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Accounting Policies of Dunlop India Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2014

Basis of Accounting

The Company maintains its accounts following the historical cost convention except for the revaluation of certain fixed assets. All expenses and income to the extent known considered payable and receivable respectively unless stated otherwise have been accounted for on mercantile basis.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements require management to make estimates and assumption that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent liabilities and assets as at the balance sheet date and the reported amounts of income and expenses during the year.

Contingencies are recorded when it is probable that a liability will be incurred and the amounts can reasonably be estimated. Difference between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the year the results are known/ materialised.

Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction or at revalued amounts wherever such assets have been revalued. Cost includes cost of refurbishment, borrowing cost and other expenses incurred in bringing the assets to the conditions of intended use.

Depreciation

a) Depreciation on assets carried at historical costs is provided on straight-line method at the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

b) Depreciation in case of revalued amounts of fixed assets are provided on straight-line method on the values given by the valuers on the basis of remaining useful life as estimated by the valuers and the differential amount with respect to the depreciation computed as per (a) above is transferred from Revaluation Reserve to Profit & Loss Account.

c) Classification of plant and machinery into

Continuous Process Plant is done by the Management based on technical certificates and reports.

Capital Work in Progress

Capital Work in Progress includes capital advances and expenses incurred during the refurbishment of the plants & Trial Runs expenses pending allocation till the Commercial use of the respective assets.

Impairment of Assets

The carrying amounts of the company''s assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date. An impairment loss is recognized, wherever the carrying amount of an asset is in excess of its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is greater of net selling price of the asset or its value in use.

Reversal of impairment losses recognized in prior years is recorded when there has been change in the recoverable amount and such loss no longer exists or has decreased.

Impairment loss/reversal thereof is recognized as an expense/income in the statement of profit and loss and adjusted to the carrying amount of the asset once all the departments/sections becomes operational over a period. Company is refurbishing its various sections of manufacturing and is of the view that they will have carrying cost in excess of its recoverable amount.

Inventories

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost and estimated net realisable value. Cost is determined on the basis of first in first out, except engineering stores, cost for which is computed on the basis of weighted average. Work-in-progress represents materials cost, direct labour and appropriate portion of factory overheads. Adequate provision is made for defective, slow moving and obsolete items of inventories. Custom Duty on Bonded materials is accounted for as and when the materials are cleared. Finished Goods are valued at lower of Cost or net realizable value.

Investments

Investments are stated at cost. Diminution in value is made in case it is not being temporary in nature.

Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions in foreign currencies are accounted for at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of transaction. Foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities at the year end are translated using the exchange rate prevailing at the year-end. The loss or gain thereon and also on the exchange differences on settlement of the foreign currency transactions during the year are recognized as income or expenses and are adjusted to the profit and loss account for the year.

Retirement and other benefits to the Employees

The total cost of the Company''s contributions to Provident and Pension/ Gratuity Funds are charged against revenue on accrual basis. As per Company''s Policy, accrued leave is not encashable at the time of retirement or otherwise. Liability against retirement gratuity is provided as per actuarial valuation done in line with AS 15.

Research and Development

Research and Development expenditure other than those relating to Fixed Assets are charged against revenue as and when incurred.

Borrowing Cost

Borrowing cost incurred in relation to the acquisition, construction, refurbishment of qualifying assets and trial run period are capitalized/ allocated as the part of the cost of such assets up to the date when such assets are put to use. Other borrowing costs are charged as an expense in the year in which these are incurred.

Revenue Recognition

Sales are net of excise duty and returns up to the Balance Sheet date and accounted for on passing of property of goods irrespective of actual dispatches.

Returns / cancellations against sales are recognised as and when ascertained and are netted from the amount of sales of respective year.

Rebates, discounts, commissions and claims including insurance claims are accounted for to the extent these are due and/or reasonably ascertainable.

Income from Brand Royalty and fees are accounted for on accrual basis in terms of agreements with the party.

Taxes on Income

Provision for taxes is made for both current and deferred taxes. Tax on income for the current period is determined on the basis of taxable income and tax credits computed in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961, and based on the expected outcome of assessments/appeals.

