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Accounting Policies of Dynamatic Technologies Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2016

1 Company Overview

Dynamatic Technologies Limited ("the Company") was incorporated in 1973 as Dynamatic Hydraulics Limited under provisions of the
Companies Act, 1956 (''the Act''). In 1992, the name of the Company was changed to Dynamatic Technologies Limited. The Company is
in the business of manufacturing automotive components, hydraulics components, aerospace components and wind farm power
generation. The Company is listed in India with National Stock Exchange and Bombay Stock Exchange.

2 Significant Accounting Policies

The accounting policies set out below have been applied consistently to the periods presented in these financial statements.

a) Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis of accounting
and comply with the accounting principles generally accepted in India. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards prescribed
under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 ("Act") read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014, the provision of
the Act (to the extent notified and applicable), other pronouncements of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India
(''ICAI''), and the guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). The financial statements are prepared
in Rupees in lacs unless otherwise stated.

b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in India ("Indian GAAP")
requires Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of
contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision
to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

c) Fixed assets and depreciation

Tangible fixed assets are stated at the cost (or revalued amounts, as the case may be) of acquisition or construction, less
accumulated depreciation. All costs incurred in bringing the assets to its working condition for intended use have been
capitalised.

The cost of an item of tangible fixed asset comprises its purchase price, including import duties and other non-refundable taxes
or levies and any directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Any trade
discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.

Leases under which the Company assumes substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance leases.
Such assets are capitalized at fair value of the asset or present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the
lease, whichever is lower. Lease payments under operating leases are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss
on a straight-line basis over the lease term unless another systematic basis is more representative of the time pattern of the
benefit.

Advances paid towards the acquisition of fixed assets, outstanding at each balance sheet date are shown under capital advances.
The cost of the fixed asset not ready for its intended use on such date, is disclosed under capital work-in progress.

The Company had revalued certain land, building, plant and machineries and electrical installations based on valuations done by
an external expert in the year 1991-92 and in 2010-11. Other than land, additional depreciation due to revaluation is adjusted
out of revaluation reserve. An increase in net book value arising on revaluation of fixed assets is credited directly to
shareholders'' fund under the heading of revaluation reserves and is regarded as not available for distribution. On disposal of a
previously revalued item of fixed asset, the difference between net disposal proceeds and the net book value is charged or
credited to statement of profit and loss except that, to the extent such a loss is related to an increase which was previously
recorded as a credit to revaluation reserve and which has not been subsequently reversed or utilised, it is charged directly to
that account. The amount standing in revaluation reserve following the retirement or disposal of an asset which relates to that
asset is transferred to statement of profit and loss.

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition/ construction of the qualifying asset are capitalized as part of the
cost of that asset. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss in the period in which
they are incurred.

Depreciation on tangible assets is provided on the straight-line method over the useful lives of assets. Depreciation for assets
purchased/ sold during a period is proportionately charged. The Company estimates the useful life as determined as given below:

*Based on technical evaluation, the Management believes that the useful lives as given above best represent the period over which
Management expects to use these assets. Hence, the useful lives for these assets is different from the useful lives as prescribed
under Part C of Schedule II of the Companies Act 2013.

Freehold land is not depreciated. Assets individually costing Rs.5,000 or less are fully depreciated in the year of purchase.

d) Intangibles fixed assets

(i) Acquired intangible assets

Intangible assets that are acquired by the Company are measured initially at cost. After initial recognition, an intangible asset
is carried at its cost less any accumulated amortization and any accumulated impairment loss.

Subsequent expenditure is capitalized only when it increases the future economic benefits from the specific asset to which it
relates.

(ii) Internally generated intangible assets

Expenditure on research activities, undertaken with the prospect of gaining new scientific or technical knowledge and
understanding, is recognized in statement of profit and loss as incurred.

Development activities involve a plan or design for the production of new or substantially improved products or processes.
Development expenditure is capitalized only if development costs can be measured reliably, the product or process is technically
and commercially feasible, future economic benefits are probable, and the Company intends to and has sufficient resources to
complete development and to use the asset. The expenditure capitalized includes the cost of materials, direct labour, overhead
costs that are directly attributable to preparing the asset for its intended use, and directly attributable borrowing costs (in
the same manner as in the case of tangible fixed assets). Other development expenditure is recognized in the statement of profit
and loss as incurred.

Intangible assets are amortized in the statement of profit and loss over their estimated useful lives, from the date that they
are available for use based on the expected pattern of consumption of economic benefits of the asset. Accordingly, at present,
these are being amortized on straight line basis. In accordance with the applicable Accounting Standard, the Company follows a
rebuttable presumption that the useful life of an intangible asset will not exceed ten years from the date when the asset is
available for use. However, if there is persuasive evidence that the useful life of an intangible asset is longer than ten
years, it is amortized over the best estimate of its useful life. Such intangible assets that are not yet available for use are
tested annually for impairment.

Amortization is provided on a pro-rata basis on straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets, not exceeding
ten years as detailed below:

Application software 4 years

Prototype development 10 years

e) Inventories

(i) Inventories are carried at the lower of cost and net realisable value.

(ii) Cost of inventories comprises purchase price and all incidental expenses incurred in bringing the inventory to its present
location and condition. The method of determination of cost is as follows:

- Raw materials and components - on a weighted average basis

- Stores and spares - on a weighted average basis

- Work-in-progress - includes costs of conversion

- Finished goods - includes costs of conversion

- Goods in transit - at purchase cost

(iii) Fixed production overheads are allocated on the basis of normal capacity of production facilities.

(iv) The comparison of cost and net realisable value is made on an item-by-item basis.

(v) The net realisable value of work-in-progress is determined with reference to the net realisable value of related finished
goods. Raw materials and other supplies held for use in production of inventories are not written down below cost except in cases
where material prices have declined, and it is estimated that the cost of the finished products will exceed their net realisable
value.

(vi) The provision for inventory obsolescence is assessed on a quarterly basis and is provided as considered necessary.

f) Employee benefits

(i) Provident fund

A defined contribution plan is a post-employment benefit plan under which an entity pays specified contributions to a separate
entity and has no obligation to pay any further amounts. The Company makes specified monthly contributions towards employee
provident fund to Government administered provident fund scheme which is a defined contribution plan. The Company''s contribution
is recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss during the period in which the employee renders the related
service.

(ii) Compensated absences

The employees of the Company are entitled to compensated absence. The employees can carry-forward a portion of the unutilised
accumulating compensated absence and utilize it in future periods or receive cash compensation at retirement or termination of
employment. The Company records an obligation for compensated absences in the period in which the employee renders the services
that increases this entitlement. The Company measures the expected cost of compensated absence as the additional amount that the
Company expects to pay as a result of the used entitlement that has accumulated at the balance sheetdate. The Company recognizes
accumulated compensated absences based on actuarial valuation. Non- accumulating compensated absences are recognized in the
period in which the absences occur. The Company recognizes actuarial gains and losses immediately in the statement of profit and
loss.

(iii) Gratuity

In accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972, the Company provides for a lump sum payment to eligible employees, at
retirement or termination of employment based on the last drawn salary and years of employment with the Company. The gratuity
fund is managed by the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC). The Company''s obligation in respect of the gratuity plan, which
is a defined benefit plan, is provided for based on actuarial valuation carried out by an independent actuary using the projected
unit credit method. The Company recognizes actuarial gains and losses immediately in the statement of profit and loss.

g) Revenue recognition

Revenue from sale of products(including sale of scrap and raw material) is recognized when the risks and rewards of ownership are
transferred to customers. The amount recognized as sales is exclusive of excise duty, sales tax, trade and quantity discounts.
Revenue from sale of products has been presented both gross and net of excise duty.

Service income including management fees is recognized when an unconditional right to receive such income is established.

Revenue from long-term contracts (contract revenue) is recognized on the percentage of completion method. Percentage of
completion method is applied by calculating the proportion that the actual costs bear to the estimated total costs of the
contract. The estimates of the contract revenue and costs are reviewed periodically by the Management and any effect of change
in estimate is recognized in the period such changes are determined. Liquidated damages/ penalties are provided for wherever
there is a delayed delivery attributable to the Company. Provision for foreseeable losses is made in the year in which such
losses are foreseen.

Unbilled revenues included in other current assets represent cost and earnings in excess of billings as at the balance sheet
date. Unearned revenues included in current liabilities represent billings in excess of earnings as at the balance sheet date.

Lease/sub-lease rental income is recognized when billable in accordance with the terms of the contract with the clients.

Export benefits are recognized in the statement of profit and loss account when the right to receive credit as per the terms of
the entitlement is established in respect of exports made.

Interest on deployment of funds is recognized using the time proportion method, based on the underlying interest rates.

h) Foreign currency transactions and balances

The Company is exposed to currency fluctuations on foreign currency transactions. Transactions in foreign currency are recognized
at the rate of exchange prevailing on the date of the transaction. Exchange difference arising on foreign exchange transactions
settled during the year is recognized in the statement of profit and loss for the year.

All monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are restated at the rates existing at the year end and the
exchange gains / losses arising from the restatement is recognized in the statement of profit and loss, except exchange
differences on long term foreign currency monetary items that are related to acquisition of depreciable assets are adjusted in
the carrying amount of the related fixed assets and exchange differences arising on other long-term foreign currency monetary
items are accumulated in ''Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account'' (FCMITDA), and are amortized over the
balance period of the relevant foreign currency item.

i) Derivative instruments and Hedge accounting

The Company is exposed to foreign currency fluctuations on foreign currency assets, liabilities, firm commitments and highly
probable forecasted transactions denominated in foreign currency. The Company limits the effects of foreign exchange rate
fluctuations by following its risk management policies. In accordance with its risk management policies and procedures, the
Company uses derivative instruments such as foreign currency forward contracts, options and currency swaps to hedge its risks
associated with foreign currency fluctuations. The Company enters into derivative financial instruments, where the counter party
is a bank.

Premium or discount on foreign exchange forward contracts taken to hedge foreign currency risk of an existing asset / liability
is recognised in the statement of profit and loss over the period of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are
recognised in the statement of profit and loss of the reporting period in which the exchange rates change.

The Company has applied the principles of AS 30 ''Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement'', to the extent that the
application of the principles does not conflict with existing accounting standards and other authoritative pronouncements of the
Company Law Board and other regulatory requirements.

The derivatives that qualify for hedge accounting and designated as cash flow hedges are initially measured at fair value and are
re-measured at a subsequent reporting date and the changes in the fair value of the derivatives i.e. gain or loss is recognized
directly in shareholders'' funds under "hedge reserve" to the extent considered effective. Gain or loss upon fair value on
derivative instruments that either do not qualify for hedge accounting or are not designated as cash flow hedges or designated as
cash flow hedges to the extent considered ineffective, are recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

It is the policy of the Company to enter into derivative contracts to hedge interest rate risk related to loan liabilities. The
derivative arrangements are coterminous with the loan agreement and it is the intention of the Company not to foreclose such
arrangements during the tenure of the loan. Accordingly, the Company designates and applies cash flow hedge accounting on such
types of arrangements.

Hedge accounting is discontinued when the hedging instrument expires, sold, terminated, or exercised, or no longer qualifies for
hedge accounting. The cumulative gain or loss on the hedging instrument recognized in shareholder''s funds under "hedge reserve"
is retained until the forecasted transaction occurs subsequent to which the same is adjusted against the related transaction in
statement of profit and loss. If a hedged transaction is no longer expected to occur, the net cumulative gain or loss recognized
in shareholder''s fund is transferred to statement of profit and loss in the same period.

The fair value of derivative instruments is determined based on observable market inputs and estimates including currency spot
and forward rates, yield curves and currency volatility.

j) Warranties

Warranty costs are estimated by the Management on the basis of technical evaluation and past experience. Provision is made for
estimated liability in respect of warranty costs in the period of sale of goods.

k) Investments

Long-term investments are valued at cost less any other-than-temporary diminution in value, determined on the specific
identification basis.

l) Provisions and contingencies

The Company recognizes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of past (or obligating) event that probably
requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a
contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require
an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that the likelihood of outflow of resources
is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

Provisions for onerous contracts, i.e. contracts where the expected unavoidable costs of meeting the obligations under the
contract exceed the economic benefits expected to be received under it, are recognized when it is probable that an outflow of
resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle a present obligation as a result of an obligating event, based
on a reliable estimate of such obligation.

m) Impairment of assets

The Company periodically assesses whether there is any indication that an asset or a group of assets comprising a cash generating
unit may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. For an asset or
group of assets that does not generate largely independent cash inflows, the recoverable amount is determined for the
cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash
generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable
amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance
sheet date, there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is
reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost. An
impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the carrying amount of asset does not exceed the net book value that would
have been determined; if no impairment loss had been recognised.

n) Leases

Assets acquired under leases other than finance leases are classified as operating leases. The total lease rentals (including
scheduled rental increases) in respect of an asset taken on operating lease are charged to the statement of profit and loss on a
straight line basis over the lease term unless another systematic basis is more representative of the time pattern of the
benefit.

o) Income-tax

Income-tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the year determined in accordance with the income-tax law) and
deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for
the year). The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the
tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax asset/ liability as at the
balance sheet date resulting from timing differences between book profit and tax profit are not considered to the extent that
such asset/liability is expected to get reversed in the future years within the tax holiday period. Deferred tax assets are
recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future; however, where there
is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty of
realization of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date and written down or written up to
reflect the amount that is reasonably/ virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realized.

Minimum Alternate Tax (''MAT'') paid in accordance with the laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of tax
credit against future income tax liability, is recognized as an asset in the balance sheet if there is convincing evidence that
the Company will pay normal tax in the near future.

The Company offsets, on a year on year basis, the current tax assets and liabilities where it has a legally enforceable right and
where it intends to settle such assets and liabilities on a net basis.

p) Earnings per share

The basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit attributable to equity shareholders for the year by the
weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The Company did not have any potentially dilutive equity
shares during the year.

q) Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using indirect method, whereby net profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a
non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating,
investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated.

r) Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents in the cash flow statement comprise cash and balances with banks. The Company considers all highly
liquid investments with a remaining maturity at the date of purchase of 3 months or less and that is readily convertible to known
amounts of cash or cash equivalents.


Mar 31, 2015

The accounting policies set out below have been applied consistently to the periods presented in these financial statements.

a) Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis of accounting and comply with the accounting principles generally accepted in India. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards prescribed under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 ("Act") read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014, the provision of the Act (to the extent notified and applicable), other pronouncements of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India ('ICAI'), and the guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). The financial statements are prepared in Rupees in lacs unless otherwise stated.

b) use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP) requires Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

c) Fixed assets and depreciation

Tangible fixed assets are stated at the cost (or revalued amounts, as the case may be) of acquisition or construction, less accumulated depreciation. All costs incurred in bringing the assets to its working condition for intended use have been capitalised.

The cost of an item of tangible fixed asset comprises its purchase price, including import duties and other non-refundable taxes or levies and any directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.

Leases under which the Company assumes substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance leases. Such assets are capitalised at fair value of the asset or present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease, whichever is lower. Lease payments under operating leases are recognised as an expense in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

Advances paid towards the acquisition of fixed assets, outstanding at each balance sheet date are shown under capital advances. The cost of the fixed asset not ready for its intended use on such date, is disclosed under capital work-in progress.

The Company had revalued certain land, building, plant and machineries and electrical installations based on valuations done by an external expert in the year 1991-92 and in 2010-11. Other than land, additional depreciation due to revaluation is adjusted out of revaluation reserve. An increase in net book value arising on revaluation of fixed assets is credited directly to owner's interests under the heading of revaluation reserves and is regarded as not available for distribution. On disposal of a previously revalued item of fixed asset, the difference between net disposal proceeds and the net book value is charged or credited to statement of profit and loss except that, to the extent such a loss is related to an increase which was previously recorded as a credit to revaluation reserve and which has not been subsequently reversed or utilised, it is charged directly to that account. The amount standing in revaluation reserve following the retirement or disposal of an asset which relates to that asset is transferred to statement of profit and loss.

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition/ construction of the qualifying asset are capitalised as part of the cost of that asset. Other borrowing costs are recognised as an expense in the statement of profit and loss in the period in which they are incurred.

Depreciation on tangible assets is provided on the straight-line method over the useful lives of assets estimated by the Company supported. Depreciation for assets purchased/ sold during a period is proportionately charged. The Company estimates the useful life as determined as given below:

Freehold land is not depreciated. Assets individually costing Rs.5,000 or less are fully depreciated in the year of purchase.

d) Intangibles fixed assets

(i) Acquired intangible assets

Intangible assets that are acquired by the Company are measured initially at cost. After initial recognition, an intangible asset is carried at its cost less any accumulated amortisation and any accumulated impairment loss.

Subsequent expenditure is capitalised only when it increases the future economic benefits from the specific asset to which it relates.

(ii) Internally generated intangible assets

Expenditure on research activities, undertaken with the prospect of gaining new scientific or technical knowledge and understanding, is recognised in statement of profit and loss as incurred.

Development activities involve a plan or design for the production of new or substantially improved products or processes. Development expenditure is capitalised only if development costs can be measured reliably, the product or process is technically and commercially feasible, future economic benefits are probable, and the Company intends to and has sufficient resources to complete development and to use the asset.

The expenditure capitalised includes the cost of materials, direct labour, overhead costs that are directly attributable to preparing the asset for its intended use, and directly attributable borrowing costs (in the same manner as in the case of tangible fixed assets). Other development expenditure is recognised in the statement of profit and loss as incurred.

