Home  »  Company  »  Easun Reyrolle L  »  Quotes  »  Accounting Policy
Enter the first few characters of Company and click 'Go'

Accounting Policies of Easun Reyrolle Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

A. Basis of Accounting

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India, the Accounting Standards issued under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 as adopted consistently by the company. Revenues are recognised and expenses are accounted on their accrual, including provisions / adjustment for committed obligations and amounts determined as payable or receivable during the year.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires that the management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported period. The actual results may differ from these estimates.

B. Revenue Recognition

Sale of goods and services is recognized on dispatch to customers or when the service has been provided. Income from turnkey projects is recognized on the Gross Billing exclusive of applicable sales/service taxes and based on work certified. Interests on deposits are recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount of deposit and interest. Export incentives such as DEPB benefits are recognized on exports of goods.

C. Fixed Assets and Intangibles

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition inclusive of freight, duties, taxes and interest on borrowed capital allocated to and utilized for fixed assets upto the date of capitalization and other direct expenditure incurred on ongoing projects. Assets acquired on hire purchase are capitalized at gross value and interest thereon is charged to revenue.

Cost incurred on self generated intangibles which are separately identifiable are amortized over the useful life of the asset.

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction and production of qualifying assets are capitalized till the month in which the asset is ready for its intended use. Other borrowing costs are recognized as expenses in the period in which these are incurred.

D. Depreciation

Depreciation on tangible assets has been provided on the carrying value of assets under straight line method in accordance with Schedule II of the Companies Act,2013 adopting the useful for assets as specified therein, and reckoning the residual value @5% of the original cost of the assets.

Intangible assets - product development is depreciated at 20% under straight line method

E. Inventories

a) Inventories other than tools are valued at lower of cost or net realisable value. Cost of inventories comprise all costs of purchase, costs of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present locations and condition. Cost is determined on weighted average basis.

b) Tools are written off at cost less amortization. Amortizations of tools are made based on technical evaluation.

F. Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions in foreign exchange are initially recognised at the rates prevailing on the date of transaction. Premium or discount arising at the inception of forward contract is amortized as income or expenses over the life of the contract. Exchange difference on such contracts is recognized in the reporting period in which the exchange rate changes.

All monetary assets and liabilities are restated at the balance sheet date using year end rates. Resultant exchange difference is recognized as income or expenses in that period.

G. Employee Benefits

The company’s contributions to provident fund, a defined contribution scheme is charged to profit & loss account on accrual basis.

Liability for gratuity is funded with Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC). Gratuity expense for the year has been accounted based on actuarial valuation determined under the projected credit unit method, carried out at the end of financial year. Actuarial gains/losses are recognized in full in the profit and loss account. The retirement benefit obligation recognized in the balance sheet represents the present value of defined benefit obligations adjusted for unrecognized past service cost and as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to past service cost plus the present value of available refunds and reduction in future combinations to the scheme.

Superannuation Liabilities have been covered by Master Policies of Life Insurance Corporation of India under irrevocable trust. Annual premium on accrual basis are charged to profit & loss account.

Liability for encashment of leave considered to be long term liability is accounted for on the basis of an actuarial valuation as per revised AS-15. Provision for outstanding leave credits considered as short term liability is as estimated by the management. Other short term employee benefits like medical, leave travel etc are accrued based on the terms of employment on time proportion basis.

H. Investments

Long term investments are stated at cost less diminution in the value of investments that is other than temporary. Current Investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value. Overseas investments are converted on the date of transaction.

I. Expenditure

Subject to Note No.30 below, Revenue expenditure is charged as an expense in the year in which it is incurred. Capital Expenditure is included in fixed assets and depreciated at applicable rate.

Expenditure incurred towards selling expenses, is accounted as expenditure in proportion to the sale income recognised.

Expenditure incurred towards opening of Bank Guarantee in relation to turnkey project activities and others, the same is prorated over the life of the bank guarantee.

J. Warranty Claims and Liquidated Damages

Future liability towards warranty claims are estimated and provided for Liquidated damages are recognised in the books of accounts on actual crystallization

K. Taxes on Income

Current taxes is determined as the amount payable in respect of taxable income for the period. Deferred tax is recognized subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and is capable of reversal of in one or more subsequent periods.

