess of the market price of the shares, at the date of grant of option under the employee stock option scheme, over the exercise price is treated as employee compensation and the same is amortised over the vesting period of the stock options.

J. FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS :

i. Initial Recognition: Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

ii. Conversion: Foreign currency monetary items are reported at year-end rates. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

iii. Exchange difference: Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting monetary items of Company at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expense in the year in which they arise.

iv. Forward exchange contracts not intended for trading purpose: In case of forward exchange contracts, difference between forward rate and the exchange rate on the date of transaction is recognised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognised as income or as expense for the year.

K. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS :

i. Short-Term Benefits :

Short Term Employee Benefits, at the undiscounted amount in the year in which the services have been rendered, are charged off to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

ii. Long-Term Benefits :

a. The Contributions to Provident Fund and Employee State Insurance Schemes, which are defined contribution schemes, to the relevant funds administered and managed by the Central Government of India, are charged off to the Statement of Profit and Loss as and when incurred. The Company has no further obligations under these plans beyond its monthly contributions.

b. Gratuity :

The Company makes contribution to a scheme administered by the Life Insurance Corporation of India (''LIC'') to discharge gratuity liabilities to the employees. Annual contribution to the fund as determined by the LIC is expensed in the year of contribution. The shortfall between the accumulated funds available with LIC and liability as determined on the basis of an actuarial valuation is provided for at the year-end. The actuarial gains / losses are immediately taken to the Statement of profit and loss.

Leave Encashment : The Company records its un availed leave liability based on actuarial valuation using projected unit credit method

c. Actuarial gains / losses arising during the year are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

iii. Terminal Benefits are recognised as an expense as and when incurred.

L. TAXES ON INCOME :

i. Tax expense is the aggregate of current year income tax, deferred income tax charged or credited to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

ii. Current Year Income Tax :

The Provision for taxation is based on assessable profits of the company as determined under the Income Tax Act, 1961. The Company also provides for such disallowances made on completion of assessment pending appeals, as considered appropriate depending on the merits of each case.

iii. Deferred Income Tax :

Deferred Income Taxes are recognised for the future tax consequences attributable to timing differences between the financial statement determination of income and their recognition for tax purposes. The effect of a change in tax rates on deferred tax assets and liabilities is recognised in income using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. In situations where the company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realised against future taxable profits. In the situations where the company is entitled to tax holiday under the Income tax Act, 1961 no deferred tax is recognised in respect of timing differences which reverse during the tax holiday period, to the extent company''s gross total income is subject to the deduction during the tax holiday period. Deferred tax in respect of timing differences which reverse after the tax holiday period is recognised in the year in which timing difference originate. Unrecognised deferred tax assets of earlier years are reassessed and recognised to the extent that it has become reasonably Certain or virtually certain, as the case may be that future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of a deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realised. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

iv. Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) Credit :

MAT credit is recognised, as an Asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified year. In the year in which the Minimum Alternative tax (MAT) credit becomes eligible to be recognised as an asset in accordance with the recommendation contained in Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the Statement of profit and loss and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income Tax during the specified period.

M. EXPORT BENEFITS :

Export benefits on account of duty drawback and export promotion schemes are accrued and accounted in the year of export, and are included in other operating revenue. Other benefits in the form of advance authorisation for imports are accounted for on purchase of imported materials.

N. REVENUE RECOGNITION :

Revenue is recognised to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

i. SALES :

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised when significant risks and rewards in respect of ownership of products are transferred to the customers. Revenue from domestic sales is recognised on delivery of products to customers from the factories of the company. Revenue from export sales is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to the customers which is based upon the terms of the applicable contract.

Revenue from product sales is stated exclusive of returns, sales tax and applicable trade discounts and allowances.

ii. Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

iii. Dividend on shares held by the company is recognised when the right of the company to receive the same is established.

iv. Service income is recognised as per the terms of the contracts with customers when the related services are performed or the agreed milestones are achieved.

O. BORROWING COSTS :

Borrowing cost includes interest, ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost.

Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of Fixed Assets which necessarily take a Substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use, incurred till the time of commencement of commercial production or their intended use are capitalised. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

P. LEASES :

Lease of assets under which all the risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Lease payments under operating leases are recognised as an expense on a straight line basis over the period of lease.

Q. PROPOSED / INTERIM DIVIDEND :

Dividends, if any, as recommended by the directors are accounted in the books of account, pending approval at the Annual General Meeting.

R. EARNINGS PER SHARE :

i. The basic earnings per share (EPS) is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

ii. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

S. PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS :

Provisions, involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement, are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities, which are possible or present obligations that may but probably will not require outflow of resources, are not recognised but are disclosed in the explanatory information to the financial statements. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

T. CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS :

Cash and cash equivalents for the purpose of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.