Intangible assets are amortised in the statement of profit and loss over their estimated useful lives, from the date that they are available for use based on the expected pattern of consumption of economic benefits of the asset. Accordingly, at present, these are being amortised on straight line basis. In accordance with the applicable Accounting Standard, the Company follows a rebuttable presumption that the useful life of an intangible asset will not exceed ten years from the date when the asset is available for use. However, if there is persuasive evidence that the useful life of an intangible asset is longer than ten years, it is amortised over the best estimate of its useful life. Such intangible assets that are not yet available for use are tested annually for impairment.

Amortisation is provided on a pro-rata basis on straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets, not exceeding ten years as detailed below:

Application software 4 years

Prototype/ Product development 9 to 10 years

e) Inventories

(i) Inventories are carried at the lower of cost and net realisable value.

(ii) Cost of inventories comprises purchase price and all incidental expenses incurred in bringing the inventory to its present location and condition. The method of determination of cost is as follows:

- Raw materials and components - on a weighted average basis

- Stores and spares - on a weighted average basis

- Work-in-progress - includes costs of conversion

- Finished goods - includes costs of conversion

- Goods in transit - at purchase cost

The Company in the current year has revised its method of valuation of inventories to weighted average as compared to first in first out (FIFO) in the previous year. In the view of the Management, the revised policy would result in a more appropriate presentation of its financial statements. Had the Company followed FIFO method for valuation of inventories, the value of inventories as at 31 March 2015 would have increased from Rs.8,256 lacs to Rs.8,315 lacs and resultant increase in profit before tax from Rs.2,978 lacs to Rs.3,037 lacs.

(iii) Fixed production overheads are allocated on the basis of normal capacity of production facilities.

(iv) The comparison of cost and net realisable value is made on an item-by-item basis.

(v) The net realisable value of work-in-progress is determined with reference to the net realisable value of related finished goods. Raw materials and other supplies held for use in production of inventories are not written down below cost except in cases where material prices have declined, and it is estimated that the cost of the finished products will exceed their net realisable value.

(vi) The provision for inventory obsolescence is assessed on a quarterly basis and is provided as considered necessary.

f) Employee benefits

(i) Provident fund

Employees receive benefits from a provident fund. The employee and employer each make monthly contributions towards employee provident fund to Government administered provident fund scheme which is a defined contribution plan.

(ii) Compensated absences

The employees of the Company are entitled to compensated absence. The employees can carry-forward a portion of the unutilised accumulating compensated absence and utilise it in future periods or receive cash compensation at retirement or termination of employment. The Company records an obligation for compensated absences in the period in which the employee renders the services that increases this entitlement. The Company measures the expected cost of compensated absence as the additional amount that the Company expects to pay as a result of the unused entitlement that has accumulated at the balance sheet date. The Company recognises accumulated compensated absences based on actuarial valuation. Non- accumulating compensated absences are recognised in the period in which the absences occur. The Company recognises actuarial gains and losses immediately in the statement of profit and loss.

(iii) Gratuity

In accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972, the Company provides for a lump sum payment to eligible employees, at retirement or termination of employment based on the last drawn salary and years of employment with the Company. The gratuity fund is managed by the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC). The Company's obligation in respect of the gratuity plan, which is a defined benefit plan, is provided for based on actuarial valuation carried out by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method. The Company recognises actuarial gains and losses immediately in the statement of profit and loss.

g) Revenue recognition

Revenue from sale of products (including sale of scrap and raw material) is recognised when the risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to customers. The amount recognised as sales is exclusive of excise duty, sales tax, trade and quantity discounts. Revenue from sale of products has been presented both gross and net of excise duty.

Service income including management fees is recognised when an unconditional right to receive such income is established.

Revenue from long-term contracts (contract revenue) is recognised on the percentage of completion method. Percentage of completion method is applied by calculating the proportion that the actual costs bear to the estimated total costs of the contract. The estimates of the contract revenue and costs are reviewed periodically by the Management and any effect of change in estimate is recognised in the period such changes are determined. Liquidated damages/ penalties are provided for wherever there is a delayed delivery attributable to the Company. Provision for foreseeable losses is made in the year in which such losses are foreseen.

Unbilled revenues included in other current assets represent cost and earnings in excess of billings as at the balance sheet date. Unearned revenues included in current liabilities represent billings in excess of earnings as at the balance sheet date.

Lease/sub-lease rental income is recognised when billable in accordance with the terms of the contract with the clients.

Export benefits are recognised in the statement of profit and loss account when the right to receive credit as per the terms of the entitlement is established in respect of exports made.

Interest on deployment of funds is recognised using the time proportion method, based on the underlying interest rates.

h) Foreign currency transactions and balances

The Company is exposed to currency fluctuations on foreign currency transactions. Transactions in foreign currency are recognised at the rate of exchange prevailing on the date of the transaction. Exchange difference arising on foreign exchange transactions settled during the year is recognised in the statement of profit and loss for the year.

All monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are restated at the rates existing at the year end and the exchange gains/ losses arising from the restatement is recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

i) Derivative instruments and Hedge accounting

The Company is exposed to foreign currency fluctuations on foreign currency assets, liabilities, firm commitments and highly probable forecasted transactions denominated in foreign currency. The Company limits the effects of foreign exchange rate fluctuations by following its risk management policies. In accordance with its risk management policies and procedures, the Company uses derivative instruments such as foreign currency forward contracts, options and currency swaps to hedge its risks associated with foreign currency fluctuations. The Company enters into derivative financial instruments, where the counterparty is a bank.

Premium or discount on foreign exchange forward contracts taken to hedge foreign currency risk of an existing asset / liability is recognised in the statement of profit and loss over the period of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss of the reporting period in which the exchange rates change.

The Company has applied the principles of AS 30 'Financial Instruments: Recognition and

Measurement', to the extent that the application of the principles does not conflict with existing accounting standards and other authoritative pronouncements of the Company Law Board and other regulatory requirements.

The derivatives that qualify for hedge accounting and designated as cash flow hedges are initially measured at fair value and are re-measured at a subsequent reporting date and the changes in the fair value of the derivatives i.e. gain or loss is recognised directly in shareholders' funds under "hedge reserve" to the extent considered effective. Gain or loss upon fair value on derivative instruments that either do not qualify for hedge accounting or are not designated as cash flow hedges or designated as cash flow hedges to the extent considered ineffective, are recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

It is the policy of the Company to enter into derivative contracts to hedge interest rate risk related to loan liabilities. The derivative arrangements are coterminous with the loan agreement and it is the intention of the Company not to foreclose such arrangements during the tenure of the loan. Accordingly, the Company designates and applies cash flow hedge accounting on such types of arrangements.

Hedge accounting is discontinued when the hedging instrument expires, sold, terminated, or exercised, or no longer qualifies for hedge accounting. The cumulative gain or loss on the hedging instrument recognised in shareholder's funds under "hedge reserve" is retained until the forecasted transaction occurs subsequent to which the same is adjusted against the related transaction in statement of profit and loss. If a hedged transaction is no longer expected to occur, the net cumulative gain or loss recognised in shareholder's fund is transferred to statement of profit and loss in the same period.

The fair value of derivative instruments is determined based on observable market inputs and estimates including currency spot and forward rates, yield curves and currency volatility.

j) Warranties

Warranty costs are estimated by the Management on the basis of technical evaluation and past experience. The Company accrues the estimated cost of warranties at the time when the revenue is recognised.

k) Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. However, that part of long term investments which is expected to be realised within 12 months after the reporting date is also presented under 'current assets' as "current portion of long term investments" in consonance with the current-non-current classification scheme of Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013.

Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value, if any, is made to recognise a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

l) provisions and contingencies

The Company recognises a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of past (or obligating) event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

Provisions for onerous contracts, i.e. contracts where the expected unavoidable costs of meeting the obligations under the contract exceed the economic benefits expected to be received under it, are recognised when it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle a present obligation as a result of an obligating event, based on a reliable estimate of such obligation.

m) Impairment of assets

The Company periodically assesses whether there is any indication that an asset or a group of assets comprising a cash generating unit may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. For an asset or group of assets that does not generate largely independent cash inflows, the recoverable amount is determined for the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date, there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost. An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the carrying amount of asset does not exceed the net book value that would have been determined; if no impairment loss had been recognised.

n) Leases

Assets acquired under leases other than finance leases are classified as operating leases. The total lease rentals (including scheduled rental increases) in respect of an asset taken on operating lease are charged to the statement of profit and loss on a straight line basis over the lease term unless another systematic basis is more representative of the time pattern of the benefit.

o) Income-tax

Income-tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the year determined in accordance with the income-tax law) and deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period). The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax asset/ liability as at the balance sheet date resulting from timing differences between book profit and tax profit are not considered to the extent that such asset/ liability is expected to get reversed in the future years within the tax holiday period. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty of realisation of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonably/ virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realised. Minimum Alternate Tax ('MAT') paid in accordance with the laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of tax credit against future income tax liability, is recognised as an asset in the balance sheet if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal tax in the near future.

