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Accounting Policies of Emkay Global Financial Services Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2016

1. Corporate Information

The Company which was incorporated in 1995 and got listed in 2006, is in the business of providing Stock Broking Services, Investment Banking, Depository Services and Distribution of Third Party Products.

2. Significant Accounting Policies:

2.1 Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

a) The accompanying financial statements have been prepared on going concern basis in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India to comply with the Accounting Standards specified under section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013. The Financial Statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis of accounting. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company unless otherwise stated.

b) In view of criteria set out in the Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013, the Company has considered 12 months period as its operating cycle for classifying its assets and liabilities as current or noncurrent.

2.2 Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates and the differences between actual results and estimates are recognized in the periods in which the results are known / materialize.

2.3 Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent it is possible that economic benefits will flow to the Company and revenue can be reliably measured.

1. Brokerage from secondary market is recognized as per contracted rates on the execution of transactions on behalf of the clients on the trade date.

2. One time non refundable subscription fees for joining various special brokerage schemes are treated as income when the client agrees to join that particular scheme and renders payment for the same. No brokerage under the said schemes are charged till the time brokerage on the trades executed by the clients gets equal to the subscription fees paid by the client.

3. Brokerage and other revenue from operations is net of service tax wherever applicable.

4. Income from investment banking activities and other fees is recognized as and when such services are completed / performed.

5. Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

6. Dividend including interim are accounted when the right to receive payment is established.

7. Income from trades in securities and derivative instruments comprises of Profit/(Loss) on sale of securities held as stock-in-trade and Profit/(Loss) in derivative instruments being equity derivative transactions in the nature of Futures and Options in Equity Stock/Index and currency derivative transactions in the nature of Futures and Options in foreign currencies both entered into for trading purposes and is determined as follows:-

(i) In case of sale of securities, it is determined based on First-in-First-Out (FIFO) basis of cost of securities sold, and

(ii) in case of derivative instruments, it is determined as follows in accordance with “Guidance Note on Accounting for Derivative Contracts” issued by The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India :-

- All directly attributable transaction costs on derivative transactions are recognized in Statement of Profit and Loss as they are incurred. Subsequent to initial recognition, derivatives are measured at fair value at each Balance Sheet date, and changes therein are recognized in Statement of Profit and Loss. Fair Value is determined using quoted market prices on respective Exchanges.

- Balance in “Options Premium Account” represents the fair value of premium paid or received for buying or selling the Options, respectively. Debit or Credit balance in the said account is disclosed under Short Term Loans and Advances or Other Current Liabilities as the case may be.

2.4 Fixed Assets and Depreciation

a) Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition including incidental expenses related to such acquisition and installation less accumulated depreciation.

b) Depreciation on Fixed Assets other than Leasehold Improvements have been provided on written down value method and computed with reference to the useful life of respective assets specified and in the manner prescribed in Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013 including pro rata depreciation on additions/deletions made during the year

c) Leasehold Improvements are depreciated on a straight-line method over the Primary Lease Period or over a period of 3 years whichever is less.

2.5 Intangible Assets and Amortization

Items of expenditure that meet the recognition criteria as mentioned in Accounting Standard - 26 on “Intangible Assets” are classified as intangible assets and are amortized over the period of economic benefits.

Softwares are stated at cost of acquisition and are amortized on straight line basis over a period of 3 years irrespective of the date of acquisition.

Membership Rights in Stock Exchanges are amortized on straight- line basis over a period of 10 years.

2.6 Stock - in - Trade

Securities acquired with the intention to trade are classified as Stock - in - Trade. Stock - in - Trade of securities is valued at lower of the cost or fair value on individual scrip by scrip basis. Cost is determined on First-in-First-Out (FIFO) basis.

2.7 Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than twelve months are classified as Current Investments. All other Investments are classified as Non-Current Investments. Non-Current Investments are stated at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the Non-Current Investments.

Current Investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value and determined on an individual investment basis.

2.8 Employee Benefits

(i) Short Term Benefits

All employee benefits including short term compensated absences and statutory bonus/ performance bonus/incentives payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits and are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year.

(ii) Long Term Benefits

(a) Post Employment Benefits

(i) Defined Contribution Plans: - Retirement/ Employee benefits in the form of Provident Fund, Employees State Insurance and Labour Welfare are considered as defined contribution plan and contributions to the respective funds administered by the Government are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year when the contribution to the respective funds are due.

(ii) Defined Benefit Plans: - Retirement benefits in the form of gratuity is considered as defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation on projected unit credit method made as at the date of the Balance Sheet. The scheme is maintained and administered by an insurer to which the trustees make periodic contributions. Actuarial gain/ loss, if any are immediately recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(b) Other Long Term Benefits

As per the present policy of the company, there are no other long term benefits to which its employees are entitled.

2.9 Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

2.10 Assets on Operating Leases

Lease payments under operating leases are recognized as expenses on accrual basis in accordance with the respective leave and license agreements.

2.11 Taxation

Provision for Taxation has been made in accordance with the Income Tax Laws prevailing for the relevant assessment years.

2.12 Deferred Taxation

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for timing differences between the accounting and taxable income measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. In situations where the company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realized against future taxable profits.

At each Balance Sheet date, the carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed to reassure its realization.

2.13 Minimum Alternative Tax ( MAT) Credit Entitlement

MAT Credit is recognized as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. In the year in which MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognized as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said is created by way of a credit to the Statement of Profit & Loss and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period.

2.14 Contingencies and Events Occuring after the Balance Sheet Date

Events occurring after the date of the Balance Sheet, which provide further evidence of conditions that existed at the Balance Sheet date or that arose subsequently, are considered up to the date of approval of accounts by the Board of Directors, where material.

2.15 Impairment

Where the recoverable amount of the fixed asset is lower than its carrying amount, a provision is made for the impairment loss. Post impairment, depreciation is provided for on the revised carrying value of the asset over its remaining useful life.

2.16 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities & Contingent Assets

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event(s) and it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation(s), in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made for the amount of obligation. Contingent liabilities, if material, are disclosed by way of notes. Contingent assets are not recognized or disclosed in the financial statements.

