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Accounting Policies of Fedders Lloyd Corporation Ltd. Company

Jun 30, 2014

1. BASIS OF PREPARATION

The Financial Statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India (GAAP). The Company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material respects with the accounting standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis and under the historical cost convention.

The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of financial statements are consistent with those of previous year, except for the change in accounting policy explained below.

a) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities, at the date of the financial statements. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

b) Tangible Fixed Assets

Fixed assets except leasehold land are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. The cost includes freight, duties, taxes and other incidental expenses related to acquisition and installation. CENVAT claim, if any, on capital goods is reduced from the cost.

Capital Work-in-Progress

Projects under commissioning and other Capital Work-in-Progress are carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental expenses and attributable interest.

c) Depreciation on tangible fixed assets

i) After notification of the New Companies Act, 2013 which comes into effect from April 01, 2014, Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on straight-line basis at the rates prescribed in schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.

ii) Depreciation on assets added during the year, is calculated on pro-rata basis with reference to the date of installation.

iii) Depreciation rates has been arrived after applying estimated life provided in the Schedule - II. For calculating depreciation on various categories of assets following estimated life has been provided in the schedule

Type of Assets Life in Years

Building 30 Year

Plant & Machinery 15 Year

Office Equipment''s 5 Year

Vehicles 8 Year

Furniture & Fixtures 10 Year

d) Intangible Assets

Intangible Assets are stated at cost of acquisition.

e) Grant

Grants are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the grant will be received and conditions attached to them are complied with.

f) Research and development

Research costs are expensed as incurred.

g) Impairment of Assets

The carrying values of assets/cash generating units at each Balance Sheet date are reviewed for impairment of assets. If any indication of such impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognized, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognized for an asset in prior accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased such reversal of impairment loss is recognized.

h) Inventory Valuation

i) Raw materials and consumables are valued at cost net of modvat as per the FIFO method after providing for cost of obsolescence value.

ii) Stock in process is valued at direct cost, i.e., cost of materials and variable manufacturing expenses.

iii) Finished goods are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value.

iv) Stock in transit lying in customs warehouse is valued at cost but does not include custom duty payable, however, non-provision of duty does not affect the profit for the year.

i) Revenue Recognition

i) Income and Expenditure are recognized on accrual basis.

ii) Sale of goods

Revenue from sale of goods is recognized when all the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have been passed to the buyer, usually on delivery of the goods. The Company collects central sales taxes and value added taxes (VAT) on behalf of the government and therefore, these are not economic benefits flowing to the Company. Hence, they are excluded from revenue. Excise duty deducted from revenue (gross) is the amount that is included in the revenue (gross) and not the entire amount of liability arising during the year.

iii) Export sales are accounted on the basis of date of bill of lading.

iv) Sales and service include excise duty and adjustments made towards liquidated damages and price variation, wherever applicable. Escalation and other claims, which are not ascertainable / acknowledged by customers, are not taken into account.

v) Revenue from project related activity is recognized on the basis of running bills raised on the basis of completion of the project activities.

vi) Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive the dividend is established.

j) Investments

Long term Investments are stated at cost. Investments in subsidiary company are of long-term strategic value and the diminution if any in the value of these investments is temporary in nature.

k) Foreign currency transactions

i. Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

ii. Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction and non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

iii. Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting Company''s monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

iv. Forward Exchange Contracts not intended for trading or speculation purposes

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contract is amortized and recognized as an expense/ income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts, except the contracts which are long-term foreign currency monetary items, are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the period in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such forward exchange contract is also recognized as income or as expense for the year.

l) Retirement Benefits

Provident Fund

Retirement benefit in form of provident fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the profit and Loss account of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due.

Gratuity

The Company''s liability in respect of payment of gratuity is provided on accrual basis as per actuarial valuation. The Company is in process of having arrangement with Insurance co. to administer its Superannuation & Gratuity Fund.

Leave Encashment

Leave Encashment are valued at cost to Company basis without considering any discounting and salary increase and provided on the basis of actual valuation.

m) Taxation

Current Tax

Current Tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act 1961, except for the overseas subsidiaries and joint ventures where current tax provisions is determined based on the local tax laws. Deferred tax is recognized for all timing differences, subject to the consideration of prudence applying the tax rates that have been substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date.

Deferred Tax

Deferred tax liabilities represent the tax effect of temporary differences substantially on account of differences in the written down value of Fixed Assets on account of differing depreciation methods and rates and other timing differences.

