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Accounting Policies of FIEM Industries Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

Corporate Information

Fiem Industries Limited (referred to as "The Company") is a public limited company domiciled in India and incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The Company's registered office is in New Delhi and it has several manufacturing plants and depots across the country. Its shares are listed on National Stock Exchange and Bombay Stock Exchange in India. It has one wholly owned foreign subsidiary-Fiem Industries Japan Co., Limited located in Japan. The Company also has entered into a 50:50 Joint Venture with Horustech Lighting SRL Italy and incorporated a Joint Venture, namely 'Centro Ricerche Fiem Horustech SRL' which has been set-up at Italy as a design centre. The Company has research and development facilities located at Rai, Sonepat, Haryana which has been approved by Department of Science & Industrial Research, Ministry of Science & Technology. The Company is in the business of manufacturing and supply of auto components comprising of automotive lighting & signalling equipments, rear-view mirror, prismatic mirror, plastic moulded parts and sheet metal components for motorised vehicles, and LED luminaries comprising of indoor and outdoor lighting, display panels etc.

A. Basis of Preparation

The Financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India ('Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of Companies Act, 2013, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant provisions of Companies Act, 2013, as applicable, and guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India. The financial statements have been prepared as a going concern on accrual basis under the historical cost convention except for certain revalued fixed assets which has been stated at revalued amount.

B. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statement and the reported amount of the income and expenses during the year. Difference between the actual result and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known/ materialized. Example of such estimates includes provision for doubtful receivables, employee benefits, provision for warranty expenses, provision for income taxes, the useful life of depreciable fixed assets etc. The estimates are based upon management knowledge of current events and economic circumstances.

C. Current-Non Current Classification

All assets and liabilities are classified into current and non-current.

Assets

An asset is classified as current when it satisfies any of the following criteria:

(a) it is expected to be realised in, or is intended for sale or consumption in, the Company's normal operating cycle;

(b) it is held primarily for the purpose of being traded;

(c) it is expected to be realised within 12 months after the reporting date; or;

(d) it is cash or cash equivalent unless it is restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for a least 12 months after the reporting date.

Liabilities

A liability is classified as current when it satisfies any of the following criteria:

(a) it is expected to be settled in the Company's normal operating cycle;

(b) it is held primarily for the purpose of being traded;

(c) it is due to be settled within 12 months after the reporting date; or;

(d) the company does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least 12 months after the reporting date. Terms of a liability that could, at the option of the counterparty, result in its settlement by the issue of equity instruments do not affect its classification.

Operating Cycle

Based on the nature of products/activities of the Company and the normal time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash or cash equivalents, the Company has determined its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current and non current classification of assets and liabilities.

D. Tangible and Intangible Fixed Assets

(i) Tangible fixed assets except for certain fixed assets, which have been stated at revalued amounts are valued at the historical cost of acquisition, construction or manufacturing cost, as the case may be, less accumulated depreciation and/or impairment loss, if any . Cost of an item of tangible fixed asset comprises its purchase price, import duties and other non-refundable taxes or levies and any directly attributable cost of bringing the assets to its working condition for its intended use. Any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price. Borrowing cost during the period of construction or installation of fixed assets which take substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use up to the date of commencement of commercial production is added to the cost of respective tangible assets. Profit or loss on disposal on tangible assets is recognised in the Statement of Profit & Loss.

(ii) Subsequent expenditures related to an item of tangible fixed asset are added to its book value only if they increase the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

(iii) Intangible assets are shown at the consideration paid for acquisition less accumulated amortization.

(iv) Own manufactured tangible assets are capitalized at cost including an appropriate proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacities.

(v) Capital work-in-progress comprises the cost of fixed assets that are not yet ready for their intended use at the balance sheet date & expenditure during construction period pending allocation and fixed assets in transit that are not yet received for their intended use at the balance sheet date.

(vi) In respect of accounting periods commencing on or after 7th December, 2006, exchange differences (favourable as well as unfavourable) arising in respect of translation/settlement of the long-term foreign currency borrowings attributable to the acquisition of a depreciable fixed assets are added to or deducted from the cost of the asset and are depreciated over the balance life of the fixed asset.

E. Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost or fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of Investment is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of management.

F. Inventories

(i) Raw materials, components, stores and spares are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value. However, raw materials and other supplies held for use in the production of finished products are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. In determining the cost, First in First Out method (FIFO) is used.

(ii) Semi-finished goods and finished goods are valued lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost includes direct materials and direct labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity. Finished stocks lying in the factory premises, branches, depots are valued inclusive of excise duty.

(iii) Manufactured and bought out moulds, block & dies for sale are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value. Manufactured moulds, block & dies include direct material, direct labour and a proportion of manufacturing overhead based on normal operating capacity. Cost is determined on a First in First Out basis (FIFO).

(iv) Inventories of non-reusable waste say scrap for which facilities for reprocessing do not exist have been valued at net realizable value.

(iv) Cost of inventories comprises all cost of purchase, cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

(v) Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

(vi) Goods in transit are stated as a component of inventories if the significant risk and rewards of ownership have passed to the company and valued at actual cost incurred up to the date of Balance Sheet.

G. Depreciation and Amortisation

(i) Depreciation on tangible assets acquired during the year is charged on a 'Straight Line Method' in accordance with the useful life specified in Part "C" of Schedule II of the Companies Act 2013.

(ii) Depreciation on tangible assets acquired prior to April 1, 2014, the carrying amount as on April 1, 2014 is depreciated over the remaining useful life as specified in Part "C" of Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013. Where the remaining useful life of an assets is nil the carrying amount as on April 1, 2014 after retaining the residual value, has been recognized in the opening balance of retained earnings.

(iii) Leasehold land is amortised over the duration of the lease.

(iv) Depreciation on assets purchased during the year has been charged from the date of purchase.

(v) Depreciation on assets sold, discarded or demolished during the year is being provided at their rates up to the date of sale, discarded or demolished.

(vi) Intangible assets are amortised over their estimated useful life as follows.

(a) Computer software is amortised over a period of 3 years.

(b) Trademark & Technical knowhow over a period of 5 years.

(vii) Advance paid towards the acquisition of fixed assets, outstanding at each balance sheet date are shown under capital advances. Depreciation is not charged on capital work in progress until construction and installation are complete and asset ready for its intended use.

(viii) From April 1, 2014, On the revalued assets, the difference between the depreciation calculated on the revalued amount & on the original cost is charged to the Statement of Profit & Loss as specified in Schedule II of the Companies Act 2013.

H. Revenue Recognition

(i) Revenue is recognized to the extent of the probability of the economic benefits flowing to the company, which can be reliably measured.

(ii) The sale of goods in the course of ordinary activities is recognised when all significant risk & rewards of ownership have transferred to the customer and no significant uncertainty exists regarding the amount of the consideration that will be derived from the sale of goods and regarding its collection. The amount recognized as sale is exclusive of sales tax/value added taxes (VAT) and is net of returns. Sales is shown net of excise duty. The excise duty on sales is disclosed separately. The excise duty related to difference between the closing stock and opening stock of finished goods is recognized seperetarly as part of other expenses.

(iii) Revenue from services is recognized on rendering of services to customers.

(iv) Inter-unit/warehouse transfer has not been considered as part of "Turnover".

(v) Insurance claims lodged with insurance companies are accounted for on the basis of claim admitted/expected to be admitted and to the extent that there is no uncertainty in receiving the claims.

(vi) Dividend income is accounted when the right to receive dividend is established.

(vii) Interest income is accounted on the time proportion basis.

I. Government Grants, Subsidies and Export Incentives

(i) Government grants and subsidies are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in accordance with related schemes and when

there is reasonable assurance that the Company will comply with the conditions attached to them and the grants/subsidy will be received.

(ii) Duty drawback is recognised in the statement of profit and loss at the time of exports subject to the right to entitlement has been established.

J. Foreign Currency Transactions and Translations

Initial Recognition

Transactions in foreign currencies entered into by the Company are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction or at rates that closely approximate the rate at the date of the transaction.

Measurement of Foreign Currency Monetary Items at the Balance Sheet date

(i) Foreign currency monetary items (other than fully hedged foreign currency derivative instruments) of the Company outstanding at the Balance Sheet date are restated at the year-end rates.

(ii) Foreign currency non monetary items are carried at cost.

