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Accounting Policies of Dolphin Offshore Enterprises (India) Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, on an accrual basis and are in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India, the provision of the Companies Act, 2013 (the "Act"), and the applicable Accounting Standards notified under section 133 of the "Act", read with rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014.

a) Fixed assets and depreciation

Tangible assets and depreciation

Tangible assets are valued at cost, which includes the purchase price of the asset, and other direct costs incurred in getting the asset at the appropriate location and into a condition where they can be put to use. Financing costs incurred upto the date that the asset is ready to be used is included in the cost of the asset if they are significant.

As per the requirement of the provisions of Schedule II of the "Act", the management has re-estimated useful lives and residual values of all tangible assets.

Depreciation is calculated on the written down value method at the rates and in the manner, stated in Schedule II of the Act, except for assets stated below, for which depreciation is calculated on the following basis based on management estimate ;

Depreciation on additions / deletions is provided on pro-rata basis from the date of acquisition/ up to the date of deletion

For the assets where remaining useful life of an asset is nil, the Company has opted to adjust the carrying amount of the assets as on 1st April, 2014 after retaining the residual value, against the retained earnings in accordance with the transitional provisions of the Schedule II. For other assets acquired prior to April 1, 2014 the carrying amount as on April 1, 2014 is depreciated over the remaining useful life.

Intangible assets and amortization

Intangible assets comprising of "Computer Software" are recorded at acquisition cost and are amortized over the estimated useful life on straight line basis. Estimated useful life of Intangible Assets is as mentioned below:

Impairment of Assets:

In accordance with Accounting Standard 28, the Company will recognise impairment of fixed assets or a group of fixed assets, if their recoverable value (realisable value or discounted cash flow expected from the use of the asset) is lower than its carrying cost. If such indication exists, the carrying amount of such asset is lowered to the recoverable value and the reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

b) Investments

Long Term investments are stated at cost. Current Investments are stated at lower of cost or fair value. Cost of investments is determined as the purchase price of the investments plus other direct costs incurred on establishing clear ownership of the investment.

A provision for diminution is made to recognise a decline other than temporary in the value of long term investments.

c) Inventories

Stores and spares are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

d) Recognition of Revenue

The Company generally adopts the proportionate completion method of revenue recognition where revenues are recognised as and when work is completed e.g. per day, per square meter etc.

However, where the proportionate completion method cannot be easily implemented [e.g. on lump sum rate contracts], the Company adopts the completed contract method where revenues are recognised only when the contracts are fully completed, or easily identified portions of the contract are completed. At year end, expenses incurred on contracts for which revenues are not recognised are reflected as billable costs.

Revenues include the amounts due under various contracts entered into with customers, including reimbursable expenses and interest payable by the client on overdue payments as per the terms of contracts, plus the fees earned on the chartering of vessel to third parties when the vessels are not deployed on the Company's contracts. The corresponding costs of reimbursable expenses are reflected in operating expenses. Revenues include adjustments for rebates, discounts and downtimes, which arise in the course of business during the year.

Long term contracts are progressively evaluated at the end of each accounting period. On Contracts under execution which have reasonably progressed, profit is recognized by evaluation of the percentage of work completed at the end of the accounting period, whereas, foreseeable losses are fully provided for in the respective accounting period. The percentage of work completed is determined by the percentage of work completed as certified by the customer.

Additional claims (including for escalation), which in the opinion of the management are recoverable on the contracts, are recognised at the time of evaluation the job.

Interest income is recognised on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable. Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive dividend is established.

e) Leases

Leases, where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased item, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

f) Foreign currency transactions

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the books of account at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Any differences that arise in exchange rates on the date that these transactions are settled are recognised as foreign exchange gains or losses.

In the event that transactions are not settled as of year end, all foreign currency monetary items are translated using the exchange rate prevailing at year end, and any resulting foreign exchange gains or losses are recognised as period costs.