2.17 Foreign Currency Transactions

Foreign currency transactions are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Foreign currency monetary items outstanding as at the Balance Sheet date are reported using the closing rate. Gains and Losses resulting from the settlement of such transactions and translation of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

2.18 Employee Stock Compensation Cost

The company follows the intrinsic value method as prescribed by the Guidance note on “Accounting for Employee Share-based Payments” issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India to account for the compensation cost of its Stock based employee compensation plans.

2.19 Cash And Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents includes cash on hand, balances with bank in current accounts (other than earmarked), fixed deposits with bank (free from any encumbrances), cheques on hand and balances in prepaid cards.

2.20 Segments

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for the Company. Revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities are identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment. Revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities which relate to the Company as a whole and are not allocable to segments on a reasonable basis, are included under “Unallocated”.

2.21 Earning Per Share

The Company reports basic and diluted earnings per share (EPS) in accordance with Accounting Standard 20 on “Earnings Per Share”. Basic EPS is computed by dividing the net profit or loss for the year by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted EPS is computed by dividing the net profit or loss for the year by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year as adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares, except where the results are anti-dilutive.


Mar 31, 2015

1.1 Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India to comply with the Accounting Standards specified under section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013. The Financial Statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis of accounting. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company unless otherwise stated.

2.2 Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates and the differences between actual results and estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialize.

2.3 Revenue Recognition

(a) Brokerage from secondary market is recognized as per contracted rates on the execution of transactions on behalf of the clients on the trade date.

(b) One time non refundable subscription fees for joining various special brokerage schemes are treated as income when the client agrees to join that particular scheme and renders payment for the same. No brokerage under the said schemes are charged till the time brokerage on the trades executed by the clients gets equal to the subscription fees paid by the client.

(c) Dividend including interim are accounted when the right to receive payment is established.

(d) Profit/(Loss) in proprietary trades in securities and derivatives comprises of Profit/(Loss) on sale of securities held as stock-in-trade, Profit/(Loss) on equity derivative instruments and Profit/(Loss) on currency futures transactions. Profit/(Loss) on sale of securities is determined based on first-in-first-

out (FIFO) basis of cost of securities sold. Profit/(Loss) on equity derivative instruments is determined as explained in para 2.4 and 2.5 below. Profit/(Loss) on Currency Futures transactions is also determined mutatis mutandis as explained in para 2.4 and 2.5 below.

2.4 Equity Index/Stock - Futures

i. Equity Index/Stock Futures are marked-to-market on a daily basis. Debit or Credit balance disclosed under Short-Term Loans and Advances or Current Liabilities, respectively, in the Mark-to-Market Margin - Equity Index/Stock Futures Account, represents the net amount paid or received on the basis of movement in the prices of Index/Stock futures till the Balance Sheet date.

ii. As on the Balance Sheet date, Profit/(Loss) on open positions in Equity Index/Stock Futures is accounted for as follows:

a) Credit balance in the Mark-to-Market Margin - Equity Index/Stock Futures Account, being the anticipated profit, is ignored and no credit for the same is taken in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

b) Debit balance in the Mark-to-Market Margin - Equity Index/Stock Futures Account, being the anticipated loss, is provided in the Statement of Profit and Loss and is reflected in "Provision for Loss on Equity Index/Stock Futures Account" under Current Liabilities.

iii. On final settlement or squaring-up of contracts for Equity Index/Stock Futures, the Profit or Loss is calculated as the difference between the settlement / squaring-up price and the contract price. Accordingly, debit or credit balance pertaining to the settled / squared-up contract in Mark- to-Market Margin - Equity Index/Stock Futures Account after adjustment of the provision for anticipated losses is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. When more than one contract in respect of the relevant series of Equity Index/Stock Futures contract to which the squared- up contract pertains is outstanding at the time of the squaring-up of the contract, the contract price of the contract so squared-up is determined using the weighted average cost method for calculating the Profit/(Loss) on squaring-up.

2.5 Equity Index/Stock - Options

(i) "Equity Index/Stock Options Premium Account" represents premium paid or received for buying or selling the options, respectively. Debit or Credit balance under the said account is disclosed under Short - Term Loans and Advances or Current Liabilities as the case may be.

(ii) At the time of final settlement

Premium paid/received is recognised as an expense/income on exercise of Option. Further, difference between the final settlement price as on the exercise/expiry date and the strike price is recognised as Profit or Loss.

(iii) At the time of squaring off

Difference between the premium paid and received on squared off transactions is treated as Profit or Loss.

(iv) At the Balance Sheet date

In the case of long positions, provision is made for the amount by which the premium paid for those options exceeds the premium prevailing on the balance sheet date, and in the case of short positions, for the amount by which premium on the Balance Sheet date exceeds the premium received for those options, and is reflected in "Provision for Loss on Equity Index/Stock Option Account" under Current Liabilities.

2.6 Fixed Assets and Depreciation

a) Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition including incidental expenses related to such acquisition and installation less accumulated depreciation.

b) Depreciation on Fixed Assets other than Improvements to Leasehold/Licensed Premises have been provided on written down value method and computed with reference to the useful life of respective assets specified and in the manner prescribed in Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013 including pro rata depreciation on additions/deletions made during the year

c) Improvements to Leasehold/Licensed Premises are depreciated on a straight-line method over the Primary Lease Period or over a period of 3 years whichever is less starting from the date when the Leasehold/Licensed Premises are put to use.

2.7 Intangible Assets and Amortization

Items of expenditure that meet the recognition criteria as mentioned in Accounting Standard - 26 on "Intangible Assets" are classified as intangible assets and are amortized over the period of economic benefits.

Softwares are stated at cost of acquisition and are amortized on straight line basis over a period of 3 years irrespective of the date of acquisition.

Membership Rights in Stock Exchanges are amortized on straight- line basis over a period of 10 years.

2.8 Stock - in - Trade

Stock - in - Trade of securities are valued at lower of the cost or market value on individual scrip by scrip basis. Cost is determined on First-in-First-Out (FIFO) basis.

2.9 Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than twelve months are classified as Current Investments. All other investments are classified as Long Term Investments. Long Term Investments are stated at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the Long Term investments.

Current Investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value and determined on an individual investment basis.

