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Accounting Policies of DS Kulkarni Developers Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2014

1.1.1 Presentation and disclosure of financial statements

These financial statements are presented in accordance with the revised Schedule VI notified under the Companies Act, 1956.

1.1.2 Accounting Convention:

These financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention.

1.1.3 Method of Accounting:

As required by Section 209(3)(b) of the Act, these financial statements are prepared in accordance with the accrual method of accounting with revenues recognized and expenses accounted on their accrual including provisions/adjustments for committed obligations and amounts determined as payable or receivable during the period.

1.1.4 Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make judgements, estimates and assumptions, that affect the application of accounting policies and the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent liabilities at the date of the end of the reporting periods and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses for the reporting periods. Although these estimates are based on the management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets or liabilities in future periods.

Actual results may differ from these estimates.

Estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognised in the year in which the estimate is revised and future years affected.

1.1.5 Consistency:

These financial statements have been prepared on a basis consistent with previous years and accounting policies not specifically referred hereto are consistent with generally accepted accounting principles.

1.1.6 Contingencies and Events occurring after the Balance Sheet Date:

AS 4 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India is not applicable since there are no such contingencies nor events.

1.1.7 Net Profit or Loss for the Period, Prior Period Items and Changes in Accounting Policies:

The Company''s Profit and Loss Account presents profit / loss from ordinary activities. There are no extra- ordinary items or changes in accounting estimates and policies during the year under review which need to be disclosed as per AS 5 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

1.1.8 Cash Flow Statements:

Cash Flows are reported as per the Indirect Method as specified in AS 3 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

1.1.9 Previous Year Figures:

The figures for the previous year have been rearranged to facilitate comparison.

1.2 Fixed Assets

1.2.1 Tangible Fixed Assets: In accordance with AS 10 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India,

i) Tangible Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any

ii) The cost comprises purchase price, borrowing costs if capitalization criteria are met and directly attributable incidental expenses related to acquisition and installation and other pre-operative expenses of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use. Any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.

iii) Subsequent expenditure related to an item of fixed asset is added to its book value only if it increases the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. All other expenses on existing fixed assets, including day-to-day repair and maintenance expenditure and cost of replacing parts, are charged to the statement of profit and loss for the period during which such expenses are incurred.

iv) From accounting periods commencing on or after 7th December, 2006, the company adjusts exchange differences arising on translation/settlement of long-term foreign currency monetary items pertaining to the acquisition of a depreciable asset to the cost of the asset and depreciates the same over the remaining life of the asset.

v) Gains or losses arising from derecognition of fixed assets are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognized in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is derecognized.

1.2.2 Depreciation on Tangible Fixed Assets: In accordance with AS 6 issued by the Institute of Chartered

Accountants of India,

i) Depreciation on Tangible Fixed Assets is provided as per the straight line method at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, for the period for which the asset is put to use.

ii) Leasehold land is amortized on a straight-line basis over the period of the lease

1.2.3 Intangible Fixed Assets: In accordance with AS 26 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India,

i) Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. The cost of intangible assets acquired in an amalgamation in the nature of purchase is their fair value as at the date of amalgamation. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Internally generated intangible assets, excluding capitalized development costs, are not capitalized and expenditure is reflected in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the expenditure is incurred.

ii) Intangible assets are amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful economic life. The company uses a rebuttable presumption that the useful life of an intangible asset will not exceed ten years from the date when the asset is available for use. If the persuasive evidence exists to the effect that useful life of an intangible asset exceeds ten years, the company amortizes the intangible asset over the best estimate of its useful life.

iii) Such intangible assets and intangible assets not yet available for use are tested for impairment annually, either individually or at the cash-generating unit level. All other intangible assets are assessed for impairment whenever there is an indication that the intangible asset may be impaired.

iv) The amortization period and the amortization method are reviewed at least at each financial year end. If the expected useful life of the asset is significantly different from previous estimates, the amortization period is changed accordingly. If there has been a significant change in the expected pattern of economic benefits from the asset, the amortization method is changed to reflect the changed pattern. Such changes are accounted for in accordance with AS 5 Net Profit or Loss for the Period, Prior Period Items and Changes in Accounting Policies.

v) Gains or losses arising from derecognition of an intangible asset are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognized in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is derecognized

1.2.4 Borrowing Costs: In accordance with Accounting Standard 16 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India,

i) Borrowing cost includes interest, amortization of ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost.

ii) A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale.

iii) borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. All other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which those are incurred.

1.2.5 Impairment of tangible and intangible assets: In accordance with AS 28 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

i) The Company assesses at each reporting date whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. If any indication exists, or when annual impairment testing for an asset is required, the company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. Such recoverable amount is the higher of an asset''s or cash-generating unit''s (CGU) net selling price and its value in use. The recoverable amount is determined for an individual asset, unless the asset does not generate cash inflows that are largely independent of those from other assets or groups of assets. Where the carrying amount of an asset or CGU exceeds its recoverable amount, the asset is considered impaired and is written down to its recoverable amount. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset. In determining net selling price, recent market transactions are taken into account, if available. If no such transactions can be identified, an appropriate valuation model is used.

ii) The Company bases its impairment calculation on detailed budgets and forecast calculations which are prepared separately for each of the Company''s cash-generating units to which the individual assets are allocated. These budgets and forecast calculations are generally covering a period of five years. For longer periods, a long-term growth rate is calculated and applied to project future cash flows after the fifth year.

iii) Impairment losses of continuing operations, including write-down of inventories, are recognized in the statement of profit and loss, except for previously revalued tangible fixed assets, where the revaluation was taken to revaluation reserve. In this case, the impairment is also recognized in the revaluation reserve up to the amount of any previous revaluation.

iv) After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

v) An assessment is made at each reporting date as to whether there is any indication that previously recognized impairment losses may no longer exist or may have decreased. If such indication exists, the Company estimates the asset''s or cash-generating unit''s recoverable amount. A previously recognized impairment loss is reversed only if there has been a change in the assumptions used to determine the asset''s recoverable amount since the last impairment loss was recognized. The reversal is limited so that the carrying amount of the asset does not exceed its recoverable amount, nor exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined, net of depreciation, had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in prior years. Such reversal is recognized in the statement of profit and loss unless the asset is carried at a revalued amount, in which case the reversal is treated as a revaluation increase.

1.2.6 Research and development costs: In accordance with AS 26 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India,

i) Research costs are expensed as incurred. Development expenditure incurred on an individual project is recognized as an intangible asset when the company can demonstrate all the following:

a) The technical feasibility of completing the intangible asset so that it will be available for use or sale.

b) Its intention to complete the asset.

c) Its ability to use or sell the asset.

d) How the asset will generate future economic benefits.

e) The availability of adequate resources to complete the development and to use or sell the asset.

f) The ability to measure reliably the expenditure attributable to the intangible asset during development.

ii) Following the initial recognition of the development expenditure as an asset, the cost model is applied requiring the asset to be carried at cost less any accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses. Amortization of the asset begins when development is complete and the asset is available for use. It is amortized on a straight line basis over the period of expected future benefit from the related project. Amortization is recognized in the statement of profit and loss. During the period of development, the asset is tested for impairment annually.