Investments in shares in foreign subsidiaries are recorded in the books of account at the historical exchange rates i.e. at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of subscribing to the shares.

g) Employees benefits

Short Term Employee Benefits

Liability in respect of short term compensated absences is accounted for at undiscounted amount likely to be paid as per entitlement.

Defend Contribution Plan

Retirement benefits in the nature of Provident Fund, Superannuation Scheme and others which are defend contribution schemes, are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year when contributions accrue.

Defend Benefit Plan

The liability for Gratuity, a defend benefit obligation, is accrued and provided for on the basis of actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit method as at the Balance Sheet date

Other Long Term Benefits

Long term compensated absences are provided on the basis of an actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit method as at the Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses comprising of experience adjustments and the effects of changes in actuarial assumptions are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the year as income or expense.

h) Deferred tax and Income tax

Deferred taxes arise due to the difference in recognition of income and expenses as per Company's books of account prepared as per generally accepted accounting principles and as per the income tax returns prepared in accordance with the provisions of Indian Income tax Act, 1961. These differences may be permanent in nature, or they may represent a timing difference and consequently may affect the future profitability after tax of the Company.

In order to minimise the effect of deferred taxes in future years, the Company provides for deferred taxes using the liability method in accordance with the Accounting Standard 22 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. Deferred taxation is recognised on items relating to timing difference, at the income tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date, and is reviewed every year for the appropriateness of their carrying value on each Balance Sheet date.

i) Earnings per share

Earnings per share have been calculated on the basis of the weighted average of the number of equity shares of Rs 10 each that are outstanding as at the balance sheet date. Diluted earnings per share is calculated on the basis of the weighted average of the number of equity shares outstanding as at the balance sheet date plus the dilutive equity shares that the Company may need to issue on convertible instrument.

j) Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known /materialized.

k) Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions are recognized for liabilities that can be measured only by using a substantial degree of estimation, if

a) the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event,

b) a probable outflow of resources is expected to settle the obligation and

c) the amount of the obligation can be reliably estimated Contingent Liability is disclosed in case of

a) present obligation arising from a past event, when it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation

b) a possible obligation, unless the probability of outflow of resources is remote. Contingent Assets are neither recognized, nor disclosed

Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet Date.


Mar 31, 2013

The financial statements are prepared on an accrual basis and under the historical cost convention in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India, the Accounting Standards as prescribed by Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions ofthe Companies Act 1956.

a) Fixed assets and depreciation

Fixed assets are valued at cost (or as revalued), which includes the purchase price of the asset, and other direct costs incurred in getting the asset at the appropriate location and into a condition where they can be put to use. Financing costs incurred upto the date that the asset is ready to be used is included in the cost of the asset if they are significant. However, fixed assets costing upto Rs. 5,000 individually are charged off in the year of acquisition.

In accordance with Accounting Standard 28, the Company will recognise impairment of fixed assets or a group of fixed assets, if their recoverable value (realisable value or discounted cash flow expected from the use of the asset) is lower than its carrying cost. If such indication exists, the carrying amount of such asset is lowered to the recoverable value and the reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Depreciation [including depreciation on revalued portion of fixed assets] is calculated on the written down value method at the rates and in the manner, stated in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956, except computer software which is amortised over a period offive years on straight line method.

Leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease.

Cost of improvement of leased premises is depreciated on straight line basis over lease period which also includes extension period available under lease agreement.

b) Investments

Long Term investments are stated at cost. Current Investments are stated at lower of cost or fair value. Cost of investments is determined as the purchase price of the investments plus other direct costs incurred on establishing clear ownership ofthe investment.

A provision for diminution is made to recognise a decline otherthan temporary in the value of long term investments.

c) Inventories

Stores and spares are valued at lower of cost or net realisable value.

d) Recognition of Revenue

The Company generally adopts the proportionate completion method of revenue recognition where revenues are recognised as and when work is completed e.g. per day, per square meter etc.

However, where the proportionate completion method cannot be easily implemented [e.g. on lump sum rate contracts], the Company adopts the completed contract method where revenues are recognised only when the contracts are fully completed, or easily identified portions of the contract are completed. At year end, expenses incurred on contracts for which revenues are not recognised are reflected as billable costs.