2.10 Employee Benefits

(i) Short Term Benefits

All employee benefits including short term compensated absences and statutory bonus/performance bonus/incentives payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits and are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year.

(ii) Long Term Benefits

(a) Post Employment Benefits

(i) Defined Contribution Plans: - Retirement/Employee benefits in the form of Provident Fund, Employees State Insurance and Labour Welfare are considered as defined contribution plan and contributions to the respective funds administered by the Government are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year when the contribution to the respective funds are due.

(ii) Defined Benefit Plans: - Retirement benefits in the form of gratuity is considered as defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation on projected unit credit method made as at the date of the Balance Sheet. The scheme is maintained and administered by insurers to which the trustees make periodic contributions. Actuarial gain/ loss, if any are immediately recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(b) Other Long Term Benefits

As per the present policy of the Company, there are no other long term benefits to which its employees are entitled.

2.11 Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

2.12 Assets on Operating Leases

Lease payments under operating leases are recognized as expenses on accrual basis in accordance with the respective leave and license agreements.

2.13 Share Issue Expenses

Expenses incurred in connection with fresh issue of Share Capital are adjusted against Securities Premium Account in the year in which they are incurred.

2.14 Taxation

Provision for Taxation has been made in accordance with the Income Tax Laws prevailing for the relevant assessment years.

2.15 Deferred Taxation

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for timing differences between the accounting and taxable income measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realized against future taxable profits

At each Balance Sheet date, the carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed to reassure its realization.

2.16 Contingencies and Events Occuring after the Balance Sheet Date

Events occurring after the date of the Balance Sheet, which provide further evidence of conditions that existed at the Balance Sheet date or that arose subsequently, are considered up to the date of approval of accounts by the Board of Directors, where material.

2.17 Impairment

Where the recoverable amount of the fixed asset is lower than its carrying amount, a provision is made for the impairment loss. Post impairment, depreciation is provided for on the revised carrying value of the asset over its remaining useful life.

2.18 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities & Contingent Assets

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event(s) and it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation(s), in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made for the amount of obligation. Contingent liabilities, if material, are disclosed by way of notes. Contingent assets are not recognized or disclosed in the financial statements.

2.19 Foreign Currency Transactions

Foreign currency transactions are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Foreign currency monetary items outstanding as at the Balance Sheet date are reported using the closing rate. Gains and Losses resulting from the settlement of such transactions and translation of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

2.20 Employee Stock Compensation Cost

The Company follows the intrinsic value method as prescribed by the Guidance note on "Accounting for Employee Share-based Payments" issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India to account for the compensation cost of its Stock based employee compensation plans.


Mar 31, 2014

1.1 Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The accompanying financial statements are prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles and provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis of accounting. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company unless otherwise stated.

1.2 Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates and the differences between actual results and estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known/materialize.

1.3 Revenue Recognition

(a) Brokerage from secondary market is recognized as per contracted rates on the execution of transactions on behalf of the clients on the trade date.

(b) One time non refundable subscription fees for joining various special brokerage schemes are treated as income when the client agrees to join that particular scheme and renders payment for the same. No brokerage under the said schemes are charged till the time brokerage on the trades executed by the clients gets equal to the subscription fees paid by the client.

(c) Dividend including interim is accounted when the right to receive payment is established.

(d) Profit/(Loss) in proprietory trades in securities and derivatives comprises of profit/(loss) on sale of securities held as stock-in-trade, profit/(loss) on equity derivative instruments and profit/(loss) on currency futures transactions. Profit/(loss) on sale of securities is determined based on first-in-first-out (FIFO) basis of cost of securities sold. Profit/(loss) on equity derivative instruments is determined as explained in para 2.4 and 2.5 below. Profit/(loss) on Currency Futures transactions is also determined mutatis mutandis as explained in para 2.4 and 2.5 below.

1.4 Equity Index/Stock - Futures

(a) Equity Index/Stock Futures are marked-to-market on a daily basis. Debit or Credit balance disclosed under Short- Term Loans and Advances or Current Liabilities, respectively, in the Mark-to-Market Margin - Equity Index/Stock Futures Account, represents the net amount paid or received on the basis of movement in the prices of Index/Stock futures till the Balance Sheet date.

(b) As on the Balance Sheet date, Profit/Loss on open positions in Equity Index/Stock Futures is accounted for as follows:

i) Credit balance in the Mark-to-Market Margin - Equity Index/Stock Futures Account, being the anticipated profit, is ignored and no credit for the same is taken in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

ii) Debit balance in the Mark-to-Market Margin - Equity Index/Stock Futures Account, being the anticipated loss, is provided in the Statement of Profit and Loss and is reflected in "Provision for Loss on Equity Index/ Stock Futures Account" under Current Liabilities.

(c) On final settlement or squaring-up of contracts for Equity Index/Stock Futures, the Profit or Loss is calculated as the difference between the settlement/squaring-up price and the contract price. Accordingly, debit or credit balance pertaining to the settled/squared-up contract in Mark-to-Market Margin - Equity Index/Stock Futures Account after adjustment of the provision for anticipated losses is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. When more than one contract in respect of the relevant series of Equity Index/Stock Futures contract to which the squared-up contract pertains is outstanding at the time of the squaring-up of the contract, the contract price of the contract so squared-up is determined using the weighted average cost method for calculating the Profit/ Loss on squaring-up.

1.5 Equity Index/Stock - Options

(a) "Equity Index/Stock Options Premium Account" represents premium paid or received for buying or selling the options, respectively. Debit or Credit balance under the said account is disclosed under Short - Term Loans and Advances or Current Liabilities as the case may be.

(b) At the time of final settlement

Premium paid/received is recognised as an expense/income on exercise of Option. Further, difference between the final settlement price as on the exercise/expiry date and the strike price is recognised as Profit or Loss.

(c) At the time of squaring off

Difference between the premium paid and received on squared off transactions is treated as Profit or Loss.

(d) At the Balance Sheet date

In the case of long positions, provision is made for the amount by which the premium paid for those options exceeds the premium prevailing on the balance sheet date, and in the case of short positions, for the amount by which premium on the Balance Sheet date exceeds the premium received for those options, and is reflected in "Provision for Loss on Equity Index/Stock Option Account" under Current Liabilities.

