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Accounting Policies of Eveready Industries India Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1.1 Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 ("the 2013 Act") / Companies Act, 1956 ("the 1956 Act"), as applicable. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

2.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialise.

2.3 Inventories

Inventories of raw materials and stores and spare parts are valued at the lower of weighted average cost and the net realisable value after providing for obsolescence and other losses, where considered necessary. Work-in-progress and finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value where cost is worked out on weighted average basis. Cost includes all charges in bringing the goods to the point of sale, including octroi and other levies, transit insurance and receiving charges alongwith appropriate proportion of overheads and, where applicable, excise duty.

2.4 Cash and cash equivalents (for purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

2.5 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

2.6 Depreciation and amortisation

Depreciable amount for assets is the cost of an asset, or other amount substituted for cost, less its estimated residual value.

Depreciation on tangible fixed assets has been provided on the straight-line method as per the useful life prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 except in respect of the following categories of assets, in whose case the life of the assets has been assessed as under based on technical advice, taking into account the nature of the asset, the estimated usage of the asset, the operating conditions of the asset, past history of replacement, anticipated technological changes, manufacturers warranties and maintenance support, etc.:

Factory Building - 25 years

Plant and Machinery-other than moulds-3 shifts - 20 years Plant and Machinery-other than moulds-2 shifts - 26.67 years Moulds - 3 years Vehicles - 3 years

Office Equipment includes:

Computers - Servers and Networks - 6 years

Computers - Desktops & Laptops - 3 years

Leasehold land is amortised over the duration of the lease.

Freehold land is not depreciated except for improvements to land included therein.

Intangible assets are amortised over their estimated useful life on straight line method as follows:

Computer software is amortised over the life of the software license.

Patents, trademarks and brands are amortised over their legal term or working life, whichever is shorter.

Brand "Eveready" is amortised over a working life of 40 years and Brand "Premium Gold" is amortised over a working life of 10 years.

The estimated useful life of the intangible assets and the amortisation period are reviewed at the end of each financial year and the amortisation period is revised to reflect the changed pattern, if any.

2.7 Revenue recognition

Sale of goods

Sales are recognised, net of returns and trade discounts, on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer. Sales include excise duty but exclude sales tax and value added tax.

2.8 Tangible Fixed Assets

Fixed assets carried at cost less accumulated depreciation / amortisation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of fixed assets comprises its purchase price net of any trade discounts and rebates, any import duties and other taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from the tax authorities), any directly attributable expenditure on making the asset ready for its intended use, other incidental expenses and interest on borrowings attributable to acquisition of qualifying fixed assets up to the date the asset is ready for its intended use. Subsequent expenditure on fixed assets after its purchase / completion is capitalised only if such expenditure results in an increase in the future benefits from such asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. Fixed assets acquired and put to use for project purpose are capitalised and depreciation thereon is included in the project cost till the project is ready for its intended use.

Capital work-in-progress:

Projects under which assets are not yet ready for their intended use are carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental expenses and attributable interest.

2.9 Intangible Assets

Except for brand "Eveready" which is reflected on the basis of a Scheme of Arrangement, other intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortisation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of an intangible asset comprises its purchase price, including any import duties and other taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from the taxing authorities), and any directly attributable expenditure on making the asset ready for its intended use and net of any trade discounts and rebates. Subsequent expenditure on an intangible asset after its purchase / completion is recognised as an expense when incurred unless it is probable that such expenditure will enable the asset to generate future economic benefits in excess of its originally assessed standards of performance and such expenditure can be measured and attributed to the asset reliably, in which case such expenditure is added to the cost of the asset.

2.10 Foreign currency transactions and translations

Foreign Currency Transactions (FCT) and forward exchange contracts used to hedge FCT are initially recorded at the spot rates on the date of the transactions / contract.