1.2.7 Leases: In accordance with Accounting Standard 19, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India,

A. Where the Company is lessee

i) Finance leases, which effectively transfer to the Company substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to ownership of the leased item, are capitalized at the inception of the lease term at the lower of the fair value of the leased property and present value of minimum lease payments. Lease payments are apportioned between the finance charges and reduction of the lease liability so as to achieve a constant rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability. Finance charges are recognized as finance costs in the statement of profit and loss. Lease management fees, legal charges and other initial direct costs of lease are capitalized.

ii) A leased asset is depreciated on a straight-line basis over the useful life of the asset or the useful life envisaged in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, whichever is lower. However, if there is no reasonable certainty that the company will obtain the ownership by the end of the lease term, the capitalized asset is depreciated on a straight-line basis over the shorter of the estimated useful life of the asset, the lease term or the useful life envisaged in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

iii) Leases, where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased item, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

B. Where the Company is the lessor

i) Leases in which the Company transfers substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the asset are classified as finance leases. Assets given under finance lease are recognized as a receivable at an amount equal to the net investment in the lease. After initial recognition, the Company apportions lease rentals between the principal repayment and interest income so as to achieve a constant periodic rate of return on the net investment outstanding in respect of the finance lease. The interest income is recognized in the statement of profit and loss. Initial direct costs such as legal costs, brokerage costs, etc. are recognized immediately in the statement of profit and loss.

ii) Leases in which the Company does not transfer substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the asset are classified as operating leases. Assets subject to operating leases are included in fixed assets. Lease income on an operating lease is recognized in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Costs, including depreciation, are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss. Initial direct costs such as legal costs, brokerage costs, etc. are recognized immediately in the statement of profit and loss.

1.3 Investments: In accordance with AS 13 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India,

i) Investments, which are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments.

ii) On initial recognition, all investments are measured at cost. The cost comprises purchase price and directly attributable acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties. If an investment is acquired, or partly acquired, by the issue of shares or other securities, the acquisition cost is the fair value of the securities issued. If an investment is acquired in exchange for another asset, the acquisition is determined by reference to the fair value of the asset given up or by reference to the fair value of the investment acquired, whichever is more clearly evident.

iii) Current investments are carried in the financial statements at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

iv) On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the statement of profit and loss.

v) An investment in land or buildings, which is not intended to be occupied substantially for use by, or in the operations of, the Company, is classified as investment property. Investment properties are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any.

vi) The cost comprises purchase price, borrowing costs if capitalization criteria are met and directly attributable cost of bringing the investment property to its working condition for the intended use. Any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.

vii) Depreciation on building component of investment property is calculated on a straight-line basis using the rate arrived at based on the useful life estimated by the management, or that prescribed under the Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, whichever is higher.

viii) On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the statement of profit and loss.

1.4 Inventories: In accordance with Accounting Standards 2 & 9 issued by the Institute of Chartered

Accountants of India,

i) Construction materials, components, stores and spares are valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value (as certified by the management) after providing for the cost of obsolescence. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above its cost of acquisition. Cost of raw materials, components and stores and spares is determined on FIFO basis.

ii) Inventories of work-in-progress are valued, in accordance with the Percentage of Completion Method. Profit on incomplete projects is not recognized unless 20% expenditure has been incurred in respect of the project. Based on projections and estimates by the Company of the expected revenues and costs to completion, provision for losses to completion and/or write off of costs carried to inventories is made on projects where the expected revenues are lower than the estimated costs to completion. In the opinion of the management, the net realisable value of the work-in-progress as at the balance sheet date will not be lower than the costs so included therein.

iii) Inventories of finished tenements are valued at the carrying value or estimated net realizable value, (as certified by the management) whichever is the less.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

2.5 Revenue Recognition: In accordance with AS 9 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the company. The following specific recognition criteria must also be met before revenue is recognized.

i) Income from real estate sales is recognized on the transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer and it is not unreasonable to expect ultimate collection and no significant uncertainty exists regarding the amount of consideration.

ii) However, if, at the time of transfer, substantial acts are yet to be performed, revenue is recognized on proportionate basis as the acts are performed, that is, on the percentage of completion basis. Determination of revenues under the percentage of completion method necessarily involves making estimates by the Company, some of which are of technical nature, concerning, where relevant, the percentages of completion, costs to completion, the expected revenues from the project and the foreseeable losses to completion. As the construction projects necessarily extend beyond one year, revision in estimates of costs and revenues during the year under review are reflected in the accounts of the year.

iii) Revenue from sale of goods is recognized when all the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have been passed to the buyer, usually on delivery of the goods. The Company collects value added taxes (VAT) and service tax on behalf of the government and, therefore, these are not economic benefits flowing to the Company. Hence, they are excluded from revenue.

iv) Revenues from maintenance contracts are recognized pro-rata over the period of the contract as and when services are rendered. The Company collects service tax on behalf of the government and, therefore, it is not an economic benefit flowing to the Company. Hence, it is excluded from revenue.

v) Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate. Interest income is included under the head "other income" in the statement of profit and loss.

vi) Dividend income is recognized when the Company''s right to receive dividend is established by the reporting date.

1.6 Expense Recognition: Project-specific revenue Expenses such as development and construction expenses, interest on borrowings attributable to specific projects etc. are included in the valuation of inventories of work in progress. Indirect costs are treated as period costs and are charged to the Profit and Loss Account in the year incurred. Expenses incurred on repairs and maintenance of completed projects are charged to Profit and Loss Account.

1.7 Foreign currency transactions and balances: In accordance with AS 11 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India,

i) Initial recognition: Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

ii) Conversion: Foreign currency monetary items are retranslated using the exchange rate prevailing at the reporting date. Non-monetary items, which are measured in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency, are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. Non-monetary items, which are measured at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency, are translated using the exchange rate at the date when such value was determined.

iii) Exchange differences: From accounting periods commencing on or after 7th December, 2006, the Company accounts for exchange differences arising on translation/settlement of foreign currency monetary items as below:

a) Exchange differences arising on a monetary item that, in substance, forms part of the company''s net investment in a non-integral foreign operation is accumulated in the foreign currency translation reserve until the disposal of the net investment. On the disposal of such net investment, the cumulative amount of the exchange differences which have been deferred and which relate to that investment is recognized as income or as expenses in the same period in which the gain or loss on disposal is recognized.

b) Exchange differences arising on long-term foreign currency monetary items related to acquisition of a fixed asset are capitalized and depreciated over the remaining useful life of the asset in accordance with the Ministry of Corporate Affairs Notification dated 31st March, 2009. For this purpose, the company treats a foreign monetary item as "long- term foreign currency monetary item", if it has a term of 12 months or more at the date of its origination.

c) Exchange differences arising on other long-term foreign currency monetary items are accumulated in the "Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account" and amortized over the remaining life of the concerned monetary item.

d) All other exchange differences are recognized as income or as expenses in the period in which they arise.

iv) Translation of integral and non-integral foreign operation: The Company classifies all its foreign operations as either "integral foreign operations" or "non-integral foreign operations." The financial statements of an integral foreign operation are translated as if the transactions of the foreign operation have been those of the Company itself. The assets and liabilities of a non-integral foreign operation are translated into the reporting currency at the exchange rate prevailing at the reporting date and their statement of profit and loss are translated at annual average exchange rates. The exchange differences arising on translation are accumulated in the foreign currency translation reserve. On disposal of a non-integral foreign operation, the accumulated foreign currency translation reserve relating to that foreign operation is recognized in the statement of profit and loss. When there is a change in the classification of a foreign operation, the translation procedures applicable to the revised classification are applied from the date of the change in the classification.

1.8 Retirement and other employee benefits: In accordance with Accounting Standard 15 issued by the

Institute of Chartered Accountants of India,

i) Retirement benefit in the form of provident fund is a defined contribution scheme. The contributions to the provident fund are charged to the statement of profit and loss for the year when the contributions are due. The Company has no obligation, other than the contribution payable to the provident fund.

ii) The Company operates one defined benefit plan for its employees, viz., gratuity. The cost of providing benefits under this plan are determined on the basis of actuarial valuation at each year-end using the projected unit credit method. The Company has obtained a policy from the Life Insurance Corporation of India in respect of the gratuity obligation and the annual contribution paid by the Company to LIC is charged to the profit and loss statement. The actuarial gains and losses for the defined benefit plan are not recognized in the period in which they occur in the statement of profit and loss.