Treatment of Exchange Differences

(i) Exchange differences arising on settlement / restatement of short- term foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities of the Company are recognized as income or expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(ii) The exchange differences arising on restatement / settlement of long-term foreign currency monetary items are capitalized as part of the depreciable fixed assets to which the monetary item relates and depreciated over the remaining useful life of such assets. If such items do not relate to acquisition of depreciable fixed assets, the difference is accumulated as "Foreign currency monetary item translation difference account" and amortised over the balance period of such long term foreign currency monetary items but not beyond 31st March, 2020.

K. Research and Development

Research expenses are charged to Statement of Profit & Loss as and when incurred. Development expenses are capitalized when the Company is certain to recover the development cost from future economic benefits in accordance with AS-26. Fixed Assets utilized for research and development are capitalized and amortised in accordance with the policies stated for tangible and intangible fixed assets.

L. Employee Benefits

(i) Retirement Benefits in the form of Provident Fund and ESI schemes are a defined contribution plans and the contributions are charged to Statement of Profit & Loss of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due.

(ii) Leave encashment is applicable to all permanent and full time employees of the company and is provided for on the basis of actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year using Projected Unit Credit Method.

(iii) Gratuity is a defined benefit obligation and is provided on the basis of an actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year using Projected Unit Credit Method. The Liability as at the year- end represents the difference between the actuarial valuation of the future gratuity liability of the continuing employees and the fair value of plan assets with Exide Life Insurance Company as at the end of the year.

(iv) Actuarial gains/losses are immediately taken to the statement of profit and loss.

M. Pre-operative Expenditure Pending Allocation

Expenditure during the construction period of new units/substantial expansion has been debited to fixed assets (expenditure during the construction pending allocation has been debited to capital work in progress account) which are specifically attributable to construction of project or to the acquisition of a fixed assets or bringing it to its working condition and other expenditure during the construction period which are not specifically attributable to construction of projects or to the acquisition of a fixed assets or bringing to its working condition are recognized as an expenses when it is incurred.

N. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event, and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not recognised in the financial statements but disclosed in the Notes on financial statement. A contingent assets is neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

O. Taxation

(i) Provision for tax is made for the current accounting period on the basis of the taxable profits computed accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961.

(ii) Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) is paid in accordance to the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of adjustment of future income tax liability. It is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. Accordingly, MAT is recognized as an asset in the balance sheet when it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company and the assets can be measured reliably. The said asset is created by way of a credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income Tax during the specified period.

(iii) Deferred Tax are recognized on timing differences, being the difference between taxable incomes and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent period. Deferred Ta x assets are recognized subject to the consideration of prudence. Deferred Ta x Assets and Liabilities are measured using the tax rates as per tax Laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted as on the Balance Sheet date.

(iv) Deferred Tax Assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation law, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date are written down or written- up to reflect the amount that is reasonably certain (as the case may be) to be realised.

(v) Provisions for current taxes are presented in the balance sheet after off-setting advance taxes paid.

P. Borrowing Cost

(i) Borrowing costs include interest, amortisation of ancillary costs incurred and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost. The Company is applying Para 46-A of AS-11, and also following the clarification issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, Government of India through circular no. 25/ 2012 dated 09.08.12. Pursuant to this, exchange differences arising on reporting of Long Term Foreign Currency Monetary Items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the period or reported in previous financial statements, insofar as they relate to the acquisition of depreciable capital assets are added to or deducted from the cost of asset and are depreciated over the balance life of the asset. In other cases it is accumulated in a " Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account" and amortized over the balance period of the such long term asset/ liability but not beyond 31st March 2020.

(ii) Borrowing costs in connection with the borrowing of funds to the extent not directly related to the acquisition of qualifying assets are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(iii) Borrowing costs, allocated to and utilised for qualifying assets, pertaining to the period from commencement of activities relating to construction / development of the qualifying asset up to the date of capitalisation of such asset is added to the cost of the assets.

(iv) Capitalisation of borrowing costs is suspended and charged to the

Statement of Profit and Loss during extended periods when active development activity on the qualifying assets is interrupted.

Q. Excise Duty

The Excise duty has been accounted on finished goods on the basis of both payments made in respect of goods cleared as also goods lying in warehouse/factory. The company makes provision for liability of unpaid excise duty on finished stock lying in factory or warehouse. The estimate of such liability has been made at the rates in force on the balance sheet date. On stock meant for exports, no excise duty provision has been made since excise duty is not leviable on goods meant for exports.

R. Impairment

Consideration is given at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment of the carrying amount of the Company's fixed assets. If any indication exists, an asset's recoverable amount is estimated, an impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of an assets exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and value in use. In assessing Value in use, the estimated future cash flows is discounted to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor.

S. Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purpose of preparing the cash flow statement comprises cash at bank and in hand and short term investments having original maturities of three months or less from the date of purchase.

T. Cash Flow Statement

Cash flow statement are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

U. Derivatives Instruments and Hedge Accounting

The Company enters into derivatives contracts in the nature of foreign currency swaps, currency options, forward contracts etc. to hedge its exposure to movements in foreign exchange rates. The use of these contracts reduces the risk or cost to the Company and the Company does not use those for trading or speculative purposes.

Effective April 1, 2008 the Company adopted AS 30, "Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement", to the extent that the adoption did not conflict with existing accounting standards and other authoritative pronouncement of the Company Law and other regulatory requirements.

V. Segment Reporting Policies

The Company is primarily in the business of manufacture of various types of Auto Components. The entire operations are governed by the same set of risk and return hence the entire operations represent a single primary segment. The analysis of geographical segments is based on the geographical location of the customers i.e. customers located within India and customers located outside India. The Segment of LED luminaries is not a reportable segment as it does not exceed the quantitative thresholds as laid down in AS-17 "Segment reporting",

W. Operating Lease

Leases other than finance lease, are operating leases, and the such assets are not recognized on the Company's balance sheet. Payments under operating leases are recognized in statement of operations on a straight- line-basis over the term of the lease.

X. Proposed Dividend

Dividend recommended by the Board of Directors is provided for in the accounts, pending approval at the annual General Meeting.

Y. Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. For the purpose of calculating diluted earning/(loss) per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholder and the weighted average number of share outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effect of all dilutive potential equity shares. The weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for events of bonus issue and share split.


Mar 31, 2014

The Accounting Policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those applied in previous year. However the changes as required by a change or revision to an existing Accounting Standard are dealt in the appropriate paras in the notes forming part of the financial statements.

A. Basis of Accounting and Preparation of Financial Statements

The Financial statements have been prepared as a going concern on accrual basis under the historical cost convention except for certain revalued fixed assets which has been stated at revalued amount. They comply in all material respects with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India, which comprise of mandatory Accounting Standards as specified in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended), other pronouncements of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the relevant provisions of Companies Act, 1956 and guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India.

B. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statement and the reported amount of the income and expenses during the year. Difference between the actual result and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known/materialized. Example of such estimates includes provision for doubtful debts, provisions for warranty expenses, provision for income tax, useful life of tangible and intangible fixed assets etc. The estimates are based upon management knowledge of current events and economic circumstances.

C. Current-Non Current Classification

All assets and liabilities are classified into current and non-current.

Assets

An asset is classified as current when it satisfies any of the following criteria:

(a) it is expected to be realised in, or is intended for sale or consumption in, the Company''s normal operating cycle;

(b) it is held primarily for the purpose of being traded;

(c) it is expected to be realised within 12 months after the reporting date; or;

(d) it is cash or cash equivalent unless it is restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for a least 12 months after the reporting date

Liabilities

A liability is classified as current when it satisfies any of the following criteria:

(a) it is expected to be settled in the Company''s normal operating cycle;

(b) it is held primarily for the purpose of being traded;

(c) it is due to be settled within 12 months after the reporting date; or;

(d) the company does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least 12 months after the reporting date. Terms of a liability that could, at the option of the counterparty, result in its settlement by the issue of equity instruments do not affect its classification.

Operating Cycle

Operating Cycle is the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash or cash equivalents. The company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current and non-current classification of assets and liabilities.

D. Tangible and Intangible Fixed Assets

(i) Tangible fixed assets except for certain fixed assets, which have been stated at revalued amounts are valued at the historical cost of acquisition, construction or manufacturing cost, as the case may be, less accumulated depreciation and/or impairment loss, if any. Cost of an item of tangible fixed asset comprises its purchase price, import duties and other non- refundable taxes or levies and any directly attributable cost of bringing the assets to its working condition for its intended use. Any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price. Borrowing cost during the period of construction or installation of fixed assets which take substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use up to the date of commencement of commercial production is added to the cost of respective tangible assets.

