Mar 31, 2014
A) Basis of preparation of financial statements
The financial statements are prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP") in India under the historical cost convention, on accrual basis. GAAP comprises mandatory Accounting Standards issued by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules, 2008 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.
b) Use of Estimates
The Preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to the accounting estimates is recognized prospectively.
c) Revenue recognition
1. Income from Operation is recognised upon transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer.
2. Other Income is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.
3. Dividend is recognised when the shareholders'' right to receive payment is established at the balance sheet date.
d) Fixed Assets
Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed assets which takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use are also included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to be put to use. Capital work in progress includes expenditure incurred till the assets are put into intended use.
Depreciation is provided using the Straight Line Method at the rates and in the manner as prescribed under schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. In case of Software, the same is amortized over a period of five years.
f) Impairment of assets
The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet dates and if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset''s net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital. If at the balance sheet date, there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, then such loss is reversed and the asset is restated to extent of the carrying value of the asset that would have been determined (net of amortization / depreciation), had no impairment loss been recognized.
After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.
Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than one year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost or fair value determined on individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary decline in the value of the investments.
Tax expense comprises of current income tax and deferred income tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act. Deferred income taxes reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years. Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. In situations where the company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realised against future taxable profits. At each balance sheet date, the Company re-assesses unrecognised deferred tax assets. It recognizes unrecognized deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) credit is recognised as an asset and carried forward only if there is a reasonable certainty of it being set off against regular tax payable within the stipulated statutory period.
i) Earnings Per Share
Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year is adjusted for events of bonus issue, bonus element in a rights issue to existing shareholders, share split and reverse share split (consolidation of shares).
For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.
j) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets
A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.
Possible future obligations or present obligations that may but will probably not require outflow of resources or where the same cannot be reliably estimated, is disclosed as contingent liabilities in the notes to accounts of financial statements.
Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.
k) Cash Flow Statement
Cash flow statement has been prepared under the ''Indirect Method''. Cash and cash equivalents, in the cash flow statement comprise unencumbered cash and bank balances.