1.9 Tax Expense: In accordance with Accounting Standard 22 issued by the Institute of Chartered

Accountants of India,

i) Tax expense comprises current and deferred tax.

ii) Current income-tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Income-tax Act, 1961 enacted in India and tax laws prevailing in the respective tax jurisdictions where the Company operates. The tax rates and tax laws used to compute the amount are those that are enacted or substantively enacted, at the reporting date. Current income tax relating to items recognized directly in equity is recognized in equity and not in the statement of profit and loss.

iii) Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for future tax consequences attributable to the timing differences between taxable income and accounting income that are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods and are measured using tax rates enacted or substantively enacted as at the balance sheet date. Deferred income tax relating to items recognized directly in equity is recognized in equity and not in the statement of profit and loss.

iv) Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for all taxable timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible timing differences only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realized against future taxable profits.

v) In the situations where the Company is entitled to a tax holiday under the Income-tax Act, 1961 enacted in India or tax laws prevailing in the respective tax jurisdictions where it operates, no deferred tax (asset or liability) is recognized in respect of timing differences which reverse during the tax holiday period, to the extent the Company''s gross total income is subject to the deduction during the tax holiday period. Deferred tax in respect of timing differences which reverse after the tax holiday period is recognized in the year in which the timing differences originate. However, the Company restricts recognition of deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. For recognition of deferred taxes, the timing differences which originate first are considered to reverse first.

vi) At each reporting date, the Company re-assesses unrecognized deferred tax assets. It recognizes unrecognized deferred tax asset to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

vii) The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each reporting date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realized. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

viii) Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset, if a legally enforceable right exists to set-off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred tax assets and deferred taxes relate to the same taxable entity and the same taxation authority.

ix) Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in a year is charged to the statement of profit and loss as current tax. The Company recognizes MAT credit available for a particular assessment year as an asset only after the assessment for that year is complete and such credit is finally quantified and only to the extent that there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period, i.e., the period for which MAT credit is allowed to be carried forward. In the year in which the company recognizes MAT credit as an asset in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Credit Available in respect of Minimum Alternative Tax under the Income- tax Act, 1961, the said asset is created by way of credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as "MAT Credit Entitlement" under the head "Current Assets". The Company reviews the "MAT credit entitlement" asset at each reporting date and writes down its carrying amount to the extent such credit is set-off u/s 115JAA or to the extent the Company does not have convincing evidence that it will pay normal tax during the specified period.

1.10 Consolidated Financial Statements: In accordance with AS 21 and AS 27 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, separate consolidated financial statements of the Company and its Subsidiaries have been prepared by combining on a line-to-line basis by adding together the book values of like items of assets, liabilities, incomes and expenses after fully eliminating intra-group balances, intra-group transactions and unrealised profits and losses.

1.11 Earnings Per Share: In accordance with Accounting Standard 20, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

i) Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Partly paid equity shares are treated as a fraction of an equity share to the extent that they are entitled to participate in dividends relative to a fully paid equity share during the reporting period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for events such as bonus issue, bonus element in a rights issue, share split, and reverse share split (consolidation of shares) that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources.

ii) For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares, except where the results are anti-dilutive.

1.12 Provisions: In accordance with Accounting Standard 29 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India,

i) A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. These estimates are reviewed at each reporting date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Where the company expects some or all of a provision to be reimbursed, for example under an insurance contract, the reimbursement is recognized as a separate asset but only when the reimbursement is virtually certain. The expense relating to any provision is presented in the statement of profit and loss net of any reimbursement.

ii) Warranty provisions: Provisions for warranty-related costs are recognized when the product is sold or service provided. Provision is based on historical experience. The estimate of such warranty-related costs is revised annually.

1.13 Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets: In accordance with Accounting Standard 29 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India,

i) A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The Company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

ii) Contingent assets are not recognized.

1.14 Accounting Standards not applicable to the Company during the year under review:

i) Construction Contracts: AS 7 is not applicable since the Company is not engaged in execution of construction contracts.

ii) Accounting for Government Grants: AS 12 is not applicable since the Company has not received any Government Grants.

iii) Accounting for Amalgamations: AS 14 is not applicable since the Company has not so far entered into any amalgamation.

iv) Segment Reporting: AS 17 is not applicable since the Company operates only in one segment,

i.e. real estate development.

v) Accounting for Investments in Associates in Consolidated Financial Statements: AS 23 is not applicable since the Company is not required to consolidate its financial statements.

vi) Discontinuing Operations: AS 24 is not applicable since the Company has not so far discontinued operations.

vii) Interim Financial Reporting: AS 25 is not applicable to the financial statements under review.

viii) Financial Reporting of Interests in Joint Ventures: AS 27 is not applicable since the Company has no joint ventures.


Mar 31, 2013

1.1.1 Presentation and disclosure of financial statements

These financial statements are presented in accordance with the revised Schedule VI notified under the Companies Act, 1956.

1.1.2 Accounting Convention:

These financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention.

1.1.3 Method of Accounting:

As required by Section 209(3)(b) of the Act, these financial statements are prepared in accordance with the accrual method of accounting with revenues recognized and expenses accounted on their accrual including provisions/adjustments for committed obligations and amounts determined as payable or receivable during the period.

1.1.4 Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make judgements, estimates and assumptions, that affect the application of accounting policies and the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent liabilities at the date of the end of the reporting periods and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses for the reporting periods.

Although these estimates are based on the management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets or liabilities in future periods.

Actual results may differ from these estimates.

Estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognised in the year in which the estimate is revised and future years affected.

1.1.5 Consistency:

These financial statements have been prepared on a basis consistent with previous years and accounting policies not specifically referred hereto are consistent with generally accepted accounting principles.

1.1.6 Contingencies and Events occurring after the Balance Sheet Date:

AS 4 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India is not applicable since there are no such contingencies nor events.

1.1.7 Net Profit or Loss for the Period, Prior Period Items and Changes in Accounting Policies:

The Company''s Profit and Loss Account presents profit/loss from ordinary activities. There are no extra- ordinary items or changes in accounting estimates and policies during the year under review which need to be disclosed as per AS 5 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

1.1.8 Cash Flow Statements:

Cash Flows are reported as per the Indirect Method as specified in AS 3 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

1.1.9 Previous Year Figures:

The figures for the previous year have been rearranged to facilitate comparison.


Mar 31, 2012

1. Corporate Information:

D. S. Kulkarni Developers Ltd. is a public limited company domiciled in India and incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 ("the Act"). The Company is engaged in the business of real estate development in India. The Company is not a Small and Medium Sized Company (SMC) as defined in the General Instructions in respect of Accounting Standards notified under the Act, in as much as

a) its turnover (excluding other income) did exceed Rs. 50 crores in the immediately preceding accounting year and in the year under review, and

b) it did have borrowings (including public deposits) in excess of Rs. 10 crores at any time during the immediately preceding accounting year and in the year under review

c) its equity shares are listed on the Mumbai and National Stock Exchanges

d) it is the holding or subsidiary company of DSK Global Education & Research P. Ltd. which is not a SMC although

e) it is not a bank, financial institution or an insurance company.

2. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

These financial statements comply in all material respects with the relevant provisions of the Act, the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India, and the Accounting Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India which are prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 notified by the Central Government u/s 211 (3C) read with Sections 210A(1) and 642(1 )(a) of the said Act. As required by AS 1 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the accounting policies followed in the preparation of these financial statements are disclosed below.

2.1 Summary of significant accounting policies

2.1.1 Presentation and disclosure of financial statements

During the year ended 31st March, 2012, the revised Schedule VI notified under the Companies Act 1956, has become applicable to the Company, for preparation and presentation of its financial statements. Except accounting for dividend on investments in subsidiary companies, the adoption of revised Schedule VI does not impact recognition and measurement principles followed for preparation of financial statements. However, it has significant impact on presentation and disclosures made in the financial statements. The Company has also reclassified the previous year figures in accordance with the requirements applicable in the current year.

2.1.2 Accounting Convention:

These financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention

2.1.3 Method of Accounting:

As required by Section 209(3)(b) of the Act, these financial statements are prepared in accordance with the accrual method of accounting with revenues recognized and expenses accounted on their accrual including provisions/ adjustments for committed obligations and amounts determined as payable or receivable during the period

2.1.4 Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make judgements, estimates and assumptions, that affect the application of accounting policies and the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent liabilities at the date of the end of the reporting periods and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses for the reporting periods Although these estimates are based on the management's best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets or liabilities in future periods

Actual results may differ from these estimates

Estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognised in the year in which the estimate is revised and future years affected

2.1.5 Consistency:

These financial statements have been prepared on a basis consistent with previous years and accounting policies not specifically referred hereto are consistent with generally accepted accounting principles.