(ii) Subsequent expenditures related to an item of tangible fixed asset are added to its book value only if they increase the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

(iii) Intangible assets are shown at the consideration paid for acquisition less accumulated amortization.

(iv) Own manufactured tangible assets are capitalized at cost including an appropriate proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacities.

(v) Capital work-in-progress comprises the cost of fixed assets that are not yet ready for their intended use at the balance sheet date & expenditure during construction period pending allocation and fixed assets in transit that are not yet received for their intended use at the balance sheet date.

(vi) In respect of accounting periods commencing on or after 7th December, 2006, exchange differences (favourable as well as unfavourable) arising in respect of translation/settlement of the long-term foreign currency borrowings attributable to the acquisition of a depreciable fixed assets are added to or deducted from the cost of the asset and are depreciated over the balance life of the fixed asset.

E. Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost or fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of Investment is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of management.

F. Inventories

(i) Raw materials, components, stores and spares are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value. However, raw materials and other supplies held for use in the production of finished products are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. In determining the cost, First in First Out method (FIFO) is used.

(ii) Semi-finished goods and finished goods are valued lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost includes direct materials and direct labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity. Finished stocks lying in the factory premises, branches, Depots are valued inclusive of excise duty.

(iii) Manufactured and bought out moulds, block & dies for sale are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value. Manufactured moulds, block & dies

include direct material, direct labour and a proportion of manufacturing overhead based on normal operating capacity. Cost is determined on a First in First Out basis (FIFO).

(iv) Inventories of non-reusable waste say scrap for which facilities for reprocessing do not exist have been valued at net realizable value.

(iv) Cost of inventories comprises all cost of purchase, cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

(v) Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

(vi) Goods in transit are stated as a component of inventories if the significant risk and rewards of ownership have passed to the company and valued at actual cost incurred up to the date of Balance Sheet.

G. Depreciation and Amortisation

(i) Depreciation on tangible assets is provided on ''Straight Line Method'' in accordance with the provisions of Section 205 (2) (b) of the Companies Act, 1956 in the manner and at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the said act.

(ii) Leasehold land is amortised over the duration of the lease.

(iii) Depreciation on assets purchased during the year has been charged from the date of purchase.

(iv) Depreciation on assets sold, discarded or demolished during the year is being provided at their rates up to the date of sale, discarded or demolished.

(v) Individual assets costing Rs. 5,000 or less are fully depreciated in the year of purchase.

(vi) Intangible assets are amortised over their estimated useful life as follows.

(a) Computer software is amortised over a period of 6 years

(b) Trademark & Technical knowhow over a period of 5 years.

(vii) Depreciation is not charged on capital work in progress until construction and installation are complete and asset ready for its intended use.

(viii) On the revalued assets, the difference between the depreciation calculated on the revalued amount & on the original cost is charged to the Revaluation Reserve.

H. Revenue Recognition

(i) Revenue is recognized to the extent of the probability of the economic benefits flowing to the company, which can be reliably measured.

(ii) The sale of goods in the course of ordinary activities is recognised when all significant risk & rewards of ownership have transferred to the customer and no significant uncertainty exists regarding the amount of the consideration that will be derived from the sale of goods and regarding its collection. The amount recognized as revenue is exclusive of sales tax/ value added taxes (VAT) and is net of returns. Sale is shown net of excise duty. The Excise Duty is separately disclosed.

(iii) Revenue in respect of contracts for services is recognized on completion of services.

(iv) Inter-unit/warehouse transfer has not been considered as part of "Turnover”.

(v) Insurance claims lodged with insurance companies are accounted for on the basis of claim admitted/expected to be admitted and to the extent that there is no uncertainty in receiving the claims.

(vi) Dividend income is accounted when the right to receive dividend is established.

(vii) Interest income is accounted on accrual basis.

I. Government Grants, Subsidies and Export Incentives

(i) Government grants and subsidies are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in accordance with related schemes and when there is reasonable assurance that the Company will comply with the conditions attached to them and the grants/subsidy will be received.

(ii) Duty drawback is recognised in the statement of profit and loss at the time of exports subject to the right to entitlement has been established.

J. Foreign Currency Transactions and Translations

Initial Recognition

Transactions in foreign currencies entered into by the Company are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction or at rates that closely approximate the rate at the date of the transaction.

Measurement of Foreign Currency Monetary Items at the Balance Sheet date

(i) Foreign currency monetary items (other than fully hedged foreign currency derivative instruments) of the Company outstanding at the Balance Sheet date are restated at the year-end rates.

(ii) Foreign currency non monetary items are carried at cost.

Treatment of Exchange Differences

(i) Exchange differences arising on settlement / restatement of short-term foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities of the Company are recognized as income or expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(ii) The exchange differences arising on restatement / settlement of long- term foreign currency monetary items are capitalized as part of the depreciable fixed assets to which the monetary item relates and depreciated over the remaining useful life of such assets. If such items do not relate to acquisition of depreciable fixed assets, the difference is accumulated as "Foreign currency monetary item translation difference account” and amortised over the balance period of such long term foreign currency monetary items but not beyond 31st March, 2020.

K. Research and Development

Research expenses are charged to Statement of Profit & Loss as and when incurred. Development expenses are capitalized when the Company is certain to recover the development cost from future economic benefits in accordance with AS-26. Fixed Assets utilized for research and development are capitalized and amortised in accordance with the policies stated for tangible and intangible fixed assets.

L. Employee Benefits

(i) Retirement Benefits in the form of Provident Fund and ESI schemes are a defined contribution plans and the contributions are charged to Statement of Profit & Loss of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due.

(ii) Leave encashment is applicable to all permanent and full time employees of the company and is provided for on the basis of actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year using Projected Unit Credit Method.

(iii) Gratuity is a defined benefit obligation and is provided on the basis of an actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year using Projected Unit Credit Method. The Liability as at the year-end represents the difference between the actuarial valuation of the future gratuity liability of the continuing employees and the fair value of plan assets with ING Vysya Life Insurance Company as at the end of the year.

(iv) Actuarial gains/losses are immediately taken to the statement of profit and loss.

M. Expenditure on New Projects and Substantial Expansion

Expenditure during the construction period of new units/substantial expansion has been debited to fixed assets (expenditure during the construction pending allocation has been debited to capital work in progress account) which are specifically attributable to construction of project or to the acquisition of a fixed assets or bringing it to its working condition and other expenditure during the construction period which are not specifically attributable to construction of projects or to the acquisition of a fixed assets or bringing to its working condition are recognized as an expenses when it is incurred.

N. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event, and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to

settle the obligation, in respect of which reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not recognised in the financial statements but disclosed in the Notes on financial statement. A contingent assets is neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

O. Taxation

(i) Provision for tax is made for the current accounting period on the basis of the taxable profits computed accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961.

(ii) Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) is paid in accordance to the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of adjustment of future income tax liability. It is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. Accordingly, MAT is recognized as an asset in the balance sheet when it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company and the assets can be measured reliably. The said asset is created by way of a credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income Tax during the specified period.

(iii) Deferred Tax are recognized on timing differences, being the difference between taxable incomes and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent period. Deferred Tax assets are recognized subject to the consideration of prudence. Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities are measured using the tax rates as per tax Laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted as on the Balance Sheet date.

(iv) Deferred Tax Assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation law, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each balance sheet date are written down or written-up to reflect the amount that is reasonably certain (as the case may be) to be realised.

(v) Provisions for current taxes are presented in the balance sheet after off- setting advance taxes paid.

P. Borrowing Cost

(i) Borrowing costs include interest, amortisation of ancillary costs incurred and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost. The Company is applying Para 46-A of AS-11, and also following the clarification issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, Government of India through circular no. 25/2012 dated 09.08.12. Pursuant to this, exchange differences arising on reporting of Long Term Foreign Currency Monetary Items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the period or reported in previous financial statements, insofar as they relate to the acquisition of depreciable capital assets are added to or deducted from the cost of asset and are depreciated over the balance life of the asset. In other cases it is accumulated in a "Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account" and amortized over the balance period of the such long term asset/liability but not beyond 31st March 2020.

(ii) Borrowing costs in connection with the borrowing of funds to the extent not directly related to the acquisition of qualifying assets are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(iii) Borrowing costs, allocated to and utilised for qualifying assets, pertaining to the period from commencement of activities relating to construction / development of the qualifying asset up to the date of capitalisation of such asset is added to the cost of the assets.