Monetary assets and liabilities related to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the end of the year are translated at year-end rates. The difference in translation of monetary assets and liabilities and realised gains and losses on foreign currency transactions are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

I n respect of transactions covered by foreign exchange contracts, the difference between the contract rate and the spot rate on the date of the transaction is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss over the period of the contract.

Non-integral foreign operations: The exchange differences relating to non-integral foreign operations are accumulated in a "Foreign currency translation reserve" until disposal of the operation, in which case the accumulated balance in "Foreign currency translation reserve" is recognised as income / expense in the same period in which the gain or loss on disposal is recognised.

Accounting for forward contracts

Premium / discount on forward exchange contracts, are amortised over the period of the contracts if such contracts relate to monetary items as at the balance sheet date. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such a forward exchange contract is recognised as income or as expense in the period in which such cancellation or renewal is made. Refer Note 2.20 for accounting for forward exchange contracts relating to firm commitments and highly probable forecast transactions.

2.11 Government grants, subsidies and export incentives

Government grants and subsidies are recognised when there is reasonable assurance that the Group will comply with the conditions attached to them and the grants / subsidy will be received.

Export benefits are accounted for in the year of exports based on eligibility and when there is no uncertainty in receiving the same.

Other government grants and subsidies are recognised as income over the periods necessary to match them with the costs for which they are intended to compensate, on a systematic basis.

2.12 Investments

Long term investments are carried at cost less provision for diminution other than temporary in the value of such investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value.

2.13 Employee benefits

The estimated liability for all employee benefits, both for present and past services which are due as per the terms of employment, are determined in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS) 15 issued by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006. A brief description of the various employee benefits are as follows:

Pension - A defined benefit plan, the liability for which is determined on the basis of an actuarial valuation on the frozen corpus as at March 31, 2003 and thereafter on the basis of the Company''s defined contribution scheme.

Gratuity - The Company has an obligation towards gratuity, a defined benefit plan covering eligible employees. The plan provides for lump sum payment to vested employees on retirement, death while in employment or on separation. Vesting occurs upon completion of five years of service. The liability, which is determined by means of an independent actuarial valuation, is funded with trusts sponsored by the Company.

Provident Fund - This is a defined contribution plan framed in accordance with Indian laws, in accordance with which eligible employees participate. Under the plan, both the employee and employer contribute monthly at a determined rate (currently upto 12% of employee''s salary). Contributions under the plan are made to the trust sponsored by the Company and the Pension Scheme framed by the Central Government.

Other employee benefits include Post Retirement Medical Benefits and compensated absences on separation, which are long term in nature. Both these benefits are unfunded and the liability for the same is determined by an independent actuarial valuation in accordance with the requirements of Accounting Standard (AS) 15 "Employee Benefits".

2.14 Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs include interest, amortisation of ancillary costs incurred and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost. Costs in connection with the borrowing of funds to the extent not directly related to the acquisition of qualifying assets are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss over the tenure of the loan. Borrowing costs, allocated to and utilised for qualifying assets, pertaining to the period from commencement of activities relating to construction / development of the qualifying asset upto the date of capitalisation of such asset are added to the cost of the assets.

2.15 Segment information

The Company is engaged in the business of marketing of dry cell batteries, rechargeable batteries, flashlights, packet tea and general electrical products which come under a single business segment known as Fast Moving Consumer Goods. Sale outside India is below the reportable threshold limit, thus geographical segment information is not given.

2.16 Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) as adjusted for dividend, interest and other charges to expense or income relating to the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Potential equity shares are deemed to be dilutive only if their conversion to equity shares would decrease the net profit per share from continuing ordinary operations. Potential dilutive equity shares are deemed to be converted as at the beginning of the period, unless they have been issued at a later date. The dilutive potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable had the shares been actually issued at fair value (i.e. average market value of the outstanding shares). Dilutive potential equity shares are determined independently for each period presented. The number of equity shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted for share splits / reverse share splits and bonus shares, as appropriate.