Revenues include the amounts due under various contracts entered into with customers, including reimbursable expenses and interest payable by the client on overdue payments as per the terms of contracts, plus the fees earned on the chartering of vessel to third parties when the vessels are not deployed on the Company''s contracts. The corresponding costs of reimbursable expenses are reflected in operating expenses. Revenues include adjustments for rebates, discounts and downtimes, which arise in the course of business during the year.

Long term contracts are progressively evaluated at the end of each accounting period. On Contracts under execution which have reasonably progressed, profit is recognized by evaluation of the percentage of work completed at the end of the accounting period, whereas, foreseeable losses are fully provided for in the respective accounting period. The percentage of work completed is determined by the percentage of work completed as certified by the client.

Additional claims (including for escalation), which in the opinion of the Management are recoverable on the contracts, are recognised at the time of evaluating the job.

e) Foreign currency transactions

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the books of account at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Any differences that arise in exchange rates on the date that these transactions are settled are recognised as foreign exchange gains or losses.

In the event that transactions are not settled as of year end, all foreign currency monetary items are translated using the exchange rate prevailing at year end, and any resulting foreign exchange gains or losses are recognised as period costs.

Investments in shares in foreign subsidiaries are recorded in the books of accounts at the historical exchange rates i.e. at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of subscribing to the shares.

f) Employees benefits

Short Term Employee Benefits

Liability in respect of short term compensated absences is accounted for at undiscounted amount likely to be paid as per entitlement.

Defined Contribution Plan

Retirement benefits in the nature of Provident Fund, Superannuation Scheme and others which are defined contribution schemes, are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year when contributions accrue.

Defined Benefit Plan

The liability for Gratuity, a defined benefit obligation, is accrued and provided for on the basis of actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit method as at the Balance Sheet date.

Other Long Term Benefits

Long term compensated absences are provided on the basis of an actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit method as at the Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses comprising of experience adjustments and the effects of changes in actuarial assumptions are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the year as income or expense.

g) Deferred tax and Income tax

Deferred taxes arise due to the difference in recognition of income and expenses as per Company''s books of account prepared as per generally accepted accounting principles and as per the income tax returns prepared in accordance with the provisions of Indian Income taxAct, 1961. These differences may be permanent in nature, orthey may represent a timing difference and consequently may affect the future profitability after tax of the Company.

In order to minimise the effect of deferred taxes in future years, the Company provides for deferred taxes using the liability method in accordance with the Accounting Standard 22 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. Deferred taxation is recognised on items relating to timing difference, at the income tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date, and is reviewed every year for the appropriateness of their carrying value on each Balance Sheet date.

h) Earnings per share

Earnings per share have been calculated on the basis of the weighted average of the number of equity shares of Rs. 10 each that are outstanding as at the balance sheet date. Diluted earnings per share is calculated on the basis of the weighted average of the number of equity shares outstanding as at the balance sheet date plus the dilutive equity shares that the Company may need to issue on convertible instrument.

i) Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known /materialized.

j) Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions are recognized for liabilities that can be measured only by using a substantial degree of estimation, if

a) the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event,

b) a probable outflow of resources is expected to settle the obligation and

c) the amount of the obligation can be reliably estimated.

Contingent Liability is disclosed in case of

a) present obligation arising from a past event, when it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation Or

b) a possible obligation, unless the probability of outflow of resources is remote.

Contingent Assets are neither recognized, nor disclosed

Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and ContingentAssets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet Date.


Mar 31, 2012

The financial statements are prepared on an accrual basis and under the historical cost convention in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India, the Accounting Standards as prescribed by Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act 1956.

a) Fixed assets and depreciation

Fixed assets are valued at cost (or as revalued), which includes the purchase price of the asset, and other direct costs incurred in getting the asset at the appropriate location and into a condition where they can be put to use. Financing costs incurred upto the date that the asset is ready to be used is included in the cost of the asset if they are significant. However, fixed assets costing upto Rs 5,000 individually are charged off in the year of acquisition.