The breakup of deferred tax assets and liabilities into major components at the year ended are as below

Particulars Amount (Rs. in Million)

Deferred Tax Liabilities Depreciation difference & other Provision 44.63

Deferred Tax Assets Other Provision 3.56

Net Deferred Tax Liability 41.07

Minimum Alternate Tax

Minimum alternate tax (MAT) paid in a year is charged to the statement of profit and loss as current tax. The Company recognizes MAT credit available as an asset only to the extent that there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period, i.e., the period for which MAT credit is allowed to be carried forward. In the year in which the Company recognizes MAT credit as an asset in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Credit Available in respect of Minimum Alternative Tax under the Income-tax Act, 1961, the said asset is created by way of credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as "MAT Credit Entitlement." The Company reviews the "MAT credit entitlement" asset at each reporting date and writes down the asset to the extent the Company does not have convincing evidence that it will pay normal tax during the specified period.

n) Borrowing Cost

Cost in connection with the borrowing of funds to the extent not directly related to the acquisition of fixed assets are amortized and charged to the Profit and Loss Account, over the tenure of the loan. Borrowing cost to the extent directly attributable to acquisition of fixed assets are added to the cost of fixed assets.

o) Segment Reporting

As per Accounting Standard 17 on segment reporting of ICAI, the Company has reportable segments viz. Environmental Control Systems, Steel Structural & Engineering and Power Projects during the year under review. Accordingly the reporting is done segment wise.

p) Earning Per Share

The earnings considered in ascertaining the Company''s Earnings per Share (EPS) comprise the net profits after tax. The number of shares used in computing basic EPS is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year.

The diluted EPS is calculated on the same basis as basic EPS, after adjusting for the effects of potential dilutive equity shares.

q) Cash Flow Statement

The Cash Flow statement is prepared by the indirect method set out in Accounting Standard -3 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India as required by the SEBI on Cash Flow Statement and presents cash flows by operating, investing and financing activities of the Company. Cash and cash equivalents presented in the cash flow statement consists of cash in hand and demand deposits with banks as on the Balance Sheet date.

r) Measurement of EBITDA

As permitted by the Guidance Note on the Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956, the Company has elected to present earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the statement of profit and loss. The Company measures EBITDA on the basis of profit/ (loss) from continuing operations. In its measurement, the Company does not include depreciation and amortization expense, finance costs and tax expense.

s) Sundry Debtors/Loans & Advances

Company as a policy obtains balance confirmation from Sundry Debtors, Creditors and other advances on monthly / quarterly / half yearly basis depending upon quantum of transaction made with the parties. Considering the same Company does not have all balance confirmations as at June 30, 2014 the effect of the same, if any which is not likely to be material will be adjusted at the time of confirmation.

t) Provisions /Contingencies

A provision is recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are determined based on best estimate of the amount required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date.

Contingent liabilities are not recognized and are disclosed in the Notes to financial statement.

u) Derivative Instruments

The Company has entered into derivative contracts in the nature of interest rate swaps and forward contracts with intention to hedge its requirements and firm commitments. The contracts are mark to market and losses are recognized in the profit and loss account. Gains arising on the same are not recognized on ground of prudence.

v) Deferred Revenue Expenditure

Cost of traveling, Consultancy fees and other expenses related to IRIS Certification are considered as deferred revenue expenditure. 1/5 of the expenditures have been charged to Profit and Loss account.

Terms/rights attached to equity shares

The Company has only one class of equity shares having par value of Rs. 10 per share. Each holder of equity shares is entitled to one vote per share. The Company declares and pays dividends in Indian rupees. The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of the shareholders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting.

In the event of liquidation of the Company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the Company, after distribution of all preferential amounts. The distribution will be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the shareholders.

As per the records of the Company, including its register of shareholders/members and other declaration received from the shareholders regarding beneficial interest, the above shareholding represents both legal and beneficial ownerships of shares.

Note

1. Indian ruppee loan from State Bank of Hyderabad carries interest @ 12.50%. The loan is repayable in 16 quarterly installment of Rs. 1.5625 crores each after monotorium of 1 year from the date of loan i.e. 24.03.2011.

2. Indian ruppee loan from Karnataka Bank carries interest @ 12.5% P.A. The loan is repayable in equal monthly instalment of Rs. 26.76 lacs, with last instalment due in January''16.