2.17 Impairment of assets

The carrying values of assets / cash generating units at each balance sheet date are reviewed for impairment if any indication of impairment exists. However, the following intangible assets are tested for impairment each financial year even if there is no indication that the asset is impaired: (a) an intangible asset that is not yet available for use; and (b) an intangible asset that is amortised over a period exceeding ten years from the date when the asset is available for use.

I f the carrying amount of the assets exceed the estimated recoverable amount, an impairment is recognised for such excess amount. The impairment loss is recognised as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss, unless the asset is carried at revalued amount, in which case any impairment loss of the revalued asset is treated as a revaluation decrease to the extent a revaluation reserve is available for that asset.

The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor.

When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset (other than a revalued asset) in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss, to the extent the amount was previously charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss. In case of revalued assets such reversal is not recognised."

2.18 Provisions and contingencies

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the Notes. Contingent assets are not recognised in the financial statements.

2.19 Research and development expenses

Revenue expenditure pertaining to research is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss. Development costs of products are also charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss unless a product''s technical feasibility has been established, in which case such expenditure is capitalised. The amount capitalised comprises expenditure that can be directly attributed or allocated on a reasonable and consistent basis to creating, producing and making the asset ready for its intended use. Fixed assets utilised for research and development are capitalised and depreciated in accordance with the policies stated for Fixed Assets.

2.20 Derivative contracts

The Company enters into derivative contracts in the nature of foreign currency swaps, forward contracts with an intention to hedge its existing assets and liabilities, in foreign currency. Derivative contracts which are closely linked to the existing assets and liabilities are accounted as per the policy stated for Foreign currency transactions and translations.

All other derivative contracts are marked-to-market and losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Gains arising on the same are not recognised, until realised, on grounds of prudence.

2.21 Operating Cycle

Based on the nature of products / activities of the Company and the normal time between acquisition of assets and their realisation in cash or cash equivalents, the Company has determined its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of classification of its assets and liabilities as current and non-current.

2.22 Taxes on income

Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the applicable tax rates and provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives future economic benefits in the form of adjustment to future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax. Accordingly, MAT is recognised as an asset in the Balance Sheet when it is probable that future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company.

Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences, being the differences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognised for timing differences of items other than unabosrbed depreciation and carry forward losses only to the extent that reasonable certainty exists that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which these can be realised. However, if there are unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses and items relating to capital losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realise the assets. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset if such items relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing tax laws and the Company has a legally enforceable right for such set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date for their realisability.


Mar 31, 2013

1.1 Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, on accrual basis of accounting and in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and the accounting standards notified under Section 211(3C) of the Companies Act, 1956 as adopted consistently by the Company.

1.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported period. Actual results could differ from these estimates and any revision to such accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in the period in which the results are ascertained.

1.3 Inventories

Inventories are valued as under

i) Raw Materials and Stores and Spare Parts at lower of weighted average cost and net realizable value.

ii) Work-in-Progress and Finished Goods are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value where cost is worked out on weighted average basis. Cost includes all charges incurred in bringing the goods to the point of sale, including excise duty.

1.4 Cash and cash equivalents (for purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises cash in hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

1.5 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

1.6 Depreciation and amortisation

i) In respect of assets which have not been revalued, depreciation is provided on straight line method as follows

- Plant and machinery, excluding air conditioners, at rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

- Buildings, furniture and fixtures including air conditioners & office appliances (excluding computers), motor vehicles and computers at 4%, 10%, 33.33% and 16.66% p.a. respectively.

li) The revalued assets are depreciated on straight line basis over the balance useful lives estimated by the valuer

lii) Freehold land is not depreciated except for improvements to land included therein.

iv) Patents, trademarks and brands are amortized over their legal term or working life, whichever is shorter.

v) Brand "Eveready" is amortized over a working life of 40 years and Brand "Premium Gold" is amortized over a working life of 10 years.

