Home  »  Company  »  Emmessar Biotech  »  Quotes  »  Accounting Policy
Enter the first few characters of Company and click 'Go'

Accounting Policies of Emmessar Biotech & Nutrition Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements:

The financial statements are prepared on the basis of going concern, on the accrual basis of accounting, under the historical cost convention except for revaluation of land, and in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in India and to comply in all material aspects with the mandatory accounting standards issued by The Companies (Accounting Standard) rules, 2006 as applicable and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those followed in previous year.

2. Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets & liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

3. Inventories:

Raw material, Finished goods and Stock- in-Trade are valued at lower of costs or net realizable value. Cost of inventories comprises all cost of purchase, conversions and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Finished goods are valued inclusive of excise duty payable thereon. Provisions for obsolescence / expired goods are made, wherever necessary. Cost is determined by using FIFO method.

4. Cash and Cash Equivalents

The Company considers all highly liquid financial instruments, which are readily convertible into cash and have original maturities of three months or less from the date of purchase, to be cash equivalents.

5. Revenue Recognition:

Sales are recognized, net of returns and trade discounts, on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer, which generally coincides with the delivery of goods to customers. Service revenue is recognized as per terms of contract. Sales include amount recovered towards Excise Duty but exclude, Central Sales Tax, Value Added Tax & Courier Charges and in case of Export Sales exclude amounts recovered towards insurance and freight.

6. Fixed Assets:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost except for revaluation of Land, less accumulated depreciation. The cost of fixed assets includes freight and other incidental expenses related to the acquisition and installation of the respective assets and excludes Cenvat and MVAT, if any. Interests on borrowings for the purpose of acquiring Fixed Assets are also added to the cost of acquisition until the use thereof for Com-mercial Production.

Items of fixed assets that have been retired from active use and are held for disposal are stated at the lower of either net book value or net realizable value and are disclosed separately in the financial statements. Any expected loss is recognized in the Profit and Loss account as "Diminution in Fixed Assets".

7. Depreciation:

Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on Straight Line Method at the applicable rates and in the manner as prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013, which management considers as being representative of the useful economic lives of such assets.

Depreciation on addition / deletion of Fixed Assets made during the year is provided on pro-rata basis from / up to the date of such addition / deletion, as the case may be. Assets under construction are not depreciated.

8. Impairment of Assets:

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date where there is any indication that any assets may be impaired and if such indication exists, the carrying value of such assets is reduced to its estimated recoverable amount and a provision is made for such impairment loss in the Profit and Loss Account. If at the Balance Sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost.

9. Foreign Currency Transactions and Translations

Transactions denominated in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction.

Translation of all foreign currency denominated monetary Assets & Liabilities as at the balance sheet date are translated at year end exchange rates. Exchange difference arising on restatement or settlement is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

10. Investments:

Long Term Investments are stated at cost of acquisition and related expenses. Provision is made to recognize a diminution, other than temporary, in the value of investments. Current Investments are carried individually at lower of cost and fair value.

11. Employee Benefit:

A. Short Term Employee Benefits

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits. Benefits such as salaries, wages, and performance incentive paid annual leave, bonus, leave travel assistance, medical allowance, contribution to provident fund etc. recognized as actual amounts due in period in which the employee renders the related services.

A. Post –employment benefits

a) Defined Contribution plan

Payment made to defined contribution plans such as Provident fund is charged as expenses as they fall due.

b) Defined Benefit Plan

The cost of providing benefits i.e. gratuity is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuation carried out as at the balance sheet date. Actuarial gain and losses are recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit & Loss.

12 Segment Reporting

The Company identifies primary segments based on the dominant source, nature of risks and returns and the internal organization and management structure. The operating segments are the segments for which separate financial information is available and for which operating profit/ loss amounts are evaluated regularly by the management.

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the Company. Segment revenue, segment expenses, segment assets and segment liabilities have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment.

Revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities which relate to the Company as a whole and are not allocable to segments on reasonable basis have been included under "unallocated revenue/ expenses/ assets / liabilities".

13. Taxation:

Income Tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. Amount of Income tax for the period determined in accordance with the Income Tax law), deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effect of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period). The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred Tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future. However, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty of realisation of the assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonable / virtual certain (as the case may be) to be realized.

14. Earnings per share:

Basic earnings per share are computed by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity share holders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit for the period attributable to equity share holders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

15. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provision is recognized only when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in the respect of which a reliable estimate can be made based on technical evaluation and past experience. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on management estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.