(iv) Capitalisation of borrowing costs is suspended and charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss during extended periods when active development activity on the qualifying assets is interrupted.

Q. Excise Duty

The Excise duty has been accounted on finished goods and traded goods on the basis of both payments made in respect of goods cleared as also goods lying in warehouse/factory. The company makes provision for liability of unpaid excise duty on finished stock and traded goods lying in factory or warehouse. The estimate of such liability has been made at the rates in force on the balance sheet date. On stock meant for exports, no excise duty provision has been made since excise duty is not leviable on goods meant for exports.

R. Impairment

Consideration is given at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment of the carrying amount of the Company''s fixed assets. If any indication exists, an asset''s recoverable amount is estimated, an impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of an assets exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and value in use. In assessing Value in use, the estimated future cash flows is discounted to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor.

S. Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purpose of preparing the cash flow statement comprises cash at bank and in hand and short term investments having original maturities of three months or less from the date of purchase.

T. Cash Flow Statement

Cash flow statement are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

U. Derivatives Instruments and Hedge Accounting

The Company enters into derivatives contracts in the nature of foreign currency swaps, currency options, forward contracts etc. to hedge its exposure to movements in foreign exchange rates. The use of these contracts reduces the risk or cost to the Company and the Company does not use those for trading or speculative purposes.

Effective April 1, 2008 the Company adopted AS 30, "Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement”, to the extent that the adoption did not conflict with existing accounting standards and other authoritative pronouncement of the Company Law and other regulatory requirements.

V. Segment Reporting Policies

The Company is engaged in the business of manufacture of various types of Auto Components. The entire operations are governed by the same set of risk and return hence the entire operations represent a single primary segment. The analysis of geographical segments is based on the geographical location of the customers i.e. customers located within India and customers located outside India. The Segment of LED luminaries is not a reportable segment as it does not exceed the quantitative thresholds as laid down in AS-17 "Segment reporting"

W. Operating Lease

Leases other than finance lease, are operating leases, and the such assets are not recognized on the Company''s balance sheet. Payments under operating leases are recognized in statement of operations on a straight-line-basis over the term of the lease.

X. Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. For the purpose of calculating diluted earning / (loss) per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholder and the weighted average number of share outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effect of all dilutive potential equity shares. The weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for events of bonus issue and share split.

a) Terms/rights attached to equity shares

The company has only one class of shares referred to as equity shares having a par value of Rs 10 each. Each holder of equity shares is entitled to one vote per share. The company declares and pays dividends in Indian rupees. The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of the shareholders in the ensuing Annual general Meeting except in case of interim dividend. In the event of liquidation of the company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive any of the remaining assets of the company, after distribution of all preferential amounts. However, no such preferential amount exist currently. The distribution will be in proportion to the number of the equity shares held by the shareholders.

INDIAN RUPPE TERM LOAN FROM BANKS INCLUDE

a) From Citibank N.A.:– Loan outstanding as at 31.03.14 Rs 4,12,32,715 (Previous year Rs 5,69,82,715) has tenor of 5 years with 16 equal quarterly repayments beginning from the end of 15 months from drawdown. Interest is payable on monthly basis. The loan carries fixed interest rate of 12% and is secured against exclusive charge on all movable assets procured out of the term loan and secured against First Pari Passu Charge on movable fixed assets of kundli unit and Unit –2 at Hosur alongwith Axis Bank.

b) From State bank of Patiala :– Loan outstanding as on 31.03.14 Rs 13,73,08,170 (Previous Year Rs 18,39,88,170) The loan is for 7 years with 24 quarterly repayment beginning from the end of 15 months from the drawdown. Interest is monthly payable. The loan initially carried floating interest rate of 11.75% and 12.75% which currently is 10.75%. The Loan is Secured against First Pari Passu charge alongwith Axis Bank and HSBC over movable and Immovable fixed assets of Rai Unit (Present and future) including equitable mortgage of Factory Land and Building at Rai, Sonepat and Parri passu charge on movable fixed assets of Hosur unit– III (tamilnadu) with Standard Chartered Bank and First Charge on movable fixed assets of Mysore unit – IV Karnataka and Second charge over the entire fixed assets of unit VI nalagarh Unit (first charge with Citibank).

c) From Axis Bank :– Loan outstanding as on 31.03.14 Rs 23,19,44,446 (Previous year Rs 31,46,33,334) :– The loan is for 4 years and 7 years and has half yearly and quarterly repayment beginning after moratorium period of 6 and 12 months from the drawdown. Interest is monthly monthly. The loan initially carried floating interest rate of 11.75% and 12.25% which currently is 11%. The Loan is Secured against First Pari Passu charge with State Bank of Patiala and HSBC bank on the movable and immovable fixed assets of Rai Unit including equitable mortgage of Factory Land and Building of Rai Unit and secured against First Pari Passu Charge on movable fixed assets of kundli unit and Unit –2 at Hosur with Citibank and Term loan of Rs 1.58 crore is secured on exclusive charge on assets financed out of the term loan.

d) HSBC Bank:– Loan Outstanding as on 31.03.14 Rs 10,00,00,000 (Previous Year Nil) The Loan is for 5 year and has quarterly equal repayment beginning after moratorium period of 1 year. Interest is monthly monthly. The loan carries fixed interest rate of 10%. The Loan is Secured against First Pari Passu charge with State Bank of Patiala and Axis Bank on the movable and immovable fixed assets of Rai Unit including equitable mortgage of Factory Land and Building of Rai Unit.

FOREIGN CURRENCY TERM LOAN FROM BANKS INCLUDE

a) From CITIBANK N.A. :– Loan outstanding as on 31.03.14 Rs 10,00,00,000 (Previous Year 10,00,00,000) has tenor of 5 years with 16 equal quarterly repayments beginning from the end of 15 months from drawdown. Interest is payable on monthly basis. The loan carries fully hedged interest cost of 10.60% p.a. The Loan is secured against exclusive charge on fixed assets financed out of the term loan and first charge of the movable fixed assets of Unit–V situated at Hosur, tamilnadu.

b) From Standard Chartered Bank – ECB –1 :– Loan outstanding as on 31.03.14 Rs 14,69,43,031 (Previous year Rs 22,24,34,347). The loan is for 5 years with 16 equal quarterly repayment beginning from the end of 15 months from the drawdown. Interest rate is 3 month LIBOR PLUS 225 BSP p.a. payable quarterly. The loan is secured against Equitable mortgage on land and building at Tapukara, Rajasthan Unit on Exclusive basis and Specific charge on Plant and machinery at Tapukara, Rajasthan Unit.

c) From Standard Chartered Bank ECB –2 :– Loan outstanding as on 31.03.14 Rs 10,12,68,750 (Previous year Rs 13,80,93,750). The loan is for 5 years with 16 equal quarterly repayment beginning from the end of 15 months from the drawdown. Interest is quarterly payable. The loan carries fully hedged interest cost of 8.50% p.a. The Loan is secured against Equitable mortgage on land and building at Tapukara, Rajasthan Unit on Exclusive basis and Specific charge on Plant and machinery at Tapukara, Rajasthan Unit.

VEHICLE LOANS FROM BANKS AND OTHERS

a) Vehicle loan from banks and others outstanding as on 31.03.14 are Rs 2,30,80,509 (Previous year Rs 2,23,50,042) secured against hypothecation of the respective vehicles acquired out of proceeds thereof. The Loans carries interest rate between 8% to 12%.

UNSECURED LOAN

Unsecured Loan from HSIIDC is for Enhanced Compensation of land situated at Rai Unit–7. amount to Rs 1,63,62,100 (previous year Nil). The Loan is at fixed interest rate of 12% has tenor two and Half years, The loan is repayable on half yearly equally installment basis. Interest is payable Half yearly.