1.7 Revenue recognition Sale of goods

Sales comprise sale of goods less discounts as applicable and include excise duty but exclude central sales tax / VAT

1.8 Tangible fixed assets

Tangible Fixed Assets are stated at cost / revalued amount less accumulated depreciation. Cost comprises purchase price plus attributable cost (including borrowing and financing cost during the period of construction).

Capital work-in-progress

Projects under which assets are not ready for their intended use and other capital work-in-progress are carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental expenses and attributable interest.

1.9 Intangible assets

Except for brand "Eveready" which is reflected on the basis of a Scheme of Arrangement, other intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortisation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of an intangible asset comprises its purchase price, including any import duties and other taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from the taxing authorities), and any directly attributable expenditure on making the asset ready for its intended use and net of any trade discounts and rebates. Subsequent expenditure on an intangible asset after its purchase / completion is recognised as an expense when incurred unless it is probable that such expenditure will enable the asset to generate future economic benefits in excess of its originally assessed standards of performance and such expenditure can be measured and attributed to the asset reliably, in which case such expenditure is added to the cost of the asset.

1.10 Foreign currency transactions and translations

Foreign Currency Transactions (FCT) and forward exchange contracts used to hedge FCT are initially recorded at the spot rates on the date of the transactions / contract.

Monetary assets and liabilities related to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the end of the year are translated at year-end rates. The difference in translation of monetary assets and liabilities and realised gains and losses on foreign currency transactions are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

In respect of transactions covered by foreign exchange contracts, the difference between the contract rate and the spot rate on the date of the transaction is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss over the period of the contract.

1.11 Government grants, subsidies and export Incentives

Government grants and subsidies are recognised when there is reasonable assurance that the Company will comply with the conditions attached to them and the grants/subsidy will be received.

Export benefits are accounted for in the year of exports based on eligibility and when there is no uncertainty in receiving the same.

Other government grants and subsidies are recognised as income over the periods necessary to match them with the costs for which they are intended to compensate. on a systematic basis.

1.12 Investments

Long term investments are carried at cost less provision for diminution other than temporary in the value of such investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value.

1.13 Employee benefits

The estimated liability for all employee benefits, both for present and past services which are due as per the terms of employment, are determined in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS) 15 issued by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006. A brief description of the various employee benefits are as follows:

Pension - A defined benefit plan, the liability for which is determined on the basis of an actuarial valuation on the frozen corpus as at 31 March, 2003 and thereafter on the basis of the Company''s defined contribution scheme.

Gratuity - The Company has an obligation towards gratuity, a defined benefit plan covering eligible employees. The plan provides for lump sum payment to vested employees on retirement, death while in employment or on separation. Vesting occurs upon completion of five years of service. The liability, which is determined by means of an independent actuarial valuation, is funded with trusts sponsored by the Company.

Provident Fund - This is a defined contribution plan framed in accordance with Indian laws, in accordance with which eligible employees participate. Under the plan, both the employee and employer contribute monthly at a determined rate (currently upto 12% of employee''s salary). Contributions under the plan are made to the trust sponsored by the Company and the Pension Scheme framed by the Central Government.

Other employee benefits include Post Retirement Medical Benefits and compensated absences on separation, which are long term in nature. Both these benefits are unfunded and the liability for the same is determined by an independent actuarial valuation in accordance with the requirements of Accounting Standard (AS) 15 "Employee Benefits".

1.14 Borrowing costs

Interest and other costs in connection with the borrowing of funds by the Company are recognised as an expense in the period in which they are incurred unless activities that are necessary to prepare the qualifying assets for its intended use are in progress.