Mar 31, 2014

1. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements:

The financial statements are prepared on the basis of going concern, on the accrual basis of accounting, under the historical cost convention except for revaluation of land, and in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in India and to comply in all material aspects with the mandatory accounting standards issued by The Companies (Accounting Standard) rules, 2006 as applicable and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those followed in previous year.

2. Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets & liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

3. Inventories:

Raw material, Finished goods and Stock-in-Trade are valued at lower of costs or net realizable value. Cost of inventories comprises all cost of purchase, conversions and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Finished goods are valued inclusive of excise duty payable thereon. Provisions for obsolescence / expired goods are made, wherever necessary. Cost is determined by using FIFO method.

4. Cash and Cash Equivalents

The Company considers all highly liquid financial instruments, which are readily convertible into cash and have original maturities of three months or less from the date of purchase, to be cash equivalents.

5. Revenue Recognition:

Sales are recognized, net of returns and trade discounts, on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer, which generally coincides with the delivery of goods to customers. Service revenue is recognized as per terms of contract. Sales include amount recovered towards Excise

Duty but exclude, Central Sales Tax, Value Added Tax & Courier Charges and in case of Export Sales exclude amounts recovered towards insurance and freight.

6. Fixed Assets:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost except for revaluation of Land, less accumulated depreciation. The cost of fixed assets includes freight and other incidental expenses related to the acquisition and installation of the respective assets and excludes Cenvat and MVAT, if any. Interests on borrowings for the purpose of acquiring Fixed Assets are also added to the cost of acquisition until the use thereof for Commercial Production.

Items of fixed assets that have been retired from active use and are held for disposal are stated at the lower of either net book value or net realizable value and are disclosed separately in the financial statements. Any expected loss is recognized in the Profit and Loss account as "Diminution in Fixed Assets".

7. Depreciation:

Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on Straight Line Method at the applicable rates and in the manner as prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, which management considers as being representative of the useful economic lives of such assets.

Depreciation on addition / deletion of Fixed Assets made during the year is provided on pro-rata basis from / up to the date of such addition / deletion, as the case may be. Assets under construction are not depreciated.

8. Impairment of Assets:

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date where there is any indication that any assets may be impaired and if such indication exists, the carrying value of such assets is reduced to its estimated recoverable amount and a provision is made for such impairment loss in the Profit and Loss Account. If at the Balance Sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost.

9. Foreign Currency Transactions and Translations Transactions denominated in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction.

Translation of all foreign currency denominated monetary Assets & Liabilities as at the balance sheet date are translated at year end exchange rates. Exchange difference arising on restatement or settlement is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

10. Investments:

Long Term Investments are stated at cost of acquisition and related expenses. Provision is made to recognize a diminution, other than temporary, in the value of investments. Current Investments are carried individually at lower of cost and fair value.

11. Employee Benefit:

A. Short Term Employee Benefits

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits. Benefits such as salaries, wages, and performance incentive paid annual leave, bonus, leave travel assistance, medical allowance, contribution to provident fund etc. recognized as actual amounts due in period in which the employee renders the related services.

A. Post -employment benefits

a) Defined Contribution plan

Payment made to defined contribution plans such as Provident fund is charged as expenses as they fall due.

b) Defined Benefit Plan

The cost of providing benefits i.e. gratuity is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuation carried out as at the balance sheet date. Actuarial gain and losses are recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit & Loss.

12 Segment Reporting

The Company identifies primary segments based on the dominant source, nature of risks and returns and the internal organization and management structure. The operating segments are the segments for which separate financial information is available and for which operating profit/ loss amounts are evaluated regularly by the management.

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the Company. Segment revenue, segment expenses, segment assets and segment liabilities have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment.

Revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities which relate to the Company as a whole and are not allocable to segments on reasonable basis have been included under "unallocated revenue/ expenses/ assets / liabilities".

13. Taxation:

Income Tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. Amount of Income tax for the period determined in accordance with the Income Tax law), deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effect of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period). The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred Tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future. However, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty of realisation of the assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonable / virtual certain (as the case may be) to be realized.