Indian Rupee Loan includes

a) From Citibank NA :– Loan outstanding as at 31st March 2014 Rs 29,90,24,616 (Previous Year Rs 30,36,23,937) Interest is payable with monthly rest on the last date of each month in each year or at such other rest as determined by the bank. The rate of interest is based on relevant circumstances, including market conditions which currently is 11.75%. The loan is secured against First Pari Passu Charge with Standard Chartered Bank on all present and future receivables, stocks/Inventories and on all fixed assets of the company (excluding assets specifically purchased out of term loans from Citibank and other term loan lenders) including equitable mortgage charge on first pari passu basis on Land and Building situated at Kundli,Haryana & Thally Road Hosur,Tamilnadu with Standard Chartered Bank.

b) From Standard Chartered Bank :– Loan outstanding as at 31st March 2014 is receivable Rs 65,07,803 (Previous year Receivable Rs 81,025/–) Interest is monthly payable. Interest is payable at base rate plus margin basis which may be agreed with bank from time to time which currently is 11.75%. The loan is secured against First Pari Passu charge with Citibank on Stocks & Book Debts, and Equitable mortgage charge on First Pari Passu basis on land and building situated at Kundli unit Haryana & Thally Road Hosur,Tamilnadu and first pari passu charge over all present and future movable fixed assets of the company with Citibank (excluding assets specifically financed by other term lenders)

Considering the company has been extended credit period upto 45 days by its vendors and payments being released on a timely basis, there is no"liability towards interest on delayed payments under "The Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Act 2006” during the year.

There is also no amount of outstanding interest in this regard, brought forward from previous years. The above information is on basis of intimations received, from the vendors who have communicated their status with regards to vendors registration under the said Act on requests made by the company.

Proposed Dividend

During the year ended 31.03.14, the amount of Rs 6.00 per share as dividend recognized for distributions to equity shareholders (Previous Year Rs 4.00 per share)

Provision for warranties

The company gives warranties on certain products and services, undertaking to repair and replace the items that fails to perform satisfactorily during the warranty period. Provision made as at 31.03.14 represents the amount of the expected cost of meeting such obligation of rectification or replacement. The timing of the outflow is expected to be within warranty period.


Mar 31, 2013

The Accounting Policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those applied in previous year. However the changes as required by a change or revision to an existing Accounting Standard are dealt in the appropriate paras in the notes forming part of the financial statements.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956, Based on the nature of products and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current and non current classification of assets and liabilities.

A. Basis of Accounting and Preparation of Financial Statements

The Financial statements have been prepared as a going concern on accrual basis under the historical cost convention except for certain revalued fixed assets and those items covered under "Accounting Standard-30" on "Financial instruments: Recognition and Measurement" which have been measured at their fair value. They comply in all material respects with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India, which comprise of mandatory Accounting Standards as specified in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended), other pronouncements of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the relevant provisions of Companies Act, 1956 and guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India.

B. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statement and the reported amount of the income and expenses during the year. Difference between the actual result and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known/materialized. Example of such estimates includes provision for doubtful debts, provisions for warranty expenses, provision for income tax, useful life of tangible and intangible fixed assets etc. The estimates are based upon management knowledge of current events and economic circumstances.

C. Tangible and Intangible Fixed Assets

(i) Tangible assets are valued at the historical cost of acquisition, construction or manufacturing cost, as the case may be, except for certain fixed assets, which have been stated at revalued amounts less accumulated depreciation. Cost of acquisition is inclusive of freight, duties, levies (Net of tax/duty credits availed, if any,) installation and commissioning expenses and all incidentals cost attributable to bringing the assets to its working condition. Interest on borrowings and financing costs during the period of construction or installation of fixed assets which take substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use up to the date of commencement of commercial production is added to the cost of respective tangible assets.

(ii) Intangible assets are shown at the consideration paid for acquisition less accumulated amortization.

(iii) Own manufactured tangible assets are capitalized at cost including an appropriate proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacities.

(iv) Capital work-in-progress comprises the cost of fixed assets that are not yet ready for their intended use at the balance sheet date & expenditure during construction period pending allocation and fixed assets in transit that are not yet received for their intended use at the balance sheet date.

(v) In respect of accounting periods commencing on or after 7th December, 2006, exchange differences arising on reporting of the long-term foreign currency monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the period, or reported in the pervious financial statements are added to or deducted from the cost of the asset and are depreciated over the balance life of the asset, if these monetary items pertain to the acquisition of depreciable fixed assets.

D. Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost or fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of Investment is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of management.

E. Inventories

(i) Raw materials, components, stores and spare are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on a First in First Out basis (FIFO).

(ii) Semi-finished goods and finished goods are valued lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost includes direct materials and direct labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity. Finished stocks lying in the factory premises, branches, Depots are valued inclusive of excise duty.

(iii) Manufactured and bought out moulds, block & dies for sale are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value. Manufactured moulds, block & dies include direct material, direct labour and a proportion of manufacturing overhead based on normal operating capacity. Cost is determined on a First in First Out basis (FIFO).

(iv) Inventories of non-reusable waste say scrap for which facilities for reprocessing do not exist have been valued at net realizable value.

(v) Goods in transit are stated as a component of inventories if the significant risk and rewards of ownership have passed to the company and valued at actual cost incurred up to the date of Balance Sheet.

F. Depreciation and Amortisation

(i) Depreciation on tangible assets is provided on ''Straight Line Method'' in accordance with the provisions of Section 205 (2) (b) of the Companies Act, 1956 in the manner and at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the said act.

(ii) Leasehold land is amortised over the duration of the lease.

(iii) Depreciation on assets purchased during the year has been charged from the date of purchase.

(iv) Depreciation on assets sold, discarded or demolished during the year is being provided at their rates up to the date of sale, discarded or demolished.

(v) Individual assets costing Rs. 5,000 or less are fully depreciated in the year of purchase.

(vi) Intangible assets are amortised over their estimated useful life as follows.

(a) Computer software is amortised over a period of 6 years

(b) Technical know-how over a period of 5 years.

(vii) Depreciation is not charged on capital work in progress until construction and installation are complete and asset ready for its intended use.

(viii) On the revalued assets, the difference between the depreciation calculated on the revalued amount & on the original cost is charged to the Revaluation Reserve.

G. Revenue Recognition

(i) Revenue is recognized to the extent of the probability of the economic benefits flowing to the company, which can be reliably measured.

(ii) The sale of goods is recognized when the significant risk & rewards of ownership have transferred to the customers. Sale is shown net of excise duty. The Excise Duty is separately disclosed.

(iii) Revenue in respect of contracts for services is recognized on completion of services.

(iv) Inter-unit/warehouse transfer has not been considered as part of "Turnover".

(v) Insurance claims are accounted for on the basis of claim admitted/ expected to be admitted and to the extent that there is no uncertainty in receiving the claims.

(vi) Interest income is accounted on accrual basis.

H. Government Grants, Subsidies and Export Incentives

(i) Government grants and subsidies are recognised in the statement of profit and loss account in accordance with related schemes and when there is reasonable assurance that the Company will comply with the conditions attached to them and the grants/subsidy will be received.

(ii) Duty drawback is recognised in the statement of profit and loss at the time of exports

I. Foreign Currency Transactions and Translations

Initial Recognition

Transactions in foreign currencies entered into by the Company are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction or at rates that closely approximate the rate at the date of the transaction.

Measurement of Foreign Currency Monetary Items at the Balance Sheet date

(i) Foreign currency monetary items (other than fully hedged foreign currency derivative instruments) of the Company outstanding at the Balance Sheet date are restated at the year-end rates.

(ii) Foreign currency non monetary items are carried at cost.

Treatment of Exchange Differences

(i) Exchange differences arising on settlement / restatement of short- term foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities of the Company are recognized as income or expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(ii) The exchange differences arising on restatement / settlement of long-term foreign currency monetary items are capitalized as part of the depreciable fixed assets to which the monetary item relates and depreciated over the remaining useful life of such assets. If such items do not relate to acquisition of depreciable fixed assets, the difference is accumulated as "Foreign currency monetary item translation difference account" and amortised over the balance period of such long term foreign currency monetary items but not beyond 31st March, 2020.

J. Research and Development

Research expenses are charged to Statement of Profit & Loss as and when incurred. Development expenses are capitalized when the Company is certain to recover the development cost from future economic benefits in accordance with AS-26. Fixed Assets utilized for research and development are capitalized and amortised in accordance with the policies stated for tangible and intangible fixed assets.

K. Employee Benefits

(i) Retirement Benefits in the form of Provident Fund and ESI schemes are a defined contribution plans and the contributions are charged to Statement of Profit & Loss of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due.

(ii) Leave encashment is applicable to all permanent and full time employees of the company and is provided for on the basis of actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year using Projected Unit Credit Method.

(iii) Gratuity is a defined benefit obligation and is provided on the basis of an actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year using Projected Unit Credit Method. The Liability as at the year-end represents the difference between the actuarial valuation of the future gratuity liability of the continuing employees and the fair value of plan assets with ING Vysya Life Insurance Company as at the end of the year.