Deferred tax are recognized on timing differences between the accounting income and the taxable income for the year which are capable of reversal in subsequent periods, and quantified using the tax rates and laws enacted or subsequently enacted as on the Balance Sheet date.

Deferred tax assets are recognized and carried forward to the extent that there is a reasonable/virtual certainty, as required in terms of Accounting Standard ''AS-22'' on Accounting for Taxes on Income, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax assets can be realized.

Provisions

Provisions are recognized for liabilities that can be measured only by using a substantial degree of estimation, if the Company has a present obligation as a result of a past event, or a probable outflow of resources is expected to settle the obligation, and the amount of the obligation can be reliably estimated.

Note : Other Liabilities includes old secured loans from KSIIDC- Rs.333.05 lacs and Catholic Syrian Bank - Rs.750 lacs, Company has not repaid these loans and these loans are now under active consideration of one time settlement with the Lenders. Pending settlement , no interest has been provided on these loans.

Fixed Deposits were accepted till 1997 and have fallen due for repayment with earlier management. In terms of the order received from the Company Law Board, this will be dealt with as per the directions received from the appropriate Authority.


Mar 31, 2013

Basis of Accounting

The Company maintains its accounts following the historical cost convention except for the revaluation of certain fixed assets and on going concern basis. All expenses and income to the extent known considered payable and receivable respectively unless stated otherwise have been accounted for on mercantile basis.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements require management to make estimates and assumption that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent liabilities and assets as at the balance sheet date and the reported amounts of income and expenses during the year. Contingencies are recorded when it is probable that a liability will be incurred and the amounts can reasonably be estimated. Difference between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the year the results are known/ materialised.

Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction or at revalued amounts wherever such assets have been revalued. Cost includes cost of refurbishment, borrowing cost and other expenses incurred in bringing the assets to the conditions of intended use.

Depreciation

a) Depreciation on assets carried at historical costs is provided on straight-line method at the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

b) Depreciation in case of revalued amounts of fixed assets are provided on straight-line method on the values given by the valuers on the basis of remaining useful life as estimated by the valuers and the differential amount with respect to the depreciation computed as per (a) above is transferred from Revaluation Reserve to Profit & Loss Account.

c) Classification of plant and machinery into Continuous Process Plant is done by the Management based on technical certificates and reports.

Capital Work in Progress

Capital Work in Progress includes capital advances and expenses incurred during the refurbishment of the plants & Trial Runs expenses pending allocation till the Commercial use of the respective assets.

Impairment of Assets

The carrying amounts of the company''s assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date. An impairment loss is recognized, wherever the carrying amount of an asset is in excess of its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is greater of net selling price of the asset or its value in use.

Reversal of impairment losses recognized in prior years is recorded when there has been change in the recoverable amount and such loss no longer exists or has decreased.

Impairment loss/reversal thereof is recognized as an expense/income in the statement of profit and loss and adjusted to the carrying amount of the asset once all the departments/sections becomes operational over a period. Company is refurbishing its various sections of manufacturing and is of the view that they will have carrying cost in excess of its recoverable amount.

Inventories

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost and estimated net realisable value. Cost is determined on the basis of first in first out, except engineering stores, cost for which is computed on the basis of weighted average. Work-in-progress represents materials cost, direct labour and appropriate portion of factory overheads. Adequate provision is made for defective, slow moving and obsolete items of inventories. Custom Duty on Bonded materials is accounted for as and when the materials are cleared. Finished Goods are valued at lower of Cost or net realizable value.

Investments

Investments are stated at cost. Diminution in value is made in case it is not being temporary in nature.

Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions in foreign currencies are accounted for at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of transaction. Foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities at the year end are translated using the exchange rate prevailing at the year-end. The loss or gain thereon and also on the exchange differences on settlement of the foreign currency transactions during the year are recognized as income or expenses and are adjusted to the profit and loss account for the year.