14. Earnings per share:

Basic earnings per share are computed by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity share holders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit for the period attributable to equity share holders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

15. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provision is recognized only when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in the respect of which a reliable estimate can be made based on technical evaluation and past experience. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on management estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

a) The Company has only one class of shares referred to as Equity Shares having a par value of Rs 10/- each. Each holder of Equity Share is entitled to one vote per share.

b) The Company has not declared any Dividend.

c) In the event of liquidation of the Company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive any of the remaining assets of the company,after distribution of all preferential amounts. The distribution will be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the shareholders

d) Share Reconciliation

The reconciliation of the number of shares outstanding and the amount of Share Capital as at March 31,2014 and March 31, 2013 is set out below.


Mar 31, 2013

1. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements:

The financial statements are prepared on the basis of going concern, on the accrual basis of accounting, under the historical cost convention except for revaluation of land, and in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in India and to comply in all material aspects with the mandatory accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India as applicable and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those followed in previous year.

2. Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets & liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

3. Inventories:

Raw material and Finished goods are valued at lower of costs or net realizable value. Cost of inventories comprises all cost of purchase, conversions and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Finished goods are valued inclusive of excise duty payable thereon. Provisions for obsolescence / expired goods are made, wherever necessary. Cost is determined by using FIFO method.

4. Cash and Cash Equivalents

The Company considers all highly liquid financial instruments, which are readily convertible into cash and have original maturities of three months or less from the date of purchase, to be cash equivalents.

5. Cash Flow Statement

Cash flow is reported using indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non - cash nature any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

6. Revenue Recognition:

Sales are recognized, net of returns and trade discounts, on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer, which generally coincides with the delivery of goods to customers. Service revenue is recognized as per terms of contract. Sales include amount recovered towards Excise Duty but exclude, Central Sales Tax, Value Added Tax & Courier Charges and in case of Export Sales exclude amounts recovered towards insurance and freight.

7. Fixed Assets:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost except for revaluation of Land, less accumulated depreciation. The cost of fixed assets includes freight and other incidental expenses related to the acquisition and installation of the respective assets and excludes Cenvat and MVAT, if any. Interests on borrowings for the purpose of acquiring Fixed Assets are also added to the cost of acquisition until the use thereof for Commercial Production.

Items of fixed assets that have been retired from active use and are held for disposal are stated at the lower of either net book value or net realizable value and are disclosed separately in the financial statements. Any expected loss is recognized in the Profit and Loss account as "Diminution in Fixed Assets".

8. Depreciation:

Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on Straight Line Method at the applicable rates and in the manner as prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, which management considers as being representative of the useful economic lives of such assets.

Depreciation on addition / deletion of Fixed Assets made during the year is provided on pro-rata basis from / up to the date of such addition / deletion, as the case may be. Assets under construction are not depreciated.

9. Impairment of Assets:

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date where there is any indication that any assets may be impaired and if such indication exists, the carrying value of such assets is reduced to its estimated recoverable amount and a provision is made for such impairment loss in the Profit and Loss Account. If at the Balance Sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost.

10. Foreign Currency Transactions and Translations

Transactions denominated in foreign currency are

recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of relevant transaction.

Translation of all foreign currency denominated monetary Current Assets & Current Liabilities as at 31st March 2013 are translated at exchange rates prevailing as on the same date. Exchange difference arising on restatement or settlement is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

11. Investments

Long Term Investments are stated at cost of acquisition and related expenses. Provision is made to recognize a diminution, other than temporary, in the value of investments. Current Investments are carried individually at lower of cost and fair value.

12. Employee Benefit:

A. Short Term Employee Benefits

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits. Benefits such as salaries, wages, and performance incentive paid annual leave, bonus, leave travel assistance, medical allowance, contribution to provident fund etc. recognized as actual amounts due in period in which the employee renders the related services.

B. Post -employment benefits

a) Defined Contribution plan

Payment made to defined contribution plans such as Provident fund is charged as expenses as they fall due.

b) Defined Benefit Plan

The cost of providing benefits i.e. gratuity is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuation carried out as at the balance sheet date. Actuarial gain and losses are recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit & Loss.

13. Insurance

Wherever considered necessary, the Company covers all the normal risks on the basis of estimated values of its assets. The premium pertaining to the year is charged against revenue of the year. Insurance claims are accounted as and when admitted as due by the Insurance Company.

14. Research and Development Cost

All revenue expenses pertaining to Research and Development are charged to the Profit and Loss Account under the normal and natural heads of account under which they are incurred; hence no amount can be quantified separately under the head of R & D Cost. The expenditure of capital nature on R & D is capitalized as fixed assets, and depreciated as per the Company''s policy.