(iv) Actuarial gains/losses are immediately taken to the statement of profit and loss.

L. Expenditure on New Projects and Substantial Expansion

Expenditure during the construction period of new units/substantial expansion has been debited to fixed assets (expenditure during the construction pending allocation has been debited to capital work in progress account) which are specifically attributable to construction of project or to the acquisition of a fixed assets or bringing it to its working condition and other expenditure during the construction period which are not specifically attributable to construction of projects or to the acquisition of a fixed assets or bringing to its working condition are recognized as an expenses when it is incurred.

M. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event, and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not recognised in the financial statements but disclosed in the Notes on financial statement. A contingent assets is neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

N. Taxation

(i) Provision for tax is made for the current accounting period on the basis of the taxable profits computed accordance with the Income Ta x Act, 1961.

(ii) Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) is paid in accordance to the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of adjustment of future income tax liability. It is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. Accordingly, MAT is recognized as an asset in the balance sheet when it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company and the assets can be measured reliably. The said asset is created by way of a credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income Tax during the specified period.

(iii) Deferred Tax are recognized on timing differences, being the difference between taxable incomes and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent period. Deferred Tax assets are recognized subject to the consideration of prudence. Deferred Ta x Assets and Liabilities are measured using the tax rates as per tax Laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted as on the Balance Sheet date.

(iv) Provisions for current taxes are presented in the balance sheet after off-setting advance taxes paid.

O. Borrowing Cost

(i) Borrowing costs include interest, amortisation of ancillary costs incurred and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost. The Company is applying Para 46-A of AS-11, and also following the clarification issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, Government of India through circular no. 25/2012 dated 09.08.12. Pursuant to this, exchange differences arising on reporting of Long Term Foreign Currency Monetary Items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the period or reported in previous financial statements, insofar as they relate to the acquisition of depreciable capital assets are added to or deducted from the cost of asset and are depreciated over the balance life of the asset. In other cases it is accumulated in a " Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account" and amorized over the balance period of the such long term asset/liability but not beyond 31st March 2020.

(ii) Borrowing costs in connection with the borrowing of funds to the extent not directly related to the acquisition of qualifying assets are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(iii) Borrowing costs, allocated to and utilised for qualifying assets, pertaining to the period from commencement of activities relating to construction / development of the qualifying asset up to the date of capitalisation of such asset is added to the cost of the assets.

(iv) Capitalisation of borrowing costs is suspended and charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss during extended periods when active development activity on the qualifying assets is interrupted.

P. Excise Duty

The Excise duty has been accounted on finished goods and traded goods on the basis of both payments made in respect of goods cleared as also goods lying in warehouse/factory. The company makes provision for liability of unpaid excise duty on finished stock and traded goods lying in factory or warehouse. The estimate of such liability has been made at the rates in force on the balance sheet date. On stock meant for exports, no excise duty provision has been made since excise duty is not leviable on goods meant for exports.

Q. Impairment

Consideration is given at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment of the carrying amount of the Company''s fixed assets. If any indication exists, an asset''s recoverable amount is estimated, an impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of an assets exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and value in use.

In assessing Value in use, the estimated future cash flows is discounted to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor.

R. Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purpose of preparing the cash flow statement comprises cash at bank and in hand and short term investments having original maturities of three months or less from the date of purchase.

S. Cash Flow Statement

Cash flow statement are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

T. Derivatives Instruments and Hedge Accounting

The Company enters into derivatives contracts in the nature of foreign currency swaps, currency options, forward contracts etc. to hedge its exposure to movements in foreign exchange rates. The use of these contracts reduces the risk or cost to the Company and the Company does not use those for trading or speculative purposes.

Effective April 1, 2008 the Company adopted AS 30, "Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement", to the extent that the adoption did not conflict with existing accounting standards and other authoritative pronouncement of the Company Law and other regulatory requirements.

The Foreign currency forward contracts are fair valued at each reporting date. The Company records the gain or loss on effective hedges, if any in the "Hedging Reserve Account" until the transactions are complete. On completion, the gain or loss is transferred to statement of profit and loss account or adjusted to the fixed assets, as the case may be, of that period. To designate foreign currency forward contracts as an effective hedge, the management objectively evaluates and evidence with appropriate supporting documents at the inception of each contract whether the contract is effective in achieving offsetting cash flow attributable to the hedged risk. In the absence of a designation as effective hedge, a gain or loss is recognized in the statement of profit and loss. Currently, hedge undertaken by the Company are effective in nature and the resultant gain or loss consequent to fair valuation is recognized in the Hedging Reserve Account until the transaction is complete, at each reporting date.

Derivative Financial Instruments is presented under "Other current liability".

Derivative Financial Instruments are fair valued at the exchange rate prevailing at the reporting date.

U. Segment Reporting Policies

The Company is engaged in the business of manufacture of various types of Auto Components. The entire operations are governed by the same set of risk and return hence the entire operations represent a single primary segment. The analysis of geographical segments is based on the geographical location of the customers i.e. customers located within India and customers located outside India. The Segment of LED luminaries is not a reportable segment as it does not exceed the quantitative thresholds as laid down in AS-17 " Segment reporting"

V. Operating Lease

Leases other than finance lease, are operating leases, and the such assets are not recognized on the Company''s balance sheet. Payments under operating leases are recognized in statement of operations on a straight- line-basis over the term of the lease.

W. Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.


Mar 31, 2011

A. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

I. The Financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention except for certain revalued fixed assets. They comply in all material respects with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India, which comprise of mandatory Accounting Standards as specified in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended), other pronouncements of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the relevant provisions of Companies Act, 1956 and guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India.

II. The Accounting Policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those applied in previous year. However the changes as required by a change or revision to an existing Accounting Standard are dealt in the appropriate paras in the notes to accounts.

B. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statement and the reported amount of the income and expenses during the year. Difference between the actual result and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known/ materialized. Example of such estimates includes provision for doubtful debts, provisions for warranty expenses, provision for income tax, useful life of fixed assets etc. The estimates are based upon management knowledge of current events and economic circumstances.

C. Fixed Assets

I. Fixed assets are valued at the historical cost of acquisition, construction or manufacturing cost, as the case may be, except for certain fixed assets, which have been stated at revalued amounts less accumulated depreciation and amortization. Cost of acquisition is inclusive of freight, duties, levies (Net of tax/ duty credits availed, if any,) installation and commissioning expenses and all incidentals cost attributable to bringing the assets to its working condition. Interest on borrowings and financing costs during the period of construction or installation of fixed assets which take substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use up to the date of commencement of commercial production is added to the cost of fixed assets.

II. Intangible assets are shown at the consideration paid for acquisition less accumulated amortization.

III. Own manufactured fixed assets are capitalized at cost including an appropriate proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacities.

IV. Capital work-in-progress comprises outstanding advances paid to acquire capital expenditure, the cost of fixed assets that are not yet ready for their intended use at the balance sheet date, expenditure during construction period pending allocation and fixed assets in transit that are not yet received for their intended use at the balance sheet date.

V. In respect of accounting periods commencing on or after 7th December, 2006, exchange differences arising on reporting of the long-term foreign currency monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the period, or reported in the pervious financial statements are added to or deducted from the cost of the asset and are depreciated over the balance life of the asset, if these monetary items pertain to the acquisition of a depreciable fixed asset.

D. Inventories

I. Raw materials, components, stores and spare are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on a First in First Out basis (FIFO).

II. Semi-finished goods and finished goods are valued lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost includes direct materials and direct labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity. Finished stocks lying in the factory premises, branches, Depots are valued inclusive of excise duty.

III. Manufactured and bought out moulds, block & dies for sale are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value. Manufactured moulds, block & dies include direct material, direct labour and a proportion of manufacturing overhead based on normal operating capacity. Cost is determined on a First in First Out basis (FIFO).

IV. Inventories of non-reusable waste say scrap for which facilities for reprocessing do not exist have been valued at net realizable value.

V. Goods in transit are stated as a component of inventories if the significant risk and rewards of ownership have passed to the company and valued at actual cost incurred up to the date of Balance Sheet.

E. Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost or fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of Investment is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of management.

F. Depreciation & Amortization

I. Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on 'Straight Line Method' in accordance with the provisions of Section 205 (2) (b) of the Companies Act, 1956 in the manner and at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the said act.