2.1.6 Contingencies and Events occurring after the Balance Sheet Date:

AS 4 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India is not applicable since there are no such contingencies nor events

2.1.7 Net Profit or Loss for the Period, Prior Period Items and Changes in Accounting Policies:

The Company's Profit and Loss Account presents profit/loss from ordinary activities. There are no extra- ordinary items or changes in accounting estimates and policies during the year under review which need to be disclosed as per AS 5 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. The prior period adjustments represent interest paid for delay in payment of income tax.

2.1.8 Cash Flow Statements:

Cash Flows are reported as per the Indirect Method as specified in AS 3 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

2.1.9 Previous Year Figures:

The figures for the previous year have been rearranged as follows to facilitate comparison

2.2 Fixed Assets

2.2.1 Tangible Fixed Assets: In accordance with AS 10 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India,

i) Tangible Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any.

ii) The cost comprises purchase price, borrowing costs if capitalization criteria are met and directly attributable incidental expenses related to acquisition and installation and other pre-operative expenses of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use. Any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.

iii) Subsequent expenditure related to an item of fixed asset is added to its book value only if it increases the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. All other expenses on existing fixed assets, including day-to-day repair and maintenance expenditure and cost of replacing parts, are changed to the statement of profit and loss for the period during which such expenses are incurred

iv) From accounting periods commencing on or after 7th December, 2006, the company adjusts exchange differences arising on translation/settlement of long-term foreign currency monetary items pertaining to the acquisition of a depreciable asset to the cost of the asset and depreciates the same over the remaining life of the asset.

v) Gains or losses arising from derecognition of fixed assets are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognized in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is derecognized

2.2.2 Depreciation on Tangible Fixed Assets: In accordance with AS 6 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India,

i) Depreciation on Tangible Fixed Assets is provided as per the straight line method at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, for the period for which the asset is put to use.

ii) Leasehold land is amortized on a straight line basis over the period of the lease.

2.2.3 Intangible Fixed Assets: In accordance with AS 26 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India,

i) Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. The cost of intangible assets acquired in an amalgamation in the nature of purchase is their fair value as at the date of amalgamation. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Internally generated intangible assets, excluding capitalized development costs, are not capitalized and expenditure is reflected in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the expenditure is incurred

ii) Intangible assets are amortized on a straight line basis over the estimated useful economic life. The Company uses a rebuttable presumption that the useful life of an intangible asset will not exceed ten years from the date when the asset is available for use. If the persuasive evidence exists to the effect that useful life of an intangible asset exceeds ten years, the Company amortizes the intangible asset over the best estimate of its useful life.

iii) Such intangible assets and intangible assets not yet available for use are tested for impairment annually, either individually or at the cash-generating unit level. All other intangible assets are assessed for impairment whenever there is an indication that the intangible asset may be impaired

iv) The amortization period and the amortization method are reviewed at least at each financial year end. If the expected useful life of the asset is significantly different from previous estimates, the amortization period is changed accordingly. If there has been a significant change in the expected pattern of economic benefits from the asset, the amortization method is changed to reflect the changed pattern. Such changes are accounted for in accordance with AS 5 Net Profit or Loss for the Period, Prior Period Items and Changes in Accounting Policies.

v) Gains or losses arising from derecognition of an intangible asset are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognized in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is derecognized

vi) The Company has expensed the preliminary expenses and those pre-operative expenses which did not result in the creation of a tangible asset and the amalgamation expenses incurred in earlier years

2.2.4 Borrowing Costs: In accordance with Accounting Standard 16 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India,

i) Borrowing cost includes interest, amortization of ancillary costs incurred in connection with the A1 arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost

ii) A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale

iii) Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. All other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which those are incurred

2.2.5 Impairment of tangible and intangible assets: In accordance with AS 28 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

i) The Company assesses at each reporting date whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. If any indication exists, or when annual impairment testing for an asset is required, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. Such recoverable amount is the higher of an asset's or cash-generating unit's (CGU) net selling price and its value in use. The recoverable amount is determined for an individual asset, unless the asset does not generate cash inflows that are largely independent of those from other assets or groups of assets. Where the carrying amount of an asset or CGU exceeds its recoverable amount, the asset is considered impaired and is written down to its recoverable amount. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset. In determining net selling price, recent market transactions are taken into account, if available. If no such transactions can be identified, an appropriate valuation model is used

ii) The Company bases its impairment calculation on detailed budgets and forecast calculations which are prepared separately for each of the Company's cash-generating units to which the individual assets are allocated. These budgets and forecast calculations are generally covering a period of five years. For longer periods, a long-term growth rate is calculated and applied to project future cash flows after the fifth year.

iii) Impairment losses of continuing operations, including impairment on inventories, are recognized in the statement of profit and loss, except for previously revalued tangible fixed assets, where the revaluation was taken to revaluation reserve. In this case, the impairment is also recognized in the revaluation reserve up to the amount of any previous revaluation

iv) After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

v) An assessment is made at each reporting date as to whether there is any indication that previously recognized impairment losses may no longer exist or may have decreased. If such indication exists, the Company estimates the asset's or cash-generating unit's recoverable amount. A previously recognized impairment loss is reversed only if there has been a change in the assumptions used to determine the asset's recoverable amount since the last impairment loss was recognized The reversal is limited so that the carrying amount of the asset does not exceed its recoverable amount, nor exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined, net of depreciation, had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in prior years. Such reversal is recognized in the statement of profit and loss unless the asset is carried at a revalued amount, in which case the reversal is treated as a revaluation increase

2.2.6 Research and development costs: In accordance with AS 26 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India,

i) Research costs are expensed as incurred. Development expenditure incurred on an individual project is recognized as an intangible asset when the Company can demonstrate all the following

a) The technical feasibility of completing the intangible asset so that it will be available for use or sale

b) Its intention to complete the asset

c) Its ability to use or sell the asset

d) How the asset will generate future economic benefits

e) The availability of adequate resources to complete the development and to use or sell the asset

f) The ability to measure reliably the expenditure attributable to the intangible asset during development

ii) Following the initial recognition of the development expenditure as an asset, the cost model is applied requiring the asset to be carried at cost less any accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses. Amortization of the asset begins when development is complete and the asset is available for use. It is amortized on a straight line basis over the period of expected future benefit from the related project. Amortization is recognized in the statement of profit and loss. During the period of development, the asset is tested for impairment annually.

2.2.7 Leases: In accordance with Accounting Standard 19, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India,

A Where the company is lessee

i) Finance leases, which effectively transfer to the Company substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to ownership of the leased item, are capitalized at the inception of the lease term at the lower of the fair value of the leased property and present value of minimum lease payments. Lease payments are apportioned between the finance charges and reduction of the lease liability so as to achieve a constant rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability. Finance charges are recognized as finance costs in the statement of profit and loss. Lease management fees, legal charges and other initial direct costs of lease are capitalized

ii) A leased asset is depreciated on a straight-line basis over the useful life of the asset or the usefu life envisaged in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, whichever is lower. However, if there is no reasonable certainty that the Company will obtain the ownership by the end of the lease term, the capitalized asset is depreciated on a straight-line basis over the shorter of the estimated usefu life of the asset, the lease term or the useful life envisaged in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

iii) Leases, where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased item, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term

B Where the Company is the lessor

i) Leases in which the Company transfers substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the asset are classified as finance leases. Assets given under finance lease are recognized as a receivable at an amount equal to the net investment in the lease. After initial recognition, the Company apportions lease rentals between the principal repayment and interest income so as to achieve a constant periodic rate of return on the net investment outstanding in respect of the finance lease. The interest income is recognized in the statement of profit and loss. Initial direct costs such as legal costs, brokerage costs, etc. are recognized immediately in the statement of profit and loss

ii) Leases in which the Company does not transfer substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the asset are classified as operating leases. Assets subject to operating leases are included in fixed assets. Lease income on an operating lease is recognized in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Costs, including depreciation, are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss. Initial direct costs such as legal costs, brokerage costs, etc. are recognized immediately in the statement of profit and loss