Mar 31, 2012

A. ACCOUNTING CONVENTION :

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India and the Accounting Standards issued under the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

B. FIXED ASSETS AND DEPRECIATION :

i. Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition including freight, duties and installation expenses and expenditure during construction where applicable and net of CENVAT and Value Added Tax credit availed against Tax or cess paid on such items.

ii. Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided under Straight Line Method at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

iii. Depreciation is provided at one hundred per cent for assets costing less than Rs.5,000/-

iv. Depreciation on Fixed Assets used for the Project under construction is included under Unallocated Expenditure Pending Capitalisation.

v. Revenue Expenditure incurred during the construction period of the Project is shown under "Unallocated Expenditure Pending Capitalisation" till the commencement of the commercial production or their intended use and the same is being capitalised by allocating to relevant assets in the ratio of their direct costs.

C. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS :

The carrying amounts of the assets are being tested on annual basis for impairment so as to determine the provision required for impairment loss if any or for reversal of the provision, if any, required on account of impairment loss recognised in previous periods.

D. INVESTMENTS :

i. Investments are classified into Current and Long-term investments.

ii. Current investments are valued at lower of cost and fair value.

iii. Long-term investments are valued at cost of acquisition. Provision is made for decline, other than temporary, in the value of investments.

iv. On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the statement of profit and loss.

E. INVENTORIES :

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. The Cost of inventories is being determined under weighted average cost method

F. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT :

Revenue Expenditure incurred for Research and Development is written off in the same year. Capital expenditure on Research and Development is shown as additions to Fixed Assets.

G. EXCISE DUTY :

Excise Duties recovered are included in "Gross Sales". Excise duty on despatches is shown as an item of expense and deducted from Gross Sales. The value of closing stock of finished goods includes excise duty paid / payable on such stocks wherever applicable.

H. EMPLOYEE STOCK OPTION SCHEME :

In accordance with the Securities and Exchange Board of India guidelines, the excess of the market price of the shares, at the date of grant of option under the employee stock option scheme, over the exercise price is treated as employee compensation and the same is amortised over the vesting period of the stock options.

I. FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS :

i. Transactions in Foreign Exchange, other than those covered by forward contracts are accounted for at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transactions. Exchange differences arising on foreign currency transactions settled during the year are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

ii. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies as at the balance sheet date other than those covered by forward contracts are translated at the year end rates. The resultant exchange differences are recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

iii. Non-monetary assets and liabilities are recorded at the rates prevailing on the date of the transaction.

iv. Forward contracts are being entered into to mitigate the foreign currency risk of the underlying outstanding at the balance sheet date and also to hedge the foreign currency risk of firm commitments or highly probable forecast transactions.

In case of forward contracts not intended for trading or speculative purposes, the premium or discount on all such contracts is amortised as income or expense over the life of the contract. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward contracts is recognised as income or expense for the period. The exchange differences, consisting of the difference between (a) the foreign currency amount of the contract translated at the exchange rate at the reporting date or the settlement date where the transaction is settled during the reporting period and (b) the same foreign currency amount translated at the latter of the date of inception of the forward exchange contract and the last reporting date, are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in the reporting period in which the exchange rates change.

In case of other forward contracts, the gain or loss, computed considering the exchange difference between the forward rate available at the reporting date for the remaining maturity of the contract and the contracted forward rate, is recognised as income or expense in the statement of profit and loss.

J EMPLOYEE BENEFITS :

i. Short-Term Benefits :

Short Term Employee Benefits, at the undiscounted amount in the year in which the services have been rendered, are charged off to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

ii. Long-Term Benefits :

a. The Contributions to Provident Fund and Employee State Insurance Schemes, which are defined contribution schemes, to the relevant funds administered and managed by the Central Government of India, are charged off to the Statement of Profit and Loss as and when incurred. The Company has no further obligations under these plans beyond its monthly contributions.

b. Gratuity : The Company makes contribution to a scheme administered by the Life Insurance Corporation of India to discharge the gratuity liabilities to the employees. Annual Contribution to the fund as determined by the Life Insurance Corporation of India is expensed in that year of contribution.

Leave Encashment : The Company records its unavailed leave liability based on actuarial valuation using projected unit credit method

c. Actuarial gains / losses arising during the year are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

iii. Terminal Benefits are recognised as an expense as and when incurred.