In accordance with Accounting Standard 28, the Company will recognise impairment of fixed assets or a group of fixed assets, if their recoverable value (realisable value or discounted cash flow expected from the use of the asset) is lower than its carrying cost. If such indication exists, the carrying amount of such asset is lowered to the recoverable value and the reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the profit and loss account.

Depreciation [including depreciation on revalued portion of fixed assets] is calculated on the written down value method at the rates and in the manner, stated in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956, except computer software which is amortised over a period of five years on straight line method.

Leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease.

Cost of improvement of leased premises is depreciated on straight line basis over lease period which also includes extension period available under lease agreement.

b) Investments

Long Term investments are stated at cost. Current Investments are stated at lower of cost or fair value. Cost of investments is determined as the purchase price of the investments plus other direct costs incurred on establishing clear ownership of the investment.

A provision for diminution is made to recognise a decline other than temporary in the value of long term investments.

c) Inventories

Stores and spares are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

d) Recognition of Revenue and Expenses

The Company generally adopts the proportionate completion method of revenue recognition where revenues are recognised as and when work is completed e.g. per day, per square meter etc.

However, where the proportionate completion method cannot be easily implemented [e.g. on lump sum rate contracts], the Company adopts the completed contract method where revenues are recognised only when the contracts are fully completed, or easily identified portions of the contract are completed. At year end, expenses incurred on contracts for which revenues are not recognised are reflected as billable costs.

Revenues include the amounts due under various contracts entered into with customers, including reimbursable expenses and interest payable by the client on overdue payments as per the terms of contracts, plus the fees earned on the chartering of vessels to third parties when the vessels are not deployed on the Company's contracts. The corresponding costs of reimbursable expenses are reflected in operating expenses. Revenues include adjustments for rebates, discounts and downtimes, which arise in the course of business during the year.

e) Foreign currency transactions -

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the books of account at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Any differences that arise in exchange rates on the date that these transactions are settled are recognised as foreign exchange gains or losses.

In the event that transactions are not settled as of year end, all foreign currency monetary items are translated using the exchange rate prevailing at year end, and any resulting foreign exchange gains or losses are recognised as period costs.

Investments in shares in foreign subsidiaries are recorded in the books of accounts at the historical exchange rates i.e. at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of subscribing to the shares.

f) Employees benefits -

Short Term Employee Benefits

Liability in respect of short term compensated absences is accounted for at undiscounted amount likely to be paid as per entitlement.

Defined Contribution Plan

Retirement benefits in the nature of Provident Fund, Superannuation Scheme and others which are defined contribution schemes, are charged to the Profit and Loss account of the year when contributions accrue.

Defined Benefit Plan

The liability for Gratuity, a defined benefit obligation, is accrued and provided for on the basis of actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit method as at the Balance Sheet date.

Other Long Term Benefits

Long term compensated absences are provided on the basis of an actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit method as at the Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses comprising of experience adjustments and the effects of changes in actuarial assumptions are recognised in the Profit and Loss account for the year as income or expense.

g) Deferred tax and Income tax -

Deferred taxes arise due to the difference in recognition of income and expenses as per Company's books of account prepared as per generally accepted accounting principles and as per the income tax returns prepared in accordance with the provisions of Indian Income-tax Act, 1961. These differences may be permanent in nature, or they may represent a timing difference and consequently may affect the future profitability after tax of the Company.

In order to minimise the effect of deferred taxes in future years, the Company provides for deferred taxes using the liability method in accordance with the Accounting Standards 22 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. Deferred taxation is recognised on items relating to timing difference, at the income tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date, and is reviewed every year for the appropriateness of their carrying value on each Balance Sheet date.

h) Earnings per share -

Earnings per share have been calculated on the basis of the weighted average of the number of equity shares of Rs 10 each that are outstanding as at the Balance Sheet date. Diluted earnings per share is calculated on the basis of the weighted average of the number of equity shares outstanding as at the Balance Sheet date plus the dilutive equity shares that the Company may need to issue on convertible instrument.

i) Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known/materialized.

ii) Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provisions are recognized for liabilities that can be measured only by using a substantial degree of estimation, if

a) the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event,

b) a probable outflow of resources is expected to settle the obligation and

c) the amount of the obligation can be reliably estimated Contingent Liability is disclosed in case of

a) present obligation arising from a past event, when it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation

b) a possible obligation, unless the probability of outflow of resources is remote.