The Company offsets, on a year on year basis, the current tax assets and liabilities where it has a legally enforceable right and where it intends to settle such assets and liabilities on a net basis.

p) Earnings per share

The basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit attributable to equity shareholders for the year by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The Company did not have any potentially dilutive equity shares during the year.

q) Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using indirect method, whereby net profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated.

Rights, preferences and restrictions attached to equity shares:

The Company has a single class of equity shares. Accordingly, all equity shares rank equally with regard to dividends and share in the Company's residual assets. The equity shares are entitled to receive dividend as declared from time to time. The voting rights of an equity shareholder on a poll (not on show of hands) are in proportion to its share of the paid-up equity capital of the Company.

In the event of liquidation of the Company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive any of the remaining asset of the Company after distribution of all preferential amounts, if any. The distribution will be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the shareholders.

2. Other Commitment

JKM Erla Automotive Limited (JEAL), a subsidiary of the Company, had issued 2,636,000 0.01% redeemable, non- cumulative redeemable preference shares [NCRPS] of Rs.10 each, with SHL Trading Limited ("Subscriber") on 8 June 2011 at a premium of Rs. 115 per share aggregating Rs.3,300 lacs. These shares were redeemable, in whole or in part after 18 months by subscriber, after giving a notice in writing to JEAL, at a price that ensures to the subscriber an internal rate of return of 18% per annum. Till 31 March 2015, the Company has redeemed 2,278,306 shares and balance 357,694 shares is redeemable as at 31 March 2015. The Company undertakes the liability in case JEAL is unable to redeem the NCRPS or does not pay the Redemption Value when due and payable. There are no other material commitments.


Mar 31, 2013

The accounting policies set out below have been applied consistently to the periods presented in these financial statements.

a) Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements are prepared and presented in accordance with the Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (''GAAP'') under the historical cost convention on accrual basis other than the assets revalued. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards as specified in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, (''the Rules'') and the relevant provisions of the Act to the extent applicable. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company. The financial statements are presented in Indian rupees rounded off to the nearest lacs.

b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP) requires Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

c) Fixed assets and depreciation

Tangible fixed assets are stated at the cost of acquisition or construction, less accumulated depreciation. All costs incurred in bringing the assets to its working condition for intended use have been capitalised.

The cost of an item of tangible fixed asset comprises its purchase price, including import duties and other non-refundable taxes or levies and any directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.

The Company had revalued certain land, building, plant and machineries and electrical installations based on valuations done by an external expert in the year 1991-92 and in 2010-11. Other than land, additional depreciation due to revaluation is adjusted out of revaluation reserve.

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition/ construction of the qualifying asset are capitalized as part of the cost of that asset. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss in the period in which they are incurred.

Exchange differences arising in respect of translation/ settlement of long term foreign currency borrowings attributable to the acquisition of a depreciable asset are also included in the cost of the asset.

Tangible fixed assets under construction are disclosed as capital work-in-progress.

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided using the straight-line method. The rates of depreciation prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Act are considered as minimum rates. If the Management''s estimate of the useful life of a fixed asset at the time of the acquisition of the asset or of the remaining useful life on a subsequent review is shorter than envisaged in the aforesaid schedule, depreciation is provided at a higher rate based on the Management''s estimate of the useful life/ remaining useful life. Pursuant to this policy, depreciation on the following fixed assets has been provided at the following rates (straight line method), which are higher than the corresponding rates prescribed in Schedule XIV:

Freehold land is not depreciated. Assets individually costing Rs.5,000 or less are fully depreciated in the year of purchase.

Depreciation is provided on a pro-rata basis i.e. from the date on which asset is ready for use.

d) Intangibles fixed assets

(i) Acquired intangible assets

Intangible assets that are acquired by the Company are measured initially at cost. After initial recognition, an intangible asset is carried at its cost less any accumulated amortization and any accumulated impairment loss.

Subsequent expenditure is capitalized only when it increases the future economic benefits from the specific asset to which it relates.

(ii) Internally generated intangible assets

Expenditure on research activities, undertaken with the prospect of gaining new scientific or technical knowledge and understanding, is recognized in statement of profit or loss as incurred.

Development activities involve a plan or design for the production of new or substantially improved products or processes. Development expenditure is capitalized only if development costs can be measured reliably, the product or process is technically and commercially feasible, future economic benefits are probable, and the Company intends to and has sufficient resources to complete development and to use the asset. The expenditure capitalized includes the cost of materials, direct labour, overhead costs that are directly attributable to preparing the asset for its intended use, and directly attributable borrowing costs (in the same manner as in the case of tangible fixed assets). Other development expenditure is recognized in the statement of profit or loss as incurred.

Intangible assets are amortized in the statement of profit or loss over their estimated useful lives, from the date that they are available for use based on the expected pattern of consumption of economic benefits of the asset. Accordingly, at present, these are being amortized on straight line basis. In accordance with the applicable Accounting Standard, the Company follows a rebuttable presumption that the useful life of an intangible asset will not exceed ten years from the date when the asset is available for use. However, if there is persuasive evidence that the useful life of an intangible asset is longer than ten years, it is amortized over the best estimate of its useful life. Such intangible assets and intangible assets that are not yet available for use are tested annually for impairment.

Amortization is provided on a pro-rata basis on straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets, not exceeding ten years as detailed below:

Application software 4 years

Prototype/ Product development 8-10 years

e) Inventories

(i) Inventories are carried at the lower of cost and net realisable value.

(ii) Cost of inventories comprises purchase price and all incidental expenses incurred in bringing the inventory to its present location and condition. The method of determination of cost is as follows:

- Raw materials and components – on a first in first out method

- Work-in-progress – includes costs of conversion

- Finished goods – includes costs of conversion

- Goods in transit – at purchase cost

(iii) Fixed production overheads are allocated on the basis of normal capacity of production facilities.

(iv) Inventories are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value. The comparison of cost and net realisable value is made on an item-by-item basis.

(v) The net realisable value of work-in-progress is determined with reference to the net realisable value of related finished goods. Raw materials and other supplies held for use in production of inventories are not written down below cost except in cases where material prices have declined, and it is estimated that the cost of the finished products will exceed their net realisable value.

(vi) The provision for inventory obsolescence is assessed on a quarterly basis and is provided as considered necessary.

f) Employee benefits

Short-term employee benefits

Employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of receiving employee services are classified as short-term employee benefits. These benefits include salaries and wages, bonus and ex-gratia.

The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits to be paid in exchange for employee services is recognized as an expense as the related service is rendered by employees.

Post employment benefits

Defined contribution plans

A defined contribution plan is a post-employment benefit plan under which an entity pays specified contributions to a separate entity and has no obligation to pay any further amounts. The Company makes specified monthly contributions towards employee provident fund to Government administered provident fund scheme which is a defined contribution plan. The Company''s contribution is recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss during the period in which the employee renders the related service.

Defined benefit scheme

Gratuity and compensated absences liability is a defined benefit scheme and is accrued based on an actuarial valuation at the balance sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary. The Company''s gratuity scheme is administered by Life Insurance Corporation of India. Actuarial gain/(losses) are charged to the statement of profit and loss.

g) Revenue recognition

Revenue from sale of products is recognized when the risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to customers, which generally coincides with delivery to the customers. The amount recognized as sales is exclusive of excise duty, sales tax, trade and quantity discounts. Revenue from sale of products has been presented both gross and net of excise duty.

Service income is recognized when an unconditional right to receive such income is established.

Revenue from long-term contracts (contract revenue) is recognized on the percentage of completion method. Percentage of completion method is applied by calculating the proportion that the actual costs bear to the estimated total costs of the contract. The estimates of the contract revenue and costs are reviewed periodically by the Management and any effect of change in estimate is recognized in the period such changes are determined. Liquidated damages/ penalties are provided for wherever there is a delayed delivery attributable to the Company. Provision for foreseeable losses is made in the year in which such losses are foreseen.

Unbilled revenues included in other current assets represent cost and earnings in excess of billings as at the balance sheet date. Unearned revenues included in current liabilities represent billings in excess of earnings as at the balance sheet date.

Interest on deployment of funds is recognized using the time proportion method, based on the underlying interest rates.

h) Foreign currency transactions and balances

The Company is exposed to currency fluctuations on foreign currency transactions. Transactions in foreign currency are recognized at the rate of exchange prevailing on the date of the transaction. Exchange difference arising on foreign exchange transactions settled during the year is recognized in the statement of profit and loss for the year.

All monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are restated at the rates existing at the year end and the exchange gains/ losses arising from the restatement is recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

i) Derivative instruments and Hedge accounting

The Company is exposed to foreign currency fluctuations on foreign currency assets, liabilities, firm commitments and highly probable forecasted transactions denominated in foreign currency. The Company limits the effects of foreign exchange rate fluctuations by following its risk management policies. In accordance with its risk management policies and procedures, the Company uses derivative instruments such as foreign currency forward contracts, options and currency swaps to hedge its risks associated with foreign currency fluctuations. The Company enters into derivative financial instruments, where the counterparty is a bank.