2.3 Investments: In accordance with AS 13 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India,

i) Investments, which are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments.

ii) On initial recognition, all investments are measured at cost. The cost comprises purchase price and directly attributable acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties. If an investment is acquired, or partly acquired, by the issue of shares or other securities, the acquisition cost is the fair value of the securities issued. If an investment is acquired in exchange for another asset, the acquisition is determined by reference to the fair value of the asset given up or by reference to the fair value of the investment acquired, whichever is more clearly evident.

iii) Current investments are carried in the financial statements at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments

iv) On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the statement of profit and loss

v) An investment in land or buildings, which is not intended to be occupied substantially for use by, or in the operations of, the Company, is classified as investment property. Investment properties are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any.

vi) The cost comprises purchase price, borrowing costs if capitalization criteria are met and directly attributable cost of bringing the investment property to its working condition for the intended use. Any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.

vii) Depreciation on building component of investment property is calculated on a straight-line basis using the rate arrived at based on the useful life estimated by the management, or that prescribed under the Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, whichever is higher.

viii) On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the statement of profit and loss

2.4 Inventories: In accordance with Accounting Standards 2 & 9 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India,

i) Construction materials, components, stores and spares are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value (as certified by the management) after providing for the cost of obsolescence. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost of raw materials, components and stores and spares is determined on FIFO basis

ii) Inventories of work in progress are valued, in accordance with the Percentage of Completion Method. Profit on incomplete projects is not recognized unless 20% expenditure has been Incurred in respect of the project. Based on projections and estimates by the Company of the expected revenues and costs to completion, provision for losses to completion and/or write off of costs carried to inventories is made on projects where the expected revenues are lower than the estimated costs to completion. In the opinion of the management, the net realisable value of the work in progress as at the balance sheet date will not be lower than the costs so included therein

iii) Inventories of finished tenements are valued at the carrying value or estimated net realizable value, (as certified by the management) whichever is the less.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

2.5 Revenue Recognition: In accordance with AS 9 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India,

i) Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company. The following specific recognition criteria must also be met before revenue is recognized

ii) Income from real estate sales is recognized on the transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer and it is not unreasonable to expect ultimate collection and no significant uncertainty exists regarding the amount of consideration

iii) However, if, at the time of transfer, substantial acts are yet to be performed, revenue is recognized on proportionate basis as the acts are performed, that is, on the percentage of completion basis Determination of revenues under the percentage of completion method necessarily involves making estimates by the Company, some of which are of technical nature, concerning, where relevant, the percentages of completion, costs to completion, the expected revenues from the project and the foreseeable losses to completion. As the construction projects necessarily extend beyond one year, revision in estimates of costs and revenues during the year under review are reflected in the accounts of the year.

iv) Revenue from sale of goods is recognized when all the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have been passed to the buyer, usually on delivery of the goods. The Company collects sales taxes and value added taxes (VAT) on behalf of the government and, therefore, these are not economic benefits flowing to the Company. Hence, they are excluded from revenue. Excise duty deducted from revenue (gross) is the amount that is included in the revenue (gross)

v) Revenues from maintenance contracts are recognized pro-rata over the period of the contract as and when services are rendered. The Company collects service tax on behalf of the government and, therefore, it is not an economic benefit flowing to the Company. Hence, it is excluded from revenue.

vi) Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate. Interest income is included under the head "other income" in the statement of profit and loss.

vii) Dividend income is recognized when the Company's right to receive dividend is established by the reporting date.

2.6 Expense Recognition: Revenue Expenses such as those incurred on foreign and domestic exhibitions, advertisement for sale of tenements, interest on borrowings attributable to specific projects are included in the valuation of inventories of work in progress. Indirect costs are treated as period costs and are charged to the Profit & Loss Account in the year incurred. Expenses incurred on repairs & maintenance of completed projects are charged to Profit & Loss Account

2.7 Foreign currency transactions and balances: In accordance with AS 11 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

i) Initial recognition: Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction

ii) Conversion: Foreign currency monetary items are retranslated using the exchange rate prevailing at the reporting date. Non-monetary items, which are measured in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency, are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. Non-monetary items, which are measured at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency, are translated using the exchange rate at the date when such value was determined

iii) Exchange differences: From accounting periods commencing on or after 7 December 2006, the Company accounts for exchange differences arising on translation/settlement of foreign currency monetary items as below:

a) Exchange differences arising on a monetary item that, in substance, forms part of the Company's net investment in a non-integral foreign operation is accumulated in the foreign currency translation reserve until the disposal of the net investment. On the disposal of such net investment, the cumulative amount of the exchange differences which have been deferred and which relate to that investment is recognized as income or as expenses in the same period in which the gain or loss on disposal is recognized

b) Exchange differences arising on long-term foreign currency monetary items related to acquisition of a fixed asset are capitalized and depreciated over the remaining useful life of the asset in accordance with the Ministry of Corporate Affairs Notification dated 31st March 2009. For this purpose, the Company treats a foreign monetary item as "long-term foreign currency monetary item", if it has a term of 12 months or more at the date of its origination

c) Exchange differences arising on other long-term foreign currency monetary items are accumulated in the "Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account" and amortized overthe remaining life of the concerned monetary item

d) All other exchange differences are recognized as income or as expenses in the period in which they arise.

iv) Translation of integral and non-integral foreign operation: The Company classifies all its foreign operations as either "integral foreign operations" or "non-integral foreign operations." The financial statements of an integral foreign operation are translated as if the transactions of the foreign operation have been those of the Company itself. The assets and liabilities of a non- integral foreign operation are translated into the reporting currency at the exchange rate prevailing at the reporting date and their statement of profit and loss are translated at annual average exchange rates. The exchange differences arising on translation are accumulated in the foreign currency translation reserve. On disposal of a non-integral foreign operation, the accumulated foreign currency translation reserve relating to that foreign operation is recognized in the statement of profit and loss. When there is a change in the classification of a foreign operation, the translation procedures applicable to the revised classification are applied from the date of the change in the classification

2.8 Retirement and other employee benefits: In accordance with Accounting Standard 15 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India,

i) Retirement benefit in the form of provident fund is a defined contribution scheme. The contributions to the provident fund are charged to the statement of profit and loss for the year when the contributions are due. The Company has no obligation, other than the contribution payable to the provident fund

ii) The Company operates one defined benefit plan for its employees, viz., gratuity. The cost of providing benefits under this plan are determined on the basis of actuarial valuation at each year- end using the projected unit credit method. The Company has obtained a policy from the Life nsurance Corporation of India in respect of the gratuity obligation and the annual contribution paid by the Company to LIC is charged to the profit & loss statement. The actuarial gains and losses for the defined benefit plan are not recognized in the period in which they occur in the statement of profit and loss

2.9 Tax Expense: In accordance with Accounting Standard 22 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India,

i) Tax expense comprises current and deferred tax.

ii) Current income-tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Income-tax Act, 1961 enacted in India and tax laws prevailing in the respective tax jurisdictions where the Company operates. The tax rates and tax laws used to compute the amount are those that are enacted or substantively enacted, at the reporting date. Current income tax relating to items recognized directly in equity is recognized in equity and not in the statement of profit and loss

iii) Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for future tax consequences attributable to the timing differences between taxable income and accounting income that are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods and are measured using tax rates enacted or substantively enacted as at the balance sheet date. Deferred income tax relating to items recognized directly in equity is recognized in equity and not in the statement of profit and loss.