1.15 Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) as adjusted for dividend, interest and other charges to expense or income relating to the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Potential equity shares are deemed to be dilutive only if their conversion to equity shares would decrease the net profit per share from continuing ordinary operations. Potential dilutive equity shares are deemed to be converted as at the beginning of the period, unless they have been issued at a later date. The dilutive potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable had the shares been actually issued at fair value (i.e. average market value of the outstanding shares). Dilutive potential equity shares are determined independently for each period presented. The number of equity shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted for share splits / reverse share splits and bonus shares, as appropriate.

1.16 Impairment of assets

The carrying values of assets / cash generating units at each Balance Sheet date are reviewed for impairment. If any indication of impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognised, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in case of revalued assets.

1.17 Provisions and contingencies

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the Notes.


Mar 31, 2012

2.1 Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, on accrual basis of accounting and in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and the accounting standards notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (Indian GAAP), as adopted consistently by the Company.

2.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported period. Actual results could differ from these estimates and any revision to such accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in the period in which the results are ascertained.

2.3 Inventories

Inventories are valued as under:

i) Raw Materials and Stores and Spare Parts at lower of weighted average cost and net realizable value.

ii) Work-in-Progress and Finished Goods are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value where cost is worked out on weighted average basis. Cost includes all charges incurred in bringing the goods to the point of sale, including excise duty.

2.4 Cash and cash equivalents (for purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises cash in hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

2.5 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

2.6 Depreciation and amortisation

i) In respect of assets which have not been revalued, depreciation is provided on straight line method as follows :

- Plant and machinery, excluding air conditioners, at rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

- Buildings, furniture and fixtures including air conditioners & office appliances (excluding computers), motor vehicles and computers at 4%, 10%, 33.33% and 16.66% p.a. respectively.

ii) The revalued assets are depreciated on straight line basis over the balance useful lives estimated by the valuer.

iii) Freehold land is not depreciated except for improvements to land included therein.

iv) Patents, trademarks and brands are amortized over their legal term or working life, whichever is shorter.

v) Brand ''Eveready'1 is amortized over a working life of40 years and Brand "Premium Gold" is amortized over a working life of10years.

2.7 Revenue recognition Sale of goods

Sales comprise sale of goods less discounts as applicable and include excise duty but exclude central sales tax / VAT.

2.8 Tangible fixed assets

Tangible Fixed Assets are stated at cost / revalued amount less accumulated depreciation. Cost comprises purchase price plus attributable cost (including borrowing and financing cost during the period of construction).

Capital work-in-progress

Projects under which assets are not ready for their intended use and other capital work-in-progress are carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental expenses and attributable interest.

2.9 Intangible assets

Except for brand "Eveready" which is reflected on the basis of a Scheme of Arrangement, other intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortisation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of an intangible asset comprises its purchase price, including any import duties and other taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from the taxing authorities), and any directly attributable expenditure on making the asset ready for its intended use and net of any trade discounts and rebates. Subsequent expenditure on an intangible asset after its purchase / completion is recognised as an expense when incurred unless it is probable that such expenditure will enable the asset to generate future economic benefits in excess of its originally assessed standards of performance and such expenditure can be measured and attributed to the asset reliably, in which case such expenditure is added to the cost of the asset.

2.10 Foreign currency transactions and translations

Foreign Currency Transactions (FCT) and forward exchange contracts used to hedge FCT are initially recorded at the spot rates on the date of the transactions/ contract.

Monetary assets and liabilities related to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the end of the year are translated at year-end rates. The difference in translation of monetary assets and liabilities and realised gains and losses on foreign currency transactions are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account.

In respect of transactions covered by foreign exchange contracts, the difference between the contract rate and the spot rate on the date of the transaction is charged to the Profit and Loss Account over the period of the contract.

2.11 Government grants, subsidies and export incentives

Government grants and subsidies are recognised when there is reasonable assurance that the Company will comply with the conditions attached to them and the grants / subsidy will be received.

Export benefits are accounted for in the year of exports based on eligibility and when there is no uncertainty in receiving the same.

Other government grants and subsidies are recognised as income over the periods necessary to match them with the costs for which they are intended to compensate, on a systematic basis.