Retirement and other benefits to the Employees

The total cost of the Company''s contributions to Provident and Pension/ Gratuity Funds are charged against revenue on accrual basis. As per Company''s Policy, accrued leave is not encashable at the time of retirement or otherwise. Liability against retirement gratuity is provided as per actuarial valuation done in line with AS 15.

Research and Development

Research and Development expenditure other than those relating to Fixed Assets are charged against revenue as and when incurred.

Borrowing Cost

Borrowing cost incurred in relation to the acquisition, construction, refurbishment of qualifying assets and trial run period are capitalized/ allocated as the part of the cost of such assets up to the date when such assets are put to use. Other borrowing costs are charged as an expense in the year in which these are incurred.

Revenue Recognition

Sales are net of excise duty and returns up to the Balance Sheet date and accounted for on passing of property of goods irrespective of actual dispatches. Returns / cancellations against sales are recognised as and when ascertained and are netted from the amount of sales of respective year.

Rebates, discounts, commissions and claims including insurance claims are accounted for to the extent these are due and/or reasonably ascertainable.

Income from Brand Royalty and fees are accounted for on accrual basis in terms of agreements with the party.

Taxes on Income

Provision for taxes is made for both current and deferred taxes. Tax on income for the current period is determined on the basis of taxable income and tax credits computed in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961, and based on the expected outcome of assessments/appeals.

Deferred tax are recognized on timing differences between the accounting income and the taxable income for the year which are capable of reversal in subsequent periods, and quantified using the tax rates and laws enacted or subsequently enacted as on the Balance Sheet date.

Deferred tax assets are recognized and carried forward to the extent that there is a reasonable/virtual certainty, as required in terms of Accounting Standard ''AS-22'' on Accounting for Taxes on Income, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax assets can be realized.

Provisions

Provisions are recognized for liabilities that can be measured only by using a substantial degree of estimation, if the Company has a present obligation as a result of a past event, or a probable outflow of resources is expected to settle the obligation, and the amount of the obligation can be reliably estimated.


Mar 31, 2012

Basis of Accounting

The Company maintains its accounts following the historical cost convention except for the revaluation of certain fixed assets. All expenses and income to the extent known considered payable and receivable respectively unless stated otherwise have been accounted for on mercantile basis.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements require management to make estimates and assumption that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent liabilities and assets as at the balance sheet date and the reported amounts of income and expenses during the year.

Contingencies are recorded when it is probable that a liability will be incurred and the amounts can reasonably be estimated. Difference between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the year the results are known/ materialised.

Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction or at revalued amounts wherever such assets have been revalued. Cost includes cost of refurbishment, borrowing cost and other expenses incurred in bringing the assets to the conditions of intended use.

Depreciation

a) Depreciation on assets carried at historical costs is provided on straight-line method at the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

b) Depreciation in case of revalued amounts of fixed assets are provided on straight-line method on the values given by the valuers on the basis of remaining useful life as estimated by the valuers and the differential amount with respect to the depreciation computed as per (a) above is transferred from Revaluation Reserve to Profit & Loss Account.

c) Classification of plant and machinery into Continuous Process Plant is done by the Management based on technical certificates and reports.

Capital Work in Progress

Capital Work in Progress includes capital advances and expenses incurred during the refurbishment of the plants & Trial Runs expenses pending allocation till the Commercial use of the respective assets.

Impairment of Assets

The carrying amounts of the company's assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date. An impairment loss is recognized, wherever the carrying amount of an asset is in excess of its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is greater of net selling price of the asset or its value in use.

Reversal of impairment losses recognized in prior years is recorded when there has been change in the recoverable amount and such loss no longer exists or has decreased.

Impairment loss/reversal thereof is recognized as an expense/ income in the statement of profit and loss and adjusted to the carrying amount of the asset once all the departments/ sections becomes operational over a period. Company is refurbishing its various sections of manufacturing and is of the view that they will have carrying cost in excess of its recoverable amount.