MAT Credit is recognized as an asset only when and to the extent there is a convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income-tax during the specified period. In the year in which the Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) credit becomes eligible to be recognised as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the profit and loss account and shown as a MAT Credit Entitlement.

L. Customs and Excise duty

Excise duty on finished goods stock lying at the factory is accounted at the point of manufacture. Customs Duty on imported material lying in bonded warehouse is accounted for at the time of bonding of materials.

M. Cash Flow Statement

Cash flow statement has been prepared in accordance with the indirect method prescribed in accounting standard 3, issued by Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2014.

N. Provisions and Contingencies

A provision is recognised when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event. It is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not provided but disclosed in the notes to financial statements.

O. Impairment of Fixed Assets

The carrying amount is reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment. If any indication exists, the recoverable amount is estimated. An impairment loss is recognised whenever carrying amount exceeds recoverable amount.

P. Earnings per Share

The company reports basic and diluted earnings per share (EPS) in accordance with Accounting Standard 20 on “Earnings per Share”. Basic EPS is computed by dividing the net profit or loss attributable to equity share holders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted EPS is computed by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity share holders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year as adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares, except where the results are anti dilutive.




Mar 31, 2014

A. Basis of Accounting

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India, the Accounting Standards issued under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 as adopted consistently by the company. Revenues are recognised and expenses are accounted on their accrual, including provisions / adjustment for committed obligations and amounts determined as payable or receivable during the year.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires that the management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported period. The actual results may differ from these estimates.

B. Revenue Recognition

Sale of goods and services is recognized on dispatch to customers or when the service has been provided. Income from turnkey projects is recognized on the Gross Billing exclusive of applicable sales/service taxes and based on work certified. Interests on deposits are recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount of deposit and interest. Export incentives such as DEPB benefits are recognized on exports of goods.

C. Fixed Assets and Intangibles

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition inclusive of freight, duties, taxes and interest on borrowed capital allocated to and utilized for fixed assets upto the date of capitalization and other direct expenditure incurred on ongoing projects. Assets acquired on hire purchase are capitalized at gross value and interest thereon is charged to revenue.

Cost incurred on self generated intangibles which are separately identifiable are amortized over the useful life of the asset.

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction and production of qualifying assets are capitalized till the month in which the asset is ready for its intended use. Other borrowing costs are recognized as expenses in the period in which these are incurred.

D. Depreciation

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided under the straight line method in accordance with Schedule XIV of the Companies Act,1956 at the rates specified therein, with the exception to the following:

a) Technical Know how is depreciated at the rate applicable under the provisions of Income TaxAct.,1961.

b) Non compete fees is depreciated @20% under the Straight Line Method.

c) Vehicles Purchased are written off over the period of three years.

d) Computer and accessories purchased are written off over a period of three years.

e) Electrical Installations installed on or after 1st April 2005 are written off @12.5%.

f) Intangible Assets –Product development is depreciated @20% under Straight Line Method.

g) Fixed Furniture in leasehold Property is depreciated over the lease period. h) SAP implementation cost is depreciated @ 16.21% under the Straight Line Method.

E. Inventories

a) Inventories other than tools are valued at lower of cost or net realisable value. Cost of inventories comprise all costs of purchase, costs of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present locations and condition. Cost is determined on weighted average basis.

b) Tools are written off at cost less amortization. Amortizations of tools are made based on technical evaluation.

F. Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions in foreign exchange are initially recognised at the rates prevailing on the date of transaction. Premium or discount arising at the inception of forward contract is amortized as income or expenses over the life of the contract. Exchange difference on such contracts is recognized in the reporting period in which the exchange rate changes.

All monetary assets and liabilities are restated at the balance sheet date using year end rates. Resultant exchange difference is recognized as income or expenses in that period.

G. Employee Benefits

The company''s contributions to provident fund, a defined contribution scheme is charged to profit & loss account on accrual basis.

Liability for gratuity is funded with Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC). Gratuity expense for the year has been accounted based on actuarial valuation determined under the projected credit unit method, carried out at the end of financial year. Actuarial gains/losses are recognized in full in the profit and loss account. The retirement benefit obligation recognized in the balance sheet represents the present value of defined benefit obligations adjusted for unrecognized past service cost and as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to past service cost plus the present value of available refunds and reduction in future combinations to the scheme.