Premium or discount on foreign exchange forward contracts taken to hedge foreign currency risk of an existing asset / liability is recognised in the statement of profit and loss over the period of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss of the reporting period in which the exchange rates change.

The Company has applied the principles of AS 30 '' Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement'', to the extent that the application of the principles does not conflict with existing accounting standards and other authoritative pronouncements of the Company Law Board and other regulatory requirements.

The derivatives that qualify for hedge accounting and designated as cash flow hedges are initially measured at fair value and are re-measured at a subsequent reporting date and the changes in the fair value of the derivatives i.e. gain or loss is recognized directly in shareholders'' funds under "hedge reserve" to the extent considered effective. Gain or loss upon fair value on derivative instruments that either do not qualify for hedge accounting or are not designated as cash flow hedges or designated as cash flow hedges to the extent considered ineffective, are recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

It is the policy of the Company to enter into derivative contracts to hedge the risk of foreign exchange rate fluctuation and interest rate risk related to loan liabilities. The derivative arrangements are coterminous with the loan agreement and it is the intention of the Company not to foreclose such arrangements during the tenure of the loan. Accordingly, the Company designates and applies cash flow hedge accounting on such types of arrangements.

Hedge accounting is discontinued when the hedging instrument expires, sold, terminated, or exercised, or no longer qualifies for hedge accounting. The cumulative gain or loss on the hedging instrument recognized in shareholder''s funds under "hedge reserve" is retained until the forecasted transaction occurs subsequent to which the same is adjusted against the related transaction in statement of profit and loss. If a hedged transaction is no longer expected to occur, the net cumulative gain or loss recognized in shareholder''s fund is transferred to statement of profit and loss in the same period.

The fair value of derivative instruments is determined based on observable market inputs and estimates including currency spot and forward rates, yield curves and currency volatility.

j) Warranties

Warranty costs are estimated by the Management on the basis of technical evaluation and past experience. The Company accrues the estimated cost of warranties at the time when the revenue is recognised.

k) Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. However, that part of long term investments which is expected to be realized within 12 months after the reporting date is also presented under ''current assets'' as "current portion of long term investments" in consonance with the current–non-current classification scheme of revised Schedule VI.

Current investments (including current portion thereof) are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long- term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value, if any, is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

l) Provisions and contingencies

The Company recognizes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of past (or obligating) event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

Provisions for onerous contracts, i.e. contracts where the expected unavoidable costs of meeting the obligations under the contract exceed the economic benefits expected to be received under it, are recognized when it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle a present obligation as a result of an obligating event, based on a reliable estimate of such obligation.

m) Impairment of assets

The Company periodically assesses whether there is any indication that an asset or a group of assets comprising a cash generating unit may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. For an asset or group of assets that does not generate largely independent cash inflows, the recoverable amount is determined for the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date, there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost. An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the carrying amount of asset does not exceed the net book value that would have been determined; if no impairment loss had been recognised.

n) Leases

Leases under which the Company assumes substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance leases. Such assets acquired on or after 1 April 2001 are capitalised at fair value of the asset or present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease, whichever is lower.

For operating leases, lease payments (excluding cost for services, such as maintenance) are recognised as an expense in the statement of profit and loss on a straight line basis over the lease term. The lease term is the non- cancellable period for which the lessee has agreed to take on lease the asset together with any further periods for which the lessee has the option to continue the lease of the asset, with or without further payment, which option at the inception of the lease it is reasonably certain that the lessee will exercise.

o) Income-tax

Income-tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the year determined in accordance with the income-tax law) and deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period). The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax asset/ liability as at the balance sheet date resulting from timing differences between book profit and tax profit are not considered to the extent that such asset/ liability is expected to get reversed in the future years within the tax holiday period. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty of realization of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonably/ virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realized. Minimum Alternate Tax (''MAT'') paid in accordance with the laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of tax credit against future income tax liability, is recognized as an asset in the balance sheet if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal tax in the near future.

The Company offsets, on a year on year basis, the current tax assets and liabilities where it has a legally enforceable right and where it intends to settle such assets and liabilities on a net basis.

p) Earnings per share

The basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit attributable to equity shareholders for the year by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The Company did not have any potentially dilutive equity shares during the year.

q) Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using indirect method, whereby net profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated.


Mar 31, 2012

The accounting policies set out below have been applied consistently to the periods presented in these financial statements.

a) Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements are prepared and presented in accordance with the Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ('GAAP') under the historical cost convention on accrual basis other than the assets revalued. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards as specified in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, ('the Rules') and the relevant provisions of the Act to the extent applicable. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company. The financial statements are presented in Indian rupees rounded off to the nearest lacs.

This is the first year of application of the revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956 for the preparation of the financial statements of the company. The revised Schedule VI introduces some significant conceptual changes as well as new disclosures. These include classification of all assets and liabilities into current and non-current. The previous year figures have also undergone a major reclassification to comply with the requirements of the revised Schedule VI.

b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP) requires Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

c) Fixed assets and depreciation

Tangible fixed assets are stated at the cost of acquisition or construction, less accumulated depreciation. All costs incurred in bringing the assets to its working condition for intended use have been capitalised.

The cost of an item of tangible fixed asset comprises

its purchase price, including import duties and other non-refundable taxes or levies and any directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use; any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.

The Company had revalued certain land, building, plant and machineries and electrical installations based on valuations done by an external expert in the year 1991-92 and in 2010-11. Other than land, additional depreciation due to revaluation is adjusted out of revaluation reserve.

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition/ construction of the qualifying asset are capitalized as part of the cost of that asset. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

Exchange differences arising in respect of translation/ settlement of long term foreign currency borrowings attributable to the acquisition of a depreciable asset are also included in the cost of the asset.

Tangible fixed assets under construction are disclosed as capital work-in-progress

Leases under which the Company assumes substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance leases. Assets taken on finance lease are initially capitalized at fair value of the asset or present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease, whichever is lower. Lease payments are apportioned between the finance charge and the reduction of the outstanding liability. The finance charge is allocated to periods during the lease term so as to produce a constant periodic rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability for each period.

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided using the straight-line method. The rates of depreciation prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Act are considered as minimum rates. If the Management's estimate of the useful life of a fixed asset at the time of the acquisition of the asset or of the remaining useful life on a subsequent review is shorter than envisaged in the aforesaid schedule, depreciation is provided at a higher rate based on the Management's estimate of the useful life/remaining useful life. Pursuant to this policy, depreciation on the following fixed assets has been provided at the following rates (straight line method), which are higher than the corresponding rates prescribed in Schedule XIV:

Freehold land is not depreciated. Assets individually costing Rs.5,000 or less are fully depreciated in the year of purchase. Depreciation is provided on a pro-rata basis i.e. from the date on which asset is ready for use.

d) Intangibles fixed assets

(i) Acquired intangible assets

Intangible assets that are acquired by the Company are measured initially at cost. After initial recognition, an intangible asset is carried at its cost less any accumulated amortization and any accumulated impairment loss.

Subsequent expenditure is capitalized only when it increases the future economic benefits from the specific asset to which it relates.

(ii) Internally generated intangible assets

Expenditure on research activities, undertaken with the prospect of gaining new scientific or technical knowledge and understanding, is recognized in profit or loss as incurred.

Development activities involve a plan or design for the production of new or substantially improved products or processes. Development expenditure is capitalized only if development costs can be measured reliably, the product or process is technically and commercially feasible, future economic benefits are probable, and the Company intends to and has sufficient resources to complete development and to use the asset. The expenditure capitalized includes the cost of materials, direct labour, overhead costs that are directly attributable to preparing the asset for its intended use, and directly attributable borrowing costs (in the same manner as in the case of tangible fixed assets). Other development expenditure is recognized in profit or loss as incurred.

Intangible assets are amortized in profit or loss over their estimated useful lives, from the date that they are available for use based on the expected pattern of consumption of economic benefits of the asset. Accordingly, at present, these are being amortized on straight line basis. In accordance with the applicable Accounting Standard, the Company follows a rebuttable presumption that the useful life of an intangible asset will not exceed ten years from the date when the asset is available for use. However, if there is persuasive evidence that the useful life of an intangible asset is longer than ten years, it is amortized over the best estimate of its useful life. Such intangible assets and intangible assets that are not yet available for use are tested annually for impairment.

Amortization is provided on a pro-rata basis on straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets, not exceeding ten years as detailed below:

Application software 4 years

Prototype/ Product development 8-10 years

e) Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value. Consumable stores and spares used for maintenance are debited to the statement of profit and loss upon issuance.

The cost determined on first-in-first-out (FIFO) basis, comprises costs of purchase, costs of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

The comparison of cost and net realisable value is made on an item-by-item basis.