15. Segment Reporting

The Company identifies primary segments based on the dominant source, nature of risks and returns and the internal organization and management structure.

The operating segments are the segments for which separate financial information is available and for which operating profit/ loss amounts are evaluated regularly by the management.

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the Company. Segment revenue, segment expenses, segment assets and segment liabilities have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment.

Revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities which relate to the Company as a whole and are not allocable to segments on reasonable basis have been included under "unallocated revenue/ expenses/ assets / liabilities".

16. Taxation

Income Tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. Amount of Income tax for the period determined in accordance with the Income Tax law), deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effect of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period). The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred Tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future. However, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty of realization of the assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonable / virtual certain (as the case may be) to be realized.

17. Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are computed by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity share holders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit for the period attributable to equity share holders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

18. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provision is recognized only when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in the respect of which a reliable estimate can be made based on technical evaluation and past experience. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on management estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

a) The Company has only one class of shares referred to as Equity Shares having a par value of Rs 10/- each. Each holder of Equity Share is entitled to one vote per share.

b) The Company has not declared any Dividend as it has accumulated Losses.

c) In the event of liquidation of the Company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive any of the remaining assets of the company, after distribution of all preferential amounts. The distribution will be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the shareholders

Provision for doubtful debts

Periodically, the Company evaluates all customer dues to the Company for collectability. The need for provisions is assessed based on various factors including collectability of specific dues ,risk perceptions of the industry in which the customer operates general economic factors, which could affect the customer''s ability to settle. The Company normally provides for debtor where ascertained of recoverability is very less. The Company pursues the recovery of the dues, in part or full.


Mar 31, 2012

1. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements:

The financial statements are prepared on the basis of going concern, on the accrual basis of accounting, under the historical cost convention except for revaluation of land, and in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in India and to comply in all material aspects with the mandatory accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India as applicable and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those followed in previous year.

2. Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets & liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

3. Inventories:

Raw material and Finished goods are valued at lower of costs or net realizable value. Cost of inventories comprises all cost of purchase, conversions and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Finished goods are valued inclusive of excise duty payable thereon. Provisions for obsolescence / expired goods are made, wherever necessary. Cost is determined by using FIFO method.

4. Cash and Cash Equivalents

The Company considers all highly liquid financial instruments, which are readily convertible into cash and have original maturities of three months or less from the date of purchase, to be cash equivalents.

5. Cash Flow Statement

Cash flow is reported using indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non - cash nature any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

6. Revenue Recognition :

Sales are recognized, net of returns and trade discounts, on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer, which generally coincides with the delivery of goods to customers. Service revenue is recognized as per terms of contract. Sales include amount recovered towards Excise Duty but exclude, Central Sales Tax, Value Added Tax & Courier Charges and in case of Export Sales exclude amounts recovered towards insurance and freight.

7. Fixed Assets:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost except for revaluation of Land, less accumulated depreciation. The cost of fixed assets includes freight and other incidental expenses related to the acquisition and installation of the respective assets and excludes Cenvat and MVAT, if any. Interests on borrowings for the purpose of accfuiring Fixed Assets are also added to the cost of acquisition until the use thereof for Commercial Production.

Items of fixed assets that have been retired from active use and are held for disposal are stated at the lower of either net book value or net realizable value and are disclosed separately in the financial statements. Any expected loss is recognized in the Profit and Loss account as "'Diminution in Fixed Assets".

8. Depreciation:

Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on Straight Line Method at the applicable rates and in the manner as prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, which management considers as being representative of the useful economic lives of such assets.

Depreciation on addition / deletion of Fixed Assets made during the year is provided on pro-rata basis from / jp to the date of such addition / deletion, as the case may be. Assets under construction are not depreciated.

9. Impairment of Assets:

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date where there is any indication that any assets may be impaired and if such indication exists, the carrying value of such assets is reduced to its estimated recoverable amount and a provision is made for such impairment loss in the Profit and Loss Account. If at the Balance Sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost.

10. Foreign Currency Transactions and Translations: Transactions denominated in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of relevant transaction.

Translation of all foreign currency denominated monetary Current Assets & Current Liabilities as at 31st March 2012 are translated at exchange rates prevailing as on the same date. Exchange difference arising on restatement or settlement is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

11. Investments:

Long Term Investments are stated at cost of acquisition and related expenses. Provision is made to recognize a diminution, other than temporary, in the value of investments. Current Investments are carried individually at lower of cost and fair value.