iv) Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for all taxable timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible timing differences only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realized against future taxable profits

v) In the situations where the Company is entitled to a tax holiday under the Income-tax Act, 1961 enacted in India or tax laws prevailing in the respective tax jurisdictions where it operates, no deferred tax (asset or liability) is recognized in respect of timing differences which reverse during the tax holiday period, to the extent the Company's gross total income is subject to the deduction during the tax holiday period. Deferred tax in respect of timing differences which reverse after the tax holiday period is recognized in the year in which the timing differences originate. However, the Company restricts recognition of deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. For recognition of deferred taxes, the timing differences which originate first are considered to reverse first.

vi) At each reporting date, the Company re-assesses unrecognized deferred tax assets. It recognizes unrecognized deferred tax asset to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized

vii) The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each reporting date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realized. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

viii) Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset, if a legally enforceable right exists to set- off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred tax assets and deferred taxes relate to the same taxable entity and the same taxation authority.

ix) Minimum alternate tax (MAT) paid in a year is charged to the statement of profit and loss as current tax. The Company recognizes MAT credit available for a particular assessment year as an asset only after the assessment for that year is complete and such credit is finally quantified and only to the extent that there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period, i.e., the period for which MAT credit is allowed to be carried forward. In the year in which the Company recognizes MAT credit as an asset in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Credit Available in respect of Minimum Alternative Tax under the Income- tax Act, 1961, the said asset is created by way of credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as "MAT Credit Entitlement" under the head "Current Assets". The Company reviews the "MAT credit entitlement" asset at each reporting date and writes down its carrying amount to the extent such credit is set-off u/s 115JAA or to the extent the Company does not have convincing evidence that it will pay normal tax during the specified period

2.10 Consolidated Financial Statements: In accordance with AS 21 and AS 27 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, separate consolidated financial statements of the Company and its Subsidiaries have been prepared by combining on a line-to-line basis by adding together the book values of like items of assets, liabilities, incomes and expenses after fully eliminating intra-group balances, intra- group transactions and unrealised profits and losses

2.11 Earnings Per Share: In accordance with Accounting Standard 20, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India,

i) Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Partly paid equity shares are treated as a fraction of an equity share to the extent that they are entitled to participate in dividends relative to a fully paid equity share during the reporting period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for events such as bonus issue, bonus element in a rights issue, share split, and reverse share split (consolidation of shares) that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources

ii) For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares, except where the results are anti-dilutive.

2.12 Provisions: In accordance with Accounting Standard 29 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India,

i) A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. These estimates are reviewed at each reporting date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Where the Company expects some or all of a provision to be reimbursed, for example under an insurance contract, the reimbursement is recognized as a separate asset but only when the reimbursement is virtually certain. The expense relating to any provision is presented in the statement of profit and loss net of any reimbursement.

ii) Warranty provisions: Provisions for warranty-related costs are recognized when the product is sold or service provided. Provision is based on historical experience. The estimate of such warranty-related costs is revised annually.

2.13 Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets: In accordance with Accounting Standard 29 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India,

i) A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The Company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

ii) Contingent assets are not recognized 2.14 Measurement of EBITDA

i) As permitted by the Guidance Note on the Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956, the Company has elected to present earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the statement of profit and loss. The Company measures EBITDA on the basis of profit/floss) from continuing operations. In its measurement, the Company does not include depreciation and amortization expense, finance costs and tax expense

2.15 Accounting Standards not applicable to the Company during the year under review:

i) Construction Contracts: AS 7 is not applicable since the Company is not engaged in execution of construction contracts

ii) Accounting for Government Grants: AS 12 is not applicable since the Company has not received any Government Grants

iii) Accounting for Amalgamations: AS 14 is not applicable since the Company has not so far entered into any amalgamation

iv) Segment reporting: AS 17 is not applicable since the Company operates only in one segment, to wit, real estate development

v) Accounting for Investments in Associates in Consolidated Financial Statements: AS 23 is not applicable since the Company is not required to consolidate its financial statements

vi) Discontinuing Operations: AS 24 is not applicable since the Company has not so far discontinued operations

vii) Interim Financial Reporting: AS 25 is not applicable to the financial statements under review.

viii) Financial Reporting of Interests in Joint Ventures: AS 27 is not applicable since the Company has no joint ventures.


Mar 31, 2011

1 The Company is not a Small and Medium Sized Company (SMC) as defined in the General Instructions in respect of Accounting Standards notified under the Companies Act, 1956, inasmuch as its equity securities are listed on the National & Bombay Stock Exchanges, it did have borrowings (including public deposits) in excess of Rs. 10 crores at any time during the immediately preceding accounting year and its turnover (excluding other income) exceeded Rs. 50 crores in the immediately preceding accounting year.

2 Accordingly, these financial statements comply in all material respects with the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India, and the Accounting Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India which are prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006 notified by the Central Government under section 211(3C) read with sections 210A(1) and 642(1)(a) of the said Act. As required by AS 1 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the accounting policies followed in the preparation of these financial statements are disclosed below.

3 Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

a) Accounting Convention: These financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention.

b) Method of Accounting: As required by Section 209(3)(b) of the Companies Act, 1956, these financial statements are prepared in accordance with the accrual method of accounting with revenues recognized and expenses accounted on their accrual including provisions / adjustments for committed obligations and amounts determined as payable or receivable during the period.

c) Use of Estimates: The preparation of financial statements requires management to make judgements, estimates and assumptions, that affect the application of accounting policies and the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent liabilities at the date of these financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses for the years presented. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

Estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognised in the year in which the estimate is revised and future years affected.

d) Consistency: These financial statements have been prepared on a basis consistent with previous years and accounting policies not specifically referred hereto are consistent with generally accepted accounting principles.

e) Cash Flow Statements: Cash Flows are reported as per the Indirect Method as specified in AS 3 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

f) Contingencies and Events occurring after the Balance Sheet Date: AS 4 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India is not applicable since there are no such contingencies nor events.

g) Net Profit or Loss for the Period, Prior Period Items and Changes in Accounting Policies: The Company's Profit & Loss Account presents profit / loss from ordinary activities. There are no extraordinary items or changes in accounting estimates and policies during the year under review which need to be disclosed as per AS 5 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. The prior period adjustments represent interest paid for delay in payment of income tax.

h) Previous Year Figures: The figures in the balance sheet for the previous year have been rearranged to facilitate comparison.

4 Effect of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates: In accordance with AS 11 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the rate of exchange prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currency and outstanding at the balance sheet date are translated at the rate of exchange prevailing on the balance sheet date. In the case forward contracts for foreign exchange, the difference between the forward rate and the exchange rate at the date of the transaction is recognized over the life of the contract. Such contracts outstanding at the year end are marked to market, and the resultant exchange difference is recognised as income or expense in the profit and loss account. The profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such contracts is recognised as income or expense for the year.

5 Fixed Assets

a) Accounting for Fixed Assets: In accordance with AS 10 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction less accumulated depreciation. Cost includes all incidental expenses related to acquisition and installation, other pre-operative expenses and interest in case of construction.

b) Leases: In accordance with Accounting Standard 19, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, assets given / taken on lease under which all risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating lease. Lease income / payments under operating leases are recognised as an income / expense on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The Company has not so far entered into any financial lease arrangement.

c) Borrowing Costs: In accordance with Accounting Standard 16 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is an asset is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which those are incurred.

d) Intangible Assets: In accordance with AS 26 & AS 10 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the Company has expensed the preliminary expenses and those pre-operative expenses which did not result in the creation of a tangible asset. However, share issue expenses (which are outside the purview of AS 26) are deferred and written off over a period of five years.

e) Impairment of Assets: In accordance with AS 28 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the carrying amount of cash generating units / assets is reviewed at the balance sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment. If such indication exists, the recoverable amount is estimated as the net selling price or" value in use", whichever is the higher. Impairment loss, if any, is recognized whenever the carrying amount exceeds the recoverable amount.

6 Investments: In accordance with AS 13 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, investments are classified into long term and current investments. Long term investments are carried at cost. Provision for diminution, if any, in the value of each long term investment is made to recognize a decline other than of a temporary nature. Current investments are carried individually at lower of cost and fair value and the resultant decline, if any, is charged to revenue.