Superannuation Liabilities have been covered by Master Policies of Life Insurance Corporation of India under irrevocable trust. Annual premium on accrual basis are charged to profit & loss account.

Liability for encashment of leave considered to be long term liability is accounted for on the basis of an actuarial valuation as per revised AS-15. Provision for outstanding leave credits considered as short term liability is as estimated by the management. Other short term employee benefits like medical, leave travel etc are accrued based on the terms of employment on time proportion basis.

H. Investments

Long term investments are stated at cost less diminution in the value of investments that is other than temporary. Current Investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value. Overseas investments are converted on the date of transaction.

I. Expenditure

Subject to Note No.30 below, Revenue expenditure is charged as an expense in the year

in which it is incurred. Capital Expenditure is included in fixed assets and depreciated at

applicable rate.

Expenditure incurred towards selling expenses, is accounted as expenditure in proportion to

the sale income recognised.

Expenditure incurred towards opening of Bank Guarantee in relation to turnkey project

activities and others, the same is prorated over the life of the bank guarantee.

J. Warranty Claims and Liquidated Damages

Future liability towards warranty claims are estimated and provided for Liquidated damages are recognised in the books of accounts on actual crystallization

K. Taxes on Income

Current taxes is determined as the amount payable in respect of taxable income for the period. Deferred tax is recognized subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and is capable of reversal of in one or more subsequent periods.

MAT Credit is recognized as an asset only when and to the extent there is a convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income-tax during the specified period. In the year in which the Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) credit becomes eligible to be recognised as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the profit and loss account and shown as a MAT Credit Entitlement.

L. Customs and Excise duty

Excise duty on finished goods stock lying at the factory is accounted at the point of manufacture. Customs Duty on imported material lying in bonded warehouse is accounted for at the time of bonding of materials.

M. Cash Flow Statement

Cash flow statement has been prepared in accordance with the indirect method prescribed in accounting standard 3, issued by Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006.

N. Provisions and Contingencies

A provision is recognised when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event. It is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not provided but disclosed in the notes to financial statements.

O. Impairment of Fixed Assets

The carrying amount is reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment. If any indication exists, the recoverable amount is estimated. An impairment loss is recognised whenever carrying amount exceeds recoverable amount.

P . Earnings per Share

The company reports basic and diluted earnings per share (EPS) in accordance with Accounting Standard 20 on "Earnings per Share". Basic EPS is computed by dividing the net profit or loss attributable to equity share holders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted EPS is computed by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity share holders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year as adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares, except where the results are anti dilutive.

2.2 Rights, preferences and restrictions attached to shares

Equity Shares: The company has one class of equity shares having a par value of Rs 2 par share. Each shareholder is eligible for one vote per share held. The dividend proposed by the board is subject to the approval of the shareholders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting, except in case of interim dividend. In the event of liquidation, the equity shareholders are eligible to receive the remaining assets of the Company after distribution of all preferential amount, in proportion to their shareholding.

ii) Hire Purchase Loans: Loans taken under hire purchase arrangements are secured against hypothecation of specific assets.

4.3 Unsecured Term Loan from Sowraj Investments Pvt. Limited and Easun Products of India Pvt. Limited do not carry any interest. The amount is payable on demand after 30th September 2014. The parties have given their intention of subscribing to Equity share capital of the Company if any offered within 30th September 2014.

7.1 Working Capital

a. Primary Security

Hypothecation of entire current assets including stocks, receivables and other current assets of the Company on pari passu basis favouring Axis Bank, DBS Bank, Standard Chartered Bank and State Bank of India.

b. Collatral Security

Properties Bank Hosur Factory: Land, Industrial Land amd building Building and Plant & at Harohalli, Kanakapura Machinery Taluk, Ramanagaram District

Axis Bank Second Charge@ First Charge#

DBS Bank Second Charge@ First Charge#

Standard Chartered Bank Second Charge@ First Charge#

Canara Bank Second Charge@ Second Charge@

State Bank of India First Charge# Second Charge@

@ on paripassu basis among Axis Bank, DBS Bank, Standard Chartered Bank and Canara Bank. # by way of primary security

8.1 Based on, and to the extent of information received from the suppliers regarding their status under the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Act, 2006 (MSMED Act), and relied upon by the auditors, the relevant particulars as at 31st March 2014 are furnished

9.1 The company has been sanctioned to avail interest free sales tax deferral scheme for an aggregate amount of Rs.72.45 lakhs by the department of Sales tax, Government of Tamilnadu. The underlying deferred sales tax payable by the company from the financial year commencing from 2013-14. The Company has provided interest @24% p.a. on the instalment which is due on February 2014 and not paid till March 31, 2014.