2.12 Investments

Long term investments are carried at cost less provision for diminution other than temporary in the value of such investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fairvalue.

2.13 Employee benefits

The estimated liability for all employee benefits, both for present and past services which are due as per the terms of employment, are determined in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS) 15 issued by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006. A brief description of the various employee benefits are as follows:

Pension - A defined benefit plan, the liability for which is determined on the basis of an actuarial valuation on the frozen corpus as at March 31, 2003 and thereafter on the basis of the Company's defined contribution scheme.

Gratuity - The Company has an obligation towards gratuity, a defined benefit plan covering eligible employees. The plan provides for lump sum payment to vested employees on retirement, death while in employment or on separation. Vesting occurs upon completion of five years of service. The liability, which is determined by means of an independent actuarial valuation, is funded with trusts sponsored by the Company.

Provident Fund - This is a defined contribution plan framed in accordance with Indian laws, in accordance with which eligible employees participate. Under the plan, both the employee and employer contribute monthly at a determined rate (currently upto 12% of employee's salary). Contributions under the plan are made to the trust sponsored by the Company and the Pension Scheme framed by the Central Government.

Other employee benefits include Post Retirement Medical Benefits and compensated absences on separation, which are long term in nature. Both these benefits are unfunded and the liability for the same is determined by an independent actuarial valuation in accordance with the requirements of Accounting Standard (AS) 15 "Employee Benefits".

2.14 Borrowing costs

Interest and other costs in connection with the borrowing of funds by the Company are recognised as an expense in the period in which they are incurred unless activities that are necessary to prepare the qualifying assets for its intended use are in progress.

2.15 Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) as adjusted for dividend, interest and other charges to expense or income relating to the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Potential equity shares are deemed to be dilutive only if their conversion to equity shares would decrease the net profit per share from continuing ordinary operations. Potential dilutive equity shares are deemed to be converted as at the beginning of the period, unless they have been issued at a later date. The dilutive potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable had the shares been actually issued at fair value (i.e. average market value of the outstanding shares). Dilutive potential equity shares are determined independently for each period presented. The number of equity shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted for share splits / reverse share splits and bonus shares, as appropriate.

2.16 Impairment of assets

The carrying values of assets / cash generating units at each Balance Sheet date are reviewed for impairment. If any indication of impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognised, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in case of revalued assets.

2.17 Provisions and contingencies

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the Notes.


Mar 31, 2011

1.1 Basis of preparation of financial statements

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, on accrual basis of accounting and in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and the accounting standards notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (Indian GAAP), as adopted consistently by the Company.

1.2 Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities. disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported period. Actual results could differ from these estimates and any revision to such accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in the period in which the results are ascertained.

1.3 Fixed Assets

Tangible Fixed Assets are stated at cost / revalued amount less accumulated depreciation. Cost comprises purchase price plus attributable cost (including borrowing and financing cost during the period of construction).

1.4 Depreciation /Amortisation

i. In respect of assets which have not been revalued, depreciation is provided on straight line method as follows

- Plant and machinery, excluding air conditioners, at rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

- Buildings, furniture and fixtures including air conditioners & office appliances (excluding computers), motor vehicles and computers at 4%, 10%. 33.33% and 16.66 %p.a. respectively.

ii. The revalued assets are depreciated on straight line basis over the balance useful lives estimated by the valuer

iii. Freehold land is not depreciated except for improvements to land included therein.

iv. Patents, trademarks and brands are amortized over their legal term or working life, whichever is shorter

v. Brand "Eveready" is amortized over a working life of 40 years and Brand "Premium Gold" is amortized over a working life of 10 years.

1.5 Investments

Long term investments are carried at cost less provision for permanent diminution, if any, in the value of such investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value.