Contingent Assets are neither recognized, nor disclosed

Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet Date.


Mar 31, 2011

The financial statements are prepared on an accrual basis and under the historical cost convention in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India, the Accounting Standards as prescribed by Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

[a] Fixed Assets and Depreciation -

Fixed assets are valued at cost [except as stated below], which includes the purchase price of the asset, and other direct costs incurred in getting the asset at the appropriate location and into a condition where they can be put to use. Financing costs incurred upto the date that the asset is ready to be used is included in the cost of the asset if they are significant. However, fixed assets costing upto Rs. 5,000 individually are charged off in the year of acquisition.

In accordance with Accounting Standard 28, the Company will recognise impairment of fixed assets or a group of fixed assets, if their recoverable value (realisable value or discounted cash flow expected from the use of the asset) is lower than its carrying cost. If such indication exists, the carrying amount of such asset is lowered to the recoverable value and the reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the profit and loss account.

Office premises were revalued by Rs. 2,19.99 lacs during the year ended March 31, 1994 based on the report of the approved valuer to reflect the market price prevailing on December 31, 1993. This revaluation had been done to recognise the significant appreciation in the market value of the office since the date of acquisition.

Depreciation [including depreciation on revalued portion of fixed assets] is calculated on the written down value method at the rates and in the manner, stated in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956, except computer software which is amortised over a period of five years on straight line method.

Leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease.

Cost of improvement of leased premises is depreciated on straight line basis over lease period which also includes extension period available under lease agreement.

[b] Investments -

Long Term investments are stated at cost. Current Investments are stated at lower of cost or fair value. Cost of investments is determined as the purchase price of the investments plus other direct costs incurred on establishing clear ownership of the investment.

A provision for diminution is made to recognise a decline other than temporary in the value of long term investments.

[c] Recognition of Revenue and Expenses -

The Company generally adopts the proportionate completion method of revenue recognition where revenues are recognised as and when work is completed e.g. per day, per square meter etc.

However, where the proportionate completion method cannot be easily implemented [e.g. on lump sum rate contracts], the Company adopts the completed contract method where revenues are recognised only when the contracts are fully completed, or easily identified portions of the contract are completed. At year end, expenses incurred on contracts for which revenues are not recognised are reflected as billable costs.

Revenues include the amounts due under various contracts entered into with customers, including reimbursable expenses and interest payable by the client on overdue payments as per the terms of contracts, plus the fees earned on the chartering of the Company's vessel to third parties when the vessel is not deployed on the Company's contracts. The corresponding costs of reimbursable expenses are reflected in operating expenses. Revenues include adjustments for rebates, discounts and downtimes, which arise in the course of business during the year.

Material, stores and spares are procured as per the needs of the projects and are charged to profit and loss account.

[d] Foreign currency transactions -

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the books of account at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Any differences that arise in exchange rates on the date that these transactions are settled are recognised as foreign exchange gains or losses.

In the event that transactions are not settled as of year end, all foreign currency monetary items are translated using the exchange rate prevailing at year end, and any resulting foreign exchange gains or losses are recognised as period costs.

Investments in shares in foreign subsidiaries are recorded in the books of accounts at the historical exchange rates i.e. at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of subscribing to the shares.

[e] Employees benefits -

Short Term Employee Benefits

Liability in respect of short term compensated absences is accounted for at undiscounted amount likely to be paid as per entitlement.

Defined Contribution Plan

Retirement benefits in the nature of Provident Fund, Superannuation Scheme and others which are defined contribution schemes, are charged to the Profit and Loss account of the year when contributions accrue.