Inventories

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost and estimated net realisable value. Cost is determined on the basis of first in first out, except engineering stores, cost for which is computed on the basis of weighted average. Work-in-progress represents materials cost, direct labour and appropriate portion of factory overheads. Adequate provision is made for defective, slow moving and obsolete items of inventories. Custom Duty on Bonded materials is accounted for as and when the materials are cleared. Finished Goods are valued at lower of Cost or net realizable value.

Investments

Investments are stated at cost. Diminution in value is made in case it is not being temporary in nature.

Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions in foreign currencies are accounted for at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of transaction. Foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities at the year end are translated using the exchange rate prevailing at the year- end. The loss or gain thereon and also on the exchange differences on settlement of the foreign currency transactions during the year are recognized as income or expenses and are adjusted to the profit and loss account for the year.

Retirement and other benefits to the Employees

The total cost of the Company's contributions to Provident and Pension/ Gratuity Funds are charged against revenue on accrual basis. As per Company's Policy, accrued leave is not encashable at the time of retirement or otherwise. Liability against retirement gratuity is provided as per actuarial valuation done in line with AS 15.

Research and Development

Research and Development expenditure other than those relating to Fixed Assets are charged against revenue as and when incurred.

Borrowing cost

Borrowing cost incurred in relation to the acquisition, construction, refurbishment of qualifying assets and trial run period are capitalized/ allocated as the part of the cost of such assets up to the date when such assets are put to use. Other borrowing costs are charged as an expense in the year in which these are incurred.

Revenue Recognition

Sales are net of excise duty and returns up to the Balance Sheet date and accounted for on passing of property of goods irrespective of actual dispatches. Returns / cancellations against sales are recognised as and when ascertained and are netted from the amount of sales of respective year. Rebates, discounts, commissions and claims including insurance claims are accounted for to the extent these are due and/or reasonably ascertainable.

Income from Brand Royalty and fees are accounted for on accrual basis in terms of agreements with the party.

Taxes on Income

Provision for taxes is made for both current and deferred taxes. Tax on income for the current period is determined on the basis of taxable income and tax credits computed in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961, and based on the expected outcome of assessments/appeals. Deferred tax are recognized on timing differences between the accounting income and the taxable income for the year which are capable of reversal in subsequent periods, and quantified using the tax rates and laws enacted or subsequently enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized and carried forward to the extent that there is a reasonable/virtual certainty,- as required in terms of Accounting Standard 'AS-22' on Accounting for Taxes on Income, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax assets can be realized.

Provisions

Provisions are recognized for liabilities that can be measured only by using a substantial degree of estimation, if the Company has a present obligations a result of a past event, or a probable outflow of resources is expected to settle the obligation, and the amount of the obligation can be reliably estimated.


Mar 31, 2011

Basis of Accounting

The Company maintains its accounts following the historical cost convention except for the revaluation of certain fixed assets. All expenses and income to the extent known considered payable and receivable respectively unless stated otherwise have been accounted for on mercantile basis.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements require mana- gement to make estimates and assumption that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent liabilities and assets as at the balance sheet date and the reported amounts of income and expenses during the year.

Contingencies are recorded when it is probable that a liability will be incurred and the amounts can reasonably be estimated. Difference between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the year the results are known/ materialised.

Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition or cons- truction or at revalued amounts wherever such assets have been revalued. Cost includes cost of refurbishment, borrowing cost and other expenses incurred in bringing the assets to the conditions of intended use.

Depreciation

a) Depreciation on assets carried at historical costs is provided on straight-line method at the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

b) Depreciation in case of revalued amounts of fixed assets are provided on straight-line method on the values given by the valuers on the basis of remaining useful life as estimated by the valuers and the differential amount with respect to the depreciation computed as per (a) above is transferred from Revaluation Reserve to Profit & Loss Account.

c) Classification of plant and machinery into Continuous Process Plant is done by the Management based on technical certificates and reports.

Capital Work in Progress

Capital Work in Progress includes capita! advances and expenses incurred during the refurbishment of the plants & Trial Runs expenses pending allocation till the Commercial use of the respective assets.