27. Gratuity and Leave for AS 15 Disclosure

A Defined Benefit Plan:

(i) Gratuity (Funded)

In accordance with applicable laws, the company provides for gratuity, a defined benefit retirement plan (Gratuity Plan) covering all permanent employees. The gratuity plan rovides for, at retirement or termination of employment, an amount based on the respective employees last drawn salary and the years of employment with the company. The company provides the gratuity benefit through annual contributions to a gratuity trust which in turn mainly contributes to Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) for this purpose. Under this plan the settlement obligation remains with the gratuity trust. Life Insurance Corporation of India administers the plan and determines the contribution premium required to be paid by the trust.

(ii) Leave Encashment (Unfunded)

In accordance with applicable rules, the liability for leave encashment was actuarially valued and provided in the books of accounts, covering permanent employees.

B Defined Contribution Plan (Funded) Provident Fund

All employees are entitled to provident fund benefits. For all categories of employees the company makes contributions to Regional Provident Fund commissioners as per law.


Mar 31, 2012

A. Basis of Accounting

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India, the Accounting Standards issued under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 as adopted consistently by the company. Revenues are recognized and expenses are accounted on their accrual, including provisions / adjustment for committed obligations and amounts determined as payable or receivable during the year.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires that the management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported period. The actual results may differ from these estimates.

B. Revenue Recognition

Sale of goods and services is recognized on dispatch to customers or when the service has been provided. Income from turnkey projects is recognized on the Gross Billing exclusive of applicable sales/service taxes and based on work certified. Interests on deposits are recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount of deposit and interest. Export incentives such as DEPB benefits are recognized on exports of goods.

C. Fixed Assets and Intangibles

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition inclusive of freight, duties, taxes and interest on borrowed capital allocated to and utilized for fixed assets upto the date of capitalization and other direct expenditure incurred on ongoing projects. Assets acquired on hire purchase are capitalized at gross value and interest thereon is charged to revenue.

Cost incurred on self generated intangibles which are separately identifiable are amortized over the useful life of the asset.

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction and production of qualifying assets are capitalized till the month in which the asset is ready for its intended use. Other borrowing costs are recognised as expenses in the period in which these are incurred.

D. Depreciation

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided under the straight line method in accordance with Schedule XIV of the Companies Act,1956 at the rates specified therein, with the exception to the following:

a) Technical Know how is depreciated at the rate applicable under the provisions of Income Tax Act.,1961.

b) Non compete fees is depreciated @20% under the Straight Line Method.

c) Vehicles Purchased are written off over the period of three years.

d) Computer and accessories purchased are written off over a period of three years.

e) Electrical Installations installed on or after 1st April 2005 are written off @12.5%.

f) Intangible Assets -Product development is depreciated over the lease period.

g) Fixed Furniture in leasehold Property is depreciated over the lease period.

h) SAP implementation cost is depreciated @ 16.21% under the Straight Line Method.

E. Inventories

a) Inventories other than tools are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost of inventories comprise all costs of purchase, costs of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present locations and condition. Cost is determined on weighted average basis.

b) Tools are written off at cost less amortization. Amortizations of tools are made based on technical evaluation.

F. Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions in foreign exchange are initially recognised at the rates prevailing on the date of transaction. Premium or discount arising at the inception of forward contract is amortized as income or expenses over the life of the contract. Exchange difference on such contracts is recognized in the reporting period in which the exchange rate changes.

All monetary assets and liabilities are restated at the balance sheet date using year end rates. Resultant exchange difference is recognized as income or expenses in that period.

G. Employee Benefits

The company's contributions to provident fund, a defined contribution scheme is charged to Statement of profit and loss on accrual basis.