Raw materials and other supplies held for use in production of inventories are not written down below cost except where material prices have declined and it is estimated that the cost of finished products will exceed their net realisable value.

Provision for inventory obsolescence is provided as considered necessary.

f) Employee benefits

Short-term employee benefits

Employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of receiving employee services are classified as short-term employee benefits. These benefits include salaries and wages, bonus and ex-gratia. The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits to be paid in exchange for employee services is recognized as an expense as the related service is rendered by employees.

Post employment benefits

Defined contribution plans

A defined contribution plan is a post-employment benefit plan under which an entity pays specified contributions to a separate entity and has no obligation to pay any further amounts. The Company makes specified monthly contributions towards employee provident fund to Government administered provident fund scheme which is a defined contribution plan. The Company's contribution is recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss during the period in which the employee renders the related service.

Defined benefit scheme

Gratuity and compensated absences liability is a defined benefit scheme and is accrued based on an actuarial valuation at the balance sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary. The Company's gratuity scheme is administered by Life Insurance Corporation of India. Actuarial gain/(losses) are charged to the statement of profit and loss.

g) Revenue recognition

Revenue from sale of products is recognized when the risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to customers, which generally coincides with delivery to the customers. The amount recognized as sales is exclusive of excise duty, sales tax, trade and quantity discounts. Revenue from sale of products has been presented both gross and net of excise duty.

Service income is recognized when an unconditional right to receive such income is established.

Revenue from project execution services is recognized on rendering of services in accordance with the terms of the arrangement with customers using proportionate completion method (cost to cost method).

Unbilled revenues included in other current assets represent cost and earnings in excess of billings as at the balance sheet date. Unearned revenues included in current liabilities represent billings in excess of earnings as at the balance sheet date.

Interest on deployment of funds is recognized using the time proportion method, based on the underlying interest rates.

h) Foreign currency transactions and balances

The Company is exposed to currency fluctuations on foreign currency transactions. Transactions in foreign currency are recognized at the rate of exchange prevailing on the date of the transaction. Exchange difference arising on foreign exchange transactions settled during the year is recognized in the statement of profit and loss for the year.

All monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are restated at the rates existing at the year end and the exchange gains/losses arising from the restatement is recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

i) Derivative instruments and Hedge accounting

The Company is exposed to foreign currency fluctuations on foreign currency assets, liabilities, firm commitments and highly probable forecasted transactions denominated in foreign currency. The Company limits the effects of foreign exchange rate fluctuations by following its risk management policies. In accordance with its risk management policies and procedures, the Company uses derivative instruments such as foreign currency forward contracts, options and currency swaps to hedge its risks associated with foreign currency fluctuations. The Company enters into derivative financial instruments, where the counterparty is a bank.

The Company has applied the principles of AS 30 'Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement', to the extent that the application of the principles does not conflict with existing accounting standards and other authoritative pronouncements of the Company Law Board and other regulatory requirements.

The derivatives that qualify for hedge accounting and designated as cash flow hedges are initially measured at fair value and are re-measured at a subsequent reporting date and the changes in the fair value of the derivatives i.e. gain or loss is recognized directly in shareholders' funds under "hedge reserve" to the extent considered effective. Gain or loss upon fair value on derivative instruments that either do not qualify for hedge accounting or are not designated as cash flow hedges or designated as cash flow hedges to the extent considered ineffective, are recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

It is the policy of the Company to enter into derivative contracts to hedge the risk of foreign exchange rate fluctuation and interest rate risks related to the loan liabilities. The derivative arrangements are co-terminus with the loan agreement and it is the intention of the Company not to foreclose such arrangements during the tenure of the loan. Accordingly the Company designates and applies cash flow hedge accounting on such types of arrangements.

Hedge accounting is discontinued when the hedging instrument expires, sold, terminated, or exercised, or no longer qualifies for hedge accounting. The cumulative gain or loss on the hedging instrument recognized in shareholder's funds under "hedge reserve" is retained until the forecasted transaction occurs subsequent to which the same is adjusted against the related transaction in statement of profit and loss. If a hedged transaction is no longer expected to occur, the net cumulative gain or loss recognized in shareholder's fund is transferred to statement of profit and loss in the same period.

The fair value of derivative instruments is determined based on observable market inputs and estimates including currency spot and forward rates, yield curves and currency volatility.

j) Warranties

Warranty costs are estimated by the Management on the basis of technical evaluation and past experience. The Company accrues the estimated cost of warranties at the time when the revenue is recognised.

k) Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. However, that part of long term investments which is expected to be realized within 12 months after the reporting date is also presented under 'current assets' as "current portion of long term investments" in consonance with the current-non-current classification scheme of revised Schedule VI.

Current investments (including current portion thereof) are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long- term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value, if any, is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

l) Provisions and contingencies

The Company recognizes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of past (or obligating) event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

Provisions for onerous contracts, i.e. contracts where the expected unavoidable costs of meeting the obligations under the contract exceed the economic benefits expected to be received under it, are recognized when it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle a present obligation as a result of an obligating event, based on a reliable estimate of such obligation.

m) Impairment of assets

The Company periodically assesses whether there is any indication that an asset or a group of assets comprising a cash generating unit may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. For an asset or group of assets that does not generate largely independent cash inflows, the recoverable amount is determined for the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date, there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost. An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the carrying amount of asset does not exceed the net book value that would have been determined; if no impairment loss had been recognised.

n) Leases

Leases under which the Company assumes substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance leases. Such assets acquired on or after 1 April 2001 are capitalised at fair value of the asset or present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease, whichever is lower.

For operating leases, lease payments (excluding cost for services, such as maintenance) are recognised as an expense in the statement of profit and loss on a straight line basis over the lease term. The lease term is the non- cancellable period for which the lessee has agreed to take on lease the asset together with any further periods for which the lessee has the option to continue the lease of the asset, with or without further payment, which option at the inception of the lease it is reasonably certain that the lessee will exercise.

o) Income-tax

Income-tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the year determined in accordance with the income-tax law) and deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period). The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax asset/liability as at the balance sheet date resulting from timing differences between book profit and tax profit are not considered to the extent that such asset/liability is expected to get reversed in the future years within the tax holiday period. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty of realization of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonably/ virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realized. Minimum Alternate Tax ('MAT') paid in accordance with the laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of tax credit against future income tax liability, is recognized as an asset in the balance sheet if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal tax in the near future.

The Company offsets, on a year on year basis, the current tax assets and liabilities where it has a legally enforceable right and where it intends to settle such assets and liabilities on a net basis.

p) Earnings per share

The basic earnings/ (loss) per share is computed by dividing the net profit/ (loss) attributable to equity shareholders for the year by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The Company did not have any potentially dilutive equity shares during the year.

q) Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using indirect method, whereby net profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from regular revenue generating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated.


Mar 31, 2011

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared and presented in accordance with the Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”) under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis, other than assets revalued. GAAP comprises of accounting standards notified by the Central Government of India under Section 211 (3C) of the Companies Act, 1956, other pronouncements of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (“the Act”) and guidelines issued by Securities and Exchange Board of India to the extent applicable. The Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in Indian Rupee thousands.

b. Principles of consolidation

The Consolidated Financial Statements include the financial statements of Dynamatic Technologies Limited (“Parent Company”) and its subsidiaries (collectively referred to as 'the Dynamatic Group').

Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared on the following basis:

The financial statements have been combined on a line-by-line basis by adding together the book values of like items of assets, liabilities, income and expenses after eliminating intra-group balances / transactions and resulting unrealized profits in full. The amounts shown in respect of reserves comprise the amount of the relevant reserves as per the balance sheet of the Parent Company and its share in the post-acquisition increase/decrease in the reserves of the consolidated entities.

The excess/deficit of cost to the Parent Company of its investment over its portion of net worth in the consolidated entities at the respective dates on which investment in such entities was made is recognized in the consolidated financial statements as goodwill/capital reserve.

The Consolidated Financial Statements are presented, to the extent possible, in the same format as that adopted by the Parent Company for its separate financial statements.

The Consolidated Financial Statements are prepared using uniform accounting policies for like transactions and other events in similar circumstances.

c. Use of estimates

The preparation of Consolidated Financial Statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses, during the reporting year. Examples of such estimates include estimates of provision for warranty, provision for doubtful debts and the useful life of fixed assets. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

d. Fixed assets and depreciation

Fixed assets are stated at the cost of acquisition or construction, less accumulated depreciation. All costs incurred in bringing the assets to its working condition for intended use have been capitalised.

Advances paid towards the acquisition of fixed assets and the cost of assets not put to use as at the balance sheet date are disclosed under capital work-in-progress.