II. Premium on Leasehold land is amortized over the period of lease term.

III. Depreciation on assets purchased during the year has been charged from the date of purchase.

IV. Depreciation on assets sold, discarded or demolished during the year is being provided at their rates up to the date of sale, discarded or demolished.

V. Technical know-how expenses are amortized over a period of 5 years.

VI. Depreciation on computer software is charged on Straight Line Method at the rate of 16.21%.

VII. Assets purchased during the year costing Rs. 5,000 or less are wholly depreciated in the year of purchase.

VIII. Depreciation is not charged on capital work in progress until construction and installation are complete and asset ready for its intended use.

IX. On the revalued assets, the difference between the depreciation calculated on the revalued amount & on the original cost is charged to the Revaluation Reserve.

G. Foreign Currency Transaction

I. Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of transaction or that approximates the actual rate on the date of transaction.

II. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are reported at the exchange rates prevailing at the balance sheet date. In case of monetary assets and liabilities, which are hedged, are accounted as per the terms of contract for hedging.

III. Non-monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency items are carried at historical cost.

IV. Any income or expense on account of exchange difference on settlement during the year is recognized in the profit and loss account except cost of fixed assets, if the same relates to acquisitions of fixed assets.

V. Any income or expense on account of exchange difference on translation at the balance sheet date is recognized in the profit and loss account.

VI. Premium or discount on forward contracts is amortized over the life of contracts and is recognized as income or expense.

VII. Exchange differences, in respect of accounting periods commencing on or after 7th December, 2006 arising on reporting of the long-term foreign currency monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the period, or reported in the pervious financial statements in so for as they relate to the acquisition of a depreciable capital assets, are added to or deducted from the cost of the asset and are depreciated over the balance life of the asset. In other cases, they are accumulated in a "Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account" in the enterprise's financial statements and amortized over the balance period of such long- term asset/liability but not beyond accounting period ending on or after 31st March, 2012.

H. Miscellaneous Expenditure

Expenses incurred for increase in authorized capital are being amortized over a period of 5 years.

I. Revenue Recognition

I. Revenue is recognized to the extent of the probability of the economic benefits flowing to the company, which can be reliably measured.

II. The sale of goods is recognized when the significant risk & rewards of ownership have transferred to the customers. Sale is shown net of excise duty. The Excise Duty is separately disclosed.

III. Revenue in respect of contracts for services is recognized on completion of services.

IV. Inter-unit/warehouse transfer has not been considered as part of "Turnover".

V. Insurance claims are accounted for based on certainty of realization.

VI. Interest and other dues are accounted on accrual basis.

VII. Benefit on account of entitlement to import goods free of duty under the "Duty Entitlement Pass Book Scheme" are recognized in the year the goods are exported if the same can be measured with reasonable accuracy.

J. Research and Development

Research expenses are charged to Profit & Loss Account as and when incurred. Development expenses are capitalized when the Company is certain to recover the development cost from future economic benefits in accordance with AS-26. Fixed Assets utilized for research and development are capitalized and depreciated in accordance with the depreciation method set out in paragraph F (I).

K. Employee Benefits

I. Retirement Benefits in the form of Provident Fund and ESI schemes are a defined contribution plans and the contributions are charged to Profit & Loss Account of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due.

II. Leave encashment is applicable to all permanent and full time employees of the company and is provided for on the basis of actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year using Projected Unit Credit Method.

III. Gratuity is a defined benefit obligation and is provided on the basis of an actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year using Projected Unit Credit Method. The Liability as at the year-end represents the difference between the actuarial valuation of the future gratuity liability of the continuing employees and the fair value of plan assets with ING Vysya Life Insurance Company as at the end of the year

IV. Actuarial gains/losses are immediately taken to the profit and loss account.

L. Expenditure on New Projects and Substantial Expansion

Expenditure during the construction period of new units/substantial expansion has been debited to fixed assets (expenditure during the construction pending allocation has been debited to capital work in progress account) which are specifically attributable to construction of project or to the acquisition of a fixed assets or bringing it to its working condition and other expenditure during the construction period which are not specifically attributable to construction of projects or to the acquisition of a fixed assets or bringing to its working condition are recognized as an expenses when it is incurred.

M. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions are recognized for liabilities that can be measured only by using a substantial degree of estimation, if

I. The company has a present obligation as a result of past event,

II. A probable outflow of resources is expected to settle the obligation; and

III. The amount of the obligation can be reliably estimated.

Reimbursement expected in respect of expenditure required to settle a provision is recognized only when it is virtually certain that the reimbursement will be received.

Contingent liability is disclosed in case of

I. A present obligation arising from past events, when it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation

II. A present obligation when no reliable estimates is possible

III. A possible obligation arising from past events where the probability of outflow of resources is not remote.

Contingent assets are neither recognized, nor disclosed.

Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date.

N. Taxation

I. Provision for tax is made for the current accounting period on the basis of the taxable profits computed accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961.

II. Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) is paid in accordance to the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of adjustment of future income tax liability, is considered as an assets if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. Accordingly, MAT is recognized as an asset in the balance sheet when it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company and the assets can be measured reliably. The said asset is created by way of a credit to the profit and loss account and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income Tax during the specified period.

III. Deferred Tax are recognized on timing differences, being the difference between taxable incomes and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent period. Deferred Tax assets are recognized subject to the consideration of prudence. Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities are measured using the tax rates as per tax Laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted as on the Balance Sheet date.

O. Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. For the purpose of capitalization of borrowing costs 'substantial period of time' primarily, have been interpreted on the basis of facts and circumstance of each case.

P. Excise Duty

The Excise duty has been accounted on finished goods on the basis of both payments made in respect of goods cleared as also goods lying in warehouse/factory. The company makes provision for liability of unpaid excise duty on finished stock lying in factory or warehouse. The estimate of such liability has been made at the rates in force on the balance sheet date. On stock meant for exports, no excise duty provision has been made since excise duty is not leviable on goods meant for exports.

Q. Impairment

Consideration is given at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment of the carrying amount of the Company's fixed assets. If any indication exists, an asset's recoverable amount is estimated, an impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of an assets exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and value in use. In assessing Value in use, the estimated future cash flows is discounted to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor.

R. Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents in the Cash Flow Statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

S. Derivatives Financial Instruments

The Company uses foreign currency forward contracts to hedge its exposure to movements in foreign exchange rates. The use of these contracts reduces the risk or cost to the Company and the Company does not use those for trading or speculative purposes.

Effective April 1, 2008 the Company adopted AS 30, "Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement", to the extent that the adoption did not conflict with existing accounting standards and other authoritative pronouncement of the Company Law and other regulatory requirements.

The Foreign currency forward contracts are fair valued at each reporting date. The Company records the gain or loss on effective hedges, if any in the "Hedging Reserve Account" until the transactions are complete. On completion, the gain or loss is transferred to the profit and loss account or adjusted to the fixed assets, as the case may be, of that period. To designate foreign currency forward contracts as an effective hedge, the management objectively evaluates and evidence with appropriate supporting documents at the inception of each contract whether the contract is effective in achieving offsetting cash flow attributable to the hedged risk. In the absence of a designation as effective hedge, a gain or loss is recognized in the profit and loss account. Currently, hedge undertaken by the Company are effective in nature and the resultant gain or loss consequent to fair valuation is recognized in the Hedging Reserve Account until the transaction is complete, at each reporting date.

Derivative Financial Instruments is presented under "Current Liabilities and Provisions".

Derivative Financial Instruments are fair valued at the exchange rate prevailing at the reporting date.

T. Segment Reporting Policies

The Company's operating businesses are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products and services provided, with each segment representing a strategic unit that offers different products and serves different market. The analysis of geographical segments is based on the geographical location of the customers.

U. Operating Lease

Leases other than finance lease, are operating leases, and the leased assets are not recognized on the Company's balance sheet. Payments under operating leases are recognized in statement of operations on a straight-line-basis over the term of the lease.














Mar 31, 2010

A. Basis of Accounting

I. The Financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention except for certain revalued fixed assets. They comply in all material respects with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India, which comprise of mandatory Accounting Standard as specified in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, the provisions of Companies Act, 1956 and guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India.

II. The Accounting Policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those applied in previous year. However the changes as required by a change or revision to an existing Accounting Standard are dealt in the appropriate paras in the notes to accounts.

B. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statement and the reported amount of the revenue and expenses during the reporting periods. Difference between the actual result and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known/materialized. Example of such estimates includes provision for doubtful debts, provisions for warranty expenses, income tax etc. The estimates based upon management knowledge of current events and economic circumstances.