Liability for gratuity is funded with Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC). Gratuity expense for the year has been accounted based on actuarial valuation determined under the projected credit unit method, carried out at the end of financial year. Actuarial gains/losses are recognized in full in the Statement of Profit and Loss. The retirement benefit obligation recognized in the balance sheet represents the present value of defined benefit obligations adjusted for unrecognized past service cost and as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to past service cost plus the present value of available refunds and reduction in future combinations to the scheme.

Superannuation Liabilities have been covered by Master Policies of Life Insurance Corporation of India under irrevocable trust. Annual premium on accrual basis are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss.

Liability for encashment of leave considered to be long term liability is accounted for on the basis of an actuarial valuation as per revised AS-15. Provision for outstanding leave credits considered as short term liability is as estimated by the management. Other short term employee benefits like medical, leave travel etc are accrued based on the terms of employment on time proportion basis.

H. Investments

Long term investments are stated at cost less diminution in the value of investments that is other than temporary. Current Investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value. Overseas investments are converted on the date of transaction.

I. Expenditure

Subject to Note No.33 below, Revenue expenditure is charged as an expense in the year in which it is incurred. Capital Expenditure is included in fixed assets and depreciated at applicable rate.

Expenditure incurred towards selling expenses, is accounted as expenditure in proportion to the sale income recognized.

Expenditure incurred towards opening of Bank Guarantee in relation to turnkey project activities and others, the same is prorated over the life of the bank guarantee.

J. Warranty Claims and Liquidated Damages

Future liability towards warranty claims are estimated and provided for. Liquidated damages are recognized in the books of accounts on crystallization of claims.

K. Taxes on Income

Current taxes including Fringe Benefits Tax is determined as the amount payable in respect of taxable income for the period. Deferred tax is recognized subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and is capable of reversal of in one or more subsequent periods.

MAT Credit is recognized as an asset only when and to the extent there is a convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income-tax during the specified period. In the year in which the Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) credit becomes eligible to be recongnized as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the Statement of Profit and Loss and shown as a MAT Credit Entitlement.

L. Customs and Excise duty

Excise duty on finished goods stock lying at the factory is accounted at the point of manufacture. Customs Duty on imported material lying in bonded warehouse is accounted for at the time of bonding of materials.

M. Cash Flow Statement

Cash flow statement has been prepared in accordance with the indirect method prescribed in accounting standard 3, issued by Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006.

N. Provisions and Contingencies

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event. It is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not provided but disclosed in the notes to financial statements.

O. Impairment of Fixed Assets

The carrying amount is reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment. If any indication exists, the recoverable amount is estimated. An impairment loss is recognized whenever carrying amount exceeds recoverable amount.

P. Earnings per Share

The company reports basic and diluted earnings per share (EPS) in accordance with Accounting Standard 20 on "Earnings per Share". Basic EPS is computed by dividing the net profit or loss attributable to equity share holders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted EPS is computed by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity share holders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year as adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares, except where the results are anti dilutive.


Mar 31, 2011

A. Basis of Accounting

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India,the Accounting Standards issued under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 as adopted consistently by the company. Revenues are recognised and expenses are accounted on their accrual, including provisions / adjustment for committed obligations and amounts determined as payable or receivable during the year.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires that the management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported period. The actual results may differ from these estimates.

B. Revenue Recognition

Sale of goods and services is recognised on despatch to customers or when the service has been provided. Income from turnkey projects is recognised on the Gross Billing exclusive of applicable sales/service taxes and based on work certified. Interests on deposits are recognised on time proportion basis taking into account the amount of deposit and interest. Export incentives such as DEPB benefits are recognized on exports of goods.

C. Fixed Assets and Intangibles

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition inclusive of freight, duties, taxes and interest on borrowed capital allocated to and utilized for fixed assets upto the date of capitalization and other direct expenditure incurred on ongoing projects. Assets acquired on hire purchase are capitalised at gross value and interest thereon is charged to revenue.

Cost incurred on self generated intangibles which are separately identifiable are amortised over the useful life of the asset.

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction and production of qualifying assets are capitalised till the month in which the asset is ready for its intended use. Other borrowing costs are recognised as expenses in the period in which these are incurred.