7 Inventories: In accordance with AS 2 & 9 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India,

a) Inventories of finished tenements are valued at the carrying value or estimated net realizable value, (as certified by the management) whichever is the less.

b) Inventories of work in progress are valued, in accordance with the Percentage of Completion Method. Profit on incomplete projects is not recognized unless 20% expenditure has been incurred in respect of the project. Based on projections and estimates by the Company of the expected revenues and costs to completion, provision for losses to completion and / or write off of costs carried to inventories has been made on projects where the expected revenues are lower than the estimated costs to completion. In the opinion of the management, the net realisable value of the work in progress will not be lower than the costs so included therein.

c) Inventories of construction materials are valued at cost of acquisition or net replacement value (as certified by the management), whichever is the less.

8 Revenue Recognition :

a) In accordance with AS 9 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, income from real estate sales is recognized on the transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer and it is not unreasonable to expect ultimate collection and no significant uncertainty exists regarding the amount of consideration.

b) However, if, at the time of transfer, substantial acts are yet to be performed, revenue is recognized on proportionate basis as the acts are performed, that is, on the percentage of completion basis. Determination of revenues under the percentage of completion method necessarily involves making estimates by the Company, some of which are of technical nature, concerning, where relevant, the percentages of completion, costs to completion, the expected revenues from the project and the foreseeable losses to completion. As the construction projects necessarily extend beyond one year, revision in estimates of costs and revenues during the year under review are reflected in the accounts of the year.

9 Expense Recognition: Revenue Expenses such as those incurred on foreign and domestic exhibitions, advertisement for sale of tenements, interest on borrowings attributable to specific projects are included in the valuation of inventories of work in progress. Indirect costs are treated as period costs and are charged to the Profit & Loss Account in the year incurred. Expenses incurred on repairs & maintenance of completed projects are charged to Profit & Loss Account.

10 Employee Benefits :

a) In accordance with Accounting Standard 15 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, benefits to the employees comprising of payments under defined contribution plans like provident fund and family pension fund are charged to Profit & Loss Account. There are no defined benefit plans.

b) The liability for gratuity is funded through Group Gratuity scheme of the Life Insurance Corporation of India which is in nature of a Defined Contribution Plan and accordingly periodic contributions to the LIC are charged to Profit & Loss Account.

11 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets: In accordance with Accounting Standard 29 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, provisions are recognized in the accounts in respect of present probable obligations, the amount of which can be reliably estimated. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in respect of possible obligations that arise from past events but their existence is confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company. Contingent assets are not recognized.

12 Tax Expense :

a) In accordance with Accounting Standard 22 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, Tax expense comprises current corporate tax and deferred corporate tax. Current corporate tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities using the applicable tax rates and tax laws. Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) credit for a particular assessment year is recognised as an asset only after the assessment for that year is complete and such credit is finally quantified. The recognition of such credit is limited to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company's corporate tax liability under the normal scheme of taxation, during the period in which the MAT Credit can be carried forward u/s 115JAA of the IT Act, 1961, will exceed the MAT liability u/s 115JB. In accordance with the recommendations contained in the guidance note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI), in the year in which the MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognised as an asset, t he said asset is created by way of a credit to the profit and loss account and shown as "MAT credit entitlement" under the head "Current Assets".

b) The Company reviews the "MAT credit entitlement" at each balance sheet date and writes down its carrying amount to the extent such credit is set-off u/s 115JAA or there is no longer convincing evidence as stated supra. Deferred corporate tax assets and liabilities are recognized for future tax consequences attributable to the timing differences between taxable income and accounting income that are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods and are measured using tax rates enacted or substantively enacted as at the balance sheet date. Deferred corporate tax assets are not recognized unless, in the judgement of the management, there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. The carrying amount of deferred corporate tax is reviewed at each balance sheet date.

13 Related Party Disclosures: Please see Annexure

14 Earnings per Share: The Company reports basic and diluted Earnings per share (EPS) in accordance with Accounting Standard 20, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. Basic EPS is computed by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted EPS is computed by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year as adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares, except where the results are anti-dilutive. The basic & diluted EPS is stated in the Profit & Loss Account as well as in the Notes to Accounts.

15 Consolidated Financial Statements: In accordance with AS 21 and AS 27 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, separate consolidated financial statements of the Company and its Subsidiaries and Jointly Controlled Entities have been prepared by combining on a line-to-line basis by adding together the book values of like items of assets, liabilities, incomes and expenses after fully eliminating intra-group balances, intra-group transactions and unrealised profits and losses.

16 Financial Reporting of Interests in Joint Ventures: In accordance with Para 53 of AS 27 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the Company has made the necessary disclosures in Annexure 1 hereto. The Consolidated Financial Statements include the book values of like items of assets, liabilities, incomes and expenses of the Company's Joint Ventures after fully eliminating intra-group balances, intra-group transactions and unrealised profits and losses.

17 Accounting Standards not applicable to the Company during the year under review:

a) Construction Contracts: AS 7 is not applicable since the Company is not engaged in execution of construction contracts

b) Accounting for Government Grants: AS 12 is not applicable since the Company has not so far received any Government Grants.

c) Accounting for Amalgamations: AS 14 is not applicable since the Company has not entered into any amalgamation during the year under review.

d) Segment Reporting: AS 17 is not applicable since the company operates only in one segment, namely, integrated real estate development and construction of residential and commercial tenements.

e) Accounting for Investments in Associates in Consolidated Financial statements: AS 23 is not applicable because the Company has no associates.

f) Discontinuing Operations: AS 24 is not applicable since the Company has not so far discontinued operations.

g) Interim Financial Reporting: AS 25 is not applicable since these financial statements are not interim statements.

h) Financial Instruments - Recognition & Measurement, Presentation & Disclosures: AS 30, 31 & 32 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India are recommendatory in nature for the intial period of two years, i.e; FYs 2009-10 & 2010-11 and will become mandatory w.e.f 01st April, 2011. Moreover, the said standards have not so far been notified by the Central Government u/s 211(3C) of the Companies Act,1956. Hence, the Company has not applied these accounting standards in the preparation and presentation of these financial statements.


Mar 31, 2010

The Company is not a Small and Medium Sized Company (SMC) as defined in the General Instructions in respect of Accounting Standards notified under the Companies Act, 1956, inasmuch as its equity securities are listed on the National & Bombay Stock Exchanges, it did have borrowings (including public deposits) in excess of Rs 10 crores at any time during the immediately preceding accounting year and its turnover (excluding other income) exceeded Rs 50 crores in the immediately preceding accounting year.

Accordingly, these financial statements comply in all material respects with the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India, and the following Accounting Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India which are prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006 notified by the Central Government under section 211(3C) read with sections 210A(1) and 642(1)(a) of the said Act:

1. AS 1: Disclosure of Accounting Policies - The accounting policies followed in the preparation of these financial statements are disclosed below.

2. AS 2: Valuation of Inventories -

(i) Inventories of finished tenements are valued at the carrying value or estimated net realizable value, (as certified by the management) whichever is the less.

(ii) Inventories of work in progress are valued, in accordance with the Percentage of Completion

Method. Profit on incomplete projects is not recognized unless 20% expenditure has been incurred in respect of the project. Based on projections and estimates by the Company of the expected revenues and costs to completion, provision for losses to completion and / or write off of costs carried to inventories has been made on projects where the expected revenues are lower than the estimated costs to completion. In the opinion of the management, the net realisable value of the work in progress will not be lower than the costs so included therein.

(iii) Inventories of construction materials are valued at cost of acquisition or net replacement value (as certified by the management), whichever is the less.

3 AS 3: Cash Flow Statements - Cash Flows are reported as per the Indirect Method as specified in AS 3 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

4 AS 4: Contingencies and Events occurring after the Balance Sheet Date - This AS is not applicable since there are no such contingencies nor events.