12. Employee Benefit:

A. Short Term Employee Benefits

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service iare classified as short term employee benefits. Benefits such as salaries, wages, and performance incentive paid annual leave, bonus, leave travel assistance, medical allowance, contribution to provident fund etc. recognized as actual amounts due in period in which the employee renders the related services.

B. Post -employment benefits

a) Defined Contribution plan

Payment made to defined contribution plans such as Provident fund is charged as expenses as they fall due.

b) Defined Benefit Plan

The cost of providing benefits i.e. gratuity is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuation carried out as at the balance sheet date. Actuarial gain and losses are recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit & Loss.

13. Insurance:

Wherever considered necessary, the Company covers all the normal risks on the basis of estimated values of its assets. The premium pertaining to the year is charged against revenue of the year. Insurance claims are accounted as and when admitted as due by the Insurance Company.

14. Research and Development Cost:

All revenue expenses pertaining to Research and Development are charged to the Profit and Loss Account under the normal and natural heads of account under which they are incurred; hence no amount can be quantified separately under the head of R & D Cost. The expenditure of capital nature on R & D is capitalized as fixed assets, and depreciated as per the Company's policy.

15. Segment Reporting:

The Company identifies primary segments based on the dominant source, nature of risks and returns and the internal organization and management structure.

The operating segments are the segments for which separate financial information is available and for which operating profit/ loss amounts are evaluated regularly by the management.

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the Company. Segment revenue, segment expenses, segment assets and segment liabilities have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment.

Revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities which relate to the Company as a whole and are not allocable to segments on reasonable basis have been included under "unallocated revenue/ expenses/ assets / liabilities".

16. Taxation:

Income Tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. Amount of Income tax for the period determined in accordance with the Income Tax law), deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effect of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period). The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred Tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future. However, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty of realisation of the assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonable /' virtual certain (as the case may be) to be realized.

17. Earnings per share:

Basic earnings per share are computed by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity share holders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit for the period attributable to equity share holders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

18. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provision is recognized only when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in the respect of which a reliable estimate can be made based on technical evaluation and past experience. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on management estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

a) The Company has only one class of shares referred to as Equity Shares having a par value of Rs.10/- each. Each holder of Equity Share is entitled to one vote per share.

b) The Company has not declared any Dividend as it has accumulated Losses.

c) In the event of liquidation of the Company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive any of the remaining assets of the company,after distribution of all preferential amounts. The distribution will be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the shareholders


Mar 31, 2011

Major consideration governing selection and application of significant accounting policies of the Company to represent true and fair view of the state of affairs of the financial statements of the Company are;

i) Prudence

ii) Substance over Form and

iii) Materiality

Significant Accounting Policies adopted and followed by the Company in preparation of its Financial Accounts are as under:

a) Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements: Subject to significant accounting policies outlined herein under, the accounts and the financial statements have been prepared on the basis of going concern, on the accrual basis of accounting, under the historical cost convention except for revaluation of land, in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in India and to comply in all material aspects with the mandatory accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India as applicable and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those followed in previous year.

b) Use of Estimates : The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets & liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

c) Revenue Recognition :Sale of goods is recognized on transfer of Property in goods to customers on agreed terms. Sales excludes amounts recovered towards Excise Duty, Central Sales Tax, Value Added Tax & Courier Charges and in case of Export Sales excludes amounts recovered towards insurance and freight.

d) Fixed Assets : Fixed Assets are stated at cost except for revaluation of Land, less accumulated depreciation. The cost of fixed assets includes freight and other incidental expenses related to the acquisition and installation of the respective assets and excludes Cenvat and MVAT, if any. Interest on borrowings for the purpose of acquiring Fixed Assets are also added to the cost of acquisition until the use thereof for Commercial Production.

Items of fixed assets that have been retired from active use and are held for disposal are stated at the lower of either net book value or net realizable value and are disclosed separately in the financial statements. Any expected loss is recognized in the Profit and Loss account as “Diminution in Fixed Assets".

e) Depreciation : Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on Straight Line Method at the applicable rates and in the manner as prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, which management considers as being representative of the useful economic lives of such assets.