D . Depreciation

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided under the straight line method in accordance with Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 at the rates specified therein, with the exception to the following:

a) Technical Know how is depreciated at the rate applicable under the provisions of Income Tax Act., 1961.

b) Non compete fees is depreciated @20% under the Straight Line Method.

c) Vehicles Purchased are written off over the period of three years.

d) Computer and accessories purchased are written off over a period of three years.

e) Electrical Installations installed on or after lsl April 2005 are written off @12.5%.

f) Intangible Assets -Product development is depreciated over ther lease period.

g) Fixed Furniture in leasehold Property is depreciated over the lease period.

h) SAP implementation cost is depreciated @ 16.21% under the Straight Line Method.

E. Inventories

a) Inventories other than tools are valued at lower of cost or net realisable value. Cost of inventories comprise all costs of purchase, costs of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present locations and condition. Cost is determined on weighted average basis.

b) Tools are written off at cost less amortization. Amortizations of tools are made based on technical evaluation.

F. Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions in foreign exchange are initially recognised at the rates prevailing on the date of transaction. Premium or discount arising at the inception of forward contract is amortized as income or expenses over the life of the contract. Exchange difference on such contracts is recognized in the reporting period in which the exchange rate changes.

All monetary assets and liabilities are restated at the balance sheet date using year end rates. Resultant exchange difference is recognized as income or expenses in that period.

G. Employee Benefits

The company's contributions to provident fund, a defined contribution scheme is charged to profit & loss account on accrual basis.

Liability for gratuity is funded with Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC). Gratuity expense for the year has been accounted based on actuarial valuation determined under the projected credit unit method, carried out at the end of financial year. Actuarial gains/losses are recognised in full in the profit and loss account. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the balance sheet represents the present value of defined benefit obligations adjusted for unrecognized past service cost and as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to past service cost plus the present value of available refunds and reduction in future combinations to the scheme.

Superannuation Liabilities have been covered by Master Policies of Life Insurance Corporation of India under irrevocable trust. Annual premium on accrual basis are charged to profit & loss account.

Liability for encashment of leave considered to be long term liability is accounted for on the basis of an actuarial valuation as per revised AS-15. Provision for outstanding leave credits considered as short term liability is as estimated by the management. Other short term employee benefits like medical, leave travel etc are accrued based on the terms of employment on time proportion basis.

H. Investments

Long term investments are stated at cost less diminution in the value of investments that is other than temporary. Current Investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value. Overseas investments are converted on the date of transaction.

I. Expenditure

Revenue expenditure with the exception of Development expenditure is charged as an expense in the year in which it is incurred. Capital Expenditure is included in fixed assets and depreciated at applicable rate.

Expenditure incurred towards selling expenses, is accounted as expenditure in proportion to the sale income recognised.

Expenditure incurred towards opening of Bank Guarantee in relation to turnkey project activities and others are written-off over the period of the bank guarantee.

J. Warranty Claims and Liquidated Damages

Future liability towards warranty claims are estimated and provided for. Liquidated damages are recognised in the books of accounts at the time of dispatch.

K. Taxes on Income

Current taxes is determined as the amount payable in respect of taxable income for the period. Deferred tax is recognised subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and is capable of reversal of in one or more subsequent periods.

MAT Credit is recognized as an asset only when and to the extent there is a convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income-tax during the specified period. In the year in which the Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) credit becomes eligible to be recongnized as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the profit and loss account and shown as a MAT Credit Entitlement.

L. Customs and Excise duty

Excise duty on finished goods stock lying at the factory is accounted at the point of manufacture. Customs Duty on imported material lying in bonded warehouse is accounted for at the time of bonding of materials.

M. Cash Flow Statement

Cash flow statement has been prepared in accordance with the indirect method prescribed in Accounting Standard 3, issued by Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 200(5.

N. Provisions and Contingencies

A provision is recognised when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event. It is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not provided but disclosed in the notes to financial statements.

O. Impairment of Fixed Assets

The carrying amount of fixed asset is reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment. If any indication exists, the recoverable amount is estimated. An impairment loss is recognized whenever carrying amount exceeds the recoverable amount.

P. Earnings Per Share

The company reports basic and diluted earnings per share (EPS) in accordance with Accounting Standard 20 on "Earnings Per Share". Basic EPS is computed by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity share holders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted EPS is computed by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity share holders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year as adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares, except where the results are anti dilutive.

 
Subscribe now to get personal finance updates in your inbox!