1.6 Fixed Assets and Depreciation

(a) Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition including incidental expenses related to such acquisition and installation less accumulated depreciation.

(b) Depreciation on Fixed Assets other than Improvements to Leasehold/Licensed Premises have been provided on written down value method at the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 as amended from time to time including pro rata depreciation on additions/deletions made during the year.

(c) Improvements to Leasehold/Licensed Premises are depreciated on a straight-line method over the Primary Lease Period or over a period of 3 years whichever is less starting from the date when the Leasehold/Licensed Premises are put to use.

1.7 Intangible Assets and Amortization

Items of expenditure that meet the recognition criteria as mentioned in Accounting Standard - 26 on "Intangible Assets" are classified as intangible assets and are amortized over the period of economic benefits.

Softwares are stated at cost of acquisition and are amortized on straight line basis over a period of 3 years irrespective of the date of acquisition.

Membership Rights in Stock Exchanges are amortized on straight line basis over a period of 10 years.

1.8 Stock - in - Trade

Stock - in - Trade of securities are valued at lower of the cost or market value on individual scrip by scrip basis. Cost is determined on First-in-First-Out (FIFO) basis.

1.9 Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than twelve months are classified as Current Investments. All other investments are classified as Long Term Investments. Long Term Investments are stated at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the Long Term Investments.

Current Investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value and determined on an individual investment basis.

1.10 Employee Benefits

(a) Short Term Benefits

All employee benefits including short term compensated absences and statutory bonus/performance bonus/ incentives payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits and are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year.

(b) Long Term Benefits

(i) Post Employment Benefits

(a) Defined Contribution Plans:- Retirement/Employee benefits in the form of Provident Fund, Employees State Insurance and Labour Welfare are considered as Defined Contribution Plan and contributions to the respective funds administered by the Government are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year when the contribution to the respective funds are due.

(b) Defined Benefit Plans:- Retirement benefits in the form of gratuity is considered as defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation on projected unit credit method made as at the date of the Balance Sheet. The scheme is maintained and administered by an insurer to which the trustees make periodic contributions. Actuarial gain/loss, if any are immediately recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(ii) Other Long Term Benefits

As per the present policy of the Company, there are no other long term benefits to which its employees are entitled.

1.11 Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

1.12 Assets on Operating Leases

Lease payments under operating leases are recognized as expenses on accrual basis in accordance with the respective leave and license agreements.

1.13 Share Issue Expenses

Expenses incurred in connection with fresh issue of Share Capital are adjusted against Securities Premium Account in the year in which they are incurred.

1.14 Taxation

Provision for Taxation has been made in accordance with the Income Tax Laws prevailing for the relevant assessment years.

1.15 Deferred Taxation

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for timing differences between the accounting and taxable income measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realized against future taxable profits At each Balance Sheet date, the carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed to reassure its realization.

1.16 Contingencies and Events occuring after the Balance Sheet date Events occurring after the date of the Balance Sheet, which provide further evidence of conditions that existed at the Balance Sheet date or that arose subsequently, are considered up to the date of approval of accounts by the Board of Directors, where material.

1.17 Impairment

Where the recoverable amount of the fixed asset is lower than its carrying amount, a provision is made for the impairment loss. Post impairment, depreciation is provided for on the revised carrying value of the asset over its remaining useful life.

1.18 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities & Contingent Assets

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event(s) and it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation(s), in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made for the amount of obligation. Contingent liabilities, if material, are disclosed by way of notes. Contingent assets are not recognized or disclosed in the financial statements.

1.19 Foreign Currency Transactions

Foreign currency transactions are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Foreign currency monetary items outstanding as at the Balance Sheet date are reported using the closing rate. Gains and losses resulting from the settlement of such transactions and translation of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.20 Employee Stock Compensation Cost

The Company follows the intrinsic value method as prescribed by the Guidance note on "Accounting for Employee Share-based Payments" issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India to account for the compensation cost of its Stock based employee compensation plans.

1.21 Stock Lending and Borrowing

Borrowing/Lending fees paid/received on stocks borrowed/lent under Stock Lending and Borrowing Mechanism is recognized on accrual basis.

Amount deposited with Stock Exchanges for borrowed stocks has been shown as Current Assets under Short-term Loans and Advances and the same is reversed on return of such borrowed stock.

Sale proceeds of borrowed stock has been shown as Current Liabilities under Other Current Liabilities and the same is reversed on squaring up of the transaction with resultant gain/loss being recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Provision is made for anticipated losses however anticipated profits are ignored for difference between sale price of borrowed stock and the price prevailing at the Balance Sheet date on such borrowed stock.


Mar 31, 2013

1.1 Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The accompanying financial statements are prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles and provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis of accounting. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company unless otherwise stated.

1.2 Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates and the differences between actual results and estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialized.

1.3 Revenue Recognition

(a) Brokerage from secondary market is recognized as per contracted rates on the execution of transactions on behalf of the clients on the trade date.

(b) One time non refundable subscription fees for joining various special brokerage schemes are treated as income when the client agrees to join that particular scheme and renders payment for the same. No brokerage under the said schemes is charged till the time brokerage on the trades executed by the clients gets equal to the subscription fees paid by the client.

(c) Dividend including interim is accounted when the right to receive payment is established.

(d) Profit/ (Loss) in proprietory trades in securities and derivatives comprises of profit/(loss) on sale of securities held as stock-in-trade, profit/(loss) on equity derivative instruments and profit/(loss) on currency futures transactions. Profit/ (loss) on sale of securities is determined based on first-in-first-out (FIFO) basis of cost of securities sold. Profit/(loss) on equity derivative instruments is determined as explained in para 2.4 and 2.5 below. Profit/(loss) on Currency Futures transactions is also determined mutatis mutandis as explained in para 2.4 and 2.5 below.

1.4 Equity Index/Stock - Futures

(a) Equity Index/Stock Futures are marked-to-market on a daily basis. Debit or Credit balance disclosed under Short- Term Loans and Advances or Current Liabilities, respectively, in the Mark-to-Market Margin - Equity Index / Stock Futures Account, represents the net amount paid or received on the basis of movement in the prices of Index/Stock futures till the Balance Sheet date.