C. Fixed Assets

I. Fixed assets are valued at the historical cost of acquisition except for certain fixed assets, which have been stated at revalued amounts less accumulated depreciation. Cost of acquisition is inclusive of freight, duties, levies (Net of tax/duty credits availed, if any,) installation and commissioning expenses and all incidentals cost attributable to bringing the assets to its working condition. Interest on borrowings and financing costs during the period of construction or installation of fixed assets which take substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use up to the date of commencement of commercial production is added to the cost of fixed assets.

II. Intangible assets are shown at the consideration paid for acquisition less accumulated amortization.

III. Own manufactured fixed assets are capitalized at cost including an appropriate proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacities.

IV. Capital work-in-progress comprises outstanding advances paid to acquire capital expenditure, the cost of fixed assets that are not yet ready for their intended use at the balance sheet date, expenditure during construction period pending allocation and fixed assets in transit that are not yet received for their intended use at the balance sheet date.

D. Inventories

I. Raw materials, components, stores and spare are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value. However, materials and other

items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on a First in First Out basis (FIFO).

II. Semi-finished goods and finished goods are valued lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost includes direct materials and direct labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity. Finished stocks lying in the factory premises, branches, Depots are valued inclusive of excise duty.

III. Manufactured and bought out moulds, block & dies for sale are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value. Manufactured moulds, block & dies include direct material, direct labour and a proportion of manufacturing overhead based on normal operating capacity. Cost is determined on a First in First Out basis (FIFO).

IV. Inventories of non-reusable waste say scrap sales for which facilities for reprocessing do not exist have been valued at net realizable value.

V. Goods in transit are stated as a component of inventories if the significant risk and rewards of ownership have passed to the company and valued at actual cost incurred up to the date of Balance Sheet.

E. Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost or fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of Investment is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of management.

F. Depreciation & Amortization

I. Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on Straight Line Method in accordance with the provisions of Section 205 (2) (b) of the Companies Act, 1956 in the manner and at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the said act.

II. Leasehold land is amortized over the period of lease term.

III. On assets sold during the year, depreciation is charged up to the date of sale/discard.

IV. Patents & Trademarks and Technical know-how expenses are amortized over a period of 5 years.

V. Depreciation on computer software is charged on Straight Line Method at the rate of 16.21%.

VI. Individual assets purchased during the year costing Rs. 5,000 or less are depreciated at the rate of 100% in the year of purchase.

G. Foreign Currency Transaction

I. Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of transaction or that approximates the actual rate on the date of transaction.

II. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are reported at the exchange rates prevailing at the balance sheet date.

III. Non-monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency items are carried at cost.

IV. Any income or expense on account of exchange difference on settlement during the year is recognized in the profit and loss account except cost of fixed assets, if the same relates to acquisitions of fixed assets.

V. Any income or expense on account of exchange difference on translation at the balance sheet date is recognized in the profit and loss account.

VI. Profit or loss arising on cancellation or settlement of a forward contract is recognized as income or expense in the year in which such cancellation or settlement is made.

H. Miscellaneous Expenditure

Expenses incurred for increase in authorized capital are being amortized over a period of 5 years.

I. Revenue Recognition

I. Revenue is recognized to the extent of the probability of the economic benefits flowing to the company, which can be reliably measured.

II. The sale of goods is recognized when the significant risk & rewards of ownership have passed to the customers. Sale is shown net of excise duty. The Excise Duty is separately disclosed.

III. Inter-unit/warehouse transfer has not been considered as part of "Turnover".

IV. Insurance claims are accounted for based on certainty of realization.

V. Interest and other dues are accounted on accrual basis.

VI. Benefit on account of entitlement to import goods free of duty under the "Duty Entitlement Pass Book Scheme" are recognized in the year the goods are exported if the same can be measured with reasonable accuracy.

J. Research and Development

Research expenses are charged to Profit & Loss Account as and when incurred. Development expenses are capitalized when the Company is certain to recover the development cost from future economic benefits in accordance with AS-26. Fixed Assets utilized for research and development are capitalized and depreciated in accordance with the depreciation method set out in paragraph F (I).

K. Employee Benefits

I. Retirement Benefits in the form of Provident Fund and ESI schemes are a defined contribution plans and the contributions are charged to Profit & Loss Account of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due.

II. Leave encashment is applicable to all permanent and full time employees of the company and is provided for on the basis of actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year using Projected Unit Credit Method.

III. The Gratuity Liability is a defined benefit obligation and is provided on the basis of an actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year using Projected Unit Credit Method.

The Liability as at the year-end represents the difference between the actuarial valuation of the future gratuity liability of the continuing employees and the fair value of plan assets with ING Vysya Life Insurance Company as at the end of the year.

IV. Actuarial gains/losses are immediately taken to the profit and loss account.

L. Expenditure on New Projects and Substantial Expansion

Expenditure during the construction period of new units/substantial expansion has been debited to fixed assets (expenditure during the construction pending allocation has been debited to capital work in progress account) which are specifically attributable to construction of project or to the acquisition of a fixed assets or bringing it to its working condition and other expenditure during the construction period which are not specifically attributable to construction of projects or to the acquisition of a fixed assets or bringing to its working condition are recognized as an expenses when it is incurred.

M. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions are recognized for liabilities that can be measured only by using a substantial degree of estimation, if

I. The company has a present obligation as a result of past event,

II. A probable outflow of resources is expected to settle the obligation; and

III. The amount of the obligation can be reliably estimated.

Reimbursement expected in respect of expenditure required to settle a provision is recognized only when it is virtually certain that the reimbursement will be received.

Contingent liability is disclosed in case of

I. A present obligation arising from past events, when it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation

II. A present obligation when no reliable estimates is possible

III. A possible obligation arising from past events where the probability of outflow of resources is not remote.

Contingent assets are neither recognized, nor disclosed.

Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date.

N. Taxation

I. Tax Expense comprises Current Tax and Deferred Tax (including Fringe Benefit Tax in earlier years). Current Income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961.

II. Deferred Tax Assets & Liabilities are recognized on timing differences, being the difference between taxable incomes and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent period. Deferred Tax assets are recognized subject to the consideration of prudence. Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities are measured using the tax rates as per tax Laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted as on the Balance Sheet date.

O. Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. For the purpose of capitalization of borrowing costs substantial period of time primarily, have been interpreted on the basis of facts and circumstance of each case.

P. Excise Duty

The Excise duty has been accounted on finished goods the basis of both payments made in respect of goods cleared as also goods lying in warehouse/factory. The company makes provision for liability of unpaid excise duty on finished stock lying in factory or warehouse. The estimate of such liability has been made at the rates in force on the balance sheet date. On stock meant for exports, no excise duty provision has been made since excise duty is not leviable on goods meant for exports.

Q. Impairment

Consideration is given at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment of the carrying amount of the Companys fixed assets. If any indication exists, an assets recoverable amount is estimated, an impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of an assets exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and value in use. In assessing Value in use, the estimated future cash flows is discounted to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor.

R. Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents in the Cash Flow Statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

S. Derivatives Financial Instruments

The Company uses foreign currency forward contracts to hedge its exposure to movements in foreign exchange rates. The use of these contracts reduces the risk or cost to the Company and the Company does not use those for trading or speculative purposes.

Effective April 1, 2008 the Company adopted AS 30, "Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement", to the extent that the adoption did not conflict with existing accounting standards and other authoritative pronouncement of the Company Law and other regulatory requirements.

The Foreign currency forward contracts are fair valued at each

reporting date. The Company records the gain or loss on effective hedges, if any in the "Hedging Reserve Account" until the transactions are complete. On completion, the gain or loss is transferred to the profit and loss account or adjusted to the fixed assets, as the case may be, of that period. To designate foreign currency forward contracts as an effective hedge, the management objectively evaluates and evidence with appropriate supporting documents at the inception of each contract whether the contract is effective in achieving offsetting cash flow attributable to the hedged risk. In the absence of a designation as effective hedge, a gain or loss is recognized in the profit and loss account. Currently, hedge undertaken by the Company are effective in nature and the resultant gain or loss consequent to fair valuation is recognized in the Hedging Reserve Account until the transaction is complete, at each reporting date.

Derivative Financial Instruments is presented under "Current Liabilities and Provisions".

Derivative Financial Instruments are fair valued at the exchange rate prevailing at the reporting date.

 
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