Depreciation on addition / deletion of Fixed Assets made during the year is provided on pro-rata basis from / up to the date of such addition / deletion, as the case may be. Assets under construction are not depreciated.

f) Impairment of Assets : The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date where there is any indication that any assets may be impaired and if such indication exists, the carrying value of such assets is reduced to its estimated recoverable amount and a provision is made for such impairment loss in the Profit and Loss Account. If at the Balance Sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is refected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost.

g) Investments : Long Term Investments are stated at cost of acquisition and related expenses. Provision is made to recognize a diminution, other than temporary, in the value of investments.

h) Inventories : Raw material and Finished goods are valued at lower of costs or net realizable value. Cost of inventories comprises all cost of purchase, conversions and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Finished goods are valued inclusive of excise duty payable thereon. Provision for obsolescence / expired good is made, wherever necessary. Cost is determined by using FIFO method.

i) Retirement Benefit : Contribution to Provident Fund and other defined contribution schemes are made at pre- determined rates and are charged to the Profit and Loss

Account monthly. Provision for Gratuity is made in the accounts in respect of all employees of the company. Gratuity payment is accounted as and when the same becomes due and payable by the Company at the time of retirement of concerned employee in the year in which the liability for the same crystalises against the provision made for gratuity in the accounts in respect of the concerned employee.

j) Insurance : Wherever considered necessary, the Company covers all the normal risks on the basis of estimated values of its assets. The premium pertaining to the year is charged against revenue of the year. Insurance claims are accounted as and when admitted as due by the Insurance Company.

k) Research and Development Cost : All revenue expenses pertaining to Research and Development are charged to the Profit and Loss Account under the normal and natural heads of account under which they are incurred, hence no amount can be quantified separately under the head of R & D Cost. The expenditure of capital nature on R & D is capitalized as fixed assets, and depreciated as per the Company''s policy.

l) Classification of Expenditure and Income : unless otherwise stated, all items of expenditure and income are being classified and stated under their respective normal and natural heads of accounts having regard to the nature of business in which the Company is engaged.

m) Provisions : A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in the respect of which a reliable estimate can be made based on technical evaluation and past experience. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on management estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to refect the current management estimates.

n) Cenvat and VAT Credit : Excise duty and VAT on inputs are carried forward in current assets and is included in "Other Current Assets" till it is utilized. Consequently such inputs are accounted for exclusive of excise duty and VAT credit.

o) Foreign Currency Transactions : Transactions denominated in foreign currency are normally recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of relevant transaction.

Translation of all foreign currency denominated monetary Current Assets & Current Liabilities as at 31st March 2011 are translated at exchange rates prevailing as on the same date. The Gain / Loss arising on translations and on foreign currency transactions settled during the year are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account of the year.

p) Extra Ordinary Events and Prior Period Items : Material extra ordinary events and prior period items are disclosed separately in the Accounts.

q) Claims Receivable from Third Parties & Litigations. Revenues on claims pending disposal are recognised at the time of acceptance of claim by third parties on disposal of litigation.

r) Events occurring after Balance Sheet date : Events occurring after Balance Sheet date which are materially affecting the determination of the amounts relating to conditions existing at the Balance Sheet date are being recognized / disclosed as per Accounting Standard 4 (AS4) – Contingencies and Events Occurring after the Balance Sheet Date.

s) Taxation : Income Tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. Amount of Income tax for the period determined in accordance with the Income Tax law), deferred tax charge or credit (refecting the tax effect of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period). The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred Tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future. However, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty of realisation of the assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and written down or written up to refect the amount that is reasonable / virtual certain (as the case may be) to be realized.

Earnings per share :

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity share holders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit for the period attributable to equity share holders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.


Mar 31, 2010

Major consideration governing selection and application of significant accounting policies of the Company to represent true and fair view of the state of affairs of the financial statements of the Company are;

i) Prudence ii) Substance over Form and iii) Materiality

Significant Accounting Policies adopted and followed by the Company in preparation of its Financial Accounts are as under:

a) Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements:Subject to significant accounting policies outlined herein under, the accounts and the financial statements have been prepared on the basis of going concern, on the accrual basis of accounting, under the historical cost convention except for revaluation of land, in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in India and to comply in all material aspects with the mandatory accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India as applicable and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those followed in previous year.

b) Use of Estimates: The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets & liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

c) Revenue Recognition:Sale of goods is recognised on transfer of Property in goods to custom-ers on agreed terms. Sales excludes amounts recovered towards Excise Duty, Central Sales Tax, Value Added Tax & Courier Charges and in case of Export Sales excludes amounts recovered towards insurance and freight.

d) Fixed Assets: Fixed Assets are stated at cost except for revaluation of Land, less accumulated depreciation. The cost of fixed assets includes freight and other incidental expenses related to the acquisition and installation of the respective assets and excludes Cenvat and MVAT, if any. Interest on borrowings for the purpose of acquir-ing Fixed Assets are also added to the cost of acquisition until the use thereof for Com-mercial Production.