(b) As on the Balance Sheet date, Profit / Loss on open positions in Equity Index / Stock Futures is accounted for as follows:

i) Credit balance in the Mark-to-Market Margin - Equity Index / Stock Futures Account, being the anticipated profit, is ignored and no credit for the same is taken in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

ii) Debit balance in the Mark-to-Market Margin - Equity Index / Stock Futures Account, being the anticipated loss, is provided in the Statement of Profit and Loss and is reflected in "Provision for Loss on Equity Index/Stock Futures Account" under Current Liabilities.

(iii) On final settlement or squaring-up of contracts for Equity Index / Stock Futures, the Profit or Loss is calculated as the difference between the settlement / squaring-up price and the contract price. Accordingly, debit or credit balance pertaining to the settled / squared-up contract in Mark-to-Market Margin - Equity Index / Stock Futures Account after adjustment of the provision for anticipated losses is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. When more than one contract in respect of the relevant series of Equity Index / Stock Futures contract to which the squared-up contract pertains is outstanding at the time of the squaring-up of the contract, the contract price of the contract so squared-up is determined using the weighted average cost method for calculating the Profit / Loss on squaring-up.

1.5 Equity Index/Stock - Options

(a) "Equity Index/Stock Options Premium Account" represents premium paid or received for buying or selling the options, respectively. Debit or Credit balance under the said account is disclosed under Short - Term Loans and Advances or Current Liabilities as the case may be.

(b) At the time of final settlement

Premium paid/received is recognised as an expense/income on exercise of Option. Further, difference between the final settlement price as on the exercise/expiry date and the strike price is recognised as Profit or Loss.

(c) At the time of squaring off

Difference between the premium paid and received on squared off transactions is treated as Profit or Loss.

(d) At the Balance Sheet date

In the case of long positions, provision is made for the amount by which the premium paid for those options exceeds the premium prevailing on the balance sheet date, and in the case of short positions, for the amount by which premium on the Balance Sheet date exceeds the premium received for those options, and is reflected in "Provision for Loss on Equity Index/Stock Option Account" under Current Liabilities.

1.6 Fixed Assets and Depreciation

(a) Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition including incidental expenses related to such acquisition and installation less accumulated depreciation.

(b) Depreciation on Fixed Assets other than Improvements to Leasehold/ Licensed Premises have been provided on written down value method at the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 as amended from time to time including pro rata depreciation on additions/deletions made during the year.

(c) Improvements to Leasehold/Licensed Premises are depreciated on a straight-line method over the Primary Lease Period or over a period of 3 years whichever is less starting from the date when the Leasehold/Licensed Premises are put to use.

1.7 Intangible Assets and Amortization

Items of expenditure that meet the recognition criteria as mentioned in Accounting Standard - 26 on "Intangible Assets" are classified as intangible assets and are amortized over the period of economic benefits.

Softwares are stated at cost of acquisition and are amortized on straight line basis over a period of 3 years irrespective of the date of acquisition.

Membership Rights in Stock Exchanges are amortized on straight- line basis over a period of 10 years.

1.8 Stock - in - Trade

Stock - in - Trade of securities are valued at lower of the cost or market value on individual scrip by scrip basis. Cost is determined on First-in-First-Out (FIFO) basis.

1.9 Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than twelve months are classified as Current Investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments. Long Term Investments are stated at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the Long Term investments. Current Investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value and determined on an individual investment basis.

1.10 Employee Benefits

(a) Short Term Benefits

All employee benefits including short term compensated absences and statutory bonus/performance bonus/incentives payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits and are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year.

(b) Long Term Benefits

i) Post Employment Benefits

(1) Defined Contribution Plans: - Retirement/Employee benefits in the form of Provident Fund, Employees State Insurance and labour welfare are considered as defined contribution plan and contributions to the respective funds administered by the Government are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year when the contribution to the respective funds are due.

(2) Defined Benefit Plans: - Retirement benefits in the form of gratuity are considered as defined benefit obligation and are provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation on projected unit credit method made as at the date of the Balance Sheet. The scheme is maintained and administered by an insurer to which the trustees make periodic contributions. Actuarial gain/loss, if any are immediately recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

ii) Other Long Term Benefits

As per the present policy of the Company, there are no other long term benefits to which its employees are entitled.

1.11 Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

1.12 Assets on Operating Leases

Lease payments under operating leases are recognized as expenses on accrual basis in accordance with the respective leave and license agreements.

1.13 Share Issue Expenses

Expenses incurred in connection with fresh issue of Share Capital are adjusted against Securities Premium Account in the year in which they are incurred.

1.14 Taxation

Provision for Taxation has been made in accordance with the Income Tax Laws prevailing for the relevant assessment years.

1.15 Deferred Taxation

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for timing differences between the accounting and taxable income measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realized against future taxable profits.

At each Balance Sheet date, the carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed to reassure its realization.

1.16 Contingencies and Events Occuring after The Balance Sheet Date

Events occurring after the date of the Balance Sheet, which provide further evidence of conditions that existed at the Balance Sheet date or that arose subsequently, are considered up to the date of approval of accounts by the Board of Directors, where material.

1.17 Impairment

Where the recoverable amount of the fixed asset is lower than its carrying amount, a provision is made for the impairment loss. Post impairment, depreciation is provided for on the revised carrying value of the asset over its remaining useful life.

1.18 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities & Contingent Assets

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event(s) and it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation(s), in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made for the amount of obligation. Contingent liabilities, if material, are disclosed by way of notes. Contingent assets are not recognized or disclosed in the financial statements.

1.19 Foreign Currency Transactions

Foreign currency transactions are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Foreign currency monetary items outstanding as at the Balance Sheet date are reported using the closing rate. Gains and losses resulting from the settlement of such transactions and translation of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.20 Employee Stock Compensation Cost

The Company follows the intrinsic value method as prescribed by the Guidance note on "Accounting for Employee Share- based Payments" issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India to account for the compensation cost of its Stock based employee compensation plans.

1.21 Stock Lending and Borrowing

Borrowing/Lending fees paid/received on stocks borrowed/lent under Stock Lending and Borrowing Mechanism is recognized on accrual basis.