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided using the straight-line method. The rates of depreciation prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Act are considered as minimum rates. If the management's estimate of the useful life of a fixed asset at the time of the acquisition of the asset or of the remaining useful life on a subsequent review is shorter than envisaged in the aforesaid schedule, depreciation is provided at a higher rate based on the management's estimate of the useful life/remaining useful life. Pursuant to this policy, depreciation on the following fixed assets has been provided at the following rates (straight line method), which are higher than the corresponding rates prescribed in Schedule XIV:

Pro-rata depreciation is provided from the date of purchase/ disposal on assets purchased or sold during the year. Assets individually costing Rs.5,000 or less are fully depreciated in the year of purchase.

Certain Land, Building, Plant and Machineries and Electrical Installations are stated at revalued amount based on valuations done by an external expert in the year 1991- 92 and 2010-11. Other than land, additional depreciation due to revaluation is adjusted out of revaluation reserve.

e. Intangibles and amortization

Research costs are expensed as incurred. Development expenditure incurred on an individual project is carried forward when its future recoverability can reasonably be regarded as assured.

Subsequent expenditure incurred on a recognized intangible asset is added to the cost of intangible asset when it is probable that the expenditure will enable the asset to generate future economic benefits in excess of its originally assessed standard of performance; and the expenditure can be measured and attributed to the asset reliably.

Amortization is provided on a pro-rata basis on straight- line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets, not exceeding ten years as detailed below:

Application software 4 years

Prototype/ Product development 8-10 years

The carrying value of development costs is reviewed for impairment annually when the asset is not in use or otherwise when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable.

Goodwill arising on consolidation is not amortized. It is tested for impairment at each balance sheet date.

f. Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value. Consumable stores and spares used for maintenance are debited to the profit and loss account upon issuance.

The cost determined on First-In-First-Out (FIFO) basis, comprises costs of purchase, costs of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

The comparison of cost and net realizable value is made on an item-by-item basis.

Raw materials and other supplies held for use in production of inventories are not written down below cost except where material prices have declined, and it is estimated that the cost of finished products will exceed their net realizable value.

Provision for inventory obsolescence is provided as considered necessary.

g. Employee benefits

Gratuity liability is a defined benefit scheme and is accrued based on an actuarial valuation at the balance sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary. The Parent Company's gratuity scheme for Indian entities is administered by Life Insurance Corporation of India. Actuarial gain/losses are charged to the Profit and Loss account.

Compensated absence is a long term employee benefit and is accrued based on an actuarial valuation at the balance sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary.

Contributions to Provident Fund/Scottish equitable and standard life, which are defined contribution schemes are provided at pre-determined rates to the appropriate authorities.

h. Revenue recognition

Revenue from sale of products is recognized when the risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to customers, which generally coincides with delivery to the customers. The amount recognized as sales is exclusive of excise duty, sales tax, trade and quantity discounts. Revenue from sale of products has been presented both gross and net of excise duty.

Service income is recognized when an unconditional right to receive such income is established.

Revenue from project execution services are recognized on rendering of services in accordance with the terms of the arrangement with customers using proportionate completion method.

Unbilled revenues included in other current assets represent cost and earnings in excess of billings as at the balance sheet date. Unearned revenues included in current liabilities represent billings in excess of earnings as at the balance sheet date.

Interest on deployment of funds is recognized using the time proportion method, based on the underlying interest rates.

i. Foreign currency transactions and balances

The reporting currency of the Parent Company is Indian Rupee. However, the local currencies of the non-integral subsidiaries are different from the reporting currency of the Parent Company.

Transactions in foreign currency are recognized at the rate of exchange prevailing on the date of the transaction.

All monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are restated at the rates ruling at the year end and the exchange gains/losses arising there from are adjusted to the consolidated profit and loss account, except in case of exchange differences relating to long- term monetary items which are dealt with in the following manner:

In so far as they relate to the acquisition of a depreciable capital asset are added to/deducted from the cost of the asset and depreciated over the balance life of the asset.

Integral and non-integral operations

The financial statements of the foreign non-integral subsidiaries are translated into Indian Rupees as follows:- - All assets and liabilities, both monetary and non- monetary (excluding share capital, opening reserves and surplus) are translated using the year-end rates.

- Share capital and opening reserves and surplus are carried at historical cost.

- Profit and Loss items are translated at the respective monthly average rates.

- The resulting net exchange difference is credited or debited to the foreign currency translation reserve.

- Contingent liabilities are translated at the closing rate.

Exchange differences which have been deferred in foreign currency translation reserve are not recognised as income or expenses until the disposal of that entity.

j. Derivatives

In accordance with its risk management policies and procedures, the Parent Company uses derivative instruments such as foreign currency forward contracts and currency options to hedge its risks associated with foreign currency fluctuations relating to certain firm commitments and highly probable forecasted transactions.

Effective 1st April 2008, the Parent Company has applied the principles of AS 30 'Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement', to the extent that the application of the principles did not conflict with existing accounting standards and other authoritative pronouncements of the Company Law Board and other regulatory requirements. The derivatives that qualify for hedge accounting and designated as cash flow hedges are initially measured at fair value and are re-measured at a subsequent reporting date and the changes in the fair value of the derivatives i.e. gain or loss is recognized directly in shareholders' funds under hedging reserve to the extent considered highly effective. Gain or loss upon fair value on derivative instruments that either do not qualify for hedge accounting or are not designated as cash flow hedges or designated as cash flow hedges to the extent considered ineffective, are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account.

To designate a forward or option contract as an effective hedge, the management objectively evaluates and evidences with appropriate supporting documents at the inception of each contract whether the contract is effective in achieving offsetting cash flows attributable to the hedged risk.

Hedge accounting is discontinued when the hedging instrument expires, sold, terminated, or exercised, or no longer qualifies for hedge accounting. The cumulative gain or loss on the hedging instrument recognized in shareholder's funds under hedging reserve is retained there until the forecasted transaction occurs subsequent to which the same is adjusted against the related transaction in profit and loss account. If a hedged transaction is no longer expected to occur, the net cumulative gain or loss recognized in shareholder's fund is transferred to Profit and Loss Account in the same period.

k. Warranty

Warranty costs are estimated by the management on the basis of technical evaluation and past experience. The Parent Company accrues the estimated cost of warranties at the time when the revenue is recognised.

l. Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of those fixed assets, which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use, are capitalized. Other borrowing costs are accounted as an expense.

m. Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long- term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value, if any, is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

n. Provisions and contingencies

The Parent Company recognizes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of past (or obligating) event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

Provisions for onerous contracts, i.e. contracts where the expected unavoidable costs of meeting the obligations under the contract exceed the economic benefits expected to be received under it, are recognized when it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle a present obligation as a result of an obligating event, based on a reliable estimate of such obligation.

o. Impairment of assets

The Parent Company periodically assesses whether there is any indication that an asset or a group of assets comprising a cash generating unit may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Parent Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. For an asset or group of assets that does not generate largely independent cash inflows, the recoverable amount is determined for the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the Consolidated Profit and Loss Account. If at the Consolidated Balance Sheet date, there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost. An impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the carrying amount of asset does not exceed the net book value that would have been determined; if no impairment loss had been recognised.

p. Leases

Leases under which the Parent Company assumes substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance leases. Such assets acquired on or after 1st April 2001 are capitalised at fair value of the asset or present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease, whichever is lower.

For operating leases, lease payments (excluding cost for services, such as maintenance) are recognised as an expense in the statement of profit and loss on a straight line basis over the lease term. The lease term is the non- cancellable period for which the lessee has agreed to take on lease the asset together with any further periods for which the lessee has the option to continue the lease of the asset, with or without further payment, which option at the inception of the lease it is reasonably certain that the lessee will exercise.

q. Income-tax

Income-tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the year determined in accordance with the income-tax law) and deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period). The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax asset/liability as at the balance sheet date resulting from timing differences between book profit and tax profit are not considered to the extent that such asset/liability is expected to get reversed in the future years within the tax holiday period. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent

that there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty of realization of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonably/ virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realized.

The Parent Company offsets, on a year on year basis, the current tax assets and liabilities where it has a legally enforceable right and where it intends to settle such assets and liabilities on a net basis.

r. Earnings Per Share

The basic Earnings/ (loss) Per Share is computed by dividing the net profit/ (loss) attributable to equity shareholders for the year by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The Parent Company did not have any potentially dilutive equity shares during the year.

s. Government grants and subsidies

Grants and subsidies from the Government are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the grant/subsidy will be received and all attaching conditions will be complied with.

The grant or subsidy relating to an asset is reduced from the cost of the asset. The grant or subsidy not specifically attached to a specific fixed asset is credited to Capital Reserve and is retained till the attached conditions are fulfilled.

t. Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using indirect method, whereby net profits before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from regular revenue generating, investing and financing activities of the Parent Company are segregated.

u. Cash and cash equivalent

Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash balances on hand and cash balance and deposits with banks.