Items of fixed assets that have been retired from active use and are held for disposal are stated at the lower of either net book value or net realizable value and are disclosed separately in the financial statements. Any expected loss is recognized in the Profit and Loss account as "Diminution in Fixed Assets".

e) Depreciation:Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on Straight Line Method at the applicable rates and in the manner as prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, which management considers as being representative of the useful economic lives of such assets.

Depreciation on addition / deletion of Fixed Assets made during the year is provided on pro-rata basis from / up to the date of such addition / deletion, as the case may be. Assets under construction are not depreciated.

f) Impairment of Assets: The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date where there is any indication that any assets may be impaired and if such indication exists, the carrying value of such assets is reduced to its estimated recoverable amount and a provision is made for such impairment loss in the Profit and Loss Account. If at the Balance Sheet date there is an Indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost.

g) lnvestments:lnvestments are stated at cost of acquisition and related expenses.

h) lnventories:Raw material and Finished goods are valued at lower of costs or net realizable value. Cost of inventories comprises all cost of purchase, conversions and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Cenvat and MVAT are excluded in the value of the inventories. Provision for obsolescence / expired good is made, wherever necessary. Cost is determined by using FIFO method.

i) Retirement Benefit: Contribution to Provident Fund and other defined contribution schemes are made at pre-determined rates and are charged to the Profit and Loss Account monthly. Provision for Gratuity is made in the accounts in respect of all employees of the company. Gratuity payment is accounted as and when the same becomes due and payable by the Company at the time of retirement of concerned employee in the year in which the liability for the same crystalises against the provision made for gratuity in the accounts in respect of the concerned employee.

j) Insurance: Wherever considered necessary, the Company covers all the normal risks on the basis of estimated values of its assets. The premium pertaining to.the year is charged against revenue of the year. Insurance claims are accounted as and when admitted as due by the Insurance Company.

k) Research and Development Cost: All revenue expenses pertaining to Research and Development are charged to the Profit and Loss Account under the normal and natural heads of . account under which they are incurred, hence no amount can be quantified separately under the head of R & D Cost. The expenditure of capital nature on R & D is capitalized as fixed assets, and depreciated as per the Companys policy.

l) Classification of Expenditure and Income:

Unless otherwise stated, all items of expenditure and income are being classified and stated under their respective normal and natural heads of accounts having regard to the nature of business in which the Company is engaged.

m) Provisions: A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in the respect of which a reliable estimate can be made based on technical evaluation and past experience. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on management estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current management estimates.

n) Cenvat and VAT Credit: Excise duty and VAT on inputs are carried forward in current assets and is included in "Other Current Assets" till it is utilized.Consequently such inputs are accounted for exclusive of excise duty and VAT credit.

o) Foreign Currency Transactions : Transactions denominated in foreign currency are normally recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of relevant transaction. Translation of all foreign currency denominated monetary Current

Assets & Current Liabilities as at 31st March 2010 are translated at exchange rates prevailing as on the same date. The Gain / Loss arising on translations and on foreign currency transactions settled during the year are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account of the year.

p) Extra Ordinary Events and Prior Period

Items:Material extra ordinary events and prior period items are disclosed separately in the Accounts.

q) Claims Receivable from Third Parties & Litigations.Revenues on claims pending disposal are recognised at the time of accept-ance of claim by third parties on disposal of litigation.

r) Events occurring after Balance Sheet date:

Events occurring after Balance Sheet date which are materially affecting the determination of the amounts relating to conditions existing at the Balance Sheet date are being recognized / disclosed as per Accounting Standard 4 (AS4) - Contingencies and Events Occurring after the Balance Sheet Date.

s) Taxation: Income Tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. Amount of Income tax for the period determined in accordance with the Income Tax law), deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effect of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period). The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred Tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future. However, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty of realisation of the assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonable / virtual certain (as the case may be) to be realized.

Earnings per share:

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity share holders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit for the period attributable to equity share holders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

 
Subscribe now to get personal finance updates in your inbox!