Amount deposited with Stock Exchanges for borrowed stocks has been shown as Current Assets under Short-term Loans and Advances and the same is reversed on return of such borrowed stock.

Sale proceeds of borrowed stock has been shown as Current Liabilities under Other Current Liabilities and the same is reversed on squaring up of the transaction with resultant gain/loss being recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Provision is made for anticipated losses however anticipated profits are ignored for difference between sale price of borrowed stock and the price prevailing at the Balance Sheet date on such borrowed stock.


Mar 31, 2012

1.1 Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The accompanying financial statements are prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles and provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis of accounting. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the company unless otherwise stated.

1.2 Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates and the differences between actual results and estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialize.

1.3 Revenue Recognition

(a) Brokerage from secondary market is recognized as per contracted rates on the execution of transactions on behalf ' of the clients on the trade date.

(b) One time non refundable subscription fees for joining various special brokerage schemes are treated as income when the client agrees to join that particular scheme and renders payment for the same. No brokerage under the said schemes are charged till the time brokerage on the trades executed by the clients gets equal to the subscription fees paid by the client.

(c) Portfolio Management Fees is accounted on accrual basis as follows

(i) in case of fees on fixed percentage of Assets Under Management, income is accrued at the end of each quarter or closure of Portfolio Account, whichever is earlier.

(ii) in case of fees based on returns on Portfolio, income is accounted at the end of completion of one year by each client from the date of joining the Portfolio Management Scheme or closure of Portfolio Account, whichever is earlier.

(d) Dividend including interim are accounted when the right to receive payment is established.

(e) Profit/(Loss) in proprietory trades in securities and derivatives comprises of profit/(loss) on sale of securities held as stock-in-trade, profit/(loss) on equity derivative instruments and profit/(loss) on currency futures transactions. Profit/(loss) on sale of securities is determined based on first-in-first-out (FIFO) basis of cost of securities sold. Profit/(loss) on equity derivative instruments is determined as explained in para 2.4 and 2.5 below. Profit/(loss) on Currency Futures transactions is also determined mutatis mutandis as explained in para 2.4 and 2.5 below.

1.4 Equity Index/Stock-Futures

(i) Equity Index/Stock Futures are marked-to-market on a daily basis. Debit or Credit balance disclosed under Short- Term Loans and Advances or Current Liabilities, respectively, in the Mark-to-Market Margin - Equity Index / Stock Futures Account, represents the net amount paid or received on the basis of movement in the prices of Index/Stock futures till the Balance Sheet date.

(ii) As on the Balance Sheet date, Profit / Loss on open positions in Equity Index / Stock Futures is accounted for as follows:

a) Credit balance in the Mark-to-Market Margin - Equity Index / Stock Futures Account, being the anticipated profit, is ignored and no credit for the same is taken in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

b) Debit balance in the Mark-to-Market Margin - Equity Index/Stock Futures Account, being the anticipated loss, is provided in the Statement of Profit and Loss and is reflected in "Provision for Loss on Equity Index/Stock Futures Account" under Current Liabilities.

(iii) On final settlement or squaring-up of contracts for Equity Index / Stock Futures, the Profit or Loss is calculated as the difference between the settlement / squaring-up price and the contract price. Accordingly, debit or credit balance pertaining to the settled / squared-up contract in Mark-to-Market Margin - Equity Index / Stock Futures Account after adjustment of the provision for anticipated losses is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. When more than one contract in respect of the relevant series of Equity Index / Stock Futures contract to which the squared-up contract pertains is outstanding at the time of the squaring-up of the contract, the contract price of the contract so squared-up is determined using the weighted average cost method for calculating the Profit / Loss on squaring-up.

1.5 Equity index/Stock-Options

(i) "Equity Index/Stock Options Premium Account" represents premium paid or received for buying or selling the options, respectively. Debit or Credit balance under the said account is disclosed under Short - Term Loans and Advances or Current Liabilities as the case may be.

(ii) At the time of final settlement

Premium paid/received is recognised as an expense/income on exercise of Option. Further, difference between the final settlement price as on the exercise/expiry date and the strike price is recognised as Profit or Loss.

(iii) At the time of squaring off

Difference between the premium paid and received on squared off transactions is treated as Profit or Loss.

(iv) At the Balance Sheet date

In the case of long positions, provision is made for the amount by which the premium paid for those options exceeds the premium prevailing on the balance sheet date, and in the case of short positions, for the amount by which premium on the Balance Sheet date exceeds the premium received for those options, and is reflected in "Provision for Loss on Equity Index/Stock Option Account" under Current Liabilities.

1.6 Fixed Assets and Depreciation

a) Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition including incidental expenses related to such acquisition and installation less accumulated depreciation.

b) Depreciation on Fixed Assets other than Improvements to Leasehold/ Licensed Premises have been provided on written down value method at the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 as amended from time to time including pro rata depreciation on additions/deletions made during the year.

c) Improvements to Leasehold/Licensed Premises are depreciated on a straight-line method over the Primary Lease Period or over a period of 3 years whichever is less starting from the date when the Leasehold/Licensed Premises are put to use.

1.7 Intangible Assets and Amortization

Items of expenditure that meet the recognition criteria as mentioned in Accounting Standard - 26 on "Intangible Assets" are classified as intangible assets and are amortized over the period of economic benefits.

Softwares are stated at cost of acquisition and are amortized on straight line basis over a period of 3 years irrespective of the date of acquisition.

Membership Rights in Stock Exchanges are amortized on straight- line basis over a period of 10 years.

1.8 Stock-in-Trade

Stock - in - Trade of securities are valued at lower of the cost or market value on individual scrip by scrip basis. Cost is determined on First-in-First-Out (FIFO) basis.

1.9 Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than twelve months are classified as Current Investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments. Long Term Investments are stated at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the Long Term investments.

Current Investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value and determined on an individual investment basis.

1.10 Employee Benefits

(i) Short Term Benefits

All employee benefits including leave encashment (short term compensation absences) and statutory bonus/ performance bonus/ incentives payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits and are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year.