3. Foreign Currency Loan (ECB )-1 of USD 7.32 Million from ICICI BANK carries interest @ 6 mths LIBOR plus 4%. The loan is repayable in 22 quarterly installments starting from 18 months from the date of first draw-down i.e.3rd Oct''11.

4. Foreign Currency Loan (ECB)-2 of USD 3.3 Million from ICICI BANK carries interest @ 6 mths LIBOR plus 4 %. The loan is repayable in 22 quarterly Installment starting from 18 months from the date of first draw-down i.e. 1st June''11.

5. Foreign Currency Loan (ECB)-3 of USD 4 Million from ICICI BANK carries interest @ 6 mths LIBOR plus 4 %. The loan is repayable in 22 quarterly Installment starting from 18 months from the date of first draw-down i.e.29th April''11.

6. Foreign Currency Loan(ECB) of USD 5.5 Million from Standard Chartered Bank carries interest @ LIBOR plus 2.90%. The loan is repayable in 16 equal quarterly instalments begining from 15th month from the date of first draw-down i.e. 3rd Oct''11.

7. Indian ruppee loan from State Bank of India carries interest @ 12.50%. The loan is repayable in 16 quarterly installment of Rs. 1.5625 crores each after monotorium of 1 year from the date of loan i.e. 28.09.2012.


Jun 30, 2013

A) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities, at the date of the financial statements. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

b) Tangible Fixed Assets

Fixed assets except leasehold land are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. The cost includes freight, duties, taxes and other incidental expenses related to acquisition and installation. CENVAT claim, if any, on capital goods is reduced from the cost.

Capital Work-in-Progress

Projects under commissioning and other Capital Work-in-Progress are carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental expenses and attributable interest.

c) Depreciation on tangible fixed assets

i) Depreciation on fixed assets (other than land) is provided on written down value method at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

ii) Revaluation reserve has been utilized to the extent of amount needed to set-off depreciation on addition to fixed assets on a/c revaluation of assets.

d) Intangible Assets

Intangible Assets are stated at cost of acquisition .

e) Grant

Grants are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the grant will be received and conditions attached to them are complied with.

f) Research and development

Research costs are expensed as incurred.

g) Impairment of Assets

The carrying values of assets/cash generating units at each Balance Sheet date are reviewed for impairment of assets. If any indication of such impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognized, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognized for an asset in prior accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased such reversal of impairment loss is recognized.

h) Inventory Valuation

i) Raw materials and consumables are valued at cost net of modvat as per the FIFO method after providing for cost of obsolescence value.

ii) Stock in process is valued at direct cost, i.e., cost of materials and variable manufacturing expenses.

iii) Finished goods are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value.

iv) Stock in transit lying in customs warehouse is valued at cost but does not include custom duty payable, however, non-provision of duty does not affect the profit for the year.

i) Revenue Recognition

i) Income and Expenditure are recognized on accrual basis.

ii) Sale of goods

Revenue from sale of goods is recognized when all the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have been passed to the buyer, usually on delivery of the goods. The Company collects central sales taxes and value added taxes (VAT) on behalf of the government and, therefore, these are not economic benefits flowing to the Company. Hence, they are excluded from revenue. Excise duty deducted from revenue (gross) is the amount that is included in the revenue (gross) and not the entire amount of liability arising during the year.

iii) Export sales are accounted on the basis of date of bill of lading.

iv) Sales and service include excise duty and adjustments made towards liquidated damages and price variation, wherever applicable. Escalation and other claims, which are not ascertainable / acknowledged by customers, are not taken into account.

v) Revenue from project related activity is recognized on the basis of running bills raised on the basis of completion of the project activities.

vi) Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive the dividend is established.

j) Investments

Long term Investments are stated at cost. Investments in subsidiary company are of long-term strategic value and the diminution if any in the value of these investments is temporary in nature.

k) Foreign currency transactions

i. Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

ii. Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction and non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

iii. Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting company''s monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

iv. Forward Exchange Contracts not intended for trading or speculation purposes

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contract is amortized and recognized as an expense/ income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts, except the contracts which are long-term foreign currency monetary items, are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the period in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such forward exchange contract is also recognized as income or as expense for the year.

l) Retirement Benefits

Provident Fund

Retirement benefit in form of provident fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the profit and Loss account of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due.

Gratuity

The company''s liability in respect of payment of gratuity is provided on accrual basis as per actuarial valuation. The company is in process of having arrangement with Insurance co. to administer its Superannuation & Gratuity Fund.