1.6 Inventories

Inventories are valued as under

i) Raw Materials and Stores and Spare Parts at lower of weighted average cost and net realizable value.

li) Work-in-Progress and Finished Goods are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value where cost is worked out on weighted average basis. Cost includes all charges incurred in bringing the goods to the point of sale, including excise duty.

1.7 Sales

Sales comprise sale of goods less discounts as applicable and include excise duty but exclude Central Sales Tax / VAT

1.8 Foreign Exchange Transactions

Foreign Currency Transactions (FCT) and forward exchange contracts used to hedge FCT are initially recorded at the spot rates on the date of the transactions/ contracts.

Monetary assets and liabilities related to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the end of the year are translated at year-end rates. The difference in translation of monetary assets and liabilities and realised gains and losses on foreign currency transactions are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account.

In respect of transactions covered by foreign exchange contracts, the difference between the contract rate and the spot rate on the date of the transaction is charged to the Profit and Loss Account over the period of the contract.

1.9 Employee benefits

The estimated liability for all employee benefits, both for present and past services which are due as per the terms of employment, are determined in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS) 15 issued by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006. A brief description of the various employee benefits are as follows:

1.9.1 Pension - A defined benefit plan, the liability for which is determined on the basis of an actuarial valuation on the frozen corpus as at 31 March, 2003 and thereafter on the basis of the Company's defined contribution scheme.

1.9.2 Gratuity - The Company has an obligation towards gratuity, a defined benefit retiring plan covering eligible employees. The plan provides for lump sum payment to vested employees on retirement, death while in employment or on separation. Vesting occurs upon completion of five years of service. The liability, which is determined by means of an independent actuarial valuation, is funded with trusts sponsored by the Company.

1.9.3 Provident Fund - This is a defined contribution plan framed in accordance with Indian laws, in accordance with which eligible employees participate. Under the plan, both the employee and employer contribute monthly at a determined rate (currently upto 12% of employee's salary). Contributions under the plan are made to the trust sponsored by the Company and the Pension Scheme framed by the Central Government.

1.9.4 Other employee benefits include Post Retirement Medical Benefits and encashment of leave on separation, which are long term in nature. Both these benefits are unfunded and the liability for the same is determined by an independent actuarial valuation in accordance with the requirements of Accounting Standard (AS) 15 "Employee Benefits".

1.10 Borrowing Costs

Interest and other costs in connection with the borrowing of funds by the Company are recognised as an expense in the period in which they are incurred unless activities that are necessary to prepare the qualifying assets for its intended use are in progress.

1.11 Voluntary Retirement Schemes

The cost of Voluntary Retirement Scheme which comprises lump sum payments to employees who opt for the same and in respect of which the Company has no further obligation is charged to the Profit and Loss Account.

1.12 Deferred Tax

Deferred Tax is the tax effect of timing differences i.e. the differences between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

1.13 Derivatives

Risks associated with purchase of Zinc are covered by entering in derivative contracts in the form of FUTURES and OPTIONS in accordance with risk management policy adopted in the Board. Losses on such derivative contracts outstanding at the reporting date are provided on mark to market (MTM) basis in terms of announcement dated 29 March, 2008 made by The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.


Mar 31, 2010

1.1 Basis of preparation of financial statements

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, on accrual basis of accounting and in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and the accounting standards notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (Indian GAAP), as adopted consistently by the Company

1.2 Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities. disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported period. Actual results could differ from these estimates and any revision to such accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in the period in which the results are ascertained.

1.3 Fixed Assets

Tangible Fixed Assets are stated at cost / revalued amount less accumulated depreciation. Cost comprises purchase price plus attributable cost (including borrowing and financing cost during the period of construction).