(ii) Long Term Benefits

(a) Post Employment Benefits

(i) Defined Contribution Plans:- Retirement/ Employee benefits in the form of Provident Fund, Employees State Insurance and labour welfare are considered as defined contribution plan and contributions to the respective funds administered by the Government are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year when the contribution to the respective funds are due.

(ii) Defined Benefit Plans:- Retirement benefits in the form of gratuity is considered as defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation on projected unit credit method made as at the date of the Balance Sheet. The scheme is maintained and administered by an insurer to which the trustees make periodic contributions. Actuarial gain/loss, if any are immediately recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(b) Other Long Term Benefits

As per the present policy of the company, there are no other long term benefits to which its employees are entitled.

1.11 Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

1.12 Assets on Operating Leases

Lease payments under operating leases are recognized as expenses on accrual basis in accordance with the respective leave and license agreements.

1.13 Share Issue Expenses

Expenses incurred in connection with fresh issue of Share Capital are adjusted against Securities Premium account in the year in which they are incurred.

1.14 Taxation

Provision for Taxation has been made in accordance with the Income Tax Laws prevailing for the relevant assessment years.

1.15 Deferred Taxation

Deferred Tax resulting from timing differences between book and tax profits is accounted for under the liability method, at the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted after the balance sheet date, to the extent that the timing difference are expected to crystallize as deferred tax charge/benefit in the Statement of Profit and Loss and as deferred tax assets/ liabilities in the Balance Sheet.

1.16 Contingencies and Events Occurring After The Balance Sheet Date

Events occurring after the date of the Balance Sheet, which provide further evidence of conditions that existed at the Balance Sheet date or that arose subsequently, are considered up to the date of approval of accounts by the Board of Directors, where material.

1.17 Impairment

Where the recoverable amount of the fixed asset is lower than its carrying amount, a provision is made for the impairment loss. Post impairment, depreciation is provided for on the revised carrying value of the asset over its remaining useful life.

1.18 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities & Contingent Assets

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event(s) and it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation(s), in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made for the amount of obligation. Contingent liabilities, if material, are disclosed by way of notes. Contingent assets are not recognized or disclosed in the financial statements.

1.19 Foreign Currency Transactions

Foreign currency transactions are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Foreign currency monetary items outstanding as at the Balance Sheet date are reported using the closing rate. Gains and losses resulting from the settlement of such transactions and translation of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.20 Employee Stock Compensation Cost

The company follows the intrinsic value method as prescribed by the Guidance note on "Accounting for Employee Share-based Payments" issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India to account for the compensation cost of its Stock based employee compensation plans.

1.21 Stock Lending and Borrowing

Borrowing/Lending fees paid/received on stocks borrowed/lent under Stock Lending and Borrowing Mechanism is recognized on accrual basis.

Amount deposited with Stock Exchanges for borrowed stocks has been shown as Current Assets under Short-term Loans and Advances and the same is reversed on return of such borrowed stock.

Sale proceeds of borrowed stock has been shown as Current Liabilities under Other Current Liabilities and the same is reversed on squaring up of the transaction with resultant gain/loss being recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Provision is made for anticipated losses however anticipated profits are ignored for difference between sale price of borrowed stock and the price prevailing at the Balance Sheet date on such borrowed stock.


Mar 31, 2010

1. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The accompanying financial statements are prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles and provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis of accounting. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the company unless otherwise stated.

2. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates and the differences between actual results and estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialize.

3. Revenue Recognition

(a) (i) Brokerage from secondary market is recognized as per contracted rates on the execution of transactions on behalf of the clients on the trade date.

(ii) One time non refundable adjustable subscription fees with a validity of maximum of one year for joining various special brokerage schemes are treated as income when the client agrees to join that particular scheme and renders payment for the same. Brokerage reversible under the said schemes are reversed by making provision at the end of each quarter. However, actual credit for brokerage reversible to the client is given at the end of the validity period of the scheme opted.

(b) Portfolio Management Fees is accounted on accrual basis as follows:-

(i) in case of fees based on fixed percentage of Assets Under Management, income is accrued at the end of each quarter or closure of Portfolio Account, whichever is earlier.

(ii) in case of fees based on returns on Portfolio, income is accounted at the end of completion of one year by each client from the date of his joining the Portfolio Management Scheme or closure of Portfolio Account, whichever is earlier.

(c) Dividend including interim are accounted when the right to receive payment is established.

(d) Profit/ (Loss) in proprietory trades in securities and derivatives comprises of profit/(loss) on sale of securities held as stock-in-trade, profit/(loss) on equity derivative instruments and profit/(loss) on currency futures transactions. Profit/(loss) on sale of securities is determined based on first-in-first-out (FIFO) basis of cost of securities sold. Profit/(loss) on equity derivative instruments is determined as explained in para 4 and 5 below. Profit/(loss) on Currency Futures transactions is also determined mutatis mutandis as explained in para 4 and 5 below.

4. Equity Index/Stock - Futures

(i) Equity Index/Stock Futures are marked-to-market on a daily basis. Debit or Credit balance disclosed under Loans and Advances or Current Liabilities, respectively, in the Mark-to-Market Margin – Equity Index / Stock Futures Account, represents the net amount paid or received on the basis of movement in the prices of Index/Stock futures till the Balance Sheet date.

(ii) As on the Balance Sheet date, Profit / Loss on open positions in Equity Index / Stock Futures is accounted for as follows:

Credit balance in the Mark-to-Market Margin – Equity Index / Stock Futures Account, being the anticipated profit, is ignored and no credit for the same is taken in the Profit and Loss account.

- Debit balance in the Mark-to-Market Margin – Equity Index / Stock Futures Account, being the anticipated loss, is provided in the Profit and Loss account and is reflected in “Provision for Loss on Equity Index/Stock Futures Account” under Current Liabilities.

(iii) On final settlement or squaring-up of contracts for Equity Index / Stock Futures, the Profit or Loss is calculated as the difference between the settlement / squaring-up price and the contract price. Accordingly, debit or credit balance pertaining to the settled / squared-up contract in Mark-to-Market Margin – Equity Index / Stock Futures Account after adjustment of the provision for anticipated losses is recognized in the Profit and Loss account. When more than one contract in respect of the relevant series of Equity Index / Stock Futures contract to which the squared-up contract pertains is outstanding at the time of the squaring-up of the contract, the contract price of the contract so squared-up is determined using the weighted average cost method for calculating the Profit / Loss on squaring-up.