Defined Benefit Plan

The liability for Gratuity, a defined benefit obligation, is accrued and provided for on the basis of actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit method as at the Balance Sheet date.

Other Long Term Benefits

Long term compensated absences are provided on the basis of an actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit method as at the Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses comprising of experience adjustments and the effects of changes in actuarial assumptions are recognised in the Profit and Loss account for the year as income or expense.

[f] Deferred tax and Income tax -

Deferred taxes arise due to the difference in recognition of income and expenses as per Company's books of account prepared as per Generally Accepted Accounting Principles and as per the income tax returns prepared in accordance with the provisions of Indian Income-tax Act, 1961. These differences may be permanent in nature, or they may represent a timing difference and consequently may affect the future profitability after tax of the Company.

In order to minimise the effect of deferred taxes in future years, the Company provides for deferred taxes using the liability method in accordance with the Accounting Standards 22 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. Deferred taxation is recognised on items relating to timing difference, at the income tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date, and is reviewed every year for the appropriateness of their carrying value on each Balance Sheet date.

[g] Earnings per share -

Earnings per share have been calculated on the basis of the weighted average of the number of equity shares of Rs. 10/- each that are outstanding as at the balance sheet date. Diluted earnings per share is calculated on the basis of the weighted average of the number of equity shares outstanding as at the balance sheet date plus the dilutive equity shares that the Company may need to issue on convertible instrument.

i) Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known/materialized.

ii) Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provisions are recognized for liabilities that can be measured only by using a substantial degree of estimation, if

a. the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event,

b. a probable outflow of resources is expected to settle the obligation and

c. the amount of the obligation can be reliably estimated Contingent Liability is disclosed in case of

a. a present obligation arising from a past event, when it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation,

b. a possible obligation, unless the probability of outflow of resources is remote. Contingent Assets are neither recognized, nor disclosed.


Mar 31, 2010

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India, the Accounting Standards as prescribed by Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and provision of the Companies Act 1956.

[a] Fixed assets and depreciation -

Fixed assets are valued at cost [except as stated below], which includes the purchase price of the asset, and other direct costs incurred in getting the asset at the appropriate location and into a condition where they can be put to use. Financing costs incurred upto the date that the asset is ready to be used is" included in the cost of the asset if they are significant. Please see accounting policy on foreign currency transaction for treatment of exchange rate fluctuations on foreign currency loans taken for procurement of fixed assets. However, fixed assets costing upto Rs 5,000 individually are charged off in the year of acquisition.

In accordance with Accounting Standard 28, the Company will recognise impairment of fixed assets or a group of fixed assets, if their recoverable value (realisable value or discounted cash flow expected from the use of the asset) is lower than its carrying cost. If such indication exists, the carrying amount of such asset is lowered to the recoverable value and the reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the profit and loss account.

Office premises were revalued by Rs. 2,19.99 lacs during the year ended March 31, 1994 based on the report of the approved valuer to reflect the market price prevailing on December 31, 1993. This revaluation had been done to recognise the significant appreciation in the market value of the office since the date of acquisition.

Depreciation [including depreciation on revalued portion of fixed assets] is calculated on the declining balance method at the rates and in the manner, stated in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956, except computer software which is amortised over a period of five years.

Leasehold land is amortised over the lease period.

Cost of improvement of leased premises is depreciated on straight line basis over lease period which also includes extension period available under lease agreement.

[b] Investments -

Quoted investments are valued at the lower of market value or cost. Market value is determined at the rate prevailing in the Stock Exchange at the close of business on the last working day of the financial year. Cost of investments is determined as the purchase price of the investments plus other direct costs incurred on establishing clear ownership of the investment.

Unquoted investments and investments in subsidiary companies or partnership firms are valued at cost. However, a provision is made for any long term or permanent diminution in value of shares below the cost price.

[c] Recognition of Revenue and Expenses -

The Company generally adopts the proportionate completion method of revenue recognition where revenues are recognised as and when work is completed e.g. per day, per square meter etc.