Leave Encashment

Leave Encashment are valued at cost to company basis without considering any discounting and salary increase and provided on the basis of actual valuation.

m) Taxation

Current Tax

Current Tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act 1961, except for the overseas subsidiaries and joint ventures where current tax provisions is determined based on the local tax laws. Deferred tax is recognized for all timing differences, subject to the consideration of prudence applying the tax rates that have been substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date.

Deferred Tax

Deferred tax liabilities represent the tax effect of temporary differences substantially on account of differences in the written down value of Fixed Assets on account of differing depreciation methods and rates and other timing differences.

Minimum Alternate Tax

Minimum alternate tax (MAT) paid in a year is charged to the statement of profit and loss as current tax. The Company recognizes MAT credit available as an asset only to the extent that there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period, i.e., the period for which MAT credit is allowed to be carried forward. In the year in which the company recognizes MAT credit as an asset in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Credit Available in respect of Minimum Alternative Tax under the Income-tax Act, 1961, the said asset is created by way of credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as "MAT Credit Entitlement." The Company reviews the "MAT credit entitlement" asset at each reporting date and writes down the asset to the extent the company does not have convincing evidence that it will pay normal tax during the specified period.

n) Borrowing Cost

Cost in connection with the borrowing of funds to the extent not directly related to the acquisition of fixed assets are amortized and charged to the Profit and Loss Account, over the tenure of the loan. Borrowing cost to the extent directly attributable to acquisition of fixed assets are added to the cost of fixed assets.

o) Segment Reporting

As per Accounting Standard 17 on segment reporting of ICAI, the Company has reportable segments viz. Environmental Control Systems, Steel Structural & Engineering and Power Projects during the year under review. Accordingly the reporting is done segment wise.

p) Earning Per Share

The earnings considered in ascertaining the Company''s Earnings per Share (EPS) comprise the net profits after tax. The number of shares used in computing basic EPS is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year.

The diluted EPS is calculated on the same basis as basic EPS, after adjusting for the effects of potential dilutive equity shares.

q) Cash Flow Statement

The Cash Flow statement is prepared by the indirect method set out in Accounting Standard -3 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India as required by the SEBI on Cash Flow Statement and presents cash flows by operating, investing and financing activities of the Company. Cash and cash equivalents presented in the cash flow statement consists of cash in hand and demand deposits with banks as on the Balance Sheet date.

r) Measurement of EBITDA

As permitted by the Guidance Note on the Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956, the company has elected to present earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the statement of profit and loss. The company measures EBITDA on the basis of profit/ (loss) from continuing operations. In its measurement, the company does not include depreciation and amortization expense, finance costs and tax expense.

s) Sundry Debtors/Loans & Advances

Company as a policy obtains balance confirmation from Sundry Debtors, Creditors and other advances on monthly / quarterly / half yearly basis depending upon quantum of transaction made with the parties. Considering the same company does not have all balance confirmations as at June 30, 2013 the effect of the same, if any which is not likely to be material will be adjusted at the time of confirmation.

t) Provisions /Contingencies

A provision is recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are determined based on best estimate of the amount required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date.

Contingent liabilities are not recognized and are disclosed in the Notes to financial statement.

u) Derivative Instruments

The Company has entered into derivative contracts in the nature of interest rate swaps and forward contracts with intention to hedge its requirements and firm commitments. The contracts are mark to market and losses are recognized in the profit and loss account. Gains arising on the same are not recognized on ground of prudence.

v) Deferred Revenue Expenditure

Cost of traveling, Consultancy fees and other expenses related to IRIS Certification are considered as deferred revenue expenditure. 1/5 of the expenditures have been charged to Profit and Loss account.


Jun 30, 2009

1. BASIS OF PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS:

a) The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, accounting standards and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 as adopted consistently by the Board.

b) Accounting policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent and in consonance with generally accepted accounting principles followed by the Company.

2. REVENUE RECOGNITION:

a) All income and expenditure are recognized on accrual basis.

b) The sales is recognized on the dispatch of goods inclusive of excise duty wherever applicable and are net of trade discount.

c) Sales tax is not passed through Profit & Loss Account and is therefore not included in sales.

d) Excise Duty & Custom duty are passed through Profit & Loss A/c.

e) Modvat availed on purchases of raw material and other inputs are reduced from its purchase and accordingly purchases of raw material are stated at net of cost.