5 AS 5: Net Profit or Loss for the Period, Prior Period Items and Changes in Accounting Policies -

The Companys Profit & Loss Account presents profit / loss form ordinary activities. There are no extra-ordinary items or changes in accounting estimates and policies during the year under review. The prior period adjustments represent interest paid for delay in payment of income tax

6 AS 6: Depreciation Accounting - In accordance with AS 6 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, depreciation is provided as per the straight line method at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

7 AS 7: Construction Contracts - This AS is not applicable since the Company is not engaged in execution of construction contracts.

8 AS 9: Revenue Recognition - In accordance with AS 9 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, income from real estate sales is recognized on the transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer and it is not unreasonable to expect ultimate collection and no significant uncertainty exists regarding the amount of consideration. However, if, at the time of transfer, substantial acts are yet to be performed, revenue is recognized on proportionate basis as the acts are performed, that is, on the percentage of completion basis. Determination of revenues under the percentage of completion method necessarily involves making estimates by the Company, some of which are of technical nature, concerning, where relevant, the percentages of completion, costs to completion, the expected revenues from the project and the foreseeable losses to completion. As the construction projects necessarily extend beyond one year, revision in estimates of costs and revenues during the year under review are reflected in the accounts of the year.

9 AS 10: Accounting for Fixed Assets - In accordance with AS 10 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction less accumulated depreciation. Cost includes all incidental expenses related to acquisition and installation, other pre- operative expenses and interest in case of construction.

10 AS 11: The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates - In accordance with AS 11 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the rate of exchange prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currency and outstanding at the balance sheet date are translated at the rate of exchange prevailing on the balance sheet date.

In the case of forward exchange contracts, the premium or discount arising at the inception is amortised as income or expense over the life of the contract. Such contracts outstanding at the year end are marked to market, and the resultant exchange difference is recognised as income or expense in the profit and loss account. The profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such contracts is recognised as income or expense for the year.

11 AS 12: Accounting for Government Grants - This AS is not applicable since the Company has not so far received any Government Grants.

12 AS 13: Accounting for Investments - In accordance with AS 13 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, investments are classified into long term and current investments. Long term investments are carried at cost. Provision for diminution, if any, in the value of each long term investment is made to recognize a decline other than of a temporary nature. Current investments are carried individually at lower of cost and fair value and the resultant decline, if any, is charged to revenue.

13 AS 14: Accounting for Amalgamations - This AS is not applicable since the Company has not entered into any amalgamation during the year under review.

14 AS 15: Employee Benefits - In accordance with Accounting Standard 15 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, benefits to the employees comprising of payments under defined contribution plans like provident fund and family pension fund are charged to Profit & Loss Account. There are no defined benefit plans.

The liability for gratuity is funded through Group Gratuity scheme of the Life Insurance Corporation of India which is in nature of a Defined Contribution Plan and accordingly periodic contributions to the LIC are charged to Profit & Loss Account.

15 AS 16: Borrowing Costs - In accordance with Accounting Standard 16 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which those are incurred.

16 AS 17: Segment Reporting - The company operates only in one segment, namely, integrated real estate development and construction of residential and commercial tenements. Hence the requirements of Segment Reporting pursuant to AS 17 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India are not applicable.

17 AS 18: Related Party Disclosures - Please see Annexure.

18 AS 19: Leases - In accordance with Accounting Standard 19, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, assets given / taken on lease under which all risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating lease. Lease income / payments under operating leases are recognised as an income / expense on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

19 AS 20: Earnings per Share - The Company reports basic and diluted Earnings per share (EPS) in accordance with Accounting Standard 20, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. Basic EPS is computed by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted EPS is computed by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year as adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares, except where the results are anti-dilutive. The basic & diluted EPS is stated in the Profit & Loss Account as well as in the Notes to Accounts.

20 AS 21 & 27: Consolidated Financial Statements - In accordance with AS 21 and AS 27 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the consolidated financial statements of the Company and its Subsidiaries and Jointly Controlled Entities have been prepared by combining on a line-to-line basis by adding together the book values of like items of assets, liabilities, incomes and expenses after fully eliminating intra-group balances, intra-group transactions and unrealised profits and losses.

21 AS 22: Accounting for taxes on Income - In accordance with Accounting Standard 22 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, Tax expense comprises current corporate tax and deferred corporate tax. Current corporate tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities using the applicable tax rates and tax laws. Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) credit for a particular assessment year is recognised as an asset only after the assessment for that year is complete and such credit is finally quantified. The recognition of such credit is limited to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Companys corporate tax liability under the normal scheme of taxation, during the period in which the MAT Credit can be carried forward u/s 115JAA of the IT Act, 1961, will exceed the MAT liability u/s 115JB. In accordance with the recommendations contained in the guidance note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI), in the year in which the MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognised as an asset, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the profit and loss account and shown as "MAT credit entitlement" under the head "Current Assets".

The Company reviews the "MAT credit entitlement" at each balance sheet date and writes down its carrying amount to the extent such credit is set-off u/s 115JAA or there is no longer convincing evidence as stated supra. Deferred corporate tax assets and liabilities are recognized for future tax consequences attributable to the timing differences between taxable income and accounting income that are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods and are measured using tax rates enacted or substantively enacted as at the balance sheet date. Deferred corporate tax assets are not recognized unless, in the judgement of the management, there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. The carrying amount of deferred corporate tax is reviewed at each balance sheet date.

22 AS 23: Accounting for Investments in Associates in Consolidated Financial statements - This AS is not applicable because the Company has no associates.

23 AS 24: Discontinuing Operations - This AS is not applicable since the Company has not so far discontinued operations.

24 AS 25: Interim Financial Reporting - This AS is not applicable to the financial statements under review.

25 AS 26: Intangible Assets - In accordance with AS 26 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the Company has charged against revenue the amalgamation expenses incurred in the year under review and in earlier years. However, share Issue expenses (which are outside the purview of AS 26) are deferred and written off over a period of five years.

26 AS 27: Financial Reporting of Interests in Joint Ventures - In accordance with Para 53 of AS 27 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the Company has made the necessary disclosures in Annexure 1 hereto. The Consolidated Financial Statements include the book values of like items of assets, liabilities, incomes and expenses of the Companys Joint Ventures after fully eliminating intra-group balances, intra-group transactions and unrealised profits and losses.

27 AS 28: Impairment of Assets - In accordance with AS 28 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the carrying amount of cash generating units / assets is reviewed at the balance sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment. If such indication exists, the recoverable amount is estimated as the net selling price or" value in use", whichever is the higher. Impairment loss, if any, is recognized whenever the carrying amount exceeds the recoverable amount.

28 AS 29: Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets - In accordance with Accounting Standard 29 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, provisions are recognized in the accounts in respect of present probable obligations, the amount of which can be reliably estimated. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in respect of possible obligations that arise from past events but their existence is confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company. Contingent assets are not recognized.

29 AS 30, 31 & 32: Financial Instruments: Recognition & Measurement, Presentation & Disclosures - The said standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India are recommendatory in nature for the intial period of two years, i.e; FYs 2009-10 & 2010-11 and will become mandatory w.e.f 01st April, 2011. Moreover, the said standards have not so far been notified by the Central Government u/s 211(3C) of the Companies Act,1956. Hence, the Company has not applied these accounting standards in the preparation and presentation of these financial statements.

30 Accounting Convention: These financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention.

31 Accrual Method of Accounting: As required by Section 211 of the Companies Act, 1956, these financial statements are prepared in accordance with the accrual method of accounting with revenues recognized and expenses accounted on their accrual including provisions / adjustments for committed obligations and amounts determined as payable or receivable during the period.

32 Expense Recognition: Revenue Expenses such as those incurred on foreign and domestic exhibitions, advertisement for sale of tenements, interest on borrowings attributable to specific projects are included in the valuation of inventories of work in progress. Indirect costs are treated as period costs and are charged to the Profit & Loss Account in the year incurred. Expenses incurred on repairs & maintenance of completed projects are charged to Profit & Loss Account.

33 Consistency: These financial statements have been prepared on a basis consistent with previous years and accounting policies not specifically referred hereto are consistent with generally accepted accounting principles.

 
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