However, where the proportionate completion method cannot be easily implemented [e.g. on lump sum rate contracts], the Company adopts the completed contract method where revenues are recognised only when the contracts are fully completed, or easily identified portions of the contract are completed. At year end, expenses incurred on contracts for which revenues are not recognised are reflected as billable costs.

Revenues include the amounts due under various contracts entered into with customers, including reimbursable expenses and interest payable by the client on overdue payments as per the terms of contracts, plus the fees earned on the chartering of the Companys vessel to third parties when the vessel is not deployed on the Companys contracts. The corresponding costs of reimbursable expenses are reflected in operating expenses. Revenues include adjustments for rebates, discounts and downtimes, which arise in the course of business during the year.

Material, stores and spares are procured as per the needs of the projects and are charged to profit and loss account.

[d] Foreign currency convertible bonds -

Foreign currency convertible bonds (non monetary liability) are recognised as debts until such time as the bonds are either converted into equity shares or are redeemed at the option of the bondholders. Foreign exchange gains or losses on the translation of the outstanding bonds and the interest payable on the redemption of bonds are recognised as contingent liabilities during the period that the bond holders have the option to convert the bonds into equity shares, but will only be booked as period costs or benefits on the expiry of the option period. The expenses incurred on raising these debts are booked as period costs in the year they are incurred.

A reserve for redemption of bonds is created over the duration of the bonds out of the Companys distributable profits. This reserve will be transferred to the General / Revenue Reserve on the conversion of the bonds into equity shares or on redemption of the bonds, whichever is earlier.

[e] Foreign currency transactions -

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the books of account at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Any differences that arise in exchange rates on the date that these transactions are settled are recognised as foreign exchange gains or losses.

In the event that transactions are not settled as of year end, all foreign currency balances are translated using the exchange rate prevailing at year end, and any resulting foreign exchange gains or losses are recognised as period costs.

Gain or losses arising from translating the year end balances of foreign currency loans/liabilities incurred for acquisition of fixed assets are adjusted against the cost of fixed asset.

Investments in shares in foreign subsidiaries are recorded in the books of accounts at the historical exchange rates i.e. at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of subscribing to the shares.

[f] Employees benefits -

Short Term Employee Benefits

Liability in respect of short term compensated absences is accounted for at undiscounted amount likely to be paid as per entitlement.

Defined Contribution Plan

Retirement benefits in the nature of Provident Fund, Superannuation Scheme and others which are defined contribution schemes, are charged to the Profit and Loss account of the year when contributions accrue.

Defined Benefit Plan

The liability for Gratuity, a defined benefit obligation, is accrued and provided for on the basis of actuarial valuation as at the Balance Sheet date.

Other Long Term Benefits

Long term compensated absences are provided on the basis of an actuarial valuation as at the Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses comprising of experience adjustments and the effects of changes in actuarial assumptions are recognised in the Profit and Loss account for the year as income or expense.

[g] Deferred tax and Income tax -

Deferred taxes arise due to the difference in recognition of income and expenses as per Companys books of account prepared as per generally accepted accounting principles and as-per the income tax returns prepared in accordance with the provisions of Indian Income-tax Act, 1961. These differences may be permanent in nature, or they may represent a timing difference and consequently may affect the future profitability after tax of the Company.

In order to minimise the effect of deferred taxes in future years, the Company provides for deferred taxes using the liability method in accordance with the Accounting Standards 22 issued by the Institute of Chartered

Accountants of India. Deferred taxation is recognised on items relating to timing difference, at the income tax rates prevailing on the balance sheet date, and is reviewed every year for the appropriateness of their carrying value on each Balance Sheet date.

[h] Earnings per share -

Earnings per share have been calculated on the basis of the weighted average of the number of equity shares of Rs 10 each that are outstanding as at the balance sheet date. Diluted earnings per share is calculated on the basis of the weighted average of the number of equity shares outstanding as at the balance sheet date plus the dilutive equity shares that the Company may need to issue on convertible instrument.

 
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