3. FIXED ASSETS:

a) Fixed Assets are stated at their original cost including freight and other incidental expenses related to acquisition and installation, less accumulated depreciation.

b) In case of land and building market value has been substituted for cost based on the valuation report adopted in the meeting of Board of Director on 24-04-99

c) Revaluation reserve has been utilized to the extent of amount needed to set-off depreciation on addition to fixed assets on account of revaluation of assets.

a) Depreciation on fixed assets (other than land) is charged on written down value method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

b) Revaluation reserve has been utilized to the extent of amount needed to set-off depreciation on addition to fixed assets on account of revaluation of assets.

c) Depreciation on addition to assets or on sale of assets is calculated on pro-rata basis.

4. ACCOUNTING FOR FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS:

a) Foreign currency transactions other than Fixed Assets are recorded at exchange rate prevailing at the time of transaction and realized gains and losses on this account are recognized in Profit & Loss Account.

b) There is no foreign currency liability against acquisition of fixed assets at the year end.

5. INVESTMENTS:

Long term investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long-term investment is made only if such decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management.

Investments in subsidiary company are of long term strategic value and the diminution, if any in the value of these investments is temporary in nature.

6. INVENTORIES:

a) Raw materials, stores and spares and stock-in-transit are valued at cost net of MODVAT as per the First in First out (FIFO) method after providing for cost of obsolescence value.

b) Work in progress is valued at cost including related overheads.

c) Finished goods are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value.

d) Stock in transit lying in warehouse is valued at cost and does not include custom duty payable. However, non-provision of duty does not affect profit for the year.

7. EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT BENEFITS

a) The Companys contribution to the provident fund is charged to profit and loss account.

b) The Companys liability in respect of payment of gratuity and leave encashment is provided on accrual basis. During the year. Company has made the provision of gratuity and leave encashment of Rs. 39.49 Lacs upto 30th June, 2009.

8. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENTS

Revenue expenditure is charged to profit & loss account of the year in which they incurred.

9. EXCISE DUTY

Excise duty is accounted for as and when the same is paid on the dispatch of goods from factory premises. No provision has been made for excise duty in respect of finished products lying in the factory premises.

10. MANAGEMENT ESTIMATION

The financial statements are prepared in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles and applicable accounting standards, which may require management to make estimates and assumptions. These may affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements and the reported amount of the revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual report later could differ from these estimates.

11. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

In the opinion of the Companys management, there is no impairment to the assets to which Accounting Standard-28 "Impairment of Assets" applied requiring any revenue recognition.

12. TAXATION

Current Tax:

The tax expenses for the year, comprising current tax and fringe benefit tax is included in determining the net profit for the year.

A Provision is made for the current tax and fringe benefit tax based on tax liability computed in accordance with relevant tax rates and tax laws.

Deferred Tax:

The Deferred Tax Liability/ Asset is Provided for timing difference between book profit and taxable profits is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted as on the balance sheet date.

13. BORROWING COST

Borrowing cost that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are capitalized as a part of the cost of that asset. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

14. EARNING PER SHARE

The earnings considered in ascertaining the Companys Earnings per Share (EPS) comprise the net profits after tax. The number of shares used in computing basic EPS is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year.

The diluted EPS is calculated on the same basis as basic EPS, after adjusting for the effects of potential dilutive equity shares.

15. CASH FLOW STATEMENT

The Cash Flow statement is prepared by the indirect method set out in Accounting Standard -3 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India as required by the SEBI on Cash Flow Statement and presents cash flows by operating, investing and financing activities of the Company. Cash and cash equivalents presented in the cash flow statement consists of cash in hand and demand deposits with banks as on the Balance Sheet date.

16. SUNDRY DEBTORS/LOANS & ADVANCES

Sundry Debtors, Creditors and other advances are subject to confirmation. The effect of the same, if any which is not likely to be material, will be adjusted at the time of conformation.

17. PROVISIONS /CONTINGENCIES

A provision is recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are determined based on best estimate of the amount required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date.

Contingent liabilities are not recognized and are disclosed in the Notes on Accounts.

18. DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS

The Company has not entered into the derivative instruments. Forward Contract other than those entered into, to hedge foreign currency risk on unexecuted firm commitments or of highly probable forecast transactions are treated as foreign currency transactions and accounted accordingly. Exchange difference arising on such contracts are recognized in the period in which they arise and premium paid/received is accounted as expenses/income over the period of the contract.

 
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