Impairment of Assets

The carrying amounts of the company's assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date. An impairment loss is recognized, wherever the carrying amount of an asset is in excess of its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is greater of net selling price of the asset or its value in use.

Reversal of impairment losses recognized in prior years is recorded when there has been change in the recoverable amount and such loss no longer exists or has decreased.

Impairment loss/reversal thereof is recognized as an expense/ income in the statement of profit and loss and adjusted to the carrying amount of the asset once all the departments/sections becomes operational over a period. Company is refurbishing its various sections of manufacturing and is of the view that they will have carrying cost in excess of its recoverable amount.

Inventories

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost and estimated net realisable value. Cost is determined on the basis of first in first out, except engineering stores, cost for which is computed on the basis of weighted average. Work-in-progress represents materials cost, direct labour and appropriate portion of factory overheads. Adequate provision is made for defective, slow moving and obsolete items of inventories. Custom Duty on Bonded materials is accounted for as and when the materials are cleared. Finished Goods are valued at lower of Cost or net realizable value.

Investments

Investments are stated at cost. Diminution in value is made in case it is not being temporary in nature.

Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions in foreign currencies are accounted for at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of transaction. Foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities at the year end are translated using the exchange rate prevailing at the year-end. The loss or gain thereon and also on the exchange differences on settlement of the foreign currency transactions during the year are recognized as income or expenses and are adjusted to the profit and loss account for the year.

Retirement and other benefits to the Employees

The total cost of the Company's contributions to Provident and Pension/Gratuity Funds are charged against revenue on accrual basis. As per Company's Policy, accrued leave is not encashable at the time of retirement or otherwise. Liability against retirement gratuity is provided as per actuarial valuation done in line with AS 15.

Research and Development

Research and Development expenditure other than those relating to Fixed Assets are charged against revenue as and when incurred.

Borrowing cost.

Borrowing cost incurred in relation to the acquisition, construction, refurbishment of qualifying assets and trial run period are capitalized/allocated as the part of the cost of such assets up to the date when such assets are put to use. Other borrowing costs are charged as an expense in the year in which these are incurred.

Revenue Recognition

Sales are net of excise duty and returns up to the Balance Sheet date and accounted for on passing of property of goods irrespective of actual dispatches. Returns/cancellations against sales are recognised as and when ascertained and are netted from the amount of sales of respective year.

Rebates, discounts, commissions and claims including insurance claims are accounted for to the extent these are due and/or reasonably ascertainable.

Income from Brand Royalty and fees are accounted for on accrual basis in terms of agreements with the party.

Taxes on Income

Provision for taxes is made for both current and deferred taxes. Tax on income for the current period is determined on the basis of taxable income and tax credits computed in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961, and based on the expected outcome of assessments/appeals.

Deferred tax are recognized on timing differences between the accounting income and the taxable income for the year which are capable of reversal in subsequent periods, and quantified using the tax rates and laws enacted or subsequently enacted as on the Balance Sheet date.

Deferred tax assets are recognized and carried forward to the extent that there is a reasonable/virtual certainty, as required in terms of Accounting Standard 'AS-22' on Accounting for Taxes on Income, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

Provisions

Provisions are recognized for liabilities that can be measured only by using a substantial degree of estimation, if the Company has a present obligation as a result of a past event, or a probable outflow of resources is expected to settle the obligation, and the amount of the obligation can be reliably estimated.


Mar 31, 2010

Basis of Accounting

The Company maintains its accounts following the historical cost convention except for the revaluation of certain fixed assets. All expenses and income to the extent known considered payable and receivable respectively unless stated otherwise have been accounted for on mercantile basis.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements require management to make estimates and assumption that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent liabilities and assets as at the balance sheet date and the reported amounts of income and expenses during the year.

Contingencies are recorded when it is probable that a liability will be incurred and the amounts can reasonably be estimated. Difference between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the year the results are known/ materialised.

Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction or at revalued amounts wherever such assets have been revalued. Cost includes cost of refurbishment, borrowing cost and other expenses incurred in bringing the assets to the conditions of intended use.