Mar 31, 2010

A. Background

Dynamatic technologies limiteD ("the company") was incorporated in 1973 as Dynamatic hydraulics limited under provisions of the companies act, 1956 (the act). in 1992 the name of the company was changed to Dynamatic technologies limited. the company is in the business of manufacturing automotive components, hydraulics gear pumps, aerospace components and wind farm power generation. the company is listed in india with national stock exchange and Bombay stock exchange.

b. Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements are prepared in accordance with the indian generally accepted accounting principles (‘gaap’) under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis. gaap comprises mandatory accounting standards as specified in the companies (accounting standards) Rules, 2006, (‘the Rules’) and the relevant provisions of the act to the extent applicable. the accounting policies have been consistently applied by the company. the financial statements are presented in indian rupees thousands.

c. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in india (indian gaap) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses, during the reporting year. examples of such estimates include estimates of provision for warranty, provision for doubtful debts and the useful life of fixed assets. actual results could differ from these estimates. any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in current and future periods.

d. Fixed assets and depreciation

Fixed assets are stated at the cost of acquisition or construction, less accumulated depreciation. all costs incurred in bringing the assets to its working condition for intended use have been capitalised. advances paid towards the acquisition of fixed assets and the cost of assets not put to use as at the balance sheet date are disclosed under capital work-in- progress.

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided using the straight-line method. the rates of depreciation Prescribed in schedule XiV to the act are considered as minimum rates. if the management’s estimate of the useful life of a fixed asset at the time of the acquisition of the asset or of the remaining useful life on a subsequent review is shorter than envisaged in the aforesaid schedule, depreciation is provided at a higher rate based on the management’s estimate of the useful life/remaining useful life. pursuant to this policy, depreciation on the following fixed assets has been provided at the following rates (straight line method), which are higher than the corresponding rates prescribed in schedule XiV:

Rate per annum

Data processing equipment 25%

Furniture and fixtures 10% office equipment

- mobile phones 50%

- others 20% plant and machinery (wind farm) 10.34%

Pro-rata depreciation is provided from the date of purchase / disposal on assets purchased or sold during the year. assets individually costing Rs. 5,000 or less are fully depreciated in the year of purchase.

Certain land, building, plant and machineries, and electrical installations are stated at revalued amount based on valuations done by an external expert in the year 1991-92. additional depreciation due to revaluation is adjusted out of revaluation reserve

Intangibles and amortization

Research costs are expensed as incurred. Development expenditure incurred on an individual project is carried forward when its future recoverability can reasonably be regarded as assured.

Subsequent expenditure incurred on a recognized intangible asset is added to the cost of intangible asset when it is probable that the expenditure will enable the asset to generate future economic benefits in excess of its originally assessed standard of performance and the expenditure can be measured and attributed to the asset reliably.

amortization is provided on a pro-rata basis on straight- line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets, not exceeding ten years as detailed below:

Application software 4 years

Prototype / product development 8-10 years

The carrying value of development costs is reviewed for impairment annually when the asset is not in use and otherwise when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable

f. Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value. consumable stores and spares used for maintenance are debited to the profit and loss account upon issuance.

The cost determined on first-in-first-out (FiFo) basis, comprises costs of purchase, costs of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

The comparison of cost and net realisable value is made on an item-by-item basis.

Raw materials and other supplies held for use in production of inventories are not written down below cost except where material prices have declined, and it is estimated that the cost of finished products will exceed their net realisable value.

Provision for inventory obsolescence is provided as considered necessary.

g. Employee benefits

Gratuity liability is a defined benefit scheme and is accrued based on an actuarial valuation at the balance sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary. the company’s gratuity scheme is administered by life insurance corporation of india. actuarial gains/losses are charged to the profit and loss account.

Compensated absence is a long term employee benefit and is accrued based on an actuarial valuation at the balance sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary.

Contributions to provident fund, which is a defined contribution scheme, are provided at pre-determined rates to the appropriate authorities.

h. Revenue recognition

Revenue from sale of products is recognized when the risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to customers, which generally coincides with delivery to the customers. the amount recognized as sales is exclusive of excise duty, sales tax, trade and quantity discounts. Revenue from sale of products has been presented both gross and net of excise duty.

Service income is recognized when an unconditional right to receive such income is established.

Revenue from project execution services are recognized on rendering of services in accordance with the terms of the arrangement with customers using proportionate completion method.

Unbilled revenues included in other current assets represent cost and earnings in excess of billings as at the balance sheet date. unearned revenues included in current liabilities represent billings in excess of earnings as at the balance sheet date.

Interest on deployment of funds is recognized using the time proportion method, based on the underlying interest rates.

I Foreign currency transactions and balances

Transactions in foreign currency are recognized at the rate of exchange prevailing on the date of the transaction.

All monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are restated at the rates ruling at the year end and the exchange gains/losses arising there from are adjusted to the profit and loss account, except in case of exchange differences relating to long-term monetary items which are dealt with in the following manner:

(i) In so far as they relate to the acquisition of a depreciable capital asset are added to / deducted from the cost of the asset and depreciated over the balance life of the asset

(ii) In other cases, such exchange differences are accumulated in a "Foreign currency monetary item translation Difference account" and amortized over the balance term of the long-term monetary items but not beyond 31 march 2011.

j Derivatives

In accordance with its Risk management policies and procedures, the company uses derivative instruments such as foreign currency forward contracts and currency options to hedge its risks associated with foreign currency fluctuations relating to certain firm commitments and highly probable forecasted transactions.

Effective 1 april 2008, the company has applied the principles of as 30 ‘ Financial instruments: Recognition and measurement’, to the extent that the application of the principles did not conflict with existing accounting standards and other authoritative pronouncements of the company law Board and other regulatory requirements. the derivatives that qualify for hedge accounting and designated as cash flow hedges are initially measured at fair value and are re-measured at a subsequent reporting date and the changes in the fair value of the derivatives i.e. gain or loss is recognized directly in shareholders’ funds under hedging reserve to the extent considered highly effective. gain or loss upon fair value on derivative instruments that either do not qualify for hedge accounting or are not designated as cash flow hedges or designated as cash flow hedges to the extent considered ineffective, are recognized in the profit and loss account.

To designate a forward or option contracts as an effective hedge, the management objectively evaluates and evidences with appropriate supporting documents at the inception of each contract whether the contract is effective in achieving offsetting cash flows attributable to the hedged risk.

Hedge accounting is discontinued when the hedging instrument expires, sold, terminated, or exercised, or no longer qualifies for hedge accounting. the cumulative gain or loss on the hedging instrument recognized in shareholder’s funds under hedging reserve is retained there until the forecasted transaction occurs subsequent to which the same is adjusted against the related transaction in profit and loss account. if a hedged transaction is no longer expected to occur, the net cumulative gain or loss recognized in shareholder’s fund is transferred to profit and loss account in the same period.

k. Warranty

Warranty costs are estimated by the management on the basis of technical evaluation and past experience. the company accrues the estimated cost of warranty at the time when the revenue is recognised.

l. Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of those fixed assets, which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use, are capitalized. other borrowing costs are accounted as an expense.

m. Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. all other investments are classified as long-term investments. current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. long-term investments are carried at cost. however, provision for diminution in value, if any, is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

n. Provisions and contingencies

The company recognizes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of past (or obligating) event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. a disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

Provisions for onerous contracts, i.e. contracts where the expected unavoidable costs of meeting the obligations

under the contract exceed the economic benefits expected to be received under it, are recognized when it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle a present obligation as a result of an obligating event, based on a reliable estimate of such obligation.

o. Impairment of assets

The company periodically assesses whether there is any indication that an asset or a group of assets comprising a cash generating unit may be impaired. if any such indication exists, the company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. For an asset or group of assets that does not generate largely independent cash inflows, the recoverable amount is determined for the cash-generating unit to which the asset belongs. if such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. the reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the profit and loss account. if at the balance sheet date, there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost. an impairment loss is reversed only to the extent that the carrying amount of asset does not exceed the net book value that would have been determined; if no impairment loss had been recognised.

p. Leases

Leases under which the company assumes substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance leases. such assets acquired on or after 1st april, 2001 are capitalised at fair value of the asset or present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease, whichever is lower.

For operating leases, lease payments (excluding cost for services, such as maintenance) are recognised as an expense in the statement of profit and loss on a straight line basis over the lease term. the lease term is the non- cancellable period for which the lessee has agreed to take on lease the asset together with any further periods for which the lessee has the option to continue the lease of the asset, with or without further payment, which option at the inception of the lease it is reasonably certain that the lessee will exercise.

q. Income tax

Income tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the year determined in accordance with the income tax law) and deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period). the deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax asset / liability as at the balance sheet date resulting from timing differences between book profit and tax profit are not considered to the extent that such asset / liability is expected to get reversed in the future years within the tax holiday period. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty of realization of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonably / virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realized.

The company offsets, on a year on year basis, the current tax assets and liabilities where it has a legally enforceable right and where it intends to settle such assets and liabilities on a net basis.

r. Fringe benefit tax

Fringe benefit tax is determined at current applicable rates on expenses falling within the ambit of ‘Fringe Benefit’ as defined under the income tax act, 1961. the same has been abolished with effect from april 1, 2009.

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