K. TAXES ON INCOME :

i. Tax expense is the aggregate of current year income tax, deferred income tax charged or credited to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

ii. Current Year Income Tax :

The Provision for taxation is based on assessable profits of the company as determined under the Income Tax Act, 1961. The Company also provides for such disallowances made on completion of assessment pending appeals, as considered appropriate depending on the merits of each case.

iii. Deferred Income Tax :

Deferred Income Taxes are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to timing differences between the financial statement determination of income and their recognition for tax purposes. The effect of a change in tax rates on deferred tax assets and liabilities is recognized in income using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized and carried forward only to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

iv. Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) Credit :

MAT credit is recognised, as an Asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified year. In the year in which the Minimum Alternative tax (MAT) credit becomes eligible to be recognised as an asset in accordance with the recommendation contained in Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income Tax during the specified period.

L. EXPORT BENEFITS :

Advance Licences and Duty Entitlements against exports made by the company are accounted in the books on their utilization / disposal. However, the value of unutilised unconditional customs duty credit granted against Exports under Duty Entitlement Pass Book Scheme is being provided in the Books of Account.

M. REVENUE RECOGNITION :

i. SALES :

Domestic Sales :

Revenue from domestic sales is recognised on delivery of products to customers from the factories of the company.

Export Sales :

Revenue from export sales is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to the customers which is based upon the terms of the applicable contract.

ii. Dividend on shares held by the company is recognised when the right of the company to receive the same is established and interest on deposits is accounted on accrual basis.

iii. Service income is recognised as per the terms of the contracts with customers when the related services are performed or the agreed milestones are achieved.

N. BORROWING COSTS :

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of a qualifying asset are capitalised as part of cost of such asset till such time the asset is ready for its intended use. Other borrowing costs are recognised as expense for the period.

O. LEASES :

Lease of assets under which all the risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Lease payments under operating leases are recognised as an expense on a straight line basis over the period of lease.

P. PROPOSED / INTERIM DIVIDEND :

Dividends, if any, as recommended by the directors are accounted in the books of account, pending approval at the Annual General Meeting.

Q. EARNINGS PER SHARE :

i. The basic earnings per share is calculated considering the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

ii. The diluted earnings per share is calculated considering the effects of potential equity shares on net profits after tax for the year and weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

R. PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS :

Provisions, involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement, are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities, which are possible or present obligations that may but probably will not require outflow of resources, are not recognised but are disclosed in the Notes to the financial statements. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

S. USE OF ESTIMATES :

The preparation of financial statements require estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

T. CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS :

Cash and cash equivalents for the purpose of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.


Mar 31, 2011

A. ACCOUNTING CONVENTION :

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India and the Accounting Standards issued under the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

B.. FIXED ASSETS AND DEPRECIATION :

i. Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition including freight, duties and installation expenses and expenditure during construction where applicable and net of CENVAT and Value Added Tax credit availed against Tax or cess paid on such items.

ii. Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided under Straight Line Method at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

iii. Depreciation is provided at one hundred per cent for assets costing less than Rs.5,000/-

iv. Depreciation on Fixed Assets used for the Project under construction is included under Unallocated Expenditure Pending Capitalisation.

V. Revenue Expenditure incurred during the construction period of the Project is shown under "Unallocated Expenditure Pending Capitalisation" till the commencement of the commercial production or their intended use and the same is being capitalised by allocating to relevant assets in the ratio of their direct costs.

C. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS :

The carrying amount of the assets are being tested on annual basis for impairment so as to determine the provision required for impairment loss if any or for reversal of the provision, if any, required on account of impairment loss recognised in previous periods.

D. INVESTMENTS :

i. Investments are classified into Current and Long Term investments.

ii. Current investments are valued at lower of cost and fair value.

iii. Long-term investments are valued at cost of acquisition. Provision is made for decline, other than temporary, in the value of investments.

E. INVENTORIES :

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. The Cost of inventories is being determined under weighted average cost method

F. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT :

Revenue Expenditure incurred for Research and Development is written off in the same year. Capital expenditure on Research and Development is shown as additions to Fixed Assets.

G. EXCISE DUTY :

Excise Duties recovered are included in "Gross Sales". Excise duty on despatches is shown as an item of expense and deducted from Gross Sales. The value of closing stock of finished goods includes excise duty paid / payable on such stocks wherever applicable.

H. EMPLOYEE STOCK OPTION SCHEME :

In accordance with the Securities and Exchange Board of India guidelines, the excess of the market price of the shares, at the date of grant of option under the employee stock option scheme, over the exercise price is treated as employee compensation and the same is amortised over the vesting period of the stock options.

I. FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS :

i. Transactions in Foreign Exchange, other than those covered by forward contracts are accounted for at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transactions. Exchange differences arising on foreign currency transactions settled during the year are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account.

ii. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies as at the balance sheet date other than those covered by forward contracts are translated at the year end rates. The resultant exchange differences are recognised in the profit and loss account.

iii. Non-monetary assets and liabilities are recorded at the rates prevailing on the date of the transaction.

iv. Forward contracts are being entered into to mitigate the foreign currency risk of the underlying outstanding at the balance sheet date and also to hedge the foreign currency risk of firm commitments or highly probable forecast transactions.

In case of forward contracts not intended for trading or speculative purposes, the premium or discount on all such contracts is amortised as income or expense over the life of the contract. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward contracts is recognised as income or expense for the period. The exchange differences, consisting of the difference between (a) the foreign currency amount of the contract translated at the exchange rate at the reporting date or the settlement date where the transaction is settled during the reporting period and (b) the same foreign currency amount translated at the latter of the date of inception of the forward exchange contract and the last reporting date, are recognised in the profit and loss account in the reporting period in which the exchange rates change.

In case of other forward contracts, the gain or loss, computed considering the exchange difference between the forward rate available at the reporting date for the remaining maturity of the contract and the contracted forward rate, is recognised as income or expense in the statement of profit and loss.

J. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS :

i. Short-Term Benefits :

Short Term Employee Benefits, at the undiscounted amount in the year in which the services have been rendered, are charged off to the Profit and Loss Account.

ii. Long-Term Benefits :

a. The Contributions to Provident Fund and Employee State Insurance Schemes, which are defined contribution schemes, to the relevant funds administered and managed by the Central Government of India, are charged off to the Profit and Loss Account as and when incurred. The Company has no further obligations under these plans beyond its monthly contributions.

b. Provision for Gratuity and Leave Encashment, which are defined benefit plans, is made on the basis of an actuarial valuation at the balance sheet date carried out by an independent actuary under Projected Unit Credit Method.

c. Actuarial gains / losses arises during the year are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account. iii. Terminal Benefits are recognised as an expense as and when incurred.

K. TAXES ON INCOME :

i. Tax expense is the aggregate of current year income tax, deferred income tax charged or credited to the Profit and Loss account.

ii. Current Year Income Tax :

The Provision for taxation is based on assessable profits of the company as determined under the Income Tax Act, 1961. The Company also provides for such disallowances made on completion of assessment pending appeals, as considered appropriate depending on the merits of each case.

iii. Deferred Income Tax :

Deferred Income Taxes are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to timing differences between the financial statement determination of income and their recognition for tax purposes. The effect of a change in tax rates on deferred tax assets and liabilities is recognized in income using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

iv. Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) Credit :

MAT credit is recognised, as an Asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified year. In the year in which the Minimum Alternative tax (MAT) credit becomes eligible to be recognised as an asset in accordance with the recommendation contained in Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the profit and loss account and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income Tax during the specified period.

L. EXPORT BENEFITS :

Advance Licences and Duty Entitlements against exports made by the company are accounted in the books on their utilization / disposal. However, the value of unutilised unconditional customs duty credit granted against Exports under Duty Entitlement Pass Book Scheme is being provided in the Books of Account.

M. REVENUE RECOGNITION :

i. SALES :

Domestic Sales :

Revenue from domestic sales is recognised on delivery of products to customers from the factories of the company.

Export Sales :

Revenue from export sales is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to the customers which is based upon the terms of the applicable contract.

ii Dividend on shares held by the company is recognised when the right of the company to receive the same is established and interest on deposits is accounted on accrual basis.

iii Service income is recognised as per the terms of the contracts with customers when the related services are performed or the agreed milestones are achieved.

N. BORROWING COSTS :

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of a qualifying asset are capitalised as part of cost of such asset till such time as the asset is ready for its intended use. Other borrowing costs are recognised as expense for the period.

O. LEASES :

Lease of assets under which all the risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Lease payments under operating leases are recognised as an expense on a straight line basis over the period of lease.

P. PROPOSED / INTERIM DIVIDEND :

Dividends, if any, as recommended by the directors are accounted in the books of account, pending approval at the Annual General Meeting.

Q. EARNINGS PER SHARE :

i. The basic earnings per share is calculated considering the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

ii The diluted earnings per share is calculated considering the effects of potential equity shares on net profits after tax for the year and weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

R. PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS :

Provisions, involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement, are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities, which are possible or present obligations that may but probably will not require outflow of resources, are not recognised but are disclosed in the Notes to the financial statements. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

S. USE OF ESTIMATES :

The preparation of financial statements require estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

 
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