5. Equity Index/Stock - Options

(i) "Equity Index/Stock Options Premium Account" represents premium paid or received for buying or selling the options, respectively. Debit or Credit balance under the said account is disclosed under Loans and Advances or Current Liabilities as the case may be.

(ii) At the time of final settlement

Premium paid/received is recognised as an expense/income on exercise of Option. Further, difference between the final settlement price as on the exercise/expiry date and the strike price is recognised as Profit or Loss.

(iii) At the time of squaring off Difference between the premium paid and received on squared off transactions is treated as Profit or Loss.

(iv) At the Balance Sheet date In the case of long positions, provision is made for the amount by which the premium paid for those options exceeds the premium prevailing on the balance sheet date, and in the case of short positions, for the amount by which premium on the Balance Sheet date exceeds the premium received for those options, and is reflected in “Provision for Loss on Equity Index/Stock Option Account” under Current Liabilities.

6. Fixed Assets and Depreciation

a) Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition including incidental expenses related to such acquisition and installation less accumulated depreciation.

b) Depreciation on Fixed Assets other than Improvements to Leasehold/ Licensed Premises have been provided on written down value method at the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 as amended from time to time including pro rata depreciation on additions/deletions made during the year.

c) Improvements to Leasehold/Licensed Premises are depreciated on a straight-line method over the Primary Lease Period or over a period of 3 years whichever is less starting from the date when the Leasehold/Licensed Premises are put to use.

7. Intangible Assets and Amortization

Items of expenditure that meet the recognition criteria as mentioned in Accounting Standard – 26 on “Intangible Assets” are classified as intangible assets and are amortized over the period of economic benefits.

Softwares are stated at cost of acquisition and are amortized on straight line basis over a period of 3 years irrespective of the date of acquisition.

Membership Rights in Stock Exchanges are amortized on straight- line basis over a period of 10 years.

8. Stock - in - Trade

Stock - in - Trade of securities are valued at lower of the cost or market value on individual scrip by scrip basis. Cost is determined on First-in-First-Out (FIFO) basis.

9. Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than twelve months are classified as Current Investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments. Long Term Investments are stated at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

Current Investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value and determined on an individual investment basis

10. Employee Benefits

(i) Short Term Benefits

All employee benefits including leave encashment (short term compensated absences) and statutory bonus/ performance bonus/ incentives payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits and are charged to the Profit and Loss Account of the year.

(ii) Long Term Benefits

(a) Post Employment Benefits

(i) Defined Contribution Plans: - Retirement/ Employee benefits in the form of Provident Fund, Employees State Insurance and labour welfare are considered as defined contribution plan and contributions to the respective funds administered by the Government are charged to the Profit and Loss account of the year when the contribution to the respective funds are due.

(ii) Defined Benefit Plans: - Retirement benefits in the form of gratuity is considered as defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation on projected unit credit method made as at the date of the Balance Sheet. The scheme is maintained and administered by an insurer to which the trustees make periodic contributions. Actuarial gain/loss, if any are immediately recognized in the Profit and Loss account.

(b) Other Long Term Benefits

As per the present policy of the company, there are no other long term benefits to which its employees are entitled.

11. Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

12. Assets on Operating Leases

Lease payments under operating leases are recognized as expenses on accrual basis in accordance with the respective leave and license agreements.

13. Share Issue Expenses

Expenses incurred in connection with fresh issue of Share Capital are adjusted against Securities Premium account in the year in which they are incurred.

14. Taxation

Provision for Taxation has been made in accordance with the Income Tax Laws prevailing for the relevant assessment years.

15. Deferred Taxation

Deferred Tax resulting from timing differences between book and tax profits is accounted for under the liability method, at the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted after the balance sheet date, to the extent that the timing difference are expected to crystallize as deferred tax charge/benefit in the profit and loss account and as deferred tax assets/ liabilities in the Balance Sheet.

16. Contingencies and Events Occuring After The Balance Sheet Date

Events occurring after the date of the Balance Sheet, which provide further evidence of conditions that existed at the Balance Sheet date or that arose subsequently, are considered up to the date of approval of accounts by the Board of Directors, where material.

17. Impairment

Where the recoverable amount of the fixed asset is lower than its carrying amount, a provision is made for the impairment loss. Post impairment, depreciation is provided for on the revised carrying value of the asset over its remaining useful life.

18. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities & Contingent Assets

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event(s) and it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation(s), in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made for the amount of obligation. Contingent liabilities, if material, are disclosed by way of notes. Contingent assets are not recognized or disclosed in the financial statements.

19. Foreign Currency Transactions

Foreign currency transactions are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Foreign currency monetary items outstanding as at the Balance Sheet date are reported using the closing rate. Gains and losses resulting from the settlement of such transactions and translation of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account.

20. Employee Stock Compensation Cost

The company follows the intrinsic value method as prescribed by the Guidance note on “Accounting for Employee Share-based Payments” issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India to account for the compensation cost of its Stock based employee compensation plans.

21. Stock Lending and Borrowing

Borrowing/ Lending fees paid/received on stocks borrowed/lent under Stock Lending and Borrowing Mechanism is recognized on accrual basis.

Amount deposited with Stock Exchanges for borrowed stocks has been shown under the head Current Assets, Loans and Advances and the same is reversed on return of such borrowed stock.

Sale proceeds of borrowed stock has been shown as Current Liabilities and the same is reversed on squaring up of the transaction with resultant gain/loss being recognized in the Profit and Loss account.

Provision is made for anticipated losses however anticipated profits are ignored for difference between sale price of borrowed stock and the price prevailing at the Balance Sheet date on such borrowed stock.

(B) CHANGES IN ACCOUNTING POLICIES

During the year, brokerage from secondary market is recognized as per contracted rates at the execution of transactions on behalf of the clients on the trade date which was hitherto recognized at the end of each settlement period when bills were raised on the clients. Consequent to the change, the Brokerage Income for the year is higher by Rs. 39,94,348/-.

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