1.4 Depreciation /Amortisation

i. In respect of assets which have not been revalued, depreciation is provided on straight line method as follows:

- Plant and machinery, excluding air conditioners, at rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

- Buildings, furniture and fixtures (including air conditioners), office appliances (excluding computers), motor vehicles and computers at 4 %, 10 %. 33.33% and 16.66 % p.a. respectively.

li. The revalued assets are depreciated on straight line basis over the balance useful lives estimated by the valuer.

lii. Freehold land is not depreciated except for improvements to land included therein.

iv. Patents, trademarks and brands are amortized over their legal term or working life, whichever is shorter.

v. Brand "Eveready" is amortized over a working life of 40 years and Brand "Premium Gold" is amortized over a working life of 10 years.

1.5 Investments

Long term investments are carried at cost less provision for permanent diminution, if any, in the value of such investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value.

1.6 Inventories

Inventories are valued as under:

i) Raw Materials and Stores and Spare Parts at lower of weighted average cost and net realizable value.

li) Work-in-Progress and Finished Goods are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value where cost is worked out on weighted average basis. Cost includes all charges incurred in bringing the goods to the point of sale, including excise duty.

1.7 Sales

Sales comprise sale of goods less discounts as applicable and include excise duty but exclude sales tax / VAT

1.8 Foreign Exchange Transactions

Foreign Currency Transactions (FCT) and forward exchange contracts used to hedge FCT are initially recorded at the spot rates on the date of the transactions /contract.

Monetary assets and liabilities related to foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the end of the year are translated at year-end rates. The difference in translation of monetary assets and liabilities and realised gains and losses on foreign currency transactions are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account.

In respect of transactions covered by foreign exchange contracts, the difference between the contract rate and the spot rate on the date of the transaction is charged to the Profit and Loss Account over the period of the contract.

1.9 Employee benefits

The estimated liability for all employee benefits, both for present and past services which are due as per the terms of employment, are determined in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS) 15 issued by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006. A brief description of the various employee benefits are as follows:

1.9.1 Pension - A defined benefit plan, the liability for which is determined on the basis of an actuarial valuation on the frozen corpus as at 31 March, 2003 and thereafter on the basis of the Companys defined contribution scheme.

1.9.2 Gratuity - The Company has an obligation towards gratuity, a defined benefit retiring plan covering eligible employees. The plan provides for lump sum payment to vested employees on retirement, death while in employment or on separation. Vesting occurs upon completion of five years of service. The liability, which is determined by means of an independent actuarial valuation, is funded with trusts sponsored by the Company.

1.9.3 Provident Fund - This is a defined contribution plan framed in accordance with Indian laws, in accordance with which eligible employees participate. Under the plan, both the employee and employer contribute monthly at a determined rate (currently upto 12 % of employees salary). Contributions under the plan are made to the trust sponsored by the Company and the Pension Scheme framed by the Central Government.

1.9.4 Other employee benefits include Post Retirement Medical Benefits and encashment of leave on separation, which are long term in nature. Both these benefits are unfunded and the liability for the same is determined by an independent actuarial valuation in accordance with the requirements of Accounting Standard (AS) 15 "Employee Benefits".

1.10 Borrowing Costs

Interest and other costs in connection with the borrowing of funds by the Company are recognised as an expense in the period in which they are incurred unless activities that are necessary to prepare the qualifying assets for its intended use are in progress.

1.11 Voluntary Retirement Schemes

The cost of Voluntary Retirement Scheme which comprises lump sum payments to employees who opt for the same and in respect of which the Company has no further obligation is charged to the Profit and Loss Account over a period of 36 months starting from the month of settlement or till the period ending March 31, 2010, whichever is earlier. The unamortised amount is carried forward as Deferred Revenue Expenditure.

1.12 Deferred Tax

Deferred Tax is the tax effect of timing differences i.e. the differences between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

1.13 Derivatives

Risks associated with purchase of Zinc are covered by entering in derivative contracts in the form of FUTURES and OPTIONS in accordance with risk management policy adopted in the Board. Losses on such derivative contracts outstanding at the reporting date are provided on markD to market (MTM) basis in terms of announcement dated 29 March, 2008 made by The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

 
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