Depreciation

a) Depreciation on assets carried at historical costs is provided on straight-line method at the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

b) Depreciation in case of revalued amounts of fixed assets are provided on straight-line method on the values given by the valuers on the basis of remaining useful life as estimated by the valuers and the differential amount with respect to the depreciation computed as per (a) above is transferred from Revaluation Reserve to Profit & Loss Account.

c) Classification of plant and machinery into Continuous Process Plant is done by the Management based on technical certificates and reports.

Capital Work in Progress

Capital Work in Progress includes capital advances and expenses incurred during the refurbishment of the plants & Trial Runs expenses pending allocation till the Commercial use of the respective assets.

Impairment of Assets

The carrying amounts of the companys assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date. An impairment loss is recognized, wherever the carrying amount of an asset is in excess of its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is greater of net selling price of the asset or its value in use.

Reversal of impairment losses recognized in prior years is recorded when there has been change in the recoverable amount and such loss no longer exists or has decreased.

Impairment loss/reversal thereof will recognized as an expense/income in the statement of profit and loss and adjusted to the carrying amount of the asset once all the departments/sections becomes operational over a period. Company is refurbishing its various sections of manufacturing and is of the view that they will have carrying cost in excess of its recoverable amount.

Inventories

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost and estimated net realisable value. Cost is determined on the basis of first in first out, except engineering stores, cost for which is computed on the basis of weighted average. Work-in-progress represents materials Cost, direct labour and appropriate portion of factory overheads. Adequate provision is made for defective, slow moving and obsolete items of inventories. Custom Duty on Bonded materials is accounted for as and when the materials are cleared. Finished Goods are valued at lower of Cost or net realizable value.

Investments

Investments are stated at cost. Diminution in value is made in case it is not being temporary in nature .

Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions in foreign currencies are accounted for at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of transaction. Foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities at the year end are translated using the exchange rate prevailing at the year-end. The loss or gain thereon and also on the exchange differences on settlement of the foreign currency transactions during the year are recognized as income or expenses and are adjusted to the profit and loss account for the year.

Retirement and other benefits to the Employees

The total cost of the Companys contributions to Provident and Pension/ Gratuity Funds are charged against revenue on accrual basis. As per Companys Policy, accrued leave is not encashable at the time of retirement or otherwise. Liability against retirement gratuity is provided as per actuarial valuation done in line with AS 15.

Research and Development

Research and Development expenditure other than those relating to Fixed Assets are charged against revenue as and when incurred.

Borrowing cost

Borrowing cost incurred in relation to the acquisition, construction, refurbishment of qualifying assets and trial run period are capitalized/ allocated as the part of the cost of such assets up to the date when such assets are put to use. Other borrowing costs are charged as an expense in the year in which these are incurred.

Revenue Recognition

Sales are net of excise duty and returns up to the Balance Sheet date are accounted for on passing of property of goods irrespective of actual dispatches. Returns / cancellations against sales are recognised as and when ascertained and are netted from the amount of sales of respective year. Rebates, discounts, commissions and claims including insurance claims are accounted for to the extent these are due and/or reasonably ascertainable.

Income from Brand Royalty and fees are accounted for on accrual basis in terms of agreements with the party.

Taxes on Income

Provision for taxes is made for both current and deferred taxes. Tax on income for the current period is determined on the basis of taxable income and tax credits computed in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961, and based on the expected outcome of assessments/appeals.

Deferred tax are recognized on timing differences between the accounting income and the taxable income for the year which are capable of reversal in subsequent periods, and quantified using the tax rates and laws enacted or subsequently enacted as on the Balance Sheet date.

Deferred tax assets are recognized and carried forward to the extent that there is a reasonable/virtual certainty, as required in terms of Accounting Standard AS-22 on Accounting for Taxes on Income, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

Provisions

Provisions are recognized for liabilities that can be measured only by using a substantial degree of estimation, if the Company has a present obligation as a result of a past event, or a probable outflow of resources is expected to settle the obligation, and the amount of the obligation can be